CN100387551C - Method of producing active nutritional fertilizer using old domostic garbage - Google Patents

Method of producing active nutritional fertilizer using old domostic garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100387551C
CN100387551C CNB2005100900966A CN200510090096A CN100387551C CN 100387551 C CN100387551 C CN 100387551C CN B2005100900966 A CNB2005100900966 A CN B2005100900966A CN 200510090096 A CN200510090096 A CN 200510090096A CN 100387551 C CN100387551 C CN 100387551C
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earthworm
fertilizer
fermentation
fermented
less
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CNB2005100900966A
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CN1911865A (en
Inventor
张日俊
雷蕾
余玄
向前
黄燕
李品芳
郭世文
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中国农业大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to method of producing active nutritious fertilizer with old domestic garbage as material. By means of composite bacteria preparation comprising azotobacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, yeast, lactic bacteria, functional bacillus and other micro aerobe or aerobe and earthworm, old domestic garbage is treated through once fermentation treatment to obtain the active nutritious fertilizer. The active nutritious fertilizer is harmless, and has water content less than 20 %, pH 7.5-8.5, total nitrogen not less than 0.3%, quick acting nitrogen not less than 0.04%, total phosphorus not less than 0.1%, total potassium not less than 0.2%, inorganic granularity small than 5 mm and total active beneficial bacteria number not less than 1x10<7>/g. The production process has short period and less produced marsh gas.

Description

A kind of is the method for raw material production active nutritional fertilizer with outmoded domestic refuse
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production active nutritional fertilizer method, specifically relating to the outmoded domestic refuse of a kind of usefulness is raw material, utilizes the method for biological compound fungi agent and earthworm, employing control oxygen, disposable fermentative production active nutritional fertilizer.
Background technology
Domestic waste is meant in city resident's daily life or the solid waste that produces in the activity of service is provided for daily life.China's domestic waste adopts the method for stacking and landfill to handle always for a long time.Stack or the domestic waste of landfill 〉=2 year is called outmoded domestic refuse at landfill yard.Outmoded domestic refuse is basicly stableization after degraded for many years, is characterized in that content of microorganisms is abundant, and organic content is lower, and ash content is big, and calorific value is little.Domestic waste adopts the method for stacking and landfill not only to pollute environment, has also caused the waste of resource." rubbish is the dotey who mislays " this understanding is the common recognition of international environmental protection circle, at present, is the approach that it is turned waste into wealth to the domestic waste composting that ferments.Promptly rely on microorganisms such as the extensive bacterium that distributes of nature, actinomycetes, fungi, under certain artificial condition, controlledly promote biodegradable organism to transform to stable soil ulmin.It does not contain chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, can not cause the resistance of insect pest, bacterium, virus to increase, and can not make soil compaction, desertification, biological minimizing, fertility reduction etc., can not bring harm to the mankind, and using value is preferably arranged.
There are some researches show that earthworm has effects such as improving the soil, protect environment and solution pollution.Earthworm like the eating waste residue and the domestic refuse of septic fallen leaves, withered grass, vegetables chip, crop material, animal dung, melon and fruit peel, distillery or milling plant, the specific enzymes of decomposing protein, fat, lignocellulose can be secreted, nearly all natural organic matters such as paper industry, foodstuffs industry waste residue and mud, rubbish can be digested and absorb; Earthworm is very capable to gathering of agricultural chemicals and heavy metal cadmium, lead, mercury etc., can be used for handling the pollution of heavy metal, agricultural chemicals and radioactivity toxic substance; But earthworm chessom, enrichment nutrient, improve the soil; Earthworm reproductivity is strong, fears sunlight, intensive light, blue light and uviolizing, conglobation property is arranged, easily collecting.Show according to clay fertilizer test center of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences assay: wormcast is nitrogenous 2.15%, phosphorus 1.76%, potassium 0.27%, organic 32.4%, and contains the acid of 23 kinds of hydrogen bases, and the earthworm excrement is rich in probiotics, and potential of hydrogen is suitable, has water conservation, nutrient preserving capability energy.So earthworm can use it to handle outmoded domestic refuse, produce active nutritional fertilizer.
Existing composting technology is aerobic Secondary Fermentation, and fermentation time is long, the labor intensive material resources; The oxygen-supplying amount of aerobic fermentation causes heating up rapidly in the fermenting process greater than 18%, causes the death of part probiotics; Also can produce a large amount of biogas, easily set off an explosion, and the processing of biogas also needs a large amount of funds and equipment; And easily having heavy metal element, toxic substance residual, nutrient is less.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome and adopt aerobic Secondary Fermentation when prior art is the raw material production compost with outmoded domestic refuse, fermentation time is long, easily cause the death of part probiotics, also can produce the defective of a large amount of biogas, thus provide a kind of fermentation time short, can not produce a large amount of biogas, contain more wormcast, can reduce toxic heavy metal element content significantly, contain the active total count of particular functionality probiotics 〉=10 7/ g and nutritious be the method for raw material production active nutritional fertilizer with outmoded domestic refuse.
The objective of the invention is to realize by the following technical solutions:
The invention provides a kind of is the method for raw material production active nutritional fertilizer with outmoded domestic refuse, it is composite fungus agent and the earthworm that utilizes little aerobic or aerophil such as vinelandii, light and bacterium, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, functional genus bacillus to form, outmoded domestic refuse is adopted control disposable fermentation of oxygen and processing, specifically comprises following step:
1) screening
Filtering out particle diameter from outmoded domestic refuse is the thick vegetable soil of 5~45mm, puts into the fermentation vat that is provided with wind pushing hole at the bottom of the pond with travelling belt;
2) add raising agent
The raising agents such as straw that add 2~5% rice chaff, careless bar, long 30mm;
3) utilizing composite fungus agent to carry out biological deodorizing purifies
The composite fungus agent of inoculation 0.2~0.5wt%, and mix;
Described composite fungus agent is the special beneficial functions microorganism of a class, its for the applicant the separate case application, application number is 200510069515.8, denomination of invention is disclosed biological deodorization and purification agent in the patent of " a kind of biological deodorization and purification agent and uses thereof ", be the mixed solution that makes by following parts by volume proportioning: Candida utilis fermented liquid 10~40, streptococcus acidi lactici fermented solution 10~20, function fermentation of bacillus liquid 10~40, vinelandii fermented liquid 10~20, Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermented liquid 10~30, and viable bacteria summation 〉=10 of 5 quasi-microorganisms 9/ milliliter, mixed solution is the acidic liquid of pH≤5.0;
Or mixture: produce protein yeast dry powder 10~40 for making by following weight part proportioning, lactobacillus dry powder 10~20, function genus bacillus dry powder 10~40, vinelandii dry powder 10~20, Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder 10~30, and viable bacteria summation 〉=1,000,000,000 of 5 quasi-microorganisms/gram;
4) control aerobe fermentation
The mixture that obtains in the step 3) is controlled the fermentation of oxygen continuity, leavening temperature remains on≤and 65 ℃, water ratio remains on 40~60%, the pH value is controlled at 6.5~8.5, oxygen level remains on 12~17%, and C/N is controlled at 20~30/1, and fermentation time is 3~5 days, under specific beneficial functions action of microorganisms, make organism decompose fast, transform, degrade and further deodorizing;
5) introduce earthworm
Add the compost 50~100kg/t that has ripe earthworm, young earthworm, earthworm ovum in the fermented product that in step 4), obtains, to 4) in fermented product handled 7~10 days, earthworm is bred in a large number, further digestion, conversion, decomposing organic matter become wormcast and earthworm protein, and the enriching heavy metal element, the beneficial functions microorganism is further bred;
6) shift out earthworm
With sunlight or light-illuminating, utilize it to fear photosensitiveness and that earthworm is assembled is agglomerating the earthworm culture that obtains in the step 5), with rake it is shifted out fermentation heap again;
7) replenish nutrient, balanced nutrients
Organic component content to the fertilizer that obtains in the step 6) is measured, if can not reach: full nitrogen 〉=0.3%, quick-acting nitrogen 〉=0.04%, full phosphorus 〉=0.1%, full potassium 〉=0.2% o'clock carries out the balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, promptly adds feed with balanced nutrients such as nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer to reach standard.
Use the active nutritional fertilizer that obtains as the method for raw material production active nutritional fertilizer with outmoded domestic refuse provided by the invention, its quality standard is as follows: meet innoxious standard; Water ratio<20%, pH value are 7.5~8.5, full nitrogen 〉=0.3%, quick-acting nitrogen 〉=0.04%, full phosphorus 〉=0.1%, full potassium 〉=0.2%, inorganics grain<5mm
Method provided by the invention is to utilize organism or inorganics as microbial life active nutraceutical matrix, in metabolic biological process, be degraded to simple small molecules, and then be used for synthesizing new bacterial cell (tropina), make the quick growth and breeding of microorganism.The particle diameter that obtains through sorting rubbish is the thick vegetable soil of 5~45mm, and solubility small molecules organic compound wherein can see through inoculation mycetocyte film and directly be absorbed by microorganism; And larger molecular organics matter as protein, nucleic acid, fatty body, Mierocrystalline cellulose and polysaccharide etc., then is decomposed into small-molecule substance by inoculation bacterium excretory extracellular enzyme, infiltrates cell again.The microorganism of inoculation is resolved into simpler small molecules to a part of absorbed organic compound by the metabolism of self, gives off energy simultaneously, and most of energy enters reaction medium in the mode of heat energy, and the W-response system temperature is raise; And the simple molecules of another part organism small molecules and degraded is used to synthetic new cellular material, for microorganism self growth and breeding.Under hot conditions, thermophilic microorganism is active especially, and growth and breeding is rapid, and this in stage most pathogenic bacterias be suppressed, dead gradually.
Simultaneously, the present invention utilizes earthworm happiness food domestic refuse; Can secrete the specific enzymes of decomposing protein, fat, lignocellulose; And to the very capable characteristic of enrichment (gathering) of agricultural chemicals and heavy metal cadmium, lead, mercury etc., the xylogen of difficult degradation, Mierocrystalline cellulose and enriching heavy metal, radioactivity toxic substance etc. in the poor garbage of dissolving.Earthworm reproductivity is strong, and appetite is very big, and one day food-intake of earthworm is equivalent to about 2 times from heavy sensation of the whole body, and one ton of earthworm every day then can treating refuse about one ton, produces 0.5 ton wormcast simultaneously.And wormcast is nutritious, and clean hygiene, suction, water conservation, ventilation property are strong, are rich in probiotics.And since earthworm fear light and conglobation property, be easy to reclaim, economy is environmental protection again.
Provided by the invention is that the purposes of method of raw material production active nutritional fertilizer is as follows with outmoded domestic refuse:
(1) can utilize the present invention that the city poor garbage is handled and dissolve, realize stabilization, innoxious.
(2) but system active nutritional fertilizer loss of weight, subtract and hold about 50%~60%.
(3) active nutritional fertilizer can be the agricultural and greening environmental friend fertilizer is provided, compost revert to the unification that can promote nature material cycle and human society material cycle in the farmland ecosystem.
Nitrogenous, the phosphorus of a large amount of abundant water-soluble and free states that (4) produce in the fermenting process or potassium compound are the main fertilizer effective constituents that constitutes plant nutrition.Also generate multiple special microorganism secondary metabolite in the fermentation, secondary metabolite as vitamin B group, short chain fatty acid, Polyphenols, metabolite, bacteriocin and class plant hormone, as bacteriocin etc. phytopathogen is had had strong inhibitory effects, be natural pathogenic bacteria inhibitor; What have then helps plant-growth.
(5) active nutritional fertilizer is a kind of soil ulmin, and is rich in wormcast, and is nutritious, can increase soil ulmin stable in the soil, can improve soil aggregate, strengthens soil fertility, and the control soil compaction.
(6) be rich in a large amount of active probioticss in the active nutritional fertilizer, can increase the active beneficial functions microbe population in the soil, suppress harmful bacterium, and the various effective constituents of probiotics excretory easily absorb by plant root, help root system development and elongation.
Method provided by the invention is to be raw material with outmoded domestic refuse, by special beneficial functions microbial deodorant purify, the control disposable fermentation of oxygen and earthworm handle 3 important steps and make active nutritional fertilizer, its advantage is:
(1) utilize biological deodorization and purification agent to handle filtering out particle diameter from outmoded domestic refuse is the thick vegetable soil of 5~45mm, eliminated that the conventional processing poor garbage has produced the incomparable acid smell of cacosmia and to the severe contamination of environment, 2 times of present poor garbage compost fermentations (conventional garbage compost be spontaneous fermentation, do not add biological deodorization and purification agent) have also been saved, and only purify with one time fermentation and deodorizing, save 2~3 weeks of fermentation time, saved manpower and materials.
(2) utilize the method for controlling oxygen to greatly reduce the generation of biogas, the generation of biogas is lower than 1/10 of aerobic fermentation, has avoided conventional processing to produce biogas in a large number and cause inflammable and explosive trouble, and can produce certain economic benefits.
(3) this technology controlling and process oxygen is 12~17%, and temperature is controlled at 35~45 ℃, both can guarantee the activity of probiotics, is again the continuity fermentation, has improved fermenting speed and biodegradability greatly.
(4) utilize earthworm bioaccumulation and receive material such as heavy metal to enter in the earthworm body tissue and earthworm is separated from refuse soil, eliminated heavy metal contamination, simultaneously earthworm can digest, decompose, transform, absorb difficult putrescible xylogen, Mierocrystalline cellulose etc., not only fast but also environmental protection; And wormcast is nutritious, and clean hygiene, suction, water conservation, ventilation property are strong.
(5) composite fungus agent that adds among the present invention has multiple effect, and wherein vinelandii can be improved the content of nitrogen and be formed VITAMIN and different growth hormone; Photosynthetic bacteria can absorb H 2Foul gass such as S are removed the stink of rubbish; The phosphorus potassium that the P and K decomposing bacterium can be decomposed in the rubbish is the form that plant can effectively utilize, and increases soil fertility; Milk-acid bacteria can reduce the pH value and improve the volatile fat acid concentration, stops and suppress field planting and the breeding of pathogenic bacterium; Root nodule bacterium can utilize airborne nitrogen synthetic ammonia, and then are converted into the absorbent high-quality nitrogen of plant; Ammonia that the acid that these bacterium produce produces in also can neutralizing and fermenting or the like.
(6) poor garbage is carried out fermentative processing, the active nutritional fertilizer of making is a kind of soil ulmin, and is rich in earthworm powder, nutritious, can increase soil ulmin stable in the soil, can improve soil aggregate, do not harden, can be agricultural and greening environmental friend fertilizer is provided.
(7) this method purifies, controls the disposable fermentation of oxygen and earthworm is handled the thick vegetable soil of outmoded domestic refuse by special beneficial functions microbial deodorant, passed through in fact that 3 secondary pollutants transform and deodorizing, transform and slaking thoroughly, stink eliminate clean, speed soon, save time and material resources manpower, the feature of environmental protection strong.
(8) this method reliability height, invest less relatively, the production run cost is lower, relatively is fit to national conditions.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1,
1) screening
With forklift rubbish is pushed into the import of stepped start-stop system feeding machine, by the conveyor that is connected with feeding machine rubbish is evenly flowed to the automatic sorter of roller grizzly formula, sorter automatically with magneticmetal, brick and sandstone, plastic cement, vegetable soil etc. separately.Filter out the outmoded domestic refuse of particle diameter by the automatic sorter of cylinder, select thick vegetable soil with the automatic sorter of reciprocating sieve again greater than 5mm less than 45mm; Particle diameter greater than 45mm rubbish go out timber through artificial separation, thicker vegetable soil is made in its fragmentation.With travelling belt these being filtered out particle diameter from outmoded domestic refuse is that the thick vegetable soil of 5~45mm is put into the fermentation vat that is provided with wind pushing hole at the bottom of the pond.
2) add raising agent
The rice chaff that adds thick vegetable soil gross weight 2wt% mixes as raising agent;
3) utilizing composite fungus agent to carry out biological deodorizing purifies
The composite fungus agent of inoculation 0.2wt%, and mix;
Described composite fungus agent for the applicant the separate case application, application number is 200510069515.8, denomination of invention is disclosed biological deodorization and purification agent in the patent of " a kind of biological deodorization and purification agent and uses thereof ", be the mixed solution that makes by following parts by volume proportioning: Candida utilis fermented liquid 10, streptococcus acidi lactici fermented solution 20, function fermentation of bacillus liquid 40, vinelandii fermented liquid 20, Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermented liquid 10, and viable bacteria summation 〉=10 of 5 quasi-microorganisms 9/ milliliter, mixed solution is the acidic liquid of pH≤5.0;
4) control aerobe fermentation
The mixture that obtains in the step 3) is controlled the fermentation of oxygen continuity, leavening temperature remains on≤and 65 ℃, water ratio remains on 40%, the pH value is controlled at 6.5, oxygen level remains on 12%, and C/N is controlled at 20/1, and fermentation time is 3 days, under specific beneficial functions action of microorganisms, organism decomposes fast, transforms, degrades and further deodorizing;
5) introduce earthworm
Add the compost 70kg/t that has earthworm (earthworm worm) and earthworm ovum in the fermented product that in step 4), obtains, this compost can be buied easily from vermiculture factory, earthworm in the compost is no less than 300/kg, the earthworm ovum is no less than 250/kg, and fermented product was handled 9 days, and earthworm breeds in a large number, can further digest, conversion, decomposing organic matter, make it to become wormcast and earthworm protein, and the enriching heavy metal element, the beneficial functions microorganism is further bred;
6) shift out earthworm
With sunlight or light-illuminating, utilize it to fear photosensitiveness and that earthworm is assembled is agglomerating in the mixture that obtains in the step 5), with rake it is shifted out fermentation heap again;
7) replenish nutrient, balanced nutrients
Organic component content to the fertilizer that obtains in the step 6) is measured, feed with balanced nutrients such as adding nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer carry out the balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, make it to reach: full nitrogen 〉=0.3%, quick-acting nitrogen 〉=0.04%, full phosphorus 〉=0.1%, the standard of full potassium 〉=0.2%.
Embodiment 2,
1) screening---be same as embodiment 1, from outmoded domestic refuse, filter out particle diameter and be the thick vegetable soil of 5~45mm and put into the fermentation vat that is provided with wind pushing hole at the bottom of the pond.
2) add raising agent
The careless bar that adds thick vegetable soil gross weight 5% mixes as raising agent;
3) utilizing composite fungus agent to carry out biological deodorizing purifies
The composite fungus agent of inoculation 0.5wt%, and mix;
Described composite fungus agent for the applicant the separate case application, application number is 200510069515.8, denomination of invention is disclosed biological deodorization and purification agent in the patent of " a kind of biological deodorization and purification agent and uses thereof ", be the mixture that makes by following weight part proportioning: produce protein yeast dry powder 40, lactobacillus dry powder 10, function genus bacillus dry powder 10, vinelandii dry powder 20, Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder 20, and viable bacteria summation 〉=1,000,000,000 of 5 quasi-microorganisms/gram;
4) control aerobe fermentation
The mixture that obtains in the step 3) is controlled the fermentation of oxygen continuity, leavening temperature remains on≤and 65 ℃, water ratio remains on 60%, the pH value is controlled at 8.5, oxygen level remains on 17%, and C/N is controlled at 30/1, and fermentation time is 5 days, under specific beneficial functions action of microorganisms, organism decomposes fast, transforms, degrades and further deodorizing;
5) introduce earthworm
Add compost (with the embodiment 1) 50kg/t that has ripe earthworm, young earthworm, earthworm ovum in the fermented product that in step 4), obtains, handled fermented product 10 days, earthworm breeds in a large number, can further digest, conversion, decomposing organic matter, make it to become wormcast and earthworm protein, and the enriching heavy metal element, the beneficial functions microorganism is further bred;
6) shift out earthworm
With sunlight or light-illuminating, utilize it to fear photosensitiveness and that earthworm is assembled is agglomerating in the mixture that obtains in the step 5), with rake it is shifted out fermentation heap again;
7) replenish nutrient, balanced nutrients
Organic component content to the fertilizer that obtains in the step 6) is measured, feed with balanced nutrients such as adding nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer carry out the balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, make it to reach: full nitrogen 〉=0.3%, quick-acting nitrogen 〉=0.04%, full phosphorus 〉=0.1%, the standard of full potassium 〉=0.2%.
Embodiment 3,
1) screening---be same as embodiment 1, from outmoded domestic refuse, filter out particle diameter and be the thick vegetable soil of 5~45mm and put into the fermentation vat that is provided with wind pushing hole at the bottom of the pond.
2) add raising agent
The straw of long 30mm that adds thick vegetable soil gross weight 3wt% mixes as raising agent;
3) utilizing composite fungus agent to carry out biological deodorizing purifies
The composite fungus agent of inoculation 0.4wt%, and mix;
Described composite fungus agent for the applicant the separate case application, application number is 200510069515.8, denomination of invention is disclosed biological deodorization and purification agent in the patent of " a kind of biological deodorization and purification agent and uses thereof ", be the mixed solution that makes by following parts by volume proportioning: Candida utilis fermented liquid 20, streptococcus acidi lactici fermented solution 15, function fermentation of bacillus liquid 30, vinelandii fermented liquid 20, Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermented liquid 15, and viable bacteria summation 〉=10 of 5 quasi-microorganisms 9/ milliliter, mixed solution is the acidic liquid of pH≤5.0;
4) control aerobe fermentation
The mixture that obtains in the step 3) is controlled the fermentation of oxygen continuity, leavening temperature remains on≤and 65 ℃, water ratio remains on 50%, the pH value is controlled at 7.5, oxygen level remains on 16%, and C/N is controlled at 25/1, and fermentation time is 4 days, under specific beneficial functions action of microorganisms, make organism decompose fast, transform, degrade and further deodorizing;
5) introduce earthworm
Add compost (with the embodiment 1) 100kg/t that has ripe earthworm, young earthworm, earthworm ovum in the fermented product that in step 4), obtains, handled fermented product 7 days;
6) shift out earthworm
With the mixture that obtains in the step 5) with sunlight or light-illuminating, utilize it to fear photosensitiveness and that earthworm is assembled is agglomerating, with rake it is shifted out fermentation heap again, earthworm breeds in a large number, can further digest, conversion, decomposing organic matter, make it to become wormcast and earthworm protein, and the enriching heavy metal element, the beneficial functions microorganism is further bred;
7) replenish nutrient, balanced nutrients
Organic component content to the fertilizer that obtains in the step 6) is measured, feed with balanced nutrients such as adding nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer carry out the balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, make it to reach: full nitrogen 〉=0.3%, quick-acting nitrogen 〉=0.04%, full phosphorus 〉=0.1%, the standard of full potassium 〉=0.2%.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is the method for raw material production active nutritional fertilizer with outmoded domestic refuse, it is characterized in that: specifically comprise following step:
1) screening: filtering out particle diameter from outmoded domestic refuse is the thick vegetable soil of 5~45mm, puts into the fermentation vat that is provided with wind pushing hole at the bottom of the pond;
2) add raising agent: add the raising agent of the thick vegetable soil weight 2~5% of step 1), mix;
3) composite fungus agent of inoculation 0.2~0.5wt%, and mix, utilize composite fungus agent to carry out biological deodorizing and purify;
The mixed bacteria liquid of described composite fungus agent for making: Candida utilis fermented liquid 10~40 by following parts by volume proportioning, streptococcus acidi lactici fermented solution 10~20, function fermentation of bacillus liquid 10~40, vinelandii fermented liquid 10~20, Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermented liquid 10~30, and viable bacteria summation 〉=10 of this five quasi-microorganism 9/ milliliter, mixed solution is the acidic liquid of pH≤5.0; Or mixture: produce protein yeast dry powder 10~40 for making by following weight part proportioning, lactobacillus dry powder 10~20, function genus bacillus dry powder 10~40, vinelandii dry powder 10~20, Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder 10~30, and viable bacteria summation 〉=1,000,000,000 of this five quasi-microorganism/gram;
4) control aerobe fermentation: the mixture that obtains in the step 3) is controlled oxygen continuity fermentation, leavening temperature remains on≤and 65 ℃, water ratio remains on 40~60%, the pH value is controlled at 6.5~8.5, oxygen level remains on 12~17%, and C/N is controlled at 20~30/1, and fermentation time is 3~5 days;
5) introduce earthworm: add the compost 50~100kg/t that has ripe earthworm, young earthworm, earthworm ovum in the fermented product that in step 4), obtains, handled fermented product 7~10 days;
6) shift out earthworm: with sunlight or light-illuminating, utilize it to fear photosensitiveness and that earthworm is assembled is agglomerating the earthworm culture that obtains in the step 5), with rake it is shifted out fermentation heap again;
7) replenish nutrient, balanced nutrients: the organic component content to the fertilizer that obtains in the step 6) is measured, and adds the balance that nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer carry out nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, make it to reach: full nitrogen 〉=0.3%, quick-acting nitrogen 〉=0.04%, full phosphorus 〉=0.1%, the standard of full potassium 〉=0.2%.
2. as claimed in claim 1 is the method for raw material production active nutritional fertilizer with outmoded domestic refuse, it is characterized in that: raising agent described step 2) is the straw of rice chaff, careless bar or long 30mm.
CNB2005100900966A 2005-08-12 2005-08-12 Method of producing active nutritional fertilizer using old domostic garbage CN100387551C (en)

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CN104529571A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-04-22 普定县和业生物有机肥有限责任公司 An organic fertilizer manufacturing process through dual processing with microbial strains and earthworms
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CN106748338A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-05-31 浙江省农业科学院 The special sludge complex fertilizer in gardens
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