CN100431902C - Automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction - Google Patents

Automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100431902C
CN100431902C CNB200510136717XA CN200510136717A CN100431902C CN 100431902 C CN100431902 C CN 100431902C CN B200510136717X A CNB200510136717X A CN B200510136717XA CN 200510136717 A CN200510136717 A CN 200510136717A CN 100431902 C CN100431902 C CN 100431902C
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
ridden
right direction
secondary wheel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB200510136717XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1990327A (en
Inventor
林兆山
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林兆山
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Priority to CNB200510136717XA priority Critical patent/CN100431902C/en
Publication of CN1990327A publication Critical patent/CN1990327A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100431902C publication Critical patent/CN100431902C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a left and right driving car, which comprises the following parts: bulk, chassis, wheel, dynamic system and control system, wherein the auxiliary wheel is set on the chassis, which possesses hydraulic elevating device; the front positive wheel of auxiliary wheel connects half shaft through extending driving shaft on the same side; the driving mechanism is set between other side of half shaft and auxiliary wheel; the main wheel of auxiliary wheel connects hand brake; the negative wheel of auxiliary wheel connects vertical rod to control the steering direction through steering rod.

Description

Automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automobile, relate in particular to a kind of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction, belong to automobile technical field.
Background technology
Along with development of times, automobile has become an indispensable part in people's life.But people mainly are devoted to the aesthetic in appearance of automobile to the research and the improvement of automobile at present, and the raising of quickening, economizing the wet goods aspect of performance.Yet, raising along with people's living standard, the quantity of private car and other automobile is constantly fast increasing, and the traffic congestion problem that blocks up accordingly is also serious is perplexing the driver, especially stops when crowded, the car that only rests in the outside drives away, inboard running car is come out, not only brought great inconvenience, lose time to people, and cause collision between the automobile easily, cause great loss.
In addition, people carry out maintenance operation again repairing or during changing of tire, can only relying on upholders such as jack to make automobile be lifted away from ground, not only operate loaded down with trivial details, and wasting manpower and material resources.
Summary of the invention
The present invention improves the structure of automobile in order to solve the problem that above-mentioned conventional art exists, and a kind of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction is provided, and has solved and has stopped up the problem that car moves car, changing of tire inconvenience about when serious in the prior art; And when automobile is missed the bus, can break away from former road surface, and recover cruising, and use flexible operation, save time, safe and reliable, reduced loss, greatly facilitate people's life.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Comprise vehicle body, chassis, wheel, power system and control system, secondary wheel is set on the chassis, the preposition driving wheel of secondary wheel links to each other with the semiaxis of homonymy by unequallength drivershaft, the rearmounted driving wheel of opposite side semiaxis and secondary wheel or and the rearmounted follower of secondary wheel between transmission device is set; The preposition driving wheel of secondary wheel links to each other with stopping brake lock by fulcrum and pipe link with rearmounted driving wheel; The preposition follower of secondary wheel links to each other by the drag link of steering track rod with the control wheel steering with rearmounted follower;
Described transmission device is: described opposite side semiaxis links to each other with the rearmounted follower of secondary wheel by the fixed conveyor axle; Or described opposite side semiaxis passes through the fixed conveyor axle successively, unequallength drivershaft links to each other with the rearmounted driving wheel of secondary wheel, between fixed conveyor axle and another fixed conveyor axle and fixed conveyor axle and the unequallength drivershaft universal-joint is set all.
The outside of described hydraulic lift is provided with the recovery chamber with spatial accommodation; Be provided with elastic component between the inwall of recovery chamber and the lifting piston of hydraulic lift.
The below of described recovery chamber is provided with fixedly lock dog, and is equal with the car body chassis when fixedly lock dog is closed; Fixedly a side of lock dog links to each other with stopping brake lock, and fixedly the opposite side of lock dog is provided with turning cylinder; The fixing arranged outside pull back spring of lock dog.
Described hydraulic lift is square.
Be provided with gear between the semiaxis of described homonymy and the unequallength drivershaft.
Described steering track rod and drag link are arranged on homonymy.
Described secondary wheel is arranged on the two ends of wheel.
Described secondary wheel is four.
Advantageous effect of the present invention is as follows:
1, because secondary wheel, transmission device and steering track rod are set, so realized the ridden in left or right direction of automobile, made things convenient in limited space and can choose at random the place that parks cars, when all obstacle being arranged before and after the automobile (as front and back closely in parking and you will go on a journey the time), the driver is actuating vehicle easily, ridden in left or right direction is is freely come in and gone out, and has strengthened the manoevreability of automobile, greatly facilitates people's life.
2, range of use is extensive: muddy or have under the complex road condition such as accumulated snow covering when the road surface, often cause easily missing the bus, because the present invention can left and right sides cross running, so the driver can leave the original place easily, make automobile recover cruising, therefore be applicable in hill path or other rugged environment and use.
3, that automobile integral body is raised is liftoff because device such as secondary wheel is set, thus when maintenance vehicle or changing of tire, can directly operate, flexible and convenient operation not only, and time saving and energy saving.
4, secondary wheel in the process of moving, when turning to, because the wheelspan between the accessory whorl is little, turn radius is little, almost can realize the automobile pivot turn in minimum space, improves crossing ability, so can carry out original place rotary head commutation.
5, owing to be provided with elastic component between recovery chamber and the lifting piston, the below of reclaiming the chamber is provided with fixedly lock dog, so when the hydraulic lift et out of order can not be regained, can utilize elastic component to reclaim; And not only can carry out secondary locking by fixing lock dog, and guarantee vehicle in the cruising process, avoid secondary wheel landing to influence running car, strengthen the safety of automobile.
6, hydraulic lift is set to squarely, has guaranteed steadily fixing when secondary wheel lands to have prevented left-right rotation.
7, because transmission shaft is a unequallength drivershaft, so stretch out the alerting ability that is uneven in length that reclaims when finishing when having guaranteed the work of secondary wheel.
8, the present invention is safe and reliable, and stable performance has wide range of applications, and has improved social benefit and economic benefit.
The present invention thoroughly changed the traditional automobile of people can only before and after the thoughtcast of form, realized people to automobile can ridden in left or right direction hope.Both utilized the secondary wheel land ground on the hydraulic lift in being arranged at the bottom of the car, and made automobile integral body be lifted away from ground, and come automobile is carried out ridden in left or right direction.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the hydraulic lift of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the pin bulk state scheme drawing of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is stopping brake lock of the present invention and the fixing annexation scheme drawing between the lock dog.
Fig. 5 is the working state schematic representation of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction of the present invention.
Among the figure, 1. wheel, 2. secondary wheel, 3. semiaxis, 4. fixed conveyor axle, 5. steering track rod, 6. gear 7. reclaims the chamber, 8. universal-joint, 9. unequallength drivershaft, 10. elastic component, 11. fixing lock dogs, 12. pull back spring, 13. turning cylinders, 14. hydraulic lifts, 15. fulcrums, 16. pipe links, 17. pistons.
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing, the concrete structure of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction of the present invention is described in detail as follows:
Embodiment 1
Shown in Fig. 1-5, the present invention includes vehicle body, chassis, wheel 1, power system and control system, the two ends of wheel 1 are provided with four secondary wheels 2 on the chassis, and secondary wheel 2 is higher than wheel 1 when landing work; On the secondary wheel 2 hydraulic lift 14 is set, the outside of hydraulic lift 14 is provided with the recovery chamber 7 with spatial accommodation, be provided with spring 10 between the inwall of recovery chamber 7 and the lifting piston 17, the below of reclaiming chamber 7 is provided with fixedly lock dog 11, it is equal when fixedly lock dog 11 is closed with the car body chassis, fixedly a side of lock dog 11 links to each other with stopping brake lock, and fixedly the opposite side of lock dog 11 is provided with turning cylinder 13, fixedly the arranged outside pull back spring 12 of lock dog 11; The preposition driving wheel of secondary wheel 2 links to each other with the semiaxis 3 of homonymy by unequallength drivershaft 9, is provided with gear 6 between semiaxis 3 and the unequallength drivershaft 9; Opposite side semiaxis 3 links to each other with the rearmounted follower of secondary wheel 2 by fixed conveyor axle 4; The driving wheel of secondary wheel 2 links to each other with stopping brake lock by fulcrum 15 and pipe link 16; The follower of secondary wheel 2 links to each other by the drag link of steering track rod 5 with the control wheel steering.
Embodiment 2
The present invention includes vehicle body, chassis, wheel 1, power system and control system, the two ends of wheel 1 are provided with four secondary wheels 2 on the chassis, and secondary wheel 2 is higher than wheel 1 when landing work; On the secondary wheel 2 hydraulic lift 14 is set, the outside of hydraulic lift 14 is provided with the recovery chamber 7 with spatial accommodation, be provided with spring 10 between the inwall of recovery chamber 7 and the lifting piston 17, the below of reclaiming chamber 7 is provided with fixedly lock dog 11, it is equal when fixedly lock dog 11 is closed with the car body chassis, fixedly a side of lock dog 11 links to each other with stopping brake lock, and fixedly the opposite side of lock dog 11 is provided with turning cylinder 13, fixedly the arranged outside pull back spring 12 of lock dog 11; The preposition driving wheel of secondary wheel 2 links to each other with the semiaxis 3 of homonymy by unequallength drivershaft 9, is provided with gear 6 between semiaxis 3 and the unequallength drivershaft 9; Opposite side semiaxis 3 links to each other with the rearmounted driving wheel of secondary wheel 2 by fixed conveyor axle 4, unequallength drivershaft 9 successively, between fixed conveyor axle 4 and fixed conveyor axle 4 and fixed conveyor axle 4 and the unequallength drivershaft 9 universal-joint 8 is set all; The driving wheel of secondary wheel 2 links to each other with stopping brake lock by fulcrum 15 and pipe link 16; The follower of secondary wheel 2 links to each other by the drag link of steering track rod 5 with the control wheel steering.
Principle of work of the present invention and working process are as follows:
When the needs vehicle right and left travels, at first straining stopping brake lock allows the fixedly lock dog of below, four secondary wheels recovery chambers be in open mode, during hand braking loosening because of action of the spring fixedly lock dog retract and close, secondary wheel reclaims the chamber when cutting out, and disconnects simultaneously or closes elevator power supply or hydraulic efficiency pressure switch.Open switch, four secondary wheels of automatic lifting land car load risen and become an angle of 90 degrees (as shown in Figure 1) with present four wheels, and two driving wheels of secondary wheel land the rear to fixing, can wigwag motion; Two followers in the secondary wheel are free rotary type when landing, can wigwag motions, and control and turn to so that is connected the back with steering hardware.When four secondary wheels utilize hydraulic lift to land, the shaft gear automatic engagement of axle side gear and secondary wheel is so that outputting power, pass to the driving wheel of two secondary wheels, in secondary wheel hydraulic lift lands process, finish secondary wheel steering bar automatically and be connected with the drag link of existing steering hardware; When work finishes when regaining four secondary wheels, more than two connecting devices thoroughly separate automatically; Utilize separation that the range difference of hydraulic lift finishes above two operatorless devices and combine; During four secondary wheels work, hang D Drive automobile left lateral, reverse gear automobile right lateral, automobile put in place when needing brake, and four wheels of control that normally touch on the brake have also just been controlled two secondary driving wheels through the transmission of semiaxis and transmission shaft and promptly stopped.Strain the driving wheel of two secondary wheels of stopping brake lock control simultaneously, when secondary wheel retraction built on stilts, wheel lands stopping brake lock and controlled double rear wheel again, and secondary wheel retraction wheel lands moment and finishes the brake conversion, and is also safe and reliable when the stopping on hill to guarantee automobile.
Power on the secondary wheel of the present invention, brake and turn to former each system that all utilizes automobile itself.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction comprises vehicle body, chassis, wheel (1), power system and control system, it is characterized in that being provided with on the chassis secondary wheel (2), and hydraulic lift (14) is set on the secondary wheel (2); The preposition driving wheel of secondary wheel (2) links to each other with the semiaxis (3) of homonymy by unequallength drivershaft (9), the rearmounted driving wheel of opposite side semiaxis (3) and secondary wheel (2) or and the rearmounted follower of secondary wheel (2) between transmission device is set; The preposition driving wheel of secondary wheel (2) links to each other with stopping brake lock by fulcrum (15) and pipe link (16) with rearmounted driving wheel; The preposition follower of secondary wheel (2) links to each other with the drag link that control wheel (1) turns to by steering track rod (5) with rearmounted follower;
Described transmission device is: described opposite side semiaxis (3) links to each other with the rearmounted follower of secondary wheel (2) by fixed conveyor axle (4); Or described opposite side semiaxis (3) passes through fixed conveyor axle (4) successively, unequallength drivershaft (9) links to each other with the rearmounted driving wheel of secondary wheel (2), between fixed conveyor axle (4) and another fixed conveyor axle and fixed conveyor axle (4) and the unequallength drivershaft (9) universal-joint (8) is set all.
2, automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction according to claim 1 is characterized in that the outside of described hydraulic lift (14) is provided with the recovery chamber (7) with spatial accommodation; Be provided with elastic component (10) between the inwall of recovery chamber (7) and the lifting piston of hydraulic lift (14).
3, automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction according to claim 2 is characterized in that the below of described recovery chamber (7) is provided with fixedly lock dog (11), and fixedly lock dog (11) is equal with the car body chassis when closing; Fixedly a side of lock dog (11) links to each other with stopping brake lock, and fixedly the opposite side of lock dog (11) is provided with turning cylinder (13); The fixing arranged outside pull back spring (12) of lock dog (11).
4, automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction according to claim 1 is characterized in that described hydraulic lift (14) is for square.
5, automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction according to claim 1 is characterized in that the semiaxis of described homonymy. be provided with gear (6) between (3) and the unequallength drivershaft.
6, automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction according to claim 1 is characterized in that described steering track rod (5) and drag link are arranged on homonymy.
7, automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction according to claim 1 is characterized in that described secondary wheel (2) is arranged on the rear and front end of wheel (1).
8, automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction according to claim 1 is characterized in that described secondary wheel (2) is four.
CNB200510136717XA 2005-12-28 2005-12-28 Automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction Expired - Fee Related CN100431902C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB200510136717XA CN100431902C (en) 2005-12-28 2005-12-28 Automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB200510136717XA CN100431902C (en) 2005-12-28 2005-12-28 Automobile capable of being ridden in left or right direction

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1990327A CN1990327A (en) 2007-07-04
CN100431902C true CN100431902C (en) 2008-11-12

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102442363A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-05-09 陈瑞阳 Automobile chassis device
CN105966495B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-03-16 南京航空航天大学 Orthogonal two-way truck and its control method
CN111535113B (en) * 2020-04-30 2022-01-04 北京天仁科技发展有限公司 Traveling mechanism of grassland filament planting machine and working method

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5419580A (en) * 1991-03-09 1995-05-30 Ku; Dong C. Direction change device for use with an automobile
JP2552620B2 (en) * 1993-04-19 1996-11-13 久夫 尾高 Vehicle with auxiliary wheels
CN2303754Y (en) * 1997-02-05 1999-01-13 耿斌杰 360-degree around transverse automatic parking device
CN2325253Y (en) * 1998-05-07 1999-06-23 洛阳市工程机械设计所 Drive arrangement for vehicle
CN2492448Y (en) * 2001-01-21 2002-05-22 蔡广 Wheel translating mechanism
WO2002046031A1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2002-06-13 Allard Eric J Remote-operated multi-directional transport vehicle
CN1438096A (en) * 2003-03-11 2003-08-27 张周新 Object walking mechanism
CN2853557Y (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-01-03 林兆山 Vehicle capable of left-right running

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5419580A (en) * 1991-03-09 1995-05-30 Ku; Dong C. Direction change device for use with an automobile
JP2552620B2 (en) * 1993-04-19 1996-11-13 久夫 尾高 Vehicle with auxiliary wheels
CN2303754Y (en) * 1997-02-05 1999-01-13 耿斌杰 360-degree around transverse automatic parking device
CN2325253Y (en) * 1998-05-07 1999-06-23 洛阳市工程机械设计所 Drive arrangement for vehicle
WO2002046031A1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2002-06-13 Allard Eric J Remote-operated multi-directional transport vehicle
CN2492448Y (en) * 2001-01-21 2002-05-22 蔡广 Wheel translating mechanism
CN1438096A (en) * 2003-03-11 2003-08-27 张周新 Object walking mechanism
CN2853557Y (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-01-03 林兆山 Vehicle capable of left-right running

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Granted publication date: 20081112

Termination date: 20111228