CN100342797C - Floating feed for finless eel and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Floating feed for finless eel and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100342797C
CN100342797C CNB2004100264449A CN200410026444A CN100342797C CN 100342797 C CN100342797 C CN 100342797C CN B2004100264449 A CNB2004100264449 A CN B2004100264449A CN 200410026444 A CN200410026444 A CN 200410026444A CN 100342797 C CN100342797 C CN 100342797C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
swamp eel
powder
fish oil
betaine
eel
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Application number
CNB2004100264449A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1666637A (en
Inventor
陈远生
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广州鹭业水产有限公司
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Priority to CNB2004100264449A priority Critical patent/CN100342797C/en
Publication of CN1666637A publication Critical patent/CN1666637A/en
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Publication of CN100342797C publication Critical patent/CN100342797C/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention relates to eel fodder, which comprises fish meal, macaroni flour, soybean dregs, beer yeast, cereal powder, squid viscus powder, fish oil, mould inhibitor, betaine, eel multivitamin and eel mineral salt. The present invention has the advantages of no pollution to water and low cost. The preparing method comprises steps: 1) crude raw material components need to be micro-crushed are weighed firstly according to certain proportion, crude screen cleaning processing is carried out, the raw material is mixed by a stirrer for the first time, and then the mixture is micronized; 2) then the rest components are weighed according to certain proportion, cleaning is carried out, and impurity is removed; 3) the raw material of step 1 and step 2 is thrown to be uniformly mixed with the stirrer for the second time, the mixture is puffed at low temperature by a puffing machine and is baked by a baking machine; the fish oil is sprayed to an outer spraying system of oil and fat in proportion, the fish oil is dried by a cooler, after sifted by a grading sieve, the raw material is sacked. The manufacturing method has the advantages that vitamins are difficult to destroy.

Description

A kind of swamp eel floating forage and manufacture method
Technical field:
The invention belongs to fish feed, particularly a kind of ricefield el fodder also relates to a kind of manufacture method of ricefield el fodder.
Background technology:
Swamp eel is to be main heterophagous partially fish with carnivorous, the property voracity.At present, ricefield el fodder has following several both at home and abroad: a kind of is based on natural bait, according to " culture of swamp eel technology " (Golden Shield publishing house 1993, P22-23) and " swamp eel loach breeding soft-shell turtle " (agriculture publishing house 1992, P13) etc. data is announced, ricefield eel postlarva is a food with zooplankters such as wheel animalcule, cladocera, Copepods and protozoans mainly.Ricefield eel scrod and adult fish are food with small fish and shrimp, aquatic insect, earthworm, spiral shell a species of small clam living in fresh water, freshwater mussel, fly maggot, tadpole, froglet, bright silkworm chrysalis, yellow meal worm, tankage mainly.Some vegetal baits of also ingesting during deprivation of food are subjected to resource and seasonal effect, and these bait cost height do not satisfy demand yet.Another kind replaces natural bait to feed swamp eel with eel material or soft-shelled turtle feed, but palatability is bad, and swamp eel is not liked food, wasteness big (reaching 15-20%), feed cost height.Another disclosed ricefield el fodder; Wang Yufeng (1996) is delivered " development of swamp eel perfect compound feed " paper; disclose five kinds of prescriptions in the literary composition, but unexposed concrete manufacture method has added the earthworm slurry in feed; if bright earthworm is for untimely; or store badly, cause earthworm slurry stale, the scope of application and result of use that certainly will limiting feed; so the technical scheme that paper provides can not the required ricefield el fodder of large-scale production.Also has a kind of disclosed ricefield el fodder; Tan Deqing etc. (1999) patent of invention " ricefield el fodder and manufacture method " discloses four kinds of prescriptions; and concrete manufacture method disclosed; in feed, add the entry earthworm powder and solve the palatability problem; same because of being subjected to the restriction of earthworm resource, be difficult to accomplish scale production.Used relatively large aquatic products adhesive (1-5%) to solve the resistance to water problem in the feed, but because of adhesive more, vegetable raw material is without slaking, influence the digestibility of feed, be the waste problem that powder-material can not fundamentally solve feed because of this feed simultaneously, cause water pollution easily.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of ricefield el fodder, cost is low, cultures the survival rate height, premunition is strong, fast growth, and the efficiency of feed utilization height, feed coefficient is low.
Another object of the present invention is that to have solved ricefield el fodder out of proportion because of no earthworm powder food calling, animal/vegetable protein source, causes food calling poor, the problem that cost is higher.
The 3rd purpose of the present invention is to have solved the mash feed poor water resistance, and feed waste is big, and water pollutes the problem of punishing severely.
The 4th purpose of the present invention is to have solved mash feed without the high-temperature maturing sterilization, causes swamp eel incidence of disease height, the problem that efficiency of feed utilization is low.
The invention provides a kind of manufacture method of ricefield el fodder, represented the developing direction of ricefield el fodder, can accomplish scale production.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention has adopted following technical measures:
Ricefield el fodder contains fish meal, dregs of beans, brewer's yeast, tanimoto powder, squid viscera powder, Strong flour, swamp eel multidimensional, synbranchoid eels mineral salt, fish oil, mould inhibitor, betaine.The fish meal gross protein value is greater than 62%, and fatty acid value is less than 3mgKOH/g, and histamine content is less than 100mg/kg, and VBN is less than 100mg/100g; The dregs of beans crude protein content is greater than 43%; The brewer's yeast gross protein value is greater than 40%; The tanimoto powder gross protein value is greater than 70%; Squid viscera powder gross protein value is greater than 40%; The fish oil acid value is less than 1mgkon/g; The Strong flour wet gluten content is greater than 32%; The swamp eel multidimensional contain be suitable for swamp eel growth and anti-stress needed Multivitamin, on sale on the market; Synbranchoid eels mineral salt contains and is suitable for the required multi mineral prime element of swamp eel growth, and is on sale on the market.The raw material freshness that the present invention adopts is good, cost is low, and various nutrient balanced proportion, particularly animal/vegetable protein source balanced proportion contain swamp eel grow necessary multivitamin and mineral matter.
As improvement of the present invention, the weight proportion of each component of ricefield el fodder of the present invention is:
Fish meal 35%-46% Strong flour 22%-30%
Dregs of beans 15%-25% brewer's yeast 3%-8%
Tanimoto powder 4%-8% squid viscera powder 4%-8%
Fish oil 3%-6% mould inhibitor 0.05%-0.15%
Betaine 0.2%-0.5% swamp eel multidimensional 0.5%-0.8%
Synbranchoid eels mineral salt 2%-4%
The scope configuration according to the above ratio of the each component of ricefield el fodder, the per kilogram feed contains crude protein 39-43%, crude fat 6-9%, total phosphorus 1.2-2%, moisture content≤10%, digestible energy 〉=13.4MJ/kg, crude fibre≤3%, water resisting time is (12-20 hour) more than 12 hours.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the weight ratio of each component of ricefield el fodder of the present invention is:
Fish meal 39%-45% Strong flour 23%-28%
Dregs of beans 15%-20% beer yeast 4%-6%
Tanimoto powder 5%-7% squid viscera powder 4%-6%
Fish oil 4%-6% mould inhibitor 0.1%
Betaine 0.3%-0.5% swamp eel multidimensional 0.6%-0.8%
Synbranchoid eels mineral salt 3%-4%
A kind of manufacture method of ricefield el fodder, this method comprises the step of following order:
1, earlier need fine coarse raw materials component, take by weighing by a certain percentage, through thick cleaning cleaning, mixer mixes for the first time, then ultramicro grinding;
2, inferior all the other components are taken by weighing by a certain percentage, through the cleaning impurity elimination.
3, with step 1 and the 2 raw material inputs mixer mixing second time, through the bulking machine low temperature expanding, drying machine drying, the outer paint finishing of grease sprays fish oil in proportion, cooler drying, classifying screen screening back pack.
Manufacture method of the present invention adopts advanced low temperature expanding technology, has reduced the destruction of high temperature to vitamin to greatest extent, makes starch gelatinization, kill the bacterium in the feed simultaneously, the swamp eel incidence of disease is low, feed digestive utilization ratio height, the low (0.9-1.2: 1) of feed coefficient.
As improvement of the present invention, the manufacture method that above-mentioned each group is made this feed is:
1, fish meal, dregs of beans, brewer's yeast, squid viscera powder, tanimoto powder, synbranchoid eels mineral salt etc. need fine coarse raw materials, take by weighing by a certain percentage, and through thick cleaning cleaning, mixer mixes for the first time, and ultramicro grinding 98% is crossed 60 orders then.
2, with Strong flour, swamp eel multidimensional, mould inhibitor, betaine through the cleaning impurity elimination.
3, with step 1 and 2 raw material inputs mixer mixing (CV≤5%) second time, expanded through bulking machine low temperature (70-85 ℃), drying machine drying (65-80 ℃), the outer paint finishing of grease sprays fish oil in proportion, cooler drying, classifying screen screening back pack.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages and effect:
1. be somebody's turn to do the selected sufficient raw of prescription, be not subjected to seasonal effect, be produced on a large scale, can satisfy the demand of market fully ricefield el fodder.
2. product of the present invention is a floating forage, and feeding volume can be according to culturing actual control, and product water-tolerant (reaching more than 12 hours) does not have waste, to water nonpollution.
3. product of the present invention is done at no earthworm powder under the situation of phagostimulant, has solved the problem of the of animal or plant nature protein sources palatability difference that causes out of proportion, and has reduced feed cost.
4. product of the present invention is that every kilogram of feed protein content reaches 38-42%, fat content 6-9% by the preparation of 25-200g body weight section swamp eel biological characteristics, crude fibre is less than 3%, and moisture content is less than 10%, total phosphorus 1.2-2%, digestible energy reaches more than the 13.4MJ/kg, belong to the high energy high protein feed, can promote that swamp eel ingests, the swamp eel premunition is strong, breed survival rate height, fast growth (becoming the eel average daily gain to reach more than the 1.2g), feed cost is low, has good economic benefit.
5. product of the present invention adopts advanced low temperature expanding technology, has reduced the destruction of high temperature to vitamin to greatest extent, makes starch gelatinization, kill the bacterium in the feed simultaneously, the swamp eel incidence of disease is low, feed digestive utilization ratio height, the low (0.9-1.2: 1) of feed coefficient.
Specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
Prescription: (weight %)
Fish meal ????42 The swamp eel multidimensional ????0.8
Dregs of beans ????14 Synbranchoid eels mineral salt ????3.5
Brewer's yeast ????4 Fish oil ????3
Tanimoto powder ????4 Mould inhibitor ????0.1
The squid viscera powder ????5 Betaine ????0.5
Strong flour ????23
Manufacturing step
1. fish meal, dregs of beans, brewer's yeast, squid viscera powder, tanimoto powder, synbranchoid eels mineral salt etc. need fine coarse raw materials, take by weighing by above-mentioned formula rate, and through thick cleaning cleaning, mixer mixes for the first time, and ultramicro grinding 98% is crossed 60 orders then.
2. Strong flour, swamp eel multidimensional, mould inhibitor, betaine warp are taken by weighing the cleaning impurity elimination by above-mentioned formula rate.
3. with step 1 and 2 raw material inputs mixer mixing (CV≤5%) second time, expanded through bulking machine low temperature (70-85 ℃), drying machine drying (65-80 ℃), the outer paint finishing of grease sprays fish oil in proportion, cooler drying, classifying screen screening back pack.
Example 2:
Prescription: (weight %)
Fish meal ????35 The swamp eel multidimensional ????0.5
Dregs of beans ????15 Synbranchoid eels mineral salt ????2
Brewer's yeast ????3.2 Fish oil ????5
Tanimoto powder ????5 Mould inhibitor ????0.1
The squid viscera powder ????8 Betaine ????0.3
Strong flour ????26
Manufacturing step is with example 1
Example 3:
Prescription: (weight %)
Fish meal ????38 The swamp eel multidimensional ????0.6
Dregs of beans ????18.9 Synbranchoid eels mineral salt ????3
Brewer's yeast ????3 Fish oil ????4
Tanimoto powder ????4 Mould inhibitor ????0.1
The squid viscera powder ????4 Betaine ????0.4
Strong flour ????24
Manufacturing step is with example 1
Embodiment 4
The best proportioning of feed of the present invention is: (%)
Fish meal ????37 The swamp eel multidimensional ????0.7
Dregs of beans ????16.8 Synbranchoid eels mineral salt ????3
Brewer's yeast ????4 Fish oil ????4
Tanimoto powder ????6 Mould inhibitor ????0.1
The squid viscera powder ????5 Betaine ????0.4
Strong flour ????24
Manufacturing step is with example 1
Product of the present invention is that every kilogram of feed protein content reaches 38-42%, fat content 6-9% by the preparation of 25-200g body weight section swamp eel biological characteristics, crude fibre is less than 3%, and moisture content is less than 10%, total phosphorus 1.2-2%, digestible energy reaches more than the 13.4MJ/kg, belong to the high energy high protein feed, can promote that swamp eel ingests, the swamp eel premunition is strong, breed survival rate height, fast growth (becoming the eel average daily gain to reach more than the 1.2g), feed cost is low, has good economic benefit.

Claims (4)

1. a swamp eel floating forage is characterized in that being made up of fish meal, Strong flour, dregs of beans, brewer's yeast, tanimoto powder, squid viscera powder, fish oil, mould inhibitor, betaine, swamp eel multidimensional, synbranchoid eels mineral salt, and the percentage by weight of each component is:
Fish meal 35%-46% Strong flour 22%-30%
Dregs of beans 15%-25% brewer's yeast 3%-8%
Tanimoto powder 4%-8% squid viscera powder 4%-8%
Fish oil 3%-6% mould inhibitor 0.05%-0.15%
Betaine 0.2%-0.5% swamp eel multidimensional 0.5%-0.8%
Synbranchoid eels mineral salt 2%-4%.
2. a kind of swamp eel floating forage as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the weight ratio of each component is:
Fish meal 39%-45% Strong flour 23%-28%
Dregs of beans 15%-20% beer yeast 4%-6%
Tanimoto powder 5%-7% squid viscera powder 4%-6%
Fish oil 4%-6% mould inhibitor 0.1%
Betaine 0.3%-0.5% swamp eel multidimensional 0.6%-0.8%
Synbranchoid eels mineral salt 3%-4%.
3. one kind as any preparation method of a described swamp eel floating forage of claim 1 or 2, and this method comprises the step of following order:
1) at first need fine coarse raw materials component, take by weighing in proportion, through thick cleaning cleaning, mixer mixes for the first time, then ultramicro grinding; The coarse raw materials component is fish meal, dregs of beans, brewer's yeast, squid viscera powder, tanimoto powder, synbranchoid eels mineral salt;
2) secondly Strong flour, swamp eel multidimensional, mould inhibitor, betaine are taken by weighing in proportion, through the cleaning impurity elimination;
3) with step 1 and the 2 raw material inputs mixer mixing second time, through the bulking machine low temperature expanding, drying machine drying, the outer paint finishing of grease sprays fish oil in proportion, cooler drying, classifying screen screening back pack.
4. the preparation method of a kind of swamp eel floating forage as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that:
Ultramicro grinding 98% is crossed 60 orders; Bulking machine is expanded in the scope of 70-85 ℃ of low temperature, and dryer is dried in 65-80 ℃ temperature range.
CNB2004100264449A 2004-03-11 2004-03-11 Floating feed for finless eel and manufacturing method thereof CN100342797C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN100342797C true CN100342797C (en) 2007-10-17

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CN101040658B (en) * 2006-12-13 2011-09-21 福建天马饲料有限公司 Expanded pelleted feed of grown eel fishes without pollution
CN101103777B (en) * 2007-07-30 2010-05-19 华中农业大学 Rice field eel luring promoting grow agent based on net cage cultivation
CN101156652B (en) * 2007-11-14 2011-02-02 福建天马饲料有限公司 Ricefield eel adult fish swelling particle mixed feed
CN101243837B (en) * 2008-03-07 2010-09-08 宁波大学 Compound feed for breeding Sepiella maindroni
CN101243836B (en) * 2008-03-07 2010-09-08 宁波大学 Method for nursing sepiella maindroni with soft compound feed
CN102058025B (en) * 2009-11-13 2013-01-30 福建格林生物科技有限公司 Soft aquatic convenient feed
CN101744100B (en) * 2010-02-05 2013-03-20 中山大学 Method for processing floating chrysomyia megacephala bait
CN102771680B (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-12-11 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 Powdery compound feed for young anguilla marmorata stage
CN103844129B (en) * 2012-12-06 2016-01-20 湖北裕泰科技饲料有限公司 Swamp eel expanding compound feed
CN103211125A (en) * 2013-04-29 2013-07-24 王桂红 Feed for paradise fishes
CN103404723B (en) * 2013-07-19 2015-04-29 常州海大生物饲料有限公司 Puffed floating formula feed special for rice field eels and preparation method thereof
CN105685457A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-22 衡阳县春秋特种渔业养殖专业合作社 Feed for raising disease resistance of catfish and preparation method thereof
CN105146185A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-16 安徽宏亮饲料科技有限公司 Preparation method of special culture feed for finless eels
CN108935230A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-07 贵州好吃嘴生态种养殖有限公司 A kind of cultural method of fishery

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Address after: Huadu District of Guangzhou City, Guangdong province Shiling Town Furong Village Special Road No. 88 on the third.

Patentee after: Guangzhou Luye Aquatic Products Co., Ltd.

Address before: Tanbu Town, Huadu District of Guangzhou City, Guangdong province Shilu Land Agency Village No. 1

Patentee before: Guangzhou Luye Aquatic Products Co., Ltd.

CI01 Correction of invention patent gazette

Correction item: Address of the patentee

Correct: Guangdong province Guangzhou City Shiling Town, Huadu District, Furong Village Special Road No. 88 on the third.

False: Huadu District of Guangzhou City, Guangdong province Shiling Town Furong Village Special Road No. 88 on the third.

Number: 02

Page: 1748

Volume: 25

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20071017

Termination date: 20130311

Granted publication date: 20071017

Termination date: 20130311

C17 Cessation of patent right