CA2217335A1 - Anti-creep device - Google Patents

Anti-creep device

Info

Publication number
CA2217335A1
CA2217335A1 CA002217335A CA2217335A CA2217335A1 CA 2217335 A1 CA2217335 A1 CA 2217335A1 CA 002217335 A CA002217335 A CA 002217335A CA 2217335 A CA2217335 A CA 2217335A CA 2217335 A1 CA2217335 A1 CA 2217335A1
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
creep
trailer
actuator
support column
pivotally
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA002217335A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
John M. Douglass
William C. Pierce
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NAI Neway Inc
Original Assignee
John M. Douglass
William C. Pierce
Nai Neway, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by John M. Douglass, William C. Pierce, Nai Neway, Inc. filed Critical John M. Douglass
Priority to PCT/US1995/005313 priority Critical patent/WO1996033894A1/en
Priority to CA002217335A priority patent/CA2217335A1/en
Publication of CA2217335A1 publication Critical patent/CA2217335A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S9/00Ground-engaging vehicle fittings for supporting, lifting, or manoeuvring the vehicle, wholly or in part, e.g. built-in jacks
    • B60S9/02Ground-engaging vehicle fittings for supporting, lifting, or manoeuvring the vehicle, wholly or in part, e.g. built-in jacks for only lifting or supporting
    • B60S9/04Ground-engaging vehicle fittings for supporting, lifting, or manoeuvring the vehicle, wholly or in part, e.g. built-in jacks for only lifting or supporting mechanically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G17/00Resilient suspensions having means for adjusting the spring or vibration-damper characteristics, for regulating the distance between a supporting surface and a sprung part of vehicle or for locking suspension during use to meet varying vehicular or surface conditions, e.g. due to speed or load
    • B60G17/005Suspension locking arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S9/00Ground-engaging vehicle fittings for supporting, lifting, or manoeuvring the vehicle, wholly or in part, e.g. built-in jacks
    • B60S9/02Ground-engaging vehicle fittings for supporting, lifting, or manoeuvring the vehicle, wholly or in part, e.g. built-in jacks for only lifting or supporting
    • B60S9/10Ground-engaging vehicle fittings for supporting, lifting, or manoeuvring the vehicle, wholly or in part, e.g. built-in jacks for only lifting or supporting by fluid pressure

Abstract

A device (12) for keeping the chassis height of a trailer constant comprises a rotatable member (60) mounted to the trailer frame (14, 50) and adapted to be movable between a retracted position and an extended position. In the retracted position, the axle (16) and wheel (18) of the trailer are free to move within the limits of the suspension. In the extended position, the rotatable member (60) limits the relative movement between the trailer frame (14) and the suspension to limit creep of the trailer.

Description

CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W O 96/33894 PCTrUS95/05313 DEVICE FOR MAINTAINING THE HEIGHT OF A VEHICLE CHASSIS
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Field of the Invention , The invention relates to an anti-creep device for use in stabilizing a 5 trailer to retard the forward and dowllw~rd movement of the trailer upon lo~-ling, loss of air spring pressure or other events c~ ing a change in axle toframe relationship, and more specifically to a device for limi~ing the relative dowllw~rd movement of the vehicle frame with respect to the axle of the trailer suspension during loading or other "stationary" times to limit the creep of the 10 trailer from a lo~-ling dock or parked position.

DescriPtion of the Prior Art In the loading of a trailer, the trailer is typically backed up against a dock by the tractor. The operator then lowers the front dolly legs on the trailer until they touch the ground and removes the tractor. In storage situations the tractor15 may or may not be connected to the trailer. Many trailers have trailing arm suspensions with air springs to control the relative position of the frame with respect to an axle and also to cushion the relative movement of the axle toward the frame due to bumps in the road. Although the air spring is pressurized by the tractor's air co~ ressor during transport and stationary times, the air 20 colll~ressor is normally off during loading operation.
As the trailer is loaded, the force from the weight of the goods loaded into the trailer and the loading equipment, such as a forklift or a handcar, lowers the rear portion of the frame rail with respect to the axle. Because the colll~ressor is off during the loading operation, the air pressure in the air spring 25 is not adjusted to compensate for the increased load. While the rear portion of the trailer frame moves downwardly, the front portion of the trailer frame is subst~n~i~lly fixed at the height of the dolly and the trailer frame effectivelyrotates about the contact point of the dolly with the ground. The downward movement of the rear portion of the trailer frame results in the pivotable 30 movement of the pivotal connection between the trailer frame and the trailingarm. This pivotable movement results in the slight rotation of the trailing arm CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W O96/338g4 PCTrUS95105313 wheel to move the trailer forward away from the dock. In other words, the trailer tends to move away from the loading dock. This movement is referred to as "creep." Creep of the trailer can create hazards for loading of the trailers.U.S. Patent No. 5,333,645, issued August 2, 1994, discloses an apparatus 5 for overcol~ g this problem by providing a dump valve to exhaust air from the air spring when the trailer door is opened. The trailer thus bottoms out on the suspension before loading begins and cannot creep away from the dock.
Whereas this system has worked well to prc~vell~ creep, not all vehicles are equipped with this system, or cannot use such a system. Also, when some air 10 suspensions are lowered to their lowest position, the trailer floor is much lower than the dock, which prevents safe entry with the loading equipment.
Therefore, there is a significant need to reduce or elimin~te creep associated with a trailer during loading. The anti-creep solution must also be simple, reliable and inexpensive if it is to be commercially viable. Further, the 15 anti-creep solution must also not interfere with the normal function of the trailing arm suspension during normal operation thereof.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION
The invention relates to an anti-creep device that solves the creep problem associated with trailers during loading by movably mounting a column 20 to the trailer for movement between a retracted position and an extended position. When the column is in the retracted position, the trailer is free to move vertically on the suspension without interference from the column. In the eYten~le-l position, the column substantially prevents the relative movement of the trailer with respect to the suspension to substantially elimin~tç the creep of 25 the trailer during loading. Advantageously, the invention is not dependent on a particular type of vehicle suspension.
The support column is preferably adapted to be mounted to an underride guard of the trailer and is movable between the retracted position and the extended position by an actuator assembly adapted to be mounted to the trailer.
30 The actuator assembly is connected to the support column by a linkage assembly having a first portion connected to the support column and a second portion operatively connected to the actuator, whereby when the anti-creep device is CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 mounted to the underride guard of a trailer, and upon z~rh-zltinn of the ~ct~l~tor, the support column will be moved to the extended position thereby to ...i..i...i,e the creep of a trailer due to changes in load while stationary.
The support column is preferably adapted to mount to a cross bar of the 5 underride guard. A wheel can be mounted to a second end of the support column and is adapted to contact the ground when the support column is in the eYttonded position.
The actuator assembly preferably comprises an air-operated actuator with a housing adapted to be pivotally mounted to the trailer and an arm extending 10 from the housing for reciprocal movement with respect thereto. The arm is mounted to the support column whereby the reciprocal movement of the arm moves the support column between the extended and retracted positions.
The linkage can comprise first and second links with the first link having one end adapted to be pivotally mounted to the trailer and a second end lS mounted to a first end of the second link. The second link has a second end, which is pivotally mounted to the support column to thereby connect the ~ctll~tor to the support column. The first and second links can be a bar and/or a cable.
In one embodiment of the invention, the support column comprises a 20 tube with one end adapted to mount to the trailer and a leg that is movably mounted within the tube for reciprocal movement therewiLh in response to the actuator assembly, whereby the actuator assembly moves the leg between a first position in which it is substantially within the tube to retract the support column and a second position in which the leg projects from the tube to move the 25 support column to the eYtencled position. The support column can further comprise a ratchet for locking the position of the leg with respect to the tube.The ratchet comprises a plurality of teeth formed in the leg and a pawl pivotally mounted to the tube and adapted to engage the teeth.
In another embodiment of the invention, the support column comprises a 30 first tube having one end adapted to be pivotally mounted to the vehicle and another end, which is at least partially closed by a first plate having a first aperture. The support column further comprises a second tube having one end abutting the first plate and being at least partially closed by a second plate CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W 096/33894 PCTrUS95/05313 having a second aperture. A spring extends through the first and second apertures of the tubes to elastically connect the tubes. The spring can have a positioning pin, which is positioned in the first and second apertures when the first plate is abutting and flush with the second plate.
In another embo-liment the invention relates to a trailer vehicle having an underride guard and an anti-creep device mounted to the underride guard.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The invention will now be described with reference to the drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of an anti-creep device according to the invention in a raised position and mounted to a vehicle having a trailing arm suspension;
FIG. 2 illustrates the anti-creep device of FIG. 1 in a lowered position;
FIG. 3 illustrates an alternative mounting for the anti-creep device of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 iS a side elevational view of a second embodiment of an anti-creep device according to the invention in a raised position and mounted to a vehicle with a trailing arm suspension;
F~G. S illustrates the anti-creep device of FIG. 4 in a lowered position;
F~G. 6 is a side elevational view of a third embodiment of the anti-creep device according to the invention in a lowered position and attached to a vehicle with a trailing arm suspension;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a portion of the anti-creep device of FIG 6;
and FIG. 8 illustrates the third embodiment of the anti-creep device accol.lhlg to the invention with an alternative spring construction.

DESCRIPI~ION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
FIG. 1 illustrates a trailing arm suspension 10 in combination with an anti-creep device 12 according to the invention. The trailing arm suspension 10 is mounted to a longitudinal frame 14 of a trailer frame and supports an axle 16to which wheels 18 are mounted on opposite ends of the axle 16. In a typical CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 S

trailer application, two trailing arms are used to mount the axle 16 to the frame 14. The trailing arms are mounted on opposite sides of the frame rail and support opposing ends of the axle 16. Only one of the trailing arms will be described in detail.
The trailing arm suspension 10 comprises a hanger bracket 22 fixedly mounted to the frame 14 and to which is rotatably mounted a trailing arm 24 by means of a bushed connection 26 at the forward end of the trailing arm 24. The rearward end of the trailing arm 24 mounts at a lower end thereof an air spring 30, which is connected to the frame 14 at its upper end. The air spring 30 resiliently resists u~w~ld movement of the trailing arm 24 with respect to the frame and comprises an air bag 32 mounted to the frame 14 by a mounting plate 36 and a piston 34 mounted to a platform 38 on the trailing edge of the trailing arm 24. As the trailing arm 24 rotates, the piston 34 is urged into theair bag 32 to resiliently retard movement of the trailing arm 24 toward the frame 14.
'Referring to FIGS. 1-3, positioned longit~ n~lly behind the trailing arm suspension is an underride guard 50 comprising a pair of laterally spaced, vertically extending braces 52, each having one end mounted, preferably by welding, to a cross beam (not shown) of the vehicle frame. The other end of 20 each brace 52 mounts a hol;,o~ ly oriented and laterally extending cross bar 54, which is welded thereto. The underride guard 50 ~reve,lLs a vehicle following the trailer from driving underneath the frame 14 and cont~cting the wheels 18. The underride guard also is used in combination with restraining devices to link/lock a trailer to a loading dock.
As illustrated, a typical trailer with underride guard 50 requires two opposing anti-creep devices 12, each mounted near the braces 52. The anti-creep devices 12 are identical, except for their location and, thus, only one ofthe anti-creep devices 12 is described here in detail.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the anti-creep device 12 comprises a support column 60 whose upper end is pivotally mounted to the cross bar 54 by a pivot pin 62. Alternatively, the support column 60 can be mounted in any suitable manner, such as by a hinge. The lower end of the support column 60 pivotally CA 022l733S l997-l0-24 W O 96/33894 PCTrUS95105313 mounts a wheel 64, which is adjacent the ground when the support colllmn is in the lowered position as illustrated in FIG. 2.
The anti-creep device 12 further comprises an zlchl~tor assembly 70 for moving the support c~lnmn 60 between an ~Yten~ed position (FIG. 2) and a 5 retracted position (FIG. 1). The ~ct~l~tor assembly 70 includes an air operated ZICtll~tQr 72, which is secured to a mounting plate 74 through an L-shaped bracket 75, which in turn is fixedly mounted to the frame 14 by welding or othersuitable fasteners. The air-operated actuator 72 comprises a housing 76 connected to a pressurized air source (not shown) and from which t~x~en~l~ an 10 arm 78, which reciprocally moves with respect to the housing 76 in response to the application and exhaustion of pressurized air from the housing 76. A spring (not shown) is mounted within the housing 76 and biases the arm 78 to an extended position when the air is exhausted from the ~ct-l~tor 72. Therefore, when prçssllri7ed air is applied to the actuator 72, the pressurized air uvercollles the force of the spring and retracts the arm 78.
The actuator assembly 70 further comprises a linkage 80 having a first link 82 and a second link 84. The first link 82iS pivotally connected at one endto the mounting plate 74 and pivotally connected at the other end to one end of the second link 84. The other end of the second link 84 iS pivotally connected to the support column 60. The arm 78 of the air operated actuator 72 iS
pivotally connected to the first link 82 between the ends of the first link 82.
When the arm 78iS extended from the housing 76 by the exhaustion of pressurized air, the linkage 80iS rotated to move the support column 60 to the extended position as illustrated in FIG. 2. When the arm 78iS retracted into the housing 76 upon the application of pressurized air to the air-operated ~ctll~tQr 72, the linkage 80iS moved to retract the support column 60 to the retracted position as illustrated in FIG. 1. In the extended position, the wheel64 iS adjacent or in contact with the ground. If the wheel 64 iS not in cont~ct with the ground, as the trailer is loaded, the weight of the material being loaded 30 on the trailer will lower the frame 14 with respect to the ground, resulting in the contact of the wheel 64 on the ground. When the wheel 64 iS in contact with the ground, the frame 14 iS prevented from creeping downwardly.

CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W 096/33894 PCTrUS95/0~313 When the vehicle is completely loaded, the air system of the trailer is pressurized and initially fills the air spring 30 with pressurized air to raise the fr~me 14 with respect to the ground. Simlllt~neously, the air-operated actuator 72 receives pressurized air and the arm 78 is retracted to move the support 5 column 60 to the retracted position.
FIG. 3 illustrates an alternative mounting for the first embodiment of anti-creep device 12. The alternative mounting incorporates the same components as the anti-creep device 12. The only difference between the anti-creep device illustrated in FIGS. 1-2 and 3 is that the mounting plate 74 is 10 mounted perpendicularly with respect to the frame 14 instead of longihltlin~lly with respect to the frame 14. Thus, all the components of the anti-creep device 12 are rotated 90 degrees. The 90 degree rotation results in the support column 60 rotating in a plane parallel to the longitudinal access of the cross bar 54, in~te~d of a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal access of the cross bar 54 as 15 illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.
FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate a second embodiment 100 of the anti-creep device accordi"g to the invention. The second embodiment is shown mounted to a vehicle with an identical trailing arm suspension and underride guard as shown in the first embodiment. Therefore, like parts are identified by like 20 numerals. The second embodiment comprises a support column or ratcheting leg assembly 102 and an actuator assembly 104. The ratcheting leg assembly comprises a tube 106 having one end mounted to the frame 14 and the other end mounted to the cross bar 54. A pulley 108 is rotatably mounted within the hollow interior of the tube 106 and supports a line 110, which functions as a link 25 to connect the support column to the actuator assembly. A leg 112 is also positioned within the hollow interior of the tube 106. One end of the leg 112 issecured to the line 110 and the other end of the leg 112 pivotally mounts a wheel 114.
A ratchet is formed by a plurality of teeth 116 on one side of the leg 112 30 and an U-shaped pawl 120 pivotally mounted to the exterior of the tube 106 bya pivot pin 122. The pawl 120 comprises elongated portions 124 extending along the side of the tube 106. The lower end of the elongated portion 124 extends beyond the opened lower end of the tube 106. A flange 126 extends CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W O 96/3389~ PCTrUS95/05313 laterally between the elong~ted portions 124 and extends laterally a sufficient distance to engage the teeth 116 of the leg 112. An air cylinder 132 is pivotally mounted at one end to the exterior of the tube 106 and pivotally mounted at another end to the upper end of the elongated portion 124. The pawl 120 is 5 rotated by an air cylinder 132, which is connected to the vehicle's source of prçc~-lri7ed air (not shown).
The actuator assembly 104 comprises a mounting bracket 140 welded to the frame 14. A link 142 is pivotally mounted at one end to the mounting bracket 140. The line 110 is secured to the other end of the link 142. An air 10 cylinder 144 is pivotally mounted to the frame 14, at one end, and pivotally mounted to the linlc, at another end. The air cylinder 144, like the air cylinder 132, is fluidly connected to the vehicle pressurized air source (not shown).
In operation, when the air source of the vehicle is pressurized, such as during normal driving conditions, air cylinders 132 are retracted. As the air 15 cylinder 132 is retracted, the link 120 is pivoted away from the teeth 116 of the leg 112. The air cylinder 144 is extended to pivot the link 142 downwardly to lift and retain the leg 112 within the hollow interior of the tube 106 as is seen in FIG. 4.
When the vehicle is stopped and the trailer is backed against a loading 20 dock, the pressurized air source for the trailer is exhausted and the air cylinder 132 is extended and air cylinder 144 is retracted. Upon the retraction of the air ~ylinder 144, the link 142 is moved upwardly to lower the leg 112 from within the hollow interior of the tube 106. As the leg 112 is lowered, the pawl 120 is pivoted toward the leg 112 by the extension of the air cylinder 132. The flange 25 126 of the pawl 120 abuts the teeth 116 and rides along their surface. The leg 112 is free to move dowllw~dly as the flange 112 ratches with respect to the teeth 116. When the pressurized air source is exhausted, the loading of the trailer will cause the frame rail to move downwardly until the flange 126 abuts one of the teeth 116 to prevent further d(Jwllw~rd movement of the frame rail 30 and the subsequent creeping of the trailer away from the dock.
When the loading of the trailer is completed, the air system of the trailer is pressurized, the air spring is filled to lift the frame 14 with respect to the ground and relieve the pawl 120 and the leg 112 from bearing the weight of the CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W 0961338s4 PCTrUS95/05313 _9 loaded trailer. Simultaneously, the air cylinder 132 is retracted and air cylinder 144 is eYtended to pivot the flange 126 of pawl 120 out of engagement with the teeth 116 to lift the leg 112 into the interior of the tube 106.
FIGS. 6 and 7 illustrate a third embodiment 200 of the anti-creep device 5 according to the invention. The third embodiment 200 is illustrated being mounted to a trailer with a trailing arm suspension and an underride guard as shown in the first embodiment. Therefore, like parts will be identified by like numerals. The anti-creep device 200 is a breakaway anti-creep device so that if the trailer is moved when the anti-creep device is in the lowered position (FIG.10 6), the movement of the trailer will not damage the anti-creep device.
The anti-creep device 200 comprises an actuator ~ssemhly 202 that ~ct~l~te~s a support column 204 between an extended position and a retracted position. The support colurnn prohibits the downward movement of the trailer with respect to the ground. The actuator assembly 202 includes a mounting 15 plate 210, which pivotally mounts an air-operated ~ct~l~tor 212. The actuator212 comprises a housing 214, which is pivotally mounted to the mounting plate 210 by a pivot pin 216. Extending from the housing 214 is an arrn 218.
The support column 204 includes a first support member or tube 222 and a second support member or tube 224. Both the first support member 222 and 20 the second support member 224 are preferably cylindrical tubes having a hollow interior. Looking now more closely at the first support member 222, it can be seen that the upper end of the first support member 222 is pivotally mounted to the cross bar 54 of the underride guard 50 by a pivot pin 226. The lower end of the first member 222 is closed by a circular plate 228 having an opening 230. A
25 spring 232 is positioned in the hollow interior of the first member 222 and has one end attached to the interior of the first member 222 by a pin 234. The other end of the first spring 232 is mounted to a positioning pin 236, which eYtenfls through the opening 230. An arm mounting plate 240 is secured to the exterior of the first member 222 and to which the arm 218 is pivotally connected30 by a pin 242.
The second member 224 is closed at its upper end by a circular plate 248, which has an upst~n~ling ~nmll~r flange 250 that defines a circular recess 252 in which is received the circular plate 228 of the first member 222. The plate 248 CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W 096/33894 PCT~US95/05313 of the second member 224 has a centrally located opening 254 that is axially aligned with the opening 230 of the circular plate 228. In cross section, the opening 254 is stepped having a greater diameter portion 256 of subst~nti~lly the same diameter as the po~itioning pin 236 and a reduced diameter portion 5 258 of a di~meter less than the diameter of the positioning pin 236 to ~rcvenLthe poc~itioning pin 236 from moving within the hollow interior of the second support member 224. The bottom of the second member 224 is sealed by a circular base plate 262 within the hollow interior of the second member 224, a spring 264, much like spring 232, is mounted by a pin 266 at one end and 10 affixed to the positioning pin 236 at another end.
As illustrated in FIG. 7, when the vehicle is in the normal operation mode, the air system of the trailer is supplied with pressurized air and the arm218 is retracted into the housing 214 of the ~ctll~tor 212 to pivot and retain the support column 204 in the retracted position. When the trailer is backed 15 against a loading dock for loading, the air system of the trailer is exhausted and the arm 218 is extended from the housing 214 of the actuator 212 to move the support column 204 to the extended position as illustrated in FIG. 6.
While the support column 204 is in the extended position, if the trailer is moved away from the dock, the first member 222 will break away from the 20 second member 224. The circular plate 228 of the first member 222 will tend to lift u~waldly out of the circular recess 252 while m~int~ining the po~itiQning pin 236 subst~nti~lly within the opening 230. As the circular plate 228 lifts out ofthe circular recess 252, the first and second members 222, 224, respectively, can fold with respect to each other to effectively reduce the link of the support 25 column 224. However, the first and second members 222, 224 remain connected by the springs 232 and 264 whereby upon completion of the movement of the trailer, the springs 232, 264 will realign the first and second members 222, 224.
FIG. 8 illustrates a simplified alternative construction for the spring of support column 204, which elimin~tes the dual springs 232 and 264 connected by 30 positioning pin 236. In the simplified construction, the circular plates 228, 248 have coaxial apertures 270, 272, respectively. The apertures 270, 272 have substantially equal and constant diameters through which a single spring 274 passes. One end of the spring is mounted to the interior of the first support CA 0221733~ 1997-10-24 W 096/33894 PCT~US9S/05313 member 222 and the other end is mounted to the second support member 224.
In all other aspects, the simplified construction of FIG. 8 is identical to FIG. 7.
Although the anti-creep device according to the invention is illustrated in combin~ti-)n with a trailing arm suspension, it should be evident that, 5 advantageously, the anti-creep device operates independently of the type of suspension because it is not part of the suspension or utilize portions of the suspension. Thus, the anti-creep device can be used on any vehicle with an underride guard regardless of the type of suspension. The independence of the anti-creep device from the suspension is a significant advantage over previous 10 anti-creep devices because it can be mounted to any trailer with an underride guard as original equipment or as retro-fit.
While particular embodiments of the invention have been shown, it will be understood, of course, that the invention is not limited thereto since modifications may be made by those skilled in the art, particularly in light of the 15 foregoing te~ching~. Reasonable variation and modification are possible within the scope of the foregoing disclosure of the invention without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Claims (20)

1. An anti-creep device comprising:
a support column adapted to be movably mounted to the underride guard at the rear of a semitrailer, of the type having an air spring suspension, for movementbetween a retracted position which would permit downward motion of the trailer relative to grade, and an extended position which would restrain downward motion of the trailer relative to grade;
an actuator adapted to be mounted to the trailer; and a linkage assembly having a first portion connected to the support column in a second portion operatively connected to the actuator, the first and second portions being movably joined together to link the actuator to the support column;
whereby when the anti-creep device is mounted to an underride guard on trailer and the actuator is actuated, the support column will be moved to the extended position thereby to minimize creep of a trailer due to changes in load while stationary.
2. An anti-creep device according to claim 1 wherein the support column further comprises a wheel mounted to a second end thereof and the wheel is adapted to contact the ground when the support column is in the extended position.
3. An anti-creep device according to claim 1 wherein the actuator has a housing adapted to be pivotably mounted to the trailer and an arm extending from the actuator housing for reciprocal movement with respect to the housing.
4. An anti-creep device according to claim 3 wherein the actuator is a fluid-operated actuator.
5. An anti-creep device according to claim 3 wherein the actuator is an air-operated actuator.
6. An anti-creep device according to claim 1 wherein the linkage assembly further comprises first and second links, the first link has a first end adapted to be pivotally mounted to the trailer and a second end pivotally mounted to a first end of the second link, the second link has a second end pivotally mounted to the support column, and the actuator is pivotally mounted to the first link between the first and second ends thereof.
7. An anti-creep device according to claim 6 wherein one of the first and second links is a cable.
8. An anti-creep device according to claim 7 wherein the other of the first and second links is a bar.
9. An anti-creep device according to claim 1 wherein the support column comprises:
a tube having a proximal end adapted to mount to the trailer and an open distal end;
a leg which is movably mounted within the tube for reciprocal movement therewith in response to the actuator assembly;
whereby the actuator assembly moves the leg between a first position in which it is substantially within the tube to retract the support column and a second position in which the leg projects from the tube to move the support column to an extended position.
10. An anti-creep device according to claim 9 wherein the actuator has a housing adapted to be pivotally mounted to the trailer and an arm extending from the actuator housing for reciprocal movement with respect to the housing.
11. An anti-creep device according to claim 10 wherein the linkage assembly further comprises first and second links, the first link has a first end adapted to be pivotally mounted to the trailer and a second end pivotally mounted to a first end of the second link, the second link has a second end pivotally mounted to the support column, and the arm is pivotally mounted to the first link between the first and second ends thereof.
12. An anti-creep device according to claim 10 wherein the support column further comprises a ratchet for locking the position of the leg with respect to the tube, the ratchet comprising a plurality of teeth formed in the leg and a pawl pivotally mounted to the tube and adapted to engage the teeth.
13. An anti-creep device according to claim 12 wherein the ratchet further comprises a fluid actuator for pivoting the pawl into and out of engagement with the teeth and the fluid actuator comprising a housing pivotally mounted to the tube and an arm extending from the housing and pivotally mounted to the pawl.
14. An anti-creep device according to claim 13 wherein the leg further comprises a wheel pivotally mounted thereto.
15. An anti-creek device according to claim 1 wherein the support column comprises:
a first tube having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end adapted tobe pivotally mounted to the vehicle and the distal end being at least partially closed by a first plate having a first aperture;
a second tube having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end of the second tube abutting the first plate and being at least partially closed by a second plate having a second aperture and abutting the distal end of the first tube; and a spring extending through the first and second apertures and having first and second ends, one end of which is mounted to the first tube and the other end of which is mounted to the second tube, wherein the spring elastically connects the first and second tubes.
16. An anti-creep device according to claim 15 wherein the spring further comprises a positioning pin connecting a first portion of the spring to a second portion of the spring and the positioning pin is positioned in the first and second apertures when the first plate is abutting and flush with the second plate.
17. An anti-creep device according to claim 15 wherein the actuator assembly further comprises an actuator having a housing adapted to be pivotally mounted to the trailer and an arm extending from the actuator housing for reciprocal movement with respect to the housing.
18. An anti-creep device according to claim 15 wherein the linkage assembly further comprises a first link rigidly mounted to the support column and the actuator is pivotally mounted to the first link.
19. An anti-creep device according to claim 18 wherein the first link is a platemounted to the first tube.
20. In a trailer having an underride guard at the rear thereof, and an anti-creep device for maintaining the height of the trailer relative to grade, the improvement wherein the anti-creep device is characterized by:
a support column movably mounted to the underride guard for movement between a retracted position which would permit downward motion of the trailer relative to grade, and an extended position which would restrain downward motion of the trailer relative to grade;
an actuator mounted to the trailer; and a linkage assembly having a first portion connected to the support column and a second portion operatively connected to the actuator, the first and second portions being movably joined together to link the actuator to the support column;
whereby upon actuation of the actuator, the support column will be moved to the extended position thereby to minimize the creep of the trailer due to changes in load while the trailer is stationary.
CA002217335A 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Anti-creep device Abandoned CA2217335A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US1995/005313 WO1996033894A1 (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Device for maintaining the height of a vehicle chassis
CA002217335A CA2217335A1 (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Anti-creep device

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU24299/95A AU2429995A (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Device for maintaining the height of a vehicle chassis
EP95918328A EP0827468A1 (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Device for maintaining the height of a vehicle chassis
PCT/US1995/005313 WO1996033894A1 (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Device for maintaining the height of a vehicle chassis
DE0827468T DE827468T1 (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 DEVICE FOR ADJUSTING THE HEIGHT OF A VEHICLE BASE
CA002217335A CA2217335A1 (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Anti-creep device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2217335A1 true CA2217335A1 (en) 1996-10-31

Family

ID=25679684

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA002217335A Abandoned CA2217335A1 (en) 1995-04-28 1995-04-28 Anti-creep device

Country Status (5)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0827468A1 (en)
AU (1) AU2429995A (en)
CA (1) CA2217335A1 (en)
DE (1) DE827468T1 (en)
WO (1) WO1996033894A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2273770A1 (en) * 1998-06-12 1999-12-12 Neway Anchorlok International, Inc Anti-creep device
US20090074548A1 (en) * 2004-11-26 2009-03-19 Volvo Lastvagnar Ab device for mounting on a vehicle comprising such a device
US8894039B2 (en) 2011-08-11 2014-11-25 Richard L. Conaway Single ratchet actuator with dual air drivers

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2309554A1 (en) * 1973-02-26 1974-09-05 Kockums Ind Ab ARRANGEMENT ON VEHICLES
FR2588807A1 (en) * 1985-10-22 1987-04-24 Martin Jean Paul Device for automatically loading and unloading a vehicle, allowing the transfer of loads or part of the load between two independent surfaces in less than five minutes by a single operator
IT1254894B (en) * 1992-04-21 1995-10-11 Campisa Srl Lifting device applied to the rear of a transport vehicle equipped with an underrun bar.

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO1996033894A1 (en) 1996-10-31
AU2429995A (en) 1996-11-18
DE827468T1 (en) 1998-10-22
EP0827468A1 (en) 1998-03-11

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