CN100335196C - Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press - Google Patents

Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100335196C
CN100335196C CNB2005100304633A CN200510030463A CN100335196C CN 100335196 C CN100335196 C CN 100335196C CN B2005100304633 A CNB2005100304633 A CN B2005100304633A CN 200510030463 A CN200510030463 A CN 200510030463A CN 100335196 C CN100335196 C CN 100335196C
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China
Prior art keywords
press
platform
main
parallel
moving platform
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2005100304633A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1745936A (en
Inventor
高峰
郭为忠
林忠钦
来新民
赵现朝
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Shanghai Heavy Machinery Plant Co Ltd
Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Priority to CNB2005100304633A priority Critical patent/CN100335196C/en
Publication of CN1745936A publication Critical patent/CN1745936A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100335196C publication Critical patent/CN100335196C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a cantilever type four press combined forge press which is composed of four baby presses, two secondary movable platforms connected with the presses, and a primary movable platform, wherein the four baby presses are divided into two groups, and each group has two baby presses which are connected with one subsidiary moveable platform by a set of subsidiary connecting mechanism. Each set of subsidiary connecting mechanism comprises two subsidiary connecting pieces, two pairs of parallel subsidiary connecting rods and eight subsidiary rotary hinges, which are divided into two groups of structural members and are symmetrically connected to both ends of one subsidiary moveable platform. The two subsidiary moveable platforms are connected with the primary moveable platform by a primary connecting mechanism. The primary connecting mechanism comprises two primary connecting pieces, two pairs of parallel primary connecting rods, eight primary rotary hinges, which are divided into two groups and are arranged at both ends of the primary moveable platform. The primary moveable platform is provided with a plunger chip. The present invention uses the motion and the output force of a movable cross beam of the four baby presses as the motion and the force input to obtain the large-tonnage forging force and the forging motion, a novel cantilever type four press combined forge press is formed, and the fabrication of a large forging piece is realized with low cost.

Description

Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press
Technical field
The present invention relates to-kind of Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press, be used for forging blank is carried out flat-die forging or die forging processing, belong to forging press technical field in the mechanical engineering.
Background technology
Forging press is the basic tool of forging pressure processing, conventional forging press has mechanical press, hydraulic press and hydraulic press etc., mechanical press by connecting-rod force increasing device drive drift, hydraulic press by hydraulic transmission drive moved cross beam and drift, hydraulic press drives moved cross beam and drift by the hydraulic pressure transmission, realize forging blank is carried out flat-die forging or die forging processing.The working ability of forging press is demarcated with the forging ability, and the forging ability does not wait from several tons to tons up to ten thousand.The forging press that the forging ability is big, the cost height, enterprise is equipped with difficulty.The enterprise that is equipped with small-sized forging press is more.Find by retrieval, application number is that 200320123513 Chinese utility model patent discloses a kind of forcing press that belongs to the universal machine tools technical field, comprise bent axle, connecting rod, fuselage, slide rail and top shoe, described bent axle comprises main shaft and crank, the main shaft two ends by bearing fixing on fuselage, crank is connected by bearing with the connecting rod lower end, small end is connected with top shoe by bearing, top shoe is arranged in direction and connecting rod axis slide rail in the same way, described slide rail is arranged on the fuselage, described crank has two and be symmetricly set in the main shaft both sides, described top shoe both sides respectively are provided with a connecting rod, described forcing press also comprises sliding block, cam and glidepath, cam has two and be fixed on the main shaft, the sliding block left and right sides is fixed with bearing respectively, and the two bearings on the described sliding block is conflicted respectively on two cam working faces, and sliding block is positioned at the glidepath that is arranged on the fuselage.The forging press of this patent is with the unit form forging to be forged processing, forges limited in one's abilityly, and forge weight and the volume size that can forge are restricted.By the literature search analysis, all at present forging presses all are the forging processing of carrying out a forging with the unit form.An enterprise that has less swaged forging press can't utilize existing forging press forging large-size forge piece, and the Large-scale Forging press is perhaps disposed in necessary cooperation processing, and cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press is provided, utilize the baby press of four existing any types, combination makes up a Large-scale Forging press, realizes the forging of large forgings at lower cost.
For realizing such purpose, the Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press of the present invention's design is made up of two secondary moving platforms and an active platform of four baby press and connection forcing press, four baby press are divided into two groups, every group of two baby press are connected with a secondary moving platform by the secondary bindiny mechanism of a cover, the secondary bindiny mechanism of every cover comprises two secondary connectors, two pairs of parallel slave connecting rods, eight secondary turning joints, be divided into two groups of member symmetric arrangement, be connected to the two ends of a secondary moving platform.Two secondary moving platforms are connected with the active platform by main bindiny mechanism.Main bindiny mechanism comprises two main connectors, two pairs of parallel master connecting-rods, and eight main turning joints are divided into two groups and are arranged symmetrically in initiatively platform two ends.Initiatively on the platform drift is installed.The present invention utilizes the motion of four baby press moved cross beams and power output to import as motion and power, obtains large-tonnage forging force and forging and pressing motion, forms novel Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press.
Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press of the present invention mainly comprises: four baby press and connect two secondary moving platforms of forcing press and a platform initiatively are characterised in that the main bindiny mechanism between the secondary bindiny mechanism of two covers between four baby press and two the secondary moving platforms, two secondary moving platforms and the active platform.Four baby press are divided into two groups, and every group of two baby press connect a secondary moving platform by the secondary bindiny mechanism of a cover.The secondary bindiny mechanism of every cover comprises two secondary connectors, two pairs of parallel slave connecting rods, and eight secondary turning joints are divided into two groups of member symmetric arrangement, are connected to the two ends of a secondary moving platform.In each group member, one end of secondary connector is fixedlyed connected with the moved cross beam of a baby press, the other end connects an end of a pair of slave connecting rod that is parallel to each other with two secondary turning joints, the other end of parallel slave connecting rod is connected to an end of a secondary moving platform with two secondary turning joints, the equal in length of pair of parallel slave connecting rod, the centre-to-centre spacing of two corresponding secondary turning joints equates on the centre-to-centre spacing of two secondary turning joints of this pair moving platform one end and the secondary connector, guarantees that the line of centres of four secondary turning joints constitutes a parallelogram.This pair moving platform other end is connected with another baby press by another group member.Parallel to each other or the coincidence of the line of centres of each two secondary turning joint at these pair moving platform two ends.Two groups of baby press link to each other with main bindiny mechanism by secondary moving platform separately.Main bindiny mechanism comprises two main connectors, four master connecting-rods, and eight main turning joints are divided into two groups of member symmetric arrangement, are connected to the initiatively two ends of platform.In each group member, one end of main connector is fixedlyed connected with a secondary moving platform, the other end connects an end of two master connecting-rods that are parallel to each other with two main turning joints, each is connected to an initiatively end of platform with main turning joint the other end of two master connecting-rods, two parallel master connecting-rod equal in length, initiatively the centre-to-centre spacing of two corresponding main turning joints equates parallelogram of line of centres formation of four main turning joints of assurance on the centre-to-centre spacing of two main turning joints of platform one end and the main connector.Initiatively the platform other end is connected with the secondary moving platform of another group baby press by another group member.The initiatively parallel to each other or coincidence of the line of centres of each two main turning joint at platform two ends.Initiatively on the platform drift is installed.
Above-mentioned four secondary connectors, 16 secondary turning joints, eight slave connecting rods, two secondary moving platforms, two main connectors, eight main turning joints, four master connecting-rods, active platform, a drift are formed the Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press configuration of a Four-slider input jointly.
Secondary bindiny mechanism between four baby press of the present invention and the secondary moving platform, can adopt a cover to be installed in the middle symmetrical plane at secondary moving platform two ends, also can adopt two covers to be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of secondary moving platform, also can repeat to arrange the secondary bindiny mechanism of many covers, guarantee the balance and the stability of structure of load along secondary turning joint axially parallel.
Main bindiny mechanism between secondary moving platform of the present invention and the active platform, can adopt a cover to be installed in the middle symmetrical plane at active platform two ends, also can adopt two covers to be symmetrically distributed in the initiatively both sides of platform, also can repeat to arrange the main bindiny mechanism of many covers, guarantee the balance and the stability of structure of load along main turning joint axially parallel.
Four baby press that adopt among the present invention can adopt any type forcing press.
During forging large-size forge piece, four moved cross beams of four baby press descend, this descending motion drives four groups of parallel slave connecting rods and does descending motion by being fixedly mounted on secondary connector on the moved cross beam, two secondary moving platforms of common promotion are done horizontal descending motion from secondary moving platform two ends again, these two secondary moving platforms promote the active platform by two groups of parallelogram members again and do descending motion, and the drift that is fixed on the active platform forges processing to forging on the workbench.Secondary moving platform, active platform two groups of parallelogram sturcutres at two ends have separately guaranteed that each moving platform remains horizontal level.Therefore, come from four baby press forging and pressing campaign and forging force transmission, synthesize in secondary moving platform, initiatively on platform and the drift, realize the forging of large-scale/ultra-large type forging.
The present invention has substantive distinguishing features and marked improvement, Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press configuration by the Four-slider input, with the forging campaign and the forging force of four baby press, synthesize the forging force of a super-tonnage and forge motion, realize the forging of ultra-large type forging.The present invention is simple in structure, easy to manufacture, large-scale/ultra-large type the forging press that can utilize the existing forcing press of enterprise easily to construct, realize the large forgings manufacturing at lower cost, therefore production cost reduces significantly, has also relatively easily expanded the forging ability of enterprise.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Among Fig. 1,1 is workbench, and 2 is forging, and 3 is drift, and 4 is the active platform, and 5 is main connector, and 6 is main turning joint, and 7 is master connecting-rod, and 8 is secondary moving platform, and 9 is secondary turning joint, and 10 is slave connecting rod, and 11 is secondary connector, and 12 is moved cross beam.
Fig. 2 effect structure figure of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing technical scheme of the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.As shown in Figure 1, the present invention mainly comprises: four baby press and connect two secondary moving platforms 8 of forcing press and a platform 4 initiatively are characterised in that between the secondary bindiny mechanism of two covers between four baby press and two the secondary moving platforms 8, two secondary moving platforms 8 and the active platform 4 overlaps main bindiny mechanism.Four baby press are divided into two groups, and every group of two baby press connect a secondary moving platform 8 by the secondary bindiny mechanism of a cover.Main bindiny mechanism connects two secondary moving platforms 8.The secondary bindiny mechanism of every cover comprises 10, eight secondary turning joints 9 of 11, two pairs of parallel slave connecting rods of two secondary connectors, is divided into two groups of member symmetric arrangement, is connected to the two ends of a secondary moving platform 8.In each group member, one end of a secondary connector 11 is fixedlyed connected with the moved cross beam 12 of a baby press, the other end connects an end of a pair of slave connecting rod that is parallel to each other 10 with two secondary turning joints 9, the other end of parallel slave connecting rod 10 is connected to an end of secondary moving platform 8 with two secondary turning joints 9, the equal in length of pair of parallel slave connecting rod 10, the centre-to-centre spacing of two corresponding secondary turning joints 9 equates on the centre-to-centre spacing of two secondary turning joints 9 of these pair moving platform 8 one ends and the secondary connector 10, guarantees that the line of centres of four secondary turning joints 9 constitutes a parallelogram.Parallel to each other or the coincidence of the line of centres of each two secondary turning joint 9 at these pair moving platform 8 two ends.Two groups of baby press link to each other with main bindiny mechanism by secondary moving platform 8 separately.Main bindiny mechanism comprises 7, eight main turning joints 6 of 5, four master connecting-rods of two main connectors, is divided into two groups of member symmetric arrangement, is connected to the initiatively two ends of platform 4.In each group member, one end of a main connector 5 is fixedlyed connected with a secondary moving platform 8, the other end connects an end of two master connecting-rods that are parallel to each other 7 with two main turning joints 6, each is connected to an initiatively end of platform 4 with main turning joint 6 other end of two master connecting-rods 7, two parallel master connecting-rod 7 equal in length, initiatively the centre-to-centre spacing of two corresponding main turning joints 6 equates parallelogram of line of centres formation of four main turning joints 6 of assurance on the centre-to-centre spacing of two main turning joints 6 of platform 4 one ends and the main connector 5.The initiatively parallel to each other or coincidence of the line of centres of each two main turning joint 6 at platform 4 two ends.Initiatively on the platform 4 drift 3 is installed.
Secondary bindiny mechanism between four baby press of the present invention and the secondary moving platform 8, can adopt a cover to be installed in the middle symmetrical plane at secondary moving platform 8 two ends, also can adopt two covers, be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of secondary moving platform 8, can also repeat to arrange the secondary bindiny mechanism of many covers along secondary turning joint 9 axially parallels, guarantee the balance and the stability of structure of load.
Main bindiny mechanism between secondary moving platform 8 of the present invention and the active platform 4, can adopt a cover to be installed in the middle symmetrical plane at active platform 4 two ends, also can adopt two covers, be symmetrically distributed in the initiatively both sides of platform 4, can also repeat to arrange the main bindiny mechanism of many covers along main turning joint 6 axially parallels, guarantee the balance and the stability of structure of load.
During forging large-size forge piece, four moved cross beams of four baby press descend, this descending motion is done descending motion by the four groups of parallel slave connecting rods 10 of secondary connector 11 drives that are fixedly mounted on the moved cross beam, two secondary moving platforms 8 of common promotion are done horizontal descending motion from secondary moving platform 8 two ends again, two secondary moving platforms 8 promote initiatively platforms 4 by two groups of parallelogram members again and do descending motion, are fixed on that forging 2 forges processing on the 3 pairs of workbench 1 of drift on the platform 4 initiatively.Secondary moving platform 8, active platform 4 two groups of parallelogram sturcutres at two ends have separately guaranteed that each moving platform 4 remains horizontal level.Therefore, come from four baby press forging and pressing campaign and forging force transmission, synthesize in secondary moving platform 8, initiatively on platform 4 and the drift 3, realize the forging of large-scale/ultra-large type forging.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press, it is characterized in that mainly forming by two the secondary moving platforms (8) and an active platform (4) of four baby press and connection forcing press, four baby press are divided into two groups, and every group of two baby press connect a secondary moving platform (8) by one or more sets secondary bindiny mechanisms; The secondary bindiny mechanism of every cover comprises two secondary connectors (11), two pairs of parallel slave connecting rods (10), eight secondary turning joints (9), be divided into two groups of member symmetric arrangement, be connected to the two ends of a secondary moving platform (8), in each group member, one end of secondary connector (11) is fixedlyed connected with the moved cross beam (12) of a baby press, the other end connects an end of pair of parallel slave connecting rod (10) with two secondary turning joints (9), the other end of parallel slave connecting rod (10) is connected to an end of secondary moving platform (8) with two secondary turning joints (9), the equal in length of pair of parallel slave connecting rod (10), the centre-to-centre spacing of two secondary turning joints (9) of secondary moving platform (8) one ends equates with the centre-to-centre spacing that secondary connector (11) is gone up corresponding two secondary turning joints (9), guarantees that the line of centres of four secondary turning joints (9) constitutes a parallelogram; Parallel to each other or the coincidence of the line of centres of each two secondary turning joint (9) at secondary moving platform (8) two ends; Two groups of baby press link to each other with one or more sets main bindiny mechanisms by secondary moving platform (8) separately; The main bindiny mechanism of every cover comprises two main connectors (5), four master connecting-rods (7), eight main turning joints (6), be divided into two groups of member symmetric arrangement, be connected to the initiatively two ends of platform (4), in each group member, one end of main connector (5) is fixedlyed connected with a secondary moving platform (8), the other end connects an end of two master connecting-rods that are parallel to each other (7) with two main turning joints (6), each is connected to an initiatively end of platform (4) with main turning joint (6) other end of two master connecting-rods (7), two parallel master connecting-rods (7) equal in length, initiatively the centre-to-centre spacing of two main turning joints (6) of platform (4) one ends equates with the centre-to-centre spacing that main connector (5) is gone up corresponding two main turning joints (6), guarantees that the line of centres of four main turning joints (6) constitutes a parallelogram; The initiatively parallel to each other or coincidence of the line of centres of each two main turning joint (6) at platform (4) two ends, initiatively platform (4) is gone up drift (3) is installed.
2, according to the Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press of claim 1, it is characterized in that the secondary bindiny mechanism between described four baby press and the secondary moving platform (8), adopt a cover to be installed in the middle symmetrical plane at secondary moving platform (8) two ends, or adopt two covers to be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of secondary moving platform (8), or repeat to arrange the secondary bindiny mechanisms of many covers along secondary turning joint (9) axially parallel, guarantee the balance and the stability of structure of load.
3, according to the Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press of claim 1, it is characterized in that the main bindiny mechanism between described secondary moving platform (8) and the active platform (4), adopt a cover to be installed in the middle symmetrical plane at active platform (4) two ends, or adopt two covers to be symmetrically distributed in the initiatively both sides of platform (4), or repeat to arrange the main bindiny mechanisms of many covers along main turning joint (6) axially parallel, guarantee the balance and the stability of structure of load.
CNB2005100304633A 2005-10-13 2005-10-13 Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press Expired - Fee Related CN100335196C (en)

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CNB2005100304633A CN100335196C (en) 2005-10-13 2005-10-13 Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100304633A CN100335196C (en) 2005-10-13 2005-10-13 Overbeam parallel combined forging press of four press

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CN100335196C true CN100335196C (en) 2007-09-05

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4303873A1 (en) * 1992-02-27 1993-09-02 Mueller Weingarten Maschf Forging press with double toggle linkage - which is actuated by bushes with internal screw threads mounted on rotating shaft.
US5488852A (en) * 1993-06-30 1996-02-06 Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. Transfer feeder for hot-forging presses
JPH0947836A (en) * 1995-08-07 1997-02-18 Aida Eng Ltd Rocking die forging press machine
JPH10128588A (en) * 1996-10-28 1998-05-19 Taafu:Kk Driving device of press
CN2666658Y (en) * 2003-12-26 2004-12-29 扬州锻压机床有限公司 Press

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4303873A1 (en) * 1992-02-27 1993-09-02 Mueller Weingarten Maschf Forging press with double toggle linkage - which is actuated by bushes with internal screw threads mounted on rotating shaft.
US5488852A (en) * 1993-06-30 1996-02-06 Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. Transfer feeder for hot-forging presses
JPH0947836A (en) * 1995-08-07 1997-02-18 Aida Eng Ltd Rocking die forging press machine
JPH10128588A (en) * 1996-10-28 1998-05-19 Taafu:Kk Driving device of press
CN2666658Y (en) * 2003-12-26 2004-12-29 扬州锻压机床有限公司 Press

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