CA2438363A1 - A pixel circuit for amoled displays - Google Patents

A pixel circuit for amoled displays Download PDF

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Publication number
CA2438363A1
CA2438363A1 CA002438363A CA2438363A CA2438363A1 CA 2438363 A1 CA2438363 A1 CA 2438363A1 CA 002438363 A CA002438363 A CA 002438363A CA 2438363 A CA2438363 A CA 2438363A CA 2438363 A1 CA2438363 A1 CA 2438363A1
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Canada
Prior art keywords
circuit
pixel
pixel circuit
tft
vto
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Abandoned
Application number
CA002438363A
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French (fr)
Inventor
Arokia Nathan
Sanjiv Sambandan
Kapil Sakariya
Peyman Servati
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Ignis Innovation Inc
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Ignis Innovation Inc
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Priority to CA002438363A priority Critical patent/CA2438363A1/en
Publication of CA2438363A1 publication Critical patent/CA2438363A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3225Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3233Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/04Structural and physical details of display devices
    • G09G2300/0404Matrix technologies
    • G09G2300/0417Special arrangements specific to the use of low carrier mobility technology
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0819Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels used for counteracting undesired variations, e.g. feedback or autozeroing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/04Maintaining the quality of display appearance
    • G09G2320/043Preventing or counteracting the effects of ageing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/04Maintaining the quality of display appearance
    • G09G2320/043Preventing or counteracting the effects of ageing
    • G09G2320/045Compensation of drifts in the characteristics of light emitting or modulating elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2360/00Aspects of the architecture of display systems
    • G09G2360/14Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors
    • G09G2360/145Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors the light originating from the display screen
    • G09G2360/147Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors the light originating from the display screen the originated light output being determined for each pixel
    • G09G2360/148Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors the light originating from the display screen the originated light output being determined for each pixel the light being detected by light detection means within each pixel

Abstract

A pixel circuit for AMOLED displays is provided. The pixel circuit includes active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) display, a drive TFT for driving OLED and a circuit for compensating for the threshold voltage of the drive TFT. The circuit applies a rising gate voltage to compensate for the rising threshold voltage of the drive TFT.

Description

A Pixel Circuit for AMOLED Displays Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a circuit for displays, more specifically to a pixel circuit for active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) Displays.
Background of (and Summary) of the Invention Amorphous silicon thin film transistors (a-Si:H TFT) are suitable for active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) display backplanes due to their low leakage, good spatial uniformity, and the possibility of a low temperature process.
A 2-TFT voltage driven circuit is the simplest and smallest AMOLED
pixel.circuit.
However, with this circuit, the OLED drive current drops over time due to threshold voltage shifts in the drive TFT. Hence better circuits are required to compensate for the decay in current through the OLED.
There are two main driving principles of AMOLED circuits: Voltage and Current programming. Each drive scheme has unique advantages and disadvantages when used for a-Si or p-Si TFT AMOLED pixel operation, briefly described below.
Current Programmed Circuits A self compensating 4-TFT current programmed circuit is developed to overcome time dependent threshold voltage shifts described above and keep the

2 .,. CA 02438363 2003-08-28 OLED drive current constant. Figure 1 shows the 4-TFT current-programmed pixel circuit 10, which has been previously published.
Voltage programmed circuits Figure 2 shows the voltage-programmed pixel circuit 20, which is programmed by chargeldischarge [Source: Joon-Chul Goh, Choong-Ki Kim, Jin Jang, "A Novel Pixel Circuit for Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diodes,"
SID
03 Digest]. The circuit 20 has switches Sw1, Sw2 and Sw3, a storage capacitor CST, an OLED and a drive.TFT (DTFT). During the programming stage, the switches Sw1, Sw2 and Sw3 are on, allowing the storage capacitor CST to charge up to a value of the supply voltage, while maintaining the source of the drive at a voltage corresponding to the data. In order to ensure that the OLED does not have any current through it, the cathode is pulsed to reverse bias the OLED. After the capacitor (and hence the gate of the drive TFT) has been charged to the supply voltage, the signal TNO is turned off. The capacitor now discharges to the value of the data voltage above the threshold voltage of the TFT, hence ensuring immunity to the threshold voltage shift.
Figure 3 shows the voltage-programmed circuit 30, which is programmed by modifying OLED characteristics [Source: Joo-Han Kim and Jerzy Kanicki, "
200dpi 3-a-Si:H Tfts Voltage Driven AM PLEDs," SID 03 Digest). The circuit 30 has TFT T1-T3 and a capacitor CST. The programming of the TFT occurs when the SCAN signal goes high during which time the data is fed through the capacitor CST. The TFT T2 acts as an active resistor and forces the drive transistor to operate in the linear region. Thus when there is a reduction in the OLED
current

3 with time, the drain voltage of the drive transistor, which is seen at node A, increases, thereby increasing the current through the drive. This helps in partial compensation of the threshold voltage shift.
Figure 4 shows the voltage-programmed pixel circuit 40, which is programmed by capacitive coupling [Source: James L.Sanford and Frank R.
Libsch, "TFT AMOLED Pixel Circuits and Driving Methods," SID 03 Digest].
Having opposite polarity device terminal voltages has been known to reduce the stress and increase life. Hence the circuit 40 operates by switching polarity across the TFT. The threshold voltage shift compensation takes place in a manner very similar to that of circuit 20. Initially the coupling capacitor is discharged to the threshold voltage of T3. This happens when AZ goes high thus turning on the switching TFT T2. When the row line signal goes high, the data is written onto the capacitor.
Figure 5 shows the pixel circuit 50 of UDC Corp, which is programmed by optoelectronic feedback, and has been previously published. The circuit 50 has three TFTs Tup, TdOWn and Tdrwe . The three TFTs Tup, Tdown and Tdr~"e form a latch whose state will remain unchanged unless new data enters the pixel through the select transistor. Optical feedback from the OLED to the TFT acting as a photo-detector (Tup) ensures that the charge on the storage capacitance maintains a steady current through the OLED.
Table 1 shows the summary of these pixel circuits 10-50.

4 Table 1 - Summary of Pixel Circuits Circuit 10 Circuit Circuit Circuit Circuit TFT current ProgrammedProgrammed ProgrammedProgrammed grog, circuitby charge)by modifyingby capacitiveby dischargeOLED coupling optoelectronic characteristics feedback FunctionalityOvercompensationOLED currentIncomplete Assumes Sensitive to drawback due to differentialinstabilitycompensationperfect ambient OLED light VT sft. (longexists (280~0~ with no term because off effect) of TFT current in path.

Lifetirae Supply voltageAuxiliaryThe Active Supply Supply voltage TFT

Bottleneck in the resistor voltage driving path Layout 92620Nm 92620Nm 86412Nm 81562Nm 92620~m Area Power/Pixel226NW 190~IW 168NW 152NW 142NW

per prog.

cycle No of pins4 5 4 5 4 Array LevelSlow prog. Slow prog.Negligible NegligibleNegligible because Implicationof line capacitancedue to capacitance of TFTs in the line Other None CapacitorCapacitor Capacitor OE TFT;

Devices Capacitor Hence, it is desirable to provide a new pixel circuit for AMOLED which meets the following specifications:
~ Perfect functionality - 100% threshold voltage shift compensation -independence from external parameters like temperature, ambient lighting etc.
~ High Lifetime - in excess of 10000hrs and stability for large range of operation

5 '~ CA 02438363 2003-08-28 ~ Easy programming - preferably low number of pins, compatibility with environment - hence preferably voltage programmed ~ Quick programming < 60ps ~ Low layout area ~ Low power consumption Summary of the Invention It is an object of the invention to provide a pixel circuit that obviates or mitigates at least one of the disadvantages of existing systems.
In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pixel circuit for use in a display which includes: an organic light emitting diode (OLED); a pixel driver for driving the OLED, having a drive TFT; and a compensation circuit for compensating for the shift of the threshold voltage of the pixel driver.
Other aspects and features of the present invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from a review of the following detailed description of preferred embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Brief Description of the Drawings The invention will be further understood from the following description with reference to the drawings in which:

6 ~

Figure 1 is a schematic diagram showing a 4-TFT current-programmed pixel circuit;
Figure 2 is a schematic diagram showing a voltage-programmed pixel circuit, which is programmed by chargeldischarge;
Figure 3 is a schematic diagram showing a voltage-programmed pixel circuit, which is programmed by modifying the OLED characteristics;
Figure 4 is a schematic diagram showing a voltage-programmed pixel circuit, which is programmed by capacitive coupling:
Figure 5 is a schematic diagram showing voltage-programmed pixel circuit, which is programmed by optoelectronic feedback;
Figure 6 is a graph showing Threshold Voltage shift vs. Stress Voltage characteristic;
Figure 7 is a block diagram showing a pixel circuit of the present invention;
Figure 8 is a schematic diagram showing a pixel circuit having 5 transistors;
Figure 9 is a graph showing optimization of power, stability, and area;
Figure 10 is a schematic diagram showing a first embodiment of the pixel circuit of the present invention;
Figure 11 is a graph showing the simulation results of the transfer characteristics of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is a graph showing transfer characteristics of Figure 10;
Figure 13 is a graph showing current vs. time characteristic of Figure 10;
Figure 14 is a graph showing drive current vs. time characteristics of Figure 10; and

7 Figure 15 is a graph showing drive current vs. time characteristics of Figure 10.
Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiments) A pixel circuit of the present invention is used in Amorphous-Silicon-based Active-Matrix OLED Displays that is voltage programmed and driven. This design:
~ Compensates for the Threshold-Voltage shift in amorphous silicon thin-film transistors; .
~ Offers sufficient characteristics to drive an OLED pixel; and ~ Is able to be fabricated and integrated into an array.
Analysis of Threshold Voltage Shift Figure 6 shows threshold voltage shift vs stress voltage characteristic for a discrete a-Si TFT. To account for the non-linearity in the threshold voltage shift 1S with time and gate voltage, a convenient empirical equation (1) is used for the design of the pixel circuit.
~Vt = A [exp (aV9) -1J[1-exp (-[i t)J ...(1) Where ~Vt is the threshold voltage shift, V9 is the gate voltage applied, t is the time, a, [i and A are constants At a given instance of time t = T, (1) is the following equation (2)

8 ' CA 02438363 2003-08-28 OVt = n [exp (aVs) -1], where n = A [1-exp (-[i T)]
= n I(aVs) + (aVs)2/2! + (aVs)313! + ... ] ... (2) Ignoring higher powers (as a « 1), the following equation (3) is obtained:
~Vt = n I(aVs)] _ CVs ... (3) For relatively low values of the gate voltage, which are well within the practical range of operation.
Principle of Compensation Figure 7 shows a concept of the pixel circuit of the present invention. The compensation circuit 102 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention applies a rising gate voltage to compensate for the rising threshold voltage of the drive TFT.
The compensation technique of the present invention is now described in detail. Figure 8 shows a pixel circuit 120 having 5 transistors M1-M4 and Mdrive.
If alb = (N)n , c/d = (M)n and all the transistors have the same initial threshold voltage, we have the following equations:
Stab Nn Nbiasl - UTo - Vo1 - ~Vbiasl )n - (Vin - UTo - Vin )n Thus, Vo1 = (Ubias1 - ~Ubias1) - (Vin - Vin) / N + (11 N - 1) VTo _ (Vbiasl - Vin ~ N) - ~ (Vbias1 - Vin ~ N) + (1/ N - 1 ) VTo

9 ' CA 02438363 2003-08-28 VTO is the initial (starting) threshold voltage of the TFTs.
Stage2:
Mn (Vbias2 - VTo - Vo2 - ~Vbias2 )n '- (Vo1 - VTo - ~Vo1 )n Which is the same as, Mn (Vbias2 - VTo - Vo2 - ~Vbias2 )n =
[ ~(Vbias1 - Vin l N) - i; (Vbiasl - Vin l N) + (1/ N - 1 ) VTo ) - VTo - ~
~(Vbiasl ' Vin l N) -F, (Vbias~ - Vin l N) -~' (11N - 1 ) VTo) )n As ~«1, we have the following reduced form:
Mn (Vbias2 - VTo - Vo2 - yVbias2 )n =
[ ~Vbiasl - Vin l N + (1l N - 1 ) VTo} - VTo - 2~ (Vbias1 - Vin l N) - ~ (1lN -1 ) VTo ~n Thus, Vo2 = [Vbias2 - ~Vbias2~ -[~biasl - Vin l N + ( 1l N -1 ) VTo~ - f, {2(Vbiasl - Vin l N) +' ( 1 /N -1 ) VTo})l M+ ( 1 /M -1 ) VTo = [Vbias2 - l v bias1 - Vin l N + (1l N -1 ) VTo~/M) +
[12(Vbias1 - Vin lN) + ( 1 /N -1 ) VTo}lM -Vbias2~+ ( 1 /M -1 ) VTo For achieving the desired purpose, we want Vo2 to be of the form (VoUt + ~
Vo~t).

' CA 02438363 2003-08-28 [Vbias2+ ( 1 /M -1 ) VTo - f Vbiasl - Vin / N +( 1 / N - 1 ) VTo}/M] _ [{2(Vbiasl - Vin IN) + (1/N - 1 ) VTo}lM - Vb;as2]
Subject to the following constraints, which ensure that, the transistors operate in saturation.
Vbias1 ' VTo 5 VDD
Vbias2 - VTo ~ VDD
Vin - VTo ~ Vo1 Vo1 - VTo <_ Vo2 The above conditions rewritten as follows:
1. [Vbias2+ ( 1 /M -1 ) VTo - ~Vbiasl - Vin / N + ( 1 / N - 1 ) VTo}lM] _ [~2(Vbiasl - Vin /N) + (1IN - 1 ) VTo}/M -Vbias2]
2. Vbiasl ' VTo s VDD
3. Vbias2 - VTo ~ VDD
4. [Vbiasl (1 + 1/M) - Vbiasz + VTo (1/N +1/MN -2lM - 1)] I (1/N + 1/NM) <_ Vin 5. V;n <_ [Vbias1 + ( 1 /N) VTo ] I ( 1 + 1 I N ) Solving the above set of conditions for different values of N and M, various possible solutions are obtained as shown in Table 2. These solutions form various versions of the general circuit of Figure 8. These solutions are to be optimised for minimum layout area, minimum power consumption, and maximum stability.

xbn" ~ ~ c Y ~ , ~n_-~ .:. auc .a~:u'.'~c~.w~~~~_ w.:~ ~~fo ~~~ ~"~ 8 E~, >..
r ~ . . ~ .:_. ~ w ~t2 r -. ,~, - . .
f'a a - ~ r 'i:: _~ .J~t d ~.~"-~- ~ -.4> - ~ t~ ~,i'aV ~vi~v\il~ .. l_.~. ':.v s.~, Optimization The range of operation parameter:
This can be defined as 'Q'. As we need at least a 3 VTo range to operate the drive, D' = 3 - [lVlax(V;n) - f~tlin(Vin)]I V-ro The layout area parameter:.
This is defined as 'a'.
a = ~ ;_~ t0 a(WIL)M; l min(WIL) The power consumption t~arameter:
This can be defined as 'h': The power consumed by the compensation circuit 102 is the product of the supply voltage and the current. But the current is dependent on the minimum gate voltage in each stage, which in all the cases is approximately V;n. Hence the supply voltage alone decides this parameter. The supply voltage needs to be only as large as the largest bias voltage possible.
Hence we define h as follows:
A = maX(Vb;as) I V~d = maX(Vbias) > 1 dVTo To find the optimum circuit we find the minimum value of P = (a 1~ l a).
Figure 9 shows optimization of power, stability and area (i.e. physical dimensions when it is fabricated) for the 5-transistor pixel circuit ~f Figure 8. In Figure.9, P=-40 is obtained as minimum value. a, A, 6 are selected to minimize P.

Figure 10 shows the first embodiment of the pixel circuit 100. The pixel circuit 100 has 2 signal lines; 3Vin and SEL. SEL turns on the pixel for programming, and 3Vin is a voltage which represents the desired brightness of the pixel. The pixel circuit 100 also has 2 supply lines, \~dd and GND. The pixel Circuit 100 also contains a storage capacitor Cs and a potential divider, represented by the thick vertical bar.
The pixel circuit 100 of Figure 10 is a 5 TFT voltage programmed, a-Si or p-Si TFT AMOLED pixel circuit.
Proarammina Time Analvsis Following is a description of the programming of the pixel circuit 100, shown in Figure 10. The SEL signal goes on when the pixel is to be programmed. The data for the pixel (3Vin) is delivered to the pixel, and stored in the capacitor Cs.
The SEL signal then goes off. The charge in the capacitor Cs flows through the potential divider, setting up the necessary bias voltages for M1, M2 and M3.
Once the bias voltages are set yap, transistors M1, M2, M3 and M4 work together to apply a voltage to the ga~ke of the drive TFT, which is equal to Vin plus the threshold voltage shift of the drive TFT.
The threshold voltage shift in M1, M2, M3 and M~ worla; together to track and compensate for the threshold voltage shift in the drive TFT, by providing the appropriate gate voltage to the drive TFT.
During the programming ' CA 02438363 2003-08-28 2.2 R~;~e Cs <_ 32~Ss Where, R,;"e is the line resistance.
For maintaining the charge, we need 0.11 R' Cs > 20ms Where R' is the resistance of the potential divider. This can easily be made high by choosing a material with high resistivity such as a-Si:H itself and by controlling the length of the strip.
The circuit was tested using min size TFTs of 66!23.
Figure 11 shows simulation results of the transfer characteristics of Figure

10. The X-axis is the V'in supplied to the first stage. Figure 11 shows the simulation results of the transfer characteristics of Figure 10. Figure 12 shows transfer characteristics of Figure 10. Figure 13 shows current vs. time characteristic of Figure 10. Figure 14 shows drive current vs. time characteristics of Figure 10. Figure 15 shows drive current (Idriv~e) vs. time characteristics of Figure 10.
According to the present invention, the pixel circuit meets the followings:
Functionality Drawback: None Lifetime bottleneck: TFT M1 going into linear Layout area: 109613pm2 Power consumption:

Dynamic power = 18pWlpixel Static Power = 167pWJpixe!
Total Power consumption per programming = 185pW/pixel ~ther devices: Potential divider, capacitor Number of Signal Lines: 4 /gray implicationso Negligible While particular embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, changes and modifications may be made to such embodiments without departing from the true scope of the invention.

Claims

What is claimed is:
1. A pixel circuit for use in a display comprising:
an organic light emitting diode (OLED);
a pixel driver for driving the OLED, having a drive TFT; and a compensation circuit for compensating for the shift of the threshold voltage of the pixel driver.
2. The pixel circuit according to claim 1, wherein the pixel driver includes a first stage circuit having first and second TFT transistors, and a second stage circuit which is provided between the first stage circuit and the drive TFT
and has third and forth TFT transistors.
3. The pixel circuit according to claim 2, wherein the compensation circuit includes a potential divider provided for the first and second stage circuits.
5. The pixel circuit according to claim 3, wherein the compensation circuit further includes a storage capacitor provided parallel to the potential divider.
6. The pixel circuit according to claim 5, wherein a signal line for controlling the charge of the storage capacitor.
CA002438363A 2003-08-28 2003-08-28 A pixel circuit for amoled displays Abandoned CA2438363A1 (en)

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Cited By (26)

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WO2007079572A1 (en) * 2006-01-09 2007-07-19 Ignis Innovation Inc. Method and system for driving an active matrix display circuit
CN101395653B (en) 2006-01-09 2011-01-12 伊格尼斯创新有限公司 Method and display system for driving pixel circuit with luminous device
CN101430862B (en) 2007-11-07 2012-11-14 乐金显示有限公司 Driving apparatus for organic electro-luminescence display device
US8378938B2 (en) 2004-12-07 2013-02-19 Ignis Innovation Inc. Method and system for programming and driving active matrix light emitting device pixel having a controllable supply voltage
US8860636B2 (en) 2005-06-08 2014-10-14 Ignis Innovation Inc. Method and system for driving a light emitting device display
US8994617B2 (en) 2010-03-17 2015-03-31 Ignis Innovation Inc. Lifetime uniformity parameter extraction methods
US9030506B2 (en) 2009-11-12 2015-05-12 Ignis Innovation Inc. Stable fast programming scheme for displays
US9093028B2 (en) 2009-12-06 2015-07-28 Ignis Innovation Inc. System and methods for power conservation for AMOLED pixel drivers
US9269322B2 (en) 2006-01-09 2016-02-23 Ignis Innovation Inc. Method and system for driving an active matrix display circuit
US9351368B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2016-05-24 Ignis Innovation Inc. Pixel circuits for AMOLED displays
US9370075B2 (en) 2008-12-09 2016-06-14 Ignis Innovation Inc. System and method for fast compensation programming of pixels in a display
US9489891B2 (en) 2006-01-09 2016-11-08 Ignis Innovation Inc. Method and system for driving an active matrix display circuit
US9697771B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2017-07-04 Ignis Innovation Inc. Pixel circuits for AMOLED displays
US9721505B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2017-08-01 Ignis Innovation Inc. Pixel circuits for AMOLED displays
USRE46561E1 (en) 2008-07-29 2017-09-26 Ignis Innovation Inc. Method and system for driving light emitting display
US9877371B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2018-01-23 Ignis Innovations Inc. System and driving method for light emitting device display
US9881587B2 (en) 2011-05-28 2018-01-30 Ignis Innovation Inc. Systems and methods for operating pixels in a display to mitigate image flicker
US9886899B2 (en) 2011-05-17 2018-02-06 Ignis Innovation Inc. Pixel Circuits for AMOLED displays
US9978310B2 (en) 2012-12-11 2018-05-22 Ignis Innovation Inc. Pixel circuits for amoled displays
US9997106B2 (en) 2012-12-11 2018-06-12 Ignis Innovation Inc. Pixel circuits for AMOLED displays
US10102808B2 (en) 2015-10-14 2018-10-16 Ignis Innovation Inc. Systems and methods of multiple color driving
US10134325B2 (en) 2014-12-08 2018-11-20 Ignis Innovation Inc. Integrated display system
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