CN100384317C - Method for planting southerm yew - Google Patents

Method for planting southerm yew Download PDF

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CN100384317C
CN100384317C CNB2005100323140A CN200510032314A CN100384317C CN 100384317 C CN100384317 C CN 100384317C CN B2005100323140 A CNB2005100323140 A CN B2005100323140A CN 200510032314 A CN200510032314 A CN 200510032314A CN 100384317 C CN100384317 C CN 100384317C
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centimetres
seed
seedling
soil
planting
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CN1759653A (en
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郭华山
唐文东
林敏�
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林敏�
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The present invention relates to a method for planting southern yews, which comprises the following procedures of raising seedling sowing or raising seedling cuttage, and cultivation for afforestation, wherein the raising seedling sowing comprises seed collection, accelerating germination, construction for nursery, sowing, and field management, and the raising seedling cuttage comprises selection of cutting branches, arrangement for slotting machines, processing of cutting, cuttage, and management; the cultivation for afforestation comprises selection of planting sites, selection of seedlings, soil working, planting time, processing of seedlings, tending, fertilization, etc. Because the method effectively solves the technical problem that rare plants have no scientific seedling raising and are not easily and rapidly cultivated by large area, the survival rate is higher than 95%, the yield of seedlings is 60000 seedlings per mu, and the danger of deficient wild resources is effectively restrained. Additionally, the present invention makes contribution for developing, utilizing, and exploiting resources of southern yews which are rich in anti-cancer drug ingredients of paclitaxel.

Description

Method for planting southerm yew
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant growing technology, relate in particular to a kind of kind method for planting of southern enqlish yew.
Background technology
(English name: be the ancient seeds that carry over the Quaternary Period T.chinensis Var.mairei), timber is fine and closely woven, and is tough and tensile durable, and real is precious greening commerical tree species for southern enqlish yew.Especially, its branch, leaf, skin all contain the rare and unique composition in a kind of world " taxol "---generally believe the most effective cancer therapy drug at present in the world.Because southern enqlish yew wild resource scarcity has been listed in the first-grade state protection seeds, therefore greatly develop the cultivation of southern enqlish yew resource and the meaning that development and use have particular importance.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the kind method for planting that a kind of science is grown seedlings, large tracts of land is cultivated southern enqlish yew fast, to separate the danger of wild resource scarcity.
Technical solution of the present invention is that described method for planting southerm yew is the following step:
One, seeding and seedling raising or cuttage and seedling culture:
1, seeding and seedling raising:
(1), seed collection: in 10 months, the last ten-days period, collect seed when the southern enqlish yew fruit is peony.The seed clear water adopted back soaked 3~5 days, changed water every day 1 time, rubbed with the hands and went arillus, cleaned, and spread the I that dries in the shade~2 day, thousand grain weigth 80~90 grams, good degree 90~98% out.
(2), presprouting of seeds:
1., selecting level land leeward, shady and cool, not ponding digs pit.Cheat dark 30~50 centimetres, 20~40 centimetres of footpath, hole ¢, chamber, hole size is directly proportional place mat 3~7 cm thick river sand in the hole with the amount of sowing;
2., soak disinfection half an hour of above-mentioned seed with 0.05% liquor potassic permanganate;
3., get above-mentioned sterile-processed seed in regular turn in 1: 3 ratio and evenly mix with river sand, the seed with mulling is tiled in the heatable adobe sleeping platform then, thick 20~30 centimetres, cover one deck damp sand again, thick 3~7 centimetres of damp sand makes its surface maintain an equal level with ground, covers one deck straw again and protects shade and preserve moisture.Stirred in every month 1 time, disinfect mildew and rot seed after rejecting or the flushing with clean water, the mulling of going is again preserved, and is now white to the broken chest of late October in next year seed.
(3), ground, garden is built:
1., garden ground is selected: select that soil layer is deep, short texture, be rich in organic matter, irrigation and draining in order, semilate rice or the harvested rice field of late rice then;
2., preparing soil in rice field: after the harvesting of semilate rice or late rice, treat that antecedent soil moisture ploughs deeply once, hack once divides the railway carriage or compartment to make bed thereafter.1.2 meters of bedsides, pavement wide 0.3 meter alternate, 20 centimetres of the height of bed, nursery length coupling is selected by seedbed length and above-mentioned institute;
3., throw basal dressing: when doing behind the hack bed, every mu applies 3000~5000 kilograms of the pig cow dungs become thoroughly decomposed wholely, instant high-quality composite fertilizer 80~120 kg.Above-mentioned two kinds of fertilizer are turned underground layer, and leveling railway carriage or compartment face adds yellow soil, thick 3~7 centimetres of soil then on the face of railway carriage or compartment.
(4), begin sowing in good time: storage in the above-mentioned hole 1 year, the part seed that breach is now white sifts out clean, and is with 0.05% liquor potassic permanganate seed soaking sterilization 10 minutes, clean with flushing with clean water again, implement seed broadcasting or drilling behind the airing open fire, every mu with planting 12~18 kilograms.
(5), field management:
1., set up cool canopy before coming up, canopy is high 1.7 meters, and the hot summer days, bed Zhou Zhiye shaded;
2., the growth of seedling phase, keep no ponding in the ditch, two seasons of Xia Qiu are soaked filling to nursery lot, soak 1~3 hour filling time, the water surface is lower than bed surface, soaks filling once in 8~12 days;
3., when coming up its stem, blade back, blade face were sprayed 700~900 times of import topsins or partly measure the formula bordeaux mixture every 5~9 days, these two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly prevention and elimination of disease and pests;
4., weeding loosens the soil, seedling growth topdresses in earlier stage, based on nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, adds 0.2~0.6 kilogram of urea preparation with 8~12% rare night soils, first quarter moon apply fertilizer once, stops fertilising mid-September, the dismounting cool canopy;
5., nursery stock reach two leaves wholeheartedly after, carry out Nursery stock transplanting, a close benefit is rare, select overcast and rainy or rain after transplant, transplant the back and cover liver moss, clear water drenches the root and stem of certain plants;
6., continue set up cool canopy to reserved bed seedling summer, in time removes pavement and weeds all around, strengthen thin and weak seedling and topdress.
2, cuttage and seedling culture:
(1), transplant a cutting to select: use and sprout branch or treelet annotinous branch, long 15~20 centimetres of plugged ear, the old branch of base portion band, old branch is long 1.0~1.5 centimetres, thick 0.2~0.5 centimetre of base.
(2), slotting machine setting: select that the water source is convenient, ground, garden is done on the ground in leeward cool place, slotting machine is wide 1.2 meters, the composite soil of pad yellow soil and thin river sand, yellow soil is 1: 1 with the ratio of thin river sand, 20 centimetres of the height of bed, matrix are paved the back and are sparged bed surface with 0.4% liquor potassic permanganate, seal 1~2 day.
(3), plugged ear handles: cut plugged ear from transplanting a cutting, the plugged ear base portion is cut into horse ear shape, tears off 5~8 centimetres of branch blades in bottom, manages behind the plugged ear base portion per 100 and is bundled into 1 bundle, and base portion is immersed 100 * 10 -6In the BT6 rooting powder solution 3~5 hours, average 1 gram root-inducing powder was handled 6000~8000 Chinese yew plugged ears, and the plugged ear base portion dries slightly before the cuttage.
(4), cuttage and management; Cutting time is 6~August, punch with bamboo let before the cuttage, 8~10 centimetres of hole depths, 8 centimetres of seeding row spacing 4 cm x are inserted the plugged ear bar until the blade place along cutting hole, stick with one after, be sprayed onto cutting hole and the disappearance of plugged ear suture with the pouring of 25% carbendazol wettable powder, 0.08~0.1% solution, at once film is covered on the little shed, 20~28 ℃ of seedling bed temperatures, humidity is 85~90%.In time ventilate when temperature is too high, humidity is crossed when hanging down and is sprayed water in good time, matrix keeps moisture state, does not show Bai Weidu with the surface, and cool canopy is put up in the slotting machine top, light transmittance 30~40%, canopy is high 1.8 meters, after the nursery stock cuttage, and weeding in time, in conjunction with the fertilising water spray, fertilizer uses 0.4% urea or efficient compound fertilizer solution during arid.
Two, cultivation afforestation,
1, planting site is selected: select height above sea level more than 800 meters, soil layer is deep fertile, venting and water permeable, the mountain region of illumination abundance.
2, nursery stock is selected: select and gave birth to healthy and strong, not damaged nursery stock in 1~2 year, one year seedling bar bar footpath ¢ is more than 0.3 centimetre, and is high more than 20 centimetres, and biennial seedling bar bar footpath ¢ is more than 0.5 centimetre, and is high more than 50 centimetres.
3, wholely: cultivate whole ground entirely, dig the cave and plant, 50 * 50 * 30 cubic centimetres of chamber, cave specifications, 1.0 meters * 1.0 meters of seeding row spacings.
4, plant time and nursery stock handled: the time of planting is early spring winter Mo, plant and want that rooting is easypro, seedling just, having peace of mind, planting preceding is that 1% glucose adds 100 * 10 with concentration -6The ABT rooting powder solution soaked root 30 minutes.
5, tending [after young plantation: connect and comforted 3 years, annual hoe is comforted, cutter is comforted each once, and hoe is comforted in 5~June and carried out, and cutter is comforted in 8~September and carried out, requirement reaches weeding, loosens the soil, trains the root and stem of certain plants, expands cave passband purpose, and comfort once in conjunction with fertilising according to the assorted growing state of irritating in the woods every year after 3 years.
6, fertilising: 0.03~0.07 kilogram of the 1 year annual every strain sealing fertilizer of afforesting certainly, punching is spreaded manuer in holes, the 4th year beginning ring tree trench digging deep placement, 0.1 kilogram of composite fertilizer of every strain.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the method for planting southerm yew of the present invention technical problem that the rare plant science is grown seedlings because it has solved effectively, large tracts of land is cultivated fast, the southern enqlish yew survival rate height of experiment cultivation, up to more than 95%, the danger of having contained the wild resource scarcity is effectively we can say in 60,000 strains of per mu yield nursery stock fully.For protecting country-level seeds, develop energetically, utilize and the southern enqlish yew resource of cancer therapy drug composition " taxol " is rich in development, thereby made positive contribution for human benefiting.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1, and the method for planting southerm yew of present embodiment is the following step:
One, grows seedlings: seeding and seedling raising
(1), seed collection: in 10 months, the last ten-days period, collect seed when the southern enqlish yew fruit is peony, the seed clear water of adopting back soaked 4 days, changed water every day 1 time, rubbed with the hands and went arillus, cleaned, and spread out and dried in the shade I days.Thousand grain weigth 80 grams, good degree 95%.
(2), presprouting of seeds:
1., select leeward, shady and cool, the level land of ponding not, dig pit, cheat dark 35 centimetres, 25 centimetres of footpath, hole ¢, place mat river sand 4 cm thicks in the hole;
2., soak disinfection half an hour of above-mentioned seed with 0.05% liquor potassic permanganate;
3., get above-mentioned sterile-processed seed in regular turn in 1: 3 ratio and evenly mix with river sand, the seed with mulling is tiled in the heatable adobe sleeping platform then, 25 centimetres of thickness, cover one deck damp sand again, 4 centimetres of thickness make its surface equal with ground, and the lid layer straw protects shade and preserves moisture again.In 1 lunar crater, stir 1 time, as find the seed that goes rotten, in time reject.To late October in next year, the broken chest of seed is now white.
(3), ground, garden is built:
1., garden ground is selected:, short texture deep with soil layer, be rich in good, improper with a western exposure, the Xia Qiu of organic matter, draining and meet the paddy soils of harvesting then that arid can in time irrigate and be advisable;
2., preparing soil in rice field: behind harvesting semilate rice or late rice, treat to plough deeply once behind the antecedent soil moisture usually, hack once.Thereafter divide the railway carriage or compartment to make bed, 1.5 meters of wide beds (clean bed surface is wide 1.2 meters, and pavement is wide 0.3 meter), it is fixed that 20 centimetres of the height of bed, seedbed length are looked ground, nursery.
3., throw basal dressing: when making bed behind the hack, every mu applies 3500 kilograms of the pig cow dungs become thoroughly decomposed wholely, and 90 kilograms of instant high-quality composite fertilizers turn underground layer with fertilizer, flatten the railway carriage or compartment face, add yellow soil then on the face of railway carriage or compartment, native thick 4 centimetres.
(4), begin sowing in good time: the storage of seed by 1 year, have the part breach now white, seed is sifted out clean, sterilized 10 minutes with 0.05% liquor potassic permanganate seed soaking, clean with flushing with clean water again, can sow behind the airing open fire.Type of seeding is broadcasted sowing and two kinds of drillings, can choose wantonly wherein a kind of.
1., the method for broadcasting sowing is: seed is sprinkling upon on the seedbed of filling in yellow soil equably, covers seed with yellow soil, to lose seed degree of being, with liver moss the seedbed is all covered again;
2., the bar broadcasting method is: choose 10 centimetres of wide planks, press seed furrow, dark 2 centimetres filling on the seedbed of yellow soil, 15 centimetres of distances between the seed furrow evenly are seeded in seed in the ditch, and with gold zone earth mulch kind, 1 centimetre of thickness is used liver moss cover-seeding ditch again.
What more than should be specifically noted that is: the one, and strict control seeding quantity, every mu is 12~18 kilograms with kind, can have a strong impact on qualified seedling emergence rate too much with planting; The 2nd, after planting, to broadcast sowing and must the seedbed all be covered with liver moss, as long as drilling is with liver moss cover-seeding ditch.After coming up, liver moss is not thrown off yet, remain on the seedbed for a long time.The advantage of liver moss seedling-protection is, the protection seedbed is not splashed and the sunlight direct projection by rainwater, makes nursery stock not be subjected to sun burns and avoids forming mud rod death by suffocation because of stem, leaf are stained with mud.Should often keep loosing soil, moistening simultaneously, reduce the intertill and clean tillage recruitment. to approach but cover liver moss thickness, can not be too thick, as drouth rain not, available thin loess is pushed down liver moss, or moistening with sprayer water spray maintenance seedbed.
(5), field management:
1., seedling protects shade: before coming up, must the cool canopy frame is good, canopy is high 1.7 meters, will with branches and leaves shade around the seedbed dog days.
2., prevention waterlogging drought resisting: the southern enqlish yew seedling is afraid of arid and moist, and especially in the growth of seedling phase, on the occasion of the how fine few weather of rain, reply drain ditch, field, nursery is in time cleared up, and keeps no ponding in the ditch.Heat and drought condition season two season of autumn in summer, soak filling to nursery lot, be about 2 hours but soak the filling time, water can not be higher than the seedbed, soaks to irritate to be separated by 10 days at every turn.
3., the extermination of disease and insect pest: after coming up, on the occasion of rainy season, seedling is many because of rainwater, and air humidity is big, and easy infection germ and root-rot and damping off take place is if slightly carelessness can cause the failure of growing seedlings, so focus on " preventing doing harm to ".Promptly in coming up, every 8 days 800 times of import topsins of spray or partly measure the formula bordeaux mixture (0.5 kilogram of copper sulphate: 0.5 kilogram of quicklime: 100 kg of water) spraying, to seedling stem and blade back, foliage-spray.Two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly.
4., intertill and clean tillage, fertilising: during seedling growth, the attention weeding is loosened the soil, and improves the soil aeration condition.The weeding principle is: remove little, remove early, except.Seedling growth topdresses in earlier stage, and based on nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, the rare night soil with 10% also adds 0.4 kilogram of urea preparation, executes once every first quarter moon, stops fertilising mid-September, and the cool canopy shading screen is removed, and uses but frame stays the coming year again.
5., seedling replanting: as irregular because of sowing, it is overstocked or rare excessively to cause nursery stock to distribute, nursery stock reach two leaves wholeheartedly after, the time to mid-June, must be carried out Nursery stock transplanting for by the end of May, a close benefit is rare.Transplanting method is: select to transplant behind overcast and rainy or the rain, cover liver moss after, clear water drenches the root and stem of certain plants.
6., biennial nursery stock management: after annual qualified seedling is used for afforestation.Reserved bed seedling needs in summer the cool canopy frame to be removed pavement and weeds all around well and in time, thin and weak seedling is strengthened to topdress grow promoting.
More than by meticulous experiment management, one year seedling is up to 15~30 centimetres, and biennial height of seedling reaches 50~80 centimetres, reaches 100 centimetres on a small quantity, 0.6 centimetre of seedling bar bar footpath ¢, and the per mu yield nursery stock reaches 60,000 strains.
Two, cultivation afforestation: cultivation, promptly plant trees, plant trees i.e. artificial afforestration.
(1), planting site is selected: select height above sea level more than 800 meters, soil layer is deep fertile, venting and water permeable, the mountain region of illumination abundance.
(2), nursery stock is selected: select and gave birth to healthy and strong, not damaged nursery stock in 1 year, one year seedling bar bar footpath ¢ is more than 0.3 centimetre, and is high more than 20 centimetres.
(3), land preparation mode: cultivate whole ground entirely, dig the cave and plant, 30 centimetres of chamber, cave specification 50 cm x 50 cm x, 1.0 meters * 1.0 meters of seeding row spacings.
(4), plant time and nursery stock handled: the time of planting was advisable with early spring winter Mo, and the survival rate height can reach more than 95%. accomplish when planting that root relaxes, seedling just, having peace of mind. it is preceding with 100 * 10 to plant -6The ABT rooting powder solution adds glucose (it is 1% that glucose is joined back concentration) and soaked root 30 minutes.
(5), tending [after young plantation: connect and comforted 3 years, annual hoe is comforted, cutter is comforted each once.Hoe is comforted for 5~June and is carried out, and cutter is comforted for 8~September and carried out, and reaches weeding, loosens the soil, trains the root and stem of certain plants, expands cave passband purpose.Annual after 3 years according to the assorted growing state of irritating in the woods, comfort once in conjunction with fertilising.
(6), fertilising: afforestation need not applied fertilizer then, and annual every strain sealing fertilizer was 0.05 kilogram from 1 year, and punching is spreaded manuer in holes.Began to adopt ring tree trench digging deep placement on the 4th year, 0.1 kilogram of every strain.
Embodiment 2, and the method for planting southerm yew of present embodiment is the following step:
One, grows seedlings: cuttage and seedling culture
(1), transplants a cutting and select: use and sprout branch or treelet annotinous branch, require the branch stalwartness full, preferably be with young sprout then.Long 15~20 centimetres of plugged ear, base portion should be with old branch long 1.0~1.5 centimetres, thick 0.2~0.5 centimetre of base.
(2), the slotting machine setting: select that the water source is convenient, ground, garden is done on the ground in leeward cool place, slotting machine is made into wide 1.2 meters, the composite soil of yellow soil and thin river sand pad on, yellow soil is 1: 1 with the ratio of river sand carefully, in order to water conservation, breathe freely.20 centimetres of the height of bed will sparge bed surface with 0.4% liquor potassic permanganate after matrix is paved, and seal 1~2 day.
(3), plugged ear handles: from transplanting a cutting the plugged ear that shears off, base portion all is cut into horse ear shape, and tears off blade on 5~8 centimetres of branches in bottom with hand, manages behind the plugged ear base portion per 100 and is bundled into 1 bundle, and base portion immerses 100 * 10 -6In the ABT6 rooting powder solution 4 hours, average 1 gram root-inducing powder was handled 6000~8000 Chinese yew plugged ears.The plugged ear base portion dries slightly before the cuttage.
(4), cuttage and management: cutting time is 6~August.Punch 9 centimetres of hole depths, 8 centimetres of seeding row spacing 4 cm x before the cuttage with bamboo let, insert the plugged ear bar until the blade place along cutting hole, after sticking with one, be sprayed onto cutting hole and the disappearance of plugged ear suture, at once film be covered on the little shed with the pouring of 25% carbendazol wettable powder, 0.09% solution.Seedling bed temperature remains on 20~28 ℃, and humidity is 85~90%.Temperature is too high will in time ventilate, and humidity is crossed low should in good time the water spray, and matrix keeps moisture state, does not show Bai Weidu with the surface, can not be wet excessively, otherwise the easily mashed dead seedling of root.Cool canopy will be put up in the slotting machine top, light transmittance 30~40%, and canopy is high 1.8 meters, is convenient to management.After the nursery stock cuttage, note timely weeding, in order to seedling growth.About cuttage 1 month, part plugged ear base portion expands, and after 2~3 months, forms obvious visible callus lines, 3~8 at the dimly visible milky tip of a root.Do not form the cutting of callus, the young sprout of sprouting is withered, and the part of burying all is pitchy, and cortex separates; After 4~6 months, be the exhibition root stage, every strain has 5~10 of roots, long 4~6 centimetres of root, and the innovation growth is accelerated, and it is dark green that the leaf look changes. reach more than 85% 5~7 centimetres of new then shoot elongations by this method cuttage survival rate.The weather arid time is noted the drought resisting of spraying water, and the best incorporated fertilising is advisable with urea or efficient compound fertilizer solution with 0.4%. 1 year spring portable, further cultivate into strong sprout.
Step 2 and all the other are with embodiment 1.

Claims (3)

1. method for planting southerm yew, this method is the following step:
One, seeding and seedling raising or cuttage and seedling culture,
1, seeding and seedling raising:
(1), seed collection: in 10 months, the last ten-days period, collect seed when the southern enqlish yew fruit is peony, the seed clear water of adopting back soaked 3~5 days, changed water every day 1 time, rubbed with the hands and went arillus, cleaned, and spread the I that dries in the shade~2 day out, thousand grain weigth 80~90 grams, good degree 90~98%,
(2), presprouting of seeds:
1., select level land leeward, shady and cool, not ponding and dig pit, cheat dark 30~50 centimetres, 20~40 centimetres of footpath, hole ¢, chamber, hole size is directly proportional with the amount of sowing, interior place mat 3~7 cm thick river sand in hole,
2., soak disinfection half an hour of above-mentioned seed, with 0.05% liquor potassic permanganate
3., getting above-mentioned sterile-processed seed in regular turn in 1: 3 ratio evenly mixes with river sand, seed with mulling is tiled in the heatable adobe sleeping platform then, thick 20~30 centimetres, covers one deck damp sand again, thick 3~7 centimetres, its surface is maintained an equal level with ground, cover one deck straw again and protect shade and preserve moisture, stirred 1 time in every month, disinfect mildew and rot seed after rejecting or the flushing with clean water, the mulling of going is again preserved, and is now white to the broken chest of late October in next year seed
(3), ground, garden is built:
1., garden ground selects: select that soil layer is deep, short texture, be rich in organic matter, irrigation and draining in order, semilate rice or the harvested rice field of late rice then,
2., preparing soil in rice field: after the harvesting of semilate rice or late rice, treat that antecedent soil moisture ploughs deeply once, hack once divides the railway carriage or compartment to make bed thereafter, 1.2 meters of bedsides, pavement wide 0.3 meter alternate, 20 centimetres of the height of bed, seedbed length are selected nursery length with above-mentioned institute and are mated,
3., throw basal dressing: when doing behind the hack bed, every mu applies 3000~5000 kilograms of the pig cow dungs become thoroughly decomposed wholely, instant high-quality composite fertilizer 80~120 kg, above-mentioned two kinds of fertilizer are turned underground layer, and leveling railway carriage or compartment face adds yellow soil then on the face of railway carriage or compartment, thick 3~7 centimetres of soil
(4), begin sowing in good time: with storage in the above-mentioned hole 1 year, the part seed that breach is now white sifted out clean, with 0.05% liquor potassic permanganate seed soaking sterilization 10 minutes, clean with flushing with clean water again, implement seed broadcasting or drilling behind the airing open fire, every mu with planting 12~18 kilograms
(5), field management:
1., set up cool canopy before coming up, canopy is high 1.7 meters, and the hot summer days, bed Zhou Zhiye shaded,
2., the growth of seedling phase, keep no ponding in the ditch, two seasons of Xia Qiu are soaked filling to nursery lot, soak 1~3 hour filling time, the water surface is lower than bed surface, soaks filling once in 8~12 days,
3., when coming up its stem, blade back, blade face were sprayed 700~900 times of import topsins or partly measure the formula bordeaux mixture every 5~9 days, these two kinds of medicines are used alternatingly prevention and elimination of disease and pests,
4., weeding loosens the soil, seedling growth topdresses in earlier stage, based on nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, adds 0.2~0.6 kilogram of urea preparation with 8~12% rare night soils, first quarter moon apply fertilizer once, stops fertilising mid-September, the dismounting cool canopy,
5., nursery stock reach two leaves wholeheartedly after, carry out Nursery stock transplanting, a close benefit is rare, select overcast and rainy or rain after transplant, transplant the back and cover liver moss, clear water drenches the root and stem of certain plants,
6., continue set up cool canopy to reserved bed seedling summer, in time removes pavement and weeds all around, strengthen thin and weak seedling and topdress,
2, cuttage and seedling culture:
(1), transplant a cutting to select: use and sprout branch or treelet annotinous branch, long 15~20 centimetres of plugged ear, the old branch of base portion band, old branch is long 1.0~1.5 centimetres, thick 0.2~0.5 centimetre of base,
(2), slotting machine setting: select that the water source is convenient, ground, garden is done on the ground in leeward cool place, slotting machine is wide 1.2 meters, the composite soil of pad yellow soil and thin river sand, yellow soil is 1: 1 with the ratio of thin river sand, and 20 centimetres of the height of bed, matrix are paved the back and sparged bed surface with 0.4% liquor potassic permanganate, seal 1~2 day
(3), plugged ear handles: cut plugged ear from transplanting a cutting, the plugged ear base portion is cut into horse ear shape, tears off 5~8 centimetres of branch blades in bottom, manages behind the plugged ear base portion per 100 and is bundled into 1 bundle, and base portion is immersed 100 * 10 -6In the ABT6 rooting powder solution 3~5 hours, average 1 gram root-inducing powder was handled 6000~8000 Chinese yew plugged ears, and the plugged ear base portion dries slightly before the cuttage,
(4), cuttage and management: cutting time is 6~August, punch with bamboo let before the cuttage, 8~10 centimetres of hole depths, 8 centimetres of seeding row spacing 4 cm x are inserted the plugged ear bar until the blade place along cutting hole, stick with one after, be sprayed onto cutting hole and the disappearance of plugged ear suture with the pouring of 25% carbendazol wettable powder, 0.08~0.1% solution, at once film is covered on the little shed, 20~28 ℃ of seedling bed temperatures, humidity is 85~90%, in time ventilate when temperature is too high, humidity is crossed when hanging down and is sprayed water in good time, and matrix keeps moisture state, does not show Bai Weidu with the surface, cool canopy is put up in the slotting machine top, light transmittance 30~40%, canopy is high 1.8 meters, after the nursery stock cuttage, weeding in time, in conjunction with the fertilising water spray, fertilizer uses 0.4% urea or efficient compound fertilizer solution during arid
Two, cultivation afforestation,
(1), planting site selects: select height above sea level more than 800 meters, soil layer is deep fertile, venting and water permeable, the mountain region of illumination abundance,
(2), nursery stock selects: select and gave birth to healthy and strong, not damaged nursery stock in 1~2 year, one year seedling bar bar footpath ¢ is more than 0.3 centimetre, and is high more than 20 centimetres, and biennial seedling bar bar footpath ¢ is more than 0.5 centimetre, and is high more than 50 centimetres,
(3), wholely: cultivate whole ground entirely, dig the cave and plant, 50 * 50 * 30 cubic centimetres of chamber, cave specifications, 1.0 meters * 1.0 meters of seeding row spacings,
(4), plant time and nursery stock handle: the time of planting is early spring winter Mo, plant and want that rooting is easypro, seedling just, having peace of mind, planting preceding is that 1% glucose adds 100 * 10 with concentration -6The ABT rooting powder solution soaked root 30 minutes,
(5), tending [after young plantation: connect and comforted 3 years, annual hoe is comforted, cutter is comforted each once, and hoe is comforted in 5~June and carried out, cutter is comforted in 8~September and is carried out, requirement reaches weeding, loosens the soil, trains the root and stem of certain plants, expands cave passband purpose, and comfort once in conjunction with fertilising according to the assorted growing state of irritating in the woods every year after 3 years
(6), fertilising: 0.03~0.07 kilogram of the 1 year annual every strain sealing fertilizer of afforesting certainly, punching is spreaded manuer in holes, the 4th year beginning ring tree trench digging deep placement, 0.1 kilogram of composite fertilizer of every strain.
2. method for planting southerm yew according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described broadcasting sowing is that seed is sprinkling upon on the seedbed of filling in yellow soil equably, covers seed with yellow soil, to lose seed degree of being, with liver moss the seedbed all covered again.
3. method for planting southerm yew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described drilling is to get 10 centimetres of wide planks, oppress seed furrow, 2 centimetres of ditch depths, 15 centimetres of ditch spacings filling on the seedbed of yellow soil, evenly broadcast seed in the ditch, yellow soil covers seed, and thick 1 centimetre of soil is used liver moss cover-seeding ditch again.
CNB2005100323140A 2005-10-28 2005-10-28 Method for planting southerm yew CN100384317C (en)

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