CN100442227C - Software loading system and software loading realizing method - Google Patents

Software loading system and software loading realizing method Download PDF

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CN100442227C
CN100442227C CN 200510103471 CN200510103471A CN100442227C CN 100442227 C CN100442227 C CN 100442227C CN 200510103471 CN200510103471 CN 200510103471 CN 200510103471 A CN200510103471 A CN 200510103471A CN 100442227 C CN100442227 C CN 100442227C
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loading
software
processing unit
load
unit
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CN1881896A (en
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锟 陈
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供了一种软件加载系统,包括:至少一个业务单板、通信管理单元、负载均衡单元、至少两个加载处理单元以及数据策略服务器,这些器件相互配合,以保证多个加载处理单元中的一个尚未达到加载处理极限的加载处理单元能够为业务单板进行软件加载过程。 The present invention provides a software loading system, comprising: at least one service board, the communication management unit, the load equalization unit, at least two processing units and a data loading policy server, these devices cooperate to ensure that the plurality of processing units loading the load has not yet reached a processing unit processing load limit can be software loading process for the business card. 本发明还提供了一种软件加载的实现方法,当业务单板需要进行软件加载时,在可以处理软件加载任务的多个加载处理单元中确定一个尚未达到加载处理极限的加载处理单元,并由该加载处理单元为需要进行软件加载的所述业务单板进行后续软件加载过程。 The present invention also provides determining a method for implementing a software to be loaded, when the service required card loading software, software loading tasks can be processed in a plurality of processing units to load a loading processing unit has not reached the limit load process, by the service processing unit is a board loading the software required for subsequent loading of the software loading process. 本发明系统和方法使得软件加载能力被明显提升,保证在处理大量软件加载过程时仍可满足电信级服务要求。 The system and method of the present invention is that the ability to load software improved significantly, when handling large amounts to ensure that the software loading process is still required to meet the carrier-class service.

Description

一种软件加载系统和软件加栽实现方法 A software loading system and software plus implementation planted

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及通信领域,具体涉及一种软件加载系统和软件加载实现方法。 The present invention relates to the field of communications, particularly to a system and a software load loaded software implementation.

背景技术 Background technique

目前,软件加栽是通信设备尤其是电信设备能实现的一个基本功能。 Currently, the plant is a software plus the basic functions of communications equipment, particularly telecommunication equipment can achieve. 现有技术的软件加载系统如图1所示。 The prior art system shown in Figure 1 loading the software. 在图1所示的软件加载系统中,设备主 Loading the software system shown in FIG. 1, the apparatus main

机110包含第一业务单板111、第二业务单板112、第N业务单板113等N 余业务单板,N可以是1以上的任意整数。 110 board 111 includes a first service, the second service board 112, first board 113, etc. N N I business service board, N may be any integer of 1 or more.

当设备主机110中的某个业务单板需要进行软件加载时,该业务单板向加载服务器100中的通信管理单元101发送加栽请求。 When a service board host device 110 in software needs to be loaded, the service board 100 transmits a request to add the plant load the server communication managing unit 101. 假设第一业务单板111向通信管理单元101发送加栽请求,通信管理单元101将来自第一业务单板111的加栽请求转发给加栽处理单元102。 Assuming that the first service board 111 transmits a request to add plant communication management unit 101, the communication management unit 101 from the first service request forwarded added plant planted board 111 to add the processing unit 102. 加载处理单元102收到来自通信管理单元101的加载请求后,从软件管理服务器120中获取第一业务单板111需要加载的业务软件,并将获取的业务软件通过通信管理单元101发送给第一业务单板111,第一业务单板111收到所述业务软件后保存并运行该业务软件。 After loading the processing unit 102 receives a load request from the communication management unit 101 acquires the first service board 111 to load software from the service management server software 120, and the acquired service via a first communication sent to the software management unit 101 service board 111, the board 111 after receiving the first service of the service software to run the business software and saved.

至此,整个软件加载过程结束。 At this point, the entire software loading process ends. 加栽处理单元因收到一个加载请求而进行的后续软件加载过程可以被看作是一个加载任务。 Plant by adding the processing unit receives a subsequent software load request for loading process can be seen as a task load.

上述的软件管理服务器120实际上是一个逻辑管理单元,可以独立设置在一个物理实体中,也可以与通信管理单元101等共同设置在同一个物理实体中,主要用于保存并提供可加载到业务单板上的业务软件。 The above-described software management server 120 is actually a logic management unit, may be provided on a separate physical entity, may be co-located in the same physical entity with the communication management unit 101, mainly used to store and provide business loadable board business software.

在实际应用中,加载处理单元102可以在满足电信级服务要求的前提下并行处理多个上述的软件加载过程,以保证多个业务单板在同一时间段可分别加载一个或一个以上业务软件。 In practice, the processing unit 102 may load a plurality of parallel processing of the above-described software loading process while meeting the requirements of the telecommunication level service to ensure that the plurality of service boards can be loaded at the same time one or more business software, respectively.

尽管如此,随着设备主机110中业务单板的增多,加载处理单元102会达到自身的加载处理极限,导致加载处理单元102的工作性能明显下降,无法满足电信级服务要求。 Nevertheless, with the increase in business equipment host 110 board, load processing unit 102 will reach its limit load process, lead to job performance load processing unit 102 significantly decreased, unable to meet the requirements of carrier-class service.

鉴于上述问题,目前通常通过提高加载服务器中加载处理单元的硬件性能来提升该加载处理单元的加载能力,以保证提升了加载能力的加载处理单元可以满足电信级服务要求。 In view of the above problem, there is usually to enhance the load capacity of the load processing unit by improving hardware performance server load processing unit loading in order to ensure improved load handling unit load capacity to meet the requirements of carrier-class service. 然而,加栽处理单元硬件性能的提高是有限度的,因此加载处理单元加载能力的提升也是有限度的。 However, increasing the plant plus the hardware performance processing unit is limited, thus lifting unit loading capacity is limited loading process. 因此,随着需要进行软件加载的业务单板的增多,加载处理单元在处理大量的软件加栽过程时仍会达到自身的加载处理极限,导致加载处理单元的工作性能明显下降,无法满足电信级服务要求。 Therefore, with the increase in the need for software to be loaded service boards, the processing unit loading when dealing with a large number of software plus plant process will reach its limit load process, lead to job performance load processing units decreased significantly, unable to meet carrier-class service requirements.

发明内容 SUMMARY

有鉴于此,本发明的主要目的在于提供一种软件加载系统,以提升软件加载能力,保证在处理大量软件加载过程时仍可满足电信级服务要求。 In view of this, the main object of the present invention is to provide a loading system software, software to enhance the loading capacity when handling large amounts to ensure that the software loading process is still required to meet the carrier-class service.

本发明的另一目的在于提供一种软件加载的实现方法,以提升软件加载能力,保证在处理大量软件加载过程时仍可满足电信级服务要求。 Another object of the present invention to provide a method for implementing a software to be loaded, to enhance the ability to load software, when handling large amounts to ensure that the software loading process is still required to meet the carrier-class service.

为达到上述目的,本发明的技术方案是这样实现的: To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is implemented as follows:

本发明公开了一种软件加栽系统,该系统包括: The present invention discloses a software plus plant system, the system comprising:

至少一个业务单板,每个业务单板均与通信管理单元相连,用于向通信管 At least one service board, each service board are connected with the communication management unit, for the communication tube

理单元发送加载请求并接收来自通信管理单元的业务软件; And processing unit transmits a request to load software received from the communication service management unit;

所述通信管理单元,与负载均衡单元相连,用于将来自每个业务单板的加 The communication managing unit, connected to the load equalization unit, for each service from the board plus

送给每个业务单板; Give each service board;

所述负栽均衡单元,与所有加载处理单元以及数据策略服务器相连,用于根据来自所述通信管理单元的加载请求向所述数据策略服务器发送负载均衡策 The negative plant equalizing unit, all connected to a data processing unit and loading the policy server for load balancing policy request to the policy server according to the data loaded from the communication management unit

6略请求,以及接收来自所述数据策略服务器的负载均衡策略响应并将所迷加载 6 slightly request, and receiving a load balancing policy from the policy server response data and the fan loaded

请求发送给该负载均衡策略响应所针对的加栽处理单元;还用于将来自所述加载处理单元的所述业务软件发送给所述通信管理单元; Request processing unit to add the plant response for load balancing policy; and further means for loading the software from the service processing unit transmit to the communication management unit;

至少两个所述加栽处理单元,与所述数据策略服务器相连,用于根据来自所述负载均衡单元的加载请求从所述数据策略服务器中获取所述业务软件,并将获取的所述业务软件发送给所述负载均衡单元; At least two of the plant plus processing means, coupled with the data policy server, according to the loads from the load equalization unit acquiring the service request data from said policy server software, and the obtained service software to transmit the load balancing unit;

所述数据策略服务器,用于根据来自所述负载均衡单元的负栽均衡策略请求和预先设置的策略,在所述至少两个加载处理单元中选择一个没有达到加栽处理极限的所述加载处理单元,并针对该选择的加载处理单元,向所述负载均衡单元发送负载均衡策略响应,还用于向各加载处理单元提供所述业务软件。 The policy server data, for processing in accordance with a request from the negative-balancing policy and policy plant previously set by the load balancing means, selecting at least two processing units a loading does not reach the limit of the processing plant plus loading unit, and transmits a response to the load balancing strategy for load balancing unit to the selected load processing unit is further provided for each of the service processing unit loading software.

本发明还公开了一种软件加载的实现方法,有至少两个加载处理单元为需要进行软件加载的业务单板进行软件加载;该方法包括: The present invention also discloses a method for implementing software loading, loading at least two processing units to be necessary to load the software service blade loading software; the method comprising:

当业务单板需要进行软件加载时,业务单板向通信管理单元发送加载请求, 所述通信管理单元将收到的该加载请求发送给负载均衡单元,负载均衡单元根据该加载请求向数据策略服务器发送负载均衡策略请求,所述数据策略服务器 When the service board software needs to be loaded, loading service board transmits a request to the communication management unit, which loads the communication management unit transmits the received request to the load balancing unit, a data request to the load balancing unit based on the policy server load load balancing policy transmission request, the server policy data

在多个加载处理单元中根据策略确定一个尚未达到加载处理极限的加栽处理单元,将从所述数据策略服务器获取的业务软件,通过所述数据策略服务器确定的加载处理单元进行加载,并发送给需要进行软件加载的所述业务单板。 The addition policy determines a plant processing unit has not reached the limit load process, data is acquired from the policy server business software, loading the processing unit identified by the policy server data loaded in the plurality of load processing unit, and transmission to the service board software needs to be loaded. 所述根据策略确定加载处理单元的方法是: The determination processing unit according to the loading strategy is:

根据预先设置的业务单板与加载处理单元之间的对应关系,将所述业务单板所对应的加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 The correspondence between the service blade loading the preset processing unit, the service processing board corresponding loading unit loading the processing unit determines the loading process is to be performed subsequent software. 所述4艮据策略确定加载处理单元的方法是: 4, according to the Gen policy determining processing unit loading methods are:

获取各加载处理单元的中央处理器CPU占用率,将CPU占用率最低的加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加栽过程的加载处理单元;或, Loading the processing unit acquires each central processing unit CPU usage, CPU usage rate of the lowest loading the processing unit determines a processing unit for loading software plus a subsequent process plant; or,

获取各加载处理单元的CPU占用率,将获取的所有CPU占用率与预先设置的CPU占用率门限值相比较,从低于CPU占用率门限值的CPU占用率中任选一个CPU占用率,并将具有该CPU占用率的一个加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 Each acquisition unit load process CPU utilization, all of the acquired CPU utilization as compared with CPU usage preset threshold value, optionally a CPU occupancy rate is lower than the threshold CPU usage rate of CPU utilization and determining a load of the processing unit has a CPU occupancy rate loading process for loading the processing unit to perform subsequent software.

所述CPU占用率门限值是才艮据加载处理单元的加载能力设置的。 The threshold CPU usage is the ability to load the data before loading Gen processing unit provided. 所述^^据策略确定加载处理单元的方法是: According to the policy determination ^^ processing unit loading methods are:

获取各加载处理单元的加载任务数量,将加载任务数量最少的加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元;或, Get the number of each processing unit loading task loading, a minimum number of tasks will be loaded loading unit determines that the processing load of the processing unit to be loaded during subsequent software; or,

获取各加载处理单元的加载任务数量,将获取的所有加载任务数量与预先设置的加载任务数量门限值相比较,从低于加载任务数量门限值的加栽任务数量中任选一个加载任务数量,并将具有该加载任务数量的一个加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 All loading compared with the number of tasks the number of loading a preset threshold value acquisition task processing of each loading unit loading the number of tasks, acquired, optionally the loading amount is less than the threshold value plus the number of tasks in a task planted loading task number, and having the task of loading the number of loading a loading processing unit determines a processing unit for the loading process to be performed subsequent software.

所述加载任务数量门限值是根据加载处理单元的加载能力设置的。 Loading the task number is a threshold value processing unit loading loading capacity provided.

进行的所述后续软件加载过程包括: The subsequent process of loading the software comprising:

被确定要进行软件加载过程的加载处理单元获取所述业务单板需要加载的业务软件,并将获取的业务软件发送给该业务单板。 Is determined to be loaded software loading process unit acquires the service business software to be loaded board, and transmits the acquired service software to the service board.

所述业务单板收到所述业务软件后,进一步保存并运行该业务软件。 After the service board receives the business software, to further save and run the business software. 与现有技术相比,本发明所提供的软件加载系统包括:至少一个业务单板、通信管理单元、负载均衡单元、至少两个加载处理单元和数据策略服务器,这些器件相互配合,以保证多个加载处理单元中的一个尚未达到加载处理极限的加载处理单元能够为业务单板进行软件加载过程。 Compared with the prior art, the software loading system according to the present invention is provided comprising: at least one service board, the communication management unit, the load equalization unit, loading the at least two data processing units and policy server, these devices cooperate to ensure that multiple one load processing units have not yet reached the limit load processing unit capable of processing load software loading process as a business card. 这使得软件加载系统的软件加载能力被明显提升,保证在处理大量软件加载过程时仍可满足电信级服务要求。 This makes the software loading capability of the software loading system is improved significantly, to ensure that when dealing with a large number of software loading process can still meet the requirements of carrier-class service.

本发明所提供的软件加载的实现方法,当业务单板需要进行软件加载时,在可以处理软件加载任务的多个加载处理单元中确定一个尚未达到加载处理极限的加载处理单元,并由该加载处理单元为需要进行软件加载的所述业务单板进行后续软件加载过程。 Loading software implementation of the present invention is provided, when service is required software loading board, can be processed in a plurality of loading software loading task processing unit determines a processing load has not reached the limit processing unit loading by the loading the processing unit is a service blade loading software required for subsequent software loading process. 这同样使得软件加载能力被明显提升,保证在处理大量软件加载过程时仍可满足电信级服务要求。 This also makes the software loading capacity is significantly improved to ensure that when dealing with a large number of software loading process can still meet the requirements of carrier-class service. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为现有技术的软件加栽系统图; Figure 1 is a prior art software system of FIG adding plant;

图2为本发明一较佳实施例的软件加栽系统图; Example planted software plus a preferred embodiment of the system of Figure 2 of the present invention;

图3为图2中軟件加载系统所实现的软件加栽流程图。 FIG 2 FIG 3 is a software system realized by loading software plus a flowchart plant.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图及具体实施例对本发明详细说明。 Specific embodiments of the present invention and the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

本发明所提供的軟件加载系统包括:至少一个业务单板、通信管理单元、 负载均衡单元、至少两个加栽处理单元和数据策略服务器,这些器件相互配合,以保证多个加栽处理单元中的一个尚未达到加栽处理极限的加载处理单元能够为业务单板进行软件加载过程。 Software loading system according to the present invention is provided comprising: at least one service board, the communication management unit, the load equalization unit, at least two processing units and the data applied planted policy server, these devices cooperate to ensure that the plurality of processing units in addition to plant one plus plant has not yet reached the limit load processing unit capable of loading software for the business card.

本发明所提供的软件加载的实现方法,当业务单板需要进行软件加栽时,在多个加载处理单元中确定一个尚未达到加载处理才及限的加载处理单元,并由该加栽处理单元为所述业务单板进行后续软件加栽过程。 Loading software implementation of the present invention is provided, when service is required software plus board plant, determining a load process has not been reached before the load limit and the plurality of processing units in the processing unit loading by adding the plant processing unit subsequent planting process software in addition to the service board.

参见图2,图2为本发明一较佳实施例的软件加载系统图。 Referring to FIG. 2, FIG. 2 of the present embodiment of loading system software view of a preferred embodiment of the invention. 图2中,设备主机230包含第一业务单板231、第二业务单板232、第N业务单板233 等N个业务单板,N可以是1以上的任意整数。 In FIG. 2, the host apparatus 230 comprises a first service blade 231, the second service board 232, the board 233 N business service board like N, N may be any integer of 1 or more. 设备主机230中的每个业务单板都与加栽服务器200中的通信管理单元202相连,通信管理单元202通过负栽均衡单元201与基本加栽处理单元203相连。 The host apparatus 230 in each service board 202 are connected to the communication management unit 200 in the plant plus the server, the communication management unit 202 is connected to the negative plant equalizing unit 201 and processing unit 203 substantially increase plant.

负载均衡单元201与第一辅助加载处理单元210、第M辅助加栽处理单元220等M个辅助加栽处理单元相连,负载均衡单元201还与数据策略服务器240相连,数据策略服务器240还与基本加载处理单元203以及第一辅助加栽处理单元210、第M辅助加栽处理单元220等M个辅助加栽处理单先相连。 Load balancing unit 201 is connected to the first auxiliary processing unit 210 is loaded, the first M plus auxiliary processing unit 220 and the like planted M plus plant auxiliary processing unit, the load balancing unit 201 is further connected to the data policy server 240, policy server 240 data base and further loading a first auxiliary processing unit 203 and processing unit 210 planted addition, the first M plus auxiliary processing unit 220 and the like planted M plus supplemental plant is connected to the first processing unit. M可以是1以上的任意整数。 M may be any integer of 1 or more. 负载均衡单元201、通信管理单元202、 数据策略服务器240中均存储有各加栽处理单元标识和各业务单板标识。 Load balancing unit 201, the communication management unit 202, the policy server 240 the data are stored in each of the processing units increase plant identification and service boards. ID.

上述的基本加栽处理单元203以及第一辅助加栽处理单元210、第M辅助加栽处理单元220等M个辅助加栽处理单元中的每个加载处理单元,其结构、操作逻辑、功能与现有技术中的加栽处理单元的结构、操作逻辑、功能均相同,区别只在于:所述基本加栽处理单元203是现有技术的软件加栽系统中存在的加栽处理单元,而所述辅助加载处理单元是新加入软件加栽系统中、用于为基本加栽处理单元203分担软件加载工作量的加载处理单元。 Adding the above basic plant auxiliary processing unit 203 and a first processing unit 210 add plant, plant plus the M auxiliary processing unit 220 and the like planted M plus auxiliary processing units each processing unit loading, its structure, operating logic, and functions processing plant to adding units of the prior art, the logic operation function are the same, the only difference is: adding the basic processing unit 203 is to add plant planted prior art software processing unit plus plant present in the system, and the loading said auxiliary processing unit is a newly added plus planting system software, for adding the basic plant load balancing processing unit 203 processing unit loads the software workload.

上述的数据策略服务器240是在现有技术中软件管理服务器的基础上形成的逻辑管理单元,数据策略服务器240与所述软件管理服务器的区别在于:数据策略服务器240在原来的软件管理服务器的基础上新加入了用于将软件加载工作量分配给上述的各加载处理单元的操作逻辑,以确保每个加载处理单元在处理软件加栽过程时不会达到自身的加载处理极限。 Said data management policy server 240 is a logical unit formed on the basis of the software management server in the prior art, the data server 240 differs from the policy management server software that: based on the original data of the software management server policy server 240 adding a new software load for the workload assigned to each of the above loading operation of the logic processing unit, to ensure that each processing unit when the processing load of software plus planted during the loading process itself does not reach the limit. 数据芙略服务器240可以独立设置在一个物理实体中,也可以与通信管理单元202等共同设置在同一个物理实体中。 Fu slightly data server 240 can be independently provided in one physical entity, may be co-located in the same physical entity with the communication management unit 202 and the like.

当设备主机230中的某个业务单板需要进行軟件加载时,该业务单板向加载服务器200中的通信管理单元202发送加载请求。 When a service board host device 230 in software needs to be loaded, the loading service board transmits a request to the communication management unit 200 in the server 202 loads. 假设第一业务单板231向通信管理单元202发送加载请求,该加栽请求中至少包含第一业务单板231的单板标识和业务类型,通信管理单元202将来自第一业务单板231 的加栽请求转发给负栽均衡单元201。 Assuming that the first service request to the loading board 231 transmits a communication management unit 202, plus the plant comprises at least a first service request identifier and the service type Veneer communication management unit 231 of the board 202 from the first service 231 forwards the request to add the negative plant planted equalization unit 201.

负栽均衡单元201收到来自通信管理单元202的加载请求后,将该加载请求所包含的单板标识和业务类型携带于负载均衡策略请求中,发送给数据策略服务器240。 After planting negative load equalization unit 201 receives a request from the communication management unit 202, the board ID and service type contained in the request load carried in the request the load balancing policy, the policy server 240 transmits to the data. 数据策略服务器240收到该负载均衡策略请求后,根据预先设置的操作逻辑在软件加载系统包含的多个加载处理单元中确定一A没有达到加载处理极限的加栽处理单元,并将该加栽处理单元的标识携带亍负载均衡策略响应中发送给负栽均衡单元201,以告知负载均衡单元201由所述加栽处理单元标识所对应的加载处理单元来进行后续的软件加载过程,. After the policy server 240 receives the data load balancing policy request, according to a preset logical operation to determine a load applied A plant does not reach the limit processing unit in the plurality of processing units loading system included in software loading, and the plant plus identification processing unit carries right foot load balancing strategy in response to a negative planted equalization unit 201, the processing unit to load the processing plant by the addition unit identification corresponding to the load balancing unit 201 to inform the subsequent software loading process.

上述的数据策略服务器240确定所述加载处理单元的方法总体有两种, 第一种方法为静态确定方法,第二种方法为动态确定方法;并且无论是静态确定方法还是动态确定方法,都可以认为是用于确定所述加载处理单元的策略。 Said data processing method of the policy server 240 determines the loading unit, there are two general, the first method is a method of determining the static, dynamic determining method of the second method; and a method to determine whether a static or dynamic determination method, can be that for determining the loading unit processing strategy. 当应用静态确定方法时,数据策略服务器240中需要预先设置并保存业 When applying a static method for determining the data required in policy server 240 preset and save industry

务单板标识与加栽处理单元标识之间的对应关系。 Correspondence between the service identifier and the board plus the processing unit identification plant. 这样,数据策略服务器 In this way, data policy server

240可以根据该对应关系找到所述负栽均衡策略请求中包含的第一业务单板231标识所对应的加栽处理单元标识,将具有该加载处理单元标识的加栽处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 240 can be found in the plant plus the negative first service identification processing unit 231 identifies the plant equalizer board policy contained in the request corresponds according to the correspondence, the plant having the added load of the processing units is identified to determine the subsequent the processing unit loads the software loading process.

当然,所述的业务单板标识与加栽处理单元标识之间的对应关系也可以预先设置并保存于其它物理实体中,只要当数据策略服务器240需要业务单板标识所对应的加载处理单元标识时,可以/人该物理实体中荻取相应的加栽处理单元标识即可。 Of course, the correspondence between the identifier and the service blade unit identifier addition processing plant may be set in advance and stored in another physical entity, as long as the policy server when the data processing unit 240 to load the board identifier corresponding to the service identifier when possible / Di person taking the physical entity corresponding to the processing unit identification can be applied to plant.

' 当应用动态确定方法时,数据策略服务器240获取各加栽处理单元的工作负荷,并从多个加栽处理单元中选择一个没有达到加栽处理极限的加栽处理单元,将该加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 'When it is determined using dynamic method, the policy server 240 acquires data of each workload increase plant processing unit, and selecting a plant does not reach plus plus limit plant processing unit from the plurality of added plant processing unit, the load processing unit means for determining subsequent processing software loading process is to be loaded. 上述的加栽处理单元工作负荷可以表现为多种形式,如:加载处理单元当前的中央处理器(CPU)占用率或加载处理单元当前并行处理的加栽任务数量。 The above-described addition processing unit workload plant can take many forms, such as: load current central processor unit (CPU) usage or load processing unit number plus the current parallel task processing plant.

如果数据策略服务器240要获取各加载处理单元的CPU占用率,数据策略服务器240则向各加载处理单元发送CPU占用率查询命令。 If the policy server 240 to obtain the data loaded in each processing unit CPU utilization, data loading to each policy server 240 transmits the processing unit CPU usage query command. 各加载处理单元收到该CPU占用率查询命令后,将自身应用现有技术所记录的CPU 占用率发送给数据策略服务器240。 Each loading post processing unit receiving the query command CPU usage, the application itself sends the recorded prior art CPU usage policy server 240 to the data. 数据策略服务器240收到来自各加栽处理单元的CPU占用率后,选择一个CPU占用率最低的加栽处理单元,将该加栽处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加栽处理单元。 After the policy server 240 receives the data the CPU usage from each plant plus processing means selects a lowest CPU utilization plant plus the processing unit, the processing unit determines the plant plus plus plant processing unit for subsequent software loading process is to be.

当然,数据策略服务器240也可以用预先设置的CPU占用率门限值与收到的CPU占用率相比较,以确定收到的哪些CPU占用率低于所述CPU 占用率门限值,再从低于所述CPU占用率门限值的CPU占用率中任选一个^PU占用率,并将具有该CPU占用率的某个加载处理单元确定为要进行后 Of course, the policy server 240 the data may be compared with the received CPU usage, a CPU usage threshold value set in advance, CPU usage to determine which received the CPU occupancy rate is lower than the threshold value, and then from the CPU utilization rate is lower than the threshold CPU usage optionally a ^ PU usage, CPU usage and with the loading of a processing unit is determined to be the

续软件加栽过程的加栽处理单元。 Plant processing unit plus software plus continued planting process.

上述的CPU占用率门限值可以根据加载处理单元的加载能力确定,那么,如果某个加栽处理单元的CPU占用率超过了该CPU占用率门限值,则说明该加载处理单元达到了自身的加载处理极限。 CPU usage above a threshold value may be loaded loading capacity of the processing unit determines, then, if the CPU utilization plant plus a processing unit CPU utilization exceeds the threshold value, it indicates that the load has reached its own processing unit the load handling limit. 比如:当加栽处理单元的CPU占用率达到80%时,该加栽处理单元达到自身的加载处理极限,加载能力无法再进一步提升。 For example: When the CPU occupancy rate plus plant processing unit reaches 80%, plus the plant processing unit reached its limit load handling, load capacity can not be further improved. 基于这种情况,就可以将该加栽处理单元的CPU 占用率门限值设置为80%。 Based on this, the processing plant can be added to the unit CPU utilization threshold set at 80%.

如果数据策略服务器240要获取各加栽处理单元的加载任务数量,数据策略服务器240则向各加栽处理单元发送加载任务数量查询命令。 If the data policy server 240 to get the number of mandates of the load plus plant processing units, data policy server 240 each plus plant processing unit sends the number of tasks to load query. 各加栽处理单元收到该加载任务数量查询命令后,将自身应用现有技术所记录的当前处理的加载任务数量发送给数据策略服务器240。 After addition of each plant processing unit receives a number of tasks that load the query command, the application itself recorded prior art current transmission number of the data loaded to the task processing policy server 240. 数据策略服务器240收到来自各加载处理单元的加栽任务数量后,选择一个加栽任务数量最少的加载处理单元,将该加栽处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 After the policy server 240 receives the data plus the number of tasks from each plant loading processing units, selecting a number of plant plus minimal loading task processing unit, the processing unit determines the plant plus the processing unit for subsequent software loading process is to be loaded.

当然,数据策略服务器240也可以用预先设置的加载任务数量门限值与收到的加载任务数量相比较,以确定收到的哪些加栽任务数量低于所述加载任务数量门限值,再从低于所述加载任务数量门限值的加栽任务数量中任选一个加载任务数量,并将具有该加栽任务数量的某个加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加栽过程的加载处理单元。 Of course, the policy server 240 the data may be compared to the number received by the task loading task loading a preset threshold number, the number of tasks to determine which plant plus the received job number is below the loading threshold value, then the amount added is less than the loading threshold task planted optionally a number of tasks to load the number of tasks, and the task has a number of the plant plus the processing unit determines for subsequent loading software in addition to the process plant to be treated is loaded unit.

'、 上述的加栽任务数量门限值可以根据加载处理单元的加载能力确定,那么,如果某个加载处理单元当前处理的加载任务数量超过了该加载任务数量门限值,则说明该加载处理单元达到了自身的加载处理极限。 'The plant plus the number of tasks can be determined according to the threshold value processing unit loading capacity load, then the number of loading a loading task processing unit if the currently processed task number exceeds the loading threshold, the loading process is described unit reached a deal with its load limit.

当数据策略服务器240应用上述方法确定了要进行后续软件加栽过程的加载处理单元后,数据策略服务器240将确定的加栽处理单元的标识携带于负栽均衡策略响应中发送给负栽均衡单元201。 When the data policy server 240 using the above method of determining the need to perform loading processing unit subsequent software plus plant process, mark-plant processing unit data policy server 240 determines carried to the negative planted equalization unit to a negative plant balancing policy response 201. 负栽均衡单元201收到该负载均衡策略响应后,将前述的加栽请求发送给负栽均衡策略响应中包含的加栽处理单元标识所对应的加载处理单元。 After planting negative equalization unit 201 in response to receiving the load balancing policy, the aforementioned plant is added to a negative request processing unit loading unit identification processing plant planted adding balancing strategy included in the response corresponds. 该加栽处理单元收到来自负栽均衡单元201的加载请求后,根据该请求中包含的业务类型应用现有技术从数据策略服务器240中获取第一业务单板231所需要加载的业务软件。 After this addition processing plant own unit receives a load request to planting equalization unit 201 acquires the first service board 231 to be loaded from the data traffic policy server software 240 according to the prior art the application service type contained in the request. 上述的获取业务软件的具体操作为:被确定为要进行后续软件加栽过程 Acquiring the service software for the above-described specific operation: it is determined subsequent to add software process plant

的加栽处理单元向数据策略服务器240发送至少包含业务类型的业务软件请求,该请求中包含的业务类型与第一业务单板231发送的加载请求中包含的业务类型相同。 Plant plus the processing unit 240 transmits the data to the policy server comprising at least a service type of software service request, the same service type and service type of the first service board 231 included in the request sent by the load request included. 数据策略服务器240收到来自上述加栽处理单元的业务软件请求后,读取该业务软件请求中包含的业务类型,并将自身存储的与该业务类型相吻合的业务软件携带于业务软件响应中发送给所述加载处理单元。 After the policy server 240 receives traffic data from said software planted addition request processing unit, reads the service type included in the software of the service request, and service type is consistent with the business software itself is carried in a business software stored response the load transmitted to the processing unit.

当被确定为要进行后续软件加栽过程的加栽处理单元从数据策略服务器240中获取了所述业务软件后,该加栽处理单元将获取的该业务软件通过负栽均衡单元201、通信管理单元202发送给第一业务单板231,第一业务单板231收到业务软件后保存并运行该业务软件。 When the addition is determined to be planted in a subsequent processing unit software plus plant process acquired data from the software service policy server 240, the processing unit acquires plant plus the negative of the service software planted equalizing unit 201, the communication manager unit 202 to transmit a first service board 231, the board 231 after receiving the first service to save and run the business software business software.

至此,整个软件加栽过程结束。 At this point, the entire software plus plant process ends.

可以将图2所示的软件加载原理以图3所示的流程表示,图3所示流程包括以下步骤: Software shown in FIG. 2 showing the principle may be loaded to the flow shown in FIG. 3, the flow shown in FIG. 3 comprising the steps of:

步骤301至步骤302:当设备主机中的业务单板需要进行软件加栽时, 该业务单板通过通信管理单元向负栽均衡单元发送加载请求„ Step 301 to Step 302: When the host device needs service blade planted plus software, the service request to the negative load transmitting board plant equalizer unit via the communication management unit "

步骤303至步骤304:负载均衡单元收到来自业务单板的加栽请求后, 向数据策略服务器发送负栽均衡策略请求,数据策略服务器收到该负栽均衡策略请求后,应用静态/动态确定方法在多个加栽处理单元中确定一个用于进行后续软件加栽过程的加载处理单元,并将确定的该加载处理单元的标识携带于负栽均衡策略响应中发送给负栽均衡单元。 Step 303 to Step 304: After adding load balancing unit receives a request from the service board plant, plant balancing negative transmission request to the policy server policy data, policy server receives the data after planting negative balancing policy request, the application of static / dynamic determination a method for determining a processing unit for loading software plus a subsequent process plant planted in a plurality of processing units in addition, the processing unit identifies the load carrying and determines the negative to a negative equalization unit planted plant response balancing policy.

步骤305:负栽均衡单元收到来自数据策略服务器的加载处理单元标识后,向该加载处理单元标识所对应的加栽处理单元发送加载请求。 Step 305: After planting the negative load balancing unit receives from the data processing unit identifies the policy server, to identify the processing unit corresponding to the load applied to the processing unit sends a request for loading plant.

步骤306至步骤307:收到来自负载均衡单元的加载请求的加载处理单元向数据策略服务器发送业务软件请求,数据策略服务器收到该业务软件请求后,将自身存储的与该业务软件请求中包含的业务类型相吻合的业务软件携带于业务软件响应中发送给所述加栽处理单元。 Step 306 to Step 307: receive a load request from the processing unit loads the load equalization unit transmits data to the policy server software service request, after receiving the data traffic policy server software request itself contains the stored service request software coincides with the service type carried in a business software business software in response to the addition processing unit to a plant.

步骤308:加栽处理单元将收到的业务软件携带于加栽响应中,并通过负栽均衡单元、通信管理单元将该加栽响应发送给曾发送所述加载请求的业务单板,该业务单板保存并运行收到的业务软件。 Step 308: adding plant processing unit carried in a received service software plus plant response, and that sent the response is sent to load the requested service blade planted by the negative equalization unit, a communication management unit plus the plant, the service save and run the board received business software.

在实际应用中,所述的静态确定方法与动态确定方法也可以同时应用, 如果这两种确定方法最终确定的加栽处理单元是同一个,则可以将被确定的 In practice, the method of determining the static and dynamic determination method may be applied simultaneously, if the processing unit planted plus two finalization determination method is the same, it can be determined

加载处理单元作为要进行后续软件加栽过程的加栽处理单元;如果所述两种确定方法最终确定的加载处理单元是不同的两个,则从这两个加载处理单元中任选一个加栽处理单元或选择一个工作负载较低的加载处理单元,并将选择的加载处理单元作为要进行后续软件加载过程的加栽处理单元。 Loading the processing unit as a processing unit to be planted added plus subsequent software process plant; if the two kinds of determination processing unit loading method is finalized two different, from the two loading processing units plus optionally a plant processing unit or a select low workload load processing unit, the processing unit and the load to be selected as an addition processing unit planted subsequent software loading process.

上述的加栽处理单元标识与业务单板标识可以有多种标识方法,如:软件加载系统内部编号等;业务单板标识也可以用业务单板的物理位置信息表示。 Adding the above-described processing plant unit identifier and service identifier may be a variety of board identification methods, such as: number and other internal software loading system; board service identifier may be represented by physical position information of the service board. 上述的业务軟件主要包括可应用于业务单板上的应用软件程序、配置数椐、程序补丁、配置文件等。 The software includes the above-described business application software program can be applied to a single service board, the configuration noted in the number, program patch, configuration files.

另外,在实际应用中,也可以通过对负栽均衡单元和数据策略服务器进行设置,以禁用部分或所有的辅助加载处理单元。 Further, in practical applications, it can also be balanced by the negative planted policy server unit and the data set to disable some or all of the auxiliary processing unit loading. 当所有辅助加栽处理单元中的一部分被禁用时,数据策略服务器只在基本加载处理单元和没有被禁用的辅助加载处理单元中确定要进行软件加载过程的加栽处理单元。 When a portion of the plant plus all auxiliary processing unit is disabled, the data only in the basic policy server load processing unit and auxiliary load processing unit has not been determined to be disabled in plant processing unit plus software loading process.

当所有辅助加栽处理单元全部被禁用时,数据策略服务器则确定只应用基本加栽处理单元进行软件加栽过程。 When the plant plus all auxiliary processing unit are all disabled, it is determined that the data policy server application processing unit only planted basic plus software plus plant process. 这时,负载均衡单元也失去了其原有的作用,而只作为一个对通信信息进行透传的器件。 At this time, the load balancing unit has lost its original role, and only as an information device through a communication pass.

^ 由以上所述可以看出,本发明所提供的软件加载系统,在现有技术的基础上新加入了一个或一个以上的辅助加载处理单元,使得整个软件加栽系统的加栽能力得到明显提高;本发明所提供的软件加栽系统还新加入了用于将软件加栽工作量分配给各加载处理单元的操作逻辑,确保每个加栽处理单元在处理软件加栽过程时不会达到自身的加载处理极限,使整个软件加栽系统保持较高的加栽能力。 ^ Can be seen from the above, loading the software system of the present invention provides, in the prior art on the basis of the newly added one or more auxiliary load processing unit, such that the overall plant capacity plus software systems significantly increase plant improved; software of the present invention to provide a new additive system also added plant operation logic for distributing the software load applied to each plant workload of processing units, the processing plant to ensure that each unit increase in processing software adding process does not reach the plant its processing load limit, so that the whole plant system plus software plus maintain high plant capacity. 可见,本发明所提供的软件加载系统提升了软件加栽能力,并保证在处理大量软件加栽过程时仍可满足电信级服务要求。 Visible, software loading system of the present invention provides improved software plus plant capacity, and to ensure that when dealing with a large number of software plus plant process can still meet the requirements of carrier-class service.

本发明所提供的软件加载实现方法,在新加入辅助加载处理单元和用于将软件加栽工作量分配给各加载处理单元的操作逻辑的前提下,在包括辅助加栽处理单元和基本加栽处理单元的多个加栽处理单元中确定一个没有达到加栽处理极限的加栽处理单元,将该加栽处理单元作为要进行软件加栽过程的加载处理单元,并由该加载处理单元进行后续的相应软件加载过程。 The present invention provides a software implemented method of loading, loading, and a processing unit for distributing software in addition to the work under the premise of plant operation logic for the various loading units in the new addition of the processing aid in addition comprises an auxiliary processing unit and substantially increase plant planted adding the plurality of the processing units of the plant is determined not reached plus a plant planted plus limit processing unit, the processing unit plus a plant to be planted loading processing unit plus software process by the processing unit for subsequent loading the corresponding software loading process. 可见,本发明所提供的软件加栽实现方法使软件加载能力得到了明显的提升, 并保证在处理大量软件加栽过程时仍可满足电信级服务要求。 Be seen, the present invention provides a software add-implemented method planted make the software load capacity has been significantly improved, and to ensure that when handling large amounts of software process plant plus carrier-class service is still required.

Claims (9)

1、一种软件加载系统,其特征在于,该系统包括: 至少一个业务单板,每个业务单板均与通信管理单元相连,用于向通信管理单元发送加载请求并接收来自通信管理单元的业务软件; 所述通信管理单元,与负载均衡单元相连,用于将来自每个业务单板的加载请求发送给所述负载均衡单元并将来自所述负载均衡单元的所述业务软件发送给所述每个业务单板; 所述负载均衡单元,与所有加载处理单元以及数据策略服务器相连,用于根据来自所述通信管理单元的加载请求向所述数据策略服务器发送负载均衡策略请求,以及接收来自所述数据策略服务器的负载均衡策略响应并将所述加载请求发送给该负载均衡策略响应所针对的加载处理单元;还用于将来自所述加载处理单元的所述业务软件发送给所述通信管理单元; 至少两个所述加载处理单元,与所述 A software loading system, characterized in that the system comprises: at least one service board of each service board are connected with the communication management unit, configured to send a load request to the communication management unit, and receives from the communication management unit business software; load request to the load balancing unit of the communication managing unit, connected to the load equalization unit, for each service from the board to send the traffic from and transmitting to the software of the load equalization unit each of said service board; the load balancing unit, all connected to a data processing unit and loading policy server, for requesting the load balancing policy request sent to the server according to the policy data loaded from the communication management unit, and receiving load balancing policy response from the policy server and the data request to the loading of the load processing unit for load balancing policy response; and further means for loading the software, from the traffic processing unit transmits to the the communication management unit; loading said at least two processing units, the 据策略服务器相连,用于根据来自所述负载均衡单元的加载请求从所述数据策略服务器中获取所述业务软件,并将获取的所述业务软件发送给所述负载均衡单元; 所述数据策略服务器,用于根据来自所述负载均衡单元的负载均衡策略请求和预先设置的策略,在所述至少两个加载处理单元中选择一个没有达到加载处理极限的所述加载处理单元,并针对该选择的加载处理单元,向所述负载均衡单元发送负载均衡策略响应,还用于向各加载处理单元提供所述业务软件。 It is connected to the policy server, for loading the software according to the service load balancing unit obtains the service request from the software data from the policy server, and to transmit the acquired load balancing unit; said policy data server, according to the load balancing policy and policy request from the load balancing unit is set in advance, selecting the at least two processing units a loading of the load process has not reached the limit load processing unit, and for the selection loading the processing unit transmits a response to the load balance policy load balancing unit is further provided for each of the service processing unit loading software.
2、 一种软件加载的实现方法,其特征在于,有至少两个加载处理单元为需要进行软件加载的业务单板进行软件加载;该方法包括:当业务单板需要进行软件加载时,业务单板向通信管理单元发送加栽请求, 所述通信管理单元将收到的该加载请求发送给负载均衡单元,负载均衡单元根据该加载请求向数据策略服务器发送负载均衡策略请求,所述数据策略服务器在多个加栽处理单元中根据策略确定一个尚未达到加栽处理极限的加栽处理单元,将从所述数据策略服务器获取的业务软件,通过所述数据策略服务器确定的加载处理单元进行加栽,并发送给需要进行软件加载的所述业务单板。 2, a method for implementing software to be loaded, wherein loading at least two processing units to be necessary to load the software service blade loading software; the method comprising: when a service board software needs to be loaded, a single business sending a request to add plate plant communication management unit, which loads the communication management unit transmits the received request to the load balancing unit, the load equalization unit transmits the request the load balancing policy request to the policy server based on the loading data, the server policy data according to a policy determination process has not reached the limit of plus plus planted plant processing unit, the data from the server policy acquired business software, the processing load of the data unit determined by the policy server for adding a plurality of added plant planted in the processing unit and sent to the need for software to be loaded to the business card.
3、 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述根据策略确定加栽处理单元的方法是:根据预先设置的业务单板与加载处理单元之间的对应关系,将所述业务单板所对应的加栽处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 3. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein the plant plus the policy determination processing unit according to the method is: according to a correspondence relationship between a preset traffic loading board processing unit, the single-service plate corresponding to the processing unit determines the applied plant processing unit subsequent software loading process is to be loaded.
4、 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述根据策略确定加栽处理单元的方法是:获取各加载处理单元的中央处理器CPU占用率,将CPU占用率最低的加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元;或,获取各加栽处理单元的CPU占用率,将获取的所有CPU占用率与预先设置的CPU占用率门限值相比较,从低于CPU占用率门限值的CPU占用率中任选一个CPU占用率,并将具有该CPU占用率的一个加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元。 4. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein the plant plus the policy determination processing unit according to the method is: the processing unit acquires each loading central processing unit CPU usage, CPU usage the lowest loading processing unit means for determining subsequent processing software loading process is to be loaded; or, CPU occupancy rate obtaining processing unit of each plant addition, CPU occupancy rate of all the acquired usage compared with a preset threshold CPU, CPU from below CPU usage rate threshold occupancy optionally a CPU usage, CPU usage and having the processing unit determines a loading unit loading procedure for loading processing to be performed subsequent software.
5、 如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述CPU占用率门限值是根据加载处理单元的加载能力设置的。 5. The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein the CPU usage threshold value based on the processing unit loading loading capacity provided.
6、 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述根据策略确定加载处理单元的方法是:获取各加载处理单元的加载任务数量,将加栽任务数量最少的加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加载过程的加载处理单元;或,获取各加载处理单元的加载任务数量,将获取的所有加载任务数量与预先设置的加载任务数量门限值相比较,从低于加载任务数量门限值的加载任务数量中任选一个加载任务数量,并将具有该加栽任务数量的一个加载处理单元确定为要进行后续软件加栽过程的加载处理单元。 6. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein said determination processing unit loading according to the strategy method is: Get Number loaded loaded in each task processing unit, add the minimum number of processing units planted task loading is determined to means for loading the subsequent processing software loading process; or, acquires the number of tasks in each loading unit loading process, loading the number of all the acquired task is compared with the number of tasks to load a preset threshold, lower than the load limit of the number of tasks from the door the load task number values ​​loaded optionally a number of tasks, and the determination processing unit for loading software plus a subsequent process plant having a number of tasks to be added to the plant loading a processing unit.
7、 如权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,所述加载任务数量门限值是根据加载处理单元的加载能力设置的。 7. The method as claimed in claim 6, wherein the loading threshold is based on the number of tasks to load the processing unit loading capacity provided.
8、 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,进行的所述后续软件加载过程包括:被确定要进行软件加载过程的加载处理单元获取所述业务单板需要加载的业务软件,并将获取的业务软件发送给该业务单板。 8. A method as claimed in claim 2, wherein said software for subsequent loading comprising: loading processing to be performed by determining the software loading process unit acquires the service business software to be loaded board, and acquisition of business software is sent to the service board.
9、如权利要求8所述的方法,其特征在于,所述业务单板收到所述业务软件后,进一步保存并运行该业务软件。 9. A method as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the board after receiving the service business software, to further save and run the business software.
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