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Method of making a capillary channel

Info

Publication number
CA2364132A1
CA2364132A1 CA 2364132 CA2364132A CA2364132A1 CA 2364132 A1 CA2364132 A1 CA 2364132A1 CA 2364132 CA2364132 CA 2364132 CA 2364132 A CA2364132 A CA 2364132A CA 2364132 A1 CA2364132 A1 CA 2364132A1
Authority
CA
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
format
insert
sensor
reagent
method
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CA 2364132
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
CA2364132C (en )
Inventor
Allen J. Brenneman
Frank W. Wogoman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bayer HealthCare LLC
Original Assignee
Bayer Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/502Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures
    • B01L3/5027Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures by integrated microfluidic structures, i.e. dimensions of channels and chambers are such that surface tension forces are important, e.g. lab-on-a-chip
    • B01L3/502707Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures by integrated microfluidic structures, i.e. dimensions of channels and chambers are such that surface tension forces are important, e.g. lab-on-a-chip characterised by the manufacture of the container or its components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/14Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/14Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles
    • B29C45/14639Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles for obtaining an insulating effect, e.g. for electrical components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/14Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles
    • B29C45/14754Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles being in movable or releasable engagement with the coating, e.g. bearing assemblies
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
    • G01N21/01Arrangements or apparatus for facilitating the optical investigation
    • G01N21/03Cuvette constructions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electro-chemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/26Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electro-chemical, or magnetic means by investigating electrochemical variables; by using electrolysis or electrophoresis
    • G01N27/416Systems
    • G01N27/447Systems using electrophoresis
    • G01N27/44704Details; Accessories
    • G01N27/44717Arrangements for investigating the separated zones, e.g. localising zones
    • G01N27/4473Arrangements for investigating the separated zones, e.g. localising zones by electric means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2200/00Solutions for specific problems relating to chemical or physical laboratory apparatus
    • B01L2200/12Specific details about manufacturing devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/06Auxiliary integrated devices, integrated components
    • B01L2300/0627Sensor or part of a sensor is integrated
    • B01L2300/0645Electrodes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/08Geometry, shape and general structure
    • B01L2300/0809Geometry, shape and general structure rectangular shaped
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/08Geometry, shape and general structure
    • B01L2300/0809Geometry, shape and general structure rectangular shaped
    • B01L2300/0825Test strips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2400/00Moving or stopping fluids
    • B01L2400/04Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means
    • B01L2400/0403Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means specific forces
    • B01L2400/0406Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means specific forces capillary forces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/502Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures
    • B01L3/5027Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes with fluid transport, e.g. in multi-compartment structures by integrated microfluidic structures, i.e. dimensions of channels and chambers are such that surface tension forces are important, e.g. lab-on-a-chip
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/14Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles
    • B29C45/14754Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles being in movable or releasable engagement with the coating, e.g. bearing assemblies
    • B29C2045/1477Removable inserts, e.g. the insert being peeled off after moulding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/14Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor incorporating preformed parts or layers, e.g. injection moulding around inserts or for coating articles
    • B29C45/14065Positioning or centering articles in the mould
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
    • G01N21/01Arrangements or apparatus for facilitating the optical investigation
    • G01N21/03Cuvette constructions
    • G01N2021/0346Capillary cells; Microcells

Abstract

An optical reagent format with a precise capillary chan-nel is made by molding a format on a carrier of a precise pre-determined thickness. The carrier includes an insert at least a portion of which is molded in the format. Once the format is made, the insert is detached from the carrier and removed from the format leaving a precisely dimensioned capillary channel with an inlet and vent. A reagent may be applied in the capillary channel and the format used to measure the ana-lyte in a fluid such as blood.
An electrochemical sensor with a capillary channel is formed by placing a sacrificial insert and electrodes on a sensor base and applying plastic material. After the plastic material is cured, the sacrificial is removed leaving a capil-lary channel in the sensor. The inserts may be removed by a tool including a clamp for clamping and holding each insert stationary and a sliding block to which the sensor is secured.

Claims (19)

1. A method of making an optical reagent format with a cap-illary gap, comprising:
providing a carrier with an insert, said carrier and in-sert being of a predetermined thickness;
placing said carrier in a mold,;
molding a format onto said carrier and insert;
separating said insert from said carrier; and removing said insert from said format leaving a capillary gap in said format.
2. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 1 further comprising applying reagent in said capillary gap.
3. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 1 said capillary gap having open sides, and sealing said open sides of said capillary gap.
4. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 1 further comprising removing said format from said car-rier.
5. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 1 providing a plurality of carriers joined together and each including an inset, and molding a format onto each of said plurality of carriers and inserts.
6. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 1 said format including a pair of legs, further compris-ing forming said capillary gap between a pair of legs of said format.
7. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 1 wherein molding said format comprises molding a first format on an upper surface of said carrier and molding a sec-ond format on a lower surface of said carrier.
8. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 7 wherein said first and second formats are of a conical configuration.
9. A method of making an optical reagent format with a cap-illary gap, comprising:
providing a carrier of predetermined thickness;
providing an insert on said carrier;
molding a format onto said carrier and said insert with a portion of said insert extending out of said format; and removing said insert from said format to provide a capil-lary channel with an inlet and a vent in said format formed by said insert.
10. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 9 comprising removing said carrier from said format.
11. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 9 said insert comprising a material of a melt tempera-ture higher than the melt temperature of the material of said format.
12. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 9 comprising molding said format with a first leg for the application of a light source and a second leg for the ap-plication of a light detector, said capillary channel being between said first and second legs.
13. The method of making an optical reagent format claimed in Claim 9 comprising molding said format with a first conical member on a first side of said format and a second conical member on a second side of said format with said capillary channel between said first conical member and said second conical member.
14. A method of molding an electrochemical sensor using a sacrificial insert, comprising:
providing a first mold;
inserting a first electrical contact in said first mold;
inserting a second electrical contact in said first mold;
closing said first mold with a second mold;
injecting material for forming a sensor into said closed first and second molds;
curing said material; and extracting said sacrificial insert from said sensor.
15. The method of molding an electrochemical sensor claimed in Claim 14 wherein extracting said sacrificial insert in-cludes clamping said insert and moving said sensor relative to said insert.
16. An electrochemical sensor, comprising:
a sensor base;
a sacrificial insert on said sensor base;
a first electrical contact and a second electrical con-tact in said sensor, said sacrificial insert positioned be-tween said first electrical contact and said second electrical contact; and plastic material on said sensor base and over said sacri-ficial insert, said plastic material of a formulation which allows removal of said sacrificial insert from said plastic material and said sensor base leaving a capillary channel in said casting material.
17. A tool for extracting a sacrificial insert from an elec-trochemical sensor, comprising:
a clamp for clamping a sacrificial insert in a stationary position;
a first block moveable relative to said clamp;
a drive member for moving said block relative to said clamp; and an attachment member on said block to attach a sensor with a sacrificial insert onto said block.
18. The tool claimed in Claim 17 further comprising a base, said clamp including a second block secured to said base.
19. A sensor, comprising:
a sensor body;
a first access window in said sensor body;
a second access window in said sensor body; and an insert in said sensor body between said first access window and said second access window.
CA 2364132 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Method of making a capillary channel Expired - Fee Related CA2364132C (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US25462600 true 2000-12-12 2000-12-12
US60/254,626 2000-12-12

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 2697026 CA2697026A1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Method of making a capillary channel

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2364132A1 true true CA2364132A1 (en) 2002-06-12
CA2364132C CA2364132C (en) 2010-06-01

Family

ID=22964991

Family Applications (2)

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CA 2364132 Expired - Fee Related CA2364132C (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Method of making a capillary channel
CA 2697026 Abandoned CA2697026A1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Method of making a capillary channel

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 2697026 Abandoned CA2697026A1 (en) 2000-12-12 2001-11-27 Method of making a capillary channel

Country Status (4)

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US (4) US6911130B2 (en)
JP (2) JP3850722B2 (en)
CA (2) CA2364132C (en)
EP (1) EP1215479A3 (en)

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US8298487B2 (en) 2012-10-30 grant
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