CN100410880C - Method for automatic deploying operate system - Google Patents

Method for automatic deploying operate system Download PDF

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CN100410880C
CN100410880C CN 200510090508 CN200510090508A CN100410880C CN 100410880 C CN100410880 C CN 100410880C CN 200510090508 CN200510090508 CN 200510090508 CN 200510090508 A CN200510090508 A CN 200510090508A CN 100410880 C CN100410880 C CN 100410880C
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installation
file
computer
deployment
server
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CN 200510090508
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CN1916846A (en
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史小冬
宋冬梅
肖利民
邱同亮
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联想(北京)有限公司
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Abstract

一种操作系统自动部署方法,包括:1.服务器的部署服务端对结点计算机所需安装操作系统类型的参数以及相应的安装配置参数进行处理并注册针对所述结点计算机的自动安装部署服务;2.所述结点计算机从网卡启动,下载引导程序和所述预安装配置文件并由所述引导程序根据所述预安装配置文件从网络启动预安装环境程序;3.所述预安装环境程序加载硬件设备的驱动程序;4.所述预安装环境程序在所述结点计算机上安装操作系统并根据所述结点计算机的硬件设备属性安装驱动程序;5.注销所述自动安装部署服务,完成操作系统的安装。 A method of operating automatic deployment system, comprising: a deployment server process on server node is required to install computer operating system type and corresponding parameters of the installation and configuration parameters automatically registered for the installation and deployment service node computer ;. 2 starting from the node computer network card, downloading a boot program and the pre-installation configuration file by the program guide in accordance with the pre-installation configuration file to start the pre-installation environment from a network; 3. the pre-installation environment program the hardware device driver is loaded; 4 pre-installation environment of the operating system installed on the node computer and the hardware device driver installation attributes of the node computers;.. 5 cancellation of the automatic mounting deployment services complete operating system installation. 本发明的操作系统自动部署方法实现了为多台硬件结构不同的计算机自动安装不同操作系统和进行系统初始化。 OS automated deployment process of the present invention is implemented for a plurality of different hardware configuration of the computer automatically install different operating systems and system initialization.

Description

操作系统的自动部署方法技术领域本发明涉及一种操作系统的自动部署方法,尤其是一种可以为多台硬件结构不同的结点计算机安装不同操作系统的操作系统自动部署方法。 TECHNICAL FIELD The automatic deploying the operating system automatically deploy the present invention relates to a method of operating a system, in particular a operating system is installed automatically deploy different methods for multiple operating systems different hardware configuration of the node computer. 背景技术随着计算机技术和性能的飞速发展,计算M科研、教育、军事、企事业的应用越来越广泛,计算机较集中的网吧、计算机房和^大量涌现。 BACKGROUND With the rapid development of computer technology and performance, to calculate M scientific research, education, military, enterprises and applications more and more widespread, more focused computer cafes, computer room, and ^ large numbers. 在这些计算机设备密集场所,经常需要对大量的计算机进行安装操作系统和系统初始化操作,如果这些工作全部由系统管理员逐台手工完成,工作量大且效率低。 Computer equipment in these crowded places, often require a large number of computer operating system installation and system initialization, if all of these work stations manually by the system administrator complete, heavy workload and low efficiency. 为了解决上述不便,大量的专家学者和技术人员对操作系统的安装方式进行了多方面的尝试。 In order to solve the above inconvenience, a large number of experts and technicians for installation of the operating system made various attempts. 中国专利申请第02816745.7号揭示了一种操作系统的自动安装和配置的系统和方法,该系统和方法是在连接到网络中操作系统部署月良务器的最终用户计算机上安装和配置包括操作系统、软件产品以及应用程序的包。 Chinese Patent Application No. 02816745.7 discloses a system and method for automatic installation and configuration of operating system, and the system is connected to the end user in a computer network operating system service is deployed months good installation and configuration of operating system comprising , including software products and applications. 该方法基于拉出部署模型,其中,安装由最终用户使用由管理员提供的工具来现场启动和扭<行。 The method is based on which, by the end user to install and use the tools provided by the site administrator to start and twist <line pulled out deployment model. 基于预定义的机器功能,产生过程产生具有执行安装所需参数的源文件,那些参数被存储到集中配置数据库中。 Generating process generates the source file having the parameters required to perform the installation based on a predefined machine functions, those parameters are stored in the centralized configuration database. 安装所需的响应文件依次产生。 Required for installation response file generated sequentially. 该系统允许跟踪安装、过程并向中央数据库报告其成功或失败。 The system allows tracking the installation process and a central database to report on their success or failure. 但是,该方法中所述最终用户的硬件是预定义的,缺乏灵活性,不适合由大量硬件结构不同的计算机组成的计算机群的操作系统的安装作业。 However, the method of the end user hardware is predefined, inflexibility, is not suitable for a computer operating system installation work by a group of a large number of different computer hardware configuration thereof. 发明内容本发明的目的是针对现有技术的不足提供一种操作系统的自动部署方法,该方法能为多台硬件结构不同的计算wc供不同操作系统的自动安装和系统初始化服务。 Object of the present invention is to provide an operating system for the deficiencies of the prior art automatic deployment method that is capable of multiple different hardware configuration wc calculated for different operating systems to automatically install and service system initialization. 为了实现上述目的,本发明提出了一种搡作系统的自动部署方法,该方法包括:步骤1、网络中服务器的部署服务端对搮作人员输入的結点计算机所需安装操作系统类型的参数以及相应的安装配置^t进行处理,在动态主机配置协议的配置文件中加入所述结点计算机的物理地址和网络地址,生成预安装配置文件并注册针对所述结点计算机的自动安装部署服务;步骤2、所述结点计算M网卡启动,从所述服务器下栽引导程序和所述预安装配置文件,并由所述引导程序根据所述预安装配置文件从网络启动预安装环境程序;步骤3、所述预安装环境程序加栽硬件设备的驱动程序,所述硬件设备包括存^fiti殳备和网络设备;步骤4、所迷预安装环境程序在所述结点计算机上安装操作系统,并根据所述结点计算机的硬件设备属性安装所述硬件设备的驱动程序;步骤5、所 To achieve the above object, the present invention proposes a method for automatic deployment for shoving system, the method comprising: Step 1, the deployment server computer node in the network server of Li staff input parameters required operating system installation type and corresponding processing installation configuration ^ t, and a physical address is added to the network address of the computer nodes in the configuration file a dynamic host configuration protocol, and generate a pre-installation configuration file is automatically registered for the installation and deployment service node computer ; step 2, the card M is calculated starting node, tilted downward and crashed boot program from the server and the pre-installation configuration file, the boot program by starting from a pre-installed network according to the program pre-installation environment profile; step 3, the pre-installation environment driver plant plus hardware, the hardware device comprises a memory device and Shu ^ fiti network device; step 4, the pre-installation environment fan installed in an operating system on said computer node and hardware devices according to the properties of the hardware device driver installed in the computer node; step 5, the 述结点计算机通知所述部署服务端该结点计算机的操作系统安装完成,并注销所述自动安装部署服务,完成操作系统的安装。 Said computer node to notify the terminal of the service nodes deployed computer operating system is installed, the automatic cancellation of the installation and deployment of services, to complete the installation of the operating system. 上述技术方案能根据操作人员设置的参数对多台结点计算机安装包括Red Hat Linux 9.0、 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0/4.0 、 Windows 2000 Pro/Srv/Adv以及Windows2003 Server在内的多种搮作系统,并且能才M&结点计算机的具体硬件设备情况安装驱动程序。 Above technical solution can be mounted more Li system comprising Red Hat Linux 9.0, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 / 4.0, Windows 2000 Pro / Srv / Adv Windows2003 Server and including a plurality of computer nodes according to the parameters set by the operator, and M & nodes can only specific computer hardware device driver installation situation. 因此,本发明的搮作系统的自进行系统初始化,从而提高了安装和配置操作系统的工作效率,使操作系统的安装和初始化更为方便快捷。 Thus, the system of the present invention as Li from system initialization, thereby improving the efficiency of the installation and configuration of the operating system, the operating system installation and initialization is more convenient. 下面通过附图和实施例,对本发明的技术方案做进一步的详细描述。 The following drawings and embodiments, detailed description of the further aspect of the present invention. 附困说明图1为本发明的操作系统的自动部署方法的^^图。 FIG attached trapped DESCRIPTION ^^ automatic deployment method of operation of system 1 of the present invention. FIG. 图2为本发明的操作系统的自动部署方法的从网络加栽预安装环境程序的流程图。 Environment flowchart preinstalled programs from the network automatically added plant operating system deployment method 2 of the present invention. FIG. 图3为本发明安装Linux操作系统的;t^图。 Figure 3 install the Linux operating system of the invention; t ^ FIG. 图4为本发明安装Windows搡作系统的流程图。 FIG 4 is a flowchart shoving for Windows installed system of the invention. 具体实施方式本发明的操作系统的自动部署方法中涉及服务器计算机和结点计算机;服务器计算机运行于116<1他111111«7.3下,并安装有部署服务端、动态主机配置协议(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - DHCP)服务端和普通文件传输协议(Trivial File transfer Protocol - TFTP)服务端;结点计算;^预装有预引导执行环境(Pre-boot Execution Environment - PXE)客户端;服务器计算机和结点计算机通过网络相互连接。 Automated deployment method of operating a system DETAILED DESCRIPTION The present invention relates to a server computer and the node computers; server machine running «7.3 to 116 <1 He 111 111, and is attached to the deployment server, the dynamic host configuration protocol (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - DHCP) server and Trivial file transfer protocol (Trivial file transfer protocol - TFTP) server; node calculation; ^ preloaded with a pre-boot execution environment (pre-boot execution environment - PXE) client; and a server computer node computers interconnected via a network. 部署服务端用于对结点计算机的配置参数进行处理并生成安装过程所需的文件。 Deployment server computer node for configuration parameters to generate processed and files needed for installation. 本实施例中的预安装环境程序是Linux搮作系统,该Linux操作系统功能结构简单,只用于在安装过程中支持程序的运行。 Pre-installation environment program in the present embodiment is Li for Linux system, the Linux operating system features simple structure, only support for running programs during the installation process. 部署服务端有一部署配置工具,该工具有一用户界面,搡作人员可以通过WEB浏览器登录部署服务端,并在该用户界面中输入结点计算机的配置信息,从而实现管理结点计算机的配置项的增加、修改和删除。 Deployment Services end with a Deployment Configuration tool, the tool has a user interface, shoving staff can log on to deploy the server via a WEB browser and enter the configuration information for the node computers in the user interface, enabling configuration item management node computer the add, modify and delete. DHCP服务端用于向结点计算机传递网络配置信息、引导程序的文件名和TFTP服务端的网络地址。 DHCP server for transmitting the network configuration information of the network address, boot file name and the program to the TFTP server computer node. 本实施例使用的是Red Hat Linux 7.3下的dhcp-2.0pl5-8,它依据RFC2131、RFC2312和RFC951实现了BOOTP( Internet Bootstrap Protocol,网络引导程序协议)和DHCP。 This embodiment uses a Red Hat Linux dhcp-2.0pl5-8 7.3 under, which implements the BOOTP (Internet Bootstrap Protocol, a network bootstrap protocol) and DHCP based on RFC2131, RFC2312 and RFC951. BOOTP允许一个无本地系统的结点计算机在TCP/IP网络上发现自己的网络地址、网络配置信息、 引导程序的文件名和TFTP服务器端网络地址;DHCP提供了一个向TCP/IP 网络上的一台计算机传递网络配置信息的框架,它基于所述BOOTP,但增加了自动分配可复用的网络地址和其它网络配置选项的能力。 BOOTP allows a free node local to the computer system find their network address in the TCP / IP network, the network configuration information, the boot program file name and the TFTP server network address; the DHCP Providing a one on the TCP / IP network to the computer network transmission frame configuration information, which is based on the BOOTP said, the additional capability of automatic allocation of the network address reuse and other network configuration options. 所述DHCP 的参与者可以与所迷BOOTP的参与者相互协调。 The participant may DHCP coordinated with the fans BOOTP participants. TFTP服务端用于向结点计算机传递安装过程所需的文件。 TFTP server for transmitting files needed for installation to the node computer. 本实施例使用的是Red Hat Linux7.3下的t%-server-0.28-2,它依据RFC1350、RFC2347、 RFC2348和RFC2349实现了TFTP。 The present embodiment uses the t% -server-0.28-2 under the Red Hat Linux7.3, it is based on RFC1350, RFC2347, RFC2348 and RFC2349 achieved TFTP. TFTP是一个基于TCP/IP网络的普通文件传输标准协议,在无盘计算机设备启动方面有着广泛的应用。 TFTP Trivial File Transfer is a standard protocol is based on TCP / IP networks, has been widely used in diskless computer equipment starts aspect. PXE客户端是^ROM中的软件,它依据Intel公司的工业标准PXE 协议研制,用来引导結点计算机从网络启动,发现本机的网络地址和网络配置,发现、下栽并执行从网络加栽作为预安装环境程序的Linux操作系统的软件工具PEXLinux。 ^ ROM PXE client is the software, which based on the development of Intel's PXE industry standard protocol, for guiding the computer to boot from a network node, the network address found in the machine and a network configuration, discovery, and executed from the network plus tilted downward and crashed planted as a Linux operating system pre-installed environment program of software tools PEXLinux. 本实施例使用的是Intel 82536EB网卡集成的Intel Boot Agent 2.1 oPEXLinux用于从网络加栽作为预安装环境程序的Linux操作系统。 The present embodiment uses the Intel 82536EB NIC integrated Intel Boot Agent 2.1 oPEXLinux added to the network from the plant as a Linux operating system environment a pre-installed program. 本实施例中使用的PEXLinux程序名为pxelinux.O。 PEXLinux procedure used in this embodiment called pxelinux.O. 在结点计算M网络启动后,由DHPC服务端将pxdinux.O的存放位置通知结点计算机,然后由结点计算枳A TFTP服务端下载到本地执行。 After calculating the network start at node M, the DHPC server notifies the storage position pxdinux.O computer node, then the node is calculated by the orange A TFTP server download to the local execution. PEXLinux需要在服务器计算机的pxelinux,cfg/目录下存放结点计算机的预安装配置文件,以指导结点计算机从网络上加载预安装环境程序,即Linux内核vmlinux和根文件系统镜像文件initrd.img。 PEXLinux pxelinux need in the server computer, the computer storage nodes pre-installed configuration file cfg / directory, to guide the node computer loads preinstalled programs from the network environment, i.e., the Linux kernel and root file system vmlinux image file initrd.img. 若待安装操作系统为Windows操作系统,则需要在结点计算机中加载部署客户端。 If the operating system to be installed for the Windows operating system, you need to load the deployment of the client node computer. 部署客户端用于为待安装的操作系统创建所需的硬盘分区、下载安装程序和硬件设备驱动程序以及创建自动安装脚本,并负责向部署服务端报告结点计算机的安装进度。 Deploy the client used to create the operating system to be installed hard-disk partition, download the installer and hardware device drivers, and create automated installation scripts, and is responsible for the installation progress to the node computer deployment server report. 部署客户端运行在网络加栽的预安装环境程序下,由PXELinux在预安装配置文件的指导下下栽到结点计算机执行。 Deploying client run in the preinstallation environment plus a network program planted by the PXELinux tilted downward and crashed to the node computer to perform under the guidance of the pre-installation configuration file. 本发明利用Intel PXE技术,使结点计算机以网卡作为启动设备,从TCP/IP网络上发现自己的网络地址、网络配置以及TFTP服务端的网络地址,并从TFTP服务端下栽并加栽vmlinux和initrd.img,并进行操作系统安装预处理工作以及操作系统的自动安装。 The present invention utilizes the Intel PXE technology, node computer to the card as a boot device, discover the network address of its own network address, network configuration, and TFTP server from the TCP / IP network, and tilted downward and crashed from the TFTP server and add planted vmlinux and initrd.img, and automatically install the operating system and the operating system installed in the preprocessing. 如图1所示,为本发明的主要步骤:步骤11、操作人员通过WEB界面登陆部署服务端,填写结点计算机的操作系统类型的参数和安装配置参数;操作系统类型的参数为操作系统的版本信息;结点计算机的安装配置信息包括:部署服务端、DHCP服务端和TFTP服务端的网络地址、待安装操作系统的版本、硬件架构(如i386/x86一64/ia64 )、分区信息、所需安装的软件包、结点计算机的物理地址、网络地址和结点计算机名称等信息;步骤12、部署服务端对上述信息进行处理:在DHCP的配置文件中加入结点计算机的物理地址和网络地址,生成预安装配置文件并注册针对结点计算机的自动安装部署服务;每个结点计算机都有一个预安装配置文件,该配置文件使用结点计算机的IP地址的十六进制表示来命名,例如网络地址为192.168.0.1的结点计算机的配置文件名为C0A80001;定义一 1, the main steps of the present invention: step 11, the operator by the deployment server login WEB interface, operating system type of the computer nodes fill parameters and installation configuration parameters; type of operating system parameters for the operating system version information; node computer installation configuration information comprises: the deployment server, the DHCP server and TFTP server network address, to be installed version of the operating system, hardware architecture (e.g., i386 / x86 a 64 / ia64), partition information, the packages to be installed, a physical node address of the computer, computer network address and the node name and other information; step 12, the deployment server to process the above information: the physical address and the addition of computer network nodes in the DHCP configuration file address, generating a pre-installation configuration file and register for the node computer automated installation and deployment services; hexadecimal representation of each node computer has a pre-installed configuration file, the configuration file using the node computer's IP address to name , for example, a computer network address of the node configuration file named 192.168.0.1 C0A80001; a defined 缺省的预安装配置文件,当结点计算机没有明确对应于自己的预安装配置文件时,使用这个缺省的配置文件,其名字为default (默认);预安装配置文件存储于服务器计算机的pxelinuxxfg/目录下,用于指定结点计算机所使用的Linux内核vmlinux和根文件系统镜像文件initrd.img,并包含内核^t;步骤13、部署服务端将结点计算机设置成网络设备启动;结点计算机从网卡启动,下栽引导程序和预安装配置文件,并由引导程序根据预安装配置文件从网络启动作为预安装系统的Linux操作系统;步骤14、 vmlinux加载硬件设备的驱动程序,该硬件设备包括存镰没备和网络i5:备;步骤15、 vmlinux在结点计算机上安装操作系统,并根振结点计算机的硬件设备属性安装硬件设备的驱动程序;步骤16、结点计算机通知部署服务器端该结点计算机的操作系统安装完成,并注销自动安装部署 The default configuration files pre-installed, when the node corresponds to a computer that does not clear his pre-installation configuration file, use the default configuration file, whose name is the default (default); pxelinuxxfg pre-installation configuration file is stored in the server computer / directory, vmlinux for the Linux kernel and root file system image file specified node computers used by the initrd.img, comprising a core and ^ t; step 13, the deployment server computer node is arranged to start a network device; node boot the computer from the card, the boot program and the pre-tilted downward and crashed installation configuration file by the program guide in accordance with pre-installed Linux operating system configuration file from a pre-installed network boot system; step 14, vmlinux hardware device driver is loaded, the hardware device comprising storage sickle not prepared and network i5: Preparation; step 15, vmlinux installed on the node computer operating system, and the root driver properties mounting hardware vibration node computer hardware; step 16, the node computer informs the deployment server the end node of the computer operating system installed, deployed and installed automatically logout 服务,完成操作系统的安装。 Service, complete operating system installation. 其中,上述步骤13具体如图2所示:步骤131、结点计算4i网卡启动时,广播BOOTP数据包以及查询自己的网络地址、引导程序的文件名和TFTP服务端的网络地址的请求;步骤132、 DHCP服务端检测到结点计算机发送的BOOTP请求,将结点计算机的网络地址、网络配置、引导程序名pxelinux.O和TFTP服务端的网络地址发送给结点计算机;步骤133、结点计算机初始化本地网络,并从TFTP服务端下栽引导程序pxelinux.O和预安装配置文件;步骤134 、结点计算机将接收到的pxelinux.O文件加栽到内存中执行;步骤135、引导程序pxelinux.O根据预安装配置文件,从TFTP服务端下载Linux内核vmlinux和根文件系统镜像文件initrd.img;步骤136、引导程序pxelinux.O加载vmlimux和imitrd.img,并将预安装西己置文件中的内核^t传递给vmlinux,并启动vmlinux。 Wherein the step 13 particularly shown in Figure 2: Step 131, when the node is calculated 4i card starts broadcast BOOTP packet and request query its own network address, boot program file name and network address of TFTP server; a step 132, DHCP server detects the BOOTP request is sent from the node computer, a computer network address of the node, network configuration, the network address of the boot program name pxelinux.O TFTP server and sent to a computer node; step 133, the node initialize the local computer network, and tilted downward and crashed pxelinux.O boot program and pre-installed configuration file from the TFTP server; step 134, the node computer receives a file to add plummeted memory pxelinux.O performed; step 135, in accordance with the boot program pxelinux.O pre-installation configuration file, and download the Linux kernel vmlinux initrd.img root file system image file from the TFTP server; step 136, and the bootstrap pxelinux.O loading vmlimux imitrd.img, and pre-installation configuration file hexyl West kernel ^ t is transmitted to vmlinux, and start vmlinux. 本发明的操作系统自动部署方法可以对多种操作系统进行安装,下面以Linux和Windows为例,说明操作系统自动部署的具体步骤。 OS automated deployment process of the present invention can be installed on a variety of operating systems, Windows and Linux below to an example, specific steps automatically deployed. 实施例1在本实施例中,为结点计算机安装的操作系统为Linux类型的操作系统,具体步骤如图3所示:步骤201、搡作人员通过WEB界面登陆部署服务端,填写结点计算机的操作系统类型的参数和安装配置参数;由于安装的是Linux类型的操作系统,因此搮作系统的类型应为Red Hat Linux 9.0或Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0/4.0等;步骤202、部署服务端对上述信息进行处理:在DHCP的配置文件中加入结点计算机的物理地址和网络地址,生成预安装配置文件和自动安装脚本文件并注册针对结点计算机的自动安装部署服务;自动安装脚本文件包括:部署服务端、DHCP服务端和TFTP服务端的网络地址、结点计算机的分区信息、操作系统安装程序所需的^lt以及驱动程序更新信息;步骤203、结点计算机从网卡启动时,广播BOOTP数据包以及查询自己的网络地址、51导程序的文件名和TFTP服务端 Example 1 In the present embodiment, the node is installed on the computer operating system Linux type operating system, the specific steps shown in Figure 3: Step 201, shoving staff deployment server login through the WEB screen, input node computer the type of operating system parameters and installation configuration parameters; due to the installation of the Linux type operating system, Li as the type of system should Red Hat Linux 9.0 or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 / 4.0 and the like; step 202, the deployment server side the above information processing: join node computer in the DHCP configuration file, the physical address and a network address, to generate pre-installation configuration files and automatically install script file and registered automatically install and deploy services for nodes of the computer; automatic installation script file comprising: ^ lt and driver deployment server, the DHCP server and TFTP server network address, node computer partition information, operating system installation program required to update information; step 203, the node computer from the NIC to start broadcast BOOTP data package and check their network addresses, file names and program guide 51 TFTP server 网络地址的请求;步骤204、 DHCP服务端检测到结点计算机发送的BOOTP请求,将结点计算才几的网络地址、网络配置、引导程序名pxelinux.O和TFTP服务端的网络地址发送给结点计算机;步骤205、结点计算机初始化本地网络,并从TFTP服务端下载引导程序pxelinux.O和预安装配置文件;步骤206、结点计算机将接收到的pxelinux.O文件加栽到内存中执行;步骤207、引导程序pxeiinux.O根据预安装配置文件,从TFTP服务端下栽Linux内核vmlinux和根文件系统镜4象文件initrd.img;initrd.img中包括:预安装环境程序加栽的硬件驱动程序、操作系统的安装程序以及自动安装脚本文件;步骤208、引导程序pxelinux.O加栽vmlimux和imitrd.img,并将预安装配置文件中的内核参数传递给vmlinux,并启动vmlinux。 Network address request; Step 204, DHCP server detects the BOOTP request is sent from the node computers, the computing network address of only a few nodes, the network configuration, the network address of the boot program name pxelinux.O TFTP server and sent to the node computer; step 205, the node initialize the local computer network, and downloading a boot program preinstalled pxelinux.O and configuration files from TFTP server; step 206, the computer node received plus plummeted pxelinux.O file execution memory; step 207, the program guide in accordance with pre-installed pxeiinux.O profile, tilted downward and crashed vmlinux Linux kernel and root file system as file initrd.img mirror 4 from the TFTP server; initrd.img includes: hardware driver program pre-installation environment of the plant plus program, the operating system setup program and automatic installation script file; step 208, the program guide pxelinux.O added and planted vmlimux imitrd.img, and pre-installation configuration file kernel parameters passed to the vmlinux, and start vmlinux. 步骤209、 vmlinux加栽硬件设备的驱动程序,该硬^i殳备包括存^i殳备和网^4史备;步骤210、 vmlinux执行initrd.img中的操作系统安装程序;步骤2U、操作系统安装程序读取initrd.img中的自动安装脚本,解释执行其中的命令,进行自动安装;步骤212、操作系统安装完成后,安装程序根据自动安装脚本中的驱动程序更新信息进行驱动程序的更新安装;步骤213、通知部署服务端安装完成,注销结点计算机在部署服务端的自动安装部署服务并重新启动结点计算机。 Step 209, the driver vmlinux plant plus hardware, which device comprises a hard kept ^ I ^ I Shu Shu apparatus and network backup history ^ 4; step 210, the operating system setup program performs vmlinux in initrd.img; Step 2U, operation system Setup reads in the automatic installation script initrd.img, interpreting and executing the commands, the automatic installation; step 212, the operating system is installed, the installer update information to update the driver to automatically install the driver according to the script installation; step 213, informs the deployment server installation is complete, the node cancellation deployment server computer automated installation and deployment service node and restart the computer. 实施例2在本实施例中,为结点计算机安装的操作系统为Windows类型的操作系统,具体步骤如图4所示:步骤301、操作人员通过WEB界面登陆部署服务端,填写结点计算机的操作系统的类型参数和安装配置^t;由于安装的是Windows类型的操作系统,因此操作系统的类型应为Windows 2000 Pro/Srv/Adv或Windows 2003 Server等;步骤302、部署服务端对上述信息进行处理:在DHCP的配置文件中加入结点计算机的物理地址和网络地址,生成预安装配置文件和部署配置文件并注册针对结点计算机的自动安装部署服务;部署配置文件存储于服务器计算机的/config目录下,其内容包括:部署服务端、DHCP服务端和TFTP服务端的网络地址、结点计算机的分区信息、待安装操作系统安装程序的文件名和地址以及待安装操作系统的序列号和初始化信息;步骤303、结点计算机从网卡启动时,广播BOOTP Example 2 In the present embodiment, the node is installed on the computer operating system is Windows type operating system, the specific steps shown in Figure 4: Step 301, the operator by the deployment server login WEB interface, fill computer node type parameters and installation ^ t configuring the operating system; due to the installation of the Windows type operating system, type of operating system shall be Windows 2000 Pro / Srv / Adv or Windows 2003 Server and the like; step 302, the deployment server of such information treated: join node computer in the DHCP configuration file, the physical address and a network address, to generate pre-installation configuration file, and deployment configuration file and registration to automatically install and deploy services for nodes of the computer; deployment configuration file is stored on the server computer / config directory, which includes: a network address of the deployment server, the DHCP server and TFTP server, the partition information node computer, the file name and the address to install the operating system setup program and to be installed operating system serial number and initialization information ; step 303, when the computer starts from the node card, a broadcast BOOTP 据包以及查询自己的网络地址、引导程序的文件名和TFTP服务端的网络地址的请求;步骤304、 DHCP服务端检测到结点计算机发送的BOOTP请求,将结点计算机的网络地址、网络配置、引导程序名pxdinux.O和TFTP服务端的网络地址发送给结点计算机;步骤305、结点计算机初始化本地网络,并从TFTP服务端下栽引导程序pxelinux.O和预安装配置文件;步骤306、结点计算机将接收到的pxdimix.O文件加载到内存中执行;步骤307、引导程序pxelinux.O根据预安装配置文件,从TFTP服务端下栽Linux内核vmlimix和才艮文件系统镜像文件initrd.img;initrd.img中包括:预安装环境程序加栽的硬件驱动程序、部署客户端的镜像文件、部署配置文件、操作系统安装程序、自动安装脚本生成程序以及驱动配置文件;步骤308、引导程序pxelinux.O加栽vmlimux和imitrd.img,并将预安装配置文件中的内核^lt传递给vmli Data request packet and check their network address, the boot program file name and network address of TFTP server; a step 304, DHCP server detects the BOOTP request node computer sends, the network address of the node computer, the network configuration, the guide pxdinux.O program name and the network address of the TFTP server to a computer node; step 305, the node initialize the local computer network, and tilted downward and crashed pxelinux.O boot program and pre-installed configuration file from the TFTP server; step 306, the node the computer stores the received file is loaded into memory pxdimix.O performed; step 307, the program guide in accordance with pre-installed pxelinux.O profile, tilted downward and crashed vmlimix the Linux kernel and the file system before Gen initrd.img image file from the TFTP server; the initrd .img includes: a pre-installation environment stiffener driver program planted, image files client deployment, deployment configuration file, the operating system installer, automatically generating program installation script and a driving profile; step 308, the program guide added pxelinux.O vmlimux planted and imitrd.img, and pre-installation configuration file is passed to the kernel ^ lt vmli nux,并启动vmlinux。 nux, and start vmlinux. 步骤309、 vmlinux加栽硬件设备的驱动程序,该硬件设备包括存储设备和网络设备;步骤310、 vmlinux加栽imitrd.img中的部署客户端;步骤311 、部署客户端检测结点计算机的硬件设备;步骤312、部署客户端4艮据initrd.img中的部署配置文件初始化结点计算机的-更盘分区和文件系统;步骤313、部署客户端根据initrd.img中的驱动配置文件向部署服务端请求待安装操作系统的硬件设备驱动程序;部署服务端将硬件驱动程序发送给部署客户端;步骤314、部署客户端调用initrd.img中的自动安,本生成程序,根据部署配置文件创建操作系统自动安装脚本,并初始化结点计算机的主引导分区(MBR),设置其启动时执行所述的自动安装脚本;步骤315、重新启动结点计算机,自动安装操作系统,完成后通知操作系统部署服务端安装完成,注销结点计算机在部署服务端的自动安装部 Step 309, vmlinux drivers plus hardware plant equipment, the hardware device includes a storage device and a network device; step 310, vmlinux added imitrd.img planted in deploying client; step 311, the deployment of the client node detecting computer hardware ; step 312, the deployment of the deployment configuration file to initialize the client computer node initrd.img data in Gen 4 - more disk partition and file system; step 313, the deployment of the client according to the drive profile initrd.img to deploy server hardware device driver requests the operating system to be installed; the deployment server to deploy the hardware driver sends the client; step 314, the client calls automatically deployed safety initrd.img in the present generation program, the operating system creates configuration files in accordance with the deployment automatic installation script, and initialize the computer node master boot partition (the MBR), which is set to start automatically executed when the installation script; step 315, the node restart the computer, the operating system automatically installed, notifies the operating system after the completion of deployment service end of the installation is complete, the computer automatically log off the node mounting end portion deployment services 服务,并重新启动结点计算机。 Service, and then restart the computer node. 操作人员可以通过部署服务端的配置工具设置配置参数,部署服务器才艮据配置Wt自动生成部署配置文件。 The operator can set the configuration parameters Configuration tool to deploy server, deployment server was configured according to Gen Wt automatically generate deployment configuration file. 部署配置文件格式如下:<formula>formula see original document page 13</formula>驱动配置文件是一个XML格式的文件,提供驱动程序信息.操作系统客户端能^l据硬件检测结果从中找出适当的驱动程序,并从操作系统部署服务端请求下栽这些驱动程序。 Deployment configuration file format is as follows: <formula> formula see original document page 13 </ formula> driver configuration file is an XML format file, the operating system provides the driver information ^ l client can find out according to the detection result of hardware suitable. drivers, and operating system deployment tilted downward and crashed server requests from these drivers. 驱动配置文件格式如下:<formula>formula see original document page 13</formula>每种支持的操作系统均对应有一个自动安#本,若需要支持新的操作系统,只需为该新操作系统增加一个自动安#本或增加一个生成该自动安^f本的程序即可,这样便于扩M操作系统的支持。 Driver configuration file format is as follows: <formula> formula see original document page 13 </ formula> each of the supported operating systems there is one installed automatically # present, if desired, to support the new operating system, only for the addition of new operating system An automatic # a present or addition of one of the automatic safety ^ f the present program to generate, it is easy to support the expansion M operating system. 本发明的操作系统的自动部署方法实现了为多台硬件结构不同的计算机自动安装不同操作系统和系统初始化,从而提高了安装和配置操作系统的工作效率,使IMt系统的安装和初始化更为方便快捷。 The method of operating automated deployment system of the present invention is to achieve a plurality of different hardware configuration of a computer system and automatically install the different operating system initialization, thereby improving the efficiency of the installation and configuration of the operating system installation and initialization of the system more convenient IMt fast. 最后应当说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非对其限制;尽管参照较佳实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,所属领域的普通技术人员应当理解:依然可以对本发明的具体实施方式进行修改或者对部分技术特征进行等同替换;而不脱离本发明技术方案的精神,其均应涵盖在本发明请求保护的技术方案范围当中。 Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are intended to illustrate the present invention rather than limiting; While the present invention has been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: still present DETAILED DESCRIPTION oF eMBODIMENTS be modified or partial technical features make equivalent replacements; art without departing from the spirit of the present invention, which should be covered by the present invention in which the claimed technical solution range.

Claims (11)

1. 一种操作系统的自动部署方法,其中执行以下操作步骤: 步骤1、网络中服务器的部署服务端对操作人员输入的结点计算机所需安装操作系统类型的参数以及相应的安装配置参数进行处理,在动态主机配置协议的配置文件中加入所述结点计算机的物理地址和网络地址,生成预安装配置文件并注册针对所述结点计算机的自动安装部署服务; 步骤2、所述结点计算机从网卡启动,从所述服务器下载引导程序和所述预安装配置文件,并由所述引导程序根据所述预安装配置文件从网络启动预安装环境程序; 步骤3、所述预安装环境程序加载硬件设备的驱动程序,所述硬件设备包括存储设备和网络设备; 步骤4、所述预安装环境程序在所述结点计算机上安装所述操作系统,并根据所述结点计算机的硬件设备属性安装所述硬件设备的驱动程序; 步骤5、所述结点 A method of operating an automatic deployment system, wherein the following steps: Step 1, the deployment server computer node in the network server of the operator input required to install the operating system and the corresponding parameter type mounting configuration parameters process, the network address and physical address is added to the node computer in the configuration file a dynamic host configuration protocol, and generate a pre-installation configuration file register automatically for the installation and deployment service computer node; step 2, the junction boot the computer from the card, the boot program downloaded from the server and the pre-installation configuration file, the boot program by the installation configuration file according to the pre-installation environment pre-boot program from a network; step 3, the pre-installation environment program loading hardware device drivers, the hardware device includes a storage device and a network device; step 4, the pre-installation environment of the operating system installed on the computer node, and nodes according to the computer hardware the attribute mounting hardware device driver; step 5, the nodes 计算机通知所述部署服务端该结点计算机的操作系统安装完成,并注销所述自动安装部署服务,完成所述操作系统的安装。 Notifying the server computer of the node deployment computer operating system is installed, the automatic cancellation of the installation and deployment of services, to complete the installation of the operating system.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中所述步骤l中的操作人员通过WEB浏览器登录所述部署服务端的用户界面,输入所述结点计算机所需安装操作系统类型的知lt以及相应的安装配置桐故。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said step l operator of the login server deployment user interface through WEB browser, the input nodes required to install computer operating system type and the corresponding lt known Tong installation configuration so.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中所述步骤2具体为: 所述结点计算机从网卡启动时,广播网络启动协议数据包以及查询所述结点计算机的网络地址、SI导程序的文件名和所述服务器中的普通文件传输协议服务端的网络地址的请求;所述服务器中的动态主机配置协议服务端检测到所述网络启动协议数据包后,将所述结点计算机的网络地址、网络配置、引导程序的文件名和所述普通文件传输协议服务端的网络地址发送给所述结点计算机;所述结点计算机初始化,并根据所述引导程序的文件名下载所述引导程序和预安装配置文件,并加载所述引导程序;所述引导程序4艮据所述预安装配置文件下栽预安装环境程序的镜像文件;所述引导程序加栽所述镜像文件。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the step 2 specifically comprises: said computer node from the NIC to start, the broadcast network boot protocol query packet and the network address of said computer node, the program guide of the SI request file name and network address of the Trivial file transfer protocol server in the server; the server dynamic host configuration protocol server after detecting the network boot protocol packet, the network address of the node points of the computer, network configuration, the boot program and the file name Trivial file transfer protocol server address to the network node computer; a computer to initialize said nodes, the boot program and the file name of the downloaded boot program and preinstalled configuration file, and loading the boot program; 4 Gen boot program according to the pre-installation configuration file of the image file tilted downward and crashed preinstalled program environment; planted in the boot program plus the image file.
4、 4艮据权利要求3所述的方法,其中所述的预安装环境程序为Linux 时,所述预安装环境程序的镜像文件包括Linux内核的镜像文件和根文件系统镜像文件;所述预安装配置文件用于指定所述Linux的镜像文件,并包含所述Linux内核的参数。 4. The method according to claim 34, according to Gen, wherein the pre-installation environment when the program is Linux, the pre-installation environment program image file includes image file Linux kernel and root file system image file; the pre installation configuration file for specifying the image file is Linux, and includes the Linux kernel parameters.
5、 根据权利要求4所述的方法,其中所述引导程序加栽所述镜像文件的具体步骤为:所述引导程序加栽所述Linux内核的镜像文件和根文件系统的镜像文件,并将所述Linux内核的W:传递给所述Linux内核。 Specifically Step 5. The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein the boot program of the image file is added to plant: plant plus the boot program of the Linux kernel and root file system image file image file, and the Linux kernel W: transferred to the Linux kernel.
6、 才艮据权利要求5所述的方法,其中所述步骤l中,当所述操作系统类型是Red Hat Linux 9.0或Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0/4.0时,所述部署服务端还才艮据所述安装配置参数生成自动安装脚本文件,该文件中包括:所述部署服务端、动态主机配置协议服务端和普通文件传输协议服务端的网络地址、所述结点计算机的分区信息以及所述驱动程序的更新信息。 6, only Gen method according to claim 5, wherein said step l, when the operating system type is the Red Hat Linux 9.0 or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 / 4.0, the further deployment server data before Gen the installation configuration parameters automatically generated installation script file, which includes: the deployment server, the network address of the dynamic host configuration protocol server and Trivial file transfer protocol service terminal, the junction point computer partition information and the driving updated information about the program.
7、 根据权利要求6所述的方法,其中所述根文件系统的镜像文件包程序和自动安装脚本文件。 7. The method of claim 6, wherein the mirror file of the root file system program and the automatic installation script file.
8、 推4t权利要求7所述的方法,其中所述步樣4具体为:所述Linux内核执行所述4艮文件系统中的安装程序;所述安装程序根椐所述根文件系统中的自动安装脚本文件自动安装所述操作系统并根据所迷更新信息更新安装所述驱动程序。 8. The method according to claim 7 push 4t, wherein said step-like 4 specifically is: the installer to perform the Linux kernel file system Gen 4; the installer noted in the root file system automatic installation script files to automatically install the operating system and updates the installed driver information update according to the fans.
9、 根据权利要求5所述的方法,其中所述步骤l中,当所述操作系统类型是Windows 2000 Pro/Srv/Adv或Windows 2003 Server时,所述部署服务端还才艮据所述操作系统类型的参数以及所述安装配置参数生成部署配置文件,该文件中包括如下信息:所述部署服务端、动态主机配置协议服务端和普通文件传输协议服务端的网络地址、所述结点计算机的分区信息、所述操作系统安装程序的文件名和地址以及所述待安装搡作系统的序列号和初始化信息。 9. A method as claimed in claim 5, wherein said step l, when the operating system type is Windows 2000 Pro / Srv / Adv or Windows 2003 Server, the deployment server according to the further operation before Gen the system parameters and the type of mounting configuration parameter generating deployment configuration file includes the following information: the deployment server, the dynamic host configuration protocol server and Trivial file transfer protocol server address of a network, said computer node partition information, and the file name of the operating system program and the address of the installation to be installed as shoving system initialization information and serial number.
10、 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其中所述根文件系统的镜像文件包括:所述预安装环境程序加栽的硬件驱动程序、部署客户端的镜像文件、部署配置文件、操作系统的安装程序和自动安装脚本生成程序以及驱动配置文件。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the root file system image file comprises: adding the pre-installation environment program planted hardware drivers, image files client deployment, deployment configuration file, the operating system setup program and automatic installation script generation program and driver configuration file.
11 、根据权利要求10所述的方法,其中所述步骤4具体为:所述Linux内核加栽所述部署客户端的4ife像文件;所述部署客户端检测所述结点计算机的硬件设备;所述部署客户端根据所述根文件系统中的部署配置文件初始化所述结点计算机的硬盘分区和文件系统,并且根据所述根文件系统中的驱动配置文件下载所述驱动程序;所述部署客户端调用所述根文件系统中的自动安装脚本生成程序,创建所述操作系统的自动安装脚本文件,并初始化所述结点计算机的主引导分区,设置所述结点计算机启动时执行所述自动安装脚本文件;重新启动所述结点计算机,执行所述自动安装脚本文件,进行所述操作系统的自动安装。 11. The method of claim 10, wherein said step 4 specifically is: the plant plus the Linux kernel client deployment 4ife image files; the client hardware device detects the deployment of the node computers; the said deploying the client computer node based on the deployment profile in the root file system of the hard disk partition and file system initialization, and download the driver based on the root file system driver profile; the deployment customers end of the automatic installation script generating program calls the root file system to create automatic installation of the operating system script file, and initialize the junction point of the main computer boot partition, the setting performed when the node computer automatically starts installation script file; restart the computer node, performing the automatic installation script file, automatic installation of the operating system.
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