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Multiple speed printer

Info

Publication number
CA1205677A
CA1205677A CA 422588 CA422588A CA1205677A CA 1205677 A CA1205677 A CA 1205677A CA 422588 CA422588 CA 422588 CA 422588 A CA422588 A CA 422588A CA 1205677 A CA1205677 A CA 1205677A
Authority
CA
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
dot
speed
matrix
scan
printing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA 422588
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jerome L. Johnson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Centronics Data Computer Corp
Original Assignee
Centronics Data Computer Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K15/00Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data, e.g. computer output printers
    • G06K15/02Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data, e.g. computer output printers using printers
    • G06K15/10Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data, e.g. computer output printers using printers by matrix printers
    • G06K15/102Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data, e.g. computer output printers using printers by matrix printers using ink jet print heads
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K2215/00Arrangements for producing a permanent visual presentation of the output data
    • G06K2215/0002Handling the output data
    • G06K2215/0062Handling the output data combining generic and host data, e.g. filling a raster
    • G06K2215/0071Post-treatment of the composed image, e.g. compression, rotation
    • G06K2215/0074Depleting the image

Abstract

MULTIPLE SPEED PRINTER

ABSTRACT

A dot matrix printer has a dot generator which projects dots through a dot selector and dot deflector towards a recording medium. Dots used for printing are selectively charged by the dot selector and deflected vertically by the dot deflector for printing on the recording medium. The dot generator moves horizontally at a speed S across the recording medium. Dots not used for printing are not charged, not deflected, and are collected in a gutter. A data input designates to the dot selector the character to be printed. A
speed selector is operable to select standard speed printing S1, or high-speed printing S2. Speed S2 is equal to some factor Z multiplied by standard speed S1. If the standard speed printing is selected, the dot selector accesses the standard speed character matrix memory and receives dot position information corresponding to the designated character. The dot position information comprises X
adjacent and parallel vertical scans, each scan comprising a column of Y potential dot, or matrix, positions. The dot selector codes each sequential dot with the position information for the next sequential matrix position of the scan. If high-speed printing S2 has been selected, the dot selector accesses the high-speed character matrix memory and receives dot position information corresponding to the designated character. The dot position information comprises X
adjacent and parallel vertical scans, each scan having Y/Z

potential dot, or matrix, positions. Since the matrix positions in the column of the scan have been reduced from Y to Y/Z, the standard scan time T is reduced to T/Z and the scan time is reduced in proportion to the increase in print speed.

Description

BACKGROUND ~Z~6 7~
~ - The present invention relates to dot matrix printers, and more specifically, to a method and apparatus for pro~iding a variable printing speed in such printers.
Typically, dot matrix printers, and ink jet printers in particular, have a no~zle, or printhead, which projects ink drops, or dots, towards a re~ording medium. The dots are de~lected vertically in parallel and adjacent scans while the print nozzle moves horizontally across the recording medium, 1~ usually paper, to print a line of characters. ~ach scan con-sists of a ~ertical column of matrix, or potential dot, positions. The printer completes each scan, or column of potent~al dot positions, before moving to the nPxt scan. Where the printed moves horizontally at a constant speed during each scan, it is well known to those skilled in the art that a skew will be introduced into the characters in the direction of printed motion unless a means for compensating for the skew is provided. One such skew compensation means is shown in U.S. Patent ~o. 3,338,1630 It is desirable in a dot matrix printer to have a slower speed~ higher quality print capability and a ~aster speed,lower quality print capability. One prior art attempt at providing this multispeed capability is to double the print speed while deleting alternate scans. This method,however, has produced a noticeable slant in the characters even where a skew compensation means has been employed in that while printhead speed is doubled, the time required to complete each :3~

~2~i677 scan and the amount of skew compensation has remained

2 unchan~ed. Moreo~er, the slant is always in the direction oE

3 printhead motion so that if a first line of characters is

4 printed from left to right, the characters will noticeably slant to the right; then i the second line oE characters is 6 printed from right to left on the return motion of the q printhead, the characters will noticeably slan~ to the le~t.
8 Printing in this manner is so distur~ing to the eye that the method is limited to unidirectional printing. Consequen~ly, the time spent on the re~urn travel of the printhead once it reaches the right side border cannot be utilized for printing ~2 and is lost, reducing overall print speed. Increasin~ print speed, of course, bein~ the very ~bject o~ this met~od.

~ .
O~her prior art in the dot matrix printing art is shown in UOS. Patent ~os. 4,172,417; 4,115,7B8, 4,115,787, 4,045,770;
~q 4,025,825; 3,972,052; and 3,938,163.

~1 æ

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8~


1.

6~7 3 The present invention overcomes the shortcomings of tha prior art outlined above by proviaing a multispeed dot matrix printing apparatus and method in which the time required to 6 complete each scan is xeduced in proportion to the increase in the speed of the printhead. For example, if the printhead 8 speed is doubled, the time required to complete each scan is cut in~half.

One advantag~ of this method is that the increase in printing speea does not introduce a slant in the characters, sLnce scan time is reduced in proportion to the increase in print ~peed. Sin~e the instant inventive printing method introduces no slant in the characters, bidirectional printing c~n be employed both at ~tandard speed and in the high-speed ~7 printing mode. An increase in overall print speed over the 18 prior art method is, thexefore, reali~ed, since the time spent ~9 in the return travel of the printhead is not lost.
2~
21 It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to ~2 provide an improved method and apparatus for do~ matrix ~$ printing.

2~ It is a further object to provide a method and appar~tus 26 f~r dot matrix printing having variable printing speed æ~ capabi1ity.
æs ~9 ~ .

æ S

i~5~i~7 ~ It is a ~urther object to provide a dot matrix print;ng 2 method and apparatus which provides a multiple printing speed 3 capability without introducing slant into the printed 4 characters.

6 Yet another object is to provide a dot matrix printing apparatus and method which reduces printer scan time in proportion to the increase in print speed.

A still further object is to provide a method and apparatus for dot matrix ~rinters w~erein the printer accesses different character matrix memories in eorresponaence with the ~3 selecti~n of different printing speeds.

~- These and other objectsr advantages, and novel features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention taken in conjunction with ~8 the acco~panying drawings.
lg , .
.
æ

æ4 ~8 ~9 ~2~5~i7'7 ~ DESCRIPTIO~ OF THE DRAWINGS

3 Fig. 1 s~ows a block diagram of the method and apparatus 4 of the present invention.

S
6 Fig- 2 is a diagram of the character matrix for standar~
q speed printing.
9 Fig. 3 is a diagram of the character mat~ix ~or high-speed ~0 printing at double the standard printing speed.
~ .

' "
1~, ' ~7 ~1 ~Z
~3 ~8 ~Z~567'7 DESCRIP'rIO~ OF THE PREFERRED EMsoDIME~T
3 ~he present invention is a method and apparatus for 4 prov~ding mul~ispeed ~ot matrix printing. The invention will be described as appl ied to an ink ~et prin~er, ~ut it i6 to be 6 understood that the teachings herein are applicable to virtually any dot matrix printing system.
$

The basic structure of ink jet printers is well-known and therefore the system is shown only schematically in Fig. 1, eliminating unnecessary structllral detail~ A typical ~2 construction of an ink jet system prin~er is shown in U.SO Patent Nos. 3,878,517; and 3,938,163.

~' ' .
~ To briefly describe the basic ink jet printing system, minute ink drops, or dots, are projected from an ink dot generator, or no~zle, 5 towards a recording medium 10, passing lB from the generator 5 through a dot selector, or charge 19 electrode, 15 and a dot deflector, or deflection plates, ~5.
The deflection plates ~5 are maintained ~t a constant voltage.
~1 The dot selector 15 selectively charges those ink dots to be a~ used for printin~. The charged dots are then deflec~ed æ~ vertically in proportion to their charge by the dot 24 deflector 25 whereafter they impinge on the recording medium 10 2~ to form a dot at a prescribed matrix position. Dots not used ~6 for printing are left uncharg~d by the dot selector and are~
~7 thus, not deflected by the dot deflector, and pass directly into a gutter 30 for recirculation.
2~ ' , .
~0 ~ .

~5~7 1 ~s the ink dots are deflected vertically by the deflection plates 25, the dot generator 5~ dot selector 15, and dot deflector 25 are moved horizontally at some constant speed S to permit a line of characters to be printed horizontally across the page by the vertically deflected dots. Hence, the dot generator 5, dot selector 15, and dot deflector 25 are mounted on a carriage (not shown) which is horizontally movable with regard to the recording medium 10. Note that a skew compensating means such as that shown in U.S. Patent No. 3,938,163 may also be included. With bidirectional printing, a bidirectional skew compensating means such as that shown in UOS. Patent No. 4,321,609 to Fidler et al.
which issued March 23,1982 could be employed.
In a typical systemJ the dot selector 15 selectively charges the ink dots in accordance with a data input 35 and character matrix memory 40. Data input 35 designates the character to ~e printed by the dot selector 15. Dot selector 15 then accesses the character matrix memory 40 and character matrix memory 40 relays to dot selector 15 t~e preprogrammed dot position information for the designated character. The designated character dot position information is in the orm of X adjacent and parallel columns Xl, X2, X3.- Xx of Y potential dot positions Ylt Y2, Y3...Yy.
See Fig. 2. In charging dots, the selector 15 charges the dots starting with the first scan Xl. Having received the dot matrix position information for the designated character, selector 15 codes, or charges, the dots starting with scan Xl and moving sequentially to scan Xx. Scan X

_g_ A

1 contains the potential dot positions Yl, Y2, Y3 .Yy-2 The fxequency of dots projected ~rom the dot generator 3 is fixed. The dots pro~ected out of the dot generator 4 form a train and each successive dot is coded with S the nex~ potential matrix position. Hence, i~ we label ~ the dots moving through the dot selector 15 in sequence 7 d1Xl, d2Xl, d3Xl ... dyXl~ dlX2, d2X2 ~.~, dot dl~l will be 8 coded with the position information or Yl of scan Xl, dot 9 d~Xl will be coded with the position information Y2 of scan Xl, ~-etc. The scan X , thus, moves through vertical steps.

Position information Yl can either be a graded charge or no 1~ ' charge depending on the designate~ character to be printed. In ~ .
Fig. ~' an "A" is shown superimposed upon the matrix. If the "A" were being printed, in scan Xl dot dlXl would be coded with position information Yl which would, in this ca6e, be a low graded charge causing a small deflection of drop dlXl in ~8 drop deflector 25 before it impinges on the recording medium 10 ~9 at matrix position (X~, Yl)- The position information of ~ potential dot positions Y2-Yy of scan Xl, however, would ~e no charge, or a zero charge, and the dots coded with the 22 position information for potential do~ positions Y2-Y~ of ~3 sc~n Xl would, therefore, be undeflected by dot deflector 25 and would be collected by the gutter 30. Once scan Xl is ~ completed, dot selactor 1~ immediately beyins scan X2 26 ~tarting with position Yl for scan X2. Referring to ~7 Fig. 2, it can be appreciated that all dots of the X2 scan 28 will be charged, or coded, with a position information of no charge, or zero charge, except for dot d4X2 which would receive ~0 .
a graded charge signal at the Y~ level and be deflected by lZ~S6~'7 drop deflector 25 to impinge at matrix position (X2, Y4) on recording medium 10. The dot selector 15 continues to code dots in accordance with the dot position information of scans X3, X4, X5...Xx to complete the character. Once the character is completed, the dot matrix position information for the next character is obtained from character matrix 40 and that character is printed in the same manner. Since the dot generator 5, dot selector 15 and dot deflector 25 are mo~ing at speed S horizontally as the scans print the dots in vertical columns, a line of print is produced horizontally across the recording medium. Once the line is completed, the medium is advanced and the next line is printed. Note that if bi-directional printing is employed with the bidirectional skew compensation means oE U.~ Patent ~o. ~,321,609~
referred to above, a qualification is in order in that scans will be ascending when printing in one direction, but descending when printing in the opposite direction. Control circuitry would be employed to reverse the direction of scanning as print direction was reversed.

In some systems the dot generator 5~ dot selector 15 and dot deflector 25 remain stationary and the recording medium 10 is moved. In either case, the same basic principals described above apply.
The printer so far described prints at a standard speed S. It is desirable to have a capability for high-speed printing in addition to the standard printing speed. In the past, higher speed printing has been accomplished by the elimination of alternate scans of a character matrix. This 3~

solution, however, introduces as slant into the characters and permits only unidirectional printing as has been previously discussed.
' .
The solution of t~e present invention is to consider the 6 print speed S to be limited by scan time ~. Thus, rather than I eli~inate whole scans, scan time is reduced in propo~tion to 8 the increase in print speed. ~onsequently, if the print speed 9 S is ~ncreased b~ a factor Z, the scan time T must be reduced to (l/Z)(T)=T/Z. Fig. 1 shows the presently pre~erred means for reducing the scan time T to T/Z. With reference to Fig. 2, a standard scan has Y potential dot positions. Tn the ~8 preferred embodiment, where speed S is increased by a factor Z, the standard scan is convertea to a high-speed scan with Y)=Y/Z potential d~t po~itions. By reducing the numb~r of potential aot, or matrix, positions per scan by the factor ~7 1/~, tha scan time is reduced to T/Z. To reduce the potential ~8 dot positions of a scan to YjZ, a separate character matrix 19 memory 45 is provided, see Figure 1. While the scans of the standard speed matrix memory 40 each have Y potential dot 21 positions, the scans of high-speed matrix memory 45 have Y/Z
æ potential dot positions- A speed selector 50 is provided so 23 th~t the operator can select either standard speed printing or æ4 high-speed printing.

~B
æ6 In the presently preferred embodiment, it is believed that ~7 high-speed printing would be twice t~e speed of standard speed ~8 ~ .
~0 ~.

æ

~Z~5677 printing. Thus, 2 would equal 2, and if the standard printing 2 speed is Sl, the speed S2 for high-speed printing wo~ld be 3 S~=Z~Sl)=2Sl. There are Y potential aO~ positions in 4 standard speed printing. Hence, there would be Y~ /2 potential dot positions in high-speed printing reducing scan 6 time to T/Z=T/2. Fig. 3 shows the character matrix for 7 high-speed printing where Z=2. ~ote that while there are the same number of scans Xl, X2, X3...Xx, potent~al dot positions Y;, Y2, Y3...Yy/2 is reduced from Y to Y/2. The letter ~ printed at print speed S2 is superimposed on ~he matrix~

~ .
Referring back to Fig. 1, if the operator select~ ~tandard printing speed Sl, at speed selector 50, dot selector 15 wlll access standard speed character matrix 40 and will print ~6 characters according to the matrix of Fig. $2~ If, however, 7 the oparator selects the high-speed printing speed S2 at 18 speed selector 50, dot selec~or 15 will access high-speed 13 character matrix 45 and will print characters according to the ~ matrix of Fig~ $3. The present invention, therefore, comprise~
21 a method and apparatus for reducing scan time in proportion to 22 the increase in p~int speea to eliminate character slant and ~3 permit bidirectional printing in a high-speed printing mode.

~ Having disclosed the presently preferred embodiment of the 2~ invention, vari~us alterations and ~odificatins will be o~vious æ7 to tho~e skilled in the art, and therefore, the invention i~

28 intended to be limited only by the ~cope of the appended claims.

~9 , æ -13 -

Claims (4)

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. In a dot matrix printer having a recording medium and a means for forming dots in matrix positions on said recording medium to form characters on said recording medium said dot forming means forming said characters by producing adjacent and parallel scans of sequentially formed dots on said recording medium, each of said scans being comprised of a column of potential dot positions and each of said scans requiring a scan time T to complete, and also having a means for producing relative movement at a speed S between said dot forming means and said recording medium in a lateral direction with respect to said dot scans, a method of printing at variable speeds, comprising the steps of:
changing the speed S of said relative movement between said recording medium and said dot forming means by a factor of Z;
providing character matrix memories corresponding to each change of speed 5, each of said matrix memories having preprogrammed dot matrix position information for said character with the corresponding characters in each memory containing a different number of dot locations in each cor-responding scan; and simultaneously changing the scan time T by a factor of l/Z in response to said change in speed D said scan time reduced by changing the number of said dot locations in each scan by a factor of l/Z.

2. In a dot matrix printer, having a recording medium and a means for forming dots in matrix positions on said recording medium to form characters on said recording medium, said dot forming means forming said characters by producing Claim 2 continued....
adjacent and parallel scans of sequentially formed dots on said recording medium, each of said scans being comprised of a column of Y potential dot positions and each of said scans requiring a scan time T to complete, further including a means for producing relative movement at a speed S between said dot forming means and said recording medium in a lateral direction with respect to said dot scans, the improvement comprising:
a speed selector for changing the speed S of said relative movement between said recording medium and said dot forming means by a factor of Z, said speed selector being operable to select a standard speed S1 or a high speed S2=Z(S1);
a means simultaneously changing said scan time T
by A factor l/Z in response to said change in speed S, said scan time changing means comprising a means for changing the number of potential dot positions per scan from Y to Y/2 potential dot positions in response to the change in speed S
by the factor Z;
a data input included in said dot forming means which designates a character to be printed;
a character matrix memory corresponding to each selectable speed, each of said matrix memories having preprogrammed dot matrix position information for said designated character, said dot matrix position information of said standard speed character matrix memory comprising X adjacent and parallel columns of Y potential dot positions, each of said columns of Y potential dot positions comprising a standard scan, each of said standard scans requiring a standard time period T to complete; said dot matrix position
Claim 2 continued...
information of said high-speed character matrix memory comprising X adjacent and parallel columns of Y/Z potential dot positions, each of said columns of Y/Z potential dot positions comprising a high-speed scan requiring a high-speed time period T/Z to complete.
3. The dot matrix printer of claim 2 wherein said dot forming means comprises a means for projecting dots towards said recording medium and a means for selecting dots to be recorded on said recording medium in matrix positions to form characters on said recording medium, said data input designating to said selecting means a character to be printed, said selecting means accessing said standard speed character matrix if said standard speed S1 has been selected, and accessing said high-speed character matrix when said high-speed S2 has been selected; said dot projecting means projecting dots through said dot selecting means towards said recording member; said standard speed character matrix memory comprising standard scans, each of said standard scans being comprised of Y potential dot positions Y1, Y2, Y3...Yy; said high-speed matrix memory comrising high-speed scans, each of said high-speed scans being comprised of Y/Z potential dot positions Y1', Y2', Y3'...Yy/z';when said standard speed S1 is selected, said selecting means sequentially applying Y1, Y2, Y3...Yy potential dot position signals to said dots as said dots pass through said selecting means to produce a sequence of coded dots d1X1, d2X1, d3X1...dyX1, d11, d1X2, d2X2..., said coded dots either being recorded on said recording member in scan matrix positions or collected by a gutter, when said high-speed S2 is selected, said selecting means sequentially applying Y1', Y2', Y3'...Yy/z' potential dot position signals to said dots as said dots pass through said selecting means to produce a sequence of coded dots d1X1', d2X1', d3X1'...dyX1/z', said coded dots either being recorded on said recording member in scan matrix positions or collected by a gutter.

4. In an ink jet printer having a nozzle which emits a stream of ink drops toward a recording medium, a charging electrode which selectively charges said ink drops in accordance with a data input, a deflection means for deflecting ink drops charged by said electrode vertically in proportion to the charge on said ink drops, a carriage for supporting said nozzle and said charging electrode, and a means for moving said carriage laterally with respect to said record receiving member at a speed S to print desired characters on said recording medium in a dot matrix pattern, said characters being formed by adjacent and parallel scans of sequentially formed dots on said recording medium, each of said scans being comprised of a column of potential ink dot positions and each of said scans requiring a scan time T
to complete, the improvement comprising:
a speed selector for changing the speed S of said carriage by a factor of Z, said speed selector being operable to select a standard speed S1 or a high speed S2=Z(S1);
a means for simultaneously changing said scan time T by a factor l/Z in response to said change in speed S, said scan time changing means comprising a means for changing the number of potential ink dot positions per scan from Y to Y/Z potential ink dot positions in response to the change in speed S by the factor Z;
Claim 4 continued...
a data input included in said dot forming means which designates a character to be printed, a character matrix memory corresponding to each selectable speed, each of said matrix memories having preprogrammed dot matrix position information for said designated character; said dot matrix position information of said standard speed character matrix memory comprising X adjacent and parallel columns of Y potential dot positions, each of said columns of Y potential dot positions comprising a standard scan, each of said standard scans requiring a standard time period T to complete; said dot matrix position information of said high-speed character matrix memory comprising X adjacent and parallel columns-of Y/Z potential dot positions, each of said columns of Y/Z potential dot positions comprising a high-speed scan requiring a high-speed time period T/Z to complete.
CA 422588 1982-03-01 1983-03-01 Multiple speed printer Expired CA1205677A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US353,125 1982-03-01
US06353125 US4439775A (en) 1982-03-01 1982-03-01 Multiple speed printer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA1205677A true CA1205677A (en) 1986-06-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (5)

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US (1) US4439775A (en)
JP (1) JPS58193165A (en)
CA (1) CA1205677A (en)
DE (1) DE3307196A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2116762B (en)

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US4803500A (en) * 1986-07-04 1989-02-07 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Ink printer means comprising interchangeable ink heads
US6406118B1 (en) 1988-12-30 2002-06-18 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Ink jet recording apparatus having a heat fixing mechanism
DE68926225T2 (en) * 1988-12-30 1996-10-17 Canon Kk Ink jet recording apparatus
DE4019543A1 (en) * 1989-06-20 1991-01-10 Canon Kk Ink jet printing-plotting appts. - has heated fixing unit following printing stage to improve throughput
JPH04131258A (en) * 1990-09-25 1992-05-01 Canon Inc Information processor
US5838262A (en) * 1996-12-19 1998-11-17 Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation Aircraft virtual image display system and method for providing a real-time perspective threat coverage display
US6109739A (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-08-29 Marconi Data Systems Inc Dot positioning for continuous ink jet printer
US6843555B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2005-01-18 Videojet Technologies Inc. Printing method for continuous ink jet printer
US6695426B2 (en) 2002-02-11 2004-02-24 Lexmark International, Inc. Ink jet printer improved dot placement technique
US7347539B2 (en) * 2004-06-17 2008-03-25 Videojet Technologies Inc. System and method for auto-threshold adjustment for phasing
GB0807683D0 (en) * 2008-04-28 2008-06-04 Videojet Technologies Inc Printing method

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JPS566868B2 (en) * 1973-01-17 1981-02-14
US4172417A (en) * 1973-04-18 1979-10-30 Hotchkiss Brandt Sogeme Apparatus for high speed marking of articles
JPS5342618B2 (en) * 1974-08-16 1978-11-13
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JPS5931750B2 (en) * 1977-01-22 1984-08-03 Nippon Telegraph & Telephone
US4216480A (en) * 1978-11-13 1980-08-05 International Business Machines Corporation Multiple speed ink jet printer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US4439775A (en) 1984-03-27 grant
CA1205677A1 (en) grant
GB8305091D0 (en) 1983-03-30 grant
DE3307196A1 (en) 1983-09-08 application
GB2116762B (en) 1985-07-03 grant
GB2116762A (en) 1983-09-28 application
JPS58193165A (en) 1983-11-10 application

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