CN100449084C - Hollow casing for concrete filling and its use - Google Patents

Hollow casing for concrete filling and its use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100449084C
CN100449084C CNB2005101298362A CN200510129836A CN100449084C CN 100449084 C CN100449084 C CN 100449084C CN B2005101298362 A CNB2005101298362 A CN B2005101298362A CN 200510129836 A CN200510129836 A CN 200510129836A CN 100449084 C CN100449084 C CN 100449084C
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China
Prior art keywords
hollow
hollow matrix
filling concrete
groove
spike
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CNB2005101298362A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1782296A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CN 03118344 priority Critical patent/CN1238616C/en
Priority claimed from CNB2006101004109A external-priority patent/CN100458044C/en
Publication of CN1782296A publication Critical patent/CN1782296A/en
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Publication of CN100449084C publication Critical patent/CN100449084C/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a hollow carcass for filling by concrete, which comprises a hollow carcass (1) and arm braces (2), the arm braces (2) are arranged on the outer walls (3) of the carcass (1), and the hollow carcass (1) with a cavity (4) is formed by enclosing the outer walls (3). The present invention is characterized in that at least one groove (5) is arranged on the hollow carcass (1), and the axial line of the arm braces (2) is parallel to the axial line of the groove (5). The present invention is suitable for hollow building covers, roofs, walls, foundation mats and hollow bridges of cast-in-situ reinforcement concrete or prestressed reinforcement concrete, and is particularly suitable for hollow beamless building covers.

Description

A kind of hollow block for filling concrete and application thereof
The application for the applying date be that May 6, application number in 2003 are 03118344.1, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of hollow block for filling concrete and application thereof ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hollow block for filling concrete and application thereof.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor since have quick construction, template loss little, can realize large bay, cut off flexibly, characteristics such as deadweight is little, more and more widely used.Cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor becomes pole that various hollow sections or form element are arranged.Use hollow pipe component easily to form unidirectional hollowcore slab, and the concrete consumption is relatively large, thereby becomes pole to use form element more and more, corresponding superstructure has formed close rib building roof, and its stress performance is better, and the steel bar concrete consumption is littler, and cost is lower.As the patent No. is that ZL01215092.4, name are called the utility model patent of " building unit ", and its member is a polyhedron, and its unit weight is less than the proportion of floor slab structure material.Wherein there is a class A of geometric unitA to comprise hollow mould, spike, spike is arranged on the tyre sidewall of loose tool, tyre sidewall surrounds the hollow mould that is formed with cavity, during construction, this member is arranged in the floor, and its spike can guarantee that the re-entrant portion of hollow matrix just in time is positioned at the position, intermediate layer of superstructure, easy construction, can effectively alleviate the deadweight of superstructure, and have sound insulation property preferably.But after this hollow matrix was applied to superstructure, the hollow part of superstructure did not have the competent structure of adding, and particularly when the hollow matrix size is big, showed more obviously.Therefore, develop a kind of novel hollow block for filling concrete for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of hollow block for filling concrete, be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the intensity and the rigidity of superstructure improve greatly, simultaneously hollow matrix also have the intensity height, simple in structure, make easily, characteristics such as easy construction, cost are low.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprises hollow matrix, spike, and spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, and outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove.Like this, because hollow matrix is provided with groove, after hollow matrix is applied to building cover structure, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the groove, formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib or ribs, thereby the intensity of superstructure hollow part and rigidity improves greatly, the intensity of corresponding superstructure and rigidity also improve greatly, simultaneously, hollow matrix also have the intensity height, simple in structure, make easily, characteristics such as easy construction, cost are low.Be applicable in the hollow building cover, roof system, sole plate, hollow wall, hollow bridges of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete and use, be specially adapted to the concrete hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove is arranged on the side all around of hollow matrix.Like this, after hollow matrix was applied to building cover structure, Cast-in-place concrete entered and has then formed reinforcing rib in the groove, and the dark close rib between the corresponding hollow matrix has obtained effective reinforcement, and the intensity and the rigidity of superstructure improve greatly.If closely arrange each other between the hollow matrix, then groove has formed the hole of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness, and Cast-in-place concrete can form Cast-in-place concrete post or pier after entering in the hole, thereby formed shearing pier formula hollow building cover, stressed and the Force transmission parts that Cast-in-place concrete post that forms or pier have become superstructure has improved the shearing resistance of superstructure, antitorque mechanical property, corresponding intensity and the rigidity that has improved superstructure greatly, simultaneously, also alleviate the deadweight of superstructure, reduced material consumption, reduced cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one outer salient angle of described hollow matrix is provided with inner corner trim.Like this, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the inner corner trim, and the intersection point position of crisscross dark rib is strengthened, and has improved the intensity and the rigidity of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove is the step groove.Like this, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the step groove, has formed the step reinforcing rib, has further improved the intensity and the rigidity of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one face of described outer wall is provided with at least one cross groove or groined type groove.Like this, when hollow matrix is applied to superstructure, after Cast-in-place concrete is poured in the groove, cast-in-place cross or well word concrete reinforcing rib have been formed, can be effectively with the extremely dark rib of the Load Transfer on the In-situ cast concrete board of hollow matrix top, and then be delivered on beam, the post, improved the intensity and the rigidity of superstructure, improved the mechanical property of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix is provided with at least one in chamfering, raised line, the hole.Like this, the mutual wedge action between hollow matrix and the Cast-in-place concrete is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, raised line or its constitute field shape or stair shape.Like this, when hollow matrix was applied to superstructure, Cast-in-place concrete can form field shape or stair shape Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib, when strengthening the upper and lower plate of Cast-in-place concrete, had also strengthened cast-in-place concrete hidden rib, made building cover structure more firm, and intensity and rigidity are bigger.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, raised line, hole or its constitute plane grid or stereoscopic grid.Like this, when hollow matrix is applied to superstructure, raised line on Cast-in-place concrete and the hollow matrix, chamfering, groove, hole, inner corner trim or its combination constitute plane grid or stereoscopic grid Cast-in-place concrete muscle or rib jointly, have formed the force structure of a solid, have improved and improved the mechanical property of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall of described hollow matrix is flat board, arc plate, flap, corrugated sheet or its combination.Like this, the outer wall kind of hollow matrix is many, makes things convenient for the production of hollow matrix to select for use, helps reducing producing and construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall of described hollow matrix is provided with the detachable connection cover plate of at least one activity.Like this, the cover plate that removably connects is set, in construction, can conveniently checks its internal construction situation, and make things convenient for the laying of pipeline.
Feature of the present invention is also that described connection cover plate is provided with and is connected the connector that coincide with carcass.Like this, be provided with and be connected the connector that coincide with carcass, can engage or dismantle cover plate quickly and easily.Connector can be cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention etc.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall of described hollow matrix is provided with outwardly directed interface channel, and interface channel is communicated with hollow matrix.Like this, can connect into the carcass assembly quickly and easily by interface channel between the hollow matrix, and the concrete of the intercostal of further finding time, alleviate the weight of building cover structure.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two described hollow matrixes constitute the hollow block for filling concrete assembly under the connection of interface channel.Like this, disjunctor hollow matrix assembly in groups can make construction more simple, and speed of application is faster, and structure is lighter, designs more easy.
Feature of the present invention is also that described spike is arranged on the end face of hollow matrix or all around on the outer wall of side.Like this, the top is provided with spike, can control the thickness of carcass top Cast-in-place concrete, and the spike that the side is provided with can be controlled the thickness of the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib between the hollow matrix easily.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spike is arranged on the bottom surface outer wall of hollow matrix.Like this, can make the spacing that is consistent between the bottom surface of hollow matrix and the construction formwork, to guarantee the consistency of thickness of hollow matrix bottom In-situ cast concrete board.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spike is arranged with base plate.Like this, base plate under the spike replaces the template in the work progress, has saved great amount of manpower and material resources, saved template dress, tear operation open, improved speed of application, its difficulty of construction is greatly reduced.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with reinforcement in the described hollow matrix, and reinforcement is stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib, adds at least one in wringing.Like this, can adopt various reinforcement flexibly, make its overall structure be in best stress, optimize overall structure according to the stress performance demand.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one place of described spike and reinforcement connects into integral body.Like this, spike and reinforcement are combined into integral body and can guarantee that spike can not come off in transportation, work progresss; Can not produce the point load destruction when simultaneously, spike being supported to hollow matrix.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement exposes outside the hollow matrix.Like this, Cast-in-place concrete and prefabricated reinforcement are combined into whole primary structure member, and structure is more reasonable, and the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall of described hollow matrix or spike contain reinforce, perhaps also have reinforce to expose outside the hollow matrix simultaneously, reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, thin band, fabric strip, fibre, fleece, the short fiber.Like this, the intensity that is provided with spike, outer wall or the reinforcement of reinforce is greatly improved, and the diversity of reinforce is convenient to selecting for use of material, thereby helps reducing the production and the construction cost of hollow matrix.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band reinforce is at least a in thin band of metal foil band, organic thin band, inorganic thin band, braided fiber or the glued fiber thin band.Like this, approach the wide in variety of band, make things convenient for the design of hollow matrix and production to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix is provided with at least one in conduit, airduct or the water pipe.Like this, can lay hydroelectric line very easily, airduct is arranged at can save the shared architectural space of peripheral hardware airduct in the hollow matrix, effective usage space of building is improved, the setting of water pipe can hiddenly very easily be leaked water, and saves pipeline and lays the space, and it is more convenient that fire main is laid.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix inside is filled with light material.Light material can be expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foamed plastics, foaming or aerating concrete, haydite, haydite concrete, rock wool etc.The insulation of hollow matrix, heat insulation, sound insulation value have been improved like this, greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix is provided with keeper.Keeper can be drag hook, draw ring, iron wire, bar dowel, small lugs etc., like this, can rely on that keeper is effectively controlled, the fixation hollow carcass, is easy to reach the purpose of quality control on construction.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to hollow building cover comprises hollow matrix, spike, and spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, and outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to hollow roof system comprises hollow matrix, spike, and spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, and outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to the hyollow foundation base plate comprises hollow matrix, spike, and spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, and outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to hollow wall comprises hollow matrix, spike, and spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, and outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to hollow bridges comprises hollow matrix, spike, and spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, and outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied in the cast-in-place prestressed steel bar concrete, comprise hollow matrix, spike, spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, and outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove.
A kind of reinforced concrete slab of using hollow block for filling concrete, comprise steel bar concrete, hollow matrix, spike, spike is arranged on the outer wall of carcass, outer wall surrounds the hollow matrix that is formed with cavity, hollow matrix is wrapped up in and is contained in the steel bar concrete, it is characterized in that hollow matrix is provided with at least one groove, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the groove, forms cast-in-situ reinforced concrete reinforcing rib or reinforced pier.
A kind of reinforced concrete slab of using hollow block for filling concrete, it is characterized in that steel bar concrete in described groove, hole, hollow rib, the hollow stem, the outer steel bar concrete of inner corner trim, chamfering, one or more combinations of solid stiffening rib, solid hopkinson bar also constitute the space load-carrying construction jointly with outer steel bar concrete of hollow matrix or prestressed reinforced concrete.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow matrix, and 2 is spike, and 3 is outer wall, and 4 is cavity, and 5 is groove, in following each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.Among Fig. 1, comprise hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the bottom outer wall 3 of hollow matrix 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that respectively being provided with two grooves 5 on two relative outer walls 3.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, all is symmetrically arranged with the groove 5 of up/down perforation around its hollow matrix 1 on four outer walls 3.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and inner corner trim 6 is arranged at outer wall 3 angle that is become that intersects each other around its hollow matrix 1, simultaneously, respectively is provided with the groove 5 of perforation on the two relative outer walls 3.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and the face shaping of its hollow matrix 1 is rectangular-shaped, and the opposite position place respectively is provided with the groove 5 of step on its top and the bottom outer wall 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with the criss-cross groove 5 that is of two staggered perforations.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with four grooves 5 that groined type is arranged that are that intermesh and connect.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 and all around outer wall 3 intersections be arranged to chamfering 7, all be provided with the groove 5 that is connected on outer wall 3 and the external wall of upper portion 3 all around, simultaneously, outer wall 3 also is provided with raised line 8 all around, and groove 5 intersections on external wall of upper portion 3 also are provided with the hole 9 of up/down perforation.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with the criss-cross groove 5 of intersecting of two perforations, external wall of upper portion 3 and outer wall 3 places of engaging all around are arranged to the inner corner trim 6 connected mutually, and its inner corner trim 6 constitutes field shape with cross groove 5.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, the upper and lower part outer wall of its hollow matrix 1 is arranged to chamfering 7 in the place of joining mutually with outer wall 3 all around, respectively be provided with simultaneously up and down the groove 5 of joining mutually on the outer wall and constitute plane grids, latticed groove 5 and the perforated holes 9 of its intersection and the formation stereoscopic grid that combines of the groove 5 on the outer wall 3 all around.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with cross groove 5, and the outer wall 3 all around of hollow matrix 1 is arranged to the outwards arc plate of protrusion simultaneously.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and outer wall 3 is set to detachable connection cover plate 10 around of its hollow matrix 1, and simultaneously, its connector 11 is an iron wire, is tightened each other by iron wire 11.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and outer wall 3 is set to detachable connection cover plate 10 around of its hollow matrix 1, and the edge of movable detachable connection cover plate 10 is provided with the dentation connector 11 that matches with hollow matrix 1 simultaneously.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and one in relative two outer walls 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with two interface channels 12 cylindric and that be connected with cavity 4, and another outer wall 3 is provided with a rectangular-shaped interface channel 12.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and two cuboid hollow matrix 1 that has up/down perforation groove 5 connects into the hollow block for filling concrete assembly under the parallel connection of three square interface channels 12.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, has the square hollow matrix that has interface channel 12 of step groove 5 on two outer wall 3, under the joint of two cylindric interface channels 12 is communicated with, constitutes the hollow block for filling concrete assembly.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, is equipped with spacing spike 2 on the outer wall 3 around the top of its hollow matrix 1 reaches, and also is provided with spike 2 on the bottom outer wall 3 simultaneously.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and the spike 2 of its hollow matrix 1 is arranged with the base plate 13 of outer wall 3 all around that the edge stretches out hollow matrix 1.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, is provided with reinforcement 14 in the cavity 4 of its hollow matrix 1, and reinforcement 14 is stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, is provided with a criss-cross plate holder bar stiffening rib 14 in the cavity 4 of its hollow matrix 1, and spike 2 and stiffening rib 14 connect into integral body simultaneously.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and the reinforcement in its hollow matrix 1 partly exposes the external wall of upper portion 3 of cavity carcass 1, and reinforcement 14 is stiffening rib, bracing boom and reinforcing rib.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, is provided with many thin band reinforces 15 in the outer wall 3 of its hollow matrix 1, has thin band reinforce 15 to expose on the spike 2 simultaneously.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and its hollow matrix 1 is provided with conduit 16, airduct 17 and water pipe 18 each.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, all is filled with light material 19 in the cavity 4 of its hollow matrix 1, and diagram light material 19 is an expanded perlite, also can be expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerating concrete, haydite, haydite concrete etc.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and outer wall 3 is a bellows wall around its hollow matrix 1, simultaneously, all is filled with light material 19 in the cavity 4, is illustrated as foamed plastics.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and the upper and lower outer wall of its hollow matrix 1 is symmetrically arranged with diagonal grooves 5 for 3 one-tenth, and its underpart outer wall 3 is provided with a plurality of drag hook keepers 20 when being provided with spike 2.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and four angles of its hollow matrix 1 are set to inner corner trim 6, and simultaneously, its underpart outer wall 3 is provided with a plurality of drag hook keepers 20 when being provided with a plurality of spike 2.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention comprises hollow matrix 1, spike 2 as shown in drawings, and spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow matrix, and 2 is spike, and 3 is outer wall, and 4 is cavity, and 5 is groove, in following each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.Among Fig. 1, comprise hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the bottom outer wall 3 of hollow matrix 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that respectively being provided with two grooves 5 on two relative outer walls 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove 5 is arranged on the side all around of hollow matrix 1.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, all is symmetrically arranged with the groove 5 of up/down perforation around its hollow matrix 1 on four outer walls 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one outer salient angle of described hollow matrix 1 is provided with inner corner trim 6.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and inner corner trim 6 is arranged at outer wall 3 angle that is become that intersects each other around its hollow matrix 1, simultaneously, respectively is provided with the groove 5 of perforation on the two relative outer walls 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove 4 is the step groove.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and the face shaping of its hollow matrix 1 is rectangular-shaped, and the opposite position place respectively is provided with the groove 5 of step on its top and the bottom outer wall 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one face of described outer wall 3 is provided with at least one cross groove 5 or groined type groove 5.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with the criss-cross groove 5 that is of two staggered perforations.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with four grooves 5 that groined type is arranged that are that intermesh and connect.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one in chamfering 7, raised line 8, the hole 9.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 and all around outer wall 3 intersections be arranged to chamfering 7, all be provided with the groove 5 that is connected on outer wall 3 and the external wall of upper portion 3 all around, simultaneously, outer wall 3 also is provided with raised line 8 all around, and groove 5 intersections on external wall of upper portion 3 also are provided with the hole 9 of up/down perforation.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove 5, inner corner trim 6, chamfering 7, raised line 8 or its constitute field shape or stair shape.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with the criss-cross groove 5 of intersecting of two perforations, external wall of upper portion 3 and outer wall 3 places of engaging all around are arranged to the inner corner trim 6 connected mutually, and its inner corner trim 6 constitutes field shape with cross groove 5.
Feature of the present invention is that also described groove 5, inner corner trim 6, chamfering 7, raised line 8, hole 9 or its constitute plane grid or stereoscopic grid.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, the upper and lower part outer wall of its hollow matrix 1 is arranged to chamfering 7 in the place of joining mutually with outer wall 3 all around, respectively be provided with simultaneously up and down the groove 5 of joining mutually on the outer wall and constitute plane grids, latticed groove 5 and the perforated holes 9 of its intersection and the formation stereoscopic grid that combines of the groove 5 on the outer wall 3 all around.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall 3 of described hollow matrix 1 is flat board, arc plate, flap, corrugated sheet or its combination.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and the external wall of upper portion 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with cross groove 5, and the outer wall 3 all around of hollow matrix 1 is arranged to the outwards arc plate of protrusion simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall 3 of described hollow matrix 1 is provided with the detachable connection cover plate 10 of at least one activity.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and outer wall 3 is set to detachable connection cover plate 10 around of its hollow matrix 1, and simultaneously, its connector 11 is an iron wire, is tightened each other by iron wire 11.
Feature of the present invention is also that described connection cover plate 10 is provided with and is connected the connector 11 that coincide with carcass 1.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and outer wall 3 is set to detachable connection cover plate 10 around of its hollow matrix 1, and the edge of movable detachable connection cover plate 10 is provided with the dentation connector 11 that matches with hollow matrix 1 simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall 3 of described hollow matrix 1 is provided with outwardly directed interface channel 12, and interface channel 12 is communicated with hollow matrix 1.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and one in relative two outer walls 3 of its hollow matrix 1 is provided with two interface channels 12 cylindric and that be connected with cavity 4, and another outer wall 3 is provided with a rectangular-shaped interface channel 12.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two described hollow matrixes 1 constitute the hollow block for filling concrete assembly under the connection of interface channel 12.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and two cuboid hollow matrix 1 that has up/down perforation groove 5 connects into the hollow block for filling concrete assembly under the parallel connection of three square interface channels 12.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, has the square hollow matrix that has interface channel 12 of step groove 5 on two outer wall 3, under the joint of two cylindric interface channels 12 is communicated with, constitutes the hollow block for filling concrete assembly.
Feature of the present invention is also that described spike 2 is arranged on the end face of hollow matrix 1 or all around on the outer wall 3 of side.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, is equipped with spacing spike 2 on the outer wall 3 around the top of its hollow matrix 1 reaches, and also is provided with spike 2 on the bottom outer wall 3 simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spike 2 is arranged on the bottom surface outer wall 3 of hollow matrix 1.To shown in Figure 16, the bottom surface outer wall 3 of hollow matrix 1 is provided with spike 2 as Fig. 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spike 2 is arranged with base plate 13.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and the spike 2 of its hollow matrix 1 is arranged with the base plate 13 of outer wall 3 all around that the edge stretches out hollow matrix 1.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with reinforcement 14 in the described hollow matrix 1, and reinforcement 14 is stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib, adds at least one in wringing.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, is provided with reinforcement 14 in the cavity 4 of its hollow matrix 1, and reinforcement 14 is stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spike 2 and at least one place of reinforcement 14 connect into integral body.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, is provided with a criss-cross plate holder bar stiffening rib 14 in the cavity 4 of its hollow matrix 1, and spike 2 and stiffening rib 14 connect into integral body simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement 14 exposes outside the hollow matrix 1.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and the reinforcement in its hollow matrix 1 partly exposes the external wall of upper portion 3 of cavity carcass 1, and reinforcement 14 is stiffening rib, bracing boom and reinforcing rib.
Feature of the present invention is that also the outer wall 3 of described hollow matrix 1 or spike 2 contain reinforce 15, perhaps also have reinforce 15 to expose outside the hollow matrix 1 simultaneously, reinforce 15 be reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, approach at least a in band, fabric strip, fibre, fleece, the short fiber.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, is provided with many thin band reinforces 15 in the outer wall 3 of its hollow matrix 1, has thin band reinforce 15 to expose on the spike 2 simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a in metal foil band, organic thin band, inorganic thin band, the thin band of braided fiber or the glued fiber thin band of described thin band reinforce 15.As shown in figure 21, thin band 15 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one in conduit 16, airduct 17 or the water pipe 18.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and its hollow matrix 1 is provided with conduit 16, airduct 17 and water pipe 18 each.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix 1 inside is filled with light material 19.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, all is filled with light material 19 in the cavity 4 of its hollow matrix 1, and diagram light material 19 is an expanded perlite, also can be expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerating concrete, haydite, haydite concrete etc.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and outer wall 3 is a bellows wall around its hollow matrix 1, simultaneously, all is filled with light material 19 in the cavity 4, is illustrated as foamed plastics.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow matrix 1 is provided with keeper 20.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and the upper and lower outer wall of its hollow matrix 1 is symmetrically arranged with diagonal grooves 5 for 3 one-tenth, and its underpart outer wall 3 is provided with a plurality of drag hook keepers 20 when being provided with spike 2.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and four angles of its hollow matrix 1 are set to inner corner trim 6, and simultaneously, its underpart outer wall 3 is provided with a plurality of drag hook keepers 20 when being provided with a plurality of spike 2.
Hollow block for filling concrete comprises hollow matrix 1, spike 2, and spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to hollow roof system, comprise hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to the hyollow foundation base plate, comprise hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to hollow wall, comprise hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied to hollow bridges, comprise hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5.
A kind of hollow block for filling concrete that is applied in the cast-in-place prestressed steel bar concrete, comprise hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, and outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5.
A kind of reinforced concrete slab of using hollow block for filling concrete, comprise steel bar concrete, hollow matrix 1, spike 2, spike 2 is arranged on the outer wall 3 of carcass 1, outer wall 3 surrounds the hollow matrix 1 that is formed with cavity 4, hollow matrix 1 is wrapped up in and is contained in the steel bar concrete, it is characterized in that hollow matrix 1 is provided with at least one groove 5, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the groove 5, forms cast-in-situ reinforced concrete reinforcing rib or reinforced pier.
A kind of reinforced concrete slab of using hollow die for pouring concrete filling on site, it is characterized in that steel bar concrete in described groove, hole, hollow rib, the hollow stem, the outer steel bar concrete of inner corner trim, chamfering, one or more combinations of solid stiffening rib, solid hopkinson bar also constitute the space load-carrying construction jointly with outer steel bar concrete of hollow matrix or prestressed reinforced concrete.
During the invention process, earlier carry out the mould that can form groove according to shape of product and dimensional requirement, place on the smooth work top cleaning out and be covered with film or rinsing the mould that scribbles release agent, stir slip, the skim slip that in mould, paves equably, then, move towards along the mould die wall, can lay fleece, cloth, silk or other reinforce according to designing requirement, an end parts of reinforce is stretched out outside the die orifice, and reinforce is compressed gently; Simultaneously, can be according to demand, below reinforce or above the thin strip-type reinforce of laying do further to strengthen, second layer slip again paves in mould, reinforce can be provided with one deck, also can be provided with two-layer more than, Deng the demoulding behind the slip setting and harden, obtain exposing the opening carcass of reinforce, in another mould, make carcass or thin-walled part again by above-mentioned making step, and before it begins setting and harden, the opening carcass of making is in advance aligned on the carcass or thin-walled part that is fastened on setting and harden not, the reinforce that exposes on the opening carcass is imbedded in the slip of the carcass of setting and harden not or thin-walled part, and carried out the commissure reason, treat the demoulding behind the slip setting and harden, promptly obtain having the hollow matrix of groove, its spike can be one-body molded or be made movable back dress spike.

Claims (25)

1, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete, comprise hollow matrix (1), spike (2), spike (2) is arranged on the outer wall (3) of carcass (1), outer wall (3) surrounds the hollow matrix (1) that is formed with cavity (4), it is characterized in that hollow matrix (1) is provided with at least one groove (5), spike (2) is arranged on the bottom surface outer wall (3) of hollow matrix (1), all is symmetrically arranged with the groove (5) of up/down perforation around the hollow matrix (1) on four outer walls (3).
2, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 1, at least one the outer salient angle that it is characterized in that described hollow matrix (1) is provided with inner corner trim (6), and hollow matrix (1) is provided with at least one in chamfering (7), raised line (8), the hole (9).
3, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 1 is characterized in that described groove (5) is the step groove.
4, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 1 is characterized in that at least one face of described outer wall (3) is provided with at least one cross groove (5) or groined type groove (5).
5, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 2 is characterized in that described groove (5) and chamfering (7) or hole (9) intersect.
6, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 2 is characterized in that described groove (5), inner corner trim (6), chamfering (7), raised line (8) or its constitute field shape or stair shape.
7, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 2 is characterized in that described groove (5), inner corner trim (6), chamfering (7), raised line (8), hole (9) or its constitute plane grid or stereoscopic grid.
8,, it is characterized in that the outer wall (3) of described hollow matrix (1) is flat board, arc plate, flap, corrugated sheet or its combination according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
9,, it is characterized in that the outer wall (3) of described hollow matrix (1) is provided with the detachable connection cover plate (10) of at least one activity according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
10, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 9 is characterized in that described connection cover plate (10) is provided with and is connected the connector (11) that coincide with carcass (1).
11, according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, the outer wall (3) that it is characterized in that described hollow matrix (1) is provided with outwardly directed interface channel (12), and interface channel (12) is communicated with hollow matrix (1).
12, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 11 is characterized in that at least two described hollow matrixes (1) constitute the hollow block for filling concrete assembly under the connection of interface channel (12).
13,, it is characterized in that described spike (2) is arranged on the end face of hollow matrix (1) or all around on the outer wall of side (3) according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
14, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 1 is characterized in that described spike (2) is arranged with base plate (13).
15, according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that being provided with reinforcement (14) in the described hollow matrix (1), reinforcement (14) is stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib, adds at least one in wringing.
16, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 15 is characterized in that described spike (2) and at least one place of reinforcement (14) connect into integral body.
17, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 15 is characterized in that described reinforcement (14) exposes outside the hollow matrix (1).
18, according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, the outer wall (3) or the spike (2) that it is characterized in that described hollow matrix (1) contain reinforce (15), perhaps also have reinforce (15) to expose outside the hollow matrix (1) simultaneously, reinforce (15) be reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, approach at least a in band, fabric strip, fibre, fleece, the short fiber.
19, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 18 is characterized in that described thin band reinforce (15) is organic thin band or inorganic thin band.
20, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 19 is characterized in that described inorganic thin band is the metal foil band.
21, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 18 is characterized in that described thin band reinforce (15) is the thin band of braided fiber.
22, a kind of hollow block for filling concrete according to claim 18 is characterized in that described thin band reinforce (15) is glued fiber thin band.
23,, it is characterized in that described hollow matrix (1) is provided with at least one in conduit (16), airduct (17) or the water pipe (18) according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
24,, it is characterized in that described hollow matrix (1) inside is filled with light material (19) according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
25,, it is characterized in that described hollow matrix (1) is provided with keeper (20) according to the described a kind of hollow block for filling concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
CNB2005101298362A 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 Hollow casing for concrete filling and its use CN100449084C (en)

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CN 03118344 CN1238616C (en) 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 Hollow concrete stuffing and its application

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CNB2006101004109A CN100458044C (en) 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 Hollow mould for concrete filling

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CN1238616C (en) * 2003-05-06 2006-01-25 邱则有 Hollow concrete stuffing and its application

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160693Y (en) * 1993-03-20 1994-04-06 于少华 Shuttering member
CN2417223Y (en) * 2000-03-23 2001-01-31 梁军 Floor structure cast in situ with reinforcement inside
JP2001214562A (en) * 1999-11-26 2001-08-10 Sekisui Plastics Co Ltd Hollow slab embedding material, hollow slab base plate having it, and construction having hollow slab structure with fixed embedding material
CN2466272Y (en) * 2001-02-02 2001-12-19 陈少军 Structural member for building
CN1337507A (en) * 2001-09-30 2002-02-27 邱则有 Hollow tubular member of combined reinforced concrete depositing structure
CN1238616C (en) * 2003-05-06 2006-01-25 邱则有 Hollow concrete stuffing and its application

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160693Y (en) * 1993-03-20 1994-04-06 于少华 Shuttering member
JP2001214562A (en) * 1999-11-26 2001-08-10 Sekisui Plastics Co Ltd Hollow slab embedding material, hollow slab base plate having it, and construction having hollow slab structure with fixed embedding material
CN2417223Y (en) * 2000-03-23 2001-01-31 梁军 Floor structure cast in situ with reinforcement inside
CN2466272Y (en) * 2001-02-02 2001-12-19 陈少军 Structural member for building
CN1337507A (en) * 2001-09-30 2002-02-27 邱则有 Hollow tubular member of combined reinforced concrete depositing structure
CN1238616C (en) * 2003-05-06 2006-01-25 邱则有 Hollow concrete stuffing and its application

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CN1238616C (en) 2006-01-25
CN1548679A (en) 2004-11-24

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