CH709045B1 - Clamping system for objects with at least one smooth, flat or plane as well as uniform rectilinear outer edge or outside. - Google Patents

Clamping system for objects with at least one smooth, flat or plane as well as uniform rectilinear outer edge or outside. Download PDF

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Publication number
CH709045B1
CH709045B1 CH02092/13A CH20922013A CH709045B1 CH 709045 B1 CH709045 B1 CH 709045B1 CH 02092/13 A CH02092/13 A CH 02092/13A CH 20922013 A CH20922013 A CH 20922013A CH 709045 B1 CH709045 B1 CH 709045B1
Authority
CH
Switzerland
Prior art keywords
clamping
rail
cover
cover rail
mounting
Prior art date
Application number
CH02092/13A
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
CH709045A2 (en
Inventor
Keller Werner
Original Assignee
Werner Keller Technik Ag Z Hd Herr Werner Keller
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Werner Keller Technik Ag Z Hd Herr Werner Keller filed Critical Werner Keller Technik Ag Z Hd Herr Werner Keller
Priority to CH02092/13A priority Critical patent/CH709045B1/en
Publication of CH709045A2 publication Critical patent/CH709045A2/en
Publication of CH709045B1 publication Critical patent/CH709045B1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F11/00Stairways, ramps, or like structures; Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/18Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/181Balustrades
    • E04F11/1851Filling panels, e.g. concrete, sheet metal panels
    • E04F11/1853Glass panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F11/00Stairways, ramps, or like structures; Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/18Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/181Balustrades
    • E04F11/1812Details of anchoring to the wall or floor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F11/00Stairways, ramps, or like structures; Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/18Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/181Balustrades
    • E04F11/1851Filling panels, e.g. concrete, sheet metal panels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/06Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/06Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips
    • F16B5/0607Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other
    • F16B5/0621Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship
    • F16B5/0635Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship fastened over the edges of the sheets or plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/61Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F11/00Stairways, ramps, or like structures; Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/18Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/181Balustrades
    • E04F11/1817Connections therefor
    • E04F2011/1823Connections therefor between balustrade filling members, e.g. balusters or panels, and horizontal or sloping balustrade members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2/00Friction-grip releasable fastenings
    • F16B2/02Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening
    • F16B2/06Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening external, i.e. with contracting action
    • F16B2/065Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening external, i.e. with contracting action using screw-thread elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2/00Friction-grip releasable fastenings
    • F16B2/02Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening
    • F16B2/06Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening external, i.e. with contracting action
    • F16B2/10Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening external, i.e. with contracting action using pivoting jaws
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2/00Friction-grip releasable fastenings
    • F16B2/02Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening
    • F16B2/14Clamps, i.e. with gripping action effected by positive means other than the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening using wedges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/6003Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules by clamping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

Clamping system for objects (4) with at least one smooth, flat or plane and uniform preferably straight outer edge or outside for attachment and / or mounting to any building (5) or masonry, wherein the clamping system consists of rails and in the longitudinal direction along the respective Outer edges or outside of the object (4) extends, and that on a clamping rail (1) a cover rail (2) is arranged, wherein the object to be clamped (4) between the clamping rail (1) and cover rail (2) or between the cover rail ( 2) and the building is jammed and the clamping rail (1) is fastened directly without or via at least one mounting rail to the building or the masonry and that the clamping system at only one outer edge or outside of the object (4) clamps and holds. The field of application of the invention lies in the installation of all-glass balustrade railings, but also to secure wood panels, plastic covers, metal sheets and photovoltaic panels and other objects regardless of their shape to buildings.

Description

Description: The invention relates to a clamping system or a fixing system for holding and fastening objects with at least one flat and flat and straight outer edge or outer side. For example, an all-glass balustrade, but also wooden panels, plastic covers, metal sheets (with and without beads) and photovoltaic panels, as well as other objects, regardless of their shape in the center and their material, can be reliably and securely attached. Depending on the internal statics of the respective object, additional supports can be dispensed with. The clamping system clamps or engages at least on one of the respective edge areas.
There are various fixing systems for holding glass plates and use as parapet railings. They usually clamp the panes on two opposite sides and thus achieve a secure hold. Most holding systems only clamp the glass in a small area and thus cause point loads and an uneven stress distribution in the glass. Some systems require holes in the glass plates through which screws or other holding aids are passed. In addition, adhesives and sealants such as window putty are often used to seal the transitions between the glass panes and improve the hold.
Thus, the CH 700 362 A2 describes a device for fastening railings with plates made of glass or other fragile materials, which comprises a U-shaped base, the base engages around the lower edge of the plate. When the plate is subjected to high loads, a damping element inserted in the base progressively absorbs the force acting on the plate and prevents it from breaking in the region of the base. In addition, there are elastic sealing and support strips in the area of the upper end of the base.
[0004] EP 2 194 207 A1 describes a holding device for the glass pane forming a parapet balustrade, which is supported on a wall or ceiling, consisting of a support rail which receives or supports the glass panes and a holding plate attached to the ceiling or wall the support rail is held in the horizontal direction by means of a protruding and U-shaped suspension pocket, and from a box rail protruding from the support plate in the direction of the support rail, which is fastened to the support plate via support elements, the support rail being mounted on the support element rests in the vertical direction, one or more set screws and clamping screws protruding from the box rail in the direction of the support rail, which are connected to this in a positive or positive manner, and wherein the distance between the box profile and the support rail is variable by means of the set screw or screws is adjustable, wherein the support element is designed as a flat bar or as a box-shaped rail, and that the respective support element is welded or screwed onto the holding plate in whole or in part.
Furthermore, DE 10 2009 008 307 A1 describes a glass balustrade comprising a holding device and a glass plate, the holding device comprising a multi-part profile rail, the profile rail comprising a support profile receiving the plate and a base profile receiving the support profile. In this case, the support profile can be clamped and cushioned on both sides by clamping spring elements with respect to the base profile, a form-fitting blocking device being arranged between the support profile and the base profile, which prevents the support profile from lifting off the base profile when the plate is loaded.
This solution has the disadvantage that its structure and the constructive implementation are very complex. In addition, the glass plate is glued to one of the components.
The object of the invention is to provide a clamping system with which an object can be held on only one of the outer edges or outer sides and thereby dispense with additional holding elements and sealants, so that the aforementioned disadvantages are avoided and it is achieved, that the hold is so stable and reliable that it can be used safely on a parapet or other safety-relevant area, for example. In addition, the structure of the clamping system is simplified compared to the prior art.
With the invention is achieved in the specified application that a clamping system for objects with flat and plan and even, preferably straight outer edges or outer sides for attachment or installation on any structure is created, wherein the clamping system consists of rails and along in the longitudinal direction of the respective outer edges or outer sides of the object. Here, a cover rail is arranged on a clamping rail. The object to be clamped is clamped between the clamping rail and the cover rail. The clamping rail is attached to the structure directly or via a mounting rail. Due to this special arrangement, the clamping rail or the mounting rail takes over the supporting function of the object and the cover rail ensures the position of the object. It is advantageous that the object to be assembled is gripped only on one of the outer edges. The entire length of the disc is gripped and therefore causes only very low stresses locally. The glass pane is edged slightly higher. Due to the better leverage, the forces on the object, for example a glass pane, and the clamping system are smaller. This glass pane can be dispensed with. With the invention, adhesives and sealants can be dispensed with. The holding force can be adjusted according to the safety requirements and the glass geometry. The design of the clamping system with molded rails allows the length of the bracket to be freely selected.
It is also possible to insert several objects side by side in a clamping system. However, the clamping systems can also be strung together as desired. The rail version of the clamping system is variable
CH 709 045 B1 and can be easily adapted to the geometry of the place of use as well as various object geometries or object dimensions. The elasticity of the construction allows the absorption of shocks, impacts and heat distortion. The design saves material and increases the longevity of the construction. The clamping system can be tightened with set screws. The system can also be equipped with springs to either do without the set screws or to increase the holding force. Due to the longitudinally extending rails of the clamping system, rectangular objects are preferred for mounting in the clamping system, since these can be arranged next to one another. However, the clamping system can be scaled arbitrarily in the longitudinal direction and can be individually arranged in its position, so that polygonal or even round objects can be picked up by the clamping system.
Advantageously, the clamping system provides that a clamping rail supporting the object is arranged on a structure, the clamping rail consisting of a prestressed rail material or spring material and the object to be clamped is clamped between the clamping rail and the structure and the clamping rail attached directly or via a mounting rail to the structure. As a result, a simple and light clamping system is implemented, which can be used on statically critical structures and also has the necessary stability for mounting or mounting the respective object. A further advantageous embodiment provides for the clamping system that a clamping rail supporting the object is arranged on a building, the clamping rail consisting of a rail profile that is curved or bent transversely to the longitudinal course and the object to be clamped is clamped between the clamping rail and the building. In addition, the clamping rail is attached to a building directly or via a mounting rail. This simplified version enables a cost-effective clamping system with which the respective object can be stably and reliably installed on the building.
Advantageous embodiments of the invention are shown in claims 2 to 11, 13 and 14.
The advantageous embodiment of the clamping rail according to claim 2 allows the arrangement by the clamping rail has a substantially I-shaped, Z-shaped, U-shaped, S-shaped or F-shaped cross section, to meet the most varied of requirements Adapt the objects to be used and the structural conditions without having to sacrifice stability.
With the development according to claim 3, the flexibility of the clamping system is advantageously improved. This means that different objects can be assembled with one version. In addition, assembly is simplified since the clamping system can be arranged in a manner that is easy to assemble. This makes it easier to compensate for small irregularities in the object than with a rigid version.
According to claim 4, the cover rail is advantageously connected as a lever arrangement via at least one joint with the clamping rail. This increases the stability of the clamping system, since even the smallest movements, caused by vibrations or shocks, do not affect the position and function of the cover rail on the clamping rail. In addition, the clamping system is easier to assemble.
The development according to claim 5 advantageously forms the cover rail in one, two or more parts. Furthermore, it is arranged as a lever arrangement on the clamping rail. This means that the forces required for reliable mounting or clamping can be set and reached individually and as required. Furthermore, uniformly scaled dimensions of the object can be installed.
In the development according to claim 6, the cover rail can advantageously be fixed by means of screws, springs, wedges and / or via the dead center on the clamping rail. This considerably improves the clamping effect, since it is also possible to improve the contact pressure or the clamping effect. Depending on the requirements, the cheapest or simplest fixing options can also be used.
The cover rail is advantageously arranged on the clamping rail by means of a spring according to claim 7. This simple clamping system allows the installation of light objects without additional and complex fixations. The spring that connects the two rails to form a firm bond reliably clamps and fixes the object and holds it in the desired position and position. Depending on the design, the cover rail is also designed to be resilient with a pretension and / or as a spring with a pretension. The object to be clamped is clamped between the clamping rail and the cover rail.
According to claim 8, the cover rail is advantageously firmly connected to the clamping rail. There is also a fixing unit on the cover rail. This one-piece combination of the clamping rail and the cover rail uses additional fixation means such as screws or pressure wedges for the final fixation of the object, which create the necessary counter pressure on the clamping rail or the holding rail. As a result, it is particularly advantageously possible to reliably and reliably compensate for any existing irregularities in the object, since the contact pressure can be individually influenced and set. However, uniform fixation is also possible. This depends on the particular circumstances of the property and the building.
According to claim 9, the cover rail is advantageously screwed to the clamping rail. This enables a very simple clamping system, which however has a high stability, is also easy to assemble and is inexpensive due to the low complexity.
CH 709 045 B1 [0020] According to claim 10, the cover rail is arranged on the structure in the area under the clamping rail. This enables a simple and inexpensive clamping system that is stable and reliable. Light objects or objects without high security requirements can therefore be easily attached to a building.
According to claim 13, a roller with cams, an eccentric roller and / or a rubber holder are advantageously present on the rail material or spring material of the clamping rail, which improves the positional security and also leads to a vibration reduction.
Advantageously, according to claim 14, the clamping rail and / or the mounting rail has means for adjusting the position relative to the building and / or the object, which enables precise and stress-free installation and also compensates for building tolerances or object tolerances. Using suitable set screws, spacers or adjustable levers and eccentrics, the respective rails are adjusted in such a way that the respective object, such as a glass balustrade, is mounted or jammed free of excessive tension or isolated point loads. Considerable tolerances are to be expected in particular on unfinished buildings, which if not taken into account mean the destruction of the object.
[0023] Several exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawings and are described in more detail below. Show it:
1 is a clamping system in a sectional view with mounting rail, clamping rail, cover rail as a lever with hook joint and fixing screw,
2 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever with a screwed wedge and with a hook joint,
Fig. 3 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever
Compression spring and hook joint,
Fig. 4 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever
Hook joint and screw,
Fig. 5 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever
Hook joint and screw,
6 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and a cover rail with a hinge joint and screw lever,
7 and FIG. 8 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever with a hinge joint and screw,
Fig. 9 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever
Hinge joint and screw,
10 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and a cover rail with a screw lever,
Fig. 11 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a flexible
Lever using dead center,
Fig. 12 is a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a more flexible
Lever using dead center with safety spring,
13 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a toggle clamp with an adjusting screw,
14 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a pliers lever with an adjusting screw,
15 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and cover rail as one component
Clamping effect by two fixing screws,
16 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and cover rail as a component
Clamping effect by a fixing screw,
Fig. 17 is a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and cover rail as a component
Clamping effect by screw tightening,
CH 709 045 B1
18 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a component with two fixing wedges and a clamping screw,
19 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and cover rail as a component with a resilient rail and holding hook,
20 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with an eccentric roller,
Fig. 21 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail made of resilient base material
Cam roller,
22 and 23 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a resilient clamp,
24 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail as a resilient clamp with a rubber holder,
25 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and cover rail as one component
wedge no,
26 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a screwed clamping jaw,
27 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and cover rail as one component
Clamping effect through a flexible friction clamp or dead center clamp,
28 shows a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever
Rubber suspension,
29 and FIG. 30 a clamping system in a sectional view with a clamping rail and with a cover rail as a lever with a screwed wedge and with a hook joint,
Fig. 31 is a clamping system in a sectional view with mounting rail, clamping rail, cover rail as a lever with hook joint and fixing screw and
Fig. 32 is a clamping system in a spatial representation with mounting rail, clamping rail, cover rail as
Lever with hook joint and fixing screw.
The inventive clamping system for objects 4 with at least one smooth, flat or planar and uniform, preferably straight outer edges or outer sides consists of rail material which extends in the longitudinal direction along the respective clamped outer edges or outer sides of the object 4. For this purpose, a cover rail 2 is arranged on a clamping rail 1. The object 4 to be clamped is clamped or clamped between the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2. The clamping rail 1 is fastened directly or via a mounting rail 3 to the structure 5 by means of screws. The clamping system grips the object 4 on only one outer edge or outer side. The object 4, which depending on the purpose of use is all-glass balustrade, is thus clamped and held on only one outer edge. A reliable stable and at the same time secure clamping is achieved.
Gravitational forces are intercepted via the clamping rail 1 and optionally via the mounting rail 3 and via the screws and the structure 5. Depending on the holding force required, the number of mounting rails 3 can be increased. In particular, bending moments caused by the leverage effect, for example, by leaning or by wind, are to be absorbed by the clamping system. Due to the special shape of the clamping rail 1, the forces are advantageously absorbed. In addition, the position of object 4 is better stabilized. The special profile shapes of the clamping rail 1 also allow an individual arrangement and effect of the cover rail 2 on and with the clamping rail 1. In a special embodiment, the cover rail 2 is arranged movably on the clamping rail 1 in order to simplify the insertion of the object 4 and, if necessary, adjustments to be able to perform. It is also provided that the cover rail 2 can be detached from the clamping rail 1. This means that an inexpensive two-part clamping system can be implemented. Depending on the embodiment, the cover rail 2 which is movably arranged on the clamping rail 1 is connected to the clamping rail 1 via a joint 7.
It is further provided that the cover rail 2 is made in one part, two parts or in several parts and corresponds as a lever with the clamping rail 1. Thus, depending on requirements, individually reliable designs for the clamping can be achieved by forming 7 different lever arrangements and lever combinations by means of the joints. In addition, the respective lever arrangement of the cover rail 2 for maintaining or producing the clamping force can be reliably fixed by means of fixing means 8 in the form of screws, springs, wedges and via the dead center. Further embodiments provide that the cover rail 2 has a pretension or is designed as a spring in order to achieve the necessary contact pressure against the object. In a specific embodiment, the Deck5
CH 709 045 B1 rail 2 directly connected to the clamping rail 1 via a spring arrangement. The resilient clamping rails 1 are of such a length and thickness that on the one hand they have high rigidity for use on parapet railings and they meet the safety requirements. On the other hand, it is elastic enough to absorb impacts, vibrations and gusts of wind, dampen it and pass it on, weakened, to the mounting rail 3 or the structure 5.
For particularly high stability, it is provided that the cover rail 2 and the clamping rail 1 form a unit. The stability of the object to be achieved is achieved by means of additional fixing devices 8 in the form of, for example, mutually jamming wedges, or by simply screwing in using one, two or more fixing screws or by inserting fixing wedges. It is also provided in one embodiment that the cover rail 2 and the clamping rail 1 are screwed together and thus clamp the respective object 4. Thus, it is also provided that the cover rail 2 is attached to the structure 5 below the clamping rail 1.
A structural peculiarity presents that embodiment in which the clamping rail 1 is attached to the structure so that this clamping rail 1 carries the object 4 and at the same time jammed with the building 5. The clamping rail 1 consists in this case of a pre-tensioned rail material or spring material and clamps the object 4 between the clamping rail 1 and the structure 5. In this case there are also position securing means 6 in the form of a roller with cams, an eccentric roller and / or A rubber holder is provided, which are arranged on the outer or free end of the clamping rail 1 transverse to the longitudinal profile.
Depending on the embodiment, means for setting the position 12 or means for adjusting 12 in the form of set screws, grub screws, or eccentric screws relative to the structure 5 and / or to the object 4 are also present. This allows structural tolerances and assembly tolerances or deviations to be compensated for. The adjustment is possible both in the horizontal direction and in the vertical direction. The distances to the structure 5 can thus be adapted, for example.
The clamping systems can be fastened with short mounting rails 3 as positioning rails on site. It is pressed against the masonry 5 with a spacer screw, thus determining the distance to the masonry 5. The positioning rail is pulled onto the masonry 5 with a retaining screw and passes the holding forces on to the masonry 5.
1.31 and 32 has a mounting rail 3, a clamping rail 1 and a cover rail 2. The cover rail 2 is hooked into the clamping rail 1 via a hook joint 7. In this case, hook-shaped webs complement each other and form a self-locking articulated connection, around which the cover rail 2 is pivotally mounted and can thus perform a lever function. The clamping rail 1 is arranged in the mounting rail 3 via a complementary profile. By tightening by means of a fixing means 8 in the form of a set screw, both the object 4, the mounting rail 3, the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 are clamped and clamped to one another, so that a stable bond is created.
1 is suitable for holding an object 4, for example a single-pane safety glass pane or a double-pane safety glass pane or several panes. The clamping rails 1 are moved onto the mounting rails 3. The mounting rails 3 of the clamping system are screwed onto the structure 5, for example the parapet 5. The cover rail 1 is suspended in the clamping rail 3. The glass pane 4 is inserted vertically into the clamping system. The fixing means 8 in the form of an adjusting screw is unscrewed and clamps the glass pane 4 firmly over the levers of the clamping rail 1 and cover rail 2. The clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 distribute the clamping force evenly over the entire length of the glass pane 4. For the replacement of glass panes 4 and the re-tensioning only has to be loosened the set screw 8, the glass pane 4 replaced and the set screw 8 tightened again.
As shown in Fig. 32, the object 4, for example a glass pane 4, is aligned via means for position adjustment 12 and means for adjustment 12 in the form of holding and adjusting screws, two screws being used in a specific embodiment to change the distance to the masonry 5 and thus to compensate for unevenness or to enable the alignment of the holding base. The distance to the holding base is determined using one screw, while the other screw performs the actual holding function. As a result, the glass panes 4 can be aligned precisely over the entire length of the parapet.
The simple functional clamping safety and the quick assembly of the construction is a major advantage of the invention.
The support rails 3 can be placed anywhere along the cover rail 2 and can thus be adapted to the conditions of the parapet 5.
The mounting rail 3 has holes with which it can be screwed onto parapets 5. The clamping system is open and exposed to the weather. Neither wind, rain, snow nor ice are a problem. The construction is very robust. Support rail 3 and clamping rail 1 can be expanded with other components, such as a groove integrated in the profile for attaching covers or brackets. Cables and cable ducts can be integrated with the clamping system.
CH 709 045 B1 [0038] The clamping systems are fastened with short positioning rails at the place of use. The distance to the masonry 5 is determined with a spacer screw that presses against the masonry 5. The positioning rail is pulled against the wall with a retaining screw and transfers the retaining forces to the masonry 5.
2 to 30, the clamping rails 1 are attached directly to the parapet 5 or the structure 5. In these examples, the use of the mounting rail 3 is dispensed with, but an embodiment with mounting rails 3 is possible without any problems.
2 to 5, 29 and 30 have a clamping rail 1 and a cover rail 2 and a hook joint 7 connecting the two rails 1, 2, each in different designs. The object 4 is fixed with different fixing means 8. The fixing of the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 in FIGS. 2, 29 and 30 is achieved by a wedge to be clamped with a screw as the fixing means 8, which fixes the clamping rail 1 and Cover rail 2 spreads apart apart from object 4 and, due to the hook joint 7, compresses the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 on the object side and thus clamps the object 4. In Fig. 3 the contact pressure is achieved by means of a spring and in Figs. 4 and 5 by means of an adjusting screw as a fixing means 8, which apart from the object 4 spreads the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 apart and due to the hook joint, the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 pressed together on the object side.
In the exemplary embodiments according to FIGS. 6 to 9, the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 are connected by means of hinge joints 7, which are complementarily formed by the rail profile. The contact pressure is achieved by means of an adjusting screw as a fixing means 8, which spreads apart the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 apart from the object 4 and, due to the hinge joint 7, compresses the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 on the object side and thus securely clamps the object 4.
In the clamping system, as shown in Fig. 10, the jamming of the object 4 is achieved by a cover rail 2, which is clamped between the object 4 and an abutment on the clamping rail 1 by means of a screw as a fixing means 8.
The exemplary embodiments according to FIGS. 11 and 12 use the dead center created by the lever arrangement and the joint arrangement of the two-part cover rail 2 on the clamping rail 1 for reliable bracing. In the position of the lever arrangement in the complete jamming of the two rails 1, 2, movement of the levers without external action is not possible. This ensures reliable clamping. Only a force transverse to the main axis of this lever arrangement, that is to say a movement away from the object 4 at the free end of the lever, changes this state. However, as shown in FIG. 12, a spring is provided as a support means 8 for support. The lever arrangements according to the exemplary embodiments, as shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, enable the respective objects 4 to be reliably jammed by the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2. In FIG. 13, the cover rail 2 has a lever and clamp arrangement as a toggle clamp, which by means of the set screw, the toggle lever spreads or sticks and thus presses the cover rail 2 against the object 4 due to the pressure built up and releases the object 4 again in the reverse manner. In the tongs-like design, as shown in FIG. 14, the cover rail 2 is arranged on the clamping rail 1 via a pivot point, the rails being guided into one another via corresponding cutouts. The set screw provides the necessary force for secure jamming.
In the exemplary embodiments, as shown in FIGS. 15 to 18, the cover rail 2 is directly and permanently connected to the clamping rail 1. The rails 1, 2 form a rail arrangement. The object 4 is fixed according to FIG. 15 via two or according to FIG. 16 via a fixing screw directly at the end 2 of the rail arrangement on the cover rail side. 17 and 18, 4 wedges are used as the fixing unit 9 for jamming the object. By screwing using the set screws or the clamping screws, the wedges are pressed against the object 4 in accordance with the conical shape and clamp it. 15 and 18 against the structure 5 and according to FIGS. 16 and 17 against the clamping rail side region 1 of the rail arrangement. In addition, 4 supporting deposits are available for the position of the object.
Further simplified versions of the clamping system are shown in FIGS. 19 to 27.
19, the cover rail 2 is directly and permanently connected to the clamping rail 1 by means of a spring arrangement with a sufficiently large bias to form a rail arrangement. This creates the contact pressure of the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 against the object. In addition, barb-like surface structures are present on the inside of the clamping rail area 1 and the cover rail area 2 facing the object 4, which prevent loosening of the object 4. In addition, a friction-increasing surface coating of the inner sides of the area 1 on the clamping rail side and the area 2 on the cover rail side is provided.
20, 21 and 24, a clamping rail 1 is present in a fixed combination with the cover rail 2, which each have a cam roller, eccentric roller or a rubber holder at the end of the region on the cover rail side as bearing securing means 6. In addition, this combination carries the object 4. In FIG. 21, this combination is designed as a spring with a sufficiently large pretension transverse to the longitudinal direction of the clamping rail 1 in order to hold the object 4 securely and to clamp it to the structure 5.
CH 709 045 B1 [0048] FIGS. 22 and 23 show an arrangement of a clamping rail 1, under which the cover rail 2 is arranged and attached directly to the structure 5. The cover rail 2 is designed as a spring with a sufficiently large pretension transversely to the longitudinal direction of the clamping rail 1 in order to hold the object 4 securely and to press it against the building 5. In this embodiment, the clamping rail 1 carries only the object 4 and only acts as an abutment when clamping in accordance with FIG. 23.
25, the clamping rail 1 is designed in a fixed combination with the cover rail 2 as a Z-profile and is fastened to the structure 5 in the lower region, the clamping rail-side region 1, wherein in the upper region, the cover rail-side region 2, the object 4 is arranged between the clamping rail 1 and the structure 5 and is carried on the transverse region of the clamping rail 1. At the upper end of the area 2 on the cover rail, a wedge is introduced between the clamping rail 1 and the object 4 as position securing means 6. Depending on the material of the object, this wedge can also be hammered in and establishes the final fixation of the object in the clamping rail 1.
In a further embodiment, as shown in FIG. 26, the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 are screwed together and thus hold and fix the object 4.
27 shows a cover rail 2, which is directly and permanently connected to the clamping rail 1 and in the upper region between the clamping rail 1 and the cover rail 2 has a clamping device using dead center and in which the object is inserted and self-locking is fixed.
The embodiment of FIG. 28 shows a cover rail 2, which is attached to the structure 5 below the clamping rail 1 and is mounted in a rubber bearing 11 and is pressed against the object 4 by means of the preload of the rubber bearing 11. In this version, the clamping rail 1 carries only the object 4 as an L-profile rail. The cover rail 2 presses the object 4 directly against the structure 5.
In all exemplary embodiments, insulation elements 10, vibration absorbers 10 and / or spacer elements 10 can be inserted, if necessary, in order to improve the reliable durability and permanent function of the clamping system.
Compilation of the Reference Numbers [0054]
Clamping rail, area on the clamping rail side
Cover rail, area on the cover rail side, end on the cover rail side
rail
Object, glass pane
Building, parapet, masonry
Position securing means
Joint, hook joint, hinge joint
Fixing agent, set screw
fuser
Insulation element, vibration absorber, spacer element
Rubber bearing
Position adjustment means, adjustment means

Claims (14)

  1. claims
    1. Clamping system for objects (4) with at least one smooth, flat or flat and even, preferably straight outer edge or outside for attaching and / or mounting the objects (4) to any structure (5) or masonry (5), the clamping system consists of rails and extends in use in the longitudinal direction along the respective outer edges or outside of the object (4), characterized in that a cover rail (2) is arranged on a clamping rail (1), the object (4) to be clamped between the Clamping rail (1) and cover rail (2) or between the cover rail (2) and the building (5) is clamped and the clamping rail (1) directly without or via at least one mounting rail (3) on the building (5) or the masonry ( 5) is fastened and that the clamping system clamps and holds the object (4) on only one outer edge or outside.
    CH 709 045 B1
  2. 2. Clamping system according to claim 1, characterized in that the clamping rail (1) has a substantially I-shaped, Z-shaped, U-shaped, S-shaped or F-shaped cross section.
  3. 3. Clamping system according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the cover rail (2) is arranged movably and / or releasably on the clamping rail (1).
  4. 4. Clamping system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the cover rail (2) is connected as a lever arrangement via at least one joint (7) to the clamping rail (1).
  5. 5. Clamping system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the cover rail (2) is formed in one, two or more parts and is arranged as a lever arrangement on the clamping rail (1).
  6. 6. Clamping system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the cover rail (2) can be fixed by means of fixing means (8) in the form of set screws, springs, wedges and / or via the dead center.
  7. 7. Clamping system according to claim 1, characterized in that the cover rail (2) is resilient with a bias and / or is designed as a spring with a bias and / or is arranged on the clamping rail (1) by means of a spring.
  8. 8. Clamping system according to claim 1, characterized in that the cover rail (2) with the clamping rail (1) is non-detachably connected and that a fixing unit (9) is present on the cover rail (2).
  9. 9. Clamping system according to claim 1, characterized in that the cover rail (2) is screwed to the clamping rail (1).
  10. 10. Clamping system according to one of the preceding claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the cover rail (2) is fastened under the clamping rail (1) to the structure (5).
  11. 11. Clamping system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the cover rail (2) has position securing means (6) in the form of a roller with cams, an eccentric roller and / or a rubber holder.
  12. 12. Clamping system for objects (4) with at least one smooth, flat or flat and even, preferably straight outer edge or outer side, the clamping system consisting of rails and extending in use in the longitudinal direction along the respective outer edges or outer side of the object (4), thereby characterized in that a clamping rail (1) supporting the object (4) is arranged on a structure (5), the clamping rail (1) being made of a rail material or spring material provided with a prestress or of a curved, bent or angled transverse to the longitudinal profile Rail profile exists and the object (4) to be clamped is clamped between the clamping rail (1) and the building (5) and the clamping rail (1) is fastened directly to the building (5) without or via at least one mounting rail (3).
  13. 13. Clamping system according to claim 12, characterized in that the rail material or spring material of the clamping rail (1) has position securing means (6) in the form of a roller with cams, an eccentric roller and / or a rubber holder.
  14. 14. Clamping system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the clamping rail (1) and / or the mounting rail (3) means for setting the position (12) and / or means for adjusting (12) relative to the structure (5) and / or own the object (4).
    CH 709 045 B1
    LD
CH02092/13A 2013-12-17 2013-12-17 Clamping system for objects with at least one smooth, flat or plane as well as uniform rectilinear outer edge or outside. CH709045B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH02092/13A CH709045B1 (en) 2013-12-17 2013-12-17 Clamping system for objects with at least one smooth, flat or plane as well as uniform rectilinear outer edge or outside.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH02092/13A CH709045B1 (en) 2013-12-17 2013-12-17 Clamping system for objects with at least one smooth, flat or plane as well as uniform rectilinear outer edge or outside.

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CH709045A2 CH709045A2 (en) 2015-06-30
CH709045B1 true CH709045B1 (en) 2018-01-31

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ITUA20163971A1 (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-12-01 Luciano Guazzieri Hooking system on "bulb-flat" profiles
DE202016105087U1 (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-12-14 Pauli + Sohn Gmbh Metallwaren Retaining rail for a French balcony as well as holding device and arrangement for it
IT201700024918A1 (en) * 2017-03-07 2018-09-07 Logli Massimo S P A Support apparatus for panel

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