CN100396041C - Wireless and wired integrated access network communication system - Google Patents

Wireless and wired integrated access network communication system Download PDF

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CN100396041C
CN100396041C CN 200510093681 CN200510093681A CN100396041C CN 100396041 C CN100396041 C CN 100396041C CN 200510093681 CN200510093681 CN 200510093681 CN 200510093681 A CN200510093681 A CN 200510093681A CN 100396041 C CN100396041 C CN 100396041C
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wired
unit
remote
power supply
device
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CN 200510093681
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CN1863115A (en
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郑若滨
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,包括无线设备和有线设备,且所述的有线设备具体包括有线近端装置和有线远端装置,所述的有线近端装置设置于无线设备中,所述的有线远端装置独立于无线设备设置。 The present invention relates to a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system, including wireless and wired devices, and the wired device comprises a wired local device and a wired remote device, said means disposed on the proximal end of the wire the wireless device, the distal end of the cable means is provided independently of the wireless device. 这样,无线设备可以根据无线网络的优化选址,有线远端装置则可以根据新增的有线网络优化选址,从而能够解决现有技术中由于无线网络规划和有线网络规划的差异而导致的原网络中无线设备与新增网络中有线设备的选址矛盾问题。 Thus, the wireless device can optimize the location of a wireless network, a wired remote unit can be optimized in accordance with the new location of the wired network, it is possible to solve the prior art due to the difference of the original radio network planning and wired network planning caused location contradiction with the new wireless device wired network devices in a network. 而且,本发明还通过远程供电技术利用基础网络的电源供给单元同时为基础网络与新增网络中的设备供电,从而能够解决现有技术不能有效地利用资源的问题,以及维护成本较高的问题。 Further, the present invention also utilizes a power supply unit remotely powered by the underlying network technology at the same time the power supply apparatus based network and the new network, it is possible to solve the problems of the prior art can not effectively utilize resources, and high cost of maintenance problems .

Description

无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统 Wireless and wired integrated access network communication system

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及网络通信技术领域,尤其涉及一种无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统. The present invention relates to network communication technology, and particularly relates to a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system.

背景技术 Background technique

为了能够有效地利用无线接入技术覆盖一个地域,例如,WiMAX(全球微波接入)无线接入技术,则需要针对该地域的地理环境、无线信道传播环境等因素进行无线网络规划和优化,以确定无线基站的最佳建设位置。 In order to effectively use a radio access technology coverage area, e.g., WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) radio access technology, the need for the local geographic environment, a radio channel propagation environment and other factors wireless network planning and optimization, to determine the best location of the wireless base station construction. 如图1所示,图中给出了利用无线接入技术在北京地区进行基站选址的示意图。 As shown in FIG. 1, a schematic drawing is given radio access technology using a base station site in Beijing.

同样,为了能够有效地利用有线接入技术覆盖同一个地域,例如, ADSL (非对称数字用户线)有线接入技术,也需要针对该地域的地理环境、有线信道传输环境等因素进行有线网络规划和优化,以确定有线设备的最佳建设位置,如图2所示,图中给出了利用有线接入技术在北京地区进行有线设备选址的示意图。 Similarly, in order to effectively utilize the wired access technology to cover a same area, e.g., the ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) wired access technology, the need for a wired network planning but also for the local geographic environment, a wired channel environment, a transmission factor and optimized to determine the best position of the construction of the wired device, as shown in FIG. 2, a schematic diagram is given in FIG wired access technology wired device is located in Beijing.

目前,如果运营商希望釆用无线和有线接入技术进行组网建设,则需要分别建设两张接入网,即一张有线接入网,例如DSL宽带接入网; 一张无线接入网,例如WiMAX蜂窝接入网。 Currently, if operators want to preclude the building for networking with wired and wireless access technology, we need to separately build two access network, namely a cable access network, such as DSL broadband access network; a radio access network , a cellular access network such as WiMAX. 有线接入网按有线网络规划方法优化,无线接入网按无线网络规划方法优化。 Wired access network in a wired network planning and optimization method, a radio access network optimization method according to radio network planning.

之所以需要分别建设两张接入网,是因为无线接入网和有线接入技术之间存在网络规划中设备选址矛盾的问题,具体如图3所示。 The need for the construction of the access network respectively two, because there are contradictions in network planning problem location between a radio access network apparatus and the wired access technologies, particularly as shown in FIG.

假设为运营商B首先利用无线接入技术,建设了一张覆盖一个地域的无 B first assumed to operators using wireless access technology, the construction of a coverage area of ​​a free

线接入网。 Line access network. 之后,运营商B希望直接升级原已有的无线设备为无线有线综合接入设备,例如在原基站内增插有线接入卡,在同一个地域中,既支持原有的无线接入用户,又引入新的有线接入用户,在原无线接入网上叠加另一张有线接入网。 After that, the operator B want direct upgrade existing wireless original equipment wireless wired integrated access devices, such as in the original base station by wired access card inserted in the same area, the wireless access both to support existing users, and introducing new wired access users, superimposing another wired access network in the original radio access network.

然而,由于无线网络规划和有线网络规划的差异,必然带来原无线设备 However, due to differences in wired and wireless network planning network planning, will inevitably bring about the original wireless device

与新增有线设备的选址矛盾问题,如图3所示,原无线设备与新增有线设备的最佳位置差异可能达几公里。 And the new location contradictions wired device, shown in Figure 3, the optimum position of the wireless device with the new primary difference wired devices may be up to several kilometers.

因此,升级后的无线有线综合接入设备如果按无线网络规划方法选址, 则对于无线接入网是最优,对于有线接入网不是最优;如果按有线网络规划方法选址,虽然对于有线接入网是最优,但对于无线接入网不是最优,而且得重新租用土地建设新机房。 Therefore, upgraded wireless wired integrated access devices if the wireless network planning method according to the site, for the optimal radio access network, not optimal for cable access network; if the location in a wired network planning method, although for wired access network is optimal, but not optimal for the radio access network, and have to re-lease the land to build a new room.

基于上述描述的原因,目前,当运营商已经存在无线接入网时,如果希望再增加建设一种有线接入模式的接入网络,则需要重新规划选址,而不能 Based on the reasons described above, at present, when the operators already exist radio access network, if you want to add an access network construction providing both wired access mode, you need to re-planning and site selection, but can not

由无线基站直接升级得来。 The radio base station by a direct upgrade come.

如果为新增加的有线接入网重新规划选址建设,则由于无线接入网的无线设备和有线接入网的有线设备均需交流供电,均需蓄电池组、UPS、发电机组或是第二路市电做电源备份,并且需要租用土地,各自建设机房。 If the newly added cable access network re-planning of the construction site, since the radio access network of wireless devices and wireline access network equipment required AC power supply cable, required batteries, UPS, generators or second Road mains power back-up to do, and need to rent land, the construction of each room. 因此,大大提高了运营商新建有线接入网的投入。 Therefore, greatly improving the operator's new cable access network investment.

另外,如果有线接入网不能由已有的无线接入网升级组建,则无线接入网和有线接入网的线缆资源得不到充分共用;而且,无线接入网的无线设备和有线接入网的有线设备无法统一维护,导致维护成本大大提高。 Further, if the cable access network can upgrade existing radio access network formation, the radio access network and the wired access network resources were not fully share the cable; Further, the radio access network of wireless and wired devices wired access network equipment maintenance can not be unified, resulting in greatly increased maintenance costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

鉴于上述现有技术所存在的问题,本发明的目的是提供一种无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,通过该系统能够解决现有技术中由于无线网络规 In view of the above-described problems of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system, the system can be solved by the prior art because the wireless network Regulation

划和有线网络规划的差异而导致的原无线设备与新增有线设备的选址矛盾问题,而且能够有效地利用已有的资源降低新建有线网络的建设及维护成本。 Contradictions original location of wireless devices and wired devices differences in the new plans and planning which led to the wired network, and can effectively reduce the use of existing resources and the construction of a new cable network maintenance costs.

本发明的目的是通过以下技术方案实现的: Object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

本发明提供了一种无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,该系统包括无线设备和有线设备,所述的有线设备具体包括有线近端装置和有线远端装置,所述的有线近端装置设置于无线设备中,所述的有线远端装置独立于无线设备设置; The present invention provides a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system, the system comprising wireless and wired devices, the apparatus comprises a wired cable wired local device and remote device, a wired local device provided in the wireless device, the wired remote unit is provided independently of the wireless device;

所述的有线近端装置包括供电单元和有线接入处理单元,所述的有线远端装置包括有线终端; 或者, The wired local device comprises a power supply unit and a wired access processing unit, the wired remote device comprises a wired terminal; or

所述的有线近端装置包括供电单元,所述的有线远端装置包括有线终端和有线接入处理单元; The wired local device comprises a power supply unit, a wired remote device comprises a wired terminal and a wired access processing unit;

所述供电单元用于为所述有线近端装置供电,并通过有线线缆为所述有线远端装置供电。 The power supply unit for the power supply device to a proximal end of the cable, and the cable through a wired cable to the distal end of the power supply device.

所述的有线远端装置通过有线线缆与所述的有线近端装置拉远相连。 The distal end of the device through a wired cable proximal end of the wire cable is connected to the remote device.

所述的供电单元包括中心电源供给单元和电源备份单元。 Said power supply unit comprises a central power supply unit and power backup unit.

本发明所述的系统中: The system of the present invention:

所述的中心电源供给单元设置在无线设备中,为所述无线设备供电,和/ 或通过有线线缆与远端电源供给单元相连,为有线远端装置供电,和/或直接通过有线线缆与所述有线终端相连,为有线终端供电; Said central power supply unit is provided in a wireless device, the wireless device power supply, and / or a power supply unit connected to the distal end of the cable through the cable, a wired remote unit power, and / or directly through a wired cable and the wired terminal connected to a wired terminal power;

所述的电源备份单元设置在无线设备中,用于作为中心电源供给单元的备份电源。 The power backup unit is provided in a wireless device, a backup power source for a central power supply unit.

所述的有线远端装置中还包括: The distal end of said cable means further comprises:

远端电源供给单元,通过有线线缆与有线近端装置中的供电单元连接, 从有线近端装置中的供电单元取得电能,用于为有线远端装置供电; The distal end of the power supply unit via wired cable in a wired local device connected to a power supply unit, the power acquired from the wired local device is a power supply unit, remote power supply for a wired device;

或者, or,

直接通过有线线缆与所述有线终端单元相连,为有线终端单元供电; Directly through a wired cable connected to the wired terminal unit, a wired power terminal unit;

或者,通过有线线缆与下一级有线远端装置的远端电源供给单元相连, 为下一级有线远端装置供电。 Alternatively, the power supply unit via wired cable distal end of the lower distal end of a wired device connected to a wired remote unit power.

所述的有线近端装置和/或有线远端装置还包括汇聚单元,且: 所述汇聚单元设置在有线近端装置中,将所述有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线信号汇聚后接入所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端; 或者, The proximal end of the cable means and / or a wired remote device further comprises a convergence unit, and: the converging means is disposed in the wired local device, the distal end of the wire cable terminal apparatus received wired signal convergence after access to the wired local device wired access processing unit, and the proximal end of the signal transmitting cable means wired access processing unit to generate the wired remote unit in a wired terminal; or

所述汇聚单元设置在有线远端装置中,通过有线线缆与有线近端装置的有线接入处理单元拉远相连,与所述有线远端装置中的有线终端拉远相连; Converging means disposed at the distal end of a wired device, a wired access processing unit via wired cable and cable means connected to the proximal end of the remote, from the remote device to the wired remote wired terminals connected;

用于将多个有线远端装置中的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端; 或者, It means for transmitting the wired local device to the wired access processing unit to the wired access converged received signal more wired remote unit in a wired terminal, and the wired access processing of the wired local device a signal generation unit to a distal end of the wire in the wired terminal device; or

所述汇聚单元设置在有线远端装置中,通过有线线缆与有线远端装置的有线接入处理单元相连,与所述有线远端装置中的有线终端拉远相连;用于将多个有线远端装置中的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端。 Converging means disposed at the distal end of the cable means, connected to the wired access processing unit via wired cable wired means distal end, the distal end of the wired device connected to a wired remote terminal; a plurality of cable the remote unit receives the wired terminal wired access signal is transmitted to the wired remote unit after the convergence of wired access processing unit and a remote unit signal cable in the wired access processing unit to transmit the generated the distal end of the wire in the wired terminal device.

本发明所述的系统中:所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的综合接入设备IAD,所述的有线接入处理单元为以太网交换模块; The system according to the present invention: the remote unit is wired integrated access device IAD with remote power supply, said wired access processing unit is an Ethernet switch module;

或者, or,

所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的以太网交换机,所述的有线接 The remote unit is wired Ethernet switch with remote power supply, said wired access

入处理单元为路由器模块; 或者, The processing unit is a router module; or

所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的光网络单元ONU,所述的有线接入处理单元为光线路终端OLT; 或者, The wired remote unit with an optical network unit ONU remotely powered, the wired access processing unit of the OLT optical line terminal; or

所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的数字用户线接入复用器DSLAM室外机,所述的有线接入处理单元为DSLAM接入处理模块。 The wired remote unit with a digital subscriber line access multiplexer DSLAM remotely powered outdoor unit, the wired access processing unit is a DSLAM access processing module.

所述的有线接入处理单元为多个时,则所述的各个有线接入处理单元通过交换汇聚单元与有线终端连接通信,所述的各个有线接入处理单元之间基于所述的交换汇聚单元相互备份。 The wired access processing unit is a plurality, then each of the wired access processing unit is connected via a communication unit exchanging aggregation wired terminal, based on the convergence of the respective exchange between the wired access processing unit mutual backup unit.

所述交换汇聚单元设置在有线近端装置或有线远端装置中,将所述有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线信号汇聚后选择接入所述有线近端装置或有线远端装置中的一个有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置或有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端; The switching unit is provided in a wired proximal converging means or wired means distal end, the proximal end of the selection the wired access wired terminals wired remote unit received wired signal aggregation means or wired means distal a wired access processing unit, the wired local device and a signal generation unit or a wired remote unit in a wired access processing to a distal end of said wire means in a wired terminal;

或者, or,

所述交换汇聚单元分别设置在有线近端装置和有线远端装置中,设置于有线近端装置中的第一交换汇聚单元与设置于有线远端装置中的第二交换汇聚单元之间拉远相连,且所述第二交换汇聚单元与有线终端也拉远相连;第二交换汇聚单元用于将多个有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给第一交换汇聚单元,并由第一交换汇聚单元选4奪接入有线近端装置的一个有线接入处理单元,第一交换汇聚单元还将有线近端装置中的各个有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述第二交换汇聚单元,并由第二交换汇聚单元选4奪^接入有线远端装置的一个有线终端。 A first switching unit and the convergence is provided to the switching means are disposed in a converging wired and wired local device from the remote device, is provided in the proximal end of the cable means between the distal end of the cable means in the second remote switching unit aggregation connected, and the second switch convergence unit and the wired remote terminal also connected; aggregation second switching unit for transmitting to the first exchange to converge wired access signals received wired terminals converged more wired remote unit means by the first switching means is selected from a convergence wired access processing unit 4 accesses the wired proximal end of the capture device, the transmission signal processing unit for each wired access also the first switch convergence unit of the wired local device to the generation the second switching unit convergence, the convergence unit is selected by the second switching ^ 4 wins a wired access terminal wired remote unit.

当所述的有线远端装置为多个时,则所述的各个有线远端装置之间采用行互联。 When the cable between the respective distal end of said cable means is a plurality of remote units, said network using a row.

所述的各个有线远端装置分别包含远端电源供给单元时,是各个远端电源供给单元之间采用星形、环形或共享总线的方式连接。 When the distal end of each wire respectively, said apparatus comprising power supply means distal end, the distal end is between the respective star-shaped power supply unit, a ring or shared bus connection manner.

终端的远端电源供给单元出现故障时,则切换到其他一个正常的远端电源供给单元为该有线终端供电。 The distal end of the power supply unit of the terminal when a failure occurs, switching to a distal end of the other normal power supply unit for the supply wired terminal.

由上述本发明提供的技术方案可以看出,本发明所述的系统采用分布式设备技术,将新增网络中的近端装置设置于基础网络的无线设备中,通过与所述远端装置进行信息交互实现新增网络中的业务功能,从而能够解决现有技术中由于无线网络规划和有线网络规划的差异而导致的原网络中无线设备与新增网络中有线设备的选址矛盾问题。 Provided by the technical solution of the present invention can be seen, the system according to the present invention employs a distributed device technique, the proximal end of the new network device is installed on the basis of a wireless network device, by means of the distal end information exchange to achieve new business functions in the network, which can solve the contradiction between the original location network prior art due to differences in wired and wireless network planning network planning which led to the new wireless devices and wired network devices.

另外,本发明通过远程供电技术利用基础网络的电源供给单元同时为基础网络与新增网络中的设备供电,从而能够解决现有技术不能有效地利用资源的问题,以及维护成本较高的问题。 Further, by the underlying network technology utilizes remote power supply of the present invention, a power supply unit while the device based power network and the new network, it is possible to solve the problems of the prior art can not effectively utilize resources, and higher maintenance costs.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为无线网络规划基站选址示意图; FIG 1 is a schematic diagram of a wireless location network planning station;

图2为有线网络规划基站选址示意图; FIG 2 is a schematic view of a wired network planning site station;

图3为图1和图2的基站选址矛盾问题示意图; 3 is a schematic view of FIG. 1 and a base station location contradiction Figure 2;

图4为无线与有线综合>^妄入的网络通信系统星形结构示意图1; FIG 4 is a wireless and wired integrated> ^ jump into a star network communication system structure diagram 1;

图5为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统星形结构示意图2; FIG 5 is a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system 2 a schematic view of a star configuration;

图6为无线与有线综合^^妻入的网络通信系统星形结构示意图3; FIG 6 is a wife ^^ integrated wireless and wired into the network communication system 3 a schematic view of a star configuration;

图7为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统星形结构示意图4; 7 is wireless and wired integrated access network communication system Scheme 4 star structure;

图8为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统星形结构示意图5; 8 is a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system 5 a schematic view of a star configuration;

图9为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统树形结构示意图1; FIG 9 is a tree structure of a network communication system, wireless and wired integrated access of Scheme 1;

图10为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统树形结构示意图2; 图11为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统树形结构示意图3; 图12为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统树形结构示意图4; 图13为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统树形结构示意图5; 图14为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统环形结构示意图1; 图15为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统环形结构示意图2; 图16为无线与有线综合"^入的网络通信系统环形结构示意图3; 图17为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统网状结构示意图1; 图18为无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统网状结构示意图2。 FIG 10 is a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system tree structure Scheme 2; FIG. 11 is a tree structure of a network communication system, wireless and wired integrated access of Scheme 3; FIG. 12 is a wireless communication network with a wired integrated access 4 a schematic view of the tree system; wireless and wired integrated access network communication system tree structure 13 is a schematic diagram in FIG. 5; FIG. 14 is a ring network communication system of wireless and wired integrated access of Scheme 1; FIG. 15 is a wireless and wireline integrated access network communication system ring structure Scheme 2; FIG. 16 is a wireless and wired integrated "^ the network communication system 3 a schematic view of a ring structure; wireless and wired integrated access a mesh network communication system 17 is a schematic structural diagram; a mesh network communication system 18 is a configuration diagram of wireless and wired integrated access of Scheme 2.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

本发明的核心提供一种无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,通过该系统能够解决现有技术中由于不同模式接入网网络规划的差异而导致的原A模无线设备与新增B模有线设备的选址矛盾问题。 The core of the present invention provides a wireless and wired integrated access network communication system, the system can be solved by the prior art due to different modes of access network network planning difference caused by the original and the new wireless device A molding die B location wired devices contradictions.

本发明所述的系统中,主要是将新增的新模式的有线设备拆分成为有线近端装置和有线远端装置两部分,其中有线近端装置放置于已有的无线设备设置,即与已有的无线设备共址设置,利用已有的资源,而对于有线远端装置,则可以根据新模式下的网络规划选择最优的位置,之后,将所述的有线远端装置设置于相应的最优的位置上,从而保证新模式的网络的良好的通信效果。 The system according to the present invention, the wired device is primarily added new models split into two portions and a wired cable proximal end of the apparatus remote device, wherein the wired device is placed in the proximal end of the existing wireless devices is provided, i.e. co-existing wireless access device is provided, use of existing resources, and for a wired remote unit, may be selected according to network planning an optimal position in the new mode, after which the distal end of the cable means is provided in the respective the optimal position, thus ensuring a good communication effect of the new network mode.

本发明所述的系统中,所述的有线近端装置部分至少包括供电单元,同时,还可以包括有线接入处理单元;与所述有线近端装置对应,所述的有线远端装置则为有线终端。 The system according to the present invention, the cable proximal end portion means comprises at least a power supply unit can also comprise a wired access processing unit; corresponds to the proximal end of the cable means, the distal end of the device was wired according to wired terminal. 其中: among them:

(1)所述的有线远端装置可以是带远程供电的IAD,而有线接入处理单 (1) The wired remote unit may be remotely powered with IAD, and the wired access processing unit

元可以是以太网交换模块; Element may be an Ethernet switch module;

(2) 所述的有线远端装置可以是带远程供电的以太网交换机,而有线接入处理单元可以是路由器模块; (2) the wired remote unit may be an Ethernet switch with remote power supply, and the wired access processing unit may be a router module;

(3) 所述的有线远端装置也可以是带远程供电的光网络单元ONU,而有线接入处理单元可以是光线路终端OLT; (3) the remote unit may be wired with an optical network unit ONU remotely powered, and the wired access processing unit may be the OLT optical line terminal;

(4) 所述的有线远端装置还可以是带远程供电的小容量DSLAM (数字用户线接入复用器)室外机,而有线接入处理单元可以是DSLAM接入处理模块。 Small capacity DSLAM (. 4) of the distal end of the device may also be wired with a remote power supply (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) of the outdoor unit, and the wired access processing unit may be a DSLAM access processing module.

本发明中,所述的供电单元具体为中心电源供给单元,其作用是将市电输入(例如110V/220V交流)或直流电输入(例如-48VA60V直流)转换成高压直流电输出(例如270V直流), 一方面为本地无线设备及有线设备中的近端装置供电,另一方面还通过有线线缆(例如双绞线),向远端的有线终端进行远程供电。 In the present invention, the power supply unit is a central power supply unit, whose role is to mains input (for example, 110V / 220V AC) or DC input (e.g. -48VA60V DC) into high voltage DC output (e.g. 270V DC), proximal aspect of the local power in the wireless device and a wired device means, on the other hand through a cable wire (e.g., twisted pair), for remote power supply to the distal end of the wired terminal. 远程供电的距离与有线线缆的线径、线对数量、有线终端的功耗、电源供给单元的输出电压有关,通常可以做到多达2〜5公里的远程供电的i?巨离。 Diameter wire and cable remote from the power supply, the number of line pairs, power consumption of wired terminals, the output voltage of the power supply unit, but is usually up to 2 ~ 5 km can be done remotely powered I? From the giant.

所述的中心电源供给单元还支持与有线终端之间的相互通信,作为对有线终端的带外管理通道,可以实现正常与故障时的监控告警,便于设备的管理、故障定位、利于远程维护等。 Said central power supply unit also supports communication between the wired terminal, a band management channel of wired terminal can be achieved and monitoring the normal alarm when a failure, to facilitate management, fault location equipment, facilitates remote maintenance .

另外,本发明中,所述的有线远端装置中还可以包括远端电源供给单元,所述的远端电源供给单元用于将来自中心电源供给单元的高压直流电输入(例如270V直流)转换为低压直流电,为远端电源供给单元所在的设备进行本地供电;还可将来自中心电源供给单元的高压直流电进行续传,通过有线线缆,向下一级远端的有线终端进行远程供电。 In the present invention, the wired remote unit may further comprise the power supply unit a distal end, the distal end of a power supply unit for the input high voltage direct current from a central power supply unit (e.g. 270V DC) is converted to low-voltage direct current, a power supply unit to the distal end of the device where the local power supply; may also be the center from the high voltage DC power supply unit performs resume, remotely powered down by a wired cable, a wired terminal distal end.

所述的远端电源供给单元还支持与有线终端之间的相互通信,作为对有线终端的带外管理通道,可以实现正常与故障时的监控告警,便于设备的管 Mutual communication between the distal end of the power supply unit also supports a wired terminal, a band management channel of wired terminal can be achieved and monitoring the normal alarm when a failure, the device facilitates tube

理、故障定位、利于远程维护等。 Management, fault location, which will help remote maintenance.

本发明所述的系统中,还包括汇聚单元,用于将多个有线终端接收到的接入信号汇聚后传给有线接入处理单元,将有线接入处理单元产生的信号分发给多个有线终端,进而传送给有线接入用户。 The system according to the present invention, further comprising converging means for converting the received signal into a plurality of wired access terminals pass the wired access processing unit after convergence, the signal generated by the wired access processing unit is distributed to a plurality of cable terminal, and further transmitted to the wired access users.

本发明中所述的汇聚单元可以设置于不同的设备中,下面将分别说明: Converge in the present invention may be provided in a different unit of the device, the following will be described:

(1) 所述汇聚单元设置在有线近端装置中,将所述有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线信号汇聚后接入所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端; (1) The converging means disposed in the wired local device, the distal end of the wireline cable terminal apparatus received wired signal convergent access the wired local device wired access processing unit, and signal the wired wired access processing unit of local device transmits the generated remote unit to the wired terminal in a wired;

(2) 所述汇聚单元设置在有线远端装置中,通过有线线缆与有线近端装置的有线接入处理单元拉远相连,与所述有线远端装置中的有线终端拉远相连;用于将多个有线远端装置中的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端; (2) the distal end of the convergence means disposed in the wired device, a wired access processing unit via wired cable and cable means connected to the proximal end of the remote, from the remote device to the wired remote wired terminals connected; with to send a plurality of remote units in a wired cable to the wired access terminal receives signals converge to the wired access processing unit of the wired local device, the wired local device and the wired access processing unit transmitting the generated signal to the wired remote unit in a wired terminal;

(3) 所述汇聚单元设置在有线远端装置中,通过有线线缆与有线远端装置的有线接入处理单元相连,与所述有线远端装置中的有线终端拉远相连; 用于将多个有线远端装置中的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端。 (3) disposed in said converging means in a wired remote device, connected to the wired access processing unit via wired cable wired means distal end, the distal end of the wired device connected to a wired remote terminal; for a wired access signals received by the plurality of the wired remote unit in a wired terminal transmits to the wired remote unit after the convergence of wired access processing unit, and the wired access the wired remote unit generated by the processing unit signal to the distal end of the wire in the wired terminal device.

本发明所述的系统中,当所述的有线接入处理单元为多个时,则所述的各个有线接入处理单元通过交换汇聚单元与有线终端连接通信,所述的各个有线接入处理单元之间基于所述的交换汇聚单元相互备份。 Each wired access processing system according to the present invention, when the wired access processing unit is a plurality, then each of the wired access processing unit is connected via a communication unit exchanging aggregation wired terminal, said the convergence unit based on the switching between mutual backup unit.

所述交换汇聚单元设置在有线近端装置或有线远端装置中,将所述有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线信号汇聚后选择接入所述有线近端装置或有线远端装置中的一个有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置或有线远 The switching unit is provided in a wired proximal converging means or wired means distal end, the proximal end of the selection the wired access wired terminals wired remote unit received wired signal aggregation means or wired means distal a wired access processing unit, and the wired device or wired far proximal end

端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端。 Signal terminal apparatus generates wired access processing unit is transmitted to the wired remote unit in a wired terminal.

另外,所述交换汇聚单元还可以分别设置在有线近端装置和有线远端装置中,设置于有线近端装置中的第一交换汇聚单元与设置于有线远端装置中的第二交换汇聚单元之间拉远相连,且所述第二交换汇聚单元与有线终端也 Further, the switch convergence unit may also be provided the wired local device and a wired remote units respectively provided on the second switching unit of the first convergence unit and the switching converging means disposed on the distal end of cable wire in the proximal end of the apparatus is connected between the pull away, and the second switch convergence unit is also wired terminal

拉远相连;第二交换汇聚单元用于将多个有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给第一交换汇聚单元,并由第一交换汇聚单元选择接入有线近端装置的一个有线接入处理单元,第一交换汇聚单元还将有线近端装置中的各个有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述第二交换汇聚单元,并由第二交换汇聚单元选4奪接入有线远端装置的一个有线终端。 Zooming is connected; and a second switching means for converging the plurality of wired terminals wired remote unit received after the wired access signal is transmitted to the first switch convergence unit is converged by a first switching unit selects access the wired nearly aggregation a cable access unit end processing apparatus, each of the signal wired access processing unit of the first switching unit also converge in a wired local device transmits the generated switching to the second convergence unit, convergence unit is selected by the second switching 4 wins a wired access terminal wired remote unit.

下面将结合附图对本发明提供的系统的具体实施方式进行说明。 In conjunction with the accompanying drawings will be described specific embodiments of the present invention provides a system embodiment. 本发明所述的系统中,无线接入网作为基础网络,有线接入网作为新增网络,设置在基础网络中的有线接入网的设备看作本地通信设备,即作为有线近端装置,其余的有线接入网设备看作远端通信设备,即作为有线远端装置。 The wired access network device system according to the present invention, the radio access network as a basic network, cable access network as the new network, provided the network is considered as the basis of a local communication apparatus, i.e., a wired local device, the rest of the distal end of the wired access network device seen communication device, i.e., a wired remote unit.

本发明提供的第一实施例如图4所示: The first embodiment of the present invention provides, for example, shown in Figure 4:

图4中包括本地无线设备、有线远端装置、汇聚单元、有线接入处理单元、中心电源供给单元、远端电源供给单元和电源备份单元,其中本地设备包括原已有无线接入网的一些设备。 In FIG. 4 include a local wireless device, a wired remote unit, convergence unit, a wired access processing unit, central power supply unit, the distal end of a power supply unit and power backup unit, wherein the local device comprises a radio access network former has some device. 所述的无线设备可以为基站,所述的有 The wireless device may be a base station, according to have

本发明将所述有线接入处理单元和汇聚单元设置在本地无线接入网的无线设备中,本地无线设备按照无线网络规划优化选址;所述有线终端设置在远端,按照有线网络规划优化选址,并通过有线线缆(例如光纤或双绞线) 与本地无线设备星形拉远相连,有线终端间也可通过有线线缆拉远相连,例 The present invention is the wired access processing unit and the convergence unit arranged in the local radio access network of a wireless device, according to a local wireless device for Optimizing radio network planning; disposed at the distal end of the wire terminal, in a wired network planning optimization site, and through a wired cable (e.g., fiber optic or twisted pair) with a local wireless device remote star-connected between the wired terminal via wired cable may also be connected to remote, example

如,图4中的有线终端2和有线终端3相级连。 For example, in FIG. 2 and the wired terminal 4 wired terminal connected 3-phase level.

所述中心电源供给单元设置在本地无线接入网中,为所述有线接入处理单元1供电,并为有线终端1供电。 The central power supply unit is provided in a local radio access network, the wired access processing unit is a power supply, and a power to the wired terminal. 所述远端电源供给单元2通过有线线缆与所述中心电源供给单元拉远相连,为所述有线终端2供电,以及通过有线线缆与下一级远端电源供给单元3拉远相连,为下一级有线终端3供电。 The distal end of the power supply unit via wired cable 2 the central power supply units are remotely connected to the wired power supply terminal 2, and by a wired cable to the distal end of the power supply unit 3 is connected to remote, a wired terminal 3 for the next supply.

离或合一(如有线远端装置B2)。 Or from unity (if remote unit line B2). 本地无线设备和有线远端装置间拉远的有线线缆(信号线与电源线逻辑上是分离的,但物理上可以分离或共线。中心电源供给单元与有线终端或远端电源供给单元间可采用星形连接、环形连接或共享总线形式连接,如图4为星形连接,远端电源供给单元间也可采用星形连接、环形连接或共享总线形式连接。 Wired cable between the local wireless device and a remote wired remote unit (the upper signal lines and power lines are logically separate, but co-line or physically separated. Between the centers of the power supply unit and a wired terminal or a distal end of a power supply unit can be a star connection, ring connection or shared bus connection form, as shown in FIG. 4 is a star connection, between the distal end of the power supply unit may also be a star connection, ring connection or shared bus connection form.

上述有线终端、有线接入处理单元共同完成有线接入处理。 Above wired terminal, a wired access processing unit together wired access processing is completed. 汇聚单元将多个有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后传给有线接入处理单元,将有线接入处理单元产生的信号分发给多个有线终端,然后传送给有线接入用户。 Aggregation unit receives a plurality of signals to the wired access wired terminal passed the wired access processing unit after convergence, the signal generated by the wired access processing unit is distributed to a plurality of wireline terminals, and then transmitted to the wired access users. 中心电源供给单元将市电输入(例如110V/220V交流)或直流电输入(例如-48W-60V直流)转换成高压直流电输出,如270V直流,通过有线线缆,如双绞线,向远端的有线终端供电。 The central power supply mains input unit (e.g., 110V / 220V AC) or DC input (e.g. -48W-60V DC) into high voltage DC output, such as 270V DC, by a wired cable, such as twisted pair, to a remote cable terminal power supply. 远程供电的距离与有线线缆的线径、线对数量、有线终端的功耗、电源供给单元的输出电压有关,通常可以做到多达2 ~ 5公里的远程供电的距离。 Diameter wire and cable remote from the power supply, the line number of the output voltage, the power consumption of the wired terminal, a power supply unit concerned, generally can be done up to a distance of 2 to 5 km remotely powered. 中心电源供给单元还支持与有线终端之间的相互通信,作为对有线终端的带外管理通道,可以实现正常与故障时的监控告警,便于设备的管理、故障定位、利于远程维护等。 The central power supply unit also supports communication between a terminal and a wire, a band management channel of wired terminal can be achieved and monitoring the normal alarm when a failure, to facilitate management, fault location equipment, facilitates remote maintenance. 电源备份单元可以是蓄电池组、UPS、发电机组或是第二路市电。 Power backup unit may be a battery pack, UPS, generator or mains second passage.

电源备份单元,用于电源的备份,其可以是蓄电池组、UPS、发电机组或是第二路市电。 Power supply backup means for backing up the power supply, which may be a battery pack, UPS, generator or mains second passage. 本发明提供的第二种具体实施例如图5所示: A second embodiment of the present invention provides a particular example, as shown in FIG. 5:

图5所示的系统与图4所示的系统的区别在于:图4所示的系统中的汇聚单元用图5中的交换汇聚单元替代,无线设备引入多个有线接入处理单元。 The system shown in Fig. 5 shown in FIG. 4, the difference is that the system: The system shown in FIG. 4 in cell aggregation aggregation unit 5 is replaced with FIG exchange, the wireless device introducing a plurality of wired access processing unit. 通过交换汇聚单元,无线设备的有线接入处理单元间及有线终端间可以做"1 + 1" 、 "N+1"备份或用资源池的冗余方法备份。 By switching the convergence unit, inter wired access processing unit and the wireless device can be a wired terminal "1 + 1", "N + 1" backup or backup with redundancy of resource pool method.

本发明提供的第三种具体实施例如图6所示: The present invention provides a third specific example embodiment shown in Figure 6:

图6所示的系统与图4所示的系统的区别在于:图4所示系统中的无线设备的汇聚单元放到了图6的有线终端中。 View of the system shown in Fig. 6 distinction system shown in Figure 4 in that: the convergence unit of the system shown in FIG. 4 in a wireless device into a wired terminal in FIG. 6. 有线终端由汇聚单元和远端电源单元组成,例如可以是一个简单的带远程供电的交换机,通过它来节省基站与有线终端间的连线。 Wired terminal unit and remote power supply by the aggregation units, for example, may be a simple switch with remote power supply, by which to save the connection between the base station and the wired terminal.

无线设备按有线网络规划方法优化选址,而有线终端则按无线网络规划方法优化选址。 The wireless device location in a wired network planning optimization method, and the wired terminal press Method for Optimizing radio network planning. 有线终端经有线远端装置汇聚,通过有线线缆与无线设备拉远相连。 Wired terminal via a wired remote unit converged by a wired cable connected to the remote wireless device. 无线设备中心电源单元向有线终端拉远直流供电;有线终端远端电源供给单元向有线终端或有线终端与远端电源供给单元的合一设备直流供电(可一定程度拉远,例如100〜200米)。 The wireless device to the central power supply unit wired remote DC power supply terminal; wired terminal distal end to the power supply unit wired terminal or a DC power supply terminal and the distal end of the cable-one device a power supply unit (which may be remote to some extent, for example, 100 ~ 200 m ).

本发明提供的第四种具体实施例如图7所示: The present invention provides a fourth specific example embodiment shown in FIG 7:

图7所示的系统与图6所示的系统的区别在于:图6所示的系统中的汇聚单元用图7中的交换汇聚单元替代,无线设备与有线终端用多对信号或数据线连接。 The difference between the system shown in FIG 6 system shown in FIG. 7 in that: the system shown in FIG. 6 is replaced with the convergence unit cell aggregation in FIG. 7 switching, the wireless terminal device and a plurality of signal cable or data cable connection . 通过交换汇聚单元,无线设备的有线接入处理单元间、有线终端间及无线设备与有线终端间信号或数据线可以做"1 + 1" 、 "N+1"备份或用资源池的冗余方法备份。 By switching the convergence unit, between a wired access processing unit of the wireless device, the wireless device between wired terminal and a wired terminal and between the signal line or the data can be "1 + 1", "N + 1" backup or redundant resource pool methods backup.

本发明提供的第五种具体实施例如图8所示: DETAILED fifth embodiment of the present invention provides, for example, as shown in FIG. 8:

图8所示的系统与图6所示的系统的区别在于:图6所示的系统中无线设备的有线接入处理单元也放到了图8的有线终端中。 The difference between the system shown in FIG system shown in FIG. 86 wherein: the system shown in FIG. 6, the wired access processing unit of the wireless device is also wired into the terminal of FIG. 8. 有线远端装置由有线接入处理单元、交换汇聚单元和远端电源供给单元组成,有线远端装置仅与基站共享电源供给单元和电源备份单元,通过远程供电技术将有线远端装置拉远设置。 Wired remote unit by a wired access processing unit, convergence unit and remote switching power supply units, a wired remote units sharing a power supply unit and power backup unit and the base station only through the wired remote power supply techniques the distal end of the device remote provided .

本发明提供的第六种具体实施例如图9所示: DETAILED sixth embodiment of the present invention provides, for example, shown in Figure 9:

图9所示的系统与图8所示的系统的区别在于:图8所示的系统中的汇聚单元用图9中的交换汇聚单元替代,无线设备与有线终端用多对信号或数据线连接。 The difference between the system shown in FIG. FIG system 98 shown in that: the system shown in FIG. 8 the convergence unit cell aggregation replaced with switching in FIG. 9, the wireless terminal device and a plurality of signal cable or data cable connection . 通过交换汇聚单元,无线设备的有线接入处理单元间及有线终端间可以做"1 + 1" 、 "N+1"备份或用资源池的冗余方法备份。 By switching the convergence unit, inter wired access processing unit and the wireless device can be a wired terminal "1 + 1", "N + 1" backup or backup with redundancy of resource pool method.

本发明提供的第七种具体实施例如图10所示: The present invention provides a seventh particular embodiment shown in FIG. 10 for example:

图10所示的系统与图4所示的系统的区别在于:图10所示的系统的无线设备与有线终端间采用树形拉远连接。 System 10 shown in FIG. 4, the difference between the system shown in that: the system between the wireless device 10 shown in FIG wired remote terminals using a tree connection. 例如,在图10中,有线终端1和2a以频分复用或时分复用的共享同一条有线线缆与无线设备拉远相连,有线终端2b则作为从有线终端2a拉出的另一树杈。 For example, in FIG. 10, a wired terminal 2a and a frequency division with a wired cable pull device with wireless time division multiplexed or multiplexed shared far connected to the wired terminal 2b as another tree drawn from the wired terminal 2a branches of a tree.

本地无线设备和有线远端装置间通过拉远的有线线缆连接,相应的信号线与电源线逻辑上是分离的,但物理上可以分离或共线。 Between the local wireless devices and wired remote unit connected by a wired cable pulling away, on the respective signal lines and power lines are logically separate, but co-line or physically separated. 中心电源供给单元与有线终端或远端电源供给单元间可釆用星形连接、环形连接或共享总线形式连接,远端电源供给单元间也可采用星形连接、环形连接或共享总线形式连接。 Between the central power supply unit and a wired terminal or remote power supply unit may preclude the use of star connection, ring connection or shared bus in the form of connection between the distal end of the power supply unit may also be a star connection, ring connection or shared bus connection form.

本发明提供的第八种具体实施例如图11所示: The present invention provides the eighth embodiment as shown in particular in FIG. 11:

图11所示的系统与图10所示的系统的区别在于:图11所示的系统引入多 The system shown in FIG. 11 and FIG. 10 is the difference between the system shown in that: the system 11 shown in FIG introduction of multi-

个有线接入处理单元,无线设备与有线终端用多对信号或数据线树形连接。 Wired access processing unit, a wireless device connected to a wired terminal or a plurality of data signal lines tree. 通过交换汇聚单元,无线设备的有线接入处理单元间及有线终端间可以做"1+1" 、 "N + 1"备份或用资源池的冗余方法备份。 By switching the convergence unit, inter wired access processing unit and the wireless device can be a wired terminal "1 + 1", "N + 1" backup or backup with redundancy of resource pool method.

中心电源供给单元与有线终端或远端电源供给单元间可釆用星形连接、 环形连接或共享总线形式连接,远端电源供给单元间也可采用星形连接、环形连"l妻或共享总线形式连"l妻。 Between the central power supply unit and a wired terminal or remote power supply unit may preclude the use of star connection, ring connection or shared bus in the form of connection between the distal end of the power supply unit may also be a star connection, ring even "l shared bus or wife even the form "l wife.

在同一树杈或不同树杈上,远端电源供给单元间还可以进行电源供给互 Between the same or different branches Shucha Shang, the distal end may also be a power supply unit supplying power Mutual

助。 help. 例如,在图11所示系统中的同一树杈上,远端电源供给单元1a和1b间进行电源供给互助,当中心电源供给单元与远端电源供给单元1a的有线线缆连接出现故障时,远端电源供给单元1 a可通过远端电源供给单元1 b进行远程供电;而当中心电源供给单元与远端电源供给单元1 b的有线线缆连接出现故障时,远端电源供给单元1 b可通过远端电源供给单元1 a进行远程供电。 For example, the same in the system shown in FIG Shu Chashang 11, between the distal end of the power supply units 1a and 1b perform mutual power supply, when the central power supply unit with the remote power supply unit 1a is connected to the wired cable fails, 1 a distal end of the power supply unit may be remotely powered by the distal end of the power supply unit 1 b; when the central power supply unit and the power supply unit 1 b the distal end of a wired cable connection failure, the distal end of the power supply unit 1 b the distal end may be remotely powered by the power supply unit 1 a.

本发明提供的第九种具体实施例如图12所示: The present invention provides a ninth example the specific embodiment shown in FIG. 12:

图12所示的系统与图11所示的系统的区别在于:图11所示的系统中的无线设备的交换汇聚单元还放到了图12所示系统中的有线远端装置中,即在基站中设置与二个有线接入处理单元连接的交换汇聚单元,在有线远端装置中设置与各个有线终端连接的第二交换汇聚单元,从而实现多个有线终端以及多个有线接入处理单元的交换汇聚处理,简化和节省有线终端与基站之间的连线。 The difference between the system shown in FIG. 11 system shown in FIG. 12 wherein: the convergence switching unit of the system shown in FIG wireless device 11 further into the system shown in FIG wired remote unit 12, i.e. the base station It is provided with two switching units connected to the wired access processing unit of the aggregation, aggregation a second switching unit connected to the respective distal end of the wire in the wired terminal device, thereby achieving a plurality of wired terminal and a plurality of wired access processing unit exchanging aggregation process simplification and saving a wired connection between the terminal and base station.

本发明提供的第十种具体实施例如图13所示: DETAILED tenth embodiment of the present invention provides, for example, shown in Figure 13:

图13所示的系统与图11所示的系统的区别在于:图11所示的系统中无线设备的有线接入处理单元也放到了图13的有线终端中,此时,有线远端装置仅与基站共享电源供给单元和电源备份单元,即仅通过远程供电技术将有线 The difference between the system shown in FIG. 11 system shown in FIG. 13 wherein: a wired access processing unit of the wireless device system shown in FIG. 11 also wired into the terminal of FIG. 13, at this time, only a wired remote unit sharing a power supply unit and power backup unit and the base station, i.e. only by wired remote power supply technology

远端装置拉远设置,例如,可以拉远2-5公里,从而设置于有线网络的优选位置上,保证有线网络的性能最优。 The distal end disposed remote device, e.g., 2-5 km may be pulled away, thereby preferably disposed at a position on the cable network, the cable network to ensure optimal performance.

本发明提供的第十一种具体实施例如图14所示: A tenth embodiment of the present invention provides a particular example, as shown in FIG. 14:

图14所示的系统与图11所示的系统的区别在于:图14所示的系统中的无线设备与有线终端釆用环形连接。 The system shown in FIG. 14 and FIG. 11 is the difference between the system shown in that: the system shown in FIG. 14 with a wireless device connected to a wired terminal preclude endless. 例如,当有线终端1a与无线设备间的有线信号或数据线缆出现故障时,有线终端1 a可以通过有线终端2b与无线设备间的有线信号或数据线缆同无线设备相连。 For example, when the cable signal or data cable between the wire terminal 1a and the wireless device fails, the cable may be connected with the terminal 1 a wired signal or a wireless device via a data cable between the wireless device and wired terminal 2b.

中心电源供给单元与有线终端或远端电源供给单元间可采用星形连接、 环形连接或共享总线形式连接,远端电源供给单元间也可采用星形连接、环形连接或共享总线形式连接。 Between the central power supply unit and a wired terminal or remote power supply unit can be a star connection, ring connection or shared bus in the form of connection between the distal end of the power supply unit may also be a star connection, ring connection or shared bus connection form.

远端电源供给单元间还可进行电源供给互助。 Between the distal end of the power supply unit may further perform mutual power supply.

本发明提供的第十二种具体实施例如图15所示: A twelfth embodiment of the present invention provides a particular example shown in Figure 15:

图15所示的系统与图14所示的系统的区别在于:图14所示的系统中无线设备的交换汇聚单元同时还放到了图15的有线远端装置中,即在基站中设置与二个有线接入处理单元连接的鳘交换汇聚单元,在有线远端装置中设置与 The system shown in FIG. 15 and FIG. 14 is the difference between the system shown in that: the switching system of the wireless device 14 shown in FIG convergence unit is also wired into the distal end of the apparatus of FIG. 15, i.e. in the base station is provided with two pouts wired access processing unit is connected to convergence switching means disposed at the distal end of the device with a wired

各个有线终端连接的第二交换汇聚单元,从而实现多个有线终端以及多个有线接入处理单元的交换汇聚处理。 Second switching means each wired terminal connected to convergence in order to achieve convergence processing a plurality of switching wired terminal and a plurality of wired access processing unit.

本发明提供的第十三种具体实施例如图16所示: DETAILED thirteenth embodiment of the present invention provides, for example, shown in Figure 16:

图16所示的系统与图14所示的系统的区别在于:图14所示的系统中的无线设备的有线接入处理单元也放到了图16的有线终端中,与图13所示系统类似,有线远端装置仅与基站共享电源供给单元和电源备份单元。 The system shown in FIG. 16 and FIG. Differencing system shown in FIG. 14 wherein: a wired access processing unit of the system shown in FIG. 14 in the wireless device also wired into the terminal 16, similarly to the system 13 shown in FIG. , a wired remote unit sharing power supply unit and power supply backup unit with only the base station.

本发明提供的第十四种具体实施例如图17所示: DETAILED fourteenth embodiment of the present invention provides, for example, as shown in FIG. 17:

图17所示的系统与图11所示的系统的区别在于:图17所示的系统有线终端间采用网状连接。 FIG system shown in Figure 17 the difference between the system shown in FIG. 11 wherein: the inter-system 17 shown in FIG wired terminal connected to the use of mesh. 例如,有线终端B1a和B化、B化和B1c、 B1c和B1d、 B1d和B1a可以两两互连,B1a和B1c及B化和B1d也可以两两互连。 E.g., wireline terminal B of the B1a and, B and B1c, B1d and B1c, B1d and B1a may be interconnected with, B1a and B1c and B1d and B can be interconnected with. 当有线终端化与有线终端B1a间的有线信号或数据线缆出现故障时,有线终端1b可以通过有线终端1c和/或1d与有线终端B1a的交换汇聚单元1a相连,再通过有线终端B1a的交换汇聚单元1a与有线设备相连。 When the cable signal or data cable between the cable and the terminal of the wired terminal B1a fails, wired terminal can be connected via a wired terminal 1b and 1c / 1d or wired terminal B1a aggregation switching unit 1a, and then through the exchange of wired terminal B1a the convergence unit 1a is connected to the wired device.

中心电源供给单元与有线终端或远端电源供给单元间可采用星形连接、 环形连接或共享总线形式连接,远端电源供给单元间也可采用星形连接、环形连接或共享总线形式连接。 Between the central power supply unit and a wired terminal or remote power supply unit can be a star connection, ring connection or shared bus in the form of connection between the distal end of the power supply unit may also be a star connection, ring connection or shared bus connection form.

远端电源供给单元间通过连接设置还可进行电源供给互助,即当一个有线终端中的远端电源供给单元出现故障时,可以由其他远端电源供给单元代替其为该有线终端进行供电。 Between the distal end of a power supply unit may also be provided by connecting the mutual power is supplied, i.e. when the distal end of the power supply unit in a wired terminal fails, that supplies power for the wired terminal can be replaced by other remote power supply unit.

本发明提供的第十五种具体实施例如图18所示: DETAILED fifteenth embodiment of the present invention provides, for example, as shown in FIG. 18:

图18所示的系统与图17所示的系统的区别在于:图18所示的系统引入多个有线接入处理单元,无线设备与有线终端用多对信号或数据线网状连接。 The difference between the system shown in Fig system 17 shown in FIG. 18 wherein: the system shown in FIG. 18 is introduced into the plurality of wired access processing unit, a wireless terminal device and a plurality of signal wire or mesh connected to the data line. 通过无线设备的交换汇聚单元,无线设备的有线接入处理单元间及有线终端间可以做"1 + 1" 、 "N+1"备份或用资源池的冗余方法备份。 By switching unit of the wireless aggregation device, inter wired access processing unit and the wireless device can be a wired terminal "1 + 1", "N + 1" backup or backup with redundancy of resource pool method. 例如,当有线终端B1 a与无线设备间的有线信号或数据线缆出现故障时,有线终端B1 a、 B化、B1c和B1d可以通过有线终端B2c,再通过有线终端B2a和无线设备相连。 For example, when the cable signal or data cable between the cable and the terminals B1 a wireless device fails, wired terminal B1 a, B of, B1c and B1d can be a wired terminal B2c, and then connected to the terminal via a wired and wireless devices B2a.

总之,本发明通过分布式设备技术和远程供电技术,可以解决无线网络规划与有线网络规划矛盾问题。 In summary, the present invention is distributed by technical equipment and remote power supply technology, can solve the wired network and wireless network planning planning contradictions. 使得运营商B可以先按无线网络规划方法为无线设备选址,建设无线接入网。 B enables operators can press the wireless network planning method for wireless devices siting, construction radio access network. 然后,根据市场对有线接入的需求,再按有线网络规划方法为有线终端选址,通过对无线设备升级增加有线接入处理 Then, according to market demand for wired access, then the wired network planning method of a wired terminal location, the wireless device through a wired access processing upgrades increase

模块、汇聚模块、远程供电模块与有线终端互联,形成无线有线综合接入设备的完整结构,完成同一地域的无线有线接入网统一建设,保证有线网络规划和无线网络规划都能达到最优。 Module, aggregation module, power supply module with wired remote terminal interconnected to form a complete structure of the wireless integrated access devices wired, wireless cable access network to complete the construction of a unified same region, to ensure that wired and wireless network planning, network planning can be optimal.

本发明中,有线远端装置无需交流供电,无需蓄电池组、UPS、发电机 In the present invention, the distal end of the device without the AC power cable, without the battery pack, UPS, generator

组或是第二路市电做电源备份,而且,有线远端装置可全密封放在室外或地埋,无需机房。 Group or a second mains power to do the backup path, and the wired remote apparatus may be sealed on the outside or buried without machine room. 另外,无线设备和有线远端装置间的线缆可以利用移动运营商原有的线缆资源,避免全部重新铺设。 Further, the cable between the radio and wired remote unit may utilize the existing mobile operators cable resources, to avoid re-laying all. 因此,本发明的实现可以使得新增加的有线网络中的有线远端装置可远程维护,降低了维护成本。 Accordingly, the present invention may be implemented such that the newly added wired remote unit may be a wired network remote maintenance, reduces maintenance costs.

以上所述,仅为本发明较佳的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到的变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 Above, the present invention is merely preferred specific embodiments, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any skilled in the art in the art within the scope of the invention disclosed can be easily thought of the changes or Alternatively, it shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明的保护范围应该以权利要求的保护范围为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention should be defined by the scope of the claims.

Claims (12)

1、一种无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,包括无线设备和有线设备,其特征在于,所述的有线设备具体包括有线近端装置和有线远端装置,所述的有线近端装置设置于无线设备中,所述的有线远端装置独立于无线设备设置; 所述的有线近端装置包括供电单元和有线接入处理单元,所述的有线远端装置包括有线终端; 或者, 所述的有线近端装置包括供电单元,所述的有线远端装置包括有线终端和有线接入处理单元; 所述供电单元用于为所述有线近端装置供电,并通过有线线缆为所述有线远端装置供电。 A wireless and wired integrated access network communication system, including wireless and wired devices, wherein the apparatus comprises a wired cable wired local device and remote device, a wired device to a proximal end provided in the wireless device, the wired remote unit provided independent of the wireless device; wired local device comprises the power supply unit and a wired access processing unit, the wired remote device comprises a wired terminal; or, as the proximal end of said cable means comprises a power supply unit, the distal end of the wire means comprises a wired terminal and a wired access processing unit; the power supply unit for the power supply means to said proximal end of the wire, and through a wired cable to the wired remote unit power.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于,所述的有线远端装置通过有线线缆与所述的有线近端装置拉远相连。 2. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 1, wherein said remote unit via wired cable proximal end of the wire cable is connected to the remote device.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于,所述的供电单元包括中心电源供给单元和电源备份单元。 3. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 1, wherein said power supply unit comprises a central power supply unit and power backup unit.
4、 根据权利要求3所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于:所述的中心电源供给单元设置在无线设备中,为所述无线设备供电,和/ 或通过有线线缆与远端电源供给单元相连,为有线远端装置供电,和/或直接通过有线线缆与所述有线终端相连,为有线终端供电;所述的电源备份单元设置在无线设备中,用于作为中心电源供给单元的备份电源。 4. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 3, wherein: said central power supply unit is provided in a wireless device, the wireless device is powered, and / or through a wired line cable is connected to the distal end of a power supply unit, a wired remote unit power, and / or the wired terminal is connected directly via a wired cable, a wired power supply terminal; backup unit of the power supply is provided in a wireless device, for as the central power supply backup power unit.
5、 根据权利要求1所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于,所述的有线远端装置中还包括:远端电源供给单元,通过有线线缆与有线近端装置中的供电单元连接, 从有线近端装置中的供电单元取得电能,用于为有线远端装置供电;或者,直接通过有线线缆与所述有线终端单元相连,为有线终端单元供电;或者,通过有线线缆与下一级有线远端装置的远端电源供给单元相连, 为下一级有线远端装置供电。 5. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 1, wherein said wire distal end of the apparatus further comprises: a power supply unit a distal end, a proximal end through a wire cable with the wired device the power supply unit connected to the wired local device to obtain power from the power supply unit, a wired remote unit to power; or wired cable connected to the wired terminal unit directly, the terminal unit is a wired power; or a power supply unit via wired cable distal end and the distal end of the cable means is connected to a wired remote unit power for the next level.
6、根据权利要求1所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于,所述的有线近端装置和/或有线远端装置还包括汇聚单元,且:所述汇聚单元设置在有线近端装置中,将所述有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线信号汇聚后接入所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端;或者,所述汇聚单元设置在有线远端装置中,通过有线线缆与有线近端装置的有线接入处理单元拉远相连,与所述有线远端装置中的有线终端拉远相连;用于将多个有线远端装置中的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端; 或者,所述汇 6. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 1, characterized in that the wire proximal end of the apparatus and / or a wired remote device further comprises a convergence unit, and: the convergence unit is arranged in a wired local device, the distal end of the cable means a cable wired signal received by the terminal access the wired local device in the wired access processing unit converged, and the proximal end of the wired device signal generated by the wired access processing unit to the wired remote unit transmits the wired terminal; or, the convergence unit is disposed at the distal end of a wired device, a wired access device through a wired cable wire proximal end processing unit pull away connected to the distal end of the wired device connected to a wired remote terminal; means for transmitting to the proximal end of the cable after the cable means converge wired access signals received by the remote unit in a plurality of cable wired terminals access processing unit, and a signal generated in the wired local device to the wired access processing unit to the wired remote unit transmits the wired terminal; or the sink 聚单元设置在有线远端装置中,通过有线线缆与有线远端装置的有线接入处理单元相连,与所述有线远端装置中的有线终端拉远相连;用于将多个有线远端装置中的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端。 Poly unit disposed at the distal end of a wired device connected to the wired access processing unit via wired cable wired means distal end, the distal end of the wired device connected to a wired remote terminal; a plurality of cable distal end received signal to the wired access terminal transmits a wired device to the wired remote unit after the convergence of wired access processing unit and a remote unit signal transmission cable in wired access processing unit to generate the wired terminal in a wired remote unit.
7、 根据权利要求1所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于:所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的综合接入设备IAD,所述的有线接入处理单元为以太网交换模块; 或者,所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的以太网交换机,所述的有线接入处理单元为路由器模块; 或者,所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的光网络单元ONU,所述的有线接入处理单元为光线路终端OLT; 或者,所述的有线远端装置为带远程供电的数字用户线接入复用器DSLAM室外机,所述的有线接入处理单元为DSLAM接入处理^t块。 7. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 1, wherein: said remote unit is wired integrated access device IAD with remote power supply, said wired access processing unit Ethernet switching module; wired or remote unit, said remote power supply of tape Ethernet switch, the wired access processing unit is a router module; Alternatively, the remote unit is wired with a remote power supply the ONU optical network unit, the wired access processing unit of the OLT optical line terminal; Alternatively, the wired remote unit with a digital subscriber line access multiplexer DSLAM remotely powered outdoor unit, said wired connection the processing unit is a DSLAM access block ^ t.
8、 根据权利要求1所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于,所述的有线接入处理单元为多个时,则所述的各个有线接入处理单元通过交换汇聚单元与有线终端连接通信,所述的各个有线接入处理单元之间基于所述的交换汇聚单元相互备份。 8. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 1, wherein the wired access processing unit is a plurality, then each of the wired access processing unit to exchange convergence a communication unit connected to a wired terminal, based on said backup unit converge mutually exchanged between each of the wired access processing unit.
9、 根据权利要求8所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于:所述交换汇聚单元设置在有线近端装置或有线远端装置中,将所述有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线信号汇聚后选择接入所述有线近端装置或有线远端装置中的一个有线接入处理单元,并将所述有线近端装置或有线远端装置中的有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述有线远端装置中的有线终端;或者, 所述交换汇聚单元分别设置在有线近端装置和有线远端装置中,设置于有线近端装置中的第一交换汇聚单元与设置于有线远端装置中的第二交换汇聚单元之间拉远相连,且所述第二交换汇聚单元与有线终端也拉远相连;第二交换汇聚单元用于将多个有线远端装置的有线终端接收到的有线接入信号汇聚后发送给第一交换汇聚单元,并由第一交换汇聚单元选择接入有线近端 9. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 8, wherein: said switching unit is provided in a wired proximal converging means or wired means distal end, the distal end of the wired device wired terminal into a wired signal received access to the wired local device to select or wired means distal end of a wired access processing unit, the wired local device and remote device in a wired or wired access after aggregation first switch or the switching units are respectively disposed at the convergence wired local device and remote device are wired, is provided in a wired local device; a signal processing unit generates transmitted to the wired means distal wired terminals converging means provided on the distal end of the wire a second switching device connected between remote unit convergence, the convergence and the second switching unit and the wired remote terminal also connected; a second switching means for converging the plurality of wired far received signal to the wired access terminal end of the wired device to a first switching unit after the convergence converged by the convergence of the first switching means selects access the wired proximal end 装置的一个有线接入处理单元,第一交换汇聚单元还将有线近端装置中的各个有线接入处理单元产生的信号发送给所述第二交换汇聚单元,并由第二交换汇聚单元选择接入有线远端装置的一个有线终端。 A wired access processing unit of the device, each of the signal wired access processing unit of the first switching unit also converge in a wired local device transmits the generated switching to the second convergence unit, selected by the second switching means connected aggregation wired remote unit into a wired terminal.
10、 根据权利要求1或2所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于,当所述的有线远端装置为多个时,则所述的各个有线远端装置之间采用星形、环形或网状结构进行互联。 10. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein, when the respective wire between the distal end of said cable means is a plurality of remote units, then the a star, or ring network structure are interconnected.
11、 根据权利要求10所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特征在于,所述的各个有线远端装置分别包含远端电源供给单元时,是各个远端电源供给单元之间采用星形、环形或共享总线的方式连接。 11. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 10, wherein said remote unit when the respective wire distal ends respectively comprising a power supply unit is a power supply unit between the respective distal ends connecting a star, ring or shared bus manner.
12、 根据权利要求11所述的无线与有线综合接入的网络通信系统,其特有线终端的远端电源供给单元出现故障时,则切换到其他一个正常的远端电源供给单元为该有线终端供电。 12. The wireless and wired integrated access network communication system according to claim 11, its distal end a power supply unit Laid wired terminals fails, the other is switched to a normal power supply unit for the distal end of the wired terminal powered by.
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