CN100411836C - 生产硬板条的方法 - Google Patents

生产硬板条的方法 Download PDF

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CN100411836C
CN100411836C CNB200510118694XA CN200510118694A CN100411836C CN 100411836 C CN100411836 C CN 100411836C CN B200510118694X A CNB200510118694X A CN B200510118694XA CN 200510118694 A CN200510118694 A CN 200510118694A CN 100411836 C CN100411836 C CN 100411836C
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CN1827323A (zh
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伯纳德·P·J·蒂埃尔斯
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地板材料工业有限公司
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/24Pressing or stamping ornamental designs on surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/043Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers containing wooden elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/0446Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers bearing graphical information
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/0453Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers produced by processes involving moulding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44FSPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES
    • B44F9/00Designs imitating natural patterns
    • B44F9/02Designs imitating natural patterns wood grain effects
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/18Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors
    • E04F15/181Insulating layers integrally formed with the flooring or the flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • E04F2201/0115Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/041Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise
    • E04F2290/043Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise with a bottom layer for sound insulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1002Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with permanent bending or reshaping or surface deformation of self sustaining lamina
    • Y10T156/1039Surface deformation only of sandwich or lamina [e.g., embossed panels]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1002Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with permanent bending or reshaping or surface deformation of self sustaining lamina
    • Y10T156/1043Subsequent to assembly
    • Y10T156/1044Subsequent to assembly of parallel stacked sheets only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24355Continuous and nonuniform or irregular surface on layer or component [e.g., roofing, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24438Artificial wood or leather grain surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]

Abstract

生产硬板条的方法,包括下面的步骤:提供大的叠层板,其具有中心部分,并具有包括印刷纸层的装饰层;在所述基板的至少一些边缘提供与所述板条形成一整体的联接装置;在顶侧附近在至少所述一对基板的长边缘上形成斜角,生产所述板条,使其有效宽度小于16cm;生产所述板条,使其有效长度至少为宽度的8倍;以及锯和切所述板条,使一个板条的印刷图案是连续的单一木纹图案,其在板条的整个表面上延伸;在所述斜角的表面提供分离的装饰层。

Description

生产硬板条的方法本申请为No.018U117.3(申请日:2001年1月12日,发明名称: 地面盖板)的分案申请. 技术领域本发明涉及一种地面盖板(floor covering),尤其涉及包含硬板 条的一类盖板.以不受限制的方式,在实际应用中,本发明涉及一种形成为叠层 板条的地面盖板,也称为叠层镶板. 背景技术众所周知,这种叠层板条由不同的层构成.通常,板条形成为在 木质材料上,如在硬纸板或纤维板上,尤其在MDF或HDF上的木板, 至少在顶侧铺设有一层或多层包含装饰层的板层.该装饰层可为印刷 好的纸层,但在某些实施例中也可为木质材料层,尤其是胶合板.这 种板条也可由其它材料制成,如仅由合成材料制成,或者由在木质材 料,如硬纸板,MDF或HDF等上的板制成,在其上替代印刷好的纸 层或胶合板,也可使用其它材料,如软木或木质的板条等.在现有技术中,当将板条铺设好后,在其边缘用联接装置连接所 述板条,该连接可通过普通的突舌和凹槽连接,由此可将其粘接在一 起,也可使用无粘结剂的联接以提供板条在水平和竖直方向的相互锁 定,如国际申请W097/47934中所描述的.发明内容本发明的目的在于提供一种硬板条的地面盖板(楼板覆盖件), 尤其是层叠板条,下面根据阐述其优点的不同方面提供新的实施例.根据第一方面,本发明提供一种包含硬板条的地面(地面)盖板, 至少在所述板条的两个相对边缘带有与板条形成为一个整体的联接装 置,从而多个板条可相互装配,由此该联接装置在垂直于地面盖板的方向和垂直于所涉及的边缘且平行于地面盖板平面的方向起互锁作 用,由此这些联接装置可使板条在至少沿上述边缘处旋进和/或旋出另 一个板条,其特征在于板条至少在上述边缘处,靠近其顶侧具有去除 某些材料的部分.当从顶侧边缘处去除了某些材料后,该板条具有很多优点.笫一 个优点体现在板条上,当旋转板条时,不论是彼此旋进还是彼此旋出, 板条都可相对于另 一个板条更容易地移动,因为再不存在角部以阻挡 板条的相互旋转.第二个优点体现在板条可制成的体积较大,尤其是 比通常的厚,由于有斜角,在旋进和/或旋出的过程中,板条的厚度对 上述联接装置产生极小或不产生任何影响.上述部分最好包含斜角,尤其是45。的斜角.实际上斜角最好在 水平方向上延伸超过至少lmm.但最好该距离以2mm为数量级.根据本发明笫 一方面的不同变化,该联接装置使板条至少以其它 形式彼此解除连接,以替代至少通过旋转而解除连接.尽管这样,通 过进一步的描述也可明确上述斜角仍具有某些优点.根据最佳实施例,板条为矩形,并在所有四个侧边分别带有上述 部分和上述斜角.根据与笫一方面结合或不与第一方面结合的第二方面,本发明提 供一种地面盖板,该盖板包括带有中心部分的硬板条,在板条上具有 装饰层,由此这些板条为矩形或细长条形,并在至少两个相对的纵向 边缘上具有联接装置,由此多个板条可相互彼此联接,从而联接装置 在垂直于地面盖板平面的方向上,和在垂直于所涉及的边缘并平行于 地面盖板平面的方向上起互锁作用,由此联接装置使板条通过沿其纵 向边缘旋转而装配和/或解除装配,其特征在于板条的宽度小于17cm, 最好小于16cm.另外,除上述最大宽度之外,板条的长度最好为宽度的8倍.已知硬板条带有联接装置,该联接装置在板条至少两个边缘处提 供水平和竖直方向的互锁,这可使板条有相对小的尺寸,其宽度为 19-20cm,长度为1.20-1.40m.当铺设好板条时,偶尔彼此旋进或旋出板条,从而可将其抵靠住墙壁,壁角板等进行装配.在现有技术中, 例如当将板的远端安装在悬臂碗橱等的下面时,上述板的实施例的缺 点在于通常很难实施所述的旋转.根据本发明上述的第二方面,可使 上述缺陷降到最低或解决上述缺陷.由于有较小的宽度,当旋转板条 时,该板条的高度也较小,从而在实际应用中安装大量板条时就不存 在缺陷.另外,上述长度和宽度之间的关系消除了板的视觉效果.根据本发明的第三方面,本发明提供一种包含有叠层结构的硬板 条的地面盖板,在板条的顶侧具有装饰层,其特征在于在板条的一个 或多个边缘,靠近顶侧形成有斜角,并且斜角的表面也具有装饰层, 该斜角的装饰层最好与板条的装饰层分离开.尤其是,该装饰层最好 包含分离开的印刷层,从而可轻易地在斜角上加装饰层.可以普通方 式通过锯开带有装饰层的大块板材得到基板,随后在斜角上涂刷装饰 层.根据第三方面的主要实施例,上述印刷层通过中转印刷而得到. 这种中转印刷结合地面板条上的应用,其优点在于可获得较高的生产 率,并可获得任何图案.另外,该工艺还避免顶表面的装饰受到污染. 另一个主要的优点在于印刷可立即或几乎立即干燥,从而几乎可立即 堆叠并包装板条.根据本发明第三方面制成的地面板条最好具有以木质材料,尤其 是碾成微粒或纤维的木制材料混合胶粘粘合剂为基料制成的中心部 分,在其上加有装饰层,由此上述斜角延伸进入中心部分的材料.这 样可在斜角上获得多孔表面,保证良好的印刷粘结性.通常,装饰层最好包含印刷有图案的层,例如木紋图案,根据本 发明的装饰层,尤其是斜角上的印刷最好由简单的图案构成.另外,最好分别采用防潮,不渗透的装饰层或印刷层,其优点在于板条包含由多孔材料,如MDF, HDF等构成的基板.这样一方面 可通过在平坦的表面附加普通的合成材料层而在顶面形成整体的防潮 结构,另一方面可通过在斜角上附加装饰层而形成斜角的防潮结构.尽管最好通过中转印刷获得斜角上的装饰层,但也不排除其它的 可能性.例如可采用自粘贴板条.根据第四方面,本发明提供一种地面盖板,包含在MDF或HDF 或其它类似材料上带有中心部分的硬板条,其特征在于每个分离开的 板条都带有位于底侧并固定在其上的底层,该底层最好由聚乙烯或以 聚乙烯为基的物质构成.MDF或HDF结合底层固定在板条上,尤其 当底层由聚乙烯或以聚乙烯为基的物质构成时,可获得良好的隔音性 能.本发明涉及的内容可仅应用于上述一个方面的实施例,也可应用 于上述两个或多个方面结合的实施例中.应注意,两个或多个上述实 施例可任意相互结合,在任何可能的结合中,所述实施例不存在相对 立的性能.根据上述一些方面,尽管板条包含不同种类的材料,但本发明尤 其适用于由MDF或HDF或类似材料制成的板条.根据特殊的实施例,与普通厚度7或8mm不同的是,板条的厚 度至少为9mm,最好至少为10mm.这样可获得相对较厚的板,从而可获得较好的隔音性能,由此当 踩在上面时几乎不产生声音.只要采用上述可提供无粘结剂互锁的联接装置,则它可为不同的 类型.这样该联接装置可体现下列特征中的一个或体现两个或多个特 征的结合:-联接装置位于板条的两个相对边缘;-联接装置位于矩形板条上,由此可位于两对相对的边缘上;-根据下列可能性之一至少多个边缘适于组装:-至少通过彼此相向地平移板条;-不通过彼此相向地平移板条;-至少通过沿所涉及的边缘旋转板条;-不通过沿所涉及的边缘旋转板条;-按需要通过彼此相向地平移板条或旋转它们;-根据下列任 一 可能性至少对于多个边缘可解除联接:-至少通过在垂直于边缘的方向彼此平移出板条;-不通过在垂直于边缘的方向彼此平移出板条;-至少通过沿所涉及的边缘旋转板条;-不通过沿所涉及的边缘旋转板条;-通过彼此平移出板条,并通过旋转它们;-一方面联接装置包括凸舌和凹槽,另一方面包括锁定装置,该 锁定装置保证在垂直于装配好的板条边缘,并平行于板条平面的方向 起至少是特殊互锁的作用;-在上一段中可获得联接装置,由此从横截面方向看,限于凹槽 底侧的凸缘延伸超过上凸缘,由此锁定装置一方面包括限于凹槽底侧 的凸缘上的一个或多个部分,另一方面包括与下一个锁联接装置连接 的凸舌底侧的一个或多个部分;-当两个板条彼此相向地自由平移时,上述凸舌和凹槽使凸舌在 基础平面上自动终止于凹槽中;-当板条装配好时,联接装置使板条彼此配合固定,不需任何措 施或几乎不需要任何措施.当然,本发明也涉及板条,采用该板条可获得上述地面盖板.为了更好地阐述本发明的特征,参照附图对于下列最佳实施例仅 作为实例描述,而不以任何方式受限制,其中:附图说明图1图示地表示根据本发明由板条组建的地面盖板的一部分; 图2表示从图1中的地面盖板看板条的顶视图; 图3和4为分别根据图2中的剖线III-III和IV-IV的剖面图; 图5为根据图1中的剖线V-V的剖面的放大图; 图6为根据图1中的剖线VI-VI的剖面的放大图; 图7为在图6中表示为F7的部分的放大图; 图8为类似于图7的视图,但由此板条可在一个或相同的平面中 彼此相向地大致平移;图9示出了根据本发明的另一个板条的横截面,其上带有具有印 刷的斜角;图10图示地表示如何形成图9中实施例中的印刷; 图11图示地表示图10中剖线XI-XI处的横截面; 图12表示根据本发明另一个板条的横截面. 具体实施方式如图1和2所示,本发明涉及地面(楼层)盖板1和硬板条2, 该地面盖板1在硬板条2上建立起来。根据本发明的第一方面,所涉及的地面盖板l由板条2构成,由 此这些板条2至少位于两个相对的边缘3-4上,并且分别如图2-8所 示分别位于两对边缘3-4, 5-6上,该板条由联接装置7装配成除板条 2的材料之外的一个部件,从而多个该种板条2可互相装配,由此联 接装置7在垂直于地面盖板1的平面的方向Rl上起互锁作用,同时 在垂直于所涉及的边缘3-4或5-6,并平行于地面盖板1的平面的方向 R2上起互锁作用,由此这些联接装置7使板条2通过旋转,至少分别 沿上述边纟彖3-4, 5-6可组装和/或拆卸.使板条2组装而不需任何粘结剂的该种联接装置7至少位于两 侧,最好位于所有侧边上,由此可通过旋转它们而彼此脱离组装,如 国际申请W097/47834所述.由WO 97/47834可知,如本申请图3-8中表示的,上述联接装置 7—方面包括凸舌8和凹槽9,另一方面包括锁定装置10,该锁定装 置至少保证在分别垂直于边缘3-4, 5-6的方向,并且平行于板条2的 平面的方向上进行特殊的互锁.作为进一步的描述,联接装置7最好 还可使限于凹槽9底侧的凸缘11延伸突出于上部凸缘12 (从横截面 看),同时锁定装置10形成为联接在一起的互锁部分13-14,该锁定 装置10分别位于限于凹槽9底侧的上述凸缘11和组装好的板条2的 底侧上,尤其位于突舌8的底侧或该底侧的延伸位置,如W097/47834所述,这种联接装置7依据它们的形状适于不同 的组装.根据最佳实施例,下面参照图l将会描述,联接装置通过旋转而彼此插入,并彼此相向平移而进行组装。所述平移运动在先前彼此旋转插入的基础上使板条在其边缘3-4进行装配,如图1中板条2A 所表示的,通过旋转运动Wl,再由直线运动Tl,使板条在其边缘5-6 处迅速关合在一起.根据变化的实施例,可以标号2B图示表示的位 置开始,由直线运动T2装配涉及的板条,从而完成所涉及板条边缘 3-4的连接.上述旋转运动还在图6和7中有所表示,图8表示滑移运动.应 注意,突舌8和凹槽9最好如图8所示的,当两个板条2在底侧上自 由地彼此相向平移时,突舌8自动终止于凹槽9.当在旋转位置中夹持住板条2A时,通过直线运动T3,或通过板 条2A和2C之间的相互转动使其它板条2C装配到所涉及的边缘5和 6上,随后两个板条2A和2C向上旋转以与先前的一排板条互锁.另一个优点在于无需粘结剂的装配不需任何措施,或者实际不需 任何延长耐久性的措施,也可使用彼此可旋进和/或旋出的较厚的板 条,而不需任何在旋转过程中在边缘部分增加的超高的压力.斜角可 排除这种力并且/或者限制这种力,如果不加限制的话,其它部件加在 顶层或加在斜角表面时,可排除受损的危险.本发明的第一方面是提供有上述板条2,在至少两个边缘3-4或 5-6处,最好在所有四个边缘3-6处,靠近上侧的位置,去掉一部分材 料,该部分最好在每一时刻都包含斜角15.如图6和7所示,斜角15的优点在于可使板条2轻易地彼此相 对地旋转,以其它形式存在的原料部分16和17不再彼此压迫,在相 对较低的位置得到接触点18,如图5所示.另一个优点在于当需要上述互锁部分13和14,尤其需要相配的 接触面19和20沿切线延伸或基本正切地环绕以接触点18为中心的圆 时,在下凸缘ll突出部分的,距离E相同的情况下,接触面的平均 倾斜度A可保持相对较大,如图5所示,结果即使使用较厚的板条2, 也可保证坚固的互锁.另一个优点在于不用考虑板条2的厚度D,接触点18总能适合板条2底侧之上的某一高度H,在适当的高度HI之上可得到斜角15. 如果需要,对于薄和厚的板条都可使用类似的切割工具形成突舌8和 凹槽9,尽管通过典型实施例可明确上述优点,并通过绕上述接触点18 旋转可拆卸板条2,但应注意,上述斜角15的优点在于不必考虑能否 通过旋转而拆卸板条2的事实.斜角15的优点为板条2不在彼此压迫 其顶面,从而可避免由于板条2之间相互接触而使顶层受损,尤其重 要的是在层叠镶嵌的情况下,在无需粘结剂连接的地面盖板中也是如 此,由此可通过敲击或止动块而使板条彼此嵌合.另外根据不同的实施例,本发明的第一方面不再限于应用于通过 旋转而拆卸的板条2,还可应用于所有分别在其边缘3-4, 5-6处水平 和竖直进行互锁的板条2,而不必考虑是否可通过旋转运动或滑移运 动可以或能够完成装配和/或拆卸.上述斜角15最好沿相对于板条2确定的平面以45°的角度X延 伸.但也不排除其它的倾斜度.实际上,斜角15沿水平方向以2mm的数量级延伸距离Z,这里 也不排除其它的尺寸.如图5进一步所示,横向表面,尤其是接触面21-22位于上述斜 角15之下,当板条2装配时,至少在顶部横向表面彼此配合,以形成 相互的止动件.本发明的第一方面可与细长的板条2—同应用,如图2所示,也 可与正方形板条2 —同应用.根据上述本发明的第二方面,图l和2为结合了上述第一方面的 实施例,但也可脱离第一方面而实现,该发明涉及地面盖板1,由具 有中心部分23的硬板条2和装饰性上表面24构成,由此板条2为矩 形和长条形,并在其至少两个相对的细长边缘3-4和/或5-6上带有联 接装置7,由此多个板条2可相互彼此装配,联接装置7在垂直于地 面盖板1的平面方向,和在垂直于所涉及的边缘3-4-5-6方向且平^f亍于 地面盖板平面方向上具有互锁功能,由此联接装置7可通过沿其細长边缘3-4和/或5-6旋转而使板条2装配和/或拆卸,其特征在于板条2 的可用宽度B小于17cm,最好为15.5cm.通过彼此旋转板条2,可解除该较窄的宽度B和典型的联接装置 7的组合,如图6所示,其优点在于在分离之前,使将要拆卸的板条2 之上的高度H2旋转,并保持该高度相对较小,由此可将简介中提到 的缺点最小化.另外,根据本发明的第二方面,板条2的长度L最好至少为宽度 B的8倍.根据本发明的第二方面,板条2最好具有单一的可在整个上表面 重复的图案,尤其是木紋图案.图9示出了本发明的第三方面.根据第三方面,本发明涉及一种 地面盖板l,它由具有层叠结构的硬板条2构成,在其上表面具有装 饰层25,其特征在于斜角形成于板条2的一个或多个边缘3-6处,靠 近于顶边,斜角15的表面还带有装饰层,通过印刷在表面印刷图案 26,最好为涂料层.装饰层25由多层构成,最好至少有一层为具有图案的,例如在 纸层上印刷木质图案.在这种情况下,在斜角15上的图案26可以类 似的图案形成。当在装饰层上完成印刷图案26的印刷工艺时,所涉及 的颜色和/或设计就容易相配了.如在简介中提到的,图案26最好分别为防潮且不渗透的.这样 可保证斜角15上的密封,当板条具有多孔的中心部分,如由MDF或 HDF制成时,所述密封尤其有用.图10和11表示如何通过印刷使图案26印刷在表面27上.将带 有涂料层29的支撑物28与表面27接触,并最好通过压力辊30加热 设置,由此涂料层29粘在板条2的材料上,并与支撑物28分开,由 此形成上述图案26.带有涂料层29的支撑物28可作为辊31,当涂料 层改变成表面27之后,所述支撑物28被辊压在辊32上。不排除其它已知的中转印刷工艺.应注意,就所涉及的上述第一和第三方面而言,根据最佳实施例,一个或多个,最好所有斜角15沿所述斜角15确定的延伸角度延伸, 该斜角位于板条2轮廓的外侧或恰好接触到轮廓线,如图3, 4和10 中的直线W表示.其优点在于当形成斜角15并且形成印刷图案层26 时,斜角15很容易达到用到的机器切割的部分.根据本发明的第四方面,本发明涉及一种地面盖板,它由具有在 MDF或HDF或类似材料基础上形成的中心部分23的硬板条2构成, 其特征在于板条2具有彼此分开的下层36,该层由合成材料或其它受 潮的或隔绝材料制成,它位于板条底侧,并固定在板条上,最好由聚 乙烯或以聚乙烯为基的材料制成,如图12所示.这些材料的结合的优 点在于当使用板条2时不产生什么噪音.上述下层36可以任何方式固定在板条2的底侧,例如粘结剂或 焊接固定在其上.在普通的叠层结构中,通常在MDF或HDF反向层 37和上述下层36上叠加装饰层25和中心部分23.本发明的笫四方面可用于在其边缘带有普通突舌和凹槽的地面 板条相结合,也用于与带有联接装置的地面板条相结合,该联接装置 在水平和竖直方向起互锁作用,例如上述联接装置7.本发明不限于上述由附图表示的实施例,相反,地面盖板,尤其 是上述板条可由不脱离本发明范围的所有形状和尺寸制成.

Claims (5)

1. 生产硬板条(2)的方法,该板条是这种类型的叠层的板条(2),其具有中心部分(23)和位于中心部分(23)顶表面之上的装饰层(25),该方法至少包括下面的步骤: 提供大的叠层板,其具有中心部分,并具有包括印刷纸层的装饰层(25); 从所述大板上锯下所述基板而形成用于产生所述硬板条(2)的基板,大板已具有一个装饰层(25),从而形成具有一对相对的短边缘和一对相对的长边缘的细长板条; 在所述基板的至少一些边缘(3-4;5-6)提供与所述板条形成一整体的联接装置(7),从而使多个板条可以相互装配,由此该联接装置(7)在垂直于所述顶表面的方向(R1)和在垂直于所述边缘(3-4;5-6)并平行于所述顶表面平面的方向(R2)上起互锁作用,从而,通过沿其长边缘(3-4)的转动,能将板条安装和/或拆卸; 在顶侧附近在至少所述一对基板的长边缘(3-4)上形成斜角(15),使所述斜角(15)延伸穿过所述中心部分(23)的材料; 其特征在于:该方法还包括下述步骤: 生产所述板条,使其有效宽度(B)小于16cm; 生产所述板条,使其有效长度(L)至少为宽度(B)的8倍;以及 锯和切所述板条,使一个板条的印刷图案是连续的单一木纹图案,其在板条的整个表面上延伸; 在所述斜角(15)的表面(27)上提供分离的装饰层。
2. 根据权利要求1的方法,其特征在于:所述方法包括以这样 的方法形成斜角(15)的步骤,使斜角(15)以这样的角度(X)延 伸,以致使通过所述斜角(15)确定的延伸线(W)位于板条的轮廓
3. 根据权利要求1的方法,其特征在于:所述方法包括以这种方式形成所述斜角(15)的步骤,使斜角相对于由板条确定的平面成 45度的角度(X)延伸。
4. 根据权利要求1的方法,其特征在于:所述方法包括在所有 四个侧边(3-4; 5-6)形成所述斜角(15)的步骤.
5. 根据权利要求1的方法,其特征在于:所述中心部分(23) 由以粉碎成纤维的木质为基础材料混合粘结剂制成.
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