CN100447274C - Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis and process for preparing same - Google Patents

Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis and process for preparing same Download PDF

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CN100447274C
CN100447274C CNB2005100570858A CN200510057085A CN100447274C CN 100447274 C CN100447274 C CN 100447274C CN B2005100570858 A CNB2005100570858 A CN B2005100570858A CN 200510057085 A CN200510057085 A CN 200510057085A CN 100447274 C CN100447274 C CN 100447274C
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roll
roller
steel
composite
situ synthesis
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CN1865479A (en
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符寒光
李明伟
张轶
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Chongqing Chuanshen Metal New Material Co., Ltd.
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CHONGQING CHUANSHEN PORT MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a composite in-situ synthesis steel-based material roller with reinforced granules and a manufacturing method thereof. The composite in-situ synthesis steel-based material roller comprises the following chemical ingredients (wt%): 1.5 to 3.0 % of C, 3.0 to 8.0 % of W, 3.0 to 8.0 % of Mo, 3.0 to 8.0 % of V, 4.0 to 6.0 % of Cr, 1.0 to 3.0 % of Ni, 0.10 to 0.25 % of Ce, 0.10 to 0.25 % of La, 0.08 to 0.20 % of Ti, 0.06 to 0.18 % of Mg, 0.10 to 0.30 % of Al, less than 1.5 % of Si, less than 1.5 % of Mn, less than 0.05 % of P, less than 0.05 % of S, and Fe and inevitable trace impurities as the rest. The roller has the advantages of high strength, high hardness, good toughness, good wearing resistance, good oxidation resistance and good spalling resistance. The composite roller enhances the operating rate of rolling mills obviously and reduces the production cost of mill bars.

Description

A kind of particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis and manufacture method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of roll and manufacture method thereof that is used for rolling mill, particularly a kind of steel-base composite material roller and manufacture method thereof.
Background technology
Roll is one of main consumption spare part during steel rolling is produced, and roll consumption is about 5%~15% of steel rolling production cost.Shut down, fall factors such as product and maintenance of the equipment increase if consider the production that brings because of roll consumption, then the proportion of its shared production cost can be higher.Roll quality not only is related to steel rolling production cost and milling train production operational availability, also influences mill bar quality to a great extent.Along with the development of steel rolling technology, rolling mill speed and level of automation improve constantly, and breaker roll quality particularly wear resistance, intensity and the toughness etc. of roll is had higher requirement.Development of new roll material and manufacture method thereof have very important significance for improving roll quality, prolong roll campaign, improve operating rate of rolling mill and reducing the steel rolling cost.
Changing roll material is the important measures that improve roller performance.The visible trend of roll material development is to be extensive use of alloying element and to improve alloying level gradually.Develop into the half steel work roll of the sixties as hot rolled strip finish rolling leading portion by the high nickel chromium triangle infinitely chilled ductile cast iron roll of the thirties in 20th century, bring into use high-chromium iron-cast roller and cast steel with high chromium roll the seventies, bring into use high-speed steel roll the end of the eighties.Cold rolled strip working roll material develops into 3%Cr, 5%Cr steel by the 2%Cr steel, to the nineties bring into use semi-high speed steel.Rod wire rod and bar and shape mill roll material also develop into Wimet and rapid steel by common cold hard cast-iron, alloy nodular cast iron, high nickel chromium triangle infinitely chilled ductile cast iron, rich chromium cast iron, wrought alloy tool steel.
Matrix material has the high tenacity of body material and high strength, the high rigidity of strongthener, and its over-all properties is that single-material is incomparable.Chinese invention patent CN1236822 discloses the producing and manufacturing technique of a kind of iron or base steel composite material, adds wild phase in the metallic substance that with iron or steel is matrix, earlier with particle wild phase such as SiC, Al 2O 3, TiB 2In 1000 ℃~1500 ℃ scope, fuse complex body in the middle of making Deng with the iron alloy that has melted; Middle complex body is pulverized, what adopted the method for Suspension Foundry to join then to melt is in the metallic substance of matrix with iron or steel again, and complex body and matrix metal material are combined closely in the middle of making, and make iron or base steel composite material.Chinese invention patent CN1404943 discloses a kind of particle-reinforced gradient composite materials that belongs to the Composite Preparation technical scope and preparation method thereof.It is the non-metallic particle that mixes a certain proportion of high rigidity in the fused liquid metal, liquid metal is added at constant forms directed moving under the electromagnetism buoyancy function of electromagnetic field, make the wild phase particle to the liquid metal opposite direction migration of direction of flowing; After the cooled and solidified, the phase particle that just can be enhanced presents Gradient distribution in material, the material that its microstructure and property also changes in gradient.The toughness and the plasticity of matrix material are greatly improved.Chinese invention patent CN1352314 discloses process for producing hard phase strengthened metal base composite material, be after matrix metal fusing back or metal solid particle are melted in crystallizer in this method, with strengthen the hard phase material and in water mold, mix and after ultrasonic vibration handles through electromagnetic field, rapid crystallization and the product that forms, so the two-phase material mixing in its product is more even, and the equiax crystal zone of material is enlarged, make the crystal structure refinement, thereby can obtain the evenly fine very purified tissue of crystal structure and inside, the product performance high conformity, the two-phase bonding force is strong, can reach metallurgical binding and densification fully, thereby improve the performance of metal-base composites.China document (Feng Peizhong, Qiang Yinghuai, steel rolling, 2004 the 4th phases, the 14th~16 page) development status that the rotary casting WC particle strengthens the base steel composite material collars also disclosed, discovery is with the working lining of WC/ base steel composite material as roll, with the core material of cold-work die steel as roll, two kinds of different materials are prepared into a kind of WC/ base steel surface composite material roll by centrifugal casting technique, its rolling face has very high hardness, intensity and good wear resistance, core material toughness is better, helps absorbing ballistic work, improve the adaptability for working condition of roll, make the over-all properties of roll obtain reasonable disposition.Japanese Patent JP2002282909 and JP2002282910 disclose skin and contained 50%-80%, 5%-70%WC particulate centrifugally cast composite roll respectively in nickel-cobalt base alloys, have excellent abrasive and cracking resistance line and form and scalability on hot rolls.The above-mentioned enhanced granule that adds prepares the particles reiforced metal-base composition method, and technology is simple, is suitable for preparing the member of certain size, shape, but, because the enhanced granule and the matrix consistency that add are bad, or have serious reasons such as surface reaction, its reinforced effects is not ideal enough.
Chinese invention patent CN1396291 discloses the preparation method of steel-base composite feinforced by particles generated in-situ locally, its technological process comprises: the preparation feedback prefabricated section: prefabricated section is made up of pulverous 1%~50%Al, C and Ti, the atomic ratio 0.6~1.4 of C and Ti, size range are 0.1 μ m~200 μ m; The above-mentioned starting material that prepare are packed into stirred 4~48 hours in the stirrer, mix; Put into mould then, at room temperature with the pressure range compression moulding of 200~800MPa; The prefabricated section that suppresses is put into the heating under vacuum device carry out vacuum-treat.In casting mold, take place then from spreading in-situ synthesized reaction and in casting mold, spreading the original position synthesis particle wild phase certainly.Adopting this self propagating high temperature synthesis method to prepare particles reiforced metal-base composition by reaction in, is to utilize the chemical reaction liberated heat, makes automatic continuous the carrying out of combustion reactions of pressed compact, thereby obtains the method for original position enhanced granule in metallic matrix.Because enhanced granule original position in matrix is synthetic, thus its size tiny, be evenly distributed, and can solve preferably and add the interface problem that exists in the particle composite algorithm.The weak point of self propagating high temperature synthesis method is that resultant material compactness is not high, directly be processed into product than difficulty, thereby its widespread use has been subjected to certain restriction.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis and manufacture method thereof.The present invention adopts a kind of reaction casting original position synthesis particle to strengthen base steel composite material, the reaction casting comprises synthetic and two processes of cast form of the reaction in of enhanced granule, promptly in the liquid alloy of certain ingredients, utilize the high temperature of alloy liquid, make sufficient chemical reaction takes place between the alloying element in the alloy liquid, generate one or more high rigidity, high-intensity enhanced granule, promptly obtained by in-situ particle enhanced metal-base composites by cast form then.Its principal feature is: (1) enhanced granule is synthetic in the inner original position of matrix, and the basal body interface combination is better and the interface is clean.(2) original position enhanced granule size is tiny, the no wedge angle in surface, and in matrix, be evenly distributed.(3), can obtain the original position enhanced granule of different sorts, different quantities by selective reaction type and control reaction parameter.(4) original position of enhanced granule is synthetic combines with foundry engieering, and technology is easy, cost is low, can be used to prepare the matrix material of definite shape and size.Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis has the high tenacity of body material and strengthens body particulate high rigidity, has excellent obdurability, wear resistance and anti-fracture energy.
Purpose of the present invention can realize by following measure:
The chemical composition of particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of the present invention is (weight %):
C:1.5~3.0, W:3.0~8.0, Mo:3.0~8.0, V:3.0~8.0, Cr:4.0~6.0, Ni:1.0~3.0, Ce:0.10~0.25, La:0.10~0.25, Ti:0.08~0.20, Mg:0.06~0.18, Al:0.10~0.30, Si<1.5, Mn<1.5, P<0.05, S<0.05, all the other are Fe and inevitable trace impurity.In addition, satisfy between C, Cr, Mo, W and V element:
C%=0.05Cr%+0.06Mo%+0.03W%+0.25V%
Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis furnace melting of the present invention, with method moulding such as rotary casting, die casting, gravitational castings, its manufacturing technology steps is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, vanadium iron, ferrochrome and the fusing of nickel plate Hybrid Heating, use graphite carburetting;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1600~1650 ℃ after qualified, adds reductor aluminium, then comes out of the stove;
3. mixed rare earth of lanthanum and cerium, ferrotianium and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity, after oven dry below 300 ℃, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag metal melt is carried out composite inoculating and handle less than 20mm;
4. roll adopts method moulding such as rotary casting, die casting, gravitational casting, and the metal melt pouring temperature is 1460~1500 ℃;
5. roll is after 950~1150 ℃ of high temperature austeniteizations, and air-cooled or oil cooling is to room temperature;
6. roll is subsequently 500~600 ℃ of temper that eliminate stress.
Can obtain to be inlaid with on the high tenacity martensitic matrix particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of high rigidity carbide particle at last.
The performance of material is by the metallographic structure decision, and certain tissue depends on chemical ingredients and thermal treatment process, and chemical ingredients of the present invention is to determine like this:
Carbon: carbon is to obtain the necessary element of high hardness wear-resisting carbide particle wild phase, and part carbon solid solution simultaneously improves the hardening capacity and the hardenability of matrix in matrix.Add-on is very few, high hardness wear-resisting carbide particle wild phase is few, material wear ability is poor, add-on is too much, high hardness wear-resisting carbide particle wild phase is many, and toughness of material reduces, and the add-on of carbon is also relevant with elements such as carbide forming element chromium, molybdenum, tungsten and vanadium, must satisfy formula (1) requirement, so carbon content is advisable with 1.5%~3.0%.
Chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium: the main purpose that adds chromium, molybdenum, tungsten and vanadium is in order to obtain the wear-resisting carbide of high rigidity, add-on very little, high hardness wear-resisting carbide particle wild phase is few, material wear ability is poor, add-on is too much, high hardness wear-resisting carbide particle wild phase is many, and toughness of material reduces.Chromium, molybdenum, tungsten and vanadium also have part to dissolve in matrix except forming carbide, improve matrix hardening capacity and red hardness, and the chromium that dissolves in matrix can also improve the oxidation-resistance of material.Therefore chromium content is advisable with 4.0%~6.0%, and W content is advisable with 3.0%~8.0%, and molybdenum content is advisable with 3.0%~8.0%, and content of vanadium is advisable with 3.0%~8.0%.
Nickel: nickel is non-carbide forming element, mainly is dissolved in matrix, can improve the toughness and the anti-fatigue performance of material.Nickel also is present in the steel with the form of dissolving each other with iron, makes it to strengthen.Nickel is owing to the reduction critical transition temperature and reduce each elemental diffusion speed in the steel, thereby improves the hardening capacity of steel.The nickel add-on is too much, and the retained austenite of soft is too many in the material quenching structure, is unfavorable for improving material wear ability, therefore its content is controlled at 1.0%~3.0%.
Cerium, lanthanum, titanium, magnesium, aluminium: cerium and lanthanum add the effect that has desulfurization, degasification in the metal melt, the fine particle of cerium and lanthanum and liquid reactant metal generation simultaneously, the forming core effect of accelerated solidification, surfactivity cerium and lanthanum element form the adatom film at the mobile plane of crystal, reduce the speed of mobile ion, these characteristics energy refinement original position synthesis particles of cerium and lanthanum element strengthen the crystal grain of base steel composite material, and the segregation of restriction dentrite improves mechanical property and wear resistance.Cerium and lanthanum add-on are too much, and re inclusion is increased, and reduce the performance of material on the contrary, so cerium and lanthanum content are controlled at 0.10%~0.25% respectively.The purpose that adds titanium is for thinning microstructure, improves the intensity and the toughness of material, and titanium also can improve the oxidation-resistance of material, add-on is very few, and little to the performance impact of material, add-on is too much, increase the hot cracking tendency of material, so titanium content is controlled at 0.08%~0.20%.Magnesium is the element that fusing point is low and atomic radius is big, is strong constitutional supercooling element, and magnesium easily is enriched in the austenite melt on every side when solidifying.And the magnesium elements enrichment meeting in the forward position, freezing interface causing crystal branch, form necking down, then in melt, fuse, come off, grow, produce self duplication, the nucleus quantity of whole melt inside is increased, stop the growth of large dendritic crystal tissue and column crystal, cause eutectic cell, primary austenite and carbide all fined.In addition, magnesium also has stronger activity, and desulfurization and deoxidizing capacity are strong, helps reducing the quantity of inclusion, and reduces the inclusion size.Aluminium makes M 2C carbide decomposition temperature reduces, and helps sheet M 2The C carbide is a large amount of to be decomposed and granulation, promotes particulate state to strengthen the formation of carbide, improves the obdurability of matrix material.
Silicon and manganese: silicon is non-carbide forming element, mainly is dissolved in matrix, reduces the thermal fatigue property of matrix material.Although manganese has the hardening capacity of raising and strengthens the matrix effect, impel the grain coarsening of material, and increase the temper brittleness of material, therefore silicon, manganese content are limited in below 1.5%.
In addition, inevitably trace impurity is to bring in the raw material, mainly contains p and s, all is harmful elements, and intensity, toughness and wear resistance in order to guarantee particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis are controlled at phosphorus, sulphur content below 0.05% respectively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis metallographic structure.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of the present invention melts with 300 kilograms of medium-frequency induction furnaces, and its manufacturing technology steps is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, vanadium iron, ferrochrome and the fusing of nickel plate Hybrid Heating, use graphite carburetting;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1645 ℃ after qualified, adds reductor aluminium, then comes out of the stove;
3. mixed rare earth of lanthanum and cerium, ferrotianium and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity, after 280 ℃ of oven dry, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag metal melt is carried out composite inoculating and handle less than 20mm;
4. roll adopts the centre spinning method moulding, and dimension of roller φ 300mm * 600mm, metal melt pouring temperature are 1490 ℃;
5. roll is after 1130 ℃ of high temperature austeniteizations, and is air-cooled to room temperature;
6. roll is then 590 ℃ of temper that eliminate stress.
Can obtain to be inlaid with on the high tenacity martensitic matrix particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of high rigidity carbide particle at last, Fig. 1 is seen in metallographic structure.The roll chemical ingredients sees Table 1.Its hardness of test is 67~68HRC on the roll body.Cut 20mm * 20mm * 110mm sample and φ 10mm * 130mm sample in the Y type test block of casting with stove, managing with furnace treatment with roll, the impelling strength of test material is 16~20J/cm 2, the tensile strength of test material is 900~1200MPa.Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis uses at high-speed rod-rolling mill pre-finishing mill frame, rolling φ 6.5mm straight carbon steel wire rod, and single groove steel transportation amount surpasses 6000 tons, and reconditioning quality is less than 1.2mm.
Table 1 roll chemical ingredients
Element ??C ??W ??Mo ??V ??Cr ??Ni ??Ce ??La
Composition ??1.73 ??5.04 ??5.33 ??3.88 ??5.77 ??1.26 ??0.24 ??0.21
Element ??Ti ??Mg ??Al ??Si ??Mn ??S ??P ??Fe
Composition ??0.19 ??0.08 ??0.12 ??1.17 ??1.33 ??0.009 ??0.028 Surplus
Embodiment 2:
Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of the present invention melts with 500 kilograms of medium-frequency induction furnaces, and its manufacturing technology steps is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, vanadium iron, ferrochrome and the fusing of nickel plate Hybrid Heating, use graphite carburetting;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1610 ℃ after qualified, adds reductor aluminium, then comes out of the stove;
3. mixed rare earth of lanthanum and cerium, ferrotianium and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity, after 290 ℃ of oven dry, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag metal melt is carried out composite inoculating and handle less than 20mm;
4. roll adopts the pressure casting method moulding, and dimension of roller φ 220mm * 300mm, metal melt pouring temperature are 1465 ℃;
5. roll is after 980 ℃ of high temperature austeniteizations, and oil cooling is to room temperature;
6. roll is then 510 ℃ of temper that eliminate stress.
Can obtain to be inlaid with on the high tenacity martensitic matrix particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of high rigidity carbide particle at last, the roll chemical ingredients sees Table 2.Its hardness of test is 65~66HRC on the roll body.Cut 20mm * 20mm * 110mm sample and φ 10mm * 130mm sample in the Y type test block of casting with stove, managing with furnace treatment with roll, the impelling strength of test material is 18~21J/cm 2, the tensile strength of test material is 880~1150MPa.Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis uses on high-speed rod-rolling mill tube reducing frame, rolling φ 5.5mm straight carbon steel wire rod, and single groove steel transportation amount surpasses 8000 tons, and reconditioning quality is less than 1.0mm.
Table 2 roll chemical ingredients
Element ??C ??W ??Mo ??V ??Cr ??Ni ??Ce ??La
Composition ??2.30 ??3.87 ??7.70 ??6.04 ??4.31 ??2.05 ??0.12 ??0.11
Element ??Ti ??Mg ??Al ??Si ??Mn ??S ??P ??Fe
Composition ??0.14 ??0.17 ??0.18 ??1.29 ??1.13 ??0.012 ??0.036 Surplus
Embodiment 3:
Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of the present invention melts with 1000 kilograms of line frequency furnaces, and its manufacturing technology steps is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, vanadium iron, ferrochrome and the fusing of nickel plate Hybrid Heating, use graphite carburetting;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1630 ℃ after qualified, adds reductor aluminium, then comes out of the stove;
3. mixed rare earth of lanthanum and cerium, ferrotianium and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity, after 270 ℃ of oven dry, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag metal melt is carried out composite inoculating and handle less than 20mm;
4. roll adopts the gravity casting method moulding, and dimension of roller φ 380mm * 800mm, metal melt pouring temperature are 1480 ℃;
5. roll is after 1050 ℃ of high temperature austeniteizations, and is air-cooled to room temperature;
6. roll is then 550 ℃ of temper that eliminate stress.
Can obtain to be inlaid with on the high tenacity martensitic matrix particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of high rigidity carbide particle at last, the roll chemical ingredients sees Table 3.Its hardness of test is 66~68HRC on the roll body.Cut 20mm * 20mm * 110mm sample and φ 10mm * 130mm sample in the Y type test block of casting with stove, managing with furnace treatment with roll, the impelling strength of test material is 18~20J/cm 2, the tensile strength of test material is 890~1180MPa.Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis is at the rolling φ 18mm of merchant bar mill finishing stand Deformed Steel Bars, and single groove steel transportation amount surpasses 1200 tons, and reconditioning quality is less than 4.0mm.
Table 3 roll chemical ingredients
Element ??C ??W ??Mo ??V ??Cr ??Ni ??Ce ??La
Composition ??2.57 ??7.41 ??3.57 ??7.39 ??5.72 ??2.83 ??0.17 ??0.14
Element ??Ti ??Mg ??Al ??Si ??Mn ??S ??P ??Fe
Composition ??0.09 ??0.13 ??0.26 ??1.35 ??1.28 ??0.017 ??0.035 Surplus
Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of the present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
(1) roll strength of the present invention and hardness are high, good toughness, and wearability and non-oxidizability are good, and anti-chilling and shock heating performance is also fine;
(2) the high hardness wear-resisting particle of particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of the present invention is combined well with the high tenacity matrix, and in the roll use procedure, the high hardness wear-resisting particle is easy to crack and come off;
(3) particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis manufacturing process of the present invention is simple, low cost of manufacture;
(4) do not rupture in the particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis use procedure of the present invention, non-scale, do not chap, non-stick steel, serviceability obviously is better than rich chromium cast iron and high nickel chromium triangle infinitely chilled ductile cast iron and high-speed steel roll, near the hard alloy roll level.
(5) use particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis of the present invention, can significantly improve the rolling mill operating rate, reduce the stocking production cost, have good economic benefit.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis is characterized in that the composite material roller tissue is to be inlaid with high rigidity original position synthesizing carbide particle on the high tenacity martensitic matrix; The chemical constitution of described roll is by weight percentage: C:1.5-3.0, W:3.0-8.0, Mo:3.0-8.0, V:3.0-8.0, Cr:4.0-6.0, Ni:1.0-3.0, Ce:0.10-0.25, La:0.10-0.25, Ti:0.08-0.20, Mg:0.06-0.18, Al:0.10-0.30, Si<1.5, Mn<1.5, P<0.05, S<0.05, all the other are Fe and inevitable trace impurity; In the chemical constitution of described roll, satisfy by weight percentage between C, Cr, Mo, W and V element: C%=0.05Cr%+0.06Mo%+0.03W%+0.25V%.
2, a kind of manufacturing method of particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis according to claim 1 is characterized in that roll electric furnace production, and its processing step is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, vanadium iron, ferrochrome and the fusing of nickel plate Hybrid Heating, use graphite carburetting;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1600-1650 ℃ after qualified, adds reductor aluminium, then comes out of the stove;
3. mixed rare earth of lanthanum and cerium, ferrotianium and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity, after the oven dry of the temperature below 300 ℃, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag metal melt is carried out composite inoculating and handle less than 20mm;
4. roll adopts rotary casting, die casting or gravity casting method moulding, and the metal melt pouring temperature is 1460-1500 ℃;
5. roll is after 950-1150 ℃ high temperature austeniteization, and air-cooled or oil cooling is to room temperature;
6. roll is then 500-600 ℃ of temper that eliminates stress.
CNB2005100570858A 2005-05-24 2005-05-24 Particle reinforced steel-base composite material roller by in-situ synthesis and process for preparing same Expired - Fee Related CN100447274C (en)

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