CN100388003C - Fast detection device and method of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine - Google Patents

Fast detection device and method of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine Download PDF

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CN100388003C
CN100388003C CNB2005100465457A CN200510046545A CN100388003C CN 100388003 C CN100388003 C CN 100388003C CN B2005100465457 A CNB2005100465457 A CN B2005100465457A CN 200510046545 A CN200510046545 A CN 200510046545A CN 100388003 C CN100388003 C CN 100388003C
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value
current
circuit
amp
chip microcomputer
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CNB2005100465457A
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CN1719272A (en
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唐任远
姜代维
林岩
张立伟
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沈阳工业大学
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a device for detecting the thermal stability of sintered Nd-Fe-B materials for electric machines. The device comprises an integrating meter, an operational amplifier, an A/D converter, an artificial intelligence industrial regulator, an electromagnet and a control circuit, wherein data is read in by a single chip machine from a code dialing disc and is compared with an input A/D converting value through calculation, and then the single chip machine makes a triggering circuit to output trigger pulse according to a comparative result; rectification is carried out in a rectifying circuit after the trigger pulse is compared with an AC signal supplied by an AC 220V power supply, and a filter circuit is used for wave filtration to control the variation of demagnetized current. A switching circuit is composed of a contactor and a control switch. The code dialing disc is used for inputting a current magnitude or a correction coefficient, and a reduced magnetic flux value as required is worked out by a formula; then the AD converting value is compared with the calculated value. A magnetic block is demagnetized if the output of the integrating meter is obviously smaller than an initial value, and the magnetic block is not demagnetized if a return value is similar to the initial value.

Description

The device for fast detecting of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine and method

Technical field

The present invention is applicable to the detection of NdFeB material thermal stability, particularly a kind of device for fast detecting of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine and method.

Background technology

Along with the appearance of the contour coercitive novel permanent magnetic material of neodymium iron boron (NdFeB) and the widespread usage in commercial production, detection method and detection technique and equipment more and more can not satisfy the requirement of general manufacturer.After particularly the neodymium iron boron magnetic body input was produced in batches, the nondestructive test of every product magnetic property was the difficult problem that the producer must solve always, and this also becomes one of bottleneck of restriction China rare-earth industry development.In order to guarantee the quality of product, many methods have been adopted.

Copy the method for alnico magnet pick test, lay φ 10 * 10mm sample, utilize the performance of measuring samples to determine the performance of product, found that the measurement performance of sample and the measurement performance of product differ bigger at each position of sintering furnace.

For the measurement of product, adopt the method for cutting permanent magnets test, destroyed the integrality of product; Cut the product of sample and can't pay user's use, and consumed NdFeB material and needed the cutting expense; It is longer to cut sample measurement required time, and cost is higher, and assay only is the performance on certain angle of magnet, because magnet performance is inhomogeneous, measurement result and magnet actual performance differ bigger.

For the measurement of NdFeB sample, employing be permanent magnetic material magnetic hysteresis loop tester, be used for describing magnetic material in dc magnetization magnetic characteristic after the match, be also referred to as static magnetic characteristic.The domestic NIM-10000H rare earth permanent magnet nondestructive detection system that comparatively is typically China National Measuring Science Research Inst.'s Magnetic Measurement laboratory development; It abroad is the PERMAGRAPH-REMAGRAPH type Magnetic Measurement instrument of German Cologne magnetic physics company.Both ultimate principles all are the same, and making flux change amount d Φ/dt by slow increase magnetization current in the measuring process is a constant, thereby avoid producing in the measuring process phase angle between eddy current and generation magnetic field and the magnetic polarization; In measurement, adopt the H coil to replace Hall plate to measure magnetic field, eliminated human factor and Hall effect of nonlinear; And measure has been taked in the drift to integrator, carries out linear revise and hardware design is eliminated the linear drift and the nonlinear drift of integrator by software.Adopt in measuring process, start from scratch gradually increase electric current of these equipment, in the process that increases electric current, obtain magnetic flux density and magnetic field intensity from measuring coil, so that determine point, thereby depict the demagnetizing curve of material, obtain the comparatively complete technical parameter of permanent magnet, still only be suitable for the occasion that those require accurate measurement standard sample magnetic parameter, and be not suitable for carrying out the block-by-block measurement of permanent magnetic material with these equipment; Cost an arm and a leg simultaneously also is to limit the reason that it is applied.

Though the product inspection to permanent magnetic material can be undertaken by using fluxmeter, teslameter or helmholtz coil+fluxmeter, but all can only test to permanent magnetic material normal temperature characteristic, and the high-temperature magnetic energy that motor manufacturer is concerned about the most, the quick test of thermal stability just still exists very big difficulty, also needs a kind of method and apparatus of quick test of practicality.

Though the NdFeB permanent magnetic material has higher maximum magnetic energy product, remanent magnetism and coercive force, its significant disadvantages is also arranged, be exactly the low and temperature coefficient height of Curie temperature.Higher temperature coefficient causes its magnetic property thermal stability relatively poor, and irreversible demagnetization takes place when high temperature uses down easily, and magnetic loss is bigger, and the magnetic parameter of permanent magnet changes, and has directly influenced the runnability of motor.The demagnetizing curve of NdFeB permanent magnetic material is straight line under normal temperature or lower temperature, but rising along with temperature, demagnetizing curve also can change, and has represented the demagnetizing curve synoptic diagram of NdFeB material under different temperatures of a certain trade mark respectively as two demagnetizing curves among Fig. 1.

Among Fig. 1, room temperature t 0The time residual magnetic flux density (or being called remanent magnetism) be B R0(kGs of unit), coercive force are H C0(kOe of unit), HCJ is H CJ0(kOe of unit), critical field strength are H K0(kOe of unit); Relevant parameter is B during working temperature t Rt, H Ct, H CJt, H Ktα (B r) and α (H C1) take absolute value, and be abbreviated as α BAnd α H

Critical field strength H wherein K0Be defined as on the J-H curve 0.9B R0The magnetic field intensity of corresponding point is as the pairing point of dotted line among the figure.Among Fig. 1, the J-H curve is called intrinsic demagnetizing curve again; BH curve is called demagnetizing curve.Two J-H curves are arranged, two BH curve, the curve under respectively corresponding two different temperature among Fig. 1.As long as J-H curve and BH curve are known wherein any one, just can draw another; So under a certain temperature, describe the permanent magnetic material characteristic, usually J-H curve and BH curve drawn simultaneously.Because during practical application, though the working point of motor moves around along BH curve, want to react intuitively the quality of permanent magnetic material performance, what need is each parameter on the J-H curve.

Along with the rising of temperature, demagnetizing curve will turn round, the point that turns round, and we are referred to as flex point, as the point of the K in the accompanying drawing 1.

This shortcoming of NdFeB permanent magnetic material has increased the complicacy in the Design of PM Motor, also greatly reduces the motor reliability of operation.The demagnetized field intensity that magneto is acted on when operation changes repeatedly.When the permanent magnet that has magnetized was applied demagnetized field intensity, magnetic flux density will be along the demagnetizing curve B among Fig. 1 RtK descends.When demagnetized field intensity was no more than flex point K, the straight-line segment of recoil line and demagnetizing curve coincided; After demagnetized field intensity surpassed flex point K, new recoil line PR had just no longer overlapped with demagnetizing curve.Like this after the demagnetized field destrengthening, the residual magnetic flux density B of permanent magnet rTo descend, the magnetic parameter of permanent magnet changes, and has directly influenced the runnability of motor, claims that this phenomenon is an irreversible demagnetization, is loss of excitation again.Behind the permanent magnet loss of excitation, having only magnetizes again to it can continue to use, and has caused considerable damage.When using the NdFeB permanent magnetic material, must check the maximum degaussing working point of permanent magnet, to strengthen its reliability for this reason.In order to accomplish this point, must know the position of each model NdFeB permanent magnetic material demagnetizing curve flex point under maximum operating temperature, design the parameter of electric machine, magnetic flux density still comes and goes variation above permanent magnet demagnetizing curve flex point (comprising high-temperature, big electric current) under the least favorable situation to make motor.When motor is out of service, the residual magnetic flux density B of permanent magnetic material rConstant.

But in actual applications, corner position determines to exist many uncertain factors.Owing to production technology and technical reason, same producer, same model, even exist bigger difference with the magnetic property of a collection of magnet.In order to improve motor performance, make it reliable, up to the present feasible method is the NdFeB permanent magnet product that dispatches from the factory to be carried out block-by-block measure.Though adopt existing equipment can depict the magnetic parameter of every permanent magnet accurately, for permanent magnet in batch, block-by-block detect to do less than, and there is no need to know the value of each magnetic parameter.

Summary of the invention

At the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of pick-up unit and method for quick of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine, in order to satisfy the requirement that manufacturer's block-by-block detects, the present invention mainly makes judgement to magnetic characteristic under the high temperature of permanent magnet is whether qualified, promptly according to of the designing requirement of motor manufacturer according to motor, flex point to NdFeB material is set, a collection of product is detected, check the corner position of this a collection of product whether to adhere to specification, judge with this whether this NdFeB material meets the requirement of design of electrical motor.

Apparatus of the present invention comprise integrator, operational amplifier, A/D converter, Artificial intelligence industry regulator, electromagnet, control circuit.Wherein integrator is used to measure on the electromagnet and measures the magnetic flux that coil produces, and its output signal is amplified and after A/D converter changes, is input to single-chip microcomputer through operational amplifier.Electromagnet comprises that magnetization winding, NdFeB permanent magnetic material, yoke, pole, cartridge, B measure coil, platinum resistance, zone of heating and thermofin, wherein the NdFeB permanent magnetic material is clipped between the two electromagnet cartridges, B measures coil and is wrapped on the NdFeB permanent magnetic material, platinum resistance is embedded in the cartridge, zone of heating is provided with thermofin between zone of heating and the pole between cartridge and pole.Artificial intelligence industry regulator is used to control the electric current of zone of heating on the electromagnet.The Pt resistance temperature sensor is installed on the zone of heating, and Artificial intelligence industry regulator can be monitored in real time to the temperature of zone of heating.Control circuit is the core of this device, comprise single-chip microcomputer, trigger circuit, the 220V AC power, on-off circuit, rectification circuit, filtering circuit, dial, the panel table, wherein single-chip microcomputer reads in data from dial, compare with the A/D conversion value of importing by calculating the back, single-chip microcomputer is according to comparative result then, make trigger circuit output trigger pulse, and the AC signal that trigger pulse and alternating current 220V power supply are provided is relatively carried out rectification in the back in rectification circuit, wave circuit carries out filtering after filtration again, and then the variation of control demagnetization current, on-off circuit is made up of contactor and gauge tap, and the panel table then is used for measuring the also voltage and current of display circuit.

Using apparatus of the present invention, to carry out the method for fast detecting of NdFeB material thermal stability as follows:

Step 1, permanent magnet is placed on is warmed to the maximum operating temperature that motor allows in the device for fast detecting;

Step 2, the current value that will convert according to the motor actual current by dial are perhaps according to flux value Change the correction factor that calculates acquisition flux value φ with demagnetization current, input to single-chip microcomputer, the above-mentioned numerical value that single-chip microcomputer will obtain compares with the current value that the permanent magnet actual measurement is also passed through the A/D conversion, determine to apply the size of electric current according to comparative result, control the variation that imposes on the permanent magnet demagnetization current with this, demagnetization current is to change to required value reposefully from zero, and then is reduced to zero.

Step 3, observe the displayed value on the integrator, whether the work magnetic flux that utilizes fluxmeter to detect this permanent magnet remains unchanged, if change, then this permanent magnet is defective, if do not change or change very for a short time, as remove behind the electric current before and after the magnetic flux changing value standard sample≤5% or bulk≤1% and o'clock meet the requirements.

Also having a kind of method is by proposing on the basis to the testing result of more domestic producer's permanent magnets and analysis.More stable to properties of product, mainly be α (H Cj) properties of product of stable enterprise measure, and find out H in each enterprise product measurement result CjTemperature coefficient and satisfy that corner position requires pairing H under the high temperature CJAnd H KValue, and the product standard of different enterprises at normal temperatures of taking this as a foundation and formulating each enterprise's stable performance., must take a sample test simultaneously, change if find above magnetic parameter numerical value to the product of each producer in order to guarantee the stable of properties of product, should the time update corresponding standard; And, must carry out irregular taking a sample test to each producer in order to guarantee the stable performance of product.

By the method that pick-up unit detects, can judge demagnetizing curve corner position under the permanent magnetic material high temperature that motor manufacturer is concerned about the most intuitively, avoid design of electrical motor to make after because the loss of the defective generation of permanent magnet.Though existing checkout equipment can detect and depict the complete shape of permanent magnetic material at the second quadrant demagnetizing curve to each main magnetic parameter, but checkout equipment costliness and detection time are long, this is unacceptable for motor manufacturer, produce a large amount of used permanent magnets of motor product and all will detect every day, time does not allow, if do not detect but do not carry out block-by-block, because the consistency problem of material, can influence the quality of motor product unavoidably, substandard product occur.Price problem also is the reason that the such checkout equipment of puzzlement is promoted simultaneously.So research and design is quick and pick-up unit that reasonable price can be accepted by producer is the purpose of this problem.Test by to device can be reduced to Measuring Time 40 seconds from 3 minutes, and price also is 1/5 of a domestic like product.And whether the method for adopt calculating as long as can know the normal temperature magnetic parameter down of permanent magnet, just can directly be extrapolated its hot properties to meet design requirement, easier accomplish quick.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is HCJ curve and the demagnetizing curve under Nd-Fe-Bo permanent magnet material normal temperature and the high temperature;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of contrive equipment;

Fig. 3 is the structural drawing of test electromagnet;

Fig. 4 is the outside drawing of contrive equipment;

Fig. 5 is the software processes process flow diagram that contrive equipment detects the NdFeB material thermal stability;

Fig. 6 is the fundamental diagram of contrive equipment Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system;

Wherein, 1 magnetization winding, the 3NdFeB permanent magnetic material, 4 yokes, 5 poles, 6 cartridges, 7 B measure coil, 8 platinum resistance, 9 zones of heating and thermofin.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 2, apparatus of the present invention comprise integrator, operational amplifier, A/D converter, Artificial intelligence industry regulator, electromagnet, control circuit.Wherein integrator is used to measure on the electromagnet and measures the magnetic flux that coil produces, and its output signal is amplified and after A/D converter changes, is input to single-chip microcomputer through operational amplifier.Electromagnet comprises that magnetization winding, NdFeB permanent magnetic material, yoke, pole, cartridge, B measure coil, platinum resistance, zone of heating and thermofin, wherein the NdFeB permanent magnetic material is clipped between the two electromagnet cartridges, B measures coil and is wrapped on the NdFeB permanent magnetic material, platinum resistance is embedded in the cartridge, zone of heating is provided with thermofin between zone of heating and the pole between cartridge and pole.Artificial intelligence industry regulator is used to control the electric current of zone of heating on the electromagnet.The Pt resistance temperature sensor is installed on the zone of heating, and Artificial intelligence industry regulator can be monitored in real time to the temperature of zone of heating.Control circuit is the core of this device, comprise single-chip microcomputer, trigger circuit, the 220V AC power, on-off circuit, rectification circuit, filtering circuit, dial, the panel table, wherein single-chip microcomputer reads in data from dial, compare with the A/D conversion value of importing by calculating the back, single-chip microcomputer is according to comparative result then, make trigger circuit output trigger pulse, and the AC signal that trigger pulse and alternating current 220V power supply are provided is relatively carried out rectification in the back in rectification circuit, wave circuit carries out filtering after filtration again, and then the variation of control demagnetization current, on-off circuit is made up of contactor and gauge tap, and the panel table then is used for measuring the also voltage and current of display circuit.

The course of work of this device is, connect measure coil after, on integrator, show an initial magnetic flux phi 0, the output voltage of integrator then reflects the magnetic flux of coil.The beginning execute key on the control panel is pressed in initialization after single-chip microcomputer powers on, and Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) program brings into operation, the initial value Φ of integrator 0Corresponding output voltage U 0Through delivering to single-chip microcomputer behind operational amplifier and the A./D converter, single-chip microcomputer is with U 0Leave in the register.Read in the correction factor of electric current or flux value φ by dial, select correction factor positive and negative of flux value φ then by positive and negative selector button, by formula calculate the flux value that should be reduced to, the size that compares A./D conversion value and calculated value then, if the A./D conversion value of sampling is littler then increase output current value than calculated value, when the A./D conversion value just withdraws from circulation than calculated value is big; Reducing electric current gradually then, processing procedure is returned original state after finishing whole process as shown in Figure 5.

Wherein the electric current variation is by monolithic processor controlled trigger circuit output trigger pulse, the conduction angle of control thyristor, and then the control output current is a demagnetization current.During program run, the count value of single-chip microcomputer timer reduces gradually, and the interval of output trigger pulse reduces gradually, so the conduction angle of thyristor increases gradually.Demagnetization current can increase along with the increase of thyristor conduction angle.With the voltage and current in the panel table metering circuit, the variation tendency that can observe voltage and current.According to above-mentioned relation, the output voltage of integrator will increase gradually, get back to the value close with initial value at last.If rreturn value is significantly less than initial value, can judge that then magnetic patch demagnetizes.If rreturn value and initial value are close, then not demagnetization of magnetic patch.

Single-chip microcomputer U1 (89C51) among Fig. 6 is mainly used in deal with data and sends control signal.U3 is an operational amplifier, is used for the output voltage of integrator is amplified.U2 is 12 a A/D converter, and the output voltage of operational amplifier U3 is carried out analog to digital conversion, and the data after the conversion are delivered to single-chip microcomputer and handled.The trigger circuit that right-hand component is made up of photoelectrical coupler and triode among the figure, by Single-chip Controlling trigger circuit output trigger pulse, the conduction angle of control thyristor, thus control is added to the electric current on the electromagnet.This circuit mainly comprises operational amplifier, A/D converter, single-chip microcomputer and peripheral circuit, comparer, thyristor gating circuit.

The operational amplifier that the signal that integrator collects is made up of OP-OT, send into the A/D converter of forming by AD5T4, is digital signal by A/D converter with analog signal conversion, this digital signal is sent into single-chip microcomputer P1 mouth, single-chip microcomputer is compared with dial input signal by the setting signal of P0 mouth input, the pulse control signal that produces is exported by P2.0 and P2.1 mouth, sent into the controllable silicon drive circuit of forming by optocoupler and triode; The comparer of being made up of OP-3T is sent into single-chip microcomputer with this signal by INTO with the square wave of sine wave shaped, so that keep the controllable silicon synchronous triggering.

It is as follows to the concrete grammar that permanent magnet material detects to use above-mentioned detection device:

Whether the actual condition of embodiment 1, the simulation permanent magnet maximum degaussing that might take place when the motor maximum operating temperature in above-mentioned detection device to examine this permanent magnet irreversible demagnetization, i.e. loss of excitation takes place under this operating mode.

The specific implementation step is:

(1) permanent magnet is placed on the maximum operating temperature that is warmed to the motor permission in the device for fast detecting, for example the maximum operating temperature of SH series permanent magnet is decided to be 120 ℃;

(2) will be by dial according to the current value of motor actual current conversion, input to single-chip microcomputer, the above-mentioned current value that single-chip microcomputer will obtain compares with the current value that the permanent magnet actual measurement is also passed through the A/D conversion, determine to apply the size of electric current according to comparative result, control the variation that imposes on the permanent magnet demagnetization current with this, make demagnetization current be reduced to zero stably from maximum;

Permanent magnet is put into electromagnet heats after require temperature, be inserted in coil, step up permanent magnet, the displayed value of integrator calculates the remanent magnetism of permanent magnet in the time of thus, and calculate the calculating coercive force of permanent magnet according to remanent magnetism, determine to require the field intensity at flex point place according to calculating coercitive size, and then determine to apply the size of current value, then electric current slowly is decreased to zero, judges whether the meet the requirements position of flex point of the actual flex point of permanent magnet by the displayed value of integrator.Maximum demagnetizing current when working temperature is stablized the operation of after-applied motor, for example maximum demagnetizing current is during the permasyn morot operation I h = ( U + E ) / X d [ 1 ] ;

Maximum demagnetization current I ' during the permasyn morot operation h=(U+E)/X d

The armature magnetomotive force (every utmost point) that produces F ad ′ = 1.35 K ad K dp N ′ I h ′ p

The demagnetizing effect that produces is to make the magnetic wire translation

This device electric current I hThe demagnetizing effect that produces is

The two demagnetizing effect should equate, promptly I h N σ = F ad ′ σ 0 ′

So conversion electric current I h = F ad ′ σ N σ 0 ′

In the formula: K AdExpression is converted the magnetomotive conversion factor of rotor with the d-axis armature magnetomotive force; K DpThe expression winding coefficient; The every number of turn that extremely whenever is in series of N ' expression; P represents number of pole-pairs.

Because the structure of this device and motor can not be just the same, so just have the problem of an equivalence.The formula of deriving above I h = F ad ′ σ N σ 0 ′ Decide according to the parameter of motor exactly and in this device, apply great electric current on earth and can reflect permanent magnet suffered demagnetizing field effect in motor really.

Whether (3) remove the work magnetic flux that electric current utilizes fluxmeter to detect this permanent magnet after cooling remains unchanged, if change, then this permanent magnet is defective, if do not change or change very for a short time, as remove behind the electric current before and after the magnetic flux changing value standard sample≤5% or bulk≤1% and o'clock meet the requirements.

The method of embodiment 2, actual measurement magnetic flux then is that the variation according to magnetic flux in the measuring process designs, and the value that sampling is returned in measuring process is a flux value, determines to apply the size of electric current according to the size of magnetic flux.

(1) permanent magnet is placed on the maximum operating temperature that is warmed to the motor permission in the device for fast detecting;

(2) will be by dial according to flux value Change the correction factor that calculates acquisition flux value φ with demagnetization current, input to single-chip microcomputer, the above-mentioned numerical value that single-chip microcomputer will obtain compares with the current value that the permanent magnet actual measurement is also passed through the A/D conversion, determine to apply the size of electric current according to comparative result, control the variation that imposes on the permanent magnet demagnetization current with this, make demagnetization current be reduced to zero stably from maximum;

After permanent magnet being put into the electromagnet clamping, the flux value φ of the demonstration of integrator, by φ=BS convert the magnetic flux B that obtains when thinking correspondence demagnetizing curve remanent magnetism that, in applying the process of electric current, because the effect of demagnetization current, flux value can reduce gradually.Because the demagnetizing curve of NdFeB material is that straight line or high temperature inferior anterior segment partly are straight lines at normal temperatures, turn round in the flex point place, the relation that the flux value at flex point place and the flux value of starting point should be directly proportional.When magnetic flux is reduced to when requiring flux value that the flex point place calculates, stop to apply demagnetization current, and make electric current slowly gradually to zero, judge whether the meet the requirements requirement of flex point of the actual flex point of permanent magnet by the variation of observing magnetic flux.

Magnet is heated to and requires after the temperature stabilization, is inserted in the measurement coil, and fluxmeter shows closed circuit flux value , calculate flex point place correspondence according to the used coil of experiment and above-mentioned formula then Value, starting from scratch slowly increases demagnetization current and stops during to this value up to the fluxmeter displayed value, at last demagnetization current is reduced to stably zeroly, at this moment sees value shown on the integrator If with the flux value before the measurement Equate or be more or less the same (thinking standard sample≤5% or bulk≤1%) that the corner position that this magnet is described is less than and requires corner position, meets the requirements according to test; If the magnetic flux that shows With Far short of what is expected, illustrate that so the corner position of this magnet requires corner position, undesirable.Because the area of coil can not be equal fully with the area of magnet, takes the correction of calculating:

If B 1Be the remanent magnetism of magnet, A 1Be the area of magnet, B 2The demagnetization magnetic induction density that produces when applying electric current for electromagnet, A 2Be the area of test coil, φ is the actual displayed value of integrator,

φ=B so 1A 1-B 2A 2(1)

Order

B 2=B 1X (x is a demagnetization degree coefficient) (2)

φ=yB 1A 1 (3)

Y adds that the displayed value of integrator accounts for B behind the demagnetization current 1A 1Ratio

With formula (1) and (2) substitution formula (3),

y B 1 A 1 = B 1 A 1 - A 2 A 1 B 1 A 1 x - - - ( 4 )

Arrangement formula (4),

y = 1 - A 2 A 1 x - - - ( 5 )

The correction factor of flux value φ then x = ( 1 - y ) A 1 A 2

Whether (3) remove the work magnetic flux that electric current utilizes fluxmeter to detect this permanent magnet after cooling remains unchanged, if change, then this permanent magnet is defective, if do not change or change very for a short time, as remove behind the electric current before and after the magnetic flux changing value standard sample≤5% or bulk≤1% and o'clock meet the requirements.

The software flow of preceding two kinds of methods is basic identical, and just in the different parameter of dial input, the former is an input current value, and not by computing formula, the latter is the correction factor of input flux value φ.The magnetic flux of the output voltage reflection coil of integrator.After putting coil well, show that on integrator an initial value is Φ 0, the beginning execute key on the control panel is pressed in initialization after single-chip microcomputer powers on, and Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) program brings into operation, the initial value Φ of integrator 0Corresponding output voltage U 0Through delivering to single-chip microcomputer behind operational amplifier and the A./D converter, single-chip microcomputer is with U 0Leave in the register.Read in the correction factor of electric current or flux value φ by dial, select correction factor positive and negative of flux value φ then by positive and negative selector button, by formula calculate the flux value that should be reduced to, the size that compares AD conversion value and calculated value then, if sample to such an extent that the AD conversion value is littler then increase output current value than calculated value, when the AD conversion value just withdraws from circulation than calculated value is big; Then reducing electric current gradually, shown in process flow diagram, return original state after finishing whole process.It is by monolithic processor controlled trigger circuit output trigger pulse that electric current changes, the conduction angle of control thyristor, and then the control output current is a demagnetization current.During program run, the count value of single-chip microcomputer timer reduces gradually, and the interval of output trigger pulse reduces gradually, so the conduction angle of thyristor increases gradually.Demagnetization current can increase along with the increase of thyristor conduction angle.With the voltage and current in the panel table metering circuit, the variation tendency that can observe voltage and current.According to above-mentioned relation, the output voltage of integrator will increase gradually, get back to the value close with initial value at last.If rreturn value is significantly less than initial value, can judge that then magnetic patch demagnetizes.If rreturn value and initial value are close, then not demagnetization of magnetic patch.

Embodiment 3, actual be magnetic parameter according to permanent magnet, the process that adopts the various computing formula to calculate.If room temperature t 0The time remanent magnetism be B R0(kGs of unit) coercive force is H C0(kOe of unit), HCJ is H CJ0(kOe of unit), critical field strength are H K0(kOe of unit).

Relevant parameter is B during working temperature t Rt, H Ct, H CJt, H Ktα (B r) and α (H C1) take absolute value, and be abbreviated as α BAnd α HEach parameter meaning as shown in Figure 1.In the assumed temperature change procedure, μ r = B r 0 H c 0 It is constant, Q = H K 0 H CJ 0 Constant, and H KtH when being approximately flex point Ct

When then working temperature is t

B rt=[1-α B(t-t 0)]B r0 (6)

Calculating coercive force when demagnetizing curve is straight line H ct ′ = B rt μ r

Corner position was KB when demagnetizing curve was crooked RtOr (1-K) H Ct'

H CJt = H kt Q = ( 1 - K ) H ct ′ Q = ( 1 - K ) B rt μ r Q = ( 1 - K ) [ 1 - α B ( t - t 0 ) ] B r 0 μ r Q - - - ( 7 )

H CJ 0 = H cjt 1 - α H ( t - t 0 ) = ( 1 - K ) [ 1 - α H ( t - t 0 ) ] B r 0 μ r Q [ 1 - α H ( t - t 0 ) ]

Work as H CJ0Calculated value>set-point the time, then this permanent magnet is defective, otherwise then qualified.

Claims (6)

1. the pick-up unit of a thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine comprises integrator, operational amplifier, A/D converter, Artificial intelligence industry regulator, electromagnet, control circuit, it is characterized in that
Artificial intelligence industry regulator is used to control the electric current of zone of heating on the electromagnet, and the Pt resistance temperature sensor is installed on the zone of heating, and Artificial intelligence industry regulator can be monitored in real time to the temperature of zone of heating;
Integrator is used to measure on the electromagnet and measures the magnetic flux that coil produces, and its output signal is amplified and after A/D converter changes, is input to single-chip microcomputer through operational amplifier;
Control circuit, comprise single-chip microcomputer, trigger circuit, the 220V AC power, on-off circuit, rectification circuit, filtering circuit, dial, the panel table, wherein single-chip microcomputer reads in data from dial, compare with the A/D conversion value of importing by calculating the back, single-chip microcomputer is according to comparative result then, make trigger circuit output trigger pulse, and the AC signal that trigger pulse and alternating current 220V power supply are provided is relatively carried out rectification in the back in rectification circuit, wave circuit carries out filtering after filtration again, and then the variation of control demagnetization current, on-off circuit is made up of contactor and gauge tap, and the panel table then is used for measuring the also voltage and current of display circuit.
2. the pick-up unit of a kind of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described electromagnet comprises that magnetization winding, NdFeB permanent magnetic material, yoke, pole, cartridge, B measure coil, platinum resistance, zone of heating and thermofin.
3. the pick-up unit of a kind of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that data that described single-chip microcomputer reads in from dial comprise the correction factor of current value or flux value φ.
4. the pick-up unit of an application thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine as claimed in claim 1 is realized the method for fast detecting, it is characterized in that the specific implementation step is:
Step 1, permanent magnet is placed on is warmed to the maximum operating temperature that motor allows in the device for fast detecting;
Step 2, by dial root is dug the current value that the motor actual current converts, perhaps according to flux value Change the correction factor that calculates acquisition flux value φ with demagnetization current, input to single-chip microcomputer, the above-mentioned numerical value that single-chip microcomputer will obtain compares with the current value that the permanent magnet actual measurement is also passed through the A/D conversion, determine to apply the size of electric current according to comparative result, control the variation that imposes on the permanent magnet demagnetization current with this, demagnetization current is to change to required value reposefully from zero, and then is reduced to zero;
Step 3 is observed the displayed value on the integrator, and whether the work magnetic flux that utilizes fluxmeter to detect this permanent magnet remains unchanged, if change, then this permanent magnet is defective, if do not change or change very for a short time, then meets the requirements.
5. the pick-up unit of a kind of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine as claimed in claim 4 is realized the method for fast detecting, it is characterized in that the current value that converts according to the motor actual current
I h = F ad ′ σ N σ 0 ′
Wherein, F ad ′ = 1.35 K ad K dp N ′ I h ′ p Be armature magnetomotive force, I h'=(U+E)/X dMaximum demagnetization current when moving for permasyn morot, K AdExpression is converted the magnetomotive conversion factor of rotor, K with the d-axis armature magnetomotive force DpThe expression winding coefficient, the every number of turn that extremely whenever is in series of N ' expression, P represents number of pole-pairs; And I h N σ = F ad ′ σ 0 ′ .
6. the pick-up unit of a kind of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine as claimed in claim 4 is realized the method for fast detecting, it is characterized in that the correction factor of described flux value φ is x = ( 1 - y ) A 1 A 2 ,
B wherein 2=B 1X, φ=B 1A 1-B 2A 2, φ=yB 1A 1, B 1Be the remanent magnetism of magnet, A 1Be the area of magnet, B 2The demagnetization magnetic induction density that produces when applying electric current for electromagnet, A 2Be the area of test coil, φ is the actual displayed value of integrator, and y adds that the displayed value of integrator accounts for B behind the demagnetization current 1A 1Ratio.
CNB2005100465457A 2005-05-30 2005-05-30 Fast detection device and method of thermal stability sintered neodymium iron boron material for electric machine CN100388003C (en)

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JP5194083B2 (en) * 2010-09-22 2013-05-08 山洋電気株式会社 Method and apparatus for determining deterioration of permanent magnet of electrical equipment
CN103605089B (en) * 2013-11-13 2016-04-13 北京科技大学 The fast non-destructive detection method of permanent magnetic material room temperature and high temperature substandard product
CN105911492A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-08-31 无锡新大力电机有限公司 Method of detecting whether permanent magnet of permanent magnet motor is demagnetized
CN106021971B (en) * 2016-08-05 2019-04-19 京磁材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of calculation method of neodymium iron boron magnetic body remanent magnetism

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