CN100373027C - Mould component - Google Patents

Mould component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100373027C
CN100373027C CNB2005101267006A CN200510126700A CN100373027C CN 100373027 C CN100373027 C CN 100373027C CN B2005101267006 A CNB2005101267006 A CN B2005101267006A CN 200510126700 A CN200510126700 A CN 200510126700A CN 100373027 C CN100373027 C CN 100373027C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
shoe
sidewall
plate
cavity
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CNB2005101267006A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1793568A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2005101267006A priority Critical patent/CN100373027C/en
Publication of CN1793568A publication Critical patent/CN1793568A/en
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Publication of CN100373027C publication Critical patent/CN100373027C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a shuttering member which comprises upper plates (1), peripheral side walls (2) and a lower bottom plate (3), wherein a cavity body is enclosed by the upper plate (1), the peripheral side walls (2) and the lower bottom plate (3). The present invention is characterized in that the peripheral side walls (2) which form a ring and the lower bottom plate (3) form an integral basin-shaped member, and the lower bottom plate (3) of the basin-shaped member extends out of at least one peripheral side wall (2) to form a cantilever plate (4). The present invention is suitable for hollow storied building roofs, roofs, walls, foundation bottom plates and open web bridges of cast-in-place reinforcement concrete or prestressed reinforcement concrete to use, and especially suitable for hollow beamless storied building roofs to use.

Description

A kind of shuttering member

The application for the applying date be that October 1, application number in 2003 are 200310100983.8, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of shuttering member ".

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.

(2) background technology

At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.Simultaneously, this kind polyhedron cavity former component in order to save construction formwork, is gone to the bottom also and can be stretched out the formation bridging piece from sidewall on every side, and bridging piece can be used as the stay in place formwork of the Cast-in-place concrete rib between the cavity former component, helps improving speed of application, reduces construction cost.But, when producing, makes this class shuttering member inconvenience, and production efficiency is low, is not easy to streamline production, and therefore corresponding cost height, develops a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have the characteristics such as easy, that production efficiency is high, cost is low of making.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall and lower shoe on every side, upper plate, sidewall and lower shoe are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that sidewall ring and lower shoe are whole basin-shaped component on every side, upper plate, sidewall on every side, be superimposed with a slice overlapping layers at least at least one basic unit of lower shoe or bridging piece, overlapping layers and basic unit are overlapped into integral body, upper plate, sidewall on every side, lower shoe, contain reinforce at least one of bridging piece or overlapping layers, reinforce stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, and the lower shoe of basin-shaped component stretches out the formation bridging piece from least one sidewall on every side.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Owing to upper plate, contain reinforce in sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or the overlapping layers on every side, thereby their intensity height, rigidity are big; Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, be convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, help reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions, in addition, reinforce stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger; When shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers to stipulating the length of time, and it is made easily, the production efficiency height, corresponding cost is low, simultaneously, shuttering member also has simple in structure, the intensity height, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy construction, characteristics such as speed of application is fast, thus reached purpose of the present invention, be applicable to the hollow building cover of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and hollow bridges are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, has reinforce to expose at least one of sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or overlapping layers on every side.Like this, have reinforce to expose, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structural integrity of corresponding formation is better.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers and basic unit's material are identical or different.Like this, when overlapping layers was identical with the basic unit material, both binding affinities were better, and the two can be combined together better, make shuttering member have the better overall performance; When overlapping layers and basic unit's material not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economic material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, improve the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Like this, can make things convenient for manufacturing of shuttering member, reduce the production difficulty, enhance productivity, help reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, the superimposed mode variation between overlapping layers and the basic unit makes to be connected superimposed conveniently between overlapping layers and the basic unit, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers and lower shoe are superimposed.Like this, the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, manufactures more convenient simply, and can reduce the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the overlapping layers intensity height that adopts light aggregate concrete to make, rigidity is big, and shuttering member is in light weight.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Like this, the weight of shuttering member is lighter, intensity is bigger.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a foam layer.Like this, the manufacture craft of shuttering member is simpler, and speed of production is faster, and cost is lower, is convenient to applying of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, hole, boss module, raised line or the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, hole or raised line self are parallel, quadrature or oblique setting or form grid.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inner corner trim on the shuttering member, chamfering, groove, hole, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, hole or raised line are from being parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forming grid.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib that are provided with in the shuttering member can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, had optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.

Feature of the present invention is that also in stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib in the described cavity body at least one expose outside the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the stiffening rib that shuttering member exposes, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, had optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.

Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib reinforce to expose.Like this, if also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better;

Feature of the present invention also is the superimposed or superimposed back of described stiffening rib, bracing boom or reinforcing rib and basic unit dew muscle, net reinforce.

Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffening rib, bracing boom or reinforcing rib are superimposed with overlapping layers.Like this, if be superimposed with overlapping layers, then the making of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib is more convenient, and intensity is also higher.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make shuttering member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall or lower shoe be light material.Like this, the shuttering member of the wall that light material is made is in light weight, when it is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, and transportation, easy for installation, difficulty of construction and labour intensity reduce greatly, help improving speed of application, reduce the cost of manufacture of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall be dismountable movable part.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall dismountable movable part is arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity body.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, shuttering member is connected as one by connector, has constituted the shuttering member assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece.Like this, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of lightweight concrete or polymer concrete, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Like this, the overlapping layers that is composited by multilayer build-up has favorable shock resistance, can reduce the proportion of goods damageds of shuttering member significantly, and it is easier, convenient to make simultaneously, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.Like this, overlapping layers is formed by stacking by at least two kinds of materials, thereby making is easier, convenient, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall or the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side.Like this, upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, thereby each parts of shuttering member can be manufactured respectively, can be assembled into shuttering member integral body each other by the overlapping layers on each parts, both can assemble, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby can enhance productivity greatly in manufacturer, convenient carrying and construction, the proportion of goods damageds of reduction shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and surround shuttering member integral body on every side, can produce each parts in advance, enhance productivity, make things convenient for the carrying of each building block of shuttering member, shuttering member both can be assembled when producing, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby enhance productivity, reduce spillage of material, reduce production costs.

Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is bridging piece, 5 is overlapping layers, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and overlapping layers 5 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its upper plate 1, be provided with reinforce 6 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, diagram upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforces 6 in the sidewall 2 be fibrous mesh cloth, lower shoe 3 interior reinforces 6 are gauze wire cloth, on the bridging piece in addition gauze wire cloth expose.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and the material of its overlapping layers 5 is identical with the basic unit material.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 5, and its overlapping layers 5 is positioned at the inboard of basic unit.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode between its overlapping layers 5 and the basic unit.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and the transverse cross-sectional shape of its cavity body is a polygon.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, also is provided with chamfering 8, groove 9, pit 10, hole 11, boss module 12 and external corner 14 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, be provided with stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 and reinforcing rib 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, be provided with light material 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 18 is an expanded perlite.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that light material 18 is made, the diagram light material 18 be the haydite concrete.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be coarse external surface.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its cavity body is provided with align member 19, and illustrated position member 19 is for supporting angle.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its cavity body is provided with the connector 20 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 20 is a pipe fitting.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 20, and the spacing between the cavity body constitutes internal-rib die cavity 21.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 4, and the spacing between the cavity body constitutes internal-rib die cavity 21.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, the compound overlapping layers that 5 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 5, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 5 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that sidewall 2 rings and lower shoe 3 are whole basin-shaped component on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, be superimposed with a slice overlapping layers 5 at least at least one basic unit of lower shoe 3 or bridging piece 4, overlapping layers 5 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, lower shoe 3, contain reinforce 6 at least one of bridging piece 4 or overlapping layers 5, reinforce 6 stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, and the lower shoe 3 of basin-shaped component stretches out from least one sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is bridging piece, 5 is overlapping layers, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and overlapping layers 5 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.Reinforce 6 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 6.As shown in Figure 4, sidewall 2 rings and lower shoe 3 are whole basin-shaped component on every side, and the lower shoe 3 of basin-shaped component stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and overlapping layers 5 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.As shown in Figure 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 in the basic unit of upper plate 1, overlapping layers 5 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.As shown in Figure 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its upper plate 1, be provided with reinforce 6 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, diagram upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforces 6 in the sidewall 2 be fibrous mesh cloth, lower shoe 3 interior reinforces 6 are gauze wire cloth.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, has reinforce 6 to expose at least one of sidewall 2, lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 or overlapping layers 5 on every side.As shown in Figure 2, also have gauze wire cloth to expose on the bridging piece 4.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 5 is identical or different with basic unit's material.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and the material of its overlapping layers 5 is identical with the basic unit material.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 5 is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 5, and its overlapping layers 5 is positioned at the inboard of basic unit.

Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers 5 and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode between its overlapping layers 5 and the basic unit.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 and lower shoe 3 are superimposed.As shown in Figure 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and its overlapping layers 5 is superimposed with lower shoe 3.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 is cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.As shown in Figure 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and its overlapping layers 5 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 is cementitious material aerating concrete layer.As shown in Figure 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and its overlapping layers 5 is aerating concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 is foam layer.As shown in Figure 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and its overlapping layers 5 is a foam layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and the transverse cross-sectional shape of its cavity body is a polygon.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9, pit 10, hole 11, boss module 12, raised line 13 or the external corner 14.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, also is provided with chamfering 8, groove 9, pit 10, hole 11, boss module 12 and external corner 14 on its cavity body simultaneously.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9, hole 11 or raised line 13 self are parallel, quadrature or oblique setting or form grid.As shown in Figure 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the inner corner trim 7 that is provided with on its cavity body, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 13 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting.

Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9, hole 11 or raised line 13 are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 or the reinforcing rib 17.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, is provided with stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 and reinforcing rib 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body.

Feature of the present invention is that also in stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 or the reinforcing rib 17 in the described cavity body at least one expose outside the cavity body.As shown in Figure 9, stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 or the reinforcing rib 17 reinforce 6 to expose.

Feature of the present invention also is described stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 or reinforcing rib 17 and basic unit superimposed or superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce 6.

Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 or reinforcing rib 17 are superimposed with overlapping layers 5.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 18 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, be provided with light material 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 18 is an expanded perlite.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 be light material 18.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that light material 18 is made, the diagram light material 18 be the haydite concrete.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 be dismountable movable part.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 dismountable movable part is arranged.

Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be coarse external surface.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member 19.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its cavity body is provided with align member 19, and illustrated position member 19 is for supporting angle.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector 20 connected to one another between the cavity body.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its cavity body is provided with the connector 20 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 20 is a pipe fitting.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector 20, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 21 between the cavity body.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 20, and the spacing between the cavity body constitutes internal-rib die cavity 21.

Feature of the present invention is that also described plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 4.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 4, and the spacing between the cavity body constitutes internal-rib die cavity 21.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.As shown in Figure 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, its lower shoe 3 is a reinforced concrete slab, upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar plate.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of lightweight concrete or polymer concrete, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 5 is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 6 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.

Feature of the present invention is that also 5 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, the compound overlapping layers that 5 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

Feature of the present invention is that also 5 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.As shown in figure 19, overlapping layers 5 is the compound overlapping layers that cement mortar cementitious matter and two kinds of different materials multilayer build-ups of fibrous mesh cloth form.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall 2 or the lower shoe 3 and overlapping layers 5 on every side.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 5, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 5 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out from sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.As shown in figure 17, shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.

During the invention process, can adopt cement mortar and fibrous mesh cloth to make earlier by the upper plate 1 and the shuttering member of the layer structure of the band toss 4 of an opening surrounding of sidewall 2 on every side, then, with opening surface up, plastics overlapping layers 5 is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, again the shutoff opening surface, go to the bottom 3 with what ferro-cement or concrete were made band bridging piece 4 then, after treating slip sclerosis, maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, and 3 the basic unit of can obtaining going to the bottom is superimposed with the shuttering member of overlapping layers 5.

Claims (36)

1. shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) and lower shoe (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) and lower shoe (3) are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that sidewall (2) ring and lower shoe (3) are whole basin-shaped component on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, be superimposed with a slice overlapping layers (5) at least at least one basic unit of lower shoe (3) or bridging piece (4), overlapping layers (5) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3), contain reinforce (6) at least one of bridging piece (4) or overlapping layers (5), reinforce (6) stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, and the lower shoe of basin-shaped component (3) stretches out from least one sidewall (2) on every side and constitutes bridging piece (4).
2. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that upper plate (1), has reinforce (6) to expose at least one of sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), bridging piece (4) or overlapping layers (5) on every side.
3. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (5) and basic unit's material are identical or different.
4. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (5) is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.
5. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that between described overlapping layers (5) and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.
6. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) and lower shoe (3) are superimposed.
7. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.
8. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.
9. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) is a foam layer.
10. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.
11., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim (7), chamfering (8), groove (9), pit (10), hole (11), boss module (12), raised line (13) or the external corner (14) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
12. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (7), chamfering (8), groove (9), hole (11) or raised line (13) self are parallel, quadrature or oblique setting or form grid.
13. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (7), chamfering (8), groove (9), hole (11) or raised line (13) are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid.
14., it is characterized in that being provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) or the reinforcing rib (17) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
15. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that in stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) or the reinforcing rib (17) in the described cavity body at least one expose outside the cavity body.
16. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14, reinforce (6) exposes to it is characterized in that going up described stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) or reinforcing rib (17) in addition.
17. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that described stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) or reinforcing rib (17) and basic unit superimposed or superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce (6).
18. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that described stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) or reinforcing rib (17) are superimposed with overlapping layers (5).
19., it is characterized in that being provided with light material (18) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
20. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) be light material (18).
21. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) be dismountable movable part.
22. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) dismountable movable part is arranged.
23. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.
24., it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with align member (19) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
25., it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another (20) between the cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
26. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 25 is characterized in that at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector (20), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (21) between the cavity body.
27., it is characterized in that described plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece (4) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
28. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.
29. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 28, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of lightweight concrete or polymer concrete, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.
30. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (5) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (6) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.
31., it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (5) is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
32., it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (5) is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
33., it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall (2) or the lower shoe (3) and overlapping layers (5) on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
34. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 33 is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers (5) each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
35. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) interconnect by overlapping layers (5) each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
36., it is characterized in that shuttering member is provided with carrying part (22) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
CNB2005101267006A 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Mould component CN100373027C (en)

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CN 200310100983 Division CN1236175C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member

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CN100373027C true CN100373027C (en) 2008-03-05

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160693Y (en) * 1993-03-20 1994-04-06 于少华 Shuttering member
CN2362927Y (en) * 1998-06-19 2000-02-09 温延风 Prestressed reinforced concrete laminated floor
CN1348042A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-05-08 邱则有 Hollow floor slab with hidden and dense ribs
CN1400368A (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-03-05 谢孟 Form, its production method and application
CN2561848Y (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-07-23 邱则有 Formwork component for steel bar reinforced concrete

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160693Y (en) * 1993-03-20 1994-04-06 于少华 Shuttering member
CN2362927Y (en) * 1998-06-19 2000-02-09 温延风 Prestressed reinforced concrete laminated floor
CN1400368A (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-03-05 谢孟 Form, its production method and application
CN1348042A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-05-08 邱则有 Hollow floor slab with hidden and dense ribs
CN2561848Y (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-07-23 邱则有 Formwork component for steel bar reinforced concrete

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
一种地坑活动盖板机构. 周万民,杜秀荣,胡海.机械设计,第4期. 1992 *

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