CN100407216C - DC power tool end communication system and method - Google Patents

DC power tool end communication system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100407216C
CN100407216C CN 200510006410 CN200510006410A CN100407216C CN 100407216 C CN100407216 C CN 100407216C CN 200510006410 CN200510006410 CN 200510006410 CN 200510006410 A CN200510006410 A CN 200510006410A CN 100407216 C CN100407216 C CN 100407216C
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Prior art keywords
power tool
data
voltage
tool
master device
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CN 200510006410
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1651197A (en )
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丹尼利·C·布罗托
迈克尔·K·福斯特
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布莱克和戴克公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B21/00Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/14Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F5/00Details or components of portable power-driven tools not particularly related to the operations performed and not otherwise provided for

Abstract

一种当从工具移出工具的电池组时,在无电线电力工具的电源端上,单向或双向地将信息和数据传送到容纳在无电线电力工具中的电子模块和从其传出的系统和方法。 One that, when the tool is removed from the tool battery packs, on the supply terminal cordless electric power tool, unidirectionally or bidirectionally transmitting information to and receiving data in a cordless power tool from outgoing electronic modules and systems and methods. 数据传送设备取代电池组被连接到工具的至少一个电源端。 Substituted with at least one data transfer device battery power supply terminal is connected to the tool. 电源端还用于在工具的正常操作期间,将电池组电连接至所述工具。 Power supply terminal is also used during normal operation of the tool, the battery pack is electrically connected to the tool. 根据预定通信协议,由数据传送设备提供至工具的电压在第一电平和第二电平之间顺序改变,以便将数据从工具的电子模块传送到数据传送设备。 The predetermined communication protocol, provides a voltage to the tool by changing the order of the data transfer apparatus between a first level and a second level to transfer the data from the tool to the electronic module data transfer apparatus. 提供给工具的电子模块的电压信号在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序转换,以便将数据从数据传送设备传送到工具。 Providing a tool electronics module voltage signal sequentially switch between the first and second voltages so as to transfer data from the data transmitting device to the tool. 因此,能够在工具和数据传送设备之间传送数据,而不需要拆卸工具。 Thus, data can be transferred between the tool and the data transfer apparatus, without requiring removal tool.

Description

在直流工具的电源端上通信的系统和方法技术领域本发明涉及一种无电线电力工具。 On the ends of the DC power tool system and method Technical Field The present invention relates to a communication cordless power tool. 更具体地说,本发明涉及经由工具的电源端在电力工具和数据传送设备之间传送信息.所述电源端与用于在工具的操作期间连接到工具电源、即便携式电池组的电源端相同。 More particularly, the present invention relates to communicating information between a power tool and a data transfer apparatus via a power tool bit. The power supply terminal for connection to the power tool during operation of the tool, i.e. the same as the battery pack of the portable power supply terminal . 背景技术现代的无电线电力工具在家庭和商用建筑作业点正变得更加普遍。 BACKGROUND Modern cordless power tools in the home and commercial construction job site is becoming more common. 无电线电力工具的发展导致以无电线形式生产各种无电线电力工具,例如,现在通常以无电线形式制造诸如自动敲钉机、钻孔器、螺丝刀、圃锯、往复锯、 钢丝锯和磨沙机的电力工具。 No development of wire leads electric power tool in the form of the production of cordless cordless power tools, for example, are now commonly manufactured in the form such as cordless nailer, drill, screwdrivers, garden saws, reciprocating saws, wire saws and grinding sand machine power tools. 随着无电线电力工具类型的增加,无电线电力工具的技术复杂度增加。 With the increase of cordless power tools of the type, cordless electric power tool increased technical complexity. 诸如微控制器和存储器模块的现代电子部件足够小以便易于将它们安装在许多无电线电力工具的外壳内。 Modern electronic components such as a microcontroller and a memory module is small enough so that they are easy to install in many cordless power tool housing. 一些已知的无电线电具搡作的其他相关信息,因此,这种电子部件被用来存储用于控制工具的操作的算法和程序。 Some known cordless electric tools other relevant information for the shoving, therefore, that the electronic component is used to store programs and algorithms for controlling the operation of the tool. 与无电线电力工具通信以便提取操作数据、输入控制算法、更新控制程序和/或更新控制系数的已知方法通常是劳动密集型的、麻烦的、成本高的并能降低工具的可靠性。 Communication with the cordless power tool to extract the operation data, input control algorithm, updates the control program and / or updating the control coefficient generally known methods are labor intensive, cumbersome, costly and reduce the reliability of the tool. 例如,必须拆开工具以便访问电子部件。 For example, the tool must be disassembled to access the electronic component. 在其他情况下,必须向工具添加另外的电子或光通信端或端口以允许与电子部件通信。 In other cases, you must add an additional terminal or the electronic or optical communication port to the tool to allow communication with the electronic component. 因此,非常期望提供一种用于与无电线电力工具内的数据存储模块和/或控制模块通信的部件,不用拆卸工具或包括另外的通信端口。 Thus, highly desirable to provide a cordless data storage module and / or control module within the communication member for a power tool, without disassembling the tool further comprises a communication port, or. 发明内容本发明旨在一种用于在无电线电力工具的电源端上传送信息和数据的系统和方法。 The present invention is directed to a system and method for transmitting information and data on the supply terminal of the cordless power tool. 在一个优选实施中,提供一种方法,包括将主设备连接到工具的至少一个电源端.电源端还用于在工具的操作期间将电源连接到工具.该方法还包括:在第一电平和第二电平之间改变由主设备提供给工具的电压以便将数据从工具传送到主设备。 In a preferred embodiment, there is provided a method, comprising at least one power supply terminal is connected to the master device to the tool for further supply terminal during operation of the power tool connected to the tool further comprising: a first level and a change between the second level to the voltage provided by the master tool from the tool in order to transfer data to the master device. 该方法进一步包括:在第一电压和第二电压之间转换至工具的微控制器的电压信号以便将数据从主设备传送到工具。 The method further comprising: switching between the first and second voltages to the voltage signal to the microcontroller tool to transfer data from the master device to the tool. 在该系统的另一优选实施例中,提供一种系统,包括适于连接到工具的至少一个电源端的主设备,其中,在工具的操作期间所述电源端还连接到工具电源。 In another preferred embodiment of the system, a system is provided, comprising at least one power terminal adapted to be connected to the tool master device, wherein, during operation of the tool in the power supply terminal is also connected to the power tool. 该系统还包括包含在工具中的第一通信电路。 The system further includes a first communication circuit included in the tool. 该第一通信电路适于在第一电平和第二电平之间改变由主设备提供给工具的电压,从而将数据从工具传送到主设备。 The first communication circuit is adapted to change the voltage provided by the master tool between a first level and a second level so as to transfer data from the tool to the master device. 该系统进一步包括包含在主设备中的第二通信电路。 The system further includes a second communication circuit included in the master device. 该第二通信电路适于在第一电平和第二电平之间转换至工具的微控制器的电压信号,从而将数据从主设备传送到工具,从下文给出的详细描述,本发明的适用性的更多领域将变得显而易见。 The second communication circuit adapted to convert a voltage signal to the microcontroller tool between a first level and a second level to transfer data from the master device to the tool, from the detailed description given hereinafter, the present invention Further areas of applicability will become apparent. 应当理解,详细描述和具体的例子尽管表示本发明的优选实施例,但是仅是示例说明目的并不打算限制本发明的范围。 It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the present invention, but are merely illustrative purposes not intended to limit the scope of the invention. 附图说明从详细描述和附图将更全面地理解本发明,其中:图l是根据本发明的优选实施例,用于将数据传送到无电线电力工具或从无电线电力工具传送数据的系统的简化框图;图1A是图l所示的系统的另一优选实施例的简化框图;图2是图1所示的第一通信电路和第二通信电路的简化框图;图3是示例说明图2所示的电压转换检测电路的一个优选实施例的简化示意图;图4是示例说明图2所示的电压转换检测电路的另一优选实施例的简化示意图;图5是示例说明图2所示的电压转换检测电路的再一优选实施例的简化示意图;图6是示例说明启动工具的通信模式的另一优选实施例的流程图;以及图7是示例说明启动工具的通信模式的再一优选实施例的流程图.具体实施方式优选实施例的下述描述实际上仅是示例性的并绝不打算限制本发明、其应用或用途。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION The present invention will be fully understood from the detailed description and the accompanying drawings, wherein: Figure l is a preferred embodiment according to the present invention, the system for electric power tool of the wires for transmitting data transmits data to the cordless power tool or never a simplified block diagram; FIG. 1A is a simplified block diagram of another preferred embodiment of the system shown in FIG. L; FIG. 2 is a simplified block diagram of a first communication circuit shown in Figure 1 and the second communication circuit; FIG. 3 is an explanatory view showing an example of simplified diagram of an embodiment of a detection voltage conversion circuit 2 illustrated preferred; FIG. 4 is a simplified schematic illustration of another preferred embodiment of a voltage transition detection circuit shown in FIG. 2; FIG. 5 is an illustration shown in FIG. 2 a simplified schematic diagram of a voltage conversion circuit is detecting a further preferred embodiment; FIG. 6 is a flow diagram illustrating another preferred embodiment of the communication mode of the start-up tool; and FIG. 7 is an illustration of a communication mode to start another preferred tool flowchart of an embodiment. DETAILED dESCRIPTION the following description of preferred embodiments is merely exemplary and in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. 图l是根据本发明的优选实施例,用于将数椐传送到无电线电力工具14 和/或从无电线电力工具14传送数据的系统10的简化框图。 Figure l is a preferred embodiment according to the present invention, for / or simplified block diagram of cordless power tools 14 and 14 transfer the data from the non-wire system power tool 10 will be transferred to the number noted. 将意识到,尽管无电线工具14在图1中被示出为无电线钻孔器,电力工具14可以是诸如自动敲钉机、钻孔器、螺丝刀、圓锯、往复锯、钢丝锯或磨沙机等等的任何无电线工具。 It will be appreciated, although the cordless tool 14 is shown in FIG. 1 as a cordless drill, power tool 14 may be such as a nailer, drill, screwdrivers, circular saws, reciprocating saws, wire saw or mill sand machine, and so any cordless tools. 系统10包括数据传送设备18,也被称为主设备,适于连接到电力工具14的电源端22a和22b,以便当电力工具14处于通信模式时与电力工具14通信。 The system 10 includes a data transfer device 18, also referred to as the master device, adapted to be connected to the power supply terminal 22a of the tool 14 and 22b, to communicate with the power tool 14 when the power tool 14 is in communication mode. 电源端22a和22b还用于将诸如可拆卸的便携式电池组的工具电源连接到工具14,以便在操作模式期间提供电力以操作工具14的电动机24。 22a and 22b further supply terminal for the power tool, such as a portable battery pack is detachably connected to the tool 14, to provide power to operate the motor 24 the tool 14 during operation mode. 在优选实施例中,数据传送设备18形状上基本与电源,例如可拆卸的便携式电池组类似,以便以与电源相同的方式将数据传送设备18连接到电力工具14。 Embodiment, the data transfer apparatus 18 substantially shapes, e.g. similar to power portable removable battery pack, so as to supply the same manner as the power tool 18 is connected to the data transfer apparatus 14 in the preferred embodiment. 例如,如图1所示,数据传送设备18形状上基本与从电力工具14的电池组插座19移出的可拆卸的便携式电池组类似。 For example, as shown in FIG. 1, the data transfer apparatus 18 the shape of the receptacle 19 substantially out of portable removable battery pack from the power tool is similar to the battery pack 14. 因此,以与电力工具14 处于操作模式时将电池组连接到电力工具14相同的方式将数据传送设备18 连接到电力工具14。 Therefore, when the power tool 14 is in the operating mode of the battery pack is connected to the same manner as the power tool 14 is connected to the data transfer apparatus 18 to the power tool 14. 因此,数据传送设备18快速和易于与电池组互换,在另一优选实施例中,数据传送设备18是包括如下所述的通信电路的可拆卸的便携式电池组。 Thus, the data transfer device 18 fast and easy exchange of the battery pack, in a further preferred embodiment, the data transfer apparatus 18 is a communication circuit as recited in portable detachable battery pack. 参考图1A,在另一优选实施例中,数据传送设备18'包括诸如膝上型或手持计算机的基于计算机的设备18a和连接器18b。 1A, a preferred embodiment In another embodiment, the data transmission device 18 'comprises a computer such as a laptop or handheld devices 18a and 18b of the connector based computer. 基于计算机的设备18a 通信地连接到连接器18b并包括如下所述的通信电路。 18a is communicatively connected to the computer-based devices to the connector 18b and includes a communication circuit as described below. 连接器18b可经由适当的接口电缆18c或甚至通过无线连接通信地连接到基于计算机的设备18a。 The connector 18b may 18c via an appropriate interface cable, or even wireless connection device connected to the computer 18a by the basis. 连接器18b形状上与已经从电力工具14移出的可拆卸的便携式电池组类似。 18b is similar to the shape of the connector which has been removed from the portable power tool battery pack 14 detachably. 通过以与电池组相同的方式将连接器18b插入电力工具14,将数据传送设备18连接到电力工具14。 14, the data transfer device 18 is connected to the power tool 14 by the battery in the same manner as the connector 18b is inserted into the power tool. 因此,利用实质上就充当图1所示的设备18的接口部件的连接器18b和接口电缆18c,数据传送设备18'实现与工具14的接口。 Thus, the use of substantially acts as an interface cable connector 18b and 18c shown in Figure 1 the interface member of the device 18, the data transmission device 18 'implement the interface tool 14. 为方使爽见,下述详细描述将指向数据传送设备18的使用。 See square so cool, the following detailed description directional data transfer device 18 is used. 进一步参考图1,系统10包括置于电力工具14内的第一通信电路26. 第一通信电路26适于经由电力工具14的电源端22a和22b与包括在数据传送设备18内的第二通信电路30通信。 With further reference to FIG. 1, the system 10 includes a first communication circuit disposed within the power tool 14 26. The first communication circuit 26 is adapted to the tool 14 via a power supply terminal 22a and 22b included in the second communication data transfer apparatus 18 The communication circuit 30. 更具体地,电源端22a用于双重目的。 More specifically, the power supply terminal 22a serves a dual purpose. 电源端22a被用于向电力工具14和第一电路26供电,并用于在第一和第二通信电路26和30之间传送数据。 Power supply terminal 22a is used to power the tool 14 and the first power circuit 26, and for transferring data between the first 26 and 30 and the second communication circuit. 在优选实施例中,系统10适于在第一通信,路26和第二通信电路30 之间提供双向通信。 In a preferred embodiment, the system 10 is adapted to provide two-way communication between a first communication passage 26 and the second communication circuit 30. 例如,可以下栽诸如操作参数和工具操作历史信息的数据和信息,即,从第一通信电路26向第二通信电路30发送。 For example, such as the operating parameters and can be tilted downward and crashed tool operation data information and history information, i.e., from the first communication circuit 26 transmits to the second communication circuit 30. 同样,可以上载诸如算法、程序、算法和/或程序系数以及操作参数的数据和信息,即,从第二通信电路30向第一通信电路26发送。 Similarly, such algorithms can upload, programs, algorithms and / or programs as well as the coefficient data and information of the operation parameters, i.e., transmitted from the second communication circuit 30 to the first communication circuit 26. 另外,系统10也可被配置为在第一通信电路26和第二通信电路30之间仅提供单向通倌。 Further, system 10 may also be configured to provide only one direction through between the groom 26 and the second communication circuit 30 of the first communication circuit. 例如,在一个实例中,系统10适于仅从第一通信电路26向第二通信电路30发送数据和信息。 For example, in one example, the system 10 is adapted to transmit data from only the first information and the communication circuit 26 to the second communication circuit 30. 在另一实例中,系统10适于仅从第二通信电路30向第一通信电路26发送数据和信息。 In another example, the system 10 is adapted to transmit data and information to the first communication circuit 26 only from the second communication circuit 30. 图2是图l所示的第一和第二通信电路26和30的简化框图。 FIG 2 is a simplified block diagram of Figure l the first and second communication circuits 26 and 30 shown in FIG. 第一通信电路26包括控制数据传送设备18和电力工具14之间的通信的微控制器34。 The first communication circuit 26 includes a data transfer control device 18 and a power tool for communication between the microcontroller 34 to 14. 更具体地,微控制器34与包括在第二通信电路30中的控制器,最好是微处理器36结合工作,以控制第一和第二通信电路26和30之间的通信。 More specifically, the microcontroller 34 includes a controller in the second communication circuit 30, a microprocessor 36 preferably work in conjunction to control the communication between the first 26 and 30 and the second communication circuit. 另夕卜, 微处理器36可以是第二通信电路30之外的设备,例如膝上型或手持计算机。 Another Bu Xi, the microprocessor 36 may be a device other than the second communication circuit 30, such as a laptop or handheld computer. 另外,第一通信电路26包括至少一个稳压器38和电压转换检测电路42。 Further, at least a first communication circuit 26 includes a voltage regulator 38 and the voltage detection circuit 42 converting. 稳压器38使提供到微控制器34的电压输出维持在适于启动微控制器34的搡作的电平。 Regulator 38 so that the output voltage supplied to the microcontroller 34 is maintained at a level suitable for starting the microcontroller 34 for the shoving. 在优选实施例中,第一通信电路26进一步包括连接在穗压器38 的输出和微控制器34的端口34a之间的第一电阻器Rl。 In a preferred embodiment, the first communication circuit 26 connected between the spike further comprises a pressure output port 38 and microcontroller 34a 34 of the first resistor Rl. 端口34a处的阻抗缺省为高以便电流不流过第一电阻器R1,除非微控制器34将端口34a处的信号拉低。 Impedance at the default port 34a is high so that no current flows through the first resistor R1, the microcontroller 34 unless the signal port 34a at low. 当34a处的信号为低时,电流将流过第一电阻器R1。 When the signal 34a is at a low, current will flow through the first resistor R1. 另外,可以用适于根据端口34a的阻抗值来控制第一通信电路26中的电流流动的任何电子部件来代替R1。 Further, the control may be adapted to any electronic component of the current flowing in the first communication circuit 26 based on the impedance value of the port 34a in place of R1. 例如,可以用LED、电感或晶体管来代替R1。 For example, a LED, inductor, or transistor instead of R1. 因此,尽管使用第一电阻器R1来描述第一通信电路26的操作,应当理解,可以用适于通过切换端口34a处的阻抗,允许微控制器34控制流经连接器22a的电流值的任何其他电子部件来代替笫一电阻器Rl并且仍然在本发明的范围内。 Thus, although the use of a first resistor R1 will be described operation of the first communication circuit 26, it should be understood that the impedance can be adapted by switching at the ports 34a, allows the microcontroller 34 controls a current value flowing through the connector 22a of any other electronic components in place of a resistor Rl Zi and still be within the scope of the present invention. 微控制器34包括适于存储与电力工具14的所有操作方面有关的信息、 数据和编程的电子存储器46。 The microcontroller 34 is adapted to store the power tool includes all the information relating to the operational aspects 14, data and programming an electronic memory 46. 例如,微控制器存储器46可存储将被传送到第二通信电路30的数据。 For example, the microcontroller memory 46 may store data to be transferred to the second communication circuit 30. 类似地,从第二通信电路30传送的数据也可存储在微控制器存储器46中。 Similarly, the data transmitted from the second communication circuit 30 may also be stored in the memory 46 of the microcontroller. 在另一优选实施例中,第一通信电路26包括微控制器34外部的存储器设备50。 In another preferred embodiment, the first communication circuit 26 includes an external memory device 5034 microcontroller. 由系统10以与微控制器存储器46基本上相同的方式利用存储器设备50.尽管引用微控制器存储器46来描述系统10,将意识到,关于系统IO的操作,可互换微控制器存储器46和存储器设备50。 10 in substantially the same manner as the microcontroller 46 memory using the memory devices 50. Although the memory 46 references the microcontroller system 10 described, it will be appreciated by the system on the operating system IO, interchangeable microcontroller memory 46 and a memory device 50. 在另一优选实施例中,微控制器34除控制第一和第二通信电路26和30之间的通信外,还控制工具14的操作。 In another preferred embodiment, in addition to the micro-controller 34 controls communication between the first and second communication circuits 26 and 30, but also controls the operation of the tool 14. 第二通信电路30包括诸如电池的电路电源54和电压转换设备或电路58。 Second communication circuit such as circuit 30 comprises a power supply 54 and the voltage converting circuit of the battery or the device 58. 最好,电源54在数据传送设备18内部,这样不需要用于操作系统10的数据传送设备18外部的电源.然而,电源54也可以在数据传送设备18外部并仍然在本发明的范围内。 Preferably, the internal power source 54 in a data transfer device 18, so that no need for a data transfer apparatus 18 external power supply 10 operating system, however, power source 54 may be an external data transfer apparatus 18 and remain within the scope of the present invention. 在数据传送设备18是包括第二通信电路30的可拆卸的便携式电池组的情况下,电池组本身是电源54。 In the data transmission apparatus 18 in the case of portable removable battery pack includes a second communication circuit 30, power supply 54 is a battery pack itself. 电压转换设备58调节由电路电源54提供的电压。 Voltage converting device 58 adjusting the power supply voltage supplied from the circuit 54. 另外,电压转换设备54适于在第一电压值和第二电压值之间转换调节后的电压。 Further, the voltage converting device 54 is adapted to the converted voltage value is adjustable between a first voltage and a second voltage value. 由微处理器36控制电压转换设备58。 The microprocessor 36 controls the voltage converting device 58. 微处理器36控制电压转换设备58 ,以便当第一通信电路26正向第二通信电路30传送数据时,电压转换设备58的输出电压基本上恒定。 The microprocessor 36 controls the voltage converting device 58, such that when the forward data transfer circuit 30 of the second first communication circuit 26, a voltage conversion device 58 is substantially constant output voltage. 微处理器36进一步控制电压转换设备58,以便当第二通信电路30正向第一通信电路26传送数据时,电压转换i殳备58的输出电压在第一电压值和第二电压值之间改变。 The microprocessor 36 further controls the voltage converting device 58, so that when the second communication circuit 30 transmits forward data a first communication circuit 26, a voltage converter output voltage i Shu apparatus 58 between a first voltage value and the second voltage value change. 电压转换设备58最好包括两个稳压器和电压切换器件,诸如例如三端双向可控硅开关元件、场效应晶体管(FET)和绝缘栅双极晶体管(IGBT)或可控硅整流器(SCR)。 Voltage converting device 58 preferably comprises two voltage regulators and a switching device, such as for example a triac switching element, a field effect transistor (FET) and an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT), or silicon controlled rectifier (SCR ). 另外,电压转换设备58可以是适于输出在两个电压值之间转换的电压的任何设备。 Further, the voltage converting device 58 may be any device adapted to output a voltage between two voltage values ​​converted. 能够调节或不调节由电压转换设备58输出的电压。 It can be adjusted or not adjusted by the output voltage of the voltage conversion apparatus 58. 第二通信电路30还包括第二电阻器R2、数据读取器66和例如差分放大器的差分电路70。 Second communication circuit 30 further includes a second resistor R2, and a data reader 66, for example, a differential amplifier 70 of the differential circuit. 在优选实施例中,数据读取器66在微处理器36的外部, 如图2所示。 In a preferred embodiment, the data reader 66 external to the microprocessor 36, as shown in FIG. 在另一优选实施例中,数据读取器66并入微处理器36中,即在微处理器36内.差分电路70可以是适于产生表示第二电阻器R2两端的电压的输出信号并将数字倌号榆出到数据读取器66的任何电路或器件.更具体地,差分电路70输出根据第二电阻器两端的电压变化而改变的信号。 In another preferred embodiment, the data reader 66 incorporated in the microprocessor 36, i.e., in the microprocessor 36. The differential circuit 70 may be adapted to generate an output signal indicative of the voltage across the second resistor R2 and the Yu digital number groom the data reader to any circuit or device 66. more specifically, the output signal of the differential circuit 70 changes the voltage across the second resistor is changed. 例如, 差分电路70可以是运算放大器、差动比较器或信号调节器件。 For example, a differential circuit 70 may be an operational amplifier, a comparator or a differential signal conditioning devices. 差分电路70 的输出最好是数字输出,但也可以是模拟信号并仍然在本发明的范围内。 Output of the differential circuit 70 is preferably a digital output, but may be an analog signal and still be within the scope of this invention. 在另一优选实施例中,数据读取器66在第二通信电路30的外部。 In another preferred embodiment, the data reader 66 in the second external communication circuit 30. 例如,数据读取器可以是连接到差分电路70的输出的膝上型或手持计算机。 For example, a data reader may be connected to the output of the differential circuit 70 of a laptop or handheld computer. 为了启动工具14的通信模式,从电源端22a和22b断开并从工具14去除工具电源,例如^f更携式电池組。 In order to start the communication mode of the tool 14, is disconnected from the power supply terminal 22a and 22b and the power tool 14 is removed from the tool, e.g. ^ f more portable battery pack. 然后,在电源端22a和22b将数据传送i殳备18连接到工具14。 Then, the power supply terminal 22a and 22b transmit data i Shu apparatus 18 is connected to the tool 14. 如上所述,数据传送设备18或者连接到所述数据传送设备18的连接器18b形状上与从工具14去除的工具电源类似,以便它能够容易地连接到电池组插座19.因此,数据传送设备18,或者连接器18b被插入工具14的插座19中并以与工具电源相同的方式连接到电源端22a和22b。 18b the shape as described above, or a data transfer device 18 connected to the data transfer device similar to the connector 18 and the power tool 14 is removed from the tool, so that it can be easily connected to the battery pack receptacle 19. Thus, the data transfer device 18, or the connector 18b is inserted into the socket 19 of the tool 14 in the tool and in the same manner as the power supply is connected to the power supply terminal 22a and 22b. 当数据传送设备18或连接器18b被连接到电源端22a和22b时,电路电源54 向第一通信电路26供电。 When the data transfer apparatus 18 or the connector 18b is connected to the power supply terminal 22a and 22b, the power supply circuit 54 supplies power to the first communication circuit 26. 电压转换设备58和第二电阻器R2控制从第二通信电路30输出到第一通信电路26的电压。 Voltage converting device 58 and the second resistor R2 from the second communication control circuit 30 outputs a voltage to the first communication circuit 26. 因此,从第二通信电路30输出的电流将根据由电压转换设备58和第二电阻器R2控制的电压输出的变化而受到影响。 Thus, the second current output from the communication circuit 30 will be affected by the change in the control voltage according to the switching device 58 and the second resistor R2 from the output voltage. 另外,可以控制从第二通信电路30输出的电流,从而影响由第二通信电路30输出的电压的变化。 Further, the communication control current from the second output circuit 30, thus affecting a change in the voltage output by the second communication circuit 30. 在优选形式中,电压转换设备58和第二电阻器R2控制电压和/ 或电流,以便由第二通信电路30提供的电力足以启动微控制器34的操作。 In a preferred form, the voltage converting device 58 and the second resistor R2 controls the voltage and / or current to the electric power supplied from the second communication circuit 30 is sufficient to start the operation of the microcontroller 34. 另外,稳压器38调节提供到微控制器34的电压。 Further, the regulator 38 adjusting the voltage supplied to the microcontroller 34. 由第二通信电路30提供的电力足以启动微控制器34的操作,但不足以驱动电动机24。 Electric power supplied from the second communication circuit 30 is sufficient to start the operation of the microcontroller 34, but not enough to drive the motor 24. 因此,当工具处于将数据传送设备18连接到工具14的通信模式时,电动机24将不操作。 Thus, when the tool is connected to the data transfer apparatus 18 to the communication mode of the tool 14, the motor 24 will not operate. 另外,第二通信电路30可以提供足够的电力以激励微控制器34和电动机24 两者。 Further, the second communication circuit 30 may provide sufficient power to excite both the microcontroller 24 and the motor 34. 在这种实施中,编程微控制器34以便如果在通信模式时激活工具14, 则暂停数据传输。 In this embodiment, the micro-controller 34 programmed to activate if the tool 14 when the communication mode, data transfer is suspended. 一旦启动了微控制器34的操作,微控制器34或者可以将数据传送到数据读取器66,或者接收由第二通倌电路30传送的数据或两者均可。 Once the start of operation of the microcontroller 34, the microcontroller 34 or may transmit data to the data reader 66, or the data may be received or transmitted 30 through both the second circuit groom. 最好系统IO适于双向通信。 The system is preferably adapted for two-way communication IO. 在该实施例中,为了将数据传送到数据读取器66,第二通信电路30向微控制器34询问数据.然后,微控制器34以预定的数据通信模式开始顺序地在高阻抗和低阻抗之间脉动地调节端口34a。 In this embodiment, in order to transfer data to the data reader 66, the second data communication circuit 30 to the microcontroller 34 upon request. Then, the microcontroller 34 starts at a predetermined data communication mode sequentially high and low impedance pulsation adjusted impedance between the ports 34a. 例如,端口34a的脉动才莫式可以具有在特定波特率脉动的串行ASCII数据形式。 For example, the port 34a of the pulsation may have only a Mohs serial baud ASCII data format specific pulsation. 脉动模式构成将从孩i控制器34传送到数据读取器66的数据。 I pulsating mode controller 34 constituting the child from the data transmitted to the reader 66. 端口34a的顺序脉动引起第一电阻器Rl两端的电压以相同的顺序方式在第一电压和第二电压之间转换。 Ports 34a causes the pulsation of the order of the voltage across the first resistor Rl in the same manner as switching between the first order and second voltages. 例如,笫一电阻器R1两端的电压以与端口34a脉动的相同顺序方式在0伏和5伏之间转换.第一电阻器Rl两端的电压的转换引起从第二通信电路30流向第一通信电路26的电流在第一值和第二值之间转换.因此,从第二通信电路30到第一通信电路26的转换电流引起由第二通信电路30提供到第一通信电路26的电压在第一电平和第二电平之间变化。 For example, a voltage across the resistor R1 Zi in the same manner as in sequential pulsation conversion ports 34a between 0 and 5 volts. Converts a first voltage across the resistor Rl causes the first communication from the second communication circuit 30 to the current conversion circuit 26 between the first and second values. Thus, the current from the converter 30 to the first communication circuit 26 causes the voltage of the second communication circuit provided by a second communication circuit 30 to the first communication circuit 26 in varies between a first level and a second level. 更具体地,从电压转换设备58流出并流经第二电阻器R2的电流将以与端口34a的脉动相同的顺序方式,在第一值和第二值之间转换.流经第二电阻器R2的变化电流反过来引起笫二电阻器R2两端的电压在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替,第二电阻器R2两端的顺序交替电压也将具有与端口34a 的脉动相同的顺序方式。 More specifically, the pulse sequence will be the same way of the port 34a, between the first and second values ​​converted flowing through the second resistor and the voltage converting device 58 flows a current flowing through the second resistor R2 from R2 is a change in current in turn causes the voltage across the resistor R2 Zi two alternating order between a first voltage and a second voltage across the second order resistor R2 will also have an alternating voltage with the same pulsation ports 34a sequential manner . 差分电路70将第二电阻器R2两端的变化电压转换成数字信号,该数字信号与第二电阻器R2两端的电压在第一和第二电压值之间的切换有关。 The differential circuit 70 will change in the voltage across the second resistor R2 is converted into a digital signal, the voltage across R2 of the digital signal and a second resistor in the switching between the first and second value of voltage. 该数字信号表示由微控制器34传送的数据。 The digital signal represents the data transmitted by the microcontroller 34. 例如,当端口34a处于高阻抗时,基本上没有电流流过第一电阻器R1, 从而使流过第二电阻器R2的电流产生第二电阻器R2两端的第一电压,因此, 差分电路70输出对应于第二电阻器R2两端的第一电压的数字信号,例如数字低信号。 For example, when the port 34a is in the high impedance substantially no current flows through the first resistor R1, so that the second current flowing through the resistor R2 generates a first voltage across the second resistor R2, and therefore, the differential circuit 70 a first digital signal corresponding to the voltage output ends of the second resistor R2, for example, a digital low signal. 然后,当端口34a,皮拉到低阻抗时,电流将流过第一电阻器Rl, 导致流过第二电阻器R2的电流变化。 Then, when the port 34a, Pila low impedance, current will flow through the first resistor Rl, leading to changes in the current flowing through the second resistor R2. 因此,通过第二电阻器R2的电流使得第二电阻器R2两端的电压改变为第二电压。 Thus, the current through the second resistor R2 so that the voltage change across the second resistor R2 to the second voltage. 差分电路70感应第二电阻器R2 两端的压降的变化,并输出对应于第二电压的信号,如数字高电平信号。 The differential circuit 70 sense changes in the pressure drop across the second resistor R2, and outputs a signal corresponding to a second voltage, such as a digital high level signal. 因此,当第二电阻器R2两端的电压根据端口34a处的阻抗的顺序切换而在第一和第二电压之间顺序交替时,差分电路70的输出信号在数字高信号和低信号之间顺序切换.因此,差分电路70的数字输出表示从工具14传送到数据传送设备18的串行数据流,然后,将来自差分电路70的数字信号输入到数据读取器66.数据读取器66将数字信号解释为串行数据流并将数据存储在存储器设备74中。 Thus, when the voltage across the second resistor R2 and the switching sequence according to an alternating sequence impedance at the ports 34a between the first and second voltage, the output signal of the differential circuit 70 sequentially between the digital high and low signals switch. Thus, the digital output of the differential circuit 70 is transmitted by the tool 14 to the serial data stream of the data transfer apparatus 18, and then, the digital signal input from the differential circuit 70 to the data reader 66. the data reader 66 construed as digital signals in the memory device 74 stores the data a serial data stream. 在一个优选实施例中,存储器设备74包括在数据读取器66中。 In a preferred embodiment, the memory device 74 includes a data reader 66. 另外,存储器设备74可以在数据读取器66的外部。 Further, in the external memory device 74 may read the data 66. 此外,如果数据读取器66是诸如膝上型电脑的外部计算机设备,则该外部计算机设备将最好包括用于存储从微控制器34传送的数据的存储器。 Further, if the data reader 66 is an external computer such as a laptop device, the external computer device preferably comprises a memory for storing the data 34 transmitted from the microcontroller. 为了将数据从数据传送设备18传送到工具14,第二通信电路30向微控制器34发出将从第二通信电路30向微控制器34发送数据的信号。 In order to transfer data from a data transmitting device 18 to the tool 14, the second communication circuit 30 for transmitting data signals sent from the second communication circuit 30 to the micro controller 34 to the microcontroller 34. 然后,微处理器36命令电压转换设备58根据预定的数据传输模式而在第一电压值和第二电压值之间顺序地转换由电压转换设备58输出的电压,从而表示将传送的数据,为了清楚和简洁起见,在此将电压转换i殳备58的第一和第二电压输出值分别称为VI和V2,电压转换;t莫式可以包括以指定波特率转换的串行ASCII数据形式或任何其他数据传输格式。 Then, the microprocessor 36 commands the voltage converting device 58 sequentially switched data transmission mode in accordance with a predetermined voltage value between the first voltage and the second voltage value outputted from the voltage conversion device 58, thereby indicating that the data to be transmitted, in order clarity and brevity, here the first and second voltage conversion output voltage value i Shu apparatus 58 are referred to as VI and V2, the voltage conversion; T Mohs may include a serial ASCII data format specified baud rate conversion or any other data transmission format. 由电压转换设备58输出的转换电压驱动稳压器38以便向微控制器34 供电。 Output by the voltage converting device 58 converts the voltage regulator 38 to supply drive to the micro-controller 34. 因此,稳压器38具有接受一定范围的输入电压的能力。 Thus, the regulator 38 has the ability to accept a range of input voltages. 当电压转换设备58的输出电压处于V1或V2,或者V1和V2之间时,完全启动微控制器34,第一输出电压VI足以加电,即启动微控制器34,但不足以启动电动机24的操作。 When the voltage conversion apparatus 58 is in the output voltage V1 or V2, or between V1 and V2, the microcontroller 34 fully activated, a first output voltage VI sufficient power, i.e., the microcontroller 34 starts, but not enough to start the motor 24 operation. 同样地,第二输出电压V2足以加电微控制器34,但不足以启动电动机24的操作。 Likewise, the second output voltage V2 is sufficient to power the microcontroller 34, but not enough to start operation of the motor 24. 还将由电压转换设备58输出的顺序转换电压输入到电压转换检测电路42。 Also entered by the order conversion device 58 converts the voltage output from detection circuit 42 to the voltage converter. 电压转换检测电路24再输出在第一电平和第二电平之间转换的电压信号。 A voltage detection circuit 24 then converts the output voltage signal between a first level and a second level conversion. 由电压转换检测电路42输出的转换的电压信号跟踪由电压转换设备58输出的电压的转换模式。 Voltage conversion mode voltage tracking signal outputted from the voltage conversion device 58 is converted by the voltage converter 42 outputs a detection circuit. 从电压转换检测电路42输出的电压信号可以是数字的或^^拟的,并在端口34b输入到微控制器34。 Voltage detecting signal voltage conversion circuit 42 from the output may be digital or prepared by ^^, and input to the microcontroller 34 at port 34b. 微控制器34 将顺序转换的信号解释为串行数据流并采取适当的动作。 The microcontroller 34 converts the signal sequentially interpreted as a serial data stream and to take appropriate action. 例如,微控制器34 可以将数据存储在存储器设备46中,或微控制器可以执行由数据命令的一些动作。 For example, the microcontroller 34 may be in the memory device 46, or microcontroller may perform some action by the data storage command data. 电压转换检测电路42可以是适于将电压转换设备58的输出电压调制到适于输入到孩t控制器34的电平的任何电路。 Voltage conversion circuit 42 may be adapted for detecting the voltage converting device 58 outputs to the voltage modulation circuit adapted to any child t inputted to the level controller 34. 在一个优选实施例中,电压转换检测电路42包括电阻分压器,如图3所示。 In a preferred embodiment, the voltage conversion circuit 42 comprises a detecting resistor divider, as shown in FIG. 在该实施例中,电压转换检测电路42包括第一电压转换电阻器R^和第二电压转换电阻器R^。 In this embodiment, the voltage detection circuit 42 includes a first conversion voltage conversion resistor R ^ and second voltage conversion resistor R ^. 在节点A输入从电压转换设备58输出的电压,在点B读出R^两端的电压降并输入到微控制器34的端口34b.例如,如果Rvsl为62K欧姆,、2为IOK欧姆以及转换电压转换设备58的输出电压在25V和7V之间转换,则节点B处的信号将在3.5V和0.5V之间转换.因此,从电压转换检测电路42输出的电压信号适于输入到微控制器34。 A node from the input device 58 converts the output voltage of the point B in the read voltage drop across R ^ and input to the microcontroller port 34b 34. For example, if 62K ohms is Rvsl ,, 2 ohms and a conversion IOK output voltage of the voltage converting device 58 is switched between 25V and 7V, the node B signals at the transition between 3.5V and 0.5V. Thus, the voltage signal converter 42 outputs a voltage detection circuit adapted to input to the microcontroller 34. 可以由微控制器34读取节点B处的信号并解释为数字信号或模拟信号。 B can be read by the signal 34 at the node and interpreted as a microcontroller or a digital signal an analog signal. 图4示例说明了包括电压减法电路的电压转换检测电路42的另一优选实施例。 FIG 4 illustrates another example of the voltage converter preferably comprises a subtraction circuit voltage detection circuit 42 of the embodiment. 在该实施例中,电压转换检测电路42包括齐纳二极管D^和电压转换电阻器R^.齐纳二极管D^用作电压减法器。 In this embodiment, the voltage detection circuit 42 comprises a conversion zener diode D ^ and the voltage conversion resistor R ^. D ^ Zener diode used as a voltage subtractor. 从电压转换设备58输出的电压在节点A处输入,然后被降低并以适于输入到微控制器34的电压值在节点B处输出到微控制器34.例如,如果D^为IOV齐纳二极管,、3为简单的电阻器,以及电压转换设备58的输出电压在13.5V和10.5V之间转换,则节点B处输出的信号将在3.5V和0.5V之间转换,可以读取节点B处的信号并解释为模拟或数字。 Converting device 58 from the output voltage at the node A at the input, and then lowered to a voltage value suitable for input to the microcontroller outputs to the microcontroller 34 at node B 34. For example, if D ^ is a Zener IOV 3 ,, diode as a simple resistor, and a voltage converting device 58 outputs a voltage between 13.5V and 10.5V conversion, the node B signals outputted at the transition between 3.5V and 0.5V, the node can be read signal at B and interpreted as analog or digital. 图5示例说明了包括用来在节点B处向微控制器34输出数字信号的比较器C1的电压转换检测电路42的另一优选实施例,在该实施例中,除了比较器C1之外,电压转换检测电路42还包括电压转换电阻器R^和电压转换电阻器R^。 FIG 5 illustrates the Node B comprises means at the other preferred embodiment, the microcontroller 34 outputs the comparator signal C1 is a digital detection voltage conversion circuit 42, in this embodiment, in addition to outside the comparator C1, a voltage detection circuit 42 converts the voltage converter further comprises a resistor R ^ and the voltage conversion resistor R ^. 比较器Cl在其反相输入具有固定的电压参考Vref以及其非反相输入连接在电压转换电阻器R^和R^之间。 Cl comparator having its inverting input a fixed reference voltage Vref and a non-inverting input is connected between the voltage conversion resistor R ^ and R ^. 根据从电压转换设备58输出的电压的顺序转换模式,从比较器Cl输出的电压信号在逻辑高电平信号和逻辑低电平信号之间转换。 The order from the voltage converting device 58 converts the voltage output mode, the voltage signal outputted from the comparator Cl switched between logic high signal and a logic low signal. 例如,如果R^为25K欧姆,R^为IOK欧姆,Vref 为2.5V,以及电压转换设备58的输出电压VI为8V,则节点B处输出的信号将处于逻辑低电平,然而,如果电压转换设备58的输出电压V2为9V或更高,则节点B将处于逻辑高电平。 For example, if R ^ is 25K ohms, R ^ is IOK ohms, Vref is 2.5V, and voltage conversion apparatus 58 is 8V output voltage VI, the output node of the signal at B will be at a logic low level, however, if the voltage the conversion device 58 is a 9V output voltage V2 or more, the node B will be at a logic high level. 因此,从电压转换设备58输出的在V1 和V2,例如8V和9V或更高之间转换的电压在节点B处产生相应的脉冲串。 Thus, for example conversion between 8V and 9V or higher voltage is generated at a corresponding burst from the Node B in V1 and V2 of the voltage converting device 58 outputs. 由微控制器34在端口34b处读取和解释该数字信号。 Reads and interprets the digital signal from the port 34b of the microcontroller 34. 在另一优选实施例中, 比较器Cl不包括在电压转换检测电路42中,而是包括在微控制器34中。 In another preferred embodiment, the comparator Cl is not included in the voltage transition detection circuit 42, but includes a microcontroller 34. 在另一优选实施例中,系统10适于从微控制器34至数据读取器66的单向通信。 In another preferred embodiment, the system 10 is adapted to one-way communication from the microcontroller 34 to the data reader 66. 在该实施例中, 一旦启动微控制器34的操作,孩t控制器34立即以上述相同的方式向数据读取器66下栽,即传送数据。 In this embodiment, upon start of operation of the microcontroller 34, the controller 34 immediately tilted downward and crashed t children in the same manner as described above to the data reader 66, i.e., the transmission data. 在另一优选实施例中,系统10适于从第二通信电路30至微控制器34 的单向通信。 In another preferred embodiment, the system 10 is adapted to one-way communication from the second communication circuit 34 to the microcontroller 30. 在该实施例中, 一旦启动微控制器34的操作,第二通信电路30 立即以上述相同的方式将数据上载,即将数据传送到微控制器34。 In this embodiment, upon start of operation of the microcontroller 34, second communication circuit 30 in the same manner as described above immediately upload the data, transfer the data coming to the microcontroller 34. 尽管单向通信在本发明的范围内,预期双向通信可能是最佳实现方式。 Although the one-way communication within the scope of the present invention, bidirectional communication may be expected to be the best implementation. 双向通信使得微控制器34的重要编程易于实现,并允许从工具14下栽工具性能信息。 Two-way communication so that the microcontroller 34 is programmed important easy to implement, and allows information from the tool 14 tilted downward and crashed tool performance. 图6是示例说明用于启动工具14的通信模式的另一优选实施的流程图200。 FIG 6 is a flowchart illustration of another preferred embodiment of the tool 14 to start the communication mode 200. 最初,如202所示,将数据传送设备18连接到电源端22a和22b。 Initially, as shown in 202, the data transfer apparatus 18 is connected to the power supply terminal 22a and 22b. 然后, 如204所示,微控制器34确定由电源54输出的电压是高于还是低于预定阈值电压,例如6,5V。 Then, as shown in 204, the microcontroller 34 is determined by the voltage output from power supply 54 is above or below a predetermined threshold voltage, for example 6,5V. 如206所示,如果电源54的输出低于该阈值电平,则微控制器34进入通信模式,通信模式可以是如上所述的双向或单向通信模式中的任何一个。 As shown in 206, if the output of the power supply 54 is below the threshold level, the microcontroller 34 enters the communication mode, the communication mode of communication may be unidirectional or bidirectional mode as described above in any one. 一旦处于通信模式,则如208所示,在第一通信电路26和第二通信电路30之间以上述方式传送数据.如果电源54的输出高于或等于所示阈值电平,则如210所示,微控制器34不进入通信冲莫式并启动工具14的正常操作模式,图7是示例说明用于启动工具14的通信模式的另一优选实施的流程图300.最初,如302所示,将数据传送设备18连接到电源端22a和22b.然后, 如304所示,微控制器34确定在端22a处是否存在电压转换信号。 Once in the communication mode, as shown in 208, the above-described manner to transfer data between the second communication circuit 26 and the first communication circuit 30 if the output of the power supply 54 is higher than or equal to a threshold level as shown, as the 210 shown, the microcontroller 34 does not enter the communication punch Mohs start normal operation mode of the tool 14, FIG. 7 is a flow diagram illustrating a preferred embodiment of another communication mode for the start-up tool 14 300. initially, as shown in 302 the data transferring device 18 is connected to the power supply terminal 22a and 22b. then, as shown in 304, the microcontroller 34 determines whether the voltage switching signal is present at the end 22a. 即,当数据传送设备18被连接到电源端22a和22b时,孩i控制器34确定端22a处是否存在基本上稳定的电压信号,如DC信号,或转换电压信号,如AC信号。 That is, when the data transfer apparatus 18 is connected to power supply terminal 22a and 22b, the controller 34 determines the child i whether the end 22a is substantially stable voltage signal, such as a DC signal, or converts the voltage signal, such as an AC signal is present. 如果端22a处的信号为转换信号,则如306所示,微控制器34进入通信模式。 If the signal 22a at the end of a conversion signal, as shown in 306, the microcontroller 34 enters the communication mode. 通信模式可以是上述双向或单向通信模式中的任何一个。 Communication mode may be bidirectional or unidirectional communication mode described above any one. 一旦处于通信模式,则如308所示,在第一通信电路26和第二通信电路30之间以上述方式传送数据。 Once in the communication mode, as shown, between the 26 and the second communication circuit 30 of the first data communication circuit 308 transmits the above-described manner. 如果端22a处的信号是稳定信号,则微控制器34不进入通信模式并如310所示,启动工具14的正常操作模式。 If the signal is stable at the end 22a of the signal, then the microcontroller 34 and does not enter the communication mode as shown in 310, to start the normal operating mode of the tool 14. 在另一优选实施例中,其中数据传送设备18是可拆卸的便携式电池组, 一旦将电池组10连接到电源端22a和22b,系统10立即传送数据,例如,一旦将电池组插入工具14中,微控制器34立即将数据下载到第二通信电路30。 In another preferred embodiment, wherein the data transfer apparatus 18 is a portable detachable battery pack, once the power supply terminal 10 is connected to the battery 22a and 22b, system 10 is now transmitting data, e.g., in the battery pack upon insertion tool 14 , the microcontroller 34 immediately download the data to the second communication circuit 30. 类似地, 一旦将电池组插入工具14中,来自第二通信电路30的数据可以立即上栽到第一通信电路26,作为另一实例, 一旦将数据传送设备18,即包括第二通信电路30的电池组连接到电源端22a和22b,立即发生双向通信。 Similarly, once the battery pack is inserted into the tool 14, data from the second communication circuit 30 may be immediately planted to the first communication circuit 26, as another example, once the data transfer apparatus 18, i.e. comprising a second communication circuit 30 the battery pack is connected to the power supply terminal 22a and 22b, two-way communication occurs immediately. 通过立即将数据下载到数据读取器66,然后一旦完成下载立即将数据上载到微控制器34而发生双向通信,或反之亦然。 66, then Once downloaded immediately to upload data to the microcontroller 34 by way communication occurs immediately downloaded data to the data reader, or vice versa. 在该实施例中,电池组不仅立即启动微控制器34,而且立即向工具14提供操作电源。 In this embodiment, only the battery pack immediately start the microcontroller 34, but also provides operating power to the tool 14 immediately. 因此,在任何一种通信模式中,如杲试图操作工具14,则微控制器34将暂停或停止数据的传送。 Thus, any one mode of communication, such as the operation tool 14 attempts to Gao, the microprocessor controller 34 will suspend or stop data transfer. 因此,系统10提供一种部件,该部件提供与位于电力工具的外壳内的电子部件的单向或双向通信,而不需要拆卸工具。 Thus, the system 10 is provided a component which provides two-way communication or one-way electric power tool is located within the housing electronic components and without the need to disassemble the tool. 结果,可以快速和容易地实现重要的工具编程,而不需要工具14的任何拆卸。 As a result, you can quickly and easily implement important programming tool, without the need for any removal tool 14. 这大大地简化工具14的制造。 This greatly simplifies the manufacturing tool 14. 同样重要的是,能快速和容易地下栽所存储的工具操作/性能信息,而不需要工具14的任何拆卸.本发明的描述在实际上仅是示例性的,因此,不背离本发明的本质的变化在本发明的范围内。 Equally important, it can be quickly and easily tilted downward and crashed stored tool operation / performance information 14 without any disassembly of the tool. Description of the invention is merely exemplary in nature and, thus, without departing from the spirit of the invention variations within the scope of the present invention. 这些变化不应当视为背离本发明的精神和范围。 These variations should not be regarded as departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. 本申请是2004年1月30日提交的、现在未决的申请No.l0/768,947的延续。 This application is January 30, 2004 submitted applications now pending continuation No.l0 / 768,947 of. 上述专利申请的4^内容在此引入以供参考。 ^ 4 above patent application is incorporated herein by reference.

Claims (58)

  1. 1. 一种在无电线电力工具和主设备之间传送数据的方法,所述方法包括: 将所述主设备插入所述电力工具的电池组插座中以便将所述主设备连接到所述电力工具的至少一个电池端; 进入工具通信模式;以及在所述电力工具和主设备之间传送数据; 其中,传送数据的步骤包括: 在第一值和第二值之间改变由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的电压和电流中的至少一个,以便将数据从所述电力工具传送到所述主设备;和在第一电压和第二电压之间转换至所述电力工具的微控制器的电压信号,以便将数据从所述主设备传送到所述电力工具。 1. A method for transmitting data between the master cordless power tools and equipment, the method comprising: the master device is inserted into a battery pack of the electric power tool socket to the master device is connected to the power end of the at least one battery of the tool; tool enters a communication mode; and transmitting data between the master device and the power tool; wherein the step of transmitting the data comprises: changed by the master device between the first and second values voltage and current supplied to the electric power tool at least one, in order to transfer data from the master device to the power tool; and a transition to the power tool in the first and second voltages between the micro control signal's voltage, so that the data transfer from the master device to the power tool.
  2. 2. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,插入所述主设备的步骤包括:将包括通信电路的可拆卸电池组插入所述电池组插座,其中,所述电池组用于在所述通信模式和工具操作模式两者期间向所述电力工具供电。 2. The method according to claim l, wherein the step of inserting the master device comprising: a communication circuit including a detachable battery pack is inserted into the battery receptacle, wherein the battery pack to the communication power mode to the power tool and tool during both modes of operation.
  3. 3. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,所述传送数据的步骤包括:在第一值和第二值之间改变由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的电压和电流中的至少一个,以便将数据从所述电力工具传送到所述主设备。 3. The method of claim l, wherein the step of transmitting data comprises: changing between a first value and a second value provided by the master device to the power tool in the voltage and current of at least a, so that the data transfer from the master device to the power tool.
  4. 4. 如权利要求3所述的方法,其中,改变由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的电压的步骤包括:在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替所述电力工具中的电阻器两端的电压。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the master device is provided by changing the voltage of the electric power tool comprises: a first voltage between the second voltage and the alternating sequence of the resistor power tool voltage across the device.
  5. 5. 如权利要求4所述的方法,其中,改变由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的电压的步骤进一步包括:作为顺序交替所述电力工具电阻器两端的电压的结果,在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替所述主设备中的电阻器两端的电压。 5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the step of changing by the master device to the voltage of the power tool further comprising: alternating order, as a result of the voltage across the resistor power tool, the first a second voltage between the voltage and the alternating sequence of the voltage across the resistor in the main apparatus.
  6. 6. 如权利要求5所述的方法,其中,改变由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的电压的步骤进一步包括:将在所述主设备电阻器两端顺序交替的电压转换为表示从所述电力工具传送到主设备的数据的数字信号。 6. The method according to claim 5, wherein the master device is provided by changing the voltage of the power tool further comprises: a master device in order of the both ends of the resistor voltage into alternating expressed from the power tool is transmitted to the digital signal data of the master device.
  7. 7. 如权利要求6所述的方法,其中,改变由所述主设备提供到工具的电压的步骤进一步包括:将从所述电力工具传送到主设备的数据存储在数据读取器中。 7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the host device by changing the voltage of the tool further comprises: a power tool from the master device to the data storage in the data reader.
  8. 8. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,传送数据的步骤包括:将介于第一电压和第二电压之间的电压信号转移至所述电力工具的微控制器,以便将数据从所述主设备传送到所述电力工具。 8. The method according to claim l, wherein the step of transmitting data comprising: a voltage signal interposed between the first voltage and the second voltage is transferred to the microcontroller power tool, so that the data from the said main apparatus transmits to the power tool.
  9. 9. 如权利要求8所述的方法,其中,转换至微控制器的电压信号的步骤包括:在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序切换从所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的电压。 9. The method as claimed in claim 8, wherein the converted voltage signal to the microcontroller comprises the step of: switching from providing the master device to the power tool voltage between the first voltage and the second voltage is sequentially .
  10. 10. 如权利要求9所述的方法,其中,转换至微控制器的电压信号的步骤进一步包括:将从所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的顺序切换电压转换为表示从所述主设备传送到所述电力工具的数据的数字信号。 10. The method as claimed in claim 9, wherein the converted voltage signal to the microcontroller further comprises the step of: providing from the master device to the sequential switching of the power tool is a voltage conversion from the master device the digital data signals transmitted to the electric power tool.
  11. 11. 如权利要求IO所述的方法,其中,转换至微控制器的电压信号的步骤进一步包括:将所述数字信号输入到所述微控制器;和将传送的数据存储在工具存储器设备中。 IO 11. The method of claim, wherein the converted voltage signal to the microcontroller further comprises the step of: inputting the digital signal to the microcontroller; memory devices and tools to be transmitted in the data storage .
  12. 12. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,进入通信模式的步骤包括:确定由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的功率电平是否小于预定阈值。 12. The method according to claim l, wherein the step of entering the communication mode comprising: determining by the master device to the power level of the power tool is less than a predetermined threshold value.
  13. 13. 如权利要求12所述的方法,其中,进入通信模式的步骤进一步包括: 如果所述功率电平小于所述阈值,则进入所述通信;溪式。 13. The method of claim 12, wherein the step of entering the communication mode further comprises: if the power level is less than the threshold, the process proceeds to the communication; Creek formula.
  14. 14. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,插入所述主设备的步骤包括:将所述主设备的连接器插入到所述电池组插座中,其中,所述连接器形状上与所述可拆卸电池组类似并通信地连接到所述主设备的通信电路。 14. The method according to claim l, wherein the step of inserting the master device comprises: connecting the master device is inserted into the battery receptacle, wherein the shape of said connection Similarly detachable battery pack and the communication circuit communicatively connected to the master device.
  15. 15. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中所述方法包括下列步骤: 将所述主设备插入所述电力工具的电池组插座中,以便所述主设备被连接到所述电力工具的至少一个电池端,其中,所述电池组插座适于在工具操作模式期间保留可拆卸电池组;确定由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的功率电平是否小于预定阔值; 如果所述功率电平小于所述阈值,则进入通信模式;以及一旦进入所述通信;漠式,则在所述电力工具和主设备之间传送数据。 15. The method according to claim l, wherein said method comprises the steps of: the master device is inserted into the battery receptacle power tool, so that the master device is connected to at least one of the electric power tool end of the battery, wherein the battery pack detachable battery pack receptacle adapted to retain the tool during the operating mode; determining by the master device to the power level of the power tool is less than the width of a predetermined value; and if the power level is less than the threshold value, the process proceeds to a communication mode; and upon entering the communication; desert type, transmitting data between the master device and the power tool.
  16. 16. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其中,插入所述主设备的步骤包括:将包括通信电路的可拆卸电池组插入所述电池组插座中,其中,所述电池组用来在所述电力工具操作模式期间向所述电力工具供电。 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein the step of inserting the master device comprising: a communication circuit including a detachable battery pack is inserted into the socket of the battery pack, wherein the battery pack used in the supplying power to the power tool during the operation mode of the power tool.
  17. 17. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其中,插入所述主设备的步骤包括:将所述主设备的连接器插入所述电池组插座中,其中,所述连接器形状上基本与所述可拆卸电池组类似并通讯联络般到所述主设备的通信电路。 17. The method according to claim 15, wherein the step of inserting the master device comprises: connecting the master device is inserted into the battery receptacle, wherein the connection is substantially the shape detachable battery pack and the like as communications to the communication circuit of the main device.
  18. 18. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其中,所述传送数据的步骤包括: 一旦进入所述通信模式,立即从所述电力工具向所述主设备下载数据。 18. The method of claim 15, wherein the step of transmitting data comprises: upon entering the communication mode, data is immediately downloaded from the power tool to the master device.
  19. 19. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其中,所述传送数据的步骤包括: 一旦进入所述通信模式,立即从所述主设备向所述电力工具上载数据。 19. The method of claim 15, wherein the step of transmitting data comprises: entering said communication mode once, immediately upload data from the master device to the power tool.
  20. 20. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其中,所述传送数据的步骤包括: 一旦进入所述通信模式,立即在所述主设备和工具之间交换双向数据传输。 20. The method according to claim 15, wherein the step of transmitting data comprises: entering said communication mode once, exchanging bidirectional data transfer between the master device and tools immediately.
  21. 21. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其中,所述传送数据的步骤包括:如果启动工具的搡作模式,则暂停数据的传输。 21. The method according to claim 15, wherein the step of transmitting data comprises: if the mode of shoving tool starts, data transfer is suspended.
  22. 22. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,顺序交替由所述数据接收设备提供到所述电力工具的电压的步骤进一步包括:作为顺序交替所述电力工具电阻器两端的电压的结果,在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替所述数据接收设备中的电阻器两端的电压。 22. The method according to claim l, wherein said alternating sequence data receiving apparatus provided by the voltage of the power tool further comprises the step of: alternating order, as a result of the power tool of the voltage across the resistor, in sequentially alternating voltage across the resistor in the data receiving apparatus between a first and second voltages.
  23. 23. 如权利要求22所述的方法,其中,顺序交替由所述数据接收设备提供到所述电力工具的电压的步骤进一步包括:将所述数据接收设备电阻器两端顺序交替的电压转换为表示从所述电力工具传送到所述数据接收设备的数据的数字信号。 23. The method according to claim 22, wherein the alternating sequence is provided by the data receiving apparatus to the voltage of the power tool further comprises the step of: alternating the order of the data receiving apparatus ends resistor voltage into It represents the power tool is transmitted from the digital signal data to the data receiving apparatus.
  24. 24. 如权利要求23所述的方法,其中,存储从所述电力工具传送到所述数据接收设备的数据的步骤包括:将所述数字信号传送到所述数据读取器;和将所述数据存储在所述数据读取器的存储器设备中。 And said; transmit the digital signals to the data reader: 24. The method according to claim 23, wherein the power tool is transmitted from the storing step to the data receiving apparatus comprises a data said data storage device data reader in the memory.
  25. 25. —种将数据从无电线电力工具下载到数据接收设备的方法,所述方法包括下列步骤:/人所述电力工具移出电池组;据接收设备连接到所述电力工具,从而将所述数据接收设备连接到用于在所述电力工具的操作期间将所述电力工具连接到所述电池组的所述电力工具的至少一个电源端;在第一值和第二值之间顺序交替由所述数据接收设备提供到所述电力工具的电压和电流中的至少一个,以便将数据从所述电力工具传送到所述数据接收设备;以及将从所述电力工具传送到所述数据接收设备的数据存储在数据读取器中。 25. - kind of data from the non-wire power tool data downloaded to the receiving device, the method comprising the steps of: / person remove the battery pack to the power tool; data receiving apparatus connected to the power tool, so that the the at least one power supply terminal of the power tool to the power tool connected to the battery pack during the operation of a data receiving apparatus connected to the electric power tool; alternating order between the first and second values ​​of the data receiving apparatus of the voltage and current supplied to the electric power tool at least one, in order to transfer data from the power tool to said data receiving device; and a power from said transmitting means to said data receiving device the data stored in the data reader.
  26. 26. 如权利要求25所述的方法,其中,顺序交替由所迷数据接收设备提供到所述电力工具的电压的步骤包括:在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替所述电力工具中的电阻器两端的电压。 26. The method according to claim 25, wherein the alternating sequence is provided by the fan voltage of the data receiving apparatus to the power tool comprises: an alternating order between the first and second voltages of the power tool the voltage across the resistor.
  27. 27. —种用于将数据从编程设备上载到无电线电力工具的方法,所述方法包括下列步骤:从所述电力工具移出电池组;以与在所述电力工具中连接所述电池组相同的方式,将所述编程设备连接到所述电力工具,从而将所述编程设备连接到所述电力工具的至少一个电源端,所述电源端用于在所述电力工具的操作期间将所述电力工具连接到电源;在第一值和第二值之间顺序交替至所述电力工具的微控制器的电压信号,以便将数据从所述编程设备传送到所述电力工具;以及将从所述编程设备传送到所述电力工具的数据存储在所述电力工具的存储器设备中。 27. - A method for transferring data from species apparatus uploaded programming cordless electric power tool, said method comprising the steps of: remove the battery pack from the power tool; connected to the power tool in the same battery pack manner, the programming device is connected to the power tool, thereby connecting the programming device to the power supply terminal of the at least one tool, the power supply for the terminal during operation of the power tool a power supply connected to the tool; between the first and second values ​​to the microcontroller alternating sequence voltage signal electric power tool, so that the data transmitted from the program to the power tool; and from the transmitting said program data storage device to the power tool in a memory device of the power tool.
  28. 28. 如权利要求27所述的方法,其中,顺序交替至所述微控制器的电压信号的步骤包括:在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序切换从所述编程设备提供到所述电力工具的电压。 28. The method according to claim 27, wherein the alternating voltage signal sequentially to the microcontroller comprises the step of: switching between a first voltage and a second voltage is sequentially supplied from the programming device to the power voltage tools.
  29. 29. 如权利要求28所述的方法,其中,顺序交替至所述微控制器的电压信号的步骤进一步包括:将从所述编程设备提供到所述电力工具的顺序切换电压转换为表示从所述编程设备传送到所述电力工具的数据的数字信号。 29. The method according to claim 28, wherein the step of sequentially alternating voltage signal to the microcontroller further comprising: providing from the programming device to the electric power tool in order to switch from the voltage converter is a said programming device transmitting the digital signal data to the electric power tool.
  30. 30. 如权利要求29所述的方法,其中,存储从所述编程设备传送到所述电力工具的数据的步骤包括:将所述数字信号输入到所述微控制器。 Step 30. The method of claim 29, wherein the transmitting storage data from the programming device to the power tool comprising: inputting the digital signal to the microcontroller.
  31. 31. —种用于将数据传送到无电线电力工具和从无电线电力工具传送数据的系统,所述系统包括:主设备,适于与所述电力工具的可拆卸电池组互换以便所述主设备被连接到所述电力工具的至少一个电源端,其中,所述电池组用于在所述电力工具的搡作期间向所述电力工具供电;包括在所述电力工具中的第一通信电路,适于在第一值和第二值之间改变由所述主设备提供到所述电力工具的电压,以便将数据从所述电力工具传送到所述主设备;以及包括在所述主设备中的第二通信电路,适于在第一值和第二值之间改变至所述电力工具的微控制器的电压信号,以便将数据从所述主设备传送到所述电力工具。 31. - kind of data to the system for cordless power tools and electric wire for transmitting data from the non-power tool, the system comprising: a master device, is adapted to the power tool so that the detachable battery pack interchangeably the master device is connected to the power supply terminal of at least one tool, wherein the battery pack for supplying power to the power tool during shoving as the electric power tool; includes a first communication in the power tool circuit adapted to change between the first and second values ​​provided by the master device voltage to the power tool, in order to transfer data from the master device to the power tool; and included in the main second communication circuit device, adapted to change the voltage signal to the microcontroller electric power tool, in order to transfer data from the master device to the power tool between the first and second values.
  32. 32. 如权利要求31所述的系统,其中,所述第一通信电路包括第一电阻器和微控制器,所述微控制器适于在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替所述第一电阻器两端的电压。 32. The system according to claim 31, wherein said first communication circuit comprises a first resistor and a microcontroller, the microcontroller is adapted to sequentially alternating between a first and second voltages voltage across the first resistor.
  33. 33. 如权利要求32所述的系统,其中,所述第二通信电路包括第二电阻器,其中,作为顺序交替所述第一电阻器两端的电压的结果,在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替所述第二电阻器两端的电压。 33. The system according to claim 32, wherein said second communication circuit comprises a second resistor, wherein, as a result of the sequential alternating voltage across the first resistor, the first voltage and the second voltage alternating order between the second voltage across the resistor.
  34. 34. 如权利要求33所述的系统,其中,所述第二通信电路进一步包括差分电路,适于将所述第二电阻器两端顺序交替的电压转换为表示从所述电力工具传送到所述主设备的数据的数字信号。 34. The system according to claim 33, wherein said communication circuit further comprises a second differential circuit adapted to sequentially alternating ends of the second resistor is a voltage converting power transmitted from the tool to the said digital signal data of the master device.
  35. 35. 如权利要求34所述的系统,其中,所述第二通信电路进一步包括存储器设备和数据读取器,所述数据读取器适于接收所述数字信号并将所述数据存储在所述存储器设备中。 35. The system according to claim 34, wherein the second communication circuit further comprises a memory device and a data reader, the data reader adapted to receive the digital signal and store the data in the said memory device.
  36. 36. 如权利要求34所述的系统,其中,所述第二通信电路进一步适于连接到远程计算机设备,所述远程计算机设备适于接收所述数字信号并存储所述数据。 36. The system according to claim 34, wherein the second communication circuit is further adapted to be connected to a remote computer device, the remote computer device adapted to receive the digital signal and store the data.
  37. 37. 如权利要求31所述的系统,其中,所述第二通信电路包括电压转换设备,适于在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序切换从所述第二通信电路提供到所述第一通信电路的电压。 37. The system according to claim 31, wherein said second communication circuit comprises a voltage conversion device, adapted to switch sequentially between a first voltage and the second voltage is supplied from said second to said first communication circuit a communication circuit voltage.
  38. 38. 如权利要求37所述的系统,其中,所述第一通信电路包括电压转换检测电路,适于将从所述第二通信电路提供到所述第一通信电路的顺序切换电压转换为表示从所述主设备传送到所述电力工具的数据的数字信号。 38. The system according to claim 37, wherein the first communication circuit includes a voltage converting circuit detecting, from the second communication circuit is adapted to sequentially provide said first communication circuit is a switched voltage converter transmitting from the master device to the digital data signal of the power tool.
  39. 39. 如权利要求38所述的系统,其中,所述第一通信电路进一步包括存储器设备,其中,所述微控制器适于接收所述数字信号并将由此表示的数据存储在所述存储器设备中。 39. The system according to claim 38, wherein the first communication circuit further comprises a memory device, wherein the microcontroller is adapted to receive the digital signal and stores the data represented thereby in the memory device in.
  40. 40. 如权利要求31所述的系统,其中,所述主设备包括包含所述第二通信电路的可拆卸电池组。 40. The system according to claim 31, wherein the master device comprises a detachable battery pack comprising a second communication circuit.
  41. 41. 如权利要求31所述的系统,其中,所述主设备包括通讯联络般到包括通信电路的基于计算机的设备的连接器,所述连接器形状上与所述电池组类似。 41. The system according to claim 31, wherein the master device comprises a generally to Communications connector includes a communication circuit of a computer-based equipment, the connection is similar to the shape of the battery pack.
  42. 42. 如权利要求32所述的系统,其中,所迷微控制器进一步适子确定由所述第二通信电路提供到所述第一通信电路的功率电平是否低于预定阈值电平。 42. The system according to claim 32, wherein the microcontroller is further adapted sub fans is determined by the second communication circuit provided to the first communication circuit, the power level is below a predetermined threshold level.
  43. 43. 如权利要求42所述的系统,其中,所述微控制器进一步适于如果所述功率电平低于所述预定阈值电平,则进入通信模式。 43. The system according to claim 42, wherein said microcontroller is further adapted to, if the power level is below the predetermined threshold level, the process proceeds to the communication mode.
  44. 44. 一种适于与数据传送设备通信的无电线电力工具,所述电力工具包括:可拆卸电池组,用于当所述电力工具处于操作模式时向所述电力工具供电;电池组插座,适于可互换地保留电池组或数据传送设备; 所述插座内的至少一个电源端,适于当所述电力工具处于所述操作模式时连接到所述电池组,而当所述电力工具处于通信模式时连接到所述数据传送设备;以及第一通信电路,容纳在所述电力工具内并连接到所述电源端,所述第一通信电路适于在所述电源端上与所述数据传送设备通信。 44. A communication device adapted to the data transfer of cordless power tool, said power tool comprising: a detachable battery pack for supplying power to the power tool when the power tool in an operating mode; battery receptacle, interchangeably adapted to retain the battery pack or the data transfer apparatus; at least one power terminal within the socket, adapted to connect when the power tool is in the operating mode to the battery, when the power tool connection in communication mode to the data transfer apparatus; and a first communication circuit, housed within the power tool and connected to the power source terminal, said first communication circuit in said power source terminal is adapted to the data transfer communication device.
  45. 45. 如权利要求44所述的电力工具,其中,所述第一通信电路进一步适于在第一值和第二值之间顺序地改变所述数据传送设备中的电阻器两端的电压,以便将数据从所述电力工具传送到所述数据传送设备。 45. The power tool according to claim 44, wherein the first communication circuit is further adapted to change the voltage across the resistor in the data transfer device between the first and second values ​​in sequence, so that the data transmitted from the power tool to the data transfer apparatus.
  46. 46. 如权利要求45所述的电力工具,其中,所述第一通信电路包括微控制器,所述微控制器适于在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序交替所述第一通信电路中的电阻器两端的电压,从而顺序地改变所述数据传送设备中的电阻器两端的电压,以便将数据从所述电力工具传送到所述数据传送设备。 46. ​​The power tool according to claim 45, wherein the first communication circuit includes a microcontroller, the microcontroller is adapted to order said first communication circuit alternately between the first and second voltages the voltage across the resistor, thereby sequentially changing the voltage across the resistor in the data transfer device to transfer the data from the power tool to the data transfer apparatus.
  47. 47. 如权利要求46所述的电力工具,其中,所述第一通信电路进一步包括存储器设备,以及其中,所述微控制器适于接收所述数字信号并将由此表示的数据存储在所述存储器设备中。 47. The power tool according to claim 46, wherein the first communication circuit further comprises a memory device, and wherein said microcontroller is adapted to receive the digital signal and stores the data represented thereby in the memory device.
  48. 48. 如权利要求44所述的电力工具,其中,所述第一通信电路进一步适于从所述数据传送设备接收在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序转换的电压,以便将数据从所述数据传送设备传送到所述电力工具。 48. The power tool according to claim 44, wherein the first communication circuit is further adapted to transfer a voltage from the data receiving device for switching between a first sequence and second voltages, so that the data from the said data transfer apparatus transmits to the power tool.
  49. 49. 如权利要求48所述的电力工具,其中,所述第一通信电路进一步包括电压转换检测电路,适于将从所述数据传送设备接收的顺序转换的电压转换为表示从所述主设备传送到所述电力工具的数据的数字信号。 49. The power tool according to claim 48, wherein the first communication circuit detecting circuit further includes a voltage converter adapted to convert the data from the transmission apparatus converts the received sequence is a voltage from the master device the digital data signals transmitted to the electric power tool.
  50. 50. 如权利要求44所述的电力工具,其中,所述主设备包括包含第二通信电路的可拆卸电池组。 50. The power tool according to claim 44, wherein the master device comprises a detachable battery pack comprising a second communication circuit.
  51. 51. 如权利要求44所述的电力工具,其中,所述主设备包括连接器,通讯联络般到包括通信电路的基于计算机的设备,所述连接器形状上基本上与所述电池组类似。 51. The power tool according to claim 44, wherein said host device comprises a connector contact generally correspond to the communication circuit comprises a computer-based device, the connector is substantially similar to the shape of the battery pack.
  52. 52. 如权利要求46所述的电力工具,其中,所述微控制器进一步适于确定由第二通信电路提供到所述第一通信电路的功率电平是否小于预定阈值电平,所述第二通信电路包括在所述主设备中。 52. The power tool according to claim 46, wherein said microcontroller is further adapted to determine the second communication circuit provided to the power level of the first communication circuit is smaller than a predetermined threshold level, said first second communication circuit included in the master device.
  53. 53. 如权利要求53所述的电力工具,其中,所述微控制器进一步适于如果所述功率电平小于所述预定阈值电平,则进入通信模式。 53. The power tool according to claim 53, wherein said microcontroller is further adapted, if said power level is less than said predetermined threshold level, the process proceeds to the communication mode.
  54. 54. 如权利要求44所述的电力工具,其中,所述通信电路进一步适于: 在第一值和第二值之间顺序地改变所述数据传送设备中的电阻器两端的电压,以便将数据从所述电力工具传送到所述数据传送设备;和从所述数据传送设备接收在第一电压和第二电压之间顺序转换的电压, 以便将数据从所述数据传送设备传送到所述电力工具。 54. The power tool according to claim 44, wherein the communication circuit is further adapted to: the voltage across the resistor changes the data transfer device between the first and second values ​​sequentially, in order to data transmitted from the power tool to the data transfer apparatus; and sequentially receives a voltage conversion between the first and second voltages from the data transfer apparatus, to transfer data from said transmitting device to said data power tools.
  55. 55. —种在无电线电力工具和主设备之间传送数据的方法,其中,所述无电线电力工具具有带有电源端接头的插座,可拆卸电池组适于连接到所述插座,以便与所述电源端接头和与所述电源端接头通信的内部模块进行电连接,所述方法包括下列步骤:从所述电力工具的所述插座移出所述电池组;将主设备的至少一部分耦合到所述电力工具的所述电源端接头;以及使用所述主设备便于在所述主设备和所述电力工具中的模块之间传输信息。 55. - Method for transmitting data between the master cordless power tools and equipment species, wherein said cordless power tool having a power supply with a socket end fitting, detachable battery pack adapted to be connected to the socket, so as the electrical power supply and the end fitting with the interior of the power supply module is connected to the termination of communication, the method comprising the steps of: removing the battery pack from the receptacle of the electric power tool; coupling at least a portion of the master device the electric power tool to the power terminal fitting; and using the master device to facilitate transmission of information between the modules in the master device and the power tool.
  56. 56. 如权利要求55所述的方法,其中,将所述主设备的一部分耦合到所述电源端接头的步骤包括:将所述主设备插入所述插座中,其中,所述主设备形状上与所述电池组基本类似。 56. The method according to claim 55, wherein the coupling between the main part of the device to the power supply terminal fitting step comprises: the master device is inserted into said socket, wherein the shape of the master device substantially similar to the battery pack.
  57. 57. 如权利要求56所述的方法,其中,插入所述主设备的步骤包括:将包含通信电路的可拆卸电池组插入用于所述电池组的所述插座中,其中,所述电池组用用于在工具操作模式期间向所述电力工具供电。 57. The method according to claim 56, wherein the step of inserting the master device comprising: a communication circuit comprising a detachable battery pack is inserted into the receptacle for the battery pack, wherein the battery pack during a feeding mode of operation of the tool to the power tool.
  58. 58.如权利要求57所述的方法,其中,插入所述主设备的步骤包括:将所述主设备的连接器插入用于所述电池组的所述插座中,其中,所述连接器形状上基本与所述可拆卸电池组类似并通讯联络般到所述主设备的通信电路。 58. The method according to claim 57, wherein the step of inserting the master device comprising: a connector for the master device is inserted into said socket of said battery pack, wherein the shape of said connector substantially similar to the detachable battery pack and communications as to the communication circuit of the master device.
CN 200510006410 2004-01-30 2005-01-31 DC power tool end communication system and method CN100407216C (en)

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US76894704 true 2004-01-30 2004-01-30
US10/768,947 2004-01-30
US10812521 US6913087B1 (en) 2004-01-30 2004-03-30 System and method for communicating over power terminals in DC tools
US10/812,521 2004-03-30

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