CH482439A - observer - Google Patents

observer

Info

Publication number
CH482439A
CH482439A CH242268A CH242268A CH482439A CH 482439 A CH482439 A CH 482439A CH 242268 A CH242268 A CH 242268A CH 242268 A CH242268 A CH 242268A CH 482439 A CH482439 A CH 482439A
Authority
CH
Switzerland
Prior art keywords
observer
Prior art date
Application number
CH242268A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
R Dr Voellmy Hans
Original Assignee
Contraves Ag
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Contraves Ag filed Critical Contraves Ag
Priority to CH242268A priority Critical patent/CH482439A/en
Publication of CH482439A publication Critical patent/CH482439A/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B7/00Mountings, adjusting means, or light-tight connections, for optical elements
    • G02B7/001Counterbalanced structures, e.g. surgical microscopes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/50Supports for surgical instruments, e.g. articulated arms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/02Heads
    • F16M11/04Means for attachment of apparatus; Means allowing adjustment of the apparatus relatively to the stand
    • F16M11/043Allowing translations
    • F16M11/046Allowing translations adapted to upward-downward translation movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/02Heads
    • F16M11/18Heads with mechanism for moving the apparatus relatively to the stand
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/20Undercarriages with or without wheels
    • F16M11/2007Undercarriages with or without wheels comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment
    • F16M11/2035Undercarriages with or without wheels comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment in more than one direction
    • F16M11/2057Undercarriages with or without wheels comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment in more than one direction for tilting and rolling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/20Undercarriages with or without wheels
    • F16M11/2007Undercarriages with or without wheels comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment
    • F16M11/2035Undercarriages with or without wheels comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment in more than one direction
    • F16M11/2064Undercarriages with or without wheels comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment in more than one direction for tilting and panning
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/20Undercarriages with or without wheels
    • F16M11/2085Undercarriages with or without wheels comprising means allowing sideward adjustment, i.e. left-right translation of the head relatively to the undercarriage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/20Undercarriages with or without wheels
    • F16M11/24Undercarriages with or without wheels changeable in height or length of legs, also for transport only, e.g. by means of tubes screwed into each other
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/20Undercarriages with or without wheels
    • F16M11/24Undercarriages with or without wheels changeable in height or length of legs, also for transport only, e.g. by means of tubes screwed into each other
    • F16M11/26Undercarriages with or without wheels changeable in height or length of legs, also for transport only, e.g. by means of tubes screwed into each other by telescoping, with or without folding
    • F16M11/28Undercarriages for supports with one single telescoping pillar
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/50Supports for surgical instruments, e.g. articulated arms
    • A61B2090/506Supports for surgical instruments, e.g. articulated arms using a parallelogram linkage, e.g. panthograph
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M2200/00Details of stands or supports
    • F16M2200/04Balancing means
    • F16M2200/044Balancing means for balancing rotational movement of the undercarriage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
    • F16M2200/00Details of stands or supports
    • F16M2200/06Arms
    • F16M2200/063Parallelogram arms
CH242268A 1968-02-20 1968-02-20 observer CH482439A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH242268A CH482439A (en) 1968-02-20 1968-02-20 observer

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH242268A CH482439A (en) 1968-02-20 1968-02-20 observer
DE6900877U DE6900877U (en) 1968-02-20 1969-01-10 Adjustable support for an optical beobachtungsgeraet.
DE19691901180 DE1901180A1 (en) 1968-02-20 1969-01-10 Adjustable support for an optical Beobachtungsgeraet
FR6902216A FR2002214A1 (en) 1968-02-20 1969-01-31

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CH482439A true CH482439A (en) 1969-12-15

Family

ID=4233429

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CH242268A CH482439A (en) 1968-02-20 1968-02-20 observer

Country Status (3)

Country Link
CH (1) CH482439A (en)
DE (2) DE6900877U (en)
FR (1) FR2002214A1 (en)

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2315997A1 (en) * 1972-03-30 1973-10-11 Hoppl Corp J K The surgical microscope
US4526169A (en) * 1983-02-21 1985-07-02 Narishige Scientific Instrument Laboratory, Ltd. Fine control system for a glass electrode or the like
EP0476552A1 (en) * 1990-09-19 1992-03-25 Firma Carl Zeiss Slewing mechanism for supporting devices for optical observation instruments
DE4213418A1 (en) * 1991-04-23 1992-10-29 Olympus Optical Co Endoscope instrument for surgeons - has flexible probe position determined by movement of surgeons head to vary reflected ultra-sonic signals to receivers mounted on monitor
DE4321934A1 (en) * 1992-07-01 1994-01-05 Olympus Optical Co Surgical microscope appts. - has support system for carrying microscope in order to facilitate movement in three dimensions, and micrometer for identifying eye position relative to ocular
US5345334A (en) * 1991-10-08 1994-09-06 Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung Mechanical control unit for a surgical microscope connected to a stand
JPH06277230A (en) * 1992-11-12 1994-10-04 Mitaka Koki Co Ltd Stand device of medical treatment optical apparatus
US5397323A (en) * 1992-10-30 1995-03-14 International Business Machines Corporation Remote center-of-motion robot for surgery
US5441505A (en) * 1993-01-28 1995-08-15 Mitaka Kohki Co., Ltd. Medical locating apparatus
DE19503875A1 (en) * 1995-02-07 1996-08-14 Ralf Herwig Holder for endoscopic examination and surgery
DE19609034A1 (en) * 1995-03-10 1996-09-12 Karlsruhe Forschzent Appts. for guidance of instruments used in endoscopic surgery
US5649956A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-07-22 Sri International System and method for releasably holding a surgical instrument
US5797835A (en) * 1996-09-16 1998-08-25 Green; Philip S. System and method for endosurgery employing conjoint operation of an endoscope and endosurgical instrument
US5800423A (en) * 1993-05-14 1998-09-01 Sri International Remote center positioner with channel shaped linkage element
US5807378A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-09-15 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US5808665A (en) * 1992-01-21 1998-09-15 Sri International Endoscopic surgical instrument and method for use
DE19822195C1 (en) * 1998-05-16 2000-01-27 Aesculap Ag & Co Kg Holding arrangement for surgical instrument
DE4316037C2 (en) * 1993-05-13 2001-10-31 Zeiss Carl Adapter for positioning an object placed on a stand medical therapeutic and / or diagnostic instrument and stand with adapter
US6406472B1 (en) 1993-05-14 2002-06-18 Sri International, Inc. Remote center positioner
US6772053B2 (en) 1998-12-08 2004-08-03 Visx, Incorporated Aspects of a control system of a minimally invasive surgical apparatus
US6788999B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2004-09-07 Sri International, Inc. Surgical system
US7107124B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2006-09-12 Sri International Roll-pitch-roll wrist methods for minimally invasive robotic surgery
DE4416178B4 (en) * 1993-05-07 2007-11-08 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. A surgical microscope
US7594912B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2009-09-29 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Offset remote center manipulator for robotic surgery
US7862580B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2011-01-04 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible wrist for surgical tool
US8911428B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-12-16 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus for pitch and yaw rotation
US9005112B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2015-04-14 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulate and swapable endoscope for a surgical robot
US9068628B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2015-06-30 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Robotic arms with strap drive trains

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH548568A (en) * 1972-08-18 1974-04-30 Contraves Ag Support device with an optical beobachtungsgeraet.
US4170336A (en) * 1977-12-16 1979-10-09 Malis Leonard I Suspension apparatus for operating room microscope
DD139767A1 (en) * 1978-11-24 1980-01-16 Reinhard Ruedel Joint for an observatory
DD245500B1 (en) * 1986-02-03 1989-11-01 Zeiss Jena Veb Carl Arrangement for directional adjustment of a binocular microscope, preferably of an operating microscope
JPS6456409A (en) * 1987-05-29 1989-03-03 Mitaka Koki Kk Stand device for medical optical machinery
JPH0318891B2 (en) * 1987-05-29 1991-03-13 Mitaka Koki Kk
DE3814771C2 (en) * 1988-04-30 1990-11-15 G. Rodenstock Instrumente Gmbh, 8000 Muenchen, De
FR2660732B1 (en) * 1990-04-06 1992-09-04 Technomed Int Sa Arm extremity translatable and therapeutic treatment apparatus, comprising application.
JPH06100726B2 (en) * 1990-04-11 1994-12-12 三鷹光器株式会社 The support structure of the balance equation parallel link mechanism
DE59911285D1 (en) * 1998-07-31 2005-01-20 Leica Microsystems Schweiz Ag Surgical microscope tripod for xy offset
DE102008011638B4 (en) 2008-02-28 2016-03-10 Leica Instruments (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Counterbalanced for operation microscope

Cited By (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2315997A1 (en) * 1972-03-30 1973-10-11 Hoppl Corp J K The surgical microscope
US4526169A (en) * 1983-02-21 1985-07-02 Narishige Scientific Instrument Laboratory, Ltd. Fine control system for a glass electrode or the like
EP0476552A1 (en) * 1990-09-19 1992-03-25 Firma Carl Zeiss Slewing mechanism for supporting devices for optical observation instruments
US5173803A (en) * 1990-09-19 1992-12-22 Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung Pivoting device for supporting frames for optical observation equipment
DE4213418A1 (en) * 1991-04-23 1992-10-29 Olympus Optical Co Endoscope instrument for surgeons - has flexible probe position determined by movement of surgeons head to vary reflected ultra-sonic signals to receivers mounted on monitor
DE4213418C2 (en) * 1991-04-23 1996-10-10 Olympus Optical Co endoscopic device
US5345334A (en) * 1991-10-08 1994-09-06 Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung Mechanical control unit for a surgical microscope connected to a stand
US6223100B1 (en) 1992-01-21 2001-04-24 Sri, International Apparatus and method for performing computer enhanced surgery with articulated instrument
US7107124B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2006-09-12 Sri International Roll-pitch-roll wrist methods for minimally invasive robotic surgery
US6788999B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2004-09-07 Sri International, Inc. Surgical system
US5808665A (en) * 1992-01-21 1998-09-15 Sri International Endoscopic surgical instrument and method for use
US7890211B2 (en) 1992-01-21 2011-02-15 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Master-slave manipulator system and apparatus
US5420716A (en) * 1992-07-01 1995-05-30 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Surgical microscope apparatus
DE4321934C2 (en) * 1992-07-01 1998-01-29 Olympus Optical Co Surgical microscope apparatus
DE4321934A1 (en) * 1992-07-01 1994-01-05 Olympus Optical Co Surgical microscope appts. - has support system for carrying microscope in order to facilitate movement in three dimensions, and micrometer for identifying eye position relative to ocular
US5397323A (en) * 1992-10-30 1995-03-14 International Business Machines Corporation Remote center-of-motion robot for surgery
JPH06277230A (en) * 1992-11-12 1994-10-04 Mitaka Koki Co Ltd Stand device of medical treatment optical apparatus
US5441505A (en) * 1993-01-28 1995-08-15 Mitaka Kohki Co., Ltd. Medical locating apparatus
DE4416178B4 (en) * 1993-05-07 2007-11-08 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. A surgical microscope
DE4316037C2 (en) * 1993-05-13 2001-10-31 Zeiss Carl Adapter for positioning an object placed on a stand medical therapeutic and / or diagnostic instrument and stand with adapter
US5800423A (en) * 1993-05-14 1998-09-01 Sri International Remote center positioner with channel shaped linkage element
US6758843B2 (en) 1993-05-14 2004-07-06 Sri International, Inc. Remote center positioner
US6406472B1 (en) 1993-05-14 2002-06-18 Sri International, Inc. Remote center positioner
US5817084A (en) * 1993-05-14 1998-10-06 Sri International Remote center positioning device with flexible drive
US6106511A (en) * 1993-05-14 2000-08-22 Sri International Methods and devices for positioning a surgical instrument at a surgical site
US5931832A (en) * 1993-05-14 1999-08-03 Sri International Methods for positioning a surgical instrument about a remote spherical center of rotation
DE19503875A1 (en) * 1995-02-07 1996-08-14 Ralf Herwig Holder for endoscopic examination and surgery
DE19609034C2 (en) * 1995-03-10 1998-03-05 Karlsruhe Forschzent Device for guiding surgical instruments for endoscopic surgery
DE19609034A1 (en) * 1995-03-10 1996-09-12 Karlsruhe Forschzent Appts. for guidance of instruments used in endoscopic surgery
US7824424B2 (en) 1995-06-07 2010-11-02 Sri International System and method for releasably holding a surgical instrument
US5810880A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-09-22 Sri International System and method for releasably holding a surgical instrument
US5807378A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-09-15 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US6413264B1 (en) 1995-06-07 2002-07-02 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US6461372B1 (en) 1995-06-07 2002-10-08 Sri International System and method for releasably holding a surgical instrument
US6620174B2 (en) 1995-06-07 2003-09-16 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US8048088B2 (en) 1995-06-07 2011-11-01 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US8012160B2 (en) 1995-06-07 2011-09-06 Sri International System and method for releasably holding a surgical instrument
US8500753B2 (en) 1995-06-07 2013-08-06 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US5649956A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-07-22 Sri International System and method for releasably holding a surgical instrument
US5814038A (en) 1995-06-07 1998-09-29 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US8840628B2 (en) 1995-06-07 2014-09-23 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US7648513B2 (en) 1995-06-07 2010-01-19 Sri International Surgical manipulator for a telerobotic system
US6080181A (en) * 1995-06-07 2000-06-27 Sri International System and method for releasably holding a surgical instrument
US5797835A (en) * 1996-09-16 1998-08-25 Green; Philip S. System and method for endosurgery employing conjoint operation of an endoscope and endosurgical instrument
DE19822195C1 (en) * 1998-05-16 2000-01-27 Aesculap Ag & Co Kg Holding arrangement for surgical instrument
US6290196B1 (en) 1998-05-16 2001-09-18 Aesculap Ag & Co. Kg Holding device for a surgical instrument
US6772053B2 (en) 1998-12-08 2004-08-03 Visx, Incorporated Aspects of a control system of a minimally invasive surgical apparatus
US9005112B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2015-04-14 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Articulate and swapable endoscope for a surgical robot
US8911428B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-12-16 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus for pitch and yaw rotation
US10105128B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2018-10-23 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Apparatus for pitch and yaw rotation
US9095317B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2015-08-04 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible wrist for surgical tool
US8337521B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2012-12-25 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible wrist for surgical tool
US9585641B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2017-03-07 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible wrist for surgical tool
US8790243B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2014-07-29 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible wrist for surgical tool
US8690908B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2014-04-08 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible wrist for surgical tool
US7862580B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2011-01-04 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Flexible wrist for surgical tool
US8256319B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2012-09-04 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Offset remote center manipulator for robotic surgery
US9068628B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2015-06-30 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Robotic arms with strap drive trains
US8062288B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2011-11-22 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Offset remote center manipulator for robotic surgery
US9261172B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2016-02-16 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Multi-ply strap drive trains for surgical robotic arms
US7594912B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2009-09-29 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. Offset remote center manipulator for robotic surgery
US8562594B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2013-10-22 Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Offset remote center manipulator for robotic surgery

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE6900877U (en) 1973-03-15
DE1901180A1 (en) 1969-11-27
FR2002214A1 (en) 1969-10-17

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