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Photoluminescent textile materials

Info

Publication number
CA1102182A
CA1102182A CA 299792 CA299792A CA1102182A CA 1102182 A CA1102182 A CA 1102182A CA 299792 CA299792 CA 299792 CA 299792 A CA299792 A CA 299792A CA 1102182 A CA1102182 A CA 1102182A
Authority
CA
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
parts
layer
material
photoluminescent
coating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA 299792
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Philippe Gravisse
Schoote Jacques Van
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bric (bureau De Recherche Pour L'innovation Et La Convergence
Nv Anciens Alberge Et Van Oost) Ets
Original Assignee
B.R.I.C. (BUREAU DE RECHERCHE POUR L'INNOVATION ET LA CONVERGENCE
NV ANCIENS ETABLISSEMENTS ALBERGE ET VAN OOST)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/51Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with sulfur, selenium, tellurium, polonium or compounds thereof
    • D06M11/53Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with sulfur, selenium, tellurium, polonium or compounds thereof with hydrogen sulfide or its salts; with polysulfides
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/913Material designed to be responsive to temperature, light, moisture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • Y10T428/1424Halogen containing compound
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • Y10T428/1467Coloring agent
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/249921Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component
    • Y10T428/249953Composite having voids in a component [e.g., porous, cellular, etc.]
    • Y10T428/249986Void-containing component contains also a solid fiber or solid particle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/26Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component, the element or component having a specified physical dimension
    • Y10T428/263Coating layer not in excess of 5 mils thick or equivalent
    • Y10T428/264Up to 3 mils
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/26Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component, the element or component having a specified physical dimension
    • Y10T428/269Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component, the element or component having a specified physical dimension including synthetic resin or polymer layer or component
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31551Of polyamidoester [polyurethane, polyisocyanate, polycarbamate, etc.]
    • Y10T428/31609Particulate metal or metal compound-containing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31652Of asbestos
    • Y10T428/31663As siloxane, silicone or silane
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31855Of addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31855Of addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
    • Y10T428/3188Next to cellulosic
    • Y10T428/31884Regenerated or modified cellulose
    • Y10T428/31891Where addition polymer is an ester or halide
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/20Coated or impregnated woven, knit, or nonwoven fabric which is not [a] associated with another preformed layer or fiber layer or, [b] with respect to woven and knit, characterized, respectively, by a particular or differential weave or knit, wherein the coating or impregnation is neither a foamed material nor a free metal or alloy layer
    • Y10T442/2139Coating or impregnation specified as porous or permeable to a specific substance [e.g., water vapor, air, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/20Coated or impregnated woven, knit, or nonwoven fabric which is not [a] associated with another preformed layer or fiber layer or, [b] with respect to woven and knit, characterized, respectively, by a particular or differential weave or knit, wherein the coating or impregnation is neither a foamed material nor a free metal or alloy layer
    • Y10T442/259Coating or impregnation provides protection from radiation [e.g., U.V., visible light, I.R., micscheme-change-itemave, high energy particle, etc.] or heat retention thru radiation absorption
    • Y10T442/2607Radiation absorptive

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Sheet materials are provided which are photo-luminescent by virtue of their coating.
These sheet materials comprise a textile or other flexible sheet material substrate to which adheres a coating layer consisting of one or more synthetic resins admixed with a photoluminescent complex, the latter com-prising(a) a phosphorescent metal sulphide such as zinc, calcium, cadmium or strontium sulphide and (b) a first substance which absorbs energy of short wavelength and emits it within the absorption spectrum of the said sulphide and with or without (c) a second substance which is fluorescent and which imparts to the said sheet materials a daytime coloration different from their nighttime coloration.
The sheet materials may be textile sheet materials useful for the production of garments, in particular safety garments and furnishing fabrics. Self-adhesive materials may also be produced.

Description

~2~

FI~LD OF TII~I INVENTI orJ

This inventlon relatea to textile and other flexible sheet materials which have been rendered photoluminescent by coating with a film of a mixture which comprises a synthetic resin together with various additives and in particular a photo-luminescent complex.
SUMMARY OF T~IE INV~NTION
The amounts of the additives and the resin are cho~en to give the optimum photoluminescent effect without detracting from the normal state and charac-teristics of the textile or other flexible substratewhich is coated. The object of the invention is to provide safety and protective garments which have the additional advantage of being readily visible and locatable at night. Because of the photoluminescent complex, they have the property, in the presence of a source of energy, of absorbing energy and emitting it again in the form of visible light an~ doing ~o for a relatively long period after the source of energy has disappeared. This energy source is chiefly visi-- 20 ble light but it may also be heat,alpha, beta or gamma .
i rays, and the like. The textile substrate is chiefly cotton but may equally well be a polyester, a cotton-polyester mixture , a polyamide or another synthetic fibre. Any other fibre which is not mentioned may be used. When the material is a textile substrate it may be in woven, knitted or non-woven form. A

sheet of a flexible synthetic material or paper may replace a textile substrate in certain embodiments .' ~

of the present invention.
It is advantageous for provision to be made for sa-fety and protective garments formed from such textile materials not only to have the property of photoluminescence, and thus to be detectable at night, but for them also to be non-flam-mable. The textile substrate is therefore preEerably separately flameproofed before it is coated.
The textile or other sheet material substrate is coated with a mixture which assumes the ~orm of a thin film, 10for example, a film of the order of 40 to 200 ~ thickness.
The photoluminescent textile and other sheet materials of the present invention are remarkable in that they comprise a textile or other sheet material substrate to which a co?ting layer adheres, the said coating layer comprising one or more synthetic resins, selected from the group consisting of polyu-rethane resins, polyvinyl chloride base resins, polyacrylate resins, elastomeric silicone resins, admixed with the ingre-dients of a photoluminescent complex, the latter being formed, on the one hand, from a phosphorescent metal sulphide such as zinc sulphide, and on the other hand from a first substance which absorbs energy of short wave~length and emits it with the absorption spectrum of the said phosphorescent sulphide, ; and with or without a second substance which is of the fluores-cent kind and which imparts to the said sheet materials a day-tim~ coloration which is different from their nighttime colo-ration.
; There may additionally be provided between the said -~flexible substrate and the said coating layer a bonding layer comprising one or more synthetic resins "' i~

, z admixed with a photolumin~scent complex.
The present invention involves the selection of resins which can be used and which are compatible with the various textile substrates as well as the use to ~hich it is desired to put the substrates in the fields of clothing and/or furnishing fabrics.
It has been found tha-t four groups of resins are entirely satisfactory for this purpose and meet the requirements stated above.
These are:
1) Polyurethane resins: these are used for protective garments and for garments for children and for the police; outer garments and overgarments for labourers working on the roads and overgarments for labourers who work out of doors during all or a part of the night. These overgarments or capes must have the following characteristics:
(a) they must be sufficiently strong in the lengthwise or wrap direction of the fabric, having a dynamometric strength greater than 45kg.
(b) they must have adequate tear resis-tance (more than ~.2kg in both the warp and weft directions) as measured by the Elmendorf method;
(c) -the coated fabrics or garmen-ts need to remain supple under frosty conditions and the shower proofing or waterproofing effect imparted thereto should be adequate to prevent water from penetrating during a fairly heavy shower. The coated film should remain fle~ible for several months and should ~0 not become detached from the textile substrate; it 1~ 8z therefore needs to be resistant to hydrolysis.
Permeability by water va~)our is preferably ver~
high, i.e. more than 400gr per m2 per day, so that the garment coated by doctor blade or the poly-urethene coated garment is comfortable to wear.

2) E~esins based upon polyvinyl chloride;these may also be used bu-t the resulting garments will chiefly be used for protection against extreme wea-ther conditions because the comfort of the wearer is considerably less than with polyurethane base resins. Conversely, for resistance to sea water or large amounts of water~garments made from photoluminescent textile materials comprising polyvinyl chloride are used for preference.
~ 15 Another product is a self-adhesive material ;~ which generally has a basis of a polyvinyl chloride resin.

3) Resins formed from polyacrylates and/or acrylates. These resins are chiefly used in the form of a foam which is produced by injecting air in the course of producing the mixture, which mixture also contains the photoluminescent complex. When a coating material of this kind is prepared, possible applications are not only garments but also furnishing materials, that is to say, curtaining, wall coverings and chair coverings.

4) Resins which consist principally of elastomeric silicones, which may also be used to obtain very supple garments.
It is of course possible to mix together a ~,2~1~12 .

number of the above mentioned resins whilst re-maining within the scope of the present invention.
The invention also relates to the photo-luminescen-t complex ~hich is mixed with the resin or resins to obtain the coating layer.
This photoluminescent complex always contains one or more phosphorescent metal sulphides such as zinc sulphide or calcium sulphide. Moreover, the complex will always contain a first substance which absorbs energy of sllort wave-length and emits it at wave-lengths which lie within the absorption spectrum of the phosphorescent oonstituent or constituents o-f the complex.
By way of example 9 this first substance may be an aromatic compound such as an aromatic hydrocarbon or pre~erably a substance such as PPO (diphenyloxazole).
This substance is present in a very small proportion relative to both the phosphorescent constituent or constituents and to the resin used. On the average, this first substance will be present in the mixture in the approximate proportion of 10 3 mole per kilo of resin. In addition to PPO use may also be madè
of 2,5 - diphenylfurane,para-phenylene -2,2'-bis(phenyl - 5 - oxazole) or its dimethyl derivative, and di - (3 - ethylheptyl) - para-quinquephenyl. A
mixture of such aromatic compounds may also be u~ed as the ~irst substance.
A second substance is pre~erably also included in the photoluminescent complex. What is essentially required are ~luorescent substances having an emisslon 8;~
':~
spectrum located towards l;he longer wave-lengths within or without the absorption/emission spectrum of thephosphorescent material or materials. The function of this second substance is to give the article a daytime coloration differen-t from its night-time coloration. For example, use may be made of rhodamine B, fluorescein or uranine S, even though these two latter substances have an emission spectrum close to that of zinc sulphide~ The second substance will in any case be incorporated in the mixture in a proportion of substantially 10 4 to 10 6 mole per kilo of resin.
It is preferred that the photoluminescent complex comprise PP0, zinc sulphide and a fluorescent substance which emits light at wave-lengths of from 5500 to 7500 A.
It is important to mention that the photo-: luminescent complex is not only reqponsible for the photoluminescence of the sheet material. Surprisingly, the comple~ also modifies certain properties of atextile substra-te itself and in particular its per-meability by water vapour. It has in fact been shown, ; that when the resin is a polyurethane resin, garments - made from the resulting textiles (substrate plus resin with photoluminescent complex) have a permeability to water vapour appreciably higher than that obtained in the absence of the photoluminescent complex. The result is of course an increased feeling of comfort for the wearer of garments made therefrom.

~2~2 `.. `

DESCRIPTION OF THE Pk~,F~RRED ~MBODIi~JTS
Some examples will now be given. In these examples, the ingredients of the photoluminescent complex comprise zinc sulphide with PPO as the first substance; -there is no second substance in these examples.
ExampleI
foam is produced from the following in~redients:
100 parts of acrylate resin as a dispersion, 40 parts of zinc sulphide plu~ 0.02 parts of PPO~
1 part of sodium lauryl sulphate~
8 parts of foam stabiliser~
40 parts of calcium sulphate, 10 parts of dimethylol dihydroxyethyleneurea.
The dispersion, the calcium sulphate, the foam stabiliser, the photoluminescent complex and the sodium lauryl sulphate are placed in a vat in that order. The whole is mixed for 30 minutes and the mixture is fed to -the apparatus which produces the foam. In this apparatus air is also fed in to form a mixture and a very dense foam having adensity of 180 gr per litre is obtained.
Thi~ foam is then coated directly, by means of a doctor blade, onto a fabric, which in the present e~ample is 100~o cot-ton although there are o-ther appli-cations to linen and synthetic fibres which arepossible. However in this example the fabric is cotton and -to it is applied a coating weight of 200~m of dry product per m2. ~fter drying at 110C the coated fabric is calendered between two rollers, one ~0 roller having a surface of bare metal and the other ~ 2 ~, .

bein~r coated with paper, ~t a pressure of 9kg per linear metre. Heat is then applied at 160 C for 3 minutes and the finished product i9 obtained. A
textile material of this kind is ma:inly used for wallcoverings, curtaining or chair coverings.
In this example, the coatin~ layer i8 applied directly to the textile. This is not the case in the following example~, where a bonding layer is interposed, by coating, between the textile or other ; 10 flexible sheet material substrate and the coating layer proper. The coating layer proper and the bonding layer comprise a mixture of resin and photoluminescent complex, in which case the kind of resin and/or the nature of the photoluminescent complex may be different ; 15 in the coating layer and the bonding layer.
Example II
Coa-ting from a solvent, using a solvent medium.
This is coating by transfer, where a layer of approximately 30gr per m2 is applied to a siliconised paper by means of a doctor blade, this layer containing, 100 parts of an acrylate resin in a solvent therefor, 40 parts of zinc sulphide plus 0.02 parts of PP0 2.5 parts of catalyst.
This material is prepared as follows: In a vat, a solution of the acrylate resin is formed by stirring and then the zinc sulphide and PP0 and the ca-talyst are added in that order and the mixture is stirred for 20 minutes. After coating (i.e. by means of the doctor blade) t drying is effected at 120C and the whole is then cooled. Thereupon a second layer ~ ?2~82 : .
is coated, which is the b~nding layer and which contains:
100 parts of acrylate resin as a dispersion,

5 parts of dimethylol dihydroxyethyleneureal ~0 parts of zinc sulphide plus 0.02 parts of PP0, 3 parts of thickener The preparation of this second coating material is carried out as follows:
The dispersion of acrylate resin is placed in a vat whilst stirring and then the dimethylol dihydroxyethyleneurea, the ingredients of the photo-luminescent comple~ and flnally the thickener are added thereto. Mixing is carried out for 35 minutes and the second layer is then coated, also by means of a doctor blade. ~ coating weigh-t of approximately 25 gr per m2 is required. Directly after the appli-cation of this second layer, the textile subs-trate is pressed into contact with the bonding layer. Drying and curing take place at 160C; -the product is then cooled and after cooling the siliconised paper subs-trate is removed; the fabric, coated with its two - layers~ is then rolled up without the siliconised paper.
Example III
Coating with a nonflammable polyurethane.
The textile substrate which is to be used as substrate may be a woven or knitted polyamide, and - it will first have been rendered non-flammable by treatment with a fireproofing product such as a halogenated organic complex containing phosphorus.
~0 Knitted or woven polyester may also be used after it _ 10 --8;~
., has, of course, been rendlred fireproof using an organic product containing phophorus. Use may also be made of cellulose fibres which have been rendered flameproof with an inorganic flame retardan-t or substance based upon organic phosphorus. The layers are applied in succession, the first to a siliconised paper at a coating weight of approximately 90 gr per m2.
Drying then takes place at 100C. ~fter cooling, a second, bonding layer is applied at a coating weight of approximately 100 gr per m . Directly afterwards, - the textile substrate is applied to the surface of the second layer. Curing i9 effected at 160C and after cooling the siliconised paper is removed: thus ~; the coated fabric and the siliconised paper are se-parated. The formulations used are as -follows:
- first layer:
100 ~arts of polyurethane resin~
40 parts of zinc sulphide plus 0.02 parts of PP0 l2 parts of fireproofing eubstance, lO parts of dimethylformamide~
- second layer:
100 parts of organic polyisocyanate, 40 parts of zinc sulphide plus 0.02 parts of PP0, - 7 parts of a polyol~
5 parts of catalyst~
l2 parts of fireproofing substance~
~xample IV
Coating a polyamide fabric w:ith poly~inyl chloride.
25 parts of polyvinyl chloride~
17 parts of dioctyl phthalate (plasticiser), - 1 1 ~

321~2 : 0.7 parts of stabili;er (for the PVC), 20 parts of zinc sulphide plu9 0.01 parts of PP0, 3 parts of isocyanate components.
For the second, bonding layer are used:
25 parts of polyvinyl chloride~
17 parts of dioctyl phthalate~
0.7 parts of coloured pigment) 20 parts of zinc sulphide plus 0.01 parts of PP0.
These two layers are successively applied to a polyamide fabric by means of a doctor b:lade, the first layer at a coating welght of 120 gr per m2.
This layer is dried and pregelled at 120C and then the second layer is applied, at a coating weight of ~`~ 310 gr per m2J Drying and gelling take place at 170C. ~hile the fabric is still warm and is in the plastic state the fabric i9 calendered between a pair of rollers, one roller having a bare metal surface and the other is covered with paper.
~xample V
Coating with a mixture of product: a layer which contains the undermentioned ingredients is applied to a ~iliconized paper.
50 parts of an elastomeric silicone, 2 parts of catalyst, 50 parts of polyacrylate resin 1 part of catalyst for the polyacrylate resin~
1.5 parts of n-butanol~
30 parts of zinc sulyhide plus 0.02 parts of PP0.
This composition is applied by means of a doctor blade at a coating weight of 75 gr per m2.

: , ' . .,. - , , ~ . .

Drying takes place at; 120C and is follo~red by cooling. To this first layer a second bonding layer is applied at a coating weight of 110 gr per m2 by rneans of a doctor blade. The composition of this second layer is a9 follows:
.
100 par-ts of polyisocyanate~
5 parts of polyol combination~
5 parts of catalyst~
40 parts of zinc sulphide plus 0.02 parts of PP0, 10 parts of dimethylformamide.
` Directly after the application of the second layer, the textile material is applied. The textile is brought into contact with the upper layer and -thereafter drying and gelling is effected at 170C.
After cooling, the siliconized paper i9 removed in the usual way and the textile with its two coating layers is rolled up separately from the paper.
- Example VI
Self-adhesive articles:
~ To a special paper(substrate) is applied a first layer at a coating weight of approximately 175 gr per m2. Drying is effected at 120C and after cooling a second layer is applied at a coating weight of 190 gr per m2. Drying and gelling i9 carried out 170C. All_parts are parts by weight.
The compo~ition of the first layer is:
;~ 30 parts of polyvinyl chloride., - 29 parts of plasticiser for the PVC~
2 parts of stabiliser for the PVC, 30 parts of zinc sulphide plus 0.01 parts of PP0.

. ` ~ .

The composition of the second layer is: -36 parts of polyvinyl chloride 29 parts o~ plasticiser for the PVC
2 parts of stabiliser for the PVC~
40 parts of zinc sulphide plu5 0.01 parts ofP~O.
~f-ter cooling a third layer is applied at a coating weight of 60 gr per m2, the layer comprising:
100 parts of acrylate resin~
4 parts of thiclcener~ -, 10 10 parts of white pigment e.g. titania.
Drying is effected at 120C and is followed by cooling. After coOling, a protective paper is " applied to the surface of the third layer, which cons-titutes the adhesive.
,15 The first paper (substrate) is then removed.
The protective paper and the adhering three layers are then rolled up separately.
In this example, the first applied layer re-places the textile substrate; and the same may be said of the second layer which is virtually identical with the first layer. ~l~he layers so obtained may very easlly be cut into small pleces an~ their selt'-adnesive properties enable them to be applied to clothing or to any clothes or other objects which need to be easily ~- 25 discernable during the night.
' Example VII
Printing on a coated substrate:
To a substrate obtained 'by one of the procedures described in the preceding e~amples is applied an organic pigment by means of a half tone printing . . .

, .
cylinder7 to ob-tain a mu~t;icoloured article "hich shows di~ferent colours by daylight.
In this way, a layer having a coating weight of approximately 5 gr per m2 is applied to -the surface, the layer containing:
100 parts of binder~
10 parts of dimethylformamide, 25 parts of an organic pigment, Drying is effected at 130C.
The printing will produce a colour upon a photoluminescent background or a photoluminescent colour upon a photoluminescent colour background as the case may be.
It should be noted that the direct overprinting of a -thin layer of coloured pigment upon a photo-luminescent coating layer makes it possible to alter the daytime colouring without reducing the photo-luminescent effect to an excessive degree.
Other colour effects are possible depending upon the overlay colour selected and/or the lntensity of this colour. Thus, zinc sulphide may be used alone or in admixture with other sulphides the emission spectrum of which corresponds with the absorption spectrum of zinc sulphide, such as calcium sulphide which emits in the blue part of the spectrum. The result is then a cascade ef`fect, which means increased photoluminescence of -the zinc sulphide.

.
'' ~ - 15 -. .

.~

Claims (16)

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. A photoluminescent flexible sheet material com-prising a flexible substrate of sheet material having at least one coating film adhering to a surface of said substrate said film comprising at least one synthetic resin selected from the group consisting of polyurethane resins, polyvinyl chloride base resins, polyacrylate resins and elastomeric silicone resins, compatible with said flexible substrate and having dispersed therethrough (a) particles of at least one phosphorescent metal sulphide, and (b) a substance which absorbs radiant energy of short wave lengths and emits the energy on a wavelength lying within the absorption spectrum of said phosphorescent metal sulphide.
2. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 1 wherein said film of synthetic resin additionally has dispersed therethrough (c) a fluorescent material whereby said material exhibits a different colour by daylight than that exhibited by nightlight.
3. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 1 in which said flexible substrate is a textile material subs-trate.
4. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 1 in which said substance (b) is selected from the group consis-ting of 2,5-diphenyloxazole, 2,5-diphenylfurane, para-phenylene-2.2'-bis(phenyl-5-oxazole), dimethyl para-phenylene-2.2'-bis (phenyl-5-oxazole) and bis-(3-ethylheptyl)-para-quinquephenyl.
5. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 1 in which said substance (b) is present in a concentration of substantially 10-3 mole per kilogram of said synthetic resin.
6. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 2 in which said substance (e) is present in a concentration of from 10-4 to 10-6 mole per kilogram of said synthetic resin.
7. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 2 in which said fluorescent material is selected from the group consisting of rhodamime B, fluorescein and uranine S.
8. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 1 in which said flexible substrate is a textile material of the non-flammable kind.
9. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 1 wherein the coating film has a thickness of 40 to 200 µ.
10. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 1 wherein the exposed surface of the synthetic resin-containing film has been overprinted in selected areas with a pigmented composition.
11. The photoluminescent sheet material of claim 10 wherein the pigment of said pigmented composition is a photoluminescent pigment.
12. A method of producing a photoluminescent flexible sheet material which comprises applying to a flexible subs-trate of sheet material a coating of a composition comprising at least one synthetic resin, selected from the group consis-ting of polyurethane resins, polyvinyl chloride base resins, polyacrylate resins and elastomeric silicone resins, compatible with said substrate, said composition having dispersed there-through (a) particles of at least one phosphorescent metal sulphide and (b) a substance which absorbs radiant energy of short wavelengths and emits the energy on a wavelength lying within the absorption spectrum of said phosphorescent metal sulphide.
13. The method of claim 12 in which said synthetic resin additionally has dispersed therethrough (c) a fluores-cent material.
14. The method of claim 12 in which said flexible substrate is a textile material substrate.
15. The method of claim 12 in which in said composi-tion said substance (b) is present in a concentration of subs-tantially 10-3 mole per kilogram of said synthetic resin.
16. The method of claim 13 in which said composition said substance (c) is present in a concentration of from 10-4 to 10-6 mole per kilogram of said synthetic resin.
CA 299792 1977-03-25 1978-03-28 Photoluminescent textile materials Expired CA1102182A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR7709042 1977-03-25
FR7709042A FR2384836B1 (en) 1977-03-25 1977-03-25

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CA1102182A true CA1102182A (en) 1981-06-02

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US (1) US4211813A (en)
JP (1) JPS53127582A (en)
BE (1) BE852915A (en)
CA (1) CA1102182A (en)
DE (1) DE2812863C3 (en)
ES (1) ES468182A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2384836B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1588388A (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
ES468182A1 (en) 1978-11-16 application
DE2812863C3 (en) 1980-08-21 grant
JPS53127582A (en) 1978-11-07 application
US4211813A (en) 1980-07-08 grant
FR2384836B1 (en) 1980-07-25 grant
BE852915A (en) 1977-09-26 grant
DE2812863A1 (en) 1978-10-19 application
CA1102182A1 (en) grant
FR2384836A1 (en) 1978-10-20 application
GB1588388A (en) 1981-04-23 application
BE852915A1 (en) grant
DE2812863B2 (en) 1979-12-13 application

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