CA2425276A1 - Coil for magnetic stimulation and methods for using the same - Google Patents

Coil for magnetic stimulation and methods for using the same

Info

Publication number
CA2425276A1
CA2425276A1 CA 2425276 CA2425276A CA2425276A1 CA 2425276 A1 CA2425276 A1 CA 2425276A1 CA 2425276 CA2425276 CA 2425276 CA 2425276 A CA2425276 A CA 2425276A CA 2425276 A1 CA2425276 A1 CA 2425276A1
Authority
CA
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
base
magnetic stimulator
stimulator according
coil
subject
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CA 2425276
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
CA2425276C (en )
Inventor
Abraham Zangen
Roy A. Wise
Mark Hallett
Pedro C. Miranda
Yiftach Roth
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
US Government
Original Assignee
Abraham Zangen
Roy A. Wise
Mark Hallett
Pedro C. Miranda
Yiftach Roth
The Government Of The United States Of America
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N2/00Magnetotherapy
    • A61N2/004Magnetotherapy specially adapted for a specific therapy
    • A61N2/006Magnetotherapy specially adapted for a specific therapy for magnetic stimulation of nerve tissue
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N2/00Magnetotherapy
    • A61N2/02Magnetotherapy using magnetic fields produced by coils, including single turn loops or electromagnets

Abstract

A magnetic stimulator (11), which may be used as a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) device, and a method for its use are disclosed. The stimulator comprises a frame and an electrically conductive coil having a partially toroidal or ovate base (12) and an outwardly projecting extension portion (14). The frame may be a flexible or malleable material and may be non-conductive. The electrically conductive coil may comprise one or more windings of electrically conductive material (such as a wire) coupled to the frame. The coil is electrically connected to a power supply. The device (11) may be place adjacent to or in contact with the body of a subject, such as on the head (100) of a subject. The device may be used on humans for treating certain physiological conditions, such as cardiovascular or neurophysiological conditions, or for studying the physiology of the body. This device is useful in studying or treating neurophysiological conditions associated with the deep regions of the brain, such as drug addiction and depression.

Claims (54)

1. A magnetic stimulator for placing externally of a body part of a subject and operable to induce currents within the body, comprising:
an electrically conductive coil having a partially toroidal or ovate base with a concave first side to be directed toward a body part of a subject and having an extension portion projecting outwardly from a second side opposite the first side, the partially toroidal base having first and second ends and having a length axis and a width axis.
2. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1, further comprising a frame.
3. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 2 where the coil comprises a winding associated with the frame.
4. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where the extension portion is positioned off center relative to the base.
5. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where the base comprises an arch extending along the length axis.
6. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 5 where the base has an arch length along the length axis from about 10 to about 50 centimeters.
7. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 6 where the base has an arch length along the length axis from about 20 to about 30 centimeters.
8. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where the base comprises an arch extending along the width axis.
9. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 8 where the base has an arch length along the width axis in a range from about 2 to about 15 centimeters.
10. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 9 where the base has an arch length along the width axis of about 5 centimeters.
11. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where the concave first side of the base is configured to be complementary to the cranium of a subject.
12. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where the extension comprises first and second elongated elements having a first set of inner ends connected to the base at positions spaced apart along the length axis of the base, with remainder portions of the elements extending away from the base and converging toward each other.
13. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 12 where each elongated element has a length from about 10 to about 15 centimeters.
14. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 12 where the inner end of the first elongated element is connected to the base adjacent to the first end of the partially toroidal base and the inner end of the second elongated element is connected to the base adjacent to the second end of the base.
15. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 14 where the distance from the inner end of the first elongated element to the first end of the partially toroidal base is less than the distance from the inner end of the second elongated element to the second end of the base.
16. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 12 where the first element, the second element, and the base define a triangle.
17. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 16 where the inner end of the first element and the base form a first interior angle of about 60 degrees, and the inner end of the second element and the base form a second interior angle of about 60 degrees.
18. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 12 where the extension portion comprises first and second elongated braces, each brace having first and second ends, the first end of the first brace coupled adjacent to the inner end of the first elongated element, the second end of the first brace coupled to the base, the first end of the second brace coupled adjacent to the inner end of the second elongated element, the second end of the second brace coupled to the base.
19. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 18 where the second ends of the braces are coupled to the base between the first ends of the elongated elements.
20. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 19 where the first brace element, the first elongated element, and the base define a triangle, and where the second brace element, the second elongated element, and the base define a triangle.
21. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where the coil comprises a plurality of windings.
22. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where a substantial portion of the length of the coil comprises the base.
23. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 22 where a majority of the portion of the coil comprising the base is orientated substantially parallel to the width axis of the base.
24. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1 where the coil comprises means for inducing an electric field within the deep region of the brain.
25. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1, further comprising a shield at least partially enclosing the extension portion.
26. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1, further comprising a cushion coupled to the base.
27. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 1, further comprising a power supply electrically connected to the coil.
28. A magnetic stimulator for placing externally of a body part of a subject and operable to induce currents within the body, comprising:
an electrically conductive coil, where the coil comprises a base portion and an extension portion, the extension portion comprising an elongated extension element projecting radially outwardly from the base portion.
29. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 28, further comprising a frame.
30. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 29 where the coil comprises a winding associated with the frame.
31. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 28 where the base has a length axis and a width axis and at least part of the base is substantially arcuate along its length axis or is substantially arcuate along its width axis.
32. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 31 where the base is a partially toroidal or ovate base and is substantially arcuate along its length axis and is substantially arcuate along its width axis.
33. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 31 where the base comprises plural longitudinally-extending laterally spaced frame members.
34. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 33 where at least two of the longitudinally-extending laterally spaced frame members are in a substantially non-parallel orientation.
35. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 28 where the extension portion comprises plural extension elements.
36. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 35 where at least two extension elements are coupled to the base adjacent each other.
37. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 36 where the extension elements are angularly disposed relative to each other.
38. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 35 where the plural extension elements comprise at least two groups of plural extension elements, where the extension elements of the same group are coupled to the base adjacent each other.
39. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 35 where an extension element comprises a pair of substantially parallel spaced elongate extension frame members, each extension frame member having an inner end and an outer end, the inner ends of the extension frame members coupled to the base, the outer ends of the extension frame members interconnected by a transverse spacer frame member.
40. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 28, further comprising a shield at least partially enclosing the extension portion.
41. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 28, further comprising a power supply electrically connected to the coil.
42. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 28 where the base has a concave first side configured to be complementary to the cranium of a subject.
43. The magnetic stimulator according to claim 28 where the coil comprises means for inducing an electric field within the deep region of the brain.
44. A method of treating a neurophysiological condition, comprising:
identifying a subject suffering a neurophysiological condition;
providing an electrically conductive coil, the coil comprising either a partially toroidal or ovate base portion with a concave first side to be directed toward a body part of a subject and having an extension portion projecting outwardly from a second side opposite the first side, the partially toroidal base having first and second ends and having a length axis and a width axis; and; or a base portion and an extension portion, the extension portion comprising a radially elongated extension element;
placing the coil external to the subject's skull; and activating the coil to stimulate the deep region of the subject's brain.
45. The method according to claim 44 where the condition is a neurophysiological disorder.
46. The method according to claim 44 where the neurophysiological disorder is clinical depression, non-clinical depression, dysthemia, bipolar disorder, drug addiction, substance abuse, anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, or Parkinson's disease.
47. A method of non-invasively stimulating a subject's brain, comprising:
selecting a subject; and transcranially magnetically stimulating the brain of the subject using a transcranial magnetic stimulator having a partially toroidal or ovate coil.
48. The method according to claim 47, further comprising localizing and characterizing a brain function.
49. A method of non-invasively stimulating a subject's brain, comprising:
selecting a subject; and transcranially magnetically stimulating the brain of the subject using a transcranial magnetic stimulator having a coil comprising a base portion and an extension portion, the extension portion further comprising a radially elongated extension element.
50. The method according to claim 49, further comprising localizing and characterizing a brain function.
51. A method of studying a brain, comprising:
selecting a subject;
directing the subject to perform a predetermined task;
transcranially magnetically stimulating the brain of the subject using a transcranial magnetic stimulator comprising a coil, the coil further comprising a base portion and an extension portion, where either the base comprises a partially toroidal or ovate shape or the extension comprises a radially elongated extension element;
and measuring the activity of the brain.
52. A method of treating or studying a cardiovascular condition, comprising:
identifying a subject at risk of suffering a cardiovascular condition;
providing an electrically conductive coil, the coil comprising either a partially toroidal or ovate base portion with a concave first side to be directed toward a body part of a subject and having an extension portion projecting outwardly from a second side opposite the first side, the partially toroidal base having first and second ends and having a length axis and a width axis; and; or a base portion and an extension portion, the extension portion comprising a radially elongated extension element;
placing the coil external to the subject's body; and activating the coil to stimulate the subject.
53. The method according to claim 52 where the cardiovascular condition comprises a cardiovascular event.
54. The method according to claim 53 where the cardiovascular event is a stroke.
CA 2425276 2000-10-20 2001-10-19 Coil for magnetic stimulation and methods for using the same Active CA2425276C (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US24229700 true 2000-10-20 2000-10-20
US60/242,297 2000-10-20
PCT/US2001/050737 WO2002032504A8 (en) 2000-10-20 2001-10-19 Coil for magnetic stimulation

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2425276A1 true true CA2425276A1 (en) 2002-04-25
CA2425276C CA2425276C (en) 2013-12-10

Family

ID=22914219

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 2425276 Active CA2425276C (en) 2000-10-20 2001-10-19 Coil for magnetic stimulation and methods for using the same

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (2) US7407478B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1326681B1 (en)
JP (2) JP2004511314A (en)
CA (1) CA2425276C (en)
DE (2) DE60125963T2 (en)
WO (1) WO2002032504A8 (en)

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US20080312706A1 (en) 2008-12-18 application
CA2425276C (en) 2013-12-10 grant
JP2008093466A (en) 2008-04-24 application
US8608634B2 (en) 2013-12-17 grant
EP1326681A2 (en) 2003-07-16 application
EP1326681B1 (en) 2007-01-10 grant
WO2002032504A2 (en) 2002-04-25 application
DE60125963T2 (en) 2007-10-18 grant
JP4796564B2 (en) 2011-10-19 grant
DE60125963D1 (en) 2007-02-22 grant
WO2002032504A8 (en) 2004-02-26 application
US20040078056A1 (en) 2004-04-22 application
JP2004511314A (en) 2004-04-15 application
US7407478B2 (en) 2008-08-05 grant
WO2002032504A3 (en) 2003-01-16 application

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