CN100384321C - Lighting arrangement with mixed light source - Google Patents

Lighting arrangement with mixed light source Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100384321C
CN100384321C CNB2004100701934A CN200410070193A CN100384321C CN 100384321 C CN100384321 C CN 100384321C CN B2004100701934 A CNB2004100701934 A CN B2004100701934A CN 200410070193 A CN200410070193 A CN 200410070193A CN 100384321 C CN100384321 C CN 100384321C
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China
Prior art keywords
emitting diode
light emitting
light
lighting device
light source
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2004100701934A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1729749A (en
Inventor
李登华
蔡钜锋
方炜
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BINJIN Co Ltd
Beam Gene Corp Ltd
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BINJIN Co Ltd
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Priority to CNB2004100701934A priority Critical patent/CN100384321C/en
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Publication of CN100384321C publication Critical patent/CN100384321C/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a lighting device with a mixed light source, which comprises at least one sliding rail and at least one light fixture on the sliding rail, wherein the light fixtures are arranged on the sliding rails in a detachable way, a plurality of lighting die sets are respectively provided with a plurality of light-emitting diodes having various types in different ways of arrangement, and any one of the lighting die set is arranged on the light fixtures in a replaceable way. A waveform generator is provided with a plurality of waveform generating circuits and is connected with the lighting die sets arranged on the light fixtures via row wires. A prearranged waveform data base is arranged in a control die set, wherein a plurality of kinds of waveform data corresponding to the lighting die sets are arranged in the prearranged waveform data base, and the waveform generating circuits of the waveform generator can be controlled according to the form of the lighting die sets arranged on the light fixtures. A plurality of power waveform signals of the light-emitting diodes on the lighting die sets are provided by the waveform generator to culture plants.

Description

Lighting device with hybrid light source
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of lighting device, particularly relate to a kind of different illumination module and default waveform information storehouse, plant cultivating device that designs with the different lighting demands that adapt to different plants of utilizing with hybrid light source.
Background technology
Past is cultivated tissue culturing seedling in group training chamber, the normal fluorescent tube (tube fluorescentlamp) that uses is as artificial light source, yet fluorescent tube belongs to the heating light source, to cause in the tissue culture bottle under the light, superheating phenomenon being arranged, must manage separately to improve, hurt the possibility of cultivating the seedling growth otherwise have, thereby people's research and utilization light emitting diode is constantly arranged recently, and (light emitting diode LED) cultivates tissue culturing seedling.Light emitting diode is a cold light source, when cultivation can with plant very near and improve the utilization rate in space, and have long, characteristics such as power consumption is little of life-span.People such as Hoenecke in 1992 cooperate blue light fluorescent tube (tube fluorescent lamp) to come the culturing vegetable seedling and obtain success (Hoenecke with the light emitting diode of high light type ruddiness, M.E., R.J.Bula, and T.W.Tibbitts.1992.Importance of ' Blue ' photon levels for lettuce seedlings grownunder red-light-emitting diodes.HortScience 27 (5): 427-430).Thereafter, blue-ray LED came out in 1993, Okamoto used high light type red-light LED and blue-ray LED in 1996, in ratio blue, the ruddiness quantum number is can cultivate normal vegetables (Okamoto 1: 2 time, K., T.Yanagi, and S.Taki ta.1996.Development of plant growth apparatusu string g blue and red LED as artificial light source.Acta Hort., 440:111-116).People such as Yanagi cultivated lettuce in pure blue-ray LED (170 μ mole/m in 1996 2In/s) the environment, but confirm really differential growth, though dry matter is less than pure ruddiness or red, blue light and the plant of leaving, the shorter strong and healthy (Yanagi but the plant under the ethereal blue light seems, T., K.Okamoto, and S.Takita.1996.Effects of blue, red and blue/redlights of two different PPF levels on growth and morphogensis oflettuce plants.Acta Hort.440:117-122).
Just forefathers are many studies the feasibility of light emitting diode as plant cultivation with bench-scale testing, but not special in the volume production being the designed plant cultivating device of starting point.In addition, growth chamber in the common laboratory also only limits to the light source of specific several wavelength, each plant species is not done different lighting module designs, therefore, when changing the lighting system of experiment, usually need could make an amendment to the growth case, so also not very convenient on using by the professional and technical personnel of electronic circuit aspect.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention just is small-sized plant cultivating device modularization that traditional experiment chamber or volume production are used, when the plant of cultivating not simultaneously, can be simply and change different illumination module fast, to shorten the time of correcting device.
Another object of the present invention provides a kind of plant cultivating device with controlled illumination condition, see through specific control module and waveform information storehouse, make plant cultivating device provide default optimal illumination state, to meet the demand of plant cultivation volume production at different plants.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention provides a kind of lighting device with hybrid light source, comprising: at least one slide rail and at least one light fixture, each light fixture is to be arranged on the slide rail with removably; Several illumination module have several light emitting diodes with the set a few types of different arrangement modes respectively, and wherein any illumination module is to be installed on the light fixture in interchangeable mode; Waveform generator has several Waveform generating circuits, and it sees through winding displacement and connects the illumination module that is arranged on each light fixture; The control module includes default waveform information storehouse, wherein above-mentioned waveform information is preset with several waveform informations corresponding to illumination module in the storehouse, can be according to being installed in illumination module form corresponding on the light fixture, the Waveform generating circuit of control waveform generator, provide the light emitting diode on the illumination module several power supply wave shape signals with waveform generator, be used for cultivated plant.
In preferred embodiment, the light emitting diode that each illumination module of plant cultivating device of the present invention adopted comprises light emitting diodes such as infrared light, ruddiness, orange light, gold-tinted, green glow, blue light, purple light and ultraviolet light, and each illumination module can be according to different plant classifications, are suitable for the light emitting diode of the different mixed proportion of varying number, different wave length.
In preferred embodiment, the control module of the lighting device of hybrid light source of the present invention is microcontroller or is calculator that above-mentioned waveform information storehouse is the interior or storage device of calculator interior (as: hard disk) of internal memory that is stored in microcontroller.
In preferred embodiment, the power supply wave shape signal that the Waveform generating circuit of plant cultivating device of the present invention is exported can be pulse wave, square wave, sawtooth waveforms, string ripple or is of value to the waveform signal of plant growing for other.Again, above-mentioned Waveform generating circuit can be adjusted frequency, voltage and the size of current of power supply wave shape signal in addition, to change light quantity, light quality and the corresponding illumination work ratio that light emitting diode was sent.
Technique effect of the present invention is to be starting point with the volume production, develop a kind of with the lighting device of superhigh brightness LED as hybrid light source, wherein waveform generator can be adjusted the light quantity of light emitting diode respectively, light quality and illumination work ratio, to be fit to all kinds of cultivations of plants, coupled computer again, control such as microcontroller module, more apparent elasticity in the use, and for research unit, can be used for assessing light quantity and the light quality that various plant growth is fit to, and assess admissible illumination work ratio, and appropriate illumination work ratio, to make factory when producing, be saved electric power, maybe can change plant growth rate, plant physiology states etc. provide specialized species growth demand, and then the cost when reducing volume production.
Description of drawings
Figure 1A has the calcspar of the lighting device of hybrid light source for the present invention.
Figure 1B has the stereogram of the lighting device of hybrid light source for the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of light fixture of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the illumination module top view on the light fixture of the present invention.
Fig. 4 A-4E is the producible oscillogram of Waveform generating circuit among the present invention.
Fig. 5 A is the calcspar that second embodiment of the invention has the lighting device of hybrid light source.
Fig. 5 B is the stereogram that second embodiment of the invention has the lighting device of hybrid light source.
For above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage can be become apparent, preferred embodiment cited below particularly also cooperates appended graphic elaborating.
Embodiment:
Embodiment 1
Figure 1A has the calcspar of the lighting device of hybrid light source for the present invention.See also Figure 1A, the lighting device with hybrid light source of the present invention mainly comprises control module 17, waveform generator 16 and several illumination module 126a-126c.Wherein, each illumination module 126a-126c sees through winding displacement respectively and connects, and is connected with the Connection Block 162 of waveform generator 16 with winding displacement 18 again; Waveform generator 16 has several Waveform generating circuits 161a-161c, electrically connects with control module 17 and Connection Block 162 respectively, is used to produce the driving voltage with different wave; Control module 17 includes default waveform information storehouse 19, illumination module corresponding to different model in the wherein above-mentioned waveform information storehouse 19 is preset with several waveform information (not shown)s, can be according to the illumination module 126a-126c form of correspondence, the Waveform generating circuit 161a-161c of control waveform generator 16, provide the light emitting diode on the illumination module 126a-126c several power supply wave shape signals with waveform generator 16, be used for cultivated plant.
Figure 1B is the stereogram of plant cultivating device preferred embodiment of the present invention.See also Figure 1B, plant cultivating device 1 is separated into upper and lower two layers of (or more multi-layered) space, end face in each layer all is provided with several slide rails 11, and several light fixtures 12 are installed on each bar slide rail 11, then correspondence is placed with tissue culture bottle 2 below light fixture 12, then places the plant of desire cultivation in the tissue culture bottle 2.Side at plant cultivating device 1 is provided with timer 13, switch 14, power supply 15, waveform generator 16 and control module 17, and for simplicity of illustration, Figure 1B only shows two groups of Waveform generating circuit 161a, 161b.
Shown in Figure 1B, it is the plant illumination that is positioned at tissue culture bottle 2 that power supply 15 is used to provide electric power, the Waveform generating circuit 161a-161b through waveform generator 16, Connection Block 162 and winding displacement 18 (please refer to Figure 1A) to make the illumination module 126a-126c that is arranged on the light fixture 12.Switch 14 is used to control the ON/OFF (ON/OFF) of power supply 15.Timer 13 is used to show the time of light fixture 12 illuminations.Waveform generator 16 except the voltage that can adjust power supply output, electric current, frequency, work than (duty ratio), also can produce driving voltage, control light quantity, light quality and the corresponding illumination work ratio of light fixture 12 thus according to the instruction of control module 17 with different wave.
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of light fixture of the present invention, and Fig. 3 is the illumination module top view on the light fixture of the present invention.See also Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the light fixture 12 of the embodiment of the invention all can be installed illumination module 126, on illumination module 126, be plugged with the light emitting diode 121 of the inhomogeneity shape of the row that form a line, 122, light emitting diode 121,122 can be interlaced configuration, or can do different settings according to Position Number.For example Fig. 3 of embodiment is with red light-emitting diode 121 and blue light-emitting diode 122 interlaced configurations, the light emitting diode 121 of ruddiness row is to each other apart from less again, and the light emitting diode 122 of blue light row is to each other apart from bigger, in this embodiment, the number of the light emitting diode 121 of high light type ruddiness is about two times of blue light-emitting diode 122.Again, the light emitting diode 121 of each numbered positions, 122 respectively with Connection Block 127,128 specific pin position connects, and through the Waveform generating circuit 161a of winding displacement 18 with waveform generator 16,161b connects, to accept Waveform generating circuit 161a, 161b provides different voltage waveform signals, makes illumination module 126 produce corresponding light quantity, light quality and illumination work ratio.
Fig. 4 A-4E is the producible oscillogram of Waveform generating circuit among the present invention.Shown in Fig. 4 A-4E, the power supply wave shape signal that the Waveform generating circuit of plant cultivating device of the present invention is exported can be pulse wave, square wave, sawtooth waveforms, string ripple or is of value to the waveform signal (Fig. 4 E) of plant growing for other, and Waveform generating circuit can be adjusted in addition triggered time and pull(ing) effect between frequency, work ratio, voltage, size of current and the different electrical power waveform of power supply wave shape signal, to change the illumination work ratio of light quantity, light quality and correspondence that light emitting diode was sent.
Again, the light emitting diode of the applicable various wavelength of each illumination module of plant cultivating device of the present invention, as: light emitting diodes such as infrared light, ruddiness, orange light, gold-tinted, green glow, blue light, purple light and ultraviolet light, each illumination module can be according to different plant classifications, are suitable for the light emitting diode of the different mixed proportion of varying number, different wave length.
Secondly, in the present embodiment shown in Figure 1B, control module 17 is a single chip microcontroller, and include default waveform information storehouse 19 therein, this above-mentioned waveform information storehouse 19 can be imported by the external world, can be for different illumination module 126a-126c with different Wave datas, with the demand of correspondence without behaviour in service.
Once more, if control module of the present invention is a personal computer, then by an interface system, as: proposed standard RS-232 (Recommended Standard 232, RS-232) etc. be connected with waveform generator, just can utilize the powerful calculation function of calculator, store the optimum waveform signal of corresponding different plant, different illumination module, as long as the user is on computers according to the bright module of using on different floristics, each light fixture of illumination, can provide best plant to cultivate light source, and the waveform information storehouse also can be upgraded at any time, to meet the volume production needs.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 5 A is the calcspar that second embodiment of the invention has the lighting device of hybrid light source.Please refer to Fig. 5 A, the lighting device 20 with hybrid light source of the present invention mainly comprises microcontroller 22 and several interchangeable illumination module 21a-21c, and wherein microcontroller 22 comprises control circuit 221 and Waveform generating circuit 223.Wherein each illumination module 21a:21c divides into the illumination module 21a-21c of different types with different arrangement modes, several dissimilar light emitting diodes respectively, and the illumination of different demands can be provided.Waveform generating circuit 223 connects one of them of control circuit 221 and illumination module 21a-21c respectively, Waveform generating circuit 223 can produce the driving voltage with different wave, and store waveform information storehouse 222 in the control circuit 221 in advance, illumination module 21a-21c corresponding to different model in the above-mentioned waveform information storehouse 222 is preset with several Wave datas, therefore the control circuit 221 of microcontroller 22 can be according to the form of corresponding illumination module 21a-21c, Waveform generating circuit 223 in the control microcontroller 22, provide the light emitting diode on the illumination module 21a-21c several power supply wave shape signals, as throwing light on or being used for cultivated plant.
Fig. 5 B is the stereogram that second embodiment has the lighting device of hybrid light source.The lighting device 20 that second embodiment of the invention has a hybrid light source is the power modules with first embodiment, Waveform generating circuit and control module are incorporated in the single light fixture 25, shown in Fig. 5 B, has circuit board 26 in the light fixture 25 of lighting device 20, microcontroller 22 is set respectively on circuit board 26, power module 23 and electric connector 24, electric connector 24 can be connected with the direct current or the AC power of outside, and power module 23 can with extraneous direct current or AC power be converted to the required dc source of device, to drive microcontroller 22 and interchangeable illumination module 21a, wherein comprise control circuit 221 and Waveform generating circuit 223 shown in Fig. 5 A in the microcontroller 22, the driving voltage that has different wave with generation.Has the light emitting diode 212 that is provided with at interval on the illumination module 21a, 213, illumination module 21a sees through light fixture 25 upper hopper chutes 251 and is arranged on the light fixture 25 in interchangeable mode, and the metallic contact 211 at the transmission illumination module 21a back side contacts with shell fragment 252 on the light fixture 25, and shell fragment 252 electrically connects with the circuit board 26 of light fixture 25 inside in addition, there is this to receive the driving voltage that microcontroller 22 is provided, for the usefulness of illumination.
Though the present invention with preferred embodiment openly as above; right its is not in order to qualification the present invention, any people who is familiar with this technology, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; when can doing a little change and retouching, so protection scope of the present invention is when being as the criterion with the scope that claim was defined.
Symbol description
1: plant cultivating device 2: tissue culture bottle
11: slide rail 12: light fixture
120: box body 121-122: light emitting diode
126: illumination module 127,128,162: Connection Block
13: timer 14: switch
15: power supply 16: waveform generator
161a-161c: Waveform generating circuit 17: control module
18: winding displacement 19: the waveform information storehouse
20: lighting device 21a-21c: illumination module
211: metallic contact 212-213: light emitting diode
22: microcontroller 221: control circuit
222: waveform information storehouse 223: Waveform generating circuit
23: power module 24: electric connector
25: light fixture 251: chute
252: shell fragment 26: circuit board
T: time v: voltage

Claims (15)

1. lighting device with hybrid light source is characterized in that comprising:
At least one slide rail;
At least one winding displacement;
At least one light fixture is arranged on this slide rail with removably;
Several illumination module have several light emitting diodes with the set a few types of different arrangement modes respectively, and wherein any illumination module is to be installed on this light fixture in interchangeable mode;
Waveform generator has several Waveform generating circuits, sees through this winding displacement and is connected in illumination module on the above-mentioned light fixture;
Can be according to the form that is installed on the illumination module on the above-mentioned light fixture, the Waveform generating circuit of control waveform generator, make waveform generator provide light emitting diode several power supply wave shape signals, control module for the usefulness of illumination, it has the waveform information storehouse, wherein is preset with several Wave datas corresponding to illumination module in this waveform information storehouse.
2. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of infrared light.
3. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of ruddiness.
4. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of orange light.
5. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of gold-tinted.
6. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of green glow.
7. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of blue light.
8. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of purple light.
9. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described light emitting diode is the light emitting diode of ultraviolet light.
10. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described control module is a microcontroller.
11. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described control module is a calculator.
12. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described power supply wave shape signal is a pulse wave.
13. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described power supply wave shape signal is the string ripple.
14. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described power supply wave shape signal is a square wave.
15. the lighting device with hybrid light source as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described power supply wave shape signal is a sawtooth waveforms.
CNB2004100701934A 2004-08-06 2004-08-06 Lighting arrangement with mixed light source Expired - Fee Related CN100384321C (en)

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CN100384321C true CN100384321C (en) 2008-04-30

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6264151B2 (en) * 2014-03-31 2018-01-24 信越半導体株式会社 Plant growing lighting device and plant growing method
CN109027764A (en) * 2017-06-09 2018-12-18 台湾海博特股份有限公司 Multiple spectrum instrument with an automatic light meter

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2438321Y (en) * 2000-09-26 2001-07-11 方炜 Plant cultivation apparatus with light-emitting diode as light source
CN2438320Y (en) * 2000-09-26 2001-07-11 方炜 Plant growing box with ultrabright light-emitting diode as artifical light source

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2438321Y (en) * 2000-09-26 2001-07-11 方炜 Plant cultivation apparatus with light-emitting diode as light source
CN2438320Y (en) * 2000-09-26 2001-07-11 方炜 Plant growing box with ultrabright light-emitting diode as artifical light source

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
受控生态生保系统中植物生长光源的选择. 郭双生等.航天医学与医学工程,第16增刊卷. 2003
受控生态生保系统中植物生长光源的选择. 郭双生等.航天医学与医学工程,第16增刊卷. 2003 *

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