CN100430026C - Deep electric knotter - Google Patents

Deep electric knotter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100430026C
CN100430026C CN 200510051388 CN200510051388A CN100430026C CN 100430026 C CN100430026 C CN 100430026C CN 200510051388 CN200510051388 CN 200510051388 CN 200510051388 A CN200510051388 A CN 200510051388A CN 100430026 C CN100430026 C CN 100430026C
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line
hole
housing
button
transmission line
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CN 200510051388
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1682665A (en
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杜运生
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杜运生
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Abstract

深部电动打结器,属于医疗器械,其特征在于,由开关电路、绕送线控制装置、按钮、弹簧、压线板、壳体组成。 Electric deep knotter, a medical device, characterized in that the switching circuit, about the wire feeding control unit, a button, a spring, pressure line board, the housing components. 开关电路包括电机、充电电池、常闭开关和闭合开关,绕送线装置包括线卷、输线板和输线杆,线轴固定于电机轴上,输线板上有输线孔,常闭开关粘固于输线板的一端,按钮接触粘固于压线板上的闭合开关,弹簧外推压线板,壳体包括外壳、外壳线盖,外壳伸出部插有输线杆,输线杆端有穿线孔、出线孔,外壳侧面有按钮孔、充电孔、出线孔,外壳内有弹簧固定槽、电机轴孔、压线板轴孔,电机轴孔与电机间有阻水胶圈。 The switching circuit includes a motor, a rechargeable battery, normally-closed switch and a closed switch around the coil comprises a wire feeding means, and output transmission line pole plates, the bobbin is fixed to the motor shaft, the transmission line with a transmission line of the board hole, the normally closed switch One end of the transmission line is adhered to the plate, in contact with the button to close the switch pressure line cement board, outer spring presses the wiring board, the housing including a housing cover line, the housing input rod projecting portion is inserted, transmission line threaded rod end with a bore, outlet bore, the housing has a side button hole, the charging hole, outlet hole, a spring fixing groove within the housing, a water blocking apron between the motor shaft hole, a shaft hole plate pressure line, the motor and the motor shaft hole. 此器械用于小孔手术结扎,使用方便,结扎速度快、准确、安全,为小切口手术、腹腔镜手术提供了良好的结扎工具。 This instrument is intended for surgical ligation aperture, easy to use, fast ligation, accurate, safe, a small incision, laparoscopic surgery provides good ligation.

Description

深部电动打结器 Deep electric knotting

技术领域 FIELD

本发明是深部电动打结器,属于医疗器械,特别适用于手不能进入的深部手术结扎。 The present invention is an electric deep knotter, a medical device, particularly suitable for deep surgical ligation of the hand can not enter. 背景技术 Background technique

目前的手术一般用手打结,对于肥胖、切口深及难于显露的手术, 行组织结扎很困难,影响结扎的准确性和速度,尤其是腹腔镜手术结扎更困难。 The current general surgery knotted by hand, obesity, cut deep and difficult to reveal the operation, the line is very difficult tissue ligation, ligation affect the accuracy and speed, especially in the more difficult laparoscopic surgical ligation. 有时用扩大切口或用银、钛夹来完成,但扩大切口增加了 Sometimes expand the incision or silver, titanium clip is accomplished, but increased to expand the incision

损伤,加重了病人的痛苦;用银、钛夹不仅成本高,还使金属异物长期存放病人体内,有脱落、体积大、电磁不良效应的缺点,不宜频繁使用。 Injury, increased the patient's pain; silver, titanium clip is not only costly, but also long-term storage of the metal foreign substances patient, depilated, bulky, adverse effects of electromagnetic disadvantage, not frequently used. 我们以往的医用手术电动打结器结构复杂,不能在按压开关按钮闭开关到最后压紧线,紧线不准确,使用不方便。 Our previous medical surgical electric knotting complicated structure, the push button switch is not closed to the final pressing switch line, tight line inaccurate, inconvenient to use. 微创手术的结扎难题已引起国内外专家重视,但至今仍未解决。 Minimally invasive surgery ligation problem has attracted domestic and foreign experts attention, but has not yet been resolved. 发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是在于克服上述现有技术的不足之处而提供一种携带丝线巻、输线杆送线、打结后紧线、松线自如,适合小切口和腹腔镜手术的无损伤深部电动打结器。 Object of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art and to provide a portable Volume wire, rod feed transport line, immediately after the line knot, loose wire freely, without damage for small incision and deep laparoscopic surgery electric knotting.

本发明的目的是通过以下措施来实现的: Object of the present invention is achieved by the following measures:

本发明由开关电路、绕送线控制装置、按钮、弹簧、压线板、壳体组成,开关电路包括电机、充电电池、常闭开关和闭合开关构成的闭合电路,绕送线装置包括线巻、输线板和输线杆,线轴固定于电机轴上,输线板上有输线孔,常闭开关粘固于输线板的一端,按钮接触粘固于压线板上的闭合开关,弹簧外推压线板,壳体包括外壳、外壳线盖,外壳伸出部插有输线杆,输线杆端有穿线孔、出线孔,外壳侧面有按钮孔、充电孔、出线孔,外壳内有弹簧固定槽、电机轴孔、 压线板轴孔,电机轴孔与电机间有阻水胶圈。 By the switching circuit of the present invention, the control device about the feeding line, a button, a spring, pressure line board, composed of a housing, the switching circuit includes a motor, a rechargeable battery, a normally closed switch and closes a closed circuit composed of the switch, wire feeding means includes a wire winding Volume , and output transmission line pole plates, the bobbin is fixed to the motor shaft, the transmission line with a transmission line hole plate, is adhered to one end of the normally closed switch plate transmission line, closing the switch button is adhered to the contact pressure line board, a spring urging the outer wiring board, the housing including a housing cover line, projecting housing portion inserted input rod, the input rod end with a threaded bore, outlet bore, the housing has a side button hole, the charging hole, outlet hole, the housing the spring fixing groove, a water blocking apron between the motor shaft hole, a shaft hole plate pressure line, the motor and the motor shaft hole.

本发明与现有技术相比具有如下优点: The prior art and the present invention has the following advantages:

(1) 只需一个自带线巻的打结器,经细杆完成送线、套线、对组织结扎,省去了以往深部结扎每次用钳夹线、送线、去钳再提线结扎的过程,提高了结扎速度。 (1) Volume line carrying only one knotter, the completed thin rod feeding line, sets of lines, tissue ligation, eliminating the conventional deep ligated with each jaw line, line feed, to mention line clamp ligation process, improve the speed of ligation.

(2) 此打结器只需细杆进入结扎部位,电机紧线,不用齿轮,在结扎处紧线力易控制,比以往的医用手术电动打结器结构简单,耐用, 更适合小孔安全结扎。 (2) This is just a thin rod into the knotter ligation site, motor tight line, without gears, easy to control the tight line ligation force, simpler than the conventional electric medical surgical knot structure, durable, is more suitable for security holes ligation.

(3) 打结器松线时张力符合结扎要求,既不牵拉损伤结扎组织, 又不松结。 (3) Song knotting the thread tension meet the requirements ligation, ligation of tissue damage neither pulled nor loose knot.

(4) 此打结器用丝线不用金属夹,费用低、组织刺激小、可频繁使用。 (4) This thread knotted Used without metal clip, low cost, small tissue irritation, can be used frequently.

(5) 有防水密封,便于消毒,适合医用。 (5) there is a waterproof seal, to facilitate sterilization, for medical.

(6) 此深部电动打结器,主要特征在于压一个开关按钮闭开关时,在按压到最后又使压线板压紧线,使输线杆端的穿线孔引出的线能固定紧线,提高了结扎可靠性,是以往的医用手术电动打结器不能做到的。 (6) The electric deep knotter, characterized in that the main switch is pressed a button switch closed, can be fixed in the tight line to finally pressing the pressing plate pressing wire line, so that the output end of the rod threading hole drawn lines to increase the ligation reliability, is the conventional medical surgical electric knotting can not do.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

说明书附图为本发明的总图总图中的局部剖图有A、 C、 D。 FIG partial sectional view of the total overall view of the present invention in the accompanying drawings are A, C, D.

图中:1、电机,2、外壳,3、阻水胶圈,4、电机轴孔,5、线巻,6、输线板,7、输线孔,8、常闭开关,9、压线板,10、压线板轴,11、压线板轴孔,12、闭合开关,13、弹簧,14、固定槽,15、 按钮,12、闭合开关,16、按钮孔,17、外壳伸出部,18、输线杆, 19、穿线孔,20、出线孔,21、线盖,22、外壳插座孔,23、插座,24、 充电电池,25、外壳出线孔,26、进线孔。 In FIG: 1, a motor 2, a housing 3, the water blocking apron 4, a motor shaft hole 5, lines Volume, 6, plate transmission line, 7, transmission line hole 8, normally closed switch 9, the pressure panel, 10, pressure line plate shaft 11, pressure line plate shaft hole 12, closes the switch 13, a spring 14, fixing tank 15, the button 12, closing switch 16, the button hole 17, the housing extending the unit 18, the input rod 19, threaded hole 20, outlet hole 21, the wire cover 22, the housing outlet hole 23, outlet 24, the rechargeable battery 25, the housing outlet aperture 26, into the line hole . 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

参照附图,电机1粘固于外壳2上,电机轴上套阻水胶圈3后穿外壳上的电机轴孔4,电机轴上粘固线巻5,对着线巻5处的输线板6 上有输线孔7,输线板一端粘固有常闭开关8,压线板9 一端有压线板轴10固定于外壳压线板轴孔11 (说明书附图中局部剖图A)上可转动,压线板上粘固有闭合开关12,弹簧13在固定槽14上外推压线板, 按钮15内侧对着闭合开关12,按钮外侧经外壳上的按钮孔16伸出外壳外,外壳伸出部17插有输线杆18,输线杆是不锈钢管,壳端有进线孔26,头端有穿线孔19、出线孔20。 Referring to the drawings, the motor 1 is adhered to the housing 2, the motor shaft sleeve after the water blocking apron 3 through the motor shaft hole in the housing 4, the motor shaft anchor line Volume 5, Volume 5 against the transmission line at the line the upper plate 6 with a hole 7 transmission line, the transmission line one end of the anchor plate has a normally closed switch 8, the pressure plate 9 one end of the line pressure line plate shaft 10 fixed to the housing plate pressure line of the shaft hole 11 (partial sectional view in the accompanying drawings A) on a rotatable, cement board with a pressure line closes the switch 12, the spring 13 is pressed on the outer wire fixing groove plate 14, the button 15 closes the switch 12 facing the inner side, outer side button protruding through the button hole of the housing 16 on the outside of the casing, projecting housing portion 17 has a transmission rod 18 is inserted, the output rod is a stainless steel tube, with a terminal housing hole 26 into the line, the head end 19 has a threaded hole, outlet hole 20. 外壳2上有线盖21 (说明书附图中局部剖图C)。 Cable cover 21 on the housing 2 (in the accompanying drawings a partial sectional view C). 粘固于外壳插座孔22 (说明书附图中局部剖图D) 上的插座23接充电电池24的正、负极。 Receptacle hole 22 is adhered to the socket housing (partially sectional view in the accompanying drawings D) 23 connected to the rechargeable battery 24 is positive, negative. 输线杆可做成不同长度带有套线、剪线等不同功能的多种类型。 The output rod can be made of different lengths with a plurality of types of different functional sets of lines, cut lines and the like. 用线绕在线巻5上,线端通过孔7、外壳出线孔25 (说明书附图中局部剖图C)、输线杆18有穿线孔19、出线孔20引出。 A line wound on Volume 5, line 7 through the aperture end, the housing outlet hole 25 (in the accompanying drawings a partial sectional view C), the output rod 18 has a threaded hole 19, outlet hole 20 leads. 如配气腹腹腔镜使用线端通过孔7、进线孔26、出线孔20引出。 The laparoscopic valve through the hole using a wire end 7, the line inlet hole 26, outlet hole 20 leads. 电机的正极、电机的负极、电池、常闭开关和闭合开关构成闭合电路。 The motor of the positive electrode, the negative electrode of the motor, batteries, normally-closed switch and closes the switch a closed circuit.

使用前,打结器充电、消毒,打开外壳2上的线盖21,线巻的线经孔7拉出,沿输线板6、外壳出线孔25穿出,再经穿线孔19穿入、 出线孔20引出线头。 Before use, the charging knotter, disinfection, two open lines on the housing cover 21, a line drawn through the orifice line Volume 7, plate along transmission line 6, piercing the housing outlet hole 25, and then threading through the penetration holes 19, outlet holes 20 lead head. 结扎时输线杆18的出线孔20送线直接套住钳夹组织处,打结后轻压按钮15使闭合开关12接通,电机1转动, 线巻5转动紧线,输线杆18下推把线结推向结扎的组织,再重压按钮15,压线板9压住线不动,同时使常闭合开关8断开,电机停转, 此时推线和拉线力大小相等方向相反,自主紧线力根据需要掌握,松开按钮并将输线杆向外拉出,松线张力很小,不会因结扎线牵拉而损伤结扎组织。 Ligation transport rod 20 feed line 18 directly to the outlet hole trap tissue of the jaw, after the closure knot 15 Gently press button switch 12, the motor 1 is rotated, the wire takeup Volume 5 rotates, the input rod 18 pushing the knot towards the tissue ligation, and then the weight of the button 15, the line pressure line 9 pressed plate does not move, while the normally closed switch 8 is turned off, the motor is stopped, and at this time pull wire pushing force equal and opposite , according to independent force control required tight line, release button and the input rod drawn out, loose thread tension is small, it will not ligature pulling damaged tissue ligation. 按上述步骤依次打第二、第三个结,完成一次结扎。 Successively playing the second step described above, the third junction, complete a ligation. 结扎后剪线。 Trimming ligation. 还可把线送到钳分离需结扎的管性组织处,分离钳顺便夹出线结扎。 Also to the line of the tube clamp for an isolated tissue ligation, the separation line clamp clip way ligation.

通过动物实验和临床试用,效果良好。 By animal experiments and clinical trials, to good effect.

Claims (2)

1.深部电动打结器,其特征在于,由开关电路、绕送线控制装置、按钮、弹簧、压线板、壳体组成,开关电路包括电机、充电电池、常闭开关和闭合开关,绕送线控制装置包括线卷、输线板和输线杆,线卷的线轴固定于电机轴上,输线板上有输线孔,常闭开关粘固于输线板的一端,按钮接触粘固于压线板上的闭合开关,弹簧外推压线板,壳体包括外壳、外壳线盖,外壳伸出部插有输线杆,输线杆端有穿线孔,外壳侧面有按钮孔、充电孔、出线孔,外壳内有弹簧固定槽、电机轴孔、压线板轴孔,电机轴孔与电机间有阻水胶圈。 1. Electric deep knotter, characterized in that the switching circuit, about the wire feeding control unit, a button, a spring, pressure line board, composed of a housing, the switching circuit includes a motor, a rechargeable battery, a normally closed switch and closes the switch, about line control means includes a wire feed roll, plate transmission line and the transmission rod, the reel spool is fixed to the motor shaft, the transmission line with a transmission line hole plate, is adhered to one end of a normally closed switch plate transmission line, the contact stick button Crimping plate fixed to close the switch, the spring urging the outer wiring board, the housing including a housing cover line, projecting housing portion inserted input rod, the input rod end with a threaded hole, the housing has a side button hole, charging hole, outlet hole, a spring fixing groove within the housing, a water blocking apron between the motor shaft hole, a shaft hole plate pressure line, the motor and the motor shaft hole.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的深部电动打结器,其特征在于打结后轻压按钮使闭合开关接通,电机转动,线巻转动紧线,再重压按钮,压线板压住线不动。 The electric deep knotter according to claim 1, characterized in that after the closure knot Gently press button switch is turned on, the motor rotates, the line rotation Volume tight line, then weight the button pressed plate line pressure line Do not move.
CN 200510051388 2005-03-09 2005-03-09 Deep electric knotter CN100430026C (en)

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CN100430026C true CN100430026C (en) 2008-11-05

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101243988B (en) 2007-02-16 2010-09-01 中国医学科学院北京协和医院 Automatic ligation device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5290284A (en) 1992-05-01 1994-03-01 Adair Edwin Lloyd Laparoscopic surgical ligation and electrosurgical coagulation and cutting device
CN2228330Y (en) 1995-04-19 1996-06-05 开滦矿务局医院 Electric knot-making device for ligation operation
US5716368A (en) 1993-06-02 1998-02-10 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Knotmaker with curved elongate member used in tying a ligature
US5749898A (en) 1997-04-08 1998-05-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Suture cartridge assembly for a surgical knot

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5290284A (en) 1992-05-01 1994-03-01 Adair Edwin Lloyd Laparoscopic surgical ligation and electrosurgical coagulation and cutting device
US5716368A (en) 1993-06-02 1998-02-10 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Knotmaker with curved elongate member used in tying a ligature
CN2228330Y (en) 1995-04-19 1996-06-05 开滦矿务局医院 Electric knot-making device for ligation operation
US5749898A (en) 1997-04-08 1998-05-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Suture cartridge assembly for a surgical knot

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