CN100453149C - Biological soil filtering body deodorizing device - Google Patents

Biological soil filtering body deodorizing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100453149C
CN100453149C CNB2006100686952A CN200610068695A CN100453149C CN 100453149 C CN100453149 C CN 100453149C CN B2006100686952 A CNB2006100686952 A CN B2006100686952A CN 200610068695 A CN200610068695 A CN 200610068695A CN 100453149 C CN100453149 C CN 100453149C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
gas distribution
deodorizing
biological
layer
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2006100686952A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1935329A (en
Inventor
陈敏
詹杰
刘晖
杨有泉
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Institute of Agricultural Ecology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Agricultural Ecology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Institute of Agricultural Ecology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Agricultural Ecology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CNB2006100686952A priority Critical patent/CN100453149C/en
Publication of CN1935329A publication Critical patent/CN1935329A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100453149C publication Critical patent/CN100453149C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The present invention provides a biological soil filter body deodorization equipment. It includes a blower fan, and is characterized by that said blower fan is connected with soil filter bed includes soil hard-layer of bottom portion, peripheral brick wall and active soil filter layer whose interior is filled up with air-permeable soil medium; between the soil hard layer and active soil filter layer a gas distribution layer is set, in the gas distribution layer the gas distribution tube with gas distribution holes is set, said gas distribution tube is connected with the above-mentioned humidifier; on the upper surface of active soil filter layer the vegetation can be planted.

Description

Biological soil filtering body deodorizing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biological soil filtering body deodorizing device, particularly a kind of employing biologic filtration method utilizes soil filtering body to carry out the biological soil filtering body deodorizing device of deodorizing.
Background technology
Along with the outburst of SARS, bird flu, the contour mortality infectious disease of aftosa, the hygienic issues of animal-breeding is subjected to people's attention day by day.Particularly, the animal husbandry of China remains the poor efficiency industry, and animal is being converted into feed nutrition in the process of livestock products, has much to eat nutrient and do not absorb and be discharged into and go in the environment, and soil, air, water source are caused huge pollution.Except solid manure and sewage pollution, the air pollution of plant is another important environmental problem.
The air pollution of plant mainly comes from the gas that flavor is arranged that distributes in the plant.These gas sources are in many aspects, and as animal breath, animal skin, feed, extremely raise the ight soil of dead fowl, the ventilation of culturing house, animal and sewage etc., wherein ight soil of animal and sewage are the main generation sources of livestock and poultry farm foul smell.Can produce a large amount of NH after feces of livestock and poultry and the sewage fermentation 3, H 2S, scatol, CH 4, CO 2Deng pernicious gas.Identify the gas that constitutes foul smell and had 168 kinds more than.
At present, the method for control foul smell mainly contains absorption method, burning method, chemistry or biological deodorant method, chemistry or biological washing method, constructs shelter-forest and by diet regulating and controlling etc.Though adsorption method is simple and convenient, needs after use a period of time to change or reactivate sorbing material, thereby can increase cost.Burning method is simply effective, and energy consumption is higher, though and the burning finished product tasteless, be polluter also.Deodorant method and washing method mainly are applicable to water-concentrated property height, the foul smell removal that concentration is low, are not suitable for the foul smell of high concentration.Simultaneously, also there is the handling problem to the washing agent of using in chemical or biological washing method.
Biofiltration process is to be adsorbed and absorbed foul smell in the stench air-flow by natural filtering material, comes oxidative degradation by bacterium and other microorganism of being grown in the filtrate then.Therefore, biological filter deodorizing is a perfect method.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of biological soil filtering body deodorizing device, the present invention adopts biologic filtration method, provides a kind of soil filtering body that utilizes to carry out deodorizing, and is applicable to the biological filter deodorizing device of middle-size and small-size livestock and poultry farm and family's livestock and poultry cultivation house.The present invention removes that foul smell is effective, small investment, operating cost are low, and can not produce harmful substance.
Purpose of the present invention is realized by following technical scheme.
A kind of biological soil filtering body deodorizing device, it comprises blower fan, it is characterized in that: blower fan links to each other with the soil filter bed by humidifier; The soil filter bed comprises the soil hard formation of bottom, the brick wall that surrounds all around, and be filled in inside and the living soil filtering layer that forms with the soil media of breathing freely; Be gas distribution layers between soil hard formation and the living soil filtering layer; Gas distribution pipe with qi-emitting hole is set in the gas distribution layers; Gas distribution pipe links to each other with humidifier; Be implanted with vegetation in living soil filtering layer upper surface kind.
The ratio of sectional area is 0.8~1.1 in above-mentioned qi-emitting hole sectional area summation and the gas distribution pipe.
Above-mentioned ventilative soil media is an earthworm soil.
Above-mentioned vegetation is lawn or leguminous forage.
The present invention has following effect:
1, biological soil filtering body deodorizing device of the present invention adopts biologic filtration method.
In the present invention, the filled media in the soil filter bed---growth has microorganism in the soil.Be provided with the gas distribution pipe that has many qi-emitting holes in the gas distribution layers of soil filter bed inside below, the air that contains odorant pollutant is sucked by blower fan, pass through the humidifier humidification again after, send into gas distribution pipe.Under the effect of qi-emitting hole, the air that contains odorant pollutant fills the air equably in gas distribution layers, and slowly upwards flows.In the process of the filled media in passing the soil filter bed---soil, by temporarily or be adsorbed on soil microparticle body and surface, duct, perhaps be adsorbed on the microbial cell surface, perhaps be adsorbed in the pellicular zone, these pellicular zones are formed on soil microparticle surface and bacterium surface.Before being absorbed by microorganism, the foul smell compound molecule is assigned with repeatedly between air and filter body medium.After the microorganism absorption, organic gas participates in microbial metabolism, and self is oxidized to CO 2, H 2O and microbial cell living beings.Foul smell compound and soil provide oxygen, moisture and mineral nutrition composition for microorganism carries out metabolism, and therefore the gas of foul smelling flavor be converted into the gas of tasteless or less smell.
2, biological soil filtering body deodorizing device of the present invention constitutes a small-sized ecosystem.
In the present invention, culture the environment of house, particularly culture the air that contains odorant pollutant of house, and the filled media in the soil filter bed---soil is the physical environment of this ecosystem, microorganism in the soil is the consumer and the analyst of this ecosystem, and the blower fan of power and the producer that humidifier can be used as the microorganism in the soil manually are provided.Only need keep structure relatively stable of this ecosystem, just can realize eliminating the purpose that foul smell is given up in breed.
3, can fully improve the performance of the gas biochemical reaction device of biological soil filtering body deodorizing device.
In the present invention, be provided with the gas distribution pipe that has many qi-emitting holes in the gas distribution layers in the soil filter bed.Its maximum feature be qi-emitting hole sectional area summation with gas distribution pipe in the ratio of sectional area be 0.8~1.1.Because when the ratio of sectional area in qi-emitting hole sectional area summation and the gas distribution pipe was 0.8~1.1, gas distribution pipe can be guaranteed not stop up, and even gas distribution.Like this, guaranteed that gas can fully contact with microorganism, improved odor removal efficient.
4, biological soil filtering body deodorizing device of the present invention adopts soil to be the filter body.
In the present invention, adopt soil to be the filter body.Soil and grow in wherein production by biological in, and we the life environment in ubiquity, inexhaustible.Therefore, reduced the investment and the operating cost of this device, made it be applicable to middle-size and small-size livestock and poultry farm and family's livestock and poultry cultivation house.
For the present invention's above-mentioned purpose, feature and advantage can be become apparent, hereinafter special with specific embodiment, and conjunction with figs., elaborate.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the user mode schematic diagram of embodiments of the invention.
Among the figure, 1. air inlet, 2. Cyclone wind motor, 3. humidifier, 4. ball valve, 5. valve, 6. living soil filtering layer, 7. gas distribution layers, 8. gas distribution pipe, 9. soil hard formation, 10. laminar flow direction, 11. vegetation, 12. brick walls.
The specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention includes Cyclone wind motor 2, it is characterized in that: Cyclone wind motor 2 links to each other with the soil filter bed by humidifier 3; The soil filter bed comprises the soil hard formation 9 of bottom, the brick wall 12 that surrounds all around, and be filled in inside and the living soil filtering layer 6 that forms with the soil media of breathing freely; Be gas distribution layers 7 between soil hard formation 9 and the living soil filtering layer 6; Gas distribution pipe 8 with qi-emitting hole is set in the gas distribution layers 7; Gas distribution pipe 8 links to each other with humidifier 3; Be implanted with vegetation 11 in living soil filtering layer 6 upper surface kinds.
Above-mentioned qi-emitting hole sectional area summation is 0.8~1.1 with the ratio of gas distribution pipe 8 interior sectional areas.
Above-mentioned ventilative soil media is an earthworm soil.
Above-mentioned vegetation is lawn or leguminous forage.
Above-mentioned humidifier 3 links to each other with the water system of culturing house by ball valve 4, by its water supply.
The course of work of present embodiment is as follows: the filled media in the soil filter bed---and growth has microorganism in the soil.Soil filter bed and Cyclone wind motor 2 can be placed in cultures in the house.Culture the air that house includes odorant pollutant and sucked by Cyclone wind motor 2, pass through humidifier 3 humidifications again after, send into the gas distribution pipe 8 in the soil filter bed.Under the effect of the qi-emitting hole of offering on the gas distribution pipe 8, the air even dispersion of sending into is in gas distribution layers 7.Should be specifically noted that be qi-emitting hole sectional area summation with gas distribution pipe in the ratio of sectional area be 0.8~1.1, do not stop up to guarantee gas distribution pipe 8, and gas distribution is even.Subsequently, the air that contains odorant pollutant slowly upwards flows, in the process of the filled media in passing the soil filter bed---soil, by temporarily or be adsorbed on soil microparticle body and surface, duct, perhaps be adsorbed on the microbial cell surface, perhaps be adsorbed in the pellicular zone, these pellicular zones are formed on soil microparticle surface and bacterium surface.Before being absorbed by microorganism, the foul smell compound molecule is assigned with repeatedly between air and filter body medium.After the microorganism absorption, organic gas participates in microbial metabolism, and self is oxidized to CO 2, H 2O and microbial cell living beings.Foul smell compound and soil provide oxygen, moisture and mineral nutrition composition for microorganism carries out metabolism, and therefore the gas of foul smelling flavor be converted into the gas of tasteless or less smell.
The raw material of the filled media in the above-mentioned soil filter bed---soil and wherein microorganism be prevalent in we the life environment.
In addition, the surperficial turf plant or the leguminous forage of living soil filtering layer 6.Allow the vegetation on living soil filtering layer surface, the microorganism in the growth activity soil filtering layer, and the air that contains odorant pollutant forms the small-sized ecosystem of a life and growth in nature.
Though the present invention discloses as above with preferred embodiment, be not in order to limiting this creation, anyly be familiar with this skill person, various changes and the retouching done in the spirit and scope that do not break away from this creation also belong to the scope of this creation.Therefore, the protection domain of this creation attached claim person of defining after looking is as the criterion.

Claims (3)

1. a biological soil filtering body deodorizing device comprises blower fan, it is characterized in that: described blower fan links to each other with the soil filter bed by humidifier; Described soil filter bed comprises the soil hard formation of bottom, the brick wall that surrounds all around, and be filled in inside and the living soil filtering layer that forms with the soil media of breathing freely; Be gas distribution layers between described soil hard formation and the living soil filtering layer; Be provided with some gas distribution pipes of offering qi-emitting hole in the described gas distribution layers; Described gas distribution pipe links to each other with humidifier; Described living soil filtering layer upper surface kind is implanted with vegetation, and the ratio of sectional area is 0.8~1.1 in described qi-emitting hole sectional area summation and the gas distribution pipe.
2. biological soil filtering body deodorizing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described ventilative soil media is an earthworm soil.
3. biological soil filtering body deodorizing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described vegetation is lawn or leguminous forage.
CNB2006100686952A 2006-09-07 2006-09-07 Biological soil filtering body deodorizing device Expired - Fee Related CN100453149C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100686952A CN100453149C (en) 2006-09-07 2006-09-07 Biological soil filtering body deodorizing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100686952A CN100453149C (en) 2006-09-07 2006-09-07 Biological soil filtering body deodorizing device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1935329A CN1935329A (en) 2007-03-28
CN100453149C true CN100453149C (en) 2009-01-21

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100959375B1 (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-05-24 디에이치엠(주) Bio-gas producting unit for organic material waste
CN106178930B (en) * 2016-08-09 2018-04-13 湖南恒凯环保科技投资有限公司 A kind of life assemblage deodorization technique and its device

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Granted publication date: 20090121

Termination date: 20130907