CN100445660C - Energy utilization and recovery type cell full air air-condition set - Google Patents

Energy utilization and recovery type cell full air air-condition set Download PDF

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CN100445660C
CN100445660C CN 200610118914 CN200610118914A CN100445660C CN 100445660 C CN100445660 C CN 100445660C CN 200610118914 CN200610118914 CN 200610118914 CN 200610118914 A CN200610118914 A CN 200610118914A CN 100445660 C CN100445660 C CN 100445660C
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air
box
exhaust
return
provided
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CN1963326A (en
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沈晋明
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同济大学
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Abstract

本发明属于供热通风与空调工程技术领域,具体涉及一种能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组。 The present invention belongs to the technical field of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning engineering, and particularly relates to an energy utilizing unitary whole air conditioning units recovered. 由回风箱、排风箱、送风箱和新风箱四个箱体组成,回风箱与排风箱间设有排风阀,回风箱与送风箱间设有回风阀,送风箱与新风箱间设有新风阀,新风箱与排风箱间设有旁通阀。 Return by the bellows, the exhaust box, and fresh air supply fan box four box body, between return air exhaust box and the exhaust valve box is provided, between the box and the return air back to the air blowing box is provided with damper, and the blower box the new box is provided between the fresh air damper, between the box and the fresh air exhaust box is provided with a bypass valve. 回风箱由回风口、控制器、回风过滤器组成;排风箱由排风口、排风机与排风冷凝器组成;送风箱由送风口、再热冷凝器、送风机、加湿器、蒸发器组成;新风箱由新风过滤器、新风口、压缩机组成。 Return air from the return air box, the controller, return air filter composition; tank exhaust port by the exhaust, exhaust fan and the exhaust condensers; tank by the blower air outlet, and then the hot condenser, a blower, a humidifier, and evaporated composed; fresh air from the fresh air filter box, a new outlet, the compressor components. 各个箱体通过优化组合,在不同运行工况下的调节与相应气流途径编制自控程序自动运行,实现了能量的最佳利用和回收。 By optimizing the combination of the respective housing, with a corresponding adjustment in the preparation of the airflow pathway under different operating conditions controlled to run automatically, to achieve optimum use of energy and recycling. 可用于大空间空调以及许多工艺空调,且需全年运行调节的全空气空调系统。 A large space can be used for air conditioning as well as many craft air conditioning, and the need to adjust the full-year operation of the whole air conditioning system.

Description

一种能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组技术领域本发明属于供热通风与空调工程技术领域,具体涉及一种能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组。 An energy unit using the full air conditioning TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention pertains to the recovery unit heating ventilation and air-conditioning engineering technical field, and particularly relates to an energy utilizing unitary whole air conditioning units recovered. 背景技术传统的集中式全空气空调系统,其空调机组通常先由设计院进行工程设计,然后根据工程设计所确定的容量、规格、种类,向设备厂商下产品订单。 Conventional centralized all air conditioning systems, air conditioning units usually start with its engineering design institute, and then determined based on the engineering design capacity, size, type, equipment manufacturers to lower product orders. 设备厂商根据订单逐台生产设备。 Equipment manufacturers equipment to order one by one. 机组到现场组装与就位后、配上冷热源、自控、水电等若干系统,再调试验收, 十分复杂、工程量很大。 Crew to the scene after the assembly and in place, coupled with heat source, a number of automatic control systems, water and electricity, re-commissioning and acceptance, is very complex, large quantities. 而且难以一次性可调试成功。 And it is difficult to debug one-time success. 传统空调的节能措施往往是采用新风与排风之间的全(显)热交换装置回收排风中能量,或利用空调冷凝水喷淋到蒸发器提高效率,或利用二次回风来节省再加热量,或调节新风量利用室外自然能源等。 Conventional air-conditioning apparatus is the use of energy-saving measures is often recovering exhaust energy per (substantially) the heat exchange between fresh air and exhaust air, water spray or air-conditioning condensation using an evaporator to improve efficiency, or to save the use of secondary air reheated amount, adjusting the fresh air or outdoor use of natural energy. 采用全热交换器方法往往会出现换热器堵塞、新风与排风之间渗漏且体积大、价格很高。 The method of using the total heat exchanger tends to occur clogging of the heat exchanger, air and exhaust air leakage between the new and bulky, high price. 冷凝水喷淋会使冷凝水中排出的细菌变为气溶胶,危害较大, 另外二次回风不适用室内发湿量较大的场所,会使机器露点下降,降低了热泵性能系数(COP),且温湿度控制精度较差(见图3)。 Spraying condensed water discharged from condensed water will become an aerosol bacteria, harmful, additional secondary air chamber NA larger amount of wet hair properties, dew drops cause the machine to reduce the heat pump coefficient of performance (COP), and less accurate control of temperature and humidity (see FIG. 3). 以上措施不能十分简便回收废热、利用各部件产生的(冷)热或利用冷凝热作为再加热,发挥一次回风方式的优点,也无法实现整个系统能量最佳回收与利用。 These measures can not be very simple recovers waste heat generated by each member (cold) using the heat of condensation as a heat or reheat, the advantages of a return air play mode, can not achieve optimal energy recovery and utilization of the entire system. 过去对于用于电子、精密机械加工、制药、医疗领域等,有洁净度要求的工艺空调, 一般有较高温湿度控制要求,而且需要送风量大,传统空调系统十分复杂,不但需要设计, 在施工中还需要设置冷热源、冷却塔、净化空调机组、还要配置冷冻水管路与水泵、冷却水管路与水泵、冷凝水管路、空调管路以及以上配电与自控系统,设计、安装十分复杂、 再经过繁重调试与验收,工程量很大。 For the past for electronic, precision machining, pharmaceuticals, the medical field and the like, a process which demands purity air conditioning, climate control generally requires a higher temperature, but also the air blowing amount, conventional air conditioning system is complex, requires not only the design, in the construction also need to set up a heat source, cooling towers, clean air conditioning units, but also the distribution channel and chilled water pumps, cooling water piping and pumps, condensing water piping, air conditioning and power distribution lines and more automatic control system, design, installation very complex, and then after commissioning and acceptance heavy large quantities. 对于信息中心,档案馆,高级图书馆等有恒温恒湿控制要求的场所,不仅有温度控制要求,而且有更严格的湿度控制要求,常规配置恒温恒湿空调机组、尤其机组内采用大功率的电加热器,既十分耗能、容量又小,需要配置多台机组,还要配置冷冻水管路与水泵、 冷却水管路与水泵、冷凝水管路、空调送、回风管路以及相应配电与自控系统,安装十分复杂、再经过调试验收,工程量很大。 For constant temperature and humidity control Information Center, archives, libraries and other high-level requirements of the premises, not only the temperature control requirements, and there are more stringent requirements and humidity control, air conditioning units conventional configuration, especially in the high-power unit electric heater, both very energy-intensive, the capacity and small, need to configure multiple units, but also the distribution channel and chilled water pumps, cooling water piping and pumps, condensing water piping, air conditioning delivery, return air pipe and the corresponding distribution and automatic control system, installation is very complex, and then after commissioning and acceptance, big quantities. 不但设计、施工复杂而且运用费用很高。 Not only the design, construction and use of complex and high cost. 对于电影院,剧场,或高档舞厅、健身房等以人员为主要负荷的场所,有全年空调要求的大空间,需要很大的新风量,对室内空气品质要求较高,最好采用变新风量运行,在室外气候状况允许时尽可能加大新风量。 For cinemas, theaters, or high-grade ballroom, gymnasium and other personnel as the main load to the place, there is a large space year-round air conditioning requirements, requires a lot of fresh air, indoor air quality requirements higher, preferably with variable fresh air operation when outdoor weather conditions allow to increase the fresh air as much as possible. 如采用传统的变新风空调机组体积庞大,还要配置冷热源、冷冻水管路与水泵、冷却水管路与水泵、冷凝水管路、空调管路以及以上配电与自控系统,安装十分复杂、再经过调试验收,工程量很大。 The conventional air-conditioning unit becomes bulky fresh air, but also the cold heat source configuration, chilled water passage with the water pump, water pump and cooling water conduit, the condensing water conduit, air conditioning and power distribution line and one or more automatic control system, installation is very complex, and then after commissioning and acceptance, big quantities. 综上所述,研究一种通过单元化、规格化、能实现规模化生产的,运行故障发生率低、 可靠性高的能量可最佳利用与回收的全空气空调机是本领域技术人员的研究目标。 In summary, by the Study of a unit, standardized, to achieve large-scale production, low operating failure, and high reliability can be best use of energy recovered with full air conditioning machine are skilled in the art Research objectives. 发明内容本发明的目的在于提供一种全空气空调机组,该机组通过各部件独特排序与配置以及不同运行工况下的气流途径与相应自控,可以实现最佳利用与回收能量。 Object of the present invention is to provide a full air-conditioning unit, the unit through the sorting member and the unique configuration and an air flow pathway under different operating conditions of the respective controlled to be the optimum use of energy and recycling. 本发明提出的能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,包括回风箱20、排风箱21、 送风箱22和新风箱19四个箱体,四个箱体通过四个风阀相通,以调节不同工况下的新风量、排风量及回风量;其中:回风箱20包括回风口1、控制器2和回风过滤器3,回风口l位于回风箱20—侧, 控制器2位于回风口1处,回风过滤器3通过管路联接控制器2;排风箱21包括排风机5、排风冷凝器6和排风口7,排风口7位于排风箱21 —侧, 排风机5与排风冷凝器6通过通路相联接;送风箱22包括送风口8、再热冷凝器9、送风机IO、加湿器11和蒸发器12,送风口8位于送风箱22—侧,再热冷凝器9位于送风口8处,再热冷凝器9、送风机IO、加湿器ll、蒸发器12依次经管路相联接;新风箱19包括压縮机16、新风过滤器17和新风口18,新风口18位于新风箱19的一侧,新风过滤器17位于新风口18处,新风过滤器 The present invention utilizes the energy of the proposed full-unit air conditioning and recycling units, including the return air box 20, the exhaust box 21, the fresh air supply fan 22 and four box casing 19, four communicating through four damper housing, to adjust the different conditions of fresh air, return air and exhaust volume; wherein: return air box 20 includes a return air, and return air controller 2 filter 3 located in the return air back to the air box 20 l side, the controller 2 1 is located at the return air, return air filter 3 is coupled via the line controller 2; exhaust box 21 comprises a ventilator 5, a condenser 6 and exhaust air vents 7, 7 located at the air outlet exhaust box 21 - side , exhaust fan 5 and the exhaust passage through the condenser 6 is coupled; blower box 22 comprises a delivery outlet 8, then the hot condenser 9, the IO blower, a humidifier 11 and an evaporator 12, air outlet 8 located in the blower box 22- side, then the hot condenser 9 is located at a delivery outlet 8, then the hot condenser 9, the IO blower, a humidifier ll, evaporator 12 in turn is coupled via line; new windbox 19 includes a compressor 16, a fresh air filter 17 and the new outlet 18, air supply port 18 on one side of the fresh air box 19, fresh air filter 17 is located at a new outlet 18, the new air filter 17通过通路联接压縮机16;回风箱20与排风箱21之间设有排风阀4,回风箱20与送风箱22之间设有回风阀13, 送风箱22与新风箱19之间设有新风阀14,新风箱19与排风箱21之间设有旁通阀15。 Coupled to the compressor 17 through the passage 16; 21 is provided between the bellows 20 and the exhaust return tank exhaust valve 4, provided with a return damper 13 between the blower 20 and the tank 22 back to the bellows, the supply fan 22 and the fresh air tank 19 is provided between the damper 14 new, fresh air box 19 and exhaust bypass valve 15 is provided between the tank 21. 本发明中,回风阀13与新风阀14之间设有反向调节机构。 In the present invention, the reverse adjustment mechanism is provided between the damper 13 and 14 back to the new air valve. 本发明中,排风阀4与旁通阀15之间设有反向调节机构。 In the present invention, the exhaust valve is provided between the counter-regulatory mechanism 154 and the bypass valve. 本发明中,在回风箱20、送风箱22与排风箱21、新风箱19之间设有全热回收器。 In the present invention, in 20, blower box and exhaust box 21, is provided with full return air heat recovery tank 22 between the tank 19 the fresh air. 本发明中,回风箱20内设有净化装置。 In the present invention, tank 20 equipped with return air purification device. 本发明中,新风箱19内设有净化装置。 In the present invention, tank 19 is equipped with fresh air purification device. 本发明中,送风箱22内设有净化装置。 In the present invention, the blower 22 equipped with tank cleaning device. 本发明中,送风机10与排风机5设有变频调速装置。 In the present invention, the blower 10 and the exhaust fan 5 is provided with frequency control means. 本发明中,将常规的冷凝器分成两个, 一个作为排风冷凝器6,位于排风箱21内的排风口7处,以吸收室内排风中冷量;另一个作为再热冷凝器9,位于蒸发器12后侧作再加热器用,两者发热量比例可按工况要求调节。 In the present invention, a conventional condenser is divided into two, a condenser 6 as exhaust, the exhaust port is located at the inside of the exhaust box 217 to absorb the amount of cold exhaust air chamber; and the other as a condenser reheat 9, the rear side of the evaporator 12 for re-heater, both the ratio of the amount of heat can be adjusted as required conditions. 本发明中,将控制电器2设在回风口1、压縮机16设在新风19处,排走或利用控制器2和压缩机16的发热量(尽管发热量不大),以全年保持良好的工作温度,而省去了常规的排风机。 In the present invention, the control device 2 is provided in a return air, the compressor 16 is provided at the fresh air 19, or the use of heat to drain away and the compressor 16 of the controller 2 (although not made of heat), maintaining a full year good working temperature, while eliminating the need for conventional exhaust fan. 本发明中,新风过滤器17设置在新风口18处,回风过滤器3设置在回风口l处,以消除新风与回风中的尘埃与微生物,提高室内空气品质。 In the present invention, fresh air filter 17 is provided at a new outlet 18, return air filter 3 is disposed at l return air to eliminate dust and microorganisms in fresh air and return air to improve indoor air quality. 本发明将热泵技术与空气处理技术有机结合成一体,取消冷冻水、冷却水系统、压縮冷凝机组专用排风及其附属设备与相应管道。 The present invention is an air heat pump technology and processing techniques combine into one, cancel chilled water, cooling water system, a dedicated exhaust condensing unit and its ancillary equipment and the corresponding pipe. 除了拥有空气热湿处理、混合、过滤等功能, 还充分利用排风与发热部件废热,按各部件的功能和各工况节能运行的要求进行有机组合与排序,实现了热量最佳利用与回收,同时也提高热泵运行效率。 Addition to air heat moisture treatment, mixing, filtering, utilizes the exhaust waste heat to the heating member, in combination with organic sort functions of the components and conditions required for each of the energy-saving operation, and to achieve optimal utilization of the heat recovery while also improving the efficiency of the heat pump. 本发明提出的紧凑型全空气空调机组实现了系统单元化与规格化,以及可实施规模化生产的系统的模式。 The present invention is made compact to achieve a full air conditioning system units and a unit normalization, and a large-scale production of the embodiment mode of the system. 在这基础上通过规模化生产实现了运行自动化、智能化。 On this basis, to achieve a run automated, intelligent through large-scale production. 减少故障的发生率,提高可靠性,提供完善的自我故障诊断功能,自我修复的功能。 Reduce the incidence of failure, improve reliability, provide perfect self-diagnostic capabilities, self-healing capabilities. 本发明使用时只要将本发明机组在现场就位后,接电、接水,即可运行,大大简化了设计、安装、施工、维修与运行方面并具有很大的优势,随着规模化生产价格会逐年下降。 When using the invention as long as the present invention is in the field will be set in place, then electricity, then water, you can run, greatly simplifies the design, installation, construction, maintenance and operation aspects and has a great advantage, as the large-scale production prices will decline year by year. 本发明由于在排风处设置离心风机,压头较高,能接较长排风管,降低了对安装场所的要求,这可使机组安装在室外或室内任何位置,使设置更灵活。 Since the present invention is a centrifugal fan disposed at the exhaust, high pressure head can take a long exhaust duct, reducing the requirements for the installation site, which enables the unit is installed outdoors or indoors in any position, provided that the more flexible. 本发明夏季运行工况的原理如图1和图3中的实线所示。 Summer operating principle of the present invention is shown by the solid line condition shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. W,为夏季室外状态点,N为室内状态点,C,为一次回风混合状态点,L为机器露点,O,为送风状态点,^为室内热湿比线。 W, outdoor summer state point, N point indoor state, C, for the return air mixing state point, L is the dew point of the machine, O, state point of blowing, ^ is the ratio of the indoor thermal line. 夏季空调过程:处于夏季室外状态点W,的室外新风与处于N室内状态点的回风混合得到-一次回风混合C,,冷却除湿到机器露点L,,用冷凝器加热到送风状态点O,,送入室内, 沿e,线达到室内工况。 Summer air-conditioning procedure: outdoor in summer state point W, the outdoor air and return air in the state of point N obtained by mixing chamber - a return air cooling and dehumidifying the mixed C ,, L ,, with a dew point of the machine to a condenser blowing heated to state point O ,, into the room, along the E, the line reached room conditions. 本发明冬季运行工况的原理如图2和图3中的虛线所示。 The broken line in FIG. 2 and 3 principles of the winter operating conditions of the present invention shown in FIG. W2为冬季室外状态点,N为室内状态点,C2为一次回风状态点,L2机器处理状态点,02为送风状态点,h为室内热湿比线。 W2 outdoor winter state point, N being an indoor state point, C2 is a state point return air, L2 state machine processing points, 02 points for the air condition, h is moist than the indoor heat line. 冬季空调过程:处于冬季室外状态点W2的室外新风与处于N室内状态点的回风混合得到一次回风混合C2,加热到机器处理状态点L2,用加湿器加湿到送风状态点02,送入室内,沿e2线达到室内工况。 Winter air process: the point is in a new state of the outdoor winter outdoor air and W2 is N in the return air chamber status point obtained by mixing a return air mixing C2, is heated to a processing machine state point L2, with a humidifier to humidify air condition points 02, send into the chamber, along the line e2 reach room conditions. 传统的夏季二次回风空调过程如图4中的实线表示:处于夏季室外状态点W的室外新风与处于N室内状态点的室内回风混合得到一次回风混合C,冷却除湿到机器露点L,再与处于N室内状态点的回风混合到送风状态点0,送入室内。 Traditional summer secondary air conditioning during the solid line in Figure 4 represents: in summer outdoor state point W of outdoor air and the indoor return air N indoor status point obtained by mixing a return air mixing C, cooling and dehumidifying the machine dew point L , then mixed with return air chamber in the N-point state 0 to state point blowing, into the room. 传统观点利用二次回风是为量,为此不得不降低了机器露点温度,蒸发器温度也相应降低,使得热泵C0P下降。 The traditional view is the use of an amount of secondary air, the machine has to be reduced for this dew point temperature, the temperature of the evaporator is also reduced, so that the heat pump C0P decreased. 而且调节阀门的控制精度较差,难以准确调节。 And poor control precision regulating valve, it is difficult to adjust accurately. 本发明采用的利用冷凝器再加热的夏季一次回风空调过程(如图4的虚线表示):处于夏季室外状态点W的室外新风与处于N室内状态点的回风混合得到一次回风混合C,冷却除湿到机器露点u利用冷凝器废热加热到送风状态点0,送入室内。 The present invention employs the use of a condenser reheating during summer time return air (broken line in FIG. 4 showing): in the new state at the point W in summer outdoor and outdoor air in a state of point N indoor return air mixture obtained by mixing a return air C , cooled and dehumidified to a dew point u machine using condenser waste heat to heat the air blowing state point 0, into the room. 因为系统利用冷凝器废热加热,不但节约了传统的电加热器,而且提高了机器露点(从L提高到L2),蒸发器温度也相应提高,热泵C0P提高。 Because the system was heated using waste heat of a condenser, not only saves conventional electrical heater, but also increase the dew point of the machine (to increase from L2 of L), the evaporator temperature is improved, and the heat pump C0P improved. 说明本发明系统简单,控制方便,容易,而且更节能。 The present invention is the system described is simple, easy to control, easier and more energy efficient. 本发明各运行工况的工作过程如下:当本发明在实现夏季工况模式时,热泵系统处于供冷状态,压缩机16将压縮后高温高压气态冷剂分成两路, 一路送到设在排风口处的冷凝器6,另一路送到设在蒸发器后侧的再热冷凝器9,将热量传出去后,变成高温液态冷剂经节流阀降压后进入蒸发器12蒸发, 吸收送风气流热量(或说将送风温度降下来)。 Each work process operating conditions of the present invention is as follows: When the present invention, during summer conditions mode, the heat pump system is in cooling state, the compressor 16 the compressed high temperature and pressure gaseous refrigerant is divided into two parts, one provided to the after the condenser 6 at the exhaust port, provided in another way to the rear side of the evaporator reheat the condenser 9, the heat to spread into the high-temperature liquid refrigerant through the throttle valve 12 down into the evaporator evaporation , absorb heat to air circulation (the supply air temperature or said down). 与此同时,空调系统的新风从新风口18吸入,经过新风过滤器17,冷却压縮机16后, 一部分新风通过旁通阀14经由冷凝器6,然后从排风口7排出,另一部分新风通过新风阀14与通过回风阀13的室内回风混合,经蒸发器12冷却同时除去了送风气流中含湿量,再经过再热冷凝器9 (可根据需要调节其发热量)加热到送风状态点,通过送风口8送入室内。 At the same time, fresh air system of the new air intake 18, through the fresh air filter 17, the cooling compressor 16, a portion of the fresh air through the bypass valve 14 via the condenser 6, and is discharged from the exhaust port 7, another part of the fresh air by new air valve 14 and back through the indoor return air mixing damper 13, the evaporator 12 cools the air blowing while removing a moisture content in the gas stream, and then after reheating the condenser 9 (which can be adjusted according to the amount of heat required) to send heated wind conditions point, through delivery outlet 8 into the interior. 室内回风经回风口l流经控制器2,然后经由回风过滤器3, 一部分回风经回风阀13与新风混合,另一部分经排风阀4,去冷却排风冷凝器6,最后由排风口7排出,充分利用排风冷量。 Indoor return air flows via the return air controller 2 l and 3, a portion of the return air damper 13 through the return via the mixed return air and fresh air filter, through another portion of the exhaust valve 4, a condenser 6 to cool the exhaust, and finally 7 is discharged from the exhaust port, the exhaust air using the full amount. 当然也可以按所控环境的需要将冷凝热全部由排风冷凝器6排出,而再热冷凝器9不起作用,实现了露点送风。 Of course, as may be needed to control the environment by the exhaust heat of condensation all of the condenser 6 is discharged, and then hot condenser 9 does not work, to achieve a dew point of the air blowing. 当本发明在实现冬季工况模式时热泵系统处于供热状态,通过四通阀转换(或其它手段)将蒸发器13转化成冷凝器、将排风冷凝器6转化成蒸发器,再热冷凝器9不起作用。 When the condensate of the present invention when implemented in the mode of the heat pump system is in the heating mode state, the four-way valve switching (or other means) 13 is converted to a condenser the evaporator, the condenser 6 to the evaporator exhaust conversion, the reheat 9 does not work. 压縮机16将冷剂压縮后高温高压气态送到送风处的冷凝器(原蒸发器13),将热量传入送风气流(或说将送风温度升上去)后,变成高温液态冷剂经节流阀降压后只进入设在排风口处的蒸发器(原排风冷凝器6),将排风和新风中的热量吸入。 After the compressor 16 to compress the refrigerant gas high temperature and pressure at the blower to the condenser (formerly evaporator 13), the heat into the supply air stream (or supply air temperature will rise up to say), a high temperature liquid refrigerant enters only through the throttle valve provided in the down air vents of the evaporator (condenser exhaust formerly 6), and the exhaust heat of the intake fresh air. 不再进入设在送风口处的蒸发器(原再热冷凝器9)。 No longer enter the air outlet is provided at the evaporator (condenser primary reheater 9). 与此同时,空调系统的新风从新风口18吸入,经过新风过滤器17过滤后,冷却压縮机后,新风的温度升高, 一部分通过旁通阀15与室内排风混合。 At the same time, fresh air system of the new air intake 18, through the filter 17 filters the fresh air, after cooling the compressor, the fresh air temperature rises, a part of the mixing chamber through the bypass valve 15 and the exhaust. 另一部分新风通过新风阀14,与回风混合,由冷凝器(原蒸发器13)加热或同时由加湿器12加湿至送风状态点,通过送风口8送入室内。 Another part of the new fresh air damper 14, is mixed with the return air is heated by the condenser (formerly evaporator 13) or simultaneously by the humidifier 12 to humidify the air blowing state point, into the room through the air outlet 8. 这时送风段蒸发器(原再热冷凝器9) 一般不起作用,全部由排风段蒸发器(原排风冷凝器6)吸收排风中热量。 At this time the evaporator blower section (formerly the reheater condenser 9) in general does not work, all the exhaust heat from the exhaust section of the evaporator (condenser exhaust formerly 6) absorption. 当然如工艺需要送风段蒸发器(原再热冷凝器9)也可以起部分作用,调节送风状态点。 Of course, such processes require the evaporator blower section (formerly the reheater condenser 9) may also play a part, the air blowing state point adjustment. 室内回风由回风口1经控制器2, 一部分经回风阀13与新风混合,另一部分经排风段蒸发器(原冷凝器6),充分吸收了排风热量,也吸收排风中压縮机16的热量。 Return air chamber 2, a portion of the back mixing damper 13 by the return air and fresh air by the controller 1, another portion of the evaporator through the exhaust section (formerly the condenser 6), the exhaust heat is sufficiently absorbed, and the absorption pressure of the exhaust air 16 of the compressor heat. 本发明在过渡季节,热泵系统仍处于供冷状态,根据室内外负荷变化,供冷量变小, 并靠四个阀门联动调节新、回、排风比以及两个冷凝器的排热比,根据室外状态变化新风比,直至变到全新风全排风状态,可最大程度利用室外新风自然冷源以尽可能减少空调能耗,实现最佳运行工况。 In the present invention, the transition season, the heat pump cooling system is still in a state, in accordance with indoor load change, cooling becomes small, and by adjusting the valve linkage four new back ratio and exhaust waste heat than two condensers, according to the outdoor fresh air ratio change of state, until the wind changed to the new full exhaust state, can maximize the use of natural cooling source of outdoor air to reduce air conditioning energy consumption as much as possible, to achieve optimum operating conditions. 本发明独特排序与配置除具有系统简洁、设计安装与维护简便,可靠性高等一系列优点外,还通过优化系统组合,不同运行工况下的调节与相应气流途径编制自控程序自动运行,实现了能量的最佳利用和回收。 Sorting and unique configuration of the present invention, in addition to a simple system, a simple design, installation and maintenance, reliability, a number of advantages, but also by optimizing the composition system is adjusted under different operating conditions of the respective gas flow route preparation run automatically controlled to achieve a optimum use of energy and recycling. 可用于大空间空调以及许多工艺空调,且需全年运行调节的全空气空调系统。 A large space can be used for air conditioning as well as many craft air conditioning, and the need to adjust the full-year operation of the whole air conditioning system. 附图说明图1为本发明夏季处理过程的原理图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 summer principle process of the present invention. 图2为本发明冬季处理过程的原理图。 Winter schematic processing procedure of FIG. 2 of the present invention. 图3为本发明的冬夏季空调原理图。 3 winter and summer air conditioning schematics of the present invention. 其中,虛线表示冬季,实线表示夏季。 Where the dotted line represents winter, the solid line represents the summer. 图4为传统二次回风和本发明的一次回风原理图。 FIG 4 is a schematic diagram of a conventional return air and secondary air present invention. 其中,实线表示传统二次回风线, 虚线表示本发明一次回风线。 Wherein the solid line indicates the conventional secondary air line, a broken line indicates the present invention, a return air line. 图5为本发明的结构示意图。 5 a schematic structural diagram of the present invention. 图中标号:1为回风口, 2为控制器,3为回风过滤器,4为排风阀,5为排风机,6 为排风冷凝器,7为排风口, 8为送风口, 9为再热冷凝器,IO为送风机,11为加湿器, 12为蒸发器,13为回风阀,14为新风阀,15为旁通阀,16为压縮机,17为新风过滤器, 18为新风口, 19为新风箱,20为回风箱,21为排风箱,22为送风箱。 FIG numeral: 1 as return air, the controller 2, 3 is a return air filter, 4 is an exhaust valve, exhaust fan 5, a condenser 6 for the exhaust, exhaust ports 7, 8 delivery outlet, reheat the condenser 9, the IO is a blower, a humidifier 11, an evaporator 12, to return damper 13, damper 14 is new, the bypass valve 15, a compressor 16, a filter 17 for the fresh air, 18 new outlets, new bellows 19, 20 for the return air box, exhaust box 21, 22 for the supply fan. 具体实施方式下面通过实施例进一步说明本发明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The present invention is further illustrated by the following examples. 实施例l,用于有洁净(或无菌)要求的工艺空调本发明机组由回风箱20、排风箱21、送风箱22和新风箱19四个箱体组成,回风箱20与排风箱21之间设有排风阀4,回风箱20与送风箱22之间设有回风阀13,送风箱22 与新风箱19之间设有新风阀14,新风箱19与排风箱21之间设有旁通阀15。 Example L, has a clean (or aseptic) required by the process of the present invention is the air conditioning unit 20 back to the bellows, the exhaust box 21, blower box 22 and the new cabinet composed of four bellows 19, the bellows 20 and the exhaust return 4 is provided with exhaust valves, return damper 13 is provided between the supply fan 20 and the return air box 22, blower box 19 is provided with a new damper 14 between tank 22 and the fresh air, the fresh air and the exhaust box 19 between the box 21 a bypass valve 15 between the tank 21. 回风箱20 由回风口1、控制器2和回风过滤器3组成,回风口l位于回风箱20—侧,控制器2位于回风口1处,回风过滤器3联接控制器2;排风箱21由排风机5、排风冷凝器6和排风口7组成,排风口7位于排风箱21 —侧,排风机5与排风冷凝器6联接;送风箱22由送风口8、再热冷凝器9、送风机10、加湿器11和蒸发器12组成、送风口8位于送风箱22 —侧,再热冷凝器9位于送风口8处,再热冷凝器9、送风机IO、加湿器ll、蒸发器12依次联接;新风箱19由压縮机16、新风过滤器17和新风口18组成,新风口18位于新风箱19的一侧,新风过滤器17位于新风口18处,新风过滤器17通过通路联接压缩机16。 Return air from the return air box 1 20, the controller 2 and the filter 3 composed of return air, the return air 20 l tank-side located in the return air, the return air controller 2 is located at the 1, 3 return air filter 2 coupled to the controller; exhaust box 21 by the exhaust fan 5, a condenser 6 and exhaust port 7, exhaust composition, air vents 21 located in the exhaust tank 7 - side of the exhaust fan 5 and the exhaust coupling condenser 6; tank 22 by the blower air outlet 8 reheat the condenser 9, the blower 10, the humidifier 11 and the evaporator 12 composed of air outlet 8 located in the blower box 22 - side reheater condenser 9 is located at a delivery outlet 8, then the hot condenser 9, the IO blower, humidifier ll, evaporator 12 in turn is coupled; new windbox 19 by the compressor 16, the fresh air filter 17 and air supply port 18 composed of the new outlet 18 on one side of the fresh air box 19, fresh air filter 17 is new the outlet 18, fresh air filter 17 coupled to the compressor 16 through the passageway. 将上述所得的空调机组连上工厂生产的配套风管,接上电就可以了运转, 一切按设定自动运行。 The above-obtained air-conditioning unit connected to the plant supporting air duct, turned on the electricity will be able to operate, all set to run automatically. 不需要专业设计、施工与运行管理人员。 It does not require professional design, construction and operation management. 安装好的空调机组按指令要求将新风从新风口18吸入,经过新风过滤器17,冷却压縮机16后, 一部分新风通过旁通阀14经由冷凝器6,然后从排风口7排出,另一部分新风通过新风阀14与通过回风阀13的室内回风混合,经蒸发器12冷却同时除去了送风气流中含湿量,再经过再热冷凝器9加热到送风状态点,通过送风口8,经过安装在室内末端高效过滤风口过滤后送入室内。 Mounted air conditioning unit according to the new instruction requires the fresh air intake vent 18 through the fresh air filter 17, the cooling compressor 16, a portion of the fresh air 14 is then discharged from the exhaust port 7 via the condenser 6 through the bypass valve, another portion fresh air through the chamber 14 back through the return air damper 13 is mixed with the new damper, the evaporator 12 cools the air blowing while removing a moisture content in the gas stream, then through the condenser and then the hot air blowing was heated to state point 9, through delivery outlet 8, through the high efficiency filter installed in the interior end of the air filter into the interior. 室内回风经回风口1流经控制器2,然后经由回风过滤器3, 一部分回风经回风阀13与新风混合, 另一部分经排风阀4,去冷却排风冷凝器6,最后由排风口7排出,充分利用排风冷量。 The return air chamber through the return air to flow through the controller 2, and 3, a portion of the return air damper 13 through the return via the mixed return air and fresh air filter, through another portion of the exhaust valve 4, a condenser 6 to cool the exhaust, and finally 7 is discharged from the exhaust port, the exhaust air using the full amount. 还可容许根据工艺要求改变新风量以节能。 It may also allow fresh air to change the energy according to process requirements. 这是因为在增大新风量的同时同步增加排风量,或者说新风量与排风量的差值不变,因此在增加新风量的同时不会影响室内的正压控制,这对有洁净与无菌要求的场所特别重要。 This is because the simultaneous increase in exhaust volume while increasing the fresh air, or the difference between fresh air and exhaust volume remains unchanged, it will not affect the increase in the pressure control chamber while fresh air, which has a clean of particular importance to the sterile requirements of the premises. 而传统空调难以做到这点。 The traditional air conditioning difficult to do. 实施例2,用于恒温恒湿控制要求的场所本发明机组由回风箱20、排风箱21、送风箱22和新风箱19四个箱体组成,回风箱20与排风箱21之间设有排风阀4,回风箱20与送风箱22之间设有回风阀13,送风箱22 与新风箱19之间设有新风阀14,新风箱19与排风箱21之间设有旁通阀15。 Between Example 2, the constant temperature and humidity control requirements for the present invention by the return unit places the bellows 20, the exhaust box 21, blower box 22 and the new cabinet composed of four bellows 19, the bellows 20 and the exhaust return tank 21 4 is provided between the exhaust valve, return damper 13 is provided between the bellows 20 and 22 back to the supply fan, blower box 22 and a new fresh air damper 14 is provided between the tank 19, tank 19 and the fresh air exhaust box 21 a bypass valve 15. 回风箱20 由回风口l、控制器2和回风过滤器3、或增设净化装置组成,回风口1位于回风箱20 ---侧,控制器2位于回风口1处,回风过滤器3联接控制器2;排风箱21由排风机5、排风冷凝器6和排风口7组成,排风口7位于排风箱21 —侧,排风机5与排风冷凝器6联接: 送风箱22由送风口8、再热冷凝器9、送风机IO、加湿器11和蒸发器12、或增设净化装置组成,送风口8位于送风箱22—侧,再热冷凝器9位于送风口8处,再热冷凝器9、送风机10、加湿器11、蒸发器12依次联接;新风箱19由压縮机16、新风过滤器17和新风口18或增设净化装置组成,新风口18位于新风箱19的一侧,新风过滤器17位于新风口18处,新风过滤器17通过通路联接压縮机16。 Return air from the return air 20 L tank, the controller 2 and the return air filter 3, an additional purification device or composition, is located in the return air back to the air box 1 --- 20 side, the controller 1 2 is located at the return air, return air filter 3 2 coupled to the controller; exhaust tank 21 by the exhaust fan 5, a condenser 6 and exhaust port 7, exhaust composition, air vents located in the exhaust tank 7 21 - side of the exhaust fan 5 and the exhaust coupling condenser 6: feed 22 by the delivery outlet wind boxes 8, 9 reheat condenser, the IO blower, a humidifier 11 and an evaporator 12, or the composition of additional purification apparatus, air outlet 8 located in the blower box 22- side reheater condenser blower port positioned 9 at 8, the reheater condenser 9, the blower 10, the humidifier 11, an evaporator 12 in turn is coupled; new windbox 19 by the compressor 16, the fresh air filter 17 and air supply port 18 or additional purification apparatus composed of the new outlet 18 is located in the fresh air side of the box 19, fresh air filter 17 the outlet 18 is located in a new, fresh air filter 17 coupled to the compressor 16 through the passageway. 将上述所得的空调机组连上工厂生产的配套风管,接上电就可以了运转。 The above-obtained air-conditioning unit connected to the plant supporting air duct, turned on the electricity it running. 不需要专业设计与施工。 It does not require professional design and construction. 安装好的空调机组按指令要求将新风从新风口18吸入,经过新风过滤器17, 冷却压缩机16后, 一部分新风通过旁通阀14经由冷凝器6,然后从排风口7排出,另一部分新风通过新风阀14与通过回风阀13的室内回风混合,经蒸发器12冷却同时除去了送风气流中含湿量,再经过再热冷凝器9加热到送风状态点,通过送风口8,经过安装在室内末端高效过滤风口过滤后送入室内。 Mounted air conditioning unit according to the new instruction requires the fresh air intake vent 18 through the fresh air filter 17, the cooling compressor 16, a portion of the fresh air 14 is then discharged from the exhaust port 7 via the condenser 6 through the bypass valve, another portion of fresh air mixing chamber 14 through the return air damper 13 and back through the new damper, cooled by the evaporator 12 while removing the moisture content of the blowing gas stream, then through the condenser and then the hot air blowing was heated to state point 9, through delivery outlet 8 , after the end of the high efficiency filter installed in the indoor air into the filter chamber. 室内回风经回风口l流经控制器2,然后经由回风过滤器3, 一部分回风经回风阀13与新风混合,另一部分经排风阀4,去冷却排风冷凝器6,最后由排风口7排出,充分利用排风冷量。 Indoor return air flows via the return air controller 2 l and 3, a portion of the return air damper 13 through the return via the mixed return air and fresh air filter, through another portion of the exhaust valve 4, a condenser 6 to cool the exhaust, and finally 7 is discharged from the exhaust port, the exhaust air using the full amount. 由于利用自身冷凝废热再加热不需要电加热,十分节能。 Since the waste heat of the reheating is condensed no electrical heating is very energy efficient. 另外这种场合中常常没有合适地方设置机房,由于本发明机组内设有排风机,无论室外还是室内均可安装,对机房的通风也没有要求,均可安装这也是传统空调难以做到。 Also, such a situation is often no suitable place to set up the room, because the crew of the invention features a exhaust fan, whether indoors or outdoors can be installed, the ventilation of the room is also not required, it can be installed which is the traditional air conditioning difficult to achieve. 实施例3,有全年空调要求的大空间本发明机组由回风箱20、排风箱21、送风箱22和新风箱19四个箱体组成,回风箱20与排风箱21之间设有排风阀4,回风箱20与送风箱22之间设有回风阀13,送风箱22 与新风箱19之间设有新风阀14,新风箱19与排风箱21之间设有旁通阀15。 Example 3, annual demand of air conditioning unit according to the present invention, large space by the return of the bellows 20, the exhaust box 21, blower box 22 and the new cabinet composed of four bellows 19, the bellows 20 and the exhaust return box 21 is provided between the a ventilation valve 4, return damper 13 is provided between the supply fan 20 and the bellows 22 times, with the new air valve 19 between the supply fan 14 and the fresh air box 22, box 19 is provided between the exhaust box 21 the new air a bypass valve 15. 回风箱20 由回风口l、控制器2和回风过滤器3、组成,回风口l位于回风箱20—侧,控制器2位于回风口l处,回风过滤器3联接控制器2;排风箱21由排风机5、排风冷凝器6和排风口7组成,排风口7位于排风箱21—侧,排风机5与排风冷凝器6联接;送风箱22由送风口8、再热冷凝器9、送风机10、加湿器11和蒸发器12、组成、送风口8位于送风箱22—侧,再热冷凝器9位于送风口8处,再热冷凝器9、送风机IO、加湿器ll、蒸发器12依次联接;新风箱19由压縮机16、新风过滤器17和新风口18组成,新风口18位于新风箱19的一侧,新风过滤器17位于新风口18处,新风过滤器17通过通路联接压縮机16。 Return air from the return air 20 l tank, a controller 2, and return air filter 3 composed of the return air 20 l tank-side located in the return air, the return air controller 2 located at the l, 3 return air filter 2 coupled to the controller; rows bellows 21 by the exhaust fan 5, a condenser 6 and exhaust port 7, exhaust composition, air vents located in the exhaust box 21 side 7, exhaust fan 5 is coupled with the exhaust condenser 6; tank 22 by the blower air outlet 8, a condenser 9 reheat, the blower 10, the humidifier 11 and the evaporator 12, composed of air outlet 8 located in the blower box 22- side reheater condenser 9 is located at a delivery outlet 8, then the hot condenser 9, a blower the IO, humidifiers ll, evaporator 12 in turn is coupled; new windbox 19 by the compressor 16, the fresh air filter 17 and air supply port 18 composed of the new outlet 18 on one side of the fresh air box 19, fresh air filter 17 is located in the new outlet 18 , the fresh air filter 17 coupled to the compressor 16 through the passageway. 将上述所得的空调机组连上工厂生产的配套风管,接上电就可以了运转。 The above-obtained air-conditioning unit connected to the plant supporting air duct, turned on the electricity it running. 安装好的空调机组按指令要求将新风从新风口18吸入,经过新风过滤器17,冷却压縮机16后, 一部分新风通过旁通阀14经由冷凝器6,然后从排风口7排出,另一部分新风通过新风阀14 与通过回风阀13的室内回风混合,经蒸发器12冷却同时除去了送风气流中含湿量,再经过再热冷凝器9加热到送风状态点,通过送风口8,经过安装在室内末端高效过滤风口过滤后送入室内。 Mounted air conditioning unit according to the new instruction requires the fresh air intake vent 18 through the fresh air filter 17, the cooling compressor 16, a portion of the fresh air 14 is then discharged from the exhaust port 7 via the condenser 6 through the bypass valve, another portion fresh air through the chamber 14 back through the return air damper 13 is mixed with the new damper, the evaporator 12 cools the air blowing while removing a moisture content in the gas stream, then through the condenser and then the hot air blowing was heated to state point 9, through delivery outlet 8, through the high efficiency filter installed in the interior end of the air filter into the interior. 室内回风经回风口1流经控制器2,然后经由回风过滤器3, 一部分回风经回风阀13与新风混合,另一部分经排风阀4,去冷却排风冷凝器6,最后由排风口7排出,充分利用排风冷量。 The return air chamber through the return air to flow through the controller 2, and 3, a portion of the return air damper 13 through the return via the mixed return air and fresh air filter, through another portion of the exhaust valve 4, a condenser 6 to cool the exhaust, and finally 7 is discharged from the exhaust port, the exhaust air using the full amount. 变新风量按设定自动运行。 Variable fresh air to run automatically according to the setting. 不需要专业设计、施工与运行管理人员。 It does not require professional design, construction and operation management.

Claims (7)

1、一种能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,其特征在于包括回风箱(20)、排风箱(21)、送风箱(22)和新风箱(19)四个箱体,四个箱体通过四个风阀相通,以调节不同工况下的新风量、排风量及回风量;其中: 回风箱(20)包括回风口(1)、控制器(2)和回风过滤器(3),回风口(1)位于回风箱(20)一侧,控制器(2)位于回风口(1)处,回风过滤器(3)通过通路联接控制器(2); 排风箱(21)包括排风机(5)、排风冷凝器(6)和排风口(7),排风口(7)位于排风箱(21)一侧,排风机(5)与排风冷凝器(6)通过通路相联接; 送风箱(22)包括送风口(8)、再热冷凝器(9)、送风机(10)、加湿器(11)和蒸发器(12),送风口(8)位于送风箱(22)一侧,再热冷凝器(9)位于送风口(8)处,再热冷凝器(9)、送风机(10)、加湿器(11)、蒸发器(12)依次经通路相联接; 新风箱(19)包括压缩机(16)、新风过滤器(17)和新风口(18),新风 A full-energy utilization unit air conditioning unit and recovered, characterized by comprising a return air tank (20), the exhaust tank (21), the supply fan (22) and the new windbox (19) four housing, four by four damper housing communicates fresh air to adjust the different conditions, the amount of return air and exhaust volume; wherein: return air tank (20) comprises a return air (1), the controller (2) and the return air filter (3), return air (1) located in the return air tank (20) side, the controller (2) is located in the return air (1), the return air filter (3) coupled to the controller via path (2); rows bellows (21) comprises a ventilator (5), the exhaust condenser (6) and the air outlet (7), the air outlet (7) located in the exhaust box (21) side of the exhaust fan (5) and the discharge air condenser (6) coupled by a passage; blower box (22) comprising a supply outlet (8), and then the hot condenser (9), the blower (10), the humidifier (11) and an evaporator (12), send outlet (8) located in the blower box (22) side, and then the hot condenser (9) located in the air blowing port (8), the condenser, the reheater (9), the blower (10), the humidifier (11), an evaporator (12) sequentially coupled through the passageway; new wind box (19) includes a compressor (16), fresh air filter (17) and the air supply port (18), fresh air 口(18)位于新风箱(19)的一侧,新风过滤器(17)位于新风口(18)处,新风过滤器(17)通过通路联接压缩机(16); 回风箱(20)与排风箱(21)之间设有排风阀(4),回风箱(20)与送风箱(22)之间设有回风阀(13),送风箱(22)与新风箱(19)之间设有新风阀(14),新风箱(19)与排风箱(21)之间设有旁通阀(15)。 Port (18) on one side of the fresh air box (19), the fresh air filter (17) located in the new outlet (18), the fresh air filter (17) via the coupling of the compressor (16); (20) and the discharge return air tank provided with exhaust valve (4) between the bellows (21), provided with a return damper (13), the supply fan (22) with the new wind box (air box 19 between the back (20) with the supply fan (22) new damper is provided between a) (14), a bypass valve (15) between the new windbox (19) and the exhaust box (21).
2、 根据权利要求1所述的能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,其特征在于回风阀(13)与新风阀(14)之间设有反向调节机构。 2, the energy use of Claim 1, full-unit air conditioning and recycling units, characterized in that the adjusting mechanism is provided between the reverse return damper (13) and the new air valve (14).
3、 根据权利要求1所述的能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,其特征在于排风阀(4)与旁通阀(15)之间设有反向调节机构。 3, said power unit according to claim 1 using a full-air conditioning and recycling units, characterized in that the adjusting mechanism is provided between the reverse exhaust valve (4) and the bypass valve (15).
4、 根据权利要求1所述的能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,其特征在于回风箱(20)内设有净化装置。 4, energy according to claim 1 using a full-cell recovery and air conditioning unit, characterized in that the return air tank (20) is provided with cleaning devices.
5、 根据权利要求1所述的能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,其特征在于新风箱(19)内设有净化装置。 5, energy according to claim 1, wherein the utilization unit type air conditioning unit and full recovery, characterized in that the fresh air box (19) is provided with cleaning devices.
6、 根据权利要求1所述的能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,其特征在于送风箱(22)内设有净化装置。 6, energy according to claim 1, wherein the utilization unit type air conditioning unit and full recovery, characterized in that the blower box (22) is provided with cleaning devices.
7、 根据权利要求1所述的能量利用与回收的单元式全空气空调机组,其特征在于送风机(10)与排风机(5)设有变频调速装置。 7, as claimed in claim 1, using the energy of the whole air conditioning unit formula unit and recycled, characterized in that the blower (10) and the exhaust fan (5) is provided with frequency control means.
CN 200610118914 2006-11-30 2006-11-30 Energy utilization and recovery type cell full air air-condition set CN100445660C (en)

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