CN100424300C - Hollow member for cast-in-situ concrete forming - Google Patents

Hollow member for cast-in-situ concrete forming Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100424300C
CN100424300C CNB200510129824XA CN200510129824A CN100424300C CN 100424300 C CN100424300 C CN 100424300C CN B200510129824X A CNB200510129824X A CN B200510129824XA CN 200510129824 A CN200510129824 A CN 200510129824A CN 100424300 C CN100424300 C CN 100424300C
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China
Prior art keywords
cavity structural
cast
sidewall
place concrete
concrete
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CNB200510129824XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1789635A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CN 03133293 priority Critical patent/CN1236162C/en
Publication of CN1789635A publication Critical patent/CN1789635A/en
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Publication of CN100424300C publication Critical patent/CN100424300C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a cavity member for forming cast-in-place concrete, which comprises an upper plate (1), peripheral lateral walls (2) and a lower bottom (3), wherein the upper plate (1), the peripheral lateral walls (2) and the lower bottom (3) are encircled into the polyhedral cavity member. The present invention is characterized in that at least one transverse hole (5) which is arranged on the cavity member and is used for casting cast-in-place concrete penetrates through the surfaces of the peripheral lateral walls (2) of the cavity member. The present invention is suitable for the hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundational bottom plates and empty bridges, which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, and especially suitable for hollow flat slab floors.

Description

A kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site
The application for the applying date be that July 28, application number in 2003 are 03133293.5, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has various hollow sections and box, and box has hollow or solid.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province city beam army is that ZL00203695.9, name are called " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent in the patent No. of application on February 23rd, 2000, a kind of shuttering member is disclosed in its manual, it can be solid, also can be hollow, its profile can be made shapes such as rectangle, circle, polygon according to designing requirement.And for example the Yu Shaohua of Tianjin is that ZL93206310.1, name are called " shuttering member " utility model patent in the patent No. of application on March 20th, 1993, it also discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, it makes totally-enclosed empty stomach polyhedral structure with the sidewall and the upper and lower end, establish ribs in the die housing, and adopt GRC or magnesium chloride GRC or do not have the manufacturing of sand ﹠ ceramsite cement.The applicant is 01140106.0 in the application number of application on November 23 calendar year 2001 for another example, publication number is CN1356442, name is called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed mould with cavity structure, comprise " upper plate; sidewall on every side; go to the bottom; upper plate; sidewall on every side; going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron Cavity structural member, this Cavity structural member has in light weight, the intensity height, simple in structure, characteristics such as convenient construction and transport, simultaneously, when reality is used, going to the bottom, it is stressed to participate in, and can hang the greater weight object and in-situ deposited prefabricated bonding surface does not ftracture, in addition, this kind polyhedron Cavity structural member, in order to prevent effectively and to disperse the stress between formwork and the Cast-in-place concrete to concentrate, eliminate straight slit, make go to the bottom and Cast-in-place concrete between bonding better, improve overall performance, its peripheral side of going to the bottom can be made interior puncture dihedral, back taper, waveform, serrated-surface.Above-mentioned disclosed these Cavity structural members are applied in the close rib building roof, be shuttering member be again prefabricated noggin piece, have simple in structure, characteristics such as intensity is high, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low.But after being applied to hollow building cover, formed Cast-in-place concrete rib is the Cast-in-place concrete rib of rectangle between the Cavity structural member, and its stress performance is not quite reasonable, often need increase the sectional dimension of Cast-in-place concrete rib, increase reinforcing bar and concrete consumption, increase the cost of superstructure, simultaneously, because the stressed and Force transmission parts of no superstructure in the Cavity structural member, particularly when the Cavity structural member size is big, show more obviously, therefore, develop a kind of novel molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site, be applied to hollow building cover after, have the mechanical property of improving superstructure, reduce the Cast-in-place concrete rib sectional dimension, reduce reinforcing bar and concrete consumption, reduce characteristics such as superstructure cost, convenient construction.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron Cavity structural member, it is characterized in that on Cavity structural member, having the horizontal hole of at least one Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness run through Cavity structural member around the surface of sidewall.Like this, owing to be provided with groove at sidewall and between going to the bottom, after Cavity structural member is applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, close rib building roof particularly, the Cast-in-place concrete rib between its Cavity structural member has formed the inverted T-shaped rib, and its shape of cross section has become inverted T-shaped by rectangle, thereby the mechanical property of superstructure is improved greatly, can reduce the sectional dimension of Cast-in-place concrete rib, reduce reinforcing bar and concrete consumption, reduce the superstructure cost; Simultaneously, because the horizontal hole die cavity that also is provided with Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member runs through the ambient side wall surface of Cavity structural member, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the hole die cavity, after treating setting and harden, formed the Cast-in-place concrete rod member, thereby formed the stressed and Force transmission parts of superstructure in the Cavity structural member, further improved the mechanical property of superstructure, in addition, Cavity structural member also has simple in structure, the intensity height, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low, easy construction, characteristics such as speed of application is fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, be applicable to the hollow building cover of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and hollow bridges are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with vertical hole on the described Cavity structural member, and the one end runs through the upper plate of Cavity structural member, and the other end links to each other with going to the bottom.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned hole, the corresponding end that formed links to each other with going to the bottom, the rod member that the other end links to each other with In-situ cast concrete board on the Cavity structural member upper plate, In-situ cast concrete board on the Cavity structural member upper plate is played the bracing reinforcement effect, improved its resistance to compression, impact resistance greatly.
Feature of the present invention also be described vertical hole connect sidewall and go to the bottom between the end costal fovea groove of setting.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in above-mentioned hole and the end costal fovea groove, and the corresponding superimposed member structure of Cast-in-place concrete that formed has improved carrying, the shock resistance of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described horizontal hole and the vertical hole that is provided with intersect.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in above-mentioned horizontal hole and the vertical hole, and the corresponding superimposed truss member structure of Cast-in-place concrete that formed in the enclosed cavity of Cavity structural member has improved carrying, the shock resistance of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is described a plurality of transverse holes cavity parallel.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, after Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned parallel transverse hole, in Cavity structural member, formed horizontal parallel superimposed rod member, with relative Cast-in-place concrete rib drawknot is whole, has increased substantially the whole mechanical property of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is the end costal fovea groove that described horizontal hole is provided with on the sidewall around being communicated with.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete pour into horizontal hole and be connected with horizontal hole go to the bottom on groove in, formed the superimposed member structure of Cast-in-place concrete, strengthened the weakness band in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly, made the holistic resistant behavior of superstructure better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the axis of described a plurality of horizontal holes is in a plane or in Different Plane.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned hole, the corresponding axis that formed is on a plane or orthogonal thereto each other or grade separation in Different Plane or the superimposed rod member of Cast-in-place concrete that be arranged in parallel, with the force structure of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor inside from traditional unidirectional or two-way stress system, changed over three-dimensional new spatial structure system, made the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor structure more light and handy, firm.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom at least one in contain reinforce, perhaps have reinforce to expose.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, strap, the braid over braid.Like this, upper plate, on every side sidewall or go to the bottom in contain above-mentioned reinforce, upper plate, the sidewall and the strength and stiffness of going to the bottom have on every side been improved greatly, make Cavity structural member cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, even the breakage of small size is arranged, because of the connection of reinforce is arranged, need not repair yet, can continue to come into operation.If also have reinforce to expose the Cavity structural member outside on the Cavity structural member, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combine, and can improve the bond stress between Cast-in-place concrete and the Cavity structural member greatly, optimize the performance of whole hollow building cover; Simultaneously, expose reinforce and also make things convenient for Cavity structural member when carrying, make handle or suspension ring or suspension hook and use.
Feature of the present invention also be described sidewall and go to the bottom between the cell wall of the end costal fovea groove that is provided with have reinforce to stretch into and be anchored at go to the bottom in.Like this, in having reinforce to stretch into and be anchored in the cell wall to go to the bottom, thereby, the cell wall of groove and the bonding strength of going to the bottom have been improved greatly, can guarantee effectively that Cavity structural member is in transportation, installation, work progress, the cell wall of transition groove and go to the bottom between do not ftracture, loosening, do not come off, reduced the breakage rate of Cavity structural member significantly.
Feature of the present invention also be described sidewall and go to the bottom between around sidewall, all be set to end costal fovea groove.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the groove that is provided with around the sidewall, Cast-in-place concrete rib between the Cavity structural member has all formed the inverted T-shaped rib, improved the mechanical property of superstructure greatly, simultaneously, Cavity structural member is firmly wrapped up in and is contained in the Cast-in-place concrete, significantly reduce the generation in crack between Cast-in-place concrete and the prefabricated cavity member, improved the combination property of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is the orthogonal end costal fovea groove that is square of costal fovea groove of the described end.Like this, the orthogonal setting that is square of end costal fovea groove, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, in the Cast-in-place concrete side of the pouring into annular groove, Cast-in-place concrete rib between the Cavity structural member has formed the inverted T-shaped rib structure, increased substantially the mechanical property of superstructure, when making the superstructure bearing load, stress can be delivered on the post and beam structure uniformly and stably.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one end of described horizontal hole is horizontal hole of gradual change enlarging shape or the horizontal hole of sudden change enlarging shape.Like this, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the hole, corresponding formed gradually to rise increase or the cast-in-situ concrete structure of broadening gradually, can satisfy local the reinforcement done in different force parts in the superstructure, be specially adapted to make building cover structure improve rationally more to strengthening near dark beam or bright beam or the structural column.Simultaneously, be applicable to also when in the Cast-in-place concrete rib, presstressed reinforcing steel being set that the Cavity structural member of doing the end uses.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as rectangle, square, circle or corrugated.Like this, the variation of polyhedron Cavity structural member shape, make Cavity structural member be applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby make that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as polygon.
Feature of the present invention is that also described polygonal angular position is arc angle or chamfering.
Feature of the present invention also is costal fovea groove one end of the described end on going to the bottom, and end costal fovea well width is the end costal fovea groove that increases gradually.Like this, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the groove, corresponding formed gradually to rise increase or the cast-in-situ concrete structure of broadening gradually, can satisfy local the reinforcement done in different force parts in the superstructure, be specially adapted to make building cover structure improve rationally more to strengthening near dark beam or bright beam or the structural column.Simultaneously, be applicable to also when in the Cast-in-place concrete rib, presstressed reinforcing steel being set that the Cavity structural member of doing the end uses.
Feature of the present invention is that also costal fovea groove of the described end is degree of broadening end costal fovea groove or degree of deepening end costal fovea groove.Like this, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, after Cast-in-place concrete pours in the groove of degree of broadening or degree of deepening, formed the gradual change width consistent or the Cast-in-place concrete ribs of degree of uprising, can very conveniently satisfy the Structure Conversion of various different force parts in the superstructure and the requirement of power transmission compactly with groove shapes.
Feature of the present invention also be described go to the bottom stretch out Cavity structural member around outside the sidewall horizontal projection.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the part of stretching out Cavity structural member of going to the bottom can replace engineering template to use, reduced the loss of template, reduced the cost of manufacture of superstructure, simultaneously, because of having omitted the installation procedure of engineering template, increase substantially speed of application, reduced construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described Cavity structural member is provided with at least one in groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, pit, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after Cavity structural member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the Cavity structural member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is described groove or inner corner trim or chamfering or raised line self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique setting.Like this, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, groove on the Cavity structural member, inner corner trim, chamfering, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually, after building concrete, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is also that the cross sectional shape of costal fovea groove of the described end or groove is that square opening, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.Like this, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, after Cast-in-place concrete pours in the groove of different shape, correspondingly formed the cast-in-situ concrete structure identical with its cross sectional shape, can fully satisfy various different designs and application need, expand the range of application of Cavity structural member greatly, be convenient to applying of various occasions.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described Cavity structural member at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib.Like this, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the Cavity structural member or the stiffening rib that exposes, bracing boom can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also the stiffening rib that is provided with in the enclosed cavity of described Cavity structural member, at least one in the bracing boom expose outside the Cavity structural member.
Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib, the bracing boom reinforce to expose.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then Cavity structural member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described Cavity structural member.Like this, improve the shock resistance of Cavity structural member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make Cavity structural member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, reduces production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate or the sidewall at least one is for dismountable movable part.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking Cavity structural member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of Cavity structural member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of Cavity structural member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described Cavity structural member is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet or other device.Like this, after Cavity structural member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, can accurately locate, prevent that phenomenons such as Cavity structural member floats, displacement from producing, and can effectively guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure when building concrete Cavity structural member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described Cavity structural member is provided with the connector of the location that is connected to each other between the Cavity structural member.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after Cavity structural member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the connector that is provided with on the Cavity structural member can be controlled the distance between the Cavity structural member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help Cavity structural member connection location each other, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention is that also described upper plate and the basin-shaped component that sidewall constituted are arranged at intervals with on every side on going to the bottom a plurality of, and basin-shaped component constitutes the internal-rib die cavity each other.Like this, after Cavity structural member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity between the basin-shaped component, has formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, has improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, going to the bottom is provided with a plurality of basin-shaped components, becomes the basin-shaped molds shell component, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, pier, piece etc., they can be movable or dismountable spacer draw piece, spacer draw piece between also can fixing.Like this, after Cavity structural member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, installation speed was fast, and high efficiency can improve the speed of application of superstructure greatly, and simultaneously, the breakage rate of Cavity structural member is low.
Feature of the present invention also is to connect and compose assembly in groups by a spacer draw piece between described a plurality of Cavity structural member.Like this, be provided with a spacer draw piece in the internal-rib die cavity, a spacer draw piece has played the effect of reinforcing, and in carrying, stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, Cavity structural member is not easy to crack, fracture or destroy; Simultaneously, Cavity structural member is assembly in groups, has made things convenient for the construction of superstructure, helps accelerating the speed of application of superstructure, improves efficiency of construction.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain in described the going to the bottom presstressed reinforcing steel or the thin band of prestressing force.Like this, be provided with the intensity of the base plate of the thin band of presstressed reinforcing steel or prestressing force, obtained increasing substantially, make it in each process of using, be difficult for breaking, significantly reduced the breakage rate of Cavity structural member, reduced the cost of Cavity structural member.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 for going to the bottom, 4 is end costal fovea groove, 5 is horizontal hole, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, its sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3 also is provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, laterally hole 5 run through Cavity structural member around the surface of sidewall 2.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, laterally hole 5 runs through the surface of sidewall 2 on every side of Cavity structural member, also be provided with the hole 6 of other direction on its Cavity structural member, an end of hole 6 runs through the upper plate 1 of Cavity structural member, and the other end 3 links to each other with going to the bottom.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with the hole 6 of other direction on the Cavity structural member, the end costal fovea groove 4 that its hole 6 connects sidewall 2 and goes to the bottom and be provided with between 3.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with the hole 6 of other direction on the Cavity structural member, the hole 6 of its horizontal hole 5 and other direction intersects.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the axis of its a plurality of horizontal holes 5 is parallel to each other.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the end costal fovea groove 4 that is provided with on the sidewall 2 around its horizontal hole 5 is communicated with.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the axis of its horizontal hole 5 is not in same plane.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its upper plate and be provided with reinforce 7 simultaneously in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 7 is a fiber mesh cloth.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, upper plate and be provided with reinforce 7 simultaneously in the sidewall 2 on every side, simultaneously, be provided with in the cell wall of its end costal fovea groove 4 and stretch into and be anchored in the 3 interior reinforces 7 of going to the bottom, diagram reinforce 7 is respectively fiber mesh cloth and metal foil band.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its sidewall 2 all is set to end costal fovea groove 4 on every side along sidewall 2 with going to the bottom between 3.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its horizontal hole 5 is the horizontal hole of gradual change enlarging shape.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and the horizontal profile of its polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as the chamfering polygon.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, one end of its end costal fovea groove 4 is being gone to the bottom on 3, and the other end upwards edges up.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its end costal fovea groove 4 is degree of deepening and degree of broadening end costal fovea groove.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its go to the bottom 3 stretch out Cavity structural member around outside the horizontal projection of sidewall 2.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with groove 8, inner corner trim 9, chamfering 10, boss module 12 and external corner 14 on other position of its Cavity structural member simultaneously.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with chamfering 10, pit 11 and raised line 13 on other position of Cavity structural member simultaneously.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the cross sectional shape of its end costal fovea groove 4 is a U-shaped.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 and reinforcing rib 17 in its Cavity structural member simultaneously, stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 have part to expose outside the Cavity structural member simultaneously.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, all be filled with light material 18 in the enclosed cavity of its Cavity structural member, diagram light material 18 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable movable cover plate that fastens.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its Cavity structural member is provided with a plurality of align members 19, and illustrated position member 19 is for supporting the angle piece.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its Cavity structural member is provided with a plurality of connectors 20 that Cavity structural member connects the location each other that are used for, and diagram connector 20 is a rod member.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, its go to the bottom be provided with simultaneously on 3 a plurality of by upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 surround the basin-shaped component 21 that constitutes, basin-shaped component 21 is spaced on 3 going to the bottom, and has constituted a plurality of internal-rib die cavitys 22.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, go to the bottom be provided with simultaneously on 3 two upper plates 1 and on every side sidewall 2 surround the basin-shaped component 21 of formation, basin-shaped component 21 is spaced on 3 going to the bottom, and has constituted internal-rib die cavity 22, is provided with a spacer draw piece 23 in its internal-rib die cavity 22.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its a plurality of Cavity structural members connect and compose assembly in groups by a spacer draw piece 23.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, it is gone to the bottom and is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 24 and the thin band 25 of prestressing force simultaneously in 3.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3, upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, going to the bottom 3 surrounds the polyhedron Cavity structural member, it is characterized in that on Cavity structural member, having the horizontal hole 5 of at least one Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness run through Cavity structural member around the surface of sidewall 2.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 for going to the bottom, 4 is end costal fovea groove, 5 is horizontal hole, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, its sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3 also is provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, laterally hole 5 run through Cavity structural member around the surface of sidewall 2.As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 or shown in Figure 5, the horizontal hole 5 that has Cast-in-place concrete to pour into a mould usefulness on Cavity structural member runs through the surface of sidewall 2 on every side of Cavity structural member.
The present invention also is also to be provided with on the described Cavity structural member vertical hole 6, and the one end runs through the upper plate 1 of Cavity structural member, and the other end 3 links to each other with going to the bottom.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, laterally hole 5 runs through the surface of sidewall 2 on every side of Cavity structural member, also be provided with the hole 6 of other direction on its Cavity structural member, an end of hole 6 runs through the upper plate 1 of Cavity structural member, and the other end 3 links to each other with going to the bottom.
The present invention also is the end costal fovea groove 4 that described vertical hole 6 connects sidewall 2 and goes to the bottom and be provided with between 3.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with the hole 6 of other direction on the Cavity structural member, the end costal fovea groove 4 that its hole 6 connects sidewall 2 and goes to the bottom and be provided with between 3.
The present invention is that also described horizontal hole 5 and the vertical hole that is provided with 6 intersect.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with the hole 6 of other direction on the Cavity structural member, the hole 6 of its horizontal hole 5 and other direction intersects.
The present invention is that also described a plurality of horizontal hole 5 is parallel.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the axis of its a plurality of horizontal holes 5 is parallel to each other.
The present invention also is the end costal fovea groove 4 that described horizontal hole 5 is provided with on the sidewall 2 around being communicated with.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the end costal fovea groove 4 that is provided with on the sidewall 2 around its horizontal hole 5 is communicated with.
The present invention is that also the axis of described a plurality of horizontal holes 5 is in a plane or in Different Plane.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the axis of its horizontal hole 5 is not in same plane.
The present invention also be described upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3 at least one in contain reinforce 7, perhaps have reinforce 7 to expose.Reinforce 7 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, strap, the braid over braid.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its upper plate and be provided with reinforce 7 simultaneously in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 7 is a fiber mesh cloth.
The present invention also is described sidewall 2 and the cell wall of the end costal fovea groove 4 that is provided with of going to the bottom between 3 has reinforce 7 to stretch into and be anchored to go to the bottom in 3.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, upper plate and be provided with reinforce 7 simultaneously in the sidewall 2 on every side, simultaneously, be provided with in the cell wall of its end costal fovea groove 4 and stretch into and be anchored in the 3 interior reinforces 7 of going to the bottom, diagram reinforce 7 is respectively fiber mesh cloth and metal foil band.
The present invention also is described sidewall 2 and goes to the bottom all to be set to end costal fovea groove 4 between 3 around sidewall 2.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its sidewall 2 all is set to end costal fovea groove 4 on every side along sidewall 2 with going to the bottom between 3.
The present invention also is costal fovea groove of the described end 4 orthogonal end costal fovea grooves that are square.As shown in figure 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3 also is provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness, its end costal fovea groove 4 orthogonal end costal fovea grooves that are square on the Cavity structural member.
The present invention is that also at least one end of described horizontal hole 5 is horizontal hole of gradual change enlarging shape or the horizontal hole of sudden change enlarging shape.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its horizontal hole 5 is the horizontal hole of gradual change enlarging shape.
The present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as rectangle, square, circle or corrugated.
The present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as polygon.
The present invention is that also described polygonal angular position is arc angle or chamfering.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and the horizontal profile of its polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as the chamfering polygon, and polygonal angular position is a chamfering.
The present invention is that also costal fovea groove 4 one ends of the described end are going to the bottom on 3, and end costal fovea groove 4 width are the end costal fovea groove 4 that increases gradually.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, one end of its end costal fovea groove 4 is being gone to the bottom on 3, and the other end upwards edges up.
The present invention is that also costal fovea groove of the described end 4 is degree of broadening end costal fovea groove or degree of deepening end costal fovea groove.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its end costal fovea groove 4 is degree of deepening and degree of broadening end costal fovea groove.
The present invention also be described go to the bottom 3 stretch out Cavity structural member around outside sidewall 2 horizontal projections.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its go to the bottom 3 stretch out Cavity structural member around outside the horizontal projection of sidewall 2.
The present invention is that also described Cavity structural member is provided with at least one in groove 8, inner corner trim 9, chamfering 10, pit 11, boss module 12, raised line 13, the external corner 14.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with groove 8, inner corner trim 9, chamfering 10, boss module 12 and external corner 14 on other position of its Cavity structural member simultaneously.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with chamfering 10, pit 11 and raised line 13 on other position of Cavity structural member simultaneously.
The present invention also is described groove 8 or inner corner trim 9 or chamfering 10 or raised line 13 self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique setting.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its groove 8, inner corner trim 9, chamfering 10 self or be parallel, quadrature mutually or the grade separation setting.
The present invention is also that the cross sectional shape of costal fovea groove 4 of the described end or groove 8 is that square opening, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, the cross sectional shape of its end costal fovea groove 4 is a U-shaped.
The present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described Cavity structural member at least one in stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16, the reinforcing rib 17.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, also be provided with stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 and reinforcing rib 17 in its Cavity structural member simultaneously.
The present invention is that also the stiffening rib 15 that is provided with in the enclosed cavity of described Cavity structural member, at least one in the bracing boom 16 expose outside the Cavity structural member.As shown in figure 19, stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 have part to expose outside the Cavity structural member simultaneously.
The present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib 15, the bracing boom 16 reinforce 7 to expose.
The present invention also is to be provided with light material 18 in the enclosed cavity of described Cavity structural member.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, all be filled with light material 18 in the enclosed cavity of its Cavity structural member, diagram light material 18 is an expanded perlite.
The present invention is that also in described upper plate 1 or the sidewall 2 at least one is for dismountable movable part.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable movable cover plate that fastens.
The present invention is that also described Cavity structural member is provided with align member 19.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its Cavity structural member is provided with a plurality of align members 19, and illustrated position member 19 is for supporting the angle piece.
The present invention is that also described Cavity structural member is provided with the connector 20 of the location that is connected to each other between the Cavity structural member.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its Cavity structural member is provided with a plurality of connectors 20 that Cavity structural member connects the location each other that are used for, and diagram connector 20 is a rod member.
The present invention is that also basin-shaped component 21 that described upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 on every side constituted is arranged at intervals with on 3 a plurality ofly going to the bottom, and basin-shaped component 21 constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22 each other.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, its go to the bottom be provided with simultaneously on 3 a plurality of by upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 surround the basin-shaped component 21 that constitutes, basin-shaped component 21 is spaced on 3 going to the bottom, and has constituted a plurality of internal-rib die cavitys 22.
The present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 22 a spacer draw piece 23.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, go to the bottom be provided with simultaneously on 3 two upper plates 1 and on every side sidewall 2 surround the basin-shaped component 21 of formation, basin-shaped component 21 is spaced on 3 going to the bottom, and has constituted internal-rib die cavity 22, is provided with a spacer draw piece 23 in its internal-rib die cavity 22.
The present invention also is to connect and compose assembly in groups by a spacer draw piece 23 between described a plurality of Cavity structural member.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, its a plurality of Cavity structural members connect and compose assembly in groups by a spacer draw piece 23.
The present invention is that also described going to the bottom contain presstressed reinforcing steel 24 or the thin band 25 of prestressing force in 3.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and be provided with end costal fovea groove 4 between 3, also be provided with the horizontal hole 5 of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness on the Cavity structural member, it is gone to the bottom and is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 24 and the thin band 25 of prestressing force simultaneously in 3.
During the invention process, can adopt cement gel ramming material and fiberglass gridding cloth or gauze wire cloth, in mould, make one deck cementitious matter one deck grid cloth at least one opening edges of more horizontal hole 5 die cavitys of the band with layer structure of the multilayer build-up of one deck cementitious matter to the Cavity structural member of central indent, demoulding maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, promptly obtain the Cavity structural member of opening, then, in following bottom die, make and go to the bottom 3, its slurry of 3 of going to the bottom can adopt cement mortar or cement concrete, also can place reinforces 7 such as reinforcing bar or gauze wire cloth in 3 going to the bottom, before the 3 slurry setting and hardens of going to the bottom, the open cavity member that makes in advance 3 is bonded to integral body with going to the bottom, the demoulding behind 3 setting and hardens of waiting to go to the bottom, maintenance promptly obtain molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site after stipulate the length of time.

Claims (12)

1. molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3) surround the polyhedron Cavity structural member on every side, it is characterized in that on Cavity structural member, having the horizontal hole (5) of at least one Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness run through Cavity structural member around the surface of sidewall (2).
2. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 1 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described Cavity structural member vertical hole (6), and the one end runs through the upper plate (1) of Cavity structural member, and the other end links to each other with go to the bottom (3).
3. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 2 is characterized in that the end costal fovea groove (4) that described vertical hole (6) connects sidewall (2) and goes to the bottom and be provided with between (3).
4. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 2 is characterized in that described horizontal hole (5) and the vertical hole (6) that is provided with intersect.
5. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 1 is characterized in that described a plurality of horizontal holes (5) are parallel.
6. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 1 is characterized in that described horizontal hole (5) is communicated with the last end costal fovea groove (4) that is provided with of sidewall (2) on every side.
7. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 1, the axis that it is characterized in that described a plurality of horizontal holes (5) is in a plane or in Different Plane.
8. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 1 is characterized in that described upper plate (1), contains reinforce (7) at least one of sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3) on every side, perhaps has reinforce (7) to expose.
9. according to the described a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as rectangle, square, circle or corrugated.
10. according to the described a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described polyhedron Cavity structural member is shaped as polygon.
11. a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site according to claim 9 is characterized in that described polygonal angular position is arc angle or chamfering.
12. according to the described a kind of molding hollow component in use for filling in concrete in site of arbitrary claim in claim 3 or 6, it is characterized in that costal fovea groove (4) one ends of the described end on go to the bottom (3), end costal fovea groove (4) width is the end costal fovea groove (4) that increases gradually.
CNB200510129824XA 2003-07-28 2003-07-28 Hollow member for cast-in-situ concrete forming CN100424300C (en)

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CN100424300C (en) * 2003-07-28 2008-10-08 邱则有 Hollow member for cast-in-situ concrete forming
CN100593609C (en) * 2005-07-25 2010-03-10 邱则有 Lightweight permanent tyre carcass for concrete filling

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US4439966A (en) * 1977-07-25 1984-04-03 Alles Alfred H Building module having internal tubes for carrying electrical wires
CN1415816A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight hasting tyre mold for use filling concrete
CN1236162C (en) * 2003-07-28 2006-01-11 邱则有 Cavity structural member for cast-in-place concrete formation

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4439966A (en) * 1977-07-25 1984-04-03 Alles Alfred H Building module having internal tubes for carrying electrical wires
CN1415816A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight hasting tyre mold for use filling concrete
CN1236162C (en) * 2003-07-28 2006-01-11 邱则有 Cavity structural member for cast-in-place concrete formation

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Title
ZL03133293.5 2006.01.11

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