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CN100387416C - Method for processing surface of deformed material - Google Patents

Method for processing surface of deformed material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100387416C
CN100387416C CN 200610048951 CN200610048951A CN100387416C CN 100387416 C CN100387416 C CN 100387416C CN 200610048951 CN200610048951 CN 200610048951 CN 200610048951 A CN200610048951 A CN 200610048951A CN 100387416 C CN100387416 C CN 100387416C
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method
processing
surface
deformed
material
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CN 200610048951
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CN1792614A (en )
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琪 何
俞仲达
炜 陈
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浙江中财型材有限责任公司
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Abstract

一种异型材的表面处理方法,包括下列步骤:由挤出成型机挤出成型异型材;冷却挤出的异型材;使用旋转式抛光机对已冷却的异型材抛光。 A heterologous profile surface treatment method, comprising the steps of: extruded by the extruder profile; cooling the extruded profile; using a rotary polishing machine polishing of cooled profile. 实现该方法的异型材处理设备包括挤出成型机,所述的挤出成型机后方连接基材模板,所述的基材模板后方连接定型模,所述的定型模后方连接冷却水箱,冷却水箱后方有切割包装机构,所述的冷却水箱后方有抛光机。 Profile processing apparatus for realizing the method comprising an extrusion molding machine, the extrusion molding machine connected to the rear base template template substrate, the rear connector sizing die, the sizing die is connected to the rear of the cooling water tank, a cooling water tank a cutter mechanism behind the packing, the rear of the cooling tank with a polishing machine. 本发明的有益效果主要表现在:①抛光轮采用棕纤维抛光不需经过粗抛,直接能达到中抛的效果。 Advantageous effects of the present invention mainly includes: ① buff polishing without using palm fiber after rough polishing, to achieve the effect of the direct throw. ②型材的被抛光面上的每个点受到的抛光次数是均匀的,光泽度十分理想。 Times by polishing the polished surface of each point ② profile is uniform, ideal gloss. ③抛光机能够适应任何状态表面的抛光,使产品整体表面达到较为完美的状态。 ③ polishing machine can adapt to any state of the polishing surface, so that the overall surface of the product to achieve a more perfect state.

Description

一种异型材的表面处理方法 A heterologous profile surface treatment method

(一) 技术领域本发明涉及一种异型材的表面处理方法。 (A) Technical Field The present invention relates to a process for the surface treatment of profiles.

(二) 背景技术 (B) Background Art

塑料异型材因其节省资源,美观耐用等优点在全球已得到广泛的应用,特别是异特种型材,如共挤型材,通体彩色型材,木纹型材等因其更多的考虑了顾客的装饰爱好,打破了单一白型材的局面,给予顾客更大的选择空间,尤其受到顾客的青睐。 Plastic profile for its resource-saving, durable aesthetic advantages in the world has been widely used, especially different special profiles, such as co-extruded profiles, whole body color profiles, profiles and other wood due to its more decorative consider customer preferences , breaking the single white profile of the situation, giving customers greater choice, especially favored by the customers. 异型材成型技术已臻完善,但异型材的光泽度一直是异型材质量突破的一个瓶颈,因为在异型材成型过程中因其材料特性和模具缺陷等原因造成了型材表面较粗糙、光泽度差,有划丝等缺点, 一些厂家常釆用淸理定型台、水箱、提高水质等方式来提髙产品的表面效果,但效果并不明显,并且保持时间较短,处理频繁。 Profile molding technology ever be perfect, but the profile of the gloss has been a bottleneck in mass breakthrough profiles, the profile because the molding process by reason of their material properties and the profile of the mold defects caused rough surface, poor gloss , designated disadvantages such as silk, preclude some manufacturers often use Qing Li calibration table, tank, etc. to provide improved surface quality effect Gao products, but the effect is not obvious, and held a short time, frequent treatment.

为了使异型材表面达到较高的光泽度,我们率先发明将应用于其他领域的抛光技术,使技术革新后引入到型材领域。 In order to achieve a high profile surface gloss, we invented the first polishing technique will be applied to other fields, so that technological innovations introduced into the field profiles. 率先实现了在型材领域实施布轮抛光,经长期的使用与研究后发现布轮抛光属于细抛光,在对型材进行布轮抛光前不先经过粗抛光、中抛光处理,型材的光泽度提高十分有限。 The first to achieve the implementation of polishing cloth round in the profile field, after long-term use and found cloth polishing wheel belongs to fine polishing, without first increase after rough polishing, gloss polishing process, profiles prior to profiles were polishing cloth round very limited. 另外,布轮抛光也属于线抛光,抛光材料是由许多片布组成的,由于布片之间存在间隙,间隙部分难以被间隙两边的布片抛光,造成了布轮抛光存在着抛光不均匀现象。 Further, also a wire cloth polishing wheel, the polishing material is a composition composed of many cloths, there is a clearance between the fabric piece, the gap on both sides of the gap portion is difficult to be polishing cloth, resulting in the presence of a polishing cloth polishing wheel unevenness .

(三) 发明内容 (Iii) Disclosure of the Invention

为了克服现有异型材表面光泽度不高的不足,本发明的目的是通过对异型材的表面进行特殊的抛光处理方式,提高异型材表面的光泽度。 In order to overcome the existing profile is not high surface gloss is insufficient, object of the present invention is produced by special surface profile of the polishing treatment, improve the gloss of the surface of the profile are obtained.

本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是: 一种异型材的表面处理方法,包括下列步骤: The present invention solves the technical problem using the technical solution is: A surface processing method different profile, comprising the steps of:

① .由挤出成型机挤出成型异型材; . ① extruded by the extrusion molding, profile;

② .冷却挤出的异型材; . ② cooling the extruded profile;

③ .使用旋转式纤维抛光机对已冷却的异型材抛光:调整抛光机的抛光轮的高度和水平度,使得抛光轮上纤维末端的抛光工作面与型材的被抛光面吻合, 然后启动抛光机对型材的被抛光面进行抛光; . ③ fibers using a rotary polishing machine for polishing cooled Profile: height and horizontal adjustment of the buff polishing machine, the polishing working surface such that the profile of the fiber ends are consistent with buff-polished surface, and then start polishing machine profile of the surface to be polished is polished;

实现上述方法的异型材处理设备,包括挤出成型机,所述的挤出成型机后方连接基材模板,所述的基材模板后方连接定型模,所述的定型模后方连接冷 Profile processing apparatus for realizing the method, comprising an extrusion molding machine, the extrusion molding machine connected to the rear base template template substrate, the rear connector sizing die, the sizing die is connected to the rear of the cold

却水箱,冷却水箱后方有切割包装机构,其特征在于:所述的冷却水箱后方有抛光机,所述的抛光机包括抛光轮、电机、支架,所述的抛光轮上均匀分布有起抛光作用的纤维,所述纤维的末端形成抛光工作面,所述抛光工作面的形状与型材的被抛光面形状相吻合;所述的抛光轮与所述电机的输出轴连接,所述 But the water tank, the tank has a rear of the cooling package cutting mechanism, wherein: the cooling water tank has a rear polishing machine, the polishing machine comprises a polishing wheel, the motor, the bracket, the polishing wheel are uniformly distributed from the polishing action fibers, the fibers forming the end face polishing, the polishing is polished surface coincides with the profile shape of the working surface; said polishing wheel connected to an output shaft of the motor, the

的电机安装在电机固定板上,所述的电机固定板安装在所述的支架上,所述的电机固定板还设有角度调节机构。 The motor mounting plate fixed on the motor, said motor fixing plate mounted on said bracket, said motor fixing plate is also provided with an angle adjusting mechanism.

在上述的方法和设备中,所述的纤维推荐选择棕纤维,所述抛光轮上棕纤 In the above-described method and apparatus, the fiber is recommended to select palm fiber, palm fiber on the polishing wheel

维的密度分布推荐满足如下条件:型材的被抛光面上每lmn^受到10000^12000 Dimensional density distribution satisfies the following conditions recommended: the polished surface of each of the profile by 10 000 ^ 12 000 ^ LMN

个点的抛光。 Polishing points.

本发明所述的异型材的制造方法的有益效果主要表现在:①.抛光轮采用棕纤维,其强度大、韧性好、耐磨、硬度适中,抛光不霈经过粗抛,直接能达到中抛的效果。 Profile of the beneficial effects of the present invention is a method for producing mainly in:. ① polishing wheel using palm fiber, high strength, toughness, wear resistance, hardness, without polishing after rough polishing Pei, can be achieved directly by dumping Effect. ②.由于棕纤维抛光属于点抛光且抛光轮上的棕纤维分布均匀,所以型材的被抛光面上的每个点受到的抛光次数是均匀的,光泽度十分理想。 ②. Since palm fiber and polishing the polishing point belongs brown uniform distribution of the fibers on the polishing wheel, so the number of polishing the polished surface of each point of the profile is subjected is uniform, ideal gloss. ③. 抛光机能够适应任何状态表面的抛光,使产品整体表面达到较为完美的状态。 ③. Polished polishing machine can adapt to any state of the surface, the entire surface of the product to achieve a more perfect state.

(四)附图说明 (Iv) Brief Description of Drawings

图l是异型材生产路线图。 Figure l is a profile production line FIG. 图2是抛光机的结构示意图。 FIG 2 is a schematic view of a polishing machine.

图3是平面抛光图。 FIG 3 is a plan polished FIG.

图4是曲面抛光图。 FIG 4 is a polished surface. 图5是多面抛光图。 FIG 5 is a polished faceted FIG.

(五)具体实施方式 (E) Detailed Description

下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步描述。 DRAWINGS Examples and embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

实施例一 Example a

一种异型材的表面处理方法,包括下列步骤: A heterologous profile surface treatment method, comprising the steps of:

① .由挤出成型机挤出成型异型材; . ① extruded by the extrusion molding, profile;

② .冷却挤出的异型材; . ② cooling the extruded profile;

③ .使用棕轮抛光机对已冷却的异型材抛光:调整抛光机的抛光轮的高度和水平度,使得抛光轮上棕纤维末端的抛光工作面与型材的被抛光面吻合,然后启动抛光机对型材的被抛光面进行抛光,型材的被抛光面上每lrrn^受到12000 个点的抛光; ③ The brown wheel polishing machine for polishing cooled Profile: height and horizontal adjustment of the buff polishing machine, the polishing working surface such that the profile of the fiber ends brown buff polished surface is consistent, then start polishing machine profile of the surface to be polished is polished, the polished face of each profile by polishing lrrn ^ 12,000 points;

参照图1、 2,实现上述方法的异型材处理设备,包括挤出成型机1,所述的挤出成型机后方连接基材模板2,基材模板2为异型材冷却前的缓冲段。 Referring to FIG. 1, 2, profile processing apparatus to realize the above method, comprising an extrusion molding machine, the extrusion molding machine connected to the rear substrate 2 template, template substrate buffer section 2 before cooling profile. 所述的基材模板后方连接定型模3,所述的定型模后方连接冷却水箱4,所述的冷却水箱后方有用于对己冷却的异型材进行抛光的抛光机8,所述的抛光机包括抛光轮5、电机6、支架7,所述的抛光轮5上均匀分布有起抛光作用的棕纤维,所述抛光轮上棕纤维的密度分布满足如下条件:型材的被抛光面上每lmm2受到12000个点的抛光,所述棕纤维的末端形成抛光工作面,所述抛光工作面的形状与型材的被抛光面形状相吻合; Sizing die rear of the rear substrate connected calibrator template 3, the cooling water tank 4 is connected to the rear of the cooling water tank 8 with a polishing machine for profiles already cooled polishing, the polishing machine comprises polishing wheel 5, the motor 6, the holder 7, the uniform distribution of the polishing wheel 5 has a polishing action from the palm fiber, palm fiber density on the polishing wheel distribution satisfies the following condition: each of the profile are being polished surface lmm2 polishing 12,000 points, the palm fiber end face polishing is formed, said polishing the polished surface coincides with the profile shape of the work surface;

抛光轮5与所述电机6的输出轴连接,所述的电机6安装在电机固定板9 上,所述的电机固定板9安装在所述的支架7上,所述的电机固定板9还设有水平微调机构10。 Polishing wheel 5 is connected to the output shaft of the motor 6, the motor 6 is mounted on the motor fixing plate 9, the motor fixing plate 9 is mounted on the holder 7, the motor fixing plate 9 further provided with a horizontal fine adjustment mechanism 10.

调整抛光轮的高度,水平抛光时角度调节机构为一水平微调机构,以调节抛光轮的水平度,调整好抛光轮的高度及水平度后即可进行抛光操作。 Adjusting the height of the polishing wheel, polishing the horizontal angle adjustment mechanism is a horizontal fine adjustment mechanism to adjust the level of the polishing wheel, polishing operation to adjust the height and level of the well after the polishing wheel. 直接利 Directly benefit

用本设备可以实现平面抛光,如图2、 3。 This can be achieved by surface polishing apparatus, FIG. 2, 3. 要实现曲面抛光,只要把抛光工作面做成与被抛光面的吻合的曲面状即可,如图4所示。 To achieve the polishing surface, the polishing is made as long as the working face and the polishing surface of the curved shape to coincide, as shown in FIG.

抛光轮上的棕纤维也可以以其他抛光纤维替代,但是推荐使用棕纤维。 Palm fibers on the polishing wheel polishing can also be replaced with other fibers, but it is recommended to use palm fiber.

实施例二 Second Embodiment

异型材的表面处理方法与实施例一相同,实现该方法的异型材处理设备中, 抛光机的电机固定板一通过连接板与之间连接,电机固定板的一端铰接在连接板上,以实现大角度的翻转调节(此铰接即作为角度调节机构而存在),型材的被抛光面上每1目2受到10000个点的抛光,异型材生产设备的其余结构和实施方式与实施例一相同,其抛光效果也很明显。 A processing device profile same as the surface treatment method of the embodiment of the profile, implementation of this method, the motor fixing plate of the polishing machine connected by a connecting plate between one end of the motor fixing plate is hinged on the web, in order to achieve flip large angle adjustment (i.e., adjustment of this hinge mechanism is present as an angle), the surface was polished by a polishing profile 2 10,000 dots per head 1, and a rest of the structure the same manner as in Example embodiments profile production equipment, its polishing effect is obvious.

本实施例所述的抛光机和实施例一所述的抛光机相结合,即可实现多面抛光,如图5所示。 The polishing machine according to the present embodiment and the embodiment of the embodiment of a polishing machine combined embodiment can achieve multi-surface polishing, as shown in FIG.

实施例三 Third Embodiment

型材的被抛光面上每1自2受到11000个点的抛光,其余结构和实施方式与实施例一相同,其抛光效果也很明显。 Profile surface is polished by polishing per 11,000 by 2 points, and the rest of the structure as in Example Embodiment 1, the same effect is obvious polished.

实施例四 Fourth Embodiment

将采用实施例一所述的方法处理过异型材与未抛光及经过布轮抛光的异型材比较,经过多次测试结果,得出抛光效果的大概范围为:未抛光时型材表面光泽度为35~50,布轮抛光光泽度能达到65〜80,而棕轮抛光光泽度达到了80〜卯。 The method according to one embodiment of the profile treated and Comparative unpolished after polishing cloth wheel profile embodiment, a plurality of times through the approximate range of test results, the polishing effect is obtained: when the unpolished surface gloss profiles 35 ~ 50, cloth polishing wheel can reach 65~80 gloss, and gloss brown polishing wheel reaches 80~ d. 采用本方法生产出的异型材表面光泽度有较明显的优势。 Profile surface gloss using the present method has produced clear advantage.

Claims (6)

1.一种异型材的表面处理方法,包括下列步骤: ①.由挤出成型机挤出成型异型材; ②.冷却挤出的异型材; ③.使用旋转式抛光机对已冷却的异型材抛光:调整抛光机的抛光轮的高度和水平度,使得抛光轮的抛光工作面与型材的被抛光面吻合,然后启动抛光机对型材的被抛光面进行抛光。 1. A method for surface treatment of profiles, comprising the following: ① From extruded from the extrusion molding machine profile; ② cooling the extruded profile; ③ using a rotary polishing machine profile cooled... polishing: polishing machine to adjust the height and level of the polishing wheel, polishing wheel such that the polishing face of the profile is consistent with polished surface, and then start the polishing machine surface profiles to be polished is polished.
2. 如权利要求1所述的异型材的表面处理方法,其特征在于:所述的抛光轮为旋转式纤维抛光轮。 2. The surface profile processing method according to claim 1, wherein: said rotary buff is a buff fibers.
3. 如权利要求2所述的异型材的表面处理方法,其特征在于:型材的被抛光面上每1皿2受到10000〜12000个点的抛光。 Profile of the surface treatment method as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: the profile surface 2 is polished by the polishing 10000~12000 dots per dish.
4. 一种实现如权利要求1所述方法的异型材处理设备,包括挤出成型机,所述的挤出成型机后方连接基材模板,所述的基材模板后方连接定型模,所述的定型模后方连接冷却水箱,冷却水箱后方有切割包装机构,其特征在于:所述的冷却水箱后方有抛光机,所述的抛光机包括抛光轮、电机、支架,所述的抛光轮上均匀分布有起抛光作用的纤维,所述纤维的末端形成抛光工作面,所述抛光工作面的形状与型材的被抛光面形状相吻合;所述的抛光轮与所述电机的输出轴连接,所述的电机安装在电机固定板上, 所述的电机固定板安装在所述的支架上,所述的电机固定板还设有角度调节机构。 4. A profile processing apparatus to realize the method as claimed in claim 1, comprising an extrusion molding machine, the extrusion molding machine connected to the rear base template, the template substrate rear connector calibrator, the the sizing die cooling water tank connected to the rear, behind the cooling water tank packed with a cutting mechanism, wherein: the rear tank with a cooling polishing machine, the polishing machine comprises a polishing wheel, the motor, the bracket, the uniform buffing wheel polishing action are distributed from the fiber, the fiber end face polishing is formed, said surface being polished with the profile shape of the working surface coincide; polishing wheel of the output shaft of the motor is connected, the said motor fixing plate mounted on the motor, said motor fixing plate mounted on said bracket, said motor fixing plate is also provided with an angle adjusting mechanism.
5. 如权利权利要求4所述的异型材处理设备,其特征在于:所述抛光轮上的纤维为棕纤维。 5. The profile processing apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein: said fiber is coir fiber on the polishing wheel.
6. 如权利要求5所述的异型材处理设备,其特征在于:所述抛光轮上棕纤维的密度分布满足如下条件:型材的被抛光面上每lmn^受到1000(M2000个点的抛光。 6. The profile processing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: said upper polishing wheel palm fiber density distribution satisfies the following conditions: the profile is polished by the polishing face of each lmn ^ 1000 (M2000 points.
CN 200610048951 2006-01-09 2006-01-09 Method for processing surface of deformed material CN100387416C (en)

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Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2061501U (en) 1989-08-21 1990-09-05 常州市群星经济技术服务公司 Multifunctional movable grinding or polishing machine
US5656209A (en) 1993-12-24 1997-08-12 Roehm Gmbh Chemische Fabrik Process for manufacture of Fresnel lenses
CN1197724A (en) 1998-05-22 1998-11-04 刘柏桐 Multiple-layer plastic tube making method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2061501U (en) 1989-08-21 1990-09-05 常州市群星经济技术服务公司 Multifunctional movable grinding or polishing machine
US5656209A (en) 1993-12-24 1997-08-12 Roehm Gmbh Chemische Fabrik Process for manufacture of Fresnel lenses
CN1197724A (en) 1998-05-22 1998-11-04 刘柏桐 Multiple-layer plastic tube making method

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