CN100426766C - Method and apparatus for starting client bandwidth adjustment - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for starting client bandwidth adjustment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100426766C
CN100426766C CN 200410082363 CN200410082363A CN100426766C CN 100426766 C CN100426766 C CN 100426766C CN 200410082363 CN200410082363 CN 200410082363 CN 200410082363 A CN200410082363 A CN 200410082363A CN 100426766 C CN100426766 C CN 100426766C
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bandwidth
user
network
bandwidth adjustment
step
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CN 200410082363
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1801748A (en )
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胡立新
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种发起客户端带宽调整的方法,该方法包含:用户向网络发起连接请求,并提供鉴权信息,客户端存储该鉴权信息,用户接入网络;判断是否需要发起带宽调整,如果是,则向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求;否则,继续判断是否需要发起带宽调整。 The present invention discloses a method of initiating a client bandwidth adjustment, the method comprising: a user initiates a connection request to the network, and provides authentication information, the client stores the authentication information, the user access network; determining whether the bandwidth adjustment needs to be initiated if so, to initiate a network authentication information carrying bandwidth adjustment request; otherwise, continue to determine whether to initiate a bandwidth adjustment. 本发明还公开了一种发起客户端带宽调整的装置,该装置包括:输入单元,用于用户输入鉴权信息,并发送至网络连接单元;网络连接单元,用于向网络发送携带有鉴权信息的连接请求,接入互联网;带宽调整单元,用于向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求。 The present invention also discloses a device for initiating a client bandwidth adjustment, the apparatus comprising: an input unit for a user to input authentication information, and transmits to the network connection unit; network connection unit, configured to send to the network carrying the authentication has the connection request information, access to the Internet; bandwidth adjustment means, for initiating bandwidth adjustment carries the authentication information request to the network. 根据本发明提出的方案,可根据设定的条件或用户的需求,调整用户接入互联网的带宽,为上网用户节省时间和上网费用。 The scheme proposed by the invention, according to the conditions set by the user or the demand, adjust the bandwidth of the user to access the Internet, saving time and cost Internet access to Internet users.

Description

一种发M户端带宽调整的方法及装置 A method and apparatus for hair client bandwidth adjustment M

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及网络通信技术,特别是指一种发起客户端带宽调整的方法及装置。 The present invention relates to network communication technology, and particularly to a method and apparatus to initiate a client bandwidth adjustment.

背景技水 Water technology background

互联网接入服务供应商(ISP, Internet Service Provider )为用户提供互联网的宽带接入服务,并根据用户的数据流量或使用时间长度对用户进行计费,这就是一般所说的上网。 Internet access service providers (ISP, Internet Service Provider) to provide users with broadband Internet access service, and in accordance with data traffic or the length of time to charge users of the user, which is generally called the Internet. 由于数据流量对于用户是比较抽象的,非常难以理解,因此,ISP大多釆用根据使用时间长度进行计费的方式,例如,每月累计上网时间长度小于或等于60个小时,上网费用为90元,超过60小时的部分按照每分钟0.05元计费。 Since the data traffic for the user is more abstract, is very difficult to understand, therefore, most of the ISP billing according to the length of time a way to preclude the use of, e.g., monthly cumulative length of access time less than or equal to 60 hours at a cost of 90 yuan Internet , more than 60 hours in accordance with section 0.05 yuan per minute billing. 部分ISP还可为用户提供带宽选择,并为不同带宽选择限制最高带宽,例如,每月不限制上网时间长度、最高带宽为每秒512千字节(Kbits),上网费用为100元;每月不限制上网时间长度、 最高带宽为每秒2兆字节(Mbits),上网费用为200元。 ISP section also provide users with the bandwidth selection, and limit the maximum bandwidth is selected to be different bandwidths, e.g., monthly Internet access is not limited length of time, the maximum bandwidth of 512 kilobits per second (Kbits of), Internet access costs $ 100; month Internet is not limited length of time, the maximum bandwidth of 2 megabytes per second (Mbits), the cost for the Internet 200.

图1示出了用户接入互联网示意图,如图1所示,用户使用上网设备等客户端上网时,客户端中的网络连接模块向接入服务器(BAS, Broadband Access Server)发送连接请求,接入服务器请求鉴权授权计费(AAA, Authentication, Authorization and Accounting)月良务器对用户进行鉴权;AAA 服务器中集中存储用户数据,根据存储的用户数据对用户进行鉴权。 FIG 1 shows a schematic view of a user to access the Internet, as shown in FIG. 1, when a user uses a client Internet access equipment, the client network connection module sends a connection request to the access server (BAS, Broadband Access Server), then request the authentication authorization accounting server (AAA, authentication, authorization and accounting) months good service authenticate the user device; centralized AAA server storing user data, a user authentication according to the user data storage. 如果用户通过AAA服务器的鉴权,则AAA服务器向接入服务器下发带宽信息, 接入服务器根据该带宽信息控制用户接入互联网的最高带宽,为用户提供流量和时间长度的计费服务,使得客户端通过接入服务器接入到互联网中。 If the user authentication by the AAA server, the AAA server sends the information to the bandwidth of the access server, the access server according to the highest bandwidth information to the bandwidth control user access to the Internet, to provide users with traffic and billing service time length, such that clients to access the Internet via the access server. 接入服务器对数据包进行计量和控制,从而实现对不同用户的计费。 The access server and data packets metering control, enabling charging for different users. 如果用户未通过AAA服务器的鉴权,则AAA服务器通知接入服务器拒绝用卢与互联网建立连接。 If the user is not authenticated by the AAA server, the AAA server notifies the access server refuses to establish a connection to the Internet Lu. 用户开始接入互联网到与互联网终止连接,接入服务器都会通知AAA服务器,AAA服务器会生成用户接入互联网的相应记录,如时间长度、数据流量等。 Internet users begin to access the corresponding record to terminate the connection to the Internet, the access server will notify the AAA server, the AAA server generates the user's access to the Internet, such as length of time, and traffic.

另外,AAA服务器可不需要接入服务器的请求,就主动向接入力l务器下发相关信息,如用户接入互联网的带宽,改变接入服务器对用户接入互联网的控制,从而实现动态实时地改变用户接入互联网的带宽。 Further, the AAA server may not require an access request to a server, on the initiative to send related information to the service access l force, such as the user's Internet access bandwidth, changing an access control server to the user access to the Internet, in order to achieve real-time dynamic changing bandwidth users access the Internet.

ISP也为用户提供接入互联网带宽的调整方法,如图2所示,用户需要调整接入互联网的带宽时,可登录运营商提供的万维网(Web)服务器,输入自身的认证信息,用户通过Web服务器的鉴权认证后,将用户调整带宽的请求转发至AAA服务器,然后AAA服务器将需要调整的带宽下发至接入服务器,接入服务器调整用户接入互联网的带宽,从而实现对带宽的调整。 When the ISP to provide users with access to Internet bandwidth adjustment method shown in Figure 2, the user to adjust bandwidth access to the Internet, the World Wide Web log (Web) server provided by the operator, the input of the authentication information itself, the user Web after the authentication and authorization server, and forwards the user to adjust bandwidth request to the AAA server, the AAA server will then need to adjust the bandwidth to send the access server, the access server the user to adjust the Internet access bandwidth, adjusting the bandwidth to achieve . 但是,这种用户调整接入互联网带宽的方法,需要用户登录Web服务器并输入相关认证信息,以对用户的身份进行鉴权;而且带宽调整是由用户本身发起的,具有很大的主观性,很可能当前的带宽调整并不符合上网情况的要求。 However, this method of adjusting the user access to the Internet bandwidth, requires the user to log into the Web server and enter the relevant authentication information to authenticate the identity of the user; and bandwidth adjustment is initiated by the users themselves, have a lot of subjectivity, probably does not comply with current Internet bandwidth adjustment situation demands.

发明内容 SUMMARY

有鉴于此,本发明的一个目的在于提供一种发起客户端带宽调整的方法,本发明的另一目的在于提供一种发起客户端带宽调整的装置,使得客户端能够自动发起接入互联网的带宽调整。 In view of this, an object of the present invention to provide a method for a client to initiate bandwidth adjustment, a further object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus for initiating a client bandwidth adjustment, so that the client can automatically initiate Internet access bandwidth Adjustment.

为了达到上述目的,本发明提供了一种调整客户端带宽的方法,该方法包含: To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a method for adjusting the bandwidth of a client, the method comprising:

A、 用户向网络发起连接请求,并提供鉴权信息,客户端存储该鉴权信息, 用户接入网络; A, the user initiates a connection request to the network, and provides authentication information, the client stores the authentication information, the user access network;

B、 客户端判断是否需要发起带宽调整,如果是,则执行步骤C,否则, 返回执行步骤B;C、客户端向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求。 B, the client determines whether the bandwidth adjustment needs to be initiated, if yes, performing step C, and otherwise, returns to step B; C, initiated by the client to the network bandwidth adjustment request carrying the authentication information.

步骤B中所述判断是否需要发起带宽调整为:判断用户当前的上网情况是否满足设定的上网情况,如果是,则执行步骤C;否则,返回4丸行步骤B。 Step B determines whether to initiate a bandwidth adjustment: determining the user's current situation meets the Internet where access is set, if yes, executing step C; otherwise, return to step B. 4 rows pellet 所述步骤B之前进一步包括:客户端检测用户的上网情况。 Before the step B further comprises: detecting a client user of the Internet. 步骤B中所述判断用户当前的上网情况是否满足设定的上网情况为:对确定时间长度内收到的数据包进行统计,然后根据该统计结果计算实际的数据流量,将该数据流量与当前选择的最高带宽进行比较,判断该数据流量与当前选择最高带宽的比值是否达到设定比例,如果是,则执行步骤C,否则,返回执行步骤B; Step B determines whether the user of the current situation of the Internet where access is set to satisfy: receiving time data in packet length determination statistics, and then calculate the actual data traffic, the data traffic based on the statistics of the current highest bandwidth selection, and determines that the currently selected data traffic with the highest bandwidth ratio reaches a set ratio, if yes, performing step C, and otherwise, returns to step B;

所述步骤C为:向网络发起带宽调高的请求。 Said step C is: initiating a request to increase the bandwidth of the network.

步骤B中所述判断用户当前的上网情况是否满足设定的上网情况为:对确定时间长度内收到的数据包进行统计,然后根据该统计结果计算实际的数据流量,将该数据流量与当前选择的最高带宽进行比较,判断该数据流量与当前选择最高带宽是否小于设定比例,如果是,则执行步骤C,否则,返回执行步骤 Step B determines whether the user of the current situation of the Internet where access is set to satisfy: receiving time data in packet length determination statistics, and then calculate the actual data traffic, the data traffic based on the statistics of the current comparing the selected maximum bandwidth, the data traffic is determined whether the currently selected bandwidth is less than the highest ratio is set, if yes, performing step C, and otherwise, returns to step

B; B;

所述步骤C为:向网络发起带宽调低的请求。 Said step C is: initiating a request to the network bandwidth is lowered. 所述步骤B之前进一步包括:用户发起带宽调整。 Prior to said step B further comprising: a user-initiated bandwidth adjustment.

步骤B所述执行步骤C之前进一步包括:客户端通知用户当前需要进行带 Step B prior to performing said step C further comprising: a client needs to notify the user of the current band

宽调整,用户确定需要进行带宽调整操作。 Width adjusting, the user determines the need for bandwidth adjustment operations.

所述步骤B之前进一步包括:用户选择需要调整的带宽; Prior to said step B further comprising: selecting a user to adjust bandwidth;

所述步骤C为:向网络发起携带有鉴权信息和所述带宽的带宽调整请求。 Said step C is: initiating bandwidth adjustment request carries the authentication information to the network bandwidth.

所述步骤C之后进一步包括:如果用户通过网络的鉴权,调整用户接入互 After said step C further comprising: if a user authentication through a network, user access mutual adjustment

联网的带宽。 Networking bandwidth.

所述鉴权信息为:用户名和密码,或会话号。 The authentication information: a user name and password, or the session number.

本发明还提供了一种调整客户端带宽的装置,该装置置于客户端包括: The present invention also provides a means for adjusting the bandwidth of the client, the client device is placed comprises:

输入单元,用于用户输入鉴权信息,并发送至网络连接单元; An input unit for a user to input authentication information, and transmits to the network connection unit;

网络连接单元,用于向网络发送携带有鲞权信息的连接请求,接入互联网; 带宽调整单元,用于在需要发起带宽调整时向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求。 The network connection unit, configured to send a connection request to the network carrying the dried sea right information, access to the Internet; bandwidth adjustment means, for initiating bandwidth adjustment request carries the authentication information to the network when the bandwidth adjustment needs to be initiated.

所述输入单元进一步用于输入带宽信息。 The input unit is further for inputting bandwidth information.

所述输入单元进一步用于存储鉴权信息,在带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调整请求时,提供给带宽调整单元。 The input unit is further configured to store authentication information, when the network initiates a request to the bandwidth adjustment in the bandwidth adjustment unit, is supplied to the bandwidth adjustment means.

所述带宽调整单元用于存储鉴权信息,在向网络发起带宽调整请求时提供 The bandwidth adjustment unit for storing authentication information, when a request to provide network initiated bandwidth adjustment

给网络。 To the network.

该装置进一步包括:网络检测单元,用于检测用户的上网情况,判断是否需要通知带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调整请求; The apparatus further comprises: detecting a network unit for user access is detected, it is determined whether a bandwidth adjustment unit initiates the notification request to the network bandwidth adjustment;

所述带宽调整单元,用于根据网络检测单元的通知,向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求。 The bandwidth adjustment means for informing the network according to the detection unit initiates a bandwidth adjustment request carries the authentication information to the network.

所述鉴权信息由输入单元提供,带宽调整单元存储。 Said authentication information provided by the input unit, a storage unit bandwidth adjustment.

根据本发明提出的方案,网络连接调整模块实时检测用户的上网情况, 判断是否需要发起带宽调整,如果是,则向网络发起带宽调整,以使网络对用户接入互联网的带宽进行调整,从而根据设定的条件或用户的需求,调整用户接入互联网的带宽,为上网用户节省时间和上网费用。 The scheme proposed by the present invention, the network connection adjustment module detects a user's real-time access, the bandwidth adjustment needs to be initiated is determined whether or not, if so, to initiate a network bandwidth adjustment, so that the network bandwidth access to the Internet user is adjusted, so that in accordance with conditions or requirements set by the user, the user adjust the bandwidth to access the Internet, saving time and cost of Internet access to Internet users.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1示出了用户接入互联网示意图; 图2示出了用户调整接入互联网带宽示意图; 图3示出了本发明中带宽调整示意图; 图4示出了网络连接调整模块结构示意图; 图5示出了发起客户端带宽调整流程图。 FIG 1 shows a schematic internet user access; FIG. 2 shows a schematic view of a user access to Internet bandwidth adjustment; FIG. 3 shows a schematic view of the present invention, bandwidth adjustment; FIG. 4 shows a schematic view of the adjustment module structure of the network connection; FIG. 5 It shows a flowchart of initiating client bandwidth adjustment.

具体实施方式 detailed description

为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面结合附图对本发明作进一步的详细描述。 To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the invention more apparent, the accompanying drawings The present invention will be further described in detail with.

图3示出了本发明中带宽调整示意图,如图3所示,客户端中的网络连接调整模块向接入服务器发送连接请求,接入服务器请求AAA服务器对用户进行鉴权;AAA服务器根据存储的用户数据对用户进行筌权。 FIG. 3 shows a schematic diagram of a bandwidth adjustment according to the present invention, shown in Figure 3, the client connected to the network module sends a connection request to adjust the access server, the access server requests the AAA server to authenticate the user; memory according to the AAA server user data the user Quan rights. 如果用户通过AAA服务器的鉴权,则AAA服务器向接入服务器下发带宽信息,接入服务器根据该带宽信息控制用户接入互联网的最高带宽,为用户提供流量和时间长度的计费服务,使得客户端通过接入服务器接入到互联网中。 If the user authentication by the AAA server, the AAA server sends the information to the bandwidth of the access server, the access server according to the highest bandwidth information to the bandwidth control user access to the Internet, to provide users with traffic and billing service time length, such that clients to access the Internet via the access server. 网络连接调整模块实时检测用户的上网情况,判断是否需要发起带宽调整,如果是,则向网络发起带宽调整,网络对用户接入互联网的带宽进行调整。 Fi adjustment module detects a user's real-time access, the bandwidth adjustment needs to be initiated is determined whether or not, if yes, initiating the bandwidth adjustment to the network, the network bandwidth for the user to access the Internet can be adjusted.

网络连接调整模块的具体结构如图4所示,包括输入单元、网络连接单元、网络检测单元和带宽调整单元,其中,输入单元用于为用户提供操作界面,如输入用户名和密码等鉴权信息,输入带宽信息等,将用户的输入信息提供至网络连接单元,输入单元可进一步用于将鉴权信息提供至带宽调整单元,如用户通过鉴权后,输入单元将鉴权信息发送至带宽调整单元;网络连接单元用于向接入服务器发起连接请求,并将来自输入单元的鉴权信息发送至接入服务器,由网络对用户进行鉴权,用户通过鉴权后,用于与接入服务器相配合,使用户接入互联网;网络检测单元用于检测用户的上网情况,如单位时间内的数据流量、实际数据流量达到最高带宽的比例、 一定时间长度内的数据流量等等,在当前条件满足设定条件时,通知带宽调整单元发起用户接入互联 Network connection adjustment module specific configuration shown in Figure 4, includes an input unit, a network connection unit, a detection unit and network bandwidth adjustment means, wherein the input unit for providing a user interface for the user, such as user name and password authentication information input bandwidth information and the like, to provide the user's input information to the network connection unit, the input unit may further be used to provide authentication information to the bandwidth adjustment means, such as the user authentication, the input unit transmits the authentication information to the bandwidth adjustment unit; network connecting unit for initiating a connection request to the access server, and transmits authentication information from the input unit to the access server, to authenticate the user by the network, a user passes the authentication, the access server for cooperates, allowing users to access the Internet; Internet network detection means for detecting a user's situation, such as traffic per unit time, the ratio of the actual data traffic reaches the highest bandwidth, the data traffic within a certain length of time, etc., in the current conditions when the set condition is satisfied, the bandwidth adjustment unit notifies the user initiates access network 带宽的调整;带宽调整单元用于向接入服务器或位于网络侧的带宽调整服务器发起带宽调整请求,带宽调整单元可进一步用于向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送用户的鉴权信息,带宽调整单元还可进一步用于向用户发出提示,由用户确定当前是否需要调整接入互联网的带宽,用户确定需要调整接入互联网的带宽后,可进一步将选择的带宽通过输入单元发送至带宽调整单元。 Adjustment of bandwidth; bandwidth adjustment means for initiating bandwidth adjustment request to a server or the network side to adjust the bandwidth of the server, the bandwidth adjusting unit may further be configured to send the user to the access server or authentication server bandwidth adjusting information, bandwidth adjustment means for issuing may further prompt the user to determine whether the current user to adjust bandwidth access to the Internet, a user decides to adjust the bandwidth access to the Internet, the selected bandwidth may be further transmitted to the bandwidth adjustment unit through the input unit. 以上所述的设定条件可为用户设置的条件,也可为运营商设置的条件。 Setting conditions of the above condition may be set by the user, the condition may be set by the operator. 所述的带宽调整服务器可为Web服务器,也可为非Web服务器。 The bandwidth adjustment server may be a Web server, the Web server may also be non.

图5示出了发起客户端带宽调整流程图,如图5所示,发起客户端带宽调整的实现过程包括以下步骤:步骤501:用户通过输入单元将鉴权信息发送至网络连接单元,网络连 5 illustrates implementation of the originating client bandwidth adjustment flowchart shown in Figure 5, the client initiating bandwidth adjustment comprises the following steps: Step 501: a user through the input unit transmits the authentication information to the network connecting unit, the network connection

接单元向接入服务器发送携带有该鉴权信息的连接请求,接入服务器请求 The server unit then sends the access authentication information carrying the connection request, the access server requests

AAA服务器对用户进行鉴权,用户通过鉴权后接入互联网。 AAA server to authenticate the user, the user authentication by the access to the Internet.

用户通过鉴权后,输入单元可将鉴权信息发送至带宽调整单元,带宽调整单元可对收到的鉴权信息进行存储,并在请求网络调整带宽时提供给网络,以使网络能够对用户进行进一步鉴权;也可由输入单元存储用户的鉴权信息,然后在带宽调整单元请求网络调整带宽时,通过输入单元获取该鉴权信息,并提供给网络对用户进行鉴权。 User, the input unit may transmit the authentication information to the authentication by the bandwidth adjusting unit, the bandwidth adjustment unit may store authentication information received and provided to the network when the network bandwidth adjustment request, to enable the network to the user further authentication; may also be an input user authentication information storage unit, and when the bandwidth adjustment unit requests the network bandwidth adjusting unit that acquires authentication information input to the network and authenticate the user.

步骤502〜步骤503:用户上网过程中,网络检测单元对用户的上网情况进行检测,如检测单位时间内的数据流量、实际数据流量达到最高带宽的比例、 一定时间长度内的数据流量等等,判断当前条件是否满足设定条件,如果是,则执行步骤504;否则,返回执行步骤502。 Step 502~ Step 503: the user during the Internet, network detection means of the internet user is detected, such as data traffic within the detection unit time, the ratio of the actual data traffic reaches the highest bandwidth, the data traffic within a certain length of time, etc., determining whether or not the current condition meets the set condition, if yes, execute step 504; otherwise, returns to step 502.

步骤504~步骤505:网络检测单元通知带宽调整单元向网络发起用户接入互联网带宽的调整,带宽调整单元向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送带宽调整请求。 Step 504 ~ Step 505: the detection unit notifies the network bandwidth adjustment unit to a user access to a network-initiated adjustment Internet bandwidth, the bandwidth adjusting unit to adjust the transmission bandwidth request to the access server or server bandwidth adjustment. 接入服务器或带宽调整服务器收到带宽调整请求后,对用户接入互联网的带宽进行调整。 After adjusting the access server or a server receives a bandwidth request for bandwidth adjustment, the Internet user access bandwidth can be adjusted.

带宽调整单元向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送带宽调整请求之前, 可将当前需要调整带宽的情况通知用户,由用户确定是否需要调整带宽,如果用户选择带宽调整,则带宽调整单元向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送带宽调整请求,如果用户选择不进行带宽调整,则带宽调整单元不向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送带宽调整请求。 Means for bandwidth adjustment before adjusting the bandwidth or the access server requests the server to adjust the transmission bandwidth, may need to adjust the current bandwidth notify the user, the user determines whether to adjust the bandwidth, if the user selects a bandwidth adjustment, the bandwidth adjusting unit to the access server or the server sends a bandwidth adjustment bandwidth adjustment request, if the user chooses not to adjust the bandwidth, the bandwidth adjustment unit does not adjust the access server to request the server to adjust the transmission bandwidth or bandwidth. 用户还可通过输入单元将其期望调整的带宽发送至带宽调整单元,由带宽调整单元将该带宽携带在带宽调整请求中发送至接入服务器或带宽调整服务器。 The user through the input unit may also transmit its desired bandwidth adjustment unit to adjust the bandwidth, the bandwidth of the bandwidth adjustment unit carrying the server or transmitted to the access server bandwidth adjustment request in a bandwidth adjustment.

在带宽调整单元请求网络调整带宽时,网络可进一步对用户进行鉴权, 此时,带宽调整单元可向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求,接入服务器或带宽调整服务器请求AAA服务器对用户进行鉴权,用户通过鉴权后,接入服务器或带宽调整服务器对用户接入互联网的带宽进行调整。 When network bandwidth adjustment unit to adjust the bandwidth request, the network may further authenticate the user, time, bandwidth adjustment unit may transmit the authentication information carrying bandwidth adjustment request to a server or servers to adjust the bandwidth, or bandwidth access server adjusting server requests the AAA server to authenticate the user, the user authentication, access server or server bandwidth adjustment to the user to adjust the bandwidth Internet access. 另外,由于用户接入互联网后,会生成与网络建立连接的会话号,这样,带宽调整单元也可向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送携带 Further, since the user access to the Internet, the session number is generated to establish connection with the network, so that, the bandwidth adjustment unit may also transmit to the access server or carry bandwidth adjustment server

有会话号的带宽调整请求,接入服务器或带宽调整服务器请求AAA服务器 There session number per bandwidth adjustment request, the server or the access server requests the AAA server bandwidth adjustment

对用户进行鉴权,用户通过鉴权后,接入服务器或带宽调整服务器对用户接入互联网的带宽进行调整。 Authenticate the user, the user authentication, access server or server bandwidth adjustment to the user to adjust the bandwidth Internet access. 也可由输入单元对用户的鉴权信息进行存储,在带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调整请求时,提供给带宽调整单元。 The input unit may also be for storing user authentication information, the network initiates a bandwidth adjustment request to the bandwidth adjustment means provided in the bandwidth adjustment unit.

此外,可预先设置当前条件与需要调整带宽之间的对应关系,这样,在网络检测单元检测到需要调整带宽时,可进一步向带宽调整单元提供需要调整的带宽,然后将该需要调整的带宽携带在带宽调整单元向接入服务器或带宽调整服务器发送的带宽调整请求中。 Further, the current conditions may be set in advance to adjust the correspondence relationship between the bandwidth, so that, in the detection unit detects the network bandwidth needs to be adjusted, may be further provided to adjust the bandwidth adjustment unit bandwidth, then the bandwidth needs to be adjusted to carry a bandwidth adjustment request bandwidth adjustment unit transmits to the access server or server bandwidth adjustment.

网络检测单元对用户上网情况进行检测的具体步骤可为:对一定时间长度内收到的数据包进行统计,如5分钟,并根据该统计结果计算实际的数据流量;将实际数据流量与当前选择的最高带宽进行比较,如果实际数据流量比较接近当前选择的最高带宽,如实际数据流量达到当前选择的最高带宽的80%,即可确定当前需要将带宽调整得高一些;根据设置的设定条件,在需要调整带宽时,通知带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调整,表一为设定条件的示意内容。 The step of detecting the specific network access unit where the user can be detected: receiving a packet within a certain length of time statistics, such as five minutes, and the calculation of the actual data traffic based on the statistics; actual data flow and the current selection comparing the maximum bandwidth, if the actual data traffic close to the highest bandwidth currently selected, such as the actual data traffic 80% of the highest bandwidth currently selected, to determine the current needed to obtain the number of high bandwidth adjustment; set according to the setting conditions , when the need to adjust the bandwidth, the bandwidth adjustment means to notify a network-initiated bandwidth adjustment table is a schematic content setting conditions.

<table>table see original document page 11</column></row> <table>根据表一所示内容举例如下:用户上网下栽文件,在开始下栽文件的5 分钟内,下载速度较慢,实际数据流量达到400K,当前选择的最高带宽为512K,实际数据流量达到当前选择最高带宽的比例为400K/512K=78%,超过设定的70%,此时网络检测单元通知带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调高, 网络将带宽调高至2M,这样,文件下载速度加快,实际数据流量达到1.8M, 实际数据流量达到当前选择最高带宽的比例为1.8M/2M=90%,根据i殳定条件,2M带宽时,实际数据流量达到最高带宽的70%,也无需通知带宽调整单元,保持当前选择带宽2M不变,完成文件下载,实际数据流量小于当前选择带宽2M的5%,此时网络检测单元通知带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调低,网络将带宽调低至512K,以节省用户的上网费用。 <Table> table see original document page 11 </ column> </ row> <table> the contents of a table shown in the following example: Internet users tilted downward and crashed file, within 5 minutes of the start file tilted downward and crashed, slow download speed, 400K reach the actual data traffic, currently selected for the highest bandwidth 512K, the actual data traffic reaches the highest bandwidth currently selected proportion of 400K / 512K = 78%, 70% more than the set, at this time the detection unit notifies the network to the network bandwidth adjustment means initiating increase the bandwidth, network bandwidth increased to 2M, so, file download speed, the actual data flow reached 1.8M, the actual data traffic reaches the highest bandwidth currently selected ratio 1.8M / 2M = 90%, according to a given i Shu condition, when 2M bandwidth, the actual data traffic of the highest bandwidth of 70%, there is no need to adjust the bandwidth notification means selects the bandwidth 2M constant holding current, the file download, the actual data flow is less than the currently selected 2M bandwidth of 5%, then the network detection unit notifies the network bandwidth adjustment unit to initiate a lower-bandwidth, network bandwidth down to 512K, in order to save the cost of Internet users.

用户可设置带宽调整单元通知其带宽调整的条件,如当带宽需要调整至2M时,带宽调整单元将当前需要调整带宽的情况通知用户,当带宽需要调整至512K时,带宽调整单元无需将当前需要调整带宽的情况通知用户。 The user can set the bandwidth adjustment unit notifies the bandwidth adjustment conditions, such as when the bandwidth needs to be adjusted to the case where 2M, bandwidth adjustment unit currently required bandwidth adjustment notify the user, when the bandwidth needs to be adjusted to 512K, a bandwidth adjusting unit without the currently required adjust the bandwidth of the case to inform the user. 用户也可在数据流量不理想时,通知带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调整。 The user may also not ideal when data traffic, bandwidth adjustment unit initiates a notification to the network bandwidth adjustment.

以上带宽调整过程也可由用户发起,带宽调整单元判断是否需要发起带宽调整。 More bandwidth adjustment process is initiated by the user, determines whether the bandwidth adjustment unit needs to initiate a bandwidth adjustment.

虽然以上所述的实现过程将图4中所述结构的各部分描述在内,但该实现过程并不仅限于图4所述的结构。 Although the implementation of the above portions will be described in the configuration of FIG. 4, including, but not limited to the implementation of the structure of FIG 4.

总之,以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非用于限定本发明的保护范围。 In summary, the above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

Claims (15)

  1. 1、一种发起客户端带宽调整的方法,其特征在于,该方法包含以下步骤: A、用户向网络发起连接请求,并提供鉴权信息,客户端存储该鉴权信息,用户接入网络; B、客户端判断是否需要发起带宽调整,如果是,则执行步骤C,否则,返回执行步骤B; C、客户端向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求。 1. A method for initiating a client bandwidth adjustment, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: A, the user initiates a connection request to the network, and provides authentication information, the client stores the authentication information, the user access network; B, the client determines whether the bandwidth adjustment needs to be initiated, if yes, performing step C, and otherwise, returns to step B; C, initiated by the client to the network bandwidth adjustment request carrying the authentication information.
  2. 2、 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,步骤B中所述判断是否需要发起带宽调整为:判断用户当前的上网情况是否满足设定的上网情况,如果是, 则执行步骤C;否则,返回执行步骤B。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said step B determines whether to initiate a bandwidth adjustment: determining the user's current situation meets the Internet where access is set, if yes, executing step C; otherwise, return to step B.
  3. 3、 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述步骤B之前进一步包括: 客户端检测用户的上网情况。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein, prior to said step B further comprising: the Internet case, the client user is detected.
  4. 4、 根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,步骤B中所述判断用户当前的上网情况是否满足设定的上网情况为:对确定时间长度内收到的数据包进行统计,然后根据该统计结果计算实际的数据流量,将该数据流量与当前选择的最高带宽进行比较,判断该数据流量与当前选择最高带宽的比值是否达到设定比例,如果是,则执行步骤C,否则,返回执行步骤B;所述步骤C为:向网络发起带宽调高的请求。 4. The method of claim 2, wherein the step of determining the user B in the current situation satisfies the Internet where access is set for: receiving data in packet length determination time statistics, and in accordance with the statistical results to calculate the actual data traffic, the data traffic is compared with the currently selected highest bandwidth, it determines whether the currently selected data traffic with the highest bandwidth ratio reaches a set ratio, if yes, performing step C, and otherwise, returns step B; step C as follows: initiating a request to increase the bandwidth of the network.
  5. 5、 根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,步骤B中所述判断用户当前的上网情况是否满足设定的上网情况为:对确定时间长度内收到的数据包进行统计,然后根据该统计结果计算实际的数据流量,将该数据流量与当前选择的最高带宽进行比较,判断该数据流量与当前选择最高带宽是否小于设定比例,如果是,则执行步骤C,否则,返回执行步骤B;所述步骤C为:向网络发起带宽调低的请求。 5. The method of claim 2, wherein the step of determining the user B in the current situation satisfies the Internet where access is set for: receiving data in packet length determination time statistics, and in accordance with the statistical results to calculate the actual data traffic, the data traffic is compared with the currently selected highest bandwidth, the data traffic is determined whether the currently selected bandwidth is less than the highest ratio is set, if yes, performing step C, and otherwise, returns to step B; step C as follows: initiating a request to reduce the bandwidth of the network.
  6. 6、 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述步骤B之前进一步包括: 用户发起带宽调整。 6. The method of claim 1, wherein before said step B further comprising: a user-initiated bandwidth adjustment.
  7. 7、 根据权利要求1至6中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,步骤B所述执行步骤C之前进一步包括:客户端通知用户当前需要进行带宽调整,用户确定需要进行带宽调整操作。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that, prior to said step B further comprises the step of performing C: The client needs to notify the user that the current bandwidth adjustment, the user determines the need for bandwidth adjustment operations.
  8. 8、 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述步骤B之前进一步包括:用户选择需要调整的带宽;所述步骤C为:向网络发起携带有鉴权信息和所述带宽的带宽调整请求。 8. The method of claim 1, wherein before said step B further comprising: selecting a user to adjust bandwidth; Step C is: initiating and carrying authentication information of the network to a bandwidth adjustment request. 所述步骤C之后进一步包括:如果用户通过网络的鉴权,调整用户接入互联网的带宽。 After the step C further comprising: if a user authentication via a network, the user to adjust the bandwidth of the Internet access.
  9. 9、 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述鉴权信息为:用户名和密码,或会话号。 9. The method of claim 1, wherein the authentication information: a user name and password, or the session number.
  10. 10、 一种发起客户端带宽调整的装置,其特征在于,该装置置于客户端, 包括:输入单元,用于用户输入鉴权信息,并发送至网络连接单元; 网络连接单元,用于向网络发送携带有鉴权信息的连接请求,接入互联网; 带宽调整单元,用于在需要发起带宽调整时向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求。 10. An apparatus for initiating a client bandwidth adjustment, characterized in that the device on the client side, comprising: an input unit for a user to input authentication information, and transmits to the network connection unit; network connection unit, configured to with a network connection request message carrying authentication information, access to the Internet; bandwidth adjustment means, for initiating bandwidth adjustment request carries the authentication information to the network when the bandwidth adjustment needs to be initiated.
  11. 11、 根据权利要求io所述的装置,其特征在于,所述输入单元进一步用于输入带宽信息。 11. The apparatus of claim according to claim io, wherein said input means is further for inputting bandwidth information.
  12. 12、 根据权利要求10或11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述输入单元进一步用于存储鉴权信息,在带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调整请求时,提供给带宽调整单元。 12. The apparatus according to claim 10 or claim 11, wherein the input unit is further configured to store authentication information and initiates a bandwidth adjustment request to the bandwidth adjustment means provided to the network bandwidth adjustment unit.
  13. 13、 根据权利要求10或11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述带宽调整单元用于存储鉴权信息,在向网络发起带宽调整请求时提供给网络。 13. The apparatus according to claim 10 or claim 11, wherein the bandwidth adjustment unit configured to store authentication information to the network when the network initiates a request to the bandwidth adjustment.
  14. 14、 根据权利要求10或11所述的装置,其特征在于,该装置进一步包括:网络检测单元,用于检测用户的上网情况,判断是否需要通知带宽调整单元向网络发起带宽调整请求;所述带宽调整单元,用于根据网络检测单元的通知,向网络发起携带有鉴权信息的带宽调整请求。 14. The apparatus according to claim 10 or claim 11, wherein the apparatus further comprises: detecting a network unit for user access is detected, it is determined whether a bandwidth adjustment unit notifies the network-initiated request for bandwidth adjustment; the bandwidth adjustment unit for informing the network detecting unit, the network initiates the authentication information carrying bandwidth adjustment request.
  15. 15、根据权利要求10或11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述鉴权信息由输入单元提供,带宽调整单元存储。 15. The apparatus according to claim 10 or claim 11, wherein said authentication information provided by the input unit, a storage unit bandwidth adjustment.
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