CN100449074C - Combined reniforced concrete hollow floorslab - Google Patents

Combined reniforced concrete hollow floorslab Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100449074C
CN100449074C CNB2004100023300A CN200410002330A CN100449074C CN 100449074 C CN100449074 C CN 100449074C CN B2004100023300 A CNB2004100023300 A CN B2004100023300A CN 200410002330 A CN200410002330 A CN 200410002330A CN 100449074 C CN100449074 C CN 100449074C
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formwork
plate
cast
prefabricated
rib
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CN1641155A (en
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邱则有
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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邱则有
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a combined reinforced concrete hollow floor slab which comprises precast thin slabs (1), shutterings (2), hidden ribs (3) and an upper slab (4), wherein the shutterings (2) are fixed on the precast thin slabs (1); the hidden ribs (3) are arranged among the adjacent precast thin slabs (1) or the shutterings (2); the upper slab (4) covers the shutterings (2) and is connected into a whole with the hidden ribs (3). The present invention is characterized in that at least one of the hidden ribs (3) and the upper slab (4) is provided with one of a prestressed rib (5) and a steel skeleton (6). In this way, the floor slab has high bearing capability, has little possibility of dehiscence and does not influence the appearance quality of a ceiling of the floor slab. Simultaneously, the floor slab also has the characteristics of simple structure, high strength, good deformation and vibration resistant performance, convenient construction, etc. The present invention is suitable for various hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundation bottom slabs and hollow bridges, which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, particularly for hollow beamless bridges with large span and floors with dense ribs.

Description

A kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, is fixed with formwork on prefabricated plate, is provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use template in a large number, has accelerated speed of application, shorten the duration, thereby reduced cost.But the supporting capacity of this floor structure is relatively low, is prone to phenomenons such as cracking, influences the presentation quality of floor ceiling.Therefore, develop a kind of novel combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling, have supporting capacity greatly, do not ftracture, do not influence the characteristics such as presentation quality of floor ceiling.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, it is characterized in that being provided with at least one in described dark rib, the upper plate at least a in presstressed reinforcing steel or the reinforcing bar, formwork is provided with vertical groove, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier in vertical groove, formwork is the closed hollow formwork.Like this, owing to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar at least one in dark rib or upper plate, thereby the floor supporting capacity is big, is not prone to the phenomenon of cracking, does not influence the presentation quality of floor ceiling; Simultaneously, characteristics such as that floor also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the various hollow building covers, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and the hollow arch without beam and the close rib building roof that are particularly useful for large span use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described presstressed reinforcing steel is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.Like this, adopt prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire, have material and be easy to get as presstressed reinforcing steel, characteristics such as cost is low, easy to utilize.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing bar is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.Like this, when reinforcing bar is above-mentioned shaped steel and after Cast-in-place concrete combines, have good intensity and rigidity, improved the supporting capacity of cassette ceiling greatly.
Feature of the present invention also be the cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar be C type, L type, Type, U type, Type, Type.Like this, when the cold-rolled forming section bone is above-mentioned shape, have selection conveniently, simultaneously, answer the different requirements of design and construction, but the above-mentioned shaped steel of choose reasonable is to satisfy different requirements.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between the described formwork at least a in dark beam or the bright beam.Like this, the Stress Transfer that dark beam that is provided with between the formwork or bright beam produce in the time of can be with the floor bearing load is to structural column, play power transmission effect preferably, also played that structural column or wall are linked as whole effect simultaneously, increased substantially the comprehensive mechanical property of floor.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar at least one of described dark beam or bright beam.Like this, in dark beam or bright beam, presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar are set after, intensity, rigidity, resistance to compression, the shear resistance of dark beam or bright beam all obtained significantly strengthening, and also improved the supporting capacity of floor simultaneously greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain reinforce at least one of described prefabricated plate or formwork.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Like this, contain above-mentioned reinforce in prefabricated plate or the formwork, improved their strength and stiffness greatly, corresponding intensity and the rigidity that has improved cassette ceiling.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce exposes outside prefabricated plate or the formwork, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.Like this, the reinforce that exposes on prefabricated plate or the formwork and Cast-in-place concrete anchoring in conjunction with after, prefabricated plate or formwork combined with Cast-in-place concrete formed integral body, improved the adhesion stress between Cast-in-place concrete and prefabricated plate or the formwork greatly, more difficult each other generation crack, the globality of floor is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it, stretches out outside the formwork, and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib.Like this, prefabricated plate has played the effect of construction formwork fully, greatly reduces the proportion of goods damageds of template, saved material, template is installed and the dismounting operation because of saving simultaneously, has reduced labour cost significantly, further reduced the construction cost of floor, made floor more economic and practical.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described prefabricated plate stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib.Like this, with prefabricated plate and firmly combination of Cast-in-place concrete, floor is caused in the bigger distortion being subjected to big impact, can not cause prefabricated plate to separate to come off or ftracture, improved the security reliability and the globality of floor greatly by reinforce.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork and the contacted position of prefabricated plate are inner corner trim, constitutes ring end groove with prefabricated plate, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, after Cast-in-place concrete poured in the ring end groove, the superimposed dark rib of the inverted T-shaped of formation had advantages such as intensity height, rigidity is big, fracture resistance is good, simultaneously, also formwork and prefabricated plate firmly is mounted in the Cast-in-place concrete, has improved the overall performance and the combination property of floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described contiguous prefabricated thin plate is the spacing setting.Like this, after being provided with certain spacing between the contiguous prefabricated thin plate, Cast-in-place concrete can be with the complete build-in of the periphery of prefabricated plate, and the phenomenon that significantly reduced prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete mating face cracking, comes off takes place, make that the structure of floor is more reasonable, overall performance is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is littler than the formwork of fixing on it, contracts in the formwork bottom surface, has formed inner corner trim, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, after Cast-in-place concrete pours in the described inner corner trim, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped, have advantages such as intensity height, rigidity is big, fracture resistance is good, simultaneously, also formwork and prefabricated plate firmly are mounted in the Cast-in-place concrete, have improved the overall performance and the combination property of floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described prefabricated plate stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, reinforce in the prefabricated plate stretches in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped after the anchoring, strengthened the bonding force between prefabricated plate and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, the situation that significantly reduced prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete mating face cracking, comes off takes place, make that the structure of floor is more reasonable, the overall performance of floor is better.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described formwork groove of other direction, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib or shearing pier in groove.Like this, the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib has been strengthened the Cast-in-place concrete upper plate in the floor or the intensity and the rigidity of dark rib, makes the floor have better resistance to compression, tension, shock resistance and anti-shearing damage capability, has improved the combination property of floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the groove on the described formwork is vertical groove, and at least two formworks are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has each other then become the shearing pier that forms by in the vertical groove of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork.Like this, after being close to arrangement each other between the formwork, increased substantially the hollow rate of floor, reduced the consumption of Cast-in-place concrete, reduced material cost, simultaneously, cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has been become the shearing pier structure of drawknot Cast-in-place concrete upper plate and prefabricated plate, help improving the shear resistance of floor, make floor have higher cost performance.
Anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier that feature of the present invention also is have reinforce to stretch on the described prefabricated plate and forms in the vertical groove.Like this, after reinforce on the prefabricated plate stretches into the interior anchoring of the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier that forms in the vertical groove, strengthened the bonding force between prefabricated plate and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, the situation that significantly reduced prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete mating face cracking, comes off takes place, and makes that the structure of floor is more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention is that also other rotation angle position of described formwork also is provided with inner corner trim, chamfering or arc angle, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib at inner corner trim, chamfering or position, arc angle place.Like this, in the cavity of formwork inside, there is the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing member that floor is strengthened reinforcing, strengthened the supporting capacity of stressed weak part in the floor greatly, make it to have stronger shock resistance destruction and resistance to compression damage capability.
Feature of the present invention also is pertusate die cavity also is set on the described formwork, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed the Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece in hole.Like this, in the cavity of formwork inside, there is the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing member that floor is strengthened reinforcing, strengthened the supporting capacity of stressed weak part in the floor greatly, make it to have stronger shock resistance destruction and resistance to compression damage capability.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork also is provided with reinforcing rib, bracing boom, stiffening rib or adds in wringing at least one.Like this, after cassette ceiling is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, the bracing boom that is provided with in the formwork or add and wring and can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete optimized the force structure system of hollow cast slab inside.
Feature of the present invention is that also the side of described formwork is extended with the convex module, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.Like this, on cast-in-place concrete hidden rib, formed rod member and made it become the dark rib of truss-like, made dark rib under the prerequisite of increasing section area not, increased substantially resistance to compression, shear strength, improved the supporting capacity of floor, made its combination property better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with reinforcing rib.Like this, improved intensity, rigidity and the shock resistance damage capability of prefabricated plate greatly, made it not fragile, improved the total quality of floor building in the process of floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with at least one in suspender member, junction box, light trough box, spool, fire-fighting spraying head or the water pipe.Like this, after formwork is applied in the floor, owing to setting in advance of suspender member or junction box or light trough box or spool or fire-fighting spraying head or water pipe; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with the air-conditioning air grille, has air conditioning wind pipe to be attached thereto in the floor.Like this, after formwork is applied in the floor, owing to setting in advance of suspender member or junction box or light trough box or spool or fire-fighting spraying head or water pipe; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with connector between described formwork and the prefabricated plate, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Connector is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch etc.Like this, when hollow cast slab was constructed, connector can be controlled the distance between the formwork effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help formwork connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described prefabricated plate and the formwork at least one is provided with the carrying part.Like this, can very easily prefabricated plate or formwork be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork is opening or closed hollow formwork or light solid formwork.Like this, in work progress,, can rationally select above-mentioned formwork for use, make things convenient for the needs of practical application according to the different functions of use and the designing requirement of floor.
It is two or more that feature of the present invention is that also the same prefabricated plate of described formwork is provided with, and is close to each other to arrange or the arrangement of alternate certain distance.Like this, the same prefabricated plate of formwork is provided with two or more, accelerated the laying speed of shuttering member greatly, improved efficiency of construction, reduced construction cost, simultaneously, also make the shuttering member of floor inside lay normative and reasonable more, strengthened in work progress controllability the floor pouring quality.
Feature of the present invention also is described prefabricated plate or formwork self or is arranged in a linear each other or is staggered.Like this, difference by prefabricated plate or formwork is arranged the laying mode, formed the inside Cast-in-place concrete load-carrying construction parts of various different structure forms, can fully satisfy the various different instructions for uses of floor, thereby made that the stressed force transferring structure mode of floor is more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with the stationary positioned member at least one of described prefabricated plate or formwork.The stationary positioned member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, when cassette ceiling is constructed, can accurately locate, prevent that cassette ceiling phenomenon such as each member dislocation or come-up when building concrete from producing, and guaranteed the pouring quality of superstructure effectively members such as formwork in the cassette ceiling or reinforcing bars.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between described at least two formworks a spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, the cassette ceiling construction is laid more convenient, and a spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece.After formwork installs, if active interval support draw piece can reclaim secondary with the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece and use, reduce the cost of production of cassette ceiling, simultaneously, behind the dismantling bay spacer draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be prefabricated plate, 2 for formwork, 3 for dark rib, 4 for upper plate, 5 for presstressed reinforcing steel, 6 for reinforcing bar, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, also be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 simultaneously in its described dark rib 3.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, also being provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 simultaneously in the dark rib 3, its described presstressed reinforcing steel 5 is a prestress wire.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, being provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described reinforcing bar 6 is an i shaped steel.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, being provided with cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 6 is Type.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with dark beam 7 between its described formwork 2.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with bright beam 8 between the formwork 2, also be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 simultaneously in its described bright beam 8.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, contain reinforce 9 in its described formwork 2.Diagram reinforce 9 is the metal foil band.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with reinforce 9 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 9 exposes outside the prefabricated plate 1, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and be close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and is close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforce 9 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 9 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 10 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 11 with prefabricated plate 1, pours into the superimposed dark rib 3 that has formed inverted T-shaped behind the concrete.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with spacing between its described contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, contracts in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, form inner corner trim 10, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with the groove 12 of other direction on its described formwork 2, formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 13 and shearing pier 14 after pouring into concrete.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with the groove 12 of other direction on the formwork 2, its described groove 12 is vertical groove, a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 14 that forms by in the vertical groove 12 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, other rotation angle position of its described formwork 2 also is respectively arranged with inner corner trim 10, chamfering 15 and arc angle 16 simultaneously, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 13 at inner corner trim 10, chamfering 15 and position, arc angle 16 place.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with the die cavity that forms hole 17 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 18 in hole 17.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforcing rib 13, bracing boom 19, stiffening rib 20 in its described formwork 2 simultaneously and add and wring 21.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, the side of its described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 22, pours into the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 that has formed the band truss member behind the concrete.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforcing rib 13 on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with suspender member 23, junction box 24, light trough box 25 and spool 26 simultaneously on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with fire-fighting spraying head 27 and water pipe 28 simultaneously on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 29, simultaneously, also is provided with air conditioning wind pipe 30 in the floor and is attached thereto.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with connector 31 between its described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Diagram connector 31 is the tenon cover.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with a plurality of, and alternate each other certain distance is arranged and is provided with.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 and formwork 2 self and arrangement setting interlaced with each other.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is provided with stationary positioned member 33, and illustrated position member 33 is a locating piece.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with a spacer draw piece 34 between its described a plurality of formworks 2, spacer draw piece 34 is a rod member between diagram.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise prefabricated plate 1, formwork 2, dark rib 3, upper plate 4, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 or the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with at least a in presstressed reinforcing steel 5 or the reinforcing bar 6 in described dark rib 3, the upper plate 4 at least one, formwork 2 is provided with vertical groove, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 14 in vertical groove, formwork 2 is the closed hollow formwork.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be prefabricated plate, 2 for formwork, 3 for dark rib, 4 for upper plate, 5 for presstressed reinforcing steel, 6 for reinforcing bar, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, also be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 simultaneously in its described dark rib 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described presstressed reinforcing steel 5 is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, also being provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 simultaneously in the dark rib 3, its described presstressed reinforcing steel 5 is a prestress wire.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing bar 6 is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, being provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described reinforcing bar 6 is an i shaped steel.
Feature of the present invention also be described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 6 for C type, L type, Type, U type, Type, Type.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, being provided with cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 6 is Type.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between the described formwork 2 at least a in dark beam 7 or the bright beam 8.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with dark beam 7 between its described formwork 2.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 or reinforcing bar 6 at least one of described dark beam 7 or bright beam 8.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with bright beam 8 between the formwork 2, also be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 simultaneously in its described bright beam 8.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain reinforce 9 at least one of described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2.Reinforce 9 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, contain reinforce 9 in its described formwork 2.Diagram reinforce 9 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 9 exposes outside prefabricated plate 1 or the formwork 2, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with reinforce 9 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 9 exposes outside the prefabricated plate 1, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib 3.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and be close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 9 in the described prefabricated plate 1 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and is close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforce 9 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 9 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 10 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 11 with prefabricated plate 1, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 10 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 11 with prefabricated plate 1, pours into the superimposed dark rib 3 that has formed inverted T-shaped behind the concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also described contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 is the spacing setting.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with spacing between its described contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, contracts in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, has formed inner corner trim 10, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, contracts in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, form inner corner trim 10, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 9 in the described prefabricated plate 1 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.As shown in figure 13, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, contract, formed inner corner trim 10, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete, also be provided with reinforce 9 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 9 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described formwork 2 groove 12 of other direction, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 13 or shearing pier 14 in groove 12.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with the groove 12 of other direction on its described formwork 2, formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 13 after pouring into concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also the groove 12 on the described formwork 2 is vertical groove, and at least two formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have each other become the shearing pier 14 that forms by in the vertical groove 12 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with the groove 12 of other direction on the formwork 2, its described groove 12 is vertical groove, a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 14 that forms by in the vertical groove 12 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.
Anchorings in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 14 that feature of the present invention also is to have reinforce 9 to stretch into formation in the vertical groove 12 on the described prefabricated plate 1.As shown in figure 15, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with the groove 12 of other direction on the formwork 2, groove 12 is vertical groove, and a plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 14 that forms by in the vertical groove 12 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2, also be provided with reinforce 9 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 9 stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 14 that forms in the vertical groove 12.
Feature of the present invention is that also other rotation angle position of described formwork 2 also is provided with inner corner trim 10, chamfering 15 or arc angle 16, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 13 at inner corner trim 10, chamfering 15 or position, arc angle 16 place.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, other rotation angle position of its described formwork 2 also is respectively arranged with inner corner trim 10, chamfering 15 and arc angle 16 simultaneously, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 13 at inner corner trim 10, chamfering 15 and position, arc angle 16 place.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described formwork 2 die cavity of hole 17, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 18 in hole 17.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with the die cavity that forms hole 17 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 18 in hole 17.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 13, bracing boom 19, stiffening rib 20 or adds at least one of wringing in 21.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforcing rib 13, bracing boom 19, stiffening rib 20 in its described formwork 2 simultaneously and add and wring 21.
Feature of the present invention is that also the side of described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 22, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, the side of its described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 22, pours into the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 that has formed the band truss member behind the concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 13.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with reinforcing rib 13 on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with at least one in suspender member 23, junction box 24, light trough box 25, spool 26, fire-fighting spraying head 27 or the water pipe 28.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with suspender member 23, junction box 24, light trough box 25 and spool 26 simultaneously on its described prefabricated plate 1.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, also be provided with fire-fighting spraying head 27 and water pipe 28 simultaneously on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 29, has air conditioning wind pipe 30 to be attached thereto in the floor.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 29, simultaneously, also is provided with air conditioning wind pipe 30 in the floor and is attached thereto.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with connector 31 between described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Connector 31 is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch etc.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with connector 31 between its described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Diagram connector 31 is the tenon cover.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described prefabricated plate 1 and the formwork 2 at least one is provided with carrying part 32.As shown in figure 24, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, be fixed with formwork 2 on prefabricated plate 1, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with connector 31 between formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it be fixing to be connected to each other, also be provided with carrying part 32 on its described prefabricated plate 1, diagram carrying part 32 is handle.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 is opening or closed hollow formwork or light solid formwork.As shown in figure 24, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, also is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 simultaneously in the dark rib 3, presstressed reinforcing steel 5 is a prestress wire, and its described formwork 2 is the light solid formwork.
It is two or more that feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with, and is close to each other to arrange or the arrangement of alternate certain distance.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with a plurality of, and alternate each other certain distance is arranged and is provided with.
Feature of the present invention also is described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2 self or is arranged in a linear each other or is staggered.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connect as one with dark rib 3, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described prefabricated plate 1 and formwork 2 self and arrangement setting interlaced with each other.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with stationary positioned member 33 at least one of described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is provided with stationary positioned member 33, and illustrated position member 33 is a locating piece.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between described at least two formworks 2 a spacer draw piece 34.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 5 and reinforcing bar 6 in the dark rib 3, be provided with a spacer draw piece 34 between its described a plurality of formworks 2, spacer draw piece 34 is a rod member between diagram.
During the invention process, when prefabricated plate 1 spacing is provided with, at first lay template, lay prefabricated plate 1 then on template, fixedly formwork 2 is on prefabricated plate 1, then, lay rib and gluten and inner relevant pipeline, lay presstressed reinforcing steel 5 or reinforcing bar 6, after the inspection, build concrete, after treating its setting and harden, maintenance removes bracing frame and template to stipulating the length of time, promptly obtains described floor; When prefabricated plate 1 is provided with for closely connecting, then can omit the laying operation of soffit formwork, other operation is the same, concrete to be built, maintenance removes bracing frame and gets final product after stipulate the length of time.

Claims (30)

1, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling, comprise prefabricated plate (1), formwork (2), dark rib (3), upper plate (4), on prefabricated plate (1), be fixed with formwork (2), be provided with dark rib (3) between contiguous prefabricated thin plate (1) or the formwork (2), upper plate (4) covers on the formwork (2), and connect as one with dark rib (3), it is characterized in that described dark rib (3), be provided with at least a in presstressed reinforcing steel (5) or the reinforcing bar (6) in the upper plate (4) at least one, formwork (2) is provided with vertical groove, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier (14) in vertical groove, formwork (2) is the closed hollow formwork.
2, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described presstressed reinforcing steel (5) is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.
3, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described reinforcing bar (6) is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.
4, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 3, it is characterized in that cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar (6) for C type, L type, Type, U type, Type, Type.
5, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with between the described formwork (2) at least a in dark beam (7) or the bright beam (8).
6, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 5 is characterized in that being provided with presstressed reinforcing steel (5) or reinforcing bar (6) at least one of described dark beam (7) or bright beam (8).
7, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that containing reinforce (9) at least one of described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2).
8, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 7 is characterized in that described reinforce (9) exposes outside prefabricated plate (1) or the formwork (2), and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
9, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 8, it is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it (2) to it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1), stretches out outside the formwork (2), and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib (3).
10, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 9 is characterized in that the reinforce (9) in the described prefabricated plate (1) stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3).
11, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 9, it is characterized in that described formwork (2) and the contacted position of prefabricated plate (1) are inner corner trim (10), constitute ring end groove (11) with prefabricated plate (1), cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has then formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.
12, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described contiguous prefabricated thin plate (1) is the spacing setting.
13, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 12, it is littler than the formwork of fixing on it (2) to it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1), contract in formwork (2) bottom surface, formed inner corner trim (10), cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has then formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.
14, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 13 is characterized in that the reinforce (9) in the described prefabricated plate (1) stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped (3).
15, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described formwork (2) groove (12) of other direction, Cast-in-place concrete has formed shearing pier (14) in groove (12).
16, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 15, it is characterized in that the groove (12) on the formwork (2) is vertical groove, at least two formworks (2) are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has each other then become the shearing pier (14) that forms by in the vertical groove (12) of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork (2).
17, a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 16 is characterized in that having on the described prefabricated plate (1) reinforce (9) to stretch into the interior anchoring of Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier (14) that forms in the vertical groove (12).
18, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, other rotation angle position that it is characterized in that described formwork (2) also is provided with inner corner trim (10), chamfering (15) or arc angle (16), and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib (13) at inner corner trim (10), chamfering (15) or arc angle (16) position, place.
19, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described formwork (2) die cavity of hole (17), Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece (18) in hole (17).
20,, it is characterized in that described formwork (2) also is provided with reinforcing rib (13), bracing boom (19), stiffening rib (20) or adds at least one of wringing in (21) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14.
21, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, the side that it is characterized in that described formwork (2) is extended with convex module (22), and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.
22, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with reinforcing rib (13).
23,, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with at least one in suspender member (23), junction box (24), light trough box (25), spool (26), fire-fighting spraying head (27) or the water pipe (28) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14.
24, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with air-conditioning air grille (29), have air conditioning wind pipe (30) to be attached thereto in the floor.
25, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, it is characterized in that being provided with connector (31) between described formwork (2) and the prefabricated plate (1), and it is fixing to be connected to each other.
26,, it is characterized in that in described prefabricated plate (1) and the formwork (2) at least one is provided with carrying part (32) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14.
27, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, it is two or more to it is characterized in that the same prefabricated plate of described formwork (2) (1) is provided with, and is close to each other to arrange or the arrangement of alternate certain distance.
28,, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2) self or be arranged in a linear each other or be staggered according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14.
29,, it is characterized in that being provided with stationary positioned member (33) at least one of described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14.
30, according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 14, it is characterized in that being provided with between at least two described formworks (2) a spacer draw piece (34).
CNB2004100023300A 2004-01-06 2004-01-06 Combined reniforced concrete hollow floorslab Active CN100449074C (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4468911A (en) * 1982-02-12 1984-09-04 Andrew Daga System for forming structural concrete
SU1475792A1 (en) * 1985-03-18 1989-04-30 П.Н.Тимохин, Э.Д.Подлозный и В.И.Малихтарович Method of producing boards and panels of cedllular concrete
EP0884427A2 (en) * 1997-06-11 1998-12-16 Eduarda Fanha N. Ferreira Rebelo A better solution for the concrete boxes normally used in the fungiform pavements
CN1356441A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Reinforced concrete floor slab with space structure
CN2522495Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN2522493Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN2522492Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1415815A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight structural piece for use of filling concrete

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4468911A (en) * 1982-02-12 1984-09-04 Andrew Daga System for forming structural concrete
SU1475792A1 (en) * 1985-03-18 1989-04-30 П.Н.Тимохин, Э.Д.Подлозный и В.И.Малихтарович Method of producing boards and panels of cedllular concrete
EP0884427A2 (en) * 1997-06-11 1998-12-16 Eduarda Fanha N. Ferreira Rebelo A better solution for the concrete boxes normally used in the fungiform pavements
CN1356441A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Reinforced concrete floor slab with space structure
CN2522495Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN2522493Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN2522492Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1415815A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight structural piece for use of filling concrete

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