CA3075456A1 - Automated wireless apparatus for real-time emergency support - Google Patents

Automated wireless apparatus for real-time emergency support

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Publication number
CA3075456A1
CA3075456A1 CA3075456A CA3075456A CA3075456A1 CA 3075456 A1 CA3075456 A1 CA 3075456A1 CA 3075456 A CA3075456 A CA 3075456A CA 3075456 A CA3075456 A CA 3075456A CA 3075456 A1 CA3075456 A1 CA 3075456A1
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CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
network
emergency
life
support
data
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CA3075456A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Muralidharan GOPALAKRISHNAN
Original Assignee
Muralidharan GOPALAKRISHNAN
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201762557069P priority Critical
Priority to US62/557,069 priority
Priority to US201862638315P priority
Priority to US62/638,315 priority
Priority to US201816127236A priority
Priority to US16/127,236 priority
Application filed by Muralidharan GOPALAKRISHNAN filed Critical Muralidharan GOPALAKRISHNAN
Priority to PCT/IB2018/058760 priority patent/WO2019049118A1/en
Publication of CA3075456A1 publication Critical patent/CA3075456A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal condition and not otherwise provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B13/00Burglar, theft or intruder alarms
    • G08B13/22Electrical actuation
    • G08B13/24Electrical actuation by interference with electromagnetic field distribution
    • G08B13/2402Electronic Article Surveillance [EAS], i.e. systems using tags for detecting removal of a tagged item from a secure area, e.g. tags for detecting shoplifting
    • G08B13/2451Specific applications combined with EAS
    • G08B13/2462Asset location systems combined with EAS
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/016Personal emergency signalling and security systems

Abstract

Wireless apparatus, device ergonomic forms, real-time system and software devices for emergency support, child tracking and anti-abduction utility. The real-time emergency support system automatically alerts the life-support network during pre-clinical emergencies and other life-threatening situations. The automated emergency support apparatus analyses the wireless antennae, pressure sensors, bio-sensors and other sensors for spontaneously alerting the user's eco-system. The apparatus communicates the computed results and performs the life-support network notifying operations through novel wireless technological methods. The network notifying operations initiate either through real-time data based automated methods or through manually triggered commands.

Description

Description Title of the Invention: Automated Wireless Apparatus for Real-Time Emergency Support Technical Field [0001] The present invention relates to an automated wireless apparatus and real-time system for emergency response utility.
Background of the Invention
[0002] With the evolution of modern technology, it has become easier to track the location, present condition and other pertinent information of the user on real time basis. Though current devices support emergency support applications, they lack innovative technological aspects, real-time methods and automated process that enable them work more accurately and efficiently.
[0003] Hence, the device offered through this invention is designed with exclusive technology entailing to recognize kidnapping pattern, clinical emergency and other critical emergencies. This disclosure explains hardware apparatuses, ergonomic designs, instrumentation forms, in-built wireless methods and real-time process that can enable them to work automatically and alert user network during such emergency events.
Summary of the Invention
[0004] The object of the invention is to present an automatic emergency support apparatus and intelligent real-time system, that can efficiently track information and provide alerts to mitigate emergency and life-threatening situations.
FIRST ASPECT
[0005] In the first aspect of the invention, an automatic and real-time emergency response system is provided. The real-time support system comprises of a primary network and life-support network. The system contains emergency and alert command, which is triggered and broadcasted by the primary network and network of life-support devices.
The life-support network constitutes of client devices, parent's/guardian's devices, accessorial mobile devices, SOS network, and stranger devices in the location vicinity. A
central server is present in the routing pathway, which stores and transfers the information between the primary network and life-support network. The information and the commands are either transferred through the central server or directly the wireless network. The information transfer and command broadcast occur through a communication pathway of Wireless LAN
(WLAN), mobile communication system, Bluetooth, SWARM Network, Global Positioning Unit, and through other shorter and robust pathways. The SWARM
network is established and utilized by the real-time system as an alternative intermediate communication routing pathway. The real-time system computes shorter and robust intelligent pathway for communicating the trigger commands and information.
The robust and shortest pathway is utilized as an efficient and faster means to transfer the information between the primary device and the life-support network.
[0006] The real-time system has an automated validation process, which comprises of.
pressure sensor analysis method for extracting the live and recorded pressure data;
pressure sensor validation process to recognize the method of the mobile apparatus removal and the force of removal;
post-trigger validation process, which consists of a set of computational steps to validate the status of the wireless antennas, bio-sensors and other sensors;
wireless antenna validation process to check the status of the wireless network;
a method to deduce shortest and robust communication wireless path;
biosensor validation process steps to verify, if the bio-signal data is within the realistic threshold value; and biosensor validation process steps to verify the status of the wearable such 'as if the wearable is worn' and 'does the data approximately correlate with the individual'.
[0007] The real-time system has a set of post-validation computational steps, which include:
post-validation step of global positing system (GPS) Unit processing for inferring location data, speed of the device and communication pathway;
post validation step of WLAN processing for inferring network data, location data and communication pathway;
post-validation step of Bluetooth processing for SAWRM devices enabled communication pathway;
post-validation step of Bluetooth processing for inferring the network device information, network device location data and proximity of the primary apparatus;
post-validation step of accelerometer processing to track the mode of transport and phase of the apparatus; and bio-sensors processing step to compute pulse rate, breathing rate, oxygen saturation, psychological stress, neural activity, blood pressure data, blood sugar levels and other important health data of the user.
[0008] An automatic emergency triggering method is integrated in the real-time system, which:
verifies the pressure sensor for valid abduction range and realistic range;
processes the pressure sensor data to recognize the method of removal, force of removal and other information;
validates if bio-signal data is in the realistic range and if the device is worn by the user;
verifies if the recorded bio-signal data is in the range of pre-clinical or abduction emergency; and alerts the life-support network automatically on identification of the user's life at risk.
[0009] The real-time tracking information can be accessed and viewed on both the primary network and the life-support network. The real-time system further comprises of a functionality for sending missing note from parent's/guardian's device and SOS
device to the life-support network and other network devices in the vicinity.
SECOND ASPECT
[0010] The hardware of the emergency support apparatus is presented in the second aspect of the invention. The real-time apparatus contains micro-controller with in-built memory, which communicates with the digital ICs and sensors. A set of wireless antennae of WLAN, Bluetooth, GSM and GPS attached to the microcontroller is utilized to wirelessly communicate the data with client devices, accessorial devices and server. The real-time health information and bio-signals are extracted through the bio sensor set of Temperature sensor, Blood glucose sensor, Blood Pressure Sensor, Pulse sensor and Stress sensor. A
pressure sensor is attached to the system, which extracts real-time pressure information.
The Bluetooth antennae and other wireless antennae are utilized to create a SWARM
network to interact with network devices through other intermediate smart devices. The movement information (like the location, speed, etc) are extracted by the set of wireless antennae and accelerometer. The real-time health data, pressure sensor data and movement data are utilized to track the kidnapper's pattern and the impact of abduction. A power supply unit comprising of PMU, USB charging module and supercapacitor-Battery set are used for the powering the apparatus. The apparatus has an additional renewable power supply unit set of supercapacitor-energy harvesting module. The display, accessorial devices, pressure sensor, 6/9-axis accelerometer, video camera, micro-mic and other electronics (like buttons, potentiometer) are used to operate the device, access the in-built application and interact with the device. The apparatus records the emergency and abduction incidents through micro-mic and video camera module.
THIRD ASPECT
[0011] In the third aspect, a child tracking application is presented. The child tracking application has two modules of parenting care application and life-support network application, which are wirelessly synchronized with the primary real-time apparatus. The emergency and alert commands are triggered through the parenting care application, the real-time primary apparatus and the life-support network. The application module has a missing note functionality for disclosing more particular information about the user. The user's personal information (of age, gender, description, etc) and real-time tracking information on location, transportation speed, transportation mode, map data, medical data (of pulse rate, oxygen saturation, breathing rate, psychological stress, neural activity, blood pressure data, blood sugar levels, etc), biological condition and device status (of device attachment status, force of removal and unbuckling method) are displayed on the parenting care application and the life-support network application. A live vital information monitor is available on the synchronized devices for viewing the live medical information. On automatic recognition of abduction events or on triggering emergency/alert command, the application alerts the life-support network and the primary device with an abduction alert, real-time information and missing note.
FOURTH ASPECT
[0012] A clinical emergency application is provided in the fourth aspect of the invention. The clinical application comprises of user application and a network of life-support devices based client end application, which are wirelessly synchronized with the primary apparatus.
The application has an "alert network" trigger command to alert the life-support and social network, "alert SOS" trigger command to alert SOS network, and an "alert all"
trigger command to alert the devices in the vicinity network, personal network and SOS
network.

The application has an automated description on diagnosed and predicted medical condition for disclosing more particular information on the present user condition. The user's personal information (ofusername, age, gender, description, medical insurance number and medical plan), and real-time information on location, transportation speed, transportation mode, map data, diagnosed medical condition, predicted medical condition, medical data (of pulse rate, oxygen saturation, breathing rate, psychological stress, blood pressure data and blood sugar levels), biological conditions and device status are displayed on the user application and client application. A live vital information monitor is available on the synchronized devices for viewing the live medical information. On recognized events of emergency or on manually triggering emergency/alert, the application alerts the life-support network with medical emergency alert and real-time information.
FIFTH ASPECT
[0013] The fifth aspect of the disclosure presents a network of accessorial devices connected to the real-time apparatus. The accessorial devices are wirelessly synchronized with the emergency support apparatus. The trigger commands, emergency support apparatus and its embodiment forms, and in-built applications are operated through the means of the accessorial mobile apparatus. The accessorial mobile apparatus computes and stores the real-time data and the recorded information. The real-time tracking information and recorded data are viewed on the display of the accessorial mobile apparatus and emergency support apparatus. The touch display of the accessorial mobile apparatus is also utilized to operate the emergency support system and apparatus, to trigger the commands and to access the in-built applications. The accessorial mobile apparatus further comprises of a video camera and a mic, which captures and records the emergency events. The accessorial mobile apparatus communicates the real-time and recorded information to the life-support network. The video camera and mic are used to operate the device and the in-built applications. The speaker and the display of the accessorial device are used for perceiving the life-support network's responses and real-time data.
SIXTH ASPECT
[0014] In the sixth aspect, a child tracker embodiment of the real-time emergency support apparatus is provided. The child tracking apparatus has a belt buckle with inbuilt pressure sensor to keep track of the pressure on the device. The upper buckle element of the child tracker is made of magnetically attractable element and has an inbuilt pressure sensor. The lower magnetic buckle element and upper buckle element are held together through a spring hinge. The magnetic attraction between the buckles and clutching action of the hinge along with a belt is used to fasten the device securely on the user. The belt is made of up of cloth with inner foam base/sponge-like material to avoid motion errors in the recording. The pressure sensor of the child tracking apparatus keeps track of the pressure on the device, and method and force of device removal. The belt has tail end with stickable pad and adhesive surface, which is additionally used for fastening the device. The apparatus has a heat regulating case that contains electronics, biosensor front-end with plurality of biosensors, which is kept in contact with the child for extracting real-time medical data.
The real-time medical information extracted by biosensors, wireless antennae data, movement data extracted by accelerometer and recorded location data are used for inferring the present condition of the user. The child tracking apparatus sends the real-time and recorded information to the network of synchronized accessorial devices and the primary parenting care apparatus.
SEVENTH ASPECT
[0015] A wearable emergency support apparatus with a round contact surface is presented in the seventh aspect of the invention. The round contact surface is used as a means to evade cuts and injuries, that may otherwise occur due to the sharp edges. The round wearable frame contains a pressure sensor, biosensor set and other electronics. The pressure sensor and the biosensors are embedded on the contact side of device frame, which is utilized to record the pressure and real-time biological data. An additional pressure sensor, affixed on the detachable buckle element at the rear end of the front strap, is used to track the force of aggressively unstrapping the device. The apparatus is fastened by attaching back strap with adjustment holes to the detachable buckle with tongue and free-loop on the front strap.
EIGHTH ASPECT
[0016] In the eighth aspect, a four-pressure based smart wearable apparatus is provided. The wearable apparatus has 4 pressure sensors placed at the four corners of the smart wearable frame, so that the pressure on the user can be accurately extracted over a single central pressure sensor. The four-pressure configuration gives information on the direction of unstrapping, force of removal and more. The plurality of biosensors and other sensors are placed on the contact surface of the rounded comer device frame for tracking the real-time biological data. The device frame with rounded comers is chosen to evade cuts and injuries.

The device has a front strap with a free-loop and a fixed magnetically attractable buckle element, and a back strap with a movable magnetic clasp. The device is fastened on the wrist or other body parts by inserting the back strap through magnetically attractable buckle element and free-loop, until the movable clasp of the back strap is magnetically attracted to the magnetic element. A stopper is affixed on the back strap to prevent the slipping of the movable magnetic clasp from the strap.
NINTH ASPECT
[0017] The ninth aspect of the invention puts forward an accessorial emergency support apparatus with video camera and microphone. The accessorial emergency support apparatus has embedded high definition video camera and microphone, which secretively tracks and records the events of emergency. The video camera and microphone are used to operate the device and its in-built applications. The device has a hardware box packaged with electronics, which comprises of a central microprocessor with internal memory, wireless antennae set, user interaction components and other essential internal circuitry components. The microcontroller with internal memory of the device is attached to wireless antenna set of WLAN module, Bluetooth module, GPS module and GSM module which is utilized for wirelessly communicating the real-time and recorded data to the wireless life-support network and the primary network. The GPS and the wireless antennae set are additionally used to track the speed and location of the device. The accessorial emergency support apparatus has 9/6-axis accelerometer, which tracks movement signals and acts as a real-time feedback for noise cancellation. The apparatus is attached to a power supply unit comprising of PMU, micro-USB module, supercapacitor-battery set and the supercapacitor-energy harvester is attached to the apparatus for powering the device and managing the power supply. The accessorial emergency support apparatus has a detachable and adhesive surface on the top or bottom surface, that is utilized to attach and mount it on the primary emergency support apparatus. The video camera based accessorial emergency support apparatus further comprises of a power button and wireless button for operating the device, synchronizing the data and for powering on and off the device.
Brief Description of the Artwork
[0018] FIG. 1 is the electronics block diagram and hardware architecture of the emergency support apparatus;
[0019] FIG. 2A shows the isometric view of the child tracking apparatus embodiment form with magnetic buckle and pressure sensor;
[0020] FIG. 2B shows the isometric view of the magnetic buckle of the child tracking apparatus; and
[0021] FIG. 2C shows the reflective sensing hardware of the child tracking apparatus;
[0022] FIG. 3 is a smart wearable embodiment form of the emergency support apparatus with a novel strap technology;
[0023] FIG. 4 is a four-pressure sensor configuration based smart wearable embodiment form of the emergency support apparatus;
[0024] FIG. 5 describes the flow-chart of the methods and process utilized for extracting useful sensor data and for communicating the information;
[0025] FIG. 6 shows the basic flow-diagram of verification steps for automatically activating trigger commands in the life-support network;
[0026] FIG. 7 is the functional architecture of the real-time emergency response system;
[0027] FIG. 8 shows the utility of the accessorial mobile device wirelessly synchronized with the telemetry device;
[0028] FIG. 9A and FIG. 9B show software application for child-tracking and parenting care utility;
[0029] FIG. 10A and FIG. 10B show the user and client software interface for clinical emergency support utility;
[0030] FIG. 11A shows the front isometric of the video camera based accessorial emergency support apparatus;
[0031] FIG. 11B shows the side isometric of the video camera based accessorial emergency support apparatus; and
[0032] FIG. 11C shows the hardware block diagram of the accessorial emergency support apparatus;
[0033] FIG. 12 shows the method to attach the accessorial video camera device to the emergency support apparatus.

Detailed Description of the invention
[0034] Comprehensively, the disclosure can be utilized and perceived in various applications that include medical instruments, health management gadgets, anti-abduction devices, parenting-care devices, service personnel protection technology, accident prevention devices and other forms of emergency support apparatuses. The principle of the described invention is not intended to limit to the specific device, system and software application.
The disclosure can be chiefly into divided into embodiment forms of real-time life-support instrument, parenting-care devices and emergency response apparatus.
[0035] FIG. 1 shows the hardware block diagram of the emergency support apparatus. The microprocessor with inbuilt memory 1 of the emergency support apparatus communicates with the sensor frontend, sensors and other digital components. The microprocessor 1 is used as the means for internally computing and storing the data. The pressure sensor set 2 attached to the micro-controller 1 extracts the real-time pressure data. The accelerometer 3 is utilized for extracting the real-time movement feedback and the motion data.
Temperature sensor 5, Blood glucose sensor 6, Blood Pressure Sensor 7, Pulse sensor 8 and Stress sensor 9 attached to Bio-sensor front-end 4 are used by the apparatus to extract the real-time biological and health information. Wireless antennae set of WLAN 10, BLE 11, GSM 12 and GPS 13 transfers the information between primary emergency support apparatus and the network of accessorial devices 23. The wireless antennae set of 10-11-12-13 are also utilized to track the location and the speed of the device. The Bluetooth antennae 11 and other wireless antennae set 10-12-13 creates a SWARM and shorter pathways through the intermediate smart devices to interact with the network of devices 23.
The network of accessorial devices 23 are as well used as an efficient and faster means to compute and store the information externally. The pressure sensor 2, bio-sensor set 5-6-7-8-9, accelerometer 3, and 10-11-12-13 are utilized to extract the kidnapper's pattern, the impact of abduction, seriousness of the emergency condition and other information. The emergency and abduction events are perceived through the video camera module 22 and micro-mic module 21. The real-time and recorded information are viewed on the display 20. The touch display 20 is utilized to operate the emergency support apparatus, access the in-built applications and the real-time system. The touch display 20, accessorial devices 23, video camera module 22, pressure sensor 2, 9/6-axis accelerometer 3, micro-mic 21 and other electronics like buttons, potentiometer are used by the user to interact with the device, and to operate the device and its in-built applications. The power supply unit of the apparatus comprises of PMU 14, USB module 15, set of Supercapacitor 16-Battery 17 and a renewable power set of Supercapacitor 18-Energy Harvesting Module 19. The power supply unit powers the apparatus and manages the supply.
[0036] FIG. 2A shows 3D-view of the child tracking device embodiment form of the emergency support apparatus. The child tracking (anti-abduction) apparatus has a belt buckle 24 with inbuilt pressure sensor 27, which keeps track of the pressure on the device through the victimizer or in any emergency event. The lower magnetic buckle element 29 and upper magnetically attractable buckle element 26 with an inbuilt pressure sensor 27 are held together through a spring-like hinge 25. The reflective sensing hardware 30, comprising of a detachable heat regulating case with biosensors 32 and a belt hole 31, is attached to the belt 33 through the belt hole element 31. The contact surface of the heat regulating case 32 is embedded with the plurality of bio sensor probes on the contact surface for extracting real-time biological and health data. The case 32 also contains the other essential hardware components. The buckle action and magnetic action created by the buckle 24 comprising of 26-25-29 is utilized for fastening the belt. The belt 33 is made of up of cloth with inner foam base/sponge-like material 34 to avoid motion errors. The adhesion between the stickable surface pad 36 and adhesive surface pad 35 is also used to fasten the device to the user. The real-time biological information extracted by 3-4-5-6-7-8-9, pressure data extracted by the 2, movement data extracted by accelerometer 3 and location data and movement data extracted by 10-11-12-13 are utilized for inferring the present condition of the user. These extracted real-time information is sent to synchronized accessorial devices, primary network device and other network of life-support devices.
[0037] FIG. 2B shows the magnetic buckle 24 of the child tracking device embodiment form.
The pressure sensor 27 is embedded on the inner surface 28 of the magnetically attractable buckle element 26. The clamp 25, made up of spring like hinge material, holds the upper buckle element 24 and lower magnetic buckle element 29.
[0038] FIG. 2C shows the reflective sensing hardware 30 of the child tracking apparatus. The plurality of bio-sensing probes are placed on the contact surface of the detachable heat regulating casing 32. The reflective apparatus 30 has a hollow belt hole 31, which is used for attaching the device 30 to the belt 33. The hollow hole 31 is affixed below the case with sensors and electronics 32.
[0039] FIG. 3 shows wearable emergency support apparatus embodiment form with a round structure near the contact surface. The device works the same way as described in the drawing FIG. 2. The rounded casing structure 37 on the contact surface 38 is used as means to evade cuts and injuries, that may otherwise occur due to the sharp edges.
The pressure sensor 40 of the apparatus records the pressure data. The plurality of biosensors 39 embedded on the contact surface 38 of the frame 37 is utilized to record biological and health data. An additional pressure sensor 44 is affixed on the detachable buckle frame 43 of the front strap 41 for tracking the pressure data during the events of aggressively unstrapping the device or during other emergency events. The apparatus is fastened by attaching the buckle tongue 45 of the buckle 46 and free-loop 42 of the strap 41, to the back strap 47 with adjustment holes 48.
[0040] FIG. 4 shows a wearable emergency support apparatus embodiment form with a rounded corner near contact surface. The device works the same way as described in the drawing FIG. 2. Instead, this apparatus has 4 pressure sensor configurations 55, 56, 57,58 which are placed on the four corners of the smart wearable frame 49 to track the pressure data. The four pressure sensors 55, 56, 57 and 58 are used so that the pressure on the user can be accurately extracted over a single central pressure sensor. The 4 pressure sensors of 55, 56, 57 and 58 precisely tracks information on the direction of removal, force of removal and other parameters. The set of biosensors and other sensors 54 is placed on the contact surface of the device frame 49, which is used to extract the biological data, health data and other important information. The rounded corners 50-51-52-53 of the device frame 49 is utilized to evade cuts and injuries. The emergency support apparatus is fastened through straps 59-62 with free loop 60 and magnetic buckle 61-63. The apparatus has a free-loop 60 and a fixed magnetic attractable buckle element 61 on the front strap 59, and it has a movable magnetic clasp 63 on the back strap 62. The device is fastened on the wrist or other body parts by inserting the strap 62 through buckle element 61 and free-loop 60 until the movable magnetic clasp/bar 63 is magnetically attracted by the element 61.
The movable magnetic element 63 is locked through a stopper 64 affixed on the strap 62, and the solid stopper 64 inhibits the freely movable clasp 63 from slipping out of the strap 62.
[0041] FIG. 5 shows the flow-chart used for extracting sensor information and the methods used for data communication. Initially, the wireless network is validated, and the biosensors are initialized. The real-time pressure sensor data and vital information like pulse rate, breathing rate, stress levels, blood pressure levels, blood glucose levels, psychological stress, neural activity and oxygen saturation are computed and recorded. The GPS and other wireless antennae set is used to track the apparatus's location, speed, distance and other information. The accelerometer is used to track the phase and distance of the apparatus.
The apparatus forms the SWARM smart devices network through the Bluetooth/wireless network and records the information about the SWARM devices. Then, the shortest and most robust communication pathway is identified. The recorded information is sent through shortest communication path of the WLAN, GPS, GSM, SWARM Network and BLE to the client devices, SOS network and other near-by devices.
[0042] FIG. 6 shows the flow-diagram of verification steps for automatically activating trigger commands in the life-support network. Initially, the pressure sensor is analyzed for valid pressure range, the method of removal, device status, force of removal and other information. The biosensors are analyzed to validate if the user is wearing the device. It also records the real-time biosensor information and validates the information. The device automatically starts alerting the life-support network, once the user at risk is confirmed (like abduction, clinical emergency or any other emergency).
[0043] FIG. 7 shows the process chart of the real-time and automatic emergency response system. As soon as the "emergency" command is triggered by the emergency support apparatus 66 or master/client device 65, the mobile apparatus 66 begins by validating the status of its internal Wireless Network connections (like GPS, GSM, WLAN, BLE) and it simultaneously "checks pressure sensor data". The current pressure sensor data on the mobile device 66 is utilized to sense the pressure on the user and method of device removal.
The apparatus verifies biosensor and pressure data to check status of the wearable (like if the device is worn and the user status). After network validation, the mobile apparatus 66 assesses wireless modules for location data, movement data and communication pathways to the central server 67 and client network devices 68-69-70. The system finds nearby Bluetooth/wireless devices and forms the SWARM network for new communication pathways. The emergency support apparatus 66 processes nearby wireless smart devices for communication and life-support network reference data. Then the recorded network data, tracking information, missing note, location data, bio-sensor data, sensor data and other information is sent through WLAN, GPS, Bluetooth, SWARM Devices, and GSM
to the central server 67, SOS Network 69 and client devices 68. Whenever the alert command is triggered by the 65, 66, 68 and 69, the tracking information, missing note and notifications are sent to the near-by life-support devices 70 in the emergency location.
[0044] FIG. 8 shows the mobile accessorial mobile device 72 that is wirelessly synchronized with the emergency support apparatus 71. The wireless emergency support device 71 is wirelessly connected and synchronized with the accessorial mobile apparatus 72. The trigger commands, emergency support apparatus 71 and its embodiment forms, and the in-built applications are operated through the means of the accessorial device 72. The computed real-time information and recorded data are viewed on the display 73 of the accessorial mobile apparatus 72. The accessorial mobile apparatus 72 communicates the real-time and recorded information to the life-support network. The touch display 73 of the accessorial mobile apparatus 72 is also utilized to operate the emergency support device 71, to trigger emergency/alert commands and to access the in-built applications.
The video camera 75 and mic 74 of the mobile device 72 are used to perceive the events of emergency.
Additionally, the video camera 75 and the mic 74 are also utilized to operate the device and the in-built applications. The speaker 76 of the device 72 is utilized as the means to perceive the life-support network's responses. The wireless emergency support apparatus 71 utilizes the accessorial mobile device 72 for computational and data storage purposes.
[0045] FIG. 9A and FIG. 9B show accessorial application interfaces for child-tracking application. FIG. 9A shows the basic buttons of Emergency button 77 and Alert button 78 of the parenting care application of the mobile apparatus. The buttons 77 and 78 are triggered to activate emergency or alert command in the wireless life-support network. The location of the apparatus 87, transportation mode 82, speed of apparatus 83, current biological conditions 81, method of unbuckling 84, device status 85 and user information 79 are displayed on the application. The trigger commands are activated either automatically based on the detected user condition, or through the triggering emergency/alert command in the accessorial user application. On pressing the emergency command 77, the apparatus instantly verifies and displays the real-time information on the life-support network. On triggering the alert command 78, the tracking information are sent to the client devices and other network devices in the location of emergency.
The track or send tracking update 88 of the parenting care apparatus updates and shares the location data with the life-support network. FIG. 9B shows the life-support application that appears on the triggering the Alert or the emergency in the life-support network. Once the trigger command is recognized, the abduction alert 90, location data 87, transportation mode 82, speed of apparatus 83, current biological conditions 81, method of unbuckling 84, device status 85, user information 79, Missing note 80, real-time medical data 81 and other information are displayed on SOS Network 69, client devices 68 and other nearby network devices 70. The track button 89 on the life-support network application is utilized to update and share the location data in the life-support network. The missing note 80 is recorded and sent by the primary network 65-66 or the SOS network 69. The primary parenting care application and life-support network application have a live vital monitor option 86, through which detailed live biological signals are monitored. The real-time biological information 81 comprises of short description on the present medical condition and real-time data on pulse rate, breathing rate, oxygen saturation, neural Activity, blood glucose levels, blood pressure data, stress levels and body temperature.
[0046] FIG. 10A and FIG. 10B show the user and client software interface for clinical emergency application. FIG. 10A shows the software application that displays user information 105, automated medical condition description 94, predicted clinical condition 95, location data 99, mode of transportation 100, transportation speed 101, and real-time biological information 96. The user application has trigger buttons of Alert network 91, Alert SOS 92 and Alert All 93 for alerting the personal network, personal network, SOS
network and other nearby network devices in the vicinity. The personal network includes social network and life-support network. The track or send tracking update option 102 on the user application updates and shares the location data with the life-support network. FIG.
10B shows the client application interface when the emergency/alert command is triggered.
The client or life-support application displays a medical alert 104, automated medical condition description 94, predicted clinical condition 99, location data 99, mode of transportation 100, transportation speed 101, and real-time biological information 96. The live vital monitor 98 option in the user application and client application is utilized to view real-time signals. The user information 105 comprises of data on user name 108, age 110, gender 109, medical plan 107 and medical insurance number 106. The track or send tracking update option 103 on the client interface is used to update and share the location data in the life-support network. The real-time biological information 96 comprises of short description on the present medical condition and real-time data on pulse rate, breathing rate, oxygen saturation, neural Activity, blood glucose levels, blood pressure data, stress levels and body temperature.
[0047] FIG. 11 is an accessorial emergency support apparatus with video camera device, that is attached to the emergency support device, for video conferencing and secretively perceiving the emergency events.
[0048] FIG. 11A shows the front isometric view of the accessorial emergency support apparatus. The device 111 has high definition video camera 113 and microphone 114 on the front surface 112 that is used for secretively perceiving the events of emergency. The video camera 113 and microphone 114 are utilized to operate the device and its in-built applications. It has a detachable and adhesive surface 115 on the top or bottom surface, that is utilized for attaching and mounting the 111 on the primary emergency support apparatus and other surfaces.
[0049] FIG. 11B shows the side isometric view of the accessorial emergency support apparatus.
The device has synchronization button 118 and power button 117 embedded on the side surface 116 of the accessorial emergency support apparatus 111. The power button 117 is used for powering on and off the device 111, and operating the other fiinctionalities of the device 111. The power button 117 also sends the device to sleep mode and wakes the device from sleep mode. The synchronization button 118 is utilized for synchronizing the device 111 and data with the primary emergency support apparatus, life-support network and other accessorial devices.
[0050] FIG. 11C shows the internal hardware block diagram of the accessorial emergency support apparatus 111. The device 111 has packaged hardware box 119, which comprises of a central microprocessor with internal memory 131, wireless antennae set of 129-130, video camera 113, microphone 114, accelerometer 120, power button 117, wireless button 118, power supply unit and other accompanying internal circuitry components. The microprocessor with internal memory 131 of the device 111 is attached to wireless antenna set of WLAN 128, Bluetooth 129, GPS 127 and GSM 130 modules, which are utilized for wirelessly communicating the audio data, video data, location data, movement data and other important information to the life-support network. The and other wireless antennae set 128-129-130 are used to track the speed and location of the device 111. The 9/6-axis accelerometer 120 is utilized as a real-time feedback to cancel motion noise in the recording. The accelerometer 120 is also used to compute movement related data (like speed, phase, etc). The hardware 119 has power supply unit comprising of micro-USB module 121, PMU 122, supercapacitor 123-battery 124 set and the supercapacitor 125 - energy harvester 126. The USB module 121 is utilized to plug the accessorial emergency support device 111 to external devices, and to power the device 111 and to recharge the internal battery. The PMU 122 manages power supply of the hardware.

The supercapacitor 125 ¨ energy harvester 126 is used as a renewable method to power the device 111.
[0051] FIG. 12 shows the method to attach the accessorial video camera device 111 to a mobile emergency support apparatus. The adhesive component 115 of the accessorial mobile camera device 111 is used for attaching the 111 to the wearable device 132 worn on the user 133. The accessorial emergency support apparatus 111 is affixed on the 132, such that the video camera 113 and mic 114 of the accessorial emergency support apparatus 111 faces the incident perceiving side.
[0052] The above described invention disclosure is intended for illustration purposes, and for those skilled in the art may instantly perceive numerous modifications, variations and equivalents. Therefore, the disclosure is not exhaustive in broader aspects and the invention is not limited to specific details, illustrated hardware designs, described computational methods and specific embodiment forms. All equivalents and modifications are intended to be included within the scope of attached claims. Accordingly, additional changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention disclosure appended in the document, claims and their equivalents.
Industrial Applicability
[0053] The described automated technological invention can be utilized as child tracking apparatus, real-time emergency response system, anti-abduction devices, clinical emergency response apparatus, accident prevention and emergency response technology, life-support devices, fire-emergency response system, service personnel protection technology, and other forms of automated emergency mitigating and alerting technology.

Prior Art and Citation List US 7480501 B2 (SIPCO LLC) 04-04-2017 US 6333694 B2 (Advanced Marketing Systems Corp) 25-12-2001 US 6366538 B1 (SecureAlert Inc) 02-04-2002 US 5305370 A (Lloyd Kearns, David Petersen) 19-04-1994 US 5339351 A (Hoskinson John, Horton Stephen) 16-08-1994 US 9396645 B2 (Rockwilli RMR LLC) 19-07-2016 US 8747336 B2 (Empire IP LLC) 10-06-2014 US 4237344 A (Hospital Communication Systems Inc) 02-12-1980 US 7212111 B2 (Motorola Solutions Inc) 01-05-2007 US 8116724 B2 (Vocare Inc) 14-02-2012 US 20120157795 Al (Ross Medical Corp) 21-06-2012 US 7905832 B1 (IPVenture Inc) 15-03-2011 US 7076235 B2 (Sony Mobile Communications AB) 11-07-2006 KR 100759916 B1 (Yonsei University Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation) JP 2004070464 A (Yamatake Corp) 04-03-2004

Claims (14)

Claims Hereto the following are claimed:
1. The real-time emergency response system comprising of:
Emergency and Alert Commands, which are broadcasted to the life-support network via the central server or directly through the communication pathways of Wireless LAN, mobile communication system, Bluetooth low energy, SWARM Network, Global Positioning Unit, and through other shorter and robust pathways;
the SWARM network as an alternative intermediate communication routing pathway between client devices and primary mobile apparatus;
mobile communication system, which acts as the other wireless pathway to communicate data and commands between the life-support network and the primary mobile apparatus;
the life-support network constituting of client devices, parent's/guardian's devices, accessorial mobile devices, SOS network, stranger devices in the location vicinity and the wireless primary mobile apparatus itself;
primary mobile apparatus for triggering Emergency and Alert commands and for receiving the broadcasted Emergency and Alert commands;
the life-support network for triggering Emergency and Alert commands and for receiving the broadcasted Emergency and Alert commands;
the emergency support apparatus as the means to generate real time tracking data, and send the tracking data to life-support network;
the emergency support apparatus as the means to trigger or self-trigger Emergency and Alert commands in the life-support network;
primary mobile apparatus, client devices, parent's/guardian's devices and SOS
network as the means to view tracked location data, pressure sensor data, vital bio-signals, stress data, and other important tracking information;
the client network devices and accessorial devices, which is also used as the means to trigger the emergency and alert commands in the life-support network;
accessorial software application on the client devices as the other medium to trigger the emergency and alert command in the life-support network;
pressure sensor analysis method to extract the live and recorded pressure data on the apparatus;
pressure sensor validation process to recognize the method of the mobile apparatus removal, force of removal and other related parameters;
post-trigger validation process, which consists of a set of computational steps to validate the status of the wireless antennas, bio-sensors and other sensors;
wireless antenna validation process to check the ON/OFF status of the wireless network and to compute shortest and robust communication wireless path;
biosensor and pressure sensor validation process steps to verify, if the bio-signal data is within the realistic threshold value;
processing step of bio-sensors processing to track pulse rate, psychological stress, neural activity, breathing rate, oxygen saturation, blood pressure data, blood sugar levels and other important health data of the user;
biosensor validation process steps to verify the status of the wearable (like if the wearable is worn and does the data approximately correlate with the individual);
post-validation step of global positing system (GPS) Unit processing for inferring location data, speed of the device and communication pathway;
post validation step of WLAN processing for inferring network data, location data and communication pathway;
post-validation step of Bluetooth and wireless antennae processing for SAWRM
devices enabled communication pathway;
post-validation step of SWARM processing for inferring the network device information, network device location data and proximity of the primary apparatus;
post-validation step of accelerometer processing to track the mode of transport and phase of the apparatus;
an additional processing step to send missing note from primary apparatus, parent's/guardian's and SOS devices to the life-support network and other network devices in the vicinity;
primary apparatus, parent's/guardian's and SOS devices as the means to record the missing note and description; and shortest and most robust wireless communication path to send and receive the information between the central server, client devices, primary apparatus and other life-support network devices.
2. The real-time system of Claim 1 further comprising of automatic emergency triggering process:
to verify the pressure sensor for valid abduction range, and realistic range;

to process the pressure sensor data to recognize the method of removal, force of removal and other information;
to validate if the bio-signal data is in realistic range and if the device is worn by the user;
to verify if the recorded bio-signal data is in the range of chronic clinical condition;
to verify if the recorded bio-signal data is in the range of abduction emergency; and to automatically alert the life-support network on identification of the user's or patient's life in risk.
3. The automatic real-time system of Claim 2 further comprising of an emergency support hardware apparatus, which comprises of:
microprocessor with inbuilt memory that is used for communicating with the digital ICs, Analog frontend, accelerometer, pressure sensor, biosensor set, display, wireless antennae, and other electronic modules;
the microprocessor as the means to compute and store the information;
a set of wireless antennae of WLAN, Bluetooth and GPS attached to the microprocessor, that are utilized as the means to wirelessly communicate with primary network, life-support network, client devices, accessorial devices and the central server;
the wireless antenna set also as the means to compute location, speed and distance;
the accelerometer attached to the microprocessor that utilized is to compute movement data, noise feedback data and other important data;
a pressure sensor attached to the microprocessor that is utilized as the means to calculate the external physical force on the user;
biosensor set of bio-temperature sensor, blood glucose sensor, blood pressure sensor, heart rate sensor and stress sensor that is used to extract real-time bio-signal data;
a power supply unit containing power management IC attached to super-capacitor and battery set;
an additional power supply unit containing renewable energy harvester-super capacitor attached to the power management IC;
additional power supply unit as a means to power the apparatus and recharge the battery; and an accessorial device network and a server computers that is attached to the mobile apparatus through wireless methods; and the accessorial device network containing server device, SOS network, client devices, parent/guardian devices.
4. The emergency support apparatus of Claim 3 further attached to a GSM
module, which is used as the means to:
communicate with accessorial devices, life-support network, primary network and the central server; and compute location, speed and distance.
5. The emergency support apparatus of Claim 3 further comprising of USB module attached to the power management unit and microprocessor, which is utilized to power the telemetry apparatus and recharge the internal battery.
6. The emergency support apparatus of Claim 3 wirelessly synchronized to an accessorial mobile apparatus, which is utilized as the means to:
operate the emergency support apparatus and its embodiment forms;
trigger emergency and alert commands in the life-support network;
view real-time and recorded life-support information;
operate the in-built applications;
communicate the real-time and recorded information to the life-support network; and compute data and store information.
7. The accessorial mobile apparatus of Claim 6 further comprising of.
a touch display for operating the emergency support apparatus, trigger commands and in-built applications;
the touch display as the means to view real-time computed and recorded data;
and the touch display as the means to perceive the life-support network's responses;
a high-definition video camera and mic, which is utilized as the means to record and perceive the events of emergency;
the video camera and the mic, as the means to operate the device and the in-built applications; and a speaker, which is utilized as the means to perceive the responses of the life-support network and the primary network.
8. The hardware of the emergency support apparatus of Claim 3, further comprising of:
a video camera module attached to the microprocessor, that is utilized to record and view the incident during pre-clinical emergency condition, abduction events and other emergency events;
a micro-mic/mic attached to the microprocessor, that is utilized to record and perceive the incident during pre-clinical emergency condition and abduction events; and the mic and video camera as the means to operate the emergency support apparatus and its in-built applications.
9. The child tracker embodiment form of the automatic emergency support apparatus and system of Claim 3, which comprises of:
a cloth belt that is made up of soft sponge or foam-base material on the contact side;
a heat regulating sensor box that contains the biosensors and other electronics, that can be inserted on the belt;
a detachable reflective sensing hardware attached to the case, that contains the plurality of biosensors;
the plurality of bio-sensors of the reflective sensing hardware embedded on the contact surface of the case;
a belt hole of the case as the means to attach the reflective sensing hardware to the belt of the emergency support apparatus;
an upper belt buckle element that is made up of magnetically attractable material;
a pressure sensor that is embedded inside the upper buckle belt, that is utilized to track the method and force of apparatus removal;
a lower magnetic buckle element;
a spring-like hinge that holds the upper buckle element and lower buckle element;
the springe-like hinge that is used as means to create the clutching action;
the belt and the buckle with clutching action and magnetic attraction, as the means to fasten the apparatus on the user;
a stick-able pad attached to the end tail of the soft cloth belt;
an adhesive surface pad attached to the other end of the belt ;
the adhesion between the stick-able and adhesive end tails on the belt, as the other means to fasten the apparatus firmly on the user; and the soft sponge or foam-base material embedded on inner contact surface of the belt;
and the foam base on the contact surface as the mechanical means to hold the apparatus firmly during the measurement and to minimize movement errors in the recording.
10. Smart wearable embodiment form of the emergency support apparatus and system of Claim 3, which comprises of a round wearable frame and casing to hold the hardware components;
the round frame at the contact surface as the means to evade cuts;
plurality of bio-sensors embedded on the contact side of the frame;
a pressure sensor embedded on the main frame;
a front strap containing a detachable buckle with buckle tongue, free-loop and a pressure sensor embedded near the buckle;
an additional pressure sensor embedded near the detachable buckle that is utilized as the more meticulous means to track and record the method of unstrapping;
a back strap with adjustment buckling holes;
the latching action of the fixed buckle with buckle tongue on the adjustment holes of the back strap, as the method to fasten the apparatus; and the free-loop which is used as the means to hold the back strap.
11. Four-pressure sensor based smart wearable embodiment form of emergency support apparatus of Claim 3, which comprises of.
a rectangular wearable frame with rounded comers to hold the hardware components;
the rounded comers at contact surface as the means to evade cuts;
plurality of biosensors embedded on the contact side of the wearable frame;
four pressure sensors embedded on the four comers of the wearable;
the four pressure sensor configuration, that is utilized as the means to more precisely track the method of removal with direction, force removal and other parameters;
a front strap containing the fixed magnetically attractable buckle element and free-loop ring;
a back strap containing the freely movable magnetic clasp;
the bolting action between the fixed buckle element on the front strap and the movable magnetic clasp on the back strap, as the method to fasten the apparatus on the user;
the free-loop that is used as the means to hold the back strap; and a stopper affixed on the back strap, as the means to inhibit and lock the movable clasp from slipping out of the back strap.
12. An accessorial video camera based emergency support device, wirelessly synchronized to the apparatus of Claim 3, which comprises of:
a high-definition video camera, that is utilized as the visual means to secretively observe and record the events of mis-happenings (during the pre-clinical emergencies, abduction emergencies and other emergencies);
a high-definition microphone, that is utilized as the auditory means to secretively observe and record the events of mis-happenings;
the video camera and the mic as a means to operate the accessorial emergency support device and in-built applications;
an accelerometer that is utilized as a real-time feedback to cancel the motion noise in the recording;
the accelerometer as the means to compute movement signals;
a wireless antenna set of WLAN module, Bluetooth, GPS and GSM modules, that are utilized for wirelessly communicating the audio, video data and important information to the wireless life-support network;
the wireless antenna set also as the means for tracking the speed and location of the device and the user;
a power button for powering on and power off the device;
the power buttons as the means to operate the sleep mode of the device;
the power button as the means to operate the other functionalities of the device;
a wireless button as the means to synchronize the data and accessorial emergency support apparatus with the primary mobile apparatus and the life-support network;
a microprocessor with internal memory attached to the electronics, that is used to communicate with the internal electronics and to process the data;
the microprocessor as the means to compute and store the information;
a power supply unit containing power management unit attached to super-capacitor and battery set;
an additional power supply unit containing renewable energy harvester-super capacitor attached to the power management unit;
additional power supply unit as a renewable means to power the apparatus and recharge the battery;
USB module attached to the power management unit and microprocessor, that is utilized to power the telemetry apparatus and recharge the battery;
a detachable and adhesive surface on the bottom or top surface of the device;
and the adhesive and detachable surface as the means to attach the accessorial emergency support apparatus to the embodiment forms of the emergency support apparatus of the Claim 3 and other surfaces.
13. A child tracking application comprising of:
a wireless method to synchronize the application with the apparatus and system of Claim 3;
a parenting care user application to trigger commands and view tracking information;
a life-support network to trigger commands and view the tracking information;
an emergency trigger command in the parenting care and life-support network application;
an alert trigger command in the parenting care and life-support network application;
the trigger commands as the means to notify emergency in the life-support network;
personal information of user like gender, age, description and other user information, which is displayed on the parenting care and life-support network application;

real-time location information and map data, which are displayed on the parenting care and life-support network application;
real-time medical information (of pulse rate, oxygen saturation, breathing rate, psychological stress, neural activity, blood pressure data, blood sugar levels and bio-temperature, etc), which are displayed on the parenting care and life-support network application;
a vital monitor to view the live real-time medical signals, which is displayed on the parenting care and life-support network application;
a location tracking and tracking update option in the parenting care and life-support network application, which is utilized to update and share the location with the life-support network;
information on mode of transport, method of unbuckling the device, device status, location address and speed of the transport, which are displayed on the parenting care application and life-support network application;
abduction alert, which is displayed on the life-support application on triggering the emergency/alert command;
a missing note displayed on the life-support application and life-support network; and the parent's device, guardian device and the SOS network as the means to record and send the missing note.
14. A clinical emergency application comprising of.
a wireless method to synchronize the application with the apparatus and system of Claim 3;
an user application to trigger commands and view tracking information;
a life-support client network application to trigger commands and view the tracking information;
an "alert network" trigger command to alert the life-support and social network;
an "alert SOS" trigger command to alert SOS network;
an "alert all" trigger command to alert the devices in the vicinity network, personal network and SOS network;
the trigger commands as the means to notify emergency in the life-support network;
personal user information of medical insurance number, medical plan information, user name, gender and age, which is displayed on the user and client application;
real-time medical information (like pulse rate, oxygen saturation, breathing rate, psychological stress, neural activity, blood pressure, blood sugar levels and skin temperature), which is displayed on the user and client application;
real-time location information and map data, which are displayed on the parenting care and life-support network application;
a location tracking and tracking update option in the user and client application, which is utilized to update and share the location with the life-support network;
a live vital monitor to view the real-time medical signals, which is displayed on the user and client application;
an automated description of the medical condition of the patient, which is displayed on the user and client application;
information on the predicted clinical condition, which is displayed on the user and client application;
information on the present clinical condition of the user, which is displayed on the user and client application;
information on mode of transport, location address and speed of the transport, which are displayed on the user and client application; and a medical emergency alert, which is displayed on the life-support client application in pre-clinical condition and chronic clinical emergency condition.
CA3075456A 2017-09-11 2018-11-08 Automated wireless apparatus for real-time emergency support Pending CA3075456A1 (en)

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US201816127236A true 2018-09-11 2018-09-11
US16/127,236 2018-09-11
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