CN100407187C - A user interface method and system for navigation in networked devices - Google Patents

A user interface method and system for navigation in networked devices Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100407187C
CN100407187C CN2004800057146A CN200480005714A CN100407187C CN 100407187 C CN100407187 C CN 100407187C CN 2004800057146 A CN2004800057146 A CN 2004800057146A CN 200480005714 A CN200480005714 A CN 200480005714A CN 100407187 C CN100407187 C CN 100407187C
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CN
China
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described
user
service unit
end device
user interface
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CN2004800057146A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1757024A (en
Inventor
约翰·威廉·查尼
李昌基
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三星电子株式会社
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Priority to US60/530,501 priority
Application filed by 三星电子株式会社 filed Critical 三星电子株式会社
Publication of CN1757024A publication Critical patent/CN1757024A/en
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Publication of CN100407187C publication Critical patent/CN100407187C/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/02Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of the application

Abstract

A method and system of browser-based command and control for devices in a network of client devices (e.g., controller devices) and service devices (e.g., controlled devices). The client devices allow the user to control the server devices. To reduce user programming of client device to control the server devices, a web browser is included in each client device and a web server is included in each service device that provides a service to be controlled by a client device. The user's navigational context is tracked as the user navigates around from device to device in the network. This provides information for the context of the web server for each service device, to reduce the need for the user to program that information into the client device.

Description

The method for user interface and the system that are used for the navigation of interconnection device

Technical field

The present invention relates to be used for the user interface of interconnection device, relate to the user interface of the navigation of the network equipment that is used to use world wide web protocols particularly.

Background technology

The application's request the 60/530th, No. 501 U.S. Provisional Application No. that order was submitted to Dec 18 in 2003, this application full disclosure in this for reference.

The various devices that network generally includes communication linkage and is connected to communication linkage with communication capacity.Described device comprises computing machine, peripheral unit, router, memory storage, the consumer electronics product with processor and communication interface and electrical equipment.The example of network is the home network that is used for family, and various in the family devices are interconnected.Common family can comprise and comprise personal computer and such as several devices of the apparatus for household use of consumer electronics product of seeing usually and electrical equipment at home.Term " device " generally includes logical unit or other has functional and unit data exchange capability, and not only can comprise all apparatus for household use but also can comprise multi-purpose computer.Apparatus for household use such as security system, cinema equipment, consumer electronics product (for example comprises, TV, VCR, DVD player, stereo equipment, direct broadcasting satellite business (DBSS), digital satellite service (DSS) or the like), the disposal system in the fire-sprinkling system, illuminator, electrical equipment (for example, micro-wave oven, dish-washing machine, baking box/stove, washer/dryer), automobile or the like.

Often use control device (for example, telechiric device) to control consumer electronics product, such as home theater equipment.Yet, the shortcoming of using such control device to control apparatus for household use be each concrete control device must be programmed especially with control and order those it want the apparatus for household use controlled.This just needs the user to control device programming or with the software control device of packing into, controls various devices.

Summary of the invention

Technical solution

Therefore, have the needs to the method and system of the user interface in a kind of control device that is provided for controlling other device, described method and system has reduced the needs of user to the control device programming.The present invention be directed to top needs puts forward.

Beneficial effect

Although the present invention can accept many multi-form embodiment, but the preferred embodiments of the present invention show in the accompanying drawings and here will be described in detail, should be appreciated that simultaneously the disclosure is considered to the example of principle of the present invention, and do not mean that aspect widely of the present invention is limited in the embodiment that illustrates.According to the present invention, aforesaid exemplary construction can realize by many modes, such as the known programmed instruction that is used for being carried out by processor of those skilled in the art, logical circuit, ASIC, firmware or the like.Therefore, the invention is not restricted to exemplary embodiment described herein.

The present invention has been carried out quite detailed description with reference to certain preferred pattern of the present invention, yet other pattern also is possible.Therefore, the spirit and scope of claim should not be limited to the description of the preferred pattern that comprises here.

Description of drawings

Figure 1A has shown the example according to the functional-block diagram of the network of the realization user interface system of the embodiment of the invention;

Figure 1B has shown the example according to the functional-block diagram of another network of the realization user interface system of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 1 C has shown the example according to the user interface of user's navigation of the network that is used for Figure 1B of the embodiment of the invention and control;

Fig. 1 D has shown and has been used for the control device that the user enters order;

Fig. 2-9 has shown the example based on the user interface of the displaying that comprises the device of finding in the network in state and controller chassis of user navigation and control according to the embodiment of the invention; With

Figure 10 has shown the example of the condition control device key of the device that is used for Control Network according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Best mode

In one embodiment, the invention provides and a kind ofly comprise interconnective client computer dress be used to providing Put the method for the user interface in the network with service unit, described user interface is used for controlling current connection To the service unit of network, the method may further comprise the steps: from being currently connected to the one or more of network Individual described service unit acquired information, described information comprises device information; Produce based on described device information Give birth to the user interface of the status information that comprises described service unit; In the client computer that can show user interface Show described user interface on the device, to be used for user's navigation and the control of described service unit; Follow the tracks of institute State user's navigation and the control of service unit; With based on trace information, be the user at described user interface Provide default service unit to select.

For the step that the user provides default service unit to select also can be based on function and the base of service unit In the service unit of user priority is selected one. Service unit can comprise source device and egress device, Thereby the step that is provided for the default egress Array selection of source device for the user also can be excellent based on the user The elder generation the egress Array selection in one. In addition, be provided for the default source of egress device for the user The step of Array selection also can be based in the source Array selection of user priority.

Described user interface is presented at step on the described client apparatus also can be comprised described user is connect Mouth is presented at the step on the browser in the client apparatus. In the time of the user selection service unit, institute But state also display unit control information of user interface. Device information in each service unit comprises for usefulness Family and this install interactional user interface and describe.

In another embodiment, the invention provides the net that the above step of a kind of basis provides user interface Controller in the client apparatus in the network. In addition, in another embodiment, the invention provides A kind of interconnective client apparatus of above step and network of service unit realized.

Therefore, in an example is realized, the invention provides a kind of be used to comprising client apparatus (example Such as, control device) and the network of service unit (for example, controlled device) in device based on browsing The order of device and the method and system of control. Client apparatus allows the user to control service unit. In order to subtract The programming that few user carries out client apparatus for the control service unit, web browser is included in whenever In the individual client apparatus, the webserver is included in each and is provided service by what client apparatus was controlled In the service unit. When the user navigates in network a device of a device, about user's the navigation Literary composition is tracked. This just provides the contextual information of the webserver of each service unit, thereby reduces The user this information is programmed into needs in the client apparatus.

By the detailed description that carries out below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that other embodiments of the invention, feature and advantage will become.

Embodiment

In one embodiment, the invention provides the method and system based on the order and the control of browser of device in a kind of network that is used to comprise client apparatus (for example, control device) and service unit (for example, controlled device).Client apparatus allows the user to control service unit.Be the programming that client apparatus is carried out of control service unit in order to reduce the user, web browser is included in each client apparatus, and the webserver is included in each service unit that service is provided of being controlled by client apparatus.When the user navigated in network a device of a device, user's navigation context was tracked.This just provides the contextual information of the webserver of each service unit, thereby reduced the user this information is programmed into needs in the client apparatus.

Usually, in network, connect the web browser and the webserver and between the two, do not carry out programming Control, when service unit by the user during through the browser access of client apparatus, the context of user capture is not utilized to the following preferred of predictive user.For example, if network comprises tuner (source end device (source device)) and two TVs (place end device (sink device)), when the user when tuner selects TV station to play, although tuner becomes the source end of video and audio frequency, automatically do not select the place end device for the user.This just needs the user to select the place end device of one in the end device of place source end device that is used as selecting.Even the user before visited/select one in the end device of place, traditional system also needs the user to use the browser of client apparatus to select the place end device, and the user selects a source end device at every turn.

In one embodiment, when the user in network during the navigation of a service unit ground of service unit, the present invention keeps user's the navigation context and the tracking of selection.Be provided for the browser of client apparatus about the contextual information of the webserver of each service unit of user capture, described client apparatus is just utilized with the control service unit by the user.In fact this do not need the user described information to be offered the client apparatus that is used to control service unit.

In an example, when for the first time network being powered on, carry out physical unit and the logical block/device of discovery procedure to determine to connect.Then, to receive user control command, the initial default context of interconnection device is displayed to the user on the web browser that shows present client apparatus of the device of discovery.When the user used the web browser of client apparatus to navigate and selects the place end device, client apparatus kept the tracking to the last place end device of user's selection (title of the last place end device of selecting of controller recording user).Then, when the user selected the source end device, client apparatus offered the source end device with the user to the preferential selection of place end device, and does not ask the user to come the place end device of assigned source end device.Like this, the source end device connects the place end device and information is sent to the place end device, and described place end device is specified by the link of the last visit of user in the browser of client apparatus.Fang Wen place end device becomes thereafter the default place end device of the source end device of selecting at last, up to the user by navigating to another place end device with its change.In an example, by using global variable among the Javascript to follow the tracks of and keeping user's context that navigates with title, the identifier that is associated and the attribute of the last device that keeps the user and select.

The example of the realization of the method according to this invention and system is described in the context of the home network of carrying out 1394 agreements now.Yet, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention also is useful for the network of other type of using different procotols.In addition, consider that the example here utilizes web browser client-server method (extending to the TCP/IP network usually), those skilled in the art will appreciate that other client-server agreement also can be used.In description, use web browser (browser) to present the example of Engine-Network resource, also can use other figure to present engine as figure.

In addition, the abbreviation below the use in description: ATSC-advanced television system committee; The AV-audio/video; The control of AV/C-audio/video; The DHCP-DHCP; The DNS-name server; The DTV-Digital Television; The HDTV-high-definition television; The GIF-GIF(Graphic Interchange format); The GUI-graphical user interface; HNCP-home network configuration protocol; The XML-extend markup language; The HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) of the compatible XML of XHTML-; The HTTP-HTML (Hypertext Markup Language); OSD-shows with screen; With the STB-set-top box.

Can make the service unit utilization comprise that the ability that presents that is connected in (network-attached) client apparatus in the network of renderer (renderer) presents to the user with the state and the control interface of service unit according to the user interface system of exemplary embodiments of the present invention.Service unit can comprise, for example, and such as the source end of the home-network content service of cable set top box or terrestrial set top box, digital VCR, DTV or the like.In addition, renderer can comprise that visit is used in the graphical user interface (GUI) of all web browsers as the aforementioned the control interface of source end being presented to the device of user's display.Therefore, web browser is the example of GUI, and the ability used or the like of the TV that can comprise web navigation, ecommerce or enhancing.Simple for what explain, in description, use term GUI, web browser and browser interchangeably.

Utilize the encapsulation mechanism that uses network and Internet Protocol to make the user control a device through the GUI in another device.Therefore, in one case, service unit with its control interface data transfer to renderer on the GUI of renderer, described control interface data are presented to the user, the user can rely on described control interface data control this service unit thus.Defined the top controller server that cooperates top GUI, and rudimentary controller server is presented separately by renderer.

Figure 1A has shown the example according to the functional-block diagram of the control structure of the network 10 of the realization user interface of the embodiment of the invention.This example is used for GUI and remote control arrangement, comprises two physical units: HDTV device 12 and AVHDD device 14.Figure 1A has also shown communication path, and this communication path comprises the remote control path 22 of navigation command path 16, user interface path 18, media path 20 and infrared ray or based radio frequency remote controller 24.

HDTV 12 comprises web browser 26 and following three logical blocks (L-unit) that are used to present: (1) comprises the controller (L-cell controller) 28 of GUI controller with scheduling GUI control, (2) TV tuner and EPG/PSIP server (L-unit TV (tuner) LR) 30 and (3) are used for the TV demoder (L-unit TV (image) LR) 32 of image and audio frequency.AVHDD 14 comprises a logical block (L-unit AVHDD-LR) 33 with register and content player function.HDTV 12 also comprises three webservers 34,36 and 38 corresponding to the service function of above-mentioned three logical blocks, and wherein, the described webserver can be the specializing of single network server among the HDTV.In addition, AVHDD14 comprises the webserver 40 that is used for its service function.

Logical block can only be the subelement of a physical unit, and presents controllable discretely function collection (for example, logical block refers to the virtual subnet unit).In this example, five types logical block is arranged: (1) media sink end, (2) source of media end, (3) media sink end and source end and (4) neither the media sink end neither the source of media end and (5) sightless.For example, website is the device of type 4.Control device (that is client apparatus) is usually paired and ignore all other control device with web browser.The controller logic unit is sightless and is the device of type 5.Tuner among the HDTV is the device of type 2.Display device is the device of Class1.The AVHDD logical block is the device of type 3.

Based on above-mentioned five kinds of type of device, the following GUI that is applied to present home network (HN) control that is used for exemplary embodiment described herein.

1, user interface structures is set on the HTTP/TCP/IP interconnector layer within the client-server model, and the exchanges data of the XML data on the IP layer is provided.Do not need directly to communicate by letter with the network layer of lower floor.

2, control device (for example, HDTV) in, top GUI controller is utilized and top (top level) framework collection (frameset) is offered control device web browser in the control device.The cooperation of controlling between the separation website that is provided by interconnection device is provided the GUI controller.In addition, top GUI controller allows the user control to be put on the connection of the expectation between the interconnection device.Input is offered interconnection device in this cooperation so that they can carry out the connection of being asked.Networking control is used in medium with management and is connected.In addition, in home network, because can there be the various control apparatus, so there is a plurality of CGI (Common Gateway Interface) that work simultaneously (CGI) controller.CGI is the standard interface that allows the webserver of the spinoff able to programme that the user of hyperlink selects.Any CGI controller can be controlled all devices in the home network.Peripheral control unit among the STB can be presented to GUI controller network browser with top framework collection.

3, connection manager is used in lower floor's network, wherein, except that with interconnection device is communicated by letter, is not essential with direct communication of connection manager.

4, for each GUI controller, the use browser is played up the GUI XHTML content (for example, control interface, state or the like) from interconnection device (for example, service unit or the like).

5, push away method (Push methodology) (following also will be described) and be used to the displaying contents that provides dynamic and current.

7, the order of the HTTP type of the transmitting-receiving of additional information between the device of GUI controller and other connection is finished.This makes the GUI controller not rely on the lower-class families network technology and is implemented.

8, the look and feel of top GUI controller is stored in top.In addition, the look and feel of the device of connection is stored in their rank.Top, can be closely in real time supply with the different piece of GUI from the device of the connection in many different brands place of production.

9, each logical block status of support frame.State box comprises the XHTML content of indication device current state.When the generation state changed in device, this frame just should be updated.This frame also can comprise brand and the type of device that logos is described.

10, for the logical block of each discovery, the GUI controller can be supported the title that display device is unique and allow the name box of top framework collection navigation.

11, the logical block of each discovery can be supported controller chassis, and wherein, the controller chassis in the XHTML context is also showed the top control interface that is used for device except that showing selectable detailed state text and figure.

When for the first time network 10 being powered on, carry out physical unit 12,14 and the logical unit (logical block) 28,30,32 and 33 of discovery procedure to determine to connect.Then, to receive user control command, wherein, the initial default context that is used for interconnection device is displayed to the user on the web browser that shows present HDTV 12 26 of the device of discovery.When the user used web browser 26 to navigate and select place end device such as AVHDD 14, the GUI controller 42 among the HDTV 12 kept the tracking of last place end device (for example, AVHDD 14) that the user is selected.Then as user when selecting source end device (for example, L-unit TV (tuner) LR 30), GUI controller 42 offers the source end device with the user to the preferential selection of place end device, and the place end device of not asking the user to specify to be used for this source end device.Like this, the source end device be connected by the specified place end device of the last access links of user in the browser of client apparatus, and information is sent to this place end device.At last Fang Wen place end device (for example, AVHDD14) become the default place end device of other source end device that is used for selecting thereafter, up to the user by navigation another place end device (for example, L-unit TV (image) LR 32) with its change.

Another example network 50 that realizes user interface system according to another embodiment of the present invention is shown as the functional-block diagram among Figure 1B.Network 50 among Figure 1B comprises the functional and example component 12,14 of the network 10 of above-described Figure 1A.The example network 50 of Figure 1B comprises six physical units: the HDTV 12 in (1) parlor (LR), (2) AVHDD 14, (3) DVHS 52, (4) satellite network interface unit (NIU) 54, (5) another HDTV58 in MSN TV server 56 and (6) bedroom (BR).In this example, the control page or leaf of the top GUI controller 42 of (for example, HDTV 12) being used for these HDTV has been described, wherein, belong to the device of connection fully at this GUI below rank.For example, satellite NIU 54 has the full frame EPG function of himself, the look and feel that described full frame EPG function is a satellite business, and the full frame EPG function of satellite NIU 54 is played up on the web browser 26 of GUI controller 42 with XHTML, thereby web browser 26 is used as and is used for the Internet resources that the figure to the user presents.

Fig. 1 C has shown example control page or leaf (homepage) 60 that is shown by browser 26 under the control of the GUI controller 42 in the HDTV 12 of Figure 1B.Control page or leaf 60 comprises the state box (square) 62 on the figure left side, and described state box is used for the device and the show state icon of each discovery, wherein, and each Status icons demonstration, for example, device name, logos, state or the like.In this example, if the device in the network 50 more than eight, so when user navigation (below also navigation will be discussed), state box 62 whole heap rollings up or down.Each state box 62 is commonly referred to as the device in the network 50 or the subelement (logical block) of device, perhaps refers to the virtual bench such as Web portal.The webserver 40 (Figure 1A) in each network equipment will be used for the state box 62 of this device and the control interface frame of state box 62 links offers GUI controller 42 to show on control page or leaf 60.The control interface frame comprises the control interface that is used for control device, and followingly also will come description control interface frame by example.For example, HDTV12 comprises two subelements (that is, tuner 30 and display screen and audio frequency present 32), and wherein, state box and controller chassis that the webserver 40 in each subelement will be used for this subelement offer GUI controller 42.Each state box also can comprise moment unit state, generic icon, logos, Name ﹠ Location or the like.

When device was connected to network 50, its state box 62 was added to control page or leaf 60.When device was disconnected, its state box 62 was removed from control page or leaf 60.During discovery procedure, control page or leaf 60 is shown in the time period of appointment automatically, up to being withdrawed from by the user.Using color for example to highlight state that scheme can modifier, to present in to indicate this device be selectable.In an example, in the time will installing Icon Color and highlight (for example, green) and user and select to control the state box 62 of this device on the page or leaf 60, this device obtains system focus.In the accompanying drawings, the state box that highlights is shown as has dark inner boundary, and points to the state box that this highlights with the arrow of tape label 62.

Controller chassis district (control zone) 64 in the control page or leaf 60 is associated with the device with system focus, and the controller chassis that is used for this device is displayed on the controller chassis district 64 in the control pages 60.In the example of Fig. 1 C, AVHDD in the parlor 14 is highlighted to be selectable to indicate it, and if the user select AVHDD 14, this device obtains focus so, thus its controller chassis appears in the control zone 64 of control page or leaf 60 of Fig. 1 C.

The example of the order that to be GUI controller 42 below send to the device that connects:

1, Get Media Type (for example, MPEG2, JPEG or the like).

2, Get Device Type: return Dtype=(Source_only|Sink_only|Either|Neither).

3, Get Device Name: return the title of six characters that are used for this device unique in the network, that is, and DName=' abcdef '.

4、Get?ICON?graphic.

5、Get?Status?Frame.

6、Get?Control?Frame.

7、Get?Service?Banner.

8, Get Open function status: return Status=(Open|OK), and Type=(Record|None).

9, Set Possible Connection Target: the title that controller 42 will these six unique characters after the state box of selecting the source end device sends to source end or place end device.

Example network according to the embodiment of the invention comprises following exemplary construction:

1, each physical unit can not comprise or comprise one or more client network browser 26, and comprises that one or more has the logical block of the webserver.

2, controller server 24 comprises the logical block of top framework collection being presented to one or more client network browser 26.All other logical blocks are designated as service unit.The result of the IP address discovery of top controller 24 visit lower floor networks.

3, each client network browser 26 is associated with controller server 24.Web browser 26 and XHTML 1.0, JavaScript 1.3, DOM 1 and CSS 0 compatibility.Web browser 26 is supported PNG, GIF and JPEG figure.The overtime time period that is set to larger than 119 seconds of HTTP.

4, each service unit transmits its GUI information (for example, control interface) through HTTP/TCP/IP.GUI information comprises the XHTML that is used to present.Each service unit presents its state box and controller chassis content when being requested.

5, each service unit response is used for the order (for example, number of C EA-931B order) of fast access control, and described order is the result that the user presses the teleswitch that for example points to the device within the controller 28 current focus contexts.

6, the order of service unit response HTTP form (L-unit is<IPaddr 〉: port), such as:

A.<L-unit 〉/status_frame? width=' 187 '? height=' 69 '. this order returns state box XHTML content to the controller frame collection.Size is advised by controller 28 (that is, the GUI controller 42).

B.<L-unit 〉/command_frame? width=' 430 '? height=' 460 '. the request controller chassis within the framework collection of controller is returned controller chassis XHTML content in this order.Size is by controller 28 suggestions.

C.<L-unit 〉/this order of service_banner. returns the channel header of XHTML form the framework collection of controller.

D.<L-unit 〉/icon_graphic? width=' 60 '? height=' 69 '. this order returns the bitmap icon of device to requester.Size is by controller 28 suggestions.

E.<IPaddr 〉/this order of 2027_file. returns the file of describing the XML form of the logical blocks that all devices support with following form a:<xml〉<NLU〉N the number of logicalunits}</NLU〉<LU1〉<PortNo〉port</PortNo〉<DeviceName〉upto 15char_unique_name}</DeviceName〉<DeviceType〉SourceOnly|SinkOnly|E1ther|Neither|NotVisible}</DeviceType〉<CEA931cmds〉n; Cmd1 ... cmdn</CEA931cmds〉</LU1〉<LU2〉...</LU2〉...<LUN〉...</LUN〉</xml 〉

F.<L_unit 〉/this order of status_return. returns in the replying of following XML form:

i.<xml><StatusReturn>OK</StatusReturn></xml>

i1.<xml><StatusReturn>Record_Open</StatusReturn></xml>

G.<L_unit 〉/connection_target?<unique_name 〉?<ipaddr:pno 〉. when the place end device was suggested to the linking objective of possible source end selection, this order was sent to possible source end device.

In an example, all controllers 28 have the embedded list based on the interconnection device of URL prefix, wherein, and the http server within the URL prefix recognition device.HDTV can have tuner server and demoder server, but an IP address is only arranged.Here in the exemplary embodiment of Miao Shuing, interconnection device is carried out the function of the device of finding all other connections, and system solves any IP address conflict.

When initial unlatching network, the example operation plot is as follows:

Power on

Device is found

On initial control page or leaf 60 HDTV 12 that are displayed in the parlor

On control page or leaf 60

Two state boxs are displayed on the control page or leaf 60, and one is used for the TV-pic-LR device, and one is used for the TV-tun-LR device

HDTV in the bedroom 58 is connected to network

Be displayed on the control page or leaf 60 more than two state boxs, one is used for the TV-pic-BR device, and one is used for the TV-tun-BR device

With NIU ﹠amp; HDD 56, AVHDD 14 and DVHS 54 are connected to network

Be displayed on the control page or leaf 60 more than three state boxs, one is used for the NIU-tun-LR device, and one is used for the DISK-LR device, and one is used for the DVHS device

The control interconnection device

HDTV 12 from the parlor controls the HDTV 58 in the bedroom

Selection source end device also is recorded on the place end device in the network, just goes up viewed video in any display device (for example, the display device 32 on the HDTV 58) and do not disturb, such as

TV-tun-BR source end is selected and is recorded on the DISK-LR

NIU-tun-LR source end is selected and is recorded on the DVHS

Watch another channel on the TV-pic-LR and do not disturb any record

Program is sent to DVHS and the program that do not disturb the whole family watching from DISK-LR

Cancellation is write down on DVHS and is refunded

Program on the DISK-LR is backuped on the D-VHS

From DISK-LR deletion program

The browse network inlet

Check the service of MSNTV platform and on TV-pic-LR, browse

Many other example operation of network can be arranged.

HDTV 12 from Figure 1B describes the example of navigation and control procedure now.Use five navigation keys 66 in for example remote control 24 (Fig. 1 CD) to carry out basic navigation on the HDTV 12, described remote control can make the browser 26GUI controller 42 of user and HDTV 12 interact.Navigation key 66 comprises: UP (▲), DOWN LEFT RIGHT And SELECT (←), shown in Fig. 1 CD.In addition, the BACK key navigates by turning back to the target that highlights at last, and the EXIT key can be removed The whole control and state box, and makes the user watch video on the HDTV screen.The EXIT key can also play the HOME key, and this is because if press the EXIT key when showing empty screen, the EXIT key recovers top framework collection so.

In one case, when powering on HDTV 12, control page or leaf 12 is as shown in Fig. 1 C.During EXIT on pressing remote control 24, show the example that becomes among Fig. 2, the displaying of the device that Fig. 2 finds in the display network in state box 62.When if the user presses Power button in the remote control 24 identical result will take place.The status bar 62 indication corresponding device thereof that highlight are selectable.Navigation key 66 can be used to other state box on selection (highlighting) the control page or leaf 60.Use UP, DOWN, LEFT, RIGHT key to move to another state box with highlighting from a state box 62.Yet, to be selected by the user up to the SELECT button, the control of the interconnection device of being showed by state box 62 just is implemented.For example, if the RIGHT button is pressed, controls screen 60 so and become the control screen that shows among Fig. 3, wherein, the adjacent state box in the right is highlighted.System state from Fig. 3 if the DOWN button is pressed, is controlled screen 60 so and is become the control screen shown in Fig. 4, wherein, below adjacent state box selected.

In addition, the screen 60 from Fig. 2, if the user presses UP, the state box 62 of the logical block TV-pic-LR 32 among the HDTV 12 is highlighted so.If the user then presses SELECT when the state box 62 of TV-pic-LR 32 is highlighted, screen 60 becomes the screen among Fig. 5 so, and wherein, the controller chassis 68 of the device TV-pic-LR 32 that is used for selecting is displayed on the control zone 64 of control page or leaf 60.Controller chassis information and layout are provided by the webserver 38 among the device TV-pic-LR 32 that selects.

If device is in off-position when TV-pic-LR 32 is selected, the order that powers on so is sent to device 32.When tuner 30 was built among the HDTV 12, tuner 30 also became its state into power-up state.Tuner 30 be tuned at then it before being de-energized tuning final channel, 32 pairs in TV-pic-LR device comes the transmission stream decoding of self-tuner 30 and shows this transport stream.Therefore, TV-pic-LR device 32 becomes as the image as shown in the icon Fig. 5 from blank screen, and is used for the state box 62 highlighted (for example, with yellow) of TV-pic-LR device 32, is used for the control focus of device 32 with indication.As mentioned above, the controller chassis 68 that is used for TV-pic-LR device 32 appears at the control zone 64 of display device control, and " Volume Up " is highlighted in control zone 64.Because tuner 30 is along with TV-pic-LR device 32 is also powered on, so the state box of tuner 30 (TV-tun-LR) and channel identication language and channel designation and numbering also are displayed on the screen 60 among Fig. 5, wherein, programm name appears in the state box of TV-tun-LR device.

The network state that shows from Fig. 5, if press Down button in the remote control 24, " Volume Down " button in the controller chassis district 64 is with highlighted so.Press the Down button once more and will highlight " Mute " function.If the state box of TV-pic-LR 32 is highlighted and controller chassis 68 is as shown in Figure 5, it is quiet that SELECT will make device TV-pic-LR 32 so.DOWN is navigate to " EXIT " function and press the state box that highlights that SELECT will withdraw from controller chassis 68 and turn back to TV-pic-LR as shown in Figure 6 32.

If the state of network is as shown in Figure 6 and DOWN is pressed, screen 60 becomes the screen that shows among Fig. 7 so, and the state box 62 that is used for tuner TV-tun-LR 30 in Fig. 7 is highlighted.The state of from Fig. 6, indicating, if the SELECT that presses as shown in Figure 7, so as shown in Figure 8, the state box that is used for tuner TV-tun-LR 30 is highlighted, and the control interface 70 that is used for tuner TV-tun-LR 30 is displayed on the control zone 64 of control page or leaf 60.

According to the user interface system of the embodiment of the invention on the other hand, 72 indications of " target " symbol are corresponding to the device that is in focus, and this device will become the target that any for example source end device is afterwards selected, and are selected up to another destination apparatus.In the example in Fig. 8, destination apparatus is video place end device TV-pic-LR 32, and all source ends are afterwards selected to be connected to TV-pic-LR 32.Aiming symbol 72 serves as bookmark, appears at the place near the state box of TV-pic-LR 32.If network state as shown in Figure 8, and select the DIR functions from the controller chassis 64 of TV-tun-LR 30, the rendition list that is stored in so on the device appears on the screen.If select program and broadcast from tabulation, this program will be displayed on and have on the device of aiming symbol 72 this moment so.In this case, TV-pic-LR 32 will be to selecting to decode from the program of TV-tun-LR 30 and showing this program selection.

When using aiming symbol 72, it just is placed on the place of the state box of approaching device on the control page or leaf 60 by GUI controller 42, and described device just is designated as target by GUI controller 42.Present at video under the situation of device, described video presents device to have aiming symbol 72 and only has a main video display screen curtain (as the situation of nearly all now HDTV), when the source end is selected, this video display screen curtain will show each source end selection afterwards.

Usually, not that the service of any place end device of target connects and can not change.On control page or leaf 60, has only an aiming symbol.When new device frame obtained aiming symbol 72, aiming symbol 72 disappeared from its previous position on the screen 60 so.When exist on the control page or leaf 60 by GUI controller 42 determine highlight the time, aiming symbol 72 is the relevant indicators of GUI controller.Each GUI controller 42 is operated independently at highlighting with the placement of aiming symbol 72 on its control corresponding page or leaf 60.

The example that explained later is placed as the aiming symbol of the controller 42 of the user's navigation feature from a place end device to another place end device.Usually, when the user selected state box 62 that the place end device highlighted, GUI controller 42 moved to aiming symbol 72 state box 62 of this place end device.For indeterminate device as place end device or source end device (for example, the device that AVHDD and DVHS come to this), situation is not always like this.When writing function (REC) when one in the uncertain device is unsettled for these, their state box receiving target symbol 72 is selected up to the source end that is used to write down, and aiming symbol 72 is moved to its previous position then.In order to realize such function, GUI controller 42 offers its web browser 26 with top framework collection.CGI task in the webserver 26 recognize each device or: (1) only is the source end, (2) only be Su Duan, (3) neither the source end neither Su Duan, (4) or source end or Su Duan (indefinite device of " perhaps type (Either-type) ").Receive this information at controller server CGI place.When the controller chassis of indefinite device is displayed on highlighting when highlighting in focus returned in the control zone 64 and on its state box 62, the CGI task is inquired about this device to determine whether open record order is unsettled.

When the user near state box, move highlight and only be the place end device device (for example, when pressing Select TV-pic-BR), this device is received in the aiming symbol 72 on its state box 62, and source end device is afterwards selected to be connected on this device.

Situation for AVHDD and DVHS may be different, and this is because these devices at any time can be source end and/or Su Duan.AVHDD and DVHS are the devices of " perhaps type " and have special behavior.As the logic state with two logic http servers and the control module that separate, HDTV will be a kind of like this device so if screen is not separated from tuner with audio frequency output control.In order to make a kind of like this device operation, must discern the state that it is used for all Exit of its control interface clearly.For example, if there is the writing function of having been asked by the user, the GUI controller 42 of controlling this device so must be distinguished the situation of the source end selection that needs immediately.It is target and to guide the user only can be the device of source end to navigate to immediately that GUI controller 42 then can be assigned pen recorder.If AVHDD has the server that of two separation is used to write down and is used to play, this is with optional so.

Explain the example of (indefinite) device of control " perhaps type " now.For example, if the same among network state and Fig. 6, wherein, TV-pic-LR 32 powered on and its state box 62 highlighted, the user is by pressing the state box that RIGHT, DOWN in the remote control 24 and DOWN button navigate to the AVHDD 14 that comprises DISK-LR 33 so.Then, when the user pressed SELECT, control zone 64 showed the controller chassis/interface 74 by the DISK-LR 33 of the example demonstration of Fig. 9.When pressing SELECT, GUI controller 42 also sends to DISK-LR 33 with the title of current goal device (that is, TV-pic-LR 32).The controller chassis 74 that is used for DISK-LR 33 comprises DIR function and RECORD function.Therefore if DIR function selected (the DIR function provides the tabulation of the obtainable video on the memory storage), DISK-LR 33 serves as the source end device probably and uses the information of destination apparatus so.When the user selected the video (user also may turn back to the DIR-RECORD menu and select RECORD) that is played, the function of DISK-LR 33 was determined.If the RECORD function is selected, the controller chassis 74 that is used for DISK-LR 33 so withdraws from, wherein, GUI controller 42 determines that the RECORD function is opened and DISK-LR 33 should obtain aiming symbol 72 (this unit state frame navigation should be limited in only possible source end device) when sending the request of " Get Open Function Status ".In this case, highlight the state box of the source end device (AVHDD=audio/video hard disk drive) that is moved to last selection.Selected and when being connected to DISK-LR 33 when the source end device, GUI controller 42 should reset to aiming symbol 72 on the device of before holding it,, has precedence over the RECORD function selecting that is.

When highlighted or this device of state box of device obtains focus, when in its controller chassis one was presented on the control page or leaf 60, some keys in the remote control 24 can be activated.The example of these keys comprises (in Fig. 1 C0 by deepening): POWER, 0-9, MUTE, CH+/-, VOL+/-, MENU, GUIDE, REW, STOP, PLAY, FF, CAPTION, REC and PAUSE).These keys are decided on condition, and this is because their effect is (deciding to refer to by pressing the result that key produces on condition) inequality under different conditions.For example, as user just during the video screen clearly on viewing apparatus 32 (for example, watching not having to show the TV disarray screen), press the POWER key and will turn off TV-pic-LR 32 with screen.Yet, when the user of TV-pic-LR 32 checks that the state box of TV-pic-BR (demoder) of control page or leaf 60, HDTV 58 is highlighted, TV-pic-BR is in "on" position and user when pressing the POWER key, the TV-pic-BR device is de-energized and the new state of its state box reflection.

As already pointed out, in order to give the user with event notice effectively, another aspect of the present invention provides a kind of method that pushes away, and this method can make the device of connection that state and notification message are directly sent to the user, and do not rely on the version of the HTTP that is supported, and be applicable to all MME types.The example of a kind of HTTP of being used for pushes away method and uses subframe, this subframe is the embedded frame (iframe) that is embedded in the pixel size that does not have border (sightless) within the unit state frame 62, and at first (for example by the webserver of this device, the webserver 40 Figure 1A) is posted to control page or leaf 60 through GUI controller 42.This subframe comprises the update request of sending to the webserver, and the webserver of this device makes this request can't realize in the section (for example, 110 seconds) at a fixed time wittingly.In certain period of time (for example, 120 seconds) afterwards, the web browser of GUI controller 42 is configured to overtime HTTP request.If this device is shown to the user without any the message of notifying or state changes during the section at a fixed time, so this regular time section the webserver of this device of last moment return identical, for example, Javascript upgrades subframe with request.If during the section change has taken place at a fixed time, the webserver of this device sends to father's framework with the message that state upgrades immediately so, and reloads subframe with new update request simultaneously.This has used father's framework attribute and the location method of Javascript 1.2.

Claims (39)

1. method that is used for providing the user interface of the network that comprises interconnective client apparatus and service unit, described user interface is used to control the described service unit that is currently connected to described network, and this method may further comprise the steps:
(a) from being currently connected to one or more described service unit acquired information of described network, described information comprises device information;
(b) produce the user interface of the status information that comprises described service unit based on described device information;
(c) can show described user interface on the client apparatus of explicit user interface, to be used for the user's navigation and the control of described service unit;
(d) user who follows the tracks of described service unit navigates and control; With
(e), on described user interface,, the user selects for providing default service unit based on described trace information.
2. method according to claim 1 wherein, describedly provides step that default service unit selects also based on the function of described service unit for the user.
3. method according to claim 1, wherein, the described step that provides default service unit to select for the user is also selected based on the service unit of user priority.
4. method according to claim 1, wherein, the described step that provides default service unit to select for the user is also selected based on the last service unit of user.
5. method according to claim 1, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thus a default place end device selection that is provided for the source end device for the user in also selecting based on the place end device of user priority.
6. method according to claim 1, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby also is chosen as the default place end device selection that the user is provided for the source end device based on the last place end device of user.
7. method according to claim 1, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thus a default source end device selection that is provided for the place end device for the user in also selecting based on the source end device of user priority.
8. method according to claim 1, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby also is chosen as the default source end device selection that the user is provided for the place end device based on the last source end device of user.
9. method according to claim 1 wherein, describedly is presented at step on the described client apparatus with described user interface and also comprises described user interface is presented at step on the browser in the described client apparatus.
10. method according to claim 1, wherein, the described step that described user interface is presented on the described client apparatus also comprises the step that shows the service unit control information.
11. method according to claim 10, wherein, the step of described demonstration service unit control information comprises that also demonstration is used for the service unit control information by the service unit of user's selection.
12. method according to claim 1, wherein, the described device information in each service unit comprises that being used for user and this installs interactional user interface and describe.
13. a network comprises:
Client apparatus;
With the interconnective service unit of described client apparatus;
User interface controller in described client apparatus is used for being provided for controlling the current user interface that is connected to the described service unit of described network by following steps:
(a) from being currently connected to one or more described service unit acquired information of described network, described information comprises device information;
(b) produce the user interface of the status information that comprises described service unit based on described device information;
(c) can show described user interface on the device of explicit user interface, to be used for the user's navigation and the control of described service unit;
(d) user who follows the tracks of described service unit navigates and control; With
(e), on described user interface,, the user selects for providing default service unit based on described trace information.
14. network according to claim 13, wherein, described user interface controller also selects for the user provides default service unit based on the function of described service unit.
15. network according to claim 13, wherein, one during described user interface controller is also selected based on the service unit of user priority to select for the user provides default service unit.
16. network according to claim 13, wherein, described user interface controller is also selected for the user provides default service unit based on the last service unit of user and is selected.
17. network according to claim 13, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described user interface controller is also selected based on a default place end device that comes to be provided for the source end device for the user in the place end device selection of user priority.
18. network according to claim 13, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described user interface controller also selects the default place end device selection that is provided for the source end device for the user based on the last place end device of user.
19. network according to claim 13, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described user interface controller is also selected based on a default source end device that comes to be provided for the place end device for the user in the source end device selection of user priority.
20. network according to claim 13, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described user interface controller also selects the default source end device selection that is provided for the place end device for the user based on the last source end device of user.
21. network according to claim 13, wherein, described user interface controller also is presented at the service unit control information on the described user interface.
22. network according to claim 21, wherein, described user interface controller shows the service unit control information that is used for by the service unit of user's selection.
23. network according to claim 13, wherein, the described device information in each service unit comprises that being used for user and this installs interactional user interface and describe.
24. network according to claim 13, wherein, described client apparatus also comprises web browser, thereby described user interface controller is presented at described user interface on the described browser.
25. network according to claim 24, wherein, each service unit comprises the webserver that described device information is offered described user interface controller.
26. network according to claim 25, wherein, described device is communicated by letter through described HTTP procotol.
27. a client apparatus that is provided for controlling the user interface of the service unit that is currently connected to network comprises:
Controller is used for being provided for controlling by following steps the user interface of described service unit:
(a) from being currently connected to one or more described service unit acquired information of described network, described information comprises device information;
(b) produce the user interface of the status information that comprises described service unit based on described device information;
(c) can show described user interface on the device of explicit user interface, to be used for the user's navigation and the control of described service unit;
(d) user who follows the tracks of described service unit navigates and control; With
(e), on described user interface,, the user selects for providing default service unit based on described trace information.
28. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described controller also selects for the user provides default service unit based on the function of described service unit.
29. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, one during described controller is also selected based on the service unit of user priority to select for the user provides default service unit.
30. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described controller is also selected for the user provides default service unit based on the last service unit of user and is selected.
31. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described controller is also selected based on a default place end device that comes to be provided for the source end device for the user in the place end device selection of user priority.
32. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described controller also selects the default place end device selection that is provided for the source end device for the user based on the last place end device of user.
33. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described controller is also selected based on a default source end device that comes to be provided for the place end device for the user in the source end device selection of user priority.
34. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described service unit comprises source end device and place end device, thereby described controller also selects the default source end device selection that is provided for the place end device for the user based on the last source end device of user.
35. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described controller also is presented at the service unit control information on the described user interface.
36. client apparatus according to claim 35, wherein, described controller shows the service unit control information that is used for by the service unit of user's selection.
37. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, the described device information in each service unit comprises that being used for user and this installs interactional user interface and describe.
38. client apparatus according to claim 27, wherein, described client apparatus also comprises web browser, thereby described controller is presented at described user interface on the described browser.
39. according to the described client apparatus of claim 38, wherein, each service unit comprises the webserver that described device information is offered described controller.
CN2004800057146A 2003-12-18 2004-12-17 A user interface method and system for navigation in networked devices CN100407187C (en)

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