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Light adjusting sheet for a planar lighting device and a planar lighting device and a liquid crystal display using the sheet

Info

Publication number
CA2088113C
CA2088113C CA 2088113 CA2088113A CA2088113C CA 2088113 C CA2088113 C CA 2088113C CA 2088113 CA2088113 CA 2088113 CA 2088113 A CA2088113 A CA 2088113A CA 2088113 C CA2088113 C CA 2088113C
Authority
CA
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
light
sheet
plate
convex
surface
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CA 2088113
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
CA2088113A1 (en )
Inventor
Tomohiro Yokota
Fumio Nishitani
Hiroshi Ogawara
Akihito Kubo
Makoto Fujigami
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/0001Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • G02B6/0011Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems the light guides being planar or of plate-like form
    • G02B6/0033Means for improving the coupling-out of light from the light guide
    • G02B6/005Means for improving the coupling-out of light from the light guide provided by one optical element, or plurality thereof, placed on the light output side of the light guide
    • G02B6/0053Prismatic sheet or layer; Brightness enhancement element, sheet or layer
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V5/00Refractors for light sources
    • F21V5/04Refractors for light sources of lens shape

Abstract

A light adjusting sheet for a planar lighting device includes a plurality of convex and concave streaks arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other on one surface. The streaks may have a cross section of a sine curve. Another light adjusting sheet consists of a plurality of single sheets each having the above configuration, stacked together. A planar lighting device includes the light adjusting sheet of the above configuration, wherein peak lines of the convex streaks and bottom lines of the concave streaks are arranged to make a predetermined angle with an axis of a linear light source. The liquid crystal display includes a liquid crystal display element placed on front of the planar lighting device of the above configuration.

Description

N0 6240 P. 7 0C~.16.1998 11:46AM
~ 8 ~ ~ ~ 3 LIGHT ADJUSTING 6HEET E'OR A P~ANER L~GHTING DEVICE
AND A P~ANAR LIGHTlNG DEVICJ: ~ND A ~IQUID
CRY8TAL DI8PI,AY U8ING THE ~REET

FIE~D OF THE ~IVENTION
This inventio~ relateq to a light adjusting sheet ~or a planar lighting device used for a liquid crystal display o~
personal computers or word processors or a liquid ~rystal television set, and a planar lighting device and a liquid crystal display uslng the sheet, and in partic~l~r to a light fo~using 10 or adjusting sheet for a planar llghting device of the edge-light type suitable ~or a back light of a thin display and a planar lighting devlce and a liquid crystal display using the sheet.

~A~ UND OF THE INVEN~ION
Smaller, lighter and thinner word processors and personal computer~ have ~een developed every year, and these having the ~o-called laptop type o~ notebook type size have become today'~
main trend. Slnce the liquld crystal display of the laptop type or the notebook type is u~ually not luminescent by itself, it has a back light on its back surface to improve visibillty. T~e back light is required to be thin and to illumlnate the display surface uniformly.

Usually, a planar lighting device is used as the back li~ht, ~ and many kihds of planar lighting devices are use~. For exa~ple, as shown in Fig l, one of them has a light source ll on the back side of a diffusing plate l0, wherein the light i6 emitted from _ .

NO. 6240 P. 8 OC~. 16. 1998 11:47AM
~0%~1~13 - t~e back side of the diffusing plate 10 and emanates u~iformly from the surface of the diffusing plate lC or from a regulator plate 12 attached to the surface of the diffusing plate 10, as described ~n Japanese Patent Prov1sional Publication ~o.
257188/90, However, the most widely used planar lighting device is that of a so-called edge-light ~ype. T~e edge-light typ~ plahar lighting devi~e has a light sour~e on a side of a light guiding plate, wherein the light e~itted from the light source emanates uniformly from the su~face of the light guiding plate or from a plate attached to t~e light guiding plate, and is widely used be~ause it i8 thin and llght, etc.

R~cently, along wlth the efforts to ma~e thinner displays and color displays, there is 2h increasing demand for impro~ed lumlnance of a planar llghting device as the back light ~or displayR. Since a user of the display looks at the display from the front side in most of the time, it is necessary to regulate the direction of the emanated light from the planar lighting device so that the light emanates effl~iently in the forward direction to improve the luminance using the s~me light source.
However, if t~e light emanates within a too narrow range, a slight change in the direction of the user's sight will make the d~splay invlsible. Therefore, it iR required to diffuse the light across an appropriate range.

~, . . .

NO 6240 P. 9 OGT 16.1998 11:47AM
~%~ ~3 The detail~ are described here using th$~ planar lightin~
device o~ the edge-llght type as an example. In general, if a light source i~ provided on the edge side of a thin light guiding plate, a light which enters the light guidlng plate through the edge surface repeatedly experiences total reflections and almost no light leaves the light guidlng plate because of the difference in the re~ractive index between the air and the light guiding plate. In the planar lighting device, an ir~egular reflection layer ls provided on the back surface of the light guiding plate and a reflector plate i8 f~rther provlded on the ba~k side of the light guidlng plate, so that the light which reaches the back side of the light guiding plate i~ irregularly reflected by the irregular ~eflection layer, and then goes out of the llght guiding plate dire~tly or after being re~lected by the reflector l~ plate. The irregular reflectlon l~yer is o~ten formed by the dot-printing using patnt including beads of ~mall diameter-~.

However, the light e~itted fro~ the light ~ource on the edge surface of the light guiding plate usually goes out from the light guiding plate at a ~ery small angle from the surface. That i~, the llght has a st~ong directionality, as shown in Fig. 2.

A more detailed explanation o~ the above problem i~ given hereby by referrlng to Fig. 2. A transparent light guiding plate 20 has an irregular reflection layer ~not ~hown) on its back surfa~e. ~ reflector plate 21 is provided on the bac~ side of , NO 6240 P. IO
oc~r. 16. 1998 11:47AM

~~ the light gulding plate 20, and a linear light source 22 i~
provided on the edge side of th~ llght guiding plate 20. The light emi~ted from the light source 22 travels through the light guiding plate 20 and irregularly ~eflect~ at the irregular reflection layer provided on the ~ack sur~ace o~ the light guiding plate 20. Then, ~he light eit~er directly goes out of the light g~iding plate 20 or reflects at the reflector plate 21 and then goes out of the light guiding plate 20. The light from point A has a strong directionality making a very ~mall ang~e with the surface of the light guiding plate 20, indicated by B
~n Flg. 2.

Since it is rare that the ~ser looks at the screen of the display at such a small angle with the surface of the light guidlng plate 2~, it is necessary to change the angle of the emanating light. In order to $mprove the directionality of the light, a method in which a light dif~using plate 23 i~ provided on the front surface of the light guiding plate Z0 has been proposed, a~ shown in ~ig, 3. The light dlffusing plate 23 io a transparent plastic sheet applied with a pAint contalning a white pigment on its surface, or a transparent plastic sheet pro~ided with flne unevenness on lts ~urface by the mat treatment, the crlmp treatment, or such. By providing the light diffusing plate 23, the light in the direction pe~pendicular to the diffusing plate 23 increases, indicated by C in Fig. 3.

,~

_ N0.6240 P. Il OC~ 16.1998 11:47AM

~~ Fig. 4 shows a detail of the light crystal display, illustrating the baslc structure of the planar lightlng device o~ the edge-light type. The plana~ llghting device 30 mainly includes a light guiding plate 32 conslsting of ~ transparent plate having a dot pattern 31 on the back ~urface, at least one linear light source 33 of a cathode ray tube (fluorescent lamp~
provide~ on at least one side of the light guiding plate 32, a re~lector plate 34 provlded behind the light guiding plate 32, and a llght diffusing sheet 35 consis~ing of a resin plate ~ncluding a light dlffusing m~terial or a re~in plate provided with cri~ps on its surface, and a liquid crystal display element 36 is ~urther provided in fro~t of the p~anar llghting device 30 Irefer to Japanese Patent Provisional Publication No. 24g490~89, U.S.P. No. 4775222 and U.S.P. No. ~729065). The dot pattern 31 lS is a light scattering printed dot pattern formed on the back surface of the lig~t guiding plate 32 ~o that the incident light from the ligh~ source 33 on the side goes out uniformly from all parts of the screen of the display, and it ~ay be called a pseudo liqht source. The light diffusing aheet 35 fun~tions in ~uch a way that the ~ack light source, i.e. the dot pattern 31 as the pseudo llght source, is not visible and the ~reen is seen as a uniformly lumlnescent plane, when u~ing the liquid cry~tal display screen.

However, in the device using the light diffusing plate 35, much of the light is emitted in directions not neede~ fo~ the ~, NO 6240 P. 12 OC~ 16.1998 11:48AM
~0 ~ 8 ~1 1 3 - user and the light in the forward direction ls ~carce, 80 tha~
the luminance of the light in the forward dlrection from ~hich the user sees is low.

Conventionally, ln order to make the dot pattern 31 invlsibla and increase the light diffusion efficiency, the ~ollowing measures have been taken: 1) coating a light diffusing material onto a plastic sheet surface or introducing lt into the in6ide of the sheet, and ii) creatlng a crimp-llke uhevenness or a regul~r une~enness on the plastic sheet.

In the former measure 1), the light diffusing sheet 35 ~ons$sts of a sheet formed by an ~xtruder from a material made of a resin such as polyester, polycarbonate or polymethylmethac~ylate, mixed wlth a light diffusing ~aterial such as ~ine-powder of calcium c~rbonate, titanium oxide, s~ort glass fibre or silicone re~in particles cont~inlng polysiloxane bonds (refer to Japanese Patent Provisional Publication No.
140343/78).

In ~he latter measure ii~, the sheet having a crimp-like unevenhess or a regular une~enness on its surface is provided on the front side of the light guidihg plate 32 or on at least one surface of the ~ight di~fusing sheet 35 (refer to Japanese Patent ProviYional Publicatlon No. 25718~/90). Such a s~eet is called "a light adjusting ~heet".

NO.6240 P. 13 OCT 16.1998 11:48AM

- In one example of the latter measure ii), a light adju~tlng sheet 37 consisting of a transparent prlsm sheet with convex streaks and ~onca~e streaks each hauing a triangular cross section, as shown in ~ig. 5, is providet on the front side of the light guiding p~ate 32 so that the oppo6ite surface with no convex str~aks and concave streaks o~ the light adjusting sheet 37 i6 in contact wit~ the llght guiding plate 32 in a liquid crystal display, as ~hown in Fig. 6. In ~uch a planar lighting de~i~e of the liquid cry6tal display, the strongly dlrectional light is redirected in the direçtlon of the user'~ ~ight by t~e ~lopes of t~e triangular cross section of the convex -~treaks and conca~e streaks, and the emitting direction of the li~ht is confined to a predetermined range and converged in the direction of the user of a wordprocessor or ot~e~ suc~ device, i.e. the normal dlrection of the scr~en, and ema~ates ~rom t~e f~ont surface of the light adjusting sheet 37, thu~ obtaini~g a higher lumlnance ln the screen.

Howeve~, in the forme~ case i), of the planar lighting de~ice with the light diffusing sheet, if the amount o~ the light diffusln~ material contained in the l~ght diffuslng sheet 35 ls increased to improve the light diffusion, the a~ount o~ the emanated light i~ decreased because of the shieldi~g characteristic of the ligh~ dif~u~lng material, resulting in in6uf~icient brightnes~ in the sc~een, indicated by the dotted line D in Fig. 7.
-NO 6240 P. 14 OC~ 16.1998 11:48AM
Z0~113 On the other hand, ln the latte~ case ii~, of the planarlighting device w$th the light ad~usting sheet, it utilizes the prism effect of the con~ex streaks and cohcave streaks on the ~urface of the llght adju~ting sheet, and is ~uperior to ~he former device in ter~s of the amount of the emanated light.
~o~ever, since the directionality of the light is too ~trong and the incident di~ection and the outgoing direction of the light aro too etrictly defined, so that the light emanating direction is deflected in the forward direction withi~ a narrow angle range and the sight angle of the screen tends to be exceedingly narro~, as indicated by E in Fig. 8.

Further, ~hen the light adjusting sheet consisting o~ a pri~m sheet of a serrate cross section is placed in such a ~ay that lt~ rlat back ~urface is brought into direct contact with the light guiding plate, lnterference patterns of Newton ring appear due to slight gaps ~enerated between the back sur~ace of the li~ht adjusting sheet and the light guidlng plate. T~e closer the convex streaks and the concave st~eaks are pro~ided ~o the final outgoing Rurface, the lattice-like partition line~
of the llquid crystal display surf~ce and the ridge lines and bottom line~ of the prism sheet cause lnterference ~the Molre phenomenon~, dependlng on the pit~hes of the convex streaks and conca~e strea~s.

.
~6~
"~, NO 6240 P. 15 oc~r 16 1998 11:48AM

~ Further, the inventor experimented with this planar lightln~
device and found that there is a problem in that the irregular reflection layer provided on the bac~ surface of the light gulding plate is visible, ~lthough it ~an ind~ed alter the directlo~ of the light efficiently so that the light emanate~ i~
the direction of the user's sight. When a display using the liquid crystal is placed on the planar lighting device with the visible irregular reflectlon layer, the screen of the display is very hard to see.

Therefore, a light diffusing sheet 35 is required in the planar lighting devlce when it uses the conventional llght adjusting sh~et.

8UMMARY OF ~E INvENTION
Accordingly, it is an object of th~s invention to provide 4 light ad~ustlng sh~et fo~ a planar ltghtlng device in which the emanated llght distribution can ~e concentrated in the for~ard direction of th~ screen, and no Moire f~inges occur.

It is another ob~ect of this invention to provide a light adjusting sheet for a planar lighting device which gives greater luminance in t~e for~ard direction compa~ed with the ca~e when no light adjusti~g sheet ls used, gives a wider sight angle than the conventional light adjusting sheet, and assures prevention of an optically tight contact with the light guiding plate.

r~

NO. 6240 P. 16 OC~ 16. 1998 11:49AM
n ~ 3 -It ls a fu~ther object of this invention to provide a lighL
adjusting sheet for a planar lighting device which gives a ~uitable spa~ ln the direction of the user'~ sight and an improved brighter screen.

It is a 6til~ f~rther object of this invention to provide a llght ad~usting sheet for a planar llghting device ~lth ~educed refl~tlon at the ~ront surface thereof, with no interference fringes, and also with the irregular reflectlon layer made invisible.

It ls yet another ob~ect of this invention to provide a planar llghting device of an edge-llght type w~ich can ill~minate a screen of a display brig~tly and un~formly.

It is yet a further object o~ this invention to provide a llquid ~rystal display in which the screen is ~right and easily seen.

Accordiny to an aspect o~ the inventlon, a light adjusting sheet has one surface provided ~ith a plurality of convex str~aks each having a cro9s section of a convex arc and a pl~lralit~r of concave 8treaks each having a cross sectlon of a concave arc alternately arranged appro~imately parallel to each other, ant the o~her surface which is an opti~ally non-~mooth surface.
Throughout the specification, the term "sheet" include~ not only .~ ~
~* , NO 6240 P. 17 OC~ 16.1998 11:49AM

a sheet in the strict sense llmite~ by the thick~ess but also thinner one whlch i8 usually called "film". Also, the term "approximately parallel" means that a peak line of each of the pl~rality of the convex streaks and a bottom llne of each of the plu~ality of the concave strea~s are approximately parallel to each other.

According to another broad a~pect, the invention provides a planar lighting d-vice having a light adjusting sheet having a plurali~y of con~ex regions and conca~e regions on one ~urface, a light guiding plate having a dot pattern on a ~ack ~urface being placed in back of the light adjusting ~heet, a linear light source placed on at least one ~ide of the light guiding plate, and a reflector plate being placed in ba~k of the light guiding plate. Each con~ex region ~nd concave region is arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other The peak line3 of the convex region and the bottom lines of th~ coneave region~ of the light adjusting ~heet are arranged to make a predetermined angle with an axi~ of ehe linear light source.
Each of the ~onvex region~ has a cro~s sec~ion of a convex arc and each of the concave region~ has a cro~s section of a con~ave arc. The light adju~ting sheet h~s a plurality of oingle eheets each having a plurali~y o~ convex regions an~ ~oncave regions arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each othe~, ~tacked toget~er in such a ~ay tha~ peak line~ of the oonvex 2~ regions and bottom line~ of the concave region~ of one sin~le sheet ma~e an angle of 5~ or yreater with peak lines of t~e 'r NO 6240 P. 18 OC~ 16.1998 11:49AM

_ convex regions and bottom linefi of the concave region~ of a~
least one other single ~heet.

The peak line~ of the convex rcglon~ and the bottom line~
of the concave region3 may make an angle in the range of 5O to 85~ with an axie of th~ linear light oource.

T~o or ~ore of the single ~heet~ may be otacked 80 that ~he peak lin~J and the botto~ lines of one ~ingle sheet make an angle of 5~ or greater with the peak line~ and ~he bottom line~ of ~he other single sheet, the peak lines and the bottom lines o~ the one ~ingle ~hoet make an angle in the range of 5~ to 85~ in a cloc~wi~e direction with an axi~ of the linear light source, and ~he peak line6 and the bottom lineR of the other single sheet make an angle in the range of 5~ to 85~ in a counterclockwise direction with an axi~ of the linear light ~ource.

1~ According to another broad aspect, the lnvention provide~
a liquid crystal di~play having a light adjusting ~heet having a plurality of convex region~ and concave re~ion~ on one surface, a light g~iding plate having a dot pattern on a b~ck ~ur~ace placed in ~ack of the light adju~ting ~heet, a linear light ~ource placed on at leact one ~ide of the light guiding plate, a reflector plate placed in back of the light guiding plate, a li~uid crystal di~play element ~orward of the light guiding plate. Each of the convex reglon~ has a cro6~ ~ection of a convex arc and each of the concave rogions has a cro~s ~ection o~ a concave arc, each convex region and each concave region d~'' ';
",, i NO. 6240 P. 19 OC~ 16. 1998 11:50AM
7 3i being arranged alternately and approxima~ely parallel to eac other. The pe~k line~ o~ the convex region~ and bottom lines of the concave region~ of the light adju~ting Jheet are arranged to make a predetermlned angle with an axis of the linear light sour~e. The light adju~ting sheet ha~ a plurality of 6ingle sheets each having a plurality of convex region~ and concave regiono arranged alternately and approxima~ely parallel to each other on one sur~ace, ~tacked together in ~uch a way that the pe~k line~ of the con~ex regions and the bottom line~ of the concave regions of one ~ingle ~heet ~ake an angle o~ 5~ or greater with the peak lines of the convex re~ions and bottom lines of the concave region~ of at lea3t one othe~ ~ingle sheet.

The peak line~ of t~e ~onvex regions and bottom line~ of the concave regions may ~ake an angle in the range of 5~ to 85~ with an axis of the linear light SOUrcQ.

T~o or more of the Qingle ~heets may be stacked 90 that the peak line~ and the ~ottom~ lines of one eingle ~he-t make an angle of 5~ or greater with the peak llneR and the bottom lines of the other single sheet, the pea~ lines and the bottom lines of the one ~ingle sheet make an angle ln the range of 5~ to ~5~
in a clook~i~e direction with an axio of the linear light ~ource, and the pe~k line~ and the bottom lines of the other single ~heet make an angle in the range of 5 ~ to 85 ~ in a counterclook~ise direction with an axio of the linear light 30urce.

- According to another broad aspect, the invention provide~
a planar lighting device having a light ad~u~ting ~heet having a p~urality of convex regiono and concave region~ on one surface, a light ~uiding plate having a dot pattern on a bac~ ~urfa~e being placed back o~ the light adju~ting ~heet, a linear light ~ource placed on at lea~t one aide of the light guid~ng plate, and a reflector plate being placed ~ack of the light guiding plate. Each convex region and each concave region i8 arranged al~ernately and approximately parallel ~o each o~her. ~he peak line~ of the convex regions and the botto~ line~ of the concave regions of the light adju~ting sheet are arranged to make a predete~mined angle with an axiJ of the linear light source. The light adjusting ~heet has a plurality of single sheets each having a plurality of conuex regions and concave regions arranged alternately and a~lo~imately parallel to eac~ other, the ~heets being ~ta~ked together in such a way that peak lines of the con~ex regions and ~ottom line~ of the conca~e regions of one ~ingle sheet make an angle of 5~ or greater with the peak linee of the con~ex region~ and the ~ottom lines of the concave regions of at lea~t one other single ~heet.

T~o or more o~ ~he single sheet~ may ~e ~tacked 80 that the peak line~ and the bottom lineo of one ~ingle sheet make an angle of 5~ degrees or greater with the peak line~ and the bottom lines of the other single ~heet, the peak l~nes and the ~ottom line~
25 of the one Yingle sheet make an angle in the range of 5~ to 85~
in a clo~kwi~e dire~tion with an axls of the linear light source, and the peak linea and the bottom lines o~ the other a~ngle sheet ,~ ''!

. .

OC~ 16. 1998 11:50AM NO. 6240 P. 21 2 ~ 3 make an angle in the range of 5~ to ~5~ ~n a counterclock~isG
direction with an axis of the linear light ~ource.

According to another broad a~pe~t, the invention provide~
a plan~r lighting device having a llght adju~ting sheet having a plurality of convex streake and con~ave Etreaks on one sur~ace, a light guiding plate having a dot pa~tern on the ba~k ~urface placed in the back of the light adjusting ~heet, a linear light source placed on at lea~t one ~ide of the light guiding plate, and a reflector plate placed in ba~k o~ the light guiding plate.
Each convex streak and each concave streak i9 arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other. The peak lines of the con~ex streaka and bottom lines of the concave ~treaks of the light ad~u~ting sheet ~re arranged to make a predeter~ined angle with an axis of the linear light source.

Each o~ the con~ex streak~ may have a cros~ section of a convex arc and each of the concave ~treak~ may have a cro~
sect~on of a conc~ve arc.

The peak lines of the con~ex ~trcaks and bot~om line~ of thç
concave ~treak~ ~ay ~ake an angle in the range of 5~ to 85~ with an axi~ of the linear light ~ource.

~ ccording to another ~road a~pect, the invention provide~
a liquid cry~tal display having a light adjustlng sheet ha~ing a plurality of convex ~treak~ and concave streak~ on one ~urface, a light gu~ding plate having a dot pattern on the back ~urface _ _ , NO 6240 P. 22 OCT. 16. 1998 11:51AM

placed in ~he ba~k of the light adju~ting sheet, a linear ligh ~ource placed on at least one ~ide of the ~ight guidlng plate, a ~eflector plate placed in the back of the light guiding plate, and a liguid cry~tal dieplay element ~orward of the light guiding plate. Each ~onvex treak ~nd each concave streak i8 arran~ed alternately and approximately parallel to each other. The peak lines o~ the convex streaks and bottom line~ of the concave ~treak~ of the light ad~usting sheet are arranged to make a predetermined an~le with an axi~ of the lin-ar light ~ource.

~ccording to ano~her broad a~pect, the invention provide~
a plan~r lightlng de~ice used for illuminatlng a liquid crystal display, the planar light device having a light adju~ting sheet for illuminating the li~uid c~y~tal dlsplay and being placed in back of the ~iquid crystal dioplay, ~ light g~iding plate having a dot pattern on ~ ~ack surface being placed in back of the light adju~ting ~heet, ~ light ~ource being placed on at leas~ one side o~ the light guidin~ plate, a reflector plate being placed in back of the llght guiding plate. The light ad~usting sheet include~ two rectangular ~heet~ each having a plurality of convex streak6 w~ich have a cro~ section of a triangle, on one ~urface.
The two rectangular sheets are ~tacked ~o that the peak line~ of the convex ~treaks of one rectangular sheet make an angle of 5~
deyree~ or g~eater ~ith the peak l~ne~ of th~ convex streaks of the other rectangular ~heet. The peak lines of the convex streaks of one rectangular ~heet make an angle in the range of 5~ to ~5~ in a clockwise direction with an edge of the rectangular ~heet. The peak line~ of the convex ~treak~ of the j~ .

NO 6240 P. 23 oc~r. 16. 1998 11:51AM

~ o~er rectangular Rh-~t make an angle in the rang- of 5~ to 85-in a counterclockwise direction with an edge of the rectangu~ar sheet. The two rectangular ~heet~ are placed in back of the liquid crystal dieplay such that the ~ur~ace~ having a plurality of convex streaks are facing toward the liqu~d cry~tal display.

According to another broad a~pect, the invention provide~
a light ad~usting sheet for a plan~r lighting de~ice, ~he light ad~u3ting sheet çomprising two rectangul~r ~heete each having a plurality of convex streake which ha~e a crosc section of a trlangle on one ~urface. The two rectangular ~heets are stacked ~o that the peak lines of the ~onvex streaks of one rectangular sheet make an angle of 5~ degrees or greater with t~e peak lines of the convex ~treaks of the other rectangular ~heet, the peak line~ of the con~ex streak~ of one re~angular ~heee make an lS angle in the range of 5~ to 85~ in a clockwise directlon with an edge of the rectangular ~heet, and the peak lines of the ~onvex ~tr~aks of the other ~ectangular sheet make an angle in the range o~ 5~ to 85~ in a counterclock~ise direction wit~ an edge of the rectangular ~heet.

As described a~ove, the light adjusting sheet according to the in~ention ~as one surface provided with a plurality of convex streaks each havlng a cross section of a convex arc and a plurality of concave streaks each having a cro~s section of a ~oncave arc alternately arranged approximately p~rallel to e~ch other and the othe~ ~urface o~ an optlcally non-smooth surface, 90 that the planar lighting device u~ing this light adjusting OC~ 16.1998 11:51AM NO.6240 P. 24 ~ ~ ~ 8 ~ ~ ~
~ sheet has advantages in that the luminance i~ the ~orwar~
direction $~ improved compared with one without the light a~justing sheet, the dot pattern on the back surface of the light guiding plate is not vislble in the lea5t, the light diffusion is adequate, the sight angle range is kept equivalent to that of a liquid cry~tal display e~ement lt6elf, and the inter~erence ~Moire phe~o~enon) between the lattice~ e partition lineR of the llquid crystal display surface and peak lines of the convex streaks and botto~ lines of the concave streaks of the sheet i~
prevented.

T~erefore, if this light adjusting sheet for a planar llghting device i9 used in a planar llghting device of the edge-light type or a planar lighting device which has a light source on the back side of a light diffusing plate, then a bright and very ea~y-to-see screen can be obtained by in~talling the planar lighting device in a liquid crystal display. The light ad~usting sheet for a planar lighting de~i~e in the invention can be effectively used not only in a llquid crystal display device but also in stores, houses, offices, etc. a~ a thin planar light source for thin facility llghting equipments.

BRIEF DESCRIPTIO~ OF THE DRAWING9 In t~e drawing~ ~hich illust~ate the embodiments of the invention, oc~r 16 1998 11:51AM NO. 6240 P. 25 Fig. 1 is an explanatory view showing the conventiona.
planar lighting device.
Fig. 2 is an explanatory view showing the light di~trlbution characteristics of the conventional pla~ar lighting device of the edge-light type.
Fig. 3 is an explanatory view showi~g the light distribution characteristics of the conventional planar lighting device of the edge-light type.
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing the conventional }iquld crystal display device of the edge-light type.
Fig. 5 iS a perspective view showing the conventional light ad~usting sheet for a planar lighting de~ice.
Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing the conventional liquid crystal display device of the edge-light type.
Fig. 7 is a luminance distribution d$agram for the planar lighting device of the edge-light type.
Fig. ~ is a l~ nce dist~ibution diagram for the planar lighting device of the edge-light type.
Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram showing the luminance ~easurement procedure for the planar lighting device.
Fiq. 10 is a lumlnAnce distribution diagram ~or the planar ltghting devlce of the edge-light type.
~ig. 11 is a perspective view showing a light adjus~ing sheet of an embodiment.
Fig. 12 is a cros~-sectional view showing a planar lighting device of the edge-light type o~ an embo~iment.

NO. 6240 P. 26 oc~r 16. 1998 11:52AM

~ ~ig. 13 is a plan view showlng a planar lighting device Ol the edge-llght of an embodiment.
Fig. 14 is a plan view showing a planar lighting de~ice o~
the edge-light type of an embodiment.
Flg. 15 is a cross-~ctional vlew ~ho~ing a llght adjusting ~heet of an e~bodiment.
Fig. 16 is a c~oss-sectional view showing a light ad~usting sheet of an embodiment.
Fig. 17 is a cross-sectional view showing a light adju6ting sheet of an embodiment.
Fig. 18 is a cross-sectional view ~howing a planar lighting dev1~e of the edge-light type using the ~ight adju6ting sheet ~hown in Fig. 17.
~ig. 19 is an explanatory view ~howing the light distributlon characteristics of the planar lighting devic~ of the edge-light type of an embodiment.
Fig. 20 is a cross-sectional view showing a light ad~usting ~heet of an embodiment.
Fig. 21 is a cross-sectional view sho~ing a light ad;usting sheet of an e~bodiment.
Fig. 22 i~ a cross-sectional view showing a light adjusting sheet of an em~odiment.
Fig. 23 is a perspective view showing ~ light adjusting sheet of an embodiment.

,~, OC~.16.1998 11:52AM N0.6240 P. 27 Flg. 24 is a cros~-sectional view showing a conventlonal sheet which can be used ~ith a ligh~ ad~usting sheet of an embodiment.
Fig. 25 is a cross-sectional view showing a ~heet of an embodiment.
Fig. 26 is a plan view showing a liqui~ crysta~ display device of the edge-light type of an embodiment.
Fig. 27 is a plan vie~ showing a liquid crystal display device of the edge-light type of an embodiment.

DE~C2IPTION OF PREE'ERRED EMBODIt~ENTS
The measurement p~ocedure of the outgoing light luminance of the planar lighting device is de~cribed below. In Fig. 9, let us assume that the normal angular coordinate o~ t~e light emanating surface of the plana~ lighting device 30 is 0~, and then the luminance of point P on the planar lighting device 30 is measured at several positions within the range from -90~ to +90~ with the line which pa~ses the point P 2nd is parallel to the axis of the light source 33 as the axis, using a luminance meter 40. The maximum luminance value of these measurement~ is repre9ented as 100%, and ~alues at other positions are represented as percentages. The ~elatiohship between the measurement positions and the luminance is plotted on a graph.

The solid line F and the dotted line G in Fig. lO show the lumlnance distributions of the planar lighting device o~ the , ,,j .

OC~ 16.1998 11:52AM NO.6240 P. 28 ~ edge-light type with the basic structu~e shown in Fig. 4. Th~
solid line F in F$g. 10 ~hows the luminance distribution with a wider sight angle, and the dotted line G in Fig. 10 shows the ~ n~ce distribution which has a greater amount of the outgoing light in the direction of the user ~the normal dlrection of the screen).

In this lighting device, it is shown that the amount of emanated light is small in the front direction ~hile the user iB
at the position just in front of the lighting device (0~). In order to increase the luminance di6tributlon in the forward dlrection, there have been proposals in which the light adjusting sheet 37 with the prisms shown in Fig. 5 in which convex streaks and conca~e streak-~ with a serrate-shaped cross ~ectlo~ are formed on one or both sides of the sheet i9 used, or in which flne unevenness is directly formed on the light emanating slde of the light guiding plate or on the reflector plate side. These conuex ~treaks and concave strea~s p~ovided on the llght adjusting sheet or on the light guidlng plate are formed parallel to the llght source axis. ~owever, in this case, the angle ~or 20 the maximum amount of emanated light differs depending on models of the planar lightlng de~ice. Th~refore, when a ~ight adjusting sheet w~ich has premises with a speclfic configuration is used, a certain model of the lightlng de~ice produces good emanated ll~ht characteristics, while another ~odel of the lighting device produces not as good results.

oc~r. 16. 1998 11:52AM NO. 6240 P. 29 2Q ~ ~ t 1 3 The plurality of the convex st~eaks and the concave strea~
of the light adjusting ~heet function to concentrate the outgoing light from the sheet more in the normal direction of the ~creen.
As shown in Fig. 11, these plural convex and concave 5treaks are provided on the light emanating surface of the ~ight adju~ting sheet, and each peak 51a of the convex streak3 Sl has a cross section of a convex arc and each bottom 52a of the concave streaks 52 has a cross sectlon of a concave arc. The angle a between the two slopes of each convex streak (this angle is defined as an angle made by two tangent lines in the middle of the two slopes) is ih the range of 30~ to 150~, and preferably of about 60~ to 120~. It is difficult to form the convex and concave streaks i~ the angle is less than 30~, and the light concentration capability of the sheet may decrea~e if the angle lS is greater than 150~. The radius ~ of curvature of these convex arcs and concave arc6 in cro~s se~:tions of the convex and concave streaks is de~ermined by the depth y of the convex and conca~e streaks, the angle a made by the s lopes , the pitch ~, etc., and it is preferably 10 to 100 ~m. The convex and concave streak~
may have a lateral cros~ section o~ a s~ne curve repre~ented by the equation Y = a sin bX (Y: Coordinate in the depth-wi~e dlre~tion in mm units. X: Coordlnate in the direction perpendic~lar to the streaks in mm units, "a" and "b": factors).
Tho~gh the parameters may be ~a~iable, the preferable range of "a" may be 200 to 20000 and that of "b" may ~e 0.005 to 1 according to experiments ~ondu~ted by the inventors. I~ the OCT 16. 1998 11:53AM NO. 6240 P 30 convex and con~ave streaks have a cross section of a sine ~urv~
as de~cribed above, the light is converged by the streak~ into the ~orward direction, resulting a very easy-to-see light when emanated.

As shown above, the light adjusting sheet of the embodiments of this invention has the plurality of the convex streak-~ each having a peak of a cross section of a ~onvex arc and the concave ~treaks each having a bottom o~ a cross section of a concaue arc, 60 that the sheet has functions of adeq~ate light concentration, light diffusion and light directionality of the emanating light to forward direction. Ther~fore, the ~urface provided with the convex and conca~e streaks in the lig~t ad~usting sheet may include flat surfaces which form less than 50~ of the total area of the curved surface between each of the ~onvex and concave streaks. I~ this case, there 1~ a tendency that the light adjusting sheet has an increased light concentration function.

The thicknes~ of the light adjusting sheet i6 50 ~m or greater, preferably 90 to 300 ~m.

The material o~ which the light adjusting sheet consists is not limited, as long as it is a transparent organic or inorganic material, that is a tran~parent material such as glass or transparent s~nthetic resin formed into a sheet. A synthetic resin sheet is particularly pr~ferable. For the transparent OCT 16. 1998 11:5~AM NO. 6240 P. 31 synthetlc resin, polycarbonate, polymethyl methacrylate, polyester, cellulose synthetlc resins, poly~ty~ene, polyvinyl~hrolide and such are preferable. The light adjusting sheet i8 prefera~ly made of the same type of resin as the base material of the light diffusing sheet which will be described later.

Preferable methods for fabricating the light adjusting sheet made of the synthetic resin include a method in which a transparent ~yn~hetic resin is ext~uded and goes through ah embossing roll to ha~e convex and concave streaks formed o~ the surface, a method in whlch a synthetic re~in i~ p~essed using a die plate with ~onvex st~eaks and concave streaks provided on the ~u~face, a method ln which a synthetic resin is injected into a die with convex streaks and concave streaks provid~d on the inner surface, etc.

The back surface, which doe~ not have convex strea~s or concave streaks, may be a non-smooth surface. For the non-smooth surface, those on which fine and random unevennes~, fox exa~ple, may be formed. The size and d~pth of the une~enness is not limited a~ long as there i~ no opticall~ tight conta~t of a size recognizable by the naked eye when thig surface 1~ b~ought in contact with a smooth surface. The non-~mooth sur~ace can al50 be a moderate wave for~ed surface. For the method o~ forming the non-~mooth surface, the method in which a pattern on a roll or O~. 16. 1998 11:53AM NO. 6240 P. 32 a die i~ transferred to the surface at the same time o~ forminy the surface, and the method in which calendering, sand ~a~ting, chemical etching, the mat treatment, pressing, etc. are used to gi~e unev~nness to an already formed sheet, are applicable. The particularly preferable examples of the methods of forming the non-smooth ~urface arH the mat treatment, the sand blasting method, the press method and such.

For exa~ple, ln the case of the planar lighting device without a light guiding plate as shown in Fig. 1, the back surface of the light adjuating ~heet is not to be in contact ~ith anything, so that the light adjusting sheet with a ~lat back surface can be suitably employed. In the case of the planar lighting devlce with a light guiding plate as sho~n in Fig. 4, the light ad~usting sheet is used with the light guiding plate 1~ in contact with its back surface, and interference fringe~ of Newton rlng may result b~cause of the slight gap between this back sur~ace of the light adju~ting sheet and the light guiding plate if the back ~urface of the light adjusting sheet is a flat surface. The~efore, in such cases, it is preferable ~o provide une~enness on the back s~rface of the light ad~u~ting sheet.

For example, it i~ preferable to form fine une~enness on the back surface formed by sand blasting and such as shown in Flg.
11, because thi~ ~ill eliminate interference fringes of Newton ring and a~90 the light will be diffused. In ad~ition, the ~} ~

OCT 16.1998 11:54AM N0.6240 P 33 ~ di~ectio~ality of the light decreases if the back ~urface of th~
~heet i~ provided with con~ex and concave streaks of a cross section of a continuous curve sho~n in Fig. 20 or of a triangular cross 6ection shown in Fig. 21. According to the experimentQ by the inventors, even better re~ults can be obtained by making the period of the uneven streak~ on the back surface of the light adjusting ~heet the same as the period of the convex and concave streaks of the front surface and making the a~plitude less than a half of that of the front surface.

As described above, the back surface of the light adju~ting sheet oppo~ite to the ~urface provided with the convex streaks and concave streaks can be changed in various ways to produce different results. Therefore, a suitable combination with the convex and concave ~treaks of the front ~urface shoùld be chosen, depending on the refractive index and the thlckness of the light guiding plate, the refractiv~ index of the light ad~usting sheet, etc.

Also, the light ad~u~ting sheet may con~aln a light diffuslng materia~. The llght di~fusing material gi~e~ an abi~ity to diffuse light to the llght ad~usting ~h~et. For the light dirfusing material, whlte pigments such as calcium carbonate powder, tit~nium oxide po~der and zin~ white, white inorganic powder such as alumina powder, silica powder and white clay, gla~s b~ads, gla~s fibre, synthetic resin powder with a ..,. ~,.~

OC~. 16. 1998 11:54AM NO. 6240 P. 34 ~08~

- refractive index d~ferent from that of the light ad~usting sheet, etc., are preferable.

Also, regarding the diffusion material content, there is little effect if thc light dlf~usion material is equal to or less than 0.01 weight units against 100 weight units of the tr~nsparent material of glass, synthetic resi~ or such, of which the light ad~sting ~heet consists, and then the ef~ect doe~ not increase any mo~e. On the other hand, the light transmission performance rather deteriorates if it is 10 weight unit~ or more.
Therefore, the range of 0.01 to 10 weight units is preferable, and 0.1 to 5 weight units is ~ore preferable.

There are several methods for ~aking the light a~justlng sheet contain the light di~fusing material, that is, i) a method in which the light adjusting sheet i6 ~ormed by a transparent material which is already mixed with the light dif~using materlal, ii) a method in which the light ad~usting sheet is formed by stacking a plurality o~ layers o~ a tran~parent msterial Layer whlch mainly consists of the light adjusting sheet and a transparent material which includes a light diffusing material, and iii) a method in which a coating material consisting o~ a tran~parent materlal ~hich ihcludes a light diffusing material i~ coated on the ~urface of the light adjusting sheet, etc.

'!~L' ' oc~r. 16. 1998 11:55AM NO. 6240 P. 36 The 6urface of the sheet on ~hlch the convex and conca~e st~eaks are provided $8 used as the front surfa~e through ~hich the light emanates. The light transmitted through the front surface is refracted by the convex and concave streaks and ~on~erged in the normal direction, l.e. the front direction, o~
the liqht adjusting sheet. For example, when the sheet is used in a planar lighting device of the edge-light type, the oppo~i~e surface which i9 not provided with the convex and concave streaks is in contact with the front surface of the light guiding plate.
Thus, the light emanated from the fron~ surface of the light guiding plate at a low angle goes through the light ad~,u~ting sheet and e~anate~ as a converged light in the forward direction.

More detailed explanations are given below, by referring to an example of the lig~t adjusting shee~ of an embodiment of thi~
invention installed in a planar llghting de~ce of the edge-light type. In the planar lighting device of t~e edge-light type, a light emitted from a linear light source provided on the edge side o~ the lig~t guiding plate enters the light guidin~ plate through the edge surface. The light which has entered the light guiding plate is irre~ularly reflected by the irregular re~lection layer and either directly goes out from the front surface or goe~ out o~ the front surfa~e after being refle~ted by the reflector plate provided on the ba~k surface of the light guiding plate. The light emanating from the light guidlng plate is very dir-ctional, as ~ho~n in Fig. 2. Since the light r .

OCT 16. 1998 11:54AM NO. 6240 P. 35 ~ adjusting Yheet is provlded on the front surface of the ligh~
gulding plate, the light ent¢rs the light adjusting sheet.

Here, if the opposite ~u~face of the light ad~ustlng s~eet which is to ~e in conta~t with the light guiding plate haY flne uneve~ne~s, the opposite sur~ace is not in tight contact with t~e light guiding plate, and therefore lnterfe~ence fringe~ of the Newton rinq which result from fine gaps at a tight contact do not appear. Further, the light t~king-in efficiency (a ratio of the light entered the light ad~u~ting sheet without reflection to the light which goes out of the light guiding plate) is improved.

Then, the light tr~vels through the light adjusting sheet emanate~ from the front surface having the convex and concave streaks. ~ere, the light i~ converged in the forward ~irection by the convex and concave streaks, and the irregular reflection layer such ac dot printing provided on the back ~urface of the light guiding plate become~ lnvisible, and thus the light emanate~ as an easy-to-see light for the user. If a diffusing ~aterial is mixed in the light adjusting ~heet, the light i~
sultably diffused.

When a liquid crystal di~play element is in~tall~d ln f~ont of the light adjusting 3heet, an optical contact o~ the light adju~ting sheet and the llquid c~ystal di~play element may not OCT. 16. 1998 11:55AM NO. 6240 P. 3~

~_ ~Q ~
occur ~y the uneven streaks provided on the surface of the light ad~usting sheet~

The light adjusting sheet co~figured as described thus far is used for a planar lighting device. As shown in Fig. 12, the S planar lighting device 30 includes at lea-~t one light ad~usting sheet 50 ~ith the con~iguration described above, a l$ght guiding plate 32 provided behind the light adjusting sheet 50 ~ith a printed dot pattern 31 on the back surface, at least one ~inear light source 33 provided on at least one sidQ o~ the light guiding plate 32, and a ~eflector plate 34 provided behind the light guiding plate 32. As shown in Fig. 4, at least one light diffusing ~heet 35 may be provided as necessa~y between the ligh~
adjusting ~heet 50 and the light gulding plate 32 or in front of the light adjusting sheet 50, i.e. the light emanating end.
Then, a liquid crystal diapla~ i5 obtained by installing a liquid cry~tal display element 36 in front of the planar lighting device 30.

In the planar lighting device, each of the convex and concave streaks of the llght adjusting sheet 50 makes a predetermined angle wlth an axis of the ~ight ~ource 33. In order to provide the convex ~nd concave streaks to make a predetermined angle with the axi-C of the light source 33, a s~uare sheet provided ~ith a plurality of convex ~treak~ and concave streaks ~hich are parallel to ea~h other and which make ~'''' OCT 16. 1998 11:55AM NO. 6240 P 38 ~ n 8 ~
a predeter~ine~ angle with an edge line of the sheet ~ay be use~
as a light ad~u~ting sheet, ~herein the sheet is arranged so that the edge line of the ~heet is parallel to the axis o~ the light source 33.

5AS shown in Fig. 13, the plurality of the convex and concave streak~ are formed on one side of the sheet in such a way that each peak line 54 of the streaks makes an angle ~ with the edge S5 of the sheet. The angle ~ is preferably in the range of 5D
5 ~ ~ 85~~ Ir 0 exceed~ 85~, lt may not be pos~lble to obtain lOa sufficient light concentration effect. If ~ is smaller than 5~ or 0 is ~5~ o~ greater, the peak lines of the streak~ on the light ad~usting ~heet and the pitch line~ between dots of the liquid crystal display may cause Moire fringes.

Additionally, ~oire fringes may appear between specific 15patterns displayed on the liquid crystal display element and the streaks of the light adjustlng sheet, though the angle ~ is in the range of 5~ ~ ~ s 85~. In order to effecti~ely prevent this proble~, the angle ~ is preferably app~oxim~tely 36~, determined by frequen~y of occurrence of the patterns di~played on the 20llquid crystal di~play element. If it is not required to consider occurrence of Moire fringes with the pattern~ displayed on the liquid crystal display element, the angle ~ ia set by determining the lumin~nce distribution as a fun~tion of the mea~urement direction with the procedure de~cribed above, and , .,, OC~ 16.1998 11:55AM N0.6240 P. 39 determining the value at which the emanated llght dlstribution 5 concentrated towards the fro~t of the ~creen.

The representative example of the light adjusting sheet consists of two square sheets, each square sheet being provided 5 with a plurality of convex streaks and concave streaks approximately parallel to each other, stacked together in such a way that peak lines of the ~treaks of one square sheet and the other make an angle ~~ or greate~, the peak lines of the streaks of one square sheet make an angle 0~ 5D to 85~ in the clockwise directlon with the sheet edge, and the pea~ lines of the streak~
of the other ~quare sheet make an angle of 5- to 85~ in the counterclockwise direction with the sheet edges.

In the light adjustlng ~heet of the two sheet stru~ture, as shown in Fig. 14, supposing the angle between the peak lines of lS the streaks of one square ~heet and the sheet edge be ~ in the counterclockwise direction, then the angle 0' in the clockwise direct~on for the other square sheet is preferably in the range of 5~ s ~ s 85-. Also, the angle ~ for one s~uare sheet and the anqle ~' for the other squ~re sheet are preferably set in opposlte directions, clockwise and counterclock~ise, against the sheet edge, with the same absolute value. Howe~er, ao discu~sed above, the angle between the peak lines of the streaks o~ one 3quare sheet and the peak lines of the streaks of the other square sheet must be 5~ or greater, so that these square sheets ~".

OCT 16. 1998 11:56AM ~ 3 NO. 62~0 P. 40 mus~ be stacked in such a way that the absolute value of the difference ~etween the angles 0 and ~' is not smaller than 5~.
~ ' I < 5~, then Moire fringes may result from ~he convex streaks and conca~e streak~ of these s~uare sheets.

5When three or more square sheets ~re stacked together, the sheet stacking i~ al50 conducted in such a ~ay ~hat the peak lines of the streak~ of one s~uare sheet mak~ an angle of 5~ or greater with the peak line~ of the ~treak~ of any other oquare sheet.

10Next, each element whlch composes the planar lighting device 30 will ~e described.

First, the light adjustlng shee~ 37 ~S0, 60) has the configuration described above. It is possible to u~e a plurality of the light adjusting sheets stacking together, or to use $t 15jointly ~ith a light dl$fusing 6heet 3~ o~ the conventional type.

For the linear light sou~ce 33, a cathode ray tube i~
u~ually used. The cathode ray tube may be either a cold cathode ray tube or a hot cathode ray tube. There is no limltation Oh the size and such of the cathode ray tube. The light source ~8) 20i5 provided on both left a~d right sides or on one side o~ the light gulding plate 32. A180, the light sources may be provided on three or all ~our sldes of the light guiding plate 32.

~1 O~T. 16. 1998 11:56AM NO. 6240 P. 41 The light guiting plate 32 is made of a material with goo~
transparency such a~ gla~s, po~ycarbonate, polyester and polymethylmethacrylate, and a printed dot pattern 31 is applied on its back ~urface, i.e. the surface on the reflector plate ~de, to cause lrregular reflection in ~uc~ a ~ay that the light from the ligh~ source 33 emanates uniformly from ea~h positlon of the light emanating surface. The thickness and such of the light guiding plate 32 are not limited.

For the reflector plate 34, any plate can be ~sed without limitation as long as it functions to block and re~lect a light, such BS a resin plate with a white pigment blended into it, a foamed resin plate, a resin plate wlth a metal vapour coating or a metal plate. The reflector plate 34 is placed on the non-emanating side of the light guiding plate 32, and is in contact with the printed dot pattern 31 of the light guiding plate 32.

The light diffusing sheet 35 dif~uses the light so that the use~ does not see the configuration of the printed dot patte~n 31 on the light guiding plate 32. There are several types, that a~e, a type in ~hic~ a light diff~sing material is mixed, a type in which a light diffusing material i8 coated, a type in whic~
a random unevennes~ is formed, a~d a combination type of the above types. The thlckness of thi~ sheet i~ not limlted but is usually 10 ~m or greater, and preferably 20 to 300 ~m. If the ~., oclr 16. 1998 11:56AM NO. 6240 P. 42 ~t~8~ ~3 ~~- thi~kness is less than lO~m, suffi~ient diffusion characteristics may no~ be ob~ained The preferred embodiment~ according to the invention ~ill be describe~.

(Embodlment 1) A~ shown in Fig. 15, a plurality of ~onvex streaks 51 and concave streaks 52 are alternatively formed parallel to each other on the light emanating sur~ace o~ a square sheet made of polycarbonate with a melt index of 4.0 (290CC, 1.9 kg~. A peak Sla of each con~ex streak 51 has a lateral croa~ se~tion of a con~ex arc, and a bottom 52a of each concave st~eak 52 ha-~ a lateral cross se~tion of a concave arc. An angle between the two slopes of each convex 6treak 52 ~an angle bet~een two tangent line3 at the mlddle of each slope) is roughly a right angle. The total thickne~ of the sheet is 200 ~, the height from the bottom 52a of the concave ~treaks 52 to the peak 51a of the convex streaks 51 is 120 ~m, the pitch of the convex streaks 51 and th~ pitch of the concave streaks 52 are both 350 ~m. The radius of curvature for both the peak 51a of each convex ~treak S1 and the bottom 52a of each concave streak 52 ls 67 ~m. The convex streaks 51 and the conca~e streaks 52 are formed by the thermal press method. The back ~urface 53 of the sheet is provided with fine unevenness by the mat roll ~ethod. Such i~
the configuxation of the light adju~ting sheet 50 ~hich has a ~' OCT. 16. 1998 11:57AM NO. 6240 P. 43 ~ plurality of the convex streaks 51 and the concave ~treaks 52 or, the front surf~ce and the unevenness on the back surface 53 ~a light adjusting sheet ~A~ ~, ~Performance test) The for~ard ll~m;n~nce and the luminance ratio are measured and the appearance is observed for the planar lig~ting device equipped with the lig~t adjusting sheet described above.

I) Luminance The cathode ray tu~e (light source) 33, the light guiding plate 32, the reflector plate 34, and ~he light diffusing sheet 35, described below, are used to compo~e the planar lighting device for the measurements of the screen brightness.

Cathode ray tube: Cold cathode ray tubes of 3.0 mm diameter and 130 mm length.

Light guiding plate: 130 mm long, 260 mm wide, 3.0 mm thick.
The materlal is an acrylic re~in. Dot printing for irregular reflection ls applied on the back surface.

Reflector plate~ 100 ~m thick. The material is polycarbonate ~ixed with 20 wt% white pigment (titanium oxide).

," ., .

OCT 16.1998 11:57AM N0.6240 P. 44 ~~ Light diffusing sheet: The material i~ polycarbonate mixe~
with lO wt~ calciumcarbonate.

In Fig. 12, whic~ ~hows the basic structure of the planar lighting device of the edge-light type, t~e cathode ray tube 33 as a light source is placed on each side of the light guidlng plate 32 w~ich has the printed dot pattern 31 on it~ back ~urface. The reflector plate 34 is placed behind the light guiding plate 32, and the light adju~ting ~heet 50 i~ placed in front of the light guiding plate 32. The light ad~usting ~he~t 0 50 i5 placed in such a way that the surface with the conuex streaks 51 and the concave streaks 52 is to be the light emanating surface and that the convex streaks ~l and the concave streaks 5Z are parallel with the axi~ o~ t~e cathode ray tubes 33~

Wlth the planar lighting device 30 de~cribed abo~e, the luminance is ~easured in the normal direction (0~~ and in the direction O~ 30c from the nor~al direction. The procedure to measure the luminance i5 as de6cribed before.

II) Appearance For the planar ligh~ing device 30 described abo~e, the screen is checked to see if there is any problem in appearance.

~.i~

0(~. 16. 1998 11:57AM NO. 6240 P. 45 (Embodlments 2 to 4) Lig~t adju~tlng sheets (b), tc) and (d) are obtained by the ~ame procedure as for the sheet ~a), except that the ~heet material, the slze of the convex streak3 and concave s~reaks and the forming method of unevenness of the back surface are changed to the items listed in Table 1, Fo~ the planar llghting devices equipped ~lth either liqht adjusting sheet of ~b~, ~c) or ~d), a performance test ls ~onducted in the same manner as for Embodi~ent 1~ The lig~t adjusting sheet ~d) of Embodiment 4, as shown in Fig. 16, has a ~ack surface of non-smooth surface 53 formed into a moderate wave form surface by the press method.

(~ontrol example 1) A performance te8t is conducted in the same manner a3 for ~mh~iment 1 for a planar l$ghting de~ice ~hich is ~ot equipped with the light ad~usting sheet of thls disclosure.

(Control examRles 2 to 3) The light adjusting sheets ~e) and ~f) are obtained by the same procedure as for the sheet (a), except that the sheet material, the size of the convex streaks and the concave streaks and the forming ~ethod of the unevennes~ of the back surface are changed to the ltems li~ted in Table 1. A performance test ls conducted ln the same manner as ~or ~mbodiment 1 for the planar lighting devlccs equipped ~ith each of the light adju~tlng sheets , .
_ _ OC~ 16. 1998 11:58AM NO. 6240 P. 46 (e) or (f). The liqht adjusting sheet ~e) corresponds to the conventional sheet sho~n in Fig. 5.

The sheet mate~ial, the Yize of the convex ~treak~, the for~ing method of the back surface, and the resu~ts of the performance tests ~or each light ad~usting sheet o~ the ~mho~im~nts and the Control exa~ples are su~marized ln Table 1.
In Table 1, the marks represent as following:
~: A light diffusinq ~heet which has a random uneven surface on the front surface ahd a mat surfa~e on the back surface.
0: No problem ~: There is some problem As clearly shown in Table 1, compared with those of the Control example~, the light ad~usting sheets of the Embodim~nts have superior luminance ln the normal direction (0~) and in the lS direction o~ 30~ from the normal direction, and they are superior in appearance a~ we~l.

qO

~, OCT 16. 1998 11:58AM NO. 6240 P. 47 Ta~le 1 ~ nts Control exam~le~

L$ght a 'o c d non- e adju-ting sheet S Mate~ial poly- poly- polymeth poly- - polymeth poly-carbona carbona yl carbon-te yl car~ona te te methacr ~thacr te y-la~e y-late Total 200 170 900 250 - 500 250 thickne s ~m) - Conca~e 120 70 180 120 - 180 depth (~n) Peak angle 90 80 100 75 ~ 90 (n) Pitch (ym) 350 190 430 200 ~ 360 15 Radius of 67 50 30 30 - 0 curv-atura of convex and concav~
streak~
( yrn) Forming Mat Sand Random ,eine curve - Mirro~ -method of roll blast unevenwith ~he surface back die ~am- pha~e 25 ~urface pres~ a~ light emanating sur~ace, pre-s vith 15 ~m concave Luminance 405 ~00 415 420 150 530 330 (0~, cd~m2) LuminanCe 300 385 375 370 250 45 360 ~30 cdJm2 ) Appearanc- o o o o ~ ~ o Dot~Dots are are vlei~le visibl 3right e. poin~
by a tight contact OC~.16.1998 11:59AM NO.6240 P. 48 (Embodiment 5) Fig. 17 shows a part of a light adjusting aheet for a planar lighting device in Embodiment 5, and Fig. 1~ shows a planar lighting device of the edge-light type in whlch the light ad~usting sheet shown in Fig. 17 i3 used.

In Fig. 17, the light adjustlng ~heet S0 has a front surface 56 provided ~ith convex ~treaks and concave streak~ forming a slne curved ~ur~ace and a ba~k 6urface 5~ of unevennes~.

In Fig. 18, the numeral 32 represent~ a light guiding plate consisting of a polymethylmethacryllc plate with a 3 mm thickness, and a dot-printed irregular reflection layer ~not shown) is provided on the back surface of the light guiding plate 32. The particle diameter of the beads used in the dot printing is in the range of 0.5 to 1.5 mm, the numeral 34 represents a reflector plat~. The reflector plate 34 i~ provided on the back surface of the light guidlng plate 32. The reflector plate 34 reflects the llght emanating from the back surface of the llght guiding plate 32 back to the light guiding plate 32. The nume~al represents a light adju~tlng sheet consisting o~ a polycarbonate transparent sheet. The liqht ad~usting sheet 50 is made by the method in which polycarbonate is formed into a 200 ~m thlck sheet with convex streaks and concave strcaks having an amplit~de of 120 ~m and a pitch of 350 ym on the front sur f ace 56 by the pre~ process, and providing fine unevenness on the ,i , OCT 16.1998 11:59AM N0.6240 P. 49 - back surface 53 by the sand blasting method. The light adjustin~
sheet S0 i8 used such that the ~ac~ surface 53 which has fine unevenne6s is ln contact with the light guidlng pl~te 32. The numersl 33 represent~ a linear light source pro~lded on the edge 5 side of the light guiding plate 32. The numeral 3~ represent~
a reflector cover. The reflector cover 38 is installed behind the light source 33 and helps the light emitted from the light ~ource 33 efficiently enter the light guiding plate 32.

Next, operation of the light adju~tlng sheet 50 used in a planar lighting device of t~e edge-light type sho~n in Fig~. 17 and 18 are descri~ed below. ~hen the light source 33 is turned on, the light emitted from the light sour~e 33 enters the light guidlng plate 32 directly or a~ter being reflected ~y the reflector cover 38. The light whi~h ha~ entered the light guiding plate 32 emanates, directly or after being re~lected ~y the reflector plate 34, from the front surfa~e as a st~ongly dire~tional light (the angle from the light guiding plate 32 is approximately 20~), as shown in Fig. 2. Th~ light e~anating from the front surface of the light guiding plate 32 enters the light 20 adju6ting 6heet 50. Here, since the back sur~ace of the light adjusting sheet 50 through which the light enters has the flne unevenne~s, the ~ight i~ diffused. ~ext, the llght which has entered the light adjusting sheet 50 tr2vels through the light ad~usting sheet 50 and goes out oi it~ front surface. When the light goe~ out of the front surface, the direction of the light OCT 16.1998 11:59AM N0.6240 P. 50 ~s altered to ~he forward direction by the convex ~treaks and the conca~e ~reak~ on the fron~ sur~ace.

The light distribution characteristic~ of the light which has travelled through the light ad~usting sheet 50 is analyzed and the result is a ~ery good distri~ution, indi~ated ~y H ln ~ig. 19. Further, the irregular reflection layer pro~ided on the bac~ fiurface of the light guiding plate 32 i6 invisible ~hen looklng into the sheet 50. Additionally, when a liquid crystal display ele~ent is placed in fro~t o~ the planar lighting device using the light ad~usting sheet, there is no poor reada~ility caused by the irregular reflection layer and the screen is very good-looking.

(E~bodi~ent 6) ~ext, Embodlment 6, as sho~n in Fig. 20 is described below.
A ~ight adjusting ~heet 70 shown in Fig. 20 has a front ~urface 71 provided with convex ~treaks and conca~e streaks forming a sine curved surface and a back ~urfa~e 72 provided wit~
unevenness o~ mat sur~ace forming a sine curved ~urface by the sand blasting method. The pitch of the streaks of the front ~urface 71 is 400 ~m and the amplltude is 200 ~m. The unevenness on the back urface 72 has the same pitch of 400 ~m as that of the front surface 71, but the amplitude i~ 20 ~m. The thic~ness of the light adju~ting sheet 70 is 500 ym. The light adjusti~g sheet 70 is fabricated by extruding a methylmethacrylic resin ~, NO 6240 P. 51 OC~. 16. 1998 12:00PM

~ in~o a sheet us~ng an extruder and then fo~ming the une~en pattern on the sheet using an embossing roll.

The light ad~usting sheet 70 ~ho~n in Fig. 20 is installed on the same planar lighting devlce as the one in Embodiment 6, and the light distribution characteri6tics are ahalyzed~ The llght distribution characteristics are somewhat different from the light distribution characterlstics indicated by H in Fig. l9, but the distribution is ~ery good. ~hen a liquid crystal display element is placed in front of this plana~ lighting device, the front surface of the liquid crystal display element is prevented fro~ ~eing in tight contact with the front su~face 71 of the light adjusting sheet 70. ~herefore, there is no interference fringe of Ne~ton ring caused by the tight contact. ~urther, ~he light is conuerged in the forwa~d direction by the unevennes~ on the back surface 72 to produce an even better looking screen than the planar li~hting device in Em~odiment 5.

(Embodiment 7) Next, Embodiment 7 shown in Fig. 21 i5 described below. In Embodiment 7 shown ln Fig. 21, unevenness with a triangular cro~
section i~ provided on the back sur~ace 82 opposite to the f~ont surface 81 provided with convex streaks and concave strea~s fo~ming a sine cur~ed surface in the light ad~ustlng sheet 80.
The unevenness of the back surf~ce 82 has the same pitch of 350 as the pitch o~ the front surface 81, but the amplitude is 50 "~ ~

OCT 16 1998 12:00PM N0.6240 ~. 52 ~m. Other than this, the structure ls the ~ame as t~at or Embodiment 5.

~he light adjusting sheet 80 of Embodiment 7 shown in Fig.
21 is installed on the planar lighting device used in Embodiment 5, and a liquid cry~tal dlsplay element i~ placed in front of this planar lighting device. Since the front surface o~ the light guiding plate 32 is prevented from ~eing in t~ght contact with the back surface o~ the unevennes~ wlth a triangular cross section of the light ad~usting sheet 80. Therefore, there is no interference fringe of Newton r~ng caused by the tlght contact, and the light is better dlrected in the forward direction by the une~enness on tho back su~ace 82, the re~ult i~ an even better looking screen than the planar lighting device of Embodl~ent 5.

(Embodiment 8) Next, Embodiment 8 ~hown in Fig. 22 is described below.
Embodiment 8 ~hown in Fig. 2~ is different fro~ Embodiment 5 in that the llght adjust$ng sheet 50 includes 3 weight units of titanlum oxide powder mixed in lOO weight units of polycarbonate by whlch the shee~ mainly consists of. Other than this, the structure is the ~ame as that of Em~odiment 5.

The light adjusting sheet 50 of Embodiment ~ shown in Fig.
22 ls in~t~lled on the planar llghting devlce u~ed in Embodiment 5, and a ll~uid crystal display element is pla~ed in front o~

OCT 16. 1998 12:00PM NO. 6240 ~. 53 2 ~
~his planar lighting device. Since the ~ight is diffused by the titanium oxide powder, the l~regular reflection layer provided on the back surface of the light guiding plate 32 is lnvisible, and the screen is better looking than the planar lighting device of Embodiment 5.

lEmbodiment 9 ) Next, Embo~iment 9 shown in ~ig. 23 is described below. The light adjusting cheet 50 o~ Embodiment 9 ~hown in Fig. 23 is different from F~hoA;ment 5 in that the back surface 57 opposite to the front surface 56 provlded ~ith convex streaks and concave streaks forming a sine curved sur~ace is a flat surface. Other than thls, the stru~ture iR the same as that of Embodiment 5.

The light adjusting oheet 50 of Embodiment 9 shown in Fig.
23 is installed on t~e planar lighting device ~hown in ~ig. 1, and a liquid cryRtal display element i9 placed in front of this planar lighting dev~ce. Thu~ a good-looking, brighte~ than conventional, screen iB obtained.

Next, the ~ollowlng te~ting is ca~ried out in order to compare the performance of conventional light ad~usting ~heets and those of this disclo6ure.

,~ ..
~, OCT 16. 1998 12:01PM NO 6240 P 54 ~Compa~ative te~ting) The light adju~ting sheet of Embodiment 5 shown in ~ig. 17 and that of Embodi~ent 6 shown in Fig. 20 are u~ed as ~ample~.
For control samples, rando~ unevenness of a 150 ym depth 19 provided on a sheet formed by extruding polycarbonate uslng an extruder, and fine unevenness ic provided, by the sand bla~ting method, on the back surface (Control sample 4). The thickness of this light adju6ting sheet is Z00 ~m.

The three samples described above are installed on the planar llghting device ~ho~n in Fig. la, and the forward luminance (cd/m2), the angle range ~deg) $n which the ll]m;n~nce brighter than a half of the forward l~-mln~nce, and the light emanation appearance quality are measured. The results are shown in Table 2.

Tabl~ 2 ; m~nt 5 ~ nt 6 Control sample 4 Forward luminance~120 ~4~ 350 tcd/m~
Angle range~ ~deq) 45D 40~ 55-Light emanating o o . o 2 0 appearanc- qua~i'cy As one can ~ee in Table 2, the ~heet~ of the pre~erred embodiments of this invention, i.e. Embodiments 5 and 6, h~ve a high ~orward lu~inance, a suitably diffused angle range and a good light emanatlon appearance quality. Therefore, they are excellent sheeto. On the othe~ hand, Control Sample 4 ha~ a ,ii . .

... .

OC~ 16 1998 12:02PM NO. 6240 P. 55 large angle range and a small forward luminan~e. Therefore, one can ~ee that it does not emanate the light efficiently in the direction of the u~er's ~ight, an~ that a li~uid crystal display element placed in front of it would produce a dim screen.

Next, embodiments of the liqht ad~usting sheet in which a plurality of sheets each having convex streaks and concave ~treaks app~oximately parallel to each other on one ~urface are ~tacked will be described.

First, two types of sheets (g) ~corresponding to the conventional light ad~usting sheet) and (h~ (corresponding to a light adjusting Yheet a~cording to ~mbodiments of ~he in~entionJ
with different streak ~onfiguration~ are forme~.

Sheet ~g) In Fig. 24, a pl~rality of parallel streaks 91 with a lateral cross section of a right angled isos~ele6 triangle are formed on the light emanating surface of a square sheet ~the peak angle is a right angle). The total thickness of the sheet is 300 ~m and the height of the streaks 91 is 150 ~m. ~he material of the sheet i9 polycarbonate with a melt index of 4.0 (290~C, 1.9 kg~. The streaks 91 are forme~ by the hot press method. Such is the conflguration of the sheet (g) with a plurality of streaks 91.

~, ..
,~

0C~.16.1998 12:02PM N0.6240 P. 56 Sheet (h) In Fig. 25, a plurality of convex streak~ 92 and concave streaks 93 parallel to each other are formed on the light emanating Aurface of a square sheet. Each of the convex streaks 92 ha~ a lateral cross section of a convex arc ~ith a radiu~ of curvature of 20 ~m and each of the concave streaks 93 has a lateral cross section o$ a concave arc ~ith a radius of curvature of 20 ~m. The total thicknes~ o~ the sheet is 250 ~m ahd the height of the convex streaks 92 is 120 ~m. The material of the sheet is polymethyl met~acrylate. Such is the configurat~on of the sheet ~h) with a plurallty of the convex streaks 92 and concave streaks 93.

The following sets o~ a cathode ray tube 33, a light gu~ding plate 32, a reflector plate 34 and z light diffu~ing sheet 35 are used.

Set ~A) Cathode ray tube: One cold cathode ray tube of 3.5 mm diameter and 150 mm len~th.

Light guidlng plate: 150 mm long, 200 mm wide, 3.0 mm thi~k. The material is poly~ethyl methacrylate. Dot print~ng is applied on the bottom surface.

0C~ 16 1998 12 02PM N0 6240 P 5~

Reflector plate: lOO ~ thick. The material is polycarbonate mixed with 20 wt% tltanium oxide.

Llght diffusing ~heet: The material is polycarbonate mixed with lO wt% calcium carbonate.

Set (B) Cathode ray tube6: T~o hot cathod~ ray tubes o~ 5.0 mm diameter and 170 mm length.

Light gulding plate: 170 mm long, 230 mm wlde, 5.0 mm thick. The material is polycarbonate. Dot printing is applied on the bottom sur~ace.

Re~lector plate: lOO 1~m thlck. The material is polyethylene terephthalate foam.

Li~ht diffusing ~heet: The materlal is polycarbonate mixed with lO wt~ calcium carbonate.

One or a stacked unit of two or more sheets (h) ~and the sheet (g~ additionaly) described above is used to compose light ad~usting sheets, and these sheet~ are comb$ned with the two types of sets ~A) and (B). Each ll~ht ad~usting ~heet is placed in ~uch a way that the peak lines of the convex streaks and the OCT 16.1998 12:0~PM NO.6240 P. 58 - concave streaks are at the required angle to the axls o~ the cathode ray tube to compose a planar lighting device.

For e~ample, ~wo sheets 60 are placed on the light guidihg plate 32 as sho~n in Fig. 26, or placed between the light guiding plate 32 ~nd the light diffusing sheet 35 a~ shown in Fig. 27.

Control example~
Planar lighting devices in which one or two ~heets (~
described above is placed in ~uch a way that the peak line-~ of the convex ~t~eaks and the concave streaks are parallel to the axis of the cathode ray tube are also constructed.

For each planar lightlng devlce of E~bodiments and the control example6, ~he ~orward luminance and the lu~inance ratio are measured and ~he appearance i9 observed. The results are sho~n in Table 3. In Ta~le 3~

~ Angle of the streaks: ~he angle of the streak~ is defined to be oD when the peak lines of the streaks of the light adjusting sheets are parallel to the axi~ of the cathode ray tube.

* Luminance ratio (l): The ratio of the l~lm. 1 nAnce to the highe~t luminance of the luminance measurements in variou~
observatlon directlon~ for one lumine~cent device.
~ Luminance ratio ~2~: The ~atio of the luminance to the for~ard ll~m;~nce o~ the planar lighting device when the peak ~ =v OCT 16.1998 12:04PM NO.6240 P. 59 2 0 8 ~
.ines o~ the streaks of one or multiple light adjusting ~heet~
are placed parallel to the axis of the ~athode ray tube ~with other conditions unchanged).

The luminance measurements are ~on~eted with the procedure described earlier.

fl OCT. 16. 1998 12:04PM NO. 6240 P. 60 TablQ 3 ~.~o~ ~nt~ Control ~xamples Set of ca~hode A ~ ~ A A
ray tub~, et~.
~A or 3~
5 Sh~et tnumb-r of h + h t2) g + h ~2) h+hlh ~3) g (1) g + g ~2) ~he~ts) tPea~ angle o~ 15 +45 +30 0 0, 0 convex and -45 -20 con~ave atreak~ -50 Positlon of Betw-~n ~etween Light Light Light light di~fusing light light emanating emanating emana~ing ~heet guiding guiding end ~nd ~nd plate and plate and li~ht l~gh~
adjusting ad~ us tlng ~h-et shee~
Fo~vard 550 730 725 370 410 15 luminance (Ins~f~ici kd~m~ ent 1~ n c e ) ~Luminance ratio 99~ 98~ 95% 65~ '.72 ~1) *L~minance ratio 135~ 140~ 125~ - -2~ ~2) Appearance 0 0 0 0 x Interfere nce patlern (Moire) Although the invention has been described with respect to specific embodiment for complete and clea~ di~closure, the appended clalms are not to be thus limited but are to be con~trued as embodylng all 25 modification and alternative ~onstr~ctions tha~ may occur to on- skilled in the art which falrly fall ~ithin the ba6ic te~ch~ng herein set forth.

205377 31 . 3

Claims (14)

1. A planar lighting device comprising a light adjusting sheet having a plurality of convex regions and concave regions on one surface;
each convex region and concave region being arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other;
a light guiding plate having a dot pattern on a back surface being placed in back of said light adjusting sheet;
a linear light source placed on at least one side of said light guiding plate;
a reflector plate being placed in back of said light guiding plate;
wherein peak lines of said convex region and bottom lines of said concave regions of said light adjusting sheet are arranged to make a predetermined angle with an axis of said linear light source;
each of said convex regions having a cross section of a convex arc and each of said concave regions having a cross section of a concave arc; and wherein said light adjusting sheet comprises a plurality of single sheets each having a plurality of convex regions and concave regions arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other, stacked together in such a way that peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of one single sheet make an angle of 5° or greater with peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of at least one other single sheet.
2. A planar lighting device, according to claim 1:
wherein peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions make an angle in the range of 5°
to 85° with an axis of said linear light source.
3. A planar lighting device, according to claim 1:
wherein at least two of said single sheets are stacked so that said peak lines and said bottom lines of one single sheet make an angle of 5° or greater with said peak lines and said bottom lines of the other single sheet;
said peak lines and said bottom lines of said one single sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a clockwise direction with an axis of said linear light source; and said peak lines and said bottom lines of said the other single sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a counterclockwise direction with an axis of said linear light source.
4 A liquid crystal display comprising:
a light adjusting sheet having a plurality of convex regions and concave regions on one surface, each of said convex regions having a cross section of a convex arc and each of said concave regions having a cross section of a concave arc, each convex region and each concave region being arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other;
a light guiding plate having a dot pattern on a back surface placed in back of said light adjusting sheet;
a linear light source placed on at least one side of said light guiding plate;
a reflector plate being placed in back of said light guiding plate;
a liquid crystal display element being forward of said light guiding plate;
wherein peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of said light adjusting sheet being arranged to make a predetermined angle with an axis of said linear light source;
said light adjusting sheet comprising a plurality of single sheets each having a plurality of convex regions and concave regions arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other on one surface, stacked together in such a way that peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of one single sheet make an angle of 5° or greater with peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of at least one other single sheet.
5. A liquid crystal display, according to claim 4:
wherein peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions make an angle in the range of 5°
to 85° with an axis of said linear light source.
6. A liquid crystal display, according to claim 4:
wherein at least two of said single sheets are stacked so that said peak lines and said bottoms lines of one single sheet make an angle of 5° or greater with said peak lines and said bottom lines of the other single sheet;
said peak lines and said bottom lines of said one single sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in 2 clockwise direction with an axis of said linear light source; and said peak lines and said bottom lines of said the other single sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a counterclockwise direction with an axis of said linear light source.
7. A planar lighting device comprising:
a light adjusting sheet having a plurality of convex regions and concave regions on one surface, each convex region and each concave region being arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other;
a light guiding plate having a dot pattern on a back surface being placed back of said light adjusting sheet;
a linear light source placed on at least one side of said light guiding plate; and a reflector plate being placed back of said light guiding plate;
wherein peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of said light adjusting sheet being arranged to make a predetermined angle with an axis of said linear light source wherein said light adjusting sheet comprises a plurality of single sheets each having a plurality of convex regions and concave regions arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other, stacked together in such a way that peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of one single sheet make an angle of 5° or greater with peak lines of said convex regions and bottom lines of said concave regions of at least one other single sheet.
8. A planar lighting device, according to claim 7, wherein at least two of said single sheets are stacked so that said peak lines and said bottom lines of one single sheet make an angle of 5° degrees or greater with said peak lines and said bottom lines of the other single sheet;
said peak lines and said bottom lines of said one single sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a clockwise direction with an axis of said linear light source; and said peak lines and said bottom lines of said other single sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a counterclockwise direction with an axis of said linear light source.
9. A planar lighting device, comprising:
a light adjusting sheet having a plurality of convex streaks and concave streaks on one surface, each convex streak and each concave streak being arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other;
a light guiding plate having a dot pattern on the back surface placed in the back of said light adjusting sheet;
a linear light source placed on at least one side of said light guiding plate; and a reflector plate placed in back of said light guiding plate;

wherein peak lines of said convex streaks and bottom lines of said concave streaks of said light adjusting sheet are arranged to make a predetermined angle with an axis of said linear light source.
10. A planar lighting device, according to Claim 9;
wherein each of said convex streaks has a cross section of a convex arc and each of said concave streaks has a cross section of a concave arc.
11. A planar lighting device, according to Claim 9:
wherein peak lines of said convex streaks and bottom lines of said concave streaks make an angle in the range of 5°
to 85° with an axis of said linear light source.
12. A liquid crystal display, comprising:
a light adjusting sheet having a plurality of convex streaks and concave streaks on one surface, and each convex streak and each concave streak being arranged alternately and approximately parallel to each other;
a light guiding plate having a dot pattern on the back surface placed in the back of said light adjusting sheet;
a linear light source placed on at least one side of said light guiding plate;
a reflector plate placed in the back of said light guiding plate; and a liquid crystal display element forward of said light guiding plate;
wherein peak lines of said convex streaks and bottom lines of said concave streaks of said light adjusting sheet are arranged to make a predetermined angle with an axis of said linear light source.
13. A planar lighting device used for illuminating a liquid crystal display, comprising:

a light adjusting sheet for illuminating said liquid crystal display, being placed in back of said liquid crystal display;
a light guiding plate having a dot pattern on a back surface being placed in back of said light adjusting sheet;
a light source being placed on at least one side of said light guiding plate a reflector plate being placed in back of said light guiding plate;
wherein said light adjusting sheet comprises two rectangular sheets each having a plurality of convex streaks which have a cross section of a triangle, on one surface;
wherein said two rectangular sheets are stacked so that the peak lines of said convex streaks of one rectangular sheet make an angle of 5° degrees or greater with the peak lines of said convex streaks of the other rectangular sheet;
said peak lines of said convex streaks of one rectangular sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a clockwise direction with an edge of said rectangular sheet; and said peak lines of said convex streaks of the other rectangular sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a counterclockwise direction with an edge of said rectangular sheet;
wherein said two rectangular sheets are placed in back of said liquid crystal display such that the surfaces having a plurality of convex streaks are facing toward said liquid crystal display.
14 A light adjusting sheet for a planar lighting device comprising:
two rectangular sheets each having a plurality of convex streaks which have a cross section of a triangle, on one surface;
wherein said two rectangular sheets are stacked so that the peak lines of said convex streaks of one rectangular sheet make an angle of 5° degrees or greater with the peak lines of said convex streaks of the other rectangular sheet;
said peak lines of said convex streaks of one rectangular sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a clockwise direction with an edge of said rectangular sheet; and said peak lines of said convex streaks of the other rectangular sheet make an angle in the range of 5° to 85° in a counterclockwise direction with an edge of said rectangular sheet.
CA 2088113 1992-01-27 1993-01-26 Light adjusting sheet for a planar lighting device and a planar lighting device and a liquid crystal display using the sheet Expired - Fee Related CA2088113C (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1186492A JP2723414B2 (en) 1992-01-27 1992-01-27 Planar light emitting device
JP11864/92 1992-01-27
JP114781/92 1992-05-07
JP11478192A JP2705868B2 (en) 1992-05-07 1992-05-07 The liquid crystal display device having a planar light emitting device light control sheet and which
JP19957692A JPH0643310A (en) 1992-07-27 1992-07-27 Film or sheet for surface light source device
JP199576/92 1992-07-27

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 2244439 CA2244439C (en) 1992-01-27 1993-01-26 Light adjusting sheet having a sinusoidal surface and a non-optically flat surface and usable with an lcd

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2088113A1 true CA2088113A1 (en) 1993-07-28
CA2088113C true CA2088113C (en) 1999-03-30

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EP0556606A1 (en) 1993-08-25 application
US5394255A (en) 1995-02-28 grant
DE69317133D1 (en) 1998-04-09 grant
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EP0556606B1 (en) 1998-03-04 grant
CA2088113A1 (en) 1993-07-28 application

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