Environmental condition detector with audible alarm and voice identifier
- Publication number
- CA2359625C CA2359625C CA 2359625 CA2359625A CA2359625C CA 2359625 C CA2359625 C CA 2359625C CA 2359625 CA2359625 CA 2359625 CA 2359625 A CA2359625 A CA 2359625A CA 2359625 C CA2359625 C CA 2359625C
- Grant status
- Patent type
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- G08B—SIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
- G08B3/00—Audible signalling systems; Audible personal calling systems
- G08B3/10—Audible signalling systems; Audible personal calling systems using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission
- G08B—SIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
- G08B21/00—Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
- G08B21/02—Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
- G08B21/12—Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to undesired emission of substances, e.g. pollution alarms
- G08B—SIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
- G08B25/00—Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
- G08B25/009—Signalling of the alarm condition to a substation whose identity is signalled to a central station, e.g. relaying alarm signals in order to extend communication range
- G08B—SIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
- G08B7/00—Signalling systems according to more than one of groups G08B3/00-G08B6/00; Personal calling systems according to more than one of groups G08B3/00-G08B6/00
- G08B7/06—Signalling systems according to more than one of groups G08B3/00-G08B6/00; Personal calling systems according to more than one of groups G08B3/00-G08B6/00 using electric transmission, e.g. involving audible and visible signalling through the use of sound and light sources
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION DETECTOR WITH
AUDIBLE ALARM AND VOICE IDENTIFIER
BACKGROUND FOR THE INVENTION
Field of Invention The present invention relates to environmental condition detection for dwellings including smoke detection, carbon monoxide gas detection, natural gas detection, propane gas detection, combination smoke and carbon monoxide gas detection, etc. such that the audible tonal pattern alarm emitted by a detector sensing an abnormal environmental condition is accompanied by a pre-recorded voice message that clearly indicates the specific type of condition sensed or the specific location of the detector sensing the condition, or both.
Background With the widespread use of environmental condition detectors such as smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, natural gas detectors, propane detectors, etc. in residences and businesses today, there is a critical need to provide definite distinction between the tonal pattern alarms emitted by each type of detector so that the occupants of the involved dwelling are immediately made aware of the specific type of condition detected along with its location so they can take the proper immediate action.
Regulating and governing bodies for products of the home safety industry (National Fire Protection Association, Underwriters Laboratories, etc.) have recently regulated the tonal patterns emitted from such environmental detectors, however, much confusion still exists among the very similar tonal pattern alarms emitted by various detector types. This is particularly true for those individuals partially overcome by the environmental condition, those asleep when the alarm occurs, young children, or the elderly. Therefore, a need exists whereby the environmental detector sensing an abnormal condition plays a recorded voice message stating the specific condition and/or location of the condition in addition to the required tonal pattern alarm. In conventional smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors, there are silent periods within the prescribed audible tonal pattern alarms where recorded verbal messages such as "smoke" or "CO" or "carbon monoxide" or "smoke in basement"
or "utility room" (as examples) may be played during this alarm silence period to clearly discriminate between the types of audible alarms and environmental conditions and where the environmental condition was detected. Such messages immediately provide the occupants in an involved dwelling important safety information during potentially hazardous environmental conditions. The occupants can make informed decisions about how to respond to the alarm condition. Occupants residing in the uninvolved area of the dwelling may choose to assist those residing in the involved area depending on the location and type of condition detected. The type of environmental condition sensed or the location of the condition, or both are immediately made clear through the use of recorded voice messages in addition to conventional tonal pattern alarms.
Discussion of Prior Art While there are inventions in the prior art pertaining to emergency alarm systems utilizing verbal instructions, none are known to the inventor which use a combination of tonal pattern alarms and factory pre-recorded voice messages with function or intent to clearly and specifically identify and clarify which type of environmental condition is present in a dwelling. Nor are there known inventions that use such pre-recorded voice messages to specifically identify the location of the environmental condition sensed by environmental condition detectors in dwellings without the use of a central control unit.
Morris (US5587705) describes a wireless smoke detector system using a minimum of two smoke detectors to indicate the location of the smoke detector sensing the smoke through coded alarm patterns. The present invention does not use wireless communication between detectors; each detector may operate without any others or may operate as a hardwired system with interconnected units for those powered by 120VAC. Fray (US5663714) describes a warning system for giving user-recorded verbal instructions during afire. Fray teaches an object of his invention is to warn individuals of the presence of smoke and fire and to provide verbal instructions and guidance as how to escape the hazard. Routman et al (US5349338) describe a fire detector and alarm system that uses personally familiar user-recorded verbal messages specifically for a small child or adult in need of verbal instructions during the presence of afire. Chiang (US5291183) describes a multi-functional alarming system using a microphone to sense ambient conditions and user-recorded verbal instructions for indicating the way to escape a fire. Kim (US4816809) describes a speaking fire alarm system that uses a central control system with remote temperature sensors. Haglund et al (US4282519) describe a hardwired smoke detector system whereby two audible alarm codes are indicated to determine whether the smoke was detected locally or not. Only two possible alarm patterns are used and no voice message is used with Haglund's hardwired system. Molinick and Sheilds (US4288789) describe an oral warning system for monitoring mining operations that uses a plurality of non-emergency condition sensors and second sensors for detecting emergencies. The patent further describes the use of a single and system-central multiple-track magnetic tape player for storing the verbal messages and links the alarm system to control the operation of mechanical devices (mining conveyor belts, etc.) during emergency conditions when verbal messages are played.
Additionally, Morris (US5587705), Fray (US5663714), Routman et al (US5349338), Chaing (US5291183), Kim (US4816809), and Haglund et al (4282519) do not recite the specific use of factory pre-recorded voice messages to indicate the specific location of the environmental condition, or the use of voice messages to identify the specific type of environmental condition detected, or the use of a plurality of interconnected detectors emitting identical verbal messages, or a selectable means to define the installation location of the detector, all of which are taught in the present invention and afford significant safety advantages. While Molinick and Shields (US4288789) refer to verbally describing an emergency condition in mining operations, their patent teaches of a much more complex system than the present invention and describes a central control system with multiple stages of various configuration sensors and the use of user-recorded voice messages. Furthermore, the patent does not describe a selectable coding means to define the installation location of the sensors.
All known prior art providing user-recorded verbal instructions on how to escape a hazardous condition has become impractical for use in dwellings in view of the recent National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and Underwriters Laboratories (UL) regulations that require a maximum silence period between tonal alarm patterns of 1.5 seconds (Ref UL2034, UL2 17, NFPA72 and NFPA720). This period of time is sufficient for the present invention to verbally indicate the type and location of the sensed environmental condition but is unlikely to be useful to provide detailed instructions, as taught in the prior art, to occupants on how to respond to a hazardous condition.
The present invention employs either single station environmental condition detectors or a system comprising direct, hardwired communication links between a plurality of environmental condition detectors to provide a tonal pattern alarm with pre-recorded voice message information regarding the specific type of environmental condition detected or the specific location of the detector sensing the environmental condition, or both, all without the need of a centralized control unit. For detector embodiments using pre-recorded voice messages to indicate the location of the detected condition, each detector is set-up by the user during installation to define the physical location of the detector within the dwelling according to pre-defined location definitions pre-programmed into the electronic storage media. The recorded voice messages are pre-recorded into the electronic storage media during manufacture and are not normally changeable by the user. In view of the recent National Fire Protection Association and Underwriters Laboratories regulations for tonal pattern alarms, it is not practical to have the user record their own sounds during the silent periods of the tonal pattern. The user may choose to record other alarm sounds that would violate the regulations governing such tonal patterns and compromise the safety features of the device. The use of factory pre-recorded voice messages alleviates this problem.
It is emphasized that no other related prior art known to the inventor makes use of factory pre-recorded voice messages to indicate the location of the environmental condition or the type of condition or both. Sufficient addressable electronic memory is available in the preferred embodiment of the invention to afford numerous pre-recorded voice messages.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Described herein is the Environmental Condition Detector with Audible Alarm and Voice Identifier invention, which comprises an environmental condition detector, such as a smoke detector, carbon monoxide gas detector, natural gas detector, propane detector, or any combination detector thereof, which detects the desired environmental condition(s) by those methods well known and described in the art and emits the prescribed audible tonal pattern alarm in accordance with the industry's empowered governing bodies' (National Fire Protection Association, Underwriters Laboratories etc.) criteria for such environmental conditions. Simultaneously, the environmental condition detector sensing the condition emits a verbal message to indicate, through a recorded voice message or synthesized human voice, the condition being sensed. This recorded voice message is emitted simultaneously with the audible tonal pattern alarm so as normally to occur during silent segments of the prescribed tonal pattern alarm. For example, for the condition of smoke detection, the smoke detector emits the following combination audible tonal pattern alarm (Beep) and recorded voice message, "Beep---Beep---Beep---`SMOKE
'---Beep---Beep---Beep--- 'SMOKE'---" in a periodic manner for as long as the environmental condition is detected. As a second example, for carbon monoxide detection, a carbon monoxide detector emits "Beep---B eep---B eep---Beep---' CO' ---B eep---Beep---Beep---Beep---'CO' ---". As a third example, for smoke detection with the location identifier, a smoke detector emits "Beep---Beep---Beep---"SMOKEINBASEMENT'---Beep---Beep---Beep---`SMOKE IN BASEMENT'---". As a fourth example, for carbon monoxide detection with a voice location only identifier, a carbon monoxide detector emits "Beep---Beep---Beep---Beep--- 'Utility Room ' ---B eep---Beep---Beep---Beep---'Utility Room'--".
Objects and Advantages of the Present Invention It is one object of the present invention to provide environmental condition detectors that function as single station (non-interconnected) detector units equipped to emit a tonal pattern alarm and a recorded voice message. The recorded voice message clearly identifies the location of the environmental condition detector sensing the condition, or describes the type of environmental condition that has been detected, or both, as illustrated in the above, non-exhaustive examples. The single station detector embodiment is battery powered or 120 VAC powered. User-selectable coding switches or jumpers permit the user to define the physical location of the single station unit within the dwelling. No other related prior art is known to the inventor that uses factory pre-recorded voice messages in combination with conventional tonal pattern alarms to indicate the specific type or specific location, or both, of an abnormal environmental condition as related to single station units.
It is another object of the present invention to provide an environmental condition detection system where one detector sensing an environmental condition causes all other interconnected detectors to emit identical tonal pattern alarms and recorded voice messages. The hardwired, directly interconnected detectors forming the environmental condition detection system are 120VAC powered with optional battery back-up and use the recorded voice message to identify the location of the environmental condition detector sensing the condition, or to describe the type of environmental condition that has been detected, or both, as illustrated in the above, non-exhaustive examples.
The environmental condition detection system embodiments of the present invention do not require the use of a centralized control unit (control panel) between detectors. No other related prior art is known to the inventor that uses factory pre-recorded voice messages in combination with conventional tonal pattern alarms to indicate the specific type or specific location, or both, of an abnormal environmental condition as related to a directly interconnected environmental condition detector system having no central control unit or panel.
A major advantage of both the single station embodiment and the system embodiment of the present invention is the use of factory pre-recorded voice messages that fit within the National Fire Protection Association and Underwriters Laboratories specified 1.5 second silence period of the standard smoke detector and carbon monoxide detector tonal pattern alarms. Prior art using user-recorded voice messages are intended to indicate directions on how to escape the hazard or how to respond to a hazard. Such messages would not practically fit into the maximum 1.5 second silent time period in conventional tonal alarm patterns for smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors used in dwellings. The allowance for a user to record his or her own messages may actually add to the confusion and danger that results during an alarm condition if the user chooses to record additional alarm sounds or errs in the directions given in the message on how to properly respond to a hazardous condition.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a sketch of a preferred embodiment of the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier according to the invention.
FIG. 2 is a sketch of a preferred embodiment of the electronic circuitry for the interconnected system embodiment of the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier according to the invention.
FIG. 3 is a sketch of a second preferred embodiment of the electronic circuitry for the interconnected system embodiment ofthe Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier according to the invention.
FIG. 4 shows an example audible tonal pattern alarm and recorded voice message combination used for the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier configured as a smoke detector and using a recorded voice message as an environmental condition type identifier according to the invention.
FIG. 5 shows an example audible tonal pattern alarm and recorded voice message combination used for the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier configured as a smoke detector using a recorded voice message as an environmental condition location identifier according to the invention.
FIG. 6 shows an example audible tonal pattern alarm and recorded voice message combination used for the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier configured as a carbon monoxide detector and using a recorded voice message as an environmental condition type identifier and location identifier according to the invention.
FIG. 7 shows one method for the user to select the installation location coding of the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier according to the invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
A preferred embodiment of the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier 6 is shown in FIG. 1. The unit is powered by a battery 40 and/or by standard 120VAC (not shown). The environmental condition sensor and alarm unit (conventional smoke detector, carbon monoxide detector, combination smoke detector and carbon monoxide detector, natural gas detector, propane detector, abnormal temperature etc.) is any sensor type(s) utilizing environmental detection methods and alarm devices typically known in the art of smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors and other hazard detectors. Upon sensing the environmental condition, the environmental condition sensor and alarm unit 10 sounds its tonal pattern alarm to indicate that an environmental condition has been sensed in the immediate area. The alarm pattern is a prescribed audible tonal pattern alarm corresponding to the environmental condition as set forth by the empowered governing body (National Fire Protection Association, Underwriters Laboratories etc.). The interface and control unit 20 electronically interfaces with the environmental condition sensor and alarm unit 10 and controls the timing of a recorded voice message that is emitted simultaneously with the audible tonal pattern alarm such that the recorded voice message is emitted only during the period when the audible tonal pattern alarm cycles through a silent period.
In one embodiment, an electronic signal frequency counter (not shown) is used to determine when the silent period of the audible alarm is occurring. The recorded voice message or synthesized human voice message is factory-recorded on an electronic storage media 30 such as, but not limited to, a ROM device. The recorded voice message is emitted through a speaker or other audio transducer 70. For the embodiments of the invention requiring identification of the location of the environmental condition detector sensing the environmental condition, a selectable coding apparatus 50 (jumper selector or DIP switch) which connects to the interface and control unit 20 is provided to select one of several predefined physical locations of the environmental condition detectors within a residence. Recorded voice messages to identify physical locations consistent with the position of the selectable coding apparatus 50 are stored on the electronic storage media 30. The selectable coding apparatus 50 is set to correspond to the location within the dwelling where the particular environmental condition detector 6 is installed. A language code selector (jumper set or DIP switch) 60 is used to choose the language type (English, Spanish, etc.) used by the recorded voice. For interconnected 120VAC units, when one environmental condition detector sounds its tonal pattern alarm and recorded voice message, all interconnected units will sound identical tonal pattern alarms and recorded voice messages in temporal phase. For the environmental condition detection system embodiment, an interconnecting conductor set 80 sends and receives a coded electrical signal encoded and decoded by the interface and control unit 20 by the sending and receiving detector, respectively. The coding of the signal sent over the interconnecting conductor set determines what specific recorded voice message is played from the electronic storage media 30 at the interconnected but remotely located environmental condition detectors. Another embodiment of the invention shown in FIG. 3 uses several interconnection conductors which alleviates the need for electrical encoding and decoding of the signal sent and received over the interconnecting conductor set 80.
Shown in FIG. 2 is a sketch of a preferred embodiment of the electronic circuitry for one detector unit of the interconnected system embodiment of the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier. The environmental condition sensor and alarm unit 10 connects to the interface and control unit 20 to trigger the monostable multivibrator 21 for a predetermined period of time when an environmental condition is detected. The monostable multivibrator 21 enables the signal encoder 22 to send a coded electrical signal to the local signal decoder 23 and to all other signal decoders of interconnected detectors hardwired linked together through the conductor set 80 shown in FIG. 1. Upon receiving a local or remote encoded signal, the signal decoder 23 decodes the signal and validates or rejects the signal. Upon validation of a received signal, within each interconnected detector, the signal decoder 23 enables and addresses the electronic voice memory integrated circuit 31 to emit a recorded voice message verbally describing the location or type, or both, of the environmental condition sensed. All recorded voice messages emitted by the interconnected detector units connected through the conductor set 80 via electrical conductor connector 37 are in temporal phase. A selectable coding apparatus of switches or jumpers 51 defines the physical installation location of each environmental condition detector through pre-defined location designations illustrated in FIG. 7. A language selector switch apparatus 60 is used to select which language is used during the playing of the recorded voice messages. The recorded voice message is played through a speaker 70.
Shown in FIG. 3 is a sketch of a second preferred embodiment of the electronic circuitry for one detector unit for the interconnected system embodiment of the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier. The environmental condition sensor and alarm unit 10 connects to the interface and control unit 20 to trigger the monostable multivibrator 21 for a predetermined period of time when an environmental condition is detected. The monostable multivibrator 21 enables the electronic voice memory integrated circuit 31 to emit a recorded voice message verbally describing the location or type, or both, of the environmental condition sensed. All detector units within the interconnected system share common electrical connection to the address bits on each detector unit's electronic voice memory integrated circuit 31 through a multiple conductor connector interface 35 which results in all detector units emitting identical recorded voice messages in temporal phase. A selectable coding apparatus of switches or jumpers 52 defines the physical installation location of each environmental condition detector through pre-defined location designations illustrated in FIG. 7. A language selector switch apparatus 60 is used to select which language is used during the playing of the recorded voice messages. The recorded voice message is played through a speaker 70.
Shown in FIG. 4 is an example alarm timing plot of the sound emitted 82 by an environmental condition detector using both an audible tonal pattern alarm 85 and a recorded voice message 90 to convey information about the specific environmental condition detected. In the example exhibited in FIG. 2, the environmental condition detector embodiment is a smoke detector using voice as an environmental condition type identifier only. The recorded voice message 90 is inserted into the defined silence periods of the prescribed audible tonal pattern alarm 85 consistent with conventional smoke detector alarms.
Shown in FIG. 5 is an example alarm timing plot of the sound emitted 92 by an environmental condition detector using an audible tonal pattern alarm 95 to convey the specific type of environmental condition and a recorded voice message 100 to convey the location of the detected environmental condition. In the example exhibited in FIG.
5, the environmental condition detector embodiment is a smoke detector using voice as an environmental condition location identifier only. The recorded voice message 100 is inserted into the defined silence periods of the prescribed audible tonal pattern alarm 95 consistent with conventional smoke detector alarms.
Shown in FIG. 6 is an example alarm timing plot of sound emitted 102 by an environmental condition detector using an audible tonal pattern alarm 105 and a recorded voice message 110 to convey the specific type of environmental condition detected and the location of the environmental condition detector sensing the environmental condition. In the example exhibited in FIG. 6, the environmental condition detector embodiment is a carbon monoxide detector using voice as both an environmental condition type identifier and location identifier. The recorded voice message 110 is inserted into the defined silence periods of the prescribed audible tonal pattern alarm 105 consistent with conventional carbon monoxide alarms. The example tonal pattern alarms and recorded voice messages are illustrative and not intended to provide an exhaustive exhibit of all possible tonal alarm patterns and recorded voice messages.
Shown in FIG. 7 is a selectable coding apparatus 115 for the user to select one of the pre-defined locations of the Environmental Condition Detector with Alarm and Voice Identifier embodiment when and where it is installed in a dwelling.
Selectable coding means such as a jumper 117 on DIP header pins 120 or DIP switches (not shown) are simple methods to define the installation location of a detector embodiment.
Typical dwelling locations are shown in FIG. 7 and are not intended to exhibit an exhaustive list.
The various preferred embodiments described above are merely descriptive of the present invention and are in no way intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Modifications of the present invention will become obvious to those skilled in the art in light of the detailed description above, and such modifications are intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.
at least one ambient condition sensor selected from a class which includes a fire sensor and a gas sensor;
control circuits coupled to the at least one sensor wherein the circuits, in response to a sensed alarm condition emit a plurality of user unalterable, pre-selected alarm indicating audible outputs of a common duration, wherein the outputs are spaced apart by predetermined, silent intervals having a common fixed length, and, wherein the outputs are associated with the at least one sensor;
voice output circuitry, coupled to the circuits, wherein the voice output circuitry includes at least one pre-stored user unalterable, verbal output message selected from a class which includes an alarm-type message and at least one alarm location message wherein a selected message can be output during the silent intervals, and wherein the control circuit and voice output circuitry, in response to a detected alarm condition, emit the audible outputs, and, an interleaved selected verbal message in at least selected ones of the silent intervals; and a common housing for the sensor, the control circuits and the output circuitry.
a fire sensor and a gas sensor;
control circuits coupled to the sensors wherein the circuits, in response to a sensed alarm condition emit a plurality of user unalterable, pre-selected alarm-type indicating non-verbal, audible, outputs of a common duration, wherein the outputs are spaced apart by predetermined, silent intervals having a common fixed length, and, wherein the outputs are associated with the respective sensor that has sensed the alarm condition;
voice output circuitry, coupled to the circuits, wherein the voice output circuitry includes at least a pre-stored, user unalterable, fire alarm-type message and a gas alarm-type message wherein a respective message can be output during the silent intervals, and wherein the control circuit and voice output circuitry, in response to a detected alarm condition, emit the respective audible, non-verbal, alarm-type output, and, an interleaved verbal alarm type message in at least selected ones of the silent intervals;
and a common housing for the sensor, the control circuits and the output circuitry.
providing at least one self-contained ambient condition detector;
sensing a selected ambient condition at a monitored location using the detector and determining at the location if an alarm condition is present;
in the presence of an alarm condition, emitting a plurality of substantially identical audible, sensor specific, user unalterable, non-verbal alarm indicators with spaced apart silent intervals of a common duration therebetween from the detector at the location;
emitting a pre-selected, user unalterable, alarm-type specifying verbal message during at least some of the silent intervals at the location, and emitting an alarm location verbal message from the detector during at least others of the silent intervals.
sensing a second, different ambient condition using the detector;
in the presence of a second, different alarm condition, emitting a plurality of substantially identical audible, second sensor specific, user unalterable, non-verbal, alarm indicators with spaced apart second silent intervals of a second common duration; and emitting a second pre-selected, user unalterable, alarm-type specifying verbal message during at least some of the second silent intervals.
providing a plurality of substantially identical detectors at spaced apart locations and interconnecting them via at least one conductor;
sensing the condition, at the spaced apart locations;
in the presence of an alarm condition at one location, communicating to the other locations, via the conductor, the existence and location of the alarm condition; and emitting at least an alarm location specifying verbal message at some of the other locations, from the respective detectors.
Priority Applications (5)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US09299483 US6144310A (en)||1999-01-26||1999-04-26||Environmental condition detector with audible alarm and voice identifier|
|PCT/US2000/001611 WO2000043968A1 (en)||1999-01-26||2000-01-21||Environmental condition detector with audible alarm and voice identifier|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CA2359625A1 true CA2359625A1 (en)||2000-07-27|
|CA2359625C true CA2359625C (en)||2014-04-08|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CA 2359625 Active CA2359625C (en)||1999-01-26||2000-01-21||Environmental condition detector with audible alarm and voice identifier|
Country Status (4)
|US (5)||US6144310A (en)|
|CA (1)||CA2359625C (en)|
|GB (1)||GB2363234B (en)|
|WO (1)||WO2000043968A1 (en)|
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