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CA2242836A1 - Oil filtration apparatus - Google Patents

Oil filtration apparatus

Info

Publication number
CA2242836A1
CA2242836A1 CA002242836A CA2242836A CA2242836A1 CA 2242836 A1 CA2242836 A1 CA 2242836A1 CA 002242836 A CA002242836 A CA 002242836A CA 2242836 A CA2242836 A CA 2242836A CA 2242836 A1 CA2242836 A1 CA 2242836A1
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
end
oil
flow path
flow
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA002242836A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Gerald Merchant
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Merch Performance Inc
Original Assignee
Gerald Merchant
Merch Performance Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gerald Merchant, Merch Performance Inc. filed Critical Gerald Merchant
Priority to CA002242836A priority Critical patent/CA2242836A1/en
Publication of CA2242836A1 publication Critical patent/CA2242836A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Other filtering devices; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/14Safety devices specially adapted for filtration; Devices for indicating clogging
    • B01D35/147Bypass or safety valves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Other filtering devices; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/18Heating or cooling the filters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S165/00Heat exchange
    • Y10S165/916Oil cooler

Abstract

An oil filtration apparatus includes external vanes with associated flow passages. Oil entering a housing passes through the flow passages with a heat exchange occurring between hot oil passing along the flow passages and cool air passing by the external vanes. Oil exiting an outlet end of the flow passages passes through a filter to reach an outlet of the housing. In a preferred embodiment, two alternative flow paths are provided. A first flow path provides only filtration. A second flow path provides both cooling and filtration. A valve is provided to allow a selection to be made between the first flow path and the second flow path.

Description

TITLE OF THE INVENTION:
oil filtration apparatus NAMES) OF INVENTOR(S):
Gerald Merchant FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to an oil filtration apparatus.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
All motor vehicles are equipped with some form of oil filtration apparatus. These oil filtration apparatus generally have a flow path with an inlet end an outlet end. A filter medium is disposed between the inlet end and the outlet end.
All oil that passes from the inlet end to the outlet end of the oil filtration apparatus must pass through the filter medium.
When oil is exposed to high temperatures it begins tc break down and loses its lubricating properties. It is, therefore, desirable in high performance applications to cool as well as filter the oil.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
What is required is an oil filtration apparatus that is capable of cooling, as well as filtering, oil.
According to the present invention there is provided an oil filtration apparatus which includes a housing having a first end and a second end. A plurality of external vanes extend between the first end and the second end. The external vanes have associated flow passages having an inlet end at one of the first end and the second end of the housing and an outlet end at the other of the first end and the second end of the housing. An inlet flow passage for the entry of oil into the housing communicates with the inlet end of the flow passages in the external vanes. All oil entering the housing passes through the flow passages associated with the external vanes with a heat exchange occurring between hot oil passing along the flow passages and cool air passing by the external vanes. A filter retaining cavity is positioned in the flow path of oil exiting the outlet end of the flow passages. All oil exiting the outlet end of the flow passages must pass through a filter positioned within the filter retaining cavity.
An outlet flow passage communicates with the central filter retaining cavity, whereby oil exits the housing.
With the oil filtration apparatus, the oil is cooled by passing along the flow passages associated with the external vanes.
Although beneficial results may be obtained through the use of the oil filtration apparatus, as defined above, when the engine is cold or in cold weather conditions the cooling of the oil is no longer desirable. Even more beneficial results may, therefore, be obtained when the flow passages associated with the external vanes provide a second flow path and a first flow path is provided that communicates directly with the filter retaining cavity. Valve means are provided to enable a selection to be made between the first flow path and the second flow path.
With the provision of a valve, as described above, the oil filtration apparatus can be adapted to suit any operating conditions merely by selecting between the first flow path and the second flow path.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
These and other features of the invention will become more apparent from the following description in which reference is made to the appended drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation view, in section, of an oil filtration apparatus constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of a housing for the oil filtration apparatus illustrated in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is a magnified cross-sectional view of housing for the oil filtration apparatus illustrated in FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 4 is an end elevation view, in section, of the oil filtration apparatus illustrated in FIGURE 1 with associated valve.
FIGURE 5 is simplified perspective view, in section, of the oil filtration apparatus illustrated in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 6 is a side elevation view, in section, of the oil filtration apparatus illustrated in FIGURE 1, showing a first flow path.
FIGURE 7 is a side elevation view, in section, of the oil filtration apparatus illustrated in FIGURE 1, showing a second flow path.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
The preferred embodiment, an oil filtration apparatus generally identified by reference numeral 10, will now be described with reference to FIGURES 1 through 7.
Referring to FIGURE 1, oil filtration apparatus 10 includes a housing 12 having an inlet 14, an outlet 16, and a central filter retaining cavity 18 in which is positioned a stainless steel mesh filter 20. Housing 12 has a first end 22 and a second end 24. Referring to FIGURE 2, a plurality of external vanes 26 extend between first end 22 and second end 24. Referring to FIGURE 3, each of external vanes 26 has an associated flow passage 28. Referring to FIGURE 7, each flow passage 28 has an inlet end 30 at second end 24 of housing 12 and an outlet end 32 at first end 22 of housing 12. Outlet end 32 of each of flow passages 28 communicates with central filter retaining cavity 18. Referring to FIGURE 1, inlet 14 is in communication with a rotatable valve cap 34 which allows a selection to be made between a first flow path, as is indicated by arrows 36 in FIGURE 6 and a second flow path, as is indicated by arrows 38 in FIGURE 7. Referring to FIGURE 5, in addition to flow passages 28, housing 12 has slots 40 that communicate with central filter retaining cavity 18. Referring to FIGURE 4, rotatable valve cap 34 has peripheral passages 42 and central passages 44. In a first rotational position, peripheral passages 42 are out of register with flow passages 28. When peripheral passages 42 are out of register with flow passages 28, central passages 44 are in register with slots 40.
This means that peripheral passages 42 are substantially blocked and substantially all oil flow entering valve cap 34 must pass through central passages 44 into central filter retaining cavity 18. Conversely, in a second rotational position, peripheral passages 42 are in register with flow passages 28. When peripheral passages 42 are in register with flow passages 28, central passages 44 are out of register with slots 40. This means that central passages 44 are substantially blocked and substantially all oil flow entering valve cap 34 must pass through peripheral passages 42 into flow passages 28. Referring to FIGURE 6, the first flow path permits oil entering valve cap 34 to pass through slots 40 and communicate directly with filter retaining cavity 18. Oil following the first flow path through slots 40 must pass through stainless steel mesh filter 20 positioned within filter retaining cavity 18 in order to reach outlet 16. Referring to FIGURE 7, the second flow path directs oil to inlet end 30 of flow passages 28 associated with external vanes 26.
Referring to FIGURE 3, oil following the second flow path passes through flow passages 28 with a heat exchange occurring between hot oil passing along flow passages 28 and cool air passing by external vanes 26. Referring to FIGURE 7, oil exiting outlet end 32 of flow passages 28 enters filter retaining cavity 18 and must pass through stainless steel mesh filter 20 in order to reach outlet 16.
It is important that the rotation of valve cap to make a selection of either the first flow path or the second flow path, make no difference in the pressure within oil filtration apparatus 10. Care must be taken in sizing the flow paths to make them substantially equal in terms of the flow rate they are capable of managing. In any oil filtration apparatus care must be taken to ensure that its capacity is suitable to the 5 engine, so that a back pressure is not created.
It will be apparent to one skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the illustrated embodiment without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as hereinafter defined in the Claims.

Claims (3)

1. An oil filtration apparatus, comprising:
a housing having a first end, a second end, a plurality of external vanes that extend between the first end and the second end with associated flow passages having an inlet end at one of the first end and the second end of the housing and an outlet end at another of the first end and the second end of the housing;
an inlet flow passage for the entry of oil into the housing communicating with the inlet end of the flow passages in the external vanes, such that all oil entering the housing passes through the flow passages associated with the external vanes with a heat exchange occurring between hot oil passing along the flow passages and cool air passing by the external vanes;
a filter retaining cavity positioned in the flow path of oil exiting the outlet end of the flow passages, such that all oil exiting the outlet end of the flow passages must pass through a filter positioned within the filter retaining cavity;
an outlet flow passage communicating with the central filter retaining cavity, whereby oil exits the housing.
2. The oil filtration apparatus as defined in Claim 1, wherein the flow passages associated with the external vanes provide a second flow path, a first flow path being provided that communicates directly with the filter retaining cavity, and valve means are provided to enable a selection to be made between the first flow path and the second flow path.
3. An oil filtration apparatus, comprising:
a housing having an inlet, an outlet, a central filter retaining cavity, a first end, a second end, a plurality of external vanes that extend between the first end and the second end, each of the external vanes having an associated flow passage with an inlet end at one of the first end and the second end of the housing and an outlet end at the other of the first end and the second end of the housing, the outlet end of the flow passages communicating with the central filter retaining cavity;
the inlet being in communication with valve means providing a selection between a first flow path and a second flow path;
the first flow path communicating directly with the filter retaining cavity, such that all oil following the first flow path must pass through a filter positioned within the filter retaining cavity in order to reach the outlet; and the second flow path communicating with the inlet end of the flow passages associated with the external vanes, such that oil following the second flow path passes through the flow passages with a heat exchange occurring between hot oil passing along the flow passages and cool air passing by the external vanes, the oil exiting the outlet end of the flow passages entering the filter retaining cavity, such that all oil passing through the second flow path must pass through the filter positioned within the filter retaining cavity in order to reach the outlet.
CA002242836A 1998-07-10 1998-07-10 Oil filtration apparatus Abandoned CA2242836A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA002242836A CA2242836A1 (en) 1998-07-10 1998-07-10 Oil filtration apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA002242836A CA2242836A1 (en) 1998-07-10 1998-07-10 Oil filtration apparatus
US09/350,781 US6261448B1 (en) 1998-07-10 1999-07-09 Oil filtration and heat exchange apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2242836A1 true CA2242836A1 (en) 2000-01-10

Family

ID=4162640

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA002242836A Abandoned CA2242836A1 (en) 1998-07-10 1998-07-10 Oil filtration apparatus

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US6261448B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2242836A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6502630B1 (en) * 2001-12-03 2003-01-07 Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. Combined hydraulic fluid cooler/tank
US6811686B1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2004-11-02 Tony Sorce Apparatus for filtering and cooling motorcycle engine oil
US6913040B2 (en) * 2003-03-24 2005-07-05 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Hydraulic fluid reservoir
US7479219B2 (en) * 2004-08-05 2009-01-20 Guenther Rassinger Filter device for fluids and method for filtering fluids
US7992667B2 (en) * 2006-08-08 2011-08-09 David Wayne Rennie Oil cooling and filtering system, kit and apparatus
FR2907688B1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2009-05-08 Renault Sas Filter device for cooling a fluid filtration and new application of a filter media
US20080128345A1 (en) * 2006-11-30 2008-06-05 Sotiriades Aleko D Unified Oil Filter and Cooler
US8911620B2 (en) * 2010-11-29 2014-12-16 Vesa S. Silegren Universal spin-on oil filter adapter
US9157399B2 (en) * 2011-05-05 2015-10-13 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Fuel filter adapter
DE102012202044A1 (en) * 2012-02-10 2013-08-14 Mahle International Gmbh valve means

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1901484A (en) * 1926-01-27 1933-03-14 Charles A Winslow Oil filter
US2468866A (en) * 1945-09-21 1949-05-03 William S Collier Oil filter and cooler
US3887467A (en) * 1973-10-01 1975-06-03 Andrew L Johnson Oil cooler and filter container for engine
FR2706993B1 (en) * 1993-06-23 1995-08-18 Valeo Thermique Moteur Sa
DE4322894A1 (en) * 1993-07-09 1995-01-12 Mann & Hummel Filter liquid filters
US5740772A (en) * 1996-10-18 1998-04-21 Midwest Instrument Co., Inc. Oil filter cooler

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US6261448B1 (en) 2001-07-17

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