CN100406399C - Method and system for harnessing consumer waste landfill percolate - Google Patents

Method and system for harnessing consumer waste landfill percolate Download PDF

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CN100406399C
CN100406399C CNB2005100602670A CN200510060267A CN100406399C CN 100406399 C CN100406399 C CN 100406399C CN B2005100602670 A CNB2005100602670 A CN B2005100602670A CN 200510060267 A CN200510060267 A CN 200510060267A CN 100406399 C CN100406399 C CN 100406399C
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China
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percolate
pond
tank
ammonia
film
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CNB2005100602670A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1736908A (en
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高全喜
张向阳
李玉云
张莉
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陈昆柏
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a method for treating leachate of a domestic refuse landfill, which is formed by combining ammonia stripping, coagulating sedimentation, biological treatment and film treatment. The method of the present invention comprises the following steps: leachate is stripped off, so that the ammonia nitrogen of the refuse leachate is degraded; the leachate which is stripped off is treated by the coagulating sedimentation, and the biodegradability of organic matters and suspended matters is removed; the sewerage which is treated by the coagulating sedimentation is treated in a biochemical way, and the sewerage which is treated in a biochemical way carries out the film treatment. The present invention also discloses a system used for treating leachate with the method, which comprises a regulating tank, a preaeration tank, a primary sedimentation tank, an ammonia stripping tower, a middle water tank, a secondary sedimentation tank, an A <2>/O technical device, a final sedimentation tank, a temporary storing tank, a film treating system and a clear water tank, wherein all the components are orderly connected through pipelines; the primary sedimentation tank, the secondary sedimentation tank, the final sedimentation tank and the film treating system are connected to a sludge tank through pipelines, the sludge tank is connected with a pressure filter, and the ammonia stripping tower is connected with an absorbing tower. The method and the system of the present invention can be widely used for treatment of a refuse leachate project.

Description

A kind of harnessing consumer waste landfill percolate method and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method and system that are used to administer percolate from garbage filling field that adopt the physical chemistry processing to combine, belong to the novel environment friendly technical field with biological treatment and membrane technique.
Background technology
Percolate is a kind of high concentrated organic wastewater that is difficult to handle, and it is mainly from following three aspects: natural precipitation and runoff in (1) landfill yard; (2) rubbish self is original moisture; (3) water that behind garbage sanitary filling, produces owing to the anaerobic digestion effect of microorganism.Moisture 47% the time when rubbish, rubbish per ton can produce 0.0722 ton of percolate.The water that biochemical reaction produces is wanted much less.And Atmospheric precipitation has centrality, short-time characteristic and repeatability, and the percolate of the precipitation infiltrate waste layer of drainage in time formation does not account for the overwhelming majority of total amount.Simultaneously, because the component of refuse complexity, the organic content height decomposes behind the landfill, reactions such as stripping, fermentation, contains the heavy metal class material of a large amount of organism, the Phosphorus material of nitrogen and of a great variety and content overproof in the percolate, wherein CODcr, BOD 5, heavy metal, ammonia nitrogen and saltiness be all very high, and the organism that the biodegradability of percolate is poor, molecular weight is big is preponderated, the microbial nutrition element out of proportion, and have certain toxicity.Particularly, percolate has following characteristic:
1, percolate is Sandy or dead color, and denseer rotten odor is arranged;
2, landfill initial leachate PH is 6-7, and As time goes on, PH is 7-8;
3, BOD, COD concentration height reach as high as several ten thousand units, are higher than municipal effluent far away.Along with the increase of time and microbial activities, the BOD in the percolate 5Also increase gradually, reached peak value in 6 months to 2 years half, descend gradually subsequently, the 6-15 landfill yard is stable, and COD CrValue, the landfill initial stage is a little less than BOD 5, but As time goes on, BOD 5Descend rapidly, and COD CrDescend slowly;
4, nitride concentration height based on ammonia nitrogen, generally at 1500mg/l, lacks phosphoric though ammonia-nitrogen content is high, thereby brings certain difficulty to biological treatment;
5, complicated component, organic pollutant category is more, wherein has to be difficult to biodegradable naphthalene, chlorination aromatics, phosphoric acid ester, phthalic ester, phenolic compound and amino benzenes compounds etc.; Also contain multiple to the inhibiting heavy metal ion of microorganisms.
Therefore the emphasis that percolate is administered is COD CrProcessing with the processing of ammonia nitrogen, especially ammonia nitrogen.
In the prior art, the method that is used to handle the consumer waste filling and embedding percolate has many, generally comprises physico-chemical processes, biological process and land law.
Physico-chemical processes mainly contains charcoal absorption, chemical coagulation and precipitation, chemical oxidation, chemical reduction, density separation, film dialysis, gas and mentions several different methods such as wet oxidation process.With physico-chemical process percolate is carried out pre-treatment, can effectively remove COD in the percolate, ammonia nitrogen, heavy metal ion, colourity etc., improve BOD 5/ COD Cr,, reduce heavy metal and NH to improve the biodegradability of percolate as far as possible 3-N etc. reduce load to the restraining effect of microorganism, create good condition for its follow-up biological treatment, save processing costs.Compare with biological process, the influence that physico-chemical processes is not changed by water quality and quantity, stable effluent quality is especially to BOD 5/ COD CrThe percolate of the difficulty of less (0.07-0.20) biological treatment has treatment effect preferably, though the processing cost height still is essential for the removal of some pollutent.
Biological process mainly contains activated sludge process, biological contact oxidation process, bio-disc system, A 2/ O, SBR, biological fluidized bed, oxidation pond, soil treatment method, leachate recirculation method etc.Wherein the operation of activated sludge process (oxidation pond and SBR) technology is comparatively stable, ripe, but floor space is bigger, the power consumption height, the operational management complexity, the culturing sludge time is longer, and especially at factory's easy inactivation of mud between turn(a)round, sewage disposal moves mud once more and must cultivate again.
The soil processing mainly is the filtration by soil particle, the precipitation of echoing ion-exchange absorption waits suspended solids and the solvent components in the effect removal filtrate, make by microbial process in the soil that organism and ammonia chlorine transform in the percolate, the ability of microbiological treatment pollutent is stronger than corresponding microorganism in the fluid in the soil, so land law treating refuse percolate also has good effect.The land law that is used for the percolate processing at present mainly contains the method for recharging and artificial swamp method.
Because leachate quality composition complexity adopts single biological process to handle or physico-chemical process is handled, and all can not difficulty reach the primary standard of design, and can cause the uneconomical of processing costs, therefore, needs to consider the several different methods synergy.In addition, ammonia nitrogen in high density (more than the 1000mg/l) produces obvious restraining effect to anaerobion, makes anaerobism remove inefficiency.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of percolate improvement method, this method is achieved by ammonia stripping, coagulating sedimentation, biological treatment and membrane technique are combined.
The present invention also provides a kind of treatment system of implementing aforesaid method, percolate can be handled the back qualified discharge.
A kind of harnessing consumer waste landfill percolate method, this method are handled to combine by ammonia stripping, coagulating sedimentation, biological treatment and film and are formed, and mainly may further comprise the steps:
(1) percolate is carried out the ammonia stripping, the ammonia nitrogen in the degraded percolate;
(2) percolate behind the ammonia stripping is carried out coagulation and precipitation process, remove the biodegradability of organism and suspended substance;
(3) sewage through coagulation and precipitation process is carried out biochemical treatment;
(4) sewage through biochemical treatment being carried out film handles.
Described ammonia stripping treating processes adopts air stripping method.
Described biochemical treatment process adopts A 2/ O technology, described A 2/ O technology is made up of anaerobion processing section, anoxic microbiological treatment section and aerobic microbiological processing section.
Percolate after described film treating processes adopts reverse osmosis process to biochemical treatment is made advanced treatment.
A kind of system that is used to administer consumer waste landfill percolate, this system comprise equalizing tank, pre-exposure pond, preliminary sedimentation tank, Ammonia blowing-out tower, intermediate pool, second pond, the A that links to each other successively by pipeline 2/ O process unit, final deposition pool, scratch pool, film processing system and clean water basin, wherein, to sludge sump, sludge sump is connected with pressure filter by pipe connection for preliminary sedimentation tank, second pond, final deposition pool and film processing system, and Ammonia blowing-out tower connects the absorption tower.
Described preliminary sedimentation tank comprises PH equalizing tank, vertical sedimentation tank and intermediate pool.
Described A 2/ O process unit is made up of the flow lifting type anaerobic bed, the A/O pond that link to each other successively by pipeline, and the A/O pond comprises anoxic pond and Aerobic Pond.
Described film processing system comprises inlet chest, topping-up pump, mechanical filter and the reverse osmosis unit that is linked to each other successively by pipeline.
Described reverse osmosis unit is made up of security personnel's filter, one-level high-pressure pump, first-stage reverse osmosis, secondary high-pressure pump, two-pass reverse osmosis and alkali chemicals dosing plant.
Technical process of the present invention is: the percolate from refuse landfill is collected through gathering system, concentrates on the adjusting of carrying out water quality, the water yield in the equalizing tank; Promote the PH equalizing tank that enters preliminary sedimentation tank by pump then, transfer to more than 10 by the pH value of interpolation lime therebetween percolate; The water outlet of PH equalizing tank enters the settling tank in the preliminary sedimentation tank, adds high molecular PAM therebetween, and the throw out that makes the emulsification shape forms macromolecular throw out, the accelerate precipitation solid-liquid separation by the flocculating polymer conglomeration; The settling tank water outlet enters the intermediate pool in the preliminary sedimentation tank, and the water of intermediate pool promotes through pump and enters stripping tower and carry out stripping and denitrogenate, and establishes filler in the stripping tower and adopts reverse-flow increase gas-to-liquid contact area, is beneficial to removal of ammonia and nitrogen; The ammonia nitrogen that stripping goes out adopts the vitriol oil to absorb through the absorption tower, forms sulfate of ammoniac and recycles, and directly forms secondary pollution to airborne release to avoid ammonia; The stripping tower water outlet enters the reaction tank of second pond through intermediate pool, adds coagulating agent, removes partial organic substances by the iso-electric point flocculation, improves the ratio of percolate BOD/COD; Enter A then 2/ O process unit is handled through the flow lifting type anaerobic bed, makes percolate and active sludge thorough mixing, decomposes larger molecular organics by anerobe and makes it to be converted into small organic molecule; Hang combined stuffing in the anoxic pond of A/O pond part and the Aerobic Pond, make under water active sludge and percolate thorough mixing by the macropore aeration agitation in the anoxic pond, and carry out nitration denitrification by the backflow of Aerobic Pond percolate and remove the part ammonia nitrogen; Aerobic Pond adopts three leaf Root's blowers and the work of micro porous aeration head aeration, each pond independent operation, and microorganism is separated, the processing efficiency height; Percolate after the biological treatment enters the final deposition pool precipitating sludge, and the final deposition pool water outlet precipitates with oxidation sterilizing through film processing system to be handled, to guarantee the percolate qualified discharge; Wherein preliminary sedimentation tank, second pond, final deposition pool mud and film are handled excess sludge and are entered sludge sump after pressure filter drains, and deliver to refuse landfill and handle, and the percolate that does not reach emission standard after film is handled is transmitted back in the equalizing tank.
The present invention has following advantage:
(1) by the ammonia stripping, can reduce the toxicity of ammonia, cooperate follow-up nitration denitrification denitrogenation, can realize that ammonia nitrogen is near qualified discharge follow-up biochemical treatment.
(2) coagulating sedimentation pre-treatment, less investment, effect stability, simple and convenient management.
(3) select A for use 2/ O technology is hung combined stuffing in the pond, technology is stable, management easy to operate.
(4) A 2/ O technology can realize biological denitrificaion by control mud and mixed-liquor return.
(5) the mud generation is few, generally about 1-3%.
(6) the advanced treatment process advanced person of reverse osmosis unit, thoroughly contaminated solution problem and convenient management.
(7) be widely used, handle applicable to the percolate engineering of 50-800T/d.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a system architecture schematic flow sheet of the present invention.
Embodiment
A kind of harnessing consumer waste landfill percolate method, this method are handled to combine by ammonia stripping, coagulating sedimentation, biological treatment and film and are formed, and mainly may further comprise the steps:
(1) percolate is carried out the ammonia stripping, the ammonia nitrogen in the degraded percolate;
(2) percolate behind the ammonia stripping is carried out coagulation and precipitation process, remove the biodegradability of organism and suspended substance;
(3) sewage through coagulation and precipitation process is carried out biochemical treatment;
(4) sewage through biochemical treatment being carried out film handles.
Technology controlling and process of the present invention is described below:
1, preliminary sedimentation tank technology controlling and process
The preposition reaction tank of preliminary sedimentation tank is made up of reaction, coagulation, precipitation three parts, the milk of lime for preparing drops into the rapid reaction pond, the built-in stirrer of reaction tank, make percolate and medicament thorough mixing, because the speed of response of lime is slower, the water outlet of rapid reaction pond enters coagulation basin, through the stirring reaction once more of stirrer at a slow speed, with the water quality pH value fluctuation of avoiding the back operation to produce; Owing to formed CaCO 3And various precipitations of hydroxide, enter stripping tower for avoiding micro-floccule, in coagulation basin, add high molecular flocculation agent PAM, to handle through the conglomeration postprecipitation, high molecular flocculating agent molecule amount is about 8,000,000, and drug concentration is 1/1000.Add dose when the percolate pH value is between 7-8 for lime, the dosage of lime is at 9-12g/L, and high molecular flocculation agent dosage is 2-6PPm; Precipitation adopts the vertical sedimentation tank precipitation, and to avoid fouling, the mud in heavy pond should in time be discharged every day, for fear of CaCO 3Reach the piece that condenses into of various precipitations of hydroxide, cause spoil disposal not smooth, and regularly settling tank is cleared up, in order to avoid the pool wall fouling.
2, ammonia stripping process control:
For the percolate of high ammonia nitrogen, pre-process comparatively economy, effective means is to adopt the gas blow-off method to carry out pre-process.By about the pH value to 10.5 of regulating waste water, produce a large amount of free ammonias and carry out the stripping removal again.At present stripping has two kinds of practices: air stripping and steam stripping, but the steam stripping be owing to will establish boiler, the equipment complexity, and the maintenance of works workload is big, and working cost is higher.Therefore, the present invention selects air stripping method for use, and the deamination efficient of air stripping method is subjected to following some elements affect:
(1) temperature
Average temperature of the present invention is at 15 ℃-16 ℃, and the temperature on average in summer is about 25 ℃, and the stripping of ammonia nitrogen is in better suited temperature; But in the winter time since temperature on average at 6.8 ℃, thereby low excessively temperature causes the lower stripping efficient that influences of water temperature, therefore, remove efficient for improving, need take following method in the winter time, to increase ammonia-N removal rate: the pH value that 1. improves waste water, summer, winter should be about 11 about 10.2. the pond shell adopts porous plastics to be incubated processing.
(2) vapour-liquid ratio
Under regular situation, with the rising of vapour-liquid ratio, the stripping efficient of ammonia nitrogen can raise gradually, and too high vapour-liquid ratio can increase energy expenditure, and part liquid is gone out from the demist strip, and the sulfuric acid amount that reclaims ammonia is increased.Draw according to my parameter of company in the stripping test, and consider energy consumption, vapour-liquid ratio should be controlled at about 2000-2500.
(3) PH regulates
PH for stripping regulates, and can adopt two kinds of medicaments of sodium hydroxide or lime.But that considers the stripping aftertreatment adds dose and working cost problem, adopts to add the adjustment that lime carries out PH.Because contain HCO in the waste water of general refuse landfill 3 -Ion can make wherein most carbanion with CaCO and add lime 3Precipitation is separated out, and sodium hydroxide then can only be removed part.
(4) add the scale problems of lime
The built-in a large amount of filler of stripping tower make liquid form the liquid moisture film at filling surface, and upper reaches gas carries out the gas-liquid exchange through filling surface the time, is beneficial to the stripping of ammonia nitrogen.Because the pH value of waste water is higher, therefore form a large amount of CaCO 3, Mg (OH) 2And the heavy metal hydroxide precipitation, major part can be removed at settling tank, and the microfloc of small part enters packing tower with current, is bonded on the filler, and the time one is of a specified duration, easily causes the obstruction of filler.Solution: settling tank adopts high molecular flocculation agent to condense 1., reduces little coagulum and enters stripping tower.2. add minor N a in the lime 2CO 3, to reduce the deposition of calcium ion.
3, second pond technology controlling and process
Through deammoniation tower water outlet percolate pH value between 8.5-9.5, because of having formed CaCO 3Precipitation has reduced the HCO in the water 3 -Ionic concentration.Coagulative precipitation tank is made up of reaction, coagulation, precipitation three parts, adds the KB composite flocculation agent therebetween and reacts, and adding dose is 2g/L, and coagulant aids is 4.0PPm.But adding dose must adjust at any time according to the leachate quality situation.
4, A 2/ O technology controlling and process
Percolate biochemical treatment main body of the present invention is selected A for use 2/ O technology: " anaerobism+anoxic+aerobic " has following characteristics:
Anaerobic reaction directly adsorbs and the portion C ODcr that degrades based on anaerobion, suspension type and attached type microorganism blended biophase; By control activity sludge reflux ratio, return sludge ratio (0.5Q), improve sludge concentration MLSS (mg/l), suitably improve mud mud age, and by leading portion hydrolytic tank raising hydrolysis non-solubility CODcr efficient, anaerobic pond carries out internal recycle by water pump and improves up-flow speed in the anaerobic pond in addition, reaching the purpose that anerobe mud and sewage fully contact, thereby improves the effect that anaerobic pond is handled.
It is main that the anoxic section adopts the anaerobic treatment microorganism, and suspension type and attached type microorganism blended biophase belong to anaerobism to aerobic transitory stage; Hang combined stuffing in the pond, divide into boring aeration pipe and mix, percolate is fully contacted with active sludge, and the dissolved oxygen rate is controlled at (0.5-1.0mg/L), by Aerobic Pond mud reflux (reflux ratio 100%) carry out the efficient of nitration denitrification, increase NH 3-N processing efficiency.
It is main that aerobic section adopts the aerobic treatment microorganism, suspension type and attached type microorganism blended biophase; Hang combined stuffing, can make bubble to aeration process and cut, cooperate micro-hole aerator again, oxygen uptake rate is brought up to 8-9% from 2% efficient of common perforated pipe, has improved dynamic efficiency, increases biochemical treatment efficient.
Anaerobism+anoxic+aerobic microbiological classification is strict.Breathe alternately because experience anaerobism, anoxic, aerobic processes, microorganism often are in the inside/outside source, it is few to produce sludge quantity, when realizing organic matter degradation, realizes biological denitrificaion.
5, membrane treatment process control
Percolate after selecting for use reverse osmosis unit to biological treatment is made advanced treatment.
Single cover reverse osmosis unit ability: 150m 3/ d (25 ℃) is provided with a cover altogether.
Reverse osmosis working pressure: 1.0MPa-1.8MPa.
The reverse osmosis unit water rate of recovery:>80%.
The process explanation that film is handled is as follows:
(1) inlet chest, topping-up pump: pressure and flow that the two-pass reverse osmosis system is provided.
(2) mechanical filter: the mechanical particle and the colloid that are used for intercepting and capturing water.
(3) reverse osmosis unit: form by security personnel's filter, one-level high-pressure pump, first-stage reverse osmosis, secondary high-pressure pump, two-pass reverse osmosis, alkali chemicals dosing plant, remove 99% above inorganic salt and 95% above organism in the water.
Technical process of the present invention is specific as follows: the percolate from refuse landfill is collected through gathering system, concentrates on the adjusting of carrying out water quality, the water yield in the equalizing tank; Promote the PH equalizing tank that enters preliminary sedimentation tank by pump then, transfer to more than 10 by the pH value of interpolation lime therebetween percolate; The water outlet of PH equalizing tank enters the settling tank in the preliminary sedimentation tank, adds high molecular PAM therebetween, and the throw out that makes the emulsification shape forms macromolecular throw out, the accelerate precipitation solid-liquid separation by the flocculating polymer conglomeration; The settling tank water outlet enters the intermediate pool in the preliminary sedimentation tank, and the water of intermediate pool promotes through pump and enters stripping tower and carry out stripping and denitrogenate, and establishes filler in the stripping tower and adopts reverse-flow increase gas-to-liquid contact area, is beneficial to removal of ammonia and nitrogen; The ammonia nitrogen that stripping goes out adopts the vitriol oil to absorb through the absorption tower, forms sulfate of ammoniac and recycles, and directly forms secondary pollution to airborne release to avoid ammonia; The stripping tower water outlet enters the reaction tank of second pond through intermediate pool, adds coagulating agent, removes partial organic substances by the iso-electric point flocculation, improves the ratio of the BOD/COD of percolate; Enter A then 2/ O process unit is handled through the flow lifting type anaerobic bed, makes percolate and active sludge thorough mixing, decomposes larger molecular organics by anerobe and makes it to be converted into small organic molecule; Hang combined stuffing in the anoxic pond of A/O and the Aerobic Pond, make under water active sludge and percolate thorough mixing by the macropore aeration agitation in the anoxic pond, and carry out nitration denitrification by the backflow of Aerobic Pond percolate and remove the part ammonia nitrogen; Aerobic Pond adopts three leaf Root's blowers and the work of micro porous aeration head aeration, each pond independent operation, and microorganism is separated, the processing efficiency height; Percolate after the biological treatment enters the final deposition pool precipitating sludge, and the final deposition pool water outlet precipitates with oxidation sterilizing through film processing system to be handled, to guarantee the percolate qualified discharge; Wherein preliminary sedimentation tank, second pond, final deposition pool mud and film are handled excess sludge and are entered sludge sump after pressure filter drains, and deliver to refuse landfill and handle, and the percolate that does not reach emission standard after film is handled is transmitted back in the equalizing tank.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of system that is used to administer consumer waste landfill percolate, this system comprise equalizing tank, pre-exposure pond, preliminary sedimentation tank, Ammonia blowing-out tower, intermediate pool, second pond, the A that is linked to each other successively by pipeline 2/ O process unit, final deposition pool, scratch pool, film processing system and clean water basin.Wherein, to sludge sump, sludge sump is connected with pressure filter by pipe connection for preliminary sedimentation tank, second pond, final deposition pool and reverse osmosis unit, and Ammonia blowing-out tower connects the absorption tower.
Preliminary sedimentation tank comprises PH equalizing tank, vertical sedimentation tank and intermediate pool.
A 2/ O process unit is made up of the flow lifting type anaerobic bed, the A/O pond that link to each other successively by pipeline, and the A/O pond comprises anoxic pond and Aerobic Pond.
Film processing system comprises inlet chest, topping-up pump, mechanical filter and the reverse osmosis unit that is linked to each other successively by pipeline.Wherein reverse osmosis unit is made up of security personnel's filter, one-level high-pressure pump, first-stage reverse osmosis, secondary high-pressure pump, two-pass reverse osmosis and alkali chemicals dosing plant.
Be introduced below in conjunction with accompanying drawing each branch to system of the present invention, this destructor plant is 100m 3/ d percolation liquid treating system:
The pre-exposure pond:
Be used for homogenizing sewage.Chi Rong is 125m 3, pond height degree is 3.0m, is of a size of: 4.0m * 6.25m * 5.0m, ground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.The pre-exposure pond is provided with and promotes 2 on water pump, and the using and the reserved promote water pump and select 25ZW8-15 for use, the 1.5Kw type; 1 of called putting-into-type liquid level meter is selected the KY-2000 type for use, the automatically controlled water pump operation.
Preliminary sedimentation tank PH equalizing tank:
Add lime reaction and adjust the PH of percolate.Be of a size of: divide reaction tank and coagulation basin, stainless steel in the 0.8m * 1.6m * 1.1m, groove.If whipping appts 2 covers, power 0.55KW; Lime throwing device HT-10,1 cover (contains bucket capacity 10, air compressor machine 7.5KW, reinforced stirring system 1.67KW, dissolving mixing system 0.55KW, throwing device Φ 1.6*6.8 (m); Storage tank Φ 1.0*2.5 (m)); Dosing pump GW15-80,1; METERING DIAPHRAGM PUMPS JWM-80,0.25KW, 1 are adopted in the PAM dosing; Line PH meter 2 overlaps again.
Preliminary sedimentation tank vertical sedimentation tank and intermediate pool:
Be used for precipitation and remove various heavy metal hydroxides and suspended substance.Surface load 0.7m 3/ m 2.h, effectively the pond holds 30.6m 3, pond height degree 5.0m is of a size of: 3.0m * 3.0m * 5.0m; Join intermediate pool 1.5m * 3.0m * 5.0m, the ground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.If 400,1 of perpendicular stream tube Φ; Triangle weir plate 1 cover; Skimming plate 1 cover; Intermediate pool is joined lift pump 50ZW15-30, power 3.0KW, two; Other joins 1 of KY-2000 called putting-into-type liquid level meter.
Ammonia blowing-out tower:
More than the PH to 10 that adds alkali lye control percolate, the air blast stripping removes ammonia.Stripping tower is of a size of: Φ 1.35*9.0m, 3.0m is got in the load design of stripping tower 3/ m 2.h, vapour-liquid ratio gets 2500, and column foot is of a size of: 5.0m * 3.25m * 0.3m.Join the absorption tower size: Φ 1.35*6.0m; Material PP structure.If one of centrifugal blower (BF4-72-4.5), power 7.5KW, air quantity 10562m 3Distribution transforming is Controlling System frequently; Two of sulfuric acid pump 40FB-20, the using and the reserved, power 2.2KW.
Intermediate pool:
Be used for holding temporarily the percolate behind stripping.The pond holds 60m 3, pond height degree 3.0m is of a size of: 3.0m * 4.5m * 3.5m is the underground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.If promote water pump 25ZW8-15,1.5Kw, 2, the using and the reserved; Join 1 of KY-2000 called putting-into-type liquid level meter, the automatically controlled water pump operation.
Second pond:
The dosing coagulating sedimentation is removed organism and suspended substance.Surface load 0.7m 3/ m 2.h, effectively the pond holds 30.6m 3, pond height degree 5.0m is of a size of 3.0m * 3.0m * 5.0m; Join intermediate pool 1.0m * 3.0m * 5.0m, be the ground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.Stirrer 2 covers are coagulated in compounding; Medicine machine 2 covers; 400,1 of perpendicular stream tube Φ; Triangle weir plate 1 cover; Skimming plate 1 cover; METERING DIAPHRAGM PUMPS JWM-40,0.25KW, 1 are adopted in dosing; JWM-265,1; 0.55KW, 1; Online PH meter 1 cover.
The flow lifting type anaerobic bed:
Producing the acid section by anaerobic hydrolysis makes larger molecular organics be converted into small organic molecule; Make partial organic substances thoroughly be converted into methane and carbonic acid gas in product methane section.Volumetric loading 1.24kgBOD 5/ m 3.d, MLSS:4-6g/L, sludge loading 0.31kgBOD 5/ kgMLSS.d, upflow velocity is got 0.6m/h, and the pond holds 330m 3, pond height degree 5.5, Φ 6.5m * 5.5m, 2, superelevation 0.4m, HRT3d; Adopt reflux pump jet siphon inlet, be the semi-underground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.Join reflux pump ZW40-20-15, power 2.2KW, 4, dual-purpose two is equipped with; Combined stuffing 70m 3Triphase separator two covers, water injection allocator two covers.
The A/O pond:
Remove ammonia nitrogen by nitration denitrification, and further degradation of organic substances.BOD 5Sludge loading: 0.13kgBOD 6/ kgMLVSS.d, SVI=150, X R=10 6/ SVI* υ=6600mg/l, external reflux ratio 100%; The mixed solution sludge concentration X=3300mg/l of aeration tank; TN clearance η N=(143-72)/143=50%, then in the internal reflux multiple R=η N/ (1-η N)=1.Effectively the pond appearance is 325m 3, the pond is 4.5 meters deeply, and the pond is wide to be 4.0 meters, and the pond is long to be 18m, and the residence time is 78h, and the A section residence time is 16h, and the O section is 62h when stopping.Excess sludge production is 8.6Kg/d, and moisture percentage in sewage sludge is 99.2%, surplus sludge volume q=1.08m 3/ d, mud mud age is ts=26.54d; Oxygen requirement is 241.35kgO 2/ d; Air demand is 5.73m 3/ min.It is half ground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.Combo is closed filler 252m 3, micro porous aeration head 172 covers; 1 of internal reflux pump 25ZW8-15 vacuum primingpump; Three leaf blower fan SSR100-H, two, the using and the reserved.
Final deposition pool:
Be used to precipitate outputted aerobic water mud, make water outlet limpid, shale is lighter.Settling tank surface load 0.25m 3/ m 2.h, build jointly, the pond holds 40m 3, be of a size of 4.0m * 7.0m * 5.0m, the preceding reaction tank of establishing, distributing trough.It is half ground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.Join inclined tube 17m 3Medicine machine 2 covers; Overflow weir 1 cover; METERING DIAPHRAGM PUMPS JWM-40,0.25KW, 1 are adopted in dosing; JZM-256,0.55KW, 1; 2 in stirrer, power 0.55KW.
Sludge sump:
Be used for precipitation and biochemical treatment excess sludge are stored concentrated, stable; One-level lime is transferred pH value, and adding dose is 1%, and sludge output is 0.8%, is 0.8 ton, and moisture percentage in sewage sludge is 97%, i.e. 26.67m 3/ d; It is 0.2% that the secondary materialization adds dose, and sludge output is 0.1%, is 0.1 ton, and moisture percentage in sewage sludge is 98%, i.e. 5.0m 3/ d; Biochemical section is produced mud: anaerobism section 0.1-0.2kg mud/kgBOD 5, wastage in bulk or weight BOD 5413Kg produces mud 82.6Kg/d, i.e. 10.33m 3It is 8.6Kg/d that aerobic section produces mud, and moisture percentage in sewage sludge is 99.2%, i.e. 1.08m 3/ d; Daily output mud 10.8m 3Total sludge output is 52.8m 3/ d, water content is 97-99%.Dried mud is 1000kg; Sludge sump is of a size of 3.0mL * 6.5mW * 3.5mH.Be the underground type Reinforced Concrete Structure.Join spiral pump G40, power 3.0KW, 2; X M2 of Y80/1000 chamber-type press filters, the using and the reserved, power 3.0KW; Mud oar pump 1PN, flow 16m 3/ d, power 3KW; Sludge reaction jar Φ 1.2*1.8; Power 1.5KW reacts stirrer.
Reverse osmosis unit:
Handle by film, thoroughly remove organism.Handle 4.2m 3/ h.Be stainless steel stent, film tubular construction, the whole series.
Clean water basin:
Be used for temporary sewage.Be of a size of 4.5m * 5.5m * 3.5m; Reinforced Concrete Structure.Join submersible sewage pump WQ50-20-7, two, power 0.75KW.
Application examples 1:
Adopt above-mentioned art breading percolate, water-in COD CrMean value 9800mg/l, water-in ammonia nitrogen mean value 1500mg/l, after the processing, water outlet COD CrMean value 85mg/l, water outlet ammonia nitrogen mean value 9.0mg/l.
Embodiment 2:
Adopt above-mentioned art breading percolate, water-in stoste COD CrMean value 8000mg/L, stoste ammonia nitrogen mean value 1046mg/l, after the processing, water outlet COD CrMean value 80mg/l, ammonia nitrogen mean value 8.5mg/l.

Claims (5)

1. harnessing consumer waste landfill percolate method is characterized in that: this method is handled to combine by ammonia stripping, coagulating sedimentation, biochemical treatment and film and is formed, and mainly may further comprise the steps:
(1) percolate is carried out the ammonia stripping, the ammonia nitrogen in the degraded percolate, described ammonia stripping treating processes adopts air stripping method;
(2) percolate behind the ammonia stripping is carried out coagulation and precipitation process, remove the biodegradability of organism and suspended substance;
(3) sewage through coagulation and precipitation process is carried out biochemical treatment, described biochemical treatment process adopts A 2/ O technology, described A 2/ O technology is made up of anaerobion processing section, anoxic microbiological treatment section and aerobic microbiological processing section;
(4) sewage through biochemical treatment is carried out film and handle, the percolate after described film treating processes adopts reverse osmosis process to biochemical treatment is made advanced treatment.
2. device that is used to administer consumer waste landfill percolate is characterized in that: this device comprises equalizing tank, pre-exposure pond, preliminary sedimentation tank, Ammonia blowing-out tower, intermediate pool, second pond, the A that links to each other successively by pipeline 2/ O process unit, final deposition pool, scratch pool, film processing system and clean water basin, described A 2/ O process unit is made up of the flow lifting type anaerobic bed, the A/O pond that link to each other successively by pipeline, the A/O pond comprises anoxic pond and Aerobic Pond, and wherein, preliminary sedimentation tank, second pond, final deposition pool and film processing system arrive sludge sump by pipe connection, sludge sump is connected with pressure filter, and Ammonia blowing-out tower connects the absorption tower.
3. the device that is used to administer consumer waste landfill percolate as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described preliminary sedimentation tank comprises PH equalizing tank, vertical sedimentation tank and intermediate pool.
4. the device that is used to administer consumer waste landfill percolate as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described film processing system comprises inlet chest, topping-up pump, mechanical filter and the reverse osmosis unit that is linked to each other successively by pipeline.
5. the device that is used to administer consumer waste landfill percolate as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described reverse osmosis unit is made up of security personnel's filter, one-level high-pressure pump, first-stage reverse osmosis, secondary high-pressure pump, two-pass reverse osmosis and alkali chemicals dosing plant.
CNB2005100602670A 2005-08-01 2005-08-01 Method and system for harnessing consumer waste landfill percolate CN100406399C (en)

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