CA2308747A1 - An integrated walk-through personnel scanner system for security portals - Google Patents

An integrated walk-through personnel scanner system for security portals Download PDF

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Publication number
CA2308747A1
CA2308747A1 CA 2308747 CA2308747A CA2308747A1 CA 2308747 A1 CA2308747 A1 CA 2308747A1 CA 2308747 CA2308747 CA 2308747 CA 2308747 A CA2308747 A CA 2308747A CA 2308747 A1 CA2308747 A1 CA 2308747A1
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
device
person
walk
scanner device
millimeter wave
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA 2308747
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Lawrence V. Haley
Govindanunny Thekkadath
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
IDS Intelligent Detection Systems Inc
Original Assignee
Ids Intelligent Detection Systems, Inc.
Lawrence V. Haley
Govindanunny Thekkadath
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US6268497P priority Critical
Priority to US60/062,684 priority
Application filed by Ids Intelligent Detection Systems, Inc., Lawrence V. Haley, Govindanunny Thekkadath filed Critical Ids Intelligent Detection Systems, Inc.
Priority to PCT/US1998/022272 priority patent/WO1999021148A1/en
Publication of CA2308747A1 publication Critical patent/CA2308747A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S13/00Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
    • G01S13/88Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for specific applications
    • G01S13/887Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for specific applications for detection of concealed objects, e.g. contraband or weapons
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05GSAFES OR STRONG-ROOMS FOR VALUABLES; BANK PROTECTION DEVICES; SAFETY TRANSACTION PARTITIONS
    • E05G5/00Bank protection devices
    • E05G5/003Entrance control
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS
    • G01V11/00Prospecting or detecting by methods combining techniques covered by two or more of main groups G01V1/00 - G01V9/00
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N2001/022Devices for withdrawing samples sampling for security purposes, e.g. contraband, warfare agents
    • G01N2001/024Devices for withdrawing samples sampling for security purposes, e.g. contraband, warfare agents passengers or luggage

Abstract

An integrated walk-through system (10) for detecting concealed or suspicious objects includes a portal (12) in which a person (8) may walk through without interruption; a device (15) responsive to a person's entry into the portal for generating a trigger signal to start a detection process; one or more of a dielectric scanner device (40), an x-ray scanner device (60), a metal detector device (20), a millimeter wave camera device (50a, ... 50d), and vapor collection and analysis device (30), or a combination thereof, for performing respective detection processes in response to receipt of the trigger signal, each dielectric scanner device, x-ray scanner device, metal detector device, millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device generating corresponding output signals (21, 31, 41, 51a, ... 51d, 61); and, a computing device (80) for receiving the output signals from each dielectric scanner device, an x-ray scanner device, a metal detector device, a millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device, and generating an alarm signal (85) indicating detection of a target object carried by the person.

Description

The following patent application is based on and claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/062,684 filed October 22, 1997.
FIELD OF TH.F INVENTION
The present invention relates generally to walk-though scanning systems such as found in airport check-in, or other high-risk security areas, and more particularly, to a novel scanning system implementing a combination of different detection technologies, each optimized for the detection of certain types of concealed or suspicious objects or features.
Portals for screening people carrying metallic objects or explosives exist in several forms. They, in general, are classified as walk-in systems which require that the person stand still at a designated spot for at least a few seconds while being scanned; and, walk-through systems, where the person walks through a portal, e.g., metal detection portals as seen in airports. The walk-in systems are inconvenient in that the person has to stand still at a designated spot which slows down the throughput in the system. The person additionally becomes aware of the security scan, which may not be desirable in certain circumstances. Some of the walk-in systems available in the market are: SecurScan~ portal system by Thermedics Inc., MA, USA, which is used for the collection of explosive vapors, and, the Secure 1000~ by Nicolet Imaging Systems, USA which is used for detecting concealed objects on persons using X-rays.
Walk-through portals exist for different types of scanning, the most popular being the metal detection portals as seen in airports. Issued U.S.
Patent No. 4,987,767 designed and developed by CPAD
Technologies Inc. (Nepean, Canada) describes a walk-through portal for collecting and analyzing explosive vapors from concealed objects on people. Ion Track Instruments Inc. (Mass., USA) has developed the ITI
85 Scanner utilizing an air curtain principle for transporting explosives vapors onto a collector for analysis. Detection of concealed objects is done using X-ray scanning in the scanner developed by Nicolet Imaging Systems, USA. The SecurScan~ portal system made by Thermedics Inc. has been modified to a walk-through system with brushes for removing traces of explosives from people's clothing which are then processed and analyzed using a gas chromatographic column and a chemiluminescent detector.
Each of the above described systems rely on a single method to detect concealed objects like metal or plastic guns, explosives or other suspicious items. However, it would be much more desirable to provide a walk-through portal integrating more than one of the above technologies in order to create a synergistic detection system.
SUMMARY OF THE INVE1,~'ION
It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel walk-though screening and detection system employing an integrated multi-dimensional detection and analysis system.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a novel walk-though screening and detection system employing an integrated multi-dimensional detection and analysis system including one or more of a metal detector, a vapor analyzer, a dielectric strength scanner, a set of set of active and/or passive millimeter wave cameras, and, an X-ray scanner, or a combination thereof.
According to the principles of the invention there is provided an integrated walk-though system for detecting concealed or suspicious objects comprising:
a portal in which a person may walk through without interruption; a device responsive to a person's entry into the portal for generating a trigger signal to start a detection process; one or more of a dielectric scanner device, an x-ray scanner device, a metal detector device, a millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device, or a combination thereof, for performing respective detection processes in response to receipt of the trigger signal, each dielectric scanner device, x-ray scanner device, metal detector device, millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device generating corresponding output signals; and, a computing device for receiving the output signals from each dielectric scanner device, an x-ray scanner device, a metal detector device, a millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device and generating a signal indicating detection of a target object carried by the person.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Further features and advantages of the invention will become more readily apparent from a consideration of the following detailed description set forth with reference to the accompanying drawing, which specifies a preferred embodiment of the invention, in which:
Figure 1 illustrates the integrated walk-through personnel scanner system of the invention .
DETAILED DESORIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Figure 1 is schematic diagram depicting the main components of the integrated walkthrough personnel scanner system 10 of the invention. As shown in Figure 1, the system consists of a walk-through portal 12. Preferably, the portal may be disguised as part of an archway or corridor when it is necessary to conceal the scanning process. As a person 8 walks into the portal 12 a proximity sensor 25, for example, one consisting of an infra-red transmitter 15a and detector 15b, is triggered which generates a signal to start the detection and analysis processes of the various detectors in the integrated walk-through scanner system 10.
Preferably, there are at least two different kinds of detectors providing in the, integrated walk-through system. However, in the embodiment as shown in Figure 1, there are five different types of detection systems including: a metal detector 20 for generating a signal 21 in proportion to the amount of metal carried by the person 8 and generates an alarm when the signal exceeds a preset threshold; a vapor analyzer 30 for sampling the circulating air in the portal 12 for explosive vapor and particulate which are carried by the air stream from any concealed explosives, and generates a signal 31 if any previously calibrated explosives are present in the _5_ sample and an alarm signal if the magnitude of the signal exceeds a preset threshold; a Dielectric Strength scanner 40 which detects abnormal changes in the dielectric constant of an object it scans and accordingly generates a signal 41 representing this change, in addition to generating an alarm if the changes are significant enough as determined by a previously set signal strength; a set of active or passive millimeter wave cameras 50a,..,50d which scan the person 8 as he/she walks through the portal 12 and generates respective images 51a,..,51d of the person from all angles, which may then be analyzed using pattern recognition techniques to yield an alarm if any suspicious pattern is discovered; and, an X-ray scanner 60 which uses low level X-ray radiation to scan the person for any suspicious concealed objects as he/she walks through the portal and creates a set of images 61 which are then analyzed using pattern recognition techniques to yield an alarm if any suspicious pattern is discovered.
The analysis of mufti-state output signals 21, 31, 41, 51a,..,51d, and 61 and the decision to generate an overall alarm is carried out by computer software executing on computer system 80 with or without expert human assistance. For instance, the different outputs are processed to form a matrix comprising all possible combinations from which a final alarm determination may be made. Preferably, a neural network or AI device implementing fuzzy logic may be employed for processing the mufti-state signals and generating an alarm signal 85. It should be understood that the level of security alert and the level of tolerance of false alarm rates determines the type of analysis performed by the software and the alarm 85 to be generated.
The data results from the different detectors are processed in such a way as to readily arrive at conclusions about the people and the objects they carry as they walk through the portal.
The foregoing merely illustrates the principles of the present invention. Those skilled in the art will be able to devise various modifications, which although not explicitly described or shown herein, embody the principles of the invention and are thus within its spirit and scope.

Claims (2)

1. An integrated walk-though system for detecting concealed or suspicious objects comprising:
a portal in which a person may walk through without interruption;
means responsive to a person's entry into said portal for generating a trigger signal to start a detection process;
one or more of a dielectric scanner device, an x-ray scanner device, a metal detector device, a millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device, or a combination thereof, for performing respective detection processes in response to receipt of said trigger signal, each said dielectric scanner device, x-ray scanner device, metal detector device, millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device generating corresponding output signals; and, means for receiving said output signals from each said dielectric scanner device, an x-ray scanner device, a metal detector device, a millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device and generating a signal indicating detection of a target object carried by said person.
2. A method for detecting concealed or suspicious objects comprising:
enabling entry of a person through a walk-through portal apparatus having one or more of a dielectric scanner device, an x-ray scanner device, a metal detector device, a millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device, or a combination thereof, for performing respective detection processes;
generating a trigger signal to start each respective detection process;
receiving said output signals from each said dielectric scanner device, an x-ray scanner device, a metal detector device, a millimeter wave camera device, and vapor collection and analysis device; and, generating a signal indicating detection of a target object carried by said person.
CA 2308747 1997-10-22 1998-10-21 An integrated walk-through personnel scanner system for security portals Abandoned CA2308747A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US6268497P true 1997-10-22 1997-10-22
US60/062,684 1997-10-22
PCT/US1998/022272 WO1999021148A1 (en) 1997-10-22 1998-10-21 An integrated walk-through personnel scanner system for security portals

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2308747A1 true CA2308747A1 (en) 1999-04-29

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 2308747 Abandoned CA2308747A1 (en) 1997-10-22 1998-10-21 An integrated walk-through personnel scanner system for security portals

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1025554A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2001521157A (en)
CA (1) CA2308747A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999021148A1 (en)

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Publication number Publication date
EP1025554A1 (en) 2000-08-09
JP2001521157A (en) 2001-11-06
WO1999021148A1 (en) 1999-04-29

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