(一） 技术领域本发明涉及的是一种包装机械„(二） 背景4支术随着各行业生产率的提髙，市场的快速多变，石油化工、医药、食品、建材、粮食等行业对后处理包装提出了更高的要求：要求后处理包装的包装能力要高，例如化工行业对顆粒料的包装已提出1600包/小时（25公斤/包）的要求；设备的可用度高. 一般要求设备的可用度不小于对物料的适应性要强。对不同堆密度的同一种物料或不同物料，设备不作调整或只作简单的调整即可进行包装， 目前包^l^自动化程度区分可以分为下列两类：一类是半自动包装机组是人工将预先制好的包装袋夹持在机组的放料口处，然后机组完成充填、缝口（需人工协助）等包装过程.半自动包装机组的优点是简单、 可靠，对维护、维修要求不高；但半自动包装机组生产能力不高（800包/小时左右）， 工人的劳动强度 (A) The present invention relates to a packaging machine "(two) background four patients with various sectors have put Gao, fast-changing market, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food, building materials, food and other industries after the packaging process requires a higher: after packaging capacity is required for a package to be high, for example the chemical industry for packaging particulate material has been proposed 1,600 packages / hour (25 kg / bag) requirements; high available devices in general. availability of equipment required is not less than the material of stronger adaptability. for the same or different materials of different bulk density materials, or devices not be adjusted only for simple adjustment to be packaged, the package now ^ l ^ degree of automation can be divided to distinguish the following two types: one is a semi-automatic packaging unit is manually premade bags held at the discharge opening of the unit, the unit is then complete filling slot (need to manually assist) semiautomatic packaging process unit. the advantage is simple, reliable, maintenance, repair, ask for much; but semi-automatic packaging machine production capacity is not high (800 packages / hour), labor intensity ，对粉料等物料，工人的操作条件恶劣.另一类是自动包装机组自动包装机组是人工将预先制好的包装袋按要求放置在包装机组的指定处，然后包装机组自动完成取袋、上袋、开袋、充填、袋口整形、缝口等包装过程。目前自动包^组主要有以下几种形式：第一种是摆臂式自动包装机组.此种包装机组是在半自动包装机组基础上增加自动取袋、上袋机构，将半自动包装机组的人工夹持料袋改由气动摆臂杆系来完成。机组主要由供袋机、开袋机构、上袋机构、夹袋器、缝口机、立袋输送机等组成.此种包装机组降低了工人的劳动强度，生产能力最大可达1000包/小时，必要时可作为半自动包装机组使用；但摆臂式自动包装机组的上袋机构较复杂，上袋机构内的杆系调整复杂，调整要求高，整个机组的故障率较高；第二种是橫进式自动包装机组.此种包装机组 , Adverse operating conditions powder and other materials, workers. Another type of automatic packaging machine is an automatic packaging unit is manually premade bag by placing the package at the specified unit and automatically get the bag packing machine, . the bag, the bag opening, filling, plastic bag, etc. slot automatic bag packaging process currently ^ groups are the following forms: a first swing arm type automatic packing machine in such a packaging machine is semi-automatic packing machine based on the increase automatic pick bags, the bag bodies, the semi-automatic bag packaging unit holding the artificial change lever arm accomplished by the pneumatic system. the main unit by the supply bags, bag opener, the bag bodies, the bag clip, a slot machine, vertical conveyors bags etc. such packaging unit reduces the labor intensity of the workers, the production capacity of up to 1000 packages / hour, if necessary, can be used as a semi-automatic packaging machine; but the arm-type automatic packaging units Bag complicated mechanism, the rod string within the bag adjustment mechanism is complicated, requires adjustment high, high failure rate of the entire unit; the second is a cross feed automatic packaging machine such packers. 摆臂式自动包装机组自动化程度有所提高，机组主要由供袋机、装袋机（内含料门机构、缩口机构、横进机构等）、夹口整形机、缝口机、立袋输送机等组成。在料袋充填后，料袋被橫进机构送至袋口整形机构进行袋口整形，袋口整形后的料袋再缝口，这样提高了缝口质量.此种包装机组的生产能力主要决定于橫进机构的移动速度，目前橫进机构的驱动主要有两种方式：气釭驱动及伺服电机驱动，橫近机构由气釭驱动的包装机组生产能力最大可达1000包/小时，橫进机构由伺服电机驱动的包装机组生产能力最大可达1200包/小时。此种包装机组对空料袋的质量及空料袋的尺寸一致性有较高要求，受供袋机结构形式及供袋方式所限，空料袋要被频繁地按一定要求摆在供袋盘上，另外机组的很多动作是靠真空来完成的，有些真空管路还是运动的，这样只要有 Arm type automatic packaging machine automation has increased, mainly by the unit for the bags, bagging machine (door mechanism containing material, crimping mechanisms, cross-feed mechanism, etc.), the jaws shaping machine, machine seam, standing pouch conveyors etc. after filling the pocket, the pocket is a cross-feed mechanism to the bag-shaping means for shaping the bag, the bag pocket shaped slit again, which improves the quality of the seam. such packaging unit the production capacity is mainly determined by the moving speed transverse feeding mechanism, the current infeed mechanism driven mainly in two ways: air Gang drive and servo motor drive, nearly horizontal mechanism is driven by gas Gang of packaging unit production capacity of up to 1000 packages / hr, the cross-feed mechanism driven by a servomotor packaging unit production capacity of up to 1200 packages / hour. such packaging unit has high requirements for quality and consistency of the size of the empty bag of the empty bag, for receiving bags structure and limited way for bags, empty bag to be frequently according to certain requirements placed on the plate for the bags, in addition to a lot of action units is accomplished by vacuum, vacuum line or some movement, so long as there is 处管路有泄露或真空源真空度下降，机组工作就不可靠，甚至整个机组无法工3作。 There are leaks at the pipeline or vacuum source of descent, the crew work is not reliable, or even the entire unit can not work for 3. ' '
上述各种包装机组各有一定的适应性，但它们共同的缺点是：必须事先制作出一定质量并有统一规格的包装袋；包装机组工作时，必须不断地由人工供给包装袋， 而且供给的包装袋必须按机组的要求摆放；上述包装机组的生产能力都不是很高， 颗粒料最大生产能力1200包/小时。 Above all kinds of packaging units have certain flexibility, but their common drawback is: must first make a certain quality and have a unified specification bags; packaging unit work, must continue to supply bags by hand, and the supply of bags must be placed in the unit as required; and the production capacity of the packaging machine is not very high, the maximum production capacity of the particulate material pack 1200 / hr. (三）发明内容 (Iii) Disclosure of the Invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种结构紧凑，运行效率高，适合包装粉、粒料的袋成型自动包装机。 Object of the present invention is to provide a compact, high efficiency, suitable for packaging powder, pellets bag forming automatic packaging machine.
本发明的目的是这样实现的：它包括机架，在机架的右侧安装膜巻举升机构、 膜巻展开机构、角封机构，在角封机构的上方设置有角封位置调节机构，在机架的上方安装送袋机构和摆臂机构和摆臂机构驱动电机，在摇臂机构上自右向左依次安装开袋口机构、料门机构、夹袋缩袋机构、封口机构和封口冷却机构，在机架的下部设置立袋输送机构。 Object of the present invention is implemented as follows: it includes a frame mounted on the right side of the film lifting mechanism Volume rack, Volume film deployment mechanism, corner sealing mechanism, provided with a closure angular position adjusting mechanism in the upper corner sealing mechanism, mounting the bag feed mechanism and swing mechanism and the swinging arm mechanism drive motor above the rack on the rocker arm mechanism mounted in sequence from right to left pocket opening mechanism, door mechanism feeding, bag-shrink bags means, sealing means and the sealing cooling means, disposed in the lower portion of the standing pouch rack transport mechanism.
本发明主要由放膜巻机构，角封机构，底封机构，开袋机构，料门机构，口封机构，口封冷却机构，摆臂机构及立袋输送机组成。 The present invention is mainly composed of a film discharge mechanism Volume corner sealing mechanism, bottom sealing mechanism, bag opener, door mechanism feeding, the mouth sealing mechanism, the mouth seal cooling mechanism, and the swinging arm mechanism standing pouch conveyors. 这些结构集中在防护屏中，防护屏门的开合信号与设备的运行实行联锁，门开设备即停，只有门关好的情况下， 设备才能运行。 These structures are concentrated in the shield, the opening and closing operation signal to the device shield door interlock implementation, the door opened and equipment that the stop, the door closed only under good circumstances, equipment to run. 这种联锁既保证了操作者、维修人员的安全，也保证了设备的安全。 This interlocking not only ensure the safety of operators, maintenance personnel, but also to ensure the safety of the device.
本发明的结构紧凑，动作层次鲜明。 Compact structure of the present invention, the operation of distinct levels. 在立面上是三层机构的协调动作：对料袋实行底部输送、袋口夹送、制袋填充封口的操作；在平面上是供膜、制袋、取袋、 开袋、填充、口封、口封冷却l、 口封冷却2、料袋送出等9个工位的连续动作。 Coordinating the operation of the facade three bodies: the implementation of the transport bag bottom, pinch pocket, bag making, filling and sealing operations; in plane for a film, bag, take bags, bag opening, filling, port sealed, cooled closure port l, 9-station continuous cooling operation of port closure 2, and the like out bag.
包装由薄膜举升机构举起膜巻开始，M型薄膜经膜巻展开机构的膜巻输送辊引入包装机内部，首先经角封机构进行袋角热封合（前一个袋子的袋口处袋角与后一个袋子的袋底处袋角），这一步主要是对M型袋的M 口处额外增加一道封合，使M 型袋经底封与口封后的M口处（四层膜）与袋口处（两层膜）的封口强度一致，同时使料袋装满物料后，袋型更加方整；角封后的薄膜穿过角封位置调节机构（主要是保证改变袋长设定后，角封位置依然在袋口及袋底处），由送袋机构送入底封机构，送袋机构内有袋长计数器，PLC通过计数器反馈的信号，控制送袋输送辊的转动團数及停止来达到设定的料袋袋长，底封机构内有底封口机构及切刀机构，在送袋输送辊停止后，底封口机构及切刀机构同时动作，裁剪出一个合格的空料袋，同时将下一料袋的袋底进行底封口， Packaging film lifted by the lifting mechanism begins Volume film, M-type thin film by the deployment mechanism Volume Volume film transport roller into the interior of the packaging machine, first, heat-sealable bags angle (a bag at the bag before the bag sealing mechanism by angle angle with a bag after the bag at the bag bottom angle), which additional step is mainly the mouth M of an M-type pocket sealing the mouth M M-type pocket by sealing the bottom opening and to win the title (four layers ) consistent with the bag mouth seal strength (two-layer film), while the material after the bag is filled, the pouch type more Squareness; angle through the thin film to win the title angular sealing position adjusting mechanism (primarily provided to ensure that the bag length changes after the predetermined angular sealing position of the bag bottom and the bag is still in place), fed from the bag feeding mechanism bottom sealing mechanism, there are bag length counter within the bag feeding mechanism, a counter signal is fed back through the PLC, controls the rotation of the conveying roller group delivers the bag and the number of stops to achieve the bags can be set long, a bottom sealing mechanism and bottom sealing mechanism within the cutter mechanism, the transport roller is stopped after feeding the bag bottom sealing means and cutter mechanism operate simultaneously cut out a blank qualified bag, while the bottom of the next bag bottom-sealed bags, 这一工作进行的同时，安装在立袋输送机上的底封冷却机构对料袋的底封口进行冷却，提高封口的可靠性，以利下一步的物料填充。 The work carried out at the same time, the bottom seal cooling mechanism is mounted on the conveyor of the standing pouch bag bottom seal cooling, improve the reliability of the sealing, filling material to facilitate the next step. 摆臂机构在后位时，摆臂上的取袋位手爪闭合，将裁剪好的空料袋夹住，摆臂机构运行到前位后，取袋手爪将这一料袋交给开袋吸盘后张开，开袋吸盘将料袋袋口吸开，摆臂机构在后位时，摆臂上的开袋位手爪将已张开袋口的料袋夹住并保持开袋口状态，摆臂机构运行到前位后，摆臂上的开袋位手爪将这一料袋交给夹袋缩袋机构后张开，夹袋缩袋机构与料门机构配合进行物料填充，在物料填充过程中，电磁振动器对料袋进行高频振动墩实，实现包装袋的最小化；摆臂机构在后位时，摆臂机构上的装袋位手爪闭合，将填充完物料的包装袋夹住，摆臂机构运行到前位后， 摆臂机构上的装袋位手爪将满料袋交给口封机构后张开，口封机构将满料袋进行袋口封合，摆臂机构在后位时，摆臂上的冷却位手爪将袋口封合后的料袋夹住，摆臂机构运行到前位后， The swinging arm mechanism when the rear position, the bag takes place on the gripper arm is closed, the air bag cut a good grip, the swinging arm mechanism moves to the forward position, taking the bag to the bag gripper to open after opening the bag sucker, the suction bag pocket bag suction opening, after swinging arm mechanism when the position, the bag open position of the gripper on the arm of the bag has been opened and held opened bag sandwiched pocket after the state of the swing arm means running into a forward position, the bag open position on the gripper arm to clamp the bag to shrink the bag after the bag opening means, bag-reduction mechanism with the bag material with the door mechanism for the filling material, in the material filling process, a high frequency electromagnetic vibrator for vibrating pier real bag, bags minimized; swinging arm mechanism when the rear position, the gripper arm bagging position closing mechanism, the complete filling material bags grip, swing arm mechanism after running into a forward position, bagging position on the gripper arm mechanism after the full closure mechanism bag to mouth open, mouth full bag sealing mechanism will be sealed pocket , swinging arm mechanism when the rear position, the gripper arm cooling position the bag after sealing the bag sandwiched, swinging arm mechanism moves to the forward position, 摆臂上的冷却位手爪将料袋交给口封冷却机构进行料袋袋口底封口冷却，封口冷却共进行两次，最后料袋由立袋输送机输送出包装机。 Cooling the gripper arm position to the bag mouth seal cooling mechanism for cooling the pocket bag bottom seal sealing cooling were carried out twice, and finally transported out of the pocket by a standing pouch packaging machine conveyor. 以上是一个料袋的工作过程，实际工作过程中，多个料袋同时在不同位置进行上述工作。 The above is a bag working process, the actual working process, a plurality of the pocket above work simultaneously at different locations. 本发明实现了机、电、气的有效结合，可自动完成制袋、充填、封口等全部包装过程，较其它类型的包装机组有显著优点；a自动化程度高，工作过程中无须人工干预或参与，全自动运行；#包装速度快，对颗粒料可达1600包/小时（25 公斤/包）；#适应性高，对不同包装袋袋长及袋宽，只须作简单的调整（其中包装袋袋长直接在触摸屏上改变设定），既可进行工作，以适应不同物料堆密度变化而单袋总重不变的情况；^采用全封闭结构，并设联锁装置，工作过程中人员若接近设备内，设备将自动停机并报警，极大地提髙了设备的安全性；另外本机针对薄膜包装的特点，増设如下特别设计：封口冷却系统，保证环境温度高时封口也能及时冷却，提高了封口的可靠性；角封机构，因袋口两层膜而袋角四层膜，往往四袋角封口不牢，^增设角封机构，对袋角增 The present invention to achieve an effective binding machine, electricity, gas, automatic bag-making, filling, sealing, and all the packaging process, than other types of packaging units have significant advantages; high a degree of automation of the working process without human intervention or participation , automatic operation; # fast packaging speed, of the particulate material up to 1600 packages / hour (25 kg / bag); # high adaptability to different packaging bag length and bag width, simply make a simple adjustment (where the package Bag length change is set directly on the touch screen), it can work, in order to adapt to different materials and bulk density changes in the case of the single-bag total weight unchanged; ^ a fully enclosed structure, and interlocking means provided, during operation staff If the proximity within the device, the device will automatically shut down and an alarm greatly mention Gao the security device; addition the machine for the characteristic of the film package, zo provided as specially designed: sealing the cooling system, to ensure the sealing at high temperature can be promptly cooling, improve the reliability of the seal; corner sealing mechanism, because the two films and bag film bags four corners, four bags often not strong sealing angle, ^ additional corner sealing mechanism, increasing the angle of the bag 额外封口，使袋口封口更加可靠； 封口系统采用高频热合方式，具有热合效率高、节能、热合面积大等特点。 Additional sealing the bag mouth seal more reliable; system uses high-frequency heat sealing manner, has high heat efficiency, energy saving, heat and other characteristics of the area. 总之，本发明的装置具有结构紧凑，运行效率高，适合包装多种粉、粒料等优点。 In summary, the apparatus of the present invention has a compact structure, high efficiency, suitable for packaging a variety of powder, pellets and the like. (四） 附困说明图l是本发明的结构示意图； 图2是本发明的工作过程示意图。 (Iv) is attached trapped l is a schematic explanatory view of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of operation of the present invention. (五） 具体实施方案下面结合附困举例对本发明做更详细地描述：结合图l，袋成型自动包装机的组成包括机架3，在机架的右側安装膜巻举升机构l、摸巻展开机构2、角封机构5，在角封机构的上方设置有角封位置调节机构6，在机架的上方安装送袋机构7和摆臂机构8和摆臂机构驱动电机，在摇臂机构上自右向左依次安装开袋口机构9、料门机构IO、夹袋缩袋机构ll、封口机构12 和封口冷却机构13,在机架的下部设置立袋输送机构14。 (V) in conjunction with the following specific embodiments is attached trapped Examples The present invention will be described in more detail: in conjunction with FIG. L, the composition forming the bag automatic packaging machines includes a frame 3, the lift mechanism mounted l Volume film on the right side of the rack, touch Volume deployment mechanism 2, the angular sealing mechanism 5, the upper corner sealing mechanism is provided with a closure angular position adjusting mechanism 6, the bag feeding mechanism mounted swinging arm mechanism 7 and 8 and the swinging arm mechanism drive motor at the top of the frame, rocker means from right to left in turn mounted on the pocket opening mechanism 9, the IO feeding door mechanism, bag-shrink bags means ll, 12 and sealing means sealing the cooling mechanism 13, transport mechanism 14 is provided in stand-up pouches of the lower frame.