CN100391579C - Method for desulfurizing waste gas and reutilizing sulfur source - Google Patents

Method for desulfurizing waste gas and reutilizing sulfur source Download PDF

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CN100391579C
CN100391579C CNB2005100212970A CN200510021297A CN100391579C CN 100391579 C CN100391579 C CN 100391579C CN B2005100212970 A CNB2005100212970 A CN B2005100212970A CN 200510021297 A CN200510021297 A CN 200510021297A CN 100391579 C CN100391579 C CN 100391579C
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absorption
waste gas
unit
tail washings
carbon
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CN1736556A (en
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苏仕军
丁桑岚
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四川大学
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a method for desulfurizing waste gas containing sulfur dioxide (SO2) and recycling sulfur resources, which utilizes basic absorption liquid and waste gas containing SO2 to have a neutralization reaction, and the SO2 in the waste gas is discharged after reacting, absorbed, purified and reaching the standards. Desulfurization absorption raffinate (containing sulfurous acid hydrogen groups) is recovered to generate elemental sulfur after microbial conversion reduction and chemical oxidation treatment. The effluent water of the desulfurization absorption raffinate is basic after microbial treatment and directly returns a desulfurization absorption unit to be recycled as basic absorption liquid. Chemical oxidizing agent realizes regeneration by microbiological oxidation. The present invention reaches the purposes that the waste is treated by the waste and the sulfur resources are recycled. The method of the present invention has the advantages of reasonable technology, simple and convenient operation, low energy consumption, low cost and no secondary pollution. The elemental sulfur obtained by microbial conversion is recycled to increase value. The present invention is an ideal method for desulfurizing waste gas containing SO 2 and recycling sulfur resources.

Description

Exhuast gas desulfurization is also recycled the method for sulphur resource

One, technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of desulfurization of sulphur-containing exhaust gas and recycle the technology of sulphur resource, more particularly relate to a kind of method that contains the desulfurization of form waste gas of sulfur dioxide and recycle the sulphur resource.

Two, background technology

The sulfur dioxide of fossil-fuel-fired discharging is the one of the main reasons that causes acid rain, and acid rain causes the acidifying of soil and water system, jeopardizes forests and crops, causes catastrophic effect for human ecological environment.China's SO2 emissions in 2000 are up to nearly 2,000 ten thousand tons, and since 2003, the with serious pollution regional situation of acid rain is particularly severe.Therefore, adopt an effective measure reduce discharging or control sulfur dioxide very urgent.Control sulfur dioxide pollution at present can be divided into three kinds of approach, i.e. desulfurization before the burning, desulfurization and exhuast gas desulfurization in the burning, wherein exhaust gas desulfurization process is considered to effective way, the exhuast gas desulfurization technology is existing hundreds of both at home and abroad at present, industrial applications have tens kinds, desulfurizing method of exhaust gas is pressed the basic principle of physics and chemistry, can be divided into three kinds of absorption processes, absorption method, catalysis method substantially again.Wherein absorption process is often referred to the using liquid absorbent and comes sulfur dioxide in the absorption cleaning waste gas, therefore is also referred to as the wet method exhuast gas desulfurization.Compare with other method, the wet method exhuast gas desulfurization has the desulfuration efficiency height generally, and equipment is little, reduced investment, easy to operate, easy to control, stable operation, and advantage such as floor space is little, thus most important, the most widely used method of sulfur dioxide in the present purifying exhaust air become.

According to the difference of used liquid-absorbant, common absorption process desulfurizing method of exhaust gas can be divided at present: limestone/lime-gypsum method, ammonia process, soda method, two alkaline process, metal oxide method etc.No matter adopt which kind of liquid-absorbant as the absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization, all must be to the absorption tail washings in the absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization technology, promptly the absorption waste liquid that contains sulfate, sulphite is reasonably handled, this is one of absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization technology key of success factor.So-called processing rationally refers on the one hand and can not cause secondary pollution with containing the unprocessed discharging of waste liquid of sulfate and sulphite in the absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization.This is because absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization waste liquid is acid, its pH value is 4~6, suspension is about 9000~12700mg/L, non-metal contaminants such as heavy metals such as generally mercurous, copper, lead, nickel, zinc and arsenic, fluorine, the typical tail washings processing method that absorbs is: regulate pH value to 6~7 with milk of lime earlier, remove fluoride to produce calcirm-fluoride and part heavy metal; Regulate pH to 8~9 with milk of lime, organic sulfur and flocculant then, make all the other heavy metals with hydroxide and sulphided form precipitation; On the other hand, the reasonable processing that the absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization absorbs tail washings refers to reclaim and to utilize Sulfates, the sulfites material that absorbs in the tail washings as much as possible, refuse is carried out recycling, become economy and environmental benefit behavior thereby will contain this traditional environmental benefit behavior of form waste gas of sulfur dioxide desulfurization.The relevant scholar in various countries studies at the absorption tail washings recycling treatment problem of different absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization technology, representational absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization technology mainly contains Germany, the scholar of Japan contains calcium sulfite waste water at what limestone-gypsum absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization technology produced, utilizes to blast air oxidation process and will very reclaim and be converted into the gypsum that can be used for construction material or cement auxiliary material; Alkaline matters such as soda absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization employing sodium carbonate or NaOH absorb the sulfur dioxide (SO in the coal combustion exhaust 2), and with absorbing tail washings by-product high concentration sulfur dioxide gas or sodium sulfite; The exhuast gas desulfurization of ammoniacal liquor absorption process utilizes the sulfur dioxide in the ammoniacal liquor absorption waste gas, with absorbing the ammonium sulfate that the tail washings by-product can be used as nitrogenous fertilizer; The sulfur dioxide in the magnesia slurries absorption waste gas is adopted in the exhuast gas desulfurization of metal oxide absorption process, reaction is generated the magnesium sulfite that contains the crystallization water become sulfur dioxide and magnesia with the magnesium sulfate combustion decomposition, recycle after the magnesia hydration, sulfur dioxide gas is recycled as byproduct.The dilute sulfuric acid phosphate rock-sulfuric acid stone production that the phospho-ammonium fertilizer method utilizes charcoal absorption catalysis to make can be used as the fertile phospho-ammonium fertilizer of farming.

In sum, the absorption of absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization at present tail washings processing and recycling finally are summed up as the handling problem to sulfur-containing waste water, above-mentioned existing research can be summed up as to adopt adds the method that can generate new available sulfur-containing compound with the sulphur content generation chemical reaction in the waste water, the common issue with that exists has: the one, and the desulphurization cost height, consumption as the ammoniacal liquor in the desulfurization of ammoniacal liquor absorption process, the sodium carbonate in the soda absorption process or the consumption of NaOH, magnesian consumption in the magnesium oxide method, the source of rock phosphate in powder in the phospho-ammonium fertilizer method; The 2nd, the secondary pollution problem that exists is in various degree utilized problem as the secondary of the gypsum in the gypsum method.Therefore, seek a kind of efficient height, secondary pollution is few, and the absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization absorption tail washings processing of remarkable in economical benefits and the method for recycling are significant for the development that promotes absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization technology.

Three, summary of the invention

Purpose of the present invention is just in order to reduce and control the pollution of the fossil-fuel-fired middle form waste gas of sulfur dioxide of present China, and overcome existing defective in the processing of existing absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization absorption tail washings, recycle the improvement method that combines and propose a kind of absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization with the sulphur resource.This method governance efficiency height, the low and non-secondary pollution of power consumption, remarkable in economical benefits; And reached the treatment of wastes with processes of wastes against one another, and reclaim the purpose of sulphur resource, be a kind of desirable absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization and the new method of recycling the sulphur resource.

The objective of the invention is to realize by the following technical solutions:

Exhuast gas desulfurization of the present invention is also recycled the method for sulphur resource, and the processing step of this method is as follows successively:

(1) contain the absorption cleaning of sulfur dioxide in the waste gas:

With alkaline absorption solution with contain sulfur dioxide (SO 2) waste gas directly contact the SO that absorbs in the waste gas 2, SO 2In alkaline absorption solution, be neutralized and be converted into bisulfite (HSO 3 -), the pH value that absorbs tail washings is 6.0~7.0, purifies toxic emission up to standard, the absorption tail washings after neutralization transforms enters the anaerobe conversion unit;

(2) conversion of absorption tail washings and alkali lye is recycling:

In the anaerobe conversion unit, the electronics that utilize to be absorbed the electron donor in the tail washings and provided by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRBs) will absorb the bisulfite (HSO in the tail washings 3 -) be reduced to hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) gas, reducing solution pH value is controlled at 6.0-7.0, at least 15 hours anaerobic reduction processing times, treatment fluid after the anaerobe conversion processing is an alkalescence, this alkalies directly is back to waste gas absorptive unit alkaline absorption solution as a supplement, and hydrogen sulfide gas enters down molysite oxidation reaction unit one;

(3) generation of elemental sulfur and recycling:

In molysite oxidation reaction unit, the H that after the anaerobe conversion processing, reduces 2S by iron salt solutions as H 2The absorption oxidant of S is with H 2S is oxidized to the elemental sulfur that can recycle, through Separation of Solid and Liquid, and then recyclable elemental sulfur, iron ion is reduced to ferrous ion (Fe 2+), produce acid (H simultaneously +), the water outlet after the molysite oxidation reaction is handled enters down aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit again one;

(4) regeneration of iron ion:

In aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit, the ferrous ion (Fe that the water outlet after the molysite oxidation processes is contained 2+) utilize airborne oxygen with ferrous ion (Fe by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (T.F.) 2+) be oxidized to iron ion (Fe 3+), simultaneously sour (H +) be converted to water (H 2O), at least 5 hours aerobic oxidation processing times, the neutrality after aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit is handled contains Fe 3+Water outlet directly is back to molysite oxidation reaction unit and absorbs oxidant as a supplement.

In the such scheme of the present invention, the flue dust that carries when waste gas will carry out dedusting more for a long time in the exhuast gas desulfurization process.The concrete grammar of dedusting, it can be the forward type dedusting, promptly before entering absorptive unit, waste gas designs a flue gas ash removal unit separately, remove flue dust entrained in the waste gas earlier, it can be rear-mounted dedusting, promptly do not design the flue gas ash removal unit separately, solid-liquid separation unit of design behind absorptive unit absorbs the flue dust that tail washings carries in order to remove.

In the absorptive unit of such scheme of the present invention, in order to guarantee to make the sulfur dioxide (SO in the waste gas 2) with alkaline absorption solution generation neutralization reaction after be converted into the bisulfite (HSO that absorbs in the tail washings 3 -), bisulfite (HSO 3 -) the pH value that absorbs tail washings should be 6.0~7.0.The pH value that absorbs tail washings can be controlled by pH value on-line monitoring instrument.

The anaerobe conversion unit of such scheme of the present invention is in order to guarantee that anaerobic sulfate reducer can be effectively with bisulfite HSO 3 -Be reduced to hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) gas, the pH value and the carbon/sulphur of reply reducing solution are controlled than with carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus ratio, and its pH value should be controlled at 7.0~8.0, and carbon/sulphur ratio is controlled to be and is not less than 2, and carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus ratio is controlled to be 80~120/4~6/1.The pH value of reducing solution can be adjusted by the sulfuric acid solution of 0.1~0.5mol/L, and carbon/sulphur is than adjusting by the solid-liquid separation unit additional carbon that carries flue dust at removal absorption tail washings with carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus ratio.Whether carbon/sulphur than will be adjusted than with carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus, depend primarily on nutriment such as absorption liquid institute carbon containing nitrogen phosphorus what and decide, if absorption liquid comes from industrial alkali waste water, ammonia nitrogen waste water, sodium hydroxide solution, sodium carbonate solution and sodium acid carbonate, because nutriment deficiencies such as its carbon containing nitrogen phosphorus need additional carbon adjustment usually.Said additional carbon is the mist that is selected from methanol solution, acetic acid solution or carbon dioxide and hydrogen.

The H that contains that comes is carried in the molysite oxidation reaction unit of such scheme of the present invention through the anaerobe conversion unit 2The gas of S, by iron salt solutions as H 2The absorption oxidant of S is with H 2S is oxidized to elemental sulfur, through Separation of Solid and Liquid, and then recyclable elemental sulfur, elemental sulfur can be used as commodity selling after processing, realized the recycling to sulfur dioxide in the waste gas, and iron ion is reduced to ferrous ion (Fe 2+), also be one this moment simultaneously and produce acid (H +) process, as H 2The iron salt solutions of the absorption oxidant of S can be ferric sulfate, iron chloride, ferric nitrate.

The aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit of such scheme of the present invention, by carry after the molysite oxidation reaction cell processing come contain ferrous ion (Fe 2+) water outlet, contained ferrous ion (Fe in the water outlet 2+) blast airborne oxygen with ferrous ion (Fe by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (T.F.) utilization 2+) be oxidized to iron ion (Fe 3+), the acid (H that comes is carried in molysite oxidation reaction unit simultaneously +) be converted to water (H 2O).Neutrality through aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit contains Fe 3+Water outlet directly is back to molysite oxidation reaction unit and absorbs oxidant as a supplement, thereby has realized the regeneration of molysite and recycling.

The treatment fluid of the present invention after the anaerobe conversion unit is handled is alkalescence, and this alkali lye can directly be back to waste gas absorptive unit alkaline absorption solution as a supplement, thereby has realized the recycling of alkali lye, and then solved whole technology non-secondary pollution beyond the region of objective existence row.

Sulfate reducing bacteria in the anaerobe conversion unit and the Thiobacillus ferrooxidans in the aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit all are to add by anaerobic sludge, sulfate reducing bacteria and Thiobacillus ferrooxidans can oneself be cultivated, and also can buy from the market.

The present invention compared with prior art has following characteristics:

1, the inventive method combines traditional absorption process exhuast gas desulfurization with the microbiological treatment of sulfur-containing waste water, and its technology is reasonable, and easy operating; The desulphurization reaction mild condition, rate of sulphur expulsion is fast, desulfurization degree is up to more than 90%.

2, the inventive method method of adopting microorganism to combine with chemical oxidation is handled sulfur-bearing absorption tail washings after the desulfurization, does not need HTHP, does not need catalyst, small investment, and energy consumption is low, is about half of conventional absorption process desulfurization; So operating cost is low.

3, the inventive method realizes that by microorganism and chemical conversion the sulphur resource reclaims and the regeneration of used iron ion, not only can obtain the byproduct elemental sulfur of high value, and the alkaline waste water that produces in the conversion process can be directly recycling as the desulfurization alkaline absorption solution, both significantly reduced desulfurization alkaline absorption solution consumption, again non-secondary pollution beyond the region of objective existence row;

4, the inventive method has realized containing sulfur dioxide (SO 2) resource of waste gas, innoxious and minimizing.What this method not only can be used for all coal-burning boilers contains sulfur dioxide (SO 2) waste gas pollution control and treatment, comprise steam power plant's large-sized boiler, middle-size and small-size coal-burning boiler and steam boiler, can be used for all kinds of smeltings ironworks simultaneously and contain sulfur dioxide (SO 2) sintered discharge gas administer and the chemical plant contain sulfur dioxide (SO 2) waste gas pollution control and treatment.

Four, description of drawings

Accompanying drawing is for containing the process flow diagram of sulfur dioxide absorption cleaning embodiment in the waste gas of the present invention.

In the accompanying drawing of the present invention, the implication of each shown by reference numeral is: 1 is the alkali lye pond, and 2 is lye pump, and 3 is exhaust gas absorption device, 4 is exhaust gas absorption device top water inlet, 5 is exhaust gas absorption device bottom exhaust gas inlet, and 6 is the exhaust gas absorption device delivery port, and 7 is the exhaust gas absorption device gas outlet, 8 is the homogeneous regulating reservoir, 9 is sewage pump, and 10 is anaerobic biological reactor, and 11 is the anaerobic biological reactor discharge outlet, 12 is the anaerobic biological reactor gas vent, 13 is the molysite oxidation reactor, and 14 is molysite oxidation reactor discharge outlet, and 15 is Buffer Pool, 16 is slush pump, 17 is plate and frame filter press, and 18 is Buffer Pool, and 19 is sewage pump, 20 is aerobic microbiological iron ion regenerating unit, 21 is aerobic microbiological iron ion regenerating unit delivery port, and 22 is the precipitate and separate pond, and 23 is deduster.

Five, the specific embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with process chart and by embodiment, but content of the present invention is not limited only to content related among the embodiment.

Embodiment:

Adopt sodium carbonate (Na 2CO 3) alkali lye is absorption liquid, adopts the inventive method to remove sulfur dioxide (SO in the fire coal boiler fume 2), from waste gas, reclaim the sulphur resource, realize the treatment of wastes with processes of wastes against one another and recycle the purpose of sulphur resource.With the coal-burning boiler that to handle a scale be 35T/h is example, and pending exhausted air quantity is 60000Nm 3/ h, EGT is 180 ℃, content of sulfur dioxide is 1500ppm in the waste gas.

The technological process of present embodiment as shown in the figure.With concentration 5% sodium carbonate (Na 2CO 3) alkali lye from the alkali lye pond 1 usefulness buck pump 2 squeeze in the exhaust gas absorption device through the water inlet 4 on exhaust gas absorption device 3 tops, the coal-burning boiler stack gases enters exhaust gas absorption device 3 by the exhaust gas inlet 5 of exhaust gas absorption device bottom after deduster 23 dedustings simultaneously, and the sulfur dioxide in the waste gas absorbs and enters sodium carbonate (Na 2CO 3) behind the alkali lye with absorption liquid neutral and alkali thing sodium carbonate (Na 2CO 3) neutralization reaction takes place, the waste-gas heat up to 180 ℃ also is delivered in the absorption liquid simultaneously, and the pH value that absorbs the terminal point absorption liquid by the control of pH value on-line monitoring instrument is about 6.0, makes sulfur dioxide (SO 2) changed into bisulfite (HSO by being reacted 3 -), when absorbing operation, pass through control liquid-gas ratio (sodium carbonate (Na in the unit interval 2CO 3) ratio of alkali lye volume and exhaust gas volume) be 3: 1~5: 1L/m 3Guarantee that the exhuast gas desulfurization rate is greater than 90%.Sulfur dioxide concentration waste gas up to standard is by gas outlet 7 dischargings on absorption plant top behind desulfurizing and purifying, and the absorption tail washings of discharging from exhaust gas absorption device is for containing bisulfite (HSO 3 -) inorganic wastewater, absorb the delivery port 6 inflow homogeneous regulating reservoirs 8 of tail washings by the exhaust gas absorption device bottom, in the homogeneous regulating reservoir, add methyl alcohol as additional carbon, ammoniacal liquor is nitrogenous source, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate is the phosphorus source, and the mass ratio of controlling its addition is that carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus (C/N/P) is 100/5/1, carbon/sulphur (COD/HSO 3 -) be 1.5/1, the about 60 ℃ waste water after modified is controlled flows by sewage pump 9, makes [COD] load in the waste water that enters anaerobic biological reactor 10 be no more than 3gCOD/ (Ld), bisulfite (HSO 3 -) load be no more than 4g HSO 3 -/ (Ld), keeping pH values in the anaerobic biological reactor 10 by the sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH) that adds 0.1mol/L again is 7.5 ± 0.5 level, the filling concentration of anaerobic sludge is 10gVSS/L, control is 15h the time of staying of waste water in anaerobic biological reactor, the sulphate-reducing thermophilic bacterium (SRBs) in the anaerobic sludge that is equipped with in the anaerobic biological reactor 10 utilize in the waste water methyl alcohol for electron donor with the bisulfite (HSO in the waste water 3 -) be reduced to hydrogen sulfide gas (H 2S), conversion ratio is greater than 95%, and the waste water after fully handling be alkalescence, and this alkaline water is by the discharge outlet 11 importing alkali lye ponds 1 of anaerobic biological reactor absorption liquid as a supplement, thereby realized recycling to alkali.Hydrogen sulfide gas (the H that anaerobic biological reactor 10 generates 2S) gas vent 12 via anaerobic biological reactor 10 imports in the molysite oxidation reactor 13, and it is the ferric sulfate (Fe of 1mol/L that concentration is housed in the molysite oxidation reactor 13 2(SO 4) 3) hydrogen sulfide gas (H that absorb to import of solution 2S), and hydrogen sulfide gas is oxidized to elemental sulfur, the pH value that control absorbs the terminal point of oxidation reaction is 2.5, to after abundant absorption, contain the discharge outlet 14 inflow Buffer Pools 15 of the waste water of elemental sulfur suspended particulate then by the molysite oxidation reactor, squeeze into plate and frame filter press 17 by slush pump 16 again, elemental sulfur is trapped the formation filter cake on the plate and frame filter press filter cloth, regularly peel off the back and obtain elemental sulfur, and elemental sulfur is sold as finished product sulphur after further slaking processing is handled; PH value after filter cloth separates is about 2.5 acid (H +) property water outlet inflow Buffer Pool 18, after naturally cooling to about 30 ℃,, make the ferrous ion (Fe that squeezes in the aerobic microbiological iron ion regenerating unit 20 with sewage pump 19 control flows 2+) loading is no more than 15g Fe 2+/ (Lh), in aerobic microbiological iron ion regenerating unit 20, the Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (T.F.) in the aerobic sludge utilizes the carbon dioxide in air (CO that blasts 2) be carbon source, utilize the airborne oxygen that blasts with ferrous ion (Fe 2+) be oxidized to iron ion (Fe 3+), acid and oxygen are in conjunction with being converted into water (H simultaneously 2O), contain iron ion (Fe after the processing 3+) water outlet flows into precipitate and separate ponds 22 from the outlet 21 of aerobe iron ion regenerating unit 20, behind a small amount of mud of precipitate and separate, water outlet directly is back to molysite oxidation processes unit as new oxidant, thereby realized the recycling of molysite, the mud of precipitate and separate pond 22 precipitate and separate can be used as the fertile comprehensive utilization of farming.

Handle the coal-burning boiler that scale is 35T/h with the foregoing description, as total investment of engineering about 1,400,000 yuan, removing sulfur dioxide operating cost per ton is 1500 yuan, the exhuast gas desulfurization rate is greater than 90%, the elemental sulfur rate of recovery is greater than 80%, the net profit that removes sulfur dioxide per ton is 500 yuan, remarkable in economical benefits.

What the inventive method not only can be used for all coal-burning boilers contains sulfur dioxide (SO 2) waste gas pollution control and treatment, comprise steam power plant's large-sized boiler, middle-size and small-size coal-burning boiler and steam boiler, can be used for all kinds of smeltings ironworks simultaneously and contain sulfur dioxide (SO 2) sintered discharge gas administer and the chemical plant contain sulfur dioxide (SO 2) waste gas pollution control and treatment.

Claims (10)

1. an exhuast gas desulfurization and recycle the method for sulphur resource is characterized in that the processing step of this method is as follows successively:
(1) contain the absorption cleaning of sulfur dioxide in the waste gas:
With alkaline absorption solution with contain sulfur dioxide (SO 2) waste gas directly contact the SO that absorbs in the waste gas 2, SO 2In absorption liquid, be neutralized and be converted into bisulfite (HSO 3 -), the pH value that absorbs tail washings is 6.0~7.0, purifies toxic emission up to standard, the absorption tail washings after neutralization transforms enters the anaerobe conversion unit;
(2) conversion of absorption tail washings and alkali lye is recycling:
In the anaerobe conversion unit, the electronics that utilize to be absorbed the electron donor in the tail washings and provided by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) will absorb the bisulfite (HSO in the tail washings 3 -) be reduced to hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) gas, reducing solution pH value is controlled at 6.0-7.0, at least 15 hours anaerobic reduction processing times, treatment fluid after the anaerobe conversion processing is an alkalescence, this alkali lye water directly is back to waste gas absorptive unit alkaline absorption solution as a supplement, and hydrogen sulfide gas enters down molysite oxidation reaction unit one;
(3) generation of elemental sulfur and recycling:
In molysite oxidation reaction unit, the H that after the anaerobe conversion processing, reduces 2S with iron salt solutions as H 2The absorption oxidant of S is with H 2S is oxidized to the elemental sulfur that can recycle, through Separation of Solid and Liquid, then can reclaim elemental sulfur, iron ion (Fe 3+) be reduced to ferrous ion (Fe 2+), produce acid (H simultaneously +), the water outlet after the molysite oxidation processes enters down aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit again one;
(4) regeneration of iron ion:
In aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit, the Fe that the water outlet after the molysite oxidation processes is contained 2+Utilize airborne oxygen with Fe by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (T.F.) 2+Be oxidized to Fe 3+, simultaneously sour (H +) be converted to water (H 2O), aerobic oxidation was handled 5 hours at least, and the neutrality after aerobic microbiological iron ion regeneration unit is handled contains Fe 3+Water outlet directly is back to molysite oxidation reaction unit and absorbs oxidant as a supplement.
2. in accordance with the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that waste gas carried out dust removal process before entering the desulfurization absorptive unit, to remove the entrained flue dust of waste gas.
3. in accordance with the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that absorption liquid carried out pH value average earlier to be handled before entering the desulfurization absorptive unit.
4. in accordance with the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that the pH value of anaerobe conversion unit reducing solution is adjusted by the sulfuric acid solution of 0.1~0.5mol/L.
5. in accordance with the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that, in the said molysite oxidation reaction unit, as H 2The iron salt solutions of the absorption oxidant of S can be ferric sulfate, iron chloride, ferric nitrate.
6. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described methods, it is characterized in that said alkaline absorption solution can be NaOH (NaOH), sodium carbonate (Na 2CO 3), sodium acid carbonate (NaHCO 3).
7. in accordance with the method for claim 6, it is characterized in that said alkaline absorption solution is NaOH (NaOH), sodium carbonate (Na 2CO 3), sodium acid carbonate (NaHCO 3) time, absorbing before tail washings enters the anaerobe conversion unit, by add homogeneous agent to carbon/sulphur of absorbing tail washings when carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus ratio carry out the homogeneous adjustment.
8. in accordance with the method for claim 7, it is characterized in that the homogeneous agent of said adding is the mist of additional carbon methanol solution, acetic acid solution or carbon dioxide and hydrogen.
9. according to claim 7 or 8 described methods, it is characterized in that, said adding homogeneous agent to the carbon/sulphur ratio that absorbs tail washings and adjust be not less than 2, carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus is 80~120/4~6/1.
10. in accordance with the method for claim 7, it is characterized in that absorbing the homogeneous adjustment of carbon/nitrogen/phosphorus ratio when of tail washings carbon/sulphur can carry out in the homogeneous regulating reservoir (8) of pH value.
CNB2005100212970A 2005-07-21 2005-07-21 Method for desulfurizing waste gas and reutilizing sulfur source CN100391579C (en)

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荷兰的烟气生物脱硫工艺. 曹从容.中国环保产业. 2002
荷兰的烟气生物脱硫工艺. 曹从容.中国环保产业. 2002 *

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