CN100392207C - Method for predicting drilling system performance for given formation and its system - Google Patents

Method for predicting drilling system performance for given formation and its system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100392207C
CN100392207C CN 01141293 CN01141293A CN100392207C CN 100392207 C CN100392207 C CN 100392207C CN 01141293 CN01141293 CN 01141293 CN 01141293 A CN01141293 A CN 01141293A CN 100392207 C CN100392207 C CN 100392207C
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system
method
predicting
drilling
formation
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CN 01141293
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1341803A (en )
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加里·E·韦弗
奥利弗·马修斯三世
威廉·A·顾德曼
威廉·W·金
杰拉尔德·L·普鲁伊特
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霍利贝顿能源服务公司
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B49/00Testing the nature of borehole walls; Formation testing; Methods or apparatus for obtaining samples of soil or well fluids, specially adapted to earth drilling or wells

Abstract

一种用来预测在给定地层中钻井的钻井系统的性能的方法和设备,包括:根据指定的地质模型生成每单位深度该地层的地质特征,获取所推荐的用于钻井的钻井设备的规格,然后根据指定的钻井技术细节模型,并响应所述规格,预测作为每单位深度地质特征的函数的钻井技术细节。 A method for predicting the performance of a method and apparatus for drilling earth formation drilling system, comprising a given: generating per unit depth according to the geological characteristics of the formation geological model specified, acquires the recommended specifications for the drilling of the drilling apparatus and drilling technical details specified model, and in response to the specification, the technical details of the predicted drilling depth as a function of the geological characteristics of each unit. 响应预测的钻井技术细节,一控制器控制钻井过程中的参数。 In response to the predicted drilling technical details, a controller controls the drilling process parameters. 上述地质特征至少包括岩石强度。 Geological characteristics described above comprises at least rock strength. 上述规格至少包括所推荐钻头的钻头规格。 These specifications include at least the recommended drill bit size. 最后,预测的钻井技术细节包括钻头磨损、机械效率、功率及工作参数中的至少一个。 Finally, the predicted drilling technology, including details of bit wear, mechanical efficiency, power and operating parameters at least one. 提供一个显示装置,用来生成每单位深度的上述地质特征和钻井技术细节预测的显示,该显示装置包括监视器或打印机。 A display means for generating a display unit above each drilling technology and geological characteristics predicted depth of detail, the display device includes a monitor or a printer.

Description

针对给^fc层预測钻井系统的性能的方法及系统对同时待审申请的引用 For a reference to a method and system performance ^ fc-layer prediction while drilling system of the copending application

本申请是1998年l:l月13曰提交的美国专利申请No. 09/192389的部分继续申请,No. 09/192389是1998年3月26日提交的美国专利申请No. 09/048360 的部分继续申请,No. 09/048360又是1996年3月25曰提交的美国专利申请No. 08/621411,即美国专利5794720的部分继续申请.上迷同时待审申请及已授权的专利在此全文引作参考-技辆域 This application is a 1998 l: part of US Patent Application No. 09/192389 filed l May 13, said a continuation, No 09/192389 is part of the March 26, 1998 filed US Patent Application No. 09/048360 of. continue to apply, No. 09/048360 and US patent March 25, 1996, saying filed No. 08/621411, US Patent No. 5,794,720 that is part of a continuation application. fans on pending applications and issued patents are hereby incorporated by reference - domain techniques vehicle

本发明涉及地Mfe井作业,更具^fc说涉及—针对特定地层预測钻井系统性能的方法和系统设备. 背景技术 Mfe present invention relates to well operations, directed to said more ^ fc - BACKGROUND particular formation for drilling system performance prediction method and system apparatus

M们所知,自从油、气^探工业一开始,其最大的换*战之一就是不可能实际看到井下所发生的事情.有许多井下务ff和/或事件对于决定作业如何继续进行非常重要.不言而喻,所有试闺分析这些井下务ff和/或事件的方法都是间接的.从这种意义而言,它们都不够理想,在钻lpiiU^人们一直在不懈地努力以开发更简单和/或更准确的方法. M are aware, since oil and gas exploration industry ^ beginning, it * is one of the largest exchange war can not actually see what happened underground. There are many underground works ff and / or events to decide how to proceed with the job very important. it goes without saying that all test boudoir analysis of these methods or underground service and ff / events are indirect. in terms of this sense, they are not ideal, the drill lpiiU ^ people have been tireless efforts to development easier and / or more accurate method.

通常,已有的解决途,是针对特定的井下^ff和/或事件,并开发出一种分^m种井下条件和/或筝ff的方法.例如,美国专利No. 5305836公开了一种方法,利用该方法,能够根据钻头所钻的井孔岩性来电子^^当前所用钻头的磨损情况.这有利于钻井搡作者决定何时需更换钻头, Typically, to solve the conventional way, for a specific downhole ^ ff and / or events, and to develop a variety of downhole conditions ^ m points or methods and / Cheng-ff., For example, U.S. Patent No. 5305836 discloses a method, this method can be based on electronic drill boreholes drilled lithology ^^ currently wear the drill bit. this facilitates the drilling of shoving decide when the need to replace the drill bit,

传MJi,确^特定地层的指定部分使用何种钻头的过私充其量也只能是泛B—般,^考虑,最坏的情况則是依据技巧和猜想而不是科学判断。 Biography MJi, indeed ^ specify what part of the specific formation using a drill bit through private at best can only be a pan-B- like, ^ consider worst-case scenario is based on speculation rather than scientific skill and judgment.

针对其他种类的井下糾和/或辨可以给出其他一些例子, For other types of downhole correct and / or resolution may give some other examples,

此外,了解其他一些井下务fr和/或f^有所帮助,然而> 由于它们不是特別必要,而財虑到狄先开发更好的方法去分析那些更重要的东西,所以 In addition, a number of other underground works fr understand and / or f ^ helpful, but> because they are not particularly necessary, and to consider fiscal Di first to develop better methods to analyze those more important things, so

对于分析这些其他条降的方法一JLA很少注意或根本不关注。 For these other methods of analysis strips down a JLA little attention or no attention. 发明内容 SUMMARY

M本说明书公开的一个实施例, 一种用来预測在特定地层中钻井的钻井系统的性能的设备包括一根据指定的地质模型来生成该地M^:深度的地质特征的装置。 M in this specification to one embodiment of the disclosed embodiment, a device for predicting the performance of the drilling system in a particular drilling a subterranean formation comprises generating the local geological model specified according to M ^: means geological characteristics of depth. 该地质特征生^置还用来输出表示该地质特征的信号,上述地质特征至少包括岩石强t该设备还包法一用^"入所批荐的用于^^该井眼的钻井设备的规格的装置。这些影格至少包括所推荐钻头的钻头规格。最后,该设备进一步包括一根据指定的钻井技术细节模型,响应所推荐的钻井设备的歉格,来确定作为每单位深度地质特征的函数的钻井技术细节预测的装置。该钻井技术细节预测确^置还用来输出表示钻井技术细节预測的信号. 预测的钻井技术细节包括下列从由钻头磨损、M效率、功率及工作^Jtia成的组中选出的至少一个^^L The geological feature is also used to set the green ^ geological characteristics of the signal, said geological characteristics including at least rock strength t of the apparatus with a further method ^ "into appropriated ^^ recommended for drilling the wellbore apparatus outputs a standard devices. these frame comprising at least recommended drill bit size. Finally, the apparatus further comprises a specified drilling technical details of the model, in response apology grid recommended drilling device is determined as a function of the geological features per unit depth of drilling apparatus technical details predicted. this drilling technique also details the prediction set determining ^ drilling technology for outputting a signal indicative of the predicted details. predicted drilling comprising the technical details wear by the drill bit, M efficiency, and power to the work from the group ^ Jtia at least one selected ^^ L

在另一实施例中,该设备还包括一响应地质特M出信号和钻井技术细节预測输出信号来生成每单位深度地质特征和钻井技术细节预测的显示的装置.该显示生成装置包括一监視器或一打印抓如果是打印抓每#深度的地质特#钻井技术细节预测的显示包括一打印输出. In another embodiment, the apparatus further comprises a response signal M Patent and geological drilling technical details prediction means generates an output signal per unit depth of drilling and geological characteristics of the technical details of the predicted display. The display generating means comprises a monitoring If a print or print grasp grip geological drilling Patent # # depth technical details of each predicted display includes a printed output.

在又一实施例中, 一种预測在给^fc层钻井的钻井系统的性能的方法包括下列步聚a)根据指定地质模型生成该地絲摊深度的城特征并输出表示至少包括岩石强度的该地质特征的信号;b)获WT建议的用于钻井的钻井设备的g,该皿至少包括所##钻头的钻头《^; c)^&指定的钻井技术细节模型,响应该推荐的钻井设备的賴备,确定一作为每单位深度地质特征的函数的钻井技术细节预测,并输出表示该钻井技术细节预测的信号,预测的钻井技 In yet another embodiment, a method for predicting the performance of a ^ fc drilling system comprising the drilling Buju layer a) generating a feature of the city Geotrichum stalls specified depth and output a geological model includes at least rock strength geological characteristics of the signal; b) a drilling apparatus for drilling eligible g of WT proposed, the boat comprising at least the drill bit ## "^; c) ^ & drilling model specifies the technical details of the recommendation in response to drilling Lai preparation device, determining a depth geological characteristics as per drilling technology detail function prediction, and outputs a prediction of the drilling technical details of the signal, the predicted drilling technology

术细节包括下列从由钻头磨损、;^效率、功率及工作参lfci且成的组中选出的 Technical details from wear by the drill bit comprising,; ^ elected efficiency, and power and operating parameters lfci into the group of

至少一个。 at least one.

在又一实施例中, 一存贮在计算机可读介质上并由计算^L行来预测在给定地层上钻井的钻井系统的性能的计算^^,包拾a)根振指狄质模型生成该地絲单位深度的地质特乾并输出表示该地质特征的信号的指令,该地 In yet another embodiment, calculated by a storage medium on a computer-readable ^ L line to predict the performance of the drilling system in a given drilling ^^ calculated on the formation, package pickup a) transducer means Di root mass model the command signal generating unit Geotrichum Laid-depth geological dryness and the output a geological characteristics of the ground

质特征至少包括岩石强度;b)获取所建议的用于钻井的钻井设备的规格的指 Quality features including at least rock strength; b) obtaining the recommended specifications for the drilling of the drilling equipment refers to

令,该彬格至少包括所推荐钻头的钻头g; c)根据指定的钻井技术细节模 So that the grid comprises at least Bin recommended drill bit g; c) according to a specified mode drilling technical details

型,响应该絲的钻^H艾备的胁,确定一作为每羊位深度地质特征的函数的 Type, in response to the threat of wire Ai ^ H drilling apparatus, it is determined for each sheep as a bit-depth geological features function

钻井技术细节预测,并输出>?(束该钻井技术细节预測的信号的指令,预測的钻 Technical details drilling prediction, and outputs?> (The command signal beam drilling technical details of prediction, the predicted drilling

井技术细节包括下列从由钻头磨损、机械效率、功率及工作^lfcM成的组中选出的至少一个。 Technical details well comprising a drill bit selected from the wear, mechanical efficiency, and power ^ lfcM work into at least one group.

此外,在再一实施例中,公开了适于在给定地絲井过程中用作指导的钻 Further, in another embodiment, disclosed it is suitable for guidance of the drill in a given process to Itoi

井系统性能预測的显示。 The well system performance prediction display. 该显示包括W&指^MT模型得到的该地M单位深度的地质4^征,至少包括岩石强底该显示还包括用于钻井的所建议的钻井设备的^1^.该规格至少包括所#^头的钻头皿.",该显示包括一钻井技术细节预測,该钻井技术细节预测是^fe指定的钻井技术细节模型响应该推荐的钻^H殳备的胁,將为每单位深度地质特征的函数而确定的。预測的钻井技术细节包括下列从由钻头磨损、^M^:率、功率及工作#^组成的组中逸出的至少一个. The display includes W & refer ^ the MT model is obtained that the M unit depth geological 4 ^ symptoms, including at least rock strength substrate the display further comprises a drilling device proposed for drilling a ^ 1 ^. The specifications comprising at least the # ^ dish drill head. ", the display comprising a drilling technical details of prediction, the prediction is a threat technical details drilling drill drilling apparatus Shu H ^ technical details ^ Fe model in response to the recommendation specified, per unit depth for geological characteristics a function of determining a predicted drilling techniques include the following details from wear by the drill bit, ^ M ^:. escaping rate, power and working # ^ a group consisting of at least.

再者,对于性能预測的显示,该地质特征还包括从由曲线闺表示、百分比图表示、和带状图表示组成的组中选出的至少一种闺形表示,并且预测的钻井技术细节的显示包括从由曲线困表示、百分比图表示、和带状图表示组成的组中选出的至少一种图形表示. Also, for performance prediction of the display, further comprising the geological characteristics represented by curve from Gui, represents a graph of the percent, and strip chart showing the group consisting of at least one selected graphical representation of the Inner and the predicted drilling technical details displaying a curve from a storm, he said view showing the percentage, and represents at least one strip chart pattern selected from the group consisting of FIG.

本文公开的实施例有助于0^fc层中实际钻井之前或钻井过程中对拟用的各种钻^:备it^W估,Wt—步用于钻井項目.对钻^H史备,其选#^使用可以针对给定地层的井眼的特定区段或一些区賴JJt行优化,上述钻井技术细节模型有利地考虑了在不断吏化的岩性中钻头渐ii^损的影响.所推荐的工作^L6J^头在特定岩性中的磨损状况,并JL^f虑了所使用的特定钻机的工作约束.对于给^fc层的每牟险深度的地质特^钻井技术细节预测的打印输出或显示提供了对于钻井操作者非常有用的关键信息,这种信息特别是对于在优化钻井过程中的使用非常有用.该打印输出或显示^"助于对预期钻井工^p所推荐的工作参数有一全面的了解(a heads up view). 附困说明 Example embodiments disclosed herein help to 0 ^ fc layer before the actual drilling or drilling with a drill of the various proposed ^: Preparation of it ^ W estimate, wt- step drill for drilling program on the History preparation ^ H, selected from ^ # for a given formation may be used in a particular section of a wellbore zone or a number of rows depends JJt optimize the drilling technical details of the model is advantageously considered the influence of lithology officials continuously tapered II ^ drill bit loss. the recommended work ^ L6J ^ head wear condition in a specific lithologies and JL ^ f into account the specific constraints of work rig used. ^ for a special geological risk Mou depth of each layer ^ fc drilling technology forecasting details printout or display provides a very useful for the drilling operator key information, which is particularly useful for use in optimization of the drilling process. the print output or display ^ "drilling work is expected to contribute to the recommended ^ p the operating parameters have a comprehensive understanding of (a heads up view). attached sleepy Description

通it^t下面提供的实瑰本发明的最优实施方式的详细描述,本发明的前述 Detailed description of the best mode embodiment to provide a solid following through it ^ t Rose present invention, the present invention

的以及其它的教导械点将会变得妙明显.下面的描述将参照附图,其中: 闺1固解说明了一钻井系统,该系统包括一个用来预測推蘼指定的钻井项 As well as other mechanical point teachings will become apparent from the following description Miao with reference to the accompanying drawings, where: clear Gui 1 illustrates a solid-drilling system comprising a drilling prediction for pushing items specified millet

目在给定的地层中进行一口井IML多口井眼,的钻井系统的性能的装置; Device performance goal for a well drilling system IML multiple boreholes in a given formation, the;

图2图解说明了优化钻井系统的一种方法以及其在W&指定的钻井项目在给定的地层中进行井眼钻探中的应用,该方法还包括对该钻井系统的性能的预测; FIG 2 illustrates a method for optimizing drilling system and drilling program which is specified in W & performed using borehole drilled in a given formation, the method further comprises predicting the performance of a drilling system;

闺3图解说明了在本说明书公开的钻井性能预測方法和设备的实施例中使用的地质状况和钻并技术细节模型; 3 illustrates Gui geological conditions used in the embodiment of drilling performance prediction methods and apparatus disclosed in the present specification and the technical details of the model and drilling;

图4(4a^ 4b和4c)图解说明了根据本说明书公开的方法和设备,针对给定地;&预測的钻井系统性能的显示的一个实施例; FIG. 4 (4a ^ 4b and 4c) illustrate a method and apparatus disclosed in the present specification, for a given manner; an embodiment & displays the predicted performance of the drilling system embodiment;

图5示出了本说明书公开的钻^測分柝和控制系统的#4«^实时特征的显示的一个示例性的实施例. 具体实施方式 FIG. 5 shows a drill disclosed in this specification ^ an exemplary embodiment shown Watchman measuring points and the control system # 4 «^ real features. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

现在,参照图1,钻井系统10包括一布l在井眼14顶上的钻塔12.测井仪器16由接头18支承,该接头一^bl钻铤,该測井仪器M在钻杆柱20中, 并被布置在井a艮14内. 一钻头22位于钻杆柱20的下端,由它在地层24中开凿出井眼14.钻井泥浆26从井口30附近的^lt池28被泵逸向下沿轴向通道(未示出)流过钻杆柱20,然后从钻头22上的孔出来并通ii^形区域32返回到地面,金属套管34被设置在井眼14内钻头22的上方,用以保持井眼14上部的完整良 Referring now to FIG 1, a drilling system 10 includes a borehole 14 l cloth on top of the derrick 12. The logging tool 1618 is supported by a joint that ^ bl a drill collar, the logging tool in the drill string M 20, and is disposed within a well Gen 14. a drill bit 22 at the lower end of the drill string 20, it is cut out from the wellbore 14. the drilling mud in the vicinity of the formation from the wellhead 24 26 30 ^ lt reservoir 28 is pumped Yi downwardly in the axial passage (not shown) to flow through the drill string 20, and then out through the shaped region ii ^ 32 returns to the ground through the holes in the drill bit 22, the metal sleeve 34 is disposed within the wellbore 14 bit 22 above, the upper portion of the wellbore to maintain good integrity 14

仍然参照图1,在钻杆20、接头18与井眼14的倒壁36之间的环形区32 形成了钻井泥浆返回通路。 Still referring to FIG. 1, the drill pipe 20, the joint 18 and the wellbore annulus 36 between the wall 14 down the drilling mud 32 forming the return passage. 泥浆由井口30附近的M池被泵送系统38泵i!L 这些泥浆流经泥浆供给管线40,该管线与在钻杆柱20内延伸并贯通钻杆柱20 长度的中央通道相连.钻井泥浆以这种方式被迫向下流经钻杆柱20,然后通过钻头22上的孔流出并进入井队从而^Hp和润滑该钻头并M井作业中产生的岩屑带回地面,流^#放管42在井口处与环形^32相连,以引导返回的泥浆从井眼14流到泥浆池28.这些钻井泥浆一^诸如除气单元和回流槽这样的各种设备(未示出)进行处理,以^#«定的泥浆祐度和浓度. Are connected by a slurry pool 30 near the wellhead M is a pump pumping system 38 i! L slurry flowing through the slurry supply line 40, the line 20 extending through the length of the drill string and the drill string 20 within the central channel. Drilling mud in this way forced to flow downwardly through the drill string 20, and then flows into the well so that the team of Hp ^ and lubricate the drill cuttings generated in well operations and M is ground back through the holes in the drill bit 22, the discharge flow ^ # tube 42 at the wellhead 32 is connected to the annular ^, to direct the mud flow return mud pit 14 from the wellbore 28. the drilling mud of various other devices such as a ^ such gas reflux unit and a groove (not shown) for processing to ^ # «mud predetermined woo and concentration.

测井工具或仪器16可以是,常规的测井仪器,如声学的(有BHt称作声音的)、中子的、伽玛射线的、密度的、光电的、核磁共振的、或伶阿其它常规的测井仪器,或者上迷仪器的结合,它们可被用来测量井眼周围的地层的岩性或孔隙度, Logging tool or instrument 16 may be a conventional logging tools, such as the acoustic (sound has called BHt), neutron, gamma ray, density, photoelectric, nuclear magnetic resonance, or other ling A conventional logging tool, or a combination of the above-instrument, which can be used to measure lithology or porosity of the formation around the borehole,

由于在图1中测井仪器被包含在钻杆柱20中,因此该系统是一种随钻测井(MWD)系统,即它在钻井过程的同时进賴'i井.測井数据可被存贮在常规的井下记录器(未示出)中,当钻杆柱20缺出时,可扭面读糊井数据,或者可利用自动测量记录传导技术,如常规的泥^冲3^测系l将测井数据传送到地面.无,种情况,来自测井仪器16的測井lt据^都到it地面测量设备处理器44,以按照在此描迷的本说明书公开的实施例对这些数llit行处理以Wt用.即,处理器44以适当的方式处理这些测井lt拔以^^本文公开的实施例使用. Since well logging instruments in FIG. 1 is included in the drill string 20, so that the system is a logging while drilling (MWD) system, i.e., it depends on the intake 'i of the well drilling process at the same time. Log data may be stored in a conventional downhole recorder (not shown), when a shortage of the drill string 20 may be twisted surface well data read paste, or may transfer technology, such as the use of a conventional mud telemetry ^ 3 ^ punch test l based transmitting logging data to surface. no, case, logging lt data from the logging tool 16 are ^ to it 44, according to embodiments disclosed herein described in this specification fans surface measuring apparatus of the present processor the number of rows processed llit by Wt. That is, the processor 44 in a suitable manner to pull these tools lt ^^ embodiments herein disclosed embodiments use.

除了MWD设备以外,也可使用电缆测^H史备.即,电统测井设^MT以被用iMt随深度而变化的井眼周闺的地层进,井.使用电缆测^H殳备时,电缆测井车(wireline truck)(未示出)一般位于井眼的g电缆测井仪器被经过滑^測深套筒的测井电缆悬吊在井眼内.当測井仪器穿过井眼时,它记录井眼周闺随深度而变化的地层.测井数据通过測井电^t传送J^測井车上或在其附近的处理器,以适当的方式处理这些测井数据以供本文公开的实施例使用。 Apart MWD apparatus may be used wireline ^ H history prepared. That is, the electrical logging system is provided with iMt ^ MT to change with depth in the wellbore formation into the Inner circumference of the well using wireline apparatus Shu ^ H when cable logging truck (wireline truck) (not shown) typically located wellbore wireline tools are g ^ through sliding sleeve sounding a wireline suspended within the wellbore. when the logging tool through the well when the eye, it records the Inner circumference of the wellbore with depth varies formation. J logging data transfer by logging logs electrically ^ t ^ car or in the vicinity of the processor, in an appropriate manner to the logging data Example embodiments disclosed herein for use. 如同图l所示的鹏实施例一样,电缆测^i殳备可以包括姊常规的可被用来测量井眼周围的地层的岩'^/或孔隙度的測井设备,例如,诸如声学的、 中子的、如玛射线的、密度的、光电的、核磁^的、或^其他常规的可被用来测量岩性的测井仪器及它们的组合. As shown in Figure l embodiment as Peng, Shu I ^ wireline device may comprise a conventional percent it can be used to measure the formation around the borehole rock '^ / or porosity logging apparatus, e.g., such as acoustic of , neutrons, such as Mary radiation, density, photoelectric, nuclear magnetic ^ or ^ other conventional logging tool may be used to measure lithology, and combinations thereof.

仍然参照图1, 一用来预测在给定地层24中钻一系列井眼如井眼14的钻井系统10的性能的装置50被示出.该预测装置50包括指定的一M^质和钻井技术细节模型,并包括作业的优化、预测和校准模式(下面将参照图3作进一步的讨论)。 Still referring to Figure 1, an apparatus for predicting the performance of a given system formation drilling wellbore 24 as drilling a series of bore hole 14 10 50 is shown. The device 50 includes a prediction of a specified quality and drilling M ^ technical details of the model, and including the optimization operation, and calibration mode prediction (see FIG. 3 will be further discussed). 预测装置50还包括一设备52,该设备包括任何的^il的市售计算抓控制器、或数据处理设备,并被编程以实现此处M—步描述的方法和装置.计算^L/控制器52至少包括一输入端来接收例如从自适当的输入设备(或设备组)58获得的输入信息和/或指令.输入设备(或设备组)58可包括键盘、键板、t存、设备等等,还包括接收来自远程计算城数据库的输入信息的网络接口或其^feii信接口,此外,计算^L/控制器52包括至少一个用于输出信息信号和/或设备控制指令的输出端.输出信号可以通过信号线54被输出到一显示设备60,以用来生成包含在输出信号中的信息的显示.输出信号也可被输出到一打印机设备62,以用来生成包含在该输出信号中的信息的打印输出64. 如果需要,信息和/或控制信号也可通过信号线66被输出,例如输出到远程设备以用于控制钻塔12的一个或多个不同的钻 Prediction means 50 further comprises a device 52, the apparatus comprises any commercially available computing ^ il catch controller or data processing device, and programmed to implement the method and apparatus described herein M- step calculation ^ L / Control 52 includes at least one input terminal to receive, for example from a self suitable input device (or device group) 58 input information acquired and / or instructions input device (or device group) 58 may include a keyboard, keypad, t storage device etc., further comprising a network interface receives input information from a database or a remote computing City ^ feii communication interface, in addition, it calculates ^ L / controller 52 includes an output information signal and / or output device control command for at least a the output signal may be output through a signal line 54 to a display device 60, to be used to generate the display information contained in the output signal of the output signal may also be output to a printer device 62, in order to generate an output comprising the print output information signal 64. If desired, information and / or control signals may also be output through a signal line 66, such as the output 12 to a rig or drilling a plurality of different remote control devices for 工作^:,这些,进一步讨论。 Work ^ :, these further discussions. 换句话北在钻井系MJi设置了适当的设备或装置,该设备响应钻井技术细节预测输出信号来控制该钻井系统实际钻井(或井的区粉时的^L例如, 钻井系统可以包括这样的设备,如从井下马达70、顶部驱动马达72、或旋转马达74中选出的一种可控型马达,相应马达的给定^^钟转数可以远程控制。 上述^lt也可以包括从由钻压、每分钟转数、泥浆泵流率、水力*、或M 其#^1的钻井系^制#^成的组中选出的一个或多个. ^ When drilling North otherwise provided based MJi appropriate device or apparatus, the drilling apparatus in response to an output signal of the technical details of the predicted drilling system controlling the actual drilling (or well region e.g. powder L, the drilling system may include a devices, such as from the downhole motor 70, the top drive motor 72, the rotation motor 74, or selected from a controllable motor, the motor corresponding to a given number of revolutions can be remotely controlled clock ^^. ^ lt above may also comprise from the group consisting WOB, rPM, mud flow rate, hydraulic *, or # ^ M which one or more drilling system ^ # ^ made into a selected group.

根据一指定地质模型,计算^/控制器52提供用于生成该地M单位深度地质特征的手艮计算^L/控制器52进一步通过信号线54、 56提m^该地质特征的输出信号.输入设备58可被用来输Ait推荐的用于钻井(或井的区粉的钻^H炎备的规格.该M至少包括所M钻头的钻头,.计算机/控制器52进一步提供一响应所推荐的钻井设备的^,根据指定的钻井技术细节模型,来确定作为每牟艮深度地质特征的函数的钻井技术细节预测的手l计算W控制器52 M—步通过信号线54、 56^^4钻井技术细节预測的输出信号. According to a geological model specified is calculated ^ / Gen hand controller 52 provides for generating a depth geological characteristics of the local computing unit M ^ L / controller 52 via further signal lines 54, 56 provide an output signal of the m ^ geological features. H ^ specifications prepared inflammation input device 58 may be used to input Ait recommended for drilling (or region of the well drilling powder. M including at least the drill bit of the M, the computer / controller 52 further provides a response ^ recommended drilling equipment, drilling technology according to the specified details of the model, to determine the depth of each geological feature Mu Gen drilling technology detail function W is calculated predicted hand controller 52 M- l step through a signal line 54, 56 ^^ 4 details the predicted drilling technology output signal.

使用^^域公知的编M术,计算^L/控制器52被编程来执行ii^所述的功能。 Well known in the ^^ M knitting operation, calculation ^ L / controller 52 is programmed to perform the functions recited ii ^. 在一个实施例中,包括一个计算机可读介质,该计算机可读介质上存有计算^U^序。 In one embodiment, a computer-readable medium comprising the computer readable there computing ^ U ^ sequence on the medium. 由计算^/控制器52M^亍的计算^^被用来预测钻井系g给 By the computing ^ / ^ calculated ^^ right foot controller 52M is used to predict the drilling line g

a层钻井的性能.该计算;tR^包^l据一指^Mr模型生成该地M^ A layer of the drilling performance calculation;. TR ^ ^ l data packet refers to a model generating the local ^ Mr M ^

深度的地质特机并输出絲至少包括岩石强度的地质特征的信号的指令.该计算^W还包括用于获得所絲的用于钻井的钻^H殳备的鹏的指令,该规 Laid-depth geological wire machine and outputs a command signal including at least rock strength of geological characteristics. ^ W The calculation Peng further comprising instructions for drilling drill ^ H Shu obtain filaments prepared for the regulation

格至少包括所M钻头的钻头^M^.最后,该计算;^^序包括根振一指定钻井技术细节模型响应所建议的钻井设备的规格来确定作为每单位深度地质特征 The grid comprising at least a drill bit of the M ^ M ^ Finally, the calculation;. ^^ specifications root sequence comprising a transducer response model specifies drilling technical details of the proposed drilling equipment to determine the depth of geological characteristics per unit

的函数的钻井技术细节预測,并输出M该钻井技术细节预測的信号的指令。 Drilling techniques detail function prediction, and outputs the command signal M technical details of the predicted drilling. 预測的钻井技术细节包括下列从由钻头磨损、M效率、功率及工作^Jtia^ Prediction drilling techniques include the following details from wear by the drill bit, M efficiency, power and working ^ Jtia ^

的组中选出的至少一个。 A group selected at least. 该计算机/控制器52执行的计算;^序的设计可使用 52 calculation performed by the computer / controller; ^ sequence is designed using

/^的编敏术来完成,以实狄处描述;Ht絲实施例,因此,可生成给定地层每单位深度的地质状况,并且可确定钻井系统的钻井技术细节性能的预测。 / ^ Compilation sensitive technique to complete the solid Di described herein; Ht of the wire embodiment, and therefore, can be generated per a given stratigraphic geology depth, and may determine the predicted performance details drilling technology drilling system. 再者,絲对性能预測的了解,可对钻將业有利艇行优化,这将在下面作进一步的讨论. Furthermore, knowledge of the properties of silk predictable, favorable industry to drill the boat line optimization, which will be further discussed below.

在一优选实施例中,地质特征至少包括岩石强度.在另一实施例中,地质特征可进一步包糊井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性中的愤一个或多个。 In a preferred embodiment, the geological characteristics including at least rock strength. In another embodiment, the packet may be further characterized paste geological well data, lithology, porosity, and shale plasticity in one or more of anger.

如上所述,输入设备58可被用来输入所建议的用于钻井(或井的区衝的钻井设备的m。在一优选实施例中,上迷恥格至少包含所推荐钻头的钻头规格。在另一实施例中,上迷M^可包括下列设备的一个或多个的胁,这些设备可包括井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转盘马达、泥浆系錄泥浆泵.相应的恥格可包括例如:与特定的钻井设备相适应的最大扭矩输出、泥浆类型、或泥浆泵额定输出功率。 As described above, the input device 58 may be used m a drilling apparatus for drilling (or a well region of an input impulse recommended. In a preferred embodiment, the above-shame cell comprising at least a drill bit specifications recommended. in another embodiment, the above-M ^ may include one or more of the following devices flank, these devices may include a downhole motor, the top drive motor, a swing motor, mud-based mud recorded. shame respective grid may comprise e.g. : specific drilling apparatus adapted to output the maximum torque, the type of mud, or mud pump rated output power.

在一优选实施例中,钻井技术细节预测包括下列从由钻头磨损、*1^效率、 In a preferred embodiment, comprises the predicted drilling technical details from wear by the drill bit, the efficiency ^ 1 *,

功率和工作^jtla成的組中逸择出的至少一^井技术细节,在另一实施例 Power and operational in the Yi ^ jtla to select a group of at least one of the technical details well ^, In another embodiment

中,上述工作鋒可包括钻压、每分钟转数、脉钻进速度和扭矩,下面将对此作进一步讨论.钻进速度还包括瞬时钻进速度(ROP)和平均钻进速度(ROP-AVG)„ In the work front may include WOB, RPM, pulse drilling speed and torque, as will be discussed further below. Drilling speed further comprises the instantaneous rate of penetration (ROP) and the average rate of penetration (ROP- AVG) "

现在参照图2,它示出了利用装置50预測钻井系统的性能以在给定地3 一系列井眼的方法的g图.该方法用来优化钻井系统及其在钻井项目中的应用,并与在给线层中钻一个或多个井(或井的区抝同时进行.在步骤100中, 该方法包括针对给^fe层开始一个特定的钻井项目或继续某一钻井項目.就继续某一钻井项目而言,可能是该钻井项目由于一些原因例如由于设备故障或停工被中断,结果该钻井项目仅仅完成了一部分.在^^理或更换故障设备后,本 Referring now to Figure 2, which shows the performance of the drilling system using prediction means 50 to be given in the process of a series of 3 g of the wellbore of FIG. The method is used to optimize the drilling system and its application in the drilling program, and simultaneously with the bend in the line layer to drilling one or more wells (or well region. in step 100, the method comprising for a ^ fe layer starts drilling a particular project or continue a drilling program. continues a a drilling program, it is likely that the drilling program for some reason, for example, due to equipment failure or shutdown is interrupted, the results of the drilling program completed only part of the faulty equipment or replace ^^ after this

文公开的方法可在步稞100重新起动。 The method disclosed herein may be restarted at step 100 wheat. 应指明的是本文公开的方法可以在一给 It should indicate that the methods disclosed herein may be given a

定的钻井項目中的*点被执行以优化该特定的钻井系统及其使用,但最好是^^给定的钻井項目的一开始就被沐ff 。 Given drilling project * dot be performed to optimize the drilling system and its specific use, but it is better ^^ given a start drilling project was Mu ff.

在步蘇102,根据本文公开的方法生成钻井系^^定地层钻井的钻井性能预测.另外,絲指定的一舰质和钻井技术细节预測模型,使用优4诚式^测模式中的至少一个模式,来生成给定井眼的钻井过程的钻井性能预测。 SU in step 102, according to the method disclosed herein to generate a given drilling drilling performance prediction based ^^ formation drilling. Additionally, a designated ship yarn quality prediction model and drilling technical details, preferably using Cheng formula 4 ^ a test mode at least mode to generate drilling process to the drilling performance prediction of a given wellbore. 换句话说,在生成钻井系统的钻井性能预測的过程中,伏/ft^式和/或预测模式均可以用。 In other words, the process of generating the predicted drilling performance of the drilling system, the V / ft ^ of formula and / or a prediction mode can be used. 该钻井性能预测包括钻井技术细节测量值的预測.优化模式M 测模式将在下面参照图3作进一步的讨论。 The drilling performance prediction techniques including drilling details of measurement optimization mode M measurement mode in reference to FIG. 3 discussed further below.

在步蘇104,钻井人员决^:否要在钻给定并眼(或井眼的区粉期间获取钻井技术细节实际测量氛在步壤106,如果^lt取钻井技术细节实际測量值(例如,工作参数),則钻井系统利用钻井性能预测作为指导来钻给定井(或区段).此外,在步骤106,在钻井(或区粉的ii^中,測量钻井技术细节实际测量值.或者,如果决絲钻给定井眼(或井眼区粉的过程中不获取工作錄的测量值,則该方法执行步骤132,这将在下面it一步讨"fe. In step SU 104, drillers must ^: whether to drill a period zone powder set and the eye (or wellbore obtaining drilling technical details of the actual measurement atmosphere in step soil 106, the actual measurement values ​​if ^ lt taken drilling technical details (e.g. , working parameters), the drilling system utilizing a drilling performance prediction as a guide to drill a given well (or section). Further, at step 106, in the drilling ii ^ (powder or region, the technical details of measurement drilling actually measured value. Alternatively, if the given process must wire drilling a borehole (or wellbore region powder does not work recorded measured values ​​acquired, the method proceeds to step 132, which step it will discuss "fe below.

在步艰108,利用作ib^J^溪式,##井性能预测与实际钻井性)1^^行比较,其中作錄錄式将参照图3作进一步讨论.在比较中,絲井技术细节实际测量值与钻井技术细节测量值预测进行fe^ rti^过程最好包括将实际性能的曲线重叠在预测性能的曲线上(或^fe幻,用視觉上判断实际和预測性能之间的偏差。这个rt^^也可以在计算机的协助下比^ii当的泰L据而进行. At step 108 difficult, using as comparison ib ^ J ^ Xi formula ## well performance prediction of the actual drilling) ^^ row 1, wherein for recording recordable be further discussed with reference to FIG. 3. In comparison, Itoi technology details of the actual measurement values ​​and prediction values ​​drilling technical details fe ^ rti ^ measurement process preferably comprises the actual performance curves superimposed on the curve of the predicted performance (or ^ fe magic, by visual judgment between the actual and predicted performance deviation. this can be compared rt ^^ ^ ii when the assistance of a computer, according to the Thai L carried out.

g参看图2的步壤110,步骤110包括询问对于特定的地质状况和钻进系统来说该指定地质和钻井技术细节模型是否是最优的.换句滅,如糾于特定的地质状况和钻井系统来说该模型是最优的,則钻井技术细节实际测量值与钻井技术细节測量值预測之间的比较是可采用的.然后,该方法执行步骤122,同时钻一系列井眼中的下一个井眼.另一方面,如果对于特定的地质状;#钻井系统来说该模型不是最优的,則该方法从步骤110转到步骤114.如^步骤108中钻井技术细节实际测量值与钻井技术细节测量值预测之间的比较不能采用,则使用作业校J^式微调地质和钻井技术细节模型中的至少一 Referring to FIG. 110 g soil Step 2, the step 110 includes a query for a particular geology and geological drilling systems and specifies the technical details of drilling model is optimal. Stated another off, such as the correction to the particular geology and the drilling system, the model is the best, the comparison between the measured value and the value predicted drilling technical details of the actual measurement may be employed drilling technique details are then, the method executes step 122, while a series of drilling a wellbore a wellbore other hand, if the geology for a particular shape; the model # is not optimal drilling system, the method proceeds to step 110 from step 114. the actual measured values ​​^ drilling technology and the details of step 108 details of the comparison drilling technology can not be employed between the predicted measurement value is used to fine-tune the job correction formula J ^ geological model and drilling technical details of at least one

个。 A. 在步聚114,利用校iL^式来微调所i^质和钻井技术细节模型(部或部分).利用该校jt^式,地质和钻井技术细节模型的4^或部^t适当AW8t调, 并取决于实际与预測钻井*汰能的比乾摸型在步騍114进行微调后,该方法转到步聚112,同时钻该系列井眼中的下一个井l In Buju 114, using the correction formula to fine-tune the iL ^ I ^ qualitative model and drilling technical details (or part) With 4 ^ t ^ or portion suitable AW8t JT ^ tone correction formulas, the details of the geological model and drilling technology and * depending on the actual and the predicted drilling jig can touch type was dry after the fine adjustment step Ke 114, the method proceeds Buju 112, while drilling the wellbore in the next series of wells l

在步骤112,将当前井的实际钻井性能与前一口井(或前几口井)的实际钻并性E^行比乾通过这样的雄可以判狄性Hth是否有改善.例如,这个t诚可以揭示出当前井打了18天而上口井打了20^在步稞112^,进行步骤116,询问该地质和钻井技术细节模型是否优于前一口井或几口井,如果这些^^型是最优的,則该方法转到步壤118.而相反地,如果这些模型不优于前一口井或几口井,則该方法转到步骤120. In step 112, the current performance of the actual drilling wells with a well before (or several wells before) and the actual drilling of E ^ than dry line through such a determination may be whether the male sex Hth Di improved. For example, the t Cheng It can reveal this well for 18 days and catchy hit well played in step 20 ^ 112 ^ wheat, step 116, and asks the geologic model is better than the technical details of drilling a well or several wells before, if ^^ type is optimal, then the method proceeds to step 118. soil and conversely, if not better than the models before a well or several wells, the method proceeds to step 120.

在步骤118,钻井性能的最优工作錄值被记泉而且,钻斧汰能的最优工作参数值以任何适当的方式被记#/或存贮以便于访问和检索.文件纪录和/或存贮记录可包括:例如,it^报告、计算机文件或数据库,因而,步锞118便于获取关于钻井性能的工作;Nt的最优l优4t^的例子可包括各种效益,例如优^^井过程的经济^、更少:^^^ili^钻探的特定油田、更少的钻井所需时间、或^其4ife^适的测量值,等等.为了用筒单的例子作进一步说明,假定进行海上钻井项目每天需花费大约十五万美元($150,000/天),每口井节约或缩短两(2)天(由于该钻井系统及其应用优化的结果)将相当于每口井节约三十万美元($300,000/天)。 In 118, the optimal recording performance of a well working step is denoted springs Further, the drill jig ax optimum operating parameter values ​​can be referred # / or stored in any suitable manner to facilitate the access and retrieval. Documentary records and / or storing record may include: for example, it ^ reports, a computer file or database, and thus step 118 to facilitate access to work on ingot performance of a well; l and most preferred examples of 4t ^ Nt may include various benefits such as excellent ^^ well ^ economic process, fewer: ^^^ ili ^ specific oilfield drilling, less time required for drilling, or which 4ife ^ ^ appropriate measurements, etc. examples of a single cylinder to be further described. assumed that offshore drilling project cost approximately US $ 150,000 ($ 150,000 / day) per day, per well save or shorten the two (2) days (Since the results of the drilling system and its application-optimized) will be equivalent to each well saving three hundred thousand dollars ($ 300,000 / day). 对于一个三十(30)口井的钻井项目,作为优化的结果,该钻井项目可总共节约大概九百万美元($ 9, 000,000). For a thirty (30) wells drilling projects as a result of the optimization of the drilling program can save a total of about $ ($ 9, 000,000) nine million.

在步骤120,询问相对于前一口井或前几口井有没有设计变更-如果作了设计变更,则该方法转到步壤122.在步骤122,以类似于步寐118的方式, 记录钻井性能的设计变更氣即,对钻牛性能的设计变更值以^适当的方式被记#/或存贮,以便預问和检索.文件纪紗/或存贮记录可&^:例如, «_报告、计算似件或数据库.因而,步稞122便于获取关于钻井性能的设计变更仗相反,如果相对于前一口井或前几口井没有絲设计变t則该方法转到步骤124。 At step 120, relative to the previous query or a well there several wells before the design change - if design changes made, the method proceeds to step 122. In step 122 the soil in a similar manner as step 118 Mei, drilling record i.e. gas performance design changes, changing values ​​of the design performance of the drill bovine suitable manner to be recorded ^ # / or storage, and retrieval of documents and asked to record the pre-yarn / or storage records & ^: e.g., «_ report, or calculated like member database. thus, step 122 to facilitate access to design changes wheat battle on the drilling performance the contrary, if the method proceeds to step relative to the front without a well or several wells before the wire design variations t 124.

在步骤124,询问对預特定的地质状况该钻井系统是否是最优的.例如, In step 124, it asks whether the pre-conditions of the specific geological drilling system is optimal. For example,

在当前井,如果该钻并系统没有针对特狄质状X^行优化,則特定的钻并设备约束糾将严重地影响钻井性能,例如,如果对于给定的地质状况,泥浆泵 In this well, and if the system does not drill like mass for X ^ Tedi line optimization, certain drilling equipment constraints and will seriously affect the correct drilling performance, for example, if for a given geological conditions, mud

能力不足,則结果水力务降可能不足以净化井队从而对特定地质状况的钻井 Lack of capacity, the result may be insufficient to purify water drop service so that the drilling rig to specific geological conditions

系统的钻井性能产生不利影响,如果该钻井系统没有针对特定的地质状;M行 Drilling adversely affect the performance of the system, if the drilling system does not shaped for a particular geological; M rows

优仏则该方法转到步骤126,否则该方法转到步艰128。 Fo preferably the method proceeds to step 126, otherwise the method goes to step 128 difficult. 在步壤126,对钻井系,行或作了适当的设计变更。 In step 126 soil, drilling line, row, or made an appropriate design changes. 上述i殳计变更可以包括设^^替换、改型、和 Above may comprise changing the count i Shu disposed ^^ alternatives, modifications, and

/或^L或其他破认为适合于该特a质状况的设计变更.这样,对于给定 / ^ L or the other, or that is adapted to break that particular situation a quality design changes. Thus, for a given

地质状况的钻井过私该钻井系统设备及其应用可以被优化.然后,该方法转到步骤128。 Drilling through geological conditions of the drilling system equipment and private application may be optimized. Then, the method proceeds to step 128.

在步壤128,询问是否已钻完该钻井项目中最后一口井.如果最后一口井e44:钻完,则该方法在步壤130结束,如果i^一口井还没有钻,则该方法再次转到步骤102,然后该过^fe上面讨论的步,续进行. In step 128 soil, asked whether the drilling program has drilled a well in the final if the last one well e44:. Drilled, then the method 130 ends in step soil, if i ^ not drill a well, the method turn again to step 102, and then the over-fe ^ step discussed above, be continued.

在步骤132,如果不想获取钻井系统工作#*:,則用该钻井系统以钻井性能预测为指賴探该给定井眼(或区幻而不进行测量.在步骤132,在钻井眼(或区粉过程中,不进行WT钻井技术细节测量。在完成步壤132的当前井眼(或区粉的钻探后,该方法接着转到步骤128,并且过M上面讨论的方式继续进行. In step 132, if not acquired :, * # work drilling system to drill the predicted performance of the probe means Lai given wellbore (or phantom regions without measuring the drilling system. In step 132, in drilling the wellbore (or powder process area, details of the measurement is not performed WT drilling techniques. after completion of the current wellbore (or drilled soil region powders step 132, the method then proceeds to step 128, and the manner discussed above to proceed through the M.

本文公开的方法^i殳备可有利地使得在给定钻井项目的初期即可实m钻井系统及其在钻井项目中的应用的优化.例如,利用本方法和设备,在一个三十口井的项目的头几口井即可实现最优化,而如果不用本方法和设备,可能直到三十口井项目的第十五口井才能获#^化。 The method disclosed herein may be advantageously ^ i Shu apparatus can be such that the initial solid m drilling system and optimize the drilling program in a given drilling program in the application. For example, using the present method and apparatus in a thirty wells head several wells to optimize the project, and if not present method and apparatus may until the fifteenth wells thirty wells project in order to obtain # ^ of. 本方法还便于在钻井项目的早期作出适当?ti^在钻井項目早期所作的«>斤带来的,经济^^将有利地被该钻井項目中剩下的未被钻探的井眼的数目倍增.结果,执行该钻井项目的公司可有利地实现重大而显著的节约.利用本方法和设备,为了核实该特定的钻井系统设备得到了最佳使用,在一个结井项目的自始至终,在每个井眼的钻^it程中都可以进行测量.此外,利用本文公开的方法和设备,钻井系统设备性能更容易被监視,以进一步在潜在的不利条件实际出现之前就将其识别出来。 This method also facilitate an early drilling program appropriate? Ti ^ «made in earlier drilling projects> brought pounds, ^^ economy will advantageously be doubling the number of remaining non-drilling of the borehole drilling project As a result, the company performing the drilling program can be advantageously achieved a significant and significant savings. with the present method and apparatus, in order to verify the particular drilling system devices have been used optimally in a knot well throughout the project, in each ^ it wellbore drilling process can be measured. in addition, using the method and apparatus disclosed herein, the drilling system to be more easily monitored equipment performance, prior to further potentially adverse conditions which actually occur will be identified.

Syt参照图3,预測模型140提供整棉并系统的模型.«|本发明方法和设备,该预測模型还包括地质模型142和钻井技术细节模型144.图3图解说明了不同预测模型140的综合图以及它们相互链接的方式.预测模型140被存贮在闺l的计算^L/控制器52中,并被^L行,这将在下面进一步讨论. Syt 3, the predictive model 140 to provide the entire system and cotton model «|. The method and apparatus of the present invention, the predictive model 142 further includes a geological model and drilling technical details of the model 144. FIG 3 illustrates a synthesis of different prediction models 140 FIG interlinked manner and their prediction model 140 is stored in the Inner calculating l ^ L / controller 52, and ^ L line, which will be discussed further below.

地质模型142包括岩'lt^型146、岩石强度模型148、和页岩塑#>^型150。 Geological model 142 comprises a rock 'lt ^ model 146, model 148 rock strength, and shale plastic #> ^ 150 type. 岩'錄型最好包括于2000年3月28曰授权的射"METHOD FOR QUANTIFY ING THE LITHOLOGIC COMPOSITION OF FORMATIONS SURROUNDIN G EARTH BOREHOLES(量化地球井眼周闺地层的岩石成分的方法)"的美国专利6, 044, 327所描述的岩'^^型,该文件为本发明的参考文件.该岩'^#型^_供一用来量4fc^狄层的岩'l^Nt的方法,岩性鋒包括岩,脉孔惊t该岩性模型可利用储对岩'M孔瞎^L^敏的測井装备,例如,^fe核磁共氱光电的、中子密度、声波、伽玛射絲伽玛能谱測井装备.该岩^^型进一步提供M的多組分分析.例如,在图4的岩性列,在575英尺深处,显示了四(4) 个组分,包括砂岩、石灰岩、白云石和页岩.各组分可以对一特定的测井记录或记录M^权.该岩'^型可确iL^对于一给定岩性组分的分析中,某些测井记录比,的好.例如,众所周知,伽玛射线測井通常是最好的页岩指示器. 利用中子测并^J:可以被清楚地分析出来 Rock 'preferably comprises a type recorded on March 28, 2000 authorized said exit "METHOD FOR QUANTIFY ING THE LITHOLOGIC COMPOSITION OF FORMATIONS SURROUNDIN G EARTH BOREHOLES (quantized components earth wellbore rock formation method circumferential Gui)" U.S. Patent No. 6 , 044, 327 described rock '^^ type, with reference to the files of the present invention. the rock' ^ # ^ _ type used to supply a quantity of rock Di layer 4FC ^ 'l ^ Nt method, lithology Feng including rock, t shock pulse aperture may utilize the model reservoir lithology of the rock 'M ^ L ^ sensitive blind hole logging equipment, e.g., ^ fe photoelectric nuclear magnetic Yang, neutron density, acoustic, gamma emitting filament gamma spectroscopy logging equipment. analysis of the type of rock ^^ M further provides a multi-component. For example, in FIG. 4 lithology column, 575 feet deep, shows four (4) components, including sandstone , limestone, dolomite and shale. the components may be for a particular record or log M ^ right. the rock '^ ^ iL type may be determined for a given lithology component analysis, some logging the recording ratio, the better, for example, it is known gamma-ray logging are generally the best indicator of neutron measurements shale and ^ J:.. it can be clearly analyzed ,而如果用声音测井則会是全漏掉煤层.可以使用权重因数以便i^t能最准确分析它的测井记录或测井记录組来分析给定的岩性.此外,该岩'^^型允iW^岩石組分的最大百分^MJl^百分之一百(0 - 100%)变化,因此允许将模型校iE^岩心分析.该岩性模型还考虑到每种岩石成分存在的有限范围,而这可以岩心分析为基缺,该岩性模型也可包4^&^其他适当的用来预測岩性和孔隙度的^l型. , And if the voice logging would miss the whole seam may be used so that a weighting factor i ^ t the most accurate analysis of its log or logs groups to analyze a given lithology. In addition, the rock ' iW ^ ^ ^ type allow maximum percentage of rock components ^ MJl ^ hundred percent (0 - 100%) change, thus allowing the model school iE ^ core analysis of the lithological model also takes into account each rock composition. presence of limited range, which may be the lack of core analysis group, which may also be entrapped lithology model ^ 4 ^ & other suitable used to predict porosity and lithology type ^ l.

岩石强度模型148最好包括于1998年6月16日授权的題为"METHOD OF ASSAYING COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF R0CK(测定岩石抗压强度的方法)"的美国专利5,767,399所描述的岩石强度模型,该文斧泎为本发明的参考文件.岩石强度模型提^""确定给狄层的側限应力和岩石强度的方法.该岩石强度模型还可包括tt其他用"f^測倒限应力和岩石强度的^的模型. Rock strength model 148 preferably includes at June 16, 1998 and entitled rock strength model "METHOD OF ASSAYING COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF R0CK (Determination of compressive strength of the rock)," US Patent 5,767,399 described the Ze of the present invention ax described reference document. mention rock strength model ^ "" the method for determining confinement stress and rock strength Di layer. the model may also include rock strength with other tt "inverted F ^ test confinement stress and rock ^ model strength.

页岩塑'^^型150最好包括于2000年4月18日授权的^J "METHOD AND Shale plastic '^^ type 150 preferably includes at April 18, 2000 authorized ^ J "METHOD AND

APPARATUS FOR QUANTIFYING SHALE PLASTICITY FROM WELL LOGS(由测并记录来量化页岩塑性的方法和设备)"的美国专利6, 052,649所描述的页岩塑性模型,该文件作为本发明的参考文件.该页岩塑性模型提^"量4fc^^fe层的页岩塑性的方法.该頁岩塑^^型还可包括^T其他适当的预测页岩塑性的模型.因此,该地质模型可用来产生一个给狄层的特狄质应用的模型. APPARATUS FOR QUANTIFYING SHALE PLASTICITY FROM WELL LOGS (quantified by the measurement and recording method and apparatus of the shale plasticity), "U.S. Patent 6, 052,649 shale plasticity model described in the document as a reference document of the present invention. The shale ^ plasticity model mentioned "method shale amount 4fc ^^ fe plastic layer. the shale plastic ^^ ^ T type may also comprise other suitable shale plasticity model prediction. Thus, the geological model used to generate a given Di Tedi qualitative model application layer.

钻井技术细节模型144包:fe^械效率模型152、井B^化效率模型154、钻头磨损模型156和钻i4ii度模型158,该M效率模型152最好包括申请日为1998年3月26日的题为"METHOD OF ASSAYING D0fNHOLE 0COJRRE NCES腳CONDITIONS(分析井下条件和事件的方法)"的同时待审专利申请S/N 09/048, 360[(Attorney docket BT-1307 CIP1/5528. 322)所描述的城效率模型,该文件作为本发明的参考文件.*1^:率模型提供了一确定钻头«效率的方法.在该^t^率模型中,,效率被^l为切削扭矩的百分比,而剩余的扭矩被消M摩擦中了.该^t效率模型a)反映钻头三维几何形状,b) 与切削扭矩有关,c)考虑工作约束的影响,和d)利用扭^阻尼分析。 Drilling Technology Model 144 package details: fe ^ mechanical efficiency model 152, well B ^ efficiency model 154, model 156, and drill bit wear i4ii Model 158, the efficiency model 152 preferably includes M filed 26 March 1998 entitled "mETHOD oF ASSAYING D0fNHOLE 0COJRRE NCES foot cONDITIONS (method for analyzing downhole conditions and events)," co-pending patent application S / N 09/048, 360 [(Attorney docket BT-1307 CIP1 / 5528. 322) the percentage rate model provides a method of determining the bit «^ the efficiency of the model T ^ ,, ^ l is the cutting efficiency of the torque: City efficiency model described in the document as a reference document of the present invention * 1 ^. while the remaining friction torque M a is eliminated. the efficiency model ^ t a) bit reflects three-dimensional geometry, b) about the cutting torque, c) consideration of the influence of a constraint, and d) using the ^ damping torsional analysis.

就井眼净化效率(HCE)模型154而言,该模型考虑了钻井液类型、水力条件、岩',页岩塑性.井眼净化效率模型是钻井液和水力糾的效率的量度. 如果井一化效率较仇則M清除的或清除较慢的岩屑将对钻井技术细节产生不利的影响. To hole cleaning efficiency (the HCE) model 154, the model considers the type of drilling fluid, hydraulic conditions, rock ', shale plastic. Hole cleaning efficiency model is correct and hydraulic drilling efficiency measure. If a well efficiency than the hatred of the M Clear Clear slower or debris will adversely affect drilling technical details.

钻头磨损模型156最好包括于1998年8月18日授权的^J "METHOD OF ASSAYING DOWNHOLE OCCURENCES AND CONDITIONS (分析井下M和^fr的方法)"的美国专利5,794,720所描述的钻头磨损模型,该文件作为本发明的参考文件.该钻头磨损模型提供一确定钻头磨损,即预测钻头寿^地层耐奢在的方法.而且,该钻头磨损模型可用来对给定钻头的工作进行膽。 Drill bit wear model 156 preferably includes at August 18, 1998 authorized ^ J "METHOD OF ASSAYING DOWNHOLE OCCURENCES AND CONDITIONS (analysis and M ^ fr underground methods)," the bit wear model described in US patent 5,794,720, the document as a reference document of the present invention. this model provides a bit wear determining bit wear, drill life prediction i.e. luxury resistance ^ formation in the method. Furthermore, the model can be used to drill bit wear for a given drill work bile.

钻im度模型158最好包括于1998年1月16曰授权的題为"METHOD OF REGULATING DRILLING CC^DITIONS APPLIED TO A WELL BIT(调整施加在钻井钻头上的钻^^降的方法)"的美闺专利5,"704,436所描述的钻进速度模型,该文件作为本发明的参考文件。该钻进速度模型提f种对钻头和钻井系统的工作^U4行优化和预测钻进速度的方法.该ROP模型^^下迷各項的一 Im drill Model 158 preferably includes 1998 January 16 said, and entitled "METHOD OF REGULATING DRILLING CC ^ DITIONS APPLIED TO A WELL BIT (^^ adjustment method drill down on the drilling bit is applied)," the United States Gui Patent No. 5, '704,436 of the rate of penetration model described in the document as a reference document of the present invention. the velocity model drilling work method of drilling system and drill ^ U4 line prediction and optimization of the penetration rate f species mentioned. the fans of this model ROP ^ ^ a

个或多个:使钻进速度最大化、确立功率极限以避免对钻头的撞击破坏、考虑所有工作约束、优化工作^:、以及使钻头谦发振动最小化, One or more of: maximizing the rate of penetration so, power limit established in order to avoid damage to the impact drill bit, to consider all the work constraints, optimization of the drill bit and the ^ :, Qian hair minimize vibration,

此处描述的钻井技术细节^^型144可被用来生成用于或^1##用于在给定钻井作业中钻井眼、井眼区段或系列井眼的特定钻井系统的综合模型.该钻井技术细节模型144还可生成钻井系^^定地质状况下的钻井技术细节性能的预测.如果需要的话,实际性能与预测性能的比较可以用于钻井技术细节模型的历史匹配,从而优化各*井技术细节模型. Technical details 144 ^^ drilling type described herein may be used to generate or 1 ^ ## for drilling a wellbore in a given drilling operation, the drilling system integrated model for a particular section of a wellbore or borehole of the series. the technical details of drilling model 144 may also generate a predicted performance details drilling technique drilling based on geological conditions given ^^. If desired, the actual performance with predicted performance history matching may be used to compare details of the model drilling technology to optimize each * well the technical details of the model.

仍然参照闺3,本方法和设备包括几个操作模式.上述^模式包括优化模式、预测模式和校正摸式.对于各种辦模式,预计的经务性可包括在内, 以提供一种当钻井系统用本文公开的方法和设备被优化时每口井所能缩短的天数的狄 Still referring Gui 3, the present method and apparatus includes several modes of operation. ^ Mode includes the above-described optimization mode, the prediction mode and the corrected touch-type. For the various modes do, by the expected transactional may be included to provide one when drilling systems and methods disclosed herein, when the apparatus is optimized for each well can shorten the number of days Di

优雠式 Chou preferably of formula

在优化模式中,其目的是为了优化钻井系统的工作WL优化标准包括l) 钻iltit度最大;2)避免对钻头的撞击破坏;3)考虑所有工作约束;4)钻头诱发振动最小. In optimization mode, its purpose is to optimize the work of optimization criteria WL drilling system comprising l) the maximum of the drill iltit; 2) avoid impact damage to the drill bit; 3) consider all operating constraints; 4) minimal vibration induced by the bit.

在优化模式中,岩'瞎型146在输入端160接收来自于孔隙度测井记录、 岩性测井记^/或泥浆电阻率测井的数据.孔隙度或岩性測井记录可包括核磁M(NMR)、光电的、中子密度、声波、伽玛射线和如玛能谱、或^J其他对孔隙度或岩性灵敏的测井手艮泥浆录井翻来筌别非页岩岩性成分.根据测井记絲入,岩'M型146在输出端162提絲单位深度给定地层的岩'錄孔隙度的测量仗对于岩性,输出端162最好包括每#深度该地^个岩性成分的I^积百分IL对于孔隙免输出端162最好包括每#深度地层的岩石内孔隙空间的体积百分l输出端162上的岩'ti^孔隙度的測量值被输入到岩石强度模型148、页岩塑'^型150、 W^t率模型152、井眼净化效率模型154、钻头磨损模型162和钻iiil度模型158. In optimization mode, rock 'blind type 146 received from the porosity log at the input terminal 160, data referred ^ lithology / or mud resistivity logging for porosity or lithology logs may comprise NMR M (NMR), photoelectric, neutron density, acoustic, gamma-ray spectrum and as Ma, ^ J, or other sensitive to porosity or lithology logging mud logging Gen hand turn to another non-shale Quan component. the tool of the wire in mind, rock 'M type 146 at the output of unit 162 Tisi given depth rock formations' lithology to the output terminal 162 preferably comprises a measurement of the depth of each of # battle record porosity ^ I ^ lithologic component output volume percent porosity for IL Free end 162 preferably includes a 'ti ^ measurements on rock porosity volume percentage of the output of 162 l each of the rock formation pore space # depth is model 148 is input to the rock strength, shale plastic '^ type 150, W ^ t rate model 152, hole cleaning efficiency model 154, model 162, and drill bit wear iiil model 158.

对于岩石强度模型148,该模型除了接收岩'脉孔隙度測量值的输出162 以外,^输入端164接收泥浆重量和孔隙压力数据.泥浆重M用于计算过平衡,孔隙压力被用来计算过平衡,换句M,设计过平衡design overbalance For the rock strength model 148, in addition to the model output 162 'pulse porosity measurement values ​​received rock, ^ 164 receives the input of mud weight and pore pressure data is used to calculate mud overbalance weight of M, it is used to calculate pore pressures over balance, change the sentence M, designed a balanced design overbalance

可以被用来估计孔隙压力.响应该输入,岩石强度模型148在输出端166产生每单位深度给定地层的側限应力和岩石强度的i更具体地说,岩石强度模型生成过平衡、有效孔隙压力、側限应力、无側限岩石强度(unconfined rock strength)和側限岩石强度的仗过平絲定义为泥浆重量减去孔隙压力.有效孔隙压力与孔隙压力相似,M还反映页岩和^5L隙度非页岩中渗透率的降氣側FH应力是对岩石的原地i側flL应力的估^十.无側?|1岩石强^1:在*的岩石强充最后,倒限岩石强M在原地倒l^应力务fr下的岩石强t如图所示, 岩石强度输出166是M效率模型152、钻头磨损模型162、钻itt度模型158 的输入. Can be used to estimate pore pressure response to the input, rock strength model 148 is generated per a given depth i confining stress formation rock strength and more specifically at the output 166, the model generating overbalanced rock strength, effective porosity pressure, confining stress, battle unconfined rock strength (unconfined rock strength) and confined rock strength too flat yarn defined by subtracting the pore pressure mud weight. effective similar pore pressure and pore pressure, shale and also reflects ^ M lower gas side FH stress 5L non-porosity shale permeability is estimated to i-situ rock stress flL side of ^ ten no side | 1 strong rock ^ 1:? * in charge of strong rock Finally, pour limit M inverted in situ rock strength of rock under stress l ^ fr traffic intensity shown in FIG t, rock strength output 166 is M efficiency model 152, model 162 bit wear, drill itt input 158 ​​of the model.

对于城效率模型152,除了秋岩'脉孔隙度输出162和倒限应力和岩石强度输出166以外,^^t率模型152錄输入端168接收涉及工作约束、 三维钻头^^型、扭矩和阻尼的输入数据,所有这些输A^与钻井系统有关.工作约束可包括最大扭矩、最大钻压(WOB)、最大和最小RPM(每分钟转数)、以a大钻进速l具体地,对于M效率来乱对钻井系统的工作约束包括最大扭矩、最大钻压(WOB)、最小RPM和最大钻iiii度.工作约束限制了许多具体钻井系统可能达到的最优l此外,对于工作约束对机械效率的影响的评估,尽管并非所有的约束既影响;^^i率又影响功率,仍有必妙il^斤有这些约束,以便量化这些或者对減效率或者对功率产生影响的约束的影响.三维钻头模型输入包括钻头工作效率(bit work rating)、扭矩-钻压特性(signature).最后,扭矩和阻尼分析^fe方向性建议、套管和钻杆凡何形状、 泥浆重 For city efficiency model 152, in addition to rock autumn 'pulse output 162 and an inverted porosity and confinement stress than the rock strength output 166, ^^ t recording rate model 152 receives input 168 relates to a constraint, the three-dimensional type drill ^^, and damping torque input data, all input a ^ drilling system-related working constraints may include a maximum torque, the maximum WOB (the WOB), the maximum and minimum rPM (revolutions per minute) to a large speed drilling l particular, for M mess work efficiency of the drilling system comprises a constrained maximum torque, the maximum WOB (the WOB), the minimum and maximum RPM of the drill iiii working numerous constraints l and most particular drilling system may reach addition, the mechanical constraints on work impact assessment of the efficiency, although not all constraints affect both; ^^ i also affect the rate of power, there will Miao il ^ jin these constraints, or in order to quantify the effect on the efficiency or reduce the constraints that affect power. three-dimensional input model comprises a drill bit efficiency (bit work rating), the torque - WOB characteristics (Signature) Finally, analysis of the torque and damping ^ fe directional recommendations, where drill pipe and casing geometry, mud weight 量和流率、摩擦因素、或扭矩和阻尼氛这种扭矩和阻尼分析对于确定有多少扭矩被实际传送到钻头上是必要的.也可选择钻头未接触并底的扭矩和接触井底的扭矩(off-bottom and on-bottom torque)的量度代替上述扭矩和阻尼分析.另外,来自随钻测量(冊D)系统的钻头附近的测量也可被用来代替扭矩和阻尼分析.响应上述输入信息,;Mt效率模型152在输出端170生成钻井系#每单位深度给定地层上的,效率、约束分析、预计扭矩和最佳钻压(WOB)的l更具体地l城效率模型152提供总扭矩、切削扭矩、摩擦扭矩、;Mfe效率、约束分析和最优钻压的值.该总扭矩*施加在钻头上的总的扭矩.切削扭矩*总*矩的切削分量.摩擦扭矩是总扭矩的摩擦分量。 The amount and flow rate, friction factor, and the damping torque or atmosphere in torque and damping torque for analysis to determine how much torque is actually transmitted to the drill bit is necessary. Alternatively does not contact the drill bit and downhole torque and the bottom of the contact and the torque damping analysis (off-bottom and on-bottom torque) instead of a measure. Further, the near-bit measurements from the MWD (Volume D) system may also be used instead of torque and damping analysis in response to the input information ,; Mt total efficiency model 152 provides on the output terminal 170 generates a drilling system # per given depth, formation efficiency, constraint analysis, the best predicted torque and WOB (the WOB) and more particularly of l l efficiency model 152 Town torque, cutting torque, friction torque,;... Mfe efficiency, and optimal analysis constraint value of the total torque WOB * total torque exerted on the drill bit cutting component cutting torque moment * * total friction torque is the total torque friction component. 对于 for

;bL^率模型152,減效率被定义为切削扭矩的百分比.约束分析对由于每 ; BL ^ rate model 152, is defined as the percentage reduction of the cutting efficiency of the torque due to the constraints of each analysis.

个工作约束而使iOMt率相对于理^:大值的减小进^J:化.最后,确定一最优钻压,在考虑所有工作约束时使钻进速錄大。 The constraints of working with respect to the processing iOMt ^: ^ reduced into a large value of J:. The last of determining an optimum weight on bit, drilling shorthand so large when considering all operating constraints. 钻絲度模型158利用该最优钻压计算出每分钟的最优转礼此外,城效率鄉152也用上一^i^代的钻头磨损值作为输入,这将在下面ltt—步讨i^. Drill Model 158 using the wire optimum weight on bit calculate the optimal revolutions per minute Li addition, the efficiency of rural town 152 also spend a bit wear ^ i ^ substituting values ​​as input, which will be discussed below ltt- step i ^.

#对钻头磨损模型156进#^论,该钻头磨損摸型通过输出162从岩性模型、通过输出166从岩石强度模型、通过输出170vy^L^效率模型接收输入数据.此外,钻头磨损模型156錄输出172上接收三维钻头模型数据.该三维钻头模型输入包括钻头工作效率和扭矩-#压特,良响应岩性、孔隙度、机m率、岩石强度和三维钻头模型的输入,钻头磨损模型156在输出端174生成关于每单位深度给定地层的钻头的比能(specific energy)、累积功、地层耐务逸、和钻头磨4g的值。 # 156 into the drill bit wear model # ^ s, touch-type wear by the drill from the lithology model output 162, the output 166 from the rock strength model, the output 170vy ^ L ^ efficiency model receives the input data. Further, the drill bit wear model 156 receiving three-dimensional model data on the recording bit 172 output the three-dimensional input model comprises a drill bit and torque efficiency - # Laid pressure, good response to lithology, porosity input, m machines rate, rock strength and three-dimensional model of the drill bit, the drill bit wear model 156 generated at the output of about 174 per given bit depth than the formation energy (specific energy), the cumulative power, traffic-resistant stratum Yi, and 4g of the drill bit grind values. 钻头的比能是施加在钻头上的总的能量,相当于钻头力除以该钻头的^^截面面积.钻头所做的累积功反映了岩石强度和机械效率„地层耐务昧值«^由于地层耐奮在使钻头磨损加速的情况."钻头磨损值与^^损^fr相应,^^条降与钻头轴向^触面积和WMt率相关.除了输出174以外,钻头磨损模型156进一步包括在输出端176上将以前的迭代生成的钻头磨损值提供给机械效率模型152,其中*1^率模型152还将以前的迭代生成的钻头磨损值用于计算在输出端170上的^^t率输出数据. 在讨,进速度模型158之前,我们首先转到页岩塑'&^型150.如图3 所示,页岩塑^^型150接收来自于岩^^型的输入.详细地说,页岩体积由岩'^^型146提供.除了接收岩.脉孔隙度输出162以外,页岩塑4t^型150 ii^输入178上接收来自规定的测^i&录的测井数據.该测井记录包括对祐土类型、粘土含水量及扭土«?、灵敏的贿测井 Bit ratio is the total energy can be applied to the bit, the bit corresponding to the force divided by the cross-sectional area of ​​the drill ^^. Cumulative work done by the drill bit and rock strength reflects the mechanical efficiency "floor traffic ignorant resistance value« ^ since Fen-resistant layer. "bit wear value corresponding to the fr ^ ^^ loss, bar ^^ ^ drop associated with the drill axis and the contact area in the case where the bit rate WMt accelerated wear of the addition output than 174, further comprising a drill bit wear model 156 provided bit wear value iteration 176 will generate an output terminal to a previous mechanical efficiency model 152, wherein the rate of bit wear ^ 1 * value iteration also previously generated model 152 for calculating ^^ t at the output 170 rate of the output data. in the discussion, before entering the velocity model 158, we go to the first plastic shales' ^ & type 150. As illustrated, shale ^^ plastic type 3 from 150 receives input type rock ^^. Details in particular, by volume of shale rock '^^ 146 type. in addition to receiving rock. veins porosity than 162 output, a 4T shale plastic type 150 ii ^ ^ received measured input 178 from a predetermined number of logging ^ i & recorded According to the log includes woo soil type, clay soil water content and twisting <<? and sensitive bribery logging 记泉测井仪器可包括核磁共振(NMR)、中子密度、声波密度、伽玛能谱、伽玛射线以及阳离子交换能力(CEC)。 Springs referred nuclear magnetic resonance logging tool may comprise (NMR), neutron density, sonic density, gamma ray spectrometry, gamma rays, and cation exchange capacity (CEC). 相应于这些输入,页岩塑'ti^型150在输出端1S0上产生每^深度该地层的页岩塑性的值.特別是,页岩塑'^^型150提供标准化祐土类型、标准化粘土水M、标准化粘土#^和页岩塑性的俛标准化粘土类型意味着^石的百 Corresponding to these inputs, plastic shales '^ Ti 150 generates a value for each type of plastic of the ^ depth of the shale formation at the output 1S0. In particular, shale plastic' ^^ 150 provides a standardized type Woo soil type, clay standardization water M, # ^ standardization of clay and shale plasticity exhort standardized type of clay means ^ hundred stone

分比最大,而t^e是最可能引起粘土膨胀的粘土类型.标准化粘土水^*即页岩塑性最大时的水含量。 Than the maximum points, and t ^ e is the most likely cause of clay swelling type of clay. ^ * I.e. standardized aqueous clay shales maximum water content of plastic. 标准化粘土体积即出現塑性特征时粘土体积的范围.ij^,页岩塑性是各种标准化粘土特性的加权平均值,反映总体塑性. That is, plastic clay volume when normalized range wherein the clay volume appears .ij ^, shale clay plasticity characteristic is a weighted average of the various standardization, reflecting the overall plasticity.

参照井眼净化效率模型154,模型154接收来自页岩塑'lt^型150的页岩塑'li^入,和来自岩性模型146的岩^J^入,除了接收岩性模型的输出162和页岩塑',型的输出180以外,井B艮牲效率模型154絲输入端182上接收水力^ft和钻井液^t据.具Mi瓜该水力*输入可包括水力效率的^标准量度,比絲平方英寸钻头直径的水马力.另外,钻井液类型可包括水絲浆、油基泥浆、聚合物、或其他已知流体类型,响应这些输入,井,化效率 Referring hole cleaning efficiency model 154, model 154 receives 'lt ^ shale type of plastic 150' li ^ shale from the molding, from the rock lithology, and the model 146 into ^ J ^, except that the output of model 162 receives lithology and outside the plastic shales', the output 180 of the type, the shaft receiving hydraulic sacrifice efficiency model 154 B Gen input wire 182 ^ ft ^ t and drilling fluid data. Mi with water melon * input may comprise the hydraulic efficiency of a standard measure ^ , silk square inch than the drill diameter HHP. Further, the drilling fluid may include water wire type slurry, oil-based mud, polymer, or other known types of fluid, in response to these inputs, wells, efficiency

和钻井系统的井眼净化效率预測仗在此'井nMHt效率被定义为与预测钻进速度相比的实际l在其它钻井技术细节模型假设并眼完全净化时,该井眼净化效率(HCE)模型是对钻进速度预测值的修正,以4h^偏离理想4tii程的井眼净化.因此井一化效率(HCE)的值反映了岩性、页岩塑性、水力M和钻井液类型对钻进速度的影响, And hole cleaning efficiency of a predicted drilling system in battle this' well nMHt efficiency is defined as the rate of penetration compared to the predicted and actual eye l in the completely purified technical details other drilling model assumes that the hole cleaning efficiency (the HCE) velocity model is a predicted correction value for the drilling to deviate over 4h ^ wellbore 4tii purification process. Thus a well of efficiency (the HCE) values ​​reflects the lithology, shale plasticity, and drilling fluid type of hydraulic drilling M into the impact of speed,

现在看钻进速度模型158,钻a度模型158 iiit^效率模型152的输出170接^lfcMt效率、预測扭矩^J^优WOB.模型158还通过钻头磨损模型156 的输出174接收钻头磨损值,通过岩石强度模型148的输出166接收岩石强度值,通过HCE模型154的输出184^JR预测的HCE.此外,钻«^模型158 *输入端186上接收工作约束信息.具体地说,上迷工作约束包括最大扭矩、 最大钻压(WOB)、最大和最小RPM和最大钻进速JL此外,对于工作约束对功率的影响的*,尽管并非所有的约束既影响WMt率又影响功率,M必要知iW有这些约束,以便量化这些或者对^L^率或者对功率产生影响的约束的影响.响应这些输入,钻进速度模型158在输出端188上生成功率级分析、 约束分析以^:优RPM、钻进速度、在每单位深度地层中钻井(或区粉的钻头和钻井系统的经务在的度量.更具体地说,上述功率级分析包括最大功率极限的确t该最 Now look drilling speed model 158, a drill 158 iiit ^ Efficiency Model 152 Model 170 then ^ lfcMt output efficiency, the predicted torque ^ J ^ preferably WOB. Model 158 from an output 174 of bit wear model 156 receives bit wear value, model 148 is output through rock strength values ​​received rock strength 166, the output 184 HCE JR ^ predicted by the model 154 HCE. Further, drilling «* ^ model 158 receives a constraint on the input information 186. More specifically, the above-work constraints include maximum torque, the maximum WOB (the WOB), the maximum and minimum and maximum drilling speed RPM JL addition, the impact power constraint * work, although not all of the constraints and affects both WMt affect the power, necessary to know M iW these constraints, or in order to quantify the effect on the rate or ^ L ^ constraints affect the power of the response to these inputs, the rate of penetration model 158 generates power at the output of the analysis stage 188, the constraint analysis ^: excellent RPM , drilling speed, the traffic in the drilling metric (or zones per unit depth of powder formation and the drill bit of the drilling system. more specifically, the above-described power level analysis comprises a maximum power limit indeed the most t 功率极!^对钻头不i^撞击破坏的同时使钻进M最大。由于工作约束,工作功率级可能会小于最大功率极19L约束分析^fe^化由于每 Power pole! ^ I ^ drill bit does not strike at the same time that the disrupted M maximum drilling due to a constraint, the operational power level may be less than the maximum power constraint pole 19L of analysis since each ^ ^ Fe

个工作约束而引起的工作功率级与最大功率极限相比的减小。 Working constraints caused by the operating power level compared to the maximum power limit is reduced. 最优RPM是指考虑到所有工作约束时,钻进速度最大时的RPM.该钻进速^1在最优W0B和最优RPM时的预测钻进速t最后,经务昧可包括每英尺工,准成本分析。 It refers optimum RPM when considering all constraints work, RPM maximum rate of penetration. The drilling speed prediction ^ drilling at optimal speed and optimum RPM of t W0B Finally, the service may comprise per foot ignorant workers, prospective cost analysis. 预測模式 Prediction mode

在预測模式,目的是根浓用户指定的未必是最佳的工作参«:预測钻井性tt在该模式中^加工作约束.除了^l效^^型152、钻头磨損模型156 和钻im度摸型158以外,该预测模式与优4t^iU^Ji^似,这将在下面进一步解释.由于井眼*效率与机械工作#^:(即,用户指定的WOB和用户指定的RPM)无关,因赋tt^式賴测模式的井眼净化效率模型154是相同的。 In the prediction mode, the root object is designated by the user may not be concentrated optimum operating parameters «: Prediction of Drilling tt ^ add a constraint in addition to the pattern type ^ l ^^ efficiency 152, 156, and drill bit wear model of im other than touch type 158, the prediction mode is preferably 4t ^ iU ^ Ji ^ like, as will be further explained below. Since the wellbore * # work and mechanical efficiency ^ :( i.e., designated by the user specified by the user WOB and RPM) regardless of , Fu tt ^ because hole cleaning efficiency model formula depends measurement mode 154 are the same.

对i^M^t率模型152,在预測模式下,除了接收岩'妙孔隙度输出162 ^HH限应力和岩石强度输出166以外,城效^^型152錄输入端168接收与钻井系统有关的涉及用户指定工作a和三维钻头模型的输入数振.钻井系统的用户指定工作M可包括用户指定钻压(WOB)和用户指定RPM(每分钟转釣.这个选项是用来评价"如果…"的设想情况.三维钻头模型输入包括钻头工作效率、扭矩-WOB特性。响应上述输入,;^效率模型152在输出端170 生成钻井系,每单位深度给^fc层的^Mt率的量度.更具体地l机械效率模型152提供总扭矩、切削扭矩、摩擦扭矩、^^t率的量t总>^矩嫁施加在钻头上的总的扭矩.在预测模式中,总扭矩与用户指定的钻压相应.切 For i ^ M ^ t of model 152, in the prediction mode, except that received rock 'Miao output 162 ^ HH porosity and confinement stress than the rock strength output 166, the city ^^ effect type input terminal 168 receives the catalog 152 associated with the drilling system relates to the number of user-specified input vibration work and a three-dimensional model of the drill bit. drilling user specified operating system may include a user-specified M WOB (the WOB) and the user-specified rPM (revolutions per minute catch. this option is used to evaluate the "If ... "the scenario dimensional input model comprises a drill bit efficiency, characteristic response to the input torque -WOB,;. ^ drilling efficiency model 152 generated at the output line 170, to a depth per layer FC ^ ^ Mt rate metric. more specifically, the model 152 provides mechanical efficiency l total torque, cutting torque, friction torque, the amount of t total t ^^> ^ married total torque moment exerted on the drill bit. in the prediction mode, the total torque designated by the user WOB appropriate. cut

削扭矩^f^C^钻头上总本矩的切削分量.摩^^矩是钻头上总扭矩的摩M量. 对于城效率模型152,城效率被定义为切削扭矩占总扭矩的百分比。 Cutting torque ^ f ^ C ^ Total present moment on the drill bit cutting component. ^^ friction friction moment M is the total torque on the drill bit amount percentage efficiency model 152 for the city, the city cutting torque efficiency is defined as the total torque.

预測模式也可包括按区域的机械效率分析,即,按相对于钻头的^y^t率扭矩 Prediction modes may also include a mechanical efficiency by region analysis, i.e., by the drill bit with respect to the rate of torque ^ y ^ t

-钻压特性的M效率区域来分析.第一;Mt^率区域由^j:钻压到临界钻压(thresholdTOB)的第一钻压(W0B)范围来确定,其中临,vfeN应于刚好能穿透岩石所需的给定钻压,还相应于零(或可忽略的)切削深t第一^Mt率区域还与有,擦(ef f ic ient grinding)的钻^t率相对应,第:^Ni效率区域由从临界钻压到最优钻压的第二钻压范围来确定,其中最优钻rt应于在钻头絲腿层之前,刚能iiJ'J钻头的最大切削深;t/斤需的给定钻压.第^4^效率区m与有效切削的钻itt率相对应,第^1^率区域由>^^优钻>£^摩 - to analyze the efficiency of WOB characteristic M of the first region; Mt ^ rate region by the ^ j: WOB to drill a critical pressure (thresholdTOB) a first WOB (W0b) range is determined, wherein the clinical, vfeN shall immediately. rock can penetrate a given WOB required, further corresponding to zero (or negligible) ^ Mt cutting depth t of the first region and also has, wiping (ef f ic ient grinding) of the corresponding drill ^ t first: ^ Ni region is determined by the efficiency of the critical WOB from the WOB second range of optimum weight on bit, which corresponds to the optimum drilling rt before the bit leg layer wire, just to the greatest cutting depth of the drill bit iiJ'J ; t / kg given WOB required of ^ 4 ^ itt drilling efficiency rate m and the effective cutting area corresponding to the first region consists of ^ 1 ^> ^^ preferably drilled> £ ^ mol.

鄉压(grindingTOB)的第三钻压范闺来确定,该摩##压与使钻头切削扭矩刚好减小到基本上为零或变得可忽略不计所需给定钻^对应.第X^效率 The third drill Township pressure (grindingTOB) Gui determined pressure range, the pressure and friction of the drill bit ## cutting torque is reduced to substantially zero or just become negligible drill ^ corresponding to a given desired. The first X-^ effectiveness

区錄丞与无效切削的钻i4^:率相对应.^J&,第四WMt率区^l由摩發结压以上的第四钻压范围来定义.该第四;^效率区逸丞与无效摩擦的钻i^t率相对应.对于第三、第四区逸当钻头在最大切削深度时,当钻鍵一步增加时, 钻头体与地层的>*^接触树加, Cheng invalid recording area cutting drill i4 ^: rate corresponding ^ J &, ^ l fourth WMt rate region defined by mole or more nodal fourth pressure range of the fourth WOB; ^ Cheng Yi efficiency region. invalid friction drilling rate corresponding to the i ^ t. for the third, the fourth region at the drill bit Yi the maximum depth of cut, when the drill collar is further increased, the drill bit body and the formation> * ^ contacts plus tree,

此外,W^t率模型152也利用以前的迭代生成的钻头磨损的量度作为输入这将在下面参照钻头磨损模型^it一步描迷. Further, W ^ t of the model 152 using previous iterations to generate a measure of bit wear as bit wear inputs this reference model described in the following step fan ^ it.

^Mt讨论钻头磨损摸型156,在预測模式,该钻头磨损模型通过输出162 接收来自岩',型的输入、通过输出166接收来自岩石强度模型的输入、通过输出170接收来自;tJl4Mt率模型的输&此外,钻头磨损模型156絲输出172 上接收三维钻头模型数据.该三维钻头摸型输入包括钻头工作效率和扭矩-钻压特性.响应岩性、孔隙度、^tMt率、岩石强度和三维钻头模型的输入,钻头磨损模型156在输出端174生成每^^深度给^fc层中的钻头的比能、累积功、地层耐务昧、和钻头磨损的量t钻头的比能是施加在钻头上的总的能量, 该能量相当于钻头力除以该钻头的横截面面积.此外,钻头比能的计算基于用户指定的工作桐feL钻头所做的累积功反映了岩石强度和M效率.累积功的计算"^晃基于用户指定的工作l^地层耐务昧量度摸拟由于地层耐發汰而使钻头磨损加速的情况.",钻头磨损量与磨损^N9应 ^ Mt discussion bit wear touch type 156, the prediction mode, the drill wear model through an output 162 receives from the rock ', type of input, receives input from the rock strength model through an output 166, receives through an output 170; tJl4Mt Rate Model & lose Further, the drill bit wear model output wire 156 drill bit 172 receives three-dimensional data of the three-dimensional model of the drill bit comprises a touch type input torque and efficiency -. WOB characteristic response lithology, porosity, ^ tMt rate, rock strength and three-dimensional model input bit, the drill bit wear model 156 generated at the output of each of the depth ^^ ^ 174 to a specific energy cumulative power, ground resistance ignorant service, and an amount of bit wear layer fc drill bit t specific energy is applied total energy on the bit, the bit corresponding to the energy force divided by the cross sectional area of ​​the drill. Further, the drill bit can be calculated based on the work the user has specified bit Tong feL cumulative work done and rock strength reflects the efficiency of M. calculating cumulative work "based on user-specified Akira ^ l ^ work formation resistance measurement ignorant traffic simulation since the elimination of the formation bit wear resistance and hair case of acceleration.", the drill bit wear and abrasion should N9 ^ 磨损糾与钻头轴向接触面积^M^t率相关.就象钻头比能和累积功的计算一样,钻头磨损的计算也是基于用户指定的工作Wt除了输出174以外,钻头磨损模型156还包括在输出176上将以前的迭代生成的钻头磨损量提供给M效率摸型152, 其中W^率模型152还将以前的迭代生成的该钻头磨损量用于计»出170 上的M效率输出数据. Wear correct axial contact area with the bit ^ M ^ t rate dependent. Bit as specific energy and power is accumulated as calculated, based on the calculated bit wear is designated by the user in addition to the work Wt output 174, the drill bit 156 further includes a wear model iterations amount of wear of the bit on the output 176 is supplied to the M previous efficiency touch type 152, wherein the amount of wear of the bit rate of W ^ model 152 also generated for the previous iteration count »M out efficiency on the output data 170.

m^介绍钻iiit度^^型158,钻进速度模型158通itWMt率模型152的输出170接^b^效率^測的扭矩.模型158还通过钻头磨损模型156的输出174接收钻头磨损,通过岩石强度摸型148的输出166接收岩石强^通过HCE模型154的输出184接收预測的HCE.此外,钻iftit度模型158絲输入 Introduction of the drill iiit m ^ ^^ type 158, 158 through the drilling itWMt velocity model output 170 of model 152 then ^ ^ B ^ efficiency measured torque model 158 also receives the drill bit wear by abrasion model outputs 174,156 by touch-type rock strength output 148 ^ 166 received by the rock strength 184 154 HCE model output predictions HCE received. Further, the drill wire input 158 ​​of the model iftit

端186上接收用户指定的工作^^lt具体地礼该用户指定的工作#包括用户指定钻压(WOB)和用户指定RPll如上所述,该插^t预測模式被用来^Nfr"如果…"的设想情况.响应这些输入,钻进速度模型158在输出端188上生# 每^深度给定地层上钻井眼(或区粉的钻头和钻井系统的功率级分析,此外还生成钻进速度和经务昧的度量,更具体地,功率级分析包括最大功率极限的确t该最大功率极限相应于一预定功率,当:^>在钻头上时,该预定功率在对钻头不i^撞击破坏的同时使钻进速m由用户指定的工作;f^t得出的工作功率级可能小于或大于最大功率极f!L超过钻头最大功率极限的^工作功率级^W如通itii当的辦设计被自动木沐出来,来指示或養别那些可能发生钻头撞击破坏的井眼区艮该功率级分析可以应用到特定的钻井系统及其在给定地层的井眼(或区酌钻IMi程中.另外,该钻进速狄在 Receiving a user terminal 186 to specify the particular work ^^ lt ceremony specified by the user includes a user specified work # WOB (the WOB) and the user-specified RPll As described above, the interpolated prediction mode is used ^ t ^ Nfr "If ... "the scenario. in response to these inputs, the rate of penetration model 158 at an output terminal 188 on each of the formation on the green # drilling the wellbore (or power drill and drilling system level analysis of the powder ^ region given depth, rate of penetration also generated and measurement by traffic ignorant, more specifically, the power level analysis includes a maximum power limit indeed t of the maximum power limit corresponds to a predetermined power, when: ^> when the bit, the predetermined power of the drill does not I ^ impact damage m while the speed of the drilling work by the user is specified;! f ^ t may draw operating power level less than or greater than the maximum power pole f L exceeds the maximum power limit bit ^ ^ W the operating power level when the run through itii Mu wood designs are out automatically, to keep or not indicate that the wellbore may occur collision zone bit Gen damage the power level analysis can be applied to a particular drilling system and its discretion in a given formation drill a wellbore (or drive region IMi in addition, the drilling speed in Di 户指定ffOB 和用户指定RPM时的预測钻^iH最后,经务汰可包括每英尺工业标准成本分析. Prediction of the user-specified and user-specified RPM ffOB drill ^ iH Finally, the jig may include a service industry standard cost per foot analysis.

校錄式 School record type

最后,在校jE^式中,其目的是4^井技术细节模型校正到实測的工作参l此外,地质模型可被校正到实測的岩心分析数据,并且,也可以部分或全部校正m模型或模型组.与预測模式类似,^feJE^式中"加工作约束。 Finally, the correction formula jE ^, 4 ^ well the purpose of correcting the technical details of the model to the measured operating parameter l Furthermore, the geological model may be corrected to the measured core analysis data, and may be partially or fully corrected m model or model group. Similarly prediction mode, ^ feJE ^ where "add a constraint.

首m地质模型142开始'实测岩心分析数据可被用a正每个地质模型.对于岩,^^型而言,该岩^l型146在输入端160接收来自孔嫁度测井记录、岩性测井记^/或泥浆測井记录的数据及岩心分析数据.如上所述,孔隙度或岩^^井记录可包括核磁共振(NMR)、光电的、中子密度、声音、伽玛射线和伽玛能谱、或^T,对孔隙度或岩性灵敏的测,录手艮泥浆测井记絲用来鉴别非页岩岩性成分.岩心数据包括可被用綠正岩'^^型的实测岩心教:据.用实测岩心lt据来校正岩'^^型可^fe预测的岩石成分与实测的岩心成分符合得更好.实测的岩心孔按度也可被用来校正伶阿由测#^录导出的孔隙度.响应上述输入,该岩性模型146在输出端162提^^深度给^fe层岩性和孔隙度的量t对于校iEit的岩'艮输出端162最好包括对照岩心分析和/或泥将测井记lta正了的每单位深度该地m个所需岩性成分的体积百分 M geologic model 142 first start 'core analysis data can be found positive by each geologic model a. For rock ^^ type concerned, the rock type ^ l married aperture 146 receives at the input of the log 160, Rock the logging referred ^ / mud or well log data and core data. As described above, the porosity of the rock, or wells ^^ record may include nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), photoelectric, neutron density, sound, gamma rays and gamma energy spectrum, or ^ T, to porosity or lithology sensitive test, Gen hand mud logging record referred wire used to identify non-shale rock composition. core data can be used include a green rock n '^^ Found taught core type: Found core data with data corrected lt rock '^^ ^ fe predictable type can rock composition and the measured core component accorded better core hole measured in degrees may also be used to correct Ling. a # ^ measured by the porosity derived recorded response to the input, the lithological model at a depth of 146 put ^^ ^ Fe output terminal 162 to the lithology and porosity for the correction amount t iEit rock 'output terminal 162 Burgundy preferably includes a control core analysis and / or the mud logging a positive note lta per unit depth of the m desired ingredient lithology volume percent

氣对于校jEit的孔隙免测井记录导出输出端162最好校jE^实测岩心孔隙度„并且较不准确的測井数据可被校JE^JU^准确的测井数据.在输出端162 上的岩性和孔隙度的校jMt输入到岩石强度模型148、页岩塑,^#型150、机械效率模型152、井眼净化效率模型154、钻头磨损模型162和钻iftil度模型158. Correction for gas void free jEit log output terminal 162 is preferably derived correction jE ^ Found core porosity "and less accurate logging data may be corrected JE ^ JU ^ accurate logging data at the output 162 correction lithology and porosity jMt model 148 is input to the rock strength, shale plastic, type ^ # 150, the mechanical efficiency model 152, hole cleaning efficiency model 154, model 162, and drill bit wear iftil model 158.

对于岩石强度模型148,输入和输出与在前面对优化模式中所讨论的类似。 For the rock strength model 148, inputs and outputs as discussed in the front face similar optimization mode. 然而在校正模式中,输入端164还包括岩心数据。 However, in the correction mode, the input terminal 164 further comprises a core data. 岩心数据包括用来fe正岩石强>^^^型的实測岩心数据.校正^t得预测的岩石强^^与实測的岩心强度符合得更好。 Comprising core data for the rock is strong fe> ^^^ Found core data type. Correcting ^ t have a strong prediction of rock strength core ^^ better agreement with measured. 此外,实测孔隙压力数据也可被用来校正側限应力的计算. Further, the measured pore pressure data can be used to correct the calculated lateral confinement stress.

对于页岩塑性模型150,输入和输出与在前面对优化模式中所讨论的类似。 For shale plasticity model 150, similar to the input and output face optimization mode as discussed in the preceding. 然而械嫂式中,输入端178还包括岩心数据.岩心数据包括用来校正页岩塑,^^型的实测岩心^t据.校正使得预测的塑性与实测的岩心塑*^#合得更好.相应亍这些输入,页岩塑'ti^型150在输出180上生成每#深度给定地层的页岩塑性的量t对于校正了的页岩塑性,输出180最好包括反映« However, mechanical Sao wherein the input terminal 178 further comprises a core data includes data for correcting shale core molding, the core ^^ ^ t Found type data. Correcting molded plastic core such that the predicted and measured more engaged * ^ # good corresponding right foot on these inputs, plastic shales' ti ^ # type 150 each generate a given depth on the output 180 of the plastic shale formation corrected for the amount of t shale plastic, output 180 preferably comprises a reflecting «

岩心分析技正后的总体塑性的标准化祐土脊^k平均乱 Standardized overall plasticity of the core analysis engenheiro woo ^ k average soil ridge chaos

对于Wft效率模型152,除了下述的以外,输A^输出与在前面对优4诚式中所讨,类似.^i^溪式,输入168不包括工作约^扭矩和阻尼分析, 然而,M正模式,输入168包括实測工作桐gL实测工作^^t包括钻压(WOB)、 RPM、钻进速度和扭矩(可选),它们可被用MJE^效率模型.相应于这些输入,城效率模型152在输出端170提供总^L矩、切削扭矩、摩擦扭矩和校^WW率的量度。 For Wft efficiency model 152, in addition to the following, and outputs input A ^ front face 4 preferably as discussed in Cheng formula similar. ^ I ^ Xi formula 168 does not include the input torque and damping for about ^ analysis, but , M positive mode, input 168 includes work Kazuto gL Found Found work ^^ t WOB comprising (WOB), RPM, drilling speed and torque (optional), which may be a model MJE ^ efficiency corresponding to the input , 152 provides overall efficiency model city ^ L moment, cutting torque, friction torque, and a measure of the correction ^ WW rate at the output 170. 对于总扭矩,该总扭矩是指施加在钻头上的总的扭矩,如果可以得到实测扭矩数据,則总扭矩可被校正到实测扭矩.切削扭矩是指钻头总扭矩的切削分量,它可由实际M效率g正.摩擦扭矩是指总扭矩的摩擦分量,可由实际M效率来校艮对于校i^效率,^t^il率被定义为切削扭矩总扭矩的百分比.预测的*1^效率被校正到实际«效率.如果可得到实测扭矩数据,则该校正可更准确,然而如果得不到扭矩数据,则通过利用预测扭炮连同其他实测工作参数,可部分校正该M效率- For total torque, the total torque is the total torque applied to the drill bit, and if available the measured torque data, the total torque can be corrected to the measured torque. Cutting torque refers to a cutting component bit of the total torque, which may be the actual M efficiency g n. friction torque means the friction component of the total torque can be actual M efficiency correction Gen for correction I ^ efficiency, the percentage il rate is defined as the cutting torque is the total torque ^ T ^. predicted * 1 ^ efficiency is corrected . actual «efficiency can be obtained if the measured torque data, the correction can be more accurate, however, if not torque data, along with other measured by the operating parameters, M may be partially corrected using the prediction efficiency torsion gun -

MiE^式,也可包括按区域的M效率分析,即,按相对于钻头的« 效率扭矩-钻压特性的Wit效率区域来分析.如上所述,第一机械效率区域由4TOB到临界WOB的第一钻压(WOB)范闺来确定,其中临界钻&^应于刚好能穿透岩石所需的给定WOB,还相应于零(或可忽略的)切削深t第一机械效率区g与有^擦的钻Ml率相对应.第二;M^t率区域由从临界WOB到最优WOB的第二WOB范闺来确定,其中最优WOB相应于在钻头M)fe^层之前, 剛能达到钻头的最大切削深反所需的给定ffOB.第Ji^效率区域还与有效切削的钻itt率相对应.第^L^效率区域由从最优WOB到摩擦TOB的第三钻压范围来确定,该摩擦恥B相应于使钻头切削扭矩剛好减小到"上为f^变得可忽略不计所需的给定WOB.第^L^率区域还与无效切削的钻i^t率相对应.iJg^,第四机械效率区域由摩擦WOB以上的第四钻压范闺来确t该第四Wfe效率区域还与无效摩擦的钻^t MiE ^ formula, M may also include the efficiency by region analysis, i.e., with respect to press «efficiency of bit torque - to analyze characteristics Wit WOB area efficiency as described above, by the first mechanical efficiency 4TOB to a critical region of WOB a first WOB (the WOB) Gui determined range, wherein the threshold corresponds to just ^ & drilled to penetrate the WOB required for a given rock, also corresponding to zero (or negligible) a cutting depth t of the first mechanical efficiency region g there ^ and rub rate corresponding to a second drill Ml;. M ^ t of the critical region is determined by the WOB from the WOB second optimum range WOB Gui, where the optimal bit WOB corresponds to the prior M) fe ^ layer just to achieve a maximum cutting depth of the drill bit required for a given anti ffOB. Ji ^ efficiency of the region also corresponds to the effective cutting of the drill itt. ^ L ^ the first region consists of the most efficient of friction to TOB third WOB WOB range is determined, the friction shame B i corresponding to the drill bit to cause the cutting torque is reduced to just f ^ becomes negligible given the desired WOB "on. ^ L ^ of the first cutting region and also ineffective ^ t ratio corresponding .iJg ^, the fourth zone by a fourth drill mechanical efficiency than the Inner friction WOB pressure range t to determine the efficiency of the fourth region is also invalid Wfe friction drill ^ t 率相对应。对于第三、第四区域,当钻头在最大切削深度时,当WOB进一步增加时,钻头«地层的#1|#触^加. Ratio corresponding to the third, the fourth region, when the bit at the maximum depth of cut, when the WOB is further increased, the drill bit «formation # 1 |. # ^ Plus contact.

对于钻头磨损模型156,输入和输出与在前面对优化模式中所讨论的类似.然而^正模式,输入172还包括钻头磨损的量t钻头磨损的量度包括钻头当前轴向接触面积的量t而且,该钻头磨损的量度与钻头的基于实测工作l^t的累积功相关联.相应于这些输入,钻头磨损模型156对于给定钻井系统和每单位深度地层在输出端174提供钻头的比能、累积功、校正的地层耐磨.li^校正的钻头工作效率的量t对于钻头的比能,比能相应于施加在钻头上的总能量。 For bit wear model 156, similar to the input and output face optimization mode as discussed in the preceding. ^ However, positive mode, input 172 further comprises an amount of wear of the drill bit wear t of a drill bit comprising a current measure of the amount of contact area axially t Further, the bit wear measure and drill bit based on the accumulated power Found work l ^ t the associated corresponding to these inputs, the bit wear model 156 for a given drilling system per unit depth of the formation to provide than the drill can be at the output 174 , cumulative work, the formation of the correction amount for correcting wear .li ^ efficiency of the drill bit t specific energy, the total energy applied to the bit corresponding to a specific energy. 此外,比f站当于钻头力除力该钻头的横截面面积,在此钻头比能的计算基于实测工作参数.对于累积功,钻头所做的累积功反映了岩石强度和^feMt率,此外,累积功的计^基于实測工作^lt对于计算出的地层耐磨性,钻头磨损模型由于地层耐奮艮而加il^损.而且钻头磨损测量和所做累积功可被用来校JU&层耐务逸.最后,对于校正的钻头工作效率,钝钻头磨损条件与所做累积功相关耽Mi^式,给定钻头的钻头工作效率可通过钻头磨损的量度和所做累积功^t校正. Further, when the ratio of f stand at the bit force forces other cross-sectional area of ​​the drill, the drill head measured operating parameter based on the calculated energy ratio for cumulative work, the cumulative work done by the drill bit and rock strength reflects ^ feMt rate, in addition cumulative power meter ^ ^ lt Found work for the formation of the calculated abrasion resistance, since the drill bit wear model formation and increase resistance Fen Gen ^ il loss based Moreover bit wear measurement and the cumulative work done can be used for correction JU & Yi service resistant layer. Finally, for the correction of the efficiency of the drill bit, drill wear blunt cumulative work done and conditions associated delay Mi ^ formula given bit through the drill bit wear efficiency measure cumulative work done and correction ^ t .

对于井B艮净化效率模型154,输A^输出与在前面对优M式中所讨论的養似,然而,,i^:式,井眼净化效率通it^钻进速度模型中与实测HCE相关联而被校正,下面M—步讨论. For wells Gen purification efficiency model 154 B, A ^ input and output face of the front support preferably formula M-like discussed, however ,, i ^: type, the through hole cleaning efficiency it ^ model with the measured penetration rate HCE associated is corrected, M- step discussed below.

对于钻进速度模型158,输入和输出与在前面对优化模式中所讨论的类似.然而,^fejE^式,输入186不&4t工作约束,而是包括实测工作#^:和钻头^^损量度,实测工作^包括钻压(WOB)、 RPM、钻#度和扭矩(可选)„ 钻头磨损量度是钻头当前轴向接触面积的量底并识别磨损的主要类型,包括均匀的和不均匀的磨损,例如,撞击^t坏是不均匀磨损的一种形式。实测工作Wt和钻头磨损測量可被用W正钻进速度模型.响应这些输入,钻进速度模型158提供校正钻进速度、校正HCE和校正功率极限的量度.对于校正钻进速^校正钻进速紋在实测工作錄时的预测钻进速度.该预测钻进速度利用HCE作为校正因子被校正到实测钻进it^对于校正HCE, HCE被定义为与预测钻进速度相比的实际完成量.由HCE模型得出的预測HCE被校jEJ3在钻iiii度模型中计算得的HCE.最后,对于校正功率极l该最大功率极PML对钻 For drilling speed model 158, inputs and outputs as discussed in the front face of a similar optimization mode, however, ^ fejE ^ formula & 4t input 186 is not a constraint, but found the work # ^ comprising: a drill bit and loss ^^ measure, including WOB measurement work ^ (WOB), RPM, and torque of the drill # (optional) "is a measure of wear of the drill bit of the current amount of the main types of axial contact area of ​​the bottom wear and identification, including uniform and non-uniform wear, for example, a bad impact ^ t form uneven wear. Found work and the Wt bit wear may be measured by the rate of penetration model W n. in response to these inputs, the velocity model 158 to provide correction drilling rate of penetration, HCE correction and a correction measure of power limits for speed correction ^ drilling rate of penetration predicted drilling speed correction pattern recorded during actual work. the predicted rate of penetration by using the correction factor is corrected as HCE to IT ^ for drilling Found correction HCE, HCE is defined as the actual amount compared to the predicted complete penetration rate. predictions derived from the model HCE HCE is corrected jEJ3 calculated in the model of the drill iiii HCE. Finally, for the correction of the maximum power pole l PML power pole on the drill 不it^撞击破坏的同时使钻it速度最大.如果实測工作^t得出的工作功率级(印erating power level)超出该功率极P^則有可t^生撞击破坏。用来执行钻井系统性能预測的软件或计算M序可被设置成可自动标记出超过钻头功率极限的錄工作功率l进一步,功率极限可被调整到敝映在钝钻头上实际看到的磨损类型.例如,如果餅标记出可能出现撞击破坏的区段,而钝钻头上看到的磨损主要是均匀的,则功率极P^许就太保守了,应该提高. It does not strike ^ disrupted while the maximum speed of the drill it. If the work ^ t Found derived operating power level (printed erating power level) exceeds the power pole P ^ t ^ there may be impacts against damage. For performing drilling system performance prediction calculation software or the M-sequence can be provided to automatically mark the drill bit than the power limit l further recorded operating power, the power limit can be adjusted to reflect the type of wear on the spacious blunt actually seen by the drill bit. For example, if cake to mark sections of impact damage that may occur, and seen on the main blunt drill bit wear is uniform, the power pole P ^ promise too conservative, it should be increased.

也可以进行性能分析,该性能分析包括工作l^t分析.要測量的工作l^: 包括W0B、 TOB(可逸)、RPM和ROP.最好是近钻測量以获得更准确的性能分析结果,其他性能分析量度包括钻头磨损量度、钻井液类型和水力条件,以及经'沐 Performance analysis may be carried out, including the performance analysis to work l ^ t analysis measured operating l ^:. Comprising W0B, TOB (available Yi), preferably near the RPM and ROP drilling measurements to obtain a more accurate performance analysis. other performance metrics including bit wear measurement analysis, the type of drilling fluid and hydraulic conditions, and by the 'Mu

综迷 Comprehensive fans

再参照附图1,对用于在给g层24钻井眼14的钻井系统10的性能预测设备50作进一步讨论.预测设备50包括一计算^控制器52以4fL据指定的地质模型生成该地絲#深度的地质特征,并输出储地质特征的信号.该地质特征最好至少包括岩石强度.此外,该地质特征生錄置52还可生成测井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性中的至少一个附加特征. Referring again to FIG. 1, layer of 24 g for drilling the wellbore to a drilling system 14 performance prediction apparatus 10 of 50 for further discussion. Prediction apparatus 50 includes a controller 52 to calculate ^ 4fL geological model specified according to the generation depth geological characteristics wire #, and it outputs a signal of the reservoir geological characteristics. the geological feature preferably comprises at least rock strength. Furthermore, the geological characteristics green record set 52 may also generate log data, lithology, porosity, and shale plasticity at least one additional features.

设置输入设备58以输入所推荐用于钻探井眼的钻井设备的»,上述^ The input device 58 is provided to enter the proposed drilling equipment for drilling the wellbore »the ^

至少包括絲钻头的钻头躲.此外,输入设备58还可被用来输入其#4^ 钻井设备的输入^s该输入a可包括从井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转盘马达、泥浆系统和泥浆泵中选出的##^#^备的至少一个附加^#. Filament including at least a drill bit hide. Furthermore, the input device 58 which may also be used to enter # 4 ^ ^ S input of the drilling apparatus may include input from a downhole motor, the top drive motor, a swing motor, mud and mud system selected ## ^ # ^ # ^ at least one additional device.

最后,计算^/控制器52还用来响应所4^钻^H史备的m,根据指定的钻井技术细节模型,来确定作为每4^度地质特征的函数的钻井技术细节预 Finally, the ^ / controller 52 in response to the further drilled ^ 4 ^ m H history prepared according to the specified technical details drilling model to determine the technical details as per the drilling of geological characteristics ^ 4 as a function of pre-

测,计算;^控制器52还用来输出>^4钻井技术细节预測的信号,上述钻井技术细节预测至少包括从钻头磨损、M效率、功率和工作^t中的一个.工作#«少包括钻压、旋转rpB(每分钟转数)、結、钻进速度和扭矩中的一个。 Measurement, calculation; ^ output controller 52 for further> ^ 4 details the predicted signal drilling technology, the details of the above-described drilling technique comprises predicted from at least a drill bit wear, M efficiency, power and operating in a working ^ t # «comprises less. WOB rpb rotation (revolutions per minute), junction, drilling speed and torque one. 另外,钻进速度&^瞬时钻i4il度(R0P)和平均钻进速度(R0P-AVG). Further, the instantaneous rate of penetration drilling i4il ^ & degrees (R0P) and the average rate of penetration (R0P-AVG).

如困1所示,显示器60和打印机62 ^^供了一个响应地质特贿出信号和钻井技术细节预測输出信号,生成每^深度地质特^钻井技术细节预测的显示.对于打印机62,每摊深度地质特妙钻井技术细节预测的显示包括一打印输出64,此外,计算W控制器52还可在絲66上提鄉转业控制信号,其与给定的钻井技术细节預测输出信号相关.在这种情况下,钻井系统还可包括一个或多^H炎备,这些设备在使用该钻井系统的实际钻井过程中,响应基于钻井技术细节预测输出信号的钻井作业控制信号来控制WL示例性的#«少包括钻压、rpB(每分钟转抝、泵流量和水力糾中的一个. As shown in a storm, a display 60 and a printer 62 for ^^ response signals and geological drilling Laid bribery technical details the predicted output signal to generate each ^ ^ Laid-depth geological drilling technology to display details of the prediction for the printer 62, each share Miao Laid geological drilling depth technical details the predicted output display 64 comprises a printing, in addition, the controller 52 calculates W may also provide a control signal on rural jobs wire 66, which is associated with a given drilling technical details of the predicted output signal. in in this case, the drilling system may further comprise one or more ^ H inflammation devices, these devices actual drilling during use of the drilling system in response to control WL exemplary prediction based on the technical details of the drilling operations drilling control signal the output signal # «comprises less WOB, rpb (Ao revolutions per minute, and the flow rate of the hydraulic pump correct one.

预測性能的显示 Predict the performance of the display

现在参照图4,进一步详细描述针对给定地层24(图l)预測的钻井系统50 (困1)的性能的显示200.显示200包括地质特征显示202和钻井技术细节预測显示204.地质特征显示202包括曲线图表示、百分比图表示和带状图形表示中的至少一种图形表示,此外,钻并技术细节预测的显示204包括曲线图表示、百分比图形表示和带状图形表示中的至少一种图形表示.在一优选实施例中,该地质特征202的至少一种图形表示和钻井技术细节预测204的至少一种图形显示标以颜色. Performance display 200. Referring now to FIG. 4, (FIG. L) predicted for a given formation 24 the drilling system 50 (trapped 1) described in detail further includes a display 200 wherein display 202 geological drilling technical details, and a display 204. The prediction display geological characteristics 202 comprises a graph showing, at least a graphical view showing the percentage of the strip and the graphical representation of said addition, and the details of the predicted drilling art display 204 including a graph showing the percentage of the graphical representation and the graphical representation of at least one strip graphical representation. in a preferred embodiment, the geological characteristics of at least one graphic 202 represents the predicted 204 and drilling technical details of at least one marked with color graphic display.

表M明 Table M Ming

下面针对图4中显示的各列信息列出了各种符号、相应的简要说明、单位和数据范围,应注意的l该列表仅狄示例性的,而不是^t行限制,在此 The following information is listed for each column shown in Figure 4 the various symbols, a brief description of the respective units and data range, it should be noted that the list l Di merely exemplary, rather than limiting line ^ t, where

列4^了对困4的闺表作全面理解.其他的射、说明、W^数据范围也是可以的. Column 4 ^ a comprehensive understanding of the boudoir table for sleepy 4. Other radio, description, W ^ data range is also possible.

<table>table see original document page 43</column></row> <table> <table>table see original document page 44</column></row> <table>注、所指颜色用相应阴影线表示,如图4中各列所示. 深JL测并数据,岩性,孔隙度 <Table> table see original document page 43 </ column> </ row> <table> <table> table see original document page 44 </ column> </ row> <table> Note, the color indicated by the corresponding hatching represents , as shown in each column of FIG. JL measured and the data depth, lithology, porosity

如图4所示,地层206的深度用数字的形式^Al测井数据208用曲线表示的形式来表达,测井数据208包括^对岩性和孔隙v^敏的测井记录组,岩性210是由百分比图的形式^达,以用来区分给定地层中不同类型的 As shown in FIG digital depth, the formation of Al ^ 2064 form log data 208 in the form of the curve represented by the expression, log data group 208 includes ^ log porosity and lithology sensitive v ^, lithology 210 is a graph of the percent of the form ^ up to a given formation used to distinguish different types of

岩石,该百分比闺困解说明了^定深度处由^T对岩性灵敏的测井记录组确定的每种岩石所占的百分比.在一个实施例中,该岩'逸百分比图用彩色标示, Rocks, trapped illustrates the percentage Gui percentage appreciated ^ ^ T at a given depth from the lithology sensitive logs determined for each group of rock occupied. In one embodiment, the rock 'marked with a color graph of the percent Yi ,

孔惊度212用曲线的形式a达,孔眩度由M对孔隙^^敏的测井记,确定. Hole 212 a degree of shock, the degree of glare hole logging chronograph curve form of M ^^ sensitive pore determined.

岩石强度 Rock strength

在图4的显示200中,岩石强度214由曲线表示216、百分比图表示(未示出,但类似于210)和带状表示218中的至少一种表示形式at岩石强度的曲g示216包括有側限岩石强度220和无倒限岩石强度222,在有側限岩石 In the display 200 of FIG 4, rock strength curve 214 is represented by 216, it represents a graph of the percent (not shown, but similar to 210) represented by the strip 218 and at least one representation of the rock strength curve at g 216 shown comprises there confined rock strength limit 220 and non-inverted rock strength 222, there is the rock unconfined

力而引起的岩石强度的增加。 Increase in rock strength of the force caused. 岩石强度带^示218^供了指示在给定深^ 石强度的离散范闺的困示说明,更通常地是给出沿给定井眼的岩石强度的不同离散范闺。 Rock strength with ^ 218 ^ diagram for indicating a depth of a given intensity range ^ discrete stone trapped for illustrative Gui, more generally giving different discrete rock strength in a given range Gui wellbore. 在一优选实施例中,该岩石强度的带a示218用彩色标示,颜色包括*软岩石强度范闺的第一颜色、代束硬岩石强度范围的第二颜色和* 一个或多个中间岩石强度范闺的其他颜色.具体地说,蓝色可被用来指示M 石强度范围,红色可用来指示硬岩石强度范闺,黄色可用来指示中间岩石强度范围.在显示上设置图例226,以帮助判读以不同方式显示的地质特征和钻井技术细节预测。 In a preferred embodiment, the strength of the rock is shown with a color designated by 218, comprises a first color * Color Fan Gui soft rock strength, the generation of the second color hard rock beam intensity range and one or more intermediate rock * other color intensity range Gui specifically, blue stone can be used to indicate the intensity range M, red may be used to indicate the strength of hard rock Van Gui, yellow used to indicate the range of the intermediate rock strengths. legend 226 is provided on the display, to help interpretation of geological features and drilling technical details displayed in different ways to predict. 页岩塑性 Shale plasticity

在图4的显示200上,页岩塑性228以曲^示230、百分比图表示(未示出,但类似于210)和带^4示232中的至少一种表示形式来表t页岩塑性228的曲g示230至少包括两条页岩塑性a曲线,上述Wt包括含水量、 粘土类型和粘土体积,其中页岩塑'^^据一指定页岩塑性模型150(图3)由含水量、粘土类型和粘土体积来确t此外,页岩塑性的表示最好标有颜色.页岩塑性228的带#示232提供了指示页岩塑'M^给定深度的离散范闺的困解,通常显示出了沿给定井眼的页岩塑性的不同离散范围.在一优选实施例中,该页岩塑性228的带#示232用彩色编码,色彩包括M低页岩塑性范围的第一颜色、*高页岩塑性范闺的第二颜色和*一个或多个中间页岩塑性范闺的其他颜色。 On the display 200 of FIG. 4, curve 228 ^ shale plastic 230 is shown, FIG percentage represents (not shown, but similar to 210) ^ 4 and the belt 232 shown in representation form at least one plastic shale table t 228 g of the song 230 is shown comprising at least two plastic shale a curve, comprising the above-described water content Wt, the type of clay and clay volume, wherein the plastic shale '^^ according to a specified shale plasticity model 150 (FIG. 3) by a water content , clays and clay type to determine the volume of t Further, shale plastic preferably is color-coded representation shale plastic tape # 228 232 provides an indication of shale shows plastic 'M ^ trapped discrete depth range given Gui , usually it shows a different discrete ranges along a given shale plastic wellbore. in a preferred embodiment, the shale plastic tape # 228 M-th low shale shown by color-coded plastic range, including colors 232 a color, a second color * high plasticity range Gui shale and shale * one or more other intermediate colors of the Inner plastic range. 具体地l蓝色可被用来指示低页岩塑性范围,红色可用 Specifically l blue may be used to indicate a low shale plasticity range, available red

来指示高页岩塑性范闺,黄色可用来指示中间页岩塑性范闺.如上所述,在显 High plasticity range indicated Gui shale, shale yellow plastic used to indicate intermediate range Gui. As described above, the significant

示200上设置闺例226,以帮助判读以不同方式显示的地质特^钻井技术细节预测. Gui Laid geological setting 226 illustrated embodiment 200, to help interpret the display in different ways ^ drilling technical details prediction.

钻头功/磨损关系 Power drill / wear relationship

根m^的钻头磨损模型156(图3),钻头磨损234作为所做累积功的函数而被确定,在图4的显示200上,钻头磨损234以曲tt示236、百分比图表示238中的至少一种表示形式ai该钻头磨损曲^示236可包^fc^示为钻头比能等级(邻ecific energy level)的钻头功、钻头所做的累积功和可选的由于耐务氐引起的功损失.对于百分比图形显示,钻头磨损234可被表示为指示给定深度钻头磨损状况的图解百分比图238.在一优逸实施例中,图解的钻头磨损百分比闺238用彩色编码,色彩包括^4预期钻头寿命的第一颜色240和嫁剩余钻头寿4^第二颜色242,具体地,第一颜色优敏色,第二颜色优,色, M ^ root bit wear model 156 (FIG. 3), the drill bit 234 as a function of the wear of the cumulative work done is determined, at 200, 234 to Qu drill wear tt FIG. 4 shows a display 236, showing the percentage of 238 in FIG. ai least one representation of the bit wear may be coated 236 shown song ^ ^ ^ FC specific energy level shown is a drill (o ecific energy level) of the power drill, the drill bit and optionally the cumulative work done due to resistance caused by traffic Di power loss percentage of the graphic display, the drill bit wear may be expressed as a percentage 234 illustrated in FIG depth indication bit wear for a given situation 238. in one preferred embodiment Yi embodiment, illustrated in the Inner drill 238 percent wear color-coded, color comprising ^ 4 a first color 240 and the expected life of the drill bit married life remaining 4 ^ 242 a second color, specifically, the first color excellent color-sensitive, preferably the second color, color,

根据指定W^^I型152(图3),钻头;^t率作为给定钻头的扭矩/钻压特性的函数而被确定.在困4的显示200上,钻头M效率244以曲线表示246和百分比图表示248中的至少一种表示形式:^&该钻头;Mfe效率曲线表示246包括钻头上的总扭矩(TOB (ft . lb))和切削扭矩(TOB^:UT(ft • lb))。 The specified W ^^ Type I 152 (FIG. 3), the drill bit; ^ t is determined as a ratio to the torque given bit / WOB characteristic function displayed on the display 200 of trapped 4, the efficiency of the drill bit 244 M curve 246 represents. FIG percentage and represents at least one of the representation 248: ^ the drill; Mfe efficiency curve 246 represents the total torque including (TOB (ft lb).) and a cutting torque (^ TOB on the drill bit: UT (ft • lb) ). 钻头M效率244的百分比图形表示248闺解说明了总扭矩,其中总扭矩包括切削扭矩和摩擦扭矩分量-在一优选实施例中,闺解的^^t率百分比图248 用彩色编码,色彩包括表示切削扭矩250的第一颜色、表示无约束摩擦扭矩252 的第二颜色、表示有约束摩擦扭矩254的第三颜色.图例226«1设置来帮助判读^1效率的不同扭矩^*.具体地,上述第一颜色优选蓝色'第二颜色优选黄色、第三颜色toin色. M bit 244 percent efficiency graphical representation 248 illustrates the Inner apparent total torque, which comprises a total torque component cutting torque and friction torque - in a preferred embodiment, ^^ t Gui FIG percentage rate of 248 solutions are color coded, the color comprising cutting torque 250 represents a first color, a second color represents a frictional torque unconstrained 252, 254 represents a frictional torque constrained third color. Legend 226 «1 is provided to help interpret the torque ^ 1 ^ * efficiency of different particular a second color, the first color is preferably blue 'is preferably yellow, the color of the third color toin.

除了曲线困形表示246和百分比图248以外,积4fe^率244还以说明钻井系统的对M效率产生不利影响的工作约束的百分比闺256的形式g示.这些钻井系统工作约束相当于导ltt擦约束扭矩(例如百分比图248中标号254 所示)的约束,该百分比图256还用来指示在给定深度上每个约束对机械效率 In addition to difficulties shaped curve represents the percentage other than 246 and 248 in FIG, 4fe ^ product in the form of instructions 244 also adversely affect the efficiency of the work of the M drilling system percentage restraint 256 g Gui shown. These guide the drilling system corresponds to a constraint ltt constraint wiping torque constraints (e.g. percentage numeral 254 shown in FIG. 248), which is also used to indicate the percentage 256 of FIG mechanical efficiency in each of the constraints given depth

的摩擦约束扭矩分量的影响所占的相应百分比.该钻井系统工作约束可包括最 Effects of the respective frictional engagement percentage occupied torque component. The drilling system may comprise a constraint most

大钻头扭矩(TOB)、最大钻压(WOB> 、最小^^钟转數(RPM)、最大钻进速度(ROP) 的^组合,以^Jt约束的情况.在一优选实施例中,钻井系^J^效率的工作约束的百分比图显示256用彩色编码,色彩包括表示不同约束的不同颜色.图例226有助于在百分比闺256中判读对^Mt率的不同钻井系统工作约 Large torque on bit (TOB), the maximum WOB (WOB>, the minimum number of revolutions ^^ clock (the RPM), the maximum rate of penetration (ROP) of ^ combined to where Jt ^ constraints. In a preferred embodiment, the drilling constraint-based ^ J ^ work efficiency percentage FIG display 256 color-coded, comprising a color different colors representing different constraints. legend 226 helps ^ Mt different drilling systems work rate of about 256 percentage interpretation Gui

束, bundle,

功率 power

在图4的显示200中,功率258以曲线表示260和百分比图表示262中的至少一种表示形式gi^功率258的曲^示260包括功率极限(POB-LM (hp))和工作功率级(POB (hp)).功率极限(POB-LIM (hp))相当于施加到钻头上的最大功率。 In the display 200 of FIG. 4, a curve 260 represents the power of 258 and 262 represents a graph of the percent of at least one form of GI ^ represents a power curve 258 ^ 260 shown includes a power limit (POB-LM (hp)) and operational power level (POB (hp)). power limit (POB-LIM (hp)) corresponds to the maximum power applied to the drill bit. 工作功率级(POB(hp))包括约束工作功率级、,工作功率级JH5测工作功率级中的至少一个.对于曲线表示260,功率极限(POB-LIM (hp)) 曲线和工作功率级(POB (hp))曲线之间的差M约束. Operating power level (POB (hp)) comprises a power stage operating constraints ,, operating power level measurement work JH5 least one power level for the curve 260 represents the power limit (POB-LIM (hp)) and operational power level curve ( POB (hp)) the difference between the curves M constraints.

功率258还以百分比闺形显示262的形式j^示,该百分比图形显示262 说明了对功率产生不利影响的钻井系统工作约l该钻井系统工作约束相当于导致功率损失的那些约束.功率约束百分比图262还被用&示在给定深度每个约束对功率所产生的影响所占的相应百分比.在一优选实施例中,对功率的钻并系统工作约束的该百分比困形显示262被标以颜色,包括表示不同约束的不同颜色。 Power 258 is also shown as a percentage of the Inner form 262 j ^ form shown, the graphic display 262 illustrates the percentage adverse effects on the power of the drilling system for about l drilling system constraints that corresponds to a constraint results in power loss. Percentage power constraint 262 is also shown in FIG. 262 is marked with & given depth in each of the constraints. in a preferred embodiment, the system for drilling work and the percentage of power constraints trapped shaped displaying the percentage contribution of the respective power generation occupied in colors, including different colors representing different constraints. 并且,红色最好用来表示最大ROP,蓝色最好用a示最大RPM, 深蓝色最好用a示无约束条降.闺例226有助于在百分比闺显示262中判读对功率的各种钻井系统工作约束. And, is preferably used to represent the maximum ROP red, blue is best illustrated with a maximum RPM, preferably with a dark blue down without constraint shown. Example 226 helps Gui Gui percentage display 262 in the interpretation of each power seed drilling system work constraints.

工作錄 Work record

如图4所示,工作^L264以曲^示266的形iC4示.如上所讨论的那样,工作錄可包括钻压、旋转rpm(每分钟转釣、成本、钻进速度和扭矩中的至少一个.另外,钻进速度包括瞬时钻进速度(ROP)和平均钻进速度(ROP-AVG), As shown, the work ^ ^ L264 curved shape in a diagram 266 illustrating iC4 4. As discussed above, the record may include a working WOB, rotary rpm (revolutions per minute fishing, cost, drilling speed and torque of at least a. Further, the instantaneous rate of penetration ROP comprising (ROP) and the average rate of penetration (ROP-AVG),

显示200还^l供用来生成所建i^推荐的钻井^备的详细t^的显示268 的手艮即,在显示200上,所建il^推荐的钻井设备的详细资料与地质特征202和钻井技术细节预測204 "~^示.该建錢絲的钻井设备最好包括至少一种用于预测钻井系统性能的钻头选择.此外,第一和第二钻头逸择,分别由标号270和272表示.,被推荐用来预测井眼钻IMt程的性能.上述第一和第二钻头选择分别被各自的第一和第二标识符276、 278标识.第一和第二标识符276、 278也分别与地质特征202和钻井技术细节预测204^显示,此外, 选捧第一和第二标识符在显示200上的定位,以与第一和第二钻头逸择分别适用的预測性能部分相一致,再者,显示可以包括对每个所絲的钻头选絲相应钻头M^的显示. Display 200 also ^ l supply to generate built I ^ recommended drilling ^ detailed t prepared ^ display hand Gen 268, i.e., on the display 200, the IL ^ details and geological characteristics recommended drilling apparatus built 202 and technical details 204 drilling prediction "~ ^ shown. the wire money to build drilling equipment preferably comprises at least one bit selection for predicting the performance of a drilling system. Further, the first and second selection bit Yi, respectively, by reference numerals 270 and 272 FIG., was used to predict recommended wellbore drilling performance IMt process. said first and second bit selection are respective first and second identifiers 276, 278 identify the first and second identifiers 276, 278 respectively drilling and geological features and technical details of the predicted 202 ^ 204 displays, in addition, selected from the holding position the first and second identifiers on the display 200 to select the first and second bit Yi are applicable portion relative prediction performance consistent Moreover, the display may include a display on the drill bit selected from each of the respective filament yarn of M ^.

仍参照图4,显示200还包括钻头选择变化指示280.钻头选摔变e^旨示280被设置来指示在一给定深度需要从第一:^钻头选择270变更到第^f 钻头选择272.该钻头选择指示280最好在显示200上与地质特征202和钻井技术细节预测204 "-^显示. Still referring to FIG. 4, a display 200 further includes a change indication bit to drill bit 280. The selected variants fall purpose e ^ 280 shown is arranged to indicate a given depth from a first requires: 270 is changed to the second bit selection ^ ^ F bit selection 272 the bit selection instruction on the display 280 is preferably 200 to 202 geological characteristics and drilling technical details 204 prediction "- ^ display.

因此,本文公开的方法和设备可以在钻井項目的早期优化钻井系M^其在钻井项目中的应用.本方法和设备还便于在钻井項目的早期就作出适当的改先^T在钻井項目早期所做的Aii/斤带来的经^L^会被该钻井项目中留待钻探的井眼的数量倍增.执行该钻井项目的公司将实现重大的和显著的节约,此外,为了核实特定的钻井系统设备是否得到最佳使用,在每个井眼的钻lpi程中,在一个钻井项目的自始至终,本方法^^t备都进行测量。 Thus, the methods and apparatus disclosed herein may optimize drilling system M early in the drilling program ^ their use in drilling projects. The present method and apparatus also facilitates to make an early appropriate changes to ^ T drilling program in early drilling project Aii / kg did ^ L ^ brought by multiplying the number will be left to the drilling borehole drilling project in the company's execution of the drilling program will achieve a major and significant savings. in addition, in order to verify that the specific drilling the system devices are best used in each wellbore lpi drilling process, a drilling throughout the project, prepared by the method ^^ t are measured. 再者,利用本文公开的方法^N殳备,可更容易地监視钻井系统设备汰能,并絲潜在的不利务降实际出现之前就将其识別出来. Further, by the method disclosed herein ^ N Shu prepared, can be more easily monitored drilling system can eliminating device, and before the filaments drop potential adverse traffic actually occurs will identify it.

此外,利用本方法和设备,可有效地减少使多口井中的给定产油井投产的成功钻井作业所需的时间-因此,本文公开的方法和设^&作业效牟提高.而且利用本方法和设备对于例如用三年的时间在一给定的地理位置建立大约一百口井这样的开发项目特别有利.利用本方法和设备,可在例如30天左右的时间内完成指定井眼的钻探并实攻拔产,即商业生产,而用以前的方法則需要60天(或更长).由于本文公开的钻井系统的钻井性能提高了效率,可节约原油 Further, with the present method and apparatus can effectively reduce multiple wells so that the time required for oil well production quotas successful drilling operations - Thus, the methods disclosed herein and provided ^ & Mu improve job efficiency and the use of the present method. and apparatus is particularly advantageous for the establishment of such a development project, for example, about one hundred wells three times with a given location. with the present method and apparatus can specify completion of drilling a wellbore in a time of about 30 days e.g. and real Gongba production, i.e. commercial production, and the method of using the previous 60 days (or longer). Since the drilling performance of the drilling system disclosed herein improves the efficiency, can save oil

生产时间,,当于可在较早的时间销售上百万美元的油产品.或者,对于给 When in production time ,, you can sell millions of dollars of oil products at an earlier time. Or, for a

定时间氣利用本方法^:备可rf^M9同的时间内用以前的方法完成的井眼的数量多一口或多口井亂换句i^t在较短的时间内打一口新井有利于更早实现商业投产。 Using the method given time gas ^: rf can be prepared with the wellbore ^ M9 completion time using the previous method the number of multiple wells or a chaos for sentence i ^ t dig a new well in shorter times favor earlier achieve commercial production.

上述这些实施例能在给^fc层的实际钻探井眼的过程中或之前对各种建议的钻井设备进行有效,,并可进一步用于钻井項目中,可以针对给定地层中井眼(或区段)的一个或多个特定区段优4Ufe井设备的选脉应用.钻井技术细节模型有利地考虑了钻头在变化的岩性中逐渐磨损的影响.推荐的工作4Jt反映了钻头在特定岩性中的钻头磨损状况,并JL^考虑了所使用的特定钻塔的工作约束.对给定地层,每#深度的地质特#钻井技术细节预测的打印输出或显示为钻井操作者,特别B,者在对钻井项目的钻^it^&行优4t^:供了非常有用的关键信息.打印输出或显示还有助于更好地估计预期钻井条件和所絲的工作沐 Various proposed drilling equipment effective in the embodiments described above can ^ fc layer to actual drilling of the wellbore during or before and may further be used ,, drilling program may be for a given earth formation borehole (or region application of a pulse selected from the segment) or more specific sections of the device preferably 4Ufe well drilling technical details of the model is advantageously considered the influence of lithology changes in bit wear gradually. recommended operating at a specific bit 4Jt reflect lithology drill bit wear condition and JL ^ consider particular a constraint derrick used. for a given formation, every # geological Patent # drilling technology depth of detail predicted print output or displayed as a drilling operator, in particular B, were in line drill ^ it ^ & excellent drilling project 4t ^: very useful for print output or display critical information also helps to better estimate the expected drilling conditions and work Mu the wire.

上述这些实施例给出了大量复杂的关^6^信息,这些信息以例如本说明书参照困4的说明和讨论的图形格式清楚;h^t行了描述.另外,在图形格式中使用颜色进一步强调了关键信息.再者,显示200有利胁出了钻机下钻方案图(driller road m印).例如,以上迷显示为指导,有助于钻机决定何时M给定钻头.上迷显示还给出关于工作约束对性能和钻井技术细节的影响的信息. 此外,上述显示有助于逸择所推荐的工作^L利用上述显示,可以更有效而妙地钻井.最有利的是,重錄息錄达得非常清楚. These examples are given a large number of complex off ^ 6 ^ information, which is clear in the present specification, for example, with reference to the difficulties illustrated and discussed 4 graphics format; h ^ t describe additional line, the use of color in graphical format further. emphasize critical information. further, the display 200 is advantageously a drill of Figure flank (driller road m India) under the rig. for example, the above fans displayed as a guide to help decide when m given drill bit. fans also on display give information about the affect on the performance constraints and technical details of the drilling. Further, the display helps select recommended operating Yi ^ L With the above display, to be more effective and wonderful drilling. most advantageously, retake interest rates reached record very clearly.

实时方式 Real time

4^据本说明书'>开的另一实施例,设备50(困l)与上面讨论的一样,还包括下面讨论的实时方式.详细地说,在使用该钻井系统钻探井眼时,计算M 制器52响应钻井技术细节预测输出信号来控制控制,正如本说明书已讨论的那样,该控制#.包括钻压、rp姐、泵流率和水力条件中的至少一个'另外,控制器52、测井仪器16、测量设备处理器44及其他适当设备被用^钻 According to the present specification 4 ^ '> On another embodiment, the device 50 (trapped l) as discussed above embodiment, further comprising a real-time manner discussed below. In detail, when using the drilling system for drilling a wellbore, calculated M drilling system 52 in response to an output signal of the technical details of the prediction control, as is already discussed above description, the control # includes WOB, RP sister, pump flow rate, and at least one hydraulic conditions' Further, the controller 52, logging instrument 16, the processor 44 and other measuring devices suitable drilling apparatus is used ^

探井眼的实时过程中获得至少一个测量f^ Real-time process exploration of the eye to obtain at least one measurement f ^

计算机控制器52还包括将上述测量;Nt与该测量参数的回算值(back The computer controller 52 further includes the above measurement; Nt back-calculated value of the measurement parameter (back

calculated value)进行历史匹配的手l具体地说,该测量参數回算值是钻井技术细节^^型和至少一个控制^^:的函氛响应一指定的测量#^:与该测量#^回算值之间的偏差,控制器52执行下列步碟中的至少一个:a)调整钻井技术细节模型,b)改进控制;Nt的控制,或c)执行报警操作. calculated value) for history matching hand l Specifically, the measured parameter values ​​are calculated back drilling technical details ^^ ^^ type and at least one control: a function in response to a designated measurement atmosphere ^ #: # ^ back to the measurement deviation between the calculated values, the controller 52 performs the following steps at least one of dish: a) adjusting the technical details of drilling model, b) improved control; control of Nt, or c) alarm action.

根据本文公开的另一实施例,用来预测钻井系统性能的方法和设备包括在给定地层的井眼钻,程中测量指定实时钻井|^的手艮这«井参数可以在钻井过程中利用适当的市场上可买到的用于获得给定实时W的测量设备(如MWD设备)来获得.该钻井系统设备a^行于指定的实时模式中以便对给定实时钻井錄与相应的预测|*1行腺因此,本实施例可«—种或多种运行模式,这些模式或者单独运行或者组合运行,以一次性的、重复的或循环的方式运行,上述运行模式可包括,例如,预测模式、校«式、优^#式和实时控制模式. According to another embodiment disclosed herein, used to predict the performance of the drilling apparatus and method included in a given wellbore drilled formations, the drilling process the realtime measurement | Gen hand this «^ well parameters may be utilized during drilling on a suitable commercially available measurement device for obtaining a given real-time W (e.g. MWD apparatus) is obtained. the device of the drilling system a ^ row corresponding to record real-time drilling prediction of the real time given to the designated mode | * 1 OK gland Accordingly, the present embodiment can «- one or more operating modes, the operating mode, or operating alone or in combination, to run-time, or repeated in a cyclic manner, said operating mode may include, for example, prediction mode, school << style, excellent ^ # type and real-time control mode.

在本文公开的又一实施例中,使用本领域所知的编程技术,计算;^fe制器52被编程来执行此处描述的实时功l本实施例可包括计算机可读介质,如计算^Ut盘或其他用来传递计算机可读编码的介质(全球计算机网络、卫星通信系统,等等),该计算机可读介质上储存有一计算^序,由计算^制器52 执行的计算M序类似"flT面M的并具有附加的实时功能特征. In still another embodiment disclosed herein, a programming techniques known in the art, is calculated; l ^ fe real power system 52 is programmed to perform the present embodiment described herein may include a computer-readable medium, computing ^ Ut disc or other media (global computer network, a satellite communication system, etc.) for transferring computer-readable code, the computer-readable medium stores a calculation sequence ^, 52 ^ calc M sequence executed by a computing system is similar "flT plane M and with additional functional features real-time.

对于实时功能,该计算^^序包括响应钻井技术细节预測输出信号来控制用该钻井系统钻井时的控制参数的指令,上述控制^lt包括钻压、rpm、泵流率和水力务降中的至少一个.该计算;^序还包括用^^钻探井眼的实时过程中获糊量鋒的指令.该计算^l^^将测量鋒与该测量鋒的回算>ftii行历史匹配的指令,其中该测量#^回算«:钻井技术细节模型和至少一个控制#^:中的至少一个的函数.控制控制! For real-time function, the response including drilling sequence is calculated ^^ technical details of the prediction signal to a control command output control parameter when drilling with the drilling system, including the control ^ lt WOB, rpm, pump flow rate and a drop in the hydraulic service At least one of the calculation;. ^ instruction sequence further includes a real-time process with ^^ eligible for drilling a wellbore in front of the calculated amount of paste ^ L ^ ^ front measured with the front-back measurement count> ftii history matching command line wherein the back-calculated measurement # ^ «: technical details of drilling and at least one control model # ^: the control function of at least one! ^lt的指令还包括下述指令: 响应测量WL与该测量^Jt回算值之间的指定偏差,以执行下列步骤的至少一个:a)调,井技术细节模型,b)改j9t控制:Nt的控制,或c)扭^^报警M, ^ Lt instructions further comprising instructions for: in response to the measured WL ^ Jt measuring the deviation between the calculated back to the specified value, to perform at least one of the following steps: a) transfer, technical details well model, b) change j9t Control: Nt control of, or c) twisting alarm ^^ M,

在该钻絲测分析系统的一个实施例中,该系统通过查看在钻探井8^t程中累积的实际数据,并将上迷实际数振与相应的计划阶段作出的预测值i^行比^tM历史匹配。 In this analysis system drill wire measuring one embodiment, the system by looking accumulated in the well drilling process 8 ^ t the actual data, to predict the actual number of fans and the vibration corresponding to the planning phase value and the previous row i ^ ^ tM history matching. 响应历史匹配的结果,钻井技术细节预測模型中的一些因 The results matched the response history, technical details of the drilling prediction model some reason

素(例如基本假设)可能需要被调整,以得到与实际性能匹8&#更好的预测性tL这«整可能是由于各种因素,这些因素与特狄理区絲有的地层减以及该n如何影响特定钻头的设计有关. Factors (e.g. basic assumptions) may need to be adjusted to match the actual performance obtained 8 & # tL this better predictive «whole may be due to various factors, some wire and formation Tedi management area Save and n how it affects specific drill bit design-related.

如前所述,本说明书的一些实施例的实时方式包括当井眼被钻探时执行预测性能与实际W:之间的比l利用实时方式,上述实施例克服完工后分析(end-of-job analysis)的缺点,M是说,利用完工后分析,"获悉的经验" 只能用到下一口井。 As described above, some real-time way of example of the present specification comprises performing prediction performance when the wellbore is drilled and the actual W: l ratio between the use of real time, to overcome the above-described embodiment, after the completion of the analysis (end-of-job analysis) disadvantage, M is said that after the completion of analysis using the "learned experience" can only be used in the next well. 相反,利用本实施例的实时方式,任衬需要对钻井技术细节预测皿(用于4钻探的井眼)进行的调整都可进行,并作其他适当的调整以更好地优化对该特定井眼的钻井过乾上述实时方式进一步加速获悉给定油田中该井(或多口并)的学习曲线,并加快了对每口井的相应优^fcit私所有这些优点都与使用钻头作为测量工具无关,这将在下面进一步讨论. In contrast, with the present embodiment in real time, the need for drilling any technical details liner prediction dishes (for wellbore drilled 4) of the adjustment can be carried out, and make other appropriate adjustments to better optimize the particular well dry drilling a well bore through said real time given informed embodiment further accelerate the oilfield well (or port and) learning curve, and accelerated the respective advantages of each private wells ^ fcit All of these advantages are associated with using a drill as a measurement tool nothing to do, which will be discussed further below.

实时优化 Real-time optimization

35t^参照图5,该图示出根据本文公开的一实施例针对给^fc层预测的钻井系统的性能的显示300,该显示还与前面描迷的困1的钻,測分析和控制系统50有关.显示30()包括数据与深度的关系曲线,上述数据包括深度302、 测井数据304、岩性306、孔隙度308、岩石强度310、钻头磨损312和工作参数314.每条曲线表示的数据可根据前面参照图1-4讨论的方法获得,这些将在下面讨论, 35t ^ Referring to FIG 5, there is shown in accordance with an embodiment disclosed herein, embodiments for a ^ fc-layer prediction performance of the drilling system of the display 300, the display is also described previously trapped fans drill 1, the analysis measurement and control system 50 about the display 30 () comprises a curve depth data, said data including a depth 302, log data 304, 306 lithology, porosity 308, rock strength 310, drill wear and operating parameters 312 314. each curve represents the data may be 1-4 discussed above with reference to FIG obtained, as will be discussed below,

显示300的第一区域316是与MWD传感器所处深度以上的相应深度相关的信息和数据,这些在第一区域316的信息被认为基4^上与工作完成后所收集和分析的数据一样准确.罔此,第一区域316的数据看起来更象作业结束情况下的"校正模式",在工作^^t列314内的实线318表示实际R0P,而虚线320 代表的是预测模型使用实际钻井l^t(例如TOB 322和RPM 324)从测井数lli十务彈到的岩石强度310对ROP i^行的预测. The first display area 300 and the MWD sensors 316 are located above the corresponding depth of the depth-related information and data, which are considered in the first area 316 of the information as accurate data collection and analysis after the completion of the group 4 ^ . indiscriminately here, the data region 316 of a first job looks more like "correction mode" in a case where the end of the working ^^ t in solid line 314 represents the actual 318 R0P, while the dotted line 320 represents the prediction model uses the actual drilling l ^ t (e.g. TOB 322 and RPM 324) logging the number of shells from ten traffic lli rock strength 310 to the prediction of ROP i ^ row.

在"作业完成"模式,该钻井预测分析和控制系统4W测值与实际R0P进行比较以得到该预测模型在给定井眼的精确充并在需要时对该特定油田或区域的下一口井作出调整.对实时(RT)作业,钻絲測分^f^控制系统50(图1) In the "Job Complete" mode, the drilling prediction analysis and control system 4W measured value is compared with the actual R0P to obtain the predictive model to the next well and an oil or a particular area at a given wellbore filled precisely when needed adjustment. f ^ control system 50 (FIG. 1) for real-time (RT) operation, the drill wire measuring points ^

在早期4Wi^段就对在给定井眼中运转的钻头作出调整,直到鈔'j表明该预测模型在给定的环境工作得很好的精确的历史匹l因jH^如果有准确的偏差信息(offset information),该钻井预测分析和控制系统能够更好地預测未来的rop.更好地预测未来的rop在特定油田随后的井眼中可以帮助钻,測分析和控制系统确定何时钻头将##不能再用,并应被缺. 钻头作为测量工具 On the right to make adjustments in a given borehole running drill in early 4Wi ^ section until banknotes' j ^ show that the prediction model have accurate information if the deviation due to jH in a given work environment well-accurate historical horse l (offset information), the drilling prediction analysis and control system better able to predict future rop. rop better help predict future drilling a wellbore in a subsequent specific field, measurement and control system analysis to determine when a drill bit ## can not be reused and should be missing. drill bit as a measurement tool

虽然下述例子涉及岩石强度的回算处理,也可以考虑用与此处公开的不同的参IOi行回算.再次参照附困5,第二区域326是与在钻头和MWD传感器之间的区域的各深度相应的信息和数据.由于它们几乎可被立刻测出,上迷钻井^N^据(例如W0B、 RPM和ROP)在钻头深度处是已知的,钻井预测分析和控制系统50(图1)在高于MWD传感器的区域316获得理想的ROP历史匹l因此, 钻«测分析和控制系统50从指定深度处的实际钻井#^1和得到的ROP结果可回算出某些"隐含的"测量^^L Although the back-calculated following example relates to the processing of the rock strength, and may also consider using different reference lines IOi back-calculated disclosed herein. Referring again attached trapped 5, the second region 326 is a region between the drill bit and the MWD sensors each of corresponding depth information and data. Since they can be detected almost immediately, the fan according to the drilling ^ N ^ (e.g. W0B, RPM and ROP) are known in the bit depth, the drilling prediction analysis and control system 50 ( FIG. 1) in the region above the MWD sensors 316 to obtain the desired ROP history horses l Thus, drilling «analysis measurement and control system 50 at a specified depth from the actual drilling ^ # 1 ROP and back calculated from the results obtained may be some" hidden containing "measurement ^^ L

上述"隐含的"参数指的是出现在区域326中的,在与钻头和MWD传感器相应的深度之间的区段内的某錄(或多个沐,因此,由«測量设备在给定的时间段还没有穿过该区乾上述"隐含的"#*不能由測得的数据计算出来-在相关的MWD传感器数据得到以后,钻#^測分析和控制系统50可由此确定岩'脉岩石强度沐例如,钻ffi測分析和控制系统50 ^J&将"隐含的"岩石强度与测井记录计算出的岩石强度进行比乾在固5,测井记录计算出的岩石强度用实线328表示,而该"隐含的"岩石强度用虛线330表示. The above "implicit" means a parameter present in the region 326, in the section between the drill bit and the depth of the respective sensor in a fixation MWD (or Mu, therefore, the «measuring apparatus given in time period has not passed through the above-described dry zone "implicit" # * can not be calculated from the measured data is out - after the relevant sensor data obtained MWD drill # ^ measurement and control system 50 may be analyzed to thereby determine rock ' pulse rock strength Mu e.g., drilling ffi analysis measurement and control system 50 ^ J & the "implicit" rock strength and rock the calculated log intensity than dry solid at 5, calculated by log solid rock strength line 328 indicates, and the "implicit" rock strength 330 indicated by dotted lines.

下面的讨论将说明钻«測分析和控制系统50利用上述确定"隐含的"参数的技术的方式.如果"钻头处(at-bit)"的测量值开始偏离"检验"测量值, 則该钻井预测分析和控制系统可能暗示井下出错了.钻头可能已被损坏或糊钻,井眼净化效率可能出现了问題,钻井效率可能已经改变等等.也可有这样的情况,即钻絲测分析和控制系统50用隐含;Nt值絲行其他一些计算, 直到相应实测l^t值可从测井数据中导出,例如可在区域316中得到. The following discussion will be described drilling «analysis measurement and control system 50 is determined using the" implicit "manner technical parameters. If the" drill bit (at-bit) "starts to deviate from the measured value of" test "measurements, the drilling prediction analysis and control system may imply wrong downhole drill bit may have been damaged or paste drilling, hole cleaning efficiency may be a problem, the drilling efficiency may have changed, etc. may also be a case that the measured drill wire analysis and a control system 50 is hidden; Nt of the wire line number of other values ​​calculated until the respective measured value l ^ t may be derived from well log data, for example, may be obtained in the region of 316.

当可获得理想的偏差数据时,钻井预测分析和控制系统50可依赖它来帮助优化oE^钻探的井B!L但是,若钻井时没有偏置信息,该钻井预测分析和控制系统使用来自该钻井的"隐含的"数INfc化该井. When the deviation data obtained over the drilling prediction analysis and control system 50 may rely on it to help optimize the drilling of wells oE ^ B! L However, if the offset information is not drilling, the drilling prediction analysis and control system from the drilling of the "implied" number INfc of the well.

换句M将回算测量^t的值与该測量^lt的ftit行历史匹S^比良在第一种情况,回算測量参數相当于该井HL在高于MWD传感器位置的第一区段中的值(比如图5的区域316).对于在该第一区段的回算值,钻井预测分析和控制系统执行历史匹配.在该第一区段进行历史匹配的一个原因是为了该钻井预測分析和控制系统絲定钻井技术细节模型(或模型组)工作是否正常, Stated another operator back to the M measured values ​​t ^ ^ lt measurement with the row of history matching ftit S ^ Hira In the first case, the back-calculated measurement parameters corresponding to the first section above the well HL MWD position sensor the values ​​(such as region 316 of FIG. 5) for back-calculated values ​​of the first section, and a drilling control system performs predictive analysis history match. One reason for history matching in the first section to the drilling predictive analysis and control system whether drilling technical details wire model (or model group) is working properly,

在该第一区段,相对于在历史匹配rt^中大于预定值的任何偏差,该钻井预測分析和控制系统对用于生成钻井技术细节预测的钻井技术细节;^型作出适当的调整.详细地说,该钻井预測分析和控制系统调整各个模型的基本假设,直到偏差&3可接受的水平(即,直到测量参数和该测量#回算值之间的历史匹g&^差在可接受的偏差水平内). In the first section, relative to any deviation is greater than a predetermined value RT ^ history matching, the drilling prediction analysis and control system for generating a predicted drilling drilling technical details technical details; type ^ make appropriate adjustments in detail. in particular, the drilling prediction analysis and control system to adjust the basic assumptions of each model until an acceptable level deviation & 3 (i.e., until a history between the measurement parameters and measurement values ​​calculated back # match the acceptable deviation of the difference g & ^ the horizontal).

此外,对于上述第一区段,由于已对一个或多棉井技术细节模型作了适当调整,该钻^測分析和控制系统i^了对进一步钻井的相应钻井技术细节的预测.换句"^C该钻井分^控制系^^钻井过程中可对钻井技术细节模型进行糊。相应地,**^井技术细节模型(一个或多个)的微调,该钻井系絲当地改变对一个或多个控制錄的控制.当井眼的钻探向前械时,微调有利于优德井沐 Further, for the first segment, since cotton has made one or more technical details well model properly adjusted, the drill analysis measurement and control system ^ ^ I corresponding to the predicted drilling technique drilling further details In other sentence " the drilling sub ^ C ^ ^^ drilling process control system may be a paste drilling technical details model. accordingly, ** ^ technical details well model (s) of the trimming, the drilling system to change a wire or local more control record when drilling a wellbore mechanical forward, fine tuning is conducive to excellent Tokui Mu

在第二种情况中,在MWD測量设备和钻头之间的井眼第二区段内(比如图5 的区域326),该钻井预測分^控制系统以与第一区段稍有区别的方式进^^ 量^t与该測量鋒的回算值的历史匹配.在该第二区段进行历史匹配的一个 In the second case, in the wellbore between the measuring device and the MWD drill a second section (such as region 326 in FIG. 5), the forecast ^ drilling control system with the first section slightly different history matching the amount of intake ^^ ^ t with the calculated values ​​of the back front of the measurement was performed in the history matching a second section

互作用的情况. Situation interactions.

在第二区l如果历史匹配揭示的偏差大于预定限l则历史匹配中的该偏差表明使用该钻井系统钻探井眼的过程中存在潜在的问題(例如,在钻头处).反之,在可接受的限度内的历史匹K^i差表明该钻井系统对井眼的钻探过程与预测相符。 L in the second region if the history matching is greater than a predetermined threshold deviation disclosed l in the history matching process is that the use of the deviation of the drilling system for drilling a wellbore in a potential problem (e.g., at the bit). In contrast, the acceptable history within the limits of horses K ^ i difference indicates that the drilling system for drilling process and predict the wellbore match. 对于第二区段内的測量錄的回算值,该回雞隐含在各区段钻井的实际^t(^MTI^t值)中争 For the back-calculated measured values ​​recorded in the second section, the back-chicken implicit (^ MTI ^ t values) in each segment of drilling an actual contention ^ t

此处讨论的实时功能对该钻^ffi測分析和控制系统的功能^_供一有力的补 Real-time functions discussed here the drill function ^ ffi measurements analysis and control system ^ _ for a strong complement

充, Charge,

因此,本文公开的钻井系统方法和设备可以预定方式运行以执行预測模式 Thus, methods and apparatus for drilling system disclosed herein may be a predetermined operation mode to execute the prediction

^^^用的透彻i^^A!SJ&的^^^式.在预測摸式获得的^^t与在钻探模式 With thorough ^^^ i ^^ A! SJ & ^^^ of formula. Predicted touch-type obtained in the drilling mode ^^ t

获得的^^t行的rt^可为预測摸型和给定井眼或后续井眼的钻,程的改 rt ^^ t ^ rows may be obtained and given the predicted touch type or a subsequent wellbore drilling a wellbore, process change

#/或调整^^供有用的透彻认识.该钻井系统方法和设备还通过相对于每单 # / Or adjust ^^ useful for a thorough understanding. The method and apparatus for drilling system through per single

位深度的Wt预測(例如預測的岩石强;l)員查实时#^1并且作出适当的调整(例如,对用在钻井技术细节模型(一个或多个)中的基本假i5A糊整)来执行钻賴化。 Wt bit depth of the prediction (e.g., prediction of rock strength; L) # ^ real-time check member 1 and make appropriate adjustments (e.g., false i5A basic technical details used in the drilling model (s) in the whole paste) to Lai execution of drilling.

钻#«测设备可进行设置在实际井场以外的位置.即预測设备可以&^远 Drill # «position sensing device may be provided outside the actual wellsite That prediction apparatus may ^ & away

程地点,与实际井场通过全^ut信网(如通过因特网等等)相连.预測设a可 Cheng location, the actual full ^ ut wellsite connected communication network (e.g., via the Internet, etc.) by the prediction set may be a

设置在实时操作中心(ROC)'该ROC具有通向井场和钻^i更备的卫星^^或其它适当的i^ff^, Provided a real time operating center (ROC) 'having access to the well site and ROC drilling ^ i ^^ more satellites or other apparatus suitable i ^ ff ^,

本实施例^^于在井眼^Mt程中将该预測钻头作为测量设备来使用.在 Example ^^ prediction bit in the measurement apparatus as used in wellbore ^ Mt process according to the present embodiment. In

井眼##5±程中当地层改变时,诸如出现岩石抗压强度改变时,井眼^IN:程 When the wellbore ## 5 ± local time course change layer, such as changes in the compressive strength of the rock appear wellbore ^ IN: Cheng

中钻头发生相应的改变,例如,如地层发生变化,钻头可能变得不平衡、振动或经历其他类似的变化.钻井系统设备利用适当的測量设备监測这种钻头性能的变化.例如, 一种监测钻头性能的方法是通过钻头上的一^il的传感器。 The drill bit change accordingly, for example, as the formation changes, the drill bit may become unbalanced, subjected to vibration or other similar changes. This change bit performance monitoring apparatus suitable measuring apparatus using the drilling system. For example, one bit performance monitoring is a method by a ^ il sensors on the drill bit. 在钻头上的传感器还可提供测绘该并眼的给定a的手l例如,在该井 Sensors may also be provided on the bit and the mapping of the eye of a given hand l e.g., in the well

眼的钻IN:程中,该钻井系统设备可,测岩性与作为钻头处测量W:的函数的測得(或实际)的岩'liSt行比良可以使用布置在钻头内或者沿钻杆柱布置在接近钻头的位置的适当的传感器. Eye drill IN: process, the apparatus may drilling system, the measured lithology and W as measured at the bit: a function of the measured (or actual) rock 'liSt Hira line may be used or disposed within the drill bit along the drill string suitable sensors near the drill bit position are arranged.

钻井系统iit^还可以^fe典型的位于钻头后面的钻杆柱上的随钻测量(MWD) 传感器.例如,该MWD传感器的远端距离该钻头大约50-IOO英尺.因此,在井眼的钻^it程中,由该MWD传感器进行的测量滞后于钻头实时.对于钻头磨损錄,本实,的方法^fe鄉井队并JUjfe钻井时将回算钻头磨损錄(由MWD测量值确定)与预测钻头磨损l^t进行m该方法还包括建立钻头磨损条件,其中,实测钻头磨损与预测磨损相关JPBfc^t周期性更新,并推荐和/或作出适当调节,以iiJJJ整体最优钻井性能.换句M,可#^測磨损性能与* 实测钻头磨损性能的实时测得的参數相比札 The drilling system may also be ^ ^ iit Fe typically located behind the drill string with the drill bit measure (MWD) sensors. For example, the distal end of the MWD drill sensor approximately 50-IOO feet away. Thus, in the wellbore drilling ^ it process, measurements made by the MWD sensor lags behind the drill bit in real time for bit wear recording, method of this, the ^ fe rural rig and JUjfe while drilling the back-calculated bit wear recorder (determined by the MWD measurements) and prediction for bit wear l ^ t m the method further includes establishing bit wear condition, wherein the measured bit wear and abrasion associated prediction JPBfc ^ t updated periodically, and recommend and / or make appropriate adjustments to the overall optimum drilling performance iiJJJ in other sentence M, # ^ can measure the wear performance and real-time * measured parameters measured bit wear performance compared to Sapporo

此外,上迷那些实施例^4于实际上为同一天的"实时"优化和技正,并与事后约一周或几周的优#校^>说.实时优化和校正对井眼钻^it程中 In addition, the fans in those embodiments ^ 4 actually on the same day of "real-time" optimization and engenheiro, and # excellent school and post about a week or weeks ^> said real-time optimization and correction of wellbores drilled ^ it Process

的钻井性能提供了有利的积极影响.因jH^根据实际钻井^t和性能与预测值的,(或历史匹配),本实施例的钻井系统和方^ft于进行^菱的参数调整以更好地符m实情况. Drilling performance provides an advantageous positive impact due jH ^ adjusted more according to the parameters ^ Ling actual drilling ^ t and performance predicted value (or history match), the present embodiment drilling systems and ^. Ft to be m Fact well operator.

如果发现实际参数与预測^lt矛盾(即,偏差超出了预定最大量),則本实施例的钻井系统方法^i殳备根鄉定响应方式进行反应,例如,根据对超出给定限度的历史匹配偏差的评估,钻井系统和方法可根椐实际钻井性^预测值的比较结^t各种^^i4糊节.实际钻井^t与预測值的这种比较可指示出不利的或不希望的钻头磨损.进一步的i^可指出该偏差实际上是否是由钻头磨损或其他不利^#引《 The drilling system method if it is found the actual parameters and the predicted ^ lt contradiction (i.e., the deviation exceeds a predetermined maximum amount), then the present embodiment ^ prepared root i Shu Township of response mode reaction, for example, based on exceeding a given limit history evaluation of matching deviation drilling systems and methods may be noted in the actual drilling of the comparison result ^ t ^ ^^ i4 paste various sections of the predicted value. this actual drilling ^ t and the predicted value for comparison may indicate adverse or undesirable bit wear. further i ^ may indicate whether the deviation is actually worn by a drill or other adverse cited ^ # "

在一示例性的情况中,该钻井系统可以在自动钻井控制模式或人工控制模式运行.响应超出指定flLl的历史匹配偏差,本文公开的实施例可^fe警操作。 In an exemplary case, the drilling system can be run in an automatic control mode or manual control drilling mode in response to the history matching flLl exceeds the specified deviation, embodiments disclosed herein may be implemented ^ fe police operations. 报警辦可包括提供表明某些事情出错了和需要注意的指示.本系统和方法还包括断开自动控制模式^i4AA工控制模式,直到相应的偏差被解决为止. Office alarm may include providing an indication that certain things go wrong and should be noted. The present system and method also includes disconnecting the automatic control mode ^ i4AA working control mode, until the corresponding deviation is resolved.

本钻井系统设备和方法也可执行包括^it的报警指示器的报警操作,指示器比如是彩色编码指示器或其^il合于给定显示和/或现场应用的^il的指示器.在给定的警报辦中,包含在该显示中的指定信息可以用能引起对相应信息注意的方式显示如高亮显示、m动画等. This drilling system comprises apparatus and methods can also perform it ^ ^ il indicator alarm operation of the alarm indicator, such indicator or a color-coded indicator ^ il bonded to a given display and / or the field. In do in a given alert, the display included in the information may be specified to cause a corresponding manner to display information such as note highlighted, m animation.

例如,可用红色指示器表示存在钻头过早失效的潜在可能性.当预测^t 与实际^t之间的差别超过指定最大偏差量时,可以推知钻头可能过早失l For example, a red indicator showing the available potential for premature failure of the drill bit is present. When the difference between the predicted and actual ^ t ^ t exceeds a specified maximum deviation, the drill bit may be inferred premature failure l

黄色指示器可以指示预測^lt与实际参数之间的差别大于指定最小偏差量但小于最大偏差量的警戒状况.最后,绿色指示器可以指示全部正常情况,其中預測;w:与实际参数之间的差別小于最'Wfe差量.在后一种情况,预测值与实际值的比,规定的范闺内,钻井可相^"稳^l:^i^fr. Yellow indicator may indicate the difference between the predicted lt ^ and the actual parameter is greater than a specified minimum amount of deviation but less than maximum deviation alert condition Finally, the green indicator may indicate that all normal circumstances, wherein the prediction; w:. Between the actual parameter and difference is less than the difference between the most Wfe 'than in the latter case, the predicted value and the actual value, within a predetermined range Gui, drilling ^ relative "steady ^ l:. ^ i ^ fr.

因此,这些实施例提供了报警或早期警告的一种方式,从而,关悄整或不调整的实时决定可以较以前it^通的方式进行.这些实施例还例如利用显示 Accordingly, embodiments provide a manner alarm or early warning, thus, determined in real time or off the entire quiet adjustment than before it ^ may be on the way. The examples also show the use of e.g.

提供对并眼,的实时监礼 Provide for and eye, real-time celebrant

在钻探井眼的钻头的实际性能与预測性能tb^的进一步讨论中,值得注意的是钻头先悄賴录工具^Jb^A井llL在钻头处的实时^IUt于测井记录 In the actual performance and forecast performance of the drill bit for drilling a wellbore ^ tb further discussion, it is worth noting that the first bit quiet Lai recording tool ^ Jb ^ A well llL to log in real-time at the bit ^ IUt

工具一定量-在钻头处的实时^lt的超前特'MJL在时间和距离方面,这种时间和距离与測井记录工具穿过其沿钻杆柱与钻头相距的距离所花费的时间相应.利用这些实时,知上适当的钻井技术细节模型可以隐^^一些诸如钻头所钻的岩石的抗压强度的量t其他在钻头处的示例性实时l^:包括WOB、 RPM 和扭矩. Means a quantity - corresponding to the real time ^ ahead Laid lt MJL in terms of distance and time, and the time and distance that the tool logs therethrough spaced along the drill string and drill bit from the spent at the bit '. With these real-time, the appropriate model known in the drilling technical details can be hidden by some amount ^^ compressive strength such as a drill bit of the rock drill in other exemplary real time t at the bit ^ l: includes WOB, RPM and torque.

利用实时^t和測量信息,该钻井系统设备利用随钻测井仪器(如MWD设备) ^t钻头所隐含的信息,即隐舍信息是否实)^#在.该MWD测井记录工具可被用来连续抬r验钻头所隐含的信息,逸速一步由预測W:和实际性能给出。 ^ T with real-time measurements and information, the drilling system devices using LWD tools (e.g., MWD apparatus) ^ t implied bit information, i.e., whether the real information implicit rounding) in ^ # The MWD tool may log It is used to drill a continuous test carried r implied information Yi by the prediction step speed W: analysis and actual performance. 例如,如果该测扭录工具^M^1与岩石强歧正比的沐该^^t信息^tid^ 钻并预测和分析设备进行处理,预測和分析设备通过生^t钻岩石真实状态的指示来处理压力信息.如果该岩石的真实状态与预測的相同,則该钻井过程被允许继续进行.如果不相同,則该钻井过程可被修改或被适当地tt.因此, 该钻井预测和分析系统可以指定的方式控制井B艮的钻泉一种指定方式可包括在自动钻井控制模式和人工钻井控制摸式之间交替转换. For example, if the measured torsion recording tool ^^ ^ M ^ 1 and the intensity is proportional to the manifold Mu rock drilling ^ tid ^ t information and prediction process, prediction and analysis equipment and the analysis device indicated by green ^ t of the true state of the rock drill processed pressure information. If the same is true with the state of the prediction of rock, the drilling process is allowed to proceed. If not, the drilling process may be suitably modified or TT. Thus, the drilling prediction and analysis system can be specified is controlled drilling wells B Gen springs targeting method may be included in an automatic control mode and manual drilling well control alternate between touch-type.

另一示例性MfD工具^一钻头振动測量工具,根据振动数据,钻井预測和分析系统对指定的井下钻头是否损坏作出判断.只要在^M动測量工具输出数据中出现拐点就意味着需要对振动水平校it^更新.根据振动数据对钻头# 进行优化,该钻并预測和分析系统可确定给定钻头Jl^受多大的力而不会招致重大的或灾难性的损坏.这样的分析可包括^#一>^头的振动/性能研究得出的性E^据.正如此处所讨论的那样,本钻^测和分析系统包樣至少一种计算机可读介质,该介质上有^il的执行此处讨论的功能的^^,. Another exemplary MfD tool bit vibrations ^ a measurement tool, the vibration data to predict and analyze the drilling system to judge the specified downhole drill bit damage. ^ M as long as the inflection point in the movable tool output measurement data necessary to vibration means horizontal correction update it ^. # optimized drill bit according to the vibration data, and analyze and predict the drilling system may determine whether a given bit Jl ^ by how much force without incurring significant or catastrophic damage. such analysis may include ^ # a> ^ vibration head / performance data obtained of E ^. as discussed herein above, the present drill ^ package measuring and analysis systems like at least a computer readable medium, which medium has on the IL ^ ^^ perform functions discussed here ,.

本发明还涉及与井眼稳定性有关的检查.翻适当的特城述,可通过井8«绘来测定给定地层中的絲裂1地层中裂缝的走向对可钻'財影响。 The present invention further relates to the inspection of the borehole stability. Laid suitable turning of said city, can «financial impact to the formation of a mitogen for the formation of cracks can be drilled 'drawn through the well to a given measured 8. Correct

断口或裂缝的测绘可对岩石被^t坏的程度^^-些指示.断ibi岩石强度出现 Mapping fracture or fractures may be rock ^^ ^ t bad degree - some indication ibi breaking rock strength occurs.

急剧下降的指示, A sharp decline in the instructions,

注意误差最小^^艮重要.有许多未知的东西.除非存在一些直接的量化, Note that the minimum error ^^ Gen important. There are many unknown things. Unless there is some direct quantification,

将误差归于某理由可能是不正确的.这涉Jl推"^与测量.使用^it的随钻测井 The errors may be attributed to a reason incorrect. This involves Jl push "^ and measurement using LWD ^ IT

设备,各^H井数据可被舰到地面.^r很多井下测量值,只有某些数值可被送到地面.这种限制主要是由于当前的技术无法将所有可能的測量数据立即传到地面。 Apparatus, each of the data may well be ^ H ship to the ground. ^ R many downhole measurements, only certain values ​​can be sent to the ground. This limitation is mainly due to the current technology can not measure all possible data immediately transmitted to the surface .

本说明书中的一些实施例的钻井系统设备和方法还利用钻头作为测量工具。 Some drilling system apparatus and method of embodiments of the present specification are also used as a measurement tool bit. 例如,钻头的谐振可使钻头被用作为测量工具.结絲明振动数据对校正目的是很有用的.在井眼钻探的一个实例中,可考虑可得到的关于特定岩性 For example, the drill bit can be used as a resonance measurement tool. Junction Si Ming vibration data correction purposes is useful in a borehole drilled in the example, it is considered available about a particular lithology

的、败WOB、扭矩和ROP等各种錄的数据来指定钻头,该方法包括,作为该过程一部分,钻探该井并监测ROP、观察岩性、并确定TOB.在该例子中, 钻头是第一个,预测iE^t4^的是什么的测量设备,而各种测并记录工具可;^g头的测量. The data recorded in various defeat the WOB, torque and the like ROP specified bit, the method comprising, as part of the process, and monitor the well drilling ROP, observed lithology, and determines TOB. In this example, the first bit a prediction iE ^ t4 ^ what measuring apparatus, and measuring and recording a variety of tools; ^ g measuring head.

本方法和系统设备还包括^t的回算,将回算的錄与预测鋒重叠,并估计实际发生的事情.该方法和系统设备接着tt对钻头处实际发生的事情的判断来微调和/或作适当的调整。 The present method and system apparatus further comprises ^ t return count, the return count Catalog and prediction front overlap, and estimates what actually happens. The method and system apparatus Next tt judging things at the bit actually occurring to fine tune and / or to make appropriate adjustments. 因^使用钻头作为测量工具,可得到大约50-100英尺的提前信息,来分析在井下钻头处4发生的事情. ^ A drill because as a measurement tool, available information in advance about 50-100 feet, 4 to analyze what happened in the mine at the bit.

此外,利用钻头作为测量工具,人们可分^m钻头是否仍然有效(即,可以 In addition, as a measuring tool using a drill, it can be divided ^ m bit is still valid (i.e., can be

继续钻探)或其M当的斧阶.例如,钻头测量可指示该钻头发出了意外.在钻杆^Ji的MWD传感器可检验钻头测量所预示的事情.该MWD传感器比预期的早还是晚?应^IL什么适当的行动?是否有故障?使用钻头作为传感器,该预测和分析系统可以观察和/或测量振动来指示该钻头是否按预测情况运行。 Continue drilling) or M when the ax-order. For example, the measurement may indicate that the drill bit unexpected issue in the drill ^ Ji MWD sensors can measure test drill foreshadowed things. The MWD sensors than expected early or late? What should ^ IL appropriate action? is faulty? using a drill as a sensor, the prediction and analysis system can be observed and / or measured vibration to indicate whether the operation of the drill according to the situation prediction. 因^使用钻头作为测量工具,根据所观察到的情况,该预测和分析系统可更新所舉莽的钻井^^L对于超前应用(例如,钻头前方一英尺),结^^头作为测量工具,该预测和分析设备可将;Nt^^i殳备预期到达的地方进行调节, ^ Using a drill as a result of measurement tools, according to the situation observed, the analysis system may update the prediction and Mang cited ^^ L drilling applications for advanced (e.g., one foot in front of the drill bit), as a measurement tool head ^^ junction, the apparatus may be predicted and analyzed; Nt ^^ i Shu apparatus where regulation is expected to arrive,

使用钻头作为測量工具,该预测和分析系统可分析岩石的各向异性、方向特性、抗压强度和/或孔隙度,对于水平井而言,需要钻头沿与垂直方向呈90 度的方向钻t如果该相对倾角改变,该孔隙度可仍然保持不变. Using a drill as a measuring tool, the prediction and analysis system may analyze the rock anisotropy, directional characteristics, compressive strength and / or porosity, for horizontal wells, the need to drill along a direction 90 degrees from vertical drilling t If the relative tilt angle changes, the porosity can remain unchanged.

在历史匹S^式或优4b溪式中,该MWD传感器或传感器组可以在钻头后面 S ^ history matching of formula or preferably of formula 4b river, the MWD sensors or sensor groups may be behind the drill bit

50至100英尺、在钻头处^L钻头前面测量.在一种运行模式中,该系统产生一建议,并在井眼的钻^it程中采用该建乱例如,该建议可能包括每单位深度的岩性和岩石强度预测.在钻井过程中,该系统回算给定深度的岩石强度, 然后将岩石强度的回算值与响应测量工具穿过相应錄(即,通过该地层)可得到的信息进行比较.该系统接着执行预测岩石强度和实际岩石强度的历史匹配,历史匹f&^后,该系糾一个适当的;|*^糊整或多个调整. From 50 to 100 feet, the drill bit at the front of the measurement ^ L. In one mode of operation, the system generates a recommendation, and ^ it using the built chaotic process in the wellbore drilled for example, the recommendation may include depth per unit lithology and rock strength prediction in the drilling process, the system back-calculated depth given rock strength, the rock and then back-calculated values ​​of intensity and response measurement tool through the respective record (i.e., through the formation) available the system then compares the information of an execution history matching prediction actual rock strength and rock strength, after history matching f & ^, an appropriate correction of the system; |. * ^ paste integer or more adjustments.

该系狭J^亍历史匹配以检验或确定该钻井系统是否如它所被预测的一样在钻头^L生响应.该系^利用显示的技术细节和有效岩石强度(预测值)的回算以实时模式运行.当传感器穿*定深度时,该系统计算出抗压岩石强度(或孔隙JO^L泥浆录井仪可以与实測岩石强度对预测岩石强度的校正同时使用,其中,该泥浆录井^使用前被适当,艮 The narrow lines right foot J ^ history matching to verify or determine the drilling system such as whether it is the same as predicted response drill green L ^. ^ Technical details of the system and the effective use of display rock strength (predicted value) calculated back to real-time mode. * when the sensor through the predetermined depth, the system calculates the compressive rock strength (or apertures JO ^ L mud logging instrument may be used to correct the predicted and measured rock strength while the strength of the rock, wherein the slurry recorded ^ is suitably well before use, Gen

如此处讨絲,该钻絲測分析和控制系^"j用更靠近钻头的数据。因此, 该系M^方^t得以前的M不确定性变得更小了,对于井眼的钻私这是一根据经验,在边界井中出现预料不到的地质情况是很常见的. Thus the discussion wire, the wire drill analysis measurement and control system ^ "j closer to the bit of data. Therefore, the square-based M ^ M ^ t obtained before the uncertainty becomes smaller, for drilling the wellbore this is based on a personal experience, the emergence of unexpected geological conditions are very common in the border well.

,这些实施例,实时可以被定义为在井下获取数据的时刻与钻井操作者在给定瞬时可以得到该数据的时刻之间的时间流氛即,在该钻井操作者得到数据之前需要多长时间(两周对一天).利用该钻井预测分析和控制系统的实时功能,该系统可以实时AMI^^—短时间段内钻头在作什么,确定需要调## 么,和输出修正了的霄0& RPM或其他适当的工作^4L These embodiments, real time streams atmosphere may be defined as the time between the time the drilling operator with data acquired downhole in a given instant of the data can be obtained, i.e., prior to the drilling operator how long it takes to obtain data . (two weeks for a day) with real-time function of the drilling prediction analysis and control system, the system real-time AMI ^^ - drill short period of time what to make, determine what needs to tune ##, and outputs the corrected Xiao 0 & RPM or other appropriate work ^ 4L

对于钻头磨损,该钻井分析和控制系统包括一钻头磨损指示器。 For bit wear, analysis and control of the drilling system comprises a drill bit wear indicator. 该钻头磨损指示器的特征在于当钻头磨损时,产生对不同的钻头磨损状态各不相同的特征量或声信号.该系&还包括通过合适的測量设备能测量上述特征量或声信号以确定该钻头磨损状况的测量仗 The wear indicator is characterized in that the drill bit when the drill bit wear, bit wear generate different states of the same feature amount or not an acoustic signal. The system further comprises by a suitable & measuring apparatus capable of measuring the feature value or signal to determine the acoustic the battle measured bit wear condition

正如在此所讨絲那样,工作#«少包絲測的RPM、 W0B、 COST、 ROP 和ROP-avg.这,测工作参数^示在图1的钻井预测分析和控制系统50 的显示输出上.测量#^1可包括与井眼钻探相关的可被实时測量或得到(如通过适当的计算得到)的^^f^L測量参数可包括一个或多个工作^t控制参数可包括宜于通过人工或者自动控制被^4^控制的^W:,以影响或改 As used herein discussed wire as the working # «less with silk sensed RPM, W0B, COST, ROP and ROP-avg. This measured operating parameter ^ is shown on the display output drilling prediction analysis and control system of FIG. 1 50 measurement # ^ 1 may comprise real-time measurement can be associated with the drilling of the wellbore or obtained (e.g., obtained by an appropriate basis) ^^ f ^ L measured parameters may include one or more operating parameters may include controlling ^ t desirability by manually or automatically controlled by 4 ^ ^ ^ W :, controlled to affect or change

变钻井过乾例如,控制参数可包括宜于直接(或间接)控制的一个或多个工作 Becomes too dry drilling e.g., control parameters may comprise suitable for direct (or indirect), one or more operating controls

尽管上面只详细描述了本发明的几个示例性实施例,^m术人员m^ 易理解,在实质上不超出本发明的新颖'^:导和优点的情况下,可对上述示例性实施例进行很多組.因艮所有这样的ifc^Mf被包括林发明后附的权利要求所限定的保护范围之内.在^i^要求书中,装置加功能的句子是为了覆盖此处描述的结构,这些结构旨所列举的功歉并且不仅M结构上的等同物,而且是等效的结构。 Although only a few exemplary embodiments described embodiment of the present invention in detail, ^ m ^ m artisan readily understood, the present invention substantially without departing from the novel '^: the case where the guide and advantages, the above-described exemplary embodiments may be many embodiments for the group. All such because Gen ifc ^ Mf Lin Faming be included within the scope of the appended claims as defined by the. ^ i ^ in the claims, means-plus-function sentence is intended to cover described herein structures that purpose recited function and not only the equivalents apology M on the structure, but also equivalent structures.

Claims (105)

  1. 1.一种用来预测在给定地层中钻井的钻井系统的性能的装置,所述装置包括: 根据指定的地质模型来生成每单位深度所述地层的地质特征并输出代表该地质特征的信号的地质特征生成装置,上述地质特征至少包括岩石强度; 用来输入所推荐的用于钻井的钻井设备的规格的推荐钻井设备规格输入装置,所述规格至少包括所推荐钻头的钻头规格; 根据钻井技术细节模型、并响应所推荐的钻井设备的规格、来确定作为每单位深度地质特征的函数的钻井技术细节预测、并输出代表该预测的钻井技术细节的信号的装置,预测的钻井技术细节包括钻头磨损、机械效率、功率及工作参数的至少一个; 响应钻井技术细节预测输出信号来控制用所述钻井系统钻井的控制参数的装置,该控制参数包括钻压、每分钟转数、泵流率和水力条件中的至少一个; 在钻井过程中 An apparatus for predicting the performance of a given drilling system drilling a formation, the apparatus comprising: generating a geological characteristics of the formation per unit depth according to specified geological model and outputs a signal representing the geological characteristics geological characteristics of the generating means the geological characteristics including at least rock strength; recommended specifications for inputting drilling apparatus for drilling a drilling apparatus recommended specification input means, said drill bit comprising at least the specifications recommended specification; the drilling technical details of the model, and in response to the specifications recommended drilling equipment to determine drilling technical details as the depth geological characteristics per unit function of the prediction, and outputs a signal of the technical details of drilling the predicted representative of the predicted drilling technical details comprising bit wear, the at least one mechanical efficiency, power and operating parameters; technical details drilling response prediction means output signal with said control parameter to control the drilling system drilling, the control parameter includes WOB, rpm, pump flow rate and at least one hydraulic conditions; during drilling 实时获取测量参数的装置; 将该测量参数与该测量参数的回算值进行历史匹配的装置,其中该测量参数的所述回算值是所述钻井技术细节模型和至少一个控制参数的函数;其中,响应测量参数和该测量参数的所述回算值之间的预定偏差,所述控制装置执行下列至少一个动作:a)调整钻井技术细节模型、b)修改对控制参数的控制、和c)执行报警操作。 Means for measuring a parameter acquired in real time; the measured parameter and the measured parameter values ​​history matching means back to the operator, wherein said parameter is the back-calculated measured value is a function of the drilling models and technical details of the at least one control parameter; wherein, in response to a deviation between the predetermined back-calculated values ​​of the measurement parameters and measurement parameters, said control means performs at least one of the following actions: a) adjustment of the technical details of drilling model, b) modifying the control of the control parameters, and c ) alarm action.
  2. 2. 4掘要求1所述的装置,还包括:响应所iiiW特征输出信号和所述钻井技术细节预测输出信号生成每"^f立^>1的所^«^特#所述钻井技术细节预测的显示生^^置。 2.4 digging apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising: in response to the output signal and the characteristic iiiW drilling technical details of each predicted signal generation output "^ f ^ Li> is 1 ^« ^ # Laid the drilling technical details He predicted raw ^^ display set.
  3. 3. 如^U'漆求2所述的装置,其中所述显示生威装置包括下列至少一种: a)监视器,b)打印机;其中,所述每#^立^1的«^特#钻井技术细节预测的显示包括打印输出。 3. ^ U 'request paint apparatus of claim 2, wherein said display means comprises Viagra at least one of the following: a) monitor, b) the printer; wherein each of said Li ^ # ^ «^ Laid 1 drilling technical details # forecast displaying a printout.
  4. 4. 如权利要求l所述的装置,其中所ii^特征生^J^置还产生下列至少一种附加特征:测井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性。 4. The apparatus according to claim l, wherein the raw ii ^ ^ J ^ characterized in opposing further generates at least one of the following additional features: log data, lithology, porosity, and shale plasticity.
  5. 5. ^M慎求i所述的装置,其中所述4m^H殳4M^^A^:置还包括输入^^^H殳备的下列至少一个附加M^:井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转盘马达、泥浆系#泥浆泵。 The means M ^ i Shen said request, wherein said 4m ^ H Shu 4M ^^ A ^: input means further comprises at least one of the following additional M ^ ^^^ H Shu prepared: a downhole motor, the top of the drive motor, turntable motor, mud mud pump system #.
  6. 6. ^K利要求1所述的装置,其中所述工作^lt包括下列M中的至少一种:钻压、4t转"f^^t转数、•、钻iM;l和扭矩。 The apparatus of claims 1 6. ^ K, wherein the working M ^ lt comprising at least one of: weight on bit, 4t turn "f ^^ t number of revolutions, •, drilling iM; l and torque.
  7. 7. 々4又利要求6所述的装置,其中钻iM;l还包M时钻iM^和平均钻mi。 7. Lee 々4 and apparatus claim 6, wherein the drill iM of; iM ^ and the average drilling when drilling mi l further M.
  8. 8. 如权利要求2所述的装置,其中«特征的显示包括曲线表示、百分比图表示和带M示中的至少一种图形表示,并且所述钻井技术细节预测的显示包括曲a示、百分比图表示和带M示中的至少一种图形表示。 8. The apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the display «characteristic curve comprising said at least one graphical view showing the percentage and represents shown with M, and the technical details of the predicted drilling a display comprising a curved shown, the percentage of at least one graphical representation and a diagram showing the band M shown.
  9. 9. 械利要求8所述的装置,其中所舰示生錄置包括a)监视器和b) 打印机中的至少一个,其中所述每#聚变的«特#钻井技术细节预测的显示包括打印输出。 9. A mechanical device according to claims 8, wherein the recording means comprises green ship shown a) monitor and b) at least one of the printer, wherein each said fusion # «# Laid drilling technical details displaying a predicted printed output.
  10. 10. 如45U'j要求8所述的装置,其中所ii^特征的至少一种图形表示和所述钻井技术细节预测的至少一种图形表示i^示以颜色。 At least one graphics device 10. 45U'j claim 8, wherein the ii ^ features at least one graphical representation and the representation of the predicted drilling technical details shown i ^ color.
  11. 11. :M又利要求8所迷的装置,其中岩石强度以曲g示、百分比图表示和带状表示中的至少一种图形表示的形式i1^^,其中岩石强度的曲g示包柳'j限岩石强度和无侧限岩石强度,其中相应侧限岩石强度曲线和无侧限岩石强度曲线之间的区^l皮进一步图示,^4作为侧限应力的结果的岩石强度的增加,及岩石强度的带錄示提供了一个图解说明,表示4^定;狄的岩石强度离散范围,其中对所迷岩石强度的所述带^4示标以图例,上述图例包括表示软岩石强度范围的第一图例、表示硬岩石强度范围的第二图例和表示一个或多个中间岩石强度范围的B图例。 11.: M Li means 8 and fans, wherein the rock strength shown in curve g, and a percentage of at least one representation of FIG graphical representation of the band-like representation i1 ^^, wherein the rock strength curve g shows packet Liu increase 'j limit unconfined rock strength and rock strength, wherein the rock strength curve corresponding confined and unconfined rock strength curve zone between the skin further illustrated ^ l ^ 4 as a result of the stress limit of the rock strength of the side and rock strength of the tape recorder shown provides a illustration showing scheduled ^ 4; Di discrete range rock strength, the rock strength in which the fan belt ^ 4 shows marked with the legend, the legend above represents a soft rock strength comprising the first range legend, the legend indicates the second intensity range and hard rock represents one or more intermediate rock strength range B legend.
  12. 12. :H又利要求8所述的装置,其中所i^JW特征生^^置赵成测井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性中的至少一个附加特征,以及所述工作;f^:包括钻压、钻头^H中转数、M、钻iiiH和扭矩中的至少一个。 12.: H Lee and apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the raw ^^ i ^ JW wherein at least one additional feature set Cho logging data, lithology, porosity, and shale of plastic, and said work; f ^: includes WOB, bit ^ H transit number, M, and the torque of the drill iiiH least one.
  13. 13. :H5^J要求12所述的装置,其中测井数据被以曲^4示的形式絲达,所述测井数据包括对岩',孔隙度灵敏的^f可测井记^i且,及岩性以百分比图的形i^达以用来区分所,定地层中不同的岩石类型, 所述百分比图说明了在给定^1每种类型岩石所占的百分比,及孔P求度以曲g示的形式l^达,及页岩塑性以曲g示、百分比图表示和带*示中的至少一种表示形式来4ii,其中页岩塑性的曲线表示包括水含量、粘土类型和粘土^MK中的至少一个页岩塑性参数曲线;其中,页岩塑,魁緣指定的页岩塑,1^漠型由水含量、粘土类型和粘土^K来确定,及所述页岩塑性的带棘示提供了一个图解说明,表示^?t^定^l页岩塑性的离散范围;其中,对所述页岩塑性的所述带^4示标以图例,上述图例包括表示低页岩塑性范围的第一图例、表示高页岩塑性范围的第二图例和^^一个或多个中间页岩塑性 13.: H5 ^ J apparatus according to claim 12, wherein the log data is shown in the form of 4 ^ to curve Seta, said logging data comprising rock 'porosity logging may be sensitive ^ F ^ I remember and, to form I ^ and lithology of FIG percentage to be used to distinguish the scheduled formation of different types of rocks, the diagram shows the percentages given percentage ^ 1 for each type of rock occupied by the apertures and P seeking degrees shown in the form of curved g of l ^, and plastic shale shown in curve g, and a view showing the percentage shown with * at least one representation to 4ii, which includes shale plasticity curve represents the water content, clay ^ MK type clay and at least one parameter curve of shale plastic; wherein plastic shale, shale Quebec edge designated plastic, desert type ^ 1 is determined by the water content, the type of clay and clay ^ K, and the p rock plastic tape offers a ratchet illustrated illustration showing ^ T ^ l ^ given discrete shale plasticity range;? wherein the plastic shale ^ 4 with the legend shown marked with the legend represent comprising Legend first low plasticity range shale, shale represents one or more intermediate range of plasticity of the plastic hi shale and illustrations second ^^ 围的其它图例。 Other legends Wai.
  14. 14. 如;M慎求8所述的装置,其中根据指定钻头磨损模型,作为所做累积功的函g确定钻头磨损,并以曲g示、百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式4^ii,其中钻头磨损的曲g示包括钻头功、钻头所《故的累积功和可选的由于磨蚀性引起的功损失,该钻头功4錄示为钻头处的比能,并且所述百分比图表示是^^定^1的钻头磨损情况的指示,其中钻头磨损的百分比图表示进一步标以图例,上述图例包括表示已用钻头寿命的第一图例和表示剩余钻头寿命的第二图例。 14.; Shen apparatus of claim 8 M request, wherein the specified bit wear model, the cumulative work done as a function of g the bit wear is determined, and is shown curved g, percentage view showing at least one representation ^ 4 II, bit wear which includes a bit power curve g shows, the drill bit "cumulative work optional power loss has occurred due to the abrasive and because the drill work than can be shown to 4 recorded at the bit, and the percentage of FIG. ^ ^^ given representation is indicative of wear of the drill bit 1, wherein the percentage of bit wear view showing a further labeled legend, the legend above the legend includes a first bit representing the used life legend indicating the remaining second bit life.
  15. 15. 如^f慎求8所述的装置,其中钻头才/i^:率才Mt指定的积^:率模型作为给定钻头的扭^/钻压特性的函数而确定,并以曲钱表示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式^i,其中所述钻头才;i^:率曲线表示包括钻头处的总扭^切削扭矩,及钻头枳M率的百分比图表示图解说明了总扭矩,总扭矩包括切削扭# 摩^4a矩^t;其中,所述钻头才M^t率的百分比图表示i^示以图例,上述图例包括表示切削扭矩的第一图例、表示无约束摩擦扭矩的第二图例和表示有约A^^^矩的第三图例。 15. Shen F ^ seeking apparatus of claim 8, wherein only the bit / I ^: Mt specified volume rate before ^: given bit rate model as a function of the torsion ^ / pressure characteristics of the drilling is determined, and the money to Qu and it represents a diagram showing the percentage of at least one representation ^ I, wherein the drill bit only; i ^: curve represents the total twist drill bit comprising a cutting torque at ^, M and percentage FIG orange bit rate representation illustrating the overall torque, the total torque including cutting torsional moment # mol ^ 4a ^ t; wherein the drill bit only M ^ t percentage FIG rate shown in the legend i ^ denotes the illustration comprising a first illustration showing the cutting torque, friction indicates unconstrained second torque about a third illustration showing the legend and a ^^^ moment.
  16. 16. :M3U,澳求15所述的装置,其中«^:率还以百分比图的形^錄示, 该百分比图图解说明对才;i^率有不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约^目应于导致有约束摩,矩出现的约束,所述百分比图还用来指示应百分比,其中所迷钻井系统工作约束至少包:^L大钻头扭矩、最大钻压、最小和最大钻头^4中转数、最大钻iM^的任何组合,及无约束条降,其中作用于枳^ 率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标以图例,这些图例包括用来区分不同约束的不同图例。 16.: M3U, Australia seeking means 15, which «^: further rate ^ to form a recording shown in FIG percentage, the percentage of FIG illustration only; I ^ adversely affect the rate of the drilling system operating constraints, the the drilling system for about ^ constrained entry should lead to friction, torque constraints arise, the percentage should be used to indicate the percentage of Fig further, wherein at least the fans of the drilling system a constraint package: ^ L big torque on bit, drilling pressure maximum, minimum and the maximum bit number of transit ^ 4, any combination of the maximum drill iM ^, the article drop and unconstrained, the percentage of a constraint applied to the drilling system wherein the ratio ^ orange labeled diagram showing the legend, the legend constraints include used to distinguish different legend.
  17. 17. ^4又利要求8所述的装置,其中功率以曲^示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式i^Ji,其中所述功率的曲錄示包括功率极p咏工作功率级,所述功率树M目应于施加到钻头上的最大功率,所述工作功率级包括有约束工作功率级、推荐的工作功率M^测工作功率级中的至少一个,及所述功率的百分比图表示图解说明了对功率产生不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约w目应于导致功率损失的那些约束,所述功率约束百分比图还用来指示^i^定^l每个约^f功率所产生的影响的相应百分比,其中对功率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标有图例,上迷图例包括用于区分不同约束的不同图例。 17 ^ 4 and apparatus according to claims 8, wherein the power and percentages shown in FIG song ^ represents at least one representation of i ^ Ji, wherein said curved shown recording power includes a power pole operating power level p Wing , M tree entry should said power to the maximum power applied to the drill bit, said operational power stage comprises a power stage operating constraints, M ^ recommended operating power measured power stage operating at least one, and the percentage of power illustrates a view showing an adverse effect of a constraint on the power of the drilling system, said drilling system for about w entry should lead to a constraint that the power loss, the power constraint is also used to indicate the percentage of FIG. ^ i ^ ^ l per given a respective percentage of about ^ f impact power generated, wherein the percentage of the drilling system of FIG power represents a constraint is marked with the legend, the legend includes a fan used to distinguish between the different legends constraints.
  18. 18. 》湖要求2所述的装置,还包括:显示的装置,所述建议的钻井设备包括至少一个用于预测该钻井系统性能的推躲头选择。 18. "Lake apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising: display means, the proposed drilling apparatus comprises at least a drilling system for predicting the performance of the push head to hide selected.
  19. 19. 如^U'漆求18所述的装置,其中第〜第二钻头选#^#^用于钻井的某种预测性能状态下,其中所i^一和第二钻头选棒以相应的第一和第二浙"iFv^加以区分,所^"^第4i?v阵与iW特4iE^钻井才i^细节预测一起被显示,其中,选择第^第^#廿4在所^示上的定位,使之与所述第一和第二钻头选择所分别适用的预测性能部射目一致。 As follows ^ U 'demand paint apparatus of claim 18, wherein the second bit is selected first ~ ^ # ^ # forecast for a certain drilling performance state 19, wherein the second and I ^ a drill rod in a corresponding selected from the first and second Zhejiang "IFV ^ distinction, the ^" ^ first 4i? v matrix and iW ^ Laid 4Ie drilling only prediction I ^ details are displayed together, wherein the first selection of ^ ^ ^ # Twenty 4 as shown in positioned on, so as to be consistent with the predicted performance of the first and second bit selection unit respectively applies the exit mesh.
  20. 20. ^M怯求2所述的装置,进一步條-^头选择«指示器,该指示器用于指出:^EiW特棘钻井^^细节预测的显示上的给定深度,需JMH^头选择A^—^^头选捧改变到第4 絲头选择。 20. ^ M mood seeking device of claim 2, further strips - ^ HEAD SELECTION «an indicator for indicating: ^ given depth on display EiW Laid ratchet predicted drilling ^^ detail, the first choice for an JMH ^ A ^ - ^^ selected from the holding head 4 is changed to the selected wire head.
  21. 21. —种用来预测在给定地层中钻井的钻井系统的性能的方法,包括: 才Mt指定的M模型来生成每^^^^斤ii^的iW特征,并输出4议该^:特征的信号,该«特征至少包括岩石强度;获:f^斤推荐的用于钻井的钻井设备的规格,所述^^至少包括所##钻头的钻头^;才»—钻井技术细节模型,并响应所批阵的钻井设备的M^,来确定作为每#^1顺特征的函数的钻井技术细节预测,衡出^^预测的钻井技术细节的信号,预测的钻井技术细节包括钻头磨损、积i^^:率、功率及工作^: 中的至少一个;响应钻井技术细节预测输出信号,制用所述钻井系统钻井的控制M, 该控制錄包滅压、^4t^数、泵;解和水力*中的至少一个; 在钻井过程中实时获W!,J量I^;将测量^lt与该测量錄的回^i行历史匹配,其中该测量械的所述回算^:从由所述钻井技术细节模型和至少一个控制参l^且成的组中选出的至少一个的 21. - The method of the kind used to predict the performance of a given earth formation drilling drilling system, comprising: Mt M iW wherein only the specified model is generated per kg II ^ ^^^^ and outputs the proposed ^ 4: signal characteristic, the «feature includes at least rock strength; eligible: f ^ pounds recommended specifications for the drilling of the drilling equipment, the drill bit comprising at least ^^ ## ^ bit; only» - drilling technology detailed models, and drilling response matrix M ^ batch device, determined as per the # 1 cis ^ characterized in drilling technology detail function prediction, the predicted value for the drilling ^^ technical details of the signal, including the technical details of the predicted drilling bit wear, product i ^^: rate, power and working ^: at least one; predicted details in response to the output signal drilling technology, prepared by the well drilling control system M, the recording control pressure bag off, a 4T ^ ^ number, the pump; Solutions and at least one hydraulic *; real-time during drilling is eligible W, J the amount of the I ^; ^ back to the measuring line I ^ lt history matching the measurement is recorded, wherein the measurement of the mechanical back-calculated ^!: at least one selected from the group consisting of the technical details of the model and drilling at least one control parameter and l ^ into the 函数,并且,响应测量^t和该测量^lt的所述回算值之间的预定偏差,所述控制步^ii一步执行下列至少一个动作:a)调^井^^细节模型、 b)修?树控制錄的控制、和c)拟沐警餘 Function, and the response measurement and the measurement ^ t ^ lt said back a deviation between a predetermined count value, said control step II ^ at least one action performs the following step: a) adjusting ^ ^^ well detailed models, b) repair? tree control record control, and c) the proposed police Mu Yu
  22. 22. 如权利要求21所述的方法,进一步⑩:响应所iiiW特,出信号和所述钻井技术细节预测输出信号生成每^立^!的所^^特妙所述钻井技术细节预领'J的显示。 22. The method according to claim 21, further ⑩:! IiiW Laid response, the drilling signal and outputs the predicted signal generation technical details of each stand ^ ^ Laid Miao the technical details of the drilling collar pre ^^ ' J display.
  23. 23. ^4又利要求22所述的方法,其中生成显示包^f吏用a)监视器、b) 打印机中的至少一个,其中,所述每^立^l的Wr特^钻井技术细节预测的显示包括打印输出。 ^ 23. The method of claim 224 and claims, wherein generating the display packages with officials F ^ a) monitor, b) at least one of the printer, wherein each said upright ^ ^ l ^ Wr of drilling technical details Laid displaying a predicted printed output.
  24. 24. :M又利要求21所述的方法,其中所iiiW特征的生成包括生成测井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性中的至少一个附加特征。 24.: M and Lee method of claim 21, wherein the generating comprises generating iiiW features at least one additional feature logging data, lithology, porosity, and shale Plasticity.
  25. 25. ^5U'】要求21所述的方法,其中所述絲的钻^i殳4^TAM^的获得还包括获糾下马达、顶部驱动马达、转盘马达、;碟系齡泥浆泵中的絲钻^i殳备的至少一个附加^。 25. ^ 5U '] The method of claim 21, wherein the drill wire ^ i Shu 4 ^ TAM ^ further comprising obtaining the correction motor is eligible, the top drive motor, a turntable motor; age-based mud pump Singles Shu drill wire ^ I ^ at least one additional apparatus.
  26. 26. ^M'漆求21所述的方法,其中所^X作械包括钻压、钻^$^# 转数、M、钻iM^和扭矩中的至少一个。 26. ^ M 'paint seeking method of claim 21, wherein the instrument comprises ^ X as WOB, drilling ^ ^ $ # number of revolutions, M, iM of Drilling ^ and at least one torque.
  27. 27. 如^UH要求26所迷的方法,其中钻i4i^包括瞬时钻iii^l和平均钻 27. The method of fans 26 ^ UH claim, wherein the drill comprises a transient i4i ^ iii ^ l and an average drill drill
  28. 28. >^又利要求22所述的方法,其中顺特征的显示包括显示曲錄示、 百分比图表示和带;1^4示中的至少1图形表示,并且所述钻井技术细节预测的显示包括显示曲g示、百分比图表示和带;R4 示中的至少一种图形表示。 28.> ^ and Lee method of claim 22, wherein the display includes a display along curved features shown recorded, and the percentage view showing band; 1 ^ 4 shows a graphical representation of at least 1, and the technical details of the predicted drilling display g song shown includes a display, and a view showing the percentage with; at least one graphical representation shown in R4.
  29. 29. :H5U'J要求28所述的方法,其中显示的生成^j?la )监^LH和b)打印机中的至少一个,其中所述每#^1的«特#钻井技术细节预测的显示包括打印输出。 29.: H5U'J The method of claim 28, wherein the display generation ^ j la) monitoring ^ LH and b) at least one of the printer, wherein each of # ^ «# Laid drilling technical details of a predicted? displaying a printout.
  30. 30. :H5U'j要求28所述的方法,其中树所ii^特征的至少一种图形表示和所述预测钻井技术细节的至少"^t图形表示标以颜色。 30.: H5U'j The method of claim 28, wherein the at least one graphical tree representation ii ^ features and technical details of the predicted drilling at least "^ t graphical representation of labeled color.
  31. 31. :N又利要求28所述的方法,其中岩石强度以曲g示、百分比图表示和带^^示中的至少一种表示形^4ii,其中岩石强度的曲a示包柳'J限岩石强度和无侧限岩石强度,其中相应侧限岩石强度曲线和无侧P艮岩石强度曲线之间的区域被进一步图示,代表作为侧限应力的结果的岩石强度的增加,及岩石强度的带樣示提供了一个图解说明,表示^i^定^l的岩石强度离散范围,其中所i^石强度的所述带^^示标以图例,上述图例包括表示M 石强度范围的第一图例、表示硬岩石强度范围的第二图例和表示一个或多个中间岩石强度范围的,图例。 31.: N and Li method according to claim 28, wherein the rock strength shown in curve g, and with a view showing ^^ percentage shown represents at least one of shape ^ 4ii, wherein the rock strength curve shows a packet Liu 'J limit unconfined rock strength and rock strength, which is increased further illustrated, as a result of rock strength representative of a region confining stress between respective confined rock strength curve P gen and non-side rock strength curve, and rock strength provided with a like diagram illustration showing ^ i ^ ^ l is given rock strength discrete ranges, wherein the strength of the stone with i ^ ^^ shown marked with the legend, the legend above the stone including M represents intensity range a legend, the legend indicates the second intensity range and hard rock represents one or more intermediate rock strength range, the legend.
  32. 32. ^^U'j要求28所述的方法,其中所iiiW特征的生絲包括生成测井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性中的至少一个附加特征,以及所述工作l^t包括钻压、钻头^H中转数、成本、钻进iH和扭矩中的至少一个。 The method of claim 28 32. ^^ U'j claim, wherein the silk iiiW features comprises generating log data, lithology, porosity of the at least one additional feature shales and plastic, as well as including the working l ^ t WOB, bit ^ H transit number, cost, and torque iH drilling at least one.
  33. 33. ^5U'澳求32所述的方法,其中测井数据以曲线形^达,所述测井数据包括对岩'l^孔隙;l^敏的4i^r 测井记影且,及岩性以百分比图的形^it,用于区分所ii^定地层中不同的岩石类型, 所述百分比图说明了^^定^L每种类型岩石所占的百分比,及孔隙度以曲线形^JJi,及页岩塑性以曲线表示、百分比图表示和带*示中的至少一种表示形式来M,其中页岩塑性的曲g示包括水含量、粘土类型和粘土#^*、中的至少一个页岩塑性錄曲线,其中,页岩塑樹«指定的页岩塑,^^型由水讨、粘土类型和粘土^R来确定,及所述页岩塑性的带#示提供了一个图解说明,表示^^定深度页岩塑性的离散范围,其中,所述页岩塑性的所迷带#示迅标以图例,上述图例包括表示低页岩塑性范围的第一图例、表示高页岩塑性范围的第二图例和一个或多个中间页岩塑性范围的其它图例。 33. ^ 5U 'O requirements of the method 32, wherein the log data of curvilinear ^, said logging data comprising rock' l ^ porosity; L ^ 4i ^ r-sensitive film and logging in mind, and ^ IT lithology percentage FIG shape for distinguishing the given formation II ^ different rock types, the fixed percentage figure illustrates ^^ ^ percentage and porosity of each type of rock occupied by the L curve shape ^ JJI, shales and plastic graphically represented, and with * represents a graph of the percent shown in representation form at least one of M, where g curved plastic shale shown comprising a water content, the type of clay and clay # ^ *, the shale curve recorded at least one plastic, wherein the plastic tree shale «specified shale plastic, ^^ type discussed by the water, the type of clay and clay ^ R is determined, and the shale plastic tape offers a diagram # illustration, represents a discrete predetermined depth range shale ^^ plastic, wherein the plastic of the shale fans labeled with the legend # Xun shown the illustration comprising a first illustration showing the lower shale plasticity range, the high page represents the second plastic range rock legend and one or more intermediate range of plasticity of the shale other legends.
  34. 34. 如4MiJ^求28所述的方法,其中才娥指定钻头磨损模型,作为所做累积功的函彩束确定钻头磨损,并以曲线表示、百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式4^ii,其中钻头磨损的曲^示至少包括钻头功、钻头所做的累积功和可选的由于磨蚀性引起的功损失,该钻头功^C4示为钻头处的比能,并且所述百分比图表示是^^定深度的钻头磨损情况的指示,其中钻头磨损的百分比图表示还标以图例,上述图例包括表示已用钻头寿命的第一图例和表示剩余钻头寿命的第二图例。 34. The method of seeking 4MiJ ^ 28, which was designated E bit wear model, the cumulative work done as a function of beam color determining bit wear, and the curve represents the percentage of FIG represents at least one representation ^ 4 II, bit wear which comprises at least a drill bit illustrating ^ curvature power, cumulative work done since the drill bit and optionally the power loss caused by the abrasive, the drill bit shown C4 ^ work at specific energy, and the percentage of FIG. ^^ represents a given bit indicating wear depth, wherein the percentage of bit wear view showing further labeled legend, the legend above the legend includes a first representing a bit life and has a second illustration showing the remaining bit life.
  35. 35. ^K利要求28所述的方法,其中钻头W^t率才^t指定的初^率模型作为给定钻头的扭敏钻压特性的函数而确定,并以曲##百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形^JJt,其中所述钻头才A^:率曲线表示包括钻头处的总扭,切削扭矩,及钻头才;u^:率的百分比图表示图解说明了总扭矩,总扭矩包拾切削扭矩和摩^^矩分量,其中,所述钻头^^L率的百分比图表示迅际以图例,上述图例包括表示切削扭矩的第一图例、表示无约库J^擦扭矩的第二图例和表示有约^*#^矩的第三图例。 The method according to claims 28 35. ^ K, wherein W is the bit rate before ^ t ^ t ^ specified initial rate to the function model given bit WOB sensitive torsional characteristic as determined, and expressed as a percentage curve ## in FIG. It represents at least one of shape ^ JJt, wherein the drill bit before the a ^: curve representation comprises a total twisting, cutting torque, and only the bit at the bit; u ^: FIG rate represents the percentage illustrates total torque, the total package pickup cutting torque and torque ^^ friction torque component, wherein said bit rate ^ ^ L represents a graph of the percent rapid inter legend showing a first cutting torque to the legend, the legend above including, library represents approximately no torque rub J ^ the second legend and represent about a third legend ^ * # ^ moment.
  36. 36. 》wM'J要求35所述的方法,其中W^t率还以百分比图的形^^示, 该百分比图图解说明对^^率有不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约^目应于导致有约^^扭矩出现的约束,所述百分比图还用来指示分比,其中所述钻井系统工作约束至少包^大钻头扭矩、最大钻压、最小和最大钻头每分钟转数、最大钻进速度的任何组合,及无约束条件,及作用于机械效率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标有图例,上迷图例包括用来区别不同约束的不同图例。 36. "wM'J method according to claim 35, wherein the ratio W ^ t to form further ^^ shown in FIG percentage, this percentage FIG drilling system illustrating a constraint has adverse effects on ^^ rate, the drilling system for about about to result entry should ^ ^^ torque constraints arise, for indicating said percentage FIG dividing ratio further, the drilling system wherein at least a constraint ^ package large drill bit torque, WOB maximum, minimum and maximum bit per rpm number, any combination of the maximum penetration rate, and the unconstrained conditions, and represents the percentage effect of the drilling system of FIG mechanical efficiency of a constraint is marked with the legend, the legend includes a fan different legends used to distinguish different constraints.
  37. 37.如权利要求28所述的方法,其中功率以曲錄示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式表达,其中所述功率的曲錄示包括功率极限作功率级,所述功率极相应于施加到钻头上的最大功率,所述工作功率级包括有约束功率级、推荐的工作功率级和预测工作功率级中的至少一个,及所述功率的百分比图表示图解说明了对功率产生不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约^目应于导致功率损失的那些约束,所述约束功率百分比图还用来指示每种约束对功率所产生的影响的相应百分比, 其中对功率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标有图例,上述图例包括用于区分不同约束的不同图例。 37. The method according to claim 28, wherein the recording power indicated by curve shown in FIG percentage and represents at least one form of expression, wherein said power curve illustrating recording power level comprises a power limit for the respective power pole to the maximum power applied to the drill bit, said operational power stage comprises a power stage restraint, at least a percentage of the FIG, and the power of the recommended operating power level and the predicted operating power stage is illustrated in FIG power adversely drilling system operating constraints, the drilling system for about ^ entry should lead to a constraint that the power loss, the power constraint is used to indicate the percentage of each pattern further constraints affect the percentage corresponding to the generated power, wherein the power the percentage drilling system operating constraints view showing marked with the legend, the legend above comprising legends used to distinguish different constraints.
  38. 38. 如权利要求22所迷的方法,进一步包括:与地质特征和钻井技术细节预测一起生成建议的钻井设备详细资料的显示,所述建议的钻井设备包括至少一个用于预测该钻井系统性能的推荐钻头选择。 38. The method of claim fans 22, further comprising: displaying detailed information generated drilling equipment with the proposed drilling and geological characteristics predicted technical details of the proposed drilling apparatus comprises at least a drilling system for predicting the performance recommended drill bit selection.
  39. 39. 如权利要求38所迷的方法,其中第^第二钻头选择被推荐用于钻井的某种预测性能状态下,其中所述第4第二钻头选择以相应的第一第二标识加以区分,所述第一和第二标识符与地质特征和钻井技术细节预测一起被显示,其中,选择第一和第二标识在所述显示上的定位,使之分别与所述第一和第二钻头选择所分别适用的预测性能部分相一致。 39. The method as claimed in claim fans 38, wherein the second bit selection of certain ^ prediction performance status is recommended for drilling, wherein the fourth selected second bit to distinguish between a respective first and second identifying said first and second identifiers and geological features and details of the predicted drilling technology be displayed together, wherein the first and second selection identifier positioned on the display, so that each of the first and second the bit selection portion respectively applicable prediction performance consistent.
  40. 40.如权利要求22所述的方法,进一步包括:在地质特征和预测钻井技术细节的显示指示出在给定深度需要将钻头选择从第一推荐钻头选择改变到第二推荐钻头选择。 40. The method according to claim 22, further comprising: indicating in the display the predicted drilling and geological characteristics of the technical details given depth necessary to select a first drill bit to drill the recommended change to the selected bit from the second recommendation.
  41. 41. 一种用于预测钻井系统性能的装置,该装置包括: 第一输入装置,用于接收代表每单位深度的地质特征的数据,所说的地质特征至少包括岩石强度; 第二输入装置,用于接收代表所推荐的用于在地层中钻井的钻井系统中的钻^H史^^,所说的,至少包括钻头的M^;处理器,该处理器与所说的第一输x^置和第^r/v^置可IMt^目连接, 用于^^钻井技术细节模型,并响应所推荐的钻井设备的规格,来确定作为每^f立^JyW特征的函数的预测的钻井技术细节,并输出^4该预测的钻井技术细节的数据,所说预测的钻井技术细节包拾逸自钻头磨损、枳^率、功率及工作*中的至少一个。 41. An apparatus for drilling prediction of system performance, the apparatus comprising: a first input means for receiving data representative of geological characteristics per unit depth of said geological characteristics including at least rock strength; second input means, means for receiving representative recommended drilling system for drilling in an earth formation drilling ^ H ^^ history, said, at least a drill bit of M ^; a processor with said first input x ^ set and ^ r / v ^ ^ mesh set can be connected to IMT, for technical details ^^ drilling model, and in response to the recommended specifications of drilling equipment, each determined as ^ F ^ Li predicted characteristic function of JyW technical details of the predicted drilling drilling 4 technical details, ^ and outputs data, technical details of said predicted drilling bit wear from the package pickup Yi, orange ^ rate, power, and * at least one work.
  42. 42. 械利要求41所述的装置,膽絲于:所说的处理器还用于才w^测的钻井技术细节数据,出控制^t数据, M的控制,该控制«包^^一*自钻压、^4f转数、泵;;^和水力^H牛中的至少一个;所g置还包括:第三输A^置,用于接收^R4^钻井期间实时测量l^t 的数据,该测量錄包M自钻头压力,"^Hf转数,泵j;脾和水力糾中的至少一个,其中所说的处理器还可梯作地与所说的第三输A^置相连并且^U^ 于4e^量l^与该测量l^:的回M进行历史匹配,其中该测量l^t的所述回^t^;斤述钻井技术细节模型和至少一个控制錄的函数,其中,响应测量参数和该测量l^t的所述回^i之间的预定偏差,所i^t理器净M于执行下列中的至少一个动作:a)调鋭井技术细节模型,b)修?文控制錄的控制^t数据,c)启动才艮f"^t。 42. A mechanical device claims, bladder 41 to the wire: said processor is further configured to only w ^ drilling technical details of the measured data, the control data ^ t, M controls the control «^ ^ a package * self-drilling pressure, the number of revolutions ^ 4F, the hydraulic pump ;; ^ H ^ and at least one cow; g the apparatus further comprising: a third input set a ^, a real-time measurement during the reception ^ l ^ t ^ drilling R4 data, the measured pressure from the head recording packet M, "^ Hf number of revolutions, pump J; spleen and correcting at least one of hydraulic, wherein said processor is further for ladder with a third input of said a ^ set and coupled to 4e ^ ^ U ^ l ^ amount of the measurement l ^: back matching historical M, where the measurement of l ^ t ^ t ^ of the back; kg said drilling technical details model and at least one control record function, wherein, in response to the measured measurement parameters and l ^ t is the deviation between a predetermined return ^ i, i ^ t the processor to perform at least one M net action of the following: a) adjusting the technical details well Yue model, b) repair? control file control data recorded ^ t, c) start before Gen f "^ t.
  43. 43. 才娥权利要求42所述的装置,其中,调节钻井技术细节模型包括为地层和钻井系统中的至少一个进4tf务改该模型。 43. The apparatus of claim 42 E only claim, wherein the model comprises adjusting the drilling technical details of the model change system for the formation and drilling at least one intake 4tf service.
  44. 44. 才娥权利要求42所述的装置,其中,通过修改控制錄的控制l^t数据来改变所推荐的至少一,进务ft的控制,以便改备钻井系统的至少一^ 件的钻井性能。 ^ At least one member of the drilling apparatus 44. The only E claim 42, wherein the control to change at least one of the recommended intake ft works by modifying the control record controlling data l ^ t, the drilling system to change the standby performance.
  45. 45. ^^M'漆求42所述的装置,其中,启动报警IMt^^^"警报指示。 45. ^^ M 'paint apparatus 42 according to demand, wherein initiating alarm IMt ^^^ "warning indication.
  46. 46. 才娥权利要求42所述的装置,还包f个与所i^理器可IMt相连接并用于提供可能的钻头性船旨示的装置。 46. ​​The apparatus of claim 42 E only claim, further the f i ^ with the processor and can be connected to means for providing IMt possible bit of the ship for the purpose of illustrating.
  47. 47,才緣^U'漆求42所述的装置,还^: 一控制器,该控制器对控制参!^Jt旨出响应,用于在钻井系鍵进钻井过程中对控制l^进^t制。 47, only the edge ^ U 'paint apparatus 42 according to demand, further ^: a controller for the control parameters in response to a purpose of Jt ^, drilling system for drilling into the key control intake l ^! ^ t system.
  48. 48. ##权利要求42所迷的装置,还包^: 一个下迷器件,该器件对^特^:据频测的钻井技术细节数据中的至少一付出响应,该器件#^于提^"个与每_^立私复的«特;^预测的钻井技术细节中至少一个相对应的指 42 48. The fan apparatus as claimed in claim ##, further ^: Under a fan device, which on Laid ^ ^: According to the technical details of pilot drilling sensed data in response to the at least one pay, the device mentioned in ^ ^ # "« ^ established with a private Laid each multiplexed _; ^ technical details of the predicted drilling of at least one corresponding means
  49. 49. 才»权利要求42所述的装置,其中,所说的«特征包滅自岩石强度、测井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性中至少一^Ht征。 49. The only »apparatus of claim 42, wherein said« off from packet rock strength characteristics, logging data, lithology, porosity, and shale at least one plastic sign ^ Ht.
  50. 50. 4娥权利要求42所述的装置,其中,所推荐的钻井设4«"包括选自钻头、钻杆、井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转盘组件、泥浆系#泥浆泵中的至 The apparatus of claim 42 50.4 E, wherein the set recommended drilling 4 «" include those selected from the drill bit, drill rod, a downhole motor, the top drive motor, a turntable assembly, based mud to mud pump #
  51. 51. ##权利要求42所述的装置,其中,所iiX作錄包括下列錄中的至少一个:钻压、每^4中转数、M、钻进i^l和扭矩。 42 51. The apparatus according to claim ##, wherein the iiX recorded as record comprises at least one of: WOB, each relay having 4 ^, M, and i ^ l drilling torque.
  52. 52. 才娥^U'J要求48所述的装置,其中,赠特征指示包M自曲錄示、百分比图表示和带^4示中的至少一种图形表示,预测的钻井技术细节的指示包M自曲g示、百分比图表示和带^示中的至少一种图形表示。 52. The apparatus of claim ^ E was 48 U'J claim, wherein the gift package wherein M indicates shown koji recorded, and the percentage view showing ^ with at least one pattern shown in FIG 4, indicating the details of the predicted drilling technology M package shown koji g, and a band diagram showing the percentage of at least one of ^ pattern shown in FIG.
  53. 53. 才緣权利要求52所述的装置,其中,钻头磨损是才Mt钻头磨损模型以所做累积功的函数的形式被确定,并J^自曲^4示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式i!^ii,其中钻头磨损的曲g示包M自以钻头处的比能大小所表示的钻头功、钻头所做的累积功和可选的因^所引起的功损耗中的至少一种表示,并且所述百分比图表示是^i^定狄的钻头磨损情况的指示,其中钻头磨损的百分比图表^^皮进一步标以图例,上述图例包括表示已用钻头寿命的第一图例和表示剩余钻头寿命的第二图例。 53. The apparatus of at least one of said only rim according to claim 52, wherein the drill bit wear is only wear model Mt is determined as a function of cumulative work done and J ^ 4 ^ koji and percentages shown in the representation of FIG. representation species i! ^ ii, wherein bit wear curve g shows the package from the head function than M size can be indicated at the bit, the drill bit and optionally the cumulative work done by the power loss caused by ^ in represents at least one, and is a view showing the percentage ^ i ^ indicates bit wear condition set Di, wherein the percentage of bit wear ^^ graph legend to marked skin further the legend has been used comprises a legend showing a first bit life and a second illustration showing the remaining bit life.
  54. 54. 4»权矛漆求52所述的装置,其中,钻头W^t率才W"^;i^:率模型,为给定钻头的扭^/钻压特性的函彩^c确定,并以曲钱表示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式^it,其中所述钻头枳^t率的曲线表示包括钻头处的总扭头咏切削扭矩,及钻头积^率的百分比图表示以图解的方^4示出了总扭矩,总扭矩包括切削扭矩^t和摩^^矩^i:;其中,所述钻头«^:率的百分比图表示还被标以图例,上述图例包括表示切削扭矩的第一图例、表示无约束摩擦扭矩的第二图例和表示有约束摩^4a矩的第三图例。 54.4 »lance apparatus of claim 52 weight paint request, wherein only the bit rate of W ^ t W" ^; i ^: rate model for a given twist drill ^ / Drilling letter C ^ pressure characteristic color determined, and is represented by Qu and money percentage represents at least one representation of FIG IT ^, wherein said bit rate ^ t orange curves represent the total turned Wing comprises cutting torque at the drill bit and drill ^ product expressed in percentage of FIG. ^ illustrated square 4 shows the total torque, the total torque including cutting torque and friction ^^ ^ t ^ i :; moment wherein the drill bit «^: FIG rate represents the percentage of labeled further legend, the legend above representation comprising the first cutting torque legend, the legend indicates the second friction torque unconstrained and constrained illustration showing a third friction moment ^ 4a.
  55. 55. 才M^U'漆求54所述的装置,其中才;M^i:率还以百分比图的形i(^L4 示,该百分比图以图解的方式说明^"^^:率有不利影响的钻井系统工作约束, 所述钻井系统工作约勤目应于导致有约束摩^Ja矩出现的约束,所述百分比图还用来指示^^定^l每个约^t所ii^W率的有约束摩^iE矩^f:所产生的影响的相应百分比,其中所述钻井系统工作约絲少包械大钻头扭矩、最大钻压、最小和最大钻头^^中转数、最大钻itil^的^(封可组合,及无约束条降,其中作用于枳^ 率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标以图例,这些图例包括用来区分不同约束的不同图例。 55. The only M ^ U 'demand paint apparatus of claim 54, wherein only; M ^ i: i ratio further to form a graph of the percent (^ L4 shown, this percentage figure illustrates the manner described ^' ^^: rate of the drilling system of the adverse effects of a constraint, the drilling system to the entry should work for about ground lead to the constraining mol ^ Ja moments occurring, the percentage figures also given for indicating ^^ ^ l ^ t are each from about ii ^ W mole ratio ^ iE constrained moment ^ f: the corresponding percentage of the generated impact, the drilling system wherein the working instrument about large yarn package small torque on bit, drilling pressure maximum, minimum and maximum number of bit ^^ transit, the maximum drill the ITIL ^ ^ (seal may be combined, and no constraint drop percentage FIG drilling system wherein a constraint is applied to the orange labeled ^ rate represents the legend, the legend includes various legends used to distinguish one constraint.
  56. 56. 才Mt权牙'漆求52所述的装置,其中,功率以曲錄示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式4^ii,其中所述功率的曲錄示包括功率极P咏工作功率级,所述功率极l1bf目应于施加到钻头上的最大功率,所述工作功率级包括有约^x作功率级、推荐的工作功率M^f预测工作功率级中的至少一个,及所述功率的百分比图表示图解说明了对功率产生不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约勤目应于导致功^N员失的那些约束,所述功率约束百分比图还用来指示*定^^每个约束对功率所产生的影响的相应百分比, 其中对功率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标省图例,上述图例包括用于区分不同约束的不同图例。 56. Right tooth was Mt 'paint seeking apparatus of claim 52, wherein the recording power curve shown in FIG percentage and represents at least one representation of 4 ^ ii, wherein said curved illustrating recording power includes a power pole P Wing operating power level, the power corresponding to the mesh electrode l1bf maximum power applied to the drill bit, said operational power stage comprises a power stage for about ^ x, the recommended operating power M ^ f forecasting at least one power level, the percentage of power and illustrates a view showing an adverse effect of a constraint on the power of the drilling system, said drilling system for about ground entry should lead to a power constraint that N ^ member losses in the power percentage FIG constraint with further ^^ * to indicate a respective predetermined percentage of each constraint affect the generated power, wherein the percentage of the drilling system of FIG power represents a constraint province standard legend, the legend above constraints include used to distinguish different legends.
  57. 57. 才«>|51^要求48所述的装置,还包括:一器件,用于除了生^W特4i^测的钻井技术细节以外,还生成所推荐的钻井设备详细糾的指示,所建议的钻^i殳备详细t^包括至少一个在预测该钻井系统性能i^呈中所用的所絲的钻头。 57. The only «> | 51 ^ apparatus of claim 48, further comprising: a device, except for raw Laid ^ W ^ 4i drilling technical details of measurement, it also generates an indication of the recommended correction of the drilling apparatus in detail, the ^ i Shu proposed drilling apparatus comprises at least one detail t ^ predicted performance of the drilling system i ^ were used in the drill wire.
  58. 58. 才娥;^N要求41所述的装置,其中,所说的WT特征包M自岩石强度、测井数据、岩性、孔隙度和页岩塑性中至少一^ft征。 58. The only E; ^ N device of claim 41, wherein said M packet from WT rock strength characteristics, logging data, lithology, porosity, and shale at least one plastic sign ^ ft.
  59. 59. 才N^U'漆求41所述的装置,其中,所絲的钻^H殳4^包絲自钻头、钻杆、井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转^l且件、泥浆系统和泥浆泵中的至 59. The apparatus of only N ^ U 'paint required 41, wherein the drill wire Shu H ^ 4 ^ yarn package from the head, drill pipe, a downhole motor, the top drive motor, and the rotation member ^ l, mud system and mud pump to
  60. 60. 才^^U慎求41所述的装置,其中,所i^X作錄^iTF列純中的至少一个:钻压、每^4中转数、•、钻进i4A和扭矩。 60. The apparatus according to only 41 U ^^ demand careful, wherein the i ^ X ^ iTF for recording at least a pure column: WOB transfer per Number 4 ^, •, and i4A drilling torque.
  61. 61. #^权利要求41所述的装置,其中,所说预测的钻井^^细节的机械效率包括总力矩,所说的总力矩包括钻头处的切削力^Nl擦力矩。 # ^ 61. The apparatus of claim 41, wherein said predicted drilling including mechanical efficiency ^^ detail total torque, the total moment of said drill bit comprising a cutting force Nl ^ rub torque.
  62. 62. 才娥权利要求41所述的装置,其中,所说的处理器还用刊娥预测的钻井技术细节数据M出控制^lt数据,这些控制l^t数据适用于所,的在利用钻井系雖井眼中钻进过程中的控制錄的控制,该控制錄包括一扭自钻压、#^^#数、泵;绅和水力糾中的至少一个。 Drilling 62. The technical details data M before the apparatus according to claim 41 E, wherein said processor further prediction JOURNAL e ^ lt control data, the control data is applied to l ^ t the, in the use of drilling although well control system control eyes were recorded during drilling, the control record comprises a self-twist WOB ^^ # # of the pump; gentry and correcting at least one hydraulic.
  63. 63. 才N^权利要求41所述的装置,还包括, 一控制器,该控制器对控制参数数,出响应,用于在钻井系统进行钻井过程中对控制l^t进行控制,所说的l^t包插t自钻压、#^4中转数、泵流率和水力条ft中的至少一个。 63. The apparatus according to only N ^ as claimed in claim 41, further comprising a controller for controlling the number of parameters, the response of, for drilling process control l ^ t in the drilling control system, said the package insert t ^ L t from the WOB, the transit number # ^ 4, and the flow rate of the hydraulic pump, at least one strip ft.
  64. 64. #^权利要求41所述的装置,还包拾一个糾,该^ft对顺特征数据稀测的钻井技术细节数据中的至少"HMt出响应,该^^„于提#--个与每^^l的tt特;(iE^预测的钻井技术细节中至少一个相对应的指示。 # ^ 64. The apparatus of claim 41, further pick up a correct, at least, "the response of HMT, which ^^ '^. Ft Cis wherein the data sensed dilute drilling techniques to provide details of data # - th and tt ^^ l of each Unexamined; (iE ^ technical details of the predicted drilling of at least one corresponding indication.
  65. 65. 才^居权利要求64所述的装置,其中,所ii^特树旨示^逸自曲线表示、百分比图表#带#示中的至少一种图形表示,预测的钻井技术细节的指示包M自曲a示、百分比图表示和带*示中的至少一种图形表示。 65. The apparatus of claim ^ only home claim 64, wherein the tree purpose Laid II ^ ^ Yi from the curve shown represents the percentage of band # # graph shown in at least one graphical representation of the predicted drilling technical details indicative of the packet M shows a koji, and represents a graph of the percent * with at least one pattern shown in FIG.
  66. 66. 才»权利要求65所述的装置,其中,顺特征的至少一种图形表示和预须,]的钻井技术细节的至少一种图形表7^皮标以图例。 66. The only »apparatus as claimed in claim 65, wherein the at least one graphical representation and pre-cis characteristics required,] technical details of drilling at least one pattern transdermal ^ Table 7 marked with the legend.
  67. 67. 才^I^U慎求64所述的装置,其中,钻头磨损是#^头磨损模型以所做累积功'的函数的形i^皮确定,并Jii自曲^4示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式i)^i,其中钻头磨损的曲g示至少包M自以钻头处的比能大小所表示的钻头功、 钻头所做的累积功和可选的因磨蚀所引起的功损耗中的至少-"^表示,并且所述百分比图表示是^?t^定'H的钻头磨损情况的指示,其中钻头磨损的百分比图表^f皮进一步标以图例,上述图例包括表示已用钻头寿命的第一图例和表示剩余钴头寿命的第二图例。 67. Shen ^ I ^ U only seeking apparatus of claim 64, wherein the drill head wear is wear model # ^ I ^ to form transdermal cumulative work done 'a function of determining, and Jii ^ 4 koji and percentages shown in FIG. represents at least one representation of i) ^ i, where bit wear curve g shows the package of at least a drill bit from the work than M size can be indicated at the bit, the cumulative work done by the drill bit and optionally the abrasion due to power loss caused by at least - "indicates ^ and ^ is a view showing the percentage indicating 'bit wear condition set H ^ T, where bit wear percentage graph transdermal ^ F is further labeled with the legend, the legend above include? It is represented by a first illustration showing a second bit life and head life of cobalt remaining illustrations.
  68. 68. 才IL^5U'漆求64所述的装置,其中,钻头W^:科W-"^W:率模型并作为给定钻头的扭敏钻压特性的函^L确定,并以曲线表示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表4式iMJi,其中所述钻头才;M^L率的曲线表示包括钻头处的总扭^切削扭矩,及钻头初^:率的百分比图表示以图解的方^4示出了总扭矩,总扭矩包括切削扭矩^*和摩擦扭矩^1:;其中,所迷钻头W^t率的百分比图表示还被标以图例,上述图例包括表示切削扭矩的第一图例、表示无约束摩擦扭矩的第二图例和表示有约束摩擦扭矩的第三图例。 68. The only IL ^ 5U 'paint seeking apparatus 64, wherein the bit W ^: Section W - "^ W: rate model and a given bit WOB twist sensitive functional characteristics ^ L is determined, and the curve and it represents a diagram showing the percentage of at least one of table 4 of formula iMJi, wherein the drill bit only; M ^ L ratio curve represents the total twist drill bit comprising a cutting torque at ^, and ^ First drill: FIG percentage rate graphically expressed square ^ 4 shows the total torque, the total torque including cutting torque and friction torque ^ * ^ 1 :; wherein W ^ t percentage FIG bit rate of the fan is further represented labeled legend, the legend above includes a representation of the cutting torque a first legend, the legend indicates the second friction torque unconstrained and constrained illustration showing a third friction torque.
  69. 69. 才娥权禾'澳求68所述的装置,其中才A^:率还以百分比图的形i^練示,该百分比图以图解的方式说明^HM^t率有不利影响的钻井系统工作约束, 所述钻井系统工作约W目应于导致有约束摩擦扭矩出现的约束,所述百分比图还用来指示M定^l每个约;M"所述才;i^:率的有约束摩^a矩^:所产生的影响的相应百分比,其中所述钻井系统工作约束至少包M大钻头扭矩、最大钻压、最小和最大钻头^H中转数、最大钻iM^的^m且合,;5ul约束^K He was 69. Right E 'O request apparatus of claim 68, wherein only A ^: further rate to form i ^ practice shown in FIG percentage, this percentage figure illustrates the manner described ^ HM ^ t adversely affect drilling rate a constraint system, said drilling system entry should work W about to lead to the constraining frictional torque occur, the percentage figures also indicate for a given M ^ l per about; M "the only; i ^: rate constrained friction moment ^ ^ a: the impact of the corresponding percentages, wherein said drilling system includes at least a constraint m big torque on bit, drilling pressure maximum, minimum and maximum bit number of transit ^ H, ^ iM of the maximum drill ^ m and together,; 5ul constraint ^ K
  70. 70. 才N^5U'漆求64所述的装置,其中,功率以曲^4示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式^4ii,其中所述功率的曲錄示包括功率极P^工作功率级,所述功率极P"目应于施加到钻头上的最大功率,所述工作功率级包括有约束工作功率级、推荐的工作功率^预测工作功率级中的至少一个,及所述功率的百分比图表示图解说明了对功率产生不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约^目应于导致功率损失的那些约束,所述功率约束百分比图还用来指示^^定^1每个约束对功率所产生的影响的相应百分比, 其中对功率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标省图例,上述图例包括用于区分不同约束的不同图例。 ^ 5U said seeking apparatus 64 of paint 'was 70. N, wherein the power curve ^ 4 shown in FIG percentage and represents at least one representation ^ 4ii, wherein said curved illustrating recording power includes a power pole P ^ operating power level, the power pole P "entry should to the maximum power applied to the drill bit, said operational power stage comprises a power stage operating constraints, the recommended operating power ^ forecasting at least one power level, and the FIG showing percentage power illustrate adversely affect drilling system operating power constraints, the drilling system for about ^ entry should lead to a constraint that the power loss, the power constraint is also used to indicate the percentage of FIG set ^^ ^ 1 each constraint affect the corresponding percentage of the power generated, wherein the percentage of the drilling system of FIG power represents a constraint province standard legend, the legend above constraints include used to distinguish different legends.
  71. 71. 條W悟求63所述的装置,还包拾一糾,用于除了生^t特4i^5测的钻井才棘细节至少之一以外,还生成所絲的钻^i殳备详细f^的指示,所建议的钻井设备详细»包括至少一个在预测该钻井系统性能i^呈中所用的所絲的钻头。 71. The apparatus of claim 63 seeking article W Wu, pick up a further correction, in addition to the at least one green 4i ^ 5 ^ t Laid drilling was measured ratchet detail further generate drill wire prepare a detailed ^ i Shu F ^ indication, the proposed drilling equipment details »prediction comprises at least one drill bit in the drilling system performance filaments ^ i used in the form.
  72. 72. ##«怯求71所述的装置,其中,所絲的钻W殳备包敏自钻头、 钻軒、井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转^^且件、泥浆系#^^泵中的至少一个。 72. ## «mood seeking apparatus of claim 71, wherein the drill wire W Shu-sensitive apparatus from the head package, Xuan drilling, downhole motor, the top drive motor, and the rotation member ^^, based mud pump # ^^ at least one.
  73. 73. ^^权矛漆求71所述的装置,其中,第""^第二钻头选择建议^j?l于钻井的预测性能中,jW^卜,第一第二标"iK4明第一和第二钻头选择分别适用的预测性能。 73. The apparatus of claim ^^ lance 71 weight paint request, wherein the first, "" second bit selection recommendation ^ ^ j? L to the predicted performance of the drilling, JW ^ Bu, the first and second labeled "out first IK4 and a second selection bit, respectively applicable prediction performance.
  74. 74. 4緣权利要求73所述的装置,其中,所说的指示器^i提絲个絲钻头选棒;5U^应的钻头^的解^^明。 The apparatus of claim 73 74.4 edge, wherein said indicator bit ^ I Tisi selected from a wire rod; 5U corresponding bit ^ ^ ^^ clear solution.
  75. 75. 根据才3U'j要求63所述的装置,还包拾一钻头选择变换指示器,用于指示在井眼中錦"^头选择变4tfij第二钻头选辆絲的钻头选择变化。 75. The apparatus according to claim 63 3U'j only, pick up a further conversion bit selection indicator for indicating the wellbore Kam "^ drill head select a second selected vehicle becomes 4tfij filament bit selection change.
  76. 76. —种用,测一钻井系统性能的方法,包括以下步骤: 接«些^^每^立^1#的«特征的数据,所说的«特征至少包括岩石强度;的^t据,所iKil些^^至少包M头的M^;才緣一^井4W细节模型,并响应所推荐的钻井设备的,,来确定作为每#^1«特征的函数的预测的钻井技术细节,并输出^^预观']的钻井技术细节的数据,所说箭测的钻井技术细节包减自钻头磨损、才M^:率、功率及工作M中的至少一个。 76. - breeding, a method of measuring the performance of the drilling system, comprising the steps of: bonding «some ^^ Li ^ each data« # 1 is characterized by ^, said «features include at least rock strength; ^ t of the data, the iKil ^^ includes at least some of the head M M ^; ^ was a well edges 4W detailed models, and in response to the recommended drill equipment ,, as determined for each drilling technical details ^ # forecast function of a «features, previewed and outputs ^^ '] drilling technical details data, technical details of said drilling arrow Save measured packet from bit wear, only M ^: rate, power and working at least one M.
  77. 77. :MW】要求76所述的方法,包括以下步骤:才W^测的钻井^^细节数据来确定控制参数数据,所说的控制^lt数据该控制械包城自钻压、^H中转数、泵;解和水力糾中的至少一个; 接收那些代^^钻井期间实时测量M的数据,该测量*包拾先自钻压、^4中转数、泵^^和水力^Ht中的至少一个;将测量^^数据与该测量^lt数据的回^t进行历史匹配,其中该测量参数数据的所述回算^bi从由所述钻井技术细节模型和至少一个控制^I^M的组中选出的至少一个的函数,并且响应测量##:数#该测量^:数据的回算值之间的预定偏差,所说的确定步^i^一步^M亍下列至少一^作:a)调錢井技术细节模型,b)修改控制^t的控制^Wt据,e)启动报警,。 77.: MW] The method of claim 76, comprising the steps of: drilling only W ^ ^^ details sensed data to determine the control parameter data, said control data of the control instrument ^ lt packet from the city WOB, ^ H the number of transfer pump; at least one of the correct solution and water; real-time measurement data M during the reception on behalf of those drilling ^^, * the measurement packet from the first pickup WOB transit number 4 ^, ^ Ht of the hydraulic pump and the ^^ at least one; and the measurement data of the measurement ^ ^ ^ ^ t the back lt historical data matching the measurement parameter data wherein the back calculated from BI ^ and at least one controlled by the drilling technical details model the I ^ ^ at least one function selected from the group M, and measuring the response of ##: the number of measurement # ^: a predetermined deviation between the calculated value of the return data, said step of determining ^ I ^ M ^ right foot step at least one of the following ^ as: a) transfer of money technical details well model, b) modifying the control ^ t ^ Wt control data, e) starts an alarm.
  78. 78. 才娥权禾'澳求77所述的方法,其中,调絲井4沐细节模型包括为地层和钻进系统中的至少一个进州l^t^型。 It was 78. Right E 'O requirements of the method 77, wherein adjusting Itoi 4 Mu detail model of the formation and the drilling system comprising at least one intake state l ^ t ^ type.
  79. 79. 才M^5U']^求77所述的方法,其中,利用修改控制錄的控制#« 据来改变至少一个钻井M的所推荐的控制,以便改善fe井系统的至少一^ 件的钻井性能。 79. The only M ^ 5U '] ^ seeking method of claim 77, wherein the modification control using the recorded control # «change according to the drilling of at least one of M control recommended in order to improve the well system fe ^ at least one member drilling performance.
  80. 80. 冲降权利要求77所迷的方法,其中,启动报警辦包括提^-警报指示。 80. The method of 77 fans rushed down claims, wherein the alarm is activated to do include mention ^ - alarm indication.
  81. 81. ##权利要求77所迷的方法,还包拎.4赚预测的钻井冲沐细节a 供可能的钻头性能指示。 81. The method of 77 fan according to claim ##, further carry .4 make predictions for a drilling punch Mu detail possible bit performance indicator.
  82. 82. 才P^权利要求77所述的方法,还&fe ##所说的控制#«:据,在利用钻井系统进行钻井过程中对控制#^进^^制。 82. The only method of claim 77 P ^, & fe ## further controls said # «: It is in the drilling process control system using a # ^ ^^ feed drilling system.
  83. 83. #^权利要求77所述的方法,其中,所说的赠特征包絲自岩石强度、测井数据、岩性、孔隙度以及页岩塑性中至少一^ft征。 # ^ 83. The method of claim 77, wherein said yarn package gift from rock strength characteristics, logging data, lithology, porosity and shale at least one plastic. Ft ^ sign.
  84. 84. 才Nt^5U'漆求77所述的方法,其中,所##的钻井设4^包^自钻头、钻杆、井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转盘组件、泥浆系綠泥浆泵中的至 84. The method of Nt ^ 5U paint only the required 77 ', wherein the drilling ## provided ^ 4 ^ packet from the head, drill pipe, a downhole motor, the top drive motor, the turntable assembly, the green-based mud in mud to
  85. 85. 才娥权矛J^求77所述的方法,其中,所C作錄包括下列錄中的至少一个:钻压、钻头^Ht转数、M、钻进i4^L和扭矩。 E 85. Right before the lance 77 J ^ seeking method, wherein the record includes the following record C for at least one of: weight on bit, drill ^ Ht number of revolutions, M, drilling torque and i4 ^ L.
  86. 86. 才»权利要求77所述的方法,其中,所说预测的钻井技术细节的枳械效率包括总力矩,所说的总力矩包括钻头处的切削力矩和摩擦力矩。 86. The only »method of claim 77, wherein said predicted drilling technical details orange total moment comprising mechanical efficiency, said cutting torque and total torque including friction torque at the bit.
  87. 87. 才»权利要求77所述的方法,还包拾才W55测的钻井技术细节对改变指示作出响应,麟一^头选辨J第二钻头选择来狄钻头。 87. The only >> The method of claim 77, further details of the pick-drilling technology was measured in response to W55 change instruction, a Lin ^ J a second resolution is selected from the first bit to drill to the drill bit Di.
  88. 88. 才»^^要求77所述的方法,还包拾#^对应的«特#预测的钻井技术细节数据中的至少一个来提#^#^1的^«特#预测的钻井技术细节中的至少一个的指示。 88. The only >> ^^ method of claim 77, further details of the pick-up # ^ drilling technology data corresponding to «Patent # forecast at least one of provide 1 ^ # ^ # ^« drilling technical details Patent # forecast the at least one indication.
  89. 89. 才娥;^U,漆求88所述的方法,其中,提#«特树旨示包括显示选自曲g示、百分比图表示和带^4示中的至少一种图形表示,提供预测的钻井技术细节的指示包括显示选自曲g示、百分比图表示和带状4^示中的至少一种图形表示。 89. E only; the U-^, seeking the paint method 88, wherein the extract # «Laid purpose tree diagram shown includes a display selected song g, and the percentage view showing ^ with at least one pattern shown in FIG 4, to provide technical details of the drilling prediction indication comprises displaying selected song g shown, and represents a graph of the percent of at least one strip-shaped pattern ^ 4 shown in FIG.
  90. 90. ##权利要求89所述的方法,其中,钻头磨损是才^fe头磨损模型并以所做累积功的函数的形iQR确定,并且以选自曲^t4示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式i^达,其中钻头磨损的曲^4示包M自以钻头处的比能大小所表示的钻头功、钻头所做的累积功和可选的因磨蚀所引起的功损耗中的至少一种表示,并且所述百分比图表示是^^m的钻头磨损情况的指示,其中钻头磨损的百分比图表^ML进一步标以图例,上述图例包括表示已用钻头寿命的第一图例和表示剩余钻头寿命的第二图例。 ## 90. The method according to claim 89, wherein the drill head wear was only ^ fe wear model and function to form iQR cumulative work done is determined, and in selected song ^ t4 and percentages shown in the representation of FIG. at least one representation of I ^, which bit wear curve M ^ 4 illustrates packet function from the head than at the bit size can be represented by the drill bit and optionally the cumulative work done by the abrasion caused by power loss at least one representation and a graph of the percent indicates bit wear condition indicating ^^ m, wherein the percentage of bit wear is further labeled with ^ ML graph legend, the legend above has been represented by a legend comprising a first bit life and a second illustration showing the remaining bit life.
  91. 91. 4N^3UN要求88所述的方法,其中,钻头^^t率是4W-才^^t率模型,为给定钻头的扭^/钻压特性的函IUM^确定的,并以曲线表示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式^MJi,其中所述钻头W^t率的曲线表示包括钻头处的总扭,切削扭矩,及钻头才JL^t率的百分比图表示以图解的方^示出了总扭矩,总扭矩包括切削扭矩^J:和摩^ia矩^t;其中,所述钻头才A^率的百分比图表示还被标以图例,上述图例包括表示切削扭矩的第一图例、表示无约束摩擦扭矩的第二图例和表示有约束摩INa矩的第三图例。 The method according to claim 88 91. 4N ^ 3UN, wherein the bit rate is 4W- only ^^ t ^^ t rate model for a given twist drill ^ / WOB characteristic function determined by the IUM ^, and curve and it represents a diagram showing the percentage of at least one representation ^ MJi, wherein the bit rate of W ^ t curve represents the total twist drill bit comprising a cutting torque, and only the bit rate JL ^ t percentage FIG diagrammatically represented ^ square shows the total torque, the total torque including cutting torque ^ J: moment and friction IA ^ T ^; wherein only the bit rate a ^ represents a graph of the percent labeled legend also the legend includes a representation of the cutting torque a first legend, the legend indicates the second friction torque unconstrained and constrained represents a third friction moment INa legend.
  92. 92. 才FH^x^]要求9i所述的方法,其中,才;u^^t率还以百分比图的形^f皮表示,该百分比图以图解的方式说明对^^t率有不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约^目应于导致有约^t^a矩出现的约束,所述百分比图还用来指示^y^定^l每个约束对所述片;i^t率的有约束摩擦扭矩分量所产生的影响的相应百分比,其中所述钻井系统工作约絲少包械大钻头扭矩、最大钻压、最小和最大钻头^H中转数、最大钻ii^l的^^可组合,;sjL约束^ft,其中作用于才;Lm 率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标以图例,这些图例包括用来区分不同约束的不同图例。 92. The method according to only 9i FH ^ x ^], wherein, before; u ^^ t ^ f rate of further skin to form graph represents the percentage, the percentage of FIG diagrammatically illustrate the manner of disadvantage ^^ t drilling system operating constraints, the drilling system for about ^ entry should lead to a constraint moments occur about ^ T ^, is also used to indicate the percentage FIG Y ^ ^ ^ l each given constraint on the sheet ; i ^ t corresponding percentage rate constraints have impact generated frictional torque component, wherein the drilling system for about less yarn packages large mechanical torque on bit, drilling pressure maximum, minimum and maximum number of transfer bit ^ H, the maximum drill ii the combination may be ^ l ^^,; SJL constraint ^ ft, which acts on only; FIG percentage drilling system operating constraints expressed rate Lm labeled legend, the legend includes various legends used to distinguish one constraint.
  93. 93. 才娥;M,J要求88所述的方法,其中,功率以曲线表示和百分比图表示中的至少一种表示形式^4ii,其中所述功率的曲錄示包括功率极P咏工作功率级,所述功率极FM目应于施加到钻头上的最大功率,所述工作功率级包括有约束工作功率级、推荐的工作功率^^预测工作功率级中的至少一个,及所述功率的百分比图表示图解说明了对功率产生不利影响的钻井系统工作约束,所述钻井系统工作约料目应于导致功^^员失的那些约束,所述功率约束百分比图还用来指示^^^定'^1每个约束对功率所产生的影响的相应百分比, 其中对功率的钻井系统工作约束的百分比图表示标有图例,上述图例包括用于区分不同约束的不同图例。 93. The only E; M, J The method of claim 88, wherein the power curve represents and represents a graph of the percent of at least one representation ^ 4ii, wherein said curved shown recording power includes a power pole operating power P Wing level, the power corresponding to the mesh electrode FM maximum power applied to the drill bit, said operational power stage comprises a power stage operating constraints, the recommended operating power ^^ forecasting at least one power level, and the power FIG illustrates the percentage showing adverse effects on the power system operating constraints drilling, said drilling system for about those constraints feed entry should cause loss of power ^^ member, the power constraint is used to indicate the percentage figure also ^^^ set '^ a respective percentage of each constraint affect the generated power, wherein the percentage of the drilling system of FIG power represents a constraint is marked with the legend, the legend above comprising legends used to distinguish different constraints.
  94. 94. 4W^^y^求88所述的方法,还包拾除了iW特4i^预测的钻井技术细节以外,还提供所推荐的钻井设备详细»的指示,所建议的钻井设备详细»包括至少一个在预测该钻井系统性能过程中所用的所##的钻头。 94. 4W ^^ y ^ 88 is the method of seeking, in addition to the further pick-4i ^ iW Laid predicted drilling technical details, providing further detail the recommended drilling equipment »indication, the proposed drilling equipment details» comprises at least in a ## bit prediction of the performance of the drilling system used in the process.
  95. 95. 才N^^N要求76所迷的方法,其中,所说的^t特征包M自岩石强度、测井数据、岩性、孑L隙度和页岩塑性中至少一^Nt征。 Only 95. N ^^ N fans in claim 76, wherein said M ^ t packet from rock strength characteristics, logging data, lithology, porosity and shale larvae L of at least one plastic sign ^ Nt.
  96. 96. 才娥权利要求76所述的方法,其中,所絲的钻^i殳^m包m自钻头、钻杆、井下马达、顶部驱动马达、转盘组件、泥浆系统和泥浆泵中的至 96. The method of E before claim 76, wherein the drill Shu ^ i ^ m m packet from the head of the wire, rod, downhole motor, the top drive motor, a turntable assembly, mud and mud pump to the system
  97. 97. 才娥^5U'J要求76所述的方法,其中,所述工作錄包括下列錄中的至少一个:钻压、4^4中转数、#、钻ittJL和扭矩。 97. The method according to E was 76 ^ 5U'J claim, wherein the work record comprising record at least one of: weight on bit, the number of transit 4 ^ 4, #, and ittJL drilling torque.
  98. 98. 4M^权矛J^求76所述的方法,其中,所说预测的钻井^^细节的机械效率包括总力矩,所说的总力矩包括钻头处的切削力^#擦力矩。 98. 4M ^ J ^ find the right lance 76, wherein said predicted drilling ^^ details include the total moment of mechanical efficiency, said total moment ^ # wipe comprising cutting force moment at the bit.
  99. 99. 才娥权利要求76所述的方法,还包拾##^测的钻井4沐细节数据*出控制Wt数据,所说的控制^lijt据适用于利用钻井系统进行钻井过程中对控制^lt进行所絲的控制,该控制錄包M自钻压、4^4中转数、泵^^和水力条件中的至少一个。 Method E was 99. The method of claim 76, further drilling pickup ## ^ 4 * Mu details of the data measured Wt of a control data, said control data ^ lijt suitable for use in the drilling system for drilling process control ^ lt controlling the wire, the recording control packet from the WOB M, the number of transit 4 4 ^, ^^ pump and at least one hydraulic conditions.
  100. 100. 才MI权禾']^求76所述的方法,还包括:在利用钻井系M^行钻井过程中,才娘预测的钻井技术细节数据綠制一参数,该錄包括选自钻压、每^4中转数、泵;解和水力*中的至少一个。 MI was 100. The weight Wo '] ^ 76 seeking the method further comprising: using the drilling system during drilling M ^ row, only the technical details of the mother predicted drilling parameter data a green system, comprising the selected recording WOB each transit ^ number 4, the pump; * water solution and at least one.
  101. 101. 才娥;K^要求100所述的方法,还包括:响应基f^效'j钻井才^细节的tt指示而M—钻头选择到第二钻头选择来^^钻头。 101. E only; 100 K ^ method of claim, further comprising: f ^ yl response effect 'j ^ tt drilling only details and M- indicates a second bit selection bit selection bit ^^.
  102. 102. ##权利要求76所述的方法,还包树骤:##对应的^«特妙预测的钻井技术细节数悟中的至少一个来提##^(立'^的«特#预测的钻井技术细节中的至少一个的指示。 «Patent # ## corresponding to the predicted ^« provide at least one of the predicted number ## wonderful Laid drilling techniques in Wu details ^ (Li '^ is: 102. The method of claim ## to claim 76, further tree step drilling at least one indication of the technical details.
  103. 103. 才娥WJ要求102所述的方法,其中,提#«特树旨示包括显示选自曲线表示、百分比图表示和带^4示中的至少1图形表示,提供预测的钻井技术细节的指示包括显示选自曲^4示、百分比图表示和带#示中的至少一^图形表示。 103. The method according to E was 102 WJ claim, wherein mention # «Laid purpose tree shown comprises displaying selected curve represents the percentage of representation and with FIGS ^ 4 illustrates a graphical representation of at least 1, to provide the technical details predicted drilling indication comprises displaying selected song ^ 4 shown, and a band # view showing the percentage shown in the graphical representation of at least a ^.
  104. 104. 4娥^U'漆求103所述的方法,其中,所说的赠特征包絲自岩石强度、测井数据、岩性、孔隙度以及页岩塑性中至少一个特征,所说的工作Wt包M自钻压、钻头每^4中转数、成本、钻进ii^和扭矩中的至少一个。 104.4 E ^ U 'paint seeking the method 103, wherein the at least one characteristic of said fiber package gift from rock strength characteristics, logging data, lithology, porosity and shale plastic in said work M Wt packet from WOB ^ 4 bit number per transfer, cost, and torque ^ II drilling at least one.
  105. 105.才娥权利要求76所述的方法,还包括:才W^测的钻井技术细节数据,在钻头、设计綠、工作錄以及钻井设备的控制錄中选择其中至少一小 105. The method of claim 76 E only claim, further comprising: drilling only W ^ technical details of measurement data, wherein the at least one selected control in small recording bits, green design, drilling work recording apparatus and
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