CN100388675C - A method for implementing foreground data configuration in network management system - Google Patents

A method for implementing foreground data configuration in network management system Download PDF

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CN100388675C
CN100388675C CN 200310113510 CN200310113510A CN100388675C CN 100388675 C CN100388675 C CN 100388675C CN 200310113510 CN200310113510 CN 200310113510 CN 200310113510 A CN200310113510 A CN 200310113510A CN 100388675 C CN100388675 C CN 100388675C
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data
table
configuration
database
front
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CN1545252A (en
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兵 刘
燕 张
蒋贤忠
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开一种网管系统中实现对前台数据配置的方法,先在后台数据库模拟前台数据库系统创建相关配置表,待传输数据表、前后台数据库对应关系表以及自定义存储过程;操作人员下发数据配置请求后,网管程序调用相关的自定义存储过程生成配置数据;操作人员发送数据同步请求后,网管程序根据所述待传输数据表读取要传输的配置表数据,依据所述前后台数据库对应关系表进行数据转换后,把数据传送到前台。 The present invention discloses a network management system implemented method for data configuration of the front, to create tables in the configuration database back-end database system, the analog front, table data to be transmitted, front and back, and the correspondence table database custom stored procedure; issued operator after the data configuration request, the network management program calls the relevant stored procedure to generate custom configuration data; the operator transmits a data synchronization request, network configuration program reads the table data to be transmitted according to the table data to be transmitted, according to the front and back database after correspondence table for data conversion, data transfer to the foreground. 采用本发明方法,能节省前台有限的CPU、内存等资源,提高前台的工作效率,同时,能充分利用后台关系型数据库系统的强大功能,使配置数据更加可靠。 Method of the present invention, the front desk can save the limited CPU, memory and other resources, improve the efficiency of the foreground, while the background can take full advantage of the power of a relational database system, the configuration data more reliable.

Description

一种网管系统中实现对前台数据配置的方法 One kind of network management system implemented method for data configuration front

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种网络管理系统,尤其涉及一种网管系统中实现对前台数据配置的方法。 The present invention relates to a network management system, in particular a method for reception of data arranged relates to a network management system implemented.

背景技术 Background technique

配置管理是电信等网络管理系统的一项重要功能,它根据业务需求对网络设备和网络资源进行定义和初始化。 Configuration management is an important function of telecommunications network management systems, which define and initialize the network equipment and network resources based on business needs.

在现有的系统中,进行配置管理的第一种方法是采取人机命令的方式, In the conventional system, a first method is to take the form of configuration management of the man-machine command,

操作维护人员通过OMC (操作管理中心,Operate Manager Center)下发人机命令到前台,前台解析命令并操作相关的前台数据库表,实现数据的配置。 Operation and maintenance personnel man-machine commands issued by OMC (Operation Management Center, Operate Manager Center) down to the front desk parse command and operations related to the foreground database tables for configuration data.

这种方式的缺点是大大增加了前台的运行工作量,由于配置逻辑都是在前台实现,增加了前台的代码量,不利于前台的运行稳定,降低了前台工作效率。 The disadvantage of this approach is greatly increased workload running in the foreground, due to the configuration logic is realized in the foreground, increasing the amount of code the front desk, the front desk is not conducive to stable, reducing the efficiency of the front desk. 同时,与后台成熟的关系型数据库系统(DBMS)相比,前台嵌入式数据库功能相对简单,例如,不能很好的提供事务操作的功能, 一旦配置过程中出现数据异常,恢复正确的数据比较困难。 At the same time, compared with background mature relational database system (DBMS), Front embedded database function is relatively simple, for example, can not provide good functionality transaction operations, once the configuration process data anomalies appear, the correct data recovery more difficult .

第二种方法是把前台配置数据先传送到后台,在后台转化成数据库格式,如DBF文件,然后编辑这些数据库文件,再转换成前台数据格式,传送到前台保存。 The second method is to configure the reception data is first sent to the background, the background is converted into a database format, such as file DBF, then edit the database files, the data format converted to front, front to transfer saved.

这种方法的缺点是每次进行数据配置的时候都要把前台数据先传送到后台,不够方便。 The disadvantage of this method is that when every time data configuration of the data to be transmitted first to the foreground to the background, is not convenient enough. 而且由于一次配置数据一般涉及很多文件,对于大型通讯系统(例如GSM),后台在编辑DBF等格式的文件时很难保证数据的正确性和对事务的完整操作。 And because a lot of configuration data relates generally to a file, for large-scale communications systems (such as GSM), the background while editing DBF file format is difficult to ensure the accuracy and integrity of data operations on the transaction.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明所要解决的技术问题在于提供一种网管系统中实现对前台数据配置的方法,能够在减轻前台工作量的同时,充分利用后台关系型数据库系 The present invention is to solve the technical problem that the method of reception data configuration to provide a network management system implemented, it is possible while reducing the workload of the foreground, background take advantage of a relational database system

统的强大功能,使配置数据更加可靠。 The power system, the configuration data more reliable.

为了解决以上技术问题,本发明提供了一种网管系统中实现对前台数据 To solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a network management system to achieve the foreground data

配置的方法,包括以下步骤: The configuration method, comprising the steps of:

(a) 后台数据库模拟前台数据库系统创建相关配置表,并创建待传输数据表和前后台数据库对应关系表,以及用于实现配置逻辑的自定义存储过程; (A) an analog front back-end database system creates a database configuration table, and creates data to be transmitted and the front and back tables corresponding database table and stored procedure for implementing a custom configuration logic;

(b) 操作维护人员下发数据配置请求; (B) operating a data configuration request sent under maintenance personnel;

(c) 网管程序收到数据配置请求后,调用相关的自定义存储过程,生成配置数据; (C) after receipt of program data network configuration request, calls the relevant custom stored procedures, configuration data is generated;

(e) 操作维护人员发送数据同步请求; (E) operator maintenance person transmits a data synchronization request;

(f) 网管程序收到数据同步请求后,根据所述待传输数据表读取要传输的配置表的数据,依据所述前后台数据库对应关系表进行数据转换后,与前台交互,把数据传送到前台; After (f) the network management program receives the data synchronization request, reads the configuration table data to be transmitted according to the transmission data table for data conversion according to the correspondence table database front and back, front interact with the data transfer to the front;

(g) 前台接收配置数据,在接收完成后,把数据保存到前台数据库中。 (G) receiving configuration data reception, after reception is complete, save the data in the database to the foreground. 从而完成对前台的数据配置。 Thus completing the configuration data to the front desk.

为了实现增量同步和整表同步两种方式,上述方法中:所述步骤(c) 中还将修改过的配置表在所述待传输数据表中的标记置为"需传输"状态; 所述步骤(e)中,操作维护人员可发出增量同步或整表同步的请求;所述步骤(f)中,当网管程序接收到增量同步的请求后,只读取待传输数据表中传输标记为"需传输"状态的配置表数据,而在收到整表同步的请求后,读取待传输数据表中所有配置表的数据。 To achieve the full and incremental synchronization table synchronization in two ways, the above method: the step (c) is also modified in the configuration table flag is set in the table data to be transmitted is "required transmission" state; the said step (e), the operation and maintenance personnel can issue synchronization or an incremental synchronization request whole table; after said step (f), when the network management program receives a request to synchronize increment, read only table data to be transmitted transmission configuration table labeled "required transmission" state data, and upon request of the whole table synchronization, the read data in the table data to be transmitted all the configuration table.

在一个后台数据库对应于多个前台模块且需有选择地进行数据配置时, 所述步骤(e)中,操作维护人员还从网管终端选择要进行数据配置的网元并下发,网管程序根据所述网元从待传输数据表中选取与其相关的配置表。 When a back-end database modules corresponding to the plurality of reception and the need to selectively configure data, said step (e), the further operation and maintenance personnel to be selected from a data configuration of the network management terminal NE and issued, the program according to the network management associated with the selected network element configuration table to be transmitted from the data table.

由上可知,本发明方法在后台数据库成熟的大型关系型数据库系统中, 采用自定义过程来实现配置逻辑,可以很好的实现事务等功能,降低错误的概率。 From the above, the method of the present invention is in the background of a large database of mature relational database system, using custom logic configured to implement the process, allows for a better transaction functions, reducing the probability of error. 而且,由于配置逻辑是由在后台数据库中实现,因而减轻了前台的负担,提高了前台工作效率。 Moreover, since the configuration logic is implemented in the back-end database, thus reducing the burden on the front desk, to improve the efficiency of the front desk. 可以在网管系统中实现对电信等网络设备和网络资源的高效配置。 You can achieve efficient allocation of telecommunications network equipment and network resources in network management systems.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1 PHS网管系统数据配置流程图。 FIG 1 PHS data configuration management system flowchart. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面以个人便携电话系统(PHS)系统的网管系统为例,详细介绍本发明的实施方法。 Below NMS Personal Handyphone System (PHS) system as an example, the method described in detail embodiments of the present invention.

PHS系统是成熟发展的一种个人移动通讯系统,从技术体制上是一种有线接入网技术和移动切换技术相结合的产物,属于2.5G的移动通讯产品。 PHS system is a personal mobile communication system mature development, from the technical system is a cable access network and mobile switching technology combined with the product, belonging to the 2.5G mobile communication products. PHS网管系统是PHS系统的一个子系统。 PHS network management system is a subsystem of the PHS system. 本实施例中,PHS网管系统为标准客户机/服务器结构,后台数据库采用Microsoft SQLServer,操作维护人员使用图形用户界面(GUI)终端通过PHS网管服务器(即后台服务器)访问SQL Server数据库。 In this embodiment, the network management system uses the PHS standard Microsoft SQLServer client / server architecture, background database, operation and maintenance personnel using a graphical user interface (GUI) to access the terminal via the PHS network management server (i.e., backend server) SQL Server database. 后台系统和前台系统之间通过TCP/IP协议通信。 Communicate via TCP / IP protocol between the backend system and the reception system.

首先,SQL Server数据库模拟前台数据库表结构创建相关配置表,所谓模拟是指二者的结构(如字段名称、字段类型、字段长度等)几乎一致。 First, SQL Server database analog reception database table structure to create a configuration table, the so-called analog refers to the structure of the two (such as field names, field types, field length, etc.) is almost the same. 但是,由于前后台数据库的类型不同,也可能存在不一致的问题,这时需要在传送之前加以数据格式转换。 However, due to the different types of front and back office database, there may be inconsistencies, then we need to be converted prior to transmission data format.

在数据配置过程中,后台数据库上要根据操作维护人员的配置请求,在后台数据库上完成配置逻辑。 In the data configuration process, the background database according to configuration request operation and maintenance personnel, to complete the configuration logic in the background database. 在同步时,还需确定需传输哪些表和传输到哪些前台模块,以及根据前后台数据库配置表的对应关系进行数据转换。 When synchronization, and need to determine which tables need to transfer to the transmission which front module, and perform the data conversion based on the correspondence table before and database configuration table.

本实施例中,后台数据库安装的时候创建了用于实现配置逻辑的自定义存储过程。 In this embodiment, when the background database create a custom installation procedure for implementing the stored configuration logic. 这些自定义存储过程可以根据操作维护人员下发的配置请求,用软件自动完成对所有相关数据库中数据的相应修改,完成配置逻辑,其可靠性要高于对数据库文件的编辑。 These custom stored according to the operation procedure can maintain a configuration request issued by a person, to complete the corresponding changes to all relevant data in the database automatically by software to complete the configuration logic, which is higher than the reliability of the database file to edit.

PHS网管系统数据配置包括整表同步和增量同步两种类型,整表同步是把后台数据库全部配置表的数据同步到前台, 一般在开局时使用,增量同步是同步自上次同步以来修改的表的数据,增量同步涉及的数据比较少, 一般在系统运行维护时使用。 PHS network management system configuration data including the entire table synchronization and incremental synchronization of two types, the entire table is to synchronize all the data back-end database configuration table synchronization to the front desk, is generally used when start, incremental synchronization is synchronous modified since the last synchronization data table, the data synchronization involves relatively small increments, it is generally used when the system operation and maintenance.

为了确定同步时需传送的表,后台数据库在安装的时候创建了待传输数据表send—table,对其数据初始化时写入了后台数据库中涉及配置数据的表名Tablename,以及网元号(代表前台模块号)和是否需要传输的标记IsSend, In order to determine the synchronization table to be transmitted, the background database is created during the installation data to be transmitted TABLE send-table, writing the database in the background relates to the configuration data table Tablename, and NE number (representing its initialization data front module number), and whether the transmission flag IsSend,

传输标记用于识别配置表是否为"需传输"状态。 Tag is used to identify the transmission configuration table is "required transmission" state. send—table表的结构如表1 所示,但本发明并不局限于此。 Table send-table structure as shown in Table 1, but the present invention is not limited thereto.

表l,待传输数据表(send—table) Table l, the table data to be transmitted (send-table)

<table>table see original document page 6</column></row> <table>为了反映前后台数据库中配置表的对应关系,以及表与表之间的结构对 <Table> table see original document page 6 </ column> </ row> <table> In order to reflect the structure before and after the correspondence between the configuration table in the database table, and the table and the table

应关系,本实施例的PHS网管系统数据库在安装时,创建了反映前后台数据库对应关系的关系表table—book,数据初始化时将前后台涉及配置数据的数据库表信息写入该表中,网管服务器程序根据表table—book进行数据转换和表的对应。 Correspondence relation, the PHS database management system according to the present embodiment, when installed, creating a database table reflects a correspondence relationship before and after the table table-book, before and after the data initialization stage database table information relates to configuration data written into the table, NM and data conversion table corresponding to the table in accordance with the server program table-book. 本实施例的table—book表的结构如表2所示,包括后台表名、后台表字段名、后台表字段类型和长度,以及相对应的前台表名、前台表字段名、前台表字段类型和长度等字段。 Table-book table structure according to the present embodiment as shown in Table 2, the table name including the background, table background field names, field types and length tables the background, foreground and the corresponding table name, field names reception table, reception table field type and length fields. 但该表只是一个示例,其中的字段也可以根据情况省略或增加。 However, this is only a sample, wherein the fields may be omitted or added according to the situation.

表2,前后台数据库对应关系表(table—book) Table 2, front database correspondence table (table-book)

<table>table see original document page 6</column></row> <table> <Table> table see original document page 6 </ column> </ row> <table>

PHS网管系统数据配置的具体步骤如图1所示,包括以下步骤: 步骤IOO, SQL Sewer数据库模拟前台数据库创建相关配置表,这些表的结构(包括字段的名称、长度、类型等)与前台基本相同; Specific steps PHS data configuration management system 1, comprising the following steps: Step IOO, SQL Sewer analog front database configuration created database table, such table structure (including a name field, length, type, etc.) and the substantially front the same;

步骤IIO, SQL Server数据库创建前后台数据库对应关系表table—book 和待传输数据表send—table; Step IIO, SQL Server database creation front stage correspondence table database table-book table data to be transmitted and send-table;

步骤120, SQL Server数据库创建自定义存储过程,实现配置逻辑; Step 120, SQL Server database stored procedure to create a custom, configuration logic implemented;

步骤130,操作维护人员根据需要,使用PHS网管终端下发数据配置请求,例如,增加单板,增加基站等; Step 130, the operation and maintenance personnel required, send data using the PHS network configuration request at a terminal, e.g., to increase the board, increasing the base stations;

步骤140, PHS网管服务器接收PHS网管终端发来的配置请求,处理后调用后台数据库相应的自定义存储过程,把配置数据写入后台数据库SQL Server相应的表; Step 140, the network management server receives PHS PHS network configuration request sent from the terminal, call the appropriate backend database stored procedure custom post processing, the configuration data is written back to the corresponding SQL Server database table;

步骤150,后台数据库把修改过的配置表在待传输数据表send—table中对应的isSend字段设置为1,以便在增量同步时査询哪些表是修改的; isSend field step 150, the modified background database configuration table in the table data to be transmitted in the send-table corresponding to 1 to synchronize incremental query table which is modified;

步骤160,操作维护人员在数据配置完成后,从PHS网管终端选择网元(即数据传输到的前台模块),下发数据同步请求; Step 160, after the maintenance personnel in the configuration data, to select the NE (i.e., data transmitted to the reception module) from the PHS terminal network, delivers a data synchronization request;

步骤170, PHS网管服务器分析数据同步请求的类型,如果是整表同步, 执行步骤180a,如果是增量同步,执行步骤180b; Step 170, the type of PHS network management server analyzes the data synchronization request, if the entire table synchronization, step 180a, if the incremental synchronization step 180b;

步骤180a,从send—table取出所选网元对应的全部配置表,依据前后台数据库的对应关系表table—book,将取出的数据在PHS网管服务器的内存中 Step 180a, remove all the network element corresponding to the selected configuration table from the send-table, based on the correspondence table foreground and table-book database, the extracted data in memory PHS network server

转化为前台可以接收的数据; It can be received into reception data;

步骤180b,从send一table表中取出所选网元对应的变动表(isSend等于1的表),依据前后台数据库的对应关系表table—book,将取出的数据在PHS 网管服务器的内存中转化为前台可以接收的数据; Step 180b, remove the element corresponding to the selected network send a table of changes from the table (isSend equal Table 1), according to the corresponding table before and after the stage table-book database, the extracted data into the memory of the PHS network management server you can receive the data reception;

步骤190, PHS网管服务器向前台发送数据同步请求,在得到应答后, 以TCP/IP协议向前台传送配置数据; Step 190, PHS network management server station transmits forward data synchronization request, after receiving the response to TCP / IP protocol front station transmits configuration data;

步骤200,前台先将接收到的配置数据写入前台数据库临时表; Step 200, front first received configuration data is written to a temporary reception database tables;

步骤210,在数据传送完成,PHS网管服务器向前台发送数据存盘请求; Step 210, the data transfer is complete, the PHS network management server station transmits forward data save request;

步骤220,前台把前台数据库临时表的数据拷贝到前台数据库实际表中, 数据同步结束。 Step 220, the reception data is copied to the temporary table database foreground foreground actual database tables, data synchronization is completed.

本发明方法在网管系统的后台数据库中模拟前台数据库系统创建相关配置表,后台数据库使用自定义存储过程来实现配置逻辑,在配置数据全部生成后,通过后台到前台的数据同步来实现对电信等网络设备和网络资源的 The method of the present invention simulate the back-end database management system in front database created by the system configuration table, back-end database using custom stored procedures to implement the configurable logic, after all the generated configuration data, through the background to the foreground data synchronization to achieve the telecommunications network equipment and network resources

配置。 Configuration. 因而采用本方法,能节省前台有限的CPU、内存等资源,提高前台的工作效率,同时,能充分利用后台关系型数据库系统的强大功能,使配置数 Thus using this method, you can save the front desk with limited CPU, memory and other resources, improve the efficiency of the foreground, while the background can take full advantage of the power of a relational database system, the number of configuration

据更加可靠。 It is more reliable. 通过使用这种方法,操作维护人员可以通过OMC的图形化终端对网络进行灵活、高效的配置,并可以保证数据完整性,同时对系统负荷影响极小。 By using this method, operation and maintenance personnel can be flexible and efficient configuration of the network terminal through the graphical OMC, and can ensure data integrity, while minimal impact on system load.

虽然本发明实施例是以PHS网管系统为例,但本发明方法可适用于各类网管系统中,当然该网管系统的后台要与前台系统相连。 While the embodiments of the present invention is a PHS network management system as an example, but the method of the present invention is applicable to various types of network management system, of course, back to the network management system is connected to the reception system.

Claims (7)

1、一种网管系统中实现对前台数据配置的方法,包括以下步骤: (a)后台数据库模拟前台数据库系统创建相关配置表,并创建前后台数据库对应关系表和待传输数据表,以及用于实现配置逻辑的自定义存储过程; (b)操作维护人员下发数据配置请求; (c)网管程序收到数据配置请求后,调用相关的自定义存储过程,生成配置数据; (e)操作维护人员发送数据同步请求; (f)网管程序收到数据同步请求后,根据所述待传输数据表读取要传输的配置表的数据,依据所述前后台数据库对应关系表进行数据转换后,与前台交互,把数据传送到前台; (g)前台接收配置数据,在接收完成后,把数据保存到前台数据库中。 A network management system implemented method of reception data configuration, comprising the steps of: (a) an analog front backend database system creates a database configuration table, and creates a correspondence table database front and back and the table data to be transmitted, and for configuration logic to achieve custom stored procedure; configuration request send data under (b) operation and maintenance personnel; (c) network management program configuration request after receiving the data call associated custom stored procedures, to generate the configuration data; (e) operation and maintenance art transmission data synchronization request; after (f) the network management program receives the data synchronization request, reads the configuration table data to be transmitted according to the transmission data table for data conversion according to the correspondence table database front and back, and front interaction, the data is transferred to the front desk; receive configuration data (g) reception, after reception is complete, save the data in the database to the foreground.
2、 如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:所述前后台数据库对应关系表中包括相对应的前、后台的表名及字段名称、类型、长度的关联信息。 2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: one database table before the association information included in the corresponding table name and the field name of the background, the type, the length of the front and rear.
3、 如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:所述待传输数据表中包括网元号、配置表名及传输标记等字段。 3. The method of claim 1, wherein: said table comprises data to be transmitted number NE, the configuration table and transmission flag fields.
4、 如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(e)中,操作维护人员可发出增量同步或整表同步的请求。 4. The method as claimed in claim 3, wherein: said step (e), the operation and maintenance personnel can issue synchronization or an incremental synchronization request whole table.
5、 如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(C)中还将修改过的配置表在所述待传输数据表中的标记置为"需传输"状态。 5. The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein: said step (C) will be modified in the configuration table flag is set in the table data to be transmitted is "required transmission" state.
6、 如权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(f)中,当网管程序接收到增量同步的请求后,只读取待传输数据表中传输标记为"需传输" 状态的配置表数据,而在收到整表同步的请求后,读取待传输数据表中所有配置表的数据。 6. The method as claimed in claim 5, wherein: said step (f), when the network management program receives a request to synchronize the increment, reads only the transmission data to be transmitted in the table marked "required transmission" configuration table status data, and upon request of the whole table synchronization, the read data in the table data to be transmitted all the configuration table.
7、 如权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(e)中,操作维护人员还从网管终端选择要进行数据配置的网元并下发,网管程序根据所述网元从待传输数据表中选取与其相关的配置表。 7. The method according to claim l, wherein: said step (e), the further operation and maintenance personnel to select network data configured to be issued from the network management element and the terminal, the network management program according to the network element from select table data to be transmitted associated configuration table.
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