CN100401879C - Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish - Google Patents

Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100401879C
CN100401879C CNB2004100114189A CN200410011418A CN100401879C CN 100401879 C CN100401879 C CN 100401879C CN B2004100114189 A CNB2004100114189 A CN B2004100114189A CN 200410011418 A CN200410011418 A CN 200410011418A CN 100401879 C CN100401879 C CN 100401879C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fish
feeding
meant
throwing something
bait
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2004100114189A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1799345A (en
Inventor
肖志忠
李军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Oceanology of CAS
Original Assignee
Institute of Oceanology of CAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Oceanology of CAS filed Critical Institute of Oceanology of CAS
Priority to CNB2004100114189A priority Critical patent/CN100401879C/en
Publication of CN1799345A publication Critical patent/CN1799345A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100401879C publication Critical patent/CN100401879C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention belongs to the field of aquiculture, particularly to an artificial breeding technique for boulder strip porgies of sea fishes. The present invention comprises the steps: (1) nutrient enrichment and environmental control are carried out to parent fish before delivery, and the parent fish are prompted to naturally ovulate to obtain fertilized ovum; (2) the fertilized ovum are incubated; (3) young and juvenile fish are reared; (4) the nutrient enrichment of open feed and series feed of an advanced fry rearing period is carried out, and the open feed and the series feed are cast to feed the young and the juvenile fish. The technical flow path of the present invention for promoting gonads to develop and mature by the artificial control of nutrition and environment of the parent fish of the boulder strip porgies before delivery, making the parent fish naturally ovulate, incubating the fertilized ovum, and artificially rearing the young and the juvenile fish lays the technical foundation for adding a new aquiculture species to the livestock breeding of sea water fishes of China and has important significance for the industrial development of the boulder strip porgies.

Description

Oplegnathus fasciatus parent fish rearing and mating system
Technical field
The invention belongs to aquaculture field, is that the gonad development to marine fishes oplegnathus fasciatus parent population carries out artificial regulatory specifically, makes it ripe natural spawning, the artificial breeding technique of incubating oosperm and son, postlarva.
Background technology
Oplegnathus fasciatus be warm band along near sea fishes, happiness inhabits the sea area that cay, gravel, the shellfish algae of the 10-100m depth of water grow thickly; Juvenile fish summer-autumn along with marine alga drifts about.Carnivorous, tooth is sharp keen, can bite hard shell such as shellfish or sea urchin into pieces.The age at sexual maturity of oplegnathus fasciatus was 3 ages, and breeding period is many to belong to reproduction type spring and summer when spring, water temperature rose, and monthlyly had breeding individual from south to north May to 8.18-28 ℃ of natural spawning water temperature, 21-24 ℃ of spawning period water temperature.The gonad development characteristics are: ripe in batches, repeatedly lay eggs.Oplegnathus fasciatus subcutaneous containing enriched colloid, the mouthfeel uniqueness, and fine figure is called " fish of illusion " by people, the name of " king that rock angles " is also arranged, and fished deeply fan and consumer's favor is a kind of seafood fish with higher edible and ornamental value.Because oplegnathus fasciatus does not have the obvious best fishing period, output is little, and is native country nature kind, the resources development, and its breed has a extensive future.
The stable supply of the technological progress of artificial propagation and breed seed is the key of marine culture and stock enhancement industry sustainable development, and the stable supply of oplegnathus fasciatus seed will already be injected life for China's marine fish culture.Oplegnathus fasciatus is suitable for industrial aquaculture, pond and marine cage culture system, can adopt marine net cage, pond and the indoor aquaculture model that combines in the north, and at sea net cage is cultured in south.The training seedling technology of oplegnathus fasciatus artificial propagation and son, postlarva is the technical foundation that this kind is propagated artificially.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide parent fish rearing of marine fishes oplegnathus fasciatus and artificial breeding method.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme taked of the present invention comprises:
Parent population is carried out prenatal nutrition strengthen and environment conditioning, impel its natural spawning, obtain fertilized egg; Incubating oosperm; Young, postlarva is cultivated; The fortification of open-mouthed bait and seed rearing phase series bait and throwing something and feeding.
Above-described concrete scheme is:
(1) selection adult fish in three ages is as parent population, and the bright sand lance of ice of throwing something and feeding adds accounting for bait weight 3-5%Vc, 1-2%V EWith 5-8% marine fish compound premix (as: Sha Menhui be full of animal Science and Technology Ltd. produce " favour is full of " board marine fish compound premix), the secondary (8:00 and 16:00) of throwing something and feeding day.Environment conditioning is meant light control parent fish pond surface light photograph, and intensity of illumination is 60-700Lux, and light application time is the long illumination of 12L/12D-16L/8D, and water temperature 21-24 ℃, a day quantity of exchanged water is a 3-5 full dose.
(2) adopt the spilling water method to collect fertilized egg, the incubating oosperm condition is water temperature 21-24 ℃, and salinity 28-32 ‰, and pH value 8.0-8.2 is hatched under little venting condition, and promptly every cubic metre of water body is put a gas stone, and aeration quantity is 10-20L/m per hour 3
(3) young, postlarva breeding condition is water temperature 21-24 ℃, and salinity 28-32 ‰, pH value 8.0-8.2, and aeration quantity is by 20L/m per hour 3Increase to per hour 60L/m gradually 3, quantity of exchanged water is by being increased to every day 200% every day 10% gradually.Training seedling whole process using wheel animalcule → artemia nauplii → fish gruel.Open-mouthed bait is the SS type wheel animalcule or the shellfish young.Wheel animalcule and artemia nauplii all use nutrition fortifier (as: the Kang Ke A that Qingdao Samuels Industrial ﹠ Commercial Co., Ltd. produces) to strengthen, per 1,000,000 wheel animalcules restrain Kang Ke A with 0.16-0.20, per 100,000 artemia naupliis restrain Kang Ke A with 0.1-0.2, the ratio that adds a premium on currency in 20 gram Kang Ke A evenly stirs 2 times with agitator, filtering the back with 200 mesh sieve thin,tough silk uses, strengthen after 12 hours, row is thrown something and fed again.Fry grows during throw something and feed in early days wheel animalcule and the artemia nauplii, adds marine chlorella, and chlorella density keeps 80-120 ten thousand cell/ml.The program of throwing something and feeding: the 3-25 days SS type wheel animalcules of throwing something and feeding in hatching back, keep 8-10/ml by the density of throwing something and feeding 20-40/ml in the water body; The 18-35 days artemia naupliis of throwing something and feeding in hatching back, the density of throwing something and feeding 10-20/ml, keeping density in the water is 3-5/ml; Hatched back 28 days, and began to tame the fish gruel of ingesting, feeding volume is decided on the fry situation of ingesting, and through 7-9 days, can be domesticated for the fish gruel fully, can throw something and feed with the fry growth ever since and ice bright sand lance than coarsegrain.
The present invention has following advantage:
1, the present invention regulates and control the parent population synchronous spawning, can be in a planned way by row's production of growing seedlings;
2, the present invention with SS type wheel animalcule as open-mouthed bait, the weed survival rate height;
3, the present invention adds 80-120 ten thousand cell/ml marine chlorellas, and seed grows normally, and abnormal rate is low;
4, the present invention can carry out artificial breeding production in Various Seasonal under the artificial regulatory condition;
5, the present invention is suitable for oplegnathus fasciatus seed industrialization production.
The present invention is by the artificial regulatory of oplegnathus fasciatus parent population prenatal nutrition and environment, impels gonadal maturation, makes it the techniqueflow of natural spawning and incubating oosperm and son, postlarva artificial culture.Oplegnathus fasciatus parent fish rearing of the present invention and raising technology are that China's marine fish culture already increases another new breed variety and established technical foundation, and the industrialization development of oplegnathus fasciatus is had significance.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
One, method:
(1) parent population source: select three age adult fish as parent population, at the beginning of 2004 5 months, it is complete to select the bodily form from culture adult fish, color and luster is normal, and healthy active, individuality 76 tails of body weight more than 0.5kg use as parent population, female: hero is 22: 54, carries out antenatal reinforced cultivating.
(2) parent fish rearing: parent fish pond is 1.8m * 1.8m * 1.2m cement pit; Extract nature seawater, through precipitation, carry out flowing water and cultivate, a day internal circulating load is a 3-5 full dose; The implementation fortification was raised after parent population went into the pond, and the bright sand lance of ice of throwing something and feeding adds accounting for bait weight 3%Vc, 1%V EWith 5% marine fish compound premix (Sha Menhui be full of animal Science and Technology Ltd. produce " favour is full of " board marine fish compound premix), the secondary (8:00 and 16:00) of throwing something and feeding day; Adopt light control parent fish pond surface light photograph fully, intensity of illumination 60-400Lux transits to the long illumination of 16L/8D by natural lighting.
(3) adopt ovum: fertilized egg is collected with the spilling water method; Collect the ovum net cage in 15:00 setting every day, collect fertilized egg about 8:00 next day; Separate with the 1000ml graduated cylinder every day, calculates total ovum amount and come-up ovum amount.
(4) envirment factor: parent population is between the egg-laying period, and except that illumination, other envirment factor is nature, and water temperature 19-27 ℃, salinity about 30 ‰, pH value about 8.2.
(5) incubating oosperm: incubation condition is water temperature 21-24 ℃, salinity about 30 ‰, and pH value 8.0-8.2, little inflation, promptly every cubic metre of water body is put a gas stone, and aeration quantity is 20L/m per hour 3
(6) young, postlarva is cultivated: breeding condition is water temperature 21-24 ℃, salinity about 30 ‰, and pH value 8.0-8.2, aeration quantity is changed from small to big, and aeration quantity is by 20L/m per hour 3Increase to per hour 60L/m gradually 3, quantity of exchanged water increases gradually, and quantity of exchanged water is by being increased to every day 200% every day 10% gradually; Training seedling whole process using wheel animalcule → artemia nauplii → fish gruel; Open-mouthed bait is a SS type wheel animalcule; Wheel animalcule and artemia nauplii are all used nutrition fortifier (the Kang Ke A that Qingdao Samuels Industrial ﹠ Commercial Co., Ltd. produces), the ratio that adds a premium on currency in 20 gram Kang Ke A evenly stirs 2 times with agitator, filtering the back with 200 mesh sieve thin,tough silk uses, strengthen after 12 hours, row is thrown something and fed again, restrains Kang Ke A by per 1,000,000 wheel animalcules with 0.20; Per 100,000 artemia naupliis restrain Kang Ke A with 0.2; Fry grows during throw something and feed in early days wheel animalcule and the artemia nauplii, adds marine chlorella, and chlorella density keeps 80-120 ten thousand cell/ml.The program of throwing something and feeding: the 3-25 days SS type wheel animalcules of throwing something and feeding in hatching back, 20/ml of the density of throwing something and feeding keeps 8-10/ml in the water body; The 18-35 days artemia naupliis of throwing something and feeding in hatching back, 10/ml of the density of throwing something and feeding, keeping density in the water is 3-5/ml; Hatched back 28 days, and began to tame the fish gruel of ingesting, feeding volume is decided on the fry situation of ingesting, and through 7-9 days, can be domesticated for the fish gruel fully, can throw something and feed with the fry growth ever since and ice bright sand lance than coarsegrain.
Two, result:
Parent population is from 9-August 6 June, and natural spawning is 59 days continuously; Total egg laying amount 1807.4 * 10 4Grain, come-up ovum 1225 * 10 4Grain, floating ovum rate 67.78%; Wherein during 15-July 15 June, common property ovum 1059.8 * 10 4Grain, come-up ovum 868 * 10 4Grain, floating ovum rate 81.90%.
July 6 was collected 280,000 in fertilized egg during 8:00, put into water body 25m 3Hatching cultivate that the pond is hatched and young, postlarva is cultivated, cultivate tail surplus the above fry 20,000 of 50mm.

Claims (3)

1. oplegnathus fasciatus parent fish rearing and mating system is characterized in that comprising the steps:
1) selection oplegnathus fasciatus adult fish in three ages carries out prenatal nutrition to it and strengthens and environment conditioning as parent population, impels its natural spawning, obtains fertilized egg;
Described the oplegnathus fasciatus parent population being carried out fortification, is to be bait to ice bright sand lance, adds accounting for bait weight 3-5%Vc, 1-2%V EWith 5-8% marine fish compound premix, the secondary of throwing something and feeding day; Described parent population environment conditioning is meant that intensity of illumination is 60-700Lux, and light application time is the long illumination of 12L/12D-16L/8D, water temperature 21-24 ℃, and day 3-5 full dose of quantity of exchanged water;
2) artificial regulatory incubating oosperm;
Described artificial regulatory incubating oosperm is to hatch under water temperature 21-24 ℃, salinity 28-32 ‰, pH value 8.0-8.2, little venting condition;
3) artificial regulatory son, postlarva are cultivated;
Described artificial regulatory son, postlarva cultivate, and are meant water temperature 21-24 ℃, salinity 28-32 ‰, pH value 8.0-8.2, the artificial regulatory that aeration quantity is changed from small to big, quantity of exchanged water increases envirment factor gradually;
4) open-mouthed bait and seed rearing phase series bait fortification and throw something and feed; Described step 4) nutrition fortifier is meant Kang Ke A, and consumption is that per 1,000,000 wheel animalcules restrain Kang Ke A with 0.16-0.20, and per 100,000 artemia naupliis restrain Kang Ke A with 0.1-0.2;
The fortification of described open-mouthed bait and seed rearing phase series bait and throwing something and feeding is meant that open-mouthed bait is the SS type wheel animalcule or the shellfish young; Go again after wheel animalcule and artemia nauplii are all strengthened with nutrition fortifier and throw something and feed; Fry grows during throw something and feed in early days wheel animalcule and the artemia nauplii, adds marine chlorella, and chlorella density keeps 80-120 ten thousand cell/ml; The program of throwing something and feeding: the 3-25 days SS type wheel animalcules of throwing something and feeding in hatching back, keep 8-10/ml by the density of throwing something and feeding 20-40/ml in the water body; The 18-35 days artemia naupliis of throwing something and feeding in hatching back, the density of throwing something and feeding 10-20/ml, keeping density in the water is 3-5/ml; Hatched back 28 days, and began to tame the fish gruel of ingesting.
2. according to described oplegnathus fasciatus parent fish rearing of claim 1 and mating system, it is characterized in that: described step 2) little inflation is meant that aeration quantity is 10-20L/m per hour 3
3. according to described oplegnathus fasciatus parent fish rearing of claim 1 and mating system, it is characterized in that: described step 3) aeration quantity is changed from small to big and is meant per hour 20L/m 3Increase to per hour 60L/m gradually 3Quantity of exchanged water increases gradually and is meant by being increased to every day 200% every day 10% gradually.
CNB2004100114189A 2004-12-30 2004-12-30 Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish Expired - Fee Related CN100401879C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2004100114189A CN100401879C (en) 2004-12-30 2004-12-30 Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2004100114189A CN100401879C (en) 2004-12-30 2004-12-30 Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1799345A CN1799345A (en) 2006-07-12
CN100401879C true CN100401879C (en) 2008-07-16

Family

ID=36809729

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2004100114189A Expired - Fee Related CN100401879C (en) 2004-12-30 2004-12-30 Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100401879C (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101375677B (en) * 2008-09-28 2011-01-05 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for culturing mature fish of Erythroculter ilishaeformis

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101711509B (en) * 2009-10-31 2012-12-26 浙江省舟山市水产研究所 Method for raising fries of oplegnathus fasciatus
CN104082215B (en) * 2014-07-27 2016-01-13 宁德市富发水产有限公司 A kind of artificial raise seedling method of rock porgy
CN105325321A (en) * 2014-08-12 2016-02-17 张栋国 Sparus aurata culturing technology
CN104381161B (en) * 2014-10-27 2017-01-11 塔里木大学 Method for culturing triplophysa yarkandensis parents
CN107155956B (en) * 2017-01-07 2020-06-12 李育培 Sebastes roseus artificial fry cultivation method
CN107466918A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-15 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 A kind of specification Propogation and culture method of snow porgy suitable for factory
CN110024724A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-07-19 海南晨海水产有限公司 A kind of artificial fecundation method of red fin jenoar

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1364408A (en) * 2001-01-10 2002-08-21 汪首开 Cultivating method for black sea bream fry and fingerling

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1364408A (en) * 2001-01-10 2002-08-21 汪首开 Cultivating method for black sea bream fry and fingerling

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
真鲷秋冬季生殖群育苗技术研究. 林锦宗,张雅芝,郑金宝等.厦门水产学院学报,第16卷第2期. 1999 *
胡椒鲷的生物学特性及繁养殖技术. 钟建兴.齐鲁渔业,第21卷第3期. 2004 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101375677B (en) * 2008-09-28 2011-01-05 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for culturing mature fish of Erythroculter ilishaeformis

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1799345A (en) 2006-07-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN100401879C (en) Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish
CN101715747B (en) Method for promoting Yangtze River saury to naturally spawn
CN102124974B (en) Method for artificially breeding seed of spotted maigre
CN101411311B (en) Method for producing fingerling of Trachidermus fasciatus
CN103749361B (en) Method for incubating largemouth basses ahead of time
CN102318576B (en) Whole-process seawater breeding method for Trachidermus fasciatus
CN102077806A (en) Method for artificial propagation of giant salamanders and cultivation of baby giant salamanders
CN102144596B (en) Method for hybridizing female verasper variegatus and male verasper moseri for breeding and fry cultivating
CN102440204B (en) Mixed breeding method for spotted maigre and large yellow croaker
CN101283678A (en) Freshwater crayfish controllable offspring in-phase breeding technique
CN105557569A (en) Pond culture method for Mastacembelus armatus
CN101647412B (en) Method for breeding tridentiger trigonocephalus by artificial induced spawning and insemination
CN100355337C (en) Artificial hybridization and breeding method for male Paralichthys dentatus and female summer flounder
CN101675729B (en) Method for cultivating and artificial breeding plateau saline-alkali water area northern pike
CN101878743B (en) Method for totally-artificial batch culture of parent fish of clown fish
CN108056049A (en) A kind of Micropterus salmoides autumn mating system
CN100370896C (en) Artificial breeding method for semi-smooth tongue sole
CN102919186B (en) Artificial breeding method for sillago sihama
CN101622974A (en) Soilless Nereid larva breeding method
CN107087560A (en) Penaeus Vannmei and the foundation and its application of golden pomfret ecological polyculturing pattern
CN103814853B (en) A kind of selection of import prawn natural selection
CN102669034A (en) Artificial ripening cultivation method for sea horse parent fish
CN104396840A (en) Factory-like circulated water mixed cultivation method of oplegnathus punctatus and cynoglossus semilaevis
KR102241319B1 (en) Culture method of mud flat crab, Chasmagnathus convexus
CN103960170A (en) Artificial breeding and cultivating method of Hunan catfishes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Ningde Dengyue Aquatic Food Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contract record no.: 2010350000267

Denomination of invention: Method for cultivation and propagation of parent fish of Japanese praaotfish

Granted publication date: 20080716

License type: Exclusive License

Open date: 20060712

Record date: 20101018

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080716

Termination date: 20131230

C17 Cessation of patent right