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Method for recording data, and printed body printed by the method, and data recording medium, and method for reading data from data recording the medium

Info

Publication number
CA2074728A1
CA2074728A1 CA 2074728 CA2074728A CA2074728A1 CA 2074728 A1 CA2074728 A1 CA 2074728A1 CA 2074728 CA2074728 CA 2074728 CA 2074728 A CA2074728 A CA 2074728A CA 2074728 A1 CA2074728 A1 CA 2074728A1
Authority
CA
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
data
lines
code
bit
mark
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA 2074728
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Takeo Fujimoto
Yoshiyuki Itoh
Makoto Tomioka
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Toppan Printing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Takeo Fujimoto
Yoshiyuki Itoh
Makoto Tomioka
Toppan Printing Co.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K7/00Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns
    • G06K7/10Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation
    • G06K7/12Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation using a selected wavelength, e.g. to sense red marks and ignore blue marks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/06009Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code with optically detectable marking
    • G06K19/06037Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code with optically detectable marking multi-dimensional coding
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K2019/06215Aspects not covered by other subgroups
    • G06K2019/06225Aspects not covered by other subgroups using wavelength selection, e.g. colour code

Abstract

ABSTRACT
A method of recording a large quantity of data by one code mark.
Four bit indicating fields (2a, 2b, 2c, 2d) for denoting a binary number of four bits are provided on the surface of a card (1). One numerical value is recorded by indicating predetermined bit parts of the four bit indicating fields (2a-2d) with the same color, and plural kinds of colors are mixedly given to the four bit indicating fields (2a-2d).

Description

207~72~
TITLE OF THE INVENTION
METHOD FOR RE~ORDING DATA, ~ND PRINTED BODY PRINTED BY THE
NETHOD, AND DATA RECORDING ~EDIUN, AND METHOD FOR READING DATA FROM
DATA R~CORDING THE ~EDIUM
BAC~GROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a method for recording binary data on a piece of material such as a card and to a printed body whsre data are recorded by the method.

2. Description of the Prior Art Heretofore, a bar code system is employed for displaying binary data on a piece of material.
In this system, data are recorded by arranging a group of variously patterned black bars and spaces. The recorded data are read out in such a manner that a light beam emitted from a reading device is scanned in the direction of a series of adiacent stripes, light reflected on a piece of material where the bars are printed is successively detected, and it is transferred into electric signals.
Nowadays, a great deal of data have come to be recorded in such a bar code. This, however,caused a problem that the reading device might read out data by Inistake because of a long series of bars.
Further, there is a problem that it is difficult to accurately arrange spaces between black bars composing a bar code.
To record such data more simply, another method for recording data is proposed wherein there are formed a ~i-rst bit indicating . , ,' .' , : ~:
:

, ' :

2~7~2~
field for displaying the first bit of a binary number, a second bit indicating field for displaying the second bit thereof, a third bit indicating field for displaying the third bit thereo~, and a fourth bit indicating field for displaying the fourth bit thereof, the first through fourth bit indicating fields are individually mar~ed to produce a code mark as a unit displaying binary data~ and the code mark is printed on a piece of material(see Japanese Patent Application Early Laid-open Publication No. Sho 63-132093).
According to the previously proposed method, the cardinal number 1001 in the binary system (equivalent to 9 in the decimal system) is recorded by painting out the first and fourth bit indicating fields, for example.
I~owever, when quite a lot of various data are recorded, such a code mark type of method still has several disadvantages such as arrangement of a plurality of code marks, lack of the concealment of data, or insufficient prevention against forgeries although the record of data has come to be easily carried out than before.
To overcome those problems, the present invention aims to provide a method for recording data for recording a lot of data in a code mark; a data recording medium wherein recorded data are hard to fade out, they are tightly concealed, and forgerY is not easily committed; and a method for reading data, as ~ell as a method for dissolving the difficulty in record of data.
SU~NARY OF THE INVENTION
To achieve the object, a method for recording data of the -:

207~72~

invention comprises the steps of:
forming a code mark with N (= 1, 2, 3, ...) bit indicating fields on the surface of a piece of material wherein a binary number of N bits is recorded;
displaying given bit indicating field,s thereof in the sa~e color to designate one numeric value ; and superimposing M (= 1, 2, 3, ...) kinds of colors upon any of the fields.
According to the method, N kinds of numeric data can be recorded in a unit consisting of N bit indicating fields.
Further, a printed body printed by the method of the invention comprises N bit indicating fields of which a unit designates a binary numbsr of N bits on the surface of a piece oP material, M
kinds o~ colors being superimposed upon any of khe fields, given fields thereoP being displayed in -the same color to designate one numeric value .
According to the printed body, N kinds of data can be read out Prom a unit of N bits indicating fields.
Further, a data recording medium of the invention comprises a plurality of bit indicating fields, a unit of the fields designating a binary number on the surface of a piece of material, any of the fields being painted out with the same dot pattern in pitch to designate one numeric value of the binary number, any of the fields being mixedly painted out with different dot patterns in pitch from the others to designate the binary number.

' -,- ~ . , ~ ' , .. .
'' ~'' ' ' , . ' ,.

. ' - ,''. ' , ' :. , 207~728 According to the data recording medium, a lot of numeric data can be recorded by using some kinds of pitches since data are recorded as a dot pattern of a given pitch.
Further, a data recording medium of the invention comprises:
an opaque sheet on which there are ~rawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print same or different in pitch from a transparent reference sheet on which there are drawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print with a given pitch, the opaque sheet being illuminated via the transparent reference sheet to produce moire fringes relative to recorded data.
~ urther, a method for raading data from a data recording m~dium of the present invention comprises the steps of:
superimposing a transparent reference sheet whereon there are drawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print with a given pitch upon a data recording medium whereon there are drawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print same or different in pitch from the transparent reference sheet so as to form a given angle for producing moire fringes; and reading out the data of the data recording medium b~ detecting widths and/or pitches and/or angles of the moire fringes~
~urther, a data recording msdium of the invention comprises:
a transparsnt sheet on whic~ there are drawn fine parallel Lines, latticsd lines, or dot patterns for print same or different in pitch from an opaque reference sheet on which there are drawn ~. ~ , ' .. ' 2~472~

fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print with a given pitch, the transparent sheet being illuminated via the opaque reference sheet to produce moire fringes relative to recorded data.
Further, a reading method from a data recordin~ mcdium of the invention comprises the steps of:
superimposing an opaque reference sheet whereon there are drawn fine parallel lines with a given pitch upon a transparent da~a recording medium whsreon there are drawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print same or different in pitch from the opaque reference sheet so that both the lines of the reference sheet and the data recording medium form a given angle to produce moire fringes; and reading out the recorded data of the data recording medium by detecting widths and/or pitches and/or angles of the moire fringes.
Further, a data recording medium of the invention comprises:
a transparent sheet whereon there are drawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print same or different in pitch from a transparent reference sheet whereon there are drawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print with a given pitcll, the transparent sheet being illuminated via the transparent reference sheet to produce moire fringes relative to recorded data.
Further, a Inethod for reading data from a data recording medium of the invention comprises the steps of:

.

207~72~

superimposing a transparent reference sheet whereon there are drawn fine parallel lines with a given pitch upon a transparent data recording medium whereon there are drawn fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print same or different in pitch from the opaque reference sheet so that the lines of the reference sheet and the data recording medium form a given angle to produce moire fringes; and reading out the recorded data of the data recording medium by detecting widths and/or pitches and/or angles of the moire fringes.
According to the data recording medium and the method for reading data therefrom, the pitches of moire fringes to be produced make it possible to detect any combination of the superimposed dot patterns and accordingly read out the recorded data on the basis of the dot patterns.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Fig. 1 shows a code mark according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 shows a code mark consisting of yellow halftone dots.
Fig. 3 shows a code mark consisting of blue halftone dots.
Fig. 4 shows a code mark consisting of red halftone dots.
Fig. 5 shows the firs~ to fourth bit indicating fieIds of the code mark of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 shows a card provided with a code mark according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 shows cards provided with various sorts of code marks ~7~7~

according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. ~ is a plan view of code marks according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a plan view of a projection screen according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 10 is a partially sectional view of a device to read out data of the card of Fig. 7 using the projection screen.
Fig. 11 is a plan view showing an ~xample of moire fringes produced by superimposing a code mark upon a reference sheet.
~ ig. 12 is graphical representations of detected values of moire fringes.
D~TAILED DESCRIPTION O~ TH~ EMBODIMENTS
The invention will be described in greater detail hereinafter relative to non-limitative embodimen-ts and the attached drawings.
Fig. 6 shows a card 1 where data are recorded by a method for recording data according to a first embodiment of the invention. The card 1 is provided with a code mark 2. As sho~n in Fig. 1, the code mark 2 includes a first bit indicating field 2a designating ths first bit of a binary number, a second bit indicating fisld 2b designating the second bit thereof, a third bit indicating field 2c designating the third bit thereof, and a fourth bit indicating field 2d designating the fourth bit thereof.
The first bit indicating field 2a represents "1" or "O" in the decimal system. That is, by painting out or marking the field 2a, for example, the code mark 2 records "1" in the dscimal system and . ' , : ' ' ' : ' ' ~
' " . ' "' " ' ' ' ' ' - "

, 2D7~728 without painting out the field 2a, it records "O" in the decimal system .
The second bit indicating field 2b represents "2" in the decimal system. That is, by painting out the field 2b, for example, the code mark 2 records "2" in the decimal system and without painting out the field 2b, it records "O" in the decimal system .
The third bit indicating field 2c repr~serlts "~" in the decimal system. That is~ by painting out the field 2c, for example, the code mark 2 records "4" in the decimal system and without painting out the field 2c, it records "O" in the decimal system .
The fourth bit indicating field 2d represents "8" in the decimal system. That is, by painting out the field 2d, or example, the code mark 2 records "8" in the decimal system and without painting out the field 2d, it records "O" in the decimal system .
Therefore, when all of the bit indicating fields 2a through 2d are marked as shown in Fig. 1, the code mark 2 represents "15" in the decimal system as the sum total of "1" of the first bit indicating field 2a, "2" of the second bit indicating field 2b, "4"
of the third bit indicating field 2c, and "8" of the fourth bit indicating Pield 2d. When none of the bit indicating fields 2a through 2d is marked, the code mark 2 represents "O" in the decimal system. Thus, the code mark 2 can represent 16 kinds of numeric data, i.e., "O" through "15" by variously marking the bit indicating fields 2a through 2d.
In this embodiment, as shown in Figs. 1 through 4, the code 2~7~7~8 mark 2 comprises a yellow code ~ark 3, a blue coda mark 4, and a red code mark 5. The halftone dots of the three primary colors are superimposed upon the bit indicating fields ~a through 2d. Green, brown, or purple, for example9 produced by superimposing the primary colors upon each other is displayed on any of the bit indicating fields 2a through 2d, so that it is possible to easily distinguish a~y combination of the primary colors painted out each field with the naked eye.
~ or example, the code mark 3 with yellow dots as shown in Fig.
2 represents "0011" in the binary system (equivalent to "3" in the decimal s~stem), the code mark 4 with blue dots as sho~n in Fig. 3 represents "1001" in the binary system (equivalent to "9" in the decimal system), and the code mark 5 with red dots as shown in Fig.
4 represents "1100" in the binary system (equivalent to "12" in the decimal system). The code mark 2 where yellow, blue, and red dots are superimposed upon each other as shown above includes three kinds of numeric data, i.e., "0011" "1001" "1100". Therefore, in case of multiplying the three numeric da-ta together, the number "100100110"
in the binary system (equivalent to "294" in the decimal system) is recorded. Since the code marks 3, 4, and 5 represent 16 Icinds of numeric data respectively, the code mark 7. can represent 4096 (=16X
16X 16) kinds of data and thereby a great deal of data are recorded.
To record data, the code marks 3, 4, and 5 may be used independently of each other, of course.
Therefore, to represent lot numbers of merchandiss, for example, .

, 2~7~728 4096 X 4096X 4096 (approximatelY 68.7 billion) kinds o~ data are recorded by providing a card with three code marks each consisting of the three primary colors.
Alternatively, in two kinds of primary colors including black and white, halftone dots may be arranged in various ratios to record a large quantity of numeric data.
Also, it is possible to read out numeriG data from such code marks with the naked eye by printing the numbers "1", "2","4'9, and "8", as shown in Fig. 5, on the first through fourth bit indicating fields respectively for reading them out in the accurate order.
Alternatively, numeric data may bs read out such that the code mark 2 is scanned with an area type of CCD (charge-coupled device) camera, as shown in Fig. 6, from a reference mark 6 printed at the side oi' the first and second bit indicating f'ields 2a and 2b, and signals detected by the CCD camera are processed with a microcomputer wherein the pattern of the code mark 2 is previously memorized to read out the data. In this case, filters with the three primary colors are disposed in each objective lens optical system of the first through third CCD cameras and the colors yellow, blue, red and so on of the code mark 2 are transmitted through the filters or shaded thereby.
For example, fields painted out in the color yellow is scanned with the first CCD camera, fields painted out in the color blue are scanned with the second CCD camera, fields painted out in the color red are scanned with the third CCD camera, the numeric data recorded ..
.. : , . .' ' :
-'. : .. .
', , '' ~ ~

2~7~72~

in the code mark 2 are optically read out based on the valuesdetected by the first through third CCD cameras, and the values are inputted into a microcomputer to transfer the values into the numeric data.
There~ore, by arranging the compounding ratio of the halftone dots variously, a great deal of data are allowed to be recorded in a code mark 2 and also the data can be accurately read out with the CCD camera.
There will be no~ described each embodiment of a data recording medium and a method for recording data of the present invention with reference to the attached drawings.
Fig. 7 shows a card as a data recording medium of the invention.
The surface o~ the card 1 in ~ig. 7(a) is provided with rectangles or squares 2a through 2d each size of which is equal to the other and which are disposed at regular intervals of space. The surface of tl~e card 1 in Fig. 7(b) is provided with several rectangles or squares of which a pair of contiguous rectangles or squares composes a unit mark. A code mark comprises these unit marks. The surface of the card 1 in Fig. 7(c) is provided with a code mark 2 having four squares 2a throu~h 2d with no space therebetween. Each square may be sectioned by a deep-colored line with a width different from that of fine parallel lines used in the squares 2b and 2d. ~ach square need not necessarily be sectioned by any line, of course.
To record numeric data in Fig.7(a) or 7(b), many striped fine parallel lines are given to any of squares 2a through 2d.

7 ~ 8 For example, the square 2a represents the first bit in the binary system by giving the parallel lines there, the square 2b represents the second bit in the binary system by giving tha parallel lines there, the square 2c repr~sents the third bit in the binary system by giving the parallel lines thPre. and the square 2d represents the fourth bit in the binary system by giving the parallel lines there.
As another e~ample, by giving the parallel lines to each squara, the square 2a represents "1" and "O" in the decimal system, the square 2b represents "2" and "O" in the decimal system, the square 2c represents "4" and "O" in the decimal system, and the square 2d represents "8" and "O" in the decimal system.
In other words, by giving the parallel lines to any of squares 2a khrough 2d, numeric data from "O" to "15" can be represented according to the code mark 2. The parallel lines in the squares 2a through 2d may be given uniformly or differently in angle and pîtch from each other.
Referring to Fig. 8, four blocks of squares 2a through 2d are each formed as a marking area. Fig. 8(a) shows a code mark 2 consisting of squares 2a through 2d parallel lines of each of which are drawn in the same direction and in a different pitch from the other, Fig. 8(b) shows a code mark 2 consisting of squares 2a through 2d parallel lines of each of which are drawn in a different pitch and a different angle from the other, and Figs. 8(c) through 8~f) each show a code mark consisting of squares of which only one 2~7~728 square has parallel lines. The parallel lines of Figs. 8(c) through 8(f) are similar in pitch and direction to each other and are arranged in a different block from each other.
Fig. 9 shows a reference sheet 3 comprising a base made of a transparent film or plate. Regularly pitched parallel linss are drawn on the base. The lines may be drawn in any transparent or opaque colors in place of opaque black. The pitch of the parallel lines in squares 2a through 2d may be either regular or irregular.
For example, when the reference sheet 3 is superimposed upon the code mark of Fig. 8~a) and is illuminated with light, the squares 2a through 2d each produce about two to seven moire fringes (abbreviated to m) independently of the other square. When the reference sheet 3 is superimposed upon the code mark of Fig. 8(b) and is illuminated with light, the squares 2a thro~gh 2d each produce moire frin~es (m) different in pitch and angle from the other square. When the reference sheet 3 is superimposed upon each code mark of Figs. 8(c) through 8(f) and is illuminated with light, one of the squares 2a through 2d, which is 2(a) of Fig. 8(c), 2(b) of Fig. 8(d), 2(c) of Fig. 8(e), or 2(d) of Fig. 8(f), produces vertical moire fringes (m) with a regular pitch. The number L of moire fringes produced by superimposing the reference sheet 3 upon the code mark 2 is represented as follows:
~ NI
where M is the number of parallel lines drawn on the code mark 2 and ~ is the number of parallel lines drawn on the reference sheet 3.

2~7~28 Fig. 11 is a plan view showing moire fringes (m) produced at the time when the parallel lines of the reference sheet ~ are parallelly superimposed upon those of the code mark 2. The moire fringes (m) are received by photoelectric transfer means. By making the width of a light transmitting portion between the parallel lines equal or wider than that of the lines or a light shading portion (black portion, light absorking portion, or colored portion), such as in the ratio of 1:1 or 1.5:1, clear discrimination is easily carried out.
The parallel lines may be colored in such a color tone as black, red, blue, yellow, or green according to a printing, photographing, or dyeing method. To discriminate moire fringes more clearly, it is preferable to conform the color of the lines of a code mark to that of a reerence sheet.
To read out data recorded in a card 1 arranged as above, the reference sheet 3 is loaded in a reader as shown in Fig. 10, Referring to Fig. 10, the reference sheet 3 is supported in supporting frames ~ and 4 which are provided with a guide 5 for guiding a card 1 linearly. The reference sheet 3 is made of a transparent glass plate and has a same or different pitch from that of the parallel lines of a code mark 2. The code mark 2 of the card 1 is superimposed upon the reference sheet or screen 3. If the same pitch is employed in the parallel lines of both the screen 3 and the mark 2, the guide 5 or the screen 3 is set so that the lines of the screen 3 intersect those of the code mark 2 in order to produce :
-. . .
, . - ' . .

- : :
.

207~72~

moire. Preferably, the angle between the parallel lines and a guiding direction of the guide 5 is freely selected when the reference she0t or screen 3 is fixed to the supporting frame 4.
The card 1 is guided by the guide 5 and is moved by a pinch roller 6 to be slided along the surface of the reference sheet 3. A
light source and photoelectric transfer means (not shown) are disposed under the screen 3. Light emitted from the light source is projected onto the screen 3 and then moire fringes (m) produced on the screen 3 are received by the photoelectric transfer means. For photoelectric transfer means, a linear type of CCD is employed whereby detection signals of light reflected from the screen 3 of the moire fringes (m) are obtained. The detection signals obtained by the CCD are inputted into a comparator (not shown). The comparator is in advance made to input reference data for detecting the number and angle of moire fringes and memorize a memory table of numeric data corresponding to the reference data. The output of the CCD is compared to the reference data.
The comparison is carried out in the following way.
As shown in Fig. 12(a), when the CCD detects moire fringes (m), the CCD outputs output signals of a voltage beyond a given voltage.
Afterthere, a clock pulse counter of the comparator measures tne length of time of the signals. This measured length is defined as moire detection value (tm).
Next, the parallel lines (l) in a portion (n) without any moire fringe are also detected with the CCD. Since the output voltage of .

2~7~728 the C~D is lower than the given voltage when detecting the parallel lines (l) with the CCD, the length of time of the output signals of the CCD is measured with the clock pulse . counterThis measured value of the parallel lines (l) without any moire fringe is defined as parallel lines detection value (tl). A low-frequency pulse counter may be used for a high-frequency area in place of the clock pulse counter.
A moire detection value per a moire fringe is t~, a parallel lines detection vaIue in a portion without any moire fringe is tn, and a detection value of a width (m~n) consisting of a moire fringe and a portion without moire is tmttn. Therefore, the detection value is 2X (tm~tn) In the case of two couples of ~ moire frings and a por-tion without moiro, 3X (tm~tn) in the case of thre~ couples of a moire fringe and a portion without moire, and PX (tm-~tn) in the case of P couples of a moire fringe and a portion without moire, Reference data tlo, tmo, tno, and tmo+tno corresponding to the detection values tl, tm, tn, and tm~tn respectively, or other reference data which are obtained by adding allowable values + ~ t to each of tl, tm, tn, and tm~tn are previously memorized in the comparator.
As shown in Fig. 12(b), when the values tm, tn, and tm~tn are within the predetermined reference data, the identification numeric data of a code mark 2 corresponding to the detection values are read out on the basis of a msmory table of numeric data corresponding to the referenc0 data.

`

2~7~72~

Fig. 10 shows that the card 1 is closely superimposed upon the screen 3. An image of the code mark 2 of the card 1 may be formed on the line-drawn surface of the screen 3 d;sposed at the middle o~
a lens optical system and the image may be received by the photoelectric transfer means by properly usin~ the lens optical system in place of the CCD. Also, the code mark 2 and the parallel lines of the screen 3 may be allowed to be received by the photoelectric transfer means through each individual optical system.
In the above comparison method, a code mark formed with various kinds of parallel lines is discriminated by classifying the reference data (the count value tO or tO~+ ~t) for discriminating the code mark into several steps (K steps). A blank space between code marks each as a unit is distinguished from the parallel lines of the code marks by detecting the blank space with the CCD whereby a high voltage area of detection signals of the blank area is detected longer than that of moire fringes. In the case of a code mark consisting of rectangles contiguous to each other, the size of each rectangle is obtained by dividing with the number of the rectangles contiguous in the pulse count scanning direction.
As a data recording mediuln and a reference sheet of the present invention, grate-like nets or halftone dots used for print may be employed in place of parallel lines.
Parallel lines composing a code mark 2 may be displayed by any combination of the three primary colors so that a plural number of data can be recorded on condition that the same color designates the .

2~7~2~

same numeric value.
As a data recording medium, paper tickets, printings, resins, or labels may be employed in place OI cards.

, .
.

.

Claims (11)

1. A method for recording data comprising the steps of:
forming a code mark with N (= 1, 2, 3, 4,...) bit-indicating fields on the surface of a piece of material wherein a binary number with N bits is recorded;
displaying given bit-indicating fields thereof in the same color to designate one numeric value; and superimposing M (= 1, 2, 3, 4,...) kinds of colors upon any of the fields.
2. A printed body comprising N bit-indicating fields of which a unit designates a binary number with N bits on the surface of a piece of material, M kinds of colors being superimposed upon any of the fields, given fields thereof being displayed in the same color to designate one numeric value.
3. A data recording medium comprising a plurality of bit-indicating fields, a unit of said fields designating a binary number on the surface of a piece of material, any of the fields being painted out with the same dot pattern in pitch to designate one numeric value of the binary number, said fields being painted out with different dot patterns in pitch to designate the binary number.
4. A method for recording data comprising the steps of:
forming a code mark consisting of the first bit-indicating field for denoting the first bit of a binary number, the second bit-indicating field for denoting the second bit of said binary number, the third bit-indicating field for denoting the third bit of said binary number, and the fourth bit-indicating field for denoting the fourth bit of said binary number on the surface of a piece of material;
marking the first to fourth bit indicating fields to designate one of binary data; and superimposing N (= 1, 2, 3, 4, ...) kinds of colors upon said first to fourth bit-indicating fields so that a code mark consisting of a monochromatic color designates one numeric value and each color as a component of said data is distinctive in appearance from the other when mixed.
5. A printed body comprising:
a code mark consisting of the first bit-indicating field for denoting the first bit of a binary number, the second bit-indicating field for denoting the second bit of said binary number, the third bit-indicating field for denoting the third bit of said binary number, and the fourth bit-indicating field for denoting the fourth bit of said binary number on the surface of a piece of material, said first to fourth bit-indicating fields being marked to designate one of binary data, N (= 1, 2, 3, 4, ...) kinds of colors being in layers printed so that a code mark consisting of a monochromatic color designates one numeric value and each color as a component of said data is distinctive in appearance from the other when printed.
6. A data recording medium comprising:
an opaque sheet on which drawn are fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing same or different in pitch from a transparent reference sheet on which drawn are fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing with a given pitch, said opaque sheet being illuminated via said transparent sheet to produce moire fringes representing recorded data.
7. A method for reading data from a data recording medium comprising the steps of:
superimposing a transparent reference sheet whereon fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print with a given pitch are drawn upon a data recording medium whereon fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing same or different in pitch from said transparent reference sheet are drawn so as to form a given angle for producing moire fringes; and reading the data of said data recording medium by detecting widths and/or pitches and/or angles of the moire fringes.
8. A data recording medium comprising:
a transparent sheet on which drawn are fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing same or different in pitch from an opaque reference sheet on which darwn are fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing with a given pitch, said transparent sheet being illuminated via said opaque reference sheet to produce moire fringes representing recorded data.
9. A method for reading data from a data recording medium comprising the steps of:
superimposing an opaque reference sheet whereon fine parallel lines with a given pitch are drawn upon a transparent data recording medium whereon fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing same or different in pitch from said opaque reference sheet are drawn so that the lines of said reference sheet and said data recording medium form a given angle to produce moire fringes;
and reading the recorded data of said data recording medium by detecting widths and/or pitches and/or angles of the moire fringes.
10. A data recording medium comprising:
a transparent sheet on which drawn are fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing same or different in pitch from a transparent reference sheet on which drawn are fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for printing with a given petch, said transparent sheet being illuminated via said transparent reference sheet to produce moire fringes representing recorded data.
11. A method for reading data from a data recording medium comprising the steps of:
superimposing a transparent reference sheet whereon fine parallel lines with a given pitch are drawn upon a transparent data recording medium whereon fine parallel lines, latticed lines, or dot patterns for print same: or different in pitch from said opaque reference sheet are drawn so that the lines of said reference sheet and said data recording medium form a given angle to produce moire fringes; and reading the recorded data of said data recording medium by detecting widths and/or pitches and/or angles of said moire fringes.
CA 2074728 1990-11-28 1991-11-27 Method for recording data, and printed body printed by the method, and data recording medium, and method for reading data from data recording the medium Abandoned CA2074728A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP33137290A JP2841853B2 (en) 1990-11-28 1990-11-28 Data reading method from the data recording medium and the data recording medium
JP2-331372 1990-11-28
JP3-210578 1991-08-22
JP21057891A JPH0554214A (en) 1991-08-22 1991-08-22 Method for recording data and printed body where data are printed by the same

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CA2074728A1 true true CA2074728A1 (en) 1992-05-29

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CA 2074728 Abandoned CA2074728A1 (en) 1990-11-28 1991-11-27 Method for recording data, and printed body printed by the method, and data recording medium, and method for reading data from data recording the medium

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US (1) US5355001A (en)
CA (1) CA2074728A1 (en)
EP (1) EP0513375A4 (en)
WO (1) WO1992009972A1 (en)

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Also Published As

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EP0513375A4 (en) 1993-05-12 application
EP0513375A1 (en) 1992-11-19 application
WO1992009972A1 (en) 1992-06-11 application
US5355001A (en) 1994-10-11 grant

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