Location triggered barring of call forwarding
- Publication number
- CA2335489C CA2335489C CA 2335489 CA2335489A CA2335489C CA 2335489 C CA2335489 C CA 2335489C CA 2335489 CA2335489 CA 2335489 CA 2335489 A CA2335489 A CA 2335489A CA 2335489 C CA2335489 C CA 2335489C
- Grant status
- Patent type
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- H04—ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
- H04M—TELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
- H04M3/00—Automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
- H04M3/42—Systems providing special services or facilities to subscribers
- H04M3/54—Arrangements for diverting calls for one subscriber to another predetermined subscriber
LOCATION TRIGGERED BARRING OF CALL FORWARDING
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates generally to wireless mobile communications and, more particularly, to improvements in call forwarding services provided to wireless mobile communication subscribers.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
In conventional wireless mobile communications, roaming agreements typically exist between network operators of respective public land mobile networks (PLMNs). Such roaming agreements permit a mobile subscriber unit based in a first PLMN to use the services and facilities of a second PLMN while the mobile subscriber unit is roaming in the coverage area of the second PLMN, outside the coverage area of the first PLMN.
Call forwarding (CF) is one example of a service that a roaming mobile subscriber might wish to use while roaming in the second PLMN. Using the conventional GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) network as an example of the first and second PLMNs, in a conventional GSM network the cost of forwarding (or otherwise deflecting) a call is charged to the mobile subscriber which invoked the forwarding. If the mobile subscriber is roaming internationally, then the forwarding of a call will very likely be charged, disadvantageously, as an international call. Paying international call charges to forward a call is typically very expensive.
Call deflecting service is similar to call forwarding, except the mobile subscriber interactively chooses (on a per call basis) to deflect the call to another destination rather than accept the call, whereas call forwarding services are typically handled in the serving mobile switching center (MSC) without interaction of the mobile subscriber. The problems and inventive solutions disclosed herein apply to both call forwarding and call deflecting services.
Another problem with forwarding the calls of the above-described roaming mobile subscriber is fraud. Call forwarding fraud during roaming occurs when the mobile subscriber uses call forwarding service to forward calls received while the mobile subscriber is roaming internationally, but for which the roaming mobile subscriber does not intend to pay the corresponding international charges.
Such fraud can be increased by maintaining several simultaneous calls after invocation of the call forwarding service. The same scenario can occur using call diversion service.
This fraud problem is very costly for network operators due to the international signaling links and call legs involved during the calls. In fact, fraud is such a large scale problem that network operators in some countries refuse to provide services-such as call forwarding services to mobile subscribers roaming in those countries.
In GSM, there are some conventional mechanisms for cost limitation when the mobile subscriber is roaming. For example, an operator determined bar (ODB) can be applied to outgoing calls originating at the mobile subscriber unit, including calls to be forwarded, such that the invocation of call forwarding services is barred. The ODB in GSM also provides for different restriction levels, for example, barring all calls, all intemational calls, all international calls except those directed to the mobile subscriber's home PLMN country, all inter-zone calls, or all inter-zone calls except those directed to the subscriber's home PLMN country. However, this solution will disadvantageously bar even outgoing calls for which the mobile subscriber consciously intends to pay the incurred cost.
Another possible solution to the above-described call forwarding problems is simply for the mobile subscriber to deactivate the call forwarding services.
However, the subscriber may well forget to deactivate the services when roaming intemationally.
Moreover, deactivation of call forwarding does not address the fraud proble,I
Call forwarding can be barred using conventional Regional Services functionality, but only by disadvantageously deregistering the mobile station from all services to which it subscribes whenever that mobile station enters the service area of a disallowed MSC. Moreover, this type of service must be implemented in the MSC/VLR and can only be used if the Regional Services functionality is implemented in the PLMN where the subscriber is roaming.
Another possible approach would be to use Intelligent Network (IN) architecture to implement services aimed at solving the above-described problems.
However, disadvantageously, the Intelligent Network support must be requested in the PLMN where the subscriber is roaming.
It is therefore desirable to provide to a roaming mobile subscriber call forwarding (or deflecting) service with automatically activated security against large, unwanted charges for forwarding/deflecting calls without barring all of the mobile subscriber's outgoing calls.
The present invention provides for selective barri.ng of call forwarding/deflecting services. The selective barring is triggered by the location of the mobile subscriber unit, thereby avoiding the occurrence of many unwanted call forwarding/deflecting charges when the mobile subscriber unit is roaming, and all outgoing calls need not be barred.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIGURE 1 illustrates two inter-networked PLMNs including a call forward barring feature according to the invention.
FIGURE 2 illustrates an example of a memory and database in the HLR of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 illustrates one example portion of the HLR of FIGURE 1 in greater detail.
FIGURE 4 illustrates an example portion of the MSCNLR of FIGURE 1 in greater detail.
FIGURE 5 illustrates exemplary operations of the HLR portion of FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 6 illustrates exemplary operations of the HLR portion of FIGURE 8.
FIGURE 7 illustrates exemplary operations of the MSC/VLR portion of FIGURE 4.
FIGURE 8 illustrates another example portion of the HLR of FIGURE 1 according to another embodiment of the invention.
FIGURE 9 illustrates exemplary operations of the HLR portion of FIGURE
FIGURE 1 illustrates an example of an inter-networking mobile communications arrangement that implements the present invention. In FIGURE 1, a mobile subscriber unit MSH has roamed from the coverage area of its home PLMN, W O' 99/67961 PCT/SE99/01127 designated in FIGURE I as HPLMN, into the coverage area of a visited PLMN, designated in FIGURE 1 as VPLMN. Conventional examples of the HPLMN and VPLMN of FIGURE 1 include GSM, DCS 1800 (Digital Cellular System for Mobile Communications), and PCS (Personal Communications System). The HPLMN and VPLMN of FIGURE 1 can be defined, for example, by any of the foregoing conventional network standards, such conventional networks of course being enhanced as disclosed herein to include the present invention.
Although only pertinent portions of HPLMN and VPLMN are illustrated in FIGURE 1 for clarity of exposition, it will be recognized that HPLMN and VPLMN
of FIGURE 1 represent fully functional PLMNs. For example, the VPLMN includes a home location register HLR (or a suitable equivalent) similar to that shown in the HPLMN, and the HPLMN includes a mobile services switching center and visited location register (collectively designated as MSC/VLR in FIGURE 1) similar to that illustrated in the VPLMN. One example of an equivalent alternative to the MSCNLR
of FIGURE 1 is an SGSN (Serving GPRS Support Node). As mentioned above, with the exception of the herein described enhancements according to the present invention, the HPLMN and VPLMN of FIGURE 1 can be, and for purposes of this description are assumed to be, otherwise conventional.
Mobile subscriber MSH is shown in broken lines in HPLMN to indicate that it has roamed out of HPLMN and into VPLMN where MSH is shown to be visiting.
Other mobile subscriber units MS are shown in both the HPLMN and the VPLMN.
Although the present invention is described with respect to the mobile subscriber unit MSH, the principles of the invention are equally applicable to any of the mobile subscriber units MS when they roam, for example, outside of their home PLMN.
When MSH roams into VPLMN, it checks in with MSCNLR (as is conventional), which requests a Location Update from the HLR of HPLMN using the MAP communications link illustrated diagrammatically at 12 in FIGURE 1. MAP
refers to conventional Mobile Application Part signaling. This MAP "Location Update" operation is well-known in the art, and provides to HLR current location information regarding MSH, along with other conventional information. In response to the MAP "Location Update" request, the HLR conventionally responds with a MAP
"Insert Subscriber Data" message signaled, for example, over the MAP link 12.
According to the invention, the HLR also provides, in the "Insert Subscriber Data"
message, information relative to call forwarding/deflecting services, for example, whether or not call forwarding services subscribed to by MSH are to be barred.
The MSC/VLR of VPLMN uses this bar information from HLR to decide whether or not to permit calls for MSH to be forwarded (or deflected) to another destination, for example at 15, via a communications path 17. The destination 15 could also be located elsewhere, e.g. in another PLMN outside both PLMNs of FIGURE 1, or in a Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) as shown by broken lines.
FIGURE 2 illustrates one example of a memory 21 in the HLR of FIGURE 1.
The memory 21 has stored therein a database 23 as shown. The database 23 includes information about operator determined barring (ODB) services to which various mobile subscribers have subscribed. Column 25 illustrates the mobile subscriber units (also referred to as mobile stations) MSI, MS2, etc. which have subscribed to ODB
services. Column 27 illustrates the areas (designated Al, A2, etc. in which the subscribed ODBs are effective, and column 29 illustrates the calls which are barred (designated as Callsl, Calls2, etc.) when the respective mobile stations are located in the respective areas Al, A2, etc. of column 27.
Examples of the effective areas Al, A2, etc. in column 27 of FIGURE 2 include: outside of the mobile subscriber's HPLMN coverage area; outside of the mobile subscriber's HPLMN country; and outside of the mobile subscriber's HPLMN
zone. Examples of the barred calls represented by Callsl, Calls2, etc. in column 29 of FIGURE 2 include: all forwarding calls; all international forwarding calls;
all international forwarding calls except those directed to the subscriber's HPLMN
country; all inter-zone forwarding calls; and all inter-zone forwarding calls except those directed to the subscriber's HPLMN country. These examples of effective areas and categories of forwarding (or deflecting) calls can be seen to yield, in this example, 15 distinct subscriptions available to the mobile subscribers. More specifically, for each of the aforementioned three effective areas, there are five different categories of calls which can be barred. Of course, the number and definition of effective ODB
areas and the number and definition of barred calls categories can be set up as needed by the network operator in order to obtain the ODB functionality that is desired.
WO' 99/67961 PCT/SE99/01127 FIGURE 3 illustrates an example portion 31 of the HLR of FIGURE 1. The portion 31 may be used to implement the ODB services defined in FIGURE 2. In =
FIGURE 3, a detector 33 receives as inputs the location of the mobile subscriber and the effective bar area, and provides an output signal 35 indicative of whether or not the mobile subscriber is located in the corresponding bar area. For example, and referring also to FIGUR.E 2, the output signal 35 from the detector 33 would indicate whether or not the mobile station MS1 is within the bar area A1. If MS1 is located in area A1, then the output signal 35 will control multiplexer 37 such that the barred calls input of multiplexer 37 is coupled to the output of multiplexer 37. In this example, the barred calls input of multiplexer 37 would be the barred calls definition represented by Calis 1 in column 29 of the database 23 in FIGURE 2. If MS 1 is not located in area Al, then signal 35 will couple the Null input of multiplexer 37 to the output of multiplexer 37. The Null input indicates that no ODB is to be implemented. The output of multiplexer 37 is provided to VLR (see FIGURE 1) as part the MAP
"Insert Subscriber Data" message sent over MAP link 12.
FIGURE 4 illustrates example portions of MSC/VLR in the VPLMN of FIGUR.E 1. When at 40 the MSC receives a call for MSH that is to be forwarded (or receives from MSH a call to be deflected), the call to be forwarded is input to a categorizor 43, which examines and categorizes the call that is to be forwarded. Then, a determiner 45 receives from categorizor 43 a signal 46 indicative of the category of the call. The determiner also receives from VLR an input 41 indicative of any forwarding calls which are barred and thus will not be forwarded from the mobile subscriber unit MSH. If the determiner 45 determines that the call category as output from categorizor 43 corresponds to the information from VLR regarding the category of calls to be barred, then the output signal 47 from determiner 45 maintains switch 49 in the open position, so that the call is not forwarded to the destination (e.g. 15 of FIGURE 1). However, if the determiner 45 determines that the category of the call to be forwarded does not fall within the barred call category information received from VLR, then the output 47 of determiner 45 closes switch 49 to permit the call to be forwarded from the MSC to the destination 15 via the communication path 17 of FIGURE 1.
For example, if the output 46 of categorizor 43 indicates that the call at 40 is an international forwarding call directed to the mobile subscriber's HPLMN
country, and if the barred call category information 41 from VLR indicates that all international forwarding calls except those directed to the mobile subscriber's HPLMN
country are to be barred, then the determiner 45 will close the switch 49 to pennit forwarding of the call. On the other hand, using the same call to be forwarded and thus the same output 46 from the categorizor 43, but assuming that the information 41 from VLR
indicates that all international forwarding calls are barred, then the determiner 43 will maintain the switch 49 open to prevent the call from being forwarded.
Information about the HPLMN and HPLMN country of MSH is provided by VLR to categorizor 43 at input 44. VLR receives the HPLMN and HPLMN country information from HLR in the MAP "Insert Subscriber Data" message.
FIGURE 5 illustrates an example of the ODB control operations implemented by the example HLR portion of FIGURE 3. In FIGURE 5, it is first determined at whether a MAP "Location Update" message has been received from an MSCIVLR, for example in the VPLMN of FIGURE 1. If so, it is then determined at 53 whether or not the mobile subscriber associated with the Location Update message has subscribed to an ODB. If not, then the database 23 of FIGLTRE 2 will yield a null value to be applied to the bar area input of detector 33 in FIGURE 3. (For example, if the mobile subscriber has not subscribed to an ODB, then that mobile subscriber would not have a corresponding entry in the database 23, resulting in the null input to detector 33). This null value at the bar area input of detector 33 will cause the detector output 35 to select the null value at multiplexer 37, which step is illustrated at 55 in FIGURE 5. Thereafter, at 57 the HLR sends a MAP Insert Subscriber Data message to the MSC/VLR via the MAP signaling link of FIGURE 1. Information from this Insert Subscriber Data message, including the null value from multiplexer 37, will be stored in the VLR, and the null value will be provided at 41 to the determiner 45 (see FIGURE 4). This null value indicates to the determiner that no ODBs are in effect for the mobile subscriber, so that all calls can be forwarded (or deflected) through the switch 49, regardless of the output 46 from the categorizor.
If at 53 the HLR determines that the mobile subscriber does subscribe to an ODB, then at 59 the detector 33 of FIGURE 3 determines whether or not the mobile subscriber is located in an effective bar area. The MS location input to the detector 33 is of course received in the MAP "Location Update" message (see 51). If at 59 the detector 33 determines that the mobile subscriber is not located in the bar area, then the null value is selected at 55 to be output from the multiplexer 37 of FIGURE 3, as described above. If at 59 the detector 33 determines that the mobile subscriber is located in the associated bar area, then at 58 the control signal 35 of FIGURE
3 causes the multiplexer 37 to select the barred calls information. Thereafter, the Insert Subscriber Data message is sent over the MAP link (see FIGURE 1), and the barred calls information is stored in the VLR of the VPLMN.
In FIGURE 5 if no "Location Update" message is received at 51, it is determined at 52 whether an ODB subscription request has been received. Such a subscription request is typically done by the operator using the conventional operation and maintenance system. If so, then the ODB subscription is activated at 54, for example, by inserting into the database 23 of FIGURE 2 an entry identifying the mobile station, the bar area and the barred calls. Thereafter, the same steps (53, 55, 57, 58 and 59) are executed as described above with respect to the receipt of a "Location Update" message at 51. Thus, when a mobile subscriber that already subscribes to call forwarding (or deflecting) requests an ODB subscription at 52, if that mobile subscriber is in the bar area corresponding to the ODB being subscribed to (see 59), then the barred calls information from the database of FIGURE 2 will be transmitted in an Insert Subscriber Data message to the MSCNLR currently visited by that mobile.subscriber (see 57 and 58).
FIGURE 8 illustrates another example portion 81 of the HLR of FIGURE 1 according to another embodiment of the invention. The portion 81 implements the ODB functionality of the present invention without requiring any modifications to the conventional MSC/VLR design. Because the mobile station's call forwarding subscription is conventionally recorded in HLR, the forwarding destination number ' is already conventionally stored in HLR. Thus, the determiner 83 of FIGURE 8 examines the mobile station location information (from the "Location Update"
request), the bar area information (from FIGURE 2), the barred calls information (from FIGURE 2), and the known forwarding destination information, and determines therefrom whether the mobile station is in a barred area and whether a forwarding call to the forwarding destination falls in the barred calls category. The determiner output 85 then selects at multiplexer 87 either a null message or a bar message to be sent to MSCNLR in the "Insert Subscriber Data" message. Information about whether or not to inhibit call forwarding is conventionally included in the "Insert Subscriber Data"
message, for example, the so-called active quiescent state in GSM, so the ODB
of the invention can be implemented by suitably communicating the conventional active-quiescent state to a conventional MSCNLR design.
The example portion 81 of HLR illustrated in FIGURE 8 can alternatively be used to approve or deny a request to activate call forwarding services for a mobile subscriber that already subscribes to the ODB services of the invention. For example, if the HLR of FIGURE 1 receives a request (see CF request in FIGURE 8) from a mobile station (that already subscribes to the ODB service) to activate call forwarding services for that mobile station, then determiner 83 will determine whether or not the mobile station, for example MS1 of FIGURE 2, is in its associated bar area, in this example, area Al, and whether or not the barred calls category, in this example Callsl, includes a call to the forwarding destination. If the mobile station is in area Al (the location of the mobile station is known from the most recent Location Update Message) and the Callsl category includes calls to the forwarding destination, then the determiner output 85 will control multiplexer 89 (via the broken lines shown in FIGURE 8) such that the deny CF input of multiplexer 89 is coupled to the output thereof. Thus, the HLR determines that call forwarding should not be activated for a mobile station which is currently located in an effective bar area according to its own ODB subscription, and whose selected forwarding destination falls within the effective barred calls category of its own ODB subscription. On the other hand, if the determiner 83 does not detect that mobile station MS1 is in area Al, or does not determine that a call to the forwarding destination falls in the Callsl category, the determiner output 85 controls multiplexer 89 such that the activate call forwarding (ACT.CF) input of multiplexer 89 is coupled to the output thereof. In this manner, the HLR makes the decision of whether or not to activate call forwarding services for the particular mobile subscriber.
FIGURE 9 illustrates example operations of the HLR portion 81 of FIGURE
8. FIGURE 9 is the same as the example of FIGURE 5 up to decision block 59. At WO'99/67961 PCT/SE99/01127 block 59, if the MS is in the bar area, it is then determined at 56 whether a call to the forwarding destination is in the barred calls category. If so, then the bar message is selected at 50 (see 87 in FIGURE 8), and, if not, then the null message is selected at 55 (see 87 in FIGURE 8). After the message is selected at 50 or 55, the message is sent at 57 as in FIGURE 5.
FIGURE 6 illustrates an example of the operation of the HLR portion of FIGURE 8 to control activation of call forwarding (or deflecting) services. At 61, once a request to activate call forwarding is received, it is next determined at 63 whether the requesting mobile subscriber currently subscribes to an ODB. If not, the call forwarding services are activated conventionally at 65, after which the next request to activate call forwarding is awaited at 61. If it is determined at 63 that the requesting mobile subscriber does subscribe to an ODB, it is then determined at 67 whether or not the mobile subscriber is in the bar area associated with the ODB
subscription. If not, then the call forwarding services are activated at 65 as above (see 89 of FIGURE 8). If the requesting mobile subscriber is in the bar area associated with its own ODB subscription, it is then determined at 62 whether a call to the forwarding destination falls in the barred calls category. If so, then activation of call forwarding services is denied at 69 (see 89 of FIGURE 8). If a call to the destination number does not represent a barred call at 62, then call forwarding is activated at 65.
Thereafter, the next request for activation of call forwarding is awaited at 61.
FIGURE 7 illustrates an example of call forwarding (or deflecting) control operations performed by the MSCIVLR portion shown in FIGURE 4. It is first determined at 71 whether the MSC has received a call to be forwarded. If so, then at 73 the categorizor of FIGURE 4 categorizes the call, and at 75 the determiner of FIGURE 4 determines whether or not call forwarding is barred for that particular call.
If call forwarding is barred, then the call forwarding is denied at 77 by leaving the switch of FIGURE 4 in the open position. If call forwarding is not barred at 75, then at 79 call forwarding is enabled by closing the switch of FIGURE 4. During call forwarding operation, the switch 49 of FIGURE 4 remains closed until the forwarded call has been completed, whereupon the switch is reopened and remains so until call forwarding is next enabled. This control of the switch prevents any calls from being forwarded until it is adequately determined that no ODB is applicable to the candidate for forwarding. After the decision to enable or deny call forwarding has been made and the appropriate action taken at 75, 77, and 79, the next candidate for call forwarding is awaited at 71.
By using the location of the mobile subscriber as a trigger to bar call forwarding (or deflecting) without barring all outgoing calls, call forwarding costs for roaming subscribers can be controlled, and fraud can be avoided, without restricting all outgoing calls, or all international calls, and without unconditionally barring call forwarding. The location-triggered ODB can be advantageously implemented by suitably modifying one or more of the conventional HLR, VLR and MSC nodes as needed and, further advantageously, the conventional MAP signaling protocol can be used.
It will be clear to workers in the art that the embodiments of FIGURES 1-9 can be readily implemented, for example, in hardware, or software, or suitable combinations of hardware and software in a conventional HLR, a conventional MSC, and a conventional VLR.
Although exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been described above in detail, this does not limit the scope of the invention, which can be practiced in a variety of embodiments.
an input for receiving information indicative of a location of the wireless mobile communication station and for receiving information indicative of a call forwarding bar area; and a determiner coupled to said input, said determiner having an output responsive to said location information and said call forwarding bar area information for indicating that call forwarding from the wireless mobile communication station is barred, without indicating that other outgoing calls from the wireless mobile communication station are barred.
receiving information indicative of a location of the wireless mobile communication station;
receiving information indicative of a call forwarding bar area; and indicating, based on the location information and the call forwarding bar area information, that call forwarding from the wireless mobile communication station is barred, without indicating that other outgoing calls from the wireless mobile communication station are barred.
receiving information indicative of a location of the wireless mobile communication station;
receiving information indicative of a call deflecting bar area; and indicating, based on the location information and the call deflecting bar area information, that call deflecting from the wireless mobile communication station is barred, without indicating that other outgoing calls from the wireless mobile communication station are barred.
Priority Applications (3)
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|US09104758 US6091949A (en)||1998-06-25||1998-06-25||Location triggered barring of call forwarding|
|PCT/SE1999/001127 WO1999067961A1 (en)||1998-06-25||1999-06-22||Location triggered barring of call forwarding|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CA2335489A1 true CA2335489A1 (en)||1999-12-29|
|CA2335489C true CA2335489C (en)||2009-02-03|
Family Applications (1)
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|CA 2335489 Active CA2335489C (en)||1998-06-25||1999-06-22||Location triggered barring of call forwarding|
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|US6377807B1 (en)||Hierarchical message addressing scheme|
|US5920820A (en)||Combined home location register and service control point for a cellular telecommunications network|
|US7023855B2 (en)||Method and device for performing a packet data communication|
|US6496690B1 (en)||Prepaid subscriber service for packet-switched and circuit-switched radio telecommunications networks|
|US6138017A (en)||Cellular communications system|
|US6311055B1 (en)||System and method for providing restrictions on mobile-originated calls|
|US6377804B1 (en)||Mobile communication systems|
|US20050250493A1 (en)||Terminated call control for roaming cellular telephony|
|US6496689B1 (en)||Indication of charging information using the USSD mechanism|
|US6195543B1 (en)||Method and apparatus for providing advice of charge parameters for mobile radio telephone calls|
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|US20080125116A1 (en)||Method and system for providing roaming services to inbound roamers using visited network gateway location register|
|US5815808A (en)||Location based screening in a mobile telecommunications system|
|US6643511B1 (en)||Administration of regional subscription restriction in a network that includes a gateway location register|