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CA2353212A1 - Electromagnetic position single axis system - Google Patents

Electromagnetic position single axis system

Info

Publication number
CA2353212A1
CA2353212A1 CA 2353212 CA2353212A CA2353212A1 CA 2353212 A1 CA2353212 A1 CA 2353212A1 CA 2353212 CA2353212 CA 2353212 CA 2353212 A CA2353212 A CA 2353212A CA 2353212 A1 CA2353212 A1 CA 2353212A1
Authority
CA
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
field
sensor
position
magnetic
signal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CA 2353212
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
CA2353212C (en )
Inventor
Assaf Govari
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Biosense Inc
Original Assignee
Biosense Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B7/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of electric or magnetic means
    • G01B7/004Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of electric or magnetic means for measuring coordinates of points
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B34/00Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/20Surgical navigation systems; Devices for tracking or guiding surgical instruments, e.g. for frameless stereotaxis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/06Devices, other than using radiation, for detecting or locating foreign bodies ; determining position of probes within or on the body of the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/06Devices, other than using radiation, for detecting or locating foreign bodies ; determining position of probes within or on the body of the patient
    • A61B5/061Determining position of a probe within the body employing means separate from the probe, e.g. sensing internal probe position employing impedance electrodes on the surface of the body
    • A61B5/062Determining position of a probe within the body employing means separate from the probe, e.g. sensing internal probe position employing impedance electrodes on the surface of the body using magnetic field
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B34/00Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/20Surgical navigation systems; Devices for tracking or guiding surgical instruments, e.g. for frameless stereotaxis
    • A61B2034/2046Tracking techniques
    • A61B2034/2051Electromagnetic tracking systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B34/00Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/20Surgical navigation systems; Devices for tracking or guiding surgical instruments, e.g. for frameless stereotaxis
    • A61B2034/2072Reference field transducer attached to an instrument or patient
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F5/00Coils
    • H01F5/02Coils wound on non-magnetic supports, e.g. formers
    • H01F2005/027Coils wound on non-magnetic supports, e.g. formers wound on formers for receiving several coils with perpendicular winding axes, e.g. for antennae or inductive power transfer

Abstract

A system for determining the position of a medical device having a sensor comprises a plurality of field radiators wherein each field radiator has a plurality of radiator elements. Each radiator element generates a magnetic field such that each magnetic field is distinct from one another due to the use of a different frequency through simultaneous energizing of the radiator elements. A signal processor is operatively connected to the field radiators and the sensor of the medical device for receiving a sensing signal from the sensor indicative of the magnetic field sensed at the sensor. The sensing signal defines a measured magnetic field at the sensor. The signal processor also has a desired range of accuracy for the system which is stored therein. The signal processor includes an initial position estimator for establishing an initial position estimate for the sensor; a magnetic field calculator for calculating the magnetic field at the initial position estimate; a steepest descent calculator for calculating a steepest descent of the calculated magnetic field to the measured magnetic field; and a new position estimate calculator for calculating a new position estimate of said sensor based on said steepest descent. The signal processor determines the position of the sensor when the new position estimate of the sensor is within the desired range of accuracy for the system. Alternative field radiator arrangements are also provided in conjunction with a novel algorithm utilizing a global convergent technique.
CA 2353212 2000-07-20 2001-07-18 Electromagnetic position single axis system Active CA2353212C (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09620316 US6484118B1 (en) 2000-07-20 2000-07-20 Electromagnetic position single axis system
US09/620,316 2000-07-20

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2353212A1 true true CA2353212A1 (en) 2002-01-20
CA2353212C CA2353212C (en) 2009-09-01

Family

ID=24485448

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 2353212 Active CA2353212C (en) 2000-07-20 2001-07-18 Electromagnetic position single axis system

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US6484118B1 (en)
EP (1) EP1174082B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5031152B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100862170B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2353212C (en)
DE (2) DE60120051T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2265396T3 (en)

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