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CA1287091C - Ptc heating device - Google Patents

Ptc heating device

Info

Publication number
CA1287091C
CA1287091C CA 564567 CA564567A CA1287091C CA 1287091 C CA1287091 C CA 1287091C CA 564567 CA564567 CA 564567 CA 564567 A CA564567 A CA 564567A CA 1287091 C CA1287091 C CA 1287091C
Authority
CA
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
member
ptc
electrode
casing
heat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CA 564567
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Shinobu Yamamoto
Fumitoshi Hoshide
Michikazu Takeuchi
Shou Kotani
Sumihiro Yasuda
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fumakilla Ltd
TDK Corp
Original Assignee
Fumakilla Ltd
TDK Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/10Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor
    • H05B3/12Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor characterised by the composition or nature of the conductive material
    • H05B3/14Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor characterised by the composition or nature of the conductive material the material being non-metallic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING OR TRAPPING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M1/00Stationary means for catching or killing insects
    • A01M1/20Poisoning, narcotising, or burning insects
    • A01M1/2022Poisoning or narcotising insects by vaporising an insecticide
    • A01M1/2061Poisoning or narcotising insects by vaporising an insecticide using a heat source
    • A01M1/2077Poisoning or narcotising insects by vaporising an insecticide using a heat source using an electrical resistance as heat source
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2202/11Apparatus for generating biocidal substances, e.g. vaporisers, UV lamps

Abstract

PTC HEATING DEVICE

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE
A PTC heating device adapted to be used as a heat source for an electric vaporizer which is adapted to heat liquid medicine, e.g., liquid insecticide, aromatic liquid, or the like, to vaporize it. The PTC heating device comprises a casing in which an electrode structure including at least one PTC thermistor having electrodes arranged on both surfaces thereof and two electrode members interposing the PTC
thermistor therebetween is received. The PTC heating device further includes a heat-radiating member mounted through a heat-conducting member with respect to the casing and for heating an absorber having sucked up liquid medicine from a reservoir having the liquid medicine contained therein to vaporize the liquid medicine. One of the electrodes of the PTC thermistor is in close contact with an flat surface of the heat-conducting member through one of two electrode member, so that heat generated at the PTC thermistor is efficiently transmitted to the heat-radiating member through the heat-conducting member.

Description

~TC IIEATING DEVICE

~3ACKGROUND Of~ INV~N'I`ION
-Field of the Invention This invention relates to a positive temperature coefricient (hereinar-ter referred to as "PTC") heating device, and more particularly to a PTC heating device which is adapted to be used as a heat source for an electric vaporizer which is adapted to heat liquid medicine, e.g., liquid insecticide, aromatic liquid, or the like, to vaporize it. Such electric vaporizers includes an electric mosquito destroyer, an electric vaporizer for heating aromatic liquid to vaporize it, and the like. As an example of such an electric vaporizer having a PTC heating device incorporated -therein, an electric mosqui-to destroyer will be referred -to in tlle f'ollowing.
Description of the Prior Art This type of electric mosquito destroyer generally comprises a reservoir having liquid insecticide contained therein, and an absorber f'or sucking up the liquid insecticide from the reservoir, in which electric mosqui-to destroyer the liquid insecticide having been sucked up f'rom the reservoir through the absorber is adapted to be heated to vaporize. In the electric mosquito destroyer, a PTC
-thermistor which is capable Or safely heating -the liquid insecticide to reliably vaporize it is employed. The absorber usually consists of a body which is made of fibrous material ~ ~ ~7~ ~

such as felt, or porous material.
This type of prio~ art mos-~uito clestroyer wil:L be described with reference to the annexed drawings which al.so illustrate PTC heatillg devices accordiny to the invention.
In the drawings:
- Figure 1 schematically shows a vertical sec~tional view of an electric mosquito destroyer;
- Fiyure 2 is a vertical sectional view of one conventional PTC heating device;
- Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view show:ing another conventional constant temperature heatiny device;
- Fiyure 4 is a vertical view of the conventional constant temperature heating device into which parts thereoi shown in Figure 3 are assembled;
- Figure 5 is an exploded perspective view showing a PTC
heating device accordiny to a first embodiment of this invention;
- Figure 6 is a schematic perspective view of the PTC
heating device according to -the first embodiment of this invention, into which parts thereof shown in Fiyure 5 are assembled;
- Figure 7 i.s an enl.arcled vertical sectional vi.ew of the PTC heating dev.ice according to the first embodlment, taken on a plane indicated at Fiyure 6 by a line A-A;

.,~, ~ .

- 2a --~ Figure 8 is an enlaryed plan view of the P'rC ileatincJ
clevice accordinAg to the fl.rst embodiment, wherein a ~over plate ancl a mollrlting plate are removed from a casing for clariky of illustration;
- Figure 9 is an exploded perspective view showing a modification of the first embodlment;
- Figure 10 is a schematic perspectlve view of the modification in~o which parts thereof shown in Figure 9 are assembled;
- Figure 11 i5 an enlaryed vertical sectlonal view of the PTC heating device ~hown in Figure 10, taken on a plane indicated at Figure 10 by a line B-B;
- Figure 12 is an enlarged bottom view of the PTC heating device shown in Figure 10~ wherein a cover plate and a mounting plate are removed from a casing for clarity of illustration;
- Figure 13 is a sectional view showing another modification of the PTC heating device of the first embodiment;
- Flgure 1~ i5 an exploded perspective view showing skill another modification of the first embodiment;
- Figure 15 :is a schematic perspective view of the PTC' heating device shown in :E'igure 14 into which parts thereof shown in Figure ].4 are assemblefl;
- Fiyure 16 is an enlargecl bottom view of the PTC heating device shown in FicJure 15;

~2~0:~
- 2b -- Figure 1^7 ls an enlarged vertical sectional view of the PTC heating device shown :Ln Figure 15, ta}cen on a plane indicated at Figure l6 by a line C-C;
- Figure 18 i.s an enlarged bot-tom view of the PTC heat,i.ng device of Figure 15, wherein a cover plate and a mounting plate are removed from a casing for clari-ty of illustration;
- Figure 19 is an enlarged segmentary perspective view of an electrode member which is incorporated in the PTC heating device of Figure 15;
- Figure 20 is an enlarged se~mentary sectional view of assistance in explaining projecting of a lead-out terminal of the electrode member of Figure 19 outwardly of a casing;
- Figure 21 is an enlarged perspective view showing a first electrode mernber;
- Figure 22 schematically shows a vertical sectional view of an electric mosquito destroyer having the PTC heating device of Fiyure 15 incorporated therein;
- Figure 23 is an exploded perspective view of a PTC
heating device according to a second embodiment of this invention;
. - Figure 24 is an enlarcJed sectional view showing the PTC
heating device of Figure 23, into which parts thereof shown in Figure 23 are assembled;

- 2c -- Fiyure 25 is a schemati.c perspective vlew o:E assistance in explaining insertion o~ an upper encl portion of an absorber projecting from a reservoir into a U-shaped portion of a heat-radiating member incorporated into the PTC heating device of Fiyure 24, and removal of che upper end portion oE the absorber from the U-shaped portion o~ the heat radiatiny member;
- Figure 26 is a sectional v.iew of a PTC heating device according to a third embodiment of this invention; and - Fiyure 27 is a perspective view showing a heat-radiating member which is incorporated in the PTC heating device of Figure 26.
Throughout the drawings, the same reference numerals designate the same components.
ReEerring now to Figure 1, this type of electric mosquito destroyer having a PTC heating device incorporated therein will be described more in detail in order to Eacilitate understanding of the present invention. The electric mosquito destroyer comprises uppe:r ancl lower armoring cases 40 and 42 which are adapted to be fitted into each other, ancl a reservoir 44 having liquicl insecticide contained therein, the reservoir 44 being housed in the lower armoring case 42. The upper armoring case 40 has a through--hole 40a formed a-t its upper wall 40b, and socket portions 40c integrally formed on an inner sur-face ot its s:lde wall. ~s clescribed above, the electric mosquito destroyer Eurther comprises the PTC heating - 2d -device 500 whlch includes a casing S0 and a cyli1ldrical heat .rac1iaking member 90 (see Figure 2) which is mountec1 w.ith respect to the casiny 50 as will laker be described in detail.
The PTC heatinc,l device S00 is moun~.ed with respect to khe upper armoring case 40 in a manner such that the casiny 50 thereof is partially fitted in the respective socket portions 40c of the upper armoring case 40. In Fiyure l, a reference numeral 46 designates an absorber for sucking up liquid insecticide from the reservoir 44, which absorber consists of an elongated body made of fibrous material such as felt, or porous material as descri.bed above. The elonyated absorber 46 is inserted into the reservoir 44 through a mouth of the reservoir 44 to be immersed in . 3 -the liquid insecticide contailled ln the reservoir ll4, an upper end por-tion of whicll elongated absorber 46 is projected from the mouth of the reservoir L14. The upper armoring case 40 having the PTC heating device 500 moun-ted with respect thereto and the lower armoring case 42 are rit-ted into each other in a manner such that the upper end portion of the elongated absorber 46 is inserted through a longi-tudinal bore 92 (see Fig. 1 and 2) of the cylindrical heat-radiating member 90.
In the electric mosquito destroyer constructed as descibed above, when heat is generated at a PTC thermistor, which is incorporated in the PTC heating device 500 as will later be described in detail, -to be transmitted to the heat-radiating member 90, the upper end portion of the absorber 46 having sucked up liquid insecticide from the reservoir 44 is heated due to the heat which has been conducted to the heat radiating member 90, resulting in the liquid insecticide vaporizing. Thus, the vaporized insecticide is diffused out of the electric mosquito destroyer through the through-hole 40a of the upper armoring case 40.
Referring to Figs. 2, a conven-tional PTC heating devi.ce 500 comprises a P'l`C therrnis-tor 80, an upper electrode plate 70 and a lower electrode plate 60 between which the P'l'C
thermistor 80 is vertically in-terposed, a casing 50 having a recess 51 formed therein, and a cylindrical heat-radia-ting member 90.

_ L~ _ The casing 50 is made of' heat-resistant plast:ic material.
and comprises a body having the recess 51 and a cylindrical portion 52 serving as heat-conducting section which is formed in-tegrally with the body so as to protrude upwardly from a substantially central portion Or an outer bot-tom surrace the recess 51. The PTC thermistor 80 has a ring-like body and an upper electrode 80a and a lower electrode 80b on an upper and a lower surface of its body, respectively.
The PTC thermistor 80 and the electrode plates 70 and 60 are received in the recess 51 Or the casing 50 in a manner to be fitted on the cylindrical portion 52 Or the casing 50 through their through-hole 82, through-hole 72 and through-hole 62, respectively. The cover plate 100 is made Or heat-resistant plastic material, has a through-hole 101 t and is arranged on the upper electrode plate 70 in a manner to be fi-tted on the cylindrical portion 52 Or the casing 50 through its through-hole 'lO1, thereby blocking up the recess 51 Or the casing 50. The cyli,ndrical hea-t-radiating member 90 is made of' metal such as aluminiurn and provided at its one end with a f'lange 91. 'I`he heat-radiating rnember 90 is mounted with respect to the cas:ing 50 in a rnanner to be inserted through a longitudinal. bore 52a of' the cylindrical portion 52 Or the casing 50 to be riveted over the ou-ter bottom surface of the recess 51 at the other end thereof.
The conventional PTC heating devi.ce construc-ted as described above has vari,ous problems as will be described hereinafter.
As described above, the conven-tional PTC heating device 500 includes the ring-shaped PTC therrnistor 80. ln the manuracture of the ring-shaped PTC thermistor, i-t has been -the prac-tice to rorm -the electrodes by electrolessly pla-ting the entire ring-shaped substance for the PTC thermistor with, e.g., nickel and then heat-treating same. Therearter, nickel f`ilm on an inner wall surrounding a through-hole of the ring-shaped substance is removed by, ror example, grinding.
The grinding operation is, however, highly troublesome, thus requiring substantial -time ror the rernoval Or the nickel rilm. Thererore, the ring-shaped PTC thermistor has become expensive. As an alternative, the rem~aval of` the nickel film from the inner wall may be carried out by chernical e-tching. This, however, causes the ring-shaped substance and electrodes f-orrned on the ring-shaped substance to deteriorate, because -the e-tching operation is carried out using chemicals.
Further, in the conventional PTC heating device, the cy]indrical portion 52 Or the casing 50 and the cylindrical hea-t-radiating member 90 which is inserted through the longitudinal bore 52a of~ the cylirldrical portion 52 extend in a direction at right angles to horizontal surfaces Or the electrodes 80a and 80b Or the PTC thermistor 80, so that heat generated at the electrodes 80a and 80b Or the PTC
thermistor 80, when the PTC hea-ting device 500 is in use, will rollow several paths to be transrnit-ted to the heat-radiating member 90 serving as means ror heating liqu.id insecticide having been sucked up by -the absorber l'6. More particularly, in the conventional PTC heating device, the horizontal surraces of`-the electodes 80a and 80b of' the PTC
thermistor 80 are out Or contact with the cylindrical por-tion 52 and are in contact with the cover plate 100 and a bottom portion Or the casing 50 through the upper electrode pla-te 70 and the lower electrode plate 60, respectively, so that heat generated at -the electrodes 80a and 80b Or the PTC
thermistor 80, when the PTC heating device 500 is in use, will be transmitted through the upper electrode pla-te 70 and the lower electrode plate 60 to the cover plate 100 and the bottom portion of the casing 50, and then conducted to the heat-radiating member 90 -through the cylindrical por-tion 52, thereby introducing a delay in transmitting the heat to the heat-radiating member 90. I'hererore, in -the conventional PTC heating device, it will take long for the heat-radiating member 90 to be heated to a temperature surf'icient to var-porize liquid insecticide.
~ lso, a cylindrical constant temperature heating device which is similar to the above-described conventional PTC
heating clevice and adapted to be used as a heater ror preventing the f'reezing of a water-supply pipe or the li.ke is round in Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No.
35490/1985. Figs. 3 and 4 show the constant temperature ~,7C'~

heating device. In F:igs. 3 and 4, components which are identical to those shown in Fig. 2 are identif'ied by the same designators and the descrip-tion of them will not be repea-ted. A reference numeral 300 designates a lead wire which is connected to the upper electrode 80a of' the PTC
thermistor 80 by solder or conductive adhesives 302, and a reference numeral 400 designates a lead wire which is connected to the lower electrode 80b of the PTC thermistor 80 by solder or conductive adhesives 402. This constant temperature heating device also has the above-described problems.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention has been made with a view to overcoming the foregoing problems of the prior art device.
It is therefore an object Or the present invention to provide a PTC heating device which is capable Or efficiently heating liquid medicine to vaporize it.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a PTC heating device which is capable Or immediately heating a heat-radiating rnernber serving as means ror heating an absorber to a temperature surf'icient to varporize liquid insecticide.
It is still another object of' tlle present invention to provide a PTC heating device as stated above, which is simple and can be f`ormed easily.

g~

- o -Generally spea~si.ng, in accordance with the present invention, a PTC heating device adapted -to be incorporated in an electric vaporizer f`or hea-ting liquid medicine such as liquid insecticide, aromatic liquid or the like, to vaporize it, the electric vaporizer including storage means for containing liquid medicine therei.n and absorber means ror sucking up the liquid medicine rrom the storage means therethrough, the abosorber means consisting Or an enlogated body which is immersed in the liquid medicine in the storage means, one end portion of which enlogated body projects rrom the storage means is provided which comprises at least one substantially plate-like P'l'C thermistor having a f'irst electrode and a second electrode on its one and the other surface, respectively; rirst and second electrode members be-tween which the at least one PTC thermistor is interposed, the first electrode member being in contact with the first electrode Or the at least one PTC thermistor and the second electrode member being in contact with the second ele.ctrode Or -the at least one PTC thermistor; a casing of` hea-t-resis-tant insulating material having a recess rormed therein, wi-thin which recess, the at least one PTC therrnistor and the first and second electrode members are received; a heat-conducting member being made Or electrically insula-ting material which has good therrnal conductivity and being rnounted wi-th respect to the casing to be in contact with the rirst electrode member; and a heat-radiating member having rneans ror receiving the one end portion of the absorber rneans ancl being mounted with respect to the casing to be in contact with the first electrode member through tlle heat-conducting member; wherein hea-t generated at the at least one PTC thermis-tor in use is conducted to -the heat-radiating memeber through -the heat-conducting member, so that liquid medicine having been sucked up by means Or the absorber mearls is lleated due to the heat having been conducted to the lleat-radiaitng member, to vaporize.
In a prererred embodiment Or the present invention, the number Or the PTC therrnistors is at least two; the heat-conducting member comprises a body which is rormed integrally with the casing in a manner to vertically protrude toward an opened side Or the casing rrom a bottom Or the recess Or the casing and has a vertical through-hole provided therein rOr receiving the heat-radiating member and substantially planar surf'aces which are rormed on its side wall surrounding to through-hole; the heat-radiating member comprises a substantially cylindrical body having a longitudinal bore constituting the rneans ror receiving -the one end portion of' the absorber means and inserted through the through-hole of' the heat-conducting member of' the casing, so tha-t the heat-radi.ating rnember :is in contact with an inner surface Or the through-llole Or tllc he~at-conducing member;
the rirst electrode member comprises subs-tantially planar contact sec-tions in contact with respective ones Or the planar 7~

surfaces Or the heat-conductirlg member; the at least two PTC thermistors are located on respective ones of'-the planar con-tact sections of tlle rirst electrode member in a manner such that the first electrode surraces thereof are con-tacted with the respective ones Or the planar contact sections of the first electrode member; and the second electrode member comprises contact sections in engagement withe the second electrodes of the at least two PTC thermistors on the planar contact sections Or the rirst electrode member to apply the first electrode surfaces of the at least two PTC thermistors onto the respective ones of the planar surfaces of' the heat-conducting member through the planar contact sec-tions of the first electrode mernber.
In a preferred embodiment of the present inven-tion, the number of -the PTC thermistor is one; the first electrode member comprises a substantially planar contact sec-tion in contact with the first electrode of the PTC thermistor; the second electrode member comprises a contact section in engagement with the second electrode of the PTC thermistor;
and the PTC thermistor and the f'irs-t and second elec-trode members are assembled in the recess of` the casing in superposed relati.on; the heat-conducting member is f`ormed into a subs-tantially plat-e-shape and arranged on -the opened side of the casing while being located on the planar con-tact section of the firs-t electrode member; and the heat-radiating member comprises a substantially U-shape body which has a ~q~

substantially U-shape opening cons-tituting -the means ~or receiving the one end por-tion of the absorber means; and a pair Or engaging arms which e~tend rrom both sides of the U-shape body in the opposite direction to the U-shape opening;
and is arranged in contact on the heat-conducting member in a manner to hold both sides Or the casing through the engaging arms.
In a preferred embodiment Or the present invention, the PTC heating device further includes a cover plate rormed into a substantially U-shape; and the casing is rormed into a subs-tantially U-shape and the recess Or the casing has a substantially U-shape in the same posture as the casing, an U-shape opening side portion Or which casing constitutes said heat-conducting member the first electrode member comprises a substantially U-shape body having a substantially planar contact section at each Or its sides, and is received in the recess of the casing in a manner such -tha-t the planar contact sections thereor are respectively engaged with both side regions Or a wall surrounding said U-shape opening Or the casing; the number Or the PlC thermis-tors are two, the PTC thermis-tors being respectively located on the planar contact sections Or -the rirst electrode member in a manner such -that the ~irst electrodes -thereor are respectivly contacted wi.th -the planar contact sections of` the first electrode rnember; the second electrode member comprises a subs-tantially U-shaped body having a contact section at each of its sidesr and is received in the rece.ss of the casincJ :ln a manner such that -the planar contact sec-t.ions thereof are respectively engayed with the second electrodes of the PTC
thermistors on the planar contact sec-Lions of the first ele~trode member; the U-s~aped cover plate is arranged, in the same posture of said casing, on the CasinCJ having said electrode members and khe PTC thermistors received therein to close the recess of the casing;
said heat-radiating member comprises a body of a substantially inverted symbol-of-ohm shape which has a substantially U~shaped opening constikuting means for receiving the one end portion of the absorber means, and a socket portion formed along the body thereof; and an assembly of the casing having the e:Lectrode members and the PTC thermistors received therein and the cover plate is fitted in the socke-t port:ion of the heat-radiating member at its opened side portion while rec,eiviny a central protr~lding portion of the heak-radiating member in its opening.
These and other objects ancl many of the attendant adv,antages of the present invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understoocl by reference to the following detailecl description.

12B7U~

DE_AILED DE';C'RIPTION OF PREFERRED E!MBOD~MEINT-c, Referring to Figures 5 to 8, a PTC heating clevi.ee 500 aeeord:ing to a f:irst embvd:imen~ of thi.s invent.lon comprise~ a casing 50, first and second electrode membe.rs 60 and 70 which are received in the caslncJ 50, a pair o:E substantial].y clisc-shaped PTC thermistors 80 and 81 which is interposed between the first and second elec~rode members 60 and 70 and received in the casing 50, a heat-radiating member 9o or a substantially cylindrical shape which is made OI metal sueh as aluminium or ~he like, a cover plate 100 mounted with respect to the casing 50, and a mounting plate 120 arranged on the cover plate 100 and for mounting the PTC heating device 500 with respect to an arrnoring case of an eleetric rnosquito destroyer therethrough.
The easiny 50 is made of a heat-resistant insulating material which has good thermal conductivity, for example, alumina porcelain or the like, and comprises a bocly havinct a recess 51 to form a hollow for receiving the first and second electrode member 60 and 70 ancl-the PTC thermistors 80 and ~l therein, and a substantially box-like heat-conducting porti.on 52 which is formed inteyrally aith the casing body so.as to pro-trude upwardly from a substantially central portion of the bottom of the recess 51. The heat-conductincl portion 52 is sliyhtly less in helght than a ircular side wall 53 of the casing body surrollnd:Lncl 7~

the recess 51. The casing 50 further has a through-hole 52a of a substan-tially cylinder-shape which ex-tencls vertically from -the outer bot-tom surface of' the recess 51 to the upper surface of the heat-conducting portion 52, a circular step por-tion 57 which is integrally formed along the inner surface of the circular side wall 53 and lies in the same plane as the upper surface of the heat-conducting portion 52, and two notches 53a and 53b which are formed at the upper portion of the side wall 53 and positioned opposite each other.
The f'irst elec-trode member 60 is made of an elastic and conductive material such as stainless steel or the like and comprises a substanti.ally ~-shaped body 61 consisting of planar side plates 6L~ and 65 and an intermediate plate 66 which interconnects the planar side plates 64 and 65, and a substantially inverted L-shape lead-out terminal 63 which depends from a lower edge portion of the intermediate plate 66. The first elec-trode member 60 is received in the recess 51 of` the casing 50 in a manner such that the planar side plates 6LI and 65 of' the U-shaped body 61 thereof are contacted with planar outer surfaces of sidewalls of' the box-like heat-conduct:ing portion 52 which are opposi-te to each other, respectively. In the example being illustrated, the first electrode member 60 is received in the recess of the casing 50 in a manner such -that the planar side plates 64 and 65 -thereof are con-tacted with planar sidewalls 52b and 52c of -the heat-conducting portion 52 of -the casing 50, 5~

respectively, but the f'irst electrode rnember 60 may be received in -the recess 51 of -the casing 50 ln a manner such that the planar side pla-tes 64 and 65 thereof are contacted with planar sidewal]s 52d and 52e of the heat-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50, respectively. As shown in Fig.
8, the lead-out terminal 63 of the first electrode member 60 is projected outwardly of the casing 50 via a through-hole 50a which is formed at the bottom of the casing 50.
The second electrode member 70 is made of'-the same material as the first electrode member 60 and comprises a strip-like body 71 which is curved into a substantially C-shape, a substantially inverted L-shape lead-out terminal 73 which depends from a generally intermediate portion of the body 71. Both end portions 71a and 71b of the body 71 are each forked into two branches and curved inwardly of the C-shaped body 71, -thereby exhibiting elas-ticity. The second electrode member 70 is received in the recess 51 of the casing 50 in a manner such tha-t the C-shaped body 71 thereof is elastically applied onto a region of a side surface of the circular step portion 57 of the casing 50 which faces toward an opened side of the U-shaped body 61 of' the f'irst electrode member 60 received in the recess 51 in the manner described, and the both end portions 71a and 71b of -the C-shaped body 71 are located opposi-te to the side pla-tes 6L~ and 65 of the first electrode member 60, respectively.
The lead-out -terminal 73 of -the second electrode member 70 ~7~

is pro,jected outwardly oL' the casing 50 via a through-hole 50b which is formed a-t the bot-tom of' the casing 50.
The PTC thermistors 80 and 81 are each rormed into a disc-like shape as described above. The PTC thermistor 80 has a first electrode 80a and a second electrode 80b on its one flat surface and the other flat surface, respectively.
This PTC thermistor 80 ls interposed between the side plate 64 Or the first electrode member 60 and the inwardly curved end portion 71a of the C-shaped body '71 Or the second electrode rnember 70 in a manner such that the first electrode 80a and second electrode 80b thereof contact wi-th the inwardly curved end portion 71a of -the second electrode member 70 and the planar side plate 64 Or the first electrode member 60, respectively, so that the PTC thermistor 80 is in close contact with the planar sidewall 52b of -the heat-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50 through the side plate 64 of the f'irst electrode member 60 due to an elastic force of the inwardly curved end por-tion 71a of -the C-shaped body 71 of the second electrode member 70. Same as the PTC
thermis-tor 80, the PTC thermistor 81 has a first electrode 81c and a second electrode 81b on its one flat surface and the other fla-t surface, respectively. This PTC thermistor 81 is interposed between the side pla-te 65 Or the first electrode member 60 and the inwardly curved end por-tion 71b Or the C-shaped body 71 of the second electrode member 70 in a manner such that the rirst electrode 81d and second . ;,~ .

~ 17 -electrode 81c thereof' contac-t with the inwardly curved end portion 71b of the second elec-trode member 70 and the planar side plate 65 of the first electrode member 60, respectively, so that the PTC -thermistor 81 is in close contac-t with the fla-t sidewall 52c of the heat-conducting por-tion 52 of -the casing 50 through the side plate 65 of the first electrode member 60 due to an elastic force of the inwardly curved end portion 71b of the C-shaped body of the second electrode member 70.
The cover plate 100 is made of' a heat-resistant plastic material or a porcelain material and has a substantially ring-shaped body lOOa, a diameter of which ring-shaped body lOOa is slightly less than that of the circular side wall 53 of the casing 50 and a diameter of a through-hole 101 of which ring-shaped body lOOa is the same as -that of -the through-hole 52a of the lleat-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50. This cover plate 100 :is fit-ted into the casing 50 in a manner to be s'upported on the step portion 57 and upper surface of the heat-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50 and in a manner such tha-t -the through-hole 101 -thereof' is aligned with the through-hole 52a of the hea-t-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50, whereby the cover plate 100 blocks up the recess 51 Or the casing 50.
The moun-ting pla-te 120 has a substantially ring-shaped body 121, a diame-ter of which ring-shaped body 121 is -the same as -tha-t of the circular side wall 53 of the casing 50 37~

and a diameter of a tl~rough-hole 122 of which rlng-shaped body 121 is the same as that of the -through-hole 52a Or -the heat-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50. ~lso, the moun-ting plate 120 includes two substantially inverted L-shape arms 123a and 123b which extend outwardly from the ring-shaped body 121 and positioned about 180 around the ring-shaped body 121 from each other. This mounting plate 120 is arranged on the cover plate 100 in a manner such that horizontal plate portions of the arms 123a and 123b thereof are engaged with the notches 53a and 53b of the casing 50, respectively, and the through-hole 122 thereof is aligned with the through-hole 52a of the heat-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50.
In the example being illustrated, the mounting plate 120 is provided with two inverted L-shape arms but may be provided with three inverted L-shape arms.
The cylindrical heat-radiating member 90 is more in length than a height of the side wall 53 of the casing 50 and a diameter of the hea-t-radiating member 90 is sligh-tly less than those of the through-hole 52a of the heat condcuting portion 52 of the casing 50, the through-hole 101 of' the cover plate 100 and -the through-hole 122 of the mounting plate 120. The cylindrical heat-radia-ting member 90 is provided at its one end with a flange 91 and is mounted with respect to the casing 50 in a manner such that the other end thereof is inserted through the through-hole 122 of the mounting plate 120, the through-hole 101 of the cover pla-te .

100, and -the through~hole 52a Or the hea-t-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50 to be riveted over the outer bo-ttom surface of the recess 51 of' the casing 50, to thereby securely hold the cover plate 100 with respect to the casing 50 through the heat-radiating member 90.
Incidentally, a contact surface between -the cover plate 100 and the step portion 57 of the casing 50, the notches 53a and 53b, and the through-holes 50a and 50b for the lead-out terminals 63 and 73 of -the first and second electrode members 60 and 70 are sealed with sealing compounds or adhesives, thereby preventing liquid insecticide and/or vaporized insecticide from entering the recess 51 of the casing 50.
A modification of the first embodiment is shown in Figs.
9 to 12. In the modification of Figs. 9 to 12, parts which are identical to those shown in Figs. 5 to 8 are indentified by the same designators and the description of them will not be repeated. Incidentally, in Fig. 9, the respective parts of this modification are shown in a s-tate of being turned upside down for clarity of' illustration. Practically, this PTC hea-ting dev:ice is mounted, in a posture shown in Fig. 10, with respect to an electr:ic mosquito des-troyer.
Referring now to Figs. 9 to 12, as shown in Fig. 9, the side plate 64 of the firs-t electrode member 60 is provided at upper and lower edge portions thereof with bent portions 64a and 64b which are bent a-t right angles to the f'lat side :~2~

plate 64 and e~ctend toward -the PTC thermistor 80 on -the side plate 64. Li}ce -the side pla-te 6LI, -the side pla-te 65 of the first electrode member 60 is provided at upper and lower edge por-tions thereof with bent portions 65a and 65b which are bent at right angles to the flat side plate 65 and extend toward the PTC thermistor 81 on the side pla-te 65. The first electrode member 60 is generally made by stamping a sheet of stainless steel or the like, resulting in producing burrs on the side plates 64 and 65. In the case where burrs actually exist on -the side plates 64 and 65 of the first electrode member 60, when the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 are respectively arranged on -the side plates 64 and 65 of the first electrode member 60 for assembly, they are located on the side plates 6LI and 65 in a state of being on the burrs of the side plates 64 and 65, so that the close contact of the respective PTC thermistors 80 and 81 with the side plates 64 and 65 of the first electrode member 60 is prevented, thereby preventing eff'icient and rapid transmitting of heat from the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 to the hea-t-radiating member 90. In the rnodifi.ca-tion of Figs. 9 to 12, such burrs are absorbed by the bent portions 64a and 64b, and 65a and 65b, -thereby providing the close contac-t of' the PTC
thermistors 80 and 81 with the side plates 64 and 65 of -the first electrode member 60.
Fur-ther, :in -the modification of Figs. 9 -to 12, as shown in Fig. 9, the 1.ead-out terminal 63 of -the first elec-trode member 60 extends upwardly f'rom the upper edge por-tion of' the intermediate plate 66 of the first electrode member 60.
Like the lead-out terminal 63 of the first electrode member 60, the lead-out terminal of the second elec-trode member 70 extends upwardly from -the upper edge por-tion of the body 71 of the second electrode member 70. ~lso, -the second electrode member body 71 is formed into a subs-tantially ~-shape and received in -the recess 51 in a manner such that an opened side -thereof' faces toward the opened side of the firs-t electrode member body 61. Further, in the modifica-tion of Figs. 9 to 12, as shown in Fig. 9, the box-like heat-conducting portion 52 is provided with a protruding portion 52f of a circular shape which is formed integrally with the heat-conduc-ting portion 52 in a manner to protrude outwardly from the -through-hole 52a of the heat-conducting portion 52. Furthermore, the step portion 57 of the casing 50 includes two inward projecting portions 570 and 571 which are respectively formed at posit:ions of the step portion 57 which are opposite to each o-ther. The inward projec-ting portions 570 and 571 are provided wi-th grooves 570a and 571a, respectively. A horizontal portion of the L-shape lead-out terminal 63 of the first e:Lec-trode member 60 is engaged with the groove 571a of the projecting portion 571, while a horizontal portion of -the L-shape lead-out terminal 73 of -the second elec-trode member 70 is engaged with the groove 570a of the projec-ting portion 570. Fur-ther, in the modification of Figs. 9 to 11, the ring-sllaped cover pla-te 100 is formed wi-th two notches lOOb and lOOc which are positioned approxima-tely 180 around the cover p]ate 100 from each other, and the mounting plate 120 is provided wi-th three L-shape arms 123a, 123b and 123c which ex-tend radially from the ring-shaped body 121 and are positioned approxima-tely 120 around the ring-shaped body lOOa from each other.
diameter Or the through-hole 101 of the cover plate 100 is slightly more than tha-t of the protruding portion 52f of the heat-conducting portion 52, which cover pla-te 100 is supported on the step portion 57 and the upper surface of the box-like heat-conducting portion 52 in a manner to be fitted on the protruding portion 52f' through the through-hole 101 thereof and in a manner such that the notches lOOb and lOOc thereof are aligned with the grooves 570a and 571a of the step portion 57, respectively. The vertical portions of' the L-shape lead-out terml.nals 63 and 73 are led outwardly through the notches lOOb and lOOc of -the cover plate 100, respectively. Generally speaking, in this type of PTC heating device, the cas:ing 50 should be completely sealed in order to prevent liquid insecticide and/or vaporized insecticide from entering the casing 50 to deteriorate the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 and the electrode members 60 and 70 which are rece:ived in the recess 51 of -the casing 50. For this purpose, a contact surface between -the cover plate 100 and -the step portion 57 of' the casing 50, -the notch lOOb of the cover .~

plate 100 through which the ver-tical portion of the l.-shape lead-out terminal 73 is led out rrom -the casing 50, and -the notch lOOc of the cover pla-te 100 through which the vertical portion of the L-shape lead-out terminal 63 is led out from the casing 50 are sealed with, e.g.~ sealing compounds or adhesives. In the modification of Figs. 9 -to 12, such portions which should be sealed are located on the same side, namely, the opened side of the casing 50, so that -the sealing operation is easily carried out.
The remaining parts of -the modification of Figs. 9 to 12 are constructed and arranged in substantially -the same manner as those shown in Fig. 5 to 8.
Referring to Fig. 13, the heat-conducting portion 52 is rormed independently of the casing body 50. In -the PTC
heating device 500 Or Fig. 12, where the heat-conduc-ting portion 52 is made of a heat-resistant insulating rna-ter-ial which is superior in its thermal conductivi-ty to the casing 50, the heat conducting property can be improved. Also, in the case where the heat-conducting por-tion 52 is made of a -thermal insulating material, heat generated a-t -the PTC
therrnis-tors 80 and 81 is preven-ted from escaping.
F'igs. 14 to 20 show ano-ther modif'ication of the rirst embodiment. In this modification, parts which are similar to those shown in Eigs. 5 to 13 are designated with like reference numerals and -the description of -them will not be repeated. Incidentally, in Fig. 14, the respective parts - 2~ -of this modifica-tion are shown in a s-tate of being turned upside down for clarity of illustra-tion. Pract:ically this PTC heating device is mounted in a posture shown in Fig.
with respect to an electric mosquito destroyer. Referring to Figs. 14 to 20 a PTC heating device 500 of -this modification is generally similar to that of Figs. 5 to 13 except that -the cover plate 100 is adapted to be locked with respect to the casing 50 and -the mounting plate 120 is also adapted to be locked with respect to the cover plate 100.
More particulary in the modification of Figs. 14 to 20 like the heat-conducting portion of Fig. 19 the heat-conduc-ting portion 52 includes the protruding portion 52f but has eight planar surfaces on the surrounding sidewall thereof unlike the heat-conducting portion 52 of Fig. 5.
The PTC thermistors 80 and 81 are respectively in contact with two of these planar surfaces of -the hea-t-conducting portion 52 for example planar surfaces 52b and 52c which are opposite to each other through the side plates 64 and 65 of the first electrode member 60. Further the casing 50 is provided with three protruding portions 54 55 and 56 which project outwardly from the circular side wall 53 at abou-t 120 intervals around the circular side wall 53.
Corresponding]y the step portion 57 extends outwardly along the sidewall 53 a-t positions where -the pro-truding portions 54 55 and 56 are located to form three concavities 572 573 and 574 by the protruding portions of the side wall 53 7~

and the outwardly extending por-tions of` the step portion 57, two of which 572, 573 and 574, for examp:Le, the concavities 572 and 574 are rormed wi-th grooves 572a and 574a, respectively. The horizontal portion of the L-shaped terminal 73 Or the second electrode member 70 is engaged with the groove 572a, while the horizon-tal portion of the L-shaped terminal 63 of the first electrode member 60 is engaged with the groove 574a.
The first electrode member 60 of this modification is generally similar to that Or Fig. 9 excep-t that the planar side plate 64 includes tongues 64c and 64d which extend toward the PTC -thermistor 80 on the side plate 64 at right angles to the flat side plate 64 and are located at right and left sides of the side plate 64, respectively, and the planar side plate 65 includes tongues 65c and 65d (see Fig. 19) which ex-tend toward the PTC thermistor 81 on the side plate 65 at right angles to the planar side plate 65 and are located at right and left sides of -the side plate 65, respectively.
In this modification, the PTC -thermistor 80 is located on the side plate 64 Or the f'irst elec-trode member 60 in a rnanner to be surrounded by the bent portions 64a and 64b and the tongues 64c and 64d, thereby preventing the PTC thermistor 80 from moving on the side plate 64. Likewise, the PTC
thermistor 8l is located on -the side plate 65 Or the first elec-trode member 60 in a manner to be surrounded by -the bent por-tions 65a and 65b and the tongues 65c and 65d, thereby ~2E~7~1 preventing the PTC thermis-tor 81 from moving on the side plate 65. Further, the L-shaped -terminaL 63 of -the first electrode member 60 is provided at a corner portion 63a thereor with a substantially quadrant-shaped rib 63b which is formed by stamping a part of the corner portion 63a and curving -the same inwardly of -the corner portion 63a.
The second electrode member 70 is generally similar to that of Fig. 5 except that the C-shaped body 71 is provided at the both end portions 71a and 71b thereof with inward bent pieces 71a' and 71b', and the L-shaped terminal 73 extends upwardly from the C-shaped body 71 and is provided at a corner portion 73a thereof with a substantially quadrant-shaped rib 73b which is formed by stamping a part of the corner portion 73a and curving the same inwardly of the corner portion 73a.
As described above, the L-shaped terminals 63 and 73 are provided at their corner por~ions 63a and 73a with the ribs 63b and 73b, respectively, thereby providing mechanical strength for the terminals 63 and 73.
A cover plate 100 of the modification shown in Fig.
14 comprises a ring-shaped body lOOa and three protruding portions 102, 103 and 104 which ex-tend radially from the periphery of the body lOOa and are positioned about 120 intervals around -the ring-shaped body lOOa. The cover plate 100 is arranged on the opened side of the casing 50 in a manner to be supported on the upper surface of the 31 ZB"~

heat-conduc-ting portion 52 and the step por-tion 57, and in a manner such that -the protruding portions 102, 103 and 104 of the cover plate 100 are engaged with the concavities, respectively, thereby prevent the cover plate 100 from being rotated on the heat-conduc-ting portion 52 and the s-tep portion 57. In the example being illustrated, the protruding portions 102, 103 and 104 of the cover plat;e 100 are engaged with the concavities 572, 573 and 574, respectively. Further, each of the protruding portions 102, 103 and 104 of' the cover plate 100 is short enough to allow clearance to be provided between its tip end and -the tip end of the protruding portion Or the side wa]1 53, through which clearance the vertical . portion of each of the L-shaped -terminals 63 and 73 extends out of the casing 50. Naturally, after assembly of the PTC
heating device, the clearance is sealed with sealing compounds or adhesives as will later be described. The cover plate 100 is provided with a depression 105 f'ormed in the body lOOa, which depression 105 includes a region 105a around the through-hole 101 of the cover plate 100 and three regions 105b which extends from the region 105a to the periphery of the body lOOa and are respectively located a-t a substantially middle posi.-tion between a position where the protruding portion 102 is located and a position where the protruding portion 103 is located, at a substantially middle position between a position where -the protruding portion 103 is located and a position where the protruding portion d?~ .

~Z~7~

10~ is located, and at a substantially middle position be-tween a posi-tion where the protruding por-tion 10ll is loca~ed and a position where the protruding portion 102 is located.
As shown in Flg. 20, the cover plate 100 is mounted with respect to the casing 50 by bonding the cover plate 100 to the step portion 57 of the casing 50 with adhesives X.
Incidentally, when adhesive is filled in the concavi-ty of the side wall 53 for bonding of the cover plate 100 and the step portion 57 of the casing 50, the adhesive X becomes spreaded in the concavity of the side wall 53 through a space between the corner portion of the L-shaped terminal and the rib, thereby f'acillitating the bonding operation of the cover plate 100 and the casing 50. On the cover plate 100 mounted with respect to the casing 50 in the manner described above, the mounting plate 120 which is similar to that shown in Fig. 9 is arranged. More particulary, -the moun-ting plate body 121 is slightly protruded toward the cover plate 100 and the mounting plate 120 is assembled with respec-t to the cover plate 100 in a manner such that the ring-shaped body 121 thereof is engaged with -the region lQ5a of the depression 105 of the cover plate 100 and the horizontal portions of the L-shaped arms 123a to 123c thereof are partially engaged with the regions 105b of the depression 105 of the cover plate 100, respectively, -thereby preventing the mounting plate 120 from being rotated on the cover plate 100. As described above, -the terminal of each of the first and second .

9~.

electrode member 60 and 70 is led ou-t of the casing 50 -through the clearance be-tween the outward protrudirlg portion of the cover pla-te 100 and the concavity of the sidewall. 53 of' the casing 50, while each of the arms 123a -to 123c of the mounting plate 120 is engaged with the depression region 105b which is located at the substantially middle position be-tween the respec-tive protruding portions of the cover plate 100, namely, the terminal of each of the electrode members 60, 70 and each of the arms 123a to 123c of` the mounting plate 120 are spaced from each other at about 60 as shown in Fig. 16.
Thus, adequate electrical insulation is provided between the terminals and the arms.
In the modification shown in Fig. 14, -the terminals 63 and 73 of the electrode members 60 and 70 are led out of the casing 50 from the opened side of -the casing 50 on which the cover plate 100 is arranged. However, it is understood that the terminals 63 and 73 can be led out of the casing 50 through the bottom of the recess 51. Also, the mounting plate 120 may be arranged on the outer bottom surface of the recess 51 of the casing 50. In this case, depression (corresponding to the depression 105 of the cover pla-te 100) is formed on the outer bot-tom surface of the recess 51.
As shown in Fig. 21, the firs-t elec-trode member 60 may be constructed in a manner such that each of -the side plates 6~ and 65 is connected to the intermediate pla-te 66 by two 37~9~

strips 67 and 68, one 67 of which s-trips is -thinner than the other 68 and act as an e~cessive curren-t fusion section.
The large strip 68 is provided for mechanical s-trength and adapted to be cut after assembly of the firs-t electrode member 60, as shown in Fig. 21.
Fig. 22 shows a vertical sectional view of an electric mosquito destroyer having the PTC heating device 500 of Fig.
15 incorporated therein.
Referring to Fig. 22, the electric mosquito destroyer comprises an upper case 40 having a through-hole 40a formed at its upper wall 40b, a lower case Li2 having a supporting section 48 for supporting -the PTC heating device 500 therethrough and mounted in the in-terior of the lower case 42. A reference numeral 44 designa-tes a reservoir having liquid insecticide contained therein, and a reference numeral 46 designates an absorber for sucking up liquid insecticide from the reservoir 44, which absorber 46 consists of' an elongated body made of fibrous material such as felt, or porous material. The elongated absorber 46 is inserted in-to -the reservoir 44 through a mouth of the reservoir ll4 to be immersed in the liquid insecticide contained in the reservoir 44, an upper end portion of which elongated absorber 46 projects from the mouth of the reservoir 4LI to be inserted into the longitudinal bore 92 of the heat-radiating member 90 of the PTC heating device 500. The supporting section 48 includes a horizontal pla-te 48a having through-holes 48b.

The PTC hea-ting device 500 is located on the hor:i.zontal plate 40a Or t.he supporting sec-tion 48 in a manner such that -tip end portions Or the arms 123a to 123c Or the rnounting pla-te 120 thereof are respectively i.nserted through the through-holes 48b of the horizontal plate 48.
In the electric mosquito destroyer cons-truc-ted as described above, when heat is generated at the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 of the PTC heating device 500 to be transmitted to the heat-radiating member 90, the upper end portion Or the absorber 46 having sucked up liquid insecticide from the reservoir 44 is heated due to the heat which has been conducted to the heat radiating member 90, resulting in the liquid insecticide vaporizing. Thus, the vaporized insecticide is difrused out of the electric mosquito destroyer through the through-hole 40a of the upper case 40.
In the PTC heating device 500 of` the f`irst embodiment, the electrodes of the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 are in close contact with the fla-t surfaces Or the side walls of the heat-conducting portion 52 Or the casing 50 through the side plates 64 and 65 Or the rirst electrode member 60, respectively, contrary to the prior art showing of Figs.
2 and 4. Theref`ore, in the PTC heating device 500 of the first embodimen-t, when heat generated at the electrodes of the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 is efficiently and rapidly transmitted to the heat-radiating member 90 -through the heat-conduc-ting portion 52 of the casing 50. Further, as ~8~

will be appreciated from the descrip-tion on the first embodiment, the tempera-ture distribution on the :inner- surface of the heat-radiating member- 90 is uniform, so -tha-t the absorber 46 which is inserted into the through-hole 92 of the heat-radiating member 90 at its upper end portion is heated at an uniform temperature, particularly, in the case where the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 are in close contac-t with the flat surfaces Or sidewalls of the heat-conducting portion 52 of the casing 50 which are opposite to each other as the example being illustrated, the temperature distribution on the inner surface of the heat-radiating member 90 reaches morre uniformity.
Rererring to Figs. 23 and 24, a PTC heating device 500 according to a second embodiment of this invention comprises a disc-like PTC thermistor 80 having a first electrode 80a and a second electrode 80b on its one and the other surface, respectively; fi.rst and second electrode members 60 and 70 between which the PTC thermistor 80 is vertically interposed; a casing 50 having a recess 51 f'ormed therein, within which recess 51, the PTC thermis-tor 80 and the first and second elec-trode members 60 and 70 are received;
a heat-conducti.ng plate 52 being f'ormed of a heat-resistant insultaing material which has good -thermal conductivity, for example, alumina porcelain or the like, and being positioned on the first electrode member 60; and a heat-radiating member 90 arranged on the heat-conducting ~LZ87~

plate 52 in a manner to cover the casing 50.
The casing 50 is made of a heat-resistant insulating material, for example, heat-resistan-t plastic material or the like. The first electrode member 60 comprises a planar plate 61 and a substantially inverted L-shape lead-out terminal 63 depending from the planar plate 61. Likewise, the second electrode member 70 comprises a bowed plate 71 which is upwardly bowed to exhibit elasticity, and a substantially inverted L-shape lead-out terminal 73 depending from the bowed plate 71. The first and second electrode members 60 and 70 are each made from a sheet of stainless steel. As described above, the PTC -thermistor 80 and the first and second electrode members 60 and 70 are assembled in the recess 51 of the casing 50 in superposed relation.
When the electrode members 60 and 70 are received in the recess 51 of the casing 50 -together with the PTC thermistor 80 for assembly, the terminal 63 of the first electrode member 60 is led out of the casing 50 via a groove 50a which is vertically formed in a side wall of the casing 50 to penetrate the bottom of the casing 50, and the terminal 73 of -the second electrode member 70 is led ou-t of'-the casing 50 via a through-hole 50b which is f'ormed at -the bottorn of the cas:ing 50 and in close proximity to a side wall of casing 50 which is opposite to the side wall in which the groove 50a is formed. The heat-conducting plate 52 which is posi-tioned on the first electrode member 60 is supported on a step ~. ~
, 87~91 - 34 ~

por-tion 57 which is integrally formed a]ong :inner surfaces of the side walls o~ the casing 50 in parallel with an opened surface of the casing 50. The heat-radiating member 90 is made of metal such as aluminium or the like and comprises a substantially U-shape body 93 and a pair of engaging arms 94 and 95 which depend from both sides of the U-shape body 93 in parallel with each other. The engaging arm 94 is provided at its tip end with an inwardly bent pawl 9Lla and the engaging arm 95 is likewise provided at its tip end with an inwardly bent pawl 95a. Correspondingly, the casing 50 is provided at each of its sides with a step portion 50g.
The spacing between the engaging arms 94 and 95 is slightly less than the width of the casing 50. I'he U-shape heat-radiating member 90 is mounted with respect to the casing 50, which has the PTC thermistor 80 and the electrode members 60 and 70 received therein, in a manner to receive the casing 50 in the spacing between the engaging arms 94 and 95, the inwardly bent pawls 94a and 95a of which arms 9ll and 95 are respectively engaged with the step portions 50g of the casing 50. As described above, -the plate 71 of the second electrode rnember 70 is upwardly bowed to exhibit elasticity, so that the mounting of' the hea-t-radiating member 90 with respect to the casing 50 may be carry out while tightly contacting the electrodes 81a and 81b of the PTC thermis-tor 80 wi-th the plate 61 of -the first electrode member 60 and the plate 71 of the second electrode member 70. The U-shape heat-radiating member 90 cons-truc-ted as described above is adap-ted to receive in its opening 92 an absorber projecting from a reservoir which has liquid insecticide contained therein as will later be described in detail.
Fig. 25 shows an electric mosquito destroyer which has the PTC heating device 500 of Figs. 23 and 24 incorporated therein. In Fig. 25, a ref'erence numeral 49 designates a case of the electric mosquito destroyer which has a through-hole 49a formed at its upper wall and an opening 49b, a reference numeral 4LI designates a reservoir having liquid insecticide contained therein and housed in the case 49, and a reference numeral 46 designates an absorber. The reservoir 44 is adapted to be got in and out of the case 49 through the opening 49b of the case 49. The PTC heating device 500 o.f Figs. 23 and 24 is held on the inner wall of the case 49 in a manner such that the opening 92 -thereof faces toward the opening 49b of the case 49.
In the second embodiment, as described above, the heat-radia-ting member 90 is formed into a U-shape, so that get-ting of -the absorber 46 projecting from the reservoir 44 into the opening 92 of the U-shaped heat-radiating member 90 and getting of -the absorber 46 ou-t of the opening 92 of the U-shaped heat-radiating member 90 is easily carried out.
Further, as described above, the heat-radiating member 90 is provided with the engaging arms 94 and 95 which are adapted to be engaged with the step portions 50g of the casing 50, ~7~9~
~ 36 -so tha-t assemblying opera-tion of the PTC heating device 500 is easily carried out.
Referring to Figs. 26 and 27, a PTC hea-ting device 500 according to a -third embodiment of this invention generally comprises a subs-tan-tially U-shaped casing 50, first and second electrode members 60 and 70 which are received in the casing 50, a pair of substantially disc-like PTC thermistors 80 and 81 which is interposed between the first and second electrode members 60 and 70 and received in the casing 50, and a heat-radiating member 90 made of me-tal such as aluminium or the like.
The casing 50 is made of a heat-resistant insulating material which has good thermal conductivity, f'or example, alumina porcelain or the like, and has a substantially U-shaped recess 51 formed therein in the same posture as the U-shaped casing 50 to form a hollow f'or receiving the first and second electrode members 60 and 70 and -the PTC
thermistors 80 and 81 therein. In the third embodirnent of the present invention, an opened side portion of the casing 50 constitutes a heat-conducting portion 52.
The first elec-trode member 60 is made Or an elastic and conductive material such as stainless steel and comprises a substantially ~-shaped body 61 consisting of planar side paltes 6L~ and 65 and a curved intermediate plate 66 which interconnec-ts the planar side plates 64 and 65, and a lead-out terminal 63 extending outwardly from the curved plate 66.

The first electrode member 60 is received in -the recess 5l of the casing 50 in a manner such that the planar side pla-tes 64 and 65 thereof are engaged with inner side surfaces 52b and 52c of the heat-conduc-ting portion 52, respectively.
The lead-ou-t terminal 63 of the first electrode member 60 is led out of the casing 50 via a through-hole 50a which is formed at the casing 50.
The second electrode member 70 is made of the same material as the first electrode member 60 and comprises a substantially U-shaped body 71 and a lead-out terminal 73 extending outwardly from the U-shaped body 71 thereof. Both end portions 71a and 71b of the U-shaped body 71 are each curved inwardly of the U-shaped body 71, thereby exhibiting elasticity. The second electrode member 70 is received in the recess 51 of the casing 50 in a manner such that -the end portion 71a and the end portion 71b thereof are opposed to the planar side plates 64 and 65 of the first electrode member 60, respectively. The lead-out terminal 73 of the second electrode member 70 is led out of the casing 50 via through-hole 50b which is f'ormed at the casing 50.
The PTC thermistor 80 has a first electrode 80a and a second electrode 80b on its one flat surface and the other flat surface, respectively. This PTC thermistor 80 is interposed between the side pla-te 6L~ of the f'irst electrode member 60 and the inwardly curved end portion 71a of the U-shaped body 71 of the second electrode member 70 in a manner ~3J,,~

~Z~70~

such that the firs-t electrode 80a and second electrode 80b -thereof contact with the inwardly curved end portion 71a of the second electrode member 70 and the planar side plate 64 of the first elec-trode member 60, respectively, so that the PTC thermis-tor 80 is in close contact with the flat surface 52b of the heat-conducting por-tion 52 -through -the side plate 64 of the first electrode member 60 due to an elastic force of the inwardly curved end portion 71a of the second electrode memeber 70. Same as the PTC thermistor 80, the PTC thermistor 81 has a first electrode 81c and a second electrode 81b on its one flat surface and the other flat surface, respectively. Thls PTC thermistor 81 is interposed between the side plate 65 of the first electrode member 60 and the inwardly curved end portion 71b of the second electrode member 70 in a manner such -that the first electrode 81d and second electrode 81c thereof contact with the inwardly curved end portion 71b Or the second electrode member 70 and the planar side plate 65 of the first electrode member 60, respec-tively, so tha-t the PTC thermistor 81 is in close contact wlth the flat surface 52c of the heat-conducting portion 52 through -the side plate 65 of the first electrode member 60 due -to an elastic force of -the inwardly curved end portion 71b of the second electrode member 7o.
The hea-t-radiating member 90 comprises a body 95 of a substantially inverted symbol-of-ohm shape. The body 95 ~&~9~l comprises a substantially U-shape central por-tion 96 which protrudes outwardly, and an inver-ted L-shape portion 97 extending each of both sides of the U-shape cen-tral por-tion 96. Also, the body 95 has a socket por-tion 98 formed along its side which the central portion 96 protrudes.
The PTC heating device 500 according to the third embodiment further includes a cover plate (not shown) which is made of a heat-resistant material and formed into a substantially U-shape. A size of a flat surface of the cover plate is the same as that of the casing 50. The cover plate is arranged on the casing 50 to close the recess 51 in which the electrode members 60 and 70 and the PTC thermistors 80 and 81 have been received. The U-shape assembly of the casing 50 and cover plate is fit-ted in the socket portion 98 of the heat-radiating member 90 at its opened side portion while receiving the protruding portion 96 of the heat-radiating member 90 in its opening.
In the PTC heating device 500 according to the -third embodiment, an absorber projectlng ~rom a reservoir hauing liquid insec-ticide contained therein is adapted to be got in an opening 92 of -the hea-t-radiating 90.
In the first and third embodiments, the number of -the PTC thermistors is two. ~lowever, it is understood that the number of the PTC thermistors is not l:imit-ted to two and still be within the scope of the invention.

, ~,, ~ - , .

37~9~
~o..

While pref'erred embodiments of' the invention have been described with a certain degree of particularity wi-th reference to the drawings, obvious modifica-tions and variations are possible in the light of the above teachings.
It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, -the invention may be parcticed otherwise than as specifically described.

Claims (28)

1. A PTC heating device adapted to be incorporated in an electric vaporizer for heating liquid medicine such as liquid insecticide, aromatic liquid or the like, to vaporize it, said electric vaporizer including storage means for containing liquid medicine therein and absorber means for sucking up said liquid medicine from said storage means therethrough, said absorber means consisting of an elongated body which is immersed in said liquid medicine in said storage means, one end portion of which elongated body projects from said storage means, comprising:
at least one substantially plate-like PTC thermistor having a first electrode and a second electrode on its one and the other surface, respectively;
first and second electrode members between which said at least one PTC thermistor is interposed;
said first electrode member being in contact with said first electrode of said at least one PTC thermistor and said second electrode member being in contact with said second electrode of said at least one PTC thermistor;
a casing of heat-resistant insulating material having a recess formed therein, within which recess, said at least one PTC thermistor and said first and second electrode members are received;
a heat-conducting member being made of electrically insulating material which has good thermal conductivity and being mounted with respect to said casing to be in contact with said first electrode member; and a heat-radiating member having means for receiving said one end portion of said absorber means and being mounted with respect to said casing to be in contact with said first electrode member through said heat-conducting member;
wherein heat generated at said at least one PTC
thermistor in use is conducted to said heat-radiating member through said heat-conducting member, so that liquid medicine having been sucked up by means of said absorber means is heated due to the heat having been conducted to said heat-radiating member, to vaporize.
2. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 1, wherein the number of said PTC thermistors is at least two;
said heat-conducting member comprises a body which is formed integrally together with said casing in a manner to vertically protrude toward an opened side of said casing from a bottom of said recess of said casing, and has a vertical through-hole provided therein for receiving said heat-radiating member and substantially planar surfaces which are formed on its side wall surrounding said through-hole;
said heat-radiating member comprises a substantially cylindrical body having a longitudinal bore constituting said means for receiving said one end portion of said absorber means and inserted through said through-hole of said heat-conducting member of said casing, so that said heat-radiating member is in contact with an inner surface of said through-hole of said heat-conducting member;
said first electrode member comprises substantially planar contact sections in contact with respective ones of said planar surfaces of said heat-conducting member;
said at least two PTC thermistors are located on respective ones of said planar contact sections of said first electrode member in a manner such that said first electrode surfaces thereof are contacted with the respective ones of said planar contact sections of said first electrode member;
and said second electrode member comprises contact sections in engagement with said second electrodes of said at least two PTC thermistors on said planar contact sections of said first electrode member to apply said first electrode surfaces of said at least two PTC thermistors onto the respective ones of said planar surfaces of said heat-conducting member through said planar contact sections of said first electrode member.
3. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 2, wherein the number of said PTC thermistors is two;
said body of said heat-conducting member is formed into a substantially box-shape in outline; and said first electrode surfaces of said two PTC thermistors are respectively applied, through said planar contact sections of said first electrode member, onto planar surfaces of side walls of said box-shaped body which are opposite to each other.
4. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 3, wherein said first electrode member comprises a body of a substantially U-shape, side plates of which U-shaped body constitute said planar contact sections which said PTC
thermistors contact.
5. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 4, wherein each of said side plates of said U-shaped body of said first electrode member is provided with bent poritons which are bent toward said PTC thermistor thereon.
6. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 2, wherein said second electrode member is made of an elastic conductive material and said PTC thermistors are pressed, through said planar contact sections of said first electrode member, against said planar surfaces of said heat-conducting member due to elastic force of said second electrode member.
7. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 3, wherein said second electrode member is made of an elastic conductive material and said PTC thermistors are pressed, through said planar contact sections of said first electrode member, against said planar surfaces of said heat-conducting member due to elastic force of said second electrode member.
8. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 2, further including a cover plate which have a through-hole, said cover plate being located on the opened side of said casing while being fitted on one end portion of said heat-radiating member, which projects from said through-hole of said heat-conducting member, through said its through-hole to close said opened side of said casing.
9. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 3, further including a cover plate which have a through-hole, said cover plate being located on the opened side of said casing while being fitted on one end portion of said heat-radiating member, which projects from said through-hole of said heat-conducting member, through said its through-hole to close said opened side of said casing.
10. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 2, wherein each of said first and second electrode members includes a lead-out terminal which projects outwardly through said bottom of said recess of said casing.
11. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 3, wherein each of said first and second electrode members includes a lead-out terminal which projects outwardly through said bottom of said recess of said casing.
12. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 8, wherein each of said first and second electrode members comprises a lead-out terminal which projects outwardly from the side of said casing on which said cover plate are arranged.
13. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 9, wherein each of said first and second electrode members comprises a lead-out terminal which projects outwardly from the side of said casing on which said cover plate are arranged.
14. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 8, further comprising mounting means arranged on said cover plate and for mounting said PTC heating device with respect to a case of an electric vaporizer therethrough.
15. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 9, further comprising mounting means arranged on said cover plate and for mounting said PTC heating device with respect to a case of an electric vaporizer therethrough.
16. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 14, wherein said mounting means comprises a plate portion having a through-hole and a plurality of arms which extend outwardly from said plate portion, and is arranged on said cover plate while being fitted on said one end portion of said heat-radiating member through said its through-hole.
17. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 15, wherein said mounting means comprises a plate portion having a through-hole and a plurality of arms which extend outwardly from said plate portion, and is arranged on said cover plate while being fitted on said one end portion of said heat-radiating member through said its through-hole.
18. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 1, further comprising a cover plate having a through-hole, and mounting means comprising a plate portion having a through-hole and a plurality of arms which extend outwardly from said plate portion thereof and for mounting said PTC heating device with respect to a case of an electric vaporizer therethrough;

and wherein said cover plate is latched on the opened side of said casing while being fitted on one end portion of said heat-radiating member, which projects from said through-hole of said heat-conducting member, through said its through-hole to close said opened side of said casing; and wherein said mounting means is arranged on said cover plate while being fitted on said one end portion of said heat-radiating member through said its through-hole.
19. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 18, which further includes a first engaging projections and concavities combination locking said cover plate with respect to said casing to prevent rotation of said cover plate on said casing;
and a second engaging projection and concavity combination locking said mounting means with respect to said cover plate to prevent rotation of said mounting means on said cover plate.
20. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 19, wherein said first engaging projections and concavities combination includes a plurality of projections which project outwardly from said cover plate, and concavities which correspond in number to said projections of said cover plate and are formed at said opened side of said casing by extending portions of a side wall of said casing outwardly and forming step portions along inner surfaces of said outwardly extending portions of said side wall; and said second engaging projection and concavity combinations includes a projection formed by slightly projecting said plate portion of said mounting means toward said cover plate on which said mounting means is arranged, and a concavity which is formed in said cover plate and includes a first concavity portion for engaging said projecting cover plate of said mounting means therewith and second concavity portions which correspond in number to said arms of said mounting means, extend outwardly from said first portion, respectively, and for engaging parts of said arms of said mounting means therewith, said second concavity portions being respectively positioned at substantially middle positions between the respective projections of said cover plate.
21. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 1, further including a cover plate having a through-hole and arranged on the opened side of said casing; mounting means for mounting said PTC heating device with respect to a case of an electric vaporizer therethrough and comprising a plate portion which has a through-hole, and a pluraliry of arms which extend outwardly from said plate portion, said mounting means arranged on said cover plate; a first engaging projections and concavities combination locking said cover plate with respect to said casing to prevent rotation of said cover plate on said casing; a second engaging projection and concavity combination locking said mounting means with respect to said cover plate to prevent rotation said mounting means on said cover plate; and wherein the number of said PTC
thermistor is at least two;
said heat-conducting member comprises a body which is formed integrally with said casing in a manner to vertically protrude toward an opened side of said casing from a bottom of said recess of said casing and has a vertical through-hole provided therein for receiving said heat-radiating member and has planar surfaces formed on its side wall surrounding said through-hole;
said heat-radiating member comprises a substantially cylindrical body having a longitudinal bore constituting said means for receiving said one end portion of said absorber means and inserted through said through-hole of said heat-conducting member of said casing, so that said heat-radiating member is in contact with an inner surface of said through-hole of said heat-conducting member;
said first electrode member comprises substantially planar contact sections in contact with respective ones of said planar surfaces of said heat-conducting member;
said at least two PTC thermistors are located on respective ones of said planar contact sections of said first electrode member in a manner such that said first electrode surfaces thereof are contacted with the respective ones of said planar contact sections of said first electrode member;

said second electrode comprises contact sections in engagement with said second electrodes of said at least two PTC thermistors to apply said first electrode surfaces said at least two PTC thermistors onto the respective ones of said planar surfaces of said heat-conducting member through said planar contact sections of said first electrode member;
said cover plate is located on the opened side of said casing while being fitted on one end portion of said heat-radiating member, which projects from said through-hole of said heat-conducting member, through said its through-hole to close said opened side of said casing; and said mounting means is arranged on said cover plate while being fitted on said one end portion of said heat-radiating member through its through-hole.
22. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 21, wherein said first engaging projections and concavities combination includes a plurality of projections which project outwardly from said cover plate, and concavities which correspond in number to said projections of said cover plate and are formed at said opened by extending portions of a side wall of said casing outwardly and forming step portions along inner surfaces of said outwardly extending portions of said side wall; and said second engaging projection and concavity combinations includes a projection formed by slightly projecting said plate portion of said mounting means toward said cover plate on which said mounting means is arranged, and a concavity which is formed in said cover plate and includes a first concavity portion for engaging said projecting cover plate of said mounting means therewith and second concavity portions which correspond in number to said arms of said mounting means, extend outwardly from said first portion, respectively, and for engaging parts of said arms of said mounting means therewith, said second concavity portions being respectively positioned at substantially middle positions between the respective projections of said cover plate..
23. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 22, wherein clearances between said projections of said cover plate and said concavities of said casing are sealed with sealing compounds or adhesives.
24. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 21, wherein each of said first and second electrode member comprises a lead-out terminal which is led outwardly through a clearance between any one of said projections of said cover plate and any one of said concavities of said casing.
25. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 21, wherein each of said planar contact sections of said first electrode member is provided with a plurality of tongues which are located on said planar contact section in a manner to surround said PTC thermistor which is located on said planar contact section, thereby preventing said PTC thermistor form moving on said planar contact section.
26. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 24, wherein said lead-out terminal of each of said first and second electrode members is formed into a substantially L-shape and is provided at its corner portion with a substantially quadrant-shaped rib which is formed by stamping a part of said corner portion and curving the same inwardly of said corner portion.
27. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 1, wherein the number of said PTC thermistor is one;
said first electrode member comprises a substantially planar contact section in contact with said first electrode of said PTC thermistor; said second electrode member comprises a contact section in engagement with said second electrode of said PTC thermistor; and said PTC thermistor and said first and second electrode members are assembled in said recess of said casing in superposed relation;
said heat-conducting member is formed into a substantially plate-shape and arranged on the opened side of said casing while being located on said planar contact section of said first electrode member; and said heat-radiating member comprises a substantially U-shape body which has a substantially U-shape opening constituting said means for receiving said one end portion of said absorber means; and a pair of engaging arms which extend from both sides of said U-shape body in the opposite direction to said U-shape opening; and is arranged in close contact on said heat-conducting member in a manner to hold both sides of said casing through said engaging arms.
28. A PTC heating device as defined in claim 1, further including a cover plate formed into a substantially U-shape, and wherein said casing is formed into a substantially U-shape and said recess of said casing has a substantially U-shape in the same posture as said casing, an U-shape opening side portion of which casing constitutes said heat-conducting member;
said first electrode member comprises a substantially U-shaped body having a substantially planar contact section at each of its sides, and is received in said recess of said casing in a manner such that said planar contact sections thereof are respectively engaged with both side regions of a wall surrounding said U-shape opening of said casing;
the number of said PTC thermistors are two, said PTC
thermistors being respectively located on said planar contact sections of said first electrode member in a manner such that said first electrodes thereof are respectively contacted with said planar contact sections of said first electrode member;
said second electrode member comprises a substantially U-shaped body having a contact section at each of its sides, and is received in said recess of said casing in a manner such that said planar contact sections thereof are respectively engaged with said second electrodes of said PTC thermistors on said planar contact sections of said first electrode member;
said U-shaped cover plate is arranged, in the same posture of said casing, on said casing having said electrode members and said PTC thermistors received therein to close said recess of said casing;
said heat-radiating member comprises a body of a substantially inverted symbol-of-ohm shape which has a substantially U-shape opening constituting means for receiving said one end portion of said absorber means, and a socket portion formed alog said body thereof; and an assembly of said casing having said electrode members and said PTC thermistors received therein and said cover plate is fitted in said socket portion of said heat-radiating member at its opened side portion while receiving a central protruding portion of said heat-radiating member in its opening.
CA 564567 1987-04-21 1988-04-20 Ptc heating device Expired - Fee Related CA1287091C (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP60163/1987 1987-04-21
JP6016387U JPH0515750Y2 (en) 1987-04-21 1987-04-21
JP17459887U JPH0436072Y2 (en) 1987-11-16 1987-11-16
JP174598/1987 1987-11-16

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EP (1) EP0290159B1 (en)
KR (1) KR960007869B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1021499C (en)
CA (1) CA1287091C (en)
DE (2) DE3852519T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2068825T3 (en)

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GB2143708B (en) * 1983-06-23 1986-12-17 Tokai Electric Wire Heating device for heating an air-fuel mixture to be supplied to an internal combustion engine
FR2568438B1 (en) * 1984-07-25 1986-10-17 Seb Sa For residential electric boiler unit
US4728779A (en) * 1985-09-27 1988-03-01 Tdk Corporation PTC heating device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US4874924A (en) 1989-10-17 grant
KR960007869B1 (en) 1996-06-15 grant
DE3852519D1 (en) 1995-02-02 grant
CN1021499C (en) 1993-06-30 grant
CN1030508A (en) 1989-01-18 application
EP0290159A2 (en) 1988-11-09 application
ES2068825T3 (en) 1995-05-01 grant
EP0290159A3 (en) 1989-11-23 application
DE3852519T2 (en) 1995-08-10 grant
EP0290159B1 (en) 1994-12-21 grant

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