CN100434824C - Instant heating solar water heater - Google Patents

Instant heating solar water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100434824C
CN100434824C CNB2006100473513A CN200610047351A CN100434824C CN 100434824 C CN100434824 C CN 100434824C CN B2006100473513 A CNB2006100473513 A CN B2006100473513A CN 200610047351 A CN200610047351 A CN 200610047351A CN 100434824 C CN100434824 C CN 100434824C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water heater
evaporimeter
water
casing
temperature sensor
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2006100473513A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1900615A (en
Inventor
穆壮荣
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穆壮荣
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Priority to CNB2006100473513A priority Critical patent/CN100434824C/en
Publication of CN1900615A publication Critical patent/CN1900615A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100434824C publication Critical patent/CN100434824C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

Instant heating type solar water heater is a sealed system composed of cabinet, and compressor, water heater, and vaporizer inside the cabinet. Expansion valve is setup between water heater and vaporizer, and heat exchanger is installed inside the water heater. Being connected to the heat exchanger, inlet pipe, outlet pipe of hot water, and water temperature sensor are setup on the water heater. Waterflow switch, and waterflow control unit is setup on the inlet pipe. Axial flow fan and medium temperature sensor are installed inside the vaporizer. There is programmable control unit (PCU) inside the cabinet. The input end of PCU is connected to the waterflow switch, the water temperature sensor, and the medium temperature sensor, and the output end of PCU is connected to the compressor, the expansion valve, and the electric controlled valve. Advantages are: small volume, easy of installation, instant heating, high ration of energy efficiency, and sufficient water supply.

Description

Instant heating solar water heater
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water heater, particularly a kind of instant heating solar water heater that utilizes 1/4 electric energy, 3/4 solar radiation heat.
Background technology
At present, the heat energy of the combustion gas of mass selling on the market, fire coal, fuel oil, the required consumption of electric heater all is valuable non-renewable energy resources, pollute on the electric heater surface and lack, but power consumption is more, is called as " electric-tiger ".Be by coal power generation particularly, adopt coal power generation itself that environment is polluted in China's generating seventy percent.The hot water that daily life is required, 40 ℃ to 50 ℃ enough, finish the simple low temperature demand for heat if select the oil or the gas that can burn thousands of degree high temperature for use, this is great energy waste, and gentle a large amount of thermal losses and the toxic emissions of generation in combustion process of oil, can cause serious air pollution, neither science is uneconomical again.
Recent years, adopt the heat pump principle identical with air-conditioning, the air energy heat pump water heater of making quietly rises, this kind art designs thinking is understood too shallow, thinking simply just can become Teat pump boiler with the heat pump air conditioner slightly modified, compressor, evaporimeter, blower fan are installed in outdoor, condenser is installed in the water tank, again it is installed in indoor.The problem that this Teat pump boiler exists has: 1, volume is big, installs loaded down with trivial detailsly, and the wait hot water time is long; 2, the performance of operating condition under particular surroundings, efficiency ratio; 3, under the low temperature environment in winter, heat is under-supply, influences machine and runs well, even do not supply hot water.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to solve the problems referred to above that prior art exists, provide a kind of volume little, be convenient to install, instant-heating, electric energy loss is low, environmental protection, Energy Efficiency Ratio is high and be not subjected to weather temperature effect, sufficient instant heating solar water heater supplies water.
The present invention is achieved in that it has a casing, be provided with the energy suction inlet in the casing lower end, its special character is: be provided with the sealing system that is made of compressor, water heater and evaporimeter in casing, between water heater and evaporimeter, be provided with expansion valve, in water heater, be provided with heat exchanger, on water heater, be provided with the water inlet pipe, hot water outlet pipe and the cooling-water temperature sensor that communicate with heat exchanger, on water inlet pipe, be provided with discharge switch and water flow control device; Described evaporimeter is positioned at the casing internal upper part, be provided with axial flow blower at the evaporimeter inner top, be respectively equipped with exhaust outlet and air entry at the evaporimeter upper and lower end, described exhaust outlet is drawn by the casing top, in evaporimeter, be provided with the medium temperature sensor, between the inlet of the outlet of compressor and evaporimeter, be provided with tube connector, on tube connector, be provided with electrically-controlled valve; Also be provided with programmable control unit in casing, the input of described programmable control unit is connected with cooling-water temperature sensor and medium temperature sensor with the discharge switch respectively, output is connected with expansion valve and electrically-controlled valve with compressor respectively.
Above-mentioned instant heating solar water heater, described programmable control unit adopts single-chip microcomputer.
Above-mentioned instant heating solar water heater, the working media in the described evaporimeter are refrigerant.
Above-mentioned instant heating solar water heater is provided with muffler in the outside of compressor, the noise during with reduction work.
Above-mentioned instant heating solar water heater is provided with drip tray be positioned at evaporimeter in casing below, is provided with drainpipe on drip tray.
Advantage of the present invention is: 1, volume is little, is installed in indoorly, and promptly opening promptly has hot water, and the hot water temperature is steady, hot water line's non-scaling; 2, it is wide to be suitable for voltage range, power consumption low (power consumption be existing electric heater 1/4th), energy-conserving and environment-protective, Energy Efficiency Ratio height; 3, be not subjected to weather temperature effect, hot-water supply abundance, long service life.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1-casing, 2-energy suction inlet, 3-programmable control unit, 4-working media tube connector, 5-muffler, 6-compressor, the 7-three-way piece, 8-drainpipe, 9-drip tray, the 10-air entry, 11-evaporimeter, 12-medium temperature sensor, the 13-electrically-controlled valve, 14-axial flow blower, 15-exhaust outlet, the 16-cooling-water temperature sensor, 17-tube connector, 18-water heater, the 19-hot water outlet pipe, 20-expansion valve, 21-working media tube connector, the 22-heat exchanger, the 23-water flow control device, 24-hot-water valve, 25-water inlet pipe, 26-discharge switch, the 27-inlet valve.
The specific embodiment:
As shown in the figure, this instant heating solar water heater has a casing 1, is provided with energy suction inlet 2 in casing 1 lower end, is provided with the sealing system that is made of compressor 6, water heater 18 and evaporimeter 11 in casing 1, and described evaporimeter 11 is positioned at casing 1 internal upper part.Wherein, the bottom of water heater 18 is connected to the inlet of evaporimeter 11 by working media tube connector 21, be provided with expansion valve 20 at the middle part of working media tube connector 21, the outlet of evaporimeter 11 is connected to the inlet of compressor 6 by working media tube connector 4, outlet at compressor 6 is provided with three-way piece 7, a delivery outlet of three-way piece 7 is connected to the top of water heater 18 by pipeline, another delivery outlet of three-way piece 7 is connected to the inlet of evaporimeter 11 by tube connector 17, is provided with electrically-controlled valve 13 on tube connector 17.The middle part is provided with heat exchanger 22 in water heater 18, be provided with the airtight cavity that communicates with heat exchanger 22 respectively in the upper and lower part of water heater 18, be respectively equipped with water inlet pipe 25 and hot water outlet pipe 19 in the bottom of water heater 18, described water inlet pipe 25 communicates with the cavity of water heater 18 bottoms, hot water outlet pipe 19 upper port is positioned at the upper cavity of water heater 18, is provided with cooling-water temperature sensor 16 on the top of water heater 18.Be provided with discharge switch 26 and water flow control device 23 on water inlet pipe 25, described water flow control device 23 can adopt control valve.Inlet at water inlet pipe 25 is provided with inlet valve 27, is provided with hot-water valve 24 in hot water outlet pipe 19 outlet, and described inlet valve 27 and hot-water valve 24 lay respectively at outside the casing 1.Be arranged with two axial flow blowers 14 at evaporimeter 11 tops, be provided with exhaust outlet 15 in evaporimeter 11 upper surfaces, the lower end is provided with air entry 10, described exhaust outlet 15 is drawn by casing 1 top, evaporation tube outer surface in evaporimeter 11 is provided with medium temperature sensor 12, in the evaporation tube of evaporimeter 11, be provided with working media, described working media can adopt refrigerant, as fluorine Lyons or 134A cold-producing medium.In casing 1, be positioned at evaporimeter 11 below be provided with drip tray 9, on drip tray 9, be provided with drainpipe 8.In casing 1, also be provided with programmable control unit 3, described programmable control unit 3 adopts single-chip microcomputer, its input is connected with discharge switch 26, cooling-water temperature sensor 16 and medium temperature sensor 12 by lead respectively, and output is connected with compressor 6, expansion valve 20 and electrically-controlled valve 13 by lead respectively.Be provided with muffler 5 in the outside of compressor 6, the noise during with reduction work.
During work, working media is in evaporimeter 11 and by the solar radiation hot-air generation heat exchange of axial flow blower 14 from 2 suctions of energy suction inlet, absorb heat and gasification, the low-pressure steam that produces is sucked by compressor 6 through working media tube connector 4, control by programmable control unit 3, after compressed machine 6 compressions of working media, the working media of discharging the HTHP gaseous state enters water heater 18.Open inlet valve 27, running water enters into water heater 18 through water inlet pipe 25, discharge switch 26, water flow control device 23, hot water is discharged through hot water outlet pipe 19, heat exchange takes place in water and working media at heat exchanger 22 places, working media condenses into highly pressurised liquid, throttling when highly pressurised liquid is flowed through expansion valve 20 by working media tube connector 21, the liquid medium that becomes low-pressure low-temperature enters evaporimeter 11, liquid working media wherein evaporates in evaporimeter 11 and absorbs solar radiation heat, and the low-pressure steam of generation is sucked by compressor 6 once more.So go round and begin again, constantly circulation provides hot water.When hot water outlet pipe 19 has water to flow, 26 actions of discharge switch, give programmable control unit 3 signals of telecommunication, the water temperature signal that this moment, programmable control unit 3 provided according to cooling-water temperature sensor 16 is controlled the switch angle of the compression ratio and the expansion valve 20 of compressor 6 respectively, to reach the constant purpose of hot water temperature.In the course of work, programmable control unit 3 is gathered according to medium temperature sensor 12 and feedback data is controlled the unlatching of electrically-controlled valve 13 and expansion valve 20 or closed, to reach the purposes that evaporimeter 11 fully absorbs the solar radiation heat.

Claims (5)

1. instant heating solar water heater, comprise casing (1), be provided with energy suction inlet (2) in casing (1) lower end, it is characterized in that: in casing (1), be provided with by compressor (6), the sealing system that water heater (18) and evaporimeter (11) constitute, between water heater (18) and evaporimeter (11), be provided with expansion valve (20), in water heater (18), be provided with heat exchanger (22), on water heater (18), be provided with the water inlet pipe (25) that communicates with heat exchanger (22), hot water outlet pipe (19) and cooling-water temperature sensor (16) are provided with discharge switch (26) and water flow control device (23) on water inlet pipe (25); Described evaporimeter (11) is positioned at casing (1) internal upper part, be provided with axial flow blower (14) at evaporimeter (11) inner top, be respectively equipped with exhaust outlet (15) and air entry (10) at evaporimeter (11) upper and lower end, described exhaust outlet (15) is drawn by casing (1) top, in evaporimeter (11), be provided with medium temperature sensor (12), between the inlet of the outlet of compressor (6) and evaporimeter (11), be provided with tube connector (17), on tube connector (17), be provided with electrically-controlled valve (13); Also be provided with programmable control unit (3) in casing (1), the input of described programmable control unit (3) is connected with cooling-water temperature sensor (16) and medium temperature sensor (12) with discharge switch (26) respectively, output is connected with expansion valve (20) and electrically-controlled valve (13) with compressor (6) respectively.
2, instant heating solar water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described programmable control unit (3) adopts single-chip microcomputer.
3, instant heating solar water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the working media in the described evaporimeter (11) is a refrigerant.
4, instant heating solar water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with muffler (5) in the outside of compressor (6).
5, instant heating solar water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the below that is positioned at evaporimeter (11) in casing (1) is provided with drip tray (9), is provided with drainpipe (8) on drip tray (9).
CNB2006100473513A 2006-07-25 2006-07-25 Instant heating solar water heater Expired - Fee Related CN100434824C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100473513A CN100434824C (en) 2006-07-25 2006-07-25 Instant heating solar water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100473513A CN100434824C (en) 2006-07-25 2006-07-25 Instant heating solar water heater

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1900615A CN1900615A (en) 2007-01-24
CN100434824C true CN100434824C (en) 2008-11-19

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CNB2006100473513A Expired - Fee Related CN100434824C (en) 2006-07-25 2006-07-25 Instant heating solar water heater

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106288379A (en) * 2016-11-12 2017-01-04 方浩丞 A kind of refrigerant circulation formula water heater

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2607545Y (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-03-24 梁醒民 Solar auxiliary direct heating type water heater
CN2658624Y (en) * 2003-10-20 2004-11-24 华南理工大学 Integral honeycomb jacket heating type heat pump water heater
CN1560519A (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-01-05 陈新祥 Small coiled heat-pump water heater
CN2687548Y (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-03-23 陈新祥 Domestic small-sized solar heat pump water heater
CN2722125Y (en) * 2004-07-29 2005-08-31 上海鹿鼎索兰环境技术有限公司 Indoor integrated water heater of hot pump
CN1731056A (en) * 2005-08-30 2006-02-08 无锡高新技术产业发展股份有限公司 Refrigerator type air source heat pump water heater
JP2006046817A (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-16 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Heat pump water heater
CN2937926Y (en) * 2006-07-25 2007-08-22 穆壮荣 Immediate heating type solar water heater

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2607545Y (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-03-24 梁醒民 Solar auxiliary direct heating type water heater
CN2658624Y (en) * 2003-10-20 2004-11-24 华南理工大学 Integral honeycomb jacket heating type heat pump water heater
CN2687548Y (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-03-23 陈新祥 Domestic small-sized solar heat pump water heater
CN1560519A (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-01-05 陈新祥 Small coiled heat-pump water heater
CN2722125Y (en) * 2004-07-29 2005-08-31 上海鹿鼎索兰环境技术有限公司 Indoor integrated water heater of hot pump
JP2006046817A (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-16 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Heat pump water heater
CN1731056A (en) * 2005-08-30 2006-02-08 无锡高新技术产业发展股份有限公司 Refrigerator type air source heat pump water heater
CN2937926Y (en) * 2006-07-25 2007-08-22 穆壮荣 Immediate heating type solar water heater

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Granted publication date: 20081119

Termination date: 20130725