CN100400776C - Permanent shuttering member - Google Patents

Permanent shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100400776C
CN100400776C CNB2006100933019A CN200610093301A CN100400776C CN 100400776 C CN100400776 C CN 100400776C CN B2006100933019 A CNB2006100933019 A CN B2006100933019A CN 200610093301 A CN200610093301 A CN 200610093301A CN 100400776 C CN100400776 C CN 100400776C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
component
plate
permanent
spool
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CNB2006100933019A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1877035A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2006100933019A priority Critical patent/CN100400776C/en
Publication of CN1877035A publication Critical patent/CN1877035A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100400776C publication Critical patent/CN100400776C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a permanent shuttering member which comprises an upper plate (1), peripheral lateral walls (2) and a lower bottom (3), wherein the upper plate (1), the peripheral lateral walls (2) and the lower bottom plate (3) are encircled into the closed polyhedral cavity shuttering member. At least one conduit tube (4) penetrates through the wall of the upper plate (1), or / and the peripheral lateral walls (2) or / and the lower bottom (3) to extend into the cavity. The present invention is suitable for the hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundational bottom plates and empty bridges, which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, and especially suitable for hollow flat slab floors.

Description

A kind of permanent form component
The application for the applying date be that October 27, application number in 2003 are 200310104260.5, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of permanent form component ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of permanent form component.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But after this permanent form component was applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, formed superstructure will inevitably be installed the component and fitting of various circuits, often need punch on the superstructure of newly repairing and get into the cave, and difficulty is installed, and repaired very trouble.Therefore, develop a kind of novel permanent form component for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of permanent form component, be applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, characteristics such as have that threading is convenient, fast, floor construction is convenient.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, sidewall, the polyhedron cavity former component of going to the bottom and surrounding sealing on every side, it is characterized in that having at least one spool to pass upper plate or/and on every side sidewall or/and the wall of going to the bottom stretch in the cavity.Like this, because at upper plate or set in advance the spool of one section curved volt on every side on the sidewall, when circuit was installed, threading was very convenient, needn't punch again and get into the cave, then repairing; Simultaneously, lie prostrate on the outer wall of shuttering member because spool is curved, thereby, do not influence the construction of superstructure Cast-in-place concrete, can not increase the thickness of Cast-in-place concrete layer, thereby reduce construction cost; Simultaneously, spool has also played interconnect function, makes that the globality of shuttering member is better; In addition, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, make easily, production efficiency is high, cost is low, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the spool of described curved volt stretches out outside shuttering member in shuttering member.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, threading did not need to destroy shuttering member, just can be deployed to the inside of shuttering member very easily by the spool of curved volt.
Feature of the present invention is that also the spool of described curved volt is rotating spool.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, but the arranged direction of regulated at will, change electric wire satisfies different designing requirements, has made things convenient for construction.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spool is provided with single-pass or many logical spool devices.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor,, can lays various network of wires simultaneously, and not need to lay again spool, make things convenient for design and construction according to the different needs of design.
Feature of the present invention is that also described single-pass or many logical spool devices are tumbler.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, different needs according to design, can lay various network of wires simultaneously, and do not need to lay again spool, made things convenient for design and construction, but the arranged direction of regulated at will, change electric wire, satisfy different designing requirements, made things convenient for construction.
Feature of the present invention is that also described tumbler is arranged on the handing-over position or the spool in the shuttering member of spool.Like this, tumbler is arranged on the handing-over position or the spool in the shuttering member of spool, helps protecting spool can not sustain damage, and has guaranteed that pipe is interior unimpeded, helps wearing of electric wire.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with single-pass or leads to the spool device more.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor,, can lays various network of wires simultaneously, and not need to lay again spool according to the different needs of design.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the vestibule that junction box or wiring are used.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, shuttering member was provided with the vestibule that junction box or wiring are used, and can lay spool very easily, and the dispersion that helps network of wires is laid.
Feature of the present invention is that also described junction box is provided with the interface of spool or tumbler.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, junction box was provided with the interface of spool or tumbler, spool can be connected easily with junction box, had made things convenient for construction.
Feature of the present invention is that also described going to the bottom is provided with junction box.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, going to the bottom was provided with junction box, switch, power supply etc. can be set to go to the bottom on, with the function of use requirement that meets design requirement and build.
Feature of the present invention is that also described upper plate is provided with logical or many logical spools.Like this, can in same spool, lay the multi-in-line road more easily.
Feature of the present invention also is in the described shuttering member spool is arranged.Like this, spool and junction box once set in advance, and have reduced the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also spool in the described shuttering member is with upper plate, sidewall, the drawknot of going to the bottom are one on every side.Like this, spool has also played interconnect function, makes that the globality of shuttering member is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the spool in the described shuttering member is connected with junction box.Like this, spool and junction box once set in advance, and have reduced the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described going to the bottom is provided with at least one suspender member or hangs built-in fitting.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the superstructure, suspender member or hang the installation that being provided with of built-in fitting made things convenient for the equipment of hanging simultaneously, can be protected the globality of superstructure bottom effectively.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall or go to the bottom and contain reinforce on every side, perhaps also has reinforce to expose, and perhaps reinforce stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the above combination of said two devices, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Like this, reinforce stretches in the matrix of each adjacent member drawknot mutually, and then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described shuttering member at least one in reinforcing rib, bracing boom or the floor of putting more energy into.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforcing rib or the bracing boom or the floor of putting more energy into that are provided with in the shuttering member can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, had optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon or circle.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as corrugated.
Feature of the present invention is that also described polygon is arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, raised line self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inner corner trim on the shuttering member, chamfering, groove, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, raised line self or forms grid mutually.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member.The sound insulation of shuttering member, heat insulation, heat-insulating property have been improved like this, greatly; Simultaneously, shuttering member also has good shock resistance, has reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall for or dismountable movable part arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described shuttering member, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is arch hull shape, corrugated, zigzag or plucking shape external surface on every side.Like this, the upper plate of shuttering member, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described shuttering member, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is the exasperate external surface on every side.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another between the shuttering member.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention also is the described toss of going to the bottom and being extended with toss or revealing reinforce.Like this, lower shoe is extended with bridging piece, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly; If also expose in the toss reinforce is arranged, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps around at the bottom of the sidewall up and down contact site also be provided with groove.Like this, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower; If base plate contact site, sidewall up and down also is provided with groove on every side, then the Cast-in-place concrete rib in the internal-rib die cavity has formed the inverted T-shaped rib, the corresponding mechanical property that improves superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity spacer draw piece.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, construction was laid more convenient, between the spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece, after shuttering member installs, the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece can be reclaimed secondary and use, reduce the cost of production of shuttering member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly, it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate or sidewall or go to the bottom or at least one of toss is provided with overlapping layers on every side.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side sidewall or go to the bottom at least one be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, when shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers to stipulating the length of time, its making is easier, production efficiency is higher, and corresponding cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is provided with spool or junction box.Like this, spool or junction box can embed in the overlapping layers firmly, are difficult for becoming flexible, coming off, and have reduced the breakage rate of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Like this, the variation of overlapping layers manufacturing materials can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, helps reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described going to the bottom is the going to the bottom of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or bamboo offset plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.Like this, the lower shoe of shuttering member, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate, on every side sidewall or go to the bottom at least one be to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of reinforce of net forms by multilayer.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall or lower shoe on every side, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight by multilayer, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece each other, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1, and in each accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 for going to the bottom, 4 is spool, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of its upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its spool 4 is provided with many logical spool devices 5, and the many logical spool devices 5 of diagram are tee piece.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, spool 4 is provided with many logical spool devices 5, and its many logical spool devices 5 are the sleeve tumbler.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, spool 4 is provided with many logical spool devices 5, many logical spool devices 5 are tumbler, and its tumbler 5 is arranged on the spool 4 at handing-over position of spool 4.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, upper plate 1 and on every side the outer wall of sidewall 2 be provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its shuttering member is provided with single-pass and Duo Tong spool device 5.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also is provided with junction box 6 on the upper plate 1 of its shuttering member and the vestibule 7 that junction box is used is installed.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also be provided with junction box 6 on the upper plate 1 of shuttering member and the vestibule 7 that junction box is used is installed, it is gone to the bottom and also is provided with junction box 6 on 3.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and its upper plate 1 is provided with many logical spools 4.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also be provided with spool 4 in the shuttering member, the spool 4 in its shuttering member is with upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and 3 drawknots of going to the bottom are one on every side.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and the spool 4 in its shuttering member is connected with junction box 6.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and it is gone to the bottom and 3 is provided with suspender member 9, and diagram suspender member 9 is a drag hook.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, go to the bottom and 3 be provided with suspender member 9, its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and all contain reinforce 10 in 3 on every side, reinforce 10 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and diagram reinforce 10 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, also is provided with reinforcing rib 11, bracing boom 12 and the floor 13 of putting more energy in its shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and the horizontal profile of its shuttering member is shaped as the chamfering polygon.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also is provided with chamfering 15, groove 16, pit 17, boss module 18 and external corner 20 on its shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also is provided with inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, groove 16 and raised line 19 on its shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, upper plate 1 and on every side the outer wall of sidewall 2 be provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, be provided with light material 21 in the enclosed cavity of its shuttering member, diagram light material 21 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be coarse external surface.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and its shuttering member is provided with align member 22, and illustrated position member 22 is for supporting locating piece.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its shuttering member is provided with the connector 23 of the usefulness that is connected to each other between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 23 is a socket pipe member.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and it is gone to the bottom and 3 is extended with toss 24.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with the curved spool 4 that lies prostrate on it on every side, go to the bottom and 3 be extended with toss 24, its a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 24, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member, 3 contacts site also are provided with groove 16 at the bottom of sidewall 2 up and down on every side.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, go to the bottom and 3 be extended with toss 24, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 24, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member, 3 contacts site also are provided with groove 16 at the bottom of sidewall 2 up and down on every side, also be provided with a spacer draw piece 26 in its internal-rib die cavity 25, spacer draw piece 26 is a rod member between diagram.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, go to the bottom and 3 be extended with toss 24, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 24, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member, 3 contacts site also are provided with groove 16 at the bottom of sidewall 2 up and down on every side, also are provided with overlapping layers 27 on its upper plate 1.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, goes to the bottom 3 to be extended with toss 24, and its upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 27.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be to form by the netted reinforce 10 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, its a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 26 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, it is characterized in that having at least one spool 4 to pass upper plate 1 or/and on every side sidewall 2 or/and 3 the wall of going to the bottom stretch in the cavity.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1, and in each accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 for going to the bottom, 4 is spool, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of its upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon.As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 5, Fig. 9 or shown in Figure 10, spool 4 passes upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 and 3 the wall of going to the bottom on every side, stretches in the cavity.
The present invention is that also the spool 4 of described curved volt stretches out outside shuttering member in shuttering member.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and spool 4 of its curved volt stretches out outside shuttering member in shuttering member.
The present invention is that also the spool 4 of described curved volt is rotating spool.As shown in Figure 4, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and spool 4 of its curved volt is rotating spool.
The present invention is that also described spool 4 is provided with single-pass or many logical spool devices 5.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its spool 4 is provided with many logical spool devices 5, and the many logical spool devices 5 of diagram are tee piece.
The present invention is that also described single-pass or many logical spool devices 5 are tumbler.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, spool 4 is provided with many logical spool devices 5, and its many logical spool devices 5 are the sleeve tumbler.
The present invention is that also described tumbler 5 is arranged on the handing-over position or the spool 4 in the shuttering member of spool 4.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, spool 4 is provided with many logical spool devices 5, many logical spool devices 5 are tumbler, and its tumbler 5 is arranged on the spool 4 at handing-over position of spool 4.
The present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with single-pass or leads to spool device 5 more.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, upper plate 1 and on every side the outer wall of sidewall 2 be provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its shuttering member is provided with single-pass and Duo Tong spool device 5.
The present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the vestibule 7 that junction box 6 or wiring are used.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also is provided with junction box 6 on the upper plate 1 of its shuttering member and the vestibule 7 that junction box is used is installed.
The present invention is that also described junction box 6 is provided with the interface 8 of spool 4 or tumbler 5.As shown in Figure 6, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also be provided with junction box 6 on the upper plate 1 of shuttering member and the vestibule 7 that junction box is used is installed, its junction box 6 is provided with the interface 8 that engages with spool 4.
The present invention is that also described going to the bottom 3 is provided with junction box 6.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also be provided with junction box 6 on the upper plate 1 of shuttering member and the vestibule 7 that junction box is used is installed, it is gone to the bottom and also is provided with junction box 6 on 3.
The present invention is that also described upper plate 1 is provided with logical or many logical spools 4.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and its upper plate 1 is provided with many logical spools 4.
The present invention is that also spool 4 is arranged in the described shuttering member.As shown in Figure 8, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 be provided with curved volt thereon spool 4 and the spool 4 of Duo Tong, also be provided with spool 4 in its shuttering member.
The present invention is that also spool 4 in the described shuttering member is with upper plate 1, sidewall 2,3 drawknots of going to the bottom are one on every side.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also be provided with spool 4 in the shuttering member, the spool 4 in its shuttering member is with upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and 3 drawknots of going to the bottom are one on every side.
The present invention is that also the spool 4 in the described shuttering member is connected with junction box 6.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and the spool 4 in its shuttering member is connected with junction box 6.
The present invention is that also described going to the bottom 3 is provided with at least one suspender member or hangs built-in fitting 9.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and it is gone to the bottom and 3 is provided with suspender member 9, and diagram suspender member 9 is a drag hook.
The present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or go to the bottom and 3 contain reinforce 10 on every side, perhaps also has reinforce 10 to expose, and perhaps reinforce 10 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Reinforce 10 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the above combination of said two devices, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 10.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, go to the bottom and 3 be provided with suspender member 9, its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and all contain reinforce 10 in 3 on every side, reinforce 10 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and diagram reinforce 10 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
The present invention also is to be provided with in the described shuttering member at least one in reinforcing rib 11, bracing boom 12 or the floor 13 of putting more energy into.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, also is provided with reinforcing rib 11, bracing boom 12 and the floor 13 of putting more energy in its shuttering member simultaneously.
The present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon or circle.
The present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as corrugated.
The present invention is that also described polygon is arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and the horizontal profile of its shuttering member is shaped as the chamfering polygon.
The present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, groove 16, pit 17, boss module 18, raised line 19, the external corner 20.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also is provided with chamfering 15, groove 16, pit 17, boss module 18 and external corner 20 on its shuttering member simultaneously.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also is provided with inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, groove 16 and raised line 19 on its shuttering member simultaneously.
The present invention also is described inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, groove 16, raised line 19 self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, also be provided with inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, groove 16 and raised line 19 on the shuttering member simultaneously, its described inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, groove 16, raised line 19 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid.
The present invention also is described inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, groove 16, raised line 19 self or forms grid mutually.
The present invention also is to be provided with light material 21 in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, upper plate 1 and on every side the outer wall of sidewall 2 be provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, be provided with light material 21 in the enclosed cavity of its shuttering member, diagram light material 21 is an expanded perlite.
The present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 for or dismountable movable part arranged.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
The present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described shuttering member, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is arch hull shape, corrugated, zigzag or plucking shape external surface on every side.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be coarse external surface.
The present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described shuttering member, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is the exasperate external surface on every side.
The present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member 22.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and its shuttering member is provided with align member 22, and illustrated position member 22 is for supporting locating piece.
The present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector 23 connected to one another between the shuttering member.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its shuttering member is provided with the connector 23 of the usefulness that is connected to each other between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 23 is a socket pipe member.
The present invention also is described 3 toss 24 that are extended with toss 24 or reveal reinforce 10 of going to the bottom.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, and the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, and it is gone to the bottom and 3 is extended with toss 24.
The present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 24, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps around at the bottom of sidewall 2 up and down 3 contacts site also be provided with groove 16.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with the curved spool 4 that lies prostrate on it on every side, go to the bottom and 3 be extended with toss 24, its a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 24, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member, 3 contacts site also are provided with groove 16 at the bottom of sidewall 2 up and down on every side.
The present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 25 a spacer draw piece 26.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, go to the bottom and 3 be extended with toss 24, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 24, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member, 3 contacts site also are provided with groove 16 at the bottom of sidewall 2 up and down on every side, also be provided with a spacer draw piece 26 in its internal-rib die cavity 25, spacer draw piece 26 is a rod member between diagram.
The present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side sidewall 2 go to the bottom 3 or at least one of toss 24 be provided with overlapping layers 27.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, go to the bottom and 3 be extended with toss 24, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 24, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member, 3 contacts site also are provided with groove 16 at the bottom of sidewall 2 up and down on every side, also are provided with overlapping layers 27 on its upper plate 1.
The present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side sidewall 2 or go to the bottom 3 at least one be provided with overlapping layers 27.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, goes to the bottom 3 to be extended with toss 24, and its upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 27.
The present invention is that also described overlapping layers 27 is provided with spool 4 or junction box 6.As shown in figure 26, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, goes to the bottom 3 to be extended with toss 24, upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 27, and its overlapping layers 27 is provided with spool 4.
The present invention is that also described overlapping layers 27 is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.As shown in figure 26, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, goes to the bottom 3 to be extended with toss 24, upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 27, and its overlapping layers 27 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
The present invention is that also described going to the bottom 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or bamboo offset plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.As shown in figure 22, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, go to the bottom and 3 be extended with toss 24, it is gone to the bottom and 3 is the going to the bottom of ferrocement concrete, upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of fibrous mesh cloth cement mortar making.
The present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or in 3 at least one of going to the bottom are to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 10 superimposed gluings of net form by multilayer on every side.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of upper plate 1 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be to form by the netted reinforce 10 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
The present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 26 each other, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, the sidewall 2 and the 3 polyhedron cavity former components that surround sealing of going to the bottom on every side, the outer wall of sidewall 2 is provided with curved volt spool 4 thereon on every side, its a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 26 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 25 between the adjacent shuttering member.
The present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 28.As shown in figure 25, also be provided with carrying part 28 in the toss 24 of shuttering member, diagram carrying part 28 is a handle.
During the invention process, mix the system cement mortar earlier, in mould, make one deck cement mortar one deck fibrous mesh cloth (or gauze wire cloth), again the multilayer build-up of one deck cement mortar by upper plate 1 and on every side the build-in that surrounds of sidewall 2 open shutting structural member of spool 4 is arranged, sidewall 2 is extended with fibrous mesh cloth or gauze wire cloth reinforce 10 at opening part around it simultaneously, then, making ferro-cement lower shoe 3 in the bottom die down, at lower shoe 3 not before the setting and harden, the opening edge of open shutting structural member is connected with lower shoe 3, fibrous mesh cloth that will stretch out or gauze wire cloth reinforce 10 are anchored in the lower shoe 3 simultaneously, after treating setting and harden, maintenance promptly gets the permanent form component with curved hint pipe 4 to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (40)

1. permanent form component, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3) surround the polyhedron cavity former component of sealing on every side, it is characterized in that having at least one spool (4) to pass upper plate (1) or/and on every side sidewall (2) or/and the wall of go to the bottom (3) stretch in the cavity.
2. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1 is characterized in that the spool (4) of described curved volt stretches out outside shuttering member in shuttering member.
3. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1, the spool (4) that it is characterized in that described curved volt is rotating spool.
4. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described spool (4) is provided with single-pass or many logical spool devices (5).
5. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 4 is characterized in that described single-pass or many logical spool devices (5) are tumbler.
6. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 5 is characterized in that described tumbler (5) is arranged on the handing-over position or the spool (4) in the shuttering member of spool (4).
7. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with single-pass or leads to spool device (5) more.
8. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with the vestibule (7) that junction box (6) or wiring are used.
9. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 8 is characterized in that described junction box (6) is provided with the interface (8) of spool (4) or tumbler (5).
10. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 8 is characterized in that described going to the bottom (3) is provided with junction box (6).
11. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described upper plate (1) is provided with logical or many logical spools (4).
12. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1 is characterized in that spool (4) is arranged in the described shuttering member.
13. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 12 is characterized in that spool (4) in the described shuttering member is with upper plate (1), sidewall (2), (3) drawknot of going to the bottom are one on every side.
14. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 12 is characterized in that the spool (4) in the described shuttering member is connected with junction box (6).
15. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described going to the bottom (3) is provided with at least one suspender member or hangs built-in fitting (9).
16. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or go to the bottom (3) contain reinforce (10) on every side, perhaps also have reinforce (10) to expose, perhaps reinforce (10) stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.
17., it is characterized in that being provided with in the described shuttering member at least one in reinforcing rib (11), bracing boom (12) or the floor of putting more energy into (13) according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
18., it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, corrugated or circular according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
19. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 18, its feature are that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as corrugated.
20. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 18 is characterized in that described polygon is arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.
21., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim (14), chamfering (15), groove (16), pit (17), boss module (18), raised line (19), the external corner (20) according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
22. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 21 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (14), chamfering (15), groove (16), raised line (19) self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually.
23., it is characterized in that described inner corner trim (14), chamfering (15), groove (16), raised line (19) self or form grid mutually according to the described a kind of permanent form component of claim 20.
24., it is characterized in that being provided with light material (21) in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
25. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) for or dismountable movable part arranged.
26. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described shuttering member, at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is arch hull shape, corrugated, zigzag or plucking shape external surface on every side.
27. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, its feature also is the upper plate (1) of described shuttering member, at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is the exasperate external surface on every side.
28., it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with align member (22) according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
29., it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another (23) between the shuttering member according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
30., it is characterized in that the toss (24) that described going to the bottom (3) is extended with toss (24) or reveals reinforce (10) according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
31. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 30, it is characterized in that described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (24), constitute internal-rib die cavity (25) between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps around at the bottom of sidewall (2) up and down (3) contact site also be provided with groove (16).
32. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 31 is characterized in that being provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity (25) a spacer draw piece (26).
33. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 31 is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or go to the bottom (3) or at least one of toss (24) is provided with overlapping layers (27) on every side.
34. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one of sidewall (2) or go to the bottom (3) be provided with overlapping layers (27).
35. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 34 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (27) is provided with spool (4) or junction box (6).
36. a kind of permanent form component according to claim 34 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (27) is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.
37. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that described going to the bottom (3) is the going to the bottom of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of shuttering member (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or bamboo offset plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.
38. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2) or go to the bottom (3) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of the reinforce of net (10) forms by multilayer on every side.
39. according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that described at least two shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece (26) each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity (25) between the adjacent shuttering member.
40., it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with carrying part (28) according to the described a kind of permanent form component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
CNB2006100933019A 2003-10-27 2003-10-27 Permanent shuttering member CN100400776C (en)

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CN110029778A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-07-19 罗伟 A kind of high strength component of intelligent building engineering

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FR2590305A1 (en) * 1985-11-18 1987-05-22 Sahakian Bernard Construction element in the form of a ribbed panel
CN1356441A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Reinforced concrete floor slab with space structure

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2459017A1 (en) * 1974-12-13 1976-06-16 Schlegel Gmbh PROFILE STRIPS FOR EDGING AND FASTENING FRONT WINDOWS
FR2590305A1 (en) * 1985-11-18 1987-05-22 Sahakian Bernard Construction element in the form of a ribbed panel
CN1356441A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Reinforced concrete floor slab with space structure

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