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Interlocking infant carrier and base for car seat mounting

Info

Publication number
CA1235992A
CA1235992A CA 520144 CA520144A CA1235992A CA 1235992 A CA1235992 A CA 1235992A CA 520144 CA520144 CA 520144 CA 520144 A CA520144 A CA 520144A CA 1235992 A CA1235992 A CA 1235992A
Authority
CA
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
carrier
bolt
base
lever
arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA 520144
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Paul K. Meeker
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gerber Products Co
Graco Children s Products Inc
Original Assignee
Gerber Products Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47DFURNITURE SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CHILDREN
    • A47D13/00Other nursery furniture
    • A47D13/02Baby-carriers; Carry-cots
    • A47D13/025Baby-carriers; Carry-cots for carrying children in seated position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NVEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/24Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles
    • B60N2/26Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles for children
    • B60N2/28Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle
    • B60N2/2821Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle having a seat and a base part
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NVEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/24Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles
    • B60N2/26Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles for children
    • B60N2/28Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle
    • B60N2/2842Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle adapted to carry the child, when dismounted from the vehicle
    • B60N2/2845Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle adapted to carry the child, when dismounted from the vehicle having handles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NVEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/24Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles
    • B60N2/26Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles for children
    • B60N2/28Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle
    • B60N2/2854Children's cots; Hammocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NVEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/24Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles
    • B60N2/26Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles for children
    • B60N2/28Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle
    • B60N2/2857Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle characterised by the peculiar orientation of the child
    • B60N2/286Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle characterised by the peculiar orientation of the child forward facing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NVEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/24Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles
    • B60N2/26Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles for children
    • B60N2/28Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle
    • B60N2/2857Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle characterised by the peculiar orientation of the child
    • B60N2/2863Seats readily mountable on, and dismountable from, existing seats or other parts of the vehicle characterised by the peculiar orientation of the child backward facing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • Y10T292/0977Cam

Abstract

INTERLOCKING INFANT CARRIER
AND BASE FOR CAR SEAT MOUNTING

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE
An infant carrier and base are provided with locking features which include a spring-mounted bolt protruding laterally from the base and a hollow or aper-ture in the carrier which engages the bolt when the carrier is inserted into the base. The upper surface of the bolt is sloped so that the carrier forces the bolt inward (to a retracted position) as the rim of the aperture slides over the protruding end of the bolt. A
spring snaps the bolt back into place once the carrier is fully inserted and the aperture is aligned with the bolt. The carrier contains a lever arm whose fulcrum is positioned adjacent to the aperture. A spiral cam protrudes from the fulcrum to engage a knob extending upward from the side of the bolt, so that when the lever arm is rotated the cam urges the knob backward, retract-ing the bolt and permitting removal of the carrier from the base.

Description

9~2 INTERLOCKING INFANT CARRIER
AND BASE FOR CAR SEAT MOUNTING

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to infant carriers, and particularly the type used for securing an infant to the seat of a vehicle such as an automobile.
A variety of car seats for infants have been devised for the purpose of strapping the infant in to prevent the infant from squirming or being bounced out of the seat during the motion of the car. The driver thereby gains peace of mind as to the infant's safety and can direct full attention to the road. Getting the infant in and out of the device can be somewhat compli-cated, however, particularly when one wants to remove the seat itself so that the infant can be retained in the seat outside the car.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
A novel structure is provided herein, whereby an infant carrier is quickly and easily inserted into and removed from a base mountable to a car seat, with locking featu.res which prevent accidental disengagement during motion either of the car or of the infant. The mechanism consists of a spring-mounted bolt protruding laterally from the base, and a hollow or aperture in the carrier which slides over the bolt as the car~^ier is being inserted into the base and engages the bolt once the-carrier is in place. One of the surfaces on the bolt is sloped so that the carrier forces the bolt inward (i.e., to the retracted position) as the carrier slides over the bolt. The mounting of the bolt in the base is spring-biased outward causing it to snap into ~ the aperture when the latter is placed over it. The bolt is also manipulated by a projection extending .< ~LX3~

transverse to the sliding direction, which is e~gaged by a cam protruding from the fulcrum of a lever arm on the carrier. The cam is spiral in shape to urge the projection backward when the lever arm is turned. Thus, removal of the carrier from the base is achieved by turning the lever arm.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a rear perspective view of an exam-ple of a carrier set in a base, to which the lockingand release mechanism of the present invention may be incorporated.
FIG. 2 is a rear perspective view of the car-rier and base of FIG. 1 shown separated, further showing a strap on the carrier for holding an infant, and a seat belt by which the base is secured to an automobile seat.
- FIG. 3 is an enlarged front perspective view of a portion of the example shown in FIG. 1, this figure showing the connection between the carrier and the base and the portions housing the locking and release mecha nism.
FIGS. 4A, 4B, and 4C are cross-sections of the connecting portions shown in FIG. 3; FIG. 4A showing the base portion alone; FIG. 4B showing the base portion and carrier portion combined, with the locking bolt engaged; and FIG. 4C showing the base portion and car-rier portion combined, with the locking bolt retracted.
FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the base and carrier connecting portions shown in FIGS. 4A, 4B and 4C.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
AND PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
An example of an assembled infant carrier and ~ 35 base incorporating the locking mechanism of the present ' 3L~359~,2 invention is shown in Figure 1, and the carrier and base are shown separately in Figure 2. The carrier 10 holds a reclining infant, who is secured in place by a strap 11. In the view shown, the infant is generally facing in the direction of the viewer. The strap 11 is anchored at points 12, 13 in the upper half of the car-rier 10 above each of the infant's shoulders, then ex-tends downward over the infant's torso to a clasp 14 which mates with a receiving catch 15 positioned between the infant's legs. In the view shown, therefore, the infant faces generally upward from the plane of these figures.
A handle 16 consisting of two rotatable lever arms 17, 18 joined by a crossbar 19 provides for conve-nient lifting and carrying of the carrier.
The base 20 is designed both for attachment to a car seat and for securely holding the carrier lO.
Holes 21, 22 in the base permit passage of a safety belt 23 as found in the passenger seat of a typical automobile, permitting the base to be securely fastened to the passenger seat.
The base contains contoured sections 24, 25 to mate with similarly contoured sections 26, 27 on the carrier (only one of which is visible in the view shown in ~igures 1 and 2). In the embodiment shown, the con-toured sections in the carrier are the hubs 28 at the fulcrum of each lever arm 17, 18 on the carrier 10. At the locations of these contoured sections are the mating parts 29, 30 of a latch, whose opening and closing is controlled by the position of the hub 2~. The hub fur-ther contains a release button 31 which controls the locking mechanism, and an indicator window 32 to indi-cate whether the lock is open or closed.
Figure 3 provides a closer look of the lever arm hub 28, turned around to show the side opposite ~ that visible in Figures 1 and 2. In this view, the carrier 10 is joined to the base 20 and the lever arm ~23S~<~12 17 is vertical. Mating parts of the latch are not vis-ible in this view. The locking mechanism controlling the position of the latch, ho~lever, is encased in an enclosure 35 protruding from the side of the base 20.
A projection 36 extending upward from the interior of the enclosure is capable of moving laterally back and forth through a slot 37 in the upper wall of the enclo-sure. This projection is spring-mounted inside the enclosure and thereby biased inward (toward the carrier frame).
The projection 36 may be pushed backward in the slot 37 away from the base frame 38 (and thereby compressing the spring, not shown) by a spiral cam 39 lS protruding from the hub 28. One end 40 of the cam is sufficiently far forward so that it does not interfere with the projection 36, while the other end 41 is back-ward of the forward end 40, a sufficient distance to engage the projection 36, forcing it back far enough to disengage the lock. Thus, disengagement of the lock is achieved by turning the lever arm.
An additional feature on the exterior of the hub is a stop 42, shown in this embodiment as a pair of parallel barriers 43, 44, following the curvature of the hub in nonspiraling manner. The barriers are posi-tioned on the hub so that they clear the spiral cam 39.
Thus, when the lever arm 17 is rotated toward the head of the carrier (i.e., diagonally outward and to the right from the plane of Figure 3), the barriers 43, 44 will be positioned over the projection 36, and the bar-rier,44 closest to the base frame 38 will limit the travel of the projection 36 in the slot 37, holding it forward and preventing release of the lock. The outer-most barrier 44 is a backup.
The interior of the base frame 38 and the loc~ing mechanism enclosure 35 is shown in Figure 4A.
~ Inside the enclosure is a bolt 50, biased toward the right by a spring 51 referred to above. The enclosure ~359~

35 only partially ~ncloses the bolt 50, leaving a major portion of the bolt 50 extending to the right into an aperture 52 in the base frame 3~, and beyond to protrude S into the interior space 53 of the base into which the carrier fits when the parts are assembled. The projec-tion 36 is a ~nob extending transversely from the bolt 50 through the slot 37 in the upper wall of the enclo-sure 35. In the embodiment shown, the projection 36 is not rigidly secured-to the bolt 50, but is instead spring-mounted by an internal coil spring 5~, urging the projection upward. This ensures contact between the pro]ection and the hub of the lever arm on the car-rier when the parts are assembled, thereby ensuring that the projection is properly engaged with the cam when release of the bolt is desired.
In the condition shown in Figure 4A, the spring 51 governing the position of the bolt 50 is fully re-laxed, causing the bolt 50 to protrude to its fullest degree beyond the base frame 38. In this position, the protruding portion 55 extends into a hollow or aperture in the carrier structure, holding the carrier in place.
This aperture 60 is shown in Figure 4B, which shows the carrier inserted into position in the base.
Here the contoured section 26 of the carrier frame is mated with the contoured section 24 of the base. The aperture 60 is surrounded by a tab 61 extending downward from the contoured section 26 of the carrier frame.
The protruding portion 55 of the bolt 50 has a sloping surface 62, which causes the bolt 50 to yield when a transverse contact force, such as that caused by sliding the tab 61 downward into position, is applied. During insertion, therefore, the lower edge 63 of the tab 61 pushes down on the sloping surface 62, forcing the bolt to retract (to the left in the view shown in the draw-ing) toward the interior of the enclosure, compressing ~ the spring 51. When the carrier is fully inserted and the tab 61 is pushed all the way dowr., the bolt 50 snaps 3~992 back into the aperture 60 under the force of the spring 51. The bottom surface 64 of the protruding portion of the bolt is straight so that the bolt will not yield when an upward force is applied to the carrier, but will instead hold and lock the tab 61 in place. The only way that the bolt can then be retracted (and the tab released) is by sliding back the projection 36.
With the hu~ 28 of the lever arm in the position shown ln Figure 4B, the stops 43, 44 prevent this from happen~
ng .
Manipulation of the projection and release of the tab is achieved by rotating the lever arm so that the hub 28 is in the position shown in Figure 4C. In this position, the projection 36 is engaged by the spi ral cam 39, which has forced the projection bac~ (to the left), compressed the spring 51, and retracted the bolt 50 so that it completely clears the aperture 60 in the tab 61. The carrier may now be lifted out of the base. Once the carrier is removed, however, the projec-tion 36 will be released and the spring 51 will force the bolt 50 back into the position shown in Figure 4A.
A perspective view of the locking mechanism with parts broken away is shown in Figure 5. This view also shows the interior of the hub and a further locking mechanism designed to hold the lever arm in either of two fixed points along its rotation, thereby preventing undesired release of the bolt 50 from the aperture 600 Locking is achieved by a spring-biased detent 70 mounted inside the hu~ 28 of the lever arm 17. The detent consists of a row of teeth 71 which mate with a second row of teeth 72 (notches) on the carrier frame 73. The lat-ter row is divided into two sections 74, 75. The first section 74 is positioned to engage the detent when the lever arm is rotated fully forward (the carrier thus locked into the base). The other section - 75 is positioned to engage the detent ~hen the lever arm is rotated upright to retract the bolt and thus ~X 3~9~

release the carrier from the base. The detent is mounted on a pin 76 which passes through the center of the hub 28 and about which the lever arm rotates. The connection between the pin and the detent is a sliding connection, by virtue of an elongated slot 77 through which the pin 76 passes. A button 78 extends from the end of the detent opposite the slot 77, passing through an opening 79 in the side wall of the hub 28 to protrude outward.
An internal spring 80 biases the detent outward, thereby urging the teeth 71 on the detent toward engagement with the teeth 72 on the carrier frame. Release of the detent is accomplished by pressing the button 78 inward, and expanding the spring, thus placing the latter under tension.
In the carrier frame 73, the two sections 74, 75 of the notches are separated by an unnotched surface 81, which permits free rotation of the lever arm when the teeth 71 of the detent are in contact with this section. This section forms the arc of a circle having its center at the axis pin Z6. The notches preferably extend outward from this section so that when the lever arm 17 is rotated, the teeth 71 of the detent will free~
ly fall into the notches in either of the two sections 74, 75 depending on the direction of rotation of the lever arm 17, and lock into position. The spring 80 forcing the teeth into the notches will prevent further rotation. As a further safeguard against rotation, a pair of barriers 82, 83 are positioned at opposite ends of the two notch sections 74, 75, respectively, to fur-ther prevent rotation should the sprir.g 80 fail.
A color indicator 90 having two sections, green 91 and red 92, is circumferentially arranged around the axial pin 76 in a fixed position in the carrier frame 73. A window 93 is positioned in the hub directly over the color indicator 90, shaped and sized to reveal ~ one full section. As the lever arm 17 is rotated between the two extreme positions which are governed by the two notch sections 74, 75, the color appearing through the ` ~3S9g2:

window 93 changes from one color to the other. This indicates to the operator that the detent is fully en-gaged with the appropriate section of notches and the lock is fully secured before either lifting the carrier out of the base or proceeding to drive an automobile with the carrier inserted into the base.
The foregoing description is offered for il-lustrative purposes only. Numerous modifications and variations will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, while still falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed hereinbelow.

Claims (13)

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. Apparatus for locking an infant carrier into a base which is mountable to a car seat, said ap-paratus comprising:
a bolt slidably mounted to said base and spring-biased to project laterally therefrom, said bolt having a sloping surface oriented to yield under a transverse contact force and thereby cause retraction of said bolt;
a hollow in said carrier to receive said bolt, said hollow having a rim capable of exerting said transverse contact force to said sloping sur-face of said bolt during insertion of said carrier into said base;
a projection extending transversely from said bolt; and a lever arm mounted to said carrier, said lever arm having a cam protruding radially from the fulcrum thereof to engage said projection when said carrier is inserted into said base, said cam being spiraled to urge said projection backward and thereby retract said bolt upon turning of said lever arm.
2. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1 further comprising a stop extending radially from said fulcrum to prevent backward motion of said projection and thereby retraction of said bolt when said projection is not engaged by said cam.
3. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which said sloping surface is the uppermost surface of said bolt and said projection extends upward from said bolt.
4. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which a portion of said bolt is enclosed within said base and said projection extends through a slot in said base.
5. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which said bolt is shaped to prevent removal thereof from said hollow without turning said lever arm to en-gage said cam with said projection.
6. Apparatus for locking an infant carrier into a base which is mountable to a car seat, said ap-paratus comprising:
a bolt slidably mounted inside said base with one end protruding laterally therefrom, the uppermost surface of said protruding end sloping downward, said bolt being spring-biased outward;
a tab extending downward from said car-rier, having an aperture to receive said protruding end of said bolt;
a knob extending upward from a non-pro-truding portion of said bolt through a slot in said base permitting lateral travel of said knob;
a lever arm mounted to said carrier, terminating in a cylindrical hub at the fulcrum of said lever arm;
a cam protruding from the side wall of said cylindrical hub to engage said knob when said carrier is inserted into said base, said cam being spiraled to urge said knob backward upon turning of said lever arm; and a stop protruding from the side wall of said hub to prevent backward motion of said knob when said knob is not engaged by said cam.
7. Apparatus in accordance with claim 6 in which said knob is spring-biased upward.
8. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1 further comprising a second said bolt, said bolts pro-jecting inward from opposite sides of said base; a sec-ond said hollow in said carrier to receive said second bolt; a second said projection extending transversely from said second bolt; and a second said lever arm.
9. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1 further comprising a detent slidably mounted to said lever arm, and a row of notches in said carrier to en-gage said detent and thereby prevent rotation of said lever arm.
10. Apparatus in accordance with claim 9 in which said detent is spring-biased toward said row of notches.
11. Apparatus in accordance with claim 9 in which said row of notches is curved along an arc of a circle having its center at the fulcrum of said lever.
12. Apparatus in accordance with claim 11 in which said row of notches is comprised of first and second sections spaced apart along said arc to define opposite ends of a range of rotation of said lever arm, said first and second sections being separated by an unnotched surface permitting free rotation of said lever arm.
13. Apparatus for locking an infant carrier into a base which is mounted to a car seat, said appara-tus comprising:
a bolt slidably mounted inside said base with one end protruding laterally therefrom, the uppermost surface of said protruding end sloping downward, said bolt being spring-biased outward;

an aperture in the side of said carrier to receive said protruding end of said bolt;
a knob extending upward from said bolt;
a lever arm mounted to said carrier and terminating in a cylindrical hub at the fulcrum thereof, positioned to rest above said bolt when said carrier is inserted into said base;
a cam along the outer surface of the side wall of said cylindrical hub to engage said knob when said carrier is inserted into said base, said cam being spiraled to urge said knob in the backward direction away from said protruding end upon rotation of said lever arm;
a detent mounted to said cylindrical hub in slidable manner along a radial direction thereof, said detent being spring-biased away from the center of said hub;
first and second rows of notches in said carrier to engage said detent and separated by an unnotched surface, said first and second rows and said unnotched surface curving along an arc of a circle coaxial with the center of said hub, said first row positioned to engage said detent when said lever arm is in a position whereby said knob is held backward by said cam, and said second row positioned to engage said detent when said lever arm is in a position whereby said knob is clear of said cam.
CA 520144 1985-10-10 1986-10-09 Interlocking infant carrier and base for car seat mounting Expired CA1235992A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US786,036 1985-10-10
US06786036 US4634177A (en) 1985-10-10 1985-10-10 Interlocking infant carrier and base for car seat mounting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA1235992A true CA1235992A (en) 1988-05-03

Family

ID=25137408

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 520144 Expired CA1235992A (en) 1985-10-10 1986-10-09 Interlocking infant carrier and base for car seat mounting

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US4634177A (en)
JP (1) JPH0583413B2 (en)
KR (1) KR950001213B1 (en)
CA (1) CA1235992A (en)
DE (1) DE3634501A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2181481B (en)

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KR950001213B1 (en) 1995-02-14 grant
CA1235992A1 (en) grant
JPH0583413B2 (en) 1993-11-26 grant
US4634177A (en) 1987-01-06 grant
JPS62116325A (en) 1987-05-27 application
GB2181481B (en) 1988-10-19 grant
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DE3634501A1 (en) 1987-04-16 application
GB2181481A (en) 1987-04-23 application

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