CN100385431C - Apparatus, system, and method for facilitating management of logical nodes through a single management module - Google Patents

Apparatus, system, and method for facilitating management of logical nodes through a single management module Download PDF

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CN100385431C
CN100385431C CN 200510113633 CN200510113633A CN100385431C CN 100385431 C CN100385431 C CN 100385431C CN 200510113633 CN200510113633 CN 200510113633 CN 200510113633 A CN200510113633 A CN 200510113633A CN 100385431 C CN100385431 C CN 100385431C
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management
software
command
logical
module
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CN1760851A (en
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史蒂文·理查德·范·冈迪
约翰·爱德华·希科曼
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国际商业机器公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/06Digital input from or digital output to record carriers, e.g. RAID, emulated record carriers, networked record carriers
    • G06F3/0601Dedicated interfaces to storage systems
    • G06F3/0628Dedicated interfaces to storage systems making use of a particular technique
    • G06F3/0655Vertical data movement, i.e. input-output transfer; data movement between one or more hosts and one or more storage devices
    • G06F3/0659Command handling arrangements, e.g. command buffers, queues, command scheduling
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/06Digital input from or digital output to record carriers, e.g. RAID, emulated record carriers, networked record carriers
    • G06F3/0601Dedicated interfaces to storage systems
    • G06F3/0602Dedicated interfaces to storage systems specifically adapted to achieve a particular effect
    • G06F3/0604Improving or facilitating administration, e.g. storage management
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/06Digital input from or digital output to record carriers, e.g. RAID, emulated record carriers, networked record carriers
    • G06F3/0601Dedicated interfaces to storage systems
    • G06F3/0668Dedicated interfaces to storage systems adopting a particular infrastructure
    • G06F3/067Distributed or networked storage systems, e.g. storage area networks [SAN], network attached storage [NAS]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/46Multiprogramming arrangements
    • G06F9/50Allocation of resources, e.g. of the central processing unit [CPU]
    • G06F9/5061Partitioning or combining of resources
    • G06F9/5077Logical partitioning of resources; Management or configuration of virtualized resources

Abstract

提供通过单一管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的设备、系统和方法。 Provided by a single management module, to simplify the apparatus, system and method for managing the logical node. 本发明包括有选择地把管理命令从单一管理模块传递给一个或多个逻辑节点的通信模块。 The present invention includes means for selectively transmitting the management command from a single management module to the communication module or a plurality of logical node. 转换模块把管理命令转换成由一个或多个逻辑节点的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令。 Converting module converts the command to a management software layer on command by one or more functions of one or more software layers to identify one equivalent to a logical node. 定向模块根据管理命令范围,把一个或多个软件层命令引向恰当的一个软件层。 The orientation module management command range, the one or more software layers a command directed to the appropriate software layers. 本发明可把管理命令发送给具有不同的操作系统和执行应用程序的多个逻辑节点。 The present invention can send commands to manage a plurality of logical nodes with different operating systems and applications execution.

Description

通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的设备、系统和方法技术领域本发明涉及数据存储计算机系统。 Simplified by a single logical node apparatus managed by the management module, the system and method Technical Field The present invention relates to computer data storage systems. 具体地说,本发明涉及通过单一管理模块简化(facilitate)逻辑节点的管理的设备、系统和方法。 More specifically, the present invention relates to simplify the management of a single device management module (Facilitate) logical node, the system and method. 背景技术计算机和信息技术在其能力和复杂性方面不断进步和发展。 BACKGROUND computer and information technology continues to progress and develop its capacities and complexity. 特别地,数据存储系统不断发展,以满足不断增大的对物理数据存储系统及其硬件、软件和各种其它组件的可靠性、可用性和可服务性的需求。 In particular, data storage systems evolving to meet the reliability of the data storage system and physical hardware, software, and various other components is increasing, availability and serviceability requirements. 数据存储系统通常处理紧要使命数据。 Data processing systems typically store mission critical data. 从而,根据24/7时间表,数据存储系统应该保持在线并且可用。 Thus, according to 24/7 schedule, data storage systems should remain online and available. 此外,数据存储系统应该处理停电和服务中断,硬件和软件故障,甚至日常系统维护,而不会显著损害处理来自主机的数据输入/输出(i/o)的可靠性和可用性。 In addition, the data storage system should deal with power outages and service interruptions of hardware and software failures, or even routine system maintenance, without significantly impairing the processing from the host data input / output (i / o) reliability and availability. 图1图解说明常规的数据存储系统100。 Figure 1 illustrates a conventional data storage system 100. 系统100包括通过网络106,比如存储区域网(SAN)106,与存储子系统104连接的一个或多个主机102。 The system 100 includes a network 106, such as a storage area network (a SAN) 106, the storage subsystem 104 is connected to one or more hosts 102. 主机102向存储子系统104传送数据I/0。 Host 102 transmits data I / 0 to the storage subsystem 104. 主机102在本领域中众所周知,包含配置成向存储子系统104传送数据I/O的任何计算机系统。 Host 102 is well known in the art, any computer system that is configured to contain a data transfer to the storage subsystem 104 I / O's. 适合于供本发明使用的存储子系统104的一个例子是可从Armonk, New York的国际商用机器公司(IBM)获得的IBM Enterprise Storage Server®。 An example of the storage subsystem 104 suitable for use in the present invention is the IBM Enterprise Storage Server® available from Armonk, New York International Business Machines Corporation (IBM). 为了提供可靠性、可用性和冗余性,存储子系统104包括通过独立的通道与SAN 106连接的多个主机适配器(未示出)。 In order to provide reliability, availability and redundancy, it includes a storage subsystem 104 via the SAN 106 separate channels a plurality of host adapter (not shown). 主机适配器108可支持高速通信协议,比如光纤通道。 Host adapter 108 may support high-speed communication protocols such as Fiber Channel. 当然,各种其它主机适配器108可被用于支持其它协议,包括(但不限于) 因特网小型计算机接口(iSCSI), IP光纤通道(FCIP),企业系统连接(ESCON), InfiniBand和以太网。 Of course, various other host adapter 108 may be used to support other protocols, including (but not limited to) an Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI), IP Fiber Channel (FCIP), Enterprise System Connection (ESCON), InfiniBand and Ethernet. 存储子系统104利用一个或多个大容量存储设备108,例如(但不限于)直接存取存储设备、磁带存储设备等,存储和取回(retrieve)数据。 The storage subsystem 104 with one or more mass storage device 108, such as (but not limited to) direct access storage devices, tape storage devices, etc., a storage and retrieval (Retrieve) data. 随着硬件成本的下降,由于包括冗余的硬件和硬件子系统,数据 With the decrease of the cost of hardware, due to the inclusion of redundant hardware and hardware subsystems, data

存储系统100已变得更复杂。 100 storage system has become more complex. 通常,硬件组件对故障非常敏感。 Typically, the hardware components are very sensitive to failure. 从而, 存储子系统104可包括一个或多个处理器,电子存储装置,主机适配器等。 Thus, the storage subsystem 104 may include one or more processors, electronic storage devices, the host adapter. 一般来说,为了最有效地利用冗余硬件,硬件被明确分配或者在多个逻辑节点110之间共用。 Generally, for most efficient use of redundant hardware, hardware is explicitly assigned or shared among a plurality of logical nodes 110. 逻辑节点110代表存储子系统104的计算硬件资源的分配,以致每个逻辑节点110能够独立于另一逻辑节点110执行搮作系统(OS)112。 Assigned logical node 110 represents the storage subsystem 104 of computing hardware resources, such that each logical node 110 to node 110 independently of the other logic for performing Li system (OS) 112. 另外,每个逻辑节点110运行一组独立的应用114。 Further, each logical node 110 running a separate set of application 114. 逻辑节点110表现为主机102的独立物理计算系统。 110 show the host logical nodes independent of the physical computing system 102. 协调模块116(也称为"管理程序"(PHYP)l 16)协调两个或更多规定的逻辑节点110之间专用和共用硬件资源的使用。 Coordination module 116 (also called "Manager" (PHYP) l 16) used to coordinate between two or more specified logical node 110 dedicated and shared hardware resources. 可用专用处理器上的固件实现PHYP 116。 Firmware on dedicated processors available PHYP 116. 一般来说,逻辑节点110共用存储器。 In general, a logical node 110 to the common memory. PHYP 116可确保逻辑节点110不访问存储器的不适当扇区。 PHYP 116 ensures that access to the memory 110 does not unduly sectors of the logical node. 把存储子系统104分成多个逻辑节点110使可靠性更高。 The storage subsystem 104 is divided into a plurality of logical nodes 110 so that higher reliability. 如果由于软件或硬件问题, 一个逻辑节点no崩溃/发生故障,那么一个或多个其它逻辑节点110可被用于继续或者重新开始崩溃的逻辑节点110 正在执行的任务。 If, software or hardware problem, a logical node no crash / fail, then one or more other tasks logical node 110 may continue to be used to start or re-collapse the logical node 110 is executing. 多个逻辑节点110的管理和控制是一项挑战。 Management and control of the plurality of logical nodes 110 is a challenge. 任何管理、控制、 维护、监视、故障排除或服务操作应与恒定不变的I/O处理相协调, 以致不损害存储子系统104的24/7可用性。 Any management, control, maintenance, monitoring, troubleshooting, or the service operator should / O processing in coordination with constant I, so as not to damage the availability of the storage subsystem 104 of 24/7. 一般来说,管理控制台118 通过和I/O通道分离的控制通信(这里称为"带外通信")管理存储子系统104。 In general, the management console 118 via I O channels and a separate control communication / (herein referred to as "band communication") manage the storage subsystem 104. 存储子系统104可包括用于带外通信的网络适配器,例如以太网卡。 The storage subsystem 104 may comprise a network adapter with external communications, such as an Ethernet card. 管理控制台118可包括独立的计算机系统,例如执行独立的OS 和一组管理应用程序的工作站。 Management console 118 may comprise a separate computer system, for example, the workstation executing a set of independent OS and application management. 管理控制台118允许管理员与PHYP 116面接,从而启动(创建)、停止和配置逻辑节点110。 Management console 118 allows an administrator to face contact with PHYP 116, thereby initiating (created), stop, and configure a logical node 110. 不幸的是,管理控制台118的管理能力严重受限。 Unfortunately, the management console management capabilities of 118 severely limited. 具体地说,逻辑节点110完全独立和不相干。 Specifically, a logical node 110 completely separate and unrelated. 从而,为了管理多个逻辑节点110, 例如设置存储空间限额,管理员必须分别登录到每个节点110,实现所述变化,随后退出。 Accordingly, in order to manage a plurality of logical nodes 110, such as setting limits storage space, the administrator must log in to each node 110, respectively, to achieve the change, then exits. 该过程非常冗长乏味,并且随着操作中涉及的逻辑节点IIO的数目的增大,会导致错误。 This process is very tedious, and as increasing the number of logical nodes involved IIO operation, will cause an error. 由于在每个节点110上, 可能存在不同的OS 112和/或存储应用114,因此这样的管理任务变得复杂。 Because each node 110, there may be different OS 112 and / or storage applications 114, so this complicates management tasks. 从而,管理员可能不得不对每个节点110使用不同的命令集和不同的参数。 Thus, the administrator may have to use 110 for each node different command sets and different parameters. 在节点110可能高度一致,并且在配置方面只存在诸如名称之类 Node 110 may be highly consistent, and there is only such as a name or the like in the configuration

的较小差别的存储子系统104中,这种变化的重复性被加剧。 Small differences in the storage subsystem 104, the repeatability of such changes are exacerbated. 单独管理节点110可能需要大量的时间和费用。 A separate management node 110 may require significant time and expense. 另外,管理员可能是唯一了解两个类似的节点110将被类似配置的人,因为在节点110之间不存在内部关系。 In addition, the administrator may be the only understand two similar nodes 110 will be similarly configured, because there is no relationship between the internal node 110. 此外,管理控制台118提供很少的管理命令。 In addition, the management console 118 provides very little management commands. 一般来说,管理控制台118局限于启动(创建)、停止和配置逻辑节点110本身的命令。 In general, the management console 118 to start confined (created), stop, and configuration logic 110 commands the node itself. 管理控制台118不能允许管理员向一个或更多逻辑节点110的OS 112 或应用114发送管理命令。 Management console 118 can allow the administrator to one or more logical nodes OS 112 or application 114 sends a management command 110. 相反,管理员必须登录到每个节点,手动关闭应用114,随后手动关闭OS 112。 Instead, the administrator must log in to each node, application 114 closed manually, then manually close the OS 112. 然后,管理员能够停止节点110, 以便执行一些维护操作。 Then, the administrator can stop node 110 to perform some maintenance operations. 管理控制台118还不能同时向一个以上的节点110发送管理命令,与两个或更多的节点110是否共有关系无关。 118 Management Console also can not send to more than one management command node 110, with two or more nodes 110 independent of whether there are relationships. 管理控制台118按照惯例只控制单个存储子系统104的节点。 Conventionally only the management console 118 controls the storage subsystem 104 in a single node. 为了控制多个存储子系统104(这在现代企业系统中常见),管理员必须单独登录到每个节点110,并且可能不得不物理移动到不同的管理控制台118,以便完成管理操作。 In order to control the plurality of the storage subsystem 104 (which is common in modern enterprise systems), the administrator must log in separately to each node 110, and may have to be physically moved to a different management console 118, to complete the operation management. 大量必须单独管理的节点110限制了管理员的效率。 A large number of nodes must be individually managed 110 limits the efficiency of administrators. 另外,独立的节点110使自动化的管理工具更难以实现和配置。 Further, separate nodes 110 automated management tools makes more difficult to achieve and configuration. 根据上面的说明,显然需要一种通过单个管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的设备、系统和方法。 The above description clearly a need for a single management module, to simplify the apparatus, system and method for managing the logical node. 有利地,这样的设备、系统和方法可提供管理和控制根本不同的节点110以及节点110的OS 112和应用程序114的公共命令集。 Advantageously, such devices, systems and methods may provide management and control fundamentally different OS 112 and application nodes 110 and node 110 common command set 114. 另外,所述设备、系统和方法支持节点110之间的关系,从而发送给一个节点110的管理命令自动在共有该关系的所有节点上被实现。 Further, the device, system and method for supporting a relationship between the node 110 to send a command to the management node 110 is automatically implemented on all the nodes shared relationship. 此外,所述设备、系统和方法支持从单个管理模块管理多个硬件平台,例如存储子系统104。 Moreover, the apparatus, systems and methods supported from a single management module to manage multiple hardware platforms, such as the storage subsystem 104. 每个平台可包括一个或多个逻辑节点110。 Each platform may include one or more logical nodes 110. 发明内容鉴于本领域的现有状态,特别是鉴于本领域中还未被满足的通过单一管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的问题和需要,做出了本发明。 In view of the prior state of the art, especially in view of the present art has not been satisfied by a single management module, to simplify the problem and to manage the logical node, made according to the present invention. 因此,做出了本发明,以便提供一种通过单一管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的设备、系统和方法,其克服了现有技术中的许多或全部上述缺陷。 Accordingly, the present invention is made to provide a single management module, to simplify the apparatus, system and method for managing of logical nodes, which overcomes many or all of the above-described disadvantages of the prior art. 根据本发明的第一方面,提供一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的设备,所述设备包括:通信模块,所述通信模块被配置成 According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a simplified logical node apparatus managed by a single management module, the apparatus comprising: a communication module, the communication module is configured to

有选择地把管理命令从单一管理模块传递给一个或多个逻辑节点;转换模块,所述转换模块被配置成把从通信模块接收的管理命令转换成由一个或多个逻辑节点的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令,所述软件层命令被配置为与每个逻辑节点兼容;和定向模块,所述定向模块被配置成根据管理命令范围,把通过转换模块进行转换所得到的一个或多个软件层命令引向恰当的一个软件层。 Selectively transmitting the management command from a single management module to one or more logical nodes; conversion module, the module is configured to convert the received management command from the communication module into one or more logical nodes of said conversion software layers equivalent to a function of one or more software layers to identify the command, the command is a software layer configured to be compatible with each logical node; and orientation module, the orientation module is configured to order according to the management range, by the conversion module the resulting conversion of one or more layers of software to a command directed to the appropriate software layers. 根据本发明的第二方面,提供一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的设备,所述设备包括:转换模块,所述转换模块被配置成把管理命令转换成由多个逻辑节点的软件层识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令,所述软件层命令被配置为与每个逻辑节点兼容; 定向模块,所述定向模块被配置成根据管理命令范围,把通过转换模块进行转换所得到的一个或多个软件层命令路由给恰当的一个软件层;和通信模块,所述通信模块被配置成有选择地把从定向模块接收的软件层命令传递给逻辑节点。 According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a simplified logical node apparatus managed by a single management module, the apparatus comprising: a conversion module, said conversion module is configured to convert management software commands into a plurality of logical nodes equivalent functional layers on one or more software layers to identify the command, the command is a software layer configured to be compatible with each logical node; orientation module, the orientation module is configured to order according to the management range, by the conversion module one or more software layers resulting from the conversion of a command is routed to the appropriate software layers; and a communications module, the communications module is configured to selectively pass the received command from the software layer to orientation module logical node. 根据本发明的笫三方面,提供一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的系统,包含:操作上与硬件平台耦接的笫一中央电子集合体(CEC),第一CEC包含组织成第一处理器集合体的多个对称多处理器,多个电子存储装置,多个直接存取存储装置,多个网络输入/输出(1/0)接口装置,和多个管理接口装置,第一CEC的每个装置被电子耦接,以便交换数据和控制信息;操作上与硬件平台耦接的第二CEC, 第二CEC包含组织成第二处理器集合体的多个对称多处理器,多个电子存储装置,多个直接存取存储装置,多个网络输入/输出(I/0)接口装置,和多个管理接口装置,第二CEC的每个装置被电子耦接,以便交换数据和控制信息;至少一个存储设施映像(SFI),所述至少一个存储设施映像(SFI)包含定义成利用第一CEC的计算资源工作的第一逻辑分区(LPAR),和定义成利用第二CEC According to the present invention undertaking of three, to provide a simplified system managed by a single logical node management module, comprising: a hardware platform operatively coupled to a central electronic assembly Zi (CEC), comprising a first CEC organized into a first a plurality of symmetric multi-processor processor assembly, a plurality of electronic memory devices, a plurality of direct access storage devices, a plurality of network input / output (1/0) interface means, and a plurality of management interface devices, first each CEC device is electronically coupled to exchange data and control information; and a second CEC operatively coupled to the hardware platform, comprising a second plurality of symmetric multi-processors CEC tissue processor assembly of a second, multi- electronic memory device, a plurality of direct access storage devices, a plurality of network input / output (I / 0) interface means, and a plurality of management interface devices, each second CEC is electronically coupled to, and exchange data control information; at least one image storage facility (SFI), said at least one image storage facility (SFI) comprising a first logical partition (LPAR) defined to use computing resources of the operation of the first CEC, defined by the second and CEC 计算资源工作的第二LPAR, 第一LPAR与第二LPAR在对等域中,以致第二LPAR镜像第一LPAR的数据处理操作,第一LPAR和第二LPAR专用于数据的存储和取回;至少一个存储应用映像(SAI),所述至少一个存储应用映像(SAI)包含定义成利用第一CEC的计算资源工作的第三逻辑分区(LPAR),和定义成利用第二CEC的计算资源工作的第四LPAR,第三LPAR与第四LPAR在对等域中,以致第四LPAR镜像第三LPAR 的数据处理操作,第三LPAR和第四LPAR专用于数据存储应用;与通信模块通信的管理模块,所述通信模块被配置成有选择地把管理令从单一管理4莫块传递给所述至少一个sfi和至少一个sai中的一个或多个;配置成把管理命令转换成由包括在所述至少一个sfi和至少一个sai中的lpar的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令的转换模块,软件层命令被配置为与每个lpar兼容;和配置成 A second computing resource LPAR work, first and second LPAR LPAR in the peer domain such that the second mirror of the first LPAR LPAR data processing operation, the first and second LPAR LPAR dedicated to data storage and retrieval; application at least one memory image (SAI), said at least one image storage application (SAI) comprising a third logical partition (LPAR) defined to use computing resources of the first CEC's work, using the calculated and defined as the operation of the second CEC's resources LPAR fourth, third and fourth LPAR LPAR in the peer domain, so that the image data processing operation of the fourth LPAR LPAR third, the third and fourth LPAR LPAR dedicated to data storage applications; communicating with a management module module, the communication module is configured to selectively make the management from a single management block 4 Mo transmitted to said at least one sfi and at least one of the one or more sai; configured to convert the management command to be included in the said at least one conversion module equivalent to one or more functions on a sfi identified and at least one of sai lpar layer software layer software command, the command is a software layer configured to be compatible with each lpar; and configured 据管理命令范围,把一个或多个软件层命令引向恰当的一个软件层的定向模块。 According to the management range of commands, the one or more software layers a command directed to the appropriate software layers orientation module. 根据本发明的第四方面,提供一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的方法,所述方法包括:有选择地把管理命令从单一管理模块传送给一个或多个逻辑节点;把管理命令转换成由一个或多个逻辑节点的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令,软件层命令被配置为与每个逻辑节点兼容;和根据管理命令范围,把一个或多个软件层命令引向至少一个软件层。 According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a simplified managed by a single logical node management module, the method comprising: selectively transmitting the management command from a single management module to one or more logical nodes; the management command software layer is converted into one or more commands on one or more functions of a software layer identification equivalent to a logical node, the software layer command is configured to be compatible with each logical node; and range according to the management command, or to a a plurality of layers of software commands directed to at least one software layer. 根据本发明的设备包括通信模块,转换模块和定向模块(direction module)。 The device according to the present invention includes a communication module, a conversion module and orientation module (direction module). 通信模块有选择地把管理命令从单一管理模块传递给一个或多个逻辑节点。 Communication module to selectively transfer the management command from a single management module to one or more logical nodes. 对于每个逻辑节点来说,管理命令是相同的。 For each logical node, the management command is the same. 两个或更多的逻辑节点可被联系起来,以便提供专用于每个逻辑节点的硬件的冗余。 Two or more logical nodes may be linked to provide dedicated hardware for each logical node redundancy. 在一个实施例中,通信模块自动把管理命令传送给每个逻辑节点。 In one embodiment, the communication module automatically transmits management commands to each logical node. 转换模块把管理命令转换成一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令。 Converting module converts management command into a command or equivalent software layer on the plurality of functions. 软件层命令由一个或多个逻辑节点的软件层之一识别。 Command recognition software layer software layer by one of the one or more logical node. 另外,软件层命令被配置成适合每个逻辑节点的兼容性要求。 Further, a software layer configured to command compatibility requirements for each logical node. 例如,根据接收软件层命令的逻辑节点,转换模块提供恰当的软件层命令语法和语义。 For example, according to the logical software layer node receives a command conversion module provides the appropriate command syntax and semantics of the software layer. 定向模块根据管理命令范围(scope),把一个或多个软件层命令引向恰当的一个或多个软件层。 The orientation module management command range (scope), the one or more layers of software commands directed to the appropriate one or more software layers. 在一个实施例中,软件层包含至少一个应用层、系统层和固件层。 In one embodiment, a software layer comprising at least an application layer, layer system layer, and firmware. 管理范围确定管理命令被引向什么层。 Management determines the scope of what management command is directed layer. 在一个实施例中, 一个或多个逻辑节点包含对等域中的至少一对逻辑节点,以致该对逻辑节点中的第一逻辑节点镜像该对逻辑节点中的第二逻辑节点的数据处理操作。 At least one logical node in one embodiment, contains one or more logical nodes in the peer domain, such that the first logical node of the logical node data image processing operation on the second logical node of the logical nodes . 总起来说,在另一实施例中,该对逻辑节点定义可独立管理的存储设施映像(sfi)。 In summary, in another logical node of the pair is defined independently manage image storage facility (SFI) embodiment. 通信模块可被配置成直接把管理命令发送给多个sf1。 The communication module may be configured to directly send commands to manage a plurality sf1. 另一方面或者另外,该对逻辑节点定义可独立管理的存储应用映像(sai),其中通信模块还被配置成把管理命令发送给多个sai。 Alternatively or additionally, the logic may be defined independently managed node storage application image (SAI), wherein the communication module is further configured to send a management command to a plurality of sai. 在一个实施例中,设备包括配置成允许用户把管理命令引向某一域的用户界面,所述域包含至少两个逻辑节点。 In one embodiment, the device includes a configuration to allow a user command directed to a domain management user interface, the domain comprises at least two logical nodes. 用户界面可与所述单一管理模块通信,在一些实施例中,所述单一管理模块包含专用的硬件管理装置。 The user interface may communicate with a single management module, in some embodiments, the management module comprises a single dedicated hardware management apparatus. 通信模块、转换模块和定向模块协作,以通过链接管理模块和一个或多个逻辑节点的管理子系统,传递软件层命令。 A communication module, and a conversion module orientation module cooperate, through the management subsystem to link manager module and one or more logical nodes, the transfer layer software command. 管理子系统可包含表示存在于逻辑节点上的固件、软件、硬件和逻辑实体的对象模型。 Management subsystem may be included in the present object model represent firmware, software, hardware and logical entities in the logical node. 在一些实施例中, 一个或多个逻辑节点包含公共硬件平台的逻辑分区(LPARS)。 In some embodiments, the one or more logical nodes comprise logical partitions common hardware platform (LPARS). LPARS可被配置成以致每个LPAR在公共硬件平台的独立的中央电子集合体(Central Electronics Complex: CEC)上执行。 LPARS may be configured such that each LPAR in a separate central electronic assembly common hardware platform (Central Electronics Complex: CEC) performed on. 这些LPARS还可被联系起来,以致在一个LPAR上执行的命令自动地在另一LPAR上^皮实现。 These LPARS may also be linked, so that the command is executed in a transdermal ^ LPAR on the other LPAR implemented automatically. 还提供了本发明的信号承载介质,它包括配置成执行通过单一管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的操作的机器可读指令。 Also it provides a signal bearing medium of the invention, which comprises a single configured to perform the management module, to simplify the operation management of the logical nodes of machine-readable instructions. 在一个实施例中,所述操作包括把管理命令有选择地从单一管理模块传送给一个或多个逻辑节点的操作。 In one embodiment, the operations comprising the management commands are selectively transmitted from the management module to operate a single or a plurality of logical node. 另一操作把管理命令转换成由一个或多个逻辑节点的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令。 Another operation command equivalent software layer on one or more functions of converting one of the identification management command into one or more logical nodes software layers. 软件层命令被配置,以便与每个逻辑节点兼容。 Command is a software layer configured to be compatible with each logical node. 最后,执行根据管理命令范围,把一个或多个软件层命令引向至少一个软件层的操作。 Finally, according to the management command execution range, the one or more layers of software commands directed to the at least one operating software layers. 管理命令范围反映管理命令打算寻址的管理命令的逻辑节点的层次。 Management intends to command the range reflects management command hierarchy logical node management command addressed. 骤基本相同功能的系统、方法和设备的实施例。 Embodiment quenching system substantially the same function, method and apparatus embodiments. 根据下面的说明和附加权利要求,本发明的特征和优点将变得更加明显,或者通过如后所述的本发明的实践,可获悉本发明的特征和优点。 The following description and the appended claims, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent, or by practice of the invention as later described, it may be learned features and advantages of the present invention. 附图说明为了容易地理解本发明的优点,将参考在附图中图解说明的具体实施例更详细地说明上面简要描述的发明。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION In order to easily understand the advantages of the present invention, with reference to the specific embodiments illustrated in the accompanying drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention briefly described above is described in more detail below. 这些附图只描述本发明的典型实施例,并不是对其范围的限制,通过使用附图,将关于更多的特性和细节说明和解释本发明,其中:图1是图解说明管理多个无关的独立逻辑节点的常规系统的方框图;图2是图解说明根据本发明,通过单个管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的设备的一个实施例的逻辑方框图;图3是图解说明根据本发明,通过单个管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的设备的备选实施例的逻辑方框图; These drawings depict only typical embodiments of the present invention and are not limiting of its scope, by reference to the drawings, regarding additional specificity and detail illustrate and explain the present invention, wherein: FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a plurality of independent management a block diagram of a conventional system of separate logical nodes; FIG. 2 is a diagram explaining the present invention, a single management module, to simplify the device management logical nodes of a logical block diagram of the embodiment; FIG. 3 is a diagram explaining the present invention, a single management module, a simplified block diagram of the logical device management logical nodes alternative embodiment;

图4是图解说明适于实现本发明的一些实施例的代表性系统的示意方框图;图5是图解说明根据本发明的一个实施例,利用在图4中图解说明的系统组件的实体的逻辑表示法的示意方框图;图6是图解说明通过单个管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的方法的示意流程图。 FIG 4 is a schematic block diagram illustrating some of the representative embodiments of the system according to the present invention is adapted to implement; FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of the present invention, the use of logical entity in the system components illustrated in FIG. 4 illustrates a representation a schematic block diagram of the method; FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a single management module, a simplified schematic flow diagram of a method for managing logical node. 具体实施方式易于理解,这里在附图中说明和例证的本发明的组件可被安排和设计在各种不同的结构中。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION readily understood, assembly of the invention herein described and illustrated may be arranged and designed in various structures in the drawings. 从而,附图中表现的本发明的设备、系统和方法的实施例的下述更详细说明并不意图限制要求保护的本发明的范围,而只是表示本发明的精选实施例。 Thus, the following more detailed description of embodiments of devices, systems and methods of the present invention represented in the accompanying drawings are not intended to limit the scope of protection of the present invention, but merely represents a selection of embodiment of the present invention. 参考附图将更好地理解本发明的例证实施例,附图中,相同的部件由相同的附图标记表示。 Example embodiments of the present invention will be better understood with reference to the accompanying illustrative drawings in which like parts are designated by the same reference numerals. 下面的说明只是作为例子,仅仅举例说明与这里要求保护的发明一致的设备、系统和过程的一些选择实施例。 The following description is by way of example only illustrate some selected consistent with the invention claimed herein apparatus, systems and processes of embodiments. 图2图解说明可被组织成通过单个管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的组件和模块的逻辑方框图。 Figure 2 illustrates may be organized into a single management module, a logical block diagram of the components and modules of a simplified logical node management. 一般来说,管理命令202来源于管理模块204。 In general, management commands 202 from the management module 204. 在一个实施例中,管理模块204可包含在专用管理硬件设备上工作的软件或固件。 In one embodiment, the management module 204 may comprise software or firmware operating on the management dedicated hardware. 另一方面,管理模块204可在与其它逻辑节点206通信的逻辑节点206上工作。 On the other hand, the management module 204 may operate on a logical node 206 to communicate with other node logic 206. 管理模块204与一个或多个逻辑节点206通信。 204 communication node 206 with one or more logical management modules. 最好,管理模块204包括预定的一组管理命令202和管理模块204 被配置以便管理的逻辑节点206的注册表(registry)。 Preferably, the management module 204 comprises a set of predetermined administrative commands 202 and management module 204 is configured registry (Registry) logical node 206 to manage. 管理命令202 最好是可被应用于一个或多个逻辑节点206,以便监视、管理、服务或控制逻辑节点206的一般化命令。 Management command 202 preferably may be applied to one or more logical nodes 206 to monitor, manage, or control logic service node 206 of generalized commands. 此外,可根据管理命令范围,把管理命令202分组。 Further, according to the management command range, the management command packet 202. 管理命令202被设计成控制协同限定逻辑节点206的多层硬件、 固件和软件。 Management command 202 is designed to control hardware multilayer cooperate to define logical nodes 206, firmware and software. 所述各层从低级硬件组件到在逻辑节点206上工作的高级应用程序、线程和进程不等。 The layers from the low-level hardware components to advanced applications that work on the logical node 206, threads and processes vary. 低级硬件组件的一个例子包括由管理命令202点亮,以便识别一组网络适配器中的特定网络适配器的LED。 An example of low-level hardware assembly 202 includes a lighting management command, a set of LED to identify a particular network adapter of network adapters. 下面更详细地说明不同各层的其它例子。 Other examples of different layers will be described in more detail. 这里使用的管理范围意味着影响限定逻辑节点206的特定一层硬件和软件/固件的所有管理命令。 Used herein means that impact the management of the logical node 206 defines one specific hardware and software / firmware of all the management command. 在一些实施例中,管理命令202可包括表示管理范围的指示符。 In some embodiments, the management command may include an indicator 202 indicates the management range. 另一方面,用于管理命令202的通信体系结构可定义恰当的管理范围。 On the other hand, a command for managing communications architecture 202 may define the proper management range.

例如,在面向对象的实施例中,对象间的遗传层次可定义恰当的管理范围。 For example, in object-oriented embodiment, the genetic level between objects define the appropriate scope of management. 一些从属对象可单独取决于单一管理范围。 Some subordinate objects depending on a single management range may be used alone. 从而,通过对象之间的遗传关系,传递管理范围。 Thus, by genetic relationships between objects, transfer management range. 管理命令202连同明确或舍蓄的管理范围被传送给通信模块20。 Management command accumulator 202 along with the clear or round is transmitted to the management of the communication module 20. 在一个实施例中,通信模块208有选择地确定哪些逻辑节点206将接收特定的管理命令202。 In one embodiment, the communication module 208 selectively determines which logical node 206 to 202 to receive a particular management command. 本领域的技术人员认识通信模块208可利用各种技术来实现所述确定。 Those skilled in the art will recognize that the communication module 208 may be implemented using a variety of techniques the determination. 在一个实施例中,通信模块208参考由管理模块204定义的一组逻辑节点206。 In one embodiment, the communication module 208 with reference to a set of logical nodes defined by the management module 204,206. 该组可包括管理模块204管理的所有或一些逻辑节点206。 The set may include all or some of the management module 204 manages the logical node 206. 可用各种数据结构,包括列表、数组、结构、对象等定义所述一组逻辑节点206。 Using various data structures including the definition of a set of logical nodes lists, arrays, structures, objects 206 and the like. 在一些实施例中,至少两个逻辑节点206被组织成一个域。 In some embodiments, the at least two logical nodes 206 are organized into a domain. 域代表至少两个逻辑节点206的分组。 Packet domain representing at least two logical nodes 206. 通过用户界面(UI)210,用户可手动指定意图接收管理命令202的域或逻辑节点206。 Through a user interface (UI) 210, intended to receive the user can manually specify the domain management command logical node 202 or 206. UI210允许用户控制和配置管理模块204的操作。 UI210 allows the user to control the operation and configuration management module 204. UI210可由管理模块204呈现。 UI210 presented by the management module 204. 另一方面,代替或者除了手动逻辑节点206指定之外,脚本或其它自动化工具可指定管理命令202的域和/ 或逻辑节点206。 On the other hand, instead of or in addition to manually specify the logical node 206, a script or other automated tool management command can specify the domain and / or logical nodes 202 206. 一旦识别了管理命令202的逻辑节点206,通信模块208就把管理命令202发送给恰当的逻辑节点206。 Upon identifying managed node 202 to command logic 206, a communication module 202 sends the management command 208 to put the appropriate logical node 206. 最好,图解说明的实施例中的管理命令202仍然采取类属(generic)格式。 Preferably, the embodiment illustrated in the management command 202 still take generic (generic) format. 在一个实施例中,转换模块212接收类属格式的管理命令202, 并把管理命令转换成一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令。 In one embodiment, the conversion module 212 receives the generic format of the command class manager 202, and converts the command to a management software layer on a command equivalent or more functions. 一般来说, 单个管理命令202映射成单个软件层命令。 In general, a single command management software layer 202 maps to a single command. 但是,由于每个逻辑节点206可能不同,因此为了在特定的逻辑节点206上正确实现,单个管理命令202可能需要多个软件层命令。 However, since each logical node 206 may be different, so in order to achieve proper on a particular logical node 206, a single management command 202 may require multiple layers of software commands. 转换模块212被配置成把管理命令映射成具有特定逻辑节点206所需的语法和语义、包括变元的软件层命令。 Conversion module 212 is configured to manage the syntax and semantics of commands mapped to nodes having a particular desired logic 206, comprising a layer of software commands arguments. 这样,类属管理命令被自动转换成与每个特定逻辑节点206 相适应的功能上等同的软件层命令。 Thus, generic management software commands are automatically converted to the equivalent layer command logical node 206 and each adapted to a particular function. 此外,转换模块212可增加软件层命令,以适应不同于另一逻辑节点206的一个逻辑节点206的某些硬件或软件从属性。 In addition, the conversion module 212 may increase the command software layer to accommodate a logical node is different from another logical node 206 of hardware or software 206 from the attribute. 例如,运行LINUX的逻辑节点206要求在执行关闭命令之前,清除未决的打印作业。 For example, node logic 206 running LINUX required before executing the close command, clear the pending print job. 运行高级IBMUnix(AIX)的逻辑节点206不存在这样的限制。 Such limitations running the Advanced IBMUnix (AIX) logical node 206 does not exist. 从而,转换模块212可包括仅仅用于LINUX逻辑节点206的清除打印 Thus, the conversion module 212 may include a clear printing only logical node 206 for LINUX

作业命令。 Job command. 在一些实施例中,转换模块212把软件层命令传送给定向模块214。 In some embodiments, the conversion module 212 commands to the orientation layer software module 214. 定向模块214把软件层命令引向逻辑节点206的软件层中的恰当一层。 Oriented software layer module 214 commands directed logical node software layer 206 in the appropriate layer. 软件层定义对定义逻辑节点206的硬件和软件分组的抽象级别。 It defines an abstract level software layer to define a logical node hardware and software 206 packets. 在一个实施例中,按照从最抽象的到最不抽象的顺序,定义软件层的抽象级别包括应用层216、系统层218、固件层220和硬件层222。 In one embodiment, according to the most abstract level of abstraction most abstract no order, the definition of software layers including an application layer 216, system layer 218, layer 220, firmware 222 and a hardware layer. 应用层216包含在逻辑节点206的操作系统(OS)内运行或者配置成在之内运行的应用、软件和进程。 The application layer 216 included in the operating system or the logical node 206 is configured to run an application running within the (OS), software and processes. 系统层218定义共同确定OS的应用、 线程和进程。 System layer 218 to determine the definition of a common OS application, threads and processes. 系统层218应用可包括文件系统、设备驱动程序、进程调度程序、后台驻留程序、系统监视程序等。 System application layer 218 may include a file system, device driver, the process scheduler, daemon, system monitor and the like. 固件层220包含嵌入只读存储器(ROM),例如电可编程只读存储器(EPROM)中的微代码和其它软件。 Firmware embedded layer 220 comprises a read only memory (ROM), electrically programmable read-only e.g. microcode memory (EPROM) and the other software. 硬件层222代表分配给逻辑节点206的硬件。 The hardware layer 222 represents the hardware assigned to a logical node 206. 硬件可以是专用的,共享的,或者共享和专用的组合。 Hardware may be dedicated, shared, dedicated or shared, and combinations thereof. 定向模块214把软件层命令引向一个或多个软件层216、218、220。 Oriented software layer module 214 commands directed to one or more software layers 216, 218. 最好,硬件层222可由给软件层216、 218、 220之一的软件层命令控制。 Preferably, the hardware layer 222 may be 216, 218, 220 of one of the control commands to the software layer software layer. 另一方面,软件层命令可被明确地引向硬件层222。 On the other hand, the software layer command can be explicitly directed to the hardware layer 222. 在一个实施例中,定向模块214根据管理范围,确定把软件层命令传送给哪个软件层。 In one embodiment, the orientation module 214 according to the management range, the transport software layer to determine which command to the software layers. 管理范围可作为标识符和管理命令一起被传递, 并包括在软件层命令中。 Management range may be transmitted together as an identifier and management commands, and commands included in a software layer. 另一方面,该体系结构可含蓄地指示管理范围。 On the other hand, the architecture may implicitly indicate the scope of management. 最好,管理范围可能性对应于上述软件层216、 218、 220。 Preferably, the range of possibilities corresponding to the management software layer 216, 218, 220. 在一些实施例中, 一对逻辑节点206被相互配置成对等域224。 In some embodiments, a logical node 206 is configured like domain 224 paired with each other. 在对等域224中,两个或更多的计算系统(即逻辑节点206)具有等同的能力和责任。 In the peer domain 224, two or more computing system (i.e., a logical node 206) has equivalent capabilities and responsibilities. 在一个实施例中,对等域224包括配置成镜像第二逻辑节点206的数据处理操作的第一逻辑节点206。 In one embodiment, the peer domain 224 includes logic configured to image a second node of the first logical node of the data processing operations 206 206. 这样,第一逻辑节点206起第二逻辑节点206的故障修复(failover)和/或备份的作用。 Thus, the role of failure recovery (failover) from a second logical node 206 a first logical node 206 and / or backup. 每个逻辑节点206积极服务I/O通信,以致如果一个逻辑节点206发生故障,那么另一逻辑节点206能够继续服务另外的I/O通信,而不存在任何中断。 Each logical service node 206 active I / O communication, a logical node 206 so that if a failure occurs, a further logical node 206 can continue to serve the additional I / O communication, without any interruption. 这种冗余性改进了数据处理系统的总体可靠性和性能。 Such redundancy improves overall reliability and performance of the data processing system. 最好,通信模块208被配置成把管理命令202直接(由箭头226指示)传递给作为单一实体的对等域224。 Preferably, the communication module 208 is configured to directly transfer the management command 202 (indicated by arrow 226) as a single entity to the domain 224, and the like. 这使利用UI210发送管理命令202的管理员免于逐一地把每个管理命令202发送给对等域224中的独立逻辑节点206。 This allows the administrator using the management command UI210 transmitted individually from 202 to 202 for each management command is sent to the peer node 206 independent logical domain 224. 在一些实施例中,通信模块208可根据需要,把某些管理命令202引向对等域224的特定逻辑节点206。 In some embodiments, the communication module 208 may be needed to manage the command 202 directed to certain specific logical node 206 of the peer domain 224. 例如,如果对等域224的逻辑节点206发生故障,那么通信模块208可专门把恢复专用管理命令202发送给发生故障的逻辑节点206。 For example, if the peer 224 node domain logic 206 fails, the communications module 208 may be specially dedicated to restore management command 202 to a logical node 206 fails. 现在参见图3,图中图解说明了通过单个管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的备选设备300。 Referring now to Figure 3, there is illustrated by a single management module, to simplify the management of logical nodes alternative apparatus 300. 设备300与包括对等域304的多个逻辑节点302通信,所述对等域包含至少两个独立的逻辑节点302。 A communication device 300 and 302 comprises a plurality of logical nodes of the peer domain 304, the domain comprises at least two separate logical nodes 302 and so on. 在一些实施例中,设备300包括转换模块306、定向模块308、通信模块310 和UI312。 In some embodiments, the apparatus 300 includes a conversion module 306, the orientation module 308, the communication module 310 and UI312. 转换模块306实现和关于图2说明的转换模块212基本相同的功能。 Achieve conversion module 306 and a description of FIG. 2, the conversion module 212 functions substantially the same. 但是,在图解说明的实施例中,转换模块306被集中,而不是分配给每个逻辑节点206。 However, in the illustrated embodiment, the converter module 306 are collectively, rather than assigned to each logical node 206. 从而,转换模块306可保持与每个逻辑节点206相关的配置信息,例如,使一般的管理命令与功能上等同并且兼容的软件层命令相联系的映射表。 Accordingly, conversion module 306 can maintain 206 associated with each logical node configuration information, e.g., the mapping table so that the equivalent layer and compatible software command associated with the command on conventional management functions. 此外,配置信息可包括特定于特殊逻辑节点206的管理命令相依性。 Further, the configuration may include information specific to a particular logical node 206. The management command dependency. 配置信息还可识别哪些软件层命令可被发送给对等域304,哪些应被发送给对等域304中的独立逻辑节点302。 Configuration information may also command recognition software layer which may be sent to the peer field 304, which should be sent to the peer node 302 independent logical domain 304. 配置信息可以文件、数据库等的形式被保存在存储器或者持久存储设备中。 Configuration information may be in the form of files, databases, etc. are stored in memory or persistent storage. 定向模块308实现和关于图2说明的定向模块214基本相同的功能。 Module 308 to achieve the orientation of FIG. 2 and functioning of the described orientation module 214 is substantially the same. 但是,在图解说明的实施例中,定向模块308被集中,而不是分配给每个逻辑节点206。 However, in the illustrated embodiment, the orientation module 308 is centralized, rather than assigned to each logical node 206. 从而,定向才莫块308可访问配置信息,从而根据管理命令范围,确定如何把一个或多个软件层命令发送给逻辑节点302的软件层。 Thus, the block 308 may be directed only Mo access configuration information to the management command in accordance with the scope, or to determine how to send a command to the plurality of software layers logical node software layer 302. 在一个实施例中,配置信息识别在应用层314执行的特定应用。 In one embodiment, the configuration information identifies a specific application executing in the application layer 314. 通过把标识符附到软件层命令上,定向模块308可把软件层命令发送给特定的应用。 By the identifier attached to the command software layer, the orientation module 308 may send a command to a specific layer of software applications. 类似的技术可被用于把软件层命令发送给系统层316或者固件层318。 Similar techniques may be used to send commands to the system software layer 316 layer 318 layer or firmware. 应用层314、系统层316和固件层318 对应于关于图2说明的类似各层216、 218、 220。 The application layer 314, layer 316 and system firmware 318 corresponding to the layer 2 about an explanatory view similar to the layers 216, 218, 220. 通信模块310实现和关于图2说明的通信模块208基本相同的功能。 The communication module 310 of FIG. 2 realization and functioning of the communication module 208 is substantially the same as described. 但是,在图解说明的实施例中,通信模块310传递软件层命令, 而不是管理命令。 However, in the illustrated embodiment, the communication module 310 is a software layer transfer command, rather than the management command. 换句话说,把管理命令处理成一个或多个软件层命i 令的逻辑由设备300实现,以致只有软件层命令需要被有选择地传递给相应的逻辑节点302或对等域304。 In other words, the process management command into a logical command of one or more layers of software implemented by the device i 300 orders, so that only the software needs to command layer is selectively transferred to the corresponding logical node 302 or the like field 304. 在一个实施例中,形成设备300和设备300与逻辑节点302之间的通信基础结构,作为一组原始的软件模块。 In one embodiment, forms a communication between the infrastructure device 300 and logic device 300 and node 302, as a set of the original software modules. 另一方面,现有的通信基础结构被扩展并被加入,以便提供本发明的所需功能。 On the other hand, the existing communications infrastructure is extended and added to provide the desired functionality of the present invention. 在一个实施例中,通信模块310通过逻辑链接设备300和逻辑节点302的管理子系统320,传递一个或多个软件层命令。 In one embodiment, the communication management module 310 via a logical link device 300 and subsystem 320 logical node 302, passing one or more layers of software commands. 充当根据本发明的管理子系统320的基础的这样的子系统的一个例子是可从Armonk, New York 的国际商用机器公司(IBM)获得的资源监视和控制(RMC)子系统。 Acts as a resource monitoring and control (RMC) in accordance with one example of such a subsystem management subsystem of the present invention, subsystem 320 is based, New York International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) obtained from Armonk. 本领域的技术人员会认识到管理子系统320不同于它所依赖于的常规RMC子系统。 Those skilled in the art will recognize that it is different from the management subsystem 320 is dependent on a conventional RMC subsystem. 基于RMC的管理子系统320是一般包含在诸如AIX之类操作系统中的功能模块。 The RMC-based management subsystem 320 is a function module generally comprises the AIX operating system, such as the. 当然,可在其它操作系统,包括LINUX、 UNIX、 Windows等中实现管理子系统320。 Of course, other operating systems including LINUX, UNIX, Windows, and the like to achieve the management subsystem 320. 管理子系统320的赠送组件可驻留在设备300和逻辑节点302上。 Get assembly management subsystem 320 may reside on a logical device 300 and node 302. 管理子系统320监视资源,比如磁盘空间、处理器应用、设备驱动程序、适配卡状态等。 Management Subsystem 320 monitors resources, such as disk space, processor applications, device drivers, adapter card status. 管理子系统320被设计成响应预定的条件, 执行某一动作。 Management subsystem 320 is designed to respond to a predetermined condition, to perform a certain action. 但是,常规的RMC不能同时与对等域304中的一对逻辑节点302进行接口。 However, the conventional can not RMC interface node 302 to a logical domain 304 a peer. 相反,常规的RMC子系统每次与一个逻辑节点302通信。 In contrast, conventional per RMC subsystem 302 in communication with a logical node. 从而,常规的RMC子系统显示出和关于图1中描述的管理控制台118讨论的类似局限性(管理命令的重复发出)。 Thus, the conventional RMC subsystem 118 and the display on the meeting management console depicted in Figure 1 is similar to the limitations (a management command issued repeatedly). 在本发明的一些实施例中,常规的RMC子系统被扩展和修改,以便创建能够与作为单一实体的对等域304中的一对逻辑节点302进行接口的管理子系统320。 In some embodiments of the present invention, a conventional RMC subsystem is extended and modified to be able to create a management interface subsystem 302 and 320 as a pair of logical nodes in a single domain 304 and other entities. 管理子系统320包括一个对象模型,所述对象模型包含代表一个或多个逻辑节点302的每个可管理资源的对象。 Management subsystem 320 comprises an object model, the object model comprising one or more representatives of each logical resource objects managed node 302. 这里使用的"资源"指的是物理分配给逻辑节点302,或者逻辑上为逻辑节点302定义的固件、软件、硬件和逻辑实体。 "Resource" as used herein refers to the firmware, software, hardware, and logical entities defined in the logical node 302 is physically assigned to a logical node 302, or logical. 资源的例子包括物理存储设备、存储设备控制器、1/0设备、1/0设备驱动器、存储器设备、存储器控制器、处理器、对称多处理器控制器、固件设备、 固件可执行代码、操作系统、应用、进程、线程、操作系统服务等。 Examples of resources include physical storage device, a storage device controller, 1/0 devices 1/0 device drivers, memory device, memory controller, a processor, a symmetric multi-processor controller, a firmware device, firmware, executable code, the operation systems, applications, processes, threads, operating system services. 对象代表物理和逻辑资源的特征和属性。 Object represents physical and logical resources of features and attributes. 对象可保存信息,比如通信地址、版本信息、特征信息、兼容性信息、操作状态信息等。 Objects that can hold information such as mailing address, version information, feature information, compatibility information, operation status information and the like. 在一些实施例中,对象包含软件对象,所述软件对象包括属性和方法。 In some embodiments, the object comprises a software object, a software object includes attributes and methods. 属性保存关于所述对象的数据。 Property holds data regarding the object. 方法包含专门配置的实现所述对象的某一功能性的逻辑。 The method comprises the functionality of a logic implementing the object specifically configured. 例如, 一种方法可包含i/o卡的关闭例程。 For example, a method may comprise shutdown routine i / o card.

最好,管理子系统320保持对象模型,以便包括对资源的各种变化,比如对逻辑节点302的资源的增加、删除和修改,管理子系统320 使资源定义在设备300和逻辑节点302之间保持同步.通过扩展常规RMC的功能性,本发明的实施例可访问当前并且一致的对象棋型,以便识别哪些资源将被包括在管理命令中。 Preferably, the holding object model management subsystem 320, to include variations of resources, such as resources increase logical node 302, deletions and modifications to the device management subsystem 300 and 320 so that the logical node 302 is defined between the resources synchronized by extending the functionality of a conventional RMC, embodiments of the present invention may access the current chess and consistent type, in order to identify which resources will be included in the management command. 管理子系统320还包括一组资源管理器,在一个实施例中,资源管理器包括解释管理命令,并把管理命令应用于在对象模型中定义的资源的逻辑。 Management subsystem 320 also includes a set of resource manager, in one embodiment, the resource manager includes a command interpretation management, and the management command is applied to logical resources defined in the object model. 在一些实施例中,资源管理器的各个部分可驻留在一个逻辑节点上。 In some embodiments, various portions of the resource manager may reside on a logical node. 各个资源部分可实现关于上述转换模块212和定向模块214说明的功能性。 Part of each resource may fulfill the functions of the above orientation module 212 and conversion module 214 described. 具体地说,管理子系统320可包括专门用来解释和实现作为单一实体的对等域304的管理命令的资源管理器。 Specifically, the management subsystem 320 may include a resource manager designed to interpret and implement as a single entity, such as management command field 304. 图4图解说明适合于实现通过单个管理模块,简化逻辑节点的管理的系统400的系统硬件。 Figure 4 illustrates a single suitable for implementing the management module, to simplify the system hardware logical node management system 400. 如上所述,随着越来越廉价的硬件被组合到单一物理外壳中,数据处理系统变得越来越复杂。 As described above, as more inexpensive hardware are combined into a single physical housing, the data processing system becomes more complex. 从而硬件或者在物理上、逻辑上被划分,或者物理和逻辑组合地划分成多个逻辑节点206 (参见图2)。 Whereby hardware or physically, is divided logically or physically and logically divided into a plurality of logical combinations of node 206 (see FIG. 2). 在适合于用作存储子系统的一个实施例中,系统400包括由公用硬件平台402结合的至少两个物理独立的中央电子集合体(CEC)。 In one embodiment suitable for use as the storage subsystem, the system 400 includes a common hardware platform 402 in conjunction with at least two physically separate central electronic assembly (CEC). 公用硬件平台402可包含简单的物理外壳。 Common hardware platform 402 may comprise a simple physical enclosure. CEC是与公共协调模块16,例如PHYP 116(参见困l)连接的一批独立的物理计算设备。 CEC is a common coordinator module 16, for example, a group of separate physical computing devices connected PHYP 116 (see trapped l). CEC包括组织成处理器集合体404的多个对称多处理器,多个电子存储器设备406,多个直接存取存储设备(DASD)408,多个网络I/0接口设备410,例如主机适配器410,和多个管理接口设备412,例如网络适配器412。 CEC organized into a processor assembly comprising a plurality of symmetric multi-processors 404, a plurality of electronic memory devices 406, a plurality of direct access storage device (DASD) 408, a plurality of network I / 0 interface device 410, the host adapter 410 e.g. and a plurality of management interface devices 412, such as a network adapter 412. CEC包括电源耦接器和电源基础结构以及通风和冷却系统。 CEC includes a power coupler and a power supply infrastructure and the ventilation and cooling system. 每个CEC可以独立地循环供电。 Each power supply can be recycled independently CEC. 甚至一些子系统可以循环供电,而不影响CEC的其它部分的性能。 Some subsystems may even power cycling, without affecting the performance of other parts of the CEC. 当然,本领域的技术人员会认识到上面描述的一些硬件设备可被组织成子系统,并且包括与本发明无关,但是使CEC能够支持多个逻辑节点206的各种控制器。 Of course, those skilled in the art will recognize that some hardware devices described above may be organized into subsystems, and irrelevant to the present invention includes, but causes the CEC can support multiple logical nodes the various controllers 206.

在一个实施例中,系统400包括笫一CEC414和笫二CEC416。 In one embodiment, the system 400 comprises a CEC414 Zi and Zi two CEC416. 最好,第二CEC 416包括与第一CEC 414基本相同数量、类型、商标和配置的硬件.具有公共硬件减少了解决问題中所涉及的变数。 Preferably, the first and the second CEC 416 CEC 414 comprises substantially the same number, type, brand and hardware configuration having a common hardware to reduce the variables involved in solving the problem. 在一个实施例中,第一CEC 414和笫二CEC 416可由通过网络适配器412连接的单个硬件管理控制台(HMC)418管理和控制,在一个实施例中,HMC418是专用硬件管理设备,比如运行LINUX搮作系统和适当的管理应用程序的个人计算机。 In one embodiment, the first and the undertaking of two CEC 414 CEC 416 may manage and control 418 through a network adapter 412 connected to a single hardware management console (the HMC), in one embodiment, HMC418 management device dedicated hardware, such as running LINUX Li for personal computer systems and proper management applications. 应注意即使在单个CEC内,管理硬件的这种集合体系统400仍然非常具有挑战性,尤其是如果要保持24/7可用性的目标的话更是如此。 It should be noted even within a single CEC, this collection systems management hardware 400 is still very challenging, especially if you want to maintain the 24/7 availability of the target, then even more so. 从而,HMC418包括集合体服务和维护脚本和例程,以便指导管理员服务CEC,从而能够保持最高级别的可用性。 Thus, HMC418 and services including collection maintenance scripts and routines to guide service administrator CEC, in order to maintain the highest levels of availability. 个别错误会产生惊人的后果。 Individual errors can produce amazing results. 在一些实施例中,管理逻辑被包含在多个资源管理器中。 In some embodiments, a plurality of management logic is included in the resource manager. 各个资源管理器监视和检查EXX的各个硬件和软件子系统的健康状况。 The health of each individual hardware and software resource managers to monitor and check EXX subsystem. 软件模块和脚本指导维护技师和系统管理员诊断和确定问题,以及进行预防性维护。 Software modules and scripts to guide maintenance technicians and system administrators to diagnose and fix problems, and preventive maintenance. 一般来说,在剩余的硬件组件仍然在线的时候,这些例程恰当地关闭(动力循环)子组件和/或系统。 In general, the hardware components still remaining in the line, these routines closed properly (power circulation) sub-assemblies and / or systems. 当然,这些例程也可实现更复杂的维护和管理程序。 Of course, these routines can also be more complex maintenance and management procedures. 例如,这些脚本和例程可使执行应用程序无效,关闭各个硬件组件的电源,实现固件更新,自动反转自动过程。 For example, these scripts and routines can execute an application invalid, power off individual hardware components, firmware updates to achieve, automatically reverse automatic process. 这可被完成,以致固件被恰当地更新,按照正确的顺序使组件离线和恢复在线,以便确保在i/o服务中没有任何中断。 This can be completed, so that the firmware is updated appropriately, so that the components in the correct order back online and offline, to ensure that there is no interruption in the i / o services. 图5图解说明困4的硬件系统400,包括作用于硬件的软件和逻辑实体,系统400包括在公共硬件平台402内的第一CEC414和第二CEC416。 Figure 5 illustrates a hardware system 400 of difficulties, including the role of software and hardware logical entity, system 400 includes a first CEC414 within common hardware platform 402 and a second CEC416. 在一个实施例中,CEC414、 416完全独立,并且在存储子系统内工作。 In one embodiment, CEC414, 416 is completely independent, and works in the storage subsystem. 系统400包括笫一逻辑分区(LPAR)502、第二LPAR 504、第三LPAR 506和第四LPAR 508。 System 400 includes a logical Zi partition (LPAR) 502, a second LPAR 504, third and fourth LPAR 506 LPAR 508. 某些系统40可包括比图解所示更多的LPAR。 Some system 40 may include more than the diagram shown LPAR. 如上所述,每个LPAR 502-508包含计算资源的分配,所述计算资源包括一个或多个处理器510、 一个或多个I/O通道512和永久和/或非永久存储器514。 As described above, each LPAR 502-508 comprising computing resources of the computing resource includes one or more processors 510, one or more I / O channels 512 and permanent and / or non-volatile memory 514. 一些计算硬件可以是共享的,其它硬件可被 Some computing hardware may be shared, other hardware may be

专用于特定的逻辑节点LPAR,这里使用的LPAR指的是一个或多个处理器、存储器和I/0通信的管理和分配,以致每个LPAR能够与其它LPAR无关地执行操作系统。 Specific to a particular LPAR logical nodes, LPAR used herein refers to one or more processors, memory, and I / 0 communications management and distribution, such that each LPAR system capable of performing operations independently of the other LPAR. 通常用于描述LPAR的其它术语包括虚拟机和逻辑节点206(参见困2)。 Other terms commonly used to describe the LPAR include logical nodes and virtual machine 206 (see sleepy 2). 在一个实施例中,笫一LPAR 502和笫二LPAR 504相似,以致处理器510、 I/O 512和存储器514的配置相同。 In one embodiment, Zi Zi two LPAR 502 and LPAR 504 is similar to that processor 510, I / O 512 and configuration memory 514 of the same. 类似地,在存储器514 中执行的软件可以相似,相应的LPAR502、 504存储器514可执行相同的OS 516和资源管理器518。 Similarly, the software executing in memory 514 may be similar to the corresponding LPAR502, 504 memory 514 perform the same OS 516 and resource manager 518. 最好,资源管理器518包括管理特定LPAR 502、 04的逻辑,资源管理器518可包括转换模块520和定向模块522。 Preferably, the resource manager 518 includes managing specific LPAR 502, 04 logic, the resource manager 518 may include a conversion module 520 and the orientation module 522. 转换棋块520和定向棋块522可包括与关于困2说明的转换棋块212和定向模块214 基本相同的逻辑,在一些实施例中,资源管理器518是在每个LPAR 502上执行的现有RMC模块的软件扩展.资源管理器518可扩展面向对象的RMC模块或者按照程序设计的RMC模块.在一个实施例中,作用于笫一CEC414的第一LPAR502与作用于第二CEC 416的笫二LPAR 504呈对等关系524地工作。 Chess conversion block 520 and block 522 may comprise directional chess moves with the converter block 212 and the orientation module 214 described in the second trapped on substantially the same logic, in some embodiments, the resource manager 518 is now performed on each LPAR 502 there RMC module software extensions. 518 scalable resource manager RMC module or object-oriented programming according to the RMC module. in one embodiment, the effect of acting on the first LPAR502 CEC414 Zi Zi in the second CEC 416 the relationship between two LPAR 504 524 was equivalent work. 第一LPAR 502和第二LPAR 504 —起定义存储设施映像(SFI)526。 The first LPAR 502 and second LPAR 504 - from the image definition storage facility (SFI) 526. 所有数据存储处理一般在LPAR 502和LPAR 504之间被逻辑划分,当一个LPAR 不可用时,剩余的LPAR处理所有工作。 All data is stored in the process is generally between 502 and LPAR LPAR 504 is logically divided, when an LPAR is unavailable, all the work for the remaining LPAR. 最好,SF1 526包括一个作用于与第二LPAR 504的物理硬件完全无关的物理硬件的LPAR 502。 Preferably, SF1 526 acting comprising a second physical hardware 504. LPAR completely unrelated to the physical hardware LPAR 502. 从而,在优选实施例中,SFI 526包含硬件的物理划分。 Thus, in a preferred embodiment, SFI 526 includes a physical hardware partitioning. 这样, 一个CEC 416可以离线或者被物理关闭,而SFI 526可保持在线。 Thus, a CEC 416 can be physically or closed off, and the SFI 526 may remain online. 一旦CEC 416恢复在线,资源管理器518可使存储器514与存储装置同步,以致第二LPAR 504再次匹配第一LPAR 502。 Once the CEC 416 is back online, the resource manager 518 memory 514 can synchronize with the storage device, such that the second LPAR 504 again match the first LPAR 502. SFI 526可被进一步分成逻辑存储设备,最好,SFI 526只包括存储和取回数据所必需的软件。 SFI 526 may be further divided into logical storage device, preferably, SFI 526 includes only the data necessary for storage and retrieval software. 例如, 一个SFI 526包含允许数据的存储和取回的OS中的文件系统。 For example, an SFI 526 includes an OS allows storage and retrieval of data in the file system. 系统400还可包括由呈对等关系524的笫三LPAR 506和第四LPAR 508构成的存储应用映像(SAI)528,最好,定义SAI 528的LPAR The system 400 may further include a storage application image (SAI) was made of a peer relationship Zi and three fourth LPAR LPAR 508 524 506 528, preferably, 528 to define the SAI LPAR

506、 508包括相同的OS516和相同的资源管理器518,在一些实施例中,SFI 526的OS 516和/或资源管理器518可不同于SAI 528的OS 516和/或资源管理器518,SAI 528把存储应用组织成可独立于SFI 526的逻辑和物理存储设备408(参见图4)管理的单一逻辑单元。 506, and 508 include the same OS516 same resource manager 518, in some embodiments, SFI OS 516 526 and / or the resource manager 518 may differ from the SAI 528 of OS 516 and / or resource manager 518, the SAI 528 storage applications organized into independent logical and physical storage devices SFI 526 single logical unit 408 (see FIG. 4) management. SAI 528还包括冗余,因为笫三LPAR 506和笫四LPAR 508镜像彼此的操作,以致如果一个LPAR 506、 508发生故障,根据需要简化切换。 SAI 528 further includes a redundant, since three LPAR 506 Zi Zi four LPAR 508 and mirror images of each operation, so that if a LPAR 506, 508 fault, a simplified handover needs. 虽然镜像是对等关系524的一个特征,不过取决于实现,某些搮作可被镜像或者不可被镜像。 Although the mirror is like a relation of feature 524, depending on the implementation, however, some may be mirrored as Li or is not mirrored. 最好,SFI 526包括作用于完全与第四LPAR 508的物理硬件无关的物理硬件的第三LPAR506,从而,在优选实施例中,SAI528包含硬件的物理划分.这样, 一个CEC 416可以离线或者被物理关闭,SAI 528 可保持在线。 Preferably, SFI 526 including such effect, a CEC 416 can be off to a third physical hardware LPAR506 completely independent of the physical hardware fourth LPAR 508, so that, in a preferred embodiment, the physical embodiment containing both hardware partitioning SAI528. Or is physical closed, SAI 528 can remain online. SAI 528的存储应用530包括专用于管理数据的存储和取回的应用。 SAI 528 comprises a memory 530 dedicated to managing applications of data storage and retrieval applications. 存储应用的例子包括IBMrTivoli Storage Manager,数据库管理系统等。 Examples of applications include storing IBMrTivoli Storage Manager, Database management systems. 管理模块532被配置成有选择地把管理命令传递给SFI 526和/或SAI 528。 Management module 532 is configured to selectively pass to the management command SFI 526 and / or SAI 528. 另一方面或者另外,管理模块532可根据需要,直接把管理命令发送给各个LPAR 502-508,管理模块532包括通信模块534和UI 536,通信模块534和UI 536包括和关于图2说明的类似组件基本相同的功能。 Alternatively or in addition, the management module 532 may directly send the management command to each LPAR necessary 502-508, management module 532 includes a communication module 534 and the UI 536, the communication module 534 and the like, and includes a UI 536 of FIG. 2 Notes components substantially the same function. 有利地,管理模块532抽取表示单一SFI 526的多个LPAR 502、 504的细节,在确保对每个LPAR 502、 504的具体变化将被实现的情况下,允许用户把管理命令引向整个SFI 526。 Advantageously, the management module 532 represents a single extraction SFI plurality of LPAR 502 526, 504 details at ensuring each LPAR 502, 504 specific changes will be implemented in the case, it allows the user to manage the command 526 directed to the whole SFI . 在一个实施例中, LPAR之一,例如LPAR 502接收管理命令。 In one embodiment, one of LPARs, for example LPAR 502 receives the management command. 借助对等关系,第二LPAR 504可由笫一LPAR 502指导,从而也实现所述管理命令,而不是直接接收所述管理命令。 By means of a peer relationship, the second LPAR 504 may guide Zi LPAR 502, thus implementing the management command, instead of receiving the management command directly. 在一些实施例中,管理模块532起多个SFI 526、 SAI 528,以及其中定义的相关LPAR 502-508的中心管理点的作用,管理模块532 可通过带外通信网络与多个硬件平台538耦接。 In some embodiments, the role of the central management point 532 of the management module from the plurality of SFI 526, SAI 528, and associated LPAR 502-508 defined therein, the management module 532 via a communication network with a plurality of external hardware platform 538 is coupled access. 管理模块532最好被配置成把一个或多个软件层命令或管理命令发送给分布在多个平台538内的SFI 526和SAI 528。 Management module 532 is preferably configured to command one or more layers of software run command to the plurality of platforms within the distributed SFI 526 and 538 SAI 528. 此外,每个SFI 526和/或SAI 528可包 Further, each of the SFI 526 and / or may be coated SAI 528

括不同的OS 516和/或一组应用530. SFI 526和/或SAI 528可被组织成公共目的、功能或者其它特征的管理域.管理模块532允许发布命令,以便选择包舍SFI 526、 SAI 528,或者SFI 526和SAI 528的组合的城。 Including different OS 516 and / or a set of applications 530. SFI 526 and / or the SAI 528 may be organized into a common object, functions or other features of management domain. Permit management module 532 issues a command to select the package round SFI 526, SAI 528, or a combination of city and SAI 528 of SFI 526. 本发明便于管理模块532发布抽象和类属的管理命令。 It facilitates management module 532 of the present invention and published abstract generic administrative commands. 例如,不同的SFI 526将不仅在LPAR配置层,而且在OS 516和应用530层正确地遵从命令。 For example, not only will the different SFI 526 layer disposed LPARs, but also in the OS 516 and the application layer 530 to properly comply with the command. 例如,管理员可确定一定数目的主机适配卡要被更换。 For example, the administrator can determine a certain number of host adapter card to be replaced. 管理模块532可执行发出有选择地关闭软件模块,和断开硬件组件的电源,以致受影响的SFI526和SAI528仍然在线的管理命令的脚本。 Issue management module 532 can perform selectively shut down software modules, hardware components and disconnect the power supply, so the script affected SFI526 and SAI528 still online management commands. 在这样的例子中,管理模块可分阶段工作。 In such an example, the management module may work stages. 首先,受影响的SFI 526 的一个LPAR的应用层軟件模块被关闭。 First, a SFI affected the LPAR application layer software module 526 is turned off. 这可包括OS 516和某些设备驱动程序。 This may include certain OS 516 and device drivers. 随后,受影响的SFI 526的一个LPAR的系统层软件模块被关闭.这可包括OS516,可能还有一些微代码。 Subsequently, a SFI affected LPAR 526 is closed system level software modules. This may include OS 516, there may be some microcode. 最后,由从管理模块532到CEC 414的电源控制器的命令,断开实际硬件(主机适配器卡或者主机适配器卡子系统)的电源,管理员随后可物理更换这些卡。 Finally, by the command from the management module to the power supply controller 532 of the CEC 414, disconnect the power actual hardware (host adapter card or host adapter card subsystem), the administrator can then replace the physical card. 管理模块532随后可反转所述过程,以便依次激活硬件、系统层软件和应用层软件, 一些管理命令可寻址SFI 526或SAI 528的单一LPAR,以致保持恒定的可用性。 Management module 532 may then reverse the process in order to sequentially activate the hardware, system software, and application layer software layer, some of the management commands addressable SFI 526 or SAI single LPAR 528, so that the kept constant availability. 管理模块532连同本发明的LPAR 502-508上的赠送的资源管理器518提供公共管理和控制接口,可被称为应用程序接口。 Get together with the management module 532 of the present invention on the LPAR 502-508 resource manager provides a common management and control interface 518, which may be referred to as an application program interface. 本发明便于类属抽象命令有选择地控制选择可具有非常不同的特定命令的SFI 526、 SAI 528和LPAR 502-508,并控制命令和变数。 The present invention facilitates generic abstract commands to selectively control the selection can have very different specific commands SFI 526, SAI 528 and LPAR 502-508, and control commands and variables. 图6困解说明根据一个实施例,通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的方法600的流程图。 FIG 6 600 trapped Solutions flowchart illustrating a method according to an embodiment, to simplify the management by a single logical node management module. 一旦用户或自动化软件模块确定管理命令应被发送给逻辑节点206(参见图2),方法600就开始602。 Once the user or an automated software management module determines command should be transmitted to the logical node 206 (see FIG. 2), the method 600 starts 602. 例如, 用户可选择特定的域,例如包含单一SFI 526或单一SAI 528的两个LPAR的管理域。 For example, the user may select a particular domain, for example, comprise a single SFI 526 or SAI two single administrative domain 528 LPAR. 另一方面,SFI526和SAI528或各个LPAR 502-508的域可由UI 536寻址。 On the other hand, SFI526 or each LPAR and SAI528 domains 502-508 UI 536 may be addressed. 随后,通信模块534有选择地把管理命令传递给一个或多个逻辑节点206(LPAR 502-508),在一些实施例中,通过诸如改进RMC之类的管理子系统320传递命令。 Subsequently, the communication module 534 to selectively pass one or more management commands to the logical nodes 206 (LPAR 502-508), in some embodiments, transmission 320, such as a command or the like to improve the management RMC subsystem. 所述命令由所涉及的逻辑节点206的资源管理器接收。 The command is received by the logical nodes involved in the resource manager 206. 用户不必专门登录到每个逻辑节点206。 The user does not log in to each dedicated logical node 206. 转换模块212把管理命令转换成一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令。 Management command conversion module 212 converts the command into a software layer or a plurality of functional equivalent. 软件层命令与逻辑节点206的预定软件层兼容,并由其识别。 Command logical software layer node 206 is compatible with a predetermined software layer by its identification. 随后,确定608管理命令范围。 Then, determine the range of 608 management commands. 如上所述,可利用伴随管理命令的指示符传递管理命令范围。 As described above, the indicator can be transmitted using a range of associated management command management command. 如果管理命令范围是固件层,那么定向模块214把软件层命令引向610逻辑节点206的固件层220。 If the range command management firmware layer, the orientation module 214 software layer 610 commands directed logical node layer 220. Firmware 206. 给固件层220的软件层命令可实现低级维护,例如关闭特定卡的电源,重复硬件组件,执行微代码更新袭盖等。 Command firmware software layer to layer 220 may be implemented to maintain a lower, such as turning off the power of the particular card, duplicate hardware components, microcode update execution attack cover. 如果管理命令范围是系统层,那么定向模块214把软件层命令引向612逻辑节点206的系统层218。 If the range of the system management command layer, the orientation module 214 commands directed to software layer 612 layer 218 a logical node system 206. 给系统层218的软件层命令可实现中等维护,比如更新设备驱动程序,终止失控线程或进程,重置OS516等。 Command system software layer to layer 218 can achieve moderate maintenance, such as updating device drivers, terminate runaway thread or process reset the OS516 and so on. 如果管理命令范围是应用层,那么定向模块214把软件层命令引向614逻辑节点206的应用层216。 If the range of the management command is the application layer, the orientation module 214 software layer 614 commands directed logical node 206 is the application layer 216. 给应用层216的软件层命令可实现诸如安装和删除软件,安装或删除软件功能,配置软件应用之类的维护。 Command to the application layer software layer 216 may be implemented as software to install and remove, install or remove software function, a software application configuration maintenance and the like. 一旦定向模块214已正确定向了软件层命令,就确定616是否需要来自逻辑节点206的响应。 Once the orientation module 214 is properly oriented software layer command, it is determined whether the node 616 a response is required from logic 206. 所述响应可包含简单的确认。 The response may comprise a simple acknowledgment. 另一方面, 响应可包括状态信息或出错信息。 On the other hand, the response may comprise status information or error messages. 如果不需要对管理命令的响应,那么方法600返回,以便传递604后续的管理命令。 If no response to the management command, then the method 600 returns to the subsequent 604 transferred management command. 在一个实施例中, 如果需要响应,那么每个逻辑节点206的资源管理器可把响应中继(relay)给管理模块532。 In one embodiment, if a response is required, then each logical node resource manager 206 may respond to the relay (Relay) to the management module 532. 方法600随后返回,以便传递604后续的管理命令。 Method 600 then returns to the subsequent 604 transferred management command. 本领域的技术人员将很快认识到本发明提供的潜在优点。 Those skilled in the art will quickly realize the potential advantages of the present invention provides. 单独地或集体地管理SFI 526和SAI 528和/或各个LPAR 502-508的能力显著节省了管理员的时间,并且显著降低了错误和过失的可能性。 Individually or collectively manage SFI SAI / capacity of 526 and 528 and each LPAR 502-508 or significant saving administrators time and significantly reduces the possibility of errors and negligence. 从而, 公共硬件平台和SFI 526及SAI 528较长时间并且更始终如一地保持在线.此外,控制具有不同的操作系统和管理软件,例如存储管理应用程序的SFI 526和SAI 528的能力减少了用户必须知道的管理命令的数目。 Thus, common hardware platform and SFI 526 and 528 SAI longer and more consistently stay on the line. In addition, the control has a different operating system and management software, such as SFI 526 storage management application and SAI reducing the user capacity of 528 you must know the number of management commands. 这也确保在管理和维护具有多个逻辑节点的公共硬件平台的硬件和软件中,遵循正确的硬件/软件依存关系和搮作顺序。 This also ensures that the management and maintenance of hardware and software common hardware platform with multiple logical nodes, follow the correct hardware / software dependencies and Li for the order. 在不脱离本发明的精神或基本特征的情况下,可用其它具体形式体现本发明。 Without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the present invention, it can be embodied in other specific forms of the present invention. 在各上方面,所描述的实施例应被看作对本发明的举例说明,而不是对本发明的限制。 In each of the aspects, the described embodiments are to be considered as illustrative of the present invention, and not to limit the present invention. 于是,本发明的范围由附加的权利要求限定,而不是由前面的说明限定。 Thus, the scope of the invention defined by the appended claims, rather than by the foregoing description. 包括在权利要求的等同物的含意和范围内的所有变化都将包含在权利要求的范围内。 It includes equivalents of the claims and all changes within the meaning and range are to be embraced within the scope of the claims. 本说明书中描述的许多功能单元被标记为模块,以便更显著地强调它们的实现独立性。 Many of the functional units described in this specification is labeled as modules, in order to more particularly emphasize their implementation independence. 例如,模块可被实现成包含定制的VLSI电路或门阵列,现成的半导体,比如逻辑芯片、晶体管或者其它离散组件的硬件电路。 For example, a module may be implemented with custom VLSI circuits or gate arrays, off the shelf semiconductor, such as a hardware circuit logic chips, transistors, or other discrete components. 也可用诸如现场可编程门阵列,可编程阵列逻辑,可编程逻辑装置等实现模块。 It may also be field programmable gate arrays, programmable array logic, programmable logic devices implemented as modules. 也可用供各种处理器执行的软件实现模块。 It can also be used for implementation of various software modules executed by a processor. 例如,可执行代码的识别模块可包括计算机指令的一个或多个物理或逻辑块,所述计算机指令可被组织成对象、程序、函数或者其它结构。 For example, a module of executable code may identify one or more physical or logical blocks of computer instructions comprising the computer instructions may be organized as an object, procedure, function, or other structure. 然而,识别模块的各个可执行部分不必物理地在一起,相反可包含保存在不同存储单元中的不同指令,当被逻辑结合在一起时,它们构成所述模块,并实现所述模块的规定用途。 However, each of the executable portion identification module need not be physically together, the opposite may comprise disparate instructions stored in different storage unit, when logically combined together, they form a module, the module and achieve the stated purpose of . 实际上,可执行代码的模块可以是单一指令,或者许多指令,甚至中分布在几个不同的代码段中,不同的程序之间,以及几个存储设备中。 Indeed, a module of executable code could be a single instruction, or many instructions, and even distributed over several different code segments, among different programs, and across several memory devices. 类似地,这里操作数据可在模块内被识别和例示,并且可用任何适当的形式来具体体现,并在任何恰当类型的数据结构内被组织。 Similarly, operational data may be identified herein within modules and illustrated, any suitable form and may be specifically embodied, and organized within any suitable type of data structure. 搮作数据可被集合成单一数据集,或者可分布在包括不同存储设备的不同存储单元内,并且至少部分地,可以仅以系统或网络上的电信号的形态存在。 Li for data sets may be combined into a single data set, or may be distributed in different storage units comprise different storage devices, and at least partially, there may only form of electrical signals on a system or network. 本说明书中对"选择的实施例"或者"一个实施例"的引用意味着结合该实施例说明的特定特征、结构或特性包括在本发明的至少一个实 In this specification reference to a "selected embodiments" or "an embodiment" means that a particular feature of the described embodiment, structure, or characteristic of the present invention comprises at least one solid in

施例中。 In embodiment. 从而,短语"逸择的实施例,,或"在一个实施例中"在本说明书内的不同地方的出现不一定指的都是同一实施例。此外,在一个或多个其它实施例中,可按照任何适当的方式组合所描述的特征、结构或特性。在下面的描述中,提供了众多的具体细节,例如程序设计、软件模块、用户选择、用户界面、网络事务、数据库查询、数据库结构、硬件模块、硬件电路、硬件芯片等的例子, 以便彻底理解本发明。但是,相关领域中的技术人员会认识到在不存在一个或多个所述具体细节,或者利用其它方法、组件、材料等的情况下,也可实践本发明。在其它愔况下,没有详细表示或说明公知结构、材料或搮作,以避免使本发明的各个方面不明显. Thus, the phrase "an optional embodiment ,, Yi or" in one embodiment "in various places in the specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment. Further, in one or more of the other embodiments, can be combined as described in any suitable manner feature, structure, or characteristic. in the following description, numerous specific details, such as programming, software modules, user selections, user interfaces, network transactions, database queries, database structures, examples of hardware modules, hardware circuits, hardware chips, etc., to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. However, the art in the relevant art will recognize that one or more of the specific details are not present, or with other methods, components, materials, like the case of the present invention may be practiced. serene in other cases, not shown in detail or description of known structures, materials, or Li as to avoid obscuring the various aspects of the present invention is not obvious.

Claims (38)

1、一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的设备,所述设备包括: 通信模块,所述通信模块被配置成有选择地把管理命令从单一管理模块传递给一个或多个逻辑节点; 转换模块,所述转换模块被配置成把从通信模块接收的管理命令转换成由一个或多个逻辑节点的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令,所述软件层命令被配置为与每个逻辑节点兼容;和定向模块,所述定向模块被配置成根据管理命令范围,把通过转换模块进行转换所得到的一个或多个软件层命令引向恰当的一个软件层。 1, a simplified logical node apparatus managed by a single management module, the apparatus comprising: a communication module, the communication module is configured to selectively transfer the management command from a single management module to one or more logical nodes; conversion module, said conversion module is software command equivalent layer on one or more of the functions identified one configured to convert the received management command from the communication module into one or more logical nodes software layers, said software layer command is configured to be compatible with each logical node; and orientation module, the orientation according to the management module is configured to command the range, toward the right for a software layer or a plurality of layers of software command conversion module obtained by the conversion .
2、 按照权利要求1所述的设备,其中一个或多个逻辑节点包含对等域中的至少一对逻辑节点,以致该对逻辑节点中的第一逻辑节点镜像该对逻辑节点中的第二逻辑节点的数据处理操作。 2. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the one or more logical nodes in the peer domain comprising at least one logical node, such that the first logical node and the second logical node mirrored pair of logical nodes logical node data processing operation.
3、 按照权利要求2所述的设备,其中该对逻辑节点定义可独立管理的存储设施映像(SFI),其中通信模块还被配置成把管理命令发送给多个SFI。 3. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein the logical node can be defined independently manage image storage facility (the SFI), wherein the communication module is further configured to send a management command to a plurality of SFI.
4、 按照权利要求2所述的设备,其中该对逻辑节点定义可独立管理的存储应用映像(SAI),其中通信模块还被配置成把管理命令发送给多个SAI。 4. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein the logical node is defined independently of the storage management application image (the SAI), wherein the communication module is further configured to send a management command to a plurality of SAI.
5、 按照权利要求1所述的设备,还包括配置成允许用户把管理命令引向某一域的用户界面,所述域包含至少两个逻辑节点。 5. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a manager configured to allow a user command directed to a user interface of a domain, the domain comprising at least two logical nodes.
6、 按照权利要求1所述的设备,其中通信模块、转换模块和定向模块协作,以通过链接管理模块和一个或多个逻辑节点的管理子系统, 传递软件层命令。 6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the communication module, a conversion module and the orientation module cooperate, through the management subsystem to link manager module and one or more logical nodes, the transfer layer software command.
7、 按照权利要求6所述的设备,其中管理子系统包含表示存在于逻辑节点上的固件、软件、硬件和逻辑实体的对象模型。 7. The apparatus as claimed in claim 6, wherein the management subsystem includes information indicating the presence of the object model, firmware, software, hardware and logical entities in the logical node.
8、 按照权利要求1所述的设备,其中软件层选自包括应用层、系统层和固件层的组。 8. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the layer is selected from the group consisting of software application layer, layer system layer, and firmware.
9、 按照权利要求1所述的设备,其中所迷单一管理模块包含专用管理硬件装置。 9. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the management module comprises a single fan dedicated management hardware devices.
10、 按照权利要求1所述的设备,其中一个或多个逻辑节点包含公共硬件平台的逻辑分区(LPARS), LPARS被配置使每个LPAR在公共硬件平台的独立的中央电子集合体(CEC)上执行。 10. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the one or more logical nodes comprise logical partitions common hardware platform (LPARS), LPARS each LPAR is arranged in a separate central electronic assembly common hardware platform (CEC) on execution.
11、 一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的设备,所述设备包括:转换模块,所述转换模块被配置成把管理命令转换成由多个逻辑节点的软件层识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令,所述软件层命令被配置为与每个逻辑节点兼容;定向模块,所述定向模块被配置成根据管理命令范围,把通过转换模块进行转换所得到的一个或多个软件层命令路由给恰当的一个软件层;和通信模块,所述通信模块被配置成有选择地把从定向模块接收的软件层命令传递给逻辑节点。 11, a simplified device management by a single logical node management module, the apparatus comprising: a conversion module, said conversion module is configured to convert the management command into a plurality of software layers to identify one or more logical nodes functionally equivalent software layer command, the command is a software layer configured to be compatible with each logical node; orientation module, the orientation module is configured to order according to the management range, the conversion module obtained by the conversion of one or more software layers command routed to the appropriate software layers; and a communications module, the communications module is configured to selectively pass the received command from the software layer to orientation module logical node.
12、 按照权利要求11所述的设备,其中一个或多个逻辑节点包含定义可独立管理的存储设施映像(SFI)的至少一对逻辑节点,其中通信模块把所述一个或多个软件层命令中继给多个SFI的对应软件层。 12. The apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein the one or more logical nodes may be defined independently comprise manage image storage facility (SFI) at least one logical node, wherein the communication module to the one or more layers of software commands a plurality of relay software layer corresponds to the SFI.
13、 按照权利要求12所述的设备,其中该对逻辑节点定义可独立管理的存储应用映像(SAI),其中通信模块把所述一个或多个软件层命令中继给多个SAI的对应软件层。 13. The apparatus as claimed in claim 12, wherein the logical node is defined independently of the storage management application image (SAI), wherein the communication module said one or more software layers to relay commands to a plurality of corresponding software SAI Floor.
14、 按照权利要求U所述的设备,其中通信模块把所述一个或多个软件层命令传送给多个SFI和SAI的对应软件层。 14. The apparatus as claimed in claim U, wherein the communication module transmits the one or more commands to a plurality of software layers and SFI SAI corresponding software layer.
15、 按照权利要求11所述的设备,还包括配置成允许用户把管理命令引向某一域的用户界面,所述域包含至少两个逻辑节点。 15. The apparatus as claimed in claim 11, further comprising a manager configured to allow a user command directed to a user interface of a domain, the domain comprising at least two logical nodes.
16、 按照权利要求11所述的设备,其中通信模块通过链接所述设备和一个或多个逻辑节点的管理子系统,传递所述一个或多个软件层命令。 16. The apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein the communication link management subsystem module and the device of the one or more logical nodes, passing the one or more layers of software commands.
17、 按照权利要求16所述的设备,其中管理子系统包含表示存在于逻辑节点上的固件、软件、硬件和逻辑实体的对象模型。 17. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the management subsystem includes information indicating the presence of the object model, firmware, software, hardware and logical entities in the logical node.
18、 按照权利要求11所述的设备,其中软件层选自包括应用层、 系统层和固件层的組。 18. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the layer is selected from the group consisting of software application layer, layer system layer, and firmware.
19、 按照权利要求11所述的设备,其中所述设备包含专用管理硬件装置。 19. The apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein said management apparatus comprises a dedicated hardware device.
20、 按照权利要求11所述的设备,其中一个或多个逻辑节点包含公共硬件平台的逻辑分区(LPARS), LPARS被配置使每个LPAR在公共硬件平台的独立的中央电子集合体(CEC)上执行。 20. The apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein the one or more logical nodes comprise logical partitions common hardware platform (LPARS), LPARS each LPAR is arranged in a separate central electronic assembly common hardware platform (CEC) on execution.
21、 一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的系统,包含: 操作上与硬件平台耦接的第一中央电子集合体(CEC),第一CEC包含组织成第一处理器集合体的多个对称多处理器,多个电子存储装置,多个直接存取存储装置,多个网络输入/输出(i/o)接口装置,和多个管理接口装置,第一CEC的每个装置被电子耦接,以便交换数据和控制信息;搮作上与硬件平台耦接的第二CEC,第二CEC包含组织成第二处理器集合体的多个对称多处理器,多个电子存储装置,多个直接存取存储装置,多个网络输入/输出(1/0)接口装置,和多个管理接口装置,第二cec的每个装置被电子耦接,以便交换数据和控制信息;至少一个存储设施映像(SFI),所述至少一个存储设施映像(SFI) 包含定义成利用第一CEC的计算资源工作的第一逻辑分区(LPAR), 和定义成利用第二CEC的计算资源工作的第二LPA 21, a simplified system management by a single logical node management module, comprising: a first operation to the central electronic assembly (CEC) coupled to the hardware platform, comprising a first CEC organized into a first plurality of processor assembly symmetric multi-processor, a plurality of electronic memory devices, a plurality of direct access storage devices, a plurality of network input / output (I / O) interface means, and a plurality of management interface devices, each device is a first electronic CEC coupled to exchange data and control information; and a second CEC for the Li coupled with the hardware platform, a second CEC comprising a plurality of symmetric multiprocessors organized into a second processor assembly, a plurality of electronic memory devices, multiprocessor a direct access storage device, a plurality of network input / output (1/0) interface means, and a plurality of management interface devices, each second electronic cec is coupled to exchange data and control information; at least one storage facilities image (SFI), said at least one image storage facility (SFI) comprising a first logical partition (LPAR) defined to use computing resources of the first CEC's work, using the calculated and defined as the operation of the second resource of a second CEC LPA R,第一LPAR 与第二LPAR在对等域中,以致第二LPAR镜像第一LPAR的数据处理操作,第一LPAR和第二LPAR专用于数据的存储和取回;至少一个存储应用映像(SAI),所述至少一个存储应用映像(SAl) 包含定义成利用第一CEC的计算资源工作的第三逻辑分区(LPAR), 和定义成利用第二CEC的计算资源工作的第四LPAR,第三LPAR 与第四LPAR在对等域中,以致第四LPAR镜像第三LPAR的数据处理操作,第三LPAR和第四LPAR专用于数据存储应用;与通信模块通信的管理模块,所述通信模块被配置成有选择地把管理命令从单一管理模块传递给所述至少一个SFI和至少一个SAl中的一个或多个;配置成把管理命令转换成由包括在所述至少一个SFI和至少一个SAI中的LPAR的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令的转换模块,软件层命令被配置为与每个LPAR兼容;和配置成根据管理命令范 R, first and second LPAR LPAR in the peer domain such that the second mirror of the first LPAR LPAR data processing operation, the first and second LPAR LPAR dedicated to data storage and retrieval; at least one image storage application ( the SAI), said at least one application stored image (SAl) comprising a fourth logical partitions LPAR defined to be a third (LPAR), the use of computing resources, and define the operation of the first CEC to utilize computing resources of the operation of the second CEC, the first three and fourth LPAR LPAR in the peer domain, so that the image data processing operation of the fourth LPAR LPAR third, the third and fourth LPAR LPAR dedicated to data storage applications; a communication module of the management module, the communication module is configured to selectively transfer the management command to the at least one SFI and the at least one or a plurality of SAl from a single management module; configured to convert the management command to include at least one SFI and the at least one SAI a conversion module equivalent on one or more of the functions identified in the LPAR software layer software layer command, the command is a software layer configured to be compatible with each LPAR; Fan and arranged according to the management command ,把一个或多个软件层命令引向恰当的一个软件层的定向模块。 , One or more software layers to commands directed to the proper orientation module is a software layer.
22、 按照权利要求21所述的系统,其中通信模块把一个或多个软件层命令传递给为多个硬件平台定义的多个SFI和SAI的对应软件层。 22. The system of claim 21, wherein the communication module is to deliver one or more commands to a plurality of software layers SFI defined as multiple hardware platforms and software layers correspond to the SAI.
23、 按照权利要求21所述的系统,还包括配置成允许用户把管理命令引向一个或多个域的用户界面,每个域包含SFI、 SAI或者SFI和SAI的组合。 23. The system of claim 21, further comprising a configured to allow a user to manage user interface or a command directed to a plurality of domains, each domain comprising SFI, or a combination of SFI SAI and the SAI.
24、 按照权利要求21所述的系统,其中通信模块通过链接管理模块与所述至少一个SFI和至少一个SAI的管理子系统,传递所述一个或多个软件层命令。 24. The system according to claim 21, wherein the communication module management module linked with the at least one SFI and the at least one SAI management subsystem, passing the one or more layers of software commands.
25、 按照权利要求24所述的系统,其中管理子系统包含表示存在于所述至少一个SFI和至少一个SAI上的固件、软件、硬件和逻辑实体的对象模型。 25. The system of claim 24, wherein the management subsystem includes information indicating the presence of the at least one SFI and the at least one object model on the SAI firmware, software, hardware and logical entities.
26、 按照权利要求21所述的系统,其中软件层选自包括应用层、 系统层和固件层的组。 26. The system of claim 21, wherein the software layer is selected from the group consisting of an application layer, layer system layer, and firmware.
27、 按照权利要求21所述的系统,其中管理模块包含专用的管理硬件装置。 27. The system of claim 21, wherein the management module comprises a dedicated management hardware devices.
28、 一种通过单一管理模块简化逻辑节点的管理的方法,所述方法包括:有选择地把管理命令从单一管理模块传送给一个或多个逻辑节点; 把管理命令转换成由一个或多个逻辑节点的软件层之一识别的一个或多个功能上等同的软件层命令,软件层命令被配置为与每个逻辑节点兼容;和根据管理命令范围,把一个或多个软件层命令引向至少一个软件层。 28, a simplified method of management by a single logical node management module, the method comprising: selectively transmitting the management command from a single management module to one or more logical nodes; converting the management command into one or more equivalent to one or more functions on a software layer identified layer logical node software command, the command is a software layer configured to be compatible with each logical node; and range according to the management command, the one or more layers of software commands directed at least one software layer.
29、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,其中所述一个或多个逻辑节点包含对等域中的至少一对逻辑节点,以致所述一对逻辑节点中的第一逻辑节点镜像所述一对逻辑节点中的第二逻辑节点的数据处理操作。 29. The method of claim 28, wherein the one or more logical nodes in the peer domain comprising at least one logical node, such that the pair of the first logical node of the pair of mirrored logical node data of the second logical node in the logical node processing operation.
30、 按照权利要求29所述的方法,其中该对逻辑节点定义可独立管理的存储设施映像(SFI),其中所述传送还包含把管理命令发送给多个SFI。 30. The method of claim 29, wherein the logical node can be defined independently manage image storage facility (the SFI), wherein said transmitting further comprises transmitting the management command to a plurality of SFI.
31、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,还包括呈现配置成允许用户把管理命令引向某一域的用户界面的操作,所述域包含至少两个逻辑节点。 31. The method of claim 28, further comprising a presentation manager configured to allow a user to command operation of a user interface directed to a domain, the domain comprising at least two logical nodes.
32、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,其中引向所述一个或多个软件层命令的操作还包含通过链接管理模块和一个或多个逻辑节点的管理子系统,传递软件层命令的操作。 32. The method of claim 28, wherein the one or more software towards said layers further comprises an operation command through the link manager module and one or more logical nodes management subsystem commands transmitted operating software layer.
33、 按照权利要求32所述的方法,其中管理子系统包含表示存在于逻辑节点上的固件、软件、硬件和逻辑实体的对象模型。 33. The method as claimed in claim 32, wherein the management subsystem includes information indicating the presence of the object model, firmware, software, hardware and logical entities in the logical node.
34、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,其中软件层选自包括应用层、 系统层和固件层的组。 34. The method of claim 28, wherein the layer is selected from the group consisting of software application layer, layer system layer, and firmware.
35、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,其中所述单一管理模块包含专用管理硬件装置。 35. The method of claim 28, wherein said management module comprises a single dedicated management hardware devices.
36、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,其中一个或多个逻辑节点包含公共硬件平台的逻辑分区(LPARS), LPARS被配置使每个LPAR在公共硬件平台的独立的中央电子集合体(CEC)上执行。 36. The method of claim 28, wherein the one or more logical nodes comprise logical partitions common hardware platform (LPARS), LPARS each LPAR is arranged in a separate central electronic assembly common hardware platform (CEC) on execution.
37、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,还包括把响应消息从一个或多个逻辑节点中继给单一管理模块的操作。 37. The method of claim 28, further comprising a response message from the one or more logical operations to a single relay node management module.
38、 按照权利要求28所述的方法,其中软件层命令被带外传送。 38. The method of claim 28, wherein the software layer command is transmitted band.
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